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Harmonic Analysis of different PWM techniques used in Inverter

By: PATIL KEDAR YUVRAJ Examination No:12PGEE019 Guided by: Jivanadhar Joshi Assistant Professor

M.V.Patel Department of Electrical Engineering CHARUSAT MAY-JUNE- 2013



This is to certify that project work embodied in this report entitled Harmonic Analysis of different PWM techniques used in Inverter is carried out by Mr. PATIL KEDA YUVRAJ (12 PGEE 019) at Electrical Engineering Department, Charotar Institute of Science & Technology. This Project work has been carried out under my supervision and is to my satisfaction. For the term ending in May-2013, for the course of Electrical degree of CHARUSAT University.

Jivandhar Joshi Assistant Professor Department of Electrical Engineering, C.I.T.C., Gujarat Date:-____________

Dr.Pragnesh Bhatt Professor H.O.D. Electrical Engineering. C.I.T.C., Gujarat.

It is our great pleasure to present this project report. We know that HARD WORK IS KEY TO SUCCESS. But with hard work it requires guidance to work in proper direction to complete the seminar successfully. The project entitled as Harmonic Analysis of different PWM techniques used in Inverter concludes my work carried out at the Department of Electrical Engineering, Charotar Institute Of Science & Technology,Changa. First of all, I would like to express my gratitude to my guide Jivandhar Joshi, Assistant Professor, Department of Electrical Engineering for fruitful discussions, guidance and encouragement throughout this report as well as valuable comments. I would like to thank Dr. Prganesh Bhatt, the head of the Electrical Engineering Department for providing facility, without which it would have been difficult for us to complete the project in time. I would like to express deepest sense of gratitude to our project content inspiration and dedication motivated us to work on this new concept of Harmonic Analysis of different PWM techniques used in Inverter. I would also like to thank my fellow colleague for helping me clear some of my doubts regarding my Project. I would also like to thanks all the faculties and staff members of Electrical Engineering Department for providing me all the help required for the completion of the project work.

Kedar Patil M.Tech (Electrical Power system) (12 PGEE 019)

There are a several PWM techniques which are being employed for diverse applications, a few of them being sinusoidal, Hysteresis band current control, Space Vector PWM. The project deals with the comparison of harmonic analyses performed by some of the PWM techniques using FFT tool of simulink in MATLAB, undertaking a few of them, thereby inferring that which technique is the best one among them.

TABLE OF CONTENTS List of Tables List of Figures

1. Introduction 2. Sinusoidal PWM 2.1 Single phase Sine PWM (Bipolar) 2.2 Single Phase Sine PWM (Unipolar) 2.3 Three Phase Sine PWM 3. Hysteresis Band Current controller 3.1 Principle of Operation 3.2 Advantages and disadvantages 4. Space Vector Pulse width modulation 4.1 Introduction 4.2 Principle of Space vector PWM 4.3 Matlab / Simulation Model 5. Simulation and results 6. Conclusion 10 13 15 17 28 8 9 1 2 4 6

NO 4.1 TITLE Phase voltage values for different switching states Phase Voltage Space Vector Comparision of THD analysis of different PWM technique PAGE NO 12

4.2 6.1

12 28


Sinusoidal PWM(bipolar) waveform of H bridge 2 inverter Sinusoidal PWM(unipolar) waveform of H bridge inverter Sinusoidal PWM wave of 3 phase inverte Hysteresis band current control principle of half bridge inverter waveform Power Circuit of 3 phase VSI Principle of Space vector time calculation 4


2.3 3.1

6 8

4.1 4.2 4.2

10 14

Leg Voltage and Space vector disposition for one 14 switching period in sector 1