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MODUL PECUTAN JPN KELANTAN 2012 BIOLOGI

SET 1

Section A
[ 60 marks ]
Answer all questions.
The time suggested to complete this section is 90 minutes

Diagram 1 shows two cells, X and Y.


Rajah 1 menunjukkan dua sel, X dan Y.

P
R

CELL X

CELL Y
Diagram 1/Rajah 1

(a) (i)

Name P, Q and R.
Namakan P, Q dan R.
P:
Q:
R:...
[ 3 marks ]

(ii)

State one function of:


Nyatakan satu fungsi bagi:
Q:
R:.
[ 2 marks ]

MODUL PECUTAN JPN KELANTAN 2012 BIOLOGI

SET 1

(b) Which is a plant cell, X or Y? Why?


Yang manakah sel tumbuhan, X atau Y? Kenapa?
...
...
[ 2 marks ]
(c) State two differences between an animal cell and a plant cell.
Nyatakan dua perbezaan di antara sel haiwan dan sel tumbuhan.
...
..
[ 2 marks ]
(d) (i) Write a word equation to show the overall reaction that occurs in organelle P.
Tuliskan persamaan perkataan untuk menunjukkan keseluruhan tindak balas yang
berlaku di organel P.
..
[ 1 mark ]
(ii) Predict what happens to a cell if organelle P is absent.
Ramalkan apa yang akan berlaku kepada sel sekiranya organel P tiada.
...
...
[ 2 marks ]

MODUL PECUTAN JPN KELANTAN 2012 BIOLOGI

SET 1

2 Diagram 2.1 shows a cell during cell division process.


Rajah 2.1 menunjukkan satu sel semasa proses pembahagian sel.

Diagram 2.1/Rajah 2.1


(a) (i)

Identify the type of cell division in Diagram 2.1


Kenalpasti jenis pembahagian sel dalam rajah 2.1
.
[ 1 mark ]

(ii) Name the stage of cell division mentioned in (a)(i)


Namakan peringkat pembahagian sel yang dinyatakan dalam (a)(i).
...
[ 1 mark ]
(iii)

Name the stage of cell division after the state you have mentioned in (a)(ii).
Namakan peringkat pembahagian sel selepas peringkat yang anda nyatakan
dalam (a)(ii).
....
[ 1 mark ]

(iv)

Draw the stage of cell division mentioned in (a)(iii) in the space provided
below.
Lukiskan peringkat pembahagian sel yang dinyatakan di (a)(iii) di ruangan yang
disediakan di bawah.

[ 1 mark ]

MODUL PECUTAN JPN KELANTAN 2012 BIOLOGI

SET 1

(b) State the chromosomal number in the parent cell before cell division and in daughter
cell after cell division is completed.
Nyatakan bilangan kromosom dalam sel induk sebelum proses pembahagian sel dan
dalam sel anak selepas proses pembahagian sel .
Before : ....
After

: ....
[ 2 marks ]

(c) Diagram 2.2 shows an event during meiosis.


Rajah 2.2 menunjukkan suatu kejadian semasa meiosis.

Diagram 2.2/Rajah 2.2


(i)

Name the process occur at Y.


Namakan proses yang berlaku di Y.

[ 1 mark ]

(ii) The process mentioned in (c)(i) cause variation in organism. Explain how it
happen.
Proses yang dinyatakan dalam (c)(i) menyebabkan variasi dalam organism.
Terangkan bagaimana ia berlaku.

..
..
[ 2 marks ]

MODUL PECUTAN JPN KELANTAN 2012 BIOLOGI

SET 1

(d) Diagram 2.3 shows a type of chromosomal mutation.


Rajah 2.3 menunjukkan sejenis mutasi kromosom.

H
G
F

Diagram 2.3/Rajah 2.3


(i) State the type of this chromosomal mutation.
Nyatakan jenis mutasi kromosom ini.
..
[ 1 mark ]
(ii) Explain the type chromosomal mutation mentioned in (d)(i).
Terangkan jenis mutasi kromosom yang dinyatakan di (d)(i).
......................................................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................................................
[ 2 marks]

MODUL PECUTAN JPN KELANTAN 2012 BIOLOGI

SET 1

3 Diagram 3.1 shows the cross section of dicotyledonous leaf.


Rajah 3.1 menunjukkan keratan rentas daun dikotiledon

Diagram 3.1/Rajah 3.1


(a) (i) Name the structures labeled W and X.
Namakan stuktur-struktur berlabel W dan X.
W:
X:...
[ 2 marks ]
(ii)

Explain why structure W has a large number of chloroplast.


