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On the Genesis of a Collected Edition of Simmel's Works, 1918−2012
Otthein Rammstedt Theory Culture Society 2012 29: 302 DOI: 10.1177/0263276412460061

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1918–2012 Otthein Rammstedt Theory. Schmalenbach wanted to see Simmel in the gallery of Great Thinkers and felt himself confirmed in this view by the many other obituaries that appeared after his death. 2013 . This incudes a first phase of work by Gertrud Simmel and Gertrud Kantorowicz from the years of the Weimar Republic. Culture & Society 29(7/8) 302–316 ! The Author(s) 2012 Reprints and permissions: sagepub.1177/0263276412460061 tcs. it must be sure to preserve his legacy for many years to come’.Article On the Genesis of a Collected Edition of Simmel’s Works.sagepub.ac.sagepub.uk/journalsPermissions.nav DOI: 10. University of Leeds. not least as a consequence of the problems of culture that faced Germany after defeat in the First World War – which came as a surprise to almost all. Winneba on August 11. inaugurated in the 1980s by a team of scholars at Bielefeld University headed by Otthein Rammstedt and – initially – Niklas Luhmann. which resulted in the 24 volumes in print today with Suhrkamp Verlag. and a third phase. overseen by Michael Landmann and Kurt Gassen. Gesamtausgabe. Woodhouse Lane. a second phase from the post-1945 period. UK Email: a. urged Herman Schmalenbach in his obituary to Georg Simmel in 1919. Leeds LS29JT.co. and by an explosion of interest in his ideas at this time. Keywords Collected Edition.com at Univ of Education.1 What Schmalenbach likely had in mind was something comparable to the collected works of Nietzsche or Wilhelm Dilthey: it would have to make Simmel’s multifaceted oeuvre accessible and it would have to set it off from fashions and styles of the moment.harrington@leeds.uk http://www. Simmel ‘If a collected edition of Simmel’s works is to be produced soon.net/tcs/ Downloaded from tcs. Corresponding author: Austin Harrington.sagepub.com Abstract The article records the three stages of work undertaken to assemble a single organized corpus of Simmel’s dispersed writings after his death in September 1918.

Though he might have doubted for a while ‘what the younger generations can and want to take from me. The View of Life.3 Simmel felt himself obligated in the face of his looming death to ensure his last reflections came quickly to publication.10 But this intention was endangered.8 probably still during her last days in Strasbourg.7 and engaged Karl (Charles) Hauter to edit and bring to publication Simmel’s pamphlet on school education.14 Gertrud Simmel thus changed the plan of proceedings in January or February 1922. ‘religion’ and the ‘contributions to LOGOS’.2 Gertrud Simmel registered this too and recalled her husband’s remark in 1917 that his ideas were increasingly finding resonance in the new generation.6 It was in this spirit that Gertrud Simmel sought to act as manager of Simmel’s intellectual legacy when she declined to permit new editions of books that her husband had described to her as theoretically obsolete or as no longer relevant. particularly in conjunction with his last monograph.9 She interpreted Simmel’s intention as being that the texts he had entrusted to Kantorowicz and Baensch were to be published first of all and her task was only to ensure that his works be republished without outside interference. even if perhaps they would rather turn to me than to any other living philosopher’. the Privatdozent Otto Baensch.com at Univ of Education.Rammstedt 303 1918–33 Publishing houses responded to the new interest in Simmel and his burgeoning relevance to the early post-war years of the Weimar Republic with fresh editions of almost all his writings. now seeing her central task as manager of her husband’s intellectual estate as being to enable renewed access to those writings from Simmel’s widely dispersed corpus that had remained significant15 but that ‘otherwise were not available’16 and had not been incorporated into any of his monographs.4 He asked his pupil and friend Gertrud Kantorowicz to prepare two folders of last manuscripts marked ‘Philosophy of Art’ and ‘Metaphysics’ for publication in the journal LOGOS.11 As Gertrud Simmel saw matters. when large parts of Simmel’s manuscripts were stolen from Gertrud Kantorowicz in early or mid 1921.18 Downloaded from tcs. .12 since Gertrud Kantorowicz’s plan to pre-publish the manuscripts from the folder ‘Philosophy of Art’ in LOGOS and then to produce a separate collected volume of writings on the same subject had become impossible. 2013 . a fact which she divulged to Gertrud Simmel only over the turn of the year 1921–2 as she no longer saw any chance of retrieving what was lost. Winneba on August 11. ‘philosophy of history’. They were to include essays on the ‘philosophy of art’. indeed threatened to evaporate entirely. the only outstanding tasks now remained the projected publication of the manuscripts given to Baensch and Hauter.5 and he entrusted his younger colleague.13 and also no fragments of treatises from the folder on ‘Metaphysics’ remained that could have been finished for publication. .sagepub. with his notations on ‘Freedom’.17 Her desire was to arrange these essays and treatises in anthologies titled Collected Essays on.

