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Doc No :

CALCULATION
FOR MOMENT CONNECTION - TYPE A

Job No :
Rev

07261D

Page :
TITLE:

REFERENCE

Column to Girder End plate Connection

1. SKETCH AND INPUT DATA FOR END-PLATE CONNECTION TYPE - A


Axial Force (F)

0.0 KN

Beam Moment Capa.(Mc)

181.4 KN m

Actual Moment (M)

Modified Moment (Mm)

126.9 KN m
126.9 KN m

Beam Shear Capa.( Vc )

333.1 KN

100%

Actual Shear (V)

199.5 KN

60%

Positive for compression

100% Low Shear Case


70%
due to Axial Force

Girder
Girder size
Girder data

H244X175X7X11
Db

244.0 mm

Bb

175.0 mm

tb

7.0 mm

Tb

11.0 mm

rb

16.0 mm

STD Conn. Type : A

Column
Column size
Column data

H300X300X10X15
Dc

300.0 mm

Bc

300.0 mm

tc

10.0 mm

Tc

15.0 mm

rc

18.0 mm

Bolt data
Bolt Size

20 mm

No of Bolts

End plate data

- Fu : specified min. tensile strength of material

490 MPa

- Fy : specified min. yielding strength of material

- Welding electrode

200.0 mm
22.0 mm
120.0 mm

Bolt Center to Beam Flange

Pf

40.0 mm

Bolt Pitch

P1

0.0 mm

Bolt Edge Distance

C1

40.0 mm

8.0 mm

(t16)

325 MPa
315 MPa

Welding data

700 MPa

Girder Web Weld Thk

BS EN ISO 2560-05 E38 or AWS E 70XX

404.0 mm

Bp
G1

(40t>16)
- Fut : specified minimun tensile strength of bolt

Dp
tp

Bolt Gauge
Steel Material data

8 ea

Stiffener Weld Thk

S1

Beam Flange Weld Thk

<Design Result Summary>

Stiffener plate data

1. Tension Zone

2. End Plate

3. Welding

beam to column

4. Stiffener plate
welding

8.0 mm
10.0 mm

=
=
=

NG
OK
OK
OK
OK

1 / 13

Ds

145.0 mm

Bs

270.0 mm

ts

12.0 mm

Bolt Spec: JIS F10T

Doc No :

CALCULATION
FOR MOMENT CONNECTION - TYPE A

Job No :
Rev

07261D

Page :
TITLE:

REFERENCE

Column to Girder End plate Connection

2. TENSION ZONE
Assume a distribution of bolt forces with Rows 1 and 2 acting separately due to tension stiffener plate
but with equal distribution of force.

1) Connection Geometry
For Column,
- distance from bolt center to 20% distance to column root or end plate weld
m=

G1 / 2 - tc / 2 - 0.8 x rc

120 / 2 - 10 / 2 - 0.8 x 18

40.6 mm

90.0 mm

- distance from bolt center to column flange end


ec =

( Bc - G1 ) / 2

( 300 - 120 ) / 2

- unit plastic moment capacity of the equivalent T-stub representing the column flange
mp =

Mp / Leff

( 1 x Tc2 x py ) / 4

( 1 x 15^2 x 325 ) / ( 4 x 1000 )


=

18.3 kNmm/mm

40.0 mm

For the End Plate,


- distance from bolt center to end plate end
ep =

( Bp - G1 ) / 2

( 200 - 120 ) / 2

- consequently, effective edge distance


n=

min [ ec, ep, ( 1.25 x m ) ]

min [ 90, 40, ( 1.25 x 40.6) ]


=

40.0 mm

2) Check Column Flange Yielding

STEP 1A

For column flange bending the method uses the Eurocode 3 approach which converts the complex pattern of yield lines
which occurs round the bolt into a simple "equivalent tee-stub".
- effective length of yield line in equivalent T-stub

Table 2.6

Leffmin
= [ m1, 2m ]

Table 2.4 pattern (iii)

min [ 6.2832
= x 40.6, 2 x x 40.6 ]

miminum
=
[ 255.1, 255.1 ]
=

255.1 mm

- plastic moment capacity of the equivalent T-stub representing the column flange or end plate
mp x Leff
Mp =
=
18.3 x 255.1
=
4663.5 kNmm

