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4/14/13

Pressure Vessel Dimension Inspection

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Pressure Vessel Dimension Inspection
The Pressure Vessel Dimension Inspection article provides you with information about the dimensional requirements in pressure vessel construction and pressure vessel inspection. You may know some fabrication tolerances have not been addressed in ASME Code Section VIII. So you need to refer to other sources for inspection. This article provides you the most important dimensional inspection requirements. The dimensional check of a pressure vessel consists of the following items: Mill Undertolerance of Plates and Pipes Tolerances for Formed Heads Out of Roundness of shell Nozzles and attachments Orientation Nozzles and attachments Projection Nozzles and attachments elevation Nozzles and attachments levelness Weld mismatch Weld reinforcement Mill Undertolerance of Plates and Pipes Pressure Vessel Dimension Inspection - Plate: Your pressure vessel plates with 0.01 inch or 6% undertolerance, whichever is smaller, may be used for full design pressure, instead of at the given design thickness specified. However, if the material specification allows greater undertolerance, then the ordered thickness for the material should be sufficiently greater. For example, if you have SA 516 Gr.70 plate with a 0.625 inch nominal thickness, and the actual thickness is 0.615, it is acceptable, and you may use this plate without any specific design consideration. But if the same plate has an actual thickness of

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So with a consideration of -12. if there is a pressure vessel with nominal shell thickness of 0. and you can use a tape measure or laser measure for dimensional control of the skirt.B Schedule 160. So to fully understand. it shall be referred to the suggested pipe or tube material specification to obtain the exact amount of mill undertolrances.595 inches. and the drawing is 656.B nozzle to be attached to the shell plate. so the maximum outside of the shape will be 42. 672<698. [?]Subscribe To This Site www. Pressure Vessel Dimension Inspection .5%. you need to consider mill undertolarence in your design calculation.3 mm and the actual is 672 mm. so it is outside of the shape.05 mm Limit for Inside of specified Shape = 3364 x 5/8 % = 21.4/14/13 Fan and Blower Electrical Equipment Articles Electric Generator Electric Motor Power Transformer Control Panel Gas Circuit Breaker Switchgear Power Cable Editor About Services Contact Us TPI Inspection Blog Privacy Policy Global TPI Services We Provide Pre-Shipment Inspection. based the fact that the UG-81 inner surface shall not deviate outside of the specified shape more than 11⁄4% of D and inside the shape more than 5⁄8%.025 mm So we check the depth. should not be more than 1%.35. but sometimes there are differences for different materials. nozzle thickness will be the same as the shell thickness.3 = 698.571 inches. but based on ASME Code SEC VIII Div 1. For your skirt.05 + 656. your pipe and tube mill undertolrances need to be taken into account for design consideration.10 and select our pipe schedule it will be SA 106 Gr.03 inches in your design calculation: e. which are made by cutting a thin steel sheet or piece of wood for checking your crown and knuckle radius. so it is OK.5 / 0. This plate thickness is acceptable based on the material specification (see table in SA 20 for thickness tolerances). so as our minimum. let's check the following head together: Head ID = 3364 mm Head Type: Torispherical Limit for Outside of specified Shape = 3364 x 1 ¼% = 42. it needs a 6” SA 106 Gr.875 = 0.html 2/6 .Tolerances for Formed Head: You may know that there is a specific rule for dimensional checking of formed heads. We need to check if it is in the range of tolerance. So when we refer to ASME B36. the difference between the maximum and minimum inside diameter. the calculation will be: 0.inspection-for-industry.5 % of the nominal wall thickness. Pipe and tube undertolrances are almost -12. you need to consider this 0. You can use sweep boards. Assume that external loading is not a design controlling factor (is not governor).Pipe: Contrary to the plate material.35 so our actual value is 672 mm.5 inch.g. For example. Vendor Inspection and Commodity Inspection Services. Thickness = Min Thickness + Corrosion Allowance + Mill Undertolrance Pressure Vessel Dimension Inspection . so for any specific material. Click Here for More Information Pressure Vessel Dimension Inspection 0. We cannot reject this plate because it is in the permissible tolerance of plate specification.com/pressure-vessel-dimension-inspection.

