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Understanding and Optimizing Hot Rolled Steel Design in RISA
Presenter: Matt Brown, P.E.
RISAFloor 5.1 RISA‐3D 9.1
org REFERENCED CODES .• AISC 360‐05 (13th Edition Steel Construction Manual) • AISC Design Guide #9 (Torsion) • AISC Design Guide #11 (Vibration) Images courtesy of AISC.
Today’s Topics • Direct Analysis Method • Warping Torsion • Single Angles • Floor Vibrations • Steel Joists OVERVIEW .
AISC Specification Chapter C Stability Analysis and Design AISC Specification Appendix 7 Direct Analysis Method DIRECT ANALYSIS METHOD .
P‐ δ) 2. Notional Loads REQUIREMENTS . EA*) 3. Second Order Analysis (P‐ Δ.Direct Analysis Requirements 1. Stiffness Reduction (EI*.
Cantilever Column • • • • W12x45 200k Gravity Load 10k Lateral Load 12’‐0” Tall EXAMPLE PROBLEM .
Initial Shear: Initial Moment: Initial Deflection: 10k (10k)*(12 ft) = 120 ft‐k = 0.981” P‐ Δ ANALYSIS .
Bending Deflection: = 0.981” Shear Deflection: = 0.035” P‐ Δ ANALYSIS .
182” 16% Increase over First‐Order P‐ Δ ANALYSIS .6k 139 ft‐k 1.Final Shear: Final Moment: Final Deflection: 11.
216” P‐ δ ANALYSIS .5 k 140 ft‐k 1.Final Shear: Final Moment: Final Deflection: 12.
Direct Analysis Requirements 1. Second Order Analysis (P‐ Δ. Stiffness Reduction (EI*. Notional Loads REQUIREMENTS . EA*) 3. P‐ δ) 2.
Flexural Stiffness Axial Stiffness STIFFNESS REDUCTION .
P‐ δ) 2. Stiffness Reduction (EI*. Second Order Analysis (P‐ Δ. Notional Loads REQUIREMENTS . EA*) 3.Direct Analysis Requirements 1.
P Per AISC Code of Standard Practice Erection Tolerance for Columns (out of plumb) = H/500 N Notional Load (N) = P/500 NOTIONAL LOADS .
Notional Loads K = 1. P‐ δ) 2. Stiffness Reduction (EI*.Direct Analysis Requirements 1. Second Order Analysis (P‐ Δ. EA*) 3.0 REQUIREMENTS .
Traditional Design M = 120 k‐ft K = 2.0 Req’d Shape: W12x45 COMPARISON .1 Req’d Shape: W12x40 Direct Analysis M = 152 k‐ft K = 1.
Warping Torsion affects Wide Flange and Channel Shapes WARPING TORSION .
each in minor axis bending WARPING TORSION .Idealize as two WT sections.
Geometric Bending Principal Bending SINGLE ANGLES .
Calculate expected acceleration FLOOR VIBRATION .Floor Vibration Procedure: 1. Determine beam natural frequency 3. Determine damping weight 2.
Damping Weight Beam Self Weight + Slab Weight + Realistic Superimposed Load (11 psf?) FLOOR VIBRATION .
5% g for Offices.Allowable Acceleration • Based on 65 lb excitation force (footfall) • 0.5% g for Shopping Malls FLOOR VIBRATION . Residences. Churches • 1.
w P Actual Load w’ Equivalent Uniform Load STEEL JOISTS .
Additional Resources AISC Publications RISA‐3D Help File / Manual www.risanews.com Presenter: Matt Brown.E. . P.
as well as the Quick Reference Guide.com For further information. Once the webinar is closed.risa.Questions? Please let us know if you have questions. to our website: www.com Thank you for Attending! . contact us at: info@risatech. We will answer as many questions as time permits during the webinar. we will post all Q&A’s.