- potential resistance of the bolt rows 1 and 2


Pr1 =
or

4Mp / m

4 x 4663.5 / 40.6

( 2Mp + nP't ) / ( m + n )
P't

or

459.5 kN

2 x 164.9

279.4 kN

<<Rules Mode 2

329.8 kN

Mode 3

3) Check Column Web Tension

STEP 1B

Because of the presence of stiffener(s), web tension will not govern for 1st and 2nd bolt row.
Consequently, potential resistance of each tension row is
Pr1

Mode 1

[( 2 x 4663.5 ) + ( 40 x 2 x 164.9 )] / ( 40.6 + 40)

Pr2

min [ 459.5, 279.4, 329.8 ]


=

2 / 13

279.4 kN

Doc No :

CALCULATION
FOR MOMENT CONNECTION - TYPE A

Job No :
Rev

07261D

Page :
TITLE:

REFERENCE

Column to Girder End plate Connection

3. CALCULATED RESISTANCE MOMENT

STEP 4
Resistance Capacity

278.5

Row 1

272.4 kN

Bolt

(mm)

Actual Force

279.4 kN

272.4 kN

279.4 kN

272.4 kN

Row 1

187.5

Row 2

272.4 kN

Bolt

(mm)

Row 2

Comp. Area
Comp.

545

kN

272.4 + 272.4

544.8 kN

considering Axial Force

- calculated resistance moment


279.4 x 278.5 / 1000

77.8 kNm

279.4 x 187.5 / 1000

52.4 kNm

130.2 kNm

>

126.9 kNm

OK

136.2 kN

<

164.9 kN

OK

- tensile force per tension bolt in bolt row 1 and 2


=

272.4 / 2

4. END PLATE DESIGN


The bolt row 1 can be considered as bolt row outside tension flange of the beam. The simplified approach of Eurocode 3
annex J can be adopted with modifications of yield lines for bolt group.
Maximum force per bolt row in column

272.4 kN

100.0 mm

32.0 mm

40.0 mm

40.0 mm

- check the plate extension in bending


Leff =
- with

Bp / 2

STEP 1A

200 / 2

Table 2.4 pattern (vii)

10 mm tension flange weld size (sf),


mx =

Pf - ( 0.8 x sf )

ex =

C1

40 - ( 0.8 x 10 )

- effective edge distance


nx =

min [ ex, ( 1.25 x mx ) ]

min [ 40, 40 ]

- plastic moment capacity


Mp =

Leff x tp2 x pyp / 4

= ( 100 x 22^2 x 315 x 10^-3) / ( 4 x 1000 )


=

Pr1 =
or
or

4Mp / mx

4 x 3811.5 / 32

( 2Mp + nP't ) / ( mx + nx )
P't

critical value of Pr1

476.4 kN

MODE 1

( 2 x 3811.5 + 40 x 2 x 164.9 ) / ( 32 + 40 )

2 x 164.9

3811.5 kNmm

289.1 kNm

>

289.1 kN

MODE 2

329.8 kN

MODE 3

272.4 kN

The end plate design for bolt row 2 will not be critical due to the strengthening effect of the web
compared to the end plate extension.

The end plate design for subsequent bolt rows will not be critical as the end plate is
thicker than the column flange.

3 / 13

OK

Doc No :

CALCULATION
FOR MOMENT CONNECTION - TYPE A

Job No :
Rev

07261D

Page :
TITLE:

REFERENCE

Column to Girder End plate Connection

5. COMPRESSION ZONE
1) On Beam Side - Beam flange crushing (bearing)

STEP 2B

Two localized effects, which are strain-hardening and dispersion into the web at the root of the section, will account for
around 20% overstress each, so that an effective 1.4 P yb can be taken when the flange area is assumed to act alone.
- the potential resistance of the beam flange in compression
Pc =

