dheeraj

d. mass of pointer 11. An instrument will have uniform scale only when [02D01] a. deflecting torque varies directly as the magnitude of the quantity under measurement b. controlling torque varies directly as deflecting angle c. damping torque varies directly as the deflection angle 1. Which one is classified as an integrating instrument? [01D01] d. deflecting torque varies directly as the magnitude of the a. D'Arsonval galvanometer quantity under measurement and controlling torque varies b. Ampere - hour meter directly as deflecting angle c. Ohm - meter 12. The controlling torque in gravity controlled meter is d. Ammeter proportional to [02D02] 2. The most suitable material used as spring material for most of a. the applications, except in low resistance measurements [01D02] b.sin0 a. platinum silver c. b. phosphor - bronze d. % c. silicon - bronze 13. A meter has a full scale deflection of 900 at a current of 1A. d. hard rolled silver The response of the meter is square law. 3. At a steady state deflected position of an indicating instrument, Assuming spring control, the current for a the moving system is subjected to [01G05] deflection of 450 will be [02D03] a. deflecting torque only a. 0.25A b. deflecting and controlling torques b. 0.50A c. deflecting, controlling, damping torques c. 0.67A d. deflecting and controlling torques d. 0.707A 4. An instrument which gives total quantity of energy passed 14. The torque of an ammeter varies as square of the current. The through it, in a given time is called [01M01] instrument is gravity controlled and gives a deflection of 900 for a. integrating instrument current of 10A. The deflection for a current of 5A will be [02D04] b. indicating instrument a. 22.50 c. recording instrument b. 14.50 d. digital instrument c. 450 5. The controlling torque in a spring controlled meter is d. 600 proportional to [01M02] 15. A spring controlled instrument uses phosphor bronze springs to produce controlling torque. If the ratio of length of spring to a. theta thickness of the spring is 3000 for a deflection of 900, what b. %2 should be this ratio if the scale is extended to 1200? [02D05] c.1/theta a. 4000 d. 1/ %2 6. The movement of the moving element of an electrical b. 2250 indicating instrument is dependent on [01M03] c. 2000 a. restoring torque d. 3250 b. number of turns on the coil 17. In indicating instruments the damping is usually adjusted c. resistance of the circuit [02M01] d. restoring torque, number of turns on the coil and resistance a. at critical value of the circuit b. to the value slightly below critical value 7. In indicating instruments, the springs are mainly used to c. to the value slightly higher than critical value [01S01] d. to any value a. hold the pivot in position 18. Fluid friction damping can be employed [02M02] b. conduct the current to the coils a. in vertically mounted instruments only b. in horizontally mounted instruments only c. control the movement of the pointer d. reduce the vibrations of the pointer c. in both vertically and horizontally mounted instruments 8. The deflecting torque can be produced by [01S02] d. neither in vertically nor horizontally mounted instruments a. gravity control 19. In eddy current damping systems, the disc employed should b. spring control be of [02M03] c. air friction a. conducting and magnetic material d. magnetically b. conducting but non- magnetic material 9. Operating torques in an indicating instrument are [01S03] c. magnetic and non - conducting material a. deflecting, controlling, damping d. non - magnetic and non - conducting material b. deflecting, balancing, damping 20. A voltage of 220V produces a deflection of 900 in a PMMC c. deflecting, controlling, vibration spring controlled instrument. If the same d. restoring, controlling, balancing instrument is provided with gravity control, what 10. The pointer returns to its zero position on removing the source would be the deflection? [02M04] producing the deflecting torque. This happens a. 900 due to [01S04] b. 450 a. deflecting torque c. 64.20 b. controlling torque d. 1800 c. damping torque JNTU ONLINE EXAMINATIONS [Mid 1 - em]

The power consumed by a PMMC meter with internal resistance of 500B and current for full scale deflection as 100μA is [03S01] a. the control spring stiffness decreases by amount 0. can be used in horizontally mounted instruments b. 1350 29. 450 d. stationary c. Fluid friction damping [02S05] a. Eddy current damping should not be used where deflecting torque in the instrument is produced due to [02M05] a.f d. only high frequency quantities 38. Hot wire 26. controlling force b. non-linear b.4 % c. Suppose the instrument is redesigned with its spring constant as before. 5μW c.2 % b.C. 34. under damped b. A PMMC instrument uses a coil of resistance 0. and D. The force responsible for reduction of oscillations of the pointer in an ammeter [02S02] a.2B and produces full scale deflection with a steady current of 10A. 2A d. can be used on both A.m. 0. What will be the reading of the voltmeter? The instrument coil has a resistance of 500B and an inductance of 1H and series noninductive resistance is 2000B [04D01] a. An advantage of a PMMC instrument is that it is [03M04] a. what will be the reading of the instrument if a current of 1A (D. increases by about 0. If this instrument is used as an ammeter. The other features of the PMMC instrument remain the same. vibration force 24. Moving coil c. the pointer will remain stationary c. 90 c.C. both A. it uses spring control b.C. If an analog PMMC 0-10A ammeter is provided with no controlling mechanism and the moving parts are free to rotate.4 % d. decreases by about 0.02 % per 0C rise in temperature. The deflection [03D03] a. deflecting force d. b. uniformly divided 37. In PMMC instruments damping is provided by [03M02] a. 10 d.C. In PMMC instruments the scale is [03S02] a. The power consumption in PMMC instruments is typically about [03M05] a. over damped c. the coil itself b. actually moving b. quantities c. The reading shown by a PMMC ammeter will be [03D01] a. 0. quantities d.2A b. Air friction damping is used in the instrument which is [02S04] a. the deflecting torque is proportional to the instrument current d. is applied to it. exponential d. friction 22. 10 + (10/3) 28. decreases by about 0.) passed through the moving coil( the torque produced is sufficient to overcome the frictional losses) [03S04] a.C.C.C. only A. can be used in vertically mounted instruments c. then the range of the instrument will be zero to [03M01] a. The damping torque must operate only when the moving system of the indicating instrument is [02S01] a. 10A 31. 0. quantities b. electrostatic field c. Induction d. 248V b. A PMMC instrument is spring controlled. damping vane in an air tight chamber 32.25μW to 2μW 35. 50Hz A. 1A c.25mW to 2mW c. can't be used in either horizontally or vertically mounted instruments 27. 10A 39. magnetic field b. The PMMC meter can measure [03S03] a. The rise in temperature is 100C. it uses spring control and the deflecting torque is proportional to the instrument current 33. un damped 25. 0. 1800 b.2 % 30. just starting to move d.04 % per 0C rise in temperature and the strength of magnets goes down by 0. can be used in both horizontally and vertically mounted instruments d. it uses eddy current damping c. has low torque/weight ratio d. Moving iron b. what would be the deflection if a current of 1mA is passed through the coil. [03D02] a. 0. A PMMC instrument produces a deflection 900 when a current 2mA passes through its moving coil. 50μW 36. The current in a circuit consists of a DC component of 10A superimposed on a 50Hz sinusoidal component of rms value 10A.21. and D. has high torque/weight ratio c. near its full deflection 23.C.5μW b. the pointer will continuously rotate d. separate pair of magnets c. 1A b. increases by about 0. PMMC instrument gives uniform scale because [03M03] a. an aluminum frame on which the coil is wound d. only D. If 250V. 20/3 c. free from friction error b. thermo-electric e. If the damping torque is more than the critical damping. 25μW to 200μW d.25W to 2W b. logarithmic c. critically damped d. the instrument is called [02S03] a. A moving iron voltmeter reads correctly on 250V DC. damping force c. and its permanent magnet is replaced with a new permanent magnet which produces twice the flux density as before. 25μW d. 250V .

