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Indian Railways - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Indian Railways

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Indian Railways (reporting mark IR) is an Indian state-owned enterprise, owned and operated by the Government of India through the Ministry of Railways. It is one of the world's largest railway networks comprising 115,000 km (71,000 mi) of track over a route of 65,000 km (40,000 mi) and 7,500 stations. As of December 2012, it transported over 25 million passengers daily (over 9 billion on an annual basis). In 2011, IR carried over 8,900 million passengers annually or more than 24 million passengers daily (roughly half of which were suburban passengers) and 2.8 million tons of freight daily. In 2011–2012 Indian Railways had revenues of 1,119,848.9 million (US$19 billion) which consists of 696,759.7 million (US$12 billion) from freight and 286,455.2 million (US$4.9 billion) from passengers tickets. Railways were first introduced to India in 1853 from Bombay to Thane. In 1951 the systems were nationalised as one unit, the Indian Railways, becoming one of the largest networks in the world. IR operates both long distance and suburban rail systems on a multi-gauge network of broad, metre and narrow gauges. It also owns locomotive and coach production facilities at several places in India and are assigned codes identifying their gauge, kind of power and type of operation. Its operations cover twenty four states and three union territories and also provides limited international services to Nepal, Bangladesh and Pakistan. Indian Railways is the world's ninth largest commercial or utility employer, by number of employees, with over 1.4 million employees. As for rolling stock, IR holds over 239,281 Freight Wagons, 59,713 Passenger Coaches and 9,549 Locomotives (43 steam, 5,197 diesel and 4,309 electric locomotives). The trains have a 5 digit numbering system as the Indian Railways runs about 10,000 trains daily. As of 31 March 2013, 23,541 km (14,628 mi) (36%) of the total 65,000 km (40,000 mi) km route length was electrified.[4] Since 1960, almost all electrified sections on IR use 25,000 Volt AC traction through overhead catenary delivery.

Indian Railways

Type Industry Founded Area served Services

Ministry (government department) Railways 16 April 1853 [1] India Passenger railways freight services Parcel carrier Catering and Tourism Services parking lot operations other related services

Headquarters New Delhi, India

Revenue Net income Owner(s) Employees Parent Divisions Website


1,066.47 billion (US$18 billion) 145 billion (US$2.5 billion)


Government of India (100%) 1.4 million (2011)[3] Ministry of Railways through Railway Board (India) 17 Railway Zones (

1 History 2 Organisational structure
Reporting mark

Indian Railways

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Indian Railways - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

2.1 Railway zones 2.1.1 Zonal railways details 2.2 Recruitment and training 2.3 Production units 2.4 Other subsidiaries 3 Rolling stock 3.1 Locomotives 3.2 Goods wagons or freight cars 3.3 Passenger coaches 4 Freight 4.1 Wagon types 5 Technical details 5.1 Track and gauge 6 Railway links to adjacent countries 7 Types of passenger services 8 Accommodation classes 9 Notable trains and achievements 10 Food 11 Problems and issues 12 Indian Railways & Children 13 See also 14 References 15 Scholarly studies 16 External links 16.1 Popular sources

Locale Dates of operation Track gauge

India 16 April 1853–Present 1676 mm; 1000 mm; 762 mm; 610 mm

Electrification 23,541 km Length Website 65,000 km ( Headquarters New Delhi, India

Main article: History of rail transport in India The history of rail transport in India began in the mid-nineteenth century. In 1849, there was not a single kilometre of railway line in India. A British engineer, Robert Maitland Brereton, was responsible for the expansion of the railways from 1857 onwards. The India's first train run between Allahabad-Jabalpur branch line of the Bombay and Thane The B.B. & C.I. Railway Head Offices, East Indian Railway had been opened 1905 in June 1867. Brereton was responsible for linking this with the Great Indian Peninsula Railway, resulting in a combined network of 6,400 km (4,000 mi). Hence it became possible to travel directly from Bombay to Calcutta. This route was officially opened on 7 March 1870 and it was part of the inspiration for French writer Jules Verne's book Around the World in Eighty Days. At the opening ceremony, the Viceroy Lord Mayo concluded that “it was thought desirable that, if possible, at the earliest possible moment, the whole country should be covered with a network of lines in a uniform system”.[5] By 1875, about £95 million were invested by British companies in India guaranteed railways.[6] By 1880 the
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Wikipedia. In 1907 almost all the rail companies were taken over by the government. By 1946 all rail systems had been taken over by the government. The network spread to the modern day states of Assam. Map of the completed and planned railway lines in India in 1871. the railways workshops were converted to ammunitions workshops and many railway tracks were dismantled to help the Allies in the war. the first electric locomotive made its appearance. nine in 1952 and sixteen in 2003. an early Railway Board was constituted. With the end of the war. thirteen years after the end of Company rule. the GIPR became a government owned company. India had started building its own locomotives.500 km (9. the railways represented a capital value of some 687 million sterling. and they carried over 620 million passengers and approximately 90 million tons of goods each year. In 1905. Rajasthan and Andhra Pradesh and soon various autonomous kingdoms began to have their own rail systems. For the first time in its history.Indian Railways . the railways suffered economically for the next eight years. The number of zones in Indian Railways increased from six to eight in 1951. and in 1896 sent engineers and locomotives to help build the Uganda Railways. Based on the East India Railway Committee chaired by Acworth. With the arrival of World War I. the government took over the management of the Railways and detached the finances of the Railways from other governmental revenues.[9][10] Each zonal railway is made up of a certain number of divisions. The period between 1920 and 1929 was a period of economic boom. In 1900. but the powers were formally invested under Lord Curzon.wikipedia. The zones 3 of 20 7/4/2013 6:06 PM .org/wiki/Indian_Railways network had a route mileage of about 14. there were 41. mostly radiating inward from the three major port cities of Bombay.220 km (38.000 mi (66. the railways were used to meet the needs of the British outside India. Organisational structure Main article: Indian Railway organisational structure Railway zones Indian Railways is divided into several zones. Starting 1939.000 mi).000 km) of railway lines serving the country. with the network having expanded to 61. about 40% of the rolling stock including locomotives and coaches was taken to the Middle East.[3][11] Each of the sixteen zones is headed by a general manager who reports directly to the Railway Board.[8] Following the Great Depression. By 1895. a need for central management was mooted by Sir William Acworth.040 mi). the railways were in a state of disrepair and collapse. Madras and Calcutta.[7] It served under the Department of Commerce and Industry and had a government railway official serving as chairman. and a railway manager from England and an agent of one of the company railways as the other two members. The Second World War severely crippled the railways. each having a divisional headquarters. The following year. the free encyclopedia http://en. There are a total of sixty-eight divisions. the Railways began to make a profit. In 1920. which are further sub-divided into divisions.

