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Georgia

Workforce Trends
An Analysis of Long-term
Employment Projections to 2014

Georgia Department of Labor
Michael L. Thurmond, Commissioner
Georgia Workforce Trends
An Analysis of
Long-term Employment Projections to 2014

Published by
Workforce Information & Analysis Division

Georgia Department of Labor
Michael L. Thurmond, Commissioner

Equal Opportunity Employer/Program • Auxiliary Aids and Services
Available upon Request to Individuals with Disabilities
G
eorgia Workforce Trends – Long-term Employment Projections to
2014 is a product of the Georgia Department of Labor’s Workforce
Information and Analysis Division (WI&A), Amelia Butts, Director,
and John Lawrence, Assistant Director. It was compiled and written by Joe
Newsome, Program Operations Chief, with technical assistance from Bill
Webb and David Yankey, and graphic design by Helen Kim.

This publication is one of several produced by WI&A presenting labor market
information, with funding from the U.S. Department of Labor’s Employment
and Training Administration. Other products include Georgia WIA Area
Workforce Trends, Georgia’s HOT Careers to 2014, Georgia Jobs: 2006-
2007, Georgia WIA Area Jobs: 2006-2007, Georgia Wage Survey, Georgia
Career Planner, and Licensed and Certified Occupations in Georgia.

The Workforce Information and Analysis Division thanks the following
economists for their critical review and evaluation of the industry employment
projections, the component upon which the analysis in this report was based.

Dr. Rajeev Dhawan, Georgia State University
Dr. Jeffrey Humphreys, University of Georgia
Mr. Bart Lewis, Atlanta Regional Commission
Ms. Cindy Peterson, Southern Company
Ms. Melinda Pitts, Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta
Ms. Jennifer Zeller, Atlanta Chamber of Commerce

AD D I T I O N A L D A T A
This brochure contains analysis and graphical displays of the most significant
trends in Georgia’s industry and occupational employment growth. For a
complete set of industry or occupational employment projections for the state
or any of its workforce investment areas, please contact the Workforce Infor-
mation & Analysis Division of the Georgia Department of Labor at (404) 232-
3875 or at workforce_info@dol.state.ga.us.

2 Georgia Workforce 2014
Table of Contents
Introduction .............................................................................................................. 5

Assumptions and Methodology........................................................................... 6

Highlights .................................................................................................................. 8

Industry Employment 9

By Supersector ........................................................................................................... 11
By Sector ..................................................................................................................... 12
By Subsector ..............................................................................................................14
Administrative and Support Services Subsector ............................................. 15
Health Services Subsector ...................................................................................... 16
Fastest Growing Industries – Detailed Industries .......................................... 17
Most Job Growth - Detailed Industries ............................................................. 18
Most Job Losses – Detailed Industries ............................................................... 19

Occupational Employment 20

Major Job Preparation Levels ............................................................................... 22
Job Growth Totals – Job Preparation Levels ................................................... 23
The Impact of Education and Training ............................................................. 24
Education and Training Pays ............................................................................... 25
Annual Openings – Job Preparation Levels ...................................................... 26
Fastest Growing Occupations ............................................................................. 27
Occupations with the Most Job Growth .......................................................... 28
Occupations with the Most Annual Openings ............................................... 29
Occupations with the Most Decline in Jobs .................................................... 30
Most Job Growth: Graduate Degree
(First Professional, Doctoral, or Master’s) .................................................... 31

Continued

3
Occupational Employment (Contined)

Most Job Growth: Bachelor’s or Higher Degree
plus Work Experience ......................................................................................... 32
Most Job Growth: Bachelor’s Degree ............................................................... 33
Most Job Growth: Associate’s Degree .............................................................. 34
Most Job Growth: Postsecondary Vocational Training ............................... 35
Most Job Growth: Work Experience
in a Related Occupation ...................................................................................... 36
Most Job Growth: Long-term on-the-job Training ....................................... 37
Most Job Growth: Moderate-term on-the-job Training............................... 38
Most Job Growth: Short-term on-the-job Training ....................................... 39

4 Georgia Workforce 2014
Introduction
When it comes to Georgia’s economy, the one constant is change. Technological
advances, a growing and aging population, and new business innovations will
change the types of goods and services that Georgians need. These developments
will, in turn, also change the kinds of jobs that will be needed to produce those
goods and provide those services. More healthcare services will be needed, for
example, and more healthcare workers will need to be hired. More computer-
related services will be required, thereby requiring more information technology
professionals. And we can look forward to more teachers being needed to meet
the state’s goals in education. These are but a few of the many trends highlighted
in this, the latest edition in our series of long-term employment projections, those
covering the decade from 2004 to 2014.

Because of the dynamic nature of Georgia’s economy and the changing demands
for skills by employers, it is essential that the best and latest information be made
available to individuals who are making decisions about education, training, and
careers. This publication, Georgia Workforce Trends – Long-term Employment
Projections to 2014, provides that information by examining future trends in
industry and occupational employment growth. These projections, which are
updated every two years, are a vital tool in aiding decision-makers in a variety of
activities including career counseling, education planning, and policymaking. In
short, they can help to glance into the future—and to plan for it.

The projections were developed using models that incorporated the latest avail-
able assumptions about changes in technology, employers’ staffing patterns, and
business practices. As such, they replace all projections previously released by
the Georgia Department of Labor.

Two important concepts bear mentioning in helping to understand these projec-
tions. The first one is the difference between employment change expressed as a
number or as a percent. Numeric change shows the projected change as a num-
ber—the actual difference expected over the projections decade. Percent change
shows the rate of change over the projections decade. It is the difference between
the number in the projection year and the number in the base year, divided by the
number in the base year. Both numeric and percent change in employment are
useful measures of job opportunities.

The second concept is the difference between employment change and total
annual openings. Employment change is the number of new jobs (new posi-
tions) created as a result of business expansions. Total annual openings include
all the new positions created as well as the number of workers being replaced
from job turnover.

5
Assumptions and Methods
Used in Preparing Projections
Projections Methodology
Employment projections were developed in a series of three phases, each of which was based on
separate projections procedures and models and various related assumptions.

