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BAHAGIAN PENGURUSAN SEKOLAH BERASRAMA PENUH DAN SEKOLAH KECEMERLANGAN

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KEMENTERIAN PELAJARAN MALAYSIA

CHEMISTRY TRIAL-EXAM SPM 2012 MARKING SCHEME

PAPER 1 PAPER 2 PAPER 3

SKEMA KERTAS 1 PENTAKSIRAN DIAGNOSTIK AKADEMIK SBP 2012 CHEMISTRY 4541/1


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1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25

A A C A A D B A B A B A D C D A B D C B C D D B A

26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50

C D C D B B C A C C D A B B D D D A B C B C B D C

Question 1(a)

MARKING SCHEME CHEMISTRY PAPER 2 SECTION A (4541/2) Mark scheme


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1(b)(i) 1(b)(ii) 1(c)

A: Detergents B: Soap r : sodium salt magnesium ion // or calcium ion r : Mg2+, Ca2+ Soaps are biodegradable Analgesics Psychotherapeutic r: wrong spelling Sugar Aspartame To add / restore the colour of food // To enhance its visual appeal / appearance// more attractive

Sub Mark 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 TOTAL

Total Mark 2

1(d)(i) 1(d)(ii)

3 9

Question 2(a)(i) 2(a)(ii) Magnesium r:Mg

Mark scheme

Sub Mark 1 1 1 1

Total Mark 2

Has 3 shell occupied with electrons 1. Proton number of chlorine is higher than magnesium // the number of proton of chlorine atom higher than magnesium atom // total positive charged in nucleus higher than magnesium 2. The attractive force between the nucleus and the electrons in chlorine atom stronger than magnesium atom // nuclei attraction towards electrons stronger. Light bulb // in welding process Argon 3 Cl2 (g) + 2 Fe (s) 2 FeCl3(s)

2 (b)

2(c) 2 (d) 2(e)(i) 2(e)(ii)

1 1 1 1

1 1 1 1

Mass iron (III) chloride = 0.05 x 161 // 8.05 g

2(e)(ii)
Chlorine gas Gas klorin

Heat Panaskan Hot iron wool Wul besi panas

1 Total

1 9

Question 3(a)(i) 3(a)(ii) 3(a)(iii)

Mark scheme 6 To estimate the age of fossils and artifacts C-12 // C-13
13 12

Sub Mark 1 1

Total Mark

C
6

Or

C
6

3(a)(iv) 3(b)(i)

7/6 A: covalent r: covalent bond B: ionic r: ionic bond 2.8.8.1 High melting point and boiling point // conduct electricity in molten or aqueous solution // soluble in water // insoluble in organic solvent. [Any one] 2K + Cl2 2KCl 1. Formula of reactants and products correct 2. Balance the chemical equation

1 1 1 1 1

3(b)(ii) 3(b)(iii)

3(c)(iv)

1 1 TOTAL

6 10

Question 4(a)(i) 4(a)(ii) 4(a)(iii)

Mark scheme Pipette r: wrong spelling Phenolphthalein // methyl orange r: wrong spelling Phenolphthalein : pink to colourless // methyl orange : yellow to orange 2KOH + H2 SO4 K2 SO4 + 2H2O Formula of reactants and products correct Balance the chemical equation 1. Mol of KOH = (1.0)(25) / 1000 = 0.025 mol 2. Molarity of H2 SO4 = (0.0125)(1000) / 10 = 1.25 mol dm-3 // Molarity of H2SO4 = 0.0125 /0.01 = 1.25 mol dm-3

Sub Mark 1 1

Total Mark

1 1 1

4(b)(i)

2 1 1

4(b)(ii) Or
M aVa a 1 1(25) ; Molarity of H2SO4 = x 2 10 M bVb b

= 1.25 mol dm-3 r: wrong unit or without unit 4(c)(i) 4(c)(ii) Hydrogen ion r: H+ (symbol ion) 1. no water 2. contain of molecule // no hydrogen ion, H+

1 1 1 TOTAL

3 10

Question 5(a) 5(b)(i) 5(b)(ii)