Terangkan kenapa struktur W mengandungi banyak kloroplas.
............................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................
[ 2 marks]

b)

Explain how the structure of epidermal cell helps the photosynthesis process in
leaves.
Terangkan bagaimana sel epidermis membantu proses fotosintesis dalam daun.
............................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................
............................................................................................................................................
[ 2 marks]

MODUL PECUTAN JPN KELANTAN 2012 BIOLOGI

SET 1

Diagram 3.2 shows the product and the raw material of photosynthesis
Rajah 3.2 menunjukkan hasil dan bahan mentah bagi fotosintesis.
Product
Hasil

Raw material
Bahan mentah

Hasil

Water
Air

R
Photosynthesis
Fotosintesis

oxygen

Diagram 3.2 / Rajah 3.2


(c)

State the substances S and R as shown in the Diagram 3.2


Nyatakan bahan S dan R seperti yang ditunjukkan di dalam Rajah 3.2
S :
R :
[ 2 marks ]

(d)

Explain how S gets into the structures W.


Terangkan bagaimana S boleh memasuki struktur W.
............................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................
[ 2 marks]

(e)

Explain what happen to R after photosynthesis.


Terangkan apa yang berlaku kepada R selepas fotosintesis.
............................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................
............................................................................................................................................
[ 2 marks]

MODUL PECUTAN JPN KELANTAN 2012 BIOLOGI

4.

SET 1

Diagram 4 shows the inheritance of colour blindness in a family.


Rajah 4 menunjukkan perwarisan ciri buta warna dalam sebuah keluarga.
Couple 1/ pasangan 1

Couple 2/ pasangan 2

Key/kekunci

Normal female/ perempuan normal


Female carrier/ perempuan pembawa

Female with unknown trait


Perempuan dengan trait yang tidak
diketahui
Normal male/ lelaki normal
Colour blind male/ lelaki buta warna

Male with unknown trait


Lelaki dengan traitDiagram
yang tidak
4 diketahui

Diagram 4/ Rajah 4

MODUL PECUTAN JPN KELANTAN 2012 BIOLOGI

SET 1

(a) (i) What is a sex-linked gene?


Apakah gen terangkai seks?
............................................................................................................................
[1 mark]
(ii) Explain how P inherits colour blindness from his parents.
Terangkan bagaimana P mewarisi buta warna daripada bapanya.
............................................................................................................................
...........................................................................................................................
............................................................................................................................
............................................................................................................................
[2 marks]
(b) (i) Draw a schematic diagram to show the offspring of the marriage of couple 2.
Lukiskan rajah skema untuk menunjukkan hasil perkahwinan pasangan 2.
Parents genotype
Genotip Induk

Gametes
Gamet

Offspring genotype
Genotip anak

Offspring phenotype
Fenotip anak
[4 marks]
(ii) In the Diagram 4 drawn in (b)(i) label individuals R and S
Dalam Rajah 4 yang dilukis dalam (b)(i) label individu R dan S.

MODUL PECUTAN JPN KELANTAN 2012 BIOLOGI

SET 1

[1 mark]
(c) What is the probability that the children of P and Q are
Apakah kebarangkalian anak-anak P dan Q adalah
(i) Colour blind males?
Lelaki buta warna?
.....................................................................................................................
(ii) Female carrier of colour blindness?
Perempuan pembawa buta warna?
.......................................................................................................................
[2 marks]
(d) Downs syndrome is an example when an individual has an abnormal number of
autosomes that is three chromosome 21.
Explain how this abnormality occurs.
Sindrom Down adalah satu contoh apabila seorang individu mempunyai bilangan
autosom yang abnormal iaitu tiga kromosom ke 21.
Terangkan bagaimana ketidaknormalan ini berlaku?
..................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................
[2 marks]

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MODUL PECUTAN JPN KELANTAN 2012 BIOLOGI

SET 1

5 Diagram 5.1 shows the structure of a nephron in human kidney.


Rajah 5.1 menunjukkan struktur nefron dalam ginjal manusia.

Collecting duct

Diagram 5.1 / Rajah 5.1


(a) Explain the formation of fluid in R.
Terangkan proses yang berlaku di R.

[3 marks ]
(b) The contents of urine which passes through the collecting duct are influenced by various
factors. Describe how pituitary gland involves in the formation of urine in the body of an
athlete running a 10 km race.
Komposisi air kencing yang melalui tubul pengumpul adalah dipengaruhi oleh
beberapa faktor. Jelaskan bagaimana kalenjar pituitari terlibat dalam penghasilan air
kencing bagi seorang atlit yang terlibat dalam larian sejauh 10 km.
.
.
.
.
[3 marks]

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MODUL PECUTAN JPN KELANTAN 2012 BIOLOGI

SET 1

(c) In a normal healthy person the concentration of urea in renal artery is higher than in
renal vein. State the changes in urea concentration in the renal vein after eating fish and
meat.
Kepekatan urea dalam arteri renal adalah lebih tinggi berbanding dengan di
vena renal bagi seseorang yang normal. Nyatakan perubahan kepekatan urea di dalam
arteri vena selepas mengambil makanan ikan dan daging.