1. Projections of industry employment NAICS industries. The occupational
were made at the 4-digit industry level, staffing patterns for each industry were
based on the North American Industry projected using national change factors
Classification System (NAICS), princi- supplied by the Bureau of Labor Statistics
pally using average annual historical (BLS) to account for projected shifts in
employment data for 1990 through 2004 occupational distributions due to techno-
reported by firms covered by Georgia’s logical changes, and were then applied to
unemployment insurance laws through projected industry employment. The
the Quarterly Census of Employment and resulting employment was summed across
Wages (QCEW). Data from the Current all industries to derive total employment
Employment Statistics (CES) survey and by occupation.
the Current Population Survey (CPS)
were used to supplement the QCEW data 3. Annual job openings were produced by
as well. Industry projections were pro- applying national replacement rates
duced using single-equation regression supplied by the BLS for each occupation
analysis and shift-share models that to base year occupational employment
related Georgia industry employment to levels and adding occupational growth.
national industry employment and other Job openings from replacements occur
key economic factors for Georgia, espe- when workers leave their jobs to enter
cially personal income and population. A other occupations, retire, or leave the
panel of economists and other experts labor force for other reasons. Openings
from business, academia, and government from occupational growth occur when
reviewed the projections and adjustments new positions are created by business
were made where appropriate. expansion. These openings from growth
are the difference between base year
2. Occupational estimates and projections occupational estimates and occupational
were developed using an industry-occu- projections.
pation matrix of occupational staffing
patterns—each occupation as a percent of
employment in every industry—from the
Occupational Employment Statistics
(OES) surveys of 2002, 2003, and 2004
of more than 9,000 Georgia employers
per year. The matrix included 782 occu-
pations in more than 300 detailed 4-digit

6 Georgia Workforce 2014
Economic Assumptions
These projections are not intended to be precise measurements of future employment levels but
should provide an indication of the direction and extent of employment change over the projection
period. Constantly changing economic and labor market conditions limit the accuracy of any
forecasts, no matter how thorough the data or how sophisticated the statistical techniques used.
The employment projections were based on the following economic assumptions:

• The institutional framework of the U.S. • Federal, state, and local government
economy will not change radically. agencies will continue to operate under
budgetary constraints.
• No major events, such as war, will occur
that will significantly alter the industrial • Population growth rates and age distri-
structure of the economy, the occupa- butions will not differ significantly from
tional staffing patterns, or the rate of projections presently available.
long-term growth.
• Attitudes toward work, education, in-
• Recent technological and scientific come, and leisure will not change sig-
trends will continue. nificantly.

• The long-term employment patterns will
continue in most industries.

7
Highlights
Industry Employment Occupational Employment
• Total employment is projected to • Workers in occupations requiring a bachelor’s or higher degree
grow to almost five million jobs, will hold 21.4 percent of all jobs for a total of almost 1.1 million
which is an increase of 18.2 percent jobs. Workers in occupations that do not require any formal
over 2004 or almost 770,000 new postsecondary education will be employed in 69.7 percent of all
jobs. jobs, down from 71.1 percent in 2004.

2014
• Industry employment growth will be
concentrated in the services-providing
sectors of the economy, with almost
94 percent of job growth in these
sectors. The services-providing
sectors will account for 4.2 million
jobs and goods-producing sectors will
account for 748,000.
• Employment will grow in occupations in every education and
training category. More than 256,000 new jobs will be created in
occupations that require short-term on-the-job training; more than
122,000 will be in occupations requiring a bachelor’s degree. The
remaining new jobs will be spread among the other education and
training categories, but most will be in occupations that require
less than a bachelor’s degree.

• All education and training categories that require some
• Two services-providing sectors— postsecondary education will grow faster than average, led by jobs
professional and business services requiring as associate’s degree. All categories that do not require
and healthcare and social assistance— any education beyond high school will grow slower than average.
will lead all sectors both in new job
growth and rates of growth. Together • Occupations requiring short-term or moderate-term on-the-job
they will account for 37.1 percent of training will account for the majority of all job openings. The
all job growth. openings will come from both employment growth—the creation of
new jobs—and from the need to replace workers who retire or leave
• The construction industry will be the an occupation permanently for other reasons.
only goods-producing industry sector
to show significant gains, increasing • Workers with more education will earn more and be employed in
21.0 percent, or 34,000 new jobs. the fastest growing occupations.

• Manufacturing will remain relatively • Six of the twenty fastest growing occupations will be in healthcare;
flat, halting its trend over the past five will be computer-related.
decade of severe job losses.
• Retail salespersons, customer service reps, and registered nurses
• The administrative and support will gain the most new jobs—approximately 32,000, 23,000, and
services sub-sector will increase by 21,000, respectively.
almost 102,000 jobs, largely due to
increases in the employment services • Of 782 distinct occupations, 78 will combine above-average job
industry. growth, above-average wages, and at least 100 annual job openings
to make the list of Georgia’s HOT Careers to 2014. Careers on
In

• The health services sub-sector will this list can be found in nearly all education and training categories.
account for one in every twelve jobs
in Georgia. It will have added almost • Registered nurses, general and operations managers, elementary
100,000 jobs over the projection school teachers, and tractor-trailer truck drivers will be among the
period and will have employment twenty occupations with the most annual job openings. Although
levels of more than 420,000 workers. the majority of the openings in these four occupations will come
from job growth, most of the openings in Georgia as well as
• Five of the detailed industries that nationally will result from employee turnover.
will lose the most jobs are in textiles
and apparel manufacturing, but the • Four of the twenty occupations losing the most jobs, including the
losses will not be nearly as severe as top three, will be in textiles and apparel. Although declining, there
during the last decade. will still be job openings in these occupations because of turnover.

8 Georgia Workforce 2014
Industry Employment
In the year 2014 total employment in Georgia is expected to reach
almost five million jobs, with almost 770,000 new jobs created
across all industries during the ten-year projection period begin-
ning in 2004. This equates to almost 77,000 newly created jobs
per year and an annual growth rate of 1.7 percent.

4,971,740

4,205,050

3,568,790

1994 2004 Projected 2014

The industries containing these jobs can be divided into 15 major
sectors, which can be further divided into 91 subsectors, or 303
detailed industries, all of which are either goods-producing or
services-providing.

Industry Employment 9
Goods-Producing Sectors
• Agriculture, forestry, fishing, and • Mining. Examples include kaolin mining
hunting. Examples include animal and and coal mining.
crop production, logging, and support
activities for agriculture. • Manufacturing. Examples include
establishments that make computer chips,
• Construction. Examples include bridge- breakfast cereals, and other goods.
building and home construction companies.

Services-Providing Sectors

• Utilities. Examples include power plants • Educational Services. This sector in-
and sewage treatment plants. cludes both public and private educational
services.
• Wholesale Trade. Examples include
wholesale merchants of durable goods • Health Care and Social Assistance.
like automobiles and furniture and non- Includes physicians’ offices, dentists’
durable goods like drugs and groceries. offices, public and private hospitals, and
privately run social services.
• Retail Trade. Examples include retailers
like automobile dealerships, department • Leisure and Hospitality. Examples
stores, and gas stations. include hotels, restaurants, sports teams,
theme parks, performing arts companies
• Transportation and Warehousing. and arcades.
Examples include airports and warehous-
ing and storage facilities. • Other Services. Examples include auto-
motive repair shops, funeral homes,
• Information. This includes print, soft- drycleaners, and private households.
ware, and database publishing firms;
broadcasting and telecommunications • Government. This sector consists of the
providers; and internet service providers. federal, state, and local governments,
except for the postal service and govern-
• Financial Activities. Industries include ment-run hospitals and schools.
finance, insurance, real estate, and rental
services.

• Professional and Business Services.
Examples include temporary help firms,
consulting services, scientific and techni-
cal services, and waste management
establishments.

10 Georgia Workforce 2014
Industry Employment By Supersector
As is true nationally, the vast majority—almost 94 percent—of the job growth during this projection
period will be in the services-providing industry sectors. These sectors contained more than 83
percent of total employment in 2004 and expect to increase their share to 85 percent by 2014.