circuits for any value of frequency d. Rectifier 59. balancing circuit 41. voltages than for corresponding values of D. we have scale expanded at the lower end and cramped at the upper end 44. higher values for A.C.C. voltages [05D02] a. voltages c.C.C. circuits only b.C. power frequencies 0 to 125hz 54. and A. 100V d.C. voltages.C.C.C. indicate higher value of measured for descending values d. very low frequency band 10Hz to 30kHz c. voltages than for corresponding D. we have uniform scale b. I2 c. L with deflection. C = L/r2 b. if the resistance of the multiplier is made very high b. low frequency band 30Hz to 300kHz d.C. indicate the same values of the measurement for both ascending and descending values b. Its sensitivity is [06M03] a. keeping rate of change of inductance. I b. 20000B/V . 400V 49. the swamping resistance [06M02] a. I 48. should have infinite value 60. circuits only c. A moving iron ammeter coil has few turns of thick wire in order to have [04S01] a. and D. PMMC b.C. indicate higher value of measured for ascending values c. Moving Iron type of Instrument can be used as [05S02] a. C = L/r 55. audio frequency band 20Hz to 20kHz b. voltages b. condenser of suitable value in parallel with the swamping resistance c. indicate lower value of measured for ascending values 52. circuits for frequencies upto about 125Hz 56. in both A. % as constant b. zero value for D. size of the instrument will increase d. 50V c. we can have complete linear scale by choosing irons of appropriate shape and size c. reading will remain unaffected d. A square wave type voltage of peak magnitude 100V is measured by a moving iron voltmeter. may be reduced by using a/an [04D02] a. Moving Iron Instruments when measuring voltages or currents [05M01] a. The moving iron voltmeters indicate: [05M02] a. A moving iron voltmeter reads low for A. low resistance and large current carrying capacity d. should be made of a material having low resistance temperature co-efficient and should have a value of about 20 to 30 times that of meter resistance d. keeping as constant c. induction coil b. If the connections of a moving iron voltmeter connected in a circuit are interchanged. and D. weight of the instrument will increase b. eddy current will pass through the iron and there by cause loss 47. voltages 53. Which instrument is the cheapest disregarding the accuracy [05S03] a. effective damping c. in A. the same value for D. we have scale cramped at the lower end and expanded at the upper end and it is not possible to expand the scale near zero d. will burnt 46. high sensitivity b. The shape of the scale can be made almost linear by [05D03] a. should be made of a material having high resistance temperature co-efficient b. In spring controlled moving iron instruments [04M01] a. presence of permanent magnet required for this purpose will affect the deflection and hence the instrument readings c. should be made of a material having a low resistance temperature co-efficient with the value of swamping resistance equal to meter resistance c. voltages d. A moving iron instrument can be used for current and voltage measurements [05S01] a. C = (Lr) d. A d'Arsonval movement is rated at 50μA.c.C. The deflecting torque of moving iron instrument is proportional to [04S04] a.C. I d. The frequency range of moving iron instrument is [05M03] a. voltages than for corresponding D. in D. if the resistance of the coil is made very large d. The readings of the instrument will be independent of frequency only when [05M04] a.C. if the inductance of the coil is made small c. transfer type of instruments c. and D. 200V b. Integrated type of instrument 57. will not give any reading b. The meter can be made to read equally for both A. standard instruments for calibration of other instruments b. lower values for A. Spring controlled moving iron instruments exhibit a square law response resulting in a non-linear scale.C. 252V d. indicator type instruments as on panels d. if the multiplier resistance is shunted by a capacitance of appropriate value to make the circuit noninductive 50. in both A. condenser of suitable value in series with the swamping resistance d. 255V 40. Electrodynamometer d. Error due to change in frequency in moving iron instruments.C.C. Eddy current damping cannot be used for moving iron instruments because [04S03] a. then the voltmeter [04S02] a. Moving Iron c. In order to reduce errors on account of temperature changes. Error due to change in frequency in moving iron instrument is reduced by connecting a condenser across swamping resistance. It will read [05D01] a. keeping as constant where K is spring constant b keeping as constant 51. large scale 45. C = Lr2 c. will deflect in opposite direction c.

