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APPENDIX R: GEOTECHNICAL REPORT

Clarrie Hermes Drive Extension EIS 3002194 | Revision No. 03 | 29 October 2009

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REPORT ON GEOTECHNICAL INVESTIGATION

PROPOSED ROAD EXTENSION CLARRIE HERMES DRIVE NICHOLLS

Prepared for: SMEC AUSTRALIA PTY LTD

PROJECT 50315 JANUARY 2009

REPORT ON GEOTECHNICAL INVESTIGATION

PROPOSED ROAD EXTENSION CLARRIE HERMES DRIVE NICHOLLS

Prepared for: SMEC AUSTRALIA PTY LTD

PROJECT 50315 JANUARY 2009

Douglas Partners Pty Ltd
ABN 75 053 980 117

PO Box 108 Waramanga ACT 2611 Phone (02) 6287 2555 Fax (02) 6287 2577
canberra@douglaspartners.com.au

Unit 1, 1-7 Waramanga Place Waramanga ACT 2611 Australia

TABLE OF CONTENTS
Page 1. 2. 3. INTRODUCTION......................................................................................................... 1 SITE DESCRIPTION AND REGIONAL GEOLOGY.................................................... 2 FIELD WORK .............................................................................................................. 2 3.1 3.2 Methods........................................................................................................... 2 Results............................................................................................................. 3 3.2.1 New Pavement Sections (Pits 1 – 14) ................................................. 3 3.2.2 Existing Pavement: Barton Highway................................................... 4 3.2.3 Existing Pavement: Kuringa Drive ...................................................... 4 3.2.4 Existing Pavement: Clarrie Hermes Drive........................................... 4 3.2.5 Groundwater ........................................................................................ 4

4. 5. 6.

LABORATORY TESTING ........................................................................................... 5 PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT.................................................................................... 6 COMMENTS ............................................................................................................... 6 6.1 Site Preparation and Earthworks..................................................................... 6 6.1.1 Stripping............................................................................................... 6 6.1.2 Excavation Conditions ......................................................................... 7 6.1.3 Reuse of Excavated Material ............................................................... 7 6.1.4 Filling Placement ................................................................................. 8 6.1.5 Filling Compaction ............................................................................... 8 6.1.6 Site Drainage ....................................................................................... 9 Pavement Design Considerations ................................................................... 9

6.2 7.

LIMITATIONS............................................................................................................ 10

APPENDIX A APPENDIX B -

Drawing 1 Notes Relating to this Report Results of Field Work Results of Laboratory Tests

APPENDIX C -

Report on Geotechnical Investigation Proposed Road Extension Clarrie Hermes Drive, NICHOLLS

Project 50315 19 January 2009

Details of the work undertaken and the results obtained are given within this report. The proposed extension totalled an approximate length of 2 km. The work was commissioned by SMEC Australia Pty Ltd. The investigation comprised the drilling/excavation of boreholes and test pits followed by laboratory testing on selected samples and engineering analysis and reporting. INTRODUCTION This report presents the results of a geotechnical investigation carried out for the proposed extension of Clarrie Hermes Drive at Nicholls. A site survey drawing indicating the proposed road alignment was provided by the client for the purposes of the investigation. together with comments relating to design and construction practice. NICHOLLS Project 50315 19 January 2009 . The investigation was carried out to provide information on surface and subsurface conditions and to provide comments on design CBR values. earthworks and site preparation. Report on Geotechnical Investigation Proposed Road Extension Clarrie Hermes Drive.Page 1 of 10 MJJ:mjj Project 50315 19 January 2009 REPORT ON GEOTECHNICAL INVESTIGATION PROPOSED ROAD EXTENSION CLARRIE HERMES DRIVE. NICHOLLS 1. civil design engineers for the project. foundations.

