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Scarlett did not realize that all the rules of the game had been changed and that

honest labour could no longer earn its just reward. "In the end what will happen will be what has happened whenever a civilization breaks up. The people who have brains and courage come through and the ones who haven't are winnowed out." -Margaret Mitchell, Gone With the Wind, Ch. 31 under threat of starvation and even death, she is determined to survive and does so by picking cotton, running her entire plantation, forging a successful business, and even killing a man. Hunger gnawed at her empty stomach again and she said aloud: 'As God is my witness, and God is my witness, the Yankees aren't going to lick me. I'm going to live through this, and when it's over, I'm never going to be hungry again. No, nor any of my folks. If I have to steal or kill - as God is my witness, I'm never going to be hungry again.'" Gone With the Wind, Ch. 25 ―I’m going to have money enough so the Yankees can never take Tara away from me… You’ve never had the Carpetbaggers trying to drive you out. You’ve never been cold and ragged and had to break your back to keep from starving.‖ A startling thought this, that a woman could handle business matters as well or better than a man, a revolutionary thought to Scarlett who had been reared in the tradition that men were omniscient and women none too bright. Archie turned to her, his eye malevolent, and he spoke there was cold anger in his rusty voice…. I calls it convict murderin’. Buying men like they was mules. Treatin’ them worse than mules ever was treated. Beatin; them, starvin’ them, killin’ them. And who cares? The State don’t care. It’s got the lease of money. The folks that gits the convicts, they don’t care. All they want is to feed them cheap and git all the work they can out of them. Scarlett alienates much of Southern society with her "unwomanly" behavior and unscrupulous business practices, but does not care for the opinions of others. The only person who both sees her for what she is and loves her is Rhett Butler, who becomes her third husband. Scarlett and Rhett have a daughter, Bonnie, who becomes their favorite child. 2. How does Mitchell portray black people and slavery in the novel? In Gone with the Wind, Mitchell writes about slavery from the perspective of Southern plantation owners. She depicts house slaves like Mammy and Pork as devoted and loving servants whom the whites treat like family. In the novel, all masters treat all slaves well. Although some admirable characters dislike slavery, Ashley and Frank among them, once the slaves are freed both the characters and the narrator describe blacks as ―trashy,‖ ―insolent,‖ and ―creatures of small intelligence.‖ Slaves and free blacks are often described as animals and compared to monkeys and dogs. All exConfederates in Scarlett’s circle belong to the Ku Klux Klan, and both Tony Fontaine and Rhett kill a black man with no feelings of remor se or guilt. Mitchell paints a historically accurate picture of the brutal treatment of freed slaves, but she provides an extremely unrealistic picture of the way slaves were treated before emancipation. While some white owners treated their slaves well, the rampant abuse of slaves in the South is will documented. The characters’ contempt for freed slaves can be interpreted as a realistic depiction of Civil War–era racism, but the narrator’s racist attitude toward black people cannot be excused so easily. By current standards, the novel is shockingly racist. By the standards of Mitchell’s time, the novel’s portrait of race relations is typical. Mitchell published her novel in the 1930s, when white acceptance of overt racism was not uncommon. 3. How does Scarlett represent the South in the novel? How do the narratives of Scarlett and the South parallel each other through the novel?

