PANAMA CANAL

EXPANSION PROGRAM

MARCH 2013

It was divided into four phases. Gatun Lake 2. a lateral filling and emptying system and eight rolling gates. Pacific Access Channel Excavation of a new channel to connect the new Pacific locks with Culebra Cut. of which the first three have already been completed. Each complex will feature three chambers. Improvements to Water Supply Raising Gatun Lake’s maximum operating level to improve Canal water supply and draft dependability. Culebra Cut and Gatun Lake. Atlantic entrance dredging 2 . Dredging of Navigational Channels Deepening and widening of the existing navigational channels at the sea entrances to the Canal. three water-saving basins per chamber. The project requires the excavation of nearly 50 million cubic meters of material.EXPANSION PROGRAM COMPONENTS Post-Panamax Locks Construction of the new Pacific and Atlantic lock complexes for Post-Panamax vessels transits. New Atlantic locks 3. 1 3 2 1.

Miraflores Lake 7. but separated from it. 8 4 5 6 7 4. New Pacific locks 6. Activities under this project have also included clearing of 400 hectares of land contaminated with unexploded ammunition (UXOs) left behind by the US military during its deployment in the Panama Canal Zone. Pacific Access Channel 8. which requires the removal of 50 million cubic meters of material. Pacific entrance dredging 5. 2012 Report to the Nation. Consortium ICA-FCC-MECO. was divided into four phases. PACIFIC ACCESS CHANNEL Since September 2007.PROJECTS The Expansion Program registers 50% overall progress. Culebra Cut 3 . of which the first three have already been completed. The project. is being excavated to connect the new locks on the Pacific side and Culebra Cut. in charge of the fourth phase. Computer rendering of the Pacific Access Channel.3 kilometerlong dam necessary to make up for the 9-meter level difference with Miraflores Lake. Excavation at the Borinquen dam site. has reached the required depth for the navigation of deeper draft vessels along the channel and continues with the construction of a 2. as stated on the December 31st.1 kilometer-long Pacific Access Channel. which runs parallel to Miraflores Lake. a 6.

DREDGING To guarantee the safe navigation of post-Panamax ships along the Canal´s water route. 2008 to Belgian company Dredging International Panama. The work entailed dredging 8. The project consisted of the widening and deepening to 15. the Filippo Brunelleschi (hopper) and the Vitruvius (backhoe). on September 25. Some of the dredges that tackled the work included the Marco Polo (cutter suction). The contract was awarded to Belgian company Jan de Nul n.1 meters.long channel for the new Canal Atlantic entrance called for the removal of some 18 million cubic meters of material. 2009. the Expansion Program included dredging projects on both oceanic entrances.7 million cubic meters of subaquatic material. the Vlaanderen XIX and the hopper dredge Lange Wapper. To date. The channel was widened from its original 198 meters to 225 meters. DI deployed the D´Artagnan.8 kilometer . The Panama Canal Authority exercised the option to deepen beyond the established 15. Dredge Marco Polo working at the Atlantic entrance.5 meters below mean low water level of the Canal’s Pacific entrance navigational channel. Culebra Cut and Gatun Lake. (DI). S. Pacific Entrance This contract was awarded on April 1st. Atlantic Entrance Dredging the 13. one of the world´s most powerful cutter-suction dredges.A.5 meters to 16.Pacific entrance dredging. A great variety of dredging equipment was deployed and rapid progress was achieved. deepening and widening activities on the Atlantic and Pacific entrances have already been concluded.v. 4 .

7 meters. to 27. straightening of all reaches along Culebra Cut has been completed. Jan de Nul completed dredging and excavation work to create the north entrance to the new Pacific Access Channel. As part of this project. In 2011. Dredging International finished dredging work of the northern reaches of Gatun Lake. 5 . This improvement will increase reservoir capacity by approximately 165 million cubic meters of water and will require that adjustments and modifications be made to specific structures in the existing locks. and part by contractors Dredging International and Jan de Nul. Culebra Cut dredging – dredge Cornelius. The flooding of the area was conducted late that year. the 14 gates of the Gatun spillway were extended and two additional gates were built at the Canal´s industrial dry dock. Part of the work is being conducted by the Canal workforce using in-house equipment.1 meters to improve the Canal´s water supply. Moreover.GATUN LAKE AND CULEBRA CUT This project calls for the removal of 29 million cubic meters of material to straighten the sinuous curves of the Culebra Cut –the narrowest part of the Canal.and deepening and widening of the navigational channel in Gatun Lake. In the meantime. RAISING GATUN LAKE´S MAXIMUM OPERATING LEVEL This component of the program consists of raising Gatun Lake´s maximum operating level from 26. two caissons were also acquired so maintenance of the higher gates can be conducted. To date.

