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Application Note

How to size Batteries for Eaton 9x55, 9390 and 9395 UPS’s

Load size (S) commonly in kVA Specific output power factor (pf) Desired Back-up time (Bt) in minutes or hours Recharge time required (Rt) in minutes or hours In order to define the right UPS it is necessary to calculate: a. 2.2010 1 .Scope This document describes the steps to follow to size a battery. f. c.06 kW 0. considerations to take and quick calculations to make. These notes are aimed to sales personnel.94 Thus. S × pf P= 0.8 and it is specified a back-up time of 2 hours and a recharge time of the batteries is 20 hours (this configuration purely depends on the customer) For this example: S (Demand Power) pf (Power Factor) Bt(Backup time) Rt (Recharge Time) 60 kVA 0. The pf (power factor) is 0. e. 4. 15. Real Power in demand Total Real Power to be discharged Power needed to recharge the battery kWh (kilo Watts hours) Power needed in the (recharge + demand) time Recharge current Type of UPS and number of battery string required (in the case is needed) In most of the cases. b.8 = 51. 3.2.8 2 hours 20 hours Calculations: a. it should be calculated in this order (from a to f) An example: A customer is running an industrial process industrial process that demands 60 kVA. d.94 How to Size Batteries Eaton Corp. Important factors The best way to start the calculation for the right UPS for a customer is by looking into 4 important things: 1. Real power in demand: With the load size (60kVA) is possible to obtain the a Real more accurate power in demand P (in kW) using the efficiency of the inverter (about a 94%). P= 60 kVA × 0.

10 kW 20h Power needed to recharge battery = d. 15. this value is approximately about 93% e.2010 2 . and the UPS is supplying the output load level in demand (51. that is: Total power discharged Rt 102. inverter and charger are all together in use at the time of recharge and demand time.b. Power needed in (recharge + demand) time = Power needed in (recharge + demand) time = P + Power needed to recharge * Eff 51.06 kW) we can calculate the total Power to be discharge in the back-up time by multiplying it by the Back-up time (Bt).06 kW + 5.2. that is.06 kW × 2 hours = 102. this moment comes when the power from the mains is back.06 kW in this example). plus the power needed to recharge the battery whilst (5. Total power discharged = P × Bt Total power discharged = 51. Therefore: How to Size Batteries Eaton Corp. Recharge current (I) It is important to know the input current limit to adjust it in the recharge + demand time. in order to check if our UPS model chosen (let’s say 9390 – 60kVA for now) can use that current input level of current. As a rule: I = P/V.13kWh Power needed to recharge battery = = 5.93 * Eff corresponds to the system efficiency when the rectifier.10 kW).39 kW 0. Power needed to recharge the battery After the UPS battery has been discharged in the back-up time. it will start recharging in a specific time.13 kWh c. also.10 kW = 60. Total Power to be discharged (within back-up time) Now that we got the Real Power (51. In this example the customer demands 20hours of recharging time. Power needed in the (recharge + demand) time It is important to know the power needed to recharge the battery in the moment of maximum demand.

