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# VISVESVERAYA NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLGY, NAGPUR

SOLAR AIR HEATER
Submitted by: Vinod Rane 12MT07HPE016 Praful Ingle 12MT07HPE009

Submitted to: Dr, A. K. Singh

because they eliminate the need to transfer heat from one fluid to another.SOLAR AIR HEATER Introduction: The principal applications in which solar air heaters are used are drying for agricultural and industrial purposes. they are the logical choice for these applications. and space heating. compared to liquid flat-plate collectors. The additional continuous longitudinal fins to the bottom side of the absorber plate improves the heat transfer. Indeed. . This is desirable because it increases the efficiency.

bottom plate. we again write down energy balance to absorber plate. The distance between the absorber plate and the bottom plate is (L-Lf). Considering slice of width ‘w’ and thickness ‘dx’ at a distance x from the inlet.Performance Analysis: Analyse the air heater with fins on bottom side of absorber plate in which fins of height Lf and thickness ∂f are spaced at a distance W centre-to-centre apart. For Absorber plate: SWdx = hfp(Tpm – Tf)Wdx + hrWdx(Tpm – Tbm) + hrWdx(Tpm – Tbm) + hrWdx(Tpm – Tc) + 2hffфfLf(Tpm – Tf)dx S = hfp(Tpm – Tf) + hrWdx(Tpm – Tbm) + hr(Tpm – Tbm) + hr(Tpm – Tc) + 2hffфfLf(Tpm – Tf)/W ----(1) . cover and air stream.

87)/(-23.53Tf + 4524. equation 1 can be reduced to.5 cm Tbm = 55oC ln(-23. mCpdTf/L2dx = (hfp .0425 e-0. S = hfp(Tpm – Tf) + hfb(Tbm – Tf) + Ut (Tc – Ta) + 2hffфfLf(Tpm – Tf)/W From 4.Tf + (hfp .3 cm Фf = 0.Tc) = Ut (Tc – Ta) For Air Stream WmCpdTf/L2 = hfgWdx (Tpm – Tf) + 2Lfфfhffdx(Tpm – Tf) + hfb(Tbm – Tf) mCpdTf/L2dx = hfp(Tpm – Tf) + 2Lfфfhff(Tpm – T f)/W + hfb(Tbm – Tf) From equation 2 and 3.For Bottom plate: hr(Tpm – Tpm)Wdx = ffb(Tbm – Tf)Wdx + UbWdx(Tbm – To) Neglect loss to bottom compare it with top loss hr(Tpm – Tpm)Wdx = ffb(Tbm – Tf)Wdx For Top Cover: hr(Tpm .53) = 0. we get.2Lfфfhff(Tpm – T f)/W)Tpm + hfbTbm ---(4) ---(3) ---(2) 𝑑𝑇 (h𝑓𝑝 − 2𝐿𝑓 ф𝑓 ℎ𝑓𝑓 2𝐿𝑓 ф𝑓 ℎ𝑓𝑓 − ℎ ) 𝑇 + (h + ) 𝑇𝑝𝑚 + ℎ𝑓𝑏 𝑇𝑏𝑚 𝑓𝑏 𝑓 𝑓𝑝 𝑊 𝑊 = 𝐿2 𝑑𝑥 𝑚𝐶𝑝 [ln ((h𝑓𝑝 − 2𝐿𝑓 ф𝑓 ℎ𝑓𝑓 2𝐿𝑓 ф𝑓 ℎ𝑓𝑓 𝑇 − ℎ ) 𝑇 + (h + ) 𝑇𝑝𝑚 + ℎ𝑓𝑏 𝑇𝑏𝑚 )] 𝑇𝑓𝑜 𝑓𝑏 𝑓 𝑓𝑝 𝑊 𝑊 𝑓𝑖 2𝐿𝑓 ф𝑓 ℎ𝑓𝑓 (h𝑓𝑝 − − ℎ𝑓𝑏 ) 𝑊 = 𝐿2 ∫0 1 𝑑𝑥 𝑚𝐶𝑝 𝐿 hfp = hff = hfb = 23.2Lfфfhff(Tpm – T f)/W – hfb).02 W/m2K Lf = 1.983 Tpm = 70oC W = 2.01791x Tf = 30 – 0.4214x .

0000 >>Tf=eval(Tf) Tf = 29.5000 0.9593 >> plot(X.MATLAB code: >syms X.9574 0 0.25:1 X=0 0.5 0.958 29.17/(400*exp((2107*X)/50000)) >> X=0:0.9588 Fluid Temperature 29.2 0.6 Length(X) 0.9579 29.959 29.4 0. 29.9576 29. >>ylabel('Fluid Temperature'). >>Tf=30-0.2500 0.7 0.9588 29.9584 29.1 0.9578 29.9592 29.Tf) >>xlabel('Length(X)').9575 29.9 1 .9582 29.8 0.9594 29.04214*X) Tf =30 .7500 1.9586 29.9584 29.3 0.0425*exp(-0.