such as Buber.24 The 27 originally projected pieces had to be reduced to 16.B. Culture & Society 29(7/8) For an overview of the project she prepared a bibliography of Simmel’s essays and treatises in the first months of 1922. together with another previously unpublished manuscript on ‘Naturalism’ and the remaining contributions to LOGOS.20 She wanted first of all three volumes of collected essays to be published as quickly as possible21 and created a provisional list that she then greatly reduced after objections from Martin Buber. she sought a new publisher for the volume on art and made contact through the mediation of Buber with Gustav Kiepenheuer Verlag in Potsdam. as indeed implied by the preface of the volume eventually published under the title Fragmente und Aufsa¨tze aus dem Nachlaß und Vero¨ffentlichungen der letzten Jahre [Fragments and Essays from the Last Manuscripts and Other Late Writings]. she reduced her plan to two volumes. In coordination with Gertrud Simmel. making a slim volume that could not be called Collected Essays but instead simply Essays on the Philosophy of Art. 2013 . on 24 February 1922. Karl Jaspers and Karl Joel.23 Unwilling to approach these same publishers again. on the grounds that Simmel had valued this last theme very highly and wanted to see an edition by Gertrud Kantorowicz of the corresponding reflections from his final manuscripts. whose acquaintance she had made during the war in Turkey – was the Drei Masken Verlag in Munich. but in these advances was made to feel the implications of the rising inflation as none of these seem to have made her any offers or commitments. and in the same covering letter to Friedrich Gundolf she noted that the feasible material would fill only ‘one or two volumes’. Mohr/Paul Siebeck insisted on copyright.sagepub.304 Theory. But the publisher J. The publisher that Gertrud Kantorowicz managed to interest – with the aid of Paul Wittek. In other words. this was meant to be the originally intended volume Collected Essays in LOGOS. This list she sent to her friends. but in the context of the economic climate this publisher was only prepared to commit to a volume no longer than five folios. the one from LOGOS and the one on philosophy of art. which also printed two advance parts of the Downloaded from tcs. Probably around this time she spoke to the various publishers of Simmel‘s works familiar to her.25 The only speedy solution open to Kantorowicz and Gertrud Simmel was then to set aside the essay on Naturalism and the earlier essays in LOGOS and to include only Simmel’s later LOGOS writings – and of course to shift the emphasis away from LOGOS and instead toward Simmel’s Lebensphilosophie. On 9 March 1922 she told Friedrich Gundolf19 of ‘137 Simmel essays’ she had found in the catalogue of Jena University. meaning that any such volume could only appear ‘in May 1925 at the earliest’. and she asked for offprints of articles in her circle of acquaintances.com at Univ of Education. Disappointed. Friedrich Gundolf.C.22 not including the ‘contributions in LOGOS’. Winneba on August 11. Gertrud Kantorowicz began preparing another anthology at this time designed to assemble the items she had already published from Simmel’s last manuscripts.

which would collect together ‘rare miscellanies’. Gertrud Simmel took charge of these and proof-read them.28 Most likely she bequeathed the remaining papers in her possession to Margarete von Bendemann. who described herself as ‘authorized officially’ to write a ‘major study’ of Simmel.com at Univ of Education. To ¨ nnies – had exercised the ‘greatest contemporary influence in Germany’. could observe only that Simmel in the meantime had fallen into oblivion. To counter this. . which fulfilled her idea of publishing and thematically ordering the still relevant yet disparately printed essays under the label Collected Essays on. the last extant parts of Simmel’s corpus appeared within less than a year. M. And what otherwise remained were the new editions of Simmel’s established books and writings. The circumstances of inflation made any further pursuit of this idea pointless. Hauter and Gertrud Kantorowicz – with the exception of the stolen parts and the manuscripts that Simmel himself expressly excluded. As a first step.32 In a similar spirit Albion Small asserted that Germany’s ‘sociological movement’ of the 1920s took its point of departure from Simmel. Weber. which were being prepared for publication by Baensch. even if not everything might have been ‘appropriate for inclusion in a Collected Works’. Of ‘special urgency’ would also be a ‘collection of essays’ faithful to Simmel’s idiom of thought. where Wittek worked as an editor. In May 1933 a student mob burned Simmel’s books30 and his writings were henceforth blacklisted. Winneba on August 11. the priority lay with the writings from the last manuscripts. The importance of the work on the philosophy of art had been addressed by Gertrud Simmel’s anthology On the Philosophy of Art..29 With the National Socialist takeover of power in Germany.34 Downloaded from tcs. one that would ‘not only reopen access to his work’ but would also ‘bring to light for the first time his intellectual vision in its true contours’.31 1945–80 In 1931 Karl Dunkmann affirmed that Simmel ‘without doubt’ was ‘the most independent-spirited’ of German sociologists before the First World War and of all his peers – Scha ¨ ffle. In accordance with Simmel’s wish. . the expulsion of all ‘Jewish elements’ began virtually immediately. letters and oral communications and personal reminiscences. lecture transcripts.sagepub. on the other hand.26 Despite the difficult circumstances.Rammstedt 305 volume in the journal Oesterreichische Rundschau. Simmel was designated ‘non-Aryan’ and his son Hans expelled from teacher training in April 1933. Between 1933 and 1945 no writings by Simmel were republished in Germany and no monographs on his work appeared.33 In 1948 Michael Landmann. he raised the question of a ‘Collected Works’.27 With these publications Gertrud Simmel’s editorial activities came to an end. Gumplowicz. 2013 . a Simmel archive could be started.