FIELD WORK 3.7 – 3. The route traverses moderately sloping terrain with surface gradients estimated to be approximately 1V:10H to 1V:40H.6 m using a Case extendahoe fitted with a 450 mm wide bucket. The investigation confirmed the presence of dacite and mudstone (shale) underlying the site. the drilling of four boreholes (Bores 15 – 18) to 1. a distance of approximately 2000 m. agglomerate and shale whilst the unnamed formation comprises green-grey dacite porphyry. SITE DESCRIPTION AND REGIONAL GEOLOGY The proposed extension route follows an approximate north-east/south-west alignment beginning at the Clarrie Hermes Drive/Kelleway Avenue intersection and terminating at the Kuringa Drive/Barton Highway intersection.Page 2 of 10 2. NICHOLLS Project 50315 19 January 2009 .1 Methods The fieldwork comprised the following: • • the excavation of fourteen test pits (Pits 1 – 14) to depths of 0.0 m depth using a Kubota KX121-3 mini excavator fitted with a 300 mm diameter solid flight auger. It is noted that Pits 1 – 14 were excavated for the proposed new road segments and Bores 15 – 18 for existing pavement profiling at road tie-in points. 3. Reference to the Canberra 1:100 000 Geological Series Sheet (Ref 1) indicates that the upper part of the site is underlain by rock units of the Mount Ainslie Volcanics and the lower parts by an unnamed formation both of early Silurian age. Both formations are part of the Hawkins Volcanic Suite. minor ashstone. The Mount Ainslie Volcanics mapped at this site typically comprise dacitic ignimbrite. Report on Geotechnical Investigation Proposed Road Extension Clarrie Hermes Drive.

2 m in Pits 4 – 12 and 14.5 m and to the limit of investigation of 1. dry to moist.5 – 2.0 m (non refusal).5 – 2. BEDROCK: very low to low strength. SILT: hard.Page 3 of 10 The pits/boreholes were logged on-site by an experienced technical officer with selected samples taken to assist in strata identification and for laboratory testing. silt and sand.2. Pit 3 was discontinued within low strength dacite at the limit of investigation at 3.6 m in Pits 1.15 m depth.1 – 0. brown and yellow brown dacite below depths of 0. NICHOLLS Project 50315 19 January 2009 . gravelly silty clay in Pit 1 to 0. whilst Pits 4 – 11 were terminated at hard digging depths (refusal) of 0. Report on Geotechnical Investigation Proposed Road Extension Clarrie Hermes Drive.6 m. 3.5 m in Pits 3 – 11.15 – 0. orange brown and yellow brown overburden soil comprising variable portions of clay. The location of the field tests are shown on Drawing 1 (Appendix A) with the AHD surface levels shown on the test pits logs interpolated from the survey information provided. grey/light brown sandy silt to depths of 0. grey. dry to moist. 3. brown. The field tests encountered variable subsurface conditions underlying the site with the principal succession of strata for each specific area of the site broadly summarised in the following sections.1 New Pavement Sections (Pits 1 – 14) FILLING: brown.5 – 3. TOPSOIL: brown and dark brown sandy silt with some rootlets to depths of 0. dry.0 m. extremely to highly weathered. OVERBURDEN: very stiff to hard (desiccated in some layers).2 Results The test pit and borehole logs are included in Appendix B together with notes defining classification methods and descriptive terms.7 – 3. 2 and 12 – 14. Overburden was logged in Pits 3 – 11 to depths of 0.

