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Robust AMR Signalling
DN70284148 Issue 1-0 en 27/02/2008
# Nokia Siemens Networks
Robust AMR Signalling 2 (16) # Nokia Siemens Networks DN70284148 Issue 1-0 en 27/02/2008 .
1 4.2 5 6 Overview of Robust AMR Signalling 5 Requirements for Robust AMR Signalling 7 Technical description of Robust AMR Signalling 9 Functionality of Robust AMR Signalling 11 Triggering conditions for FACCH/SACCH repetition and power increment 11 Measurement reporting and averaging parameters with SACCH repetition 12 Effect of Robust AMR Signalling on interfaces 13 User interface of Robust AMR Signalling 15 DN70284148 Issue 1-0 en 27/02/2008 # Nokia Siemens Networks 3 (16) .Contents Contents Contents 3 1 2 3 4 4.
Robust AMR Signalling 4 (16) # Nokia Siemens Networks DN70284148 Issue 1-0 en 27/02/2008 .
the mobile stations (MSs) and BTSs can ask for SACCH frames to be repeated exactly on transmit. Robust AMR Signalling (BSS20872) is a licence-based application software product that consists of four separately controlled features: . FACCH and SACCH repetition improve the C/I up to 4 dB. FACCH and SACCH repetition for repeated ACCH capable mobiles on AMR From 3GPP Release 6 onwards. similar to the incremental redundancy defined for EGPRS data. so that the original frame and its repeat can be decoded together using incremental redundancy (soft combining) type decode. . . This results in calls being dropped even though their speech quality is still acceptable. the downlink FACCH can be repeated to give the MS two chances to decode the FACCH before each link timeout and retry of the protocol. The effective C/I for downlink FACCH and uplink/downlink SACCH can be improved by increasing the base station (BTS) Tx power for FACCH. The transmit repeat and incremental redundancy on decode can also be used with downlink FACCH frames. FACCH repetition for legacy mobiles on AMR FR FACCH repetition for legacy mobiles on AMR HR For legacy MSs (Release 5 or older). FACCH power increment DN70284148 Issue 1-0 en 27/02/2008 # Nokia Siemens Networks 5 (16) . or by repeating the FACCH/SACCH block. .Overview of Robust AMR Signalling 1 Overview of Robust AMR Signalling Low-rate AMR FR codecs provide satisfactory speech quality in radio channels whose carrier-to-interference ratio (C/I) is up to 4 dB worse than that needed to give reliable operation of the FACCH and SACCH control channels.
112 AMR Signalling Measurement . Parameters . 6 (16) # Nokia Siemens Networks DN70284148 Issue 1-0 en 27/02/2008 . .Robust AMR Signalling For legacy MSs (Release 5 or older). Radio network performance . EE . MML commands . Benefits of Robust AMR Signalling . Activating and Testing BSS20872: Robust AMR Signalling Reference . Counters/performance indicators . Commands . Enhanced Speech Codecs: AMR and EFR Install and upgrade . including in-building coverage. reduced dropped call rate in heavily loaded networks increased coverage.Base Station Controller Parameter Handling in BSC . the BTS Tx power for downlink AMR FACCH bursts can be increased by 2 dB up to the maximum transmission power of the BTS (Pmax). Radio network performance . in lightly loaded networks FACCH and SACCH repetition improve the C/I by up to 4 dB. Software . FACCH repetition and power increment together provide an improvement of up to 4 dB in C/I for FACCH decode. Related topics . Licensing in BSC Test and activate . . . Call control measurements (CS) . . Feature descriptions . BSS Radio Network Parameter Dictionary .
Hardware requirements Table 2.0 Not supported Not supported Not applicable Not applicable OSS4. No requirements.2 Network element BSC Nokia Flexi EDGE BTSs Nokia UltraSite EDGE BTSs Nokia MetroSite EDGE BTSs Nokia Talk-family BTSs Nokia InSite BTSs MSC/HLR SGSN Nokia NetAct Table Required software shows the earliest version that supports Robust AMR Signalling. Required software Software release required S13 EP2.0 CX6. Required hardware Hardware requirements No requirements.Requirements for Robust AMR Signalling 2 Requirements for Robust AMR Signalling Software requirements Table 1.0 CXM6. UltraSite and MetroSite TRXs have to be EDGE-capable or equipped with an EDGE-capable baseband unit. Network element BSC BTS TCSM DN70284148 Issue 1-0 en 27/02/2008 # Nokia Siemens Networks 7 (16) .