The goods-producing sectors are expected to add more than 48,500 jobs over the projection period,
for a total employment level of almost 748,000 jobs by 2014. However, their relatively slow 0.7
percent projected annual growth rate is dwarfed by the expected 1.9 percent annual pace and the
more than 718,000 jobs created by the services-providing sectors.

2004 Projected 2014
Goods Goods
Producing Producing
16.6% 15.0%

Services Services
Providing Providing
83.4% 85.0%

Total Industry Employment Growth, 2004-2014

Goods-Producing Sectors 48,580

Services-Providing Sectors 718,110

Industry Employment 11
Industry Employment by Sector
For the first time in a long time, all major government) are all expected to grow 1.4
industry sectors will realize employment percent annually over the next ten years,
growth through 2014, albeit very small for lagging the projected statewide overall
some sectors. In the services-providing annual growth rate of 1.7 percent. The
industry sectors this growth will be led by financial activities and government
professional and business services and sectors will grow at modest rates of 0.8
healthcare and social assistance. To- and 0.6 percent, respectively. Utilities will
gether they will account for almost 40 remain relatively flat, growing at a rate of
percent of all services-providing job only 0.2 percent per year over the next ten
growth through 2014. Professional and years.
business services is expected to grow the
fastest, at an average annual rate of 2.9 The construction industry, the only
percent, and adding almost 166,000 new goods-producing industry sector to post
jobs; healthcare and social assistance is significant employment growth, is pro-
projected to grow 2.8 percent, increasing jected to increase by almost 42,000 jobs,
its share of new jobs by more than 118,000 reaching almost 242,000 in employment in
through the projection period. The leisure 2014. The mining sector is projected to
and hospitality sector is expected to have increase by 1.1 percent annually, but its
the next fastest rate of growth at 2.4 small employment volume will see an
percent and educational services will increase of only 800 jobs. Agriculture,
follow closely behind at 2.3 percent in- forestry, fishing, and hunting and manu-
crease. Wholesale trade and retail trade facturing employment are projected to
are both projected to grow at 1.5 percent show very little change over the projection
per year. However, since retail trade has a period, increasing annually by a mere 0.2
much larger employment base, the change percent and 0.1 percent, respectively. But
in employment levels for retail trade will the good news in manufacturing is that this
be more than double that for wholesale is the first time in more than a decade that
trade. Transportation and warehousing, employment in this sector is not hemor-
information, and other services (except rhaging jobs.

12 Georgia Workforce 2014
Industry Sector Employment

Ag ricu ltu re , Fo re s try, 4 4 ,2 3 0
2004 P rojec ted 2014
Fis h in g a n d H u n tin g 4 5 ,2 6 0

7 ,0 6 0
Min in g
7 ,8 5 0

2 0 ,1 6 0
U tilitie s
2 0 ,5 5 0

2 0 0 ,0 1 0
C o n s tru ctio n
2 4 1 ,9 3 0

4 4 8 ,0 0 0
Ma n u fa ctu rin g
4 5 2 ,8 4 0

2 0 6 ,6 4 0
W h o le s a le Tra d e
2 3 8 ,9 1 0

4 4 6 ,5 1 0
R e ta il Tra d e
5 1 8 ,3 6 0

Tra n s p o rta tio n a n d 1 7 8 ,8 1 0
W a re h o u s in g 2 0 5 ,5 8 0

1 1 9 ,4 5 0
In fo rm a tio n
1 3 7 ,8 7 0

2 2 0 ,9 4 0
Fin a n cia l Activitie s
2 3 9 ,7 2 0

P ro fe s s io n a l a n d 5 1 0 ,6 7 0
B u s in e s s S e rvice s 6 7 6 ,6 5 0

3 4 5 ,4 7 0
E d u ca tio n a l S e rvice s
4 3 2 ,1 3 0

H e a lth C a re a n d S o cia l 3 6 8 ,7 1 0
As s is ta n ce 4 8 7 ,1 9 0

3 5 9 ,3 9 0
L e is u re a n d H o s p ita lity
4 5 3 ,8 3 0

Oth e r S e rvice s (e xce p t 4 4 2 ,8 4 0
P u b lic Ad m in is tra tio n ) 5 1 0 ,4 9 0

2 8 6 ,1 6 0
Go ve rn m e n t
3 0 2 ,5 8 0

Industry Employment 13
Industry Employment by Subsector
Out of a total of 91 sub-sectors (subcategories of industry sectors), the twenty projected to create
the most new jobs in Georgia through 2014 are listed below. Two of these are of special interest
because of their large projected employment gains of nearly 100,000 jobs each. Administrative
and support services and health services will account for more than one in every four new jobs
through the projection period. Each one of these industry sub-sectors will be analyzed in the next
section.

Industry Subsectors with the Most Total Growth, 2004-2014

Administrative and Support Services 101,510

Health Services 98,360
Educational Services 86,660

Food Services and Drinking Places 77,660
Professional, Scientific, and Technical Services 53,420
Total Self-Employed and Unpaid Family Workers,
33,470
Primary Job
Specialty Trade Contractors 25,940

General Merchandise Stores 22,400
Local Government, Excluding Education and
21,880
Hospitals
Social Assistance 20,120

Merchant Wholesalers, Durable Goods 19,810
Religious, Grantmaking, Civic, Professional, and
16,210
Similar Org
Truck Transportation 10,490
Personal and Laundry Services 10,400

Food Manufacturing 9,900

Merchant Wholesalers, Nondurable Goods 9,370

Construction of Buildings 8,970

Management of Companies and Enterprises 8,760

Food and Beverage Stores 8,560
Building Material and Garden Equipment and
8,310
Supplies Dealers

14 Georgia Workforce 2014
Administrative and Support Services Subsector
Experiencing a growth rate twice that for all industries, administrative and support services will
continue to expand from 2004 to 2014 as employment grows by more than 101,000. More than
70,000, or almost seventy percent, of these new jobs will be in employment services. Being by far
the largest component of this industry sub-sector, employment services is projected to reach em-
ployment levels of almost 202,000 workers by 2014. In addition to growth fueled by the continued
use of temporary workers by large numbers of employers, employment services will also expand as
a result of companies looking to control costs by out-sourcing their personnel management, health
benefits, workers’ compensation and unemployment insurance, tax, and payroll responsibilities.
Services to buildings and dwellings, which includes janitorial services and landscaping services,
are also expected to increase substantially, growing by almost 10,000 to employment levels of
more than 60,000 by 2014.