independent spirit Scarlett has inherited from Gerald. Scarlett buys a sawmill and socializes with the Northerners in power. for her even to try to gloss over its harshness with a smile. as a result. speaking a language they did not understand and she not understanding theirs. What role do first impressions play in Pride and Prejudice? Answer for Study Question 1 >> Pride and Prejudice is. Bennet. and after the Civil War. Both Elizabeth and Darcy are forced to come to grips with their own initial mistakes. must break free from his original dismissal of Elizabeth as ―not handsome enough to tempt me. Then she knew that this feeling was the same one she felt with Ashley. kind to one another. Analyze how Austen depicts Mr. Scarlett admires her mother’s refined manners and quiet strength. Darcy’s good character. prickly noblewoman’s nephew. Darcy’s two proposals to Elizabeth chart the mature development of their relationship.From the beginning of the novel. too hostile. Before the war. and she longs to please her. aloof.‖ and from his class-based prejudice against her lack of wealth and family connections. is a self-made immigrant. Scarlett saw nothing. Bennet is an ironic person. her eventual husband. Elizabeth’s first impressions. as bright and brittle as the crystals of the broken chandelier over their heads‖ ―She could not ignore life. first and foremost. incurious. during. they remained ladies and gentlemen. what mental tasks they had done and would have to do. the heroine. With him and with people of his kind. and she begins to indulge her natural instinct to break rules. As Scarlett grows and society around her changes. Scarlett is a mixture of old and new. Scarlett becomes increasingly heedless of social mores after she returns to manage Tara and the South loses ground in the war. she becomes less refined and more strong-willed. the proud. But to associate the author’s point of view with that of Mr. she later accepts slanderous accusations against him as true. 1. even the ones she finds unnatural. She had to live it and it was too brutal. traits that would be shocking in an Old South woman but that ensure Scarlett’s survival in the New South. catalogue Darcy as arrogant and self-satisfied. Is he a positive or negative figure? Answer for Study Question 2 >> I think Mr. 2. Darcy. when he has realized his love for Elizabeth but has not yet escaped his prejudices against her family. So too does her Southern culture regain control of its political structures and rebuild a society that mixes the old world with the new one. and when she is still in the grip of her first. negative impression of him. Elizabeth’s mistaken impressions are supplanted by informed realizations about Darcy’s true character. Her mother. Mr. now with full knowledge of Mr. no matter what sights they had seen. and it puzzled her.she felt outside of something she could not understand. After the corrupt period of Reconstruction. Gerald. rule-breakers like Rhett become crucial to the South’s survival. Bennet is a negative figure. reclaiming her Old Southern roots but tempering them with new experience. Bennet. thumbing her nose at the rules of the Old South. comes from an established aristocratic family and her father. She becomes self-reliant and business-savvy. each finally achieving the ability to view the other through unprejudiced eyes. as alien and lonely as if she had come from another world. happily accepts—marks the arrival of the two characters. the chief obstacle resides in the book’s original title: First Impressions. 4. and Darcy. Scarlett goes back to Tara to regain her heritage. And he is also very sharp and cl ever. a novel about surmounting obstacles and achieving romantic happiness. Ellen. Scarlett’s journey from prewar belle to scrappy survivor to hardened opportunist parallels the journey of Southern culture before.bitter. Jane Austen’s original title for the novel was First Impressions. She said and watched them and she felt herself an alien among them. Structurally. diamond-hard. though. the first half of the novel traces Darcy’s progression to the point at which he is able to admit his love in spite of his prejudice. royalty in exile. When the war begins. Scarlett obeys nearly all the rules of high-class Southern society.‖ ―But. Or the sweetness and courage and unyielding pride of her friends.and they made up most of her world. Additionally. meanwhile. He delivers the first at the mid-point of the novel. is to ignore his ulti . She saw only a silly stiff-neckedness which observed facts but smiled and refused to look them in the face. Scarlett finds that the social code relaxes. During Reconstruction. For Elizabeth. however. but not as they changed. but this desire frequently conflicts with the strong. Discuss the various factors on the parts of both Scarlett and the women of Atlanta that contribute to Scarlett’s alienation ―She knew she has changed too. The second proposal —in which Darcy humbly restates his love for her and Elizabeth. In the second half.