Wikipedia. Guwahati 4 of 20 7/4/2013 6:06 PM .Indian Railways . signal and telecommunication. Mumbai Northeast Frontier headquarters. The divisional officers of engineering. mechanical. the free encyclopedia http://en.wikipedia. electrical. personnel. commercial. operating. Mumbai Southern Railway headquarters. Chennai Western Railway HQ. security and safety branches report to the respective Divisional Manager and are in charge of operation and maintenance of assets. Further down the hierarchy tree are the station masters who control individual stations and the train movement through the track territory under their stations' administration. Eastern and South eastern railway HQ Kolkata are further divided into divisions under the control of divisional railway managers (DRM). Zonal railways details Indian Railways headquarters Delhi Central Railway headquarters Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus.

Sealdah. 14.[12] Palakkad. 13. Varanasi Jaipur. 4. Guntakal. Solapur. 2. Vadodara - East Central ECR East Coast Eastern North Central North Eastern North Western Northeast Frontier Northern South Central South East Central South Eastern South Western Southern West Central Western Metro Railway. Bangalore. Ahmedabad. Nagpur Danapur. Ratlam. Jhansi Izzatnagar. Kota Mumbai Central. Jodhpur Alipurduar.Wikipedia. Mysore Chennai. Kolkata Total ECoR ER NCR NER NWR NFR NR SCR SECR SER SWR SR WCR WR 1 October 2002 3628 1 April 2003 04-1952 1 April 2003 1952 2677 2414 3151 3667 1 October 2002 5459 15 January 1958 14 April 1952 3907 6968 2 October 1966 5803 1 April 2003 1955 1 April 2003 14 April 1951 1 April 2003 5 November 1951 31 December 2010 2447 2631 3177 5098 2965 6182 17. 7. Hubli. Nagpur Adra. Rajkot. Tinsukia Delhi. Salem. Sambalpur and Waltair (Visakhapatnam) Howrah. Sl. Ambala. the free encyclopedia http://en. MR 26 64105 Kolkata 5 of 20 7/4/2013 6:06 PM . Nanded. Name Central Abbr. Madurai. 11. Samastipur. Katihar. Raipur. Lumding. Secunderabad Bilaspur. Malda Allahabad. Bhavnagar. Sonpur Khurda Road. Trichy. Ranchi. No 1.Indian Railways . 10. Agra. 12. 15. Bikaner. CR Date Established 5 November 1951 Route km 3905 Headquarters Mumbai Hajipur Bhubaneswar Kolkata Allahabad Gorakhpur Jaipur Guwahati Delhi Secunderabad Bilaspur Kolkata Hubli Chennai Jabalpur Mumbai Divisions Mumbai. Mughalsarai. 9. Chakradharpur. Kharagpur. Ajmer. Lucknow. 5. Thiruvananthapuram Jabalpur. Bhopal. Dhanbad. 6. Moradabad Vijayawada.wikipedia. Bhusawal. Hyderabad. Rangia. Pune. 3. 16. Guntur. Lucknow. 8. Asansol.

Popular rolling stock builders such as CLW and DLW for electric and diesel locomotives.wikipedia.Wikipedia.[15] The training of all cadres is entrusted and shared between six centralised training institutes. which are managed directly by the Ministry. The device shown is technically a half-pantograph. Each of these production units is headed by a general manager. the free encyclopedia http://en. The production units are:- CLW made WAP-5 30022(CLW made WAP-5 locos don't have fluted body shell) rests at Bhopal WDP4 Diesel Locomotive Baaz which is now at New Jalpaiguri 6 of 20 7/4/2013 6:06 PM . who also reports directly to the Railway Board. called Production Units.Indian Railways .org/wiki/Indian_Railways Recruitment and training Main article: Centralised Training Institutes of the Indian Railways Staff are classified into gazetted (Group 'A' and 'B') and non-gazetted (Group 'C' and 'D') employees.[13] The recruitment of Group 'A' gazetted employees is carried out by the Union Public Service Commission through exams conducted by it. ICF and RCF for passenger coaches are Production Units of Indian Railways. Production units Indian Railways manufactures much of its rolling stock and heavy engineering components at its six manufacturing plants. Indian Railways has not only achieved self-sufficiency in production of rolling stock in the country but also exported rolling stock to other countries.[14] The recruitment to Group 'C' and 'D' employees on the Indian Railways is done through 20 Railway Recruitment Boards and Railway Recruitment Cells which are controlled by the Railway Recruitment Control Board (RRCB). A modern pantograph. Over the years.

