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# MATHEMATICS II

## 1. Find the directional derivative of the function = x

2
- y
2
+2z
2
at the point P(1, 2, 3) in the
direction of the line PQ where Q is the point
a. (5, 0, 4). In what direction it will be maximum? Find also the magnitude of this maximum.
2. Find the directional derivative of the function = xy
2
+yz
3
at the point (2, -1, 1) in the direction
of the normal to the surface xlogz -y
2
+ 4 = u at (-1, 2, 1).
S. Find the constants a and b so that the surface ox
2
- byz = (o +2) is orthogonal to the surface
4x
2
+z
3
= 4 at the point (1, -1, 2).
4. State and prove the properties of Divergence and curl.
S. Prove that v
2
(r) =

(r) +
1

(r)
6. Prove that o. v[b

. v
1
r
=
3(a . r)(b

.r )
r
S
-
a .b

r
3
where a anu b

## are constant vectors.

7. Find the values of a, b, c for which the vector I

## = (x + y +oz)t + (bx +Sy -z) + (Sx + cy +z)k

`

is irrotational.
8. Prove that v
2
jv . [

2
[ =
2

4

9. If r and r have their usual meanings and o is a constant vector, prove that v [
u

n
=
2-n

n
o +
n(a . r)

n+2
i
1u. A vector field is given by F

= (siny)t + x(1 + cosy). Evaluate the line integral over the circular
path given by x
2
+ y
2
= o
2
, z = u
11. Evaluate _ A

. nJS
S
, wbcrcA

= zt + x - Sy
2
z and S is the surface of the cylinder x
2
+
y
2
= 16 included in the first octant between z = 0 and z = 5.
12. Find the work done in moving a particle once round the circle x
2
+y
2
= 9 in the xy-plane if the
field of force F

= (2x -y -z)t + (x +y -z
2
) + (Sx -2y +4z)k
`
. If possible, find its scalar
potential.
1S. Verify Divergence theorem for F

= (x
2
- yz)t + (y
2
-zx) + (z
2
- xy)k
`
. Taken over the
rectangular parallelepiped 0 x a, 0 y b,
a. 0 z c.
14. Verify Divergence theorem for F

= 4xt - 2y
2
+z
2
k
`
taken over the region bounded by the
cylinderx
2
+y
2
= 4, z = u, z = S.
1S. Apply Greens theorem to evaluate } |(y -sinx)Jx +cosxJy]
c
where C is the plane triangle
enclosed by the lines y = 0, x =
n
2
onJy =
2
n
x.
16. Verify Stocks theorem for the vector field F

## = (2x -y)t - (yz

2
) -y
2
zk
`
over the upper half
surface of x
2
+y
2
+ z
2
= 1, bounded by its projection on the xy-plane.
17. Apply Stocks theorem to evaluate ] (yJx +zJy +xJz)
C
where C is the curve of intersection of
x
2
+ y
2
+z
2
= o
2
onJx +z = o.

Solve the following differential equations.
18. (x
2
+ Y
2
a
2
)xdx + (x
2
y
2
b
2
)ydy = 0
19. (Secxtanxtany e
x
)dx + Secx sec
2
ydy = 0
2u. ]y [1 +
1
x
+cosy Jx +(x + logx - xsiny)Jy = u
21. (2xy +y-tany)dx +(x
2
-xton
2
y +scc
2
y)dy=0
22. (2xycosx
2
- 2xy + 1)dx +(sinx
2
-x
2
)Jy = u
2S. y(2xy + 1)dx + x(1 + 2xy x
3
y
3
)dy = 0
24. (y + y
3
/3 + x
2
/2)dx + (x + xy
2
)dy = 0
2S. (y
4
+ 2y)dx + (xy
3
+ 2y
4
4x)dy = 0
26. The equation of electromotive force in terms of current i for an electrical circuit having resistance
R and a condenser of capacity C, in series, is E = Ri +

C
dt. Find the current i at any time t, when
E = E
0
sint.
27. A constant electromotive force E volts is applied to a cicuit containing a constant resistance R
ohms in series and a constant inductance L henries. If the initial current is zero, show that the
current build up to half its theoretical maximum in (Llog2)/R seconds.
28. When a resistance R ohms is connected in series with an inductance L henries, an e.m.f. of E
volts, the current I amperes at time t is given by I
d
dt
+ Ri = E. If E = 10sint volts and i = 0, when t
= 0, find i as a function of t.
29. A body originally at 80
0
C cools down to 60
0
C in 20 minutes, the temperature of the air being 40
0