1.4 x pyb x Tb x Bb

1.4 x 325 x 11 x 175 / 1000


875.9 kN

>

875.9 kN
544.8 kN

OK

2) On Column Side - Web Crushing Check

STEP 2A

- the potential resistance for crushing of the column in compression


b1 =

11 + 2 x 8+2 x 22

71.0 mm

n2 =

( 15 + 18 ) x 2.5 x 2

165.0 mm

Pc =

( b1+ n2 ) x tc x py

767.0 kN

4.5.2.1

( 71 + 165 ) x 10 x 325 / 1000


=

Crushing Capa. =

refer to BS 5950-1

>

767.0 kN
544.8 kN

OK

3) On Column Side - Web buckling Check


- the potential resistance for buckling of the column in compression
b1 =

11 + 2 x 8+2 x 22

71.0 mm

n1 =

300 / 2 x 2

300.0 mm

2.5 x d / tc

Pc =

( b1+ n1 ) x tc x pc

=
=

=
Buckling Capa. =

871.9 kN

58.5

( 71 + 300 ) x 10 x 235 / 1000

>

871.9 kN
544.8 kN

OK

6. COLUMN WEB PANEL SHEAR


The column web must also resist the horizontal panel shear forces. To carry out this check, any connection at the opposite
flange of the column must also be taken into account, since it is the resultant of the shears which must be bourn by the web.
For a balanced two-sided connection this check is unnecessary.
In a one-sided connection with no axial force, the web panel shear F v is equal to the compressive force Fc.
- column web shear
Fv =

Fc

fti

544.8 kN

585.0 kN

- resistance of an unstiffened column web panel in shear


Pv =

0.6 x pyc x tc x Dc

Web Shear Capa. =

0.6 x 325 x 10 x 300 / 1000


585.0 kN

>

544.8 kN

Actually, no need to provide siffener plates.

4 / 13

OK

Doc No :

CALCULATION
FOR MOMENT CONNECTION - TYPE A

Job No :
Rev

07261D

Page :
TITLE:

REFERENCE

Column to Girder End plate Connection

7. COMPRESSION STIFFENER DESIGN

STEP 6A

1) Stiffener Capacity in Compression


The resistance in the compression zone, Pc of a column web reinforced with full depth stiffener as shown in the figure below
is the lower value from equation (2.11) and (2.12) below. This must equal or exceed the compressive force F c, derived in Ch. 3.
In addition further check must be made to ensure that the stiffeners alone can carry in bearing, 80% of the applied force,
see equation (2.13). (This is usually the formular which governs.)
- net area of stiffener in contact with column flange
Asn =

( 300 - 10 - 2 x 18 ) x 12

2
3048.0 mm

- compressive capacity of stiffeners for bearing


Pc =

Asn x Pys / 0.8

3048 x 325 / ( 0.8 * 1000 )


=

1238.3 kN

<<Critical Eq. (2.13)

- compressive capacity of stiffeners for column web buckling


Pc =

( Aw x Asg ) * Pc

( 10
= x 40 x 10 + 2 x 145 x 12 ) x 325 / 1000
=

Eq. (2.11)

2431.0 kN

- compressive capacity of stiffeners for column web crushing


Pc =

[ Asn x Py ] + [( b1 + n2 ) x tc x py ]

Eq. (2.12)

= [ 3048 x 325 ] + [(71 + 165 ) x 10 x 325 ] / 1000


=
Stiffener Capa. =

1238.3 kN

>

1757.6 kN
544.8 kN

N/A

N/A

2) Stiffener Welding Thickness Check


- required welding size to column flange (assume fit for bearing)
sreq =

mm

<

8.0 mm

- welding capacity to column web


Pw =
=

[ length of weld ] x [ throat thickness ] x [ weld capacity ]


4 x [ 270 - 2 x 15 ] x [ 8 / 1.414 ] x [ 215 / 1000 ]
Welding Capa. =

1167.8 kN

=
>

1167.8 kN
544.8 kN

N/A

The stiffener plate on tension side need not be checked since tension force would not be
larger than compression.

8. VERTICAL SHEAR IN BOLTS


Assuming slip-critical type connection designed to be non-slip under factored loads condition, the slip resistance
should be checked as recommended in BS 5950-1, 6.4.2 and 6.4.5
NOTE: The resistance of a friction grip condition to slip in service is a serviceablilty criterion, but for ease of use it is
presented in a modified form, suitable for checking under factored loads.
- the slip resistance of a preloaded bolt
PsL =

0.9 x Ks x x Po
where,

71.3 kN

Refer BS 5950-1 6.4.2

=0.5 "Blasted with shot or grit, loose rust removed, no pitting",


Ks=1.0 "for preloaded bolts in stadard clearance holes", Refer BS 5950-1:2000, table 35

- shear capacity
PsL =

71.3 x 8

570.4 kN

>

199.5 kN

OK

NG

- combined shear and tension check for tension bolts


Fs / PsL + Ftot / 0.9Po

( 199.5 / 8 ) / 71.3 + ( 272.4 / 2 ) / ( 0.9 x 161.6 )

=
where,

1.3

>

1.0

Fs is the applied shear,


Ftot is the total applied tension in the bolt, including the calculated prying force,
Po is the specified minimum preload.