each of which is headed by an officer of the rank of general manager. Asansol Varanasi Patiala Chennai Kapurthala Gwalior Bangalore Chhapra Raebareli Main products Diesel-electric Locomotives Electric Locomotives Diesel Locomotives Diesel-electric Locomotives Passenger coaches Passenger coaches Passenger coach springs Railway wheels and axles Railway wheels Passenger coaches Chittaranjan Locomotive Works CLW Diesel Locomotive Works Diesel-Loco Modernisation Works Integral Coach Factory Rail Coach Factory Rail Spring Karkhana Rail Wheel Factory Rail Wheel Factory Rail Coach Factory.Wikipedia. (BWEL) Centre for Railway Information Systems (CRIS)[17] Container Corporation of India Limited (CONCOR) Dedicated Freight Corridor Corporation of India Limited (DFCCIL) Indian Railway Catering and Tourism Corporation Limited (IRCTC) Indian Railway Construction (IRCON) International Limited Indian Railway Finance Corporation Limited (IRFC) Konkan Railway Corporation Limited (KRCL) Mumbai Railway Vikas Corporation (MRVC) Railtel Corporation of India Limited (Rail Tel) Rail India Technical and Economic Services Limited (RITES) Rail Vikas Nigam Limited (RVNL) Delhi Metro Rail Corporation Limited (DMRC). that has constructed and operates Delhi Metro network.[16] viz. the free encyclopedia http://en. A number of Public Sector Undertakings.Indian Railways .wikipedia. GOC Year Established 1928 1947 1961 1981 1952 1986 1988 1984 2012 2012 Location Trichy Chittaranjan. which perform railway-related functions ranging from consultancy to ticketing. Ltd. Similar metro rail corporations in other cities (except Kolkata Metro in Kolkata) are not connected to the Indian Railways. research and design and training of officers. Rolling stock 7 of 20 7/4/2013 6:06 PM . modernisation. There are twelve public undertakings under the administrative control of the Ministry of Railways. is an independent organisation not connected to the Indian Railways. Bharat Wagon and Engineering Name Golden Rock Locomotive Workshops Abbr. Raebareli DLW DMW ICF RCF RSK RWF RWF RCF Other subsidiaries There also exist independent organisations under the control of the Railway Board for electrification. are also under the administrative control of the Ministry of railways.

the fourth letter will denote their horsepower range. Passenger coaches Indian railways has several types of passenger coaches. This fifth letter indicates some smaller variation in the basic model or series. Goods wagons or freight cars The number of freight car or goods wagons was 205.183 on 31 March 1980 after which it started declining and was 239. the free encyclopedia http://en. 8 of 20 7/4/2013 6:06 PM . 4. its share in goods traffic is much lower than road traffic.Indian Railways . mixed or shunting). perhaps different motors. Indian Railways had 5. motive power.120 on 31 March 1951) (see Railway Budget 2012–13 Explanatory Memorandum). As of 31 March 2012. With the new A Beyer Garratt 6594 Engine seen at scheme for classifying diesel locomotives (as mentioned above) the fifth the National Rail Museum item is a letter that further refines the horsepower indication in 100 hp increments: 'A' for 100 hp. locomotives are classified according to their track gauge.wikipedia. However. except in heritage trains. Indian Railways carried 93 million tonnes of goods in 1950–51 and it increased to 1010 million tonnes in 2012–13. while a WDM-3F would be a 3600 hp loco.Wikipedia. passenger.321 on 31 March 2012. Locomotives are also called locos or engines. Two historical steam engines at water refilling station at Agra station A locomotive may sometimes have a fifth letter in its name which generally denotes a technical variant or subclass or subtype. The fourth letter used to denote locomotives' chronological model number. It comprises 4 or 5 letters. Now the shares have been reversed and the share of railways has declined to 30% and the share of road has increased to 70%.[18] However. Electric locomotives don't come under this scheme and even all diesel locos are not covered. 'C' for 300 hp. The number is far shorter than the requirement and the Indian Railways keeps losing freight traffic to road. Under this system. The class name includes this information about the locomotive. Steam locomotives are no longer used. For them this letter denotes their model number as usual. from 2002 a new classification scheme has been adopted.596 on 31 March 1951 and reached the maximum number 405. So in this scheme. The second letter denotes their motive power (Diesel or Electric) and the third letter denotes the kind of traffic for which they are suited (goods.309 electric locomotives (increased from 72 on 31 March 1951) and 43 steam locomotives (decreased from 8. the work they are suited for and their power or model number. The first letter denotes the track gauge. its share was 65% and the share of road was 35%. Locomotives Main article: Locomotives in India Locomotives in India consist of electric and diesel locomotives. for newer diesel locomotives. They retained their original class names such as M class or WP class. a WDM-3A refers to a 3100 hp loco. In 1951. 'B' for 200 hp. or a different manufacturer.197 diesel locomotives (increased from 17 on 31 March 1951). Note: This classification system does not apply to steam locomotives in India as they have become non-functional now. In India.

the metre gauge (1. 686. Most of its freight earnings come from movement of bulk goods such as coal.300 mi) of route-kilometre (10% of entire route-kilometre of all the gauges).Indian Railways . guard's coach.000 mi) while the total route length of the network is 65.000 mi) of track length (91% of entire track length of all the gauges) and 56.000 km (35.722 on 31 March 2012. Pune.628 mi) or 36% of the route-kilometre was electrified as on 31 March 2013. Most of its profits come from movement of freight.) numbered 6.793 on 31 March 2012.6 billion from passengers in 2011–12). Delhi. lying in hilly terrains and in some erstwhile private railways (on cost considerations). Chennai. In some regions with less traffic. It makes a loss on passenger traffic. Passenger coaches numbered 46.[20] Broad gauge is the predominant gauge used by Indian Railways.000 km (71. which are usually difficult to convert to broad gauge. the 1. although the Unigauge project is in progress to convert all tracks to broad gauge. Wagon types Wagon types include: BOXNHL BOBYN Technical details Track and gauge Indian railways uses four gauges. Track sections are rated for speeds ranging from 75 to 160 km/h (47 to 99 mph). etc. The total length of track used by Indian Railways is about 115.000 mi) of route-kilometre (86% of entire route-kilometre of all the gauges).000 mi) of track length (7% of entire track length of all the gauges) and 7. 762 mm (2 ft 6 in) and 610 mm (2 ft).[19] About 23. parcel van.435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) standard gauge.wikipedia. cement. 304. Hyderabad and Electric Multiple Unit (EMU) coaches are used for suburban traffic in large cities – mainly Mumbai.000 mi). The metre gauge has about 8. mail coach. Indian broad gauge—1. Kolkata.560 on 31 March 2012. the free encyclopedia http://en. It deliberately keeps its passenger fares low and cross-subsidises the loss-making passenger traffic with the profit-making freight traffic.000 km (5. They have second class and first class seating accommodation.000 mm (3 ft 3 3⁄8 in) metre gauge.000 km (40. The Narrow gauges are present on a few routes. Narrow gauges have 2. Since the 1990s.2 billion from freight and Rs.541 km (14. the 1.000 route9 of 20 7/4/2013 6:06 PM . and two narrow gauges.676 mm (5 ft 6 in)—is the most widely used gauge in India with 105. Other coaches (luggage coach.Wikipedia.000 km (65.000 km (4.676 mm (5 ft 6 in) broad gauge which is wider than the 1.000 mm/3 ft 3 3⁄8 in) is common. Freight Indian Railways earns about 70% of its revenues from the freight traffic (Rs. Indian Railways has stopped single-wagon consignments and provides only full rake freight trains for goods. It is continually losing freight traffic to road. food grains and iron ore in full rakes. These coaches numbered 7.