Mark scheme Chemical formula that shows the simplest whole number ratio of atom of each element in the compound. Mass of Mg = 2.4 g Mass of O = 1.6 g Mole of Mg = 2.4 / 24 = 0.1 Mol of O = 1.6 / 16 = 0.1 Mg : O = 1 : 1 MgO to allow oxygen enter the crucible Repeat the process heating, cooling and weighing until a constant mass is obtained.
crucible Magnesium ribbon

Sub Mark 1

Total Mark 1

1 1 1 1 1 1 6

5(b)(iii) 5(b)(iv) 5(b)(v) 5(c)

Heat

5(d)(i) 5(d)(ii)

Apparatus set-up correct and functional Labeled : magnesium ribbon, heat Zinc oxide // aluminium oxide r: formula Silver is less reactive / not reactive metal

1 1 1 1 TOTAL

2 2 11

Question 6(a) 6(b) 6(c)(i)

Mark scheme Hydrogenation // Addition with hydrogen C4H8 + H2 C4H10 Mole of butene = 28 /56 = 0.5 mol

Sub Mark 1 1 1

Total Mark

6(c)(ii)

P1. 1 mol of butene burns in oxygen gas produce 4 mol of carbon dioxide. Therefore 0.05 mol of butene burns in oxygen gas produce 0.2 mol of carbon dioxide // C4H8 : CO2 1 : 4 0.5 : 2 P2. volume of CO2 = 2 x 24 = 48 dm 3 P1: 2 cm of but-2-ene and 2 cm of butane gas are filled in two different test tubes. P2 : 2 -3 drops of acidified potassium manganate (VII) solution is added to both test tubes. P3: But-2-ene decolourises purple acidified KMnO4 Purple acidified KMnO4 in butane remains unchange. Or P1: 2 cm3 of but-2-ene and 2 cm3 of butane gas are filled in two different test tubes. P2 : 2-3 drops of bromine water is added to both test tubes. P3: But-2-ene decolourises brown bromine water. Brown bromine water in butane remains unchange. A: unvulcanised rubber B: vulcanised rubber Rubber type B/ vulcanised rubber is more elastic than rubber type A/ unvulcanised rubber
3 3

1 5

6(d)

1 1 1 Or 1 1 1 1 1 1 TOTAL 3

6(e)(i) 6(e)(ii)

3 11

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SECTION B

Question

Mark scheme

Mark

Mark

7 (a)

(i) Ascending order : Cu, Y,X, W (ii) P1 : Positive terminal : Cu P2 : Potential difference : 1.3V P3: Copper is less electropositive // X is more electropositive correct value and unit
Experiment I : Pb 2+, ClExperiment II: H + . OH- , Cl

1 1 1

1 1 2

7 ( b) (i)

r: lead(II) ion, chloride ion Hydrogen ion, hydroxide ion, chloride ion

Experiment 1

Experiment II

Product at anode: Chlorine gas

Products at cathode: Oxygen gas

1+1

Reason: P1: Cl is discharged P2: the only


7(b)(ii)
-

Reason: P1:OH- is selected to be discharged P2:the position of OH- is lower than Cl- in electrochemical series
1+1

anion presence and discharged at anode

1+1

.Half equation: 2Cl- Cl 2 + 2e P1:Correct formula of reactant and product : P2: Balance equation

. Half equation: 4OH- 2 H2O + O2 + 4e


1+1

P1: Correct formula of reactant and product P2: Balance equation

10 1+1

P1: Positive terminal: R P2: Negative terminal:Cu


7(c)

1 1 1 1 4

P3: Suitable metal for R : Silver P4: Suitable solution for R : Silver nitate solution

Total

20

Question

Mark scheme

Mark

Mark

8(a)

P1. Smaller size has larger total surface area. P2. Absorb heat faster. P3. Bigger size has smaller total surface area. P4. Absorb heat slower

1 1 1 1 4 1

(b)(i) (b)(ii)

Copper(II) sulphate 1. Experiment I Rate of reaction = 40/2 = 20 cm3 min-1 2. Experiment II Rate of reaction = 60/2 = 30 cm3min-1

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2

(b)(iii)

P1. Rate of reaction in Experiment II is higher than Experiment I. P2. Substance X used in Experiment II is a catalyst. P3. Catalyst provided an alternative path with requires a lower activation energy. P4. More particles are able to achieve lower activation energy. P5. Frequency of effective collisions between zinc atoms and hydrogen ions are higher.