11,970 2004 Projected 2014
Office Administrative Services
18,510

4,470
Facilities Support Services
6,070

131,720
Employment Services
201,890

21,730
Business Support Services
28,410

Travel Arrangement and Reservation 5,720
Services 6,220

21,850
Investigation and Security Services
27,170

50,430
Services to Buildings and Dwellings
60,200

8,340
Other Support Services
9,270

Industry Employment 15
Health Services Subsector
By the year 2014, health services will account for one in every twelve jobs in Georgia. Already one
of the largest industry sub-sectors, it is projected to increase by almost 100,000 jobs, placing its
employment levels at more than 420,000 jobs by 2014. Hospital employment is expected to
account for the largest increase in new healthcare jobs, increasing its employment by more than
31,500 jobs. While this component makes up the largest portion of health services, it is expected to
be among the slowest growing, as hospitals are pressured to reduce costs by providing services on
an outpatient basis, limiting low-priority services, and stressing preventative care. The shift away
from hospital care will directly affect employment growth in offices of physicians, which is
projected to increase by more than 23,500 over the projection period. Nursing and residential
care facilities will also increase significantly. More than 19,000 new positions will be created in
this component of health services as the trend toward less expensive home health care and assisted
living for the elderly continues.

62,260 2004 Projected 2014
Offices of Physicians
85,940

20,490
Offices of Dentists
27,740

Offices of Other Health 13,180
Practitioners 17,440

Outpatient Care 7,380
Centers 11,260

Medical and Diagnostic 4,760
Laboratories 5,720

Home Health Care 14,510
Services 20,300

Other Ambulatory 4,150
Health Care Services 5,790

144,700
Hospitals
176,270

Nursing and Residential 50,590
Care Facilities 69,920

16 Georgia Workforce 2014
Fastest Growing Industries – Detailed Industries
Six of the industries projected to grow the fastest are in the healthcare and social assistance sector.
Growth in health services will result from the gradual aging of Georgia’s population, coupled with
advances in medical technology that increase life expectancies. The combination of more women
working outside the home than ever before and welfare reform legislation that requires more welfare
recipients to work will contribute to employment growth in the social assistance sub-sector.

Four of the fastest growing industries will come from the professional and business services indus-
try sector, with growth in employment services being the most significant. Although the demand
for these services will not be as great as in the past, the trend toward corporate restructuring and
cost cutting that popularized the use of personnel supply companies in the past will continue to
generate new jobs in this industry. In addition, the out-sourcing of billing, recordkeeping, and
distribution services will lead to increased employment in office administrative services. Growth in
computer systems design and related services will be generated by the expansion of electronic
commerce, a growing reliance on the Internet, faster and more efficient communication, and the
implementation of new technologies and applications.

Three of the detailed industries are in the information sector, led by growth in internet service
providers and web search portals. This growth will be fueled by the continued growth of general
internet use and the expansion of new web services. Software publishing will also show signifi-
cant growth, as firms are expected to continue to invest heavily in software that facilitates elec-
tronic commerce.

Other Residential Care Facilities 6.0%
Performing Arts Companies 5.9%
Community Food & Housing, & Emergency & Other Relief
5.4%
Services
Community Care Facilities for the Elderly 5.3%
Internet Service Providers & Web Search Portals 5.0%
Other Personal Services 4.9%
RV (Recreational Vehicle) Parks & Recreational Camps 4.9%
Residential Mental Retardation, Mental Health & Substance
4.7%
Abuse Facilities
Computer Systems Design and Related Services 4.5%
Office Administrative Services 4.5%
Employment Services 4.4%
Individual & Family Services 4.3%
Used Merchandise Stores 4.3%
Outpatient Care Centers 4.3%
Drugs & Druggists' Sundries Merchant Wholesalers 4.0%
Software Publishers 4.0%
Internet Publishing & Broadcasting 3.9%
Remediation & Other Waste Management Services 3.9%
Nonscheduled Air Transportation 3.9%
General Rental Centers 3.8%
Lumber & Other Construction Materials Merchant
3.8%
Wholesalers

Industry Employment 17
Most Job Growth - Detailed Industries
Industry employment growth will be very concentrated. These twenty detailed industries out of
more than 300 analyzed by the Georgia Department of Labor are projected to account for more
than 62 percent of total job growth over the projection decade.

In addition to the significant projected increase in new jobs in healthcare and social assistance
and professional and business services, substantial gains in employment are also expected in
educational services. Principally driven by the overall growth in Georgia’s population, a continued
commitment by elementary and secondary schools to reduce class size as well as an increase in the
number of students enrolling in colleges and universities (fueled by the HOPE scholarship program)
will combine to project substantial job growth in educational services over the next ten years.

Employment
Employment Services
Services 70,170

Elementary
Elementary & Secondary
and Secondary Schools
Schools 64,570

Full-Service
Limited-Service Restaurants
Eating Places 46,000

Self-employed & Unpaid
Full-Service Family Workers
Restaurants 33,470
Limited-Service
General Medical Eating Places
and Surgical Hospitals 32,330
General Medical
Offices &
ofSurgical Hospitals
Physicians 31,000
Department
Department Stores Stores 25,790
Computer Systems
Offices Design
of Physicians 23,680
and Related Services
Local Systems
Computer Government, except
Design Education
& Related Services 22,840
and Hospitals
Local Government, Excluding Education &
ChildHospitals
Day Care Services 21,880
Colleges,&Universities,
Colleges, Universities, Professional and
Schools 14,810
Professional Schools
Religious
Religious Organizations
Organizations 13,180
Child Day
Building Equipment Care Services
Contractors 12,220

Building
Self-employed and UnpaidEquipment Contractors
Family Workers 11,910
Management,except
State Government, Scientific, & Technical
Education 10,920
Consulting
andServices
Hospitals
Services
Building Material andtoSupplies
Buildings & Dwellings
Dealers 9,770
Management, Scientific, and Technical
Nursing Care Facilities 9,730
Consulting Services
Management of Companies
Services to Buildings & Enterprises
and Dwellings 8,760
Building Material
Scheduled & Supplies Dealers
Air Transportation 8,070

Offices of Grocery
Dentists Stores 7,710

18 Georgia Workforce 2014
Most Job Losses – Detailed Industries
Declines in industry employment are usually caused by falling demand for certain goods and
services, by increased imports that reduce domestic production, or by technology that increases
worker productivity, and the twenty industries on this list that are expected to lose the most jobs
over the projection period are no exception. Five industries are in textiles and apparel manufac-
turing and one is in agriculture. Others include motor vehicle and related parts manufactur-
ing, which are expected to decline as a result of the closing of two major automobile assembly
plants and their related businesses.

While declining employment often means unfavorable job prospects or limited opportunity, some
openings will occur by the need to replace workers who leave an industry.