[23] 10 of 20 7/4/2013 6:06 PM .258 route-km) in 1951 to 86% in 2012 whereas the share of metre gauge has declined from 45% (24.500 route-km of Indian railways. India and Akhaura Upazila. Metal sleepers were extensively used before the advent of concrete sleepers. though teak sleepers are still in use on a few older lines. Indian Railways divides the country into four zones on the basis of the range of track kilometre.185 route-km) to 10% in the same period and the share of narrow gauges has decreased from 8% to 3%. More than 28.596 route-km in 1951) in the last sixty years or about 200 km per year. increasing from 47% (25. The prestressed concrete sleeper is in wide use today. Indian gauge is the predominant gauge used by Indian Railways. Dhaka and Kolkata started in April 2008 using the Gede-Darsana Chhattisgarh route. but the Nilgiri Mountain Railway is a metre gauge track. Pakistan to Amritsar (Attari). Shashi Tharoor announced that the central government is considering a rail link from Manipur to Vietnam via Myanmar.[22] Under construction / Proposed links: Bhutan – railways under construction – Same gauge Myanmar – Manipur to Myanmar (under construction) Vietnam – On 9 April 2010. the total route-kilometre has increased by only 21% (by just 11.Wikipedia. The Maitri Express between Narrow Gauge Train at Rajim. Bangladesh was approved by the Government of Bangladesh and India in September 2011. This compares very poorly with Chinese railways.[21] These four rail lines will not be converted under the Unigauge project.500 km from 53. Sleepers (ties) are made up of prestressed concrete. Bangladesh – Same Broad Gauge.000 route-km in 2011. Railway links to adjacent countries See also: Rail transport in India#International links Existing rail links: Map of Indian Railways network with population density Nepal – Break-of-gauge – Gauge conversion under uni-gauge project Pakistan – same Broad Gauge. the Kangra Valley Railway and the Darjeeling Himalayan Railway are three notable hill lines that use narrow gauge.000 route-km at the end of second world war to about 100.Indian Railways . the free encyclopedia http://en. which increased from about 27.000 route-km (34% of the total route-km) of Chinese railway is electrified compared to only about 21. in addition to a Freight Train service from Singhabad and Petrapole in India to Rohanpur and Benapole in Bangladesh A second passenger link between Agartala. However.wikipedia. The Kalka-Shimla Railway. The greatest temperature variations occur in Rajasthan. an increase of more than threefold. or steel or cast iron posts. Thar Express to Karachi and the more famous Samjhauta Express international train from Lahore. The share of broad gauge in the total route-kilometre has been steadily rising. Former Union Minister of India.

They have high Express priority and are one of the fastest trains in India. Tickets Superfast for these trains have an additional superfast surcharge. Duronto and Shatabdi trains have only airconditioned classes. Some of them provide Sleeper Class accommodation. They connect the metros and major state capitals of India and are faster than Rajdhani Express.usually stop at all stations and have unreserved seating accommodation. 5 Jan Shatabdi Jan Shatabdi Express are a more affordable variety of the Shatabdi Express. Some of them 3-tier AC berths. In long-distance trains a pantry car is usually included and food is served at the berth or seat itself. 10 Metros and These trains are designed for city transport in metro cities of India. Duronto and Shatabdi trains includes food served in the train but the fare for other trains does not include food that has to be bought separately. travelling at about 130 km/h (82 mph). Rank Train Description 1 Duronto Express These are the non-stop (except for operational stops) point to point rail services introduced for the first time in 2009. A train may have just one or many classes of travel. The fares for all classes are different with unreserved seating class being the cheapest.[24] Types of passenger services Trains are classified by their average speed. Slow passenger trains have only unreserved seating class whereas Rajdhani. travelling at about 160 km/h. They provide first AC. They are the fastest trains in India.[25] A faster train has fewer stops ("halts") than a slower one and usually caters to long-distance travel. which Express have both AC and non-AC classes.wikipedia. Express/Mail 7 Express These are the most common kind of trains in India.Indian Railways . 8 These are slow trains that stop at most stations along the route and are the cheapest Passenger and trains. They have only a few stops. Thailand – possible if Burma Railway is rebuilt. They have more stops than their super-fast counterparts. two-tier AC and three-tier AC accommodation. the free encyclopedia http://en. Delhi. The maximum speed is 130 km/h. 6 Intercity These are trains that have an average speed greater than 80 km/h (50 mph). 9 Suburban trains These trains operate in the urban areas of Mumbai.Wikipedia. Monorails Accommodation classes Indian Railways has several classes of travel with or without airconditioning. but they stop only at relatively important intermediate stations. The fare of Rajdhani. They have seats and executive class seats. Luxury trains such as Palace on Wheels have separate dining cars but these trains cost as much as or more than a five-star hotel room. Pune and between Kanpur & Lucknow. 2 Rajdhani These are air-conditioned trains linking major cities to New Delhi. 3 Shatabdi Express The Shatabdi trains are air-conditioned intercity trains for travel during day. Kolkata. The trains generally have unreserved seating accommodation but some night Fast Passenger trains have sleeper and 3-tier AC compartments. 4 Garib Rath Air-conditioned no-frills trains with seats and 3-tier Economy AC berths. 11 of 20 7/4/2013 6:06 PM . Chennai. The maximum speed is 130 km/h.