(b)(iv)

1. Label of axes and unit 2. Correct curve and label Volume of gas / cm3
Exp II

1 1

Exp I

2 (v)

Time / min 1 1

1. Correct formula of reactants and product 2. Balanced equation Zn + 2H Zn + H2


+ 2+

(vi)

1. Rate of reaction using sulphuric acid is higher. 2. Volume of hydrogen gas released is doubled. 3. Sulphuric acid is a diprotic acid. 4. Concentration of hydrogen ions in sulphuric acid is double than that in hydrochloric acid. Total

1 1 1 1 4 20

10

Question 9(a)

Mark scheme P1: Magnesium atom undergoes oxidation P2: oxidation number increases from 0 to 2+ P3: Copper (II) ion undergoes reduction P4: oxidation number decreases from +2 to 0 P5: The reaction involving oxidation and reduction

Mark

Mark

1 1 1 1 1 MAX 4

(b)

Experiment I
1

L can reduce copper(II) oxide// L can react with copper(II) oxide L is more reactive than copper. Experiment II M can reduce copper(II) oxide//M can react with copper(II) oxide M is more reactive than copper. Experiment III M cannot reduce L oxide // M cannot react with L oxide. M is less reactive than L//L is more reactive than M.

1 1 6 1 1 Max 5

The arrangement in order of increasing reactivity toward oxygen is Cu, M and L.

(c)

Procedure : P1. Pour 2 cm3 of potassium bromide solution into a test tube. P2. Add 2 cm3 of chlorine water to the test tube and shake the mixture. P3. Add 2 cm3 of 1,1,1 trichloroethane to the test tube and shake the mixture. P4. Record the observation 1 P5. Repeat steps 1-4 using another halogens and halide solution. 1 . 1 1 1

11

Result :

Chlorine water Potassium chloride Potassium bromide Potassium iodide

Bromine water Brown

Iodine water Purple

Brown

Purple 1

Purple

Purple 1

Ionic equation:

1. Cl2 + 2Br- 2Cl- + Br2 2. Cl2 + 2I- 2Cl- + I2 3. Br2 + 2I- 2Br- + I2

1 1 1

10 20

12

Question 10(a)

Mark scheme Precipitation / double decomposition reaction Barium nitrate solution/barium chloride solution [Any sulphate solution] Example: sodium sulphate, potasium sulphate, Ammonium sulphate Reject : Lead(II) sulphate, calcium sulphate Ba2+ + SO42 BaSO4 Cation : Iron(II) ion / Fe2+ Anion: Chloride ion / Cl

Mark

Mark

1 1 1 1 4 1 1 2

10(b)(i)

Test for NO3 P1: Add 2 cm3 of dilute sulphuric acid into the test tube follow by 2 cm3 of iron(II) sulphate solution. P3: Add a few drops of concentrated sulphuric acid P2: carefully and slowly along the side of slanting test tube into the mixture. P2: A brown ring is formed. Procedure: P1. Add zinc nitrate solution to sodium carbonate solution in a beaker. P2. Stir the mixture. P3. Filter the white precipitate/solid zinc carbonate formed. P4. Add zinc carbonate to sulphuric acid in a beaker until some zinc carbonate solid no longer dissolve. P5. Filter the mixture. P6. Transfer the filtrate to a evaporating dish. P7. Heat the filtrate(zinc sulphate solution) until saturated// Heat the filtrate to about one-third (1/3) of its initial volume P8. Allow the saturated solution to cool at room temperature. P9. Filter the crystals formed. P10. Dry the crystals by pressing it between two sheets of filter papers.
Chemical Equation : 1. Zn(NO3)2 + Na2CO3 --> ZnCO3 + 2NaNO3 2. ZnCO3 + H2SO4 --> ZnSO4 + H2O + CO2

10(b)(ii)

1 1 1 1 4

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
Max = 8 Marks

10(c)