8 (16) # Nokia Siemens Networks DN70284148 Issue 1-0 en 27/02/2008 . . End-user equipment 3GPP Release 6 compliant MS is required for SACCH repetition.) Hardware requirements No requirements. Network element SGSN Frequency band support The BSC supports Robust AMR Signalling on the following frequency bands: . Although any MS can be used for FACCH repetition.Robust AMR Signalling Table 2. Required hardware (cont. GSM 800 GSM 900 GSM 1800 GSM 1900 . . only a Release 6 compliant MS can derive the full benefit from it.
as illustrated in the following table. they are in use only if AMR Full Rate.15. Table 3. or 5. The capability is indicated in the Mobile Station Classmark 3 information element that the MS sends on the SDCCH if the value of the segment-specific parameter early sending indication (ESI) is Y (Yes).75 kbit/s is the lowest one in the active AMR HR codec set and either 4. 5.Technical description of Robust AMR Signalling 3 Technical description of Robust AMR Signalling Interworking AMR Full Rate and AMR Half Rate Although you can enable the four features that comprise Robust AMR Signalling whenever the Robust AMR Signalling feature has been installed. or both are enabled. Relationship between Robust AMR Signalling features and AMR FR/ HR AMR requirement AMR FR AMR HR AMR FR or AMR HR (or both) AMR FR or AMR HR (or both) Feature FACCH repetition for legacy mobiles on AMR FR FACCH repetition for legacy mobiles on AMR HR FACCH and SACCH repetition for repeated ACCH capable mobiles on AMR FACCH power increment FACCH repetition is possible only if the codec mode 4. AMR Half Rate.75. DN70284148 Issue 1-0 en 27/02/2008 # Nokia Siemens Networks 9 (16) . Early classmark sending The BSC has to know the repeated ACCH capability of the MS before sending a CHANNEL ACTIVATION message to the BTS.9 is the lowest one in the AMR FR codec set.
it considers the MS to be incapable of ACCH repetition. 10 (16) # Nokia Siemens Networks DN70284148 Issue 1-0 en 27/02/2008 .Robust AMR Signalling If the BSC does not receive the information before sending the CHANNEL ACTIVATION message.
9 kbit/s. following the expiry of the timer T3105.15.75. or 5.Functionality of Robust AMR Signalling 4 4. 5. Furthermore. If the BCCH power level is less than TRXmax. is also a trigger. which for AMR FR calls is either 4. Power increment only applies when the Tx power used for the call is less than the maximum power capability of the TRX (TRXmax).75. since the BCCH carrier power level must remain constant. 5. and for AMR HR calls 4. Note that FACCH repetition is enabled separately for AMR HR and AMR FR. the expiry of the timer T200 for the frame is also required.15. 6 compliant MS FACCH repetition is triggered if the MS requests the lowest downlink codec. or 5. The retransmission of the PHYSICAL INFORMATION message. following the expiry of the timer T3105. The retransmission of the PHYSICAL INFORMATION message. FACCH repetition for Rel. the power increment applies only to FACCH bursts sent on non-BCCH carriers. then the FACCHs may be sent at a power level that is 2 dB higher than the BCCH power level. is also a trigger.1 Functionality of Robust AMR Signalling Triggering conditions for FACCH/SACCH repetition and power increment FACCH repetition and FACCH power increment for legacy MS FACCH repetition and/or power increment is triggered if the MS requests the lowest downlink codec.75 kbit/s. DN70284148 Issue 1-0 en 27/02/2008 # Nokia Siemens Networks 11 (16) . which for AMR FR calls is either 4. and for AMR HR calls 4. For AMR HR calls.75 kbit/s.9 kbit/s.