1 % c. 999C b. c. constantan b. 100000C d. a low value resistance in series with the voltmeter d. 3 % 70. 50V b. b. 66. The relative division of current through the galvanometer and the shunt with Ayrton shunt [07M02] a. 0 .0 71. a high value resistance in parallel with the ammeter coil c. 0.point of the scale c. 14. a high value resistance in parallel with the voltmeter c. 3600C d.4V -30. gross error b. The voltmeter of sensitivity 1000B/V is connected across the 50kB resistor in the circuit shown in the figure (a) . Which material is used for swamping resistance that is connected in series with the working coil of a voltmeter? [07S04] a.100mA range c. A d'Arsonval movement has a sensitivity of 40. A 1mA d'Arsonval movement has a resistance of 100B. environmental error 76.range milli ammeter having ranges of 0 .5 % d. 100C 65.5 % 77. bottom of the scale d. 4. 36000B c. The value of shunt resistance is [06S04] a. a low value resistance in series with the ammeter coil d. If the strength of the permanent magnet becomes 95 % of the original. In a permanent magnet moving coil ammeter the deflection of the pointer is proportional to product of flux density of magnetic field produced by the permanent magnet and the current in the moving coil. It is used for measurement of current whose magnitude is not known.0 d. the range of readings will be [07D01] a.10mA.40V d. 4400C 72. d. a low value resistance in parallel with the ammeter coil 63.40V 69. 1. the shunt to reduce temperature error in shunt ammeters. depends upon galvanometer coil resistance and shunt resistance d. 9999C c.10A ammeter has guaranteed accuracy of 1 % of full scale deflection. instrumental errors b. Swamping resistance is connected in series with [06S05] a. 25V 74. nichrome 78. A 4 . 2 % c.5 b.b. error caused by over loading d. is independent of galvanometer coil resistance b. Systematic errors are [07S02] a. 0 50mA. 3. 7 % b. 200000C/V c. The resistance of multiplier to convert it to 1V voltmeter is [07M01] a. mid . random error 75. 2. A 0 .100mA. the meter gives erroneous reading resulting into error.50mA range b. Systematic error c. can't be determined 61. 20V . This error can be classified as [07S01] a. eureka d.36V b. 29. top of the scale b. the meter and have a negligible resistance co-efficient in order to reduce temperature errors in shunted ammeters.001C b. 0. instrumental errors and environmental errors c. connect [06S02] a. 44000C b. It is to be converted to a 1A ammeter. The limiting error while reading 2.500mA.000B/V and its internal resistance is 4000B. A 150V moving iron voltmeter of accuracy class 1. connect [06S03] a. 0 . For increasing the range of an ammeter. 0. A 0-300V voltmeter has an error of ±2 % of full scale deflection. 1 % b. 0 . It is to be converted to a 10V voltmeter. The function of a shunt in an ammeter is to [07S05] . the selector switch of the ammeter should be first placed at [06S06] a. If true voltage is 30V. trail and error average point 62. random errors d. The value of multiplier is [06S07] a.1001B c. A 1mA ammeter has a resistance of 100B. 990C 68. a low value resistance in parallel with the voltmeter 64. The maximum possible percentage error in the reading is [07D03] a.5 is [07D02] a. 24V .10mA range d. The voltmeter reading will be Figure(a) [07M03] a.0 c. is independent of both galvanometer coil resistance and shunt resistance 73. 30V . you should select the range that will indicate near the [06S01] a. a high value resistance in series with the ammeter coil b. 9900B d. The maximum percentage error in the difference of two measured currents and will be [07S03] a. 0 . For increasing the range of an voltmeter. 0 . 45V c. 200C/V d.0 reads 75V when used in a circuit under standard conditions. and 0 . the ammeters to reduce errors on account of friction. manganin c. In order to prevent damage to the instrument. depends upon galvanometer coil resistance only c.500mA range 67. the meter and have a high resistance temperature co-efficient in order to reduce temperature errors in ammeters.6V c. 4 % d. 30V d. When selecting a meter range scale to test a circuit. a high value resistance in series with the voltmeter b.

Electrostatic instruments are mainly used for measurement of [08S06] a. energy density in an electrostatic field is considerably smaller than that in an electromagnetic field c. A. The main advantage of electrostatic instruments is that [08S04] a. voltage [08M02] a.004B 80. The capacitance increases uniformly with angular deflection from 20pF for zero deflection to 100pF for 800.C. ammeters b. it takes negligible current from the source d.C [08M03] a.1C d. 10MHz 85.1A.6C b. voltages and currents c. low shunt resistance d. Which of the following instrument is free from hysteresis and eddy current errors? [08S07] a. reduce the voltage drop across the instrument coil d. high series resistance c. when measuring low voltages d. attraction between positive and negative charge d.a. 1/V2 88. a capacitor in series with the voltmeter whose capacitance is smaller than the capacitance of the voltmeter . voltmeters d. their frequency range is smaller d. it is suitable for measurement of very low voltage and currents b. The range of electrostatic voltmeter can be extended by using [08S10] a. If a voltage is applied between them. A.C. attraction of like poles c. increase the current flowing through the instrument coil 79. D. it is suitable for measurement of very low voltage and very high currents c. only when Idiostatically connected c.2kV is applied. the resistance of the shunt should be [07S06] a. repulsion between negative charges 89. the applied voltage is small to produce any noticeable deflection 84. V b.C. the spring force is very large d. In the figure shown figure (a) the voltmeter has a total resistance of 50kB and reads 50V. used for both Idiostatic and Hetrostatic connections d. 50V b. 1MHz d. Electrostatic type of instruments are primarily used as [08S05] a. voltages only 90. 0. increase the instrument resistance b. no rotary motion is produced because [08D02] a. there is no change in the voltage b.C. 25V c. repulsion of unlike poles b. 1/V d.C. electrostatic c. used for Hetrostatic connection c. low voltages d. An electrostatic voltmeter draws a small value of current on D. a capacitor in series with the voltmeter whose capacitance is greater than the capacitance of the voltmeter b. and D.6B and a full scale current of 0.06C c. A hypothetical electrostatic voltmeter with spring control is designed with one fixed and another movable plate. An Electrostatic voltmeter with spring control gives a full scale deflection of 800 when 0. PMMC 94. 0. Electrostatic instruments work on the principle of [08S02] a. 100V d. To convert it into an ammeter of 0-15A range. Quadrant type electrostatic instruments can be used for measurement of A. 100kHz c. only when Hetrostatically connected b. A. not at all 86. Both plates are in the form of circle with one plate over the other so as to produce a rotary motion. 