N3 is located at 120 degrees in the drawing. and we want to check the location.14 x 97.3275 distributed to 360 degrees so each degree represents 307. The orientation check can be done by a simple calculation by using a measuring tape in the actual measurement work on the vessel. The edge distance to the head surface should not be deviate from the above limited values. So.3275/ 360 =0.875 = 307.3275” 307. The following picture shows an out of roundness measurement: We Provide TPI Inspection Services in Most Industrial Areas Around the Globe. Click Here for More Information Pressure Vessel Dimension Inspection . so one direction would be the D max and other one would be the D min.Out of Roundness of Shell: UG-80 deals with out of roundness of shell. so up to 19. For example. so if we use a measuring tape and www. so we try to fit the sweep boards in the heads for the above example of the sweep boards. we want to check N3 orientation in following drawing. So we run this simple calculation: Vessel OD = 97. Our nominal thickness is 20 mm. and if it is OK. so you need refer to the pressure vessel handbook.875” Shell outside Circumference length = π x OD = 3.com/pressure-vessel-dimension-inspection. If you have an opening. The maximum permitted ovality tolerance (D max – D min) shall not exceed 1% of the nominal diameter of the vessel.8536” N3 is located at the 120 degree position. The out of roundness generally is measured in two directions with a normal measuring tape or laser measure. So the above head dimensions are ok Pressure Vessel Dimension Inspection . if the measurement is taken within a distance of ‘d’ from the axis of the opening.746 is acceptable then for the above example.html 3/6 . in the above example skirt is also is OK.64 mm. then the tolerance can be increased by 2% x d (d = diameter of opening).1 degree. Skirt max and min ID should not be more than 1% of the ID. which is 33. The manufacturer has located this point in the vessel with a marker. It is almost +/.4/14/13 Pressure Vessel Dimension Inspection We cut a sweep board equal to the head drawing crown radius (3400 mm) and other one for the knuckle radius equal to 204 mm. The thickness dimension is also OK.inspection-for-industry.Nozzles and Attachments Orientation: ASME Code SEC VIII Div 1 has not specified the orientation tolerances for nozzles and attachments. then we can allow the manufacturer to cut.

inspection-for-industry. but if you refer to the pressure vessel handbook. So for the above example. In following figure. The projection tolerances are not addressed in ASME Code SEC VIII Div 1.4/14/13 Pressure Vessel Dimension Inspection keep 0 at the zero reference point in the vessel and pull the tape.Nozzles and Attachments Elevation: Your Nozzles and attachments elevation is the length between the nozzles or the attachments centerline and the bottom or top head tangent line.4425 + 0. So if the tape shows in following range. In practical measurement.4425 inches. we need to check Nozzle EB elevation. In actual measurement.35 = 693. but in the pressure vessel handbook.25 of an inch is permissible.8536 =103. it will be OK.2961” Pressure Vessel Dimension Inspection . It should be 660 mm in distance from shell centerline to the flange face. The elevation dimension is addressed directly in the general assembly drawing.35 Pressure Vessel Dimension Inspection . a ½ ˚ deflection is www.25 inch is permissible.35 = 706. but if you refer to the pressure vessel handbook. the following range is acceptable: 700 – 6. we need to check the BD nozzle projection. The elevation tolerances are not addressed in ASME Code SEC VIII Div 1.com/pressure-vessel-dimension-inspection. almost ±0. the nozzle center should be located at 120 x 0. As you see in the drawing.8536 =101.35 = 653.65 700 + 6.35 =666. the distance between the nozzle centerline to the bottom head tangent line is 700 mm. 102.4425 – 0. the measuring tape or laser measure is used to measure from the nozzle neck center line to the tangent line. Projection dimensions are addressed in general assembly drawings.35 Pressure Vessel Dimension Inspection .5889” 102.html 4/6 . In this example.Nozzles and Attachments Levelness: The nozzles and attachments levelness tolerances are not addressed in ASME Code SEC VIII Div 1.65 660 + 6.8536 = 102. In following figure. Then the measured value is summed with the shell thickness and the inside radius.Nozzles and Attachments Projection: Nozzle and attachment projection is the length from the nozzle or the attachment face to the vessel shell centerline. you may use a measuring tape to measure the distance between the shell outside circumference to the nozzle face.4425 is a perfect case so our tolerance is ±1 degrees. the following range is acceptable: 660 – 6. almost ± 0. This 102.

