Magnetic Particle Testing Method (40 Questions) 1. "Magnetic particle" is a nondestructive examination method used for: a.

locating surface discontinuities b. locating near surface discontinuities c. both a and b d. detecting material separation 2. Ferromagnetic material is: a. strongly attracted by a magnet b. capable of being magnetized c. both a and b d. not capable of being magnetized 3. The permeability of a material describes the: a. ease with which it can be magnetized b. depth of the magnetic field in the part c. length of time required to demagnetize it d. ability to retain the magnetic field 4. The retentivity of a material describes the: a. ease with which it can be magnetized b. depth of the magnetic field in the part c. length of time required to demagnetize it d. ability to retain the magnetic field 5. Why are magnetic particles available in different colors? a. for color contrast with the part surface b. to enhance the detection of indications c. both a and b d. different colors are used with different magnetic flux values 6. Which of the following can be magnetized? a. iron b. nickel c. cobalt d. all of the above 7. The magnetic field is strongest when the: a. magnetizing voltage is flowing b. magnetizing current is flowing c. material exhibits high coercive forces d. magnetizing current is not flowing 8. If a crack exists in a circular magnet, the attraction of magnetic particles to the crack is caused by a:

the material is nonferrous d. the reluctance rule 14. What rule describes the direction of current flow (+ to -) when lines of magnetic force surround a conductor? a. farad d. the flux rule d.a. its diameter . L/D ratio (length to diameter) b. strength of the applied magnetizing force c. Which statement is true when related to magnetic lines of force? a. they are most dense at the poles of a magnet c. right hand rule d. ampere 10. they seek the path of least resistance d. high reluctance at the crack 9. leakage field c. they never cross b. A part is adaptable to magnetic particle inspection if: a. henry c. all of the above 11. it is attached to an electrostatic field b. the left hand rule b. the material is ferromagnetic c. left hand rule 15. both a and b d. coercive force b. strong indications b. its length b. the right hand rule c. Doppler effect d. the material c. The magnitude of the residual magnetic field in specimen is dependent on the: a. weak indications c. The proper number of ampere-turns for a given test specimen is determined by: a. The unit usually used to denote flux density is the: a. gauss b. no indications d. fuzzy indications 12. Magnetic flux lines which are parallel to a discontinuity produce: a. the material is an electric conductor 13.

form a closed loop c. an AC coil c. Magnetic lines of force: a. 90° to the magnetic field d 90° to the current flow 22. a longitudinal field c. travel in straight lines b. a swinging field 18. all of the above 17. A specimen may be demagnetized by: a. central condustor d. are randomly oriented d overlay in highly ferromagnetic materials 21. A coil around the part produces: a. ohms 20. A circular field may be induced into a specimen by: a. reversing DC fields d. In longitudinal magnetization. An electrical yoke produces: a. ampere-turns c. all of the above 23. the proper term for calculating magnetizing force is: a. A magnetic particle build-up from a discontinuity is strongest when the discontinuity is oriented: a. an intermittent field 19. alternating fields d. a longitudinal field b. direct induction (prods) c. a circular field c. direct induction (head shot) b. it can detect surface discontinuities with foreign material imbedded in them . a circular field b.16. watts d. Which of the following is an advantage of magnetic particle testing over penetrant testing? a. heat treatment above Curie temperature b. 45° to the magnetic field c. amperes b. either a or b depending on the type of current applied d. 180° to the magnetic field b.

permanent field 29. interfaces will create leakage fields which may confuse the inspection c. residual field c. total length of the part 25. magnetic field c. type of material b. Why is it preferable to disassemble parts before magnetic particle inspection? a. diameter of the part d. The amount of amperage used for magnetic particle inspection using the prod method is determined from the: a. disassembly makes all surface areas visible b. salient points b. all of the above 30.b. distance between the prod c. A metal that is difficult to magnetize is said to have: a. ferromagnetic d. Subsurface discontinuity indications usually appear: a. damped field d. The areas on a magnetized part from which the magnetic field is leaving or returning into the part are called: a. paramagnetic 26. sharp and distinct . defects c. all of the above 24. it can detect near-surface discontinuities d. tramp field b. The magnetism that remains in a piece of magnetizable material after the magnetizing force has been removed is called the: a. it is usually easier to handle the disassembled parts d. low permeability c. nodes 27. low retentivity 28. it is faster on individual parts c. magnetic poles d. saturation point b. The flux within and surrounding a magnetized part or around a conductor carrying a current is known as: a. high reluctance d. high permeability b.

vector d. residual method d. DC with surge 34. Fluorescent magnetic particle indications should be inspected under: a. Which residual field is most difficult to demagnetize? a. counter-current 33. mechanical c. residual c. dry residual method using DC with surge b. wet method c. neon light 35. circular c. removing the current flow. fluorescent light b. DC c. pulsed DC d. continuous method b. Which technique is the most sensitive? a. gravity b. interrupted d. black light d. wide and fuzzy d. none of the above 37. sharp and wide c.b. wet continuous method using half-wave rectified current . continuous b. high and loosely held 31. Inspecting a part by magnetizing. binodal 32. False indications are caused by magnetic particles being held to the part by which of the following means? a. AC b. both a and b d. Which type of current brings out surface indications most clearly? a. dry method 36. and then applying the medium is called the: a. Which of the following is the most effective method for the detection of extremely deep lying defects? a. longitudinal b. any light c.

induction curve 39. dry continuous method using half-wave rectified current with prods 38.C 6.D .D 20.A 10.D 14. longitudinal 40. no current is being applied d. the amperage setting is too low c.B 9.B 2.C 21.C 25.D 33.D 8.C 31.B 22. the material is nonmagnetic b.B 28. saturation curve d. circular d.C 15.B 17.B 24. continuous b.C 36. the possible cause is that: a.B 38. magnetic force curve b.D 16. hysteresis curve c.B 18. What method provides greater sensitivity.c.A 4.C 40.C 11. When there is absolutely no pattern or distribution of magnetic particles. This curve is known as the: a.D 7. particularly in locating subsurface discontinuities? a.A 3. any of the above could be true ANSWER 1.B 34. wet residual method d.B 37.D 32.B 35.A 19.A 27.D 26.C 12.B 23.C 5.A 13.D 39. residual c.B 29. A curve is sometimes drawn to show graphically the relation of the magnetizing force to the strength of the magnetic field produced in a certain material.B 30.