You are on page 1of 4

application information

Safety and protection of luminaires
Approvals and standards Luminaires must always comply with the appropriate safety rules as laid down in the relevant European standards prepared by the CENELEC (the European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardisation) before they can be introduced to the market.The examination needed to verify compliance is often carried out in the manufacturer's own testing laboratory. Luminaires made by Philips Lighting are manufactured and tested according to EN 60598, a European Standard based on CIE/IEC 598.The European appproval mark ENEC is printed on each luminaire identification label and replaces the formerly used national approval marks. All luminaires are in compliance with European EMC directive (89/336/EEC) implying that electromagnetic disturbances by radiation or conduction are eliminated (CE marking). Wiring In accordance with the requirements laid down in the regulations relating to luminaires, heat-resistant cables are used for both the lamp wiring and the through wiring of Philips indoor and outdoor luminaires. Ambient temperature Philips luminaires for indoor applications have been designed for an average ambient temperature of 25°C. Luminaires for outdoor applications are designed for ambient temperatures up to 35°C. High bay luminaires for use in industry are designed for ambient temperatures up to 40-45°C. Above the specified temperatures the lifetime of the (electronic) ballast Protection against electrical shock

IP 65

will be limited. Fluorescent lamps do not ignite under -5°C or -10°C (electronic ballast). Ignitors of high intensity discharge lamps function well down to -20°C. Special solutions are possible for higher or lower ambient temperatures.

Luminaires should provide adequate protection against electrical shock in normal operation as well as during service and maintenance.The safety of a luminaire depends on electrical, mechanical and thermal aspects under both normal and fault conditions. Luminaires are classified as Class I, II or III. Class 0 (basic insulation only) is not always permitted. Class III is applicable to safety extra-low voltage luminaires only.

Protection against electrical shock
Safety Class Symbol Protection 0 Basic insulation only I Basic insulation plus protective earth connector II Double or reinforced insulation, no provision for protective earthing III Supply of safety extra-low voltage

(Nozzle diameter 6.application information Protection against ingress of solid bodies. temporary immersion in water under specified conditions of pressure and time possible without ingress of water in harmful quantities pressure watertight.The exact testing method for each IP classification is described in IEC 529. dust and moisture.5 mm. dust and moisture The IP (Ingress Protection) system drawn up by the IEC (CIE/IEC 529: 1989) defines various degrees of protection against the ingress of foreign bodies. wire or similar objects over 1 mm thick.The term 'foreign bodies' includes things like fingers and tools coming into contact with live parts.The designation to indicate the degrees of protection consists of the characteristic letter IP followed by two numerals indicating conformity with the conditions stated in two tables.. First number: degree of protection against accidental contact / contact with external elements First numeral and symbol 0 1 2 3 Description non-protected hand protected finger protected tool protected Explanation protected against solid foreign objects exceeding 50 mm in diameter protected against finger contact with live parts. continuous submersion in water under specified conditions of pressure and time without ingress of water in harmful quantities 8 . some dust may penetrate but not to the extent that operation is impaired complete protection against contact with live parts and against penetration of dust 4 wire protected 5 dust accumulation protected 6 X dust penetration protected not defined Second number: degree of protection against ingress of moisture Second numeral and symbol 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Description non-protected drip-proof against vertical water drops drip-proof when tilted at angles up to 15° rain/spray-proof splash-proof jet-proof jet-proof watertight Explanation not protected against moisture water drips falling vertically shall have no harmful effect water drips shall have no harmful effect water falling at an angle of up to 60° shall have no harmful effect splashing water from any direction shall have no harmful effect water projected by a nozzle from any direction shall have no harmful effect. Note that the conditions during the testing might differ from the specific conditions in an application.5 mm thick. Both safety aspects (contact with live parts) and harmful effects on the function of the luminaire are defined.. Note that the specification and safety of luminaires is only maintained if the necessary maintenance according to the instructions of the manufacturer is carried out.5 mm in diameter protected against contact with live parts by tools.3 mm. (Nozzle diameter 12. protection against penetration of solid objects exceeding 1 mm in diameter complete protection against contact with live parts and against harmful accumulation of dust. protection against penetration of solid objects exceeding 2.m pressure watertight X not defined .The minimum IP classification is IP 20 (protected against finger contact with live parts). wire or similar objects over 2. pressure 100 kPa) watertight. against solid objects exceeding 12 mm in diameter protected against contact with live parts via tools. pressure 30 kPa) water projected by a nozzle from any direction shall have no harmful effect.