0. 200 b. Measuring range of a voltmeter can be extended by using [07S07] a. 0. Moving Iron b. V2 c. in either Hetrostatically or Idiostatically connected d. watt meters c. its construction is very robust and cheap 91. 600 83. heavy currents b. Frequency up to which the electrostatic instruments can be used without serious loss of accuracy is [08M01] a. neither used for Hetrostatic nor Idiostatic connection 95. 75V 82. 100Hz b. under steady state condition irrespective of the applied voltage b. The size of electrostatic voltmeter is large as compared with corresponding electromagnetic voltmeters because [08S09] a. moving coil dynamometer d. voltages and currents d. high shunt resistance b. 45 degrees d. they are used for measurement of high voltages b. used for Idiostatic connection b. there is no change in the capacitance irrespective of the relative position of the two plates c. high voltages 93. 300 c. when switched on irrespective of the applied voltage c. A quadrant type electrostatic instrument uses two types of connections (i) Hetrostatic and (ii) Idiostatic.C. they have a high dielectric loss 96. when measuring high voltages 87. low series resistance 81. ohmmeters 92. Electrostatic instruments are suitable for the measurement of [08S03] a. deflecting torque is proportional to [08S01] a.5kV will be [08D01] a. An external battery is [08S08] a. The deflection for 1. bypass the current c. low currents c. A moving coil instrument has a resistance of 0. In electrostatic instruments. voltages b. the voltage V is then Figure(a) [07S08] a.

Clamp on meters are used because [09S06] a. The primary winding draws only the no load current d. reduce power losses b. The nominal ratio of a current transformer [09S03] a.T. 20 to 100 d. both of the ratio error and phase angle error increases b. The burden of current transformer is expressed in terms of [09S04] a. for primary winding phase voltages below 100kV .6A respectively and second winding is purely resistive. secondary winding current b. is short circuited by the link with the primary winding energized. the whole of the primary current produces large value of flux in the core there by producing a large voltage in the secondary winding. it is not possible to make any adjustments in the secondary winding circuit like replacing a faulty ammeter 99.2 c. Large voltages are produced in the secondary winding may be a safety hazard to operating personnel b. When the secondary winding of a potential transformer is suddenly open-circuited with primary winding energized [10D01] a. 2000. The current in the primary winding of a current transformer depends upon [09S05] a. is installed c. an inductor in series with the voltmeter 97. the metering circuit is electrically isolated from the power circuit there by providing safety in use to both the instruments and the operator b. PMMC 98. When the large magnetizing force is taken off it leaves a small value of residual magnetism c. they are cheap 108. electrostatic c. voltages are usually measured with [10S01] a. avoid dangerously high currents 101. b. A current transformer has a rating of 100/5A. the metering circuit is electrically isolated from the power circuit and small power losses in comparison to those in ammeter shunts and voltmeter multipliers 103. number of primary winding turns / number of secondary winding turns d. Potential Transformers with voltmeter d. a very small current flows on the primary side 100. 100 to 500 104. 10 to 20 c. rated primary winding current / rated secondary winding current c. Voltage. Primary winding current 106. both burden of the transformer secondary winding and load connected to the system d. it is possible to make any adjustments in the secondary winding circuit like replacing a faulty ammeter c. High A. is short circuited by the link with the primary winding energized.2 d. load connected to the system in which the C. When the secondary winding of the C. current and power factor of secondary winding circuit d. d. inductive voltameter c. A short circuiting link is provided on the secondary side of a current transformer because [09D01] a. The transformation ratio of a potential transformer is defined as the ratio of [10S02] a. a resistor in series with the voltmeter d. Current Transformers with voltmeter 111. the ratio error increases but phase angle error decreases c.C. When the secondary winding of the C. it is not possible to measure voltage without them d. magnetic voltmeter b.T. burden of the transformer secondary winding b. The number of turns on the primary of current transformer is usually [09S02] a. the current on the primary side falls to almost zero. avoid demagnetization c. 20. 20.2 102. number of secondary winding turns / number of primary winding turns d. 200. When the secondary winding of a current transformer is opencircuited with primary winding energized [09D02] a. primary winding voltage / secondary winding voltage 105. primary winding current / secondary winding current 112. primary winding voltage / secondary winding voltage b. its transformation ratio at rated current is [09M02] a. When the secondary winding of the C. both of the ratio error and phase angle error decreases 110. a very high current flows on the primary side 109. Hot wire d. the whole of the primary current produces small value of flux in the core there by producing a small voltage in the secondary winding. is short circuited by the link with the primary winding energized.c. the instrument transformers can be used for both dc as well as ac measurements d.T. While using a CT it is essential to maintain at all times a closed circuit on the secondary side in order to [09M01] a. its magnetizing and loss components of the exciting current are 1A and 0. a very high current flows on the primary side b. Capacitive potential transformers are used [10S03] a. small power losses in comparison to those in ammeter shunts and voltmeter multipliers c. their accuracy is high c. 1 to 5 b. avoid dangerously high emfs for both the operator and the transformer insulation d. the ratio error decreases but phase angle error increases d. primary winding current / secondary winding current b. The advantage of instrument transformers over ammeter shunts and voltmeter multipliers are [09S01] a.T.12 b. it is possible to measure current flowing in a line without breaking the circuit b. The large voltages so produced may rapture the insulation c. rated primary winding voltage / rated secondary winding voltage c. d. power factor of the secondary winding 107. In case of potential transformers with the increase in load on secondary side [10M01] a. When the short circuiting link is opened with the secondary winding open circuited. Moving Iron b. VA rating of transformer c. Which of the following instruments is not used for measuring current? [08S11] a.