5 / 13

Refer BS 5950-1 6.4.3

Doc No :

CALCULATION
FOR MOMENT CONNECTION - TYPE A

Job No :
Rev

07261D

Page :
TITLE:

REFERENCE

Column to Girder End plate Connection

9. Welds

STEP 7
- beam web to end plate ( full strength weld )
sreq =

tb / 1.4

5.0

mm

<

8.0

mm

OK

<

10.0

mm

OK

- beam compression flange to end plate ( assuming fit for bearing )


sreq =

nominal weld

6.0

where, required nomial welding size is

mm

6mm when Tb 12mm,


8mm when Tb 12mm.

6 / 13

AVAILABLE SECTION LIST & PROPERTY for JAC


NO

Name

Bf

Tw

Tf

(mm)

(mm)

(mm)

(mm)

(mm)

A
(cm2)

Ix
(cm4)

Iy
(cm4)

1 H148X100X6X9

148

100

11

26.84

1000

150

2 H150X75X5X7

150

75

17.85

666

49.5

3 H194X150X6X9

194

150

13

39.01

2630

507

4 H200X100X5.5X8

200

100

5.5

11

27.16

1810

134

5 H244X175X7X11

244

175

11

16

56.24

6040

984

6 H250X125X6X9

250

125

12

37.66

3960

294

7 H294X200X8X12

294

200

12

18

72.38

11100

1600

8 H300X150X6.5X9

300

150

6.5

13

46.78

7210

508

9 H340X250X9X14

340

250

14

20

101.5

21200

3650

10 H350X175X7X11

350

175

11

14

63.14

13500

984

11 H390X300X10X16

390

300

10

16

22

135

37900

7200

12 H400X200X8X13

400

200

13

16

84.12

23500

1740

13 H440X300X11X18

440

300

11

18

24

157.4

54700

8110

14 H450X200X9X14

450

200

14

18

96.76

32900

1870

15 H488X300X11X18

488

300

11

18

26

163.5

68900

8110

16 H500X200X10X16

500

200

10

16

20

114.2

46800

2140

17 H588X300X12X20

588

300

12

20

28

192.5

114000

9010

18 H600X200X11X17

600

200

11

17

22

134.4

75600

2270

19 H700X300X13X24

700

300

13

24

28

235.5

197000

10800

20 H800X300X14X26

800

300

14

26

28

267.4

286000

11700

21 H900X300X16X28

900

300

16

28

28

309.8

404000

12600

22 H100X100X6X8

100

100

10

21.9

378

134

23 H125X125X6.5X9

125

125

6.5

10

30.31

839

293

24 H150X150X7X10

150

150

10

11

40.14

1620

563

25 H200X200X8X12

200

200

12

13

63.53

4720

1600

26 H250X250X9X14

250

250

14

16

92.18

10700

3650

27 H300X300X10X15

300

300

10

15

18

119.8

20200

6750

28 H350X350X12X19

350

350

12

19

20

173.9

39800

13600

29 H400X400X13X21

400

400

13

21

22

218.7

66600

22400

30 H414X405X18X28

414

405

18

28

22

295.4

92800

31000

31 H428X407X20X35

428

407

20

35

22

360.7

119000

39400

Where,
Zx, Zy
Modulus of Section
Sx, Sy
Plastic Modulus of Section
Sv
Plastic Modulus of Web, means Plastic Modulus of Shear Area Av
For Calculation of Section Capacity, Refer BS5950-1:2000, Section 4

SM490A

t < 16

t < 40

t > 40

py

Shear Capacity

325

315

295

Zx
(cm3)

Zy
(cm3)

Sx
(cm3)

Sy
(cm3)

Sv
(cm3)

BCI
CLASS

Shear
Capacity (KN)

Moment Capacity (KN.m)