dry to moist. moist.5 m depth. Report on Geotechnical Investigation Proposed Road Extension Clarrie Hermes Drive.8 m depth. Groundwater conditions rarely remain constant and can change seasonally due to variations in rainfall and other factors. yellow brown clayey sandy gravel (possible select filling layer) to 0. moist. purple brown and green grey sandy gravel to 0. brown gravelly sandy clay (possible select filling layer) to the limit of investigation at 1.08 m depth.2.0 m depth. yellow brown clayey sand (grading into extremely weathered dacite in Bore 17) to the limit of investigation at 1.18 m depth. NICHOLLS Project 50315 19 January 2009 .5 Groundwater No free groundwater was observed during excavation/drilling of the field testing.Page 4 of 10 3.48 m depth. 3. dry to moist. grey sandy gravel to 0.2. BASECOURSE: compacted.2.13 m and 0.2 m depth. 3. BASECOURSE: compacted.0 m depth. SUBGRADE: very stiff. grey brown sandy clay to the limit of investigation at 1. However it is noted that the pits/bores were backfilled immediately following excavation/drilling precluding long term monitoring of groundwater levels. 3. FILLING: compacted. FILLING: compacted.0 m depth. dry to moist. SUBGRADE: medium dense.2. dry to moist.2 Existing Pavement: Barton Highway ASPHALT: grey asphalt to 0.3 Existing Pavement: Kuringa Drive ASPHALT: grey asphalt to 0.4 Existing Pavement: Clarrie Hermes Drive ASPHALT: grey asphalt to 0.

compaction and plasticity properties. California bearing ratio (CBR).93 1.5 OMC (%) 12.36 mm Sieve 70 53 PI LS % Passing 0.2 1.5 17.Page 5 of 10 4. The compaction test results show that the samples tested were dry or close to optimum moisture content with a variable range in CBR value.6 FMC (%) 12.0 18. 1 4 9 10 13 14 Where Depth (m) 0.5 kg.5 Emerson Class No 6 8 % Passing 2.0 0.5 40 1.0 6 Material Clayey Sand Sandy Silty Clay Sandy Clay Weathered Dacite Sandy Silty Clay Silty Clay/Clayey Silt FMC = Field moisture content OMC = Optimum moisture content MDD = Maximum dry density CBR = California bearing ratio The samples tested for CBR were compacted to 95% modified dry density ratio at optimum moisture content and soaked for four days under surcharge loadings of 4.93 CBR (%) 7 1.5 12. Particle Size Analysis and Dispersion Potential Pit No 4 5 Depth (m) 1.86 1.02 1.5 1.075 mm Sieve 35 9 = Plasticity Index = Linear Shrinkage Material Sandy Clay/Clayey Sand Weathered Dacite = Field Moisture Content = Liquid Limit Table 2 – Results of CBR Testing Pit No.92 1.5 12.0 10. Report on Geotechnical Investigation Proposed Road Extension Clarrie Hermes Drive. LABORATORY TESTING Selected samples collected from the test pits were tested in the laboratory for measurement of insitu moisture content.5 15.6 1.0 9. Table 1 – Results of Plasticity Testing.5 3.5 14.5 MDD (t/m3) 1.0 0.0 0. particle size analysis and dispersion potential.78 2.5 6. The detailed laboratory test report sheets are included in Appendix C with the results summarised below in Tables 1 and 2.5 11. NICHOLLS Project 50315 19 January 2009 .7 Where: FMC LL LL (%) 39 22 PI (%) 21 5 LS (%) 7.6 1.

Based on the results of the investigation.1 Stripping Site preparation for the construction of road formations should include the removal of vegetation. At the time of reporting.1 Site Preparation and Earthworks 6. 6.Page 6 of 10 The results further indicate that the clayey/silty portion of the samples tested are of low to intermediate plasticity. This material could prove to be difficult to handle and compact and will require careful moisture control. It is noted that the majority of the new pavement areas are underlain by silty sands and sandy silts to significant depths. inspection be undertaken by a suitably qualified geotechnical engineer to assess the need for any remedial measures. The project will also involve modifications to the existing Kuringa Drive and Barton Highway intersection.1. The roadway will comprise one lane in each direction. COMMENTS 6. PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT It is understood that the proposed 2 km of extension of Clarrie Hermes Drive will form a link between the Barton Highway and Horse Park Drive. road long-sections had not been completed however. stripping depths of up to 0. Report on Geotechnical Investigation Proposed Road Extension Clarrie Hermes Drive. It is recommended that prior to any stripping of this material.2 m are expected. it is expected that minimal filling will be required with a maximum excavation depth of 3 – 4 m. 5. silty topsoils and other deleterious materials from the proposed construction areas. The Emerson Class numbers indicate that the samples tested are of low dispersive potential. NICHOLLS Project 50315 19 January 2009 .

