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Solar Seeker Project Guideline

The solar seeker device allows one to create a prototype of an adapt solar energy system where the solar panel can be optimized to produ the most energy. The basic idea is to mount two solar panels on a rotating structure. A robotic control technique can be used to make sure the two solar panels are oriented to face directly to the sun (or the brightest light source). This prototyping structure has three components:

1. The rotating frame for the solar panels. This is a simple structure controlled by a motor allowing it to rotate the mounted solar panels along one axis (1-D motion) Click for the frame assembly procedure 2. The sensing circuit. This is a small circuit board that can sense the amount of energy each solar panel is generating. It then sends this information to the controlling device (the gogoboard). Click for the sensor board assembly procedure

3. The gogoboard. The two first components are combined to work together through the gogoboard, which can be programmed to process the sensor inputs and control the motors accordingly. Click here for gogoboard integration procedure

1. Solar Panel Frame Assembly


Required Parts

1. There are five pieces for the frame, each a labeled with numbers from 1-5. Get two of each except for part number 4. 2. One Tamiya 4-speed crank axle gearbox. Gearbox assembly procedures are inside the box. Assemble using the highest gearing ratio (5402:1). 3. Two sets of screw/nuts. Four sets of #4 screw/nut. They are labeled "P". These screws will be used to moun the top panel of the frame (part number 2) to the motor's axle. Two screws. They are labeled "M". These screws will hold the motor body to the pa (part number 4)

Assembly Procedure:
[Click image for a larger version]

1. Assemble the Tamiya motor at the highest gearing ratio (5402:1). Solder the motor control wires. Screw the motor to part number 4 using the screws labeled "M".

2. Lay part number 1 on a table. Attach part number 4 a make sure the motor axial goes through the top hole o part number 1. Attach two pieces of part number 5 to th base of part number 1.

3. Attach the second piece of part number 1.

4. Screw the Tamiya motor cranks to part number 2 usin the screws and nuts labeled "P".

5. Attach the crank from step 4 to the motor axial. The stand is now complete.

6. Place the solar panel on part number 3. Screw it in place.

7. The top side should appear as shown in the above image.

8. Turn the stand from step 5 upside down and attach it the solar panel from step 7. Do the same for both solar panels.

Photo sample of the completed solar seeker

Another photo of the completed solar seeker

2. The Sensing Circuit


Required Components

Label Relay R1,R3 R2,R4 C1,C2 T1,T2 con1,3,4 con2

Description Sensor Circuit PCB Latching Relay 1 MOhm Potentiometer 33 KOhm Resistor 4.7 uF Polarized Capacitor 2N3904 Transistor Male header / wires set Power jack / wire set

Quantity 1 1 2 2 2 2 3 1

Assembly Procedure:
[Click image for a larger version]

1. Solder all the components to the circuit board.

2. Solder two wires to CON1. The other end connects a male connector. Use a 3x1 connector with the middl pin removed. Polarity is NOT important.

3. Solder two wires to CON2. Connect the other end to the power jack. Make sure the positive is on the inside.

4. Solder two wires to the outer two pins of CON3. Solder the other end to a 4x1 male connector with the third pin removed. Do the same for CON4. Note that th middle unused pin helps to correctly orient the connect when plugging into the gogoboard.

3. Integration with the Gogoboard

[Larger PDF version]

Operation

The solar panel has two functions. One is to change batteries and the other is to sense the direction of light (from th sun in most cases). But the solar panels can perform only one function at a time. Thus, a relay is used to switch

between the two modes. This relay is controlled by the gogoboard. Here's what happens in each mode:

Charging Mode:
Power from the solar panels goes through the relay directly to the the power jack, which connects to batteries. No power is fed through the sensors. Thus, no sensor reading is available in this mode.

Sense Mode:

The relay directs the power from the solar panels to the sensor ports allowing the gogoboard to decide how to contr the panel's direction. No battery charging takes place in this mode. While in sensing mode, the potentiometer (the blue parts on the circuit board) allows calibration of the sensor readings. The sensitivity of the sensor can be adjusted by turning the dial.

Photo sample of the assembled solar seeker