an electrodynamometer type power factor meter having a limiting error ±1 % used. It consists of two coils mounted at right angles to each other b. only single phase metes b. -1 % 125. power factor of the primary 122. phase angle error b. The size of potential transformers [10S04] a. high permeability and low loss core materials. no effect of power factor on the ratio of transformation 115. V is the voltage read by a voltmeter and I is the current read by an ammeter. A current transformer has a phase error of +30. neither single phase nor three phase meters 128. The phase angle error of the transformer is [11M02] a. 1800 d. The ratio and phase angle errors in potential transformers may be reduced by [11M03] a. This is true for [12M02] a. The restoring torque is provided by a control spring d. decreases with increase in power factor of secondary burden d. It's magnetizing current and loss component of exciting current are 10A and 6A respectively. Which of the following statements is correct? [12D02] a.b. The ratio error in the current transformer is attributed to [11S02] a. increasing the resistance and leakage reactance in the transformer c. increasing the exciting current b. ratio error. voltmeter and ammeter is [12D01] a. primary and secondary windings keeping close to each other c. some fractional turns d. The power factor in a single circuit is = P/VI. 177 degrees c. The ratio and phase angle errors in a well designed current transformer are kept within the specified limits by [11S01] a. both ratio and phase angle errors d.9650 118. is smaller than that of power transformers of the same VA rating d. because they are cheaper than the electromagnetic transformer below a certain voltage range d. both single and three phase metes d. voltmeter [10S06] a. All the three instruments have a limiting error of ±1 %. Which of the following statements is not true for a power factor meter? [12M01] a. The phase angle between the primary and secondary currents is [11M01] a. In case of potential transformers [11M04] a. 0. for keeping the value of transformation ratio constant irrespective of the burden by making certain adjustments c. The phase angle between secondary winding induced voltage and current is 300. the phase angle error is positive when the secondary winding voltage reversed leads the primary winding voltage and is negative when the secondary winding voltage reversed lags the primary winding voltage 120. the phase angle error is always positive b. 0. low series resistance b. There will be serious errors. Turns compensation is used in current transformers primarily for reduction of [11S04] a. A current transformer has a rating of 1000/5A. energy component of excitation current c. in-built compensating capacitors b. the moving iron power factor meter is generally used as it has got large operating force and it gives scale extending over a full scale 126. Potential transformer 116. is much greater than that of power transformers of the same VA rating c. primary and secondary windings keeping away from each other 123. The power factor of the circuits can be known if only one meter i. ferrite core 121. by not employing turns compensation d. The controlling torque in single phase power factor meters provided by [12S01] . ±1 % d. The ratio of transformation in the case of potential transformers [10S05] a. Which of the following you will prefer to extend the range of an A.305 degrees c. the phase angle error is always negative c. because they are costlier than the electromagnetic transformer above a certain voltage range 113. reduction in phase angle error is incidental 124. where P is the power read by a wattmeter. is much smaller than that of power transformers of the same VA rating 114. if power factor of nonsinusoidal waveforms is measured by electrodynamometer power factor meters. }3 % c. The deflection is proportional to the phase angle between field coil and crossed coil 127. 0. the phase angle error is usually zero d. decreasing the resistance and leakage reactance in the transformer 119. avoiding any joints in the core and also keeping the flux density to a low value b. 0. the moving iron power factor meter is generally used as it has got large operating force b. the moving iron power factor meter is generally used because it gives scale extending over a full scale c. Balanced position depends upon the resulting torque developed by the two coils c. large cross-sections for both primary and secondary winding conductors d. ratio error c. only three phase metes c. remains constant irrespective of power factor of secondary burden c. 1830 117. magnetizing component of no.650 b.load current b. Current transformer d. 30 b. high resistance in parallel c. The preferred method is to use a single instrument like a power factor meter rather than using 3 instruments because the error when using wattmeter. increases with increase in power factor of secondary burden b. the dynamometer type of power factor meter is generally used because it is more accurate than moving iron power factor meter d.C. is same as that of power transformers of the same VA rating b. leakage flux d. mild steel core c. ±2 % b. The errors in current transformers can be reduced by designing them with [11S03] a.e.4960 d.

which is zero at low power factors . indicating differences of phases and frequencies of two circuit voltages d. phenomenon of mechanical resonance c. to reduce iron losses 144. the incoming machine can be synchronized to the busbars 137. fixed coils are connected across incoming alternator and moving coil is connected across busbars 139. as it is cheap in cost and robust in construction d. 212Hz 132. fluid friction 129.5Hz c. A capacitor is connected across a portion of resistance of the multiplier in order to make the pressure coil circuit non-inductive. friction c. fixed coils are connected across incoming alternator b. variation of impedance of capacitive circuit with the variation in supply frequency 135. which is lower at low power factors d.C. The frequency of the alternator is [14M02] a.dynamic part is introduced in Weston type syncroscope for synchronizing an incoming machine to the bus bars for [14S03] a. variation of impedance of an inductive coil circuit with the variation in supply frequency b. The moving iron syncroscope is more robust in construction and suitable for continuous operation c. power consumed in pressure coil 143. the incoming machine is slower and can't be synchronized to the busbars d. to reduce hysteresis losses d. A dynamo meter type power factor meter has [12S02] a. The synchroscope is an instrument for [14S01] a. power consumed in current coil d. spring control b. checking power factor of the two circuits 140. current coils designed for carrying large currents use standard wire or laminated conductors [15D02] a. 50Hz 138. compensate for the error caused by inductance of pressure coil c. The two pressure coils of a single phase dynamometer type power factor meter are of the [12S03] a. have different natural frequencies but difference in natural frequencies of adjacent reeds is ±5Hz 134. Which of the following statements is correct? [14S02] a. checking the voltages of the two circuits b. checking whether the incoming machine is fast or slow d. f2 frequency of incoming machine f1 frequency of bus bars. moving iron synchroscope. two current circuits and two pressure circuits 130. same dimensions and same number of turns b. In a low power factor wattmeter a capacitor is connected across a part of series resistance in the pressure coil circuit.a. 60Hz or 40Hz d. which is higher at low power factors c.41 L/r2 b. to reduce eddy current losses in conductors b. megger 136. one current circuit and two pressure circuits c. In a Weston type synchroscope