2 Excavation Conditions The investigation has indicated subsurface conditions generally comprising silty topsoils.3 Reuse of Excavated Material The upper silty layer (underlying the root zone) is not considered to be suitable for engineering applications. overburden and weathered rock. maximum gradients of 1H:1V and 0. 6. in landscape mounds or other non-structural applications. ripping (with D8 or D9 equipment) and some rock breaking should be anticipated within the vicinity of Pits 5. overburden soils and very low to low strength dacite bedrock could be expected to be removed using conventional earthmoving plant and as such no difficulties are anticipated.5H:1V (horizontal:vertical) for residual soils and 1H:1V for very low to low strength dacite are recommended. The silty topsoil.Page 7 of 10 6. However. variable overburden soils with some desiccated layers overlying weathered dacite bedrock in those locations which encountered rock. The soils can be used for topsoil.5H:1V are suggested for very stiff to hard soils and very low to low strength rock respectively. These soils may be difficult to handle and compact and will require careful moisture control. excavation will largely be dependent on the degree of fracturing/jointing and the strike and dip of bedding within the rock relative to the excavation.1. For permanent excavations in the topsoil. placed in the verge. 8 and 11 where refusal/near refusal was reached at shallow depths. Batters for low strength or greater bedrock should be individually inspected and treated accordingly. maximum gradients of 2. Report on Geotechnical Investigation Proposed Road Extension Clarrie Hermes Drive. NICHOLLS Project 50315 19 January 2009 . Below hard digging depths (test pit refusal) though. For temporary excavations.1. 6. To minimise surface erosion the batter should be protected with toe and spoon drains and vegetated as soon as possible after construction. Previous experience in the Canberra area has indicated that large excavators fitted with toothed buckets and rippers could excavate 4 – 5 m within weathered rocks and cemented soils.

6.4 Filling Placement In areas that require filling. As excavation proceeds below the level of pit refusal. All batters should be constructed no steeper than 2. silt and clay. 6. Report on Geotechnical Investigation Proposed Road Extension Clarrie Hermes Drive. which should be compacted to a minimum of 95% modified maximum dry density (ACT Government Standard Specification for Urban Infrastructure Works – Earthworks). the stripped surfaces should be proof rolled in the presence of a geotechnical engineer. protected against erosion with toe and spoon drains constructed as a means of controlling surface flows on the batters. Generally the soils appear adequate for reuse as general fill or controlled fill but would not suitable for use as select fill as referenced in the ACT Government Standard Specification for Urban Infrastructure Works – Flexible Pavement Construction.0 m. field inspections and in-situ testing of earthworks must be undertaken.Page 8 of 10 The overburden soils include various combinations of sand.1. To validate compaction. except for the upper 1. The material should have a moisture content within the range of ±2% of modified optimum at the time of placement. All filling material should be placed in horizontal layers of maximum 250 mm loose thickness. NICHOLLS Project 50315 19 January 2009 . which would need to be crushed prior to use within filling areas (size dependent on end use). The weathered rock encountered in the test pits was logged as low to medium strength. it would be expected that cobble and boulder sized rock pieces would be removed. This material is considered suitable for use as filling in roadway embankments.1. Any areas exhibiting significant deflections under proof rolling should be treated by over-excavation and replacement with low plasticity granular filling.5 Filling Compaction All filling placed within construction platforms should be compacted to a minimum 90% modified maximum dry density.5:1 (horizontal:vertical).