The leading publisher of Simmel’s works. which included Landmann‘s ‘Outline of an Intellectual Biography’ and Gassen’s extensive German-language based bibliography. as well as a ‘Plan for a Collected Works’ by Horst Mu ¨ ller. titled Bru¨cke und Tu¨r (after Simmel’s eponymous essay. A first desideratum was to make available Simmel’s monographs again. Mu ¨ ller envisaged a total of 14 volumes. On the centenary of Simmel’s birth on 1 March 1958 Landmann and Kurt Gassen would present a Festschrift (the Buch des Dankes an Georg Simmel).38 Both Mu ¨ ller and Landmann were conscious that this plan for a Collected Works would not amount to a truly systematic edition39 and both readily conceded that not all of Simmel’s publications would be included. personal reminiscences and other pieces.40 Landmann’s plea in the meantime for publication of the volumes of essays also fell on deaf ears. ‘Bridge and Door’). By 1968 Duncker & Humblot produced a fifth edition of Sociology. 28 years after the last reprint.36 If the assumption of these discussions was that Simmel had fallen into oblivion.306 Theory. who. had first aired the idea of a Collected Works in 1919 – would pay off. he was a student of Herman Schmalenbach’s. Philosophical Essays).37 Accordingly. Culture & Society 29(7/8) Michael Landmann’s commitment. and new publishers were to be sought for the most important other books. Winneba on August 11. the aim had to be to end this state of affairs by presenting texts of Simmel that still seemed pertinent to the day. What they had in mind instead was a type of Collected Works comparable to that of the existing collected edition of Wilhelm Dilthey’s writings. along the lines of Michael Landmann’s first collection after the Second World War. It was ready to name these two editions Volumes 1 and 2 of a Collected Works after Mu ¨ ller’s plan and declared itself keen to ‘develop energetically’ the project of a collected edition. was prepared to publish a sixth edition of The Philosophy of Money for the 1958 centenary (the first edition since 1930) and a fourth edition of Sociology: Inquiries into the Forms of Sociation (the first since 1923). The publishers still in existence were to be asked to issue new editions of their previously released works. Philosophische Exkurse (Georg Simmel: The Individual Law. encouragement to others and intensive searches for lost traces of Simmel’s work – not coincidentally. Duncker & Humblot. 2013 .35 Alongside these two seminal contributions the book included several articles and a selection of letters. who was also probably the author of the transcript of the discussions of the group around Landmann. a model that would go on to become the norm in the 1960s and 1970s for other founding figures in the social sciences. while Suhrkamp published a slim volume of essays under the title Georg Simmel: Das individuelle Gesetz.com at Univ of Education. but Landmann could find no publisher Downloaded from tcs. but would not commit to any further volumes until the next jubilee year. A second and most predominant focus of the plan for a Collected Works was to edit and anthologize Simmel’s widely dispersed essays under thematic titles.sagepub. as noted.

it was thought that a Collected Works of Max Weber would cement his significance for contemporary sociology and facilitate the influence of his ideas in politics.47 Similarly. to which experts were invited from the German Federal Republic. Winneba on August 11. After the Second World War. Italy. Scotland. also with a view to discussing the planned Collected Works. whereas Simmel’s sociological ideas had initiated a plethora of new approaches in American sociology43 that in turn demonstrated Simmel’s relevance to German sociology. this meant for the institutes of Marxist-Leninism of the Communist Party in the USSR and the Central Committee of the Socialist Unity Party of the German Democratic Republic that a Collected Works of Marx and Engels would crown political teaching with a scientific aura.42 seemed to merit only a footnote in the history of philosophy. The enterprise had failed. and after a series of negotiations the renowned Suhrkamp publishing house agreed to take on the project.41 The impact was highly positive and the intention welcomed. This was thanks in large part to the impetus coming from sociology. 2013 . 1980 to the present In June 1982 Otthein Rammstedt announced his intention to edit a systematic Collected Works.48 It was against this background that a collected edition of Simmel’s works struck the participants in the first Simmel conference as necessary and definitely realizable. of which Luhmann was a member.com at Univ of Education. might be willing to support a collected edition. In a preparatory two-year period. Conversations with Niklas Luhmann at Bielefeld suggested that the Academy of NorthRhine Westfalia.sagepub. The announcement was made at a conference on ‘The Relevance of Georg Simmel’ at Bielefeld University’s Centre for Interdisciplinary Research.46 The work of a classic thinker would be felt to claim a timeless significance that would be jeopardized by any passing questioning of the moment. At this point the question of a collected edition of Simmel’s works was no longer even raised. In particular.44 a discussion motivated by a search for validation of the social sciences in times of crisis45 but that would also be cited as justification for scholarly editions of collected works. almost all of Simmel’s philosophical and sociological texts were brought to Bielefeld. In the 1970s at a time of the renaissance of Marx. in collaboration with Heinz-Ju ¨ rgen Dahme. whether labelled as a Neo-Kantian or Lebensphilosoph. France.Rammstedt 307 willing to realize his plan for two or three comprehensive volumes of shorter writings. Simmel as philosopher. This intersected with a burgeoning discussion about the classics of sociology in the wake of the ‘self-historicization of the social sciences’. Israel and the USA. the talks about organization of a Collected Works were so fruitful49 that barely a day later Rammstedt felt able to submit a finished plan for a Collected Works to the Academy of Downloaded from tcs.