C. What will be the temperature of the body after 40 minutes from the original?
Su. If the air is maintained at 30
0
C and the temperature of the body cools from 80
0
C to 60
0
C in 12
minutes, find the temperature of the body after 24 minutes.
S1. A body is heated to 110
0
C and placed in air at 10
0
C. After 1 hour its temperature is 60
0
C. How
much additional time is required for it to cool to 30
0
C?
S2. A pipe 20 cm in diameter contains steam at 150
0
C and is protected with a covering 5cm thick, for
which k = 0.0025. If the temperature of the outer surface of the covering is 40
0
C, find the
temperature half-way through the covering under steady state conditions.
SS. Find the orthogonal trajectories of the following curves
(a) X
2
+ y
2
+ 2gx + c = 0, g being the parameter.
(b) Find the orthogonal trajectories of the family of confocal
conics
x
2
u
2
+

2
b
2
+x
= 1, where is a parameter.
(c) Prove that the system of confocal and coaxial parabolas
y
2
= 4o(x + o)isself orthogonal.

Solve the following differential equations

S4.
d
4

dx
4
+ 8
d
2

dx
2
+ 16y = u
SS. (D
2
4D + 3)y = sin3x cos2x
S6. ( - 2)
2
y = 8(c
2x
+sin2x +x
2
)
S7.
d
2

dx
2
- 4y = xsinbx
S8.
d
2

dx
2
- 2
d
dx
+ y = xc
x
sinx
S9.
d
2

dx
2
+ y = cosccx
4u. dy
2
/dx
2
+ 4y = e
x
+ sin2x
41. (D
2
4D + 4)y = 8x
2
e
x
sin2x
42. (D
2
1)y = x sin3x + cosx
4S. dy
2
/dx
2
+ 4y = 4 tan2x
44.
d
2

dx
2
+ S
d
dx
+ 2y = c
c
x

Solve by method of variation of parameters
4S. d
2
y/dx
2
+ y = secx
46.
d
2

dx
2
+ 4y = 4scc
2
x
47. y

- 2y

+ 2y = c
x
tonx
Solve the following differential equations
48. x
2
d
2
y/dx
2
x dy/dx + 2y = x logx
49. x
2
d
2
y/dx
2
3x dy/dx + 5y = x
2
sin(logx)
Su. (1 + x)
2
d
2
y/dx
2
+ (1 + x)dy/dx + y = 4 cos log(1 + x)
Solve the following simultaneous equations
S1. dx/dt + y=sint, dy/dt + x = cost; given that x=2 and y=0 when t=0
S2. d
2
x/dt
2
dy/dt = 2x + 2t, dx/dt + 4 dy/dt = 3y
SS. A mechanical system of two degrees of freedom satisfies the equations 2d
2
x/dt
2
+ 3 dy/dt = 4,
2d
2
y/dt
2
3dx/dt = 0 Obtain expression for x and y in terms of t, given x, y, dx/dt, dy/dt all
vanish at t = 0

Find the Laplace Transform of the following problem
S4. tc
-4t
sinSt
SS. c
4t
sin2tcost
S6. c
-t
cos
2
t
S7. (t) = |t - 1| + |t + 1| +|t +2| + |t -2|, t u
Find the Laplace Transform of the following by Using Properties
S8.
c
-t
snt
t

S9. ]
snt
t
Jt
t
0

Finu the Laplace Inveise Tiansfoim of the Following pioblem
6u.
2s
2
-1
(s
2
+1)(s
2
+4)

61.
5s+3
(s-1)(s
2
+2s+5)

Find the Laplace Inverse Transform of the Following by using Properties

62. ton
-1
[
2
s
2

6S. log
s(s+1)
s
2
+4

Find the Laplace Inverse Transform of the Following by Convolution
Theorem
64.
s
(s
2
+u
2
)
2

6S.
s
2
(s
2
+u
2
)(s
2
+b
2
)

66.
s
2
(s+1)
3

Solve the following uiffeiential equations by Laplace Tiansfoim
67.
d
2
x
dt
2
+2
dx
dt
+ Sx = c
-t
sint, x(u) = u, x