of which one may be exclusively for ladies.Indian Railways . two at the front and two at the end. This class is available only on broad gauge. However narrow gauge trains to hill stations have this class. Berths are usually arranged as in 2AC but with three tiers across the width and two longways as before giving eight bays of eight. Bedding is included with the fare. This class is available on broad gauge and metre gauge trains. Bedding is included with the fare in IR. A luggage compartment can also exist at the front or the back. A broad gauge coach can carry 48 passengers (full coach) or 20 passengers (half coach). They are slightly less well-appointed. 2A AC-Two tier: These air-conditioned coaches have sleeping berths across eight bays. There is a coach attendant to help the passengers. They are slightly less well-appointed. The coach has an attendant to help the A standard passenger rake generally has four unreserved (also called "general") compartments. with curtains along the gangway or corridor. The exact number of other coaches varies according to the demand and the route. FC First class: Same as 1AC but without air conditioning. Berths are usually arranged in two tiers in bays of six.Wikipedia. The sleeper berths are extremely wide and spacious. usually no reading lights or curtained off 12 of 20 Delhi Duronto Express. The coaches are carpeted. Berths are usually arranged as in 3AC but with three tiers across the width and three longways. 3E AC three tier (Economy): Air conditioned coaches with sleeping berths. Bedding is included with fare. A train may not have all these classes. Class[26] Description[26][27] 1A First class AC: This is the most expensive class. The berths are wide and spacious. This class is available on broad gauge and metre gauge trains. No bedding is available in this class. Lavatories are communal and feature both the Indian style as well as the Western style. have sleeping accommodation and have privacy features like personal coupes. usually no reading lights or curtained off gangways. 3A AC three tier: Air conditioned coaches with 64 sleeping berths. where the fares are almost at par with air fare. present in Garib Rath Trains. In some mail trains a separate mail coach is attached. There are eight cabins (including two coupes) in the full AC First Class coach and three cabins (including one coupe) in the half AC First Class coach. It carries 64 passengers in broad gauge. This class has been phased out on most of the trains and is rare to find. as it rolls out of Sealdah with a Ghaziabad WAP 7 in Duronto livery 7/4/2013 6:06 PM . The following table lists the classes in operation. This air conditioned coach is present only on popular routes and can carry 18 passengers (full coach) or 10 passengers (half coach).wikipedia. four across the width of the coach and two berths longways on the other side of the corridor. the free encyclopedia http://en.

These may be reserved in advance or may be unreserved.Wikipedia. In 2003 the railway was featured in the Guinness Book of World Records for offering the steepest rise in altitude in the space of 96 kilometre. Tickets issued are valid on any train on the same route if boarded within 24 hours of buying the ticket. At the rear of the train is a special compartment known as the guard's cabin.[30] Maharaja Railways (Gwalior Light Railway). Tickets are issued in advance for a minimum journey of more than 24 hours. Executive class chair car: An air-conditioned coach with large spacious seats and legroom. a narrow gauge railway connecting Matheran is also a historic line. Seater class: same as AC Chair car. Kalka-Shimla Railway. a narrow gauge railway in the Shivalik mountains in Himachal Pradesh. In broad gauge. These coaches are usually over-crowded and a seat is not guaranteed. The latter consists of three separate railway lines located in different parts of India:[29] Darjeeling Himalayan Railway. and usually ten or more coaches could be attached. a narrow gauge line of just 610mm width from Gwalior to Sheopur of 198 km. Neral-Matheran Railway. Garib-Rath's are low cost A/c trains 7/4/2013 6:06 PM . it carries 72 passengers per coach. Notable trains and achievements There are two UNESCO World Heritage Sites on IR – the Chatrapati Shivaji Terminus[28] and the Mountain Railways of India. Bedding is not included with fare. Palace on Wheels is a specially designed train. It has a total of four seats in a row used for day travel between cities. Nilgiri Mountain Railway. frequently hauled by a steam locomotive. Sleeper class: The sleeper class is the most common coach on IR. the free encyclopedia http://en. Unreserved: The cheapest CC EC SL 2S UR gangways.wikipedia. This class of travel is only available on Shatabdi Express trains. These are regular sleeping coaches with three berths vertically stacked. a metre gauge railway in the Nilgiri Hills in Tamil Nadu. in length is world's longest narrow gauge railway line is in the UNESCO world heritage tentative list. a narrow gauge railway in West Bengal. The seats are usually made up of pressed wood in older coaches but cushioned seats are found in new coaches. but with bench style seats and without the air-conditioning. for promoting tourism in Rajasthan.Indian Railways . It is fitted with a transceiver and is where the guard usually gives the all clear signal before the train departs. On the 13 of 20 Seen here is the Mumbai Rajdhani Express. AC chair car: An air-conditioned seater coach with a total of five seats in a row used for day travel between cities. Rajdhanis are long-distance high-speed and high-priority trains connecting major state capitals with New Delhi Seen here is the Secunderabad Yeshwanthpur Garib-Rath Express.

