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V Semester B.Tech. Degree Examination, June 2009 (2003 Scheme) Civil 03-505 : GEOTECHNICAL ENGINEERING – I (C)
Time : 3 Hours Max. Marks : 100

Instruction : Answer all questions from Part A and any one question from each Module in Part B. PART – A I. a) Obtain the relation between water content, specific gravity, degree of saturation and void ratio. b) What are the correction applied to hydrometer analysis ? c) Define Atterberg limits and explain the term thixotropy in soils. d) Explain Darcy’s law and what are the factors affecting coefficient of permeability. e) What is a flow net ? What are the applications of flow net ? f) What is time factor ? How is it related to degree of consolidation ? g) Explain Taylor’s stability number and how it is used for stability analysis. h) Explain Vane shear test with necessary sketches. (8×5=40 Marks)





PART – B Module – I II. a) An undisturbed specimen of clay was tested in a laboratory and the following results were obtained. Wet weight = 2.01 N, Oven dry weight = 1.75 N, Specific gravity of soil = 2.7 what would be the total volume of the original undisturbed specimen assuming that the specimen was 50% saturated. 10 b) The following data was obtained during a field compaction control. a) Weight of compacted soil excavated from pit = 510 g. b) Bulk unit weight of sand = 1.46 g/cc c) Weight of sand required to fill the pit = 425 g d) Water content of soil = 10.5% Compute the dry unit weight of the compacted fill. III. a) The consistency limits of soil samples are Liquid limit = 52% Plastic limit = 32% Shrinkage limit = 17% If the specimen of this soil shrinks from a volume of 10 cm3 at liquid limit to 6.01 cc at shrinkage limit. Calculate the specific gravity of solids. 8 10

b) In a test 10 gm of oven dried soil of specific gravity 2.70 was dispersed to make 500 ml of suspension. A sample of volume 10 ml was taken by means of a pipette at a depth of 100 mm, 50 minutes after the commencement of sedimentation. The sample was dried in an oven. If the dry mass of the soil mass was 0.03 gm, calculate the largest size of the particle remaining in the suspension at a depth of 100 mm and the percentage of particles finer than this 12 size in the original soil η = 0.01 poise.




Module – II IV. a) Permeability test was carried out in a variable head permeameter having the diameter of the sample container to be 10 cm. The initial head of water in the stand pipe was found to be 45 cm and it was observed to drop 30 cm in 195 seconds. If the sample be 15 cm high and the diameter of the stand pipe be 1.9 cm, determine the coefficient of permeability of the clay in metres per day. 10 b) In a consolidation test on a soil, the void ratio of the sample decreases from 1.24 to 1.12 when the pressure is increased from 200 kN/m2 to 400 kN/m2. Calculate the coefficient of consolidation in m2/year given that the coefficient of 10 permeability of soil during this pressure increment is 8.5 × 10–8 cm/sec. V. a) Under a newly constructed building there lies a layer of soft clay of thickness 5 m. The weight of sand overlying the clay layer is 25 t/m2 and increase in the over burden pressure due to new construction is 12 t/m2. Compute the settlement if the compression index is 0.5 and water content of clay is 45% , G = 2.7. 10 b) A tube well of 20 cm diameter penetrates fully an artesian aquifer of 30 m thickness. Compute the permeability of the aquifer, if a steady discharge of 40 litres/sec. is obtained from the well under a draw down of 4 m at the well face. Take radius of influence to 245 m. 10 Module – III VI. a) A trench with sides rising at 75° to horizontal is excavated in a soil whose density is 1.8t/m3. Shear parameter are 1t/m2 and 20°. To what depth can the excavation be carried before the side slip ? The stability number corresponding to this case is 0.134.


b) Two identical soil specimen were tested in a triaxial apparatus. First specimen failed at a deviator stress of 770 kN/m2 when the cell pressure was 200 kN/m 2. Second specimen failed at a deviator stress of 1370 kN/m2, under a cell pressure of 400 kN/m2. Determine the value of C and φ analytically. If the same soil is tested in a direct shear apparatus with a normal stress of 600 kPa. Estimate the shear stress at failure. 12




VII. a) Following are the result of a triaxial test conducted to determine C and φ of a soil based on effective stress : Sample I
σ3 kN/m2 σ1 kN/m2

Sample II 4.4 2.0 0.18

Sample III 5.7 2.4 0.2 10

1.7 1.58 0.1

u kN/m2

Find the values of C and φ of the soil.

b) A 6 m deep cut is to be made in cohesive soil with a slope of 1:1. The soil has Cu = 30 kN/m2, φ u = 10° and γ = 18 kN/m3. Find the factor of safety with respect to cohesion. What will be the critical height of the slope in this soil ? 10 –––––––––––––––