IP 60 luminaires are completely sealed against dust accumulation. Local electricity boards can provide the appropriate advice. or where eddy currents are present. preventing contamination of the products under preparation.IP 20 IP 50 IP 54 IP 65 Ingress protection Luminaires are not available in all possible combinations of ingress protection and moisture protection. IP 43/44 luminaires are bollards for outdoor street lighting and street lanterns. shopping malls and theatres are typical application segments. in situations where no earth connection. luminaires meeting the IP 50 classification shall not be utilised. it also means that particles cannot leave the luminaire housing. heated industrial halls. IP 67/68 luminaires are suitable for immersion in water. Class I luminaires are used. for industries where dust and moisture is generated in the hall. and for use undercanopies. . In the 'wet' food industry. Offices. or only a poor-quality earth connection. textile industry. stone carving) and in the food industry as explained above. Although the luminaires are not fully watertight.The test method does not imply that IP 67/68 luminaires meet the IP 65/66 recommendations as well. Typical application areas are underwater lighting of swimming pools and fountain lighting. Although the ingress protection is specified to protect the luminaire function. IP 65/66 luminaires are often available in impact protected versions. IP 60 luminaires are rarely utilised: most frequently IP 65/66 is utilised when IP 60 is required. A common combination within an industrial reflector high-bay luminaire or street lanterns is IP 23/43 for the electrical part of the luminaire to ensure safety and IP 54/65 for the optical part of the luminaire to prevent pollution of reflector and lamp.The exterior of IP 50 luminaires can be cleaned easily. are often used in (semi-)outdoor locations. thereby meeting the specification of the food industry. Class II street lanterns and floodlights. IP 65/66 jet-proof luminaires are applicable where the IP 23 luminaires are utilised in unheated industrial halls or outdoors. is available. shops. Class II luminaires shall be applied. IP 50 luminaires are utilised in dusty environments to prevent rapid pollution of the luminaire. the potential ingress of moisture will not have any harmful effect on the luminaire function. However. closed luminaires are specified to prevent glass particles from accidentally broken lamps from entering the production area. or where luminaires are utilised in a dusty environment. IP 54 is the traditional water protected classification. Once again this classification is often specified in the food processing industry. dry. surroundings are cleaned frequently by water jets. and water protected luminaires. Electrical safety If a proper earth connection is available. In the food industry. Deck lighting on ships should also meet this classification. Bollards mounted at a low height are protected against small solid objects and rain and splash protected. Luminaires can be cleaned with water without any harmful effect. IP 21/22 luminaires can be utilised in unheated (industrial) halls and under canopies as the luminaires are drip and condensation water protected. and are used in very dusty environments (wood industry.The most common classifications in the lighting industry are: IP 20 luminaires can be utilised indoors only if no specific pollution rates are expected.

this means that after withstanding the shock. Fire resistance Luminaires cannot simply be mounted on any type of ceiling due to the risk of ignition and spread of fire in case of a failure inside the luminaire.7 J 1J 2J 5J Standard plus Reinforced Vandal-protected Closed luminaire with polycarbonate or glass cover Vandal-resistant not defined Closed IK09 IK10 IKxx 10 J 20 J Protection against flammability Symbol None Application Suitable for mounting on nonflammable surfaces Suitable for mounting on normally flammable surfaces Suitable for mounting on easily flammable surfaces Characteristics of ceiling material Stone. 3222 635 37391 . One example: an IK07 classified luminaire can withstand a mechanical shock of a pendulum hammer.5 J 0.Translated into a more practical implementation. A failure in a luminaire may be caused by failing (electrical/ electronic) components.The European norm EN 50102 defines the degrees of protection against external mechanical impacts (IK code) and the method of testing. although broken lamps. vandal-protected and vandal-resistant are the best achievable classifications. concrete falling 0.The type of ceiling determines the flammability. Philips Lighting can supply these adapted luminaires on a project basis. a hammer of 0.application information Impact resistance Impact resistance The impact resistance of a luminaire defines the protection of the luminaire against mechanical shocks.g. Due to their behaviour when exposed to excessive heat. Note that vandal-proof luminaires are not available. All types of luminaires of Philips Lighting have a minimum impact resistance of 0. FF classified luminaires will be required. an unsafe electrical situation and failure to meet the specified IP classification are not permitted. a spring hammer or a free falling hammer of 2 joules (e.2 J Description Example Standard Standard open luminaire Closed luminaire with polymethylmethacrylate cover Open luminaire with reinforced optical system IK03 IK04 IK05 IK06 IK07 IK08 0.5 kg 08/2002 Printed in the Netherlands Data subject to change IK code IK00 IK01 IK02 Shock energy 0. e. shortcircuiting or a loose.The table shows the 10 IK classifications and the defined shock energy in joules.2 J.g.The impact resistance is expressed as a group numeral. In very dusty environments (textile. which is related to the impact energy in joules. deformation of the mirror and housing is allowed. Ceiling materials are considered either to be non-flammable. luminaire materials may ignite and spread the fire to the ceiling.15 J 0. sparking contact. woodworking) in which collected dust on top of the luminaire might ignite in case of a failure. An F or FF sign in the luminaire marking determines the ceiling types to which the luminaires can Ignition temperature materials > 200°C Some combustion time lag Ignition temperature materials < 200°C No combustion time lag be mounted without using additional spacing holders. Most Philips indoor luminaires for surface mounting are F classified luminaires.35 J 0.40 m).The luminaire housing should withstand the defined energy of the mechanical shock without losing its electrical and mechanical safety and the basic luminaire function. normally flammable or easily flammable. IK06.