You are on page 1of 8

MODUL PECUTAN JPN KELANTAN 2012

BIOLOGI

SET 1

Question 1 An experiment was carried out to determine the concentration of an external solution which is isotonic to the cell sap of a spinach strips. Satu eksperimen telah dijalankan untuk menentukan kepekatan larutan sukrosa yang isotonik dengan sap sel jalur bayam. The following steps were carried out: Langkah-langkah berikut telah dijalankan: Step 1 A knife is used to obtain four strip of spinach and each strip was cut at 5 cm long. Langkah 1 Sebilah pisau digunakan untuk mendapatkan empat bayam dipotong sepanjang 5 cm.

keping jalur bayam dan setiap jalur

Step 2 Each spinach strip was wiped dry with tissue paper, weighed by using a balance . Langkah 2 Setiap jalur bayam dilap kering dengan kertas tisu, setiap satu ditimbang dengan menggunakan penimbang. Step 3 Each strip was immersed in a boiling tube containing 20 ml of different concentration of sucrose solution. Langkah 3 Setiap jalur direndam di dalam tabung didih yang mengandungi 20 ml larutan sukrosa yang berlainan berkepekatan. Step 4 After 20 minutes, the strips were removed and wiped dry with a filter paper. Langkah 4 Selepas 20 minit, jalur dikeluarkan dan dilap kering menggunakan kertas turas. Step 5 The final mass of each strip was weighed and recorded in a table. Langkah 5 Jisim akhir setiap jalur ditimbang dan direkodkan di dalam jadual.

MODUL PECUTAN JPN KELANTAN 2012

BIOLOGI

SET 1

Diagram 1.1 shows the set up of apparatus for this experiment. Rajah 1.1 menunjukkan penyediaan radas untuk eksperimen ini.

20ml of sucrose solution 20ml larutan sukrosa

Spinach strip Jalur bayam

Diagram 1.1 Diagram 1/ Rajah 1

Table 1 shows the results of this experiment. Jadual 1 menunjukkan keputusan eksperimen ini

Concentration of sucrose solution(%) Kepekatan larutan sucrosa%)

Initial mass of spinach (g) Jisim awal kangkung (g)

Final mass of spinach after 20 minutes (g) Jisim akhir kangkung selepas 20 minutes (g)

30

MODUL PECUTAN JPN KELANTAN 2012

BIOLOGI

SET 1

Concentration of sucrose solution(%) Kepekatan larutan sucrosa%)

Initial mass of spinach (g) Jisim awal bayam (g)

Final mass of spinach after 20 minutes (g) Jisim akhir bayam selepas 20 minit (g)

30

42

46

10

40
Table 1 / Jadual 1

MODUL PECUTAN JPN KELANTAN 2012

BIOLOGI

SET 1

(a)

Record the final mass of spinach strip in table 1. Rekod jisim akhir setiap jalur kentang di dalam Jadual 1 [3 marks] [3 markah]

(b)

(i)

State two different observations made from Table 1. Nyatakan dua pemerhatian yang berbeza yang dibuat daripada Jadual 2. Observation 1 / Pemerhatian 1: . Observation 2 / Pemerhatian 2:

[3 marks] [3 markah] (ii) State the inference from the observations in 1(b)(i). Nyatakan inferens daripada pemerhatian di 1(b)(i). Inference from observation 1 / Inferens daripada pemerhatian 1: ... Infrence from observation 2 / Inferens daripada pemerhatian 2: ................... ....................... [3 marks] [3 markah]

MODUL PECUTAN JPN KELANTAN 2012

BIOLOGI

SET 1

(c)

Complete Table 2 based on this experiment. Lengkapkan Jadual 2 berdasarkan eksperimen ini. Variable Pembolehubah Manipulated variable Pembolehubah dimanipulasikan .. ... ... Responding variable Pembolehubah bergerak balas .. ... ... Constant variable Pembolehubah dimalarkan .. ... ... ................................... ................................... Table 2 Jadual 2 [3marks] [3 markah] ................................... ................................... Method to handle the variable Cara mengendali pembolehubah

................................... ...................................