Incorporation in the Academy programme was designed to ensure funding for two researchers. assistants and collaborators.sagepub.com at Univ of Education. again on the model of the Weber edition. Niklas Luhmann. and it was expected that a systematic search would yield up to 15. A provisional editorial board was to be set up. Due to its interdisciplinary character the enterprise was to be located not in the Department of Sociology but in the Centre for Interdisciplinary Research. Winneba on August 11. Schmoll (Eisenwerth). including Lewis A. and the project was to be recognized officially in the research programme of the Academy of North-Rhine Westfalia. recourse was to be made to the ‘good bibliography of Kurt Gassen’.308 Theory. Coser. A contract was to be drawn up between the Simmel estate (Arnold Simmel) as copyright holder until 1988 and the publisher (Suhrkamp). A second part was to assemble the letters. The two editorial scholars Dahme and Ko ¨ hnke51 had the task of tracking down hitherto unknown texts and letters by Simmel. Downloaded from tcs. The archive and the editorial base was to remain in Bielefeld. it was agreed that all authorized texts were to be included and supplemented with an appendix ‘explaining Simmel’s scholarly references and pinpointing intertextual connections and significance of particular texts’. one secretary and materials for four years. Luhmann and Rammstedt submitted their request for the project’s incorporation in the Academy Programme in July 1982. A third part was to assemble transcripts of lectures (Landmann and Rammstedt had collected around 10 such transcripts by this time). Otthein Rammstedt and J. supplemented with lecture manuscripts where available. and of researching the intellectual contexts of texts necessary for historical commentary. A first part should include Simmel’s writings in chronological order but arranged at the same time into thematic areas. 2013 . and in the same month the editorial Working Group was established with Rammstedt as chair. Franz-Xaver Kaufmann. Culture & Society 29(7/8) North-Rhine Westfalia.) As with the edition of Dilthey’s works. An institutional base for the editorial work was to be established. Since all of Simmel’s last unfinished papers had been lost. and the Centre for Interdisciplinary Research was to be asked to fund a long-term research group which would become a Simmel study group comprising the editors.50 Concerning editorial procedure. (The known quantity of letters at this time was estimated at about 900. a depository of transcripts of the letters was to be established at an early stage to facilitate the work of the editors of the individual volumes. which nevertheless needed to be revised through ‘systematic checking of journals and newspapers in which Simmel published and investigation of the archived papers of those authors with whom Simmel stood in close contact as well as attention to correspondence’. as well as lecture or seminar transcripts.A. Michael Landmann. The structure of the Collected Works was to be divided into three parts. to assure the existence of the project independently of fluctuating personnel.000. on the model of the edition of Max Weber’s collected works.

p. 52. Sozialistische Monatshefte 25 (1919). 6. and finally. 5 May 1918. 3. all the volumes of the Collected Works subsequently reached publication. vol. 946. hand Downloaded from tcs. and vol. Luhmann’s petition for funding from the Academy had to be withdrawn. after numerous consultations. and other avenues had to be explored. edited by David P. Winneba on August 11. 105f. creating for Rammstedt the double burden of securing finances and ensuring the suitability of the project for social science purposes. ‘Lebenserinnerungen’ [‘Recollections’] (1941/43). Frisby and Klaus Christian Ko ¨ hnke. The final volume. Simmel. taking his audience with him into philosophical heights and depths. GSG 23. Herman Schmalenbach. remarking on how ‘those most deeply and uniquely influenced by him’ were those who knew him personally. 510f. but with no success. 2. Dahme and Ko ¨ hnke all pursued various other possibilities. See the listing in Georg-Simmel-Gesamtausgabe (Collected Works in 24 volumes.. 20. 288. and the chronological bibliography of first editions in GSG 24. pp. no. Letter to Margarete von Bendemann. the Fritz Thyssen Foundation. ‘With the most composed of gazes he would find a concept and a context for every object he beheld or contemplated. containing The Philosophy of Money. In this seemingly desperate situation Rammstedt turned directly to the Education Ministry of the state of North-Rhine Westfalia. and all the while ready to offer his brilliant mental counsel to others without any desire to show off or impress’ (Autobiographical Sketch [1920]. to assist in approaching scientific organizations and foundations and to establish an assistant position at Bielefeld for the History of Sociology with a focus on Simmel scholarship. In September 1983 Luhmann and Rammstedt procured alternative funding for three years from the Volkswagen Foundation. is forthcoming in 2013. managed to secure the ministry’s agreement to support small related projects. vol. and Ignaz Jastrow confirm that interest in Simmel grew ‘even greater after his death in September 1918 than in his lifetime’. containing On Social Differentiation and the first version of Problems of the Philosophy of History. pp. 24. due to the financial difficulties of the state of NorthRhine Westfalia. 2013 .Rammstedt 309 Unfortunately. Translated by Austin Harrington Notes 1. p. similar statements to Hans Simmel.. but further hopes of support from the Academy of North-Rhine Westfalia would have to be abandoned by 1986. In March 1989 the first two volumes appeared: vol.com at Univ of Education.52 This enabled support for Dahme for one year53 in 1986 and Ko ¨ hnke for five years54 from various project funds from the German Research Council. the Robert Bosch Foundation and the Education Ministry.sagepub. 2. edited by Heinz-Ju ¨ rgen Dahme. Rammstedt. Despite lack of a continuous editorial committee and assured finances. hereafter GSG). Simmel Studies 18 (1/2008). Luhmann.