As such.4. to avoid site inundation during wet weather. the selection of materials and quality of workmanship for the roads should satisfy the requirements of the latest edition of the Standard Specification for Urban Infrastructure Works or similar document.9. it should be recognised that the drainage characteristics of the site will be significantly altered and that temporary measures will be required during construction to divert stormwater flow from the site.5 m deep are expected to be effective in intercepting water from upslope areas entering the site.10.0 Relevant Test Locations 2.Page 9 of 10 6. the subgrade conditions could change significantly.2 Pavement Design Considerations Based on the results of the field investigation. Unlined open spoon drains at least 0. it is suggested that design subgrade CBR values as indicated in Table 3.15-18 5. be adopted for design purposes which makes allowance for variability in the strength of the site soils.3. Table 3 – Design CBR Values Subgrade Material Clayey Sandy Weathered Dacite Design CBR (%) 1.13 1.1. temporary drainage measures should be designed. The standard of construction. a review of the suggested design subgrade CBRs should be undertaken following determination of road long-sections and subsequently during construction with additional CBR testing undertaken.11. 6.0 7.8. laboratory testing undertaken to date and previous experience in the Gungahlin area.12.14.7. Report on Geotechnical Investigation Proposed Road Extension Clarrie Hermes Drive. NICHOLLS Project 50315 19 January 2009 . The overburden soils will be susceptible to inundation and consequently.0 3. wherever possible.6 Site Drainage In undertaking earthworks operations on the site.6 Depending on the extent of excavation and/or filling.

7. 2. 1989. Special Report No. Report on Geotechnical Investigation Proposed Road Extension Clarrie Hermes Drive. If changes are contemplated. design or location of the development is changed.5 m depth below the excavation level. DOUGLAS PARTNERS PTY LTD Reviewed by Michael Jones Associate Michael J Thom Principal References: 1. Subsoil drains should be located at a minimum of 0. 41. LIMITATIONS This report has been prepared for the exclusive use of SMEC Australia Pty Ltd for the specific application to the proposed Clarrie Hermes Drive extension at Nicholls. then the subsoil drain must intersect all pavement layers as shown in ARRB – SR41. Geology of Canberra 1:100 000 Geological Series Sheet 8727. NICHOLLS Project 50315 19 January 2009 .Page 10 of 10 Surface and subsoil drainage should be installed and maintained to protect the pavement and subgrade. The report's conclusions or recommendations do not apply if the nature. Australian Road Research Board. Bureau of Mineral Resources. ARRB – SR41 – A Structural Design Guide for Flexible Residential Street Pavements. Douglas Partners must review them to assess their impact on this report. It should be noted that if the sub-base is of low permeability relative to the base layer. Guidelines on the arrangement of subsoil drainage is given on Page 20 of ARRB – SR41 (Ref 2). (1992).

APPENDIX A Drawing 1 .

APPENDIX B Notes Relating to this Report Results of Field Work .

APPENDIX C Results of Laboratory Testing .

8 SANDY SILT . dry.15 0. light brown low plasticity sandy silt CLAYEY SAND .TEST PIT LOG CLIENT: SMEC Australia Pty Ltd PROJECT: Proposed Road Extension LOCATION: Clarrie Hermes Drive. dry.2 CHECKED Initials: Date: .hard.3 SANDY SILT .dense.7 SANDY CLAY . brown medium plasticity gravelly silty clay 0. dry to moist. grey brown mottled medium plasticity sandy clay 2 2 2.6 m EASTING: NORTHING: DIP/AZIMUTH: 90°/-Graphic Log Sampling & In Situ Testing Water Sample Depth Type Results & Comments Dynamic Penetrometer Test (blows per mm) 5 10 15 20 PIT No: 1 PROJECT No: 50315 DATE: 10 Dec 08 SHEET 1 OF 1 Description Depth (m) RL of Strata FILLING .1 SANDY SILTY CLAY .5m (limit of investigation) 3 3 RIG: Case Extendahoe .6.6.well compacted. dry to moist.) Water sample Core drilling pp PID S PL V Pocket penetrometer (kPa) Photo ionisation detector Standard penetration test Point load strength Is(50) MPa Shear Vane (kPa) Water seep Water level 631 LOGGED: JRB Sand Penetrometer AS1289.1 CLAYEY SILT .dense.450mm bucket WATER OBSERVATIONS: No free groundwater observed REMARKS: SAMPLING & IN SITU TESTING LEGEND A D B Ux W C Auger sample Disturbed sample Bulk sample Tube sample (x mm dia.very stiff.very stiff.3 Cone Penetrometer AS1289. grey mottled low plasticity sandy silt 1 1 1. dry to moist.3.hard. Nicholls SURFACE LEVEL: 634.3. dry.4 SILTY SAND . light brown orange fine to coarse grained clayey sand 634 B 0. dry.6 0. grey brown low to medium plasticity clayey silt D 2.dessicated. brown fine to coarse grained silty sand D 1.5 633 1.2 2. dry.5 632 Pit discontinued at 2. yellow brown medium plasticity sandy silty clay 1.