-3,390 Other General Merchandise Stores
-3,130 Motor Vehicle Manufacturing
-3,020 Textile Furnishings Mills
-2,830 Fabric Mills
-2,490 Sawmills & Wood Preservation
-2,100 Depository Credit Intermediation
-1,850 Printing & Related Support Activities
-1,630 Insurance Carriers
-1,620 Other Textile Product Mills
-1,340 Fiber, Yarn, & Thread Mills
-1,240 Textile & Fabric Finishing & Fabric Coating Mills
-880 Cable & Other Program Distribution
-810 Glass & Glass Product Manufacturing
-790 Special Food Services
-720 Boiler, Tank, & Shipping Container Manufacturing
-720 Motor Vehicle Body & Trailer Manufacturing
-650 Direct Selling Establishments
Petroleum & Petroleum Products Merchant
-650
Wholesalers
-450 Motor Vehicle Parts Manufacturing
Farm Product Raw Material Merchant
-420
Wholesalers

Industry Employment 19
Occupational Employment
The previous section analyzed projected growth and decline in em-
ployment by industry. This section examines projected changes in a
closely related area—that of occupational employment. The Georgia
Department of Labor has analyzed several factors affecting employ-
ment growth for 782 detailed occupations by the eleven job prepara-
tion levels most commonly required for employment as defined by the
U. S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Seven of the eleven categories usu-
ally require education beyond high school, from vocational training to
a first professional degree. Occupations in the remaining four catego-
ries involve skills learned through varying degrees of on-the-job
training and work experience. It is important to remember, however,
that in nearly all occupations, workers have a variety of educational
backgrounds.

Subsequent sections will focus on analyzing occupational trends by
percentage change, numeric change, and the number of projected
annual job openings, respectively. Taken separately, these are all very
useful measures. Occupations with fast growth, many new positions,
or many new job openings generally offer more favorable conditions
for mobility and advancement. When combined, however, with
above-average wages, the occupations that have it all—above average
job growth, above average wages, and at least 100 expected annual
job openings—cannot be beaten, for they offer the surest bets of satis-
fying, rewarding careers with great potential for advancement. In this
publication, each occupation meeting this definition is designated
with the HOT label.

The complete list of Georgia’s HOT Careers to 2014 is given in the
foldout center page of this booklet.

20 Georgia Workforce 2014
The job preparation levels and the number of detailed occupations in Georgia
within each classification are:

Bachelor’s or higher degree
• First professional degree – 20 occupa- • Master’s degree – 44 occupations – One
tions – At least three years of full-time or two years of full-time academic study
academic study beyond the bachelor’s beyond a bachelor’s degree.
degree.
• Bachelor’s or higher degree, plus work
• Doctoral degree – 33 occupations – At experience – 36 occupations – Mostly
least three years of full-time academic managerial occupations. Experience in a
work beyond the bachelor’s degree. non-managerial position for which a
Required for entry into most bachelor’s or higher degree is usually
postsecondary teaching occupations as required.
well as several jobs in the physical,
biological, and social sciences. • Bachelor’s degree – 108 occupations –
At least four years of full-time academic
study beyond high school.

Postsecondary education, but less than a bachelor’s degree
• Associate’s degree – 40 occupations – • Postsecondary vocational training – 49
Two years of full-time academic study occupations – Completion of a vocational
beyond high school. training program of variable length from
several weeks to a year or more in a post-
secondary vocational school or college.

All other (no formal postsecondary education required)
• Work experience in a related occupa- instruction, such as apprenticeships and
tion – 44 occupations – Skills and train- employer-sponsored training lasting up to
ing acquired in a related occupation. four years.
Includes several supervisory occupations
as well as occupations in which skills may • Moderate-term on-the-job training –
be developed from hobbies or other 183 occupations – One to twelve months
activities besides current or past employ- of combined on-the-job experience and
ment or from the Armed Forces. Degree informal training, which can include
not required. observing experienced workers.

• Long-term on-the-job training – 89 • Short-term on-the-job training – 136
occupations – More than twelve months occupations – One month or less of on-
of on-the-job training or a combination of the-job training or after a short demon-
work experience and formal classroom stration of job duties.

Occupational Employment 21
Major Job Preparation Levels
In 2004 more than 4.2 million workers were employed in various occupations in Georgia. Almost
three million of these were in occupations that do not require any formal education beyond high
school, with half being in low-skill, low-pay jobs requiring only short-term on-the-job training.
While workers in these occupations held the largest share of jobs in 2004, their share of jobs is
expected to decline from 71.1 percent in 2004 to less than 69.7 percent in 2014.

Careers requiring an associate’s degree or postsecondary vocational training made up only 8.4
percent of all jobs in 2004, but they will grow more than 60 percent faster than those requiring no
education beyond high school, increasing to 9.0 percent of all jobs by 2014. In fact, these jobs are
the fastest growing group in the state, even surpassing overall growth rates for occupations requir-
ing a bachelor’s degree or more.

Workers in occupations usually requiring a bachelor’s degree or more held 20.4 percent of all jobs
in the state in 2004 for a total of more than 850,000 jobs. Their ten-year growth rate of 23.8 per-
cent will place them at slightly over one million jobs or 21.4 percent job share by 2014.

Occupational Employment
by Major Job Preparation Level

2004 Projected 2014
Bachelor's or Post-sec Bachelor's or Post-sec
higher degree education but less higher degree education but less
20.4% than bachelor's 21.4% than bachelor's
8.4% 9.0%

All other All other
71.1% 69.7%

22 Georgia Workforce 2014
Job Growth Totals – Job Preparation Levels
Occupations requiring short-term on-the-job training are expected to account for the largest por-
tion of 2004-14 job growth, comprising one in every three new jobs created. However, these jobs
are expected to be among the slowest growing of all occupations. Other occupational categories
seeing significant growth in employment levels include bachelor’s degree careers and careers
requiring moderate-term on-the-job training. Although bachelor’s degree jobs had employment
levels roughly half the size of moderate-term on-the-job training jobs in 2004, their 24.8 percent
growth rate is expected to almost double that for moderate-term on-the-job training jobs, thereby
causing bachelor’s degree jobs to exceed moderate-term on-the-job training jobs in new job
growth over the projection period.

Total Employment Growth
by Job Preparation Level

First Professional Degree 10,360

Doctoral Degree 5,290

Master's Degree 12,590

Work Experience plus Bachelor's or
53,750
Higher Degree

Bachelor's Degree 122,350

Associate's Degree 42,570

Postsecondary Vocational Training 47,940

Work Experience in a Related
51,070
Occupation

Long-term on-the-job Training 42,720

Moderate-term on-the-job Training 121,500

Short-term on-the-job Training 256,460

Occupational Employment 23
The Impact of Education and Training
On Job Growth On Earnings
Fueled by the phenomenal growth in Wages vary greatly by occupation.
health-related occupations, careers Among the most important factors
requiring an associate’s degree will affecting wages in different occupa-
be the fastest growing of all eleven tions is the level of education and
job preparation levels, growing at training required for employment. In
30.0 percent to 2014. Careers requir- general, the more education and train-
ing a doctoral degree are expected to ing that one has, the higher the aver-
follow closest behind, growing at age wage. As seen in the chart below,
26.9 percent as a result of the rapid occupational groups requiring college
growth in higher education in Geor- training are among the highest paid
gia. In fact, career growth in all occu- and occupational groups that do not
pational categories requiring some require any formal education beyond
formal education beyond high school high school are generally among the
is projected to exceed the statewide lowest paying.
average of 18.2 percent. Career
growth in all categories not requiring
any education beyond high school is
expected to be below average over
the projection period. Fast growth in
occupations means that they will
provide a larger share of new posi-
tions in the future, thereby providing
better employment prospects.