1 1 Total 10 20

13

Marking Scheme Chemistry Paper 3


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[KK0503 Mengukur menggunakan nombor] Question Rubric 1(a) Able to measure the diameter of dents correctly and accurately Sample answer: Copper: 1.3, 1.6, 1.5 Bronze: 1.2, 1.0 , 1. 2 Able to measure the diameter of dents without 2 decimal point Able to state 4 diameter of dents correctly No response or wrong response Score

3 2 1 0

[KK0506 Berkomunikasi] Question Rubric 1(b) Able to construct the table with correct label and unit Sample answer: Type of Diameter of dents(cm) Average diameter blocks of dents (cm) I II III Copper 1.3 1.6 1.5 1.5 Bronze 1.2 1.2 1.0 1.1 Able to construct the table without correct label or unit Able to construct the idea of table No response or wrong response [KK0501 Memerhati] Question Rubric 1(c) (i) Able to state the observation correctly and accurately Sample answer: The average diameter of dents on bronze block is 1.13 cm, the average diameter of dents on copper block is 1.48 cm.// The size / diameter of dents on bronze block is smaller than the size / diameter of dents on copper block// The size / diameter of dents on copper block is bigger than the size / diameter of dents on bronze block Able to state the incomplete observation Sample answer: Able to state the average diameter of one block only. The size / diameter of dents on bronze block is smaller// The size / diameter of dents on copper block is bigger. Able to state the idea of observation Sample answer : The size / diameter of dents on bronze block is small/ The size / diameter of dents on copper block is big. No response or wrong response
1

Score

2 1 0

Score

[KK 0504 Membuat Inferens] Question Rubric 1(c)(ii) Able to state the inference correctly and accurately Sample answer: Bronze is harder than copper // Copper is less harder than bronze Able to state the incomplete inference correctly Sample answer : Bronze is harder // Copper is less harder Able to state the idea of inference Sample answer : Bronze is hard// Copper is soft No response or wrong response [KK0508 Mentafsir data] Question Rubric 1(c)(iii) Able to explain the arrangement of particles in the materials correctly Sample answer: 1. The atomic size of tin is bigger than copper// The atomic size of tin and copper are different 2. The presence of tin atoms in bronze disrupts the orderly arrangement of copper atoms 3. Reduces/ Prevent the layers of atoms from sliding over each other/ easily. Able to state any 2 points // 3 points without the name of atoms correctly Able to state point 1 point correctly No response or wrong response [KK0510 Mengawal pemboleh ubah] Question Rubric 1(d) Able to state all the variables Sample answer: Manipulated variable : Type of materials / blocks// Copper and bronze Responding variable : Size / diameter of dents Fixed variable : Size / diameter and mass of steel ball bearing // height of the weight // mass of the weight Able to state two variables correctly Able to state one variable correctly No response or wrong response

Score

3 2

Score

2 1 0

Score

2 1 0

[KK0511 Membuat hipotesis] Question Rubric 1(e)(i) Able to state the hypothesis correctly Sample answer: Bronze is harder than copper // Copper is less harder than bronze Able to state the hypothesis less correctly Able to state idea of hypothesis No response or wrong response [KK0509 Mendefinisikan secara operasi] Question Rubric 1(e)(ii) Able to state the operational definition correctly Sample answer: The smaller dent produced when a 1 kg weight is dropped on the block. Able to state the operational definition less correctly The smaller dent produced when a weight is dropped on the block// When a weight is dropped on the block results smaller dent, thus the harder the block is. Able to state idea of operational definition The harder block has a smaller dent. No response or wrong response [KK0502 Mengelas] Question Rubric 1(e)(ii) Able to classify all substances correctly Sample answer: Alloy Pure metal Steel Iron Brass Chromium Pewter Tin Able to classify at least 4 substances less correctly Sample answer: Alloy Pure metal Steel Iron Brass Chromium Tin Pewter Able to state idea of classification (at least 2 correct) Sample answer : Alloy Pure metal Iron Steel Chromium Brass Pewter Tin No response or wrong response
3

Score

3 2 1 0

Score

3 2

1 0

Score

[KK0505 Meramal] Question Rubric 2(a) 1. Able to show an extrapolation on the graph . Sample answer:
3500
Heat of combustion/ kJ mol-1 Haba pembakaran/ kJ mol-1