John Bull. The fastest speed attained by any train is 184 km/h 14 of 20 7/4/2013 6:06 PM .286 km (2. The Bhopal Shatabdi Express is the fastest train in India today having a maximum speed of 150 km/h (93 mph) on the Faridabad–Agra section. However.308 mi) in about 69 hours and 30 minutes. a locomotive older than Fairy same lines. the Fairy Queen is the oldest operating locomotive in the world today. between Dibrugarh and Kanyakumari.Wikipedia. it was earlier closed down after the Express. has the second longest run in terms of distance and time on Indian Railways network. a second one which serves as a storeroom and an additional two that serve as a patient ward. It covers 3.wikipedia. compartment in the Rajdhani Express enjoy the popular success of the Palace on Wheels.715 km (2. Vivek Express. Air-conditioned Chair Car (CC) Interior of a First Class(1A) neither of them has been able to coaches in an Shatabdi Express. It covers 4. the Maharashtra government introduced the Deccan Odyssey covering various tourist destinations in Maharashtra and Goa. between Kanyakumari and Jammu Tawi. This train has a carriage that serves as an operating room. Himsagar Express. Among the famous locomotives. hostilities between the two nations in 2001 saw the line being closed. though it is operated only for specials between Delhi and Alwar.072 m (3. Kharagpur railway station also has the distinction of being the world's longest railway platform at 1. 1965 Indo-Pak war.Indian Railways . However. The Ghum station along the Darjeeling Toy Train route is the second highest railway station in the world to be reached by a steam locomotive. It was reopened when the hostilities subsided in 2004.[31] The Mumbai–Pune Deccan Queen has the oldest running dining car in IR. has the longest run in terms of distance and time on Indian Railways network. Samjhauta Express is a train that runs between India and Pakistan. operated in 1981 commemorating its 150th anniversary. Another train connecting Khokhrapar (Pakistan) and Munabao (India) is the Thar Interior of an air-conditioned Chair Express that restarted operations A typical sleeper class coach Car coach(CC) in an Jan Shatabdi on 18 February 2006. Darjeeling Himalayan Railway in West “Science Express”. The A tight loop (Agony Point) on the train travels around the country.663 mi) in about 82 hours and 30 minutes.517 ft). Lifeline Express is a special train popularly known as the "Hospital-on-Wheels" which provides healthcare to the rural areas. and was followed by the Government of Karnataka which introduced the Golden Chariot train connecting popular tourist destinations in Karnataka and Goa. the free encyclopedia http://en. a joint staying at a location for about Bengal Indo-German multimedia exhibition two months before moving elsewhere.

Indian Railways . running between the Dhanbad and Howrah stations having 10 coaches and 2 power cars. Most catering is now managed by Zonal Railways. chapattis/rotis and occasionally. Problems and issues The personnel costs and operating costs have increased several times over the past decade. Lately there has been a trend of innovative services like Travelkhana [35] who take the order on phone or through their website and get fresh food delivered in the train.wikipedia. However Indian Railways has now phased out IRCTC from most catering in Railways except at Food Courts. a sweet dish) or (veg/egg/chicken) biryani. New railway line projects are often announced without securing additional funding for them. Thousands of pilgrims cross the sea every day to visit the island. The sanitation in trains and stations is improving. Kiosks are ubiquitous where one can find snacks/breakfast/packed foods/ biscuits/ cookies/ mineral water etc. with the fare being better in the South and West. A large number of 15 of 20 7/4/2013 6:06 PM . dal.[34] A view of the Pamban Railway Bridge that links Rameshwaram to the mainland.Wikipedia. At major stations. Pantry cars mostly re-distribute food from base kitchens that are based at important (114 mph) in 2000 during test runs. whose job it is to clean to compartment and washrooms on a regular basis. trains with pantry cars are listed as P in Trains at a Glance. Pantry car service always includes the sale of tea. coffee. The quality of food varies. offsetting a good percentage of the loss. Any cooking at stations or in pantry cars is discouraged. cuisine changes from region to region. Fast Food Units etc. Meals are included in the fare on Rajdhani. a vegetable (chicken or fish curries for non-veg thalis).[36] The maintenance of passenger coaches and goods wagons is poor and often results in derailments and other accidents. Also. Fares have been hiked both in 2011 & 2013. Trivandrum Rajdhani is the longest non-stop train in on Indian Railways network covering 528 km Double-decker AC trains have been introduced in India. Most pantry cars and restaurants at stations are used to be earlier managed by Indian Railway Catering and Tourism Corporation IRCTC. The first double decker train was Pune-Mumbai Sinhagad express plying between Pune and Mumbai[32] while the first double-decker AC train in the Indian Railways was introduced in November 2010. the parameters like: hygiene. curd/yogurt.[33] On 16 April 2013. Meals available for lunch and dinner are generally vegetarian and non-vegetarian thalis (rice. while Indian Railways catering staff come around to collects orders an hour or two before mealtimes. mobile numbers of supervisors are provided on the train for any complaints. taste. Indian Railways celebrated its 160 years of nationwide connectivity with a transportation of 23 million passengers in a day. Indian snacks (samosa) and "namkeen" (chips and other salty snacks). Trains like Duronto/Rajdhani & some express trains such as Hyderabad to Bangalore Kacheguda Express have onboard janitors. Shatabdi and Duronto trains. the free encyclopedia http://en. As per the catering policies only heating is encouraged for which electric heating equipment is provided. Further. Food Trains are classified as pantry car/non-pantry car. cold drinks. one can find higher end IRCTC food courts and food plazas and even fine-dine restaurants that have been given to reputed private players to manage. The third longest train in terms of distance on Indian Railways network is Navyug express between Jammu tawi to Mangalore covering a distance of 3609 km.