v. 13. 1–54. 8. (editorial report). 504f. ‘Bausteine zur Biographie’ [‘Rudiments of a Biography’]. 1002). pp. vol. vol. pp. Soc. Reminiscences. 12. 2013 . Int. 6. Bibliography on the Centenary of his Birth. ‘Zur Philosophie des Schauspielers’ [‘Philosophy of the Dramatic Actor’].sagepub. 1 (1921). Geschiedenis. letter to Margarete von Bendemann. Bruchstu ¨ cke aus dem Nachlaß’ [‘On Freedom: Fragments from the Last Manuscripts’]. 4. 1–30. According to Strasbourg municipal records. Gertrud Kantorowicz edited: ‘Aus Georg Simmels nachgelassenem Tagebuch’ [‘Selections from Simmel’s Diary’]. ‘the last drop of my wisdom. Editorischer Bericht [editorial report] in GSG 20. 1926. 1958. See Georg Simmel. 10. 121–51. small as it may be’ (letter of Gertrud Simmel to Hermann Graf von Keyserling. According to his wife. 14. Simmel completed corrections to the proofs of The View of Life on his death-bed. 1 March 1958]. 3 (1921). he said. vol. See Otthein Rammstedt. ed. pp. Simmel preferred these writings ‘not to be reissued’. she left the city for Heidelberg on 16 December 1918. in Kurt Gassen/Michael Landmann (eds) Buch des Dankes an Georg Simmel.com at Univ of Education.. although on 22 January 1919 she wrote to Hermann Graf von Keyserling that ‘a Herr Hauter in Strasbourg’ would edit the lectures on school education (Keyserling-Archiv. and ‘Fragment u ¨ ber die Liebe’ [‘Fragment on Love’]. 1 (1922). 9. Berlin: Duncker & Humblot. ‘Ueber Freiheit. Culture & Society 29(7/8) manuscript. 73f. Otto Baensch. Bibliographie. gehalten an der Universita¨t Strassburg [School Education: Lectures Held at the University of Strasbourg]. ‘On principle I undertake nothing with Simmel’s books he has not already intended and could not consider myself justified in writing a preface’ (letter 5 Dec. Briefe. Fritz Redlich Collection. Amsterdam). Osterwieck/Harz: A.. 7. the book subsequently appearing with Duncker & Humblot in December 1918. Karl Hauter. New York. appears to have met with great difficulties in finding a publisher for the manuscript on ‘School Education’. in library of the University of Darmstadt. 5. 501f. concerned that the form of the book not be altered. referring primarily to Einleitung in die Moralwissenschaft [Introduction to Moral Science] of 1892/93 and Der Krieg und die geistigen Entscheidungen [The War and our Spiritual Decisions] of 1917. Zu seinem 100. archive of the University of Chicago. 339–62. in ibid. 7 March 1922 (Leo Baeck Institute. Simmel repeatedly described this work in his last days as his ‘testament’. ed. Ma¨rz 1958 [Festschrift for Georg Simmel: Letters. Zieckfeldt. Reggio Emilia). vol. it was. in ibid.. Otto Baensch received an agreement from LOGOS to publish the essay on ‘Freedom’. see Otthein Rammstedt. Erinnerungen. Hauter. Downloaded from tcs.310 Theory. pp. 10. Darmstadt). LOGOS: Internationale Zeitschrift fu¨r Philosophie der Kultur. see also Gertrud Kantorowicz. Georg Simmelffl Schulpa¨dagogik: Vorlesungen. See Michael Landmann. 22 January 1919. p. 1922. Inst. p.. 11.W. quoted in GSG 23. in ibid.. wrote Gertrud Simmel to Antonio Banfi on 13 June 1920 (Banfi-NL. Winneba on August 11. 3 (1919). p. 9. 11. pp. Susman Collection). K. pp. Notably she rejected Gottfried Salomon’s proposal to introduce and edit anew On Social Differentiation. Keyserling Archive). Geburtstag am 1. GSG 20. on the other hand.

Buber Archive. 18. Winneba on August 11. Kulturbersitz. p. 2013 . and that ‘to assemble material of diminished current import would have been quite against Simmel’s intentions’ (DLA [German Literature Archive]. NL125 (Landmann)). 25 February 1922 (University of London. one titled ‘Aufsa ¨ tze von Georg Simmel: Nach dem Verzeichnis der Jenaer Universita ¨ tsbibliothek’. op. 19. To Karl Jaspers she wrote on 9 March 1922 that she was composing an essay collection designed to ‘bring together only material of the highest importance’.. When Antonio Banfi asked her for a bibliography in June 1920. Letter 35). and she had no exact overview of his output and thus could form no reliable bibliography. And even in the 1920s no publisher would in principle have objected to the project of a collected edition. Probably from hearsay about these activities. Gundolf-Nl). for their concerns were solely to ensure that the last manuscripts came to print and that relevant parts of the total oeuvre remained readily available. The truth is that before 1926 Gertrud did not have access to Simmel’s library in Strasbourg after his death. all she could do after a visit to Jena University Library on 2 August 1920 was send him a list of 123 titles (Banfi-NL. 22. Gertrud Simmel reported this intention to Hermann Graf von Keyserling on 22 January 1919 (Keyserling Archive. A: Jaspers). Michael Landmann formed the conviction 35 years later that Gertrud Simmel had been at pains to inaugurate a Collected Works of her own after Simmel’s death and that ‘her undertaking could not be realized because none of the many previous publishers of Simmel’s work were willing to renounce copyright’ (‘Bausteine zur Biographie’. Not until 1925/6 did she retrieve her possessions in Strasbourg. She sent Martin Buber a provisional list for the areas ‘art’. 31 January 1922 (JNUL. This was well short of the 192 essays identified by today’s Collected Works as having been published in Simmel’s lifetime. All that remained was one manuscript on ‘Naturalism’. with 9 typed pages and 117 items. the other headed ‘Aufsa ¨ tze von Georg Simmel: Vorhanden’.sagepub. Gundolf Archive). letter to Martin Buber.Rammstedt 311 13. expressly stating that this volume would contain exclusively ‘new material’ (Banfi-NL. 15. containing 11 pages of type with 123 entries. Gertrud Simmel. 16. 14. letter to Martin Buber. 24 February 1922 (JNUL. 14). 20. which Gertrud Kantorowicz later subsumed in her anthologyffl Fragmente und Aufsa¨tze aus dem Nachlaß und Vero¨ffentlichungen der letzten Jahre [Fragments and Essays from the Last Manuscripts and Other Last Writings]. and therefore also not to any hand copies or printed copies of works. Letter 32) and to Friedrich Gundolf. cit. 21. The crucial matter was that a collected edition would have been contrary to both Georg’s and Gertrud’s understanding. Letter of 15 February 1922 (University of London. Gertrud Simmel. preuß. ‘religion’ and ‘philosophy of history’ on 31 January 1922. Staatsbibliothek Berlin. Reggio Emilia). also detailing the number of copies in her possession (one item belonging to [Ignaz] Jastrow. including hand copies of texts in Simmel’s library. Two of these bibliographies can be identified as stemming from Gertrud Simmel. Reggio Emilia). Downloaded from tcs. Darmstadt) and to Antonio Banfi on 13 June 1920. Buber Archive.com at Univ of Education. 17.