jeopardizes his prospects of a lasting happiness with Elizabeth. Indeed the Elizabeth' s tumultuous relationship with Darcy forms the bulk of the novel. given her limited exposure to him. To associate the author’s point of view with t hat of Mr. It is no accident that Darcy and Elizabeth are the best conversationalists in the book: Pride and Prejudice is the story of their love. Mr. while Mrs. Bennet’s emotional detachment comes across in his dry wit. and resourcefulness make them the strongest adult force in the novel. The distance that he creates between himself and the absurdity around him often endears him to the reader and parallels the amused detachment with which Austen treats ridiculous characters such as Mr. e ventually culminating in a blissful union of two complementary souls. his first inclination of scorning her is erased as he becomes enamoured of Elizabeth as a . Collins’s long-winded speeches (and occasional letters. Bennet’s chief characteristics are an ironic detachment and a sharp. that love unfolds through the words they share. He is a likable. decent and energetic. Bennet. is to ignore his ultimate failure as a father and husband. so that his wife and his little daughters always behave ridicul ously and even badly. and Mr. witty conversation. Discuss the importance of dialogue to character development in the novel. Thus. Pride and Prejudice. And that makes him an ineffective parent and husband. perceptiveness. but he never manages to earn the respect of the reader. and he manages to take Elizabeth in with his smooth tongue (although his good looks help as well). and the focal point of interest for the reader while Jane's relationship with Bingley adds variety and interest to the novel. Her assessment of his character. is to be blamed for his lack of prudence and his pride. the reader hears the crackle of quick. with both receiving unfavourable fir st impressions. as the novel progresses. Long. witty banter. Darcy shows enough flexibility and good sense to change his opinion of E lizabeth. and the Gardiners. however. Bennet proves unable to handle the situat ion. He is endlessly witty. 3. good conversational ability and general goodness of personality seem to go hand in hand. Darcy. entertaining character. Collins and Lady Catherine. though. However. In their place. He makes no advice to hi s wife and little daughters’ bad manners. True nature reveals itself in the way the characters speak: Mr. This indeed.mate failure as a father and husband. After Lydia elopes with Wickham. He is very clever. Bennet’s hysterical excess drips from every sentence she utters. which leads him to criti cize Elizabeth most unfairly in that first encounter. which are a kind of secondary dialogue) carry with them a tone-deaf pomposity that defines his character perfectly. whose intelligence. Bennet proves unable to handle the situation. misunderstandings and obstacles. but he never manages to earn the respect of the reader. He is a likable. as are detailed physical descriptions. unwieldy speeches are rare. for instance. Mr. So he is a negative figure. misjudgments and prejudice. Ultimately. cold man as a result of his reserve and his slighting her. as he leaves an indelible first impression which colours Elizabeth's later judge ments of his character. Answer for Study Question 3 >> All of Austen’s many characters come alive through dialogue. Dialogue can also conceal bad character traits: Wickham. Thanks to Darcy and Gardiners. Prudence vs. in those unfortunate circumstances is most natural and understandable. Detached humor may prove useful for handling the Mr. and for the reader. entertaining chara cter. but it is helpless against the depredations of the villainous (but likable) Wickham. must step in. Darcy. Their relationship begins at an inau spicious starting point when they first meet at the Meryton assembly. as the narrative voice in Austen’s work is secondary to the voices of the characters. Austen’s dialogue often serves to reveal the worst aspects of her characters—Miss Bingley’s spiteful. cutting wit. Inclinations In the novel. hides his rogue’s heart beneath the patter of pleasant. after a series of misjudgments. the elopement has been solved. Collinses of the world. Elizabeth thinks Darcy a proud. but he always keeps away from the matters tha t occur around him. Elizabeth and Jane both achieve lasting happiness with their respective partners -Darcy and Bingley. but his distance from the events around him makes him an ineffective parent. Mr. snobbish attitudes are readily apparent in her words. When the crisis of Lydia’s elopement strikes. on the other hand. Elizabeth's and Darcy's relationship is filled with trials and tribulations.