address and other particulars of his parents/guardian/relatives from the child.Indian Railways . A copy of such intimation shall forthwith be sent to the Police Station in jurisdiction of which the parents/ guardian/ relative of the child live. RPF.[38] Indian Railways & Children On a petition filed by Social Scientist Khushboo Jain. he shall remain in safe custody of the RPF. GRP/Station Masters and shall be given adequate care and attention including meals. the railway budget for 2012–13 provided only 130 billion (US$2. so as to enable the parents/guardian/ relative of the child to approach the Committee alongwith the information that the children who arrive and stay at the Railway Station.472 billion (US$25 billion). There have been several cases of railway officials themselves indulging in sexual offences instead of being saviours of the women under attack. till they are produced before the Committee in terms of this order. parents name. The menace is more harsh in the metropolitan areas of north. Delhi High Court has directed Ministry of Railways to undertake following steps regarding care and protection of children arriving and staying at railway stations. doubling and gauge conversion were pending and their costs have skyrocketed to 1. with a request to locate the parents/guardian/relatives of the child and inform him/her about the child having been found at the Railway Station. age and address of the children who arrive and stay at his Railway Station.Wikipedia. 2007 and in case the single member is also not accessible or the child is found at odd hours.wikipedia. at the earliest possible and in any case within 24 hours of such a child being found at a Railway station. are produced before the Committee. (2) the children who arrive and stay at Railway Stations shall be produced by RPF. south and western regions. As on 31 March 2011. the concerned Station Master shall make announcement on the public address system of the railway station with respect to the child found there and inform the local police station/police post as well as the parents/guardian/relatives of the child about his/her being found at the Railway Station. the child shall be produced before the single member of the Committee in terms of Rule 27(4) of The Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Rules. ( 5) Till the child is produced before the Committee in terms of this order. (8) if the Child Welfare Committee is not sitting. GRP or Railway employees before the Child Welfare Committee constituted under the aforesaid Act. (4) every Station Superintendent/Station Master shall maintain a register in which he shall record the particulars including name. GRP/Station Master shall try to obtain name. against his name. the free encyclopedia http://en. (3) the address and telephone numbers of the Committee shall be prominently displayed on the Railway Station. 347 projects including new these projects are not profitable and do not get completed within the scheduled time.[37] However. He shall also get such a child photographed and place his photograph in the aforesaid Register.2 billion) for the projects. (7) Every Station Master shall provide appropriate separate space for male and female children arriving and staying at his railway station. to take following steps:[39] 1) As soon as a child is found sitting at a Railway Station. so that his/her parents are able to identify and locate him/her without any difficulty. he/she shall be dealt with in 16 of 20 7/4/2013 6:06 PM . GRP/Railways. (6) If a child arriving and staying at a Railway Station is a girl. Sexual harassment of women on trains has risen alarmingly. till the time she is produced before the Committee in terms of this order. she shall be kept in the safe custody of a responsible female member of RPF.

the free encyclopedia http://en. (10) The whole of the information in respect of such children. ^ "Times of India" (http://articles. in respect of such children. so that the parents/guardian of such children are able to identify them and seek their custody.indianexpress.pdf). ^ British investment in Indian railway reaches £100m by 1875 (http://books.indianrail.html).indianrailways. 13. Indian Railway History Timeline" (http://irse.C. Retrieved 2012-12-15. 4. with respect to the availability of the information. ^ Singh. CHIEF JUSTICE V. Books. Retrieved 2012-01-19.wikipedia. (1935). Vijay Pratap (27 February 2010).google. Irfca. Ministry of Railways. JAIN.pdf). ^ a b "Railways Fiscal Budget 2012" (http://www. ^ Sandes. The Military Engineer in /stat_econ/Stat_0910/Year%20Book%202009-10-Sml_size_English. Irse.htm). Retrieved 26 August found with the child shall be kept in safe custody of the Station Master after preparing inventory of such articles and those articles shall be forwarded to the Committee along with the child. J [40] See also All India Station Masters' Association (AISMA) Bilaspur-Mandi-Leh Railway List of countries by rail transport network size List of railway stations in India List of named passenger trains of India References 1. Retrieved 2000 or any other law for the time being in force. 17 of 20 7/4/2013 6:06 PM . The Times of India (India).org/wiki/Indian_Railways terms of Rule 27 of the aforesaid Rules till the time of production before the Committee. ^ http://ehitavada. including their photographs.P. ^ a b Indian Railways Year Book (2009–2010) (http://www. 7. 2011. Retrieved 15 March /finance_budget/Budget12-13/Railway%20Revenue%20Receipts%20%26%20Expenditure%202012-13.Indian Railways .jpg 5.indianrail. (9) the articles.indianrailways.Wikipedia. Indian Express. The writ petition stands disposed of in terms of these directions. in a searchable format. Saxena. ^ "Zones and their Divisions in Indian Railways" ( /books?id=aMIkcVsGi_gC&pg=PA17&dq=india+railway+1900&lr=&as_brr=1& ei=VK_CR7nxC4aUzATL6unRCg&sig=fbfn3T1A59hcMvBjAw1Iq_T56yY#PPA54. Vol II. Retrieved 2012-12-15. (11) The respondents shall give wide publicity in leading English and vernacular newspapers. "SMS complaint system: A Northern Railway brainwave spreads" (http://www. shall be made available on the website of Indian Railways. Government of p.W. 15 April 2010. ^ "History of Indian Railways" ( 11. on the website of Indian Railways.pdf). Lt Col E. in terms of this to the extent publication of such particulars and/or photographs is not prohibited under the provisions of the Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Chatham: The Institution of Royal Engineers. 6. 2. along with information relating to his/her being produced before the Child Welfare Committee.pdf 10. A copy of the inventory shall be placed in the register to be maintained in terms of this if any. against the name of child in question. Indian Railways. ^ 9. ^ "R. Retrieved 26 August 2011 / World Heritage List. Lifeline to the nation… – SouLSteer Magazine" ( 26. "Old-timers recollect double-decker days" (http://articles. IRFCA. The Times of India (India).in / ^ "Indian Railways level which constitutes the Governing Council of Association" (http://www.jsp?lang=0& ^ http://in.htm).irfca. ^ "Indian Railways. Retrieved 3 June 2007.timesofindia. Retrieved 12 May 2007. (2011).irts. the free encyclopedia Retrieved 2012-12-15.timesofindia.archive.1. ^ "100 years of pine-scented travel" ( ^ "Neighbours to the west get closer | Bangkok Post: news" ( irts. ^ a b "General Information on travelling by IR" ( 1999. ^ "railway operations — I" (http://www. World Heritage Committee. /neighbours-to-the-west-get-closer). 27 July 2012. Retrieved 2012-10-07.indianrailways.jpg 21. 16 April 2013. IRFCA. Retrieved 2012-02-20. Retrieved indiarail. ^ Manish Umbrajkar (8 July 2009). 13. rrcb.html). Archived from the original (http://www.jsp?lang=0&id=0. Reference and Training Division. 2004. India Yearbook 2011. ^ "Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (formerly Victoria Terminus)" ( (New Delhi). S. 27. Indian Railways Fan Club. 16.jsp?lang=0& id=0. Retrieved Railways . Indian 12.htm).news. World Heritage List.D. ^ "Salem railway division formed (in 2005)" (http://www. ^ "Fare Increase (2013)" (http://www. 32. 23.html) 28 February 2012. /2012-07-27/news/32889414_1_tardy-progress-cost-escalation-railways). 34.irfca.409). 28. Our Trips – Royal Train Retrieved 2012-12-15. "Alarming rise in sexual harassment of women on trains" (http://www. 35. 31. Retrieved 14 February 2009. Retrieved 2013-06-29.bangkokpost.388).com. Retrieved 11 June 2007. 9 April /india/28123011_1_rail-link-trilateral-highway-project-link-roads).indianrail. Publications Division.htm).indiatimes. Retrieved 14 February 2009. ^ "administrative control of the railways" (http://www." (http://cris. India Calling Tours (P) Limited.tribuneindia.ece). 36.html) /passengers-excited-about-india-s-first-26800744. Unknown parameter |unused_data= ignored (help) 20. ISBN 978-81-230-1674-0. ^ "Toy Trains of India" (http://www. ^ "Rail link from Manipur to Vietnam on cards: Tharoor" (http://articles.Enterprises Ltd. / Indian Railways Fan 18. Ministry of Information & Broadcasting. http://www. Retrieved 5 January 2009. Moneycontrol. CENTRE FOR RAILWAY INFORMATION Bangkok Articles. ^ "The curious case of Vijay Mallya – Yahoo! News" ( ^ "Railways rapped for tardy progress in laying new lines" ( ^ Balchand. ^ "Hill trains" (http://web. INDIAN RAILWAY ESTABLISHMENT CODE. 38. ^ "Mountain Railways of India" (http://whc.indiatimes. 20 April 2011. Govt.html).html) on 22 August Retrieved 2012-12-15. ^ compiled and edited by Research. ^ http://ehitavada. 30. ^ "set up as a registered society to design and implement various railway computerization projects. of India. ^ "Indian Railways Establishment Manual" (http://rrcb. World Heritage 19. ^ "Class of Travel" ( ^ "Railway Board Directorates" ( 18 of 20 7/4/2013 6:06 PM .yahoo. ^ Nikita Peer (17 December 2012). 25.economictimes. Retrieved 5 January 2009. Retrieved 3 June ^ "India approves new railway link with Bangladesh" ( K (28 April 2013).wikipedia. "Meals-On-Wheels: Rail passengers order meals online" ( Articles. 14.