Tu ¨ bingen). These were the following items: August 1922: ‘Ueber Freiheit. asking whether he found the publisher trustworthy and reliable (JNUL. ed. who reports that as early as 1907 Simmel hoped one day.sagepub. Gertrud Kantorowicz. This contained the one extant manuscript from the folder on philosophy of art. Werner Siebeck. ed. Karl Hauter. Namely ‘Platonic and Modern Love’ (no. 9. 26. Potsdam: Gustav Kiepenheuer Verlag. pp. Otto Baensch. Osterwieck/Harz: A. Probably autumn 1922: Schulpa¨dagogik: Vorlesungen. 24. 2013 . 304. 56). and the reasons for her turning to Gustav Kiepenheuer Verlag seem detectable in a letter to Buber. pp. 1923. LOGOS. Zickfeldt. Winneba on August 11. to write ‘his ‘‘philosophy of art’’. when all other studies had been completed. 1922). p. 1922. or with de Gruyter (owing to breach of contract for the second of edition of Grundfragen der Soziologie [Basic Questions of Sociology]. free of all other commitments’. Culture & Society 29(7/8) 23. December 1922: Zur Philosophie der Kunst: Philosophische und kunstphilosophische Aufsa¨tze [Essays on the Philosophy of Art]. 25. 1922. pp. 267–304. September 1923.com at Univ of Education.W. Buber Archive. 1–30.312 Theory. June 1923) and an abridged version of ‘Philosophie des Schauspielers’ [‘Philosophy of the Dramatic Actor’] in Obelisk: Literarisches Beiblatt der ‘Oesterreichsischen Rundschau’. Probably August 1923: Fragmente und Aufsa¨tze aus dem Nachlaß und Vero¨ffentlichungen der letzten Jahre [Fragments and Essays from the Last Manuscripts and Other Last Writings]. ed. 1920) or Kro ¨ ner (to do with a third edition of Philosophische Kultur [Philosophical Culture]. pp. cit. 175. June 1923: ‘Fragment u ¨ ber die Liebe. pp. pp. Downloaded from tcs. Aus dem Nachlaß Georg Simmels’ [‘Fragment on Love: From the Last Manuscripts’]. ‘Zum Problem des Naturalismus’ [‘On the Problem of Naturalism’]. 1 (1922/23). 3 (1921). 135.. Gertrud Simmel. 339–62 (alias ‘Der platonische und der moderne Eros’ [‘Platonic and Modern Love’]. 27. LOGOS: Internationale Zeitschrift fu¨r Philosophie der Kultur. Letters 10 and 11). Bruchstu ¨ cke aus dem Nachlaß’ [‘On Freedom: Fragments from the Last Manuscripts’]. 6. Munich: Drei Masken Verlag. in Fragmente und Aufsa¨tze (see below)). 29 April 1922 (VA Mohr Siebeck. ed. 1921/2). ed. Gertrud most probably felt less willing to work with Duncker & Humblot (owing to alterations in the second edition of Soziologie. 11. Gertrud Kantorowicz. letter to Gertrud Simmel. On this see also Hans Simmel (op. gehalten an der Universita¨t Strassburg [School Education: Lectures at the University of Strasbourg].