Score

3000 2500

2000 1500 1000 500

5 0 0

Number of carbon atom per molecule of alcohols

2. Range of answer[ 2600 - 2700 ] 3. Show the negative sign and correct unit, kJmol-1 Able to state any two correct answers Able to state any one correct answer No response or wrong response [KK0507 Menggunakan perhubungan ruang dan masa] Question Rubric 2(b) Able to state the relationship between the number of carbon atom per molecule and the time taken for cooking correctly Sample answer The higher the number of carbon atom per molecule alcohol, the shorter the time taken for cooking Able to state the relationship between the number of carbon atom per molecule and the time taken for cooking less correctly Sample answer The higher the number of carbon atom, the shorter the time taken for cooking Able to give relevant idea No response or wrong response
4

2 1 0

Score

1 0

[KK0512 Menyatakan masalah] Question Rubric 3(a) Able to give the problem statement correctly Sample answer: How does different type of metals in contact with iron affect rusting?// Does more electropositive metal in contact with iron inhibit the rusting of iron?// Does less electropositive metal in contact with iron speed up the rusting of iron? Able to give the problem statement less correctly To investigate the affect of other metals on the rusting of iron// How does a metal affect the rusting of iron? Able to state an idea of hypothesis More electropositive metal inhibit the rusting of iron// Less electropositive metal speed up the rusting of iron No response or wrong response KK0512 Menyatakan pemboleh ubah] Question Rubric 3(b) Able to state all the three variables correctly Manipulated variable : Name of metal R and metal S// type of metals Responding variable : Rusting of iron//iron rust//formation of blue spot Constant variables: Iron nail//Gelatine solution with potassium hexacyanoferrate(III) and phenolpthtalein Able to state any two variables correctly Able to state any one variable correctly No response or wrong response

Score

Marks

2 1 0

[KK0512 Menulis hipotesis] Question 3(c)

Rubric

Marks 3

Able to state the relationship between the manipulated variable and the responding variable and state the direction. Sample answer: When a more electropositive metal is in contact with iron, the metal inhibits rusting. // When a less electropositive metal is in contact with iron, the metal speed up rusting Able to state the relationship between the manipulated variable and the responding variable less correctly Sample answer: A more electropositive metal will prevent iron from rusting. // A less electropositive metal will cause iron to rust. Able to state an idea of hypothesis Sample answer: Metal R and metal S affect rusting (of iron) No response or wrong response

[KK0512 Menyenaraikan bahan dan radas] Question Rubric 3 (d) Able to give complete list of substances and apparatus Answer: Substances Two Iron nails, Magnesium/zinc/aluminium strip Tin/copper/lead/silver strip Potassium hexacyanoferrate(III) solution + phenolphthalein [Any suitable electrolyte]/[water] Apparatus Test tube/boiling tube Test tube rack Sand paper Able to list basic materials and apparatus Sample answer: Materials Magnesium/zinc/aluminium strip Tin/copper/lead/silver strip Iron nail Any suitable electrolyte
6

Mark 3

Apparatus: Any suitable container Able to give an idea of the materials and apparatus Sample answer: Materials Iron Any electrolyte Apparatus Any suitable container No response or wrong response [KK0512 Memilih teknik] Question Rubric 3 (e) Able to state all the steps correctly Sample answer: 1. Clean the iron nails and metals strip with sand paper. 2. Coil iron nails with magnesium ribbon and copper strip. 3. Put the coiled iron nail into different test tubes. 4. Pour the hot jelly solution containing potassium hexacyanoferrate(III)solution and phenolphthalein into the test tube. 5. Leave the test tube in a test tube rack for a day. 6. Record the observation. Able to state the steps 2,4,and 6 correctly Able to state steps 2 and 4 correctly [2 and 4 ]//the idea combining iron and any metals and any substances No response or wrong response 1

Marks 3

2 1

[KK0512 Mempamerkan perancangan] Question Rubric 3 (f) Able to tabulate the data with the following aspects 1. Heading for the manipulated variables [pair of metals//Test Tube] 2. Heading for responding variables Sample answer: Pair of metals Mg/Fe Cu/Fe Observation

Marks 2

Able to give an idea on tabulation of data at least one information stated in the table 1. At least one heading Sample answer Set

No response or wrong response

PERATURAN PEMARKAHAN TAMAT


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