24 Georgia Workforce 2014 Occupational Employment
Education and Training Pays
The chart below tells an old story
...the more you learn, the more you earn and
the better your future employment prospects.

Average Annual Growth Rate, 2004-2014 2006 Georgia Average Annual Wages
1.9% First professional degree $126,400

2.4% Doctoral degree $65,000

2.1% Master’s degree $56,400

2.0% Work experience plus Bachelor’s $89,900
or higher degree
2.2% Bachelor’s degree $56,900

2.7% Associate’s degree $47,900

2.1% Postsecondary vocational training $31,600

1.4% Work experience in a related $45,900
occupation
1.5% Long-term on-the-job training $35,300

1.3% Moderate-term on-the-job training $32,000

1.6% Short-term on-the-job training $21,200

25
Annual Openings – Job Preparation Levels
Job openings occur when new positions are added to the economy through business expansion or
whenever existing jobs are vacated by workers who permanently leave an occupation. The need to
replace workers who leave will normally result in more openings overall than job growth, and this
trend is expected to continue. In Georgia, twenty-five percent more annual job openings are pro-
jected to come from employee turnover than from business expansion through 2014.

Occupations requiring short-term and moderate-term on-the-job training are expected to generate
the majority of all job openings over the projection period, largely because of employee turnover.
Additionally, all occupational categories requiring no formal education beyond high school are
projected to create more openings from turnover than from job growth. For categories requiring
some postsecondary education, the opposite is true; all of them are expected to create more jobs
from business expansion than from job turnover.
Thousands
0 20 40 60 80

First Professional Degree New P o sitio ns
Jo b Replacements
Doctoral Degree

Master's Degree
Work Experience plus Bachelor's or
Higher Degree
Bachelor's Degree

Associate's Degree

Postsecondary Vocational Training
Work Experience in a Related
Occupation
Long-term on-the-job Training

Moderate-term on-the-job Training

Short-term on-the-job Training

26 Georgia Workforce 2014
Fastest Growing Occupations
Six of the twenty fastest growing occupations are in healthcare, reflective of the phenomenal
growth projected in the health services industry over the projection period. Five are computer-
related and are a by-product of rapid growth in the computer systems design industry. More than
half of the occupations have average wages above the statewide average of $17.96 per hour.

All twenty of these occupations have fast job growth; however, nine are projected to also pay well and
have plentiful job openings, thereby earning our designation as “HOT” over the projection period.

It is important to note that although all of these occupations are fast-growing, several of them are
small in employment volume and, as such, will have relatively few job openings per year. Musicians
and singers, arbitrators and mediators, transportation attendants, manicurists and pedicurists, and
choreographers will each have fewer than fifty job openings per year over the projections decade.

Musicians & Singers 5.3%
Hot
Netw ork Systems & Data Communications
4.9%
Analysts

Hot Computer Softw are Engineers, Applications 4.7%
Home Health Aides 4.5%

Hot Physician Assistants 4.5%
Hot
Computer Softw are Engineers, Systems
4.5%
Softw are
Medical Assistants 4.4%
Arbitrators, Mediators, & Conciliators 4.4%
Mental Health & Substance Abuse Social
4.1%
Workers
Hot Dental Hygienists 4.0%
Transport Attendants, Ex Flight Attendants &
4.0%
Baggage Porters
Dental Assistants 3.9%

Hot Netw ork & Computer Systems Administrators 3.8%

Hot Physical Therapist Assistants 3.7%
Cementing & Gluing Machine Operators &
3.7%
Tenders
Nonfarm Animal Caretakers 3.7%
Manicurists & Pedicurists 3.6%

Hot Database Administrators 3.6%
Choreographers 3.6%
Special Ed Teachers, Preschool,
Hot
3.6%
Kindergarten, & Elem School

Occupational Employment 27
Occupations with the Most Job Growth
More than one in every three newly-created positions through 2014 will be in one of the occupa-
tions listed below. Registered nurses, a “HOT” career for this period, is third on the list. Other
“HOT” jobs making the list include general and operations managers, elementary school teachers,
and non-technical sales representatives.

The majority of these jobs are in occupations with large employment levels; many of them are
part-time. More than half of them are low-skill, low-wage jobs.

Retail Salespersons 32,190
Customer Service Representatives 23,330

Hot Registered Nurses 20,920
Waiters & Waitresses 19,270
Combined Food Prep & Serving
18,690
Workers, Incl Fast Food

Hot General & Operations Managers 16,420

Hot Elem School Teachers, Ex Special Ed 14,760
Laborers & Freight, Stock, & Material
13,510
Movers, Hand
Truck Drivers, Heavy & Tractor-Trailer 13,030
Janitors & Cleaners, Except Maids &
12,080
Housekeeping Cleaners
Nursing Aides, Orderlies, & Attendants 11,040
Teacher Assistants 10,820
Child Care Workers 10,370

Hot Sales Reps, Wholesale & Manufg, Ex
10,040
Technical & Scientific Products
Food Preparation Workers 9,970
Cashiers 9,380
Office Clerks, General 8,320
Truck Drivers, Light or Delivery
7,880
Services
Receptionists & Information Clerks 7,610
Cooks, Restaurant 7,460

28 Georgia Workforce 2014
Occupations with the Most Annual Openings
The twenty occupations on this list are projected to account for more than thirty-five percent of all
annual job openings through 2014. More than half of these require only short-term on-the-job
training. Accordingly, their average wages are low and most will result from high employee turn-
over.

There are, however, four “HOT” occupations on this list, for in addition to each of them having at
least 100 annual openings, these four also have fast job growth and high wages during the projec-
tion period.
Thousands
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

Retail Salespersons

Cashiers

Waiters & Waitresses
Combined Food Prep & Serving Workers, Incl Fast
Food
Laborers & Freight, Stock, & Material Movers,
Hand
Customer Service Representatives

Hot Registered Nurses

Hot General & Operations Managers

Hot Elem School Teachers, Except Special Education

Office Clerks, General

Hot Sales Reps, Wholesale & Manufg, Ex Tech &
Scientific Products
Janitors & Cleaners, Ex Maids & Housekeeping
Cleaners
Truck Drivers, Heavy & Tractor-Trailer

Stock Clerks & Order Fillers

Child Care Workers

Food Preparation Workers

Teacher Assistants

Team Assemblers

Supervisors of Office & Admin Support Workers New Positions
Job Replacements
Executive Secretaries & Administrative Assistants

Occupational Employment 29
Occupations with the Most Decline in Jobs
Occupational employment declines usually are caused by increased imports of or decreased de-
mand for specific goods and services, technology that increases productivity, and foreign competi-
tion. The twenty declining occupations listed below are no different. Five of them are in textiles
and apparel, including the top three. This industry is projected to continue to suffer tremendously
from foreign competition.

Although declining employment often results in unfavorable prospects or limited opportunity,
there will still be some job openings in these occupations over the projection period because of
employee turnover.

