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What are the literary devices in 'IF' by Rudyard Kipling ????? plz plz plz answer....?

here it goes>> If If you can keep your head when all about you Are losing theirs and blaming it on you; If you can trust yourself when all men doubt you, But make allowance for their doubting too; If you can wait and not be tired by waiting, Or, being lied about, don't deal in lies, Or, being hated, don't give way to hating, And yet don't look too good, nor talk too wise; If you can dream - and not make dreams your master; If you can think - and not make thoughts your aim; If you can meet with triumph and disaster And treat those two imposters just the same; If you can bear to hear the truth you've spoken Twisted by knaves to make a trap for fools, Or watch the things you gave your life to broken, And stoop and build 'em up with wornout tools; If you can make one heap of all your winnings And risk it on one turn of pitch-and-toss, And lose, and start again at your beginnings And never breath a word about your loss; If you can force your heart and nerve and sinew To serve your turn long after they are gone, And so hold on when there is nothing in you Except the Will which says to them: "Hold on"; If you can talk with crowds and keep your virtue, Or walk with kings - nor lose the common touch; If neither foes nor loving friends can hurt you; If all men count with you, but none too much; If you can fill the unforgiving minute With sixty seconds' worth of distance run Yours is the Earth and everything that's in it, And - which is more - you'll be a Man my son! • 3 years ago • Report Abuse

unstressed syllable. The poem is also written in four stanzas of eight rhyming lines. alliteration is the repetition of the consonant sound at the beginning of consecutive words. . according to the pattern abab cdcd. Personification is when a non human thing is given human qualities. The first is in Stanza 2. Best Answer . when Kipling states. "If" takes its name from the repetition of the word "if" at the start of the "a" and "c" lines. “…make dreams your master…” (line 9) The second example of personification also occurs in Stanza 2 when Kipling says. The "b" and "d" lines each contain ten syllables.Chosen by Asker The three most common poetic devices that are presented in this poem are repetition.. Kipling uses repetition with the word “you” throughout the entire poem to emphasize how important “you” is. each of which comprise eleven syllables. there are three examples of personification here. personification.” (lines 11 – 12) The final example of personification is in Stanza 3. Iambic pentameter consists of lines of five "feet" (two-syllable units) formed from an initial unstressed syllable and a second stressed syllable. “If you can meet with triumph and disaster And treat those two imposters just the same. and alliteration. when he states." The eleven-syllable lines each end with an extra. a form readers of Shakespeare will be familiar with. as the bard most often wrote in this style. “If you can force your heart and nerve and sinew To serve your turn long after they are gone” (lines 21 – 22) Finally. as in the word "because. Repetition is the repeated use of a word or phrase for a certain effect. There are at least two examples of this. In this poem. The first occurs in stanza 2: “with wornout tools” (line 16) And the second example is from stanza 4 and says: “sixty seconds” (line 30) "If" is written in iambic pentameter.

if you see that men count on you but not too much. if you can use your heart and muscles and nerves to hold on even when there is only Will left: If you can remain virtuous among people and talk with Kings without becoming pretentious. It appears that Kipling had met Jameson and befriended him through Cecil Rhodes. It is subtitled "'Brother Square-Toes' – Rewards and Fairies". and. the Scots-born colonial politician and adventurer responsible for what has been deemed the Jameson raid that led to the Second Boer War. "you'll be a Man. the Prime Minister of Cape Colony at the time of the raid. but he was already being hailed a hero by London. which was filled with anti-Boer sentiment. if you can trust yourself when others doubt you. without a doubt. if you can handle it when others twist your truths into lies. and. it was inspired by a great friend of his. if you can fill every minute with meaning: Then you have all the Earth and everything upon it. my son!" Analysis This is. of Britons' favorite poems. Leander Starr Jameson. While the poem is addressed to Kipling's son John. and being hated but not hating yourself. but there were complications and it was a failure. if you can deal with both triumph and disaster." it is consistently ranked among the highest. In his autobiography Something of Myself. Eliot would deem it only "great verse" and others "jingoistic nonsense. his most famous. a 1910 collection of verse and short stories.S. if you can be patient and not lose your temper. if you do not look too good or talk too wise: If you can dream but not let those dreams cloud your reason. which escaped from the book. He served only fifteen months in prison and later became Prime Minister of Cape Colony back in South Africa.If-" Summary The poem is a paean to British stoicism and masculine rectitude. Although T. if you can think but still take action. The raid was intended to start an uprising among the British expatriate workers in the South African Republic. Jameson was arrested and tried. It was first published in the "Brother Square-Toes" chapter of Rewards and Fairies. Kipling's most beloved poem. The poem's speaker says that if you can keep your head while those around you lose theirs. as the speaker exultantly ends. almost every line in each stanza begins with "If". if you can handle foes and friends with ease. Kipling wrote of Jameson and "If-": "Among the verses in Rewards was one set called `If-'. if you can handle being lied about but not lie yourself. along with "The White Man's Burden". and for a while ran . or take the things you devoted your life to and turn them from broken into alive again: If you can take all of your winnings and bet them in one fell swoop and lose them all and then keep it a secret. if not the highest itself.

Once started. he must understand that his words might be twisted and used for evil. This group of ideal characteristics is similar to those expressed in "The Thousandth Man". it is notable that Kipling says nothing of heroic deeds or great wealth or fame. and he must be able to withstand the lies and hatred emanating from others. a man must be humble. dependable. and contained counsels of perfection most easy to give. truthful.'). illuminated text-wise and anthologized to weariness. and printed them on every sort of fabric. as articulated in 'If-'. His behavior in response to deleterious events and cruel men is important. another poem dealing with manhood.about the world. Twenty-seven of the Nations of the Earth translated them into their seven-and-twenty tongues. patient." "If-" contains a multitude of characteristics deemed essential to the ideal man. Andrew Lycett. responsibilities and resolution.which did me no good with the Young when I met them later. the mechanization of the age made them snowball themselves in a way that startled me. Schools. They almost all express stoicism and reserve – the classic British "stiff upper lip. become ever more important. They were drawn from Jameson's character. the old-fashioned virtues of fortitude. and places where they teach. Kipling's biographer. (`Why did you write that stuff? I've had to write it out twice as an impot. he must continue to have faith in himself when others doubt him. he must be able to deal with the highest and lowest echelons of society. considers the poem one of the writer's finest and notes in 2009 that "If-" is absolutely valuable even in the complicated postmodern world: "In these straitened times." .They were printed as cards to hang up in offices and bedrooms. took them for the suffering Young . For him the true measure of a man is his humility and his stoicism. and persevering. rational." In particular. The virtues expressed in "If-" are devoid of showiness or glamour.

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