2.eaton. it is taken into account the UPS model. 30 and 40kVA) uses 36 blocks and 9355 (8 – 15kVA) uses 32 blocks.4 V This value of Voltage is constant over the battery when it is being charged (about 2.21 A to recharge in a period of 20hours to 90% of the battery capacity.g. As a conclusion we can say that a 9390 – 60kVA UPS model with 3 string batteries attached will back-up 2 hours a system load output of 60kVA and it will require about 5.160 kVA / battery runtime Table 6.com under this logic: Salesweb → products & services → Backup Power (UPS) → and then select the product e.40kVA 9355 – 8kVA f. contact local Eaton local Marcom team.96 V 443. times for batteries after several discharge cycles. here is a table for other models: Model Voltage 554.I= Total P needed for the battery 5.4 V.4 V 498.. Eaton 9390 uses 40 blocks of 12V batteries. 9355.52 V 9390 & 9395 models 9355 20 . Let’s use a fragment from 9390 Runtime table for this example: (extracted from Powerware 9390 External Battery Cabinets 40 . for 9390 – 60kVA is 554. These tables can be found from http://pqsalesweb. 15.31V/cell) and depending on the UPS model varies. There are battery back-up time tables that we can use to size the quantity of strings required.2010 3 .10kW/hour or 9. Number of battery strings required To calculate battery strings needed. Eaton 9155. The desired back-up time in this example is 2 hours (or 120 minutes) 3 battery strings attached will enough to back-up for about 174 minutes and 2 strings exactly 120 minutes. How to Size Batteries Eaton Corp. 1025471**) CSB HRL 9390+ 1*BAT(12-500) 9390+ 2*BAT(12-500) Powerware 9390 UPS + Large battery cabinet(s) (part numbers 1025468* / 40 kVA 80 180 60 kVA 49 120 80 kVA 35 81 100 kVA 24 60 120 kVA 18 48 80 160 kVA 12 34 57 9390+ 3*BAT(12-500) 288 123 95 174 Note! Above run times are approx. 9355 (20. for instance.10kW = = 9. 9390 or 9395→Technical Information → Runtime chart or Runtime Matrix.21 A V of the battery 554. Note: if there is no access. Battery type and backup time.

9390 and 9395 Datasheet (www. Charging current and nominal voltage per string for different UPS models and loads 9x55 (kVA) 9390 (kVA) 9395 (kVA) 8-15 20 . 15.com/powerquality) 40 battery blocks 240cells 12V Batteries blocks: a.eaton.Appendix A.40 40 60 80 100 120 160 275 550 825 1100 Nominal current (A) Max current* (A) 3 3 10 20 20 30 30 40 38 76 114 152 30 60 20 40 40 60 60 80 83 166 249 332 Battery Nominal Voltage (V) 384 432 480 480 480 480 480 480 480 480 480 480 32 battery 36 battery blocks blocks 40 battery blocks 192 cells 216 cells 240cells *May be limited by maximum UPS input current rating This table is from Eaton 9x55. For 9x55 cabinets b. For 9390 and 9395 How to Size Batteries Eaton Corp.2010 4 .2.

50 % 89.eaton.B.70 % 92.60 % 60 93.80 % 87.60 % 120 93.com/Products/ThreePhase) How to Size Batteries Eaton Corp.60 % 9395 (kVA) Efficiency input/output 225 at 100% rated load at 75% rated load at 50% rated load at 25% rated load 94 % 94 % 93 % 90 % 275 94 % 94 % 93 % 90 % 450 94 % 94 % 93 % 90 % 550 94 % 94 % 93 % 90 % 825 94 % 94 % 93 % 90 % 1100 94 % 94 % 93 % 90 % These tables are from Eaton 9x55.50 % 89.60 % 100 93.60 % 80 93.2.60 % 92. (http://pqsalesweb.60 % 160 93.50 % 89.90 % 92.60 % 93.90 % 91.2010 5 . 15.90 % 92.60 % 92.80 % 93.40 % 92. Overall efficiency according to the load level 9155 (kVA) Efficiency input/output 8 at 100% rated load at 75% rated load at 50% rated load at 25% rated load 91 % 90 % 90 % 85 % 10 91 % 90 % 90 % 85 % 12 91 % 90 % 90 % 85 % 15 91 % 90 % 90 % 85 % 20 93 % 92 % 91 % 86 % 30 93 % 92 % 91 % 86 % 9155 (kVA) Efficiency input/output 8 at 100% rated load at 75% rated load at 50% rated load at 25% rated load 91 % 90 % 90 % 85 % 10 91 % 90 % 90 % 85 % 12 91 % 90 % 90 % 85 % 15 91 % 90 % 90 % 85 % 20 92 % 91 % 90 % 85 % 30 93 % 92 % 91 % 86 % 40 93 % 92 % 91 % 86 % 9390 (kVA) Efficiency input/output 40 at 100% rated load at 75% rated load at 50% rated load at 25% rated load 93.10 % 89.60 % 92.90 % 92. 9390 and 9395 Technical Information in Salesweb.50 % 89.90 % 92.