yellow brown fine to coarse grained clayey sand 0. dry to moist.450mm bucket WATER OBSERVATIONS: No free groundwater observed REMARKS: SAMPLING & IN SITU TESTING LEGEND A D B Ux W C Auger sample Disturbed sample Bulk sample Tube sample (x mm dia.6. dry.0 Pit discontinued at 3.0 2 637 2.very stiff.9 1 SILTY SAND . brown from 1.dense. Nicholls SURFACE LEVEL: 639.6m 2 D 2.3 Cone Penetrometer AS1289. brown grey mottled fine to coarse grained silty sand D 1. grey low plasticity sandy silt 0. grey brown mottled low plasticity sandy silt 3 3.0m (limit of investigation) 3 RIG: Case Extendahoe .TEST PIT LOG CLIENT: SMEC Australia Pty Ltd PROJECT: Proposed Road Extension LOCATION: Clarrie Hermes Drive. dry.) Water sample Core drilling pp PID S PL V Pocket penetrometer (kPa) Photo ionisation detector Standard penetration test Point load strength Is(50) MPa Shear Vane (kPa) Water seep Water level 636 LOGGED: JRB Sand Penetrometer AS1289. brown yellow medium plasticity sandy clay 639 0.6.hard.5 SANDY SILT .dry to moist.3.5 m EASTING: NORTHING: DIP/AZIMUTH: 90°/-Graphic Log Sampling & In Situ Testing Water Sample Depth Type Results & Comments Dynamic Penetrometer Test (blows per mm) 5 10 15 20 PIT No: 2 PROJECT No: 50315 DATE: 10 Dec 08 SHEET 1 OF 1 Description Depth (m) RL of Strata SANDY SILT .2 CHECKED Initials: Date: .6 CLAYEY SAND .dessicated. dry.15 SANDY CLAY .0 1 638 .very stiff.3. dry.

Nicholls SURFACE LEVEL: 644.6.5 DACITE .3 Cone Penetrometer AS1289. dry.3.3.) Water sample Core drilling pp PID S PL V Pocket penetrometer (kPa) Photo ionisation detector Standard penetration test Point load strength Is(50) MPa Shear Vane (kPa) Water seep Water level 641 LOGGED: JRB Sand Penetrometer AS1289.medium dense.TEST PIT LOG CLIENT: SMEC Australia Pty Ltd PROJECT: Proposed Road Extension LOCATION: Clarrie Hermes Drive.5 1 1 643 D 1.dense from 1. dry. dark brown low plasticity sandy silt 0.0 Pit discontinued at 3.very stiff. brown fine to coarse grained silty sand 644 D 0.2 SILTY SAND .2 CHECKED Initials: Date: .6m 2 2 642 2.5 .450mm bucket WATER OBSERVATIONS: No free groundwater observed REMARKS: SAMPLING & IN SITU TESTING LEGEND A D B Ux W C Auger sample Disturbed sample Bulk sample Tube sample (x mm dia. brown medium grained dacite D 2.low strength.5 3 3.6.5 m EASTING: NORTHING: DIP/AZIMUTH: 90°/-Graphic Log Sampling & In Situ Testing Water Sample Depth Type Results & Comments Dynamic Penetrometer Test (blows per mm) 5 10 15 20 PIT No: 3 PROJECT No: 50315 DATE: 10 Dec 08 SHEET 1 OF 1 Description Depth (m) RL of Strata SANDY SILT .0m (limit of investigation) 3 RIG: Case Extendahoe . extremely to highly weathered.

