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THE FEDERAL UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY AKURE 2012/2013 ACADEMIC SESSION COURSE TILE: COURSE CODE: A TERM PAPER ON:

PREVENTION OF MALARIA AMONG TEENAGERS IN ILARA MOKIN USE OF ENGLISH II GNS 102

SUBMITTED TO: THE GENERAL STUDIES UNIT, FEDERAL UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY AKURE.
PMT
S/N 1 2 3 4 NAME OGUNBAMBI TAIWO RAHMON OKE YUSUF OLAWALE AYENIYO OLAYEMI OPEYEMI ADEBAYO TINUOLA OLUWASEYI 5 ADEBAYO REGINA FEMALE PMT/12

GROUP 7
MALE MALE MALE FEMALE

DETAILS
MATRIC NO PMT/12/0558 PMT/12/ PMT/12/0536 PMT/12/

GENDER

OUTLINE PREVENTION OF MALARIA AMONG TEENAGERS IN ILARA MOKIN


1.0
1.1 1.2 1.3
1.4

INTRODUCTION
Aim of study definition of terms area under consideration thesis statement

2.0
2.1 2.1.1 2.1.2

MALARIA IN ILARA MOKIN COMMUNITY


factors supporting malaria in ilara mokin Environmental factor Ignorance

3.0
3.1

CONTROL OF MALARIA IN ILARA MOKIN.


method of controlling malaria in the community

4.0
4.1
4.2

PREVENTION OF MALARIA AMONG TEENAGERS IN ILARA MOKIN COMMUNITY


METHODS OF PREVENTING MALARIA AMONG TEENAGERS IN ILARA MOKIN
Malaria symptom among teenagers in ilara mokin

5.0 6.0 7.0

STATISTICAL DATA OF MALARIA VICTIMS IN ILARA MOKIN COMMUNITY CONCLUSION RECOMMENDATION REFERENCE

1.0

INTRODUCTION
Due to high risk of malaria infection among teenagers in ilara mokin community over the years the need for general information of

howmalaria can be prevented among teenagersis being discussed. According to Collins English dictionary malaria is an infectious diseases characterized by recurring attacks of the chills and fever caused by the bite of an anopheles mosquitoes with any of the four protozoans of the genes (plasmodium.vivax, plasmodium.falciparum, plasmodium.malariae, plasmodium.ovale). Prevention is the act of preventing an obstacle or impediment.(collins, collins english dictionary, 2006) ILARA MOKIN COMMUNITY is a town ten kilometer from akure thecapital of ondostate south west Nigeria it is located in ifedore local government area of ondo -state. Its estimated population is about forty five thousand people living in a nuclear cluster settlement based on families and kinship the local resident of ilara mokin are mostly fisher and poultry farmers . (elizade resort, 2012)This paper report how teenagers can prevent malaria infection in ilara mokin community, and the aim of the control measure used in the area.

2.0

MALARIA IN ILARA MOKIN COMMUNITY

Accordingto comprehensive health center (chc), the community health center records, malaria is responsible for 66.85% of children outpatient, 14.1% of teenagers outpatient and 19% of adult outpatient in ilara mokin community from the 2010 to June 2013. The commonest species in the community is plasmodium falciparum. Furthermore, the ifedore local government estimates a financial loss from malaria in the form treatment cost,prevention. Fromthe above statistics it shows that the community health is a pre-requisite for the prosperity of the local government. Also the disease isdirectly contributing to poverty. (aladenola, 2013)

2.1
2.1.1

FACTORS SUPPORTING MALARIA IN ILARA MOKIN COMMUNITY

Factors supporting malaria are element or causes that contribute to the continuous malaria infection in ilara mokin. These factors are classified below as;

ENVIROMENTAL FACTOR

This is a major cause or factor that supports malaria infection in ilara mokin community. This is so because the environment tends to serve as habitat for the malaria carriers. They include stagnant water, bushes, dirty surrounding as so on.

Figure 2.1.1a source: scholar.google.com

2.1.2IGNORANCE:This serve as a factors because the people of the community tends to less knowledge about how their surrounding can
support the breeding of malaria carrier and also the people ignorance make themmisinterpret malaria early symptom to something else entirely, in which the malaria infection could have been cut off at the bud before it full parasite develop. (JA, 2006)

3.0

CONTROL OF MALARIA IN ILARA MOKIN

According to the community health center ilara mokin is an intense area for the transmission of malaria diseases. Thus the aim of the control measure in the area is to minimize the number of people suffering from the diseases or prevent the diseases from the community. The control aid that is essential to this is the basic health service in the community that provides prompt diagnosis and adequate treatment. Also an efficient method of controlling malaria diseases in the community needs to be in place for referring patients with severe malaria in the community. This method includes; (OLAJUMOKE, 2013)

3.1

METHODS OF CONTROLLING MALARIA IN ILARA MOKIN

The use of mosquito nets and bedclothes: Mosquito nets help keep mosquitoes away from people, and thus greatly reduce the infectionand transmission of malaria. The nets are not a perfect barrier, so they are often treated with aninsecticide designed to kill the mosquito before it has time to search for a way past the net. This has been reported to be an effective method of controlling malaria.(P, 2000)