Bureaucracy. "Railway Zones" (http://www.html).com/news/2003/jul/03inter.irfca. Retrieved 18 June 2006.Wikipedia.punjabnewsline. Govind Krishnan NMR (Nilgiri Mountain Railway). Indian Railways Fan Club. Various authors (2004). Retrieved 19 June 2005. Retrieved 19 June 2005. Tracking Modernity: India's Railway and the Culture of Mobility (2011) Bear. Retrieved 18 June "Indian Railway takes the E-route" ( /todays-paper/tp-national/alarming-rise-in-sexual-harassment-of-women-on-trains/article4662015. "Trivia" (http://www. Retrieved 2013-04-29. "IR History: Early Days" (http://www.indianrail. Frontline magazine online. Railways In Modern India (1941) excerpt and text search (http://www. http://www. Retrieved 19 June Retrieved 19 June 2005.ece).org/docs/). Laura. "Indian Railways" (http://etrain. ISBN 0-85112-192-6.irfca. Retrieved 19 June 2005. Retrieved 27 June 2011.indiaenvironmentportal.epnrstatus. "Salient Features of Indian Railways" (http://web. 19 of 20 7/4/2013 6:06 PM Retrieved 19 June "Famous Trains" ( on 18 June 2005. Rediff.htm).org/faq/).indianrailways. Guinness Book of World Records-2005. Tiwari.frontlineonnet. Indian Railways Fan Club. ^ Lines of the Nation: Indian Railway Workers. Guinness World Records Retrieved 19 June 19 June 2005. the free encyclopedia http://en. The Hindu (New Delhi).com/Railways-Modern-India-Ramswarup-Tiwari/dp/1406748129/) V.irfca. Indian Railways Fan Club. ^ Scholarly studies "The Rediff Interview" (http://www.wordpress.html). 39. Marian. Archived from the original ( 40. Indian PNR Status (http://epnrstatus. 2007).rediff.html) Resources on rail transport (http://www. "Freight Trains" (http://www. "Miscellaneous material on Indian Railways" ( Retrieved 19 June 2005.html). "A poor track record" (http://www.Indian Railways .info/in). and the Intimate Historical Self (Columbia University Press. ISBN 978-0-231-14002-7. Indian Railways Fan Club. Times of India (India). Indian Railways Fan Club.wikipedia. 360 pp. Indian Railways Fan Club. Indian Railways Fan // /27844911_1_low-occupancy-trains-passenger-railway-board-chairman).com. Ramswarup D.indiatimes. Retrieved 19 June Popular sources "Indian Railways FAQ" (http://www.From Lifeline to Oblivion External links Check PNR Status (http://www.

20 of 20 7/4/2013 6:06 PM .com/2010-12-19/india /28231073_1_digit-train-management-of-train-information-dissemination-and-management). Retrieved 12 May 2013. trainspy.html). By using this site. Retrieved from "http://en. Inc. "Rail Budget (2012–13) – highlights" (http://timesofindia.Indian Railways . Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation. The Times of India (India). Rediff. "Indian Railways" (http://trainspy. you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy." Categories: Indian Railways Airport rail links in India Companies based in New Delhi Government-owned companies of India Rail transport in India Railway companies of India Transport systems 1853 establishments in India This page was last modified on 2 July 2013 at /meals-on-wheels-rail-passengers-order-meals-online-796293.htm).. "Meals on Wheels – highlights" ( "Railway Budget 2010–2011" (http://indiarailinfo. Retrieved 25 February 2010. a non-profit organization. the free encyclopedia 19 December 2010. "5 digit Train Numbering" (http://articles. India Rail Info. "Rail budget: How much your ticket will cost now" (http://www.indiatimes.wikipedia.timesofindia. Retrieved 15-Mar-12. additional terms may Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. TOI.