3.0 2 2. Nicholls SURFACE LEVEL: 653.6 0.450mm bucket WATER OBSERVATIONS: No free groundwater observed REMARKS: SAMPLING & IN SITU TESTING LEGEND A D B Ux W C Auger sample Disturbed sample Bulk sample Tube sample (x mm dia. yellow brown fine to coarse grained clayey sand 652 1 D 1.3 Cone Penetrometer AS1289.very low to low strength. dry.0 m EASTING: NORTHING: DIP/AZIMUTH: 90°/-Graphic Log Sampling & In Situ Testing Water Sample Depth Type Results & Comments Dynamic Penetrometer Test (blows per mm) 5 10 15 20 PIT No: 4 PROJECT No: 50315 DATE: 10 Dec 08 SHEET 1 OF 1 Description Depth (m) RL of Strata TOPSOIL .6. light brown low plasticity sandy silt D 0. extremely to highly weathered.0 1 1.1 SANDY SILT .3.hard.2 Pit discontinued at 2.5 CLAYEY SAND .2m (refusal) 650 3 3 RIG: Case Extendahoe . yellow brown medium grained dacite 651 2 D 2.TEST PIT LOG CLIENT: SMEC Australia Pty Ltd PROJECT: Proposed Road Extension LOCATION: Clarrie Hermes Drive.6.) Water sample Core drilling pp PID S PL V Pocket penetrometer (kPa) Photo ionisation detector Standard penetration test Point load strength Is(50) MPa Shear Vane (kPa) Water seep Water level LOGGED: JRB Sand Penetrometer AS1289.4 DACITE .dark brown sandy silt with rootlets 653 0.2 CHECKED Initials: Date: . dry.dense.

3.6.2 CHECKED Initials: Date: . light brown low plasticity sandy silt 662 0.dark brown sandy silt with rootlets 0. Nicholls SURFACE LEVEL: 662.TEST PIT LOG CLIENT: SMEC Australia Pty Ltd PROJECT: Proposed Road Extension LOCATION: Clarrie Hermes Drive.3 Cone Penetrometer AS1289.450mm bucket WATER OBSERVATIONS: No free groundwater observed REMARKS: SAMPLING & IN SITU TESTING LEGEND A D B Ux W C Auger sample Disturbed sample Bulk sample Tube sample (x mm dia.3. dry.7m (refusal) 1 1 661 2 2 660 3 3 RIG: Case Extendahoe .5 m EASTING: NORTHING: DIP/AZIMUTH: 90°/-Graphic Log Sampling & In Situ Testing Water Sample Depth Type Results & Comments Dynamic Penetrometer Test (blows per mm) 5 10 15 20 PIT No: 5 PROJECT No: 50315 DATE: 10 Dec 08 SHEET 1 OF 1 Description Depth (m) RL of Strata TOPSOIL .hard. extremely to highly weathered.1 SANDY SILT .7 Pit discontinued at 0.very low to low strength.6. brown medium grained dacite B 0.) Water sample Core drilling pp PID S PL V Pocket penetrometer (kPa) Photo ionisation detector Standard penetration test Point load strength Is(50) MPa Shear Vane (kPa) Water seep Water level 659 LOGGED: JRB Sand Penetrometer AS1289.7 0.45 DACITE .