Textile Winding, Tw isting, & Draw ing Out Machine Setters,
-3,060
Operators, & Tenders
Textile Knitting & Weaving Machine Setters, Operators, &
-2,310
Tenders

-1,780 Sew ing Machine Operators

-1,700 File Clerks

-1,690 Mail Clerks & Mail Machine Operators, Ex Postal Service

-1,590 Order Clerks

-1,320 Computer Operators

-1,280 Credit Authorizers, Checkers, & Clerks

-880 Telemarketers

-850 Machine Feeders & Offbearers
Cutting, Punching, & Press Machine Setters, Operators, &
-770
Tenders, Metal and Plastic

-730 Meter Readers, Utilities

-650 Textile Bleaching & Dyeing Machine Operators & Tenders

-430 Sw itchboard Operators, Incl Answ ering Service

-390 Parts Salespersons

-380 Photographic Processing Machine Operators

-360 Tax Preparers

-340 Telephone Operators

-340 Saw ing Machine Setters, Operators, & Tenders, Wood
Separating, Filtering, Clarifying, Precipitating, & Still Machine
-340
Setters, Operators, & Tenders

30 Georgia Workforce 2014
Most Job Growth: Graduate Degree
(First Professional, Doctoral, or Master’s)
New job growth in these occupations is expected to be the greatest in careers relating to education
and healthcare, as all but one of the occupations listed below are in these two industries. In addi-
tion to providing excellent prospects for jobseekers, the new jobs listed below are among the
highest paid in Georgia’s economy.

Moreover, there are nine “HOT” jobs on the list because they are fast-growing and high-paying,
with plentiful (at least 100) job openings expected over the projections period.

Lawyers 2,490

Hot Instructional Coordinators 2,450

Hot Pharmacists 1,930

Hot Educational, Vocational, & School Counselors 1,040

Hot Physical Therapists 940

Hot Clinical, Counseling, & School Psychologists 770

Health Specialties Teachers, Postsecondary 770

Hot Internists, General 770

Hot Occupational Therapists 740

Hot Education Teachers, Postsecondary 720

Hot Business Teachers, Postsecondary 650

Dentists, General 620
Mental Health & Substance Abuse Social
550
Workers
Librarians 550

Family & General Practitioners 550

Art, Drama, & Music Teachers, Postsecondary 510

Surgeons 500

Health Educators 480
English Language & Literature Teachers,
480
Postsecondary
Pediatricians, General 430

Occupational Employment 31
MostJob Growth: Bachelor’s or Higher Degree
plus Work Experience
The vast majority of the careers on this list are managerial, reflecting the experience these workers
usually have. The top job in this category, general and operations managers, is also among the top
jobs overall in job growth and most expected annual openings.

In addition, there are 14 “HOT” jobs on the list because they are fast-growing and high-paying,
with plentiful (at least 100) job openings expected over the projections period.

All the occupations represented here have above average wages.

Hot General & Operations Managers 16,420

Hot Management Analysts 4,780

Hot Chief Executives 4,580

Hot Sales Managers 4,560

Hot Computer & Information Systems Managers 3,400
Financial Managers 3,100

Hot Administrative Services Managers 2,200

Hot Medical & Health Services Managers 1,970

Hot Ed Administrators, Elem & Secondary School 1,870

Hot Marketing Managers 1,820
Hot Vocational Education Teachers,
1,390
Postsecondary

Hot Engineering Managers 1,120
Farm, Ranch, & Other Agricultural Managers 840

Hot Ed Admins, Preschool & Child Care
790
Center/Program

Hot Ed Admins, Postsecondary 630

Hot Vocational Ed Teachers, Secondary School 590
Compensation & Benefits Managers 420
Producers & Directors 400

Training & Development Managers 370

Advertising & Promotions Managers 340
Purchasing Managers 340

32 Georgia Workforce 2014
Most Job Growth: Bachelor’s Degree
The occupations in this list are projected to generate eleven percent of the total job growth in all
occupations for 2004-2014. Five of these jobs relate to computers and six to education, two of
Georgia’s top-growth industries. One of the top-growth occupations in the state—elementary
school teachers—is in this category.

Additionally, all but one of these jobs have earned the “HOT” designation for the projections
period because they are fast-growing and high-paying, with plentiful (at least 100) expected annual
job openings.

Hot Elem School Teachers, Except Special Ed 14,760

Hot Computer Softw are Engineers, Applications 7,450

Hot Computer Systems Analysts 6,690

Hot Secondary School Teachers, Ex Special & Voc Ed 6,380

Hot Computer Softw are Engineers, Systems Softw are 6,150

Hot Netw ork Systems & Data Communications Analysts 5,760

Hot Middle School Teachers, Ex Special & Voc Ed 5,510

Hot Accountants & Auditors 5,440

Hot Netw ork & Computer Systems Administrators 3,480

Hot Personal Financial Advisors 3,410

Hot Employment, Recruitment, & Placement Specialists 2,990
Hot Special Ed Teachers, Preschool, Kindgrtn, & Elem
2,880
School

Hot Construction Managers 2,700

Hot Kindergarten Teachers, Except Special Education 2,410

Hot Directors, Religious Activities & Education 1,710

Hot Training & Development Specialists 1,660

Hot Special Education Teachers, Middle School 1,440

Child, Family, & School Social Workers 1,400

Hot Medical & Clinical Laboratory Technologists 1,270

Hot Financial Analysts 1,180

Occupational Employment 33
Most Job Growth: Associate’s Degree
Careers found in the healthcare industry account for more than 72 percent of the projected new job
growth among occupations on this list. This growth is dominated by registered nurses, the third
largest top-growth occupation in Georgia. Almost half of the expected new positions requiring this
job preparation level will be among registered nurses.

In addition, nine of the occupations on the list have been given the “HOT” label, for they are fast-
growing, high-paying, and are expected to offer plentiful (at least 100) job openings over the
projections period.

The majority of these occupations pay above average wages.

Hot Registered Nurses 20,920

Hot Computer Support Specialists 5,750

Hot Dental Hygienists 2,370

Hot Paralegals & Legal Assistants 1,950

Hot Radiologic Technologists & Technicians 1,370

Medical & Clinical Laboratory Technicians 1,280

Medical Records & Health Info Technicians 1,210

Hot Respiratory Therapists 1,000

Electrical & Electronic Engineering Technicians 670

Hot Physical Therapist Assistants 670

Hot Interior Designers 590

Hot Civil Engineering Technicians 510

Veterinary Technologists & Technicians 440

Diagnostic Medical Sonographers 430

Cardiovascular Technologists & Technicians 350

Industrial Engineering Technicians 280

Environmental Engineering Technicians 270

Broadcast Technicians 230

Medical Equipment Repairers 230

Radiation Therapists 190

34 Georgia Workforce 2014
Most Job Growth: Postsecondary Vocational Training
At this job preparation level, occupations that are projected to gain the most new jobs have a
variety of tasks, settings, and earnings. Six of them are health-related occupations. Three of them
are mechanical. Automotive, bus and truck, and mobile heavy equipment mechanics make up one
in every seven new jobs represented here.

Two of these occupations have earned the designation of “HOT”, as they are expected to have fast
growth, pay high wages, and have at least 100 job openings per year over the period from 2004-2014.