[1 mark ]
(d) Explain the importance of osmoregulation in human.
Terangkan kepentingan pengosmokawalaturan dalam manusia.
..
..
[2 marks ]
(e) Diagram 5.2 shows the flow of blood and dialysis fluid through a dialysis machine.
Rajah 5.2 menunjukkan aliran darah dan bendalir dialisis melalui mesin dialisis.

Diagram 5.2/ Rajah 5.2


Explain the condition of the patient before undergoing this treatment.
Terangkan keadaan pesakit itu sebelum menjalani rawatan ini.
...
..
..
[3 marks ]

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MODUL PECUTAN JPN KELANTAN 2012 BIOLOGI

SET 1

Section B
[ 40 marks ]
Answer any two question.
The time suggested to complete this section is 60 minutes
6. (a)

Oogenesis is the process of ovum formation in the ovary


Oogenesis ialah proses pembentukan ovum dalam ovari
Explain how oogenesis occurs in human ovary.
Terangkan bagaimana oogenesis berlaku dalam ovari manusia
[6 marks]

(b) Compare the sperm and ovum formation in the human.


Bandingkan pembentukan sperma dan ovum pada manusia
(c) Diagram 6.1 shows the relationship between hormonal levels, the
development of follicle and endometrium in the human menstrual cycle.

Diagram 6/Rajah 6

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[4 marks]

MODUL PECUTAN JPN KELANTAN 2012 BIOLOGI

SET 1

Explain the relationship between the hormones and the changes in the
ovary and the endometrium.
Terangkan hubungan antara hormon dengan perubahan di dalam ovari
dan endometrium.
[10 marks]

(a)

Diagram 7 shows respiratory system of human and fish . The system are
adapted to function in their respective habitats. Compare and complain the
adaptation.
Rajah 7 menunjukkan sistem respirasi bagi manusia dan ikan. Sistem itu
disesuaikan untuk berfungsi dalam habitat masing- masing. Banding dan
terangkan penyesuaian tersebut.

Diagram 7 / Rajah 7
[10 marks]
7.(b)

Explain the human respiratory response and rate of respiration in different


situations as named below:
i)
ii)
iii)
iv)

Relaxing
At high altitude
In fear
During vigorous activities

Terangkan tindakbalas respirasi dan kadar respirasi pada manusia pada situasi
yang berbeza seperti :
i)
ii)
iii)
iv)

Berehat
Pada altitude tinggi
Semasa melakukan aktiviti cergas
Dalam ketakutan
[10 marks]

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MODUL PECUTAN JPN KELANTAN 2012 BIOLOGI

SET 1

8 (a) Diagram 8 shows a species of a mangrove tree.


Rajah 8 menunjukkan satu spesies pokok bakau.

Diagram 8/ Rajah 8
Explain the adaptive characteristics of leaves, roots and seeds that enable the mangrove trees
to survive at the swampy sea shore.
Terangkan ciri-ciri penyesuaian daun, akar dan biji benih yang membolehkan pokok bakau
hidup di muara pantai yang berpaya.
[10 marks]

(b) An aquaculture project in Kampung Permatang Tengah, Kota Kuala Muda has destroyed the
mangrove forest. Discuss the effects of this project on the mangrove ecosystem.
Satu projek akuakultur di Kampung Permatang Tengah, Kota Kuala Muda telah memusnahkan
hutan bakau. Bincangkan kesan-kesan projek ini ke atas ekosistem bakau.
[10 marks]

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MODUL PECUTAN JPN KELANTAN 2012 BIOLOGI

SET 1

9. (a) Malnutrition is a condition which results from an unbalanced diet due to certain
nutrients are deficient, in excess or in the wrong proportions for a long term.
Diagram 9 shows individuals P,Q and R which are suffering from malnutrition.
Malnutrisi adalah keadaan terhasil daripada sajian tidak seimbang kekurangan
beberapa nutrien, kelebihan atau salah perkadaran untuk masa yang lama,
Rajah 9 menunjukkan individu P, Q dan R yang menderita akibat malnutrisi.

Diagram 9.1

Diagram 9.1/Rajah 9.1

Explain the effect of malnutrition on the individuals above.


Terangkan kesan malnutrisi ke atas individu di atas.

[10 marks]

(b) Diagram 9.2 shows a digestive system in a ruminants. A ruminants obtains most
of the energy from breakdown of cellulose.
Rajah 9.2 menunjukkan sistem pencernaan ruminan. Seekor ruminan
memperolehi kebanyakkan tenaga daripada pemecahan selulosa.

Diagram 9.2/Rajah 9.2


Discuss the digestion of cellulose in ruminants.
Bincangkan pencernaan selulosa dalam ruminan.
[10 marks]
END OF QUESTION PAPER
KERTAS SOALAN TAMAT

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