Figure 3.1 a, source: scholar.google.com EDUCATION:Recognizing the disease in the early stages canalso stop the disease from becoming a killer. Education can also inform people to cover overareas of stagnant, still water e.g. Water Tanks which are ideal breeding grounds for the parasiteand mosquito, thus cutting down the risk of the transmission between people. Indoor residual spraying: Indoor residual spraying (IRS) is the practice of spraying insecticides on the interior walls of homes in the community. After feeding, many mosquito species rest on a nearbySurface while digesting the blood meal, so if the walls of dwellings have been coated withinsecticides, the resting mosquitoes will be killed before they can bite another victim, transferring the malaria parasite.(MANUAL ON ENVIROMENTAL MMANAGEMENT FOR MOSQUITOES, 2012)

4.0

PREVENTION OF MALARIA AMONG TEENAGERS IN ILARA MOKIN COMMUNITY

Since the community is an intense area for the transmission of malaria disease. The teenagers in the community need to know how best they can prevent themselves from the diseases .the method used to prevent the spread of the malaria diseases among the teenagers are:

4.1

METHODS OF PREVENTING MALARIA AMONG TEENAGERS IN ILARA MOKIN


The below are the method teenagers can use to help prevent or protect individuals from the spread of the diseases in the communities.

Prevention of bites:This is the method whereby teenager prevent themselves from be bitten byusing mosquitoes repellent cream putting on clothes that does not expose their body for the mosquitoes to bite. The use of prophylactic drugs: These are drugs that are used for treatment of malaria which can be taken preventively. Generally, these drugs are taken daily or weekly, at a lower dose than would be used for treatment of a person who is suffering from the disease. Use of prophylactic drugs is often practical for full-time residents of malaria-endemic areas. these drugs include;mefloquine(Lariam),doxycycline andMalarone.(resistance to chloroquine, 2012) Eradication of mosquitoes: This can be done by removing or poisoning the breeding grounds of the mosquitoes or the aquatic habitats of the Larva stages, for example by filling or applying oil to places with standing water. Eradication of mosquitoes helps teenager to have a community free of malaria.

4.2

TEENAGERS SYMPTOM OF MALARIA


Cold and Cough Vomiting General body weakness Abdominal pain Headache and high temperature (Udonwa, (2010))

This is the sensation or change in bodily function experienced by teenagers that is associated with malaria diseases.

5.0
1200 1000 800 600 400 200 0

STATISTICAL DATA OF MALARIA VICTIM IN ILARA MOKIN COMMUNITY (2011to 2013)

less than 1 yrs

1 to 4 yrs

5 to 14 yrs

15 and above

2011 statistical data of victims of malaria, figure 5.0 a


2000 1500 1000 500 0 less than 1 yrs 1 to 4 yrs 5 to 14 yrs 15 and above

2012 statistical data of malaria victims, figure 5.0 b


600 400 200 0 less than 1-4 yrs 2013 statistical data1yrs of malaria victims, 5-14 yrs figure 5.0 c 15 and above

2013 statistical data of malaria victims The above graph is plotted from the data obtained from the records department of comprehensive health center (chc), ilara mokin community.

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CONCLUSION
This paper reported on how teenagers in ilara mokin community can prevent malaria infection in ilara mokin. This paper consider

the malaria infection in ilara mokin , the commonest malaria parasite species in ilara mokin, the factors supporting the diseases in the community, the statistical data of the victims affected and the control measures use to tackled the disease in the community. Since malaria parasite has develop resistance to some drugs and this as cause the local government of the community a lot of financial loss, there is need for the people and the teenager in the community to prevent themselves from the malaria infection rather than going for cure by using the control and preventive measure as stated above.

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RECOMMENDATION
From the above study we can deduce that the people in ilara mokin cannot prevent malaria infection with their level of knowledge

about the diseases so the following recommendations arepresented; 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.4 7.5 state governments and the local government should provide enlightenment program for the people. governments should make more health worker available in the community. local governments should carry out fumigation exercise to the environment of their people. The people should be counsel and encouraged to report earlysymptom of malaria. modern facilities should be provided to the community health centre so as to carry out malaria parasite test.

REFERENCE

aladenola, D. (2013, 07 10). malaria in ilara mokin. (o. Y. ogunbambi T, Interviewer) collins. (2006). collins english dictionary. In m. dictitionary. harper collins publisher. elizade resort. (2012, 03 16). Retrieved 07 10, 2013 JA, R. (2006). vector control. MANUAL ON ENVIROMENTAL MMANAGEMENT FOR MOSQUITOES. (2012, 03 12). Retrieved 07 16, 2013 OLAJUMOKE, A. (2013, 07 11). DR. (O. .. OGUNBAMBI T., Interviewer) P, F. (2000). EVIDENCE AND HEALTHY. PUBLIC POLICY INSIGHT FROM HEALTH , 66. resistance to chloroquine. (2012, 04 03). Retrieved 07 11, 2013, from www.searo.burdendiseases.com.
Udonwa, N. E., Gyuse, A. N., & Etokidem, A. J. (2010). Malaria: Knowledge and prevention practices among Schooladolescents in a coastal community in Calabar, Nigeria. Afr. J. Prim. Health Care Fam. Med., 2(1), Page.

WHO. (2009). Regional office for SEA. Malaria: Disease burden in SEA region. Retrieved from http://www.searo.who.int/en/Section10/Section21/Section340_4018.htm World Health Organization. (1984).Technical report series, 854, 263-311. World HealthOrganization. (2004). IEC Project News August 2004. In Mekong Roll Back Malaria IEC Project