p.). including 93 German-language essays. ‘Books. Berlin and Munich: Heinz Ullstein/Helmut Kindler. Stuttgart: Deutsche Verlags-Anstalt. Berlin: Verlag Ullstein. Shortly after the Second World War. Still to be Downloaded from tcs. 1923. Georg Simmel: Bru¨cke und Tu¨r: Essays des Philosophen zur Geschichte. 11–97. 34. Philosophische Vortra¨ge und Diskussionen. 1947. 28. Problems of the Philosophy of History (5th edn. 84–87. Wolff (ed. 1756–1796). 1935. Kurt Gassen named 31 books.: Pan/Birnbach.F. Georg Simmel 1858–1919: A Collection of Essays. 256 essays. in Goethe-Ausgabe [Goethe: Collected Works]. in Georgi Schischkoff (ed. 1922). 204f. p. 1922). 1923).: Gerhard Loose. 1948. Wurzach/ Wu ¨ rtt. p. Religion. with Translations and a Bibliography.com at Univ of Education.). see also the editorial afterword in Michael Landmann and Margarete Susman (eds). 1964. 32. Goethe (5th edn. Albion Small. edn. the bibliography by Erich Rosenthal and Kurt Oberlaender. 357. Sonderheft 1). and Essays by Georg Simmel’ in the American Journal of Sociology (51. p. Religion (3rd. 141. 1923). 238–47). The years 1922–3 saw new editions of the following works: The Philosophy of Money (4th edn. Art and Society] Stuttgart: K. detailing at least 137 German-language essays: a bibliography in Nicholas J. Koehler. Die Religionssoziologie Georg Simmels. Sociology (2nd edn. 1923). vol. contained 252 items. p. Leipzig. Spykman’s The Social Theory of Georg Simmel (Chicago: University of Chicago Press. 2013 . 1946. 137. pp. comprising 132 German-language essays. The View of Life (2nd edn. 35. e. 1923). (¼Zeitschrift fu ¨r philosophische Forschung. 1922). American Journal of Sociology 31 (1925). Ich habe viele Leben gelebt: Erinnerungen [Memoirs]. 1959. 30.Rammstedt 313 October 1923: ‘Allgemeine Einleitung’ [‘General Introduction’]. 1933. ‘The Social Theory of Georg Simmel’.g. Papers. Michael Landmann.). Schopenhauer und Nietzsche (3rd edn. Georg Simmel als Deuter und Fortbildner Kants. 1931. Problems of the Philosophy of History (4th edn. Verboten und verbrannt: Deutsche Literatur – 12 Jahre unterdru¨ckt [Forbidden and Burned: German Literature – Twelve Years of Suppression]. See Richard Drews and Alfred Kantorowicz (eds). 33. Winneba on August 11. 31. review of Nicholas Spykman. in Kurt H. 1922). Regarding earlier bibliographies other than Gertrud Simmel’s listing of 1921/2. Philosophische Kultur [Philosophical Culture] (3rd edn. 206. 1 (Poems. Religion. 98 translations and 153 German essays. p. pp. 1923) and Sociology (3rd edn. 271. Leipzig. 1922). Karl Dunkmann (ed. Kunst und Gesellschaft [Georg Simmel: Bridge and Door: Essays on the Philosophy of History. See Margarete Susman. Ohio: State University Press.sagepub. Herwig Mu ¨ ller. Berlin: Junker und Du ¨ nnhaupt. citing Spykman’s and Rosenthal and Oberlaender’s findings in ‘Bibliography of Writings on Georg Simmel’. With the exception of doctoral dissertations already begun before the start of the Nazi years. pp. 29. ‘Georg Simmel: Vorbereitung eines Archivs und einer Ausgabe’ [Georg Simmel: Creating an Archive and an Edition]. 1925) also named 137 works. Lehrbuch der Soziologie und Sozialphilosophie [Handbook of Sociology and Social Philosophy]. 1957.

VII: Goethe Vol. IVb: Introduction to Moral Science. Buch des Dankes an Georg Simmel. Levine (Chicago). Heribert Becher (Eichsta ¨ tt). X: The View of Life/Notizen aus dem nachgelassenen Tagebuch [‘Diary Notes’]/Aus der nachgelassenen Mappe Metaphysik [‘Manuscripts on Metaphysics’] Vol. Frisby (Glasgow). I: The Philosophy of Money Vol. Mu ¨ ller stated that ‘fleeting writings of the moment’ were not candidates for a Collected Works (op.. 205). Coser (Stony Brook). letter to Hans Broermann. Part 2 Vol. Hannes Boeringer (Berlin). VI: Schopenhauer and Nietzsche/Main Problems of Philosophy Vol. 61). Horst Baier (Constance).) was as follows: Vol. 41. III: On Social Differentiation/Problems of the Philosophy of History (detailing variants in the 2nd and 3rd editions) Vol. 39.sagepub. Klaus Christian Ko ¨ hnke (Berlin). 37. Peter-Ernst Downloaded from tcs. 36. 38. Mu ¨ ller’s ‘Plan einer Gesamtausgabe der Werke Georg Simmels (in Kurt Gassen and Michael Landmann. ‘History and Culture’. Michael Landmann. 16 November 1961 (Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin. eds. Horst Mu ¨ ller was a student of Landmann who took his PhD in 1959 at the Free University of Berlin with a thesis on ‘Lebensphilosophie und Religion bei Georg Simmel’. 62f. XI: Essays on Sociology. Poets and Artists/Appendices. Schmoll/Eisenwerth (Munich). XII: Essays on the Philosophy of Culture. Kulturbesitz. V: Kant/Kant and Goethe Vol. Karlfried Gru ¨ nder (Berlin). Niklas Luhmann (Bielefeld). ‘Religion’.314 Theory. NL 125 (Landmann)). XIV: Essays on Thinkers. VIII: Rembrandt/Michelangelo/Rodin Vol. p. Ethics and Psychology Vol. Klaus Lichtblau (Bielefeld). J. Where Landmann wrote in 1948 that not ‘not all essays’ were appropriate for a collected edition (op. preuß. Part 1 Vol. David P. Delegates included: Bruno Accarino (Florence). ‘Historical Personalities’ and ‘Society’. ‘The Beautiful and Art’. cit. p. 2013 .. IX: Basic Questions of Sociology/School Education Vol. II: Sociology Vol. proposing Mu ¨ ller as collaborator for a Collected Works. Verlag Duncker & Humblot. Otthein Rammstedt (Bielefeld). Michael Landmann (Haifa). Winneba on August 11. p. Culture & Society 29(7/8) determined is whether Rosenthal and Oberlaender made use of the now lost bibliography of Gertrud Simmel.A. Donald N. Werner Gephart (Du ¨ sseldorf). Petra Christian-Widmaier (Stuttgart).. Berlin: Duncker & Humblot 1958. Lewis A. cit. Birgitta Nedelmann (Freiburg).com at Univ of Education. 40. Hein-Ju ¨ rgen Dahme (Bielefeld). XIII: Essays on Aesthetics and the Philosophy of Art Vol. Sibylle Hu ¨ bnerFunk (Munich). History and Religion Vol. IVa: Introduction to Moral Science. Uta Gerhard (Giessen). The contributions are ordered into the six areas of ‘Life and Philosophy’.