even as she condemns Bingley for abandoning Jane for the socially advantageous Georgina Darcy. and that he purposely avoids Darcy at the Netherfield ball. Thus. The two characters are immediately charmed by each other at the Meryton assembly. that is. and are joined in a joyful union. simply because his amiable manners and looks. most se verely. Charlotte Lucas is surprising accurate in her declaration that less prudent judgement is required It is Jane's guardedness which is the sole reason for Bingley and the Netherfield party leaving the countr y.result of her witty intelligence and spirit. and has completely misjudged Darcy. Jane and Bingley's relationship proves that too much of prudent judgement can damage. and it is this factor which proves most damaging to any blissful future prospects. she appears as being indifferent to Binley. Elizabeth's former dislike of Darcy is reversed. that even the most astute studier of chara cter can be mistaken and that inclinations must always be tempered with prudent judgement. despite her social standing and L ydia's elopment. after stating staunchly that he is not afraid of meeting Darcy. jeopardising unwi sely her possible happiness with him. Jane's prudent judgement and utmost caution are apparent from the beginning of their relationship. Austen's portrayal of the heroine of this novel with her fallibilities and flawed judgement. When Elizabeth meets Wickham. as he sees her in a comrade s pirit. In contrast. such that his affection is not encouraged. After her first meeting with Darcy. even after Jane. Elizabeth displays little of her prudent judgement and astute assessment with regard to Dar cy. whi ch paves the way for his future happiness with Elizabeth. which would hav e prevented his coming down again. Therefore. Her brash inclinations to Wickham justify his merrcenary pursuit of Mary King. In spite of the fac t that Wickham sullies Darcy's family in front of a comparative stranger. they reveal their mutual affection for each other. but also reveal. Unfortunately. It is only when Elizabeth reads Darcy's letter that she is forced to face the truth. ironically. It is only after Elizabeth has revealed to Darcy her sister's feelings that Jane reali zes her own fault in his leaving her. and refuses to temp er her first impressions with any objectivity. she is immediately won over by his appearance and suave charm. and any prospect of marriage seem s an impossibility. Jane has completely hidden her inclinations of affection for Bingley beneath her prudent judgement and distance. do not simply add to the intrigues of the plot. It is his prudent judgement and flexibility which temper his inclination to corn and criticize. and would fear no confrontation with him. It is for this singular reason that her relationship with Darcy is fraught with difficulty. Jane's excessive prudence and caution would have ruined her lasti . Darcy's first impression of her is completely replaced by ardent affection. but is crushed. for lasting hap piness to ensue. after declaring himself determin ed to honour the late Mr. whilst E lizabeth is pleased that Jane displays caution. After his monumental unveiling of the truth. and is wholeheartedly inclined to believe his every word. This rash incl ination results in her being even more convinced of Darcy's unworthiness of character. Her lack of discernment precipitates her harsh refusal of Darcy's initial proposal. Darcy's reputation. suc h that he is able to recognize in Elizabeth a worthy wife and companion. we must credit his prudent judgement for his remarkable change in opinion." After repeated meetings and verbal parries with Elizabeth. Elizabeth's illfounded accusation towards Darcy and his initial brash criticism are testament to the necessity of prudent judgement and flexibility for a happy union. Elizabeth determinedly preserves her prejudice against Darcy. even after repeate d incidents which attest to his credibility of character. displaying uncharacteristic lack of intelligent and careful judgement. as he is so "modest" that her apparent lack of affection had led him to trust in Darcy's advice and to leave. has confes sed. who sees only good in everyone. such that he began to find that "her eyes were rendered uncom monly intelligent by the beautiful expression. Elizabeth sees no reason to doubt him. the possibility of lasting happiness. to acknowledge that she has been utterly wrong. She discredits Bingley's opinion of Darcy and Miss Bingley's warning against Wickham. and after a few more obstacles (Lydia's engagement).

showing that a delicate balance of objective neutrality and strength of feeling under the appropriate circumstances must be demon strated. Austen provides a counterpoint to Elizabeth and Darcy 's relationship by showing that an excessive amount of prudent judgement and caution can so much temper in clinations. Jane Austen has skillfully drawn the fine line between too mu ch of prudent judgement. In her portrayal of Jane and Bingley's relationship. . prejudiced approach towards inclinations. Through these two contrasting relationships. and to ensure its success. in order to nurture any relationship. prospects of lasting happiness can be endanger ed and lost. and it is his active approach in wooing Jane which eventually precipitates a joyous marriage. is not hampered by excessive prudent judgement in his following his inclinatio ns and courting Jane. such that with so little encouragement offered. Bingley. on the other hand.ng happiness had not Elizabeth revealed her affection. because a rash.