(u) = 1
68.
d
2
x
dt
2
+x = tcos2tgi:cntbotx(u) = x

(u) = u
69. y

+ y

-2y = t, y(u) = 1, y

(u) = u
Solve the following Simultaneous differential equations by Laplace Transform

7u.
dx
dt
-6x + Sy = 8c
t
,
d
dt
- 2x -y = 4c
t
wbcrc, x(u) = -1, y(u) = u
71.
2
x + y = -Scos2t,
2
y + x = Scos2t, wbcrcx(u) = x

(u) = y

(u) = 1 onJy(u) = -1
72.
dx
dt
-y = c
t
,
d
dt
+x = sint, x(u) = 1, y(u) = u
7S. x

(t) +y

(t) +x(t) = -c
-t
, x

(t) +2y

## (t) +2x(t) +2y(t) = u

Where x(0) = -1, y(0) = 1
Section D

Form the Partial Differential equation from the following problem

74. Of all planes which are at a constant distance a from the origin.
7S. z = x
1
(x +t) +
2
(x +t)
76. z = x(ox +by) + g(ox + by)
Solve the partial differential equation by direct integration

77.

2
z
x
2
+z = u, given that , when x = 0, z = e
y
and
z
x
= 1
78. logj

2
z
x
[ = x +y
Solve the partial differential equations of the first order
79. x
2
(y -z)p +y
2
(z -x)q = z
2
(x - y)
8u. z(xp - yq) = y
2
- x
2

81. x(y - z)p + y(z - x)q = z(x - y)

Solve the non-linear partial differential equations
82. p
2
+ p = q
2

8S. x
2
p
2
+ y
2
q
2
= z
84. (px +qy - z)
2
= 1 + p
2
+q
2

8S. 4xyz = pq +2qx
2
y +2qxy
2

86. z
2
= 1 +p
2
+ q
2

87. z
2
(p
2
x
2
+q
2
) = 1
88. x(1 +y)p = y(1 +x)q
89. z
2
(p
2
+ q
2
) = x
2
+y
2

Solve the following Partial differential equations by Charpits Method
9u. z
2
= pqxy
91. (p
2
+ q
2
)x = pz
92. z + p
2
+ qy +2y
2
= u
9S. What is the physical interpretation of Gradient, Divergence and Curl?
94. In what direction from (3, 1, -2) is the directional derivative of = x
2
y
2
z
4
maximum and what is
its magnitude?
9S. Find the directional derivative of the function = x
2
yz + 4zx
2
at the point (1, -2, -1) in the
direction of the vector 2t - -2k
`

96. Find the angle between the surfaces x
2
+y
2
+z
2
= 9 onJz = x
2
+y
2
- S at the point (2, -1, 2).
97. Find the Divergence of the vector I

= (xyz)t +(Sx
2
y) +(xz
2
- y
2
z) at the point (2, -1, 1).
98. Find the Curlof the vector I

= (xyz)t +(Sx
2
y) + (xz
2
-y
2
z) at the point (2, -1, 1).

Solve the following differential equations.

99. y(2xy + e
x
)dx e
x
dy = 0
1uu. (y
2
+ 2x
2
y)dx + (2x
3
xy)dy = 0
1u1. (3xy
2
y
3)
dx (2x
2y
xy
2)
dy = 0
1u2. Find the orthogonal trajectories of the following curves
r
2
= a
2
cos2
Solve the following differential equations
1uS.
d
2

dx
2
- S
d
dx
- 4y = u
1u4. d
3
y/dx
3
3d
2
y/dx
2
+ 3dy/dx y = 0

Find the Laplace Transform of the following problem

1uS. t
2
sinot
1u6. c
3t
+St
4
- 2cost + Ssint
Find the Laplace Transform of the following by Using Properties
1u7. tsin
3
t
1u8. tc
-3t
sinSt
Finu the Laplace Inveise Tiansfoim of the Following pioblem

1u9.
s
s
4
+s
2
+1

11u.
2s
2
-4
(s+1)(s-2)(s-3)

Form the Partial Differential equation from the following problem

111. (x - o)
2
+ (y -b)
2
+z
2
= c
2
, c is fixed
112. (x
2
+ y
2
, z -xy) = u

Solve the partial differential equations of the first order
11S. x
2
p + y
2
q = (x + y)z
114. (x
2
- y
2
-z
2
)p +2xyq = 2xz