p. 47. The Coming Crisis of Western Sociology. Carter and Eleanor Miller Gorman. ‘Simmel’s Influence on American Sociology’. 135–75. Berlin: Dietz. The first prospectus for the Collected Works of Max Weber justified the project by reference to Weber’s ‘importance for modern sociology. 2nd edn. Simmel Newsletter 2 (1992). 515–21. and Gottfried Eisermann (ed. 398– 401). ‘Umgang mit Klassikern’. the consciousness of crisis in and about sociology would be recorded in Alvin W. Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp. p. Donald N. Peter M. 1976. Jaworski. Notably work by – among others – Reinhard Bendix. Merton. pp.B. New York: Basic Books. p. In the once influential work by Friedrich Ueberweg of 1916. Albany: State University of New York Press. 4. and Kurt H. 1981.C.sagepub. Soziologische Revue 11 (1988). Gouldner. Simmel’s philosophy is categorized as a distinctive variant of ´ cs’s Die Zersto¨rung der Vernunft Neo-Kantianism. In Georg Luka [The Destruction of Reason] (1962. 43. Against the background of the student revolts of 1968 and the social and political disputes bound up with them. 2. Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp. p. 2). 1916. Everett C. Levine. Erving Goffman. Simmel’s Lebensphilosophie is branded the ‘ideology of imperialist rentier parasitism’ (p. pp.Rammstedt 315 42. Kaspar D.com at Univ of Education. Die Krise der Soziologie. Die Wissenschaft der Gesellschaft. pp. Ko ¨ ln: Pahl-Rugenstein 1975. ‘Klassiker der Soziologie – was ist das eigentlich?’. Ralph H. Gary D. 1976. A Simmel. 1992. 258–70. Berlin: Mittler. Ellwood B. 4. Levine. idem. 45. vol. Horst Baier. Buchstabe und Geist. C. 44. 1987). in Hannes Bo ¨ hringer and Karlfried ¨ sthetik und Soziologie um die Jahrhundertwende: Georg Gru ¨ nder (eds). vol. Coser. Wolff. 1978. See Donald N. 400). 2). Naegele. idem. 3. Stuttgart: Enke. 46. Blau. Soziologische Revue 18 (1995). pp. 1970. Albert Salomon. pp. 2. Wright Mills. Marx/Engels-Gesamtausgabe. Frankfurt am Main: Klostermann. Konstantin Oesterreich. MA). See Niklas Luhmann. Robert K. pp. Hans Ju ¨ rgen Krysmanski and Peter Marwedel (eds). 452f. Stephen Cole. Die Krise in der Soziologie. Lewis A. for German political history and for European intellectual history’ (‘Prospekt’. Tu ¨ bingen: J. Hartmann Tyrell (Bielefeld). Mohr [Paul Siebeck] May 1981. Turner and Kurt H. 216. Neuwied: Luchterhand).). Winneba on August 11. Schnabel (Bielefeld). Grundriß der Philosophie vom Beginn des neunzehnten Jahrhunderts bis auf die Gegenwart [History of Philosophy from the Beginning of the Nineteenth Century to the Present] (ed. ‘Die Bedeutung der Klassiker fu ¨ ische ¨ r die neue europa Soziologie’. 48. The prospectus to this Marx/Engels edition describes the volumes as meeting ‘a true need of the entire international workers’ movement and workers’ science. 105–12. 1997. Downloaded from tcs. an exigency of the progressive forces of all peoples’ (‘Prospekt’. 269–77. ‘Editionen in den Sozialwissenschaften’. Georg Simmel and the American Prospect. Carlo Mongardini. Marx/Engels-Gesamtausgabe. Wolff (Newton. Gesellschaftsstruktur und Semantik. in Walter Jaeschke ¨ berlieferung und Edition philosoet al. (eds). 2013 . Hughes. Zur U phischer Texte (Hamburg: Felix Meiner. Otthein Rammstedt.

Feeling himself at the limit of his capacities. He is General Editor of the German collected edition of Simmel’s works. Simmel Archive. Germany. Culture & Society 29(7/8) 49. Luhmann was unwilling to sign the plea that led to this agreement with the ministry and to continue to work as co-editor with Rammstedt. Bielefeld. 27 June 1982. Of great value in particular were the suggestions of Horst Baier (from the Weber editorial committee) and Karlfried Gru ¨ nder (from the Wilhelm Dilthey edition). 1981). 2013 . Ko ¨ hnke was a lecturer at the Free University of Berlin from 1990 to 1996. 52. Heinz-Ju ¨ rgen Dahme completed a PhD in 1980 with Rammstedt on Soziologie als exakte Wissenschaft: Georg Simmels Ansatz und seine Bedeutung in der gegenwa¨rtigen Soziologie [Sociology as Exact Science: The Work of Georg Simmel and its Significance for Contemporary Sociology] (published in 2 vols. Winneba on August 11. published by Suhrkamp Verlag. Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp. 53. 51. 50. 54.com at Univ of Education.316 Theory. Stuttgart: Enke. Otthein Rammstedt is Emeritus Professor of Sociology at the University of Bielefeld. In 1982 he extended Kurt Gassen’s Simmel bibliography by some 30 titles. Dahme worked for the ‘History of Sociology’ cluster in Bielefeld in 1987–9 before moving to a career in public administration.sagepub. Klaus Christian Ko ¨ hnke was a student of Michael Landmann and completed his dissertation on Neo-Kantianism in 1985 at the Free University of Berlin: Entstehung und Aufstieg des Neukantianismus: Die deutsche Universita¨tsphilosophie zwischen Idealismus und Positivismus [The Rise of Neo-Kantianism: German Academic Philosophy between Idealism and Positivism]. Downloaded from tcs. 1986.