Code No: R5311106
III B.Tech I Semester(R05) Supplementary Examinations, May 2009
PROCESS CONTROL INSTRUMENTATION (Common to Electronics & Instrumentation Engineering and Instrumentation & Control Engineering)
Time: 3 hours
Max Marks: 80
Answer any FIVE Questions
All Questions carry equal marks
1. 
In a jacketed tank, the temperature of process stream θ _{1} is preheated to a temperature θ _{2} by means of steam with temperature θ _{s} through the jacket. Assume that the capacity of the tank wall is negligible and that the temperature inside the jacket is uniform. 





Also discuss about the time constants for a high ﬂow rate and a low ﬂow rate. 
[8+8] 

2. 





[3+10+3] 

3. 




[10+6] 

4. 




5. 
Illustrate with relevant graphs the following methods of optimum settings from the plant response. 




[16] 

6. 




i. 
the ﬂow rate in m ^{3} /sec. 

ii. 
ﬂow velocity in m/sec. 
[8+8] 

7. 
A heating furnace requires a control valve passing 10gpm preheated light fuel oil (SP.gr. = 0.8) at full load and only 2 gpm at the smallest heating load. The source pressure constant at 50psi gage, but there is 10psi drop in the oil pre heater and 20 psi drop at the furnace burner nozzles. Remaining pressure drop occurs only at control valve when it is fully opened. 






[6+4+6] 

8. 




[8+8] 
Code No: R5311106
III B.Tech I Semester(R05) Supplementary Examinations, May 2009
PROCESS CONTROL INSTRUMENTATION (Common to Electronics & Instrumentation Engineering and Instrumentation & Control Engineering)
Time: 3 hours
Max Marks: 80
Answer any FIVE Questions
All Questions carry equal marks
1. A Cylindrical tank with an area of 20 ft ^{2} and a height of 10 ft has a normal liquid depth of 6ft. The ﬂow to the tank is 10±1 cubic ft/min, and the liquid is discharged through a control valve to a process at atmospheric pressure. ( 1 ft = 0.305 metre) Calculate the time constant if the tank is 







[16] 

2. 





[4+6+6] 

3. 


Summarize its [8+8] 

characteristics. 

4. 




[8+8] 

5. 



[8+8] 

6. 



What force on the small 

piston will raise a 500 kg mass. 
[10+6] 

7. A heating furnace requires a control valve passing 10gpm preheated light fuel oil (SP.gr. = 0.8) at full load and only 2 gpm at the smallest heating load. The source pressure constant at 50psi gage, but there is 10psi drop in the oil pre heater and 20 psi drop at the furnace burner nozzles. Remaining pressure drop occurs only at control valve when it is fully opened. 






[6+4+6] 

8. 




[8+8] 
Code No: R5311106
III B.Tech I Semester(R05) Supplementary Examinations, May 2009
PROCESS CONTROL INSTRUMENTATION (Common to Electronics & Instrumentation Engineering and Instrumentation & Control Engineering)
Time: 3 hours
Max Marks: 80
Answer any FIVE Questions
All Questions carry equal marks
(a)




Figure 1: 

(b) This level process is an interacting system – say “TRUE” or “ FALSE”. Support your answer with valid reasons. 

(c) Deﬁne the system time constants of the above process. 
[9+4+3] 
(a)


(b) Give one example each for noninteracting system and interacting system. 

(c) Derive the transfer functions for the above two systems and discuss how they diﬀer. 
[3+2+11] 
(a)


(b) What is cycling? Suggest a suitable modiﬁcation to overcome cycling. 

[6+10] 

(a)


(b) Outline the design steps involved in the implementation of an electronic PD controller and explain. 
[8+8] 
(a)


(b) Discuss the quarter  amplitude criterion to evaluate the response. 
[8+8] 
(a)


(b) Explain with an example the need of signal conditioning system in the ﬁnal control operation. 

[8+8] 



(a) Sliding stem Valves 

(b) Rotating shaft Valves. 
[8+8] 
(a)


(b) Explain the basic principles of cascade control with one industrial application. 

[8+8] 
Code No: R5311106
III B.Tech I Semester(R05) Supplementary Examinations, May 2009
PROCESS CONTROL INSTRUMENTATION (Common to Electronics & Instrumentation Engineering and Instrumentation & Control Engineering)
Time: 3 hours
Max Marks: 80
Answer any FIVE Questions
All Questions carry equal marks
(a)


(b) Prove your answer by deriving the transfer function of this system. 

(c) How will this system behave with a linearly varying input? Explain the dynamics. 
[2+6+8] 
(a)


(b) Give one example each for noninteracting system and interacting system. 

(c) Derive the transfer functions for the above two systems and discuss how they diﬀer. 
[3+2+11] 
(a)


(b) Deﬁne proportional band. Explain the relation between proportional gain, proportional band and oﬀset error. 

(c) With a neat sketch explain the integral controller mode action. Summarize the characteristics. 
[5+5+6] 
(a)


(b) State the kind of control action realized in the following circuit ﬁgure1. Also determine the inputoutput 

relationship. 
[10+6] 


Figure 1: 

(a)


i. Stability ii. measure of quality . 

(b) Discuss the quarter  amplitude criterion to evaluate the response. 
[8+8] 
(a)


(b) A magnetic ampliﬁer requires a 510 Volt i/p signal from 420mA control signal Design a signal conversion system to provide this relationship. (Assume the values of suitable components). 

(c) What is an actuator and what is its role in the ﬁnal control operation of a process control system.[6+6+4] 



(a) Find out control valve size required for the above application. 

(b) Find out required rangeability of the valve 

(c) Find out characteristic coeﬃcient (α). 
[6+4+6] 


(a) Material balance in a distillation column 

(b) Quality control (top and bottom product) in a distillation column 

(c) Quantity control (top and bottom product) in a distillation column. 
[5+6+5] 