Low Shear

=0.6*Av*py
135

30.1

157

46.7

25.4

173.2

51.0

88.8

13.2

102

20.8

23.1

146.3

33.2

271

67.6

309

104

46.5

227.0

100.4

181

26.7

209

41.9

46.6

214.5

67.9

495

112

558

173

86.2

333.1

181.4

317

47

366

73.1

80.7

292.5

119.0

756

160

859

247

145.8

458.6

279.2

481

67.7

542

105

129.2

380.3

156.3

1250

292

1410

447

219.0

596.7

458.3

771

112

868

174

188.3

477.8

250.6

1940

480

2190

733

320.4

760.5

630.5

1170

174

1330

268

279.8

624.0

380.3

2490

540

2820

828

448.8

943.8

916.5

1460

187

1680

291

400.7

789.8

474.5

2820

540

3230

830

561.8

1046.8

1049.8

1870

214

2180

335

547.6

975.0

607.8

3890

601

4490

928

900.9

1375.9

1264.3

2520

227

2980

361

881.0

1287.0

819.0

5640

721

6460

1120

1381.6

1774.5

1833.0

7160

781

8240

1220

1958.3

2184.0

2327.0

8990

842

10500

1320

2849.3

2721.6

2831.9

75.6

26.7

87.6

41.2

10.6

117.0

28.5

134

46.9

154

71.9

18.6

158.4

50.1

216

75.1

246

115

29.6

204.8

80.0

472

160

525

244

62.0

312.0

170.6

860

292

960

444

110.9

438.8

312.0

1350

450

1500

684

182.3

585.0

438.8

2280

776

2550

1180

292.0

819.0

828.8

3330

1120

3670

1700

416.5

1014.0

1082.3

4480

1530

5030

2330

576.7

1408.4

1584.5

5570

1930

6310

2940

640.8

1617.8

1987.7

refer BS5950-1:2000, Section 4

Moment Capacity

Moment Capacity (KN.m)


High Shear

42.8
25.6
85.3
52.8
153.3
92.7
231.8
128.3
387.1
209.8
543.8
319.6
746.9
387.7
840.5
474.1
1036.2
608.8
1486.5
1844.2
2233.5
25.0
44.0
70.3
150.5
276.0
399.3
711.3
961.5
1402.8
1785.8
assume Fv/Pv=1, =[2(Fv/Pv)-1]2 = 1, which is about 20% consevative than Fv/Pv=0.6

MOMENT CONNECTION SCHEDULE


RECNO

Available Section

CONN.
TYPE

As per JAC0701-1-2A-010-017_0.dwg

BOLT

END PLATE
D

tp

Pf

P1

P2

C1

C2

G1

NOS

G2

WELDING
SIZE (a)

SIZE

STIFF. PL.
(t3)

1 H148X100X6X9
2 H150X75X5X7
3 H194X150X6X9

354

180

22

40

40

40

100

20

10

4 H200X100X5.5X8

360

180

22

40

40

40

100

20

10

5 H244X175X7X11

404

200

22

40

40

40

120

20

12

6 H250X125X6X9

410

180

22

40

40

40

100

20

10

7 H294X200X8X12

474

230

25

45

45

55

120

22

12

8 H300X150X6.5X9

460

180

22

40

40

40

100

20

10

9 H340X250X9X14

500

300

25

40

40

40

100

16

20

16

10 H350X175X7X11

530

190

25

45

45

45

100

22

12

11 H390X300X10X16

570

350

28

45

45

45

120

16

22

16

12 H400X200X8X13

600

220

28

50

50

50

120

24

16

13 H440X300X11X18

640

360

30

50

50

50

120

16

24

19

14 H450X200X9X14

630

210

28

45

45

45

120

12

22

16

15 H488X300X11X18

688

360

30

50

50

50

120

16

24

10

20

16 H500X200X10X16

840

220

30

50

70

50

50

120

16

22

16

17 H588X300X12X20

1062

300

30

45

70

45

80

140

16

22

10

22

18 H600X200X11X17

960

230

30

50

75

55

55

120

16

24

10

20

19 H700X300X13X24

1250

300

34

50

75

50

80

140

16

24

10

25

20 H800X300X14X26
21 H900X300X16X28
22 H100X100X6X8
23 H125X125X6.5X9
24 H150X150X7X10
25 H200X200X8X12
26 H250X250X9X14
27 H300X300X10X15
28 H350X350X12X19
29 H400X400X13X21
30 H414X405X18X28
31 H428X407X20X35

75

90

90

60

70

70

70