Four of these occupations pay above average wages; half have wages very near the statewide average.

Nursing Aides, Orderlies, & Attendants 11,040

Hairdressers, Hairstylists, & Cosmetologists 6,290

Licensed Practical & Licensed Vocational Nurses 4,520

Automotive Service Technicians & Mechanics 4,010

Preschool Teachers, Except Special Education 3,900

Real Estate Sales Agents 2,160

EMTs and Paramedics 2,100
Bus & Truck Mechanics & Diesel Engine
1,690
Specialists
Legal Secretaries 1,400

Fitness Trainers & Aerobics Instructors 1,230

Surgical Technologists 1,000

Medical Transcriptionists 840

Medical Secretaries 700
Mobile Heavy Equipment Mechanics, Except
640
Engines

Hot Appraisers & Assessors of Real Estate 600

Hot Electrical & Electronics Repairers, Comm & Indust
560
Equipment
Massage Therapists 540

Skin Care Specialists 520
Computer, Automated Teller, & Office Machine
480
Repairers
Security & Fire Alarm Systems Installers 430

Occupational Employment 35
Most Job Growth: Work Experience
in a Related Occupation
Supervisory occupations, which often require this level of training, are projected to gain many jobs
over the projections decade. One of these—office and administrative support supervisors—is also
among the occupations projected to have the most annual job openings overall.

Additionally, six of these jobs have earned the “HOT” designation for the projections period
because they are fast-growing and high-paying, with plentiful (at least 100) expected job openings.

The majority of these occupations have average wages that exceed Georgia’s overall average wage
of $17.96 per hour.

Supvsrs of Food Preparation & Serving Workers 6,890

Supvsrs of Office & Admin Support Workers 6,140

Hot Supvsrs of Construction Trades & Extraction Workers 4,840

Supvsrs of Retail Sales Workers 4,740

Supvsrs of Mechanics, Installers, & Repairers 3,070

Supvsrs of Production & Operating Workers 2,520

Self-Enrichment Education Teachers 2,370

Hot Food Service Managers 2,230

Hot Supvsrs of Transport & Material-Moving Mach & Vehicle
1,770
Operators
Supvsrs of Personal Service Workers 1,750

Hot Cost Estimators 1,680
Supvsrs of Landscaping, Lawn Service, &
1,400
Groundskeeping Workers
Supvsrs of Housekeeping & Janitorial Workers 1,380

Supvsrs of Non-Retail Sales Workers 1,090
Purchasing Agents, Except Wholesale, Retail, & Farm
920
Products
Supvsrs of Helpers, Laborers, & Material Movers, Hand 860

Hot Transportation, Storage, & Distribution Managers 850

Hot Construction & Building Inspectors 650

Industrial Production Managers 580

Chefs and Head Cooks 460

36 Georgia Workforce 2014
Most Job Growth: Long-term on-the-job Training
Many of the occupations on this list offer apprenticeships as the usual route to job entry. Carpen-
ters, electricians, plumbers, and welders are just a few of the occupations requiring this level of
training. Police and firefighters are also in this category.

There are two “HOT” jobs on the list because they are fast-growing and high-paying, with plenti-
ful (at least 100) job openings expected over the projections period.

Seven of these jobs have above average wages and most of the others pay near the statewide average.

Cooks, Restaurant 7,460

Carpenters 5,650

Hot Electricians 3,830

Police & Sheriff's Patrol Officers 3,530

Hot Plumbers, Pipefitters, & Steamfitters 2,750

Fire Fighters 2,340

Welders, Cutters, Solderers, & Brazers 1,500

Machinists 1,450

Heating, Air Cond, & Refrig Mechanics & Installers 1,250

Sheet Metal Workers 1,140

Bakers 870

Industrial Machinery Mechanics 740

Electrical Power-Line Installers & Repairers 710

Butchers & Meat Cutters 700

Coaches & Scouts 660

Automotive Body & Related Repairers 620

Telecommunications Line Installers & Repairers 610

Claims Adjusters, Examiners, & Investigators 600
Water & Liquid Waste Trtmt Plant & System
580
Operators
Telecommunications Equipment Installers and
520
Repairers, Except Line Installers

Occupational Employment 37
Most Job Growth: Moderate-term on-the-job Training
More occupations in Georgia require this level of education and training than any other class, as
183 jobs belong to this category. The twenty occupations listed below are expected to produce
almost one in every seven new jobs overall over the projection decade.

Two of the jobs listed below—customer service representatives and heavy/tractor-trailer truck
drivers—are among both the top jobs for employment growth and for the most anticipated job
openings in the state.

Two occupations on the list have earned the “HOT” designation for 2004-2014 as a result of
having fast job growth, high pay, and plentiful expected job openings.

Truck Drivers, Heavy & Tractor-Trailer 13,030

Hot Sales Reps, Whlsl & Manufng, Ex Tech & Scientific
10,040
Products
Maintenance & Repair Workers, General 7,390

Exec Secretaries & Admin Assistants 7,380

Team Assemblers 6,570

Construction Laborers 6,130

Medical Assistants 5,750

Bookkeeping, Accounting, & Auditing Clerks 4,750
Operating Engineers & Other Construction
3,460
Equipment Operators
Hot Sales Reps, Whlsl & Manufng, Tech & Scientific
3,300
Products
Social & Human Service Assistants 3,240

Dental Assistants 2,990

Pharmacy Technicians 2,210

Cooks, Institution & Cafeteria 1,870

Painters, Construction & Maintenance 1,840

Cement Masons & Concrete Finishers 1,370

Payroll & Timekeeping Clerks 1,290

Slaughterers & Meat Packers 1,290

Correctional Officers & Jailers 1,260

38 Georgia Workforce 2014
Most Job Growth: Short-term on-the-job Training
Twenty-six percent of all gains in new jobs for 2004-2014 are represented by the occupations
listed below. Twelve of these occupations are among the overall leaders in expected job growth in
Georgia and half are among the occupations with the most expected annual job openings. It turns
out, however, that the majority of the annual openings in these jobs will come from high employee
turnover, as a result of the relatively low average wages in these jobs.

Retail Salespersons 32,190

Waiters & Waitresses 19,270
Combined Food Prep & Serving Workers,
18,690
Incl Fast Food
Laborers & Freight, Stock, & Material
13,510
Movers, Hand
Janitors & Cleaners, Ex Maids &
12,080
Housekeeping Cleaners
Teacher Assistants 10,820

Child Care Workers 10,370

Food Preparation Workers 9,970

Cashiers 9,380

Office Clerks, General 8,320

Truck Drivers, Light or Delivery Services 7,880

Receptionists & Information Clerks 7,610

Cooks, Fast Food 6,530

Landscaping & Groundskeeping Workers 6,130

Bill & Account Collectors 5,540

Maids & Housekeeping Cleaners 5,170

Personal & Home Care Aides 5,110

Packers & Packagers, Hand 5,070

Industrial Truck & Tractor Operators 4,640

Security Guards 4,180

Occupational Employment 39
Notes
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40 Georgia Workforce 2014