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NGN White Paper-Ashutosh Pandey

Next generation network(NGN)

Next generation network (NGN) is a broad terms used to describe key architectural evolutions in telecommunication core and access networks. The general idea behind the NGN is that one network transports all information and services (voice, data, and all sorts of media such as video) by encapsulating these into packets, similar to those used on the Internet. NGNs are commonly built around the Internet Protocol, and therefore the term all IP is also sometimes used to describe the transformation toward NGN.

According to ITU-T, the definition is:

A Next generation network (NGN) is a packet-based network which can provide services including Telecommunication Services and able to make use of multiple broadband, Quality of Service-enabled transport technologies and in which service-related functions are independent from underlying transport-related technologies. It offers unrestricted access by users to different service providers. It supports generalized mobility which will allow consistent and ubiquitous provision of services to users.

NGN involves three main architectural changes that need to be looked at separately:

NGN implies a consolidation of several (dedicated or overlay) transport networks each historically built for a different service into one core transport network (often based on IP and Ethernet).

In the wired access network, NGN implies the migration from the dual system of legacy voice next to x-DSL setup in local exchanges to a converged setup in which the DSLAMs integrate voice ports or VoIP, making it possible to remove the voice switching infrastructure from the exchange

NGN convergence implies migration of constant bit rate voice to Cable Labs Packet Cable standards that provide VoIP and SIP services. Both services ride over DOCSIS as the cable data layer standard.

NGN White Paper-Ashutosh Pandey









including Internet

Protocol (IP) and Multiprotocol Label Switching (MPLS). At the application level, Session Initiation Protocol (SIP) seems to be taking over from ITU-T H.323. Initially H.323 was the most popular protocol, though its popularity decreased in the "local loop" due to its original poor traversal of Network address translation (NAT) and firewalls.

What Do We Know? NGN Service Characteristics 1. Ubiquitous, real-time, multi-media communications 2. More personal intelligence distributed throughout the network 3. More network intelligence distributed throughout the network 4. More simplicity for users

What Dont We Know? 1. Specialized resource services 2. Processing and storage services 3. Middleware services 4. Application-specific services 5. Content provision services that provide or broker information content 6. Interworking services for interactions with other types of applications, services, networks, protocols, or formats.

NGN White Paper-Ashutosh Pandey

Next Generation Service Architecture

NGN White Paper-Ashutosh Pandey

Open Service Interfaces

Why are NGNs important for service providers? - Public network carriers should (and must) pursue NGNs to offer value-added services. This will be their new strategic Differentiator!

What are the most important trends, characteristics, and specific services in an NGN Environment? Although it is difficult to predict what the next killer applications will be,this paper lists service characteristics and capabilities that will be important in the NGNEnvironment based on service-related industry trends.

What attributes should a Next Generation Service Architecture possess? - One of the primary goals of NGNs is to provide a common, unified, and flexible service architecturethat can support multiple types of services and management applications over multipletypes of transport.

NGN White Paper-Ashutosh Pandey

Points To Ponder:
Issues to be kept in mind while planning for NGN deployment Latency (delay) Jitter Bandwidth Packet loss Reliability Security Inter-operability

NGN drivers Converged network Fixed and mobile

Multiple services Dynamic VPN Gaming and other real-time applications Differentiated service offerings Enterprise and residential services Conversational VoIP & video IPTV and content streaming Bandwidth on demand

Bandwidth Manager Values


NGN White Paper-Ashutosh Pandey

New services and business models Speed to market (voice, video, data, etc) Increased network efficiency Increased operational efficiency Reduced MPLS provisioning End-to-end Qos