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Me2254-Strength of Materials

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**Question Paper Code: E3136
**

B.E./B.Tech. DEGREE EXAMINATION, APRIL/MAY 2010 Fourth Semester Mechanical Engineering ME2254 — STRENGTH OF MATERIALS (Regulation 2008) (Common to Automobile Engineering, Production Engineering) Time: Three hours Answer ALL Questions PART A — (10 × 2 = 20 Marks) 1. 2. 3. 4. State Hooke’s Law Define bulk modulus. What do you understand by the term ‘Point of contraflexure’? What is the value of bending moment corresponding to a point having a zero shear force? Write the assumption for finding out the shear stress of a circular shaft, subjected to torsion. Define the term stiffness of a spring. What is the relation between slope, deflection and radius of curvature of a beam? Maximum: 100 Marks

5.

6. 7.

(a) (i) An alloy circular bar ABCD 3 m long is subjected to a tensile force of 50 kN as shown in figure. If the stress in the middle portion BC is not to exceed 150 MPa. If its temperature is raised through 26 K. (4) 2 E 3136 . Or (4) (b) (i) In an experiment. Take E = 100 GPa. 9.09 mm and the change in diameter is 0. (12) (ii) An alloy specimen has modulus of elasticity of 120 GPa and modulus of rigidity of 45 GPa. 11. Determine the Poisson’s ratio of the material. (12) (ii) A circular bar rigidly fixed at its both ends uniformly tapers from 75 mm at one end to 50 mm at the other end. The measured extension on gauge length of 200 mm is 0. Calculate the Poisson’s ratio and the values of the three modulii. What do you mean by principal plane? PART B — (5 × 16 = 80 Marks) 10. if the total extension of the bar should not exceed by 3 mm. then what should be its diameter? Also find the length of the middle portion. What are the assumptions made in Euler’s column theory? List out the modes of failure in thin cylindrical shell due to an internal pressure. what will be the maximum stress developed in the bar.0039 mm. Take E as 200 GPa and α as 12 × 10 −6 K for the bar material.8. a bar of 30 mm diameter is subjected to a pull of 60 kN.

so that bending moment on the beam is as small as possible. (a) A simply supported beam of 4 m span is carrying loads as shown in figure. carrying a load of 100 kN at its mid span C has cross sectional moment of inertia 24 × 10 6 mm 4 over the left half of the span and 48 × 10 6 mm 4 over the right half. is carrying a load of 20 kN at free end and 30 kN at a distance 1 m from the free end. Also draw the shear force and bending moment diagrams. (8) A closely coiled helical spring is made up of 10 mm diameter steel wire having 10 coils with 80 mm mean diameter. find the suitable diameter of the shaft. Take E as 200 GPa. (8) 13. 2 m long. The maximum torque transmitted in each revolution exceeds the mean by 20%. (a) A cantilever AB. Taking allowable shear stress as 70 MPa. Take E = 200 GPa. Take E = 200 GPa and I = 150 × 10 6 mm 4 . The beam is supported on two supports 6 m apart. (8) Or (b) (i) (ii) Derive an equation for deflection of an open coiled helical spring. Find the slope and deflection at the free end. 3 E 3136 . a solid shaft can transmit. (i) Obtain a relation for the torque and power.p. Or (b) A simply supported beam AB of span 4 m.12. (a) (ii) 14. Draw the shear force and bending moment diagrams for the beam.m. (8) A solid steel shaft has to transmit 100 kW at 160 r. Find the position of the supports. If the spring is subjected to an axial twist of 10 kN-mm. Find the slope at two supports and the deflection under the load. Or (b) A horizontal beam 10 m long is carrying a uniformly distributed load of 1 kN/m. determine the bending stress and increase in the number of turns.

Calculate the change in volume of the vessel. (8) Or (ii) (b) (i) A point in a strained material is subjected to two mutually perpendicular tensile stress of 200 MPa and 100 MPa. What is the magnitude of the normal and shear stresses on a section inclined at an angle of 20° with the major tensile stress? (8) (ii) ——————— 4 E 3136 . (8) A spherical shell of 2 m diameter is made up of 10 mm thick plates. shear and resultant stresses on a plane inclined at 30° with the axis of the minor tensile stress. Take E = 200 GPa and Poisson’s ratio = 0. it tends to rotate the element in the clockwise direction. when it is subjected to an internal pressure of 1. (8) A point is subjected to a tensile stress of 250 MPa in the horizontal direction and another tensile stress of 100 MPa in the vertical direction. The point is also subjected to a simple shear stress of 25 MPa. Take E = 200 GPa and 1/m = 0.6 MPa.3.15. such that when it is associated with the major tensile stress. (a) (i) A cylindrical vessel 2 m long and 500 mm in diameter with 10 mm thick plates is subjected to an internal pressure of 3 MPa. Determine the intensities of normal.3 for the vessel material. Calculate the change in diameter and volume of the shell.

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