(d)

State the hypothesis for this experiment. Nyatakan hipotesis bagi eksperimen ini. .......................................................................................................................................... .......................................................................................................................................... .......................................................................................................................................... [3 marks] [3 markah]

MODUL PECUTAN JPN KELANTAN 2012

BIOLOGI

SET 1

(e) (i) Construct a table and record all the data collected in this experiment. Your table should have the following titles: Bina satu jadual dan rekodkan semua data yang dikumpulkan dalam eksperimen ini. Jadual anda hendaklah mengandungi tajuk-tajuk berikut:

Concentration of sucrose solutions Kepekatan larutan sukrosa. Initial mass of the spinach strips Panjang awal jalur bayam. Final mass of spinach strips Jisim akhir jalur bayam Percentage change in mass of spinach strips Peratus perubahan diameter cakera kentang. final mass initial mass Initial mass panjang akhir panjang awal Panjang awal

Percentage change in mass

X 100%

Peratus perubahan jisim

X 100%

[3 marks] [3 markah] (e) (ii) Using the data in 1(e)(i), draw a graph of the percentage change in mass of spinach strip against the concentration of sucrose solution. Menggunakan data di 1 (e)(i), lukis graf peratus perubahan jisim jalur bayam melawan kepekatan larutan sukrosa. [3 marks] [3 markah] (f) Based on the graph in 1(e)(ii), state the concentration of sucrose solution which is isotonic to the concentration of the cell sap of the spinach strip. Explain your answer. Berdasarkan graf di 1(e)(ii), nyatakan kepekatan larutan sukrosa yang isotonik kepada kepekatan sap sel jalur bayam. Terangkan jawapan anda. [3 marks] [3 markah]

MODUL PECUTAN JPN KELANTAN 2012

BIOLOGI

SET 1

(g)

State the operational definition for the osmosis. Nyatakan definisi secara operasi bagi osmosis. ............ ........... ............ [3 marks/3markah]

(h)

This experiment is repeated by taking out the spinach strip from 10% concentration of sucrose solution and dried up with filter paper. Then it was immersed in distilled water for 20 minutes. Predict the outcome of the experiment. Explain your prediction. Eksperimen ini diulang dengan mengeluarkan jalur kangkung dari larutan sukrosa yang berkepekatan 10% dan dikeringkan dengan kertas turas. Jalur tersebut kemudiannya direndam di dalam air suling selama 20 minit. Ramalkan hasil eksperimen ini. Terangkan ramalan anda. ............ ............ ............ [3 marks/3markah]

(i)

Based on following solutions , classify the concentration of sodium chloride solutions which are hypotonic, isotonic and hypertonic onto red blood cell. Berdasarkan larutan berikut, kelaskan kepekatan larutan natrium klorida yang mana bersifat hipotonik, isotonik dan hipertonik terhadap sel darah merah
0.10% sodium chloride solution Larutan natrium klorida 0.10% 3.0% sodium chloride solution Larutan natrium klorida 3.0% 0.89% sodium chloride solution Larutan natrium klorida 0.89%

Classify the above solution into Table 3. Klasifikasikan larutan di atas ke dalam Jadual 3. Solution concentration (%) Kepekatan larutan (%) Types of solution compared to the osmotic concentration of red blood cell Jenis larutan dibandingkan dengan kepekatan osmotik sel darah merah.

Table 3/ Jadual 3

[3 marks/3markah]

MODUL PECUTAN JPN KELANTAN 2012

BIOLOGI

SET 1

Question 2 A group of students carried out a field work study in the school field to determine the population size of plant species using the quadrat sampling technique. Figure below shows a quadrat of 1m X 1m. Sekumpulan pelajar menjalankan kerja lapangan untuk menentukan saiz populasi spesies tumbuhan menggunakan teknik persampelan kuadrat. Rajah di bawah menunjukkan kuadrat 1m X 1m.

Design an experiment to determine the percentage coverage of Mimosa pudica and Ischaemum muticum in the school field. Your experimental planning should include the following aspects: Rekabentuk satu eksperimen untuk menentukan peratus Mimosa pudica and Ischaemum muticum di padang sekolah. Perancangan eksperimen anda hendaklah mengandungi aspekaspek berikut: Problem statement Pernyataan masalah Hypothesis Hipotesis Variables Pembolehubah List of materials and apparatus Senarai radas dan bahan Experimental procedure Prosedur eksperimen Presentation of data Persembahan data END OF QUESTION PAPER KERTAS SOALAN TAMAT

[17 marks]