THIRD SET OF LOCKS . Industrial Park – Third Set of Locks 3. 6 .ATLANTIC SITE 1. Construction site – Third Set of Locks 6. The lateral filling and emptying system will allow filling each lock chamber in 10 minutes whenever water-saving basins are not used. Water-saving basin technology will allow the new locks to operate using 7% less water than the existing locks and reuse 60% of the water required for each transit. and rolling gates. Jose Dominador Bazan community 8. and in 17 minutes when they are included in the operation. Water–saving basins 4. Caribbean Sea 7. a lateral filling and emptying system. Gatun Lake 5. Gatun Locks 2. Gatun Observation Center Each lock complex – one on the Pacific and one on the Atlantic side – will have three chambers. water-saving basins.

The new locks will require 16 rolling gates. 7 . which can be used to service the gates on site without the need of removing them and without major interruptions to lock operations. This configuration turns each recess into a dry dock. These gates will operate from a recess located adjacent and perpendicular to the lock chamber.

Impregilo SpA from Italy. from Panama. initiated the works on August 25 of the same year. one on the Pacific and the other on the Atlantic side. S.Pacific construction site. For instance. formed by Sacyr Vallehermoso S. while embedding metal parts that will later fit control electromechanical equipment. The massive electromechanical parts that will control water flow as part of the locks operations are being built overseas.A. from the shipyards of Hyundai Samho Heavy Industries in South Korea. The contractor is currently working on the structural concrete pouring of the walls and conduits of the locks. At a cost of $3. The consortium. respectively.A. The project involves the design and construction of two locks complexes. 8 . DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION OF THE THIRD SET OF LOCKS The design and construction of the Panama Canal’s new locks is the most complex project under the Expansion Program.v from Belgium and Constructora Urbana. 2009. SpA. nine water-saving basins. On the other hand. Each one will have three chambers. Jan de Nul n. the 16 rolling gates are being fabricated in Italy by Cimolai.2 billion -60% of the program’s total budgetthe contract was awarded to consortium Grupo Unidos por el Canal on July 15. a lateral filling and emptying system and eight rolling gates. Shipping of the first four is expected by August of this year. from Spain. the first two shipments of valves arrived in Panamanian waters in December 2012 and January 2013.

A total of 626 hectares have already been reforested in projects that go from Chiriqui. archaeological and paleontological remains continue to be found in dredging and excavation areas. To date. who in addition to learning new reforestation and conservation techniques. water and soil are mitigated in compliance with strict international standards. 9 . 1. have played an important role as part of the Expansion Program. 7. 3.000 seedlings of native species already planted are at the care of local residents. Care for the environment is a priority under every project of the Expansion Program. the list of findings includes a Spanish dagger from the 16th Century found in the Pacific Access Channel excavation. The more than 600. 5. A thorough monitoring and auditing plan guarantees that impacts to air. 2. Chepo. Panama’s westernmost province. Fossils of megalodon teeth (extinct species of shark from the Cenozoic Era). to Chepo. and pre-Columbian arrowheads and bottles dating back to the beginning of the 20th Century. The Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute (STRI) collaborates in the location and analysis of fossils found in all work areas. reptiles and birds have been rescued and relocated to protected areas. Each program component includes wildlife rescue and relocation activities in all areas in which projects are executed.Reforestation project in Tapagra. located East of Panama City. The ACP has also contributed $3. Moreover. ENVIRONMENT 8. the Panama Canal Authority has worked in collaboration with Panama’s National Environmental Authority (ANAM) and the Aquatic Resources Authority (ARAP) to develop nine different reforestation projects within protected areas across the country. PALEONTOLOGICAL AND ARCHAEOLOGICAL RESEARCH As the program evolves. thousands of mammals.7 million to ANAM and ARAP as ecological compensation. LOCATION OF REFORESTATION PROJECTS 4. 6. For instance.

2006. as well as for multilateral financing agencies. ACCOUNTABILITY In compliance with its responsibility to inform on the progress of the Expansion Program and as established by Law 28 of July 17.Expansion update session.micanaldepanama. Regarding the environmental aspect. 10 .com to respond to queries regarding general information on the program and to respond to questions. Panama’s General Comptroller’s Office and the Canal’s Adhoc Committee (formed by members of the civil society). The contents of these reports are available for public consultation in the Canal’s Internet page at www. the Canal has established a strict environmental surveillance and auditing program to guarantee compliance with the program’s environmental commitments.com. concerns and suggestions made by the general public related to the execution of the works. the Canal publishes quarterly reports with progress achieved under the program for auditing entities including the Executive Branch. The Expansion Program also established hotline 800-0714 and e-mail address ampliacion@pancanal. the National Assembly.

the Canal Board of Directors proceeded to subscribe financing agreements with the following institutions: 11 . With the authorization of the Cabinet Council. the Expansion Program has created more than 28.000 direct jobs. thousands of men and women have gained unique professional experience that has enabled them to contribute to building a better future for Panama and their own.3 billion required to complete the expansion of the waterway. have enabled formidable transfer of know-how to the local labor force. The diversity of the activities and the introduction of innovative technology and equipment. The labor force comes from all areas of the country. FINANCING The Panama Canal Authority signed agreements with a group of bilateral and multilateral financing institutions to procure financing of up to $2. Throughout these five years.LABOR Since the beginning of the works.

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