if the value is 3 and the BTS fails to decode two of the preceding three blocks. the MS resends the same MEASUREMENT REPORT message during the next SACCH period. it always sends the MEASUREMENT REPORT message to the BSC when it is correctly decoded. Because the BTS cannot determine whether the message sent by the MS is the same or a new one.2 Measurement reporting and averaging parameters with SACCH repetition When the BTS fails to decode the uplink SACCH and therefore cannot receive the MEASUREMENT REPORT message from the MS. If the value of the parameter is 1. a decoding failure of a SACCH block means that a repeat command is sent to the MS in the next downlink SACCH block. triggering SACCH repetition depends on the number of uplink SACCH single decode block errors and the value of the SACCH Repeat Window (SRW) parameter. With uplink SACCH repetition. For example. 4. 6 compliant MS In the downlink direction. it commands the MS to repeat a SACCH block.Robust AMR Signalling SACCH repetition for Rel. In the uplink direction. it sends only the uplink measurements to the BSC in the MEASUREMENT RESULT message for that SACCH period. Values 2 to 15 can be used to define the number of consecutive SACCH blocks that can contain two decoding failures before a repeat command is sent to the MS. This may cause the same report to be used twice in the averaging of serving and adjacent cells. SACCH repetition is triggered if a Rel.6 compliant MS requests for SACCH frames to be repeated. 12 (16) # Nokia Siemens Networks DN70284148 Issue 1-0 en 27/02/2008 .
. The AMR Signalling Data Information field in the Uplink Measurements information element in the MEASUREMENT RESULT message contains information on the preceding SACCH period. . The Uplink Measurements information element also contains the BTS's estimation whether the MS used discontinuous transmission (DTX) in the reporting period and information on the validity of the estimation. DN70284148 Issue 1-0 en 27/02/2008 # Nokia Siemens Networks 13 (16) . Abis interface The optional ACCH Control information element in the CHANNEL ACTIVATION message is used by the BSC to inform the BTS whether it can use FACCH/SACCH repetition or FACCH power increment during the call.Effect of Robust AMR Signalling on interfaces 5 Effect of Robust AMR Signalling on interfaces Radio interface The Repeated ACCH Capability field of the Mobile Station Classmark 3 information element in the CLASSMARK UPDATE message indicates whether the MS supports FACCH/SACCH repetition. whether uplink SACCH was decoded using soft combining whether the MS requested downlink SACCH repetition whether the BTS ordered uplink SACCH repetition whether the BTS repeated a downlink SACCH frame the number of downlink FACCH blocks that were repeated the number of downlink FACCH blocks that were not repeated. . . . This information includes the following: .
Gb interface No effect.Robust AMR Signalling A interface No effect. 14 (16) # Nokia Siemens Networks DN70284148 Issue 1-0 en 27/02/2008 .
Base Station Controller Parameter Handling in BSC (EE) The following commands are used for handling Robust AMR Signalling: EEO. SACCH repeat window (SRW) MMLs . Licence and Feature Handling (W7) Counters 112 AMR Signalling Measurement contains the counters related to Robust AMR Signalling. These counters are updated according to the information received in the AMR Signalling Data Information field in the Uplink Measurements information element in the MEASUREMENT RESULT message Number 112000 112001 112002 112003 112004 112005 Name TCH SEIZURES FOR REP ACCH CAPABLE MS UL SACCH FRAME SOFT COMBININGS REPEATED DL SACCH FRAMES UL SACCH REPETITION REQUESTS REPEATED DL FACCH BLOCKS NON REPEATED DL FACCH BLOCKS DN70284148 Issue 1-0 en 27/02/2008 # Nokia Siemens Networks 15 (16) .User interface of Robust AMR Signalling 6 User interface of Robust AMR Signalling Parameters The following BSC radio network object parameter is used for handling Robust AMR Signalling: . EEQ .
see 112 AMR Signalling Measurement under Reference/Counters/performance indicators in the PDF view.Robust AMR Signalling For more information. 16 (16) # Nokia Siemens Networks DN70284148 Issue 1-0 en 27/02/2008 .
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