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Part I: General Knowledge 1. Which of the following is a count noun? a. rice b. moonpies c. milk d. all of the above 2.

Which person nearly destroyed the English language? a. Alfred the Great b. William the Conqueror c. Shakespeare d. Beowolf Which of the following are all features of noun and which are features of verbs? (Circle “Noun” or “Verb” for each of the following features: noun noun noun noun noun noun noun noun noun noun or verb or verb or verb or verb or verb or verb or verb or verb or verb or verb 3. 4. voice aspect

5. definiteness 6. gender 7. number 8. mood 9. person 10. tense 11. transitivity 12. case 26pts

13. Which of the following is a collective noun? e. team f. aristocracy g. committee h. all of the above

on the lawn. 16. me. b. 15. Who brought the languages to Great Britain that would become English: a. us d. the Anglos and the Saxons . the sociolinguists d. In which sentence is to behaving like a preposition? a. the Simpsons c. Therefore we say that these languages show: a. There. Which of the following shows is an example of existential there (meaning it does NOT have an anaphor)? a. Nobody goes there anymore. was my notebook. multidirectional intelligibility b. There are two basketball players from ODU in the class. I. them 17. the Normans b. d.14. she b. d. c. mutual intelligibility c. I wanted them to like the grammar book. him. him. I drove them to crave grammar. me. he. but that Spanish speakers cannot usually understand Portuguese. I drove them to the grammar book. they. c. unidirectional intelligibility d. I thought they would want me to be smart. I want to go there for school. b. she. We know that Portuguese speakers can usually understand Spanish. them c. Which of the following pronouns ALL show nominative case? a. all of the above 18.

a. Which of the following is an intransitive sentence sentence? e. Sadie aced the test. morphemes 30 pts . nouns 20. ____________________ 27. adjectives. d. adverbs. function words. an b. adjectives 21. 25. Name four types of affixes: 26. adjectives 24. The music died. ____________________ 29. adverbs 22. It was bring us the music. ____________________ 28. f. Quantifiers. Which of the following are all determiners? a. to be. Nick’s. b. That was the day. teacher d. The plane crashed c. that. favorite. tell whether they would be modified by either an adjective OR an adverb (by circling EITHER adjective or adverb). Which of the following best describes the relationship between sound (form) and meaning (function) in language.For each of the following categories (15-19). Nick’s. these. g. adjective adjective adjective adjective adjective or adverb or adverb or adverb or adverb or adverb 19. nouns c. grammatical words. the relationship is natural 31. Which of the following is a monotransitive sentence? a. the relationship is arbitrary b. verbs 23. Chad’s.____________________ 30. The homework worked! h. Jaclyn gave them homework. Sadie liked the homework.

which of the following is a STEM? a. none . BOTH f. none 5. ly c. ly c. none 3. both d. In the word happily. i b. both d. In the word happily. Which of the following is a possible structure for the word happily? a. happ -i- ly happ -i- ly e. none 4. which of the following is a BOUND morpheme? a. both d. b. i b.Part II: Morphology 1. ly d. which of the following is a DERIVATIONAL morpheme? a. i b. which of the following is an FREE morpheme? a. i c. ly c. Happ b. In the word happily. NEITHER 2. In the word happily.

d. What evidence do you have for your answer to #5? 7. noun verb adjective determiner 6. noun verb adjective determiner 8. and they will come to fear tlipper and the gostak.Part III: Grammatical Categories Consider the following sentence when answering the questions below: Cleeping students complain. k. c. b. d. What evidence do you have for your answer to #7? . noun verb adjective determiner 4. What evidence do you have for your answer to #3? 5. 1. l. What evidence do you have for your answer to #1? 3. c. b. g. What part of speech is cleeping? i. What part of speech is gostak? a. f. What part of speech is come? e.. h. j. What part of speech is tlipper? a. noun verb adjective determiner 2.

Question: In this class. Why is this NOT accurate? . You have also learned about prescriptive rules and descriptive rules. (You are not being grade on form. At this stage in the semester. you have learned about standard English and non-standard English.Part V: Mini-Essay Directions: • This is not a formal essay. • Please use examples to illustrate your points.) • Please use complete sentences. many students are tempted to say that prescriptive rules are used for standard English and descriptive rules are used for nonstandard English.