Pressure Vessel Dimension Inspection .150 of an inch welds reinforcement for both category A and B welds.143. If the bubble is in the middle of the designated lines.143 inch mismatch in one longitudinal and one circumferential joint.1875 of an inch. This is because longitudinal joint bears double stress.Weld Mismatch: ASME Code SEC VIII Div. the nozzle is level. the deflection falls within the tolerances. so your circumferential joint is OK.093 inch Category B allowances = 0. Pressure Vessel Dimension Inspection .125 of an inch. but your longitudinal joint should be repaired. +1 Recommend this on Google Related Articles www.5˚. a level gage is used.1875 So our circumferential joint is OK. It is important to know that the limit for weld mismatch is stringent for a category A weld (Longitudinal joint and circumferential shell to hemispherical head).Weld Reinforcement: The same concept for weld mismatch exists for weld reinforcement tolerances. The concept behind this is that the longitudinal joint bears double the amount of stress. The longitudinal joint weld reinforcement limit is more stringent than that for circumferential joints. And it is OK otherwise it will require cutting out and re-welding. Then measure the distance between the level gage end and the flange face. Your weld mismatches for both longitudinal and circumferential joints are 0. Assume you found a 0. you have a pressure vessel with a nominal thickness of 1 inch.4/14/13 Pressure Vessel Dimension Inspection permissible.inspection-for-industry. For example. and for the circumferential joint. if α is less than 0. it is 0. So you look to the UW-33 table: The permissible weld mismatch in the longitudinal joint for your case is 0. For levelness checking. But if the bubble intersects the designated limit lines. Do you want to review your weld acceptance? Category A allowances = 0. and inspectors should precisely check these joints. 1 specified tolerances for weld mismatch in UW-33. you need to run a simple calculation and see if your deflection is within the tolerance limit. The measured value is the X in the figure. You need to move one end of the level gage up to the bubble to be placed in middle. In the same example. and it is required that the stress concentration is minimized.com/pressure-vessel-dimension-inspection. Then obtain α. but the longitudinal is not OK and should be repaired by removing the excess weld reinforcement. assume that there are 0.html 5/6 . You do a visual and measure the mismatch by the welding gauge.

Spherical Pressure Vessel. www. Here's how. Pressure Vessel Handbook.com/pressure-vessel-dimension-inspection. Inspection and Test Plan for Pressure Vessel Return from Pressure Vessel Dimension Inspection to Pressure Vessel Inspections Return from Pressure Vessel Dimension Inspection to Inspection for Industry Home +1 Recommend this on Google New! Comments Have your say about what you just read! Leave me a comment in the box below.4/14/13 Pressure Vessel Dimension Inspection Pressure Vessel Definition. Pressure Vessel RT Test.. ASME Code Section 8. Share this page: What's This? Enjoy this page? Please pay it forward.inspection-for-industry. Vessel Pressure Testing.html 6/6 . Third Party Inspection for Pressure Vessel. ASME Pressure Vessel Joint Efficiencies. Pressure Vessel Heads. ASME Impact Test Requirement.. Pressure Vessel Plate Material.