the [14M03] a. frequency meter b. stiffness of suspension d.5Hz d. Vibrating reeds are employed in [13S04] a. the incoming machine is slower c. checking the voltage of two circuits b. The bulb of the synchroscope flickers at a frequency of 10Hz. phenomenon of electrical resonance d. recording measuring instrument 133. An electro . synchroscope d. The value of capacitance C is [15D03] a. 106Hz b. the incoming machine is faster b. If f' is positive [14M01] a. one current circuit and one pressure circuit b. 0. Weston frequency meter operates on the principle [13S03] a. L/{RP}2 d. In a reed type frequency meter all the reeds [13S02] a. checking of phase sequence of the two circuits c. At equilibrium . pf meter c. 40Hz c. compensate for the error caused by power loss in the pressure coil d. In electrodynamometer type of wattmeters. The Dynamometer type syncroscope is more robust in construction and suitable for continuous operation 141. L/r2 145. vibration measuring instrument c. same dimensions but different number of turns c. A compensated wattmeter has its reading corrected for error due to [15D01] a. deflection measuring instrument d. compensate for the error caused by power loss in the current coil 146. 60Hz b. An alternator is being synchronized to the busbars whose frequency is 50Hz. the reed frequency is [13S01] a. gravity control c. neutralize the capacitive effect of pressure coil b. different number of turns and different dimensions 131. have different natural frequencies c. oscillatory measuring instrument b. A 53Hz reed type frequency meter is polarized with D. have the same natural frequency b.41 L/{R_P}2 c. Essentially. The value of this resistance is `r' while the total resistance and inductance of the pressure coil circuit are respectively RP and L. The new range of frequency meter is [13D01] a. 26. Dynamometer type synchroscope is more commonly used as it is more accurate than moving iron type b. In electrodynamometer type of wattmeters. 0. For a three phase. which is constant irrespective of the power factor of the load b. same number of turns but different dimensions d. the inductance of pressure coil circuit produces error [15D05] a. one pressure circuit and two current circuits d. moving coil is connected across the busbars c. checking the phase sequence of the two circuits c. Weston type synchroscope is more commonly used. to reduce mechanical losses c. fixed coils are connected across busbars and moving coil is connected across incoming alternator d. 53Hz d. have different natural frequencies but difference in natural frequencies of adjacent reeds is }0. This is done in order to [15D04] a. the frequency b. where . indicating power factor of the two circuits 142.

the current coil should be connected on the load side b. in series with the current coil b. which of the coil is split into two parts [15S02] a. complex power 165. earthing the meter b. balanced delta connected load read and another respectively. pressure coil connection only b.5 lagging d. Two wattmeter method is employed to measure power in 3 Q balanced system with current coils connected in the A and C lines. neither pressure coil nor current coil 156. across the pressure coil 154. and are the instantaneous line to neutral voltages and . the pressure coil is connected [15M06] a. average value of active power b. both pressure and current coil connections d. the current coil should be connected on the supply side d. The power factor of the load is [16D04] a. zero lagging b.6 lagging 164. neither on the load side nor supply side of the current coil 153. the current coil is made fixed b. If . the pressure coil should be connected on the supply side d. In dynamo meter type of wattmeter. peak value of active power d. A dynamometer type wattmeter responds to the [15M01] a. across the current coil d. small deflecting torque and introduction of large error because of pressure coil at low power factor 152. A wattmeter is reading backwards in an experiment. If the wattmeter with its current coil in A . housing the meter in a soft iron case d. eddy current c. When the readings of the two wattmeters are equal but opposite sign. 3/4 d.magnetic materials 159. 0.Q load is 5:3 and the load is inductive. a compensated wattmeter with pressure coil connected on the load side should be used 151. active power b. 0. zero b. When power factor is unity.Q circuit? [16D02] a. current coil c.J circuit b. the current coil should be connected on the supply side d. the current coil should be connected on the load side b. In a low power factor wattmeter the compensating coil is connected [15M07] a. In an electrodynamometer type of wattmeter [15S06] a. current coil or pressure coil can be made fixed d. and iB are instantaneous line currents in a balanced 3 – Q circuit. Which of the following type of damping is most commonly employed in the dynamometer type wattmeter [15S03] a. 0. on the supply side of the current coil c. 0. in series with the load d. either the pressure coil or current coil connections 155. either on the load side or supply side of the current coil d. zero leading c. Two wattmeters connected to measure the power in a 3 .e. small deflecting torque b.5 c.Q load will be [16D03] a. Upscale reading can be obtained by reversing [15S01] a. When measuring power with an electrodynamometer wattmeter in a circuit where the load current is large [15M03] a.5 leading 163. making meter components of non . across the supply c. on the load side of the current coil b. across the load 158. reactive power d. both pressure and current coils d. the power factor is 0. it is immaterial whether the pressure coil or current coil is connected on the load side 150.917 leading b. introduction of large error due to current coil at low power factor d. When two wattmeters show identical readings. The dynamometer type wattmeter is shielded against stray magnetic fields by [15S05] a. both the coils should be movable 160.6 leading d. air friction d. the pressure coil should be connected on the load side c. P/2 161. both air and fluid friction 157. In a low power factor wattmeter.917 lagging c.Q.dynamo meter type wattmeter is not suitable for measurement of power in low power factor circuits owing to [15M05] a. Power can be measured using two wattmeter method only for star connected 3 . the pressure coil is fixed c. the angle between voltage and instrument voltage [16D01] a. In a VAR meter. the pressure coil should be connected on the load side c. the power factor is zero 162. the current coil should be connected on the load side b. The moving coil in a dynamometer wattmeter is connected [15S04] a. it is immaterial whether the pressure coil or current coil is connected on the load side 149. Which of the following statements is true about two wattmeter method of power measurement in 3 . When measuring power with an electrodynamometer wattmeter in a circuit where the load current is small [15M02] a. pressure coil b.147. average value of reactive power c. The ratio of the readings of two wattmeters connected to measure power in a balanced 3 . then the power factor of the 3 .phase line reads zero. Ordinary electro . current coil connection only c. 3/6 c. any of the two coils i. in series with the fixed coil b. the pressure coil should be connected on the load side c. fluid friction b. 0. The phase sequence is ABC. power factor c. peak value of reactive power 148. providing neutral wire connection c. one of the wattmeter reads zero d. in series with the pressure coil c. the computation will yield a quantity proportional to [16D05] a. introduction of large error because of pressure coil at low power factor c. When measuring power with an electrodynamometer wattmeter in a circuit having a low power factor [15M04] a. 0.

d. The current coil of single phase energy meter is wound on [17M03] a. The pf of the load is [16M02] a.93 b. the readings of the two wattmetrs will be equal and opposite when [16M05] a. using one single element watt . c. load is unbalanced c. the load is purely inductive 170. In the two wattmeter method for balanced load.277 d.184 c. supply voltage c. zero d. 0. b. 3 . both using one single element watt . power factor is less than 0. using one.hour meter and two wattmeter difference methods d.wires 174. zero c. In three phase power measurement by two wattmeter method the power factor of load will be [16S06] a. 0. one of the wattmeters will show negative reading when the load power factor angle is strictly [16M04] a. supply voltage and line current d. 0. load is balanced b. 0. Reactive volt ampere hours in a 3 . W/ 171. In two wattmeter method of measuring 3 . load is balanced c. 4W b. the latter being obtained after reversing the connections to the current coil of one wattmeter.Q balanced load can be measured by [17M04] a. 2W c. one wattmeter method only b. In a two wattmeter method of measuring power in a 3-Q system one of the wattmeters reads negative implying [16M03] a. 0. power flow is in the reverse direction d. the readings of wattmetrs are 3kW and 1kW respectively. both the limbs of the laminated core with different number of turns c. two wattmeter method only c. 0.Q power. the centre of the limb on the laminated core 181. one limb of laminated core b. the readings of wattmetrs are 3kW and 1kW respectively. d. 0. the power factor of the circuit is [16S04] a. One wattmeter reads 12kW and another 18kW. 0. (N + 1) d. The power delivered to a 3 . both the limbs of the laminated core with same number of turns d. In the two wattmeter method for balanced load. W1 and W2 are the readings of two wattmeters used to measure power of a 3 . unity 175.wires d. less than 600 c. (N . the latter being obtained after reversing the connections to the current coil of one wattmeter. two and three wattmeter methods 173.526 179. d. the power factor measured is [16S08] a. 0.Q load by two wattmeter method. W d. N c. three wattmeter method only d. In two wattmeter method of power measurement. The pressure coil of a single phase energy meter is wound on [17M02] a. if two wattmeter readings are equal.5W 178.1) b. While measuring power in a 3 .9 c. three wattmeter method . W/2 b. power factor is 0. 3 . 0. both the limbs of the laminated core with different number of turns c. The power measurement in balanced 3-Q circuit can be done by [16S02] a. (N . 177. load current b.hour meter b. In the measurement of 3 . b. power factor is unity b. The reactive power drawn by the load is [16S05] a. phase angle is between 600 and 900 d. greater than 300 d.Q load can be measured by the use of 2 wattmeters only when the [16S03] a. c.√(w1-w2)/(w1+w2) b.Q balanced load.095 b.w1=4kw.w2=5kw 166.Q load is connected to the source through 3 . greater than 600 169. wattmeter connection faulty b.93 167. 0.Q power by two . load is unbalanced c. both the limbs of the laminated core with same number of turns d. active power drawn by the load 180.√3(w1-w2) 176.5. less then 300 b. then one of the wattmeter will read [16M06] a. The minimum number of wattmeters required to measure the real power in an N phase system with unbalanced load is [16S01] a. The current in the pressure coil of a single phase energy meter is proportional to [17M01] a.wattmeter method.the same load be connected in star the wattmeters would read [16M01] a. the centre of the limb on the laminated core 182. 1W d.Q inductive load uses the two wattmeter method to measure its total power. A delta connected 3 .2) 172.945 d. two wattmeter difference method c.8lagging b. the power measured is [16S07] a.J load is connected to the source through 4 .5 168. c. one limb of laminated core b.8 leading c.

drilling holes in the disc 198. -6.5 lagging are respectively are [19D01] a. electrolyitic meter b. ampere . large load current 194.hour meter c. opening the meter connections and reversing either the potential coil terminals or current coil terminals d. 00 b. holes in the disc d. R M X 201. Creeping in a single phase induction type energy meter may be due to [17S09] a. Electrolyitic meter is basically is a/an [17S05] a. lag adjustment b.hour meter 190. The pressure coil of a single phase energy meter consists of [17S02] a. braking torque is greater than operating torque 199. between the two fluxes is [18S02] a.1 % . square of the speed of the meter d. In an Induction type of energy meter. 50 % of full load current d. rev. In a household . the pressure coil lags the voltage by 880. energy meter can be brought to standstill b. compensation for static friction is provided by [17S06] a. 600 d. braking torque is equal to operating torque c.183. providing a magnetic shunt and changing its position and changing the distance of the permanent magnet from the centre of the revolving disc d.061 %. less number of turns of thick wire d. Light load adjustments for induction type energy meters are usually done at [17M06] a. -6. three phase balanced energy c.1 % b. by adjusting the position of braking magnet and making it move away from the centre of the disc 193. maximum torque is produced when the phase angle. rev. In an induction type energy meter [17S10] a. +0. flux of the permanent magnet c./W d. The three phase four wire energy meter is used to measure [17S01] a. If an induction type energy meter runs fast. the meter can be reversed by [17S07] a. The braking torque provided by a permanent magnet in a single phase energy meter can be changed by [18M02] a./Var 189. reversing the supply terminals b. overcompensation for friction b. more number of turns of fine wire b. there is a control spring c. meter creeping be checked c. shading bands which are actuated to provide a constant torque irrespective of load b. braking torque is maximum d. the errors while measuring power in two circuits having power factors of unity and 0. -0. A. The braking torque provided by a permanent magnet in a single phase energy meter is proportional to the [18M01] a. square of the distance of the permanent magnet from the centre of the revolving disc 197. the moving system(or rotating disc) attains the steady speed when the [18S01] a. single phase induction type energy meter. all of the meters find equal applications 184. changing the distance of the permanent magnet from the centre of the revolving disc c. rev. providing a magnetic shunt and changing its position 191. braking torque is zero b.1 % c.C.061 %. opening the meter and reversing connections of both potential and current coil terminals 192./kWh c. moving system of the instrument ( armature or disc) rotates at a particular speed for a particular rate of energy consumption at any time d. two phase energy d. R = X d. thick wire of more turns 188. thick wire of few turns c. 450 c. 900 200. In an energy meter. less number of turns of fine wire c. D. X = 0 c.061 %. ampere . reversing the load terminals c.C. disc revolves continuously d. by adjusting the position of braking magnet and making it come closer to the centre of the disc d. thin wire of more turns d.hour meter b. lag circuits c.C. In an energy meter the braking device is provided to produce braking torque so that the [18D01] a./kW b. In a circuit of single phase induction energy meter. drilling holes in the disc d. -0. A. clock meter c. R = 0 b. +6. motor meter d. 5 % of full load current c.C. thin wire of few turns b. square of the flux of the permanent magnet b. The most commonly used energy meter [17M05] a. more number of turns of thick wire 187. there is no temperature error 195. it can be slowed by [17S08] a. D. 1 % of full load current 185. rev. [17S03] a. single phase energy 186. In single phase induction type energy meter. In an Induction type of energy meter. The coil of series magnet in a single phase energy meter consists. watt . maximum torque is obtained when the parameters (R and X are respectively the resistance and reactance of eddy current paths in the disc) of rotating disc are [18S03] a. energy meter can rotate at high speed 196. providing a magnetic shunt and changing its position b. low voltages c. energy meter d. Meter constant of energy meter is given by [17S04] a. light load adjustment c. three phase unbalanced energy b. 10 % of full load current b. there is no brake magnet b.

6 213. Holes are drilled on the opposite sides of the disc of an induction type energy meter to [19S04] a. A Merz price demand indicator indicates [20S03] a. friction compensation c. 0. ii. and iii are correct b. The speed of the meter disc for a current of 10A at 0. balance disc c. The meter constant of a single phase energy meter installed in a house is 4800 revolutions /kwh. In single phase induction type energy meter. 50Hz supply with a load of 20A for 2 hours at unity power factor. shunt magnet c. The adjustment of position of shading bands. and iii are correct d. short circuited loops 203. 13. reduce self braking torque d. 12.d. reduce eddy current loss c. 21. 150 rev/kwh c. to bring pressure coil flux in phase with the applied voltage d. Creeping is the phenomenon which occurs in [19S03] a.1 % 202. average maximum demand over a specified period of time b. series magnet d. The friction error of single phase energy meter can be reduced by [19M01] a. 900 b. 1/150 rev/kwh 217. 13. 00 c. 695 rev/kwh b. creep compensation b. maximum energy consumption d. 120 d. If the meter constant is 1800revolutions/kwhthen the error at half full load will be [19S02] a. in order to obtain true value of energy. in an energy meter. 80 c. reduce copper loss 204. 0. The creeping error in single phase energy meter can be minimized by [19S01] a. 230V. Meter constant in revolutions /kwh is 400. consists of inductances and capacitances so that there is no energy loss during testing ii. use of short circuited loops on the outer limbs of the shunt magnet c.8 rpm b. ii. energy meter d. adjusting braking magnet b. to make the pressure coil flux to lag 900 behind the applied voltage c. Consider the following statements: a Phantom load is used while testing a high capacity energy meter i. What is the power factor of the load? [20M01] a.1 %. A single phase energy meter is operating on 230V. 0. -6. In the single phase induction meter. is affected to provide [19S05] a.2 rpm d.1 rpm 215. 10A single phase energy meter makes 90 revolutions in 3 minutes at half load. The number of revolutions/minute will be [20M02] a. maximum power consumed . drilling two holes in the disc on opposite side of the spindle d.843 c. rated voltage and unity power factor.04 % fast c. The meter constant is [20S02] a. if 5 lamps of 100W each are connected in the circuit. 40 b. maximum demand c. test meters of large current rating for which loads may not be available in the testing laboratory and reduce power losses during testing 216. increase the deflecting torque 210. 16.02 rpm c. dissipate the energy due to eddy currents d. to make the current coil flux to lag 900 behind the applied voltage b.04 % slow b. reduce power losses during testing d. the lag adjustment is done [19M04] a. A single phase energy meter operating on 230V and 5A for 5hours makes 1940 revolutions. the shunt magnet flux should lag behind the applied voltage by [19M03] a. and ii are correct c. ammeter 209. avoid creep on no load b. adjusting the shaded band 207. i. adjusting braking magnet b. The meter makes 1380 revolutions in that period. Saves energy during testing because its value changes very rapidly from the highest to the lowest. temperature compensation 211. thus enabling quick measurement iii. use test meters of low current rating c.7 d. i. i.8pf lagging will be [20M03] a. isolate the current and voltage circuits b. 1 b. For testing of energy meters phantom load is used to [20S01] a. Involves supplying the voltage circuit with the required voltage and the current circuit from a separate low voltage supply Of these statements [20D01] a. The speed of the meter disc on full load is kept lowest possible in order to [19M02] a. reduce friction error b. 450 d. 15 % slow d. The meter constant of a single phase 240V induction watthour meter is 400 revolutions /kwh. 160 214. 600 205.15rev/kwh d. 18. and iii are correct 212. to make the pressure coil flux to lead 900 by the applied voltage 206. wattmeter c. 0. 15 % fast 208. frequency compensation d. -6. voltmeter b.

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