6.6 657 1 1 1.1 SANDY SILT .0 m EASTING: NORTHING: DIP/AZIMUTH: 90°/-Graphic Log Sampling & In Situ Testing Water Sample Depth Type Results & Comments Dynamic Penetrometer Test (blows per mm) 5 10 15 20 PIT No: 6 PROJECT No: 50315 DATE: 10 Dec 08 SHEET 1 OF 1 Description Depth (m) RL of Strata TOPSOIL . Nicholls SURFACE LEVEL: 658.2m (refusal) 656 2 2 655 3 3 RIG: Case Extendahoe .450mm bucket WATER OBSERVATIONS: No free groundwater observed REMARKS: SAMPLING & IN SITU TESTING LEGEND A D B Ux W C Auger sample Disturbed sample Bulk sample Tube sample (x mm dia. yellow brown mottled fine to medium grained clayey silty sand RHYODACITE .TEST PIT LOG CLIENT: SMEC Australia Pty Ltd PROJECT: Proposed Road Extension LOCATION: Clarrie Hermes Drive.hard. light brown low plasticity sandy silt 0.dense.6 0. brown yellow fine to medium grained dacite B 0.very low to low strength. extremely to highly weathered.6.4 CLAYEY SILTY SAND .2 CHECKED Initials: Date: .dark brown sandy silt with rootlets 658 0.3. dry.3 Cone Penetrometer AS1289.3.2 Pit discontinued at 1. moderately fractured.) Water sample Core drilling pp PID S PL V Pocket penetrometer (kPa) Photo ionisation detector Standard penetration test Point load strength Is(50) MPa Shear Vane (kPa) Water seep Water level LOGGED: JRB Sand Penetrometer AS1289. dry.

8 Pit discontinued at 2. yellow brown fine to medium grained rhyodacite 2 647 D 2.1 SANDY SILT . dry.3 Cone Penetrometer AS1289.6 2.6.6.2 CHECKED Initials: Date: . brown orange grey mottled medium plasticity sandy silty clay B 0.hard.0m 1 648 D 1.dark brown sandy silt with rootlets 0.3.5 m EASTING: NORTHING: DIP/AZIMUTH: 90°/-Graphic Log Sampling & In Situ Testing Water Sample Depth Type Results & Comments Dynamic Penetrometer Test (blows per mm) 5 10 15 20 PIT No: 7 PROJECT No: 50315 DATE: 10 Dec 08 SHEET 1 OF 1 Description Depth (m) RL of Strata TOPSOIL .very low to low strength.) Water sample Core drilling pp PID S PL V Pocket penetrometer (kPa) Photo ionisation detector Standard penetration test Point load strength Is(50) MPa Shear Vane (kPa) Water seep Water level 646 LOGGED: JRB Sand Penetrometer AS1289.light yellow brown grey mottled from 1. dry.hard. Nicholls SURFACE LEVEL: 649.6 1. light brown low plasticity sandy silt 0.TEST PIT LOG CLIENT: SMEC Australia Pty Ltd PROJECT: Proposed Road Extension LOCATION: Clarrie Hermes Drive.9 2 RHYODACITE .7 1 .8m (refusal) 3 3 RIG: Case Extendahoe .4 649 SANDY SILTY CLAY .450mm bucket WATER OBSERVATIONS: No free groundwater observed REMARKS: SAMPLING & IN SITU TESTING LEGEND A D B Ux W C Auger sample Disturbed sample Bulk sample Tube sample (x mm dia.3. extremely to highly weathered.

highly weathered. dry.low strength.450mm bucket WATER OBSERVATIONS: No free groundwater observed REMARKS: SAMPLING & IN SITU TESTING LEGEND A D B Ux W C Auger sample Disturbed sample Bulk sample Tube sample (x mm dia. yellow brown dark grey mottled fine to coarse grained clayey silty sand 0.6.6.2m (refusal) 648 2 2 647 3 3 RIG: Case Extendahoe .TEST PIT LOG CLIENT: SMEC Australia Pty Ltd PROJECT: Proposed Road Extension LOCATION: Clarrie Hermes Drive. dry.dark brown sandy silt with rootlets 0.3 Cone Penetrometer AS1289. light brown low plasticity sandy silt 0.3. moderately fractured.8 649 RHYODACITE . brown yellow fine to medium grained rhyodacite 1 D 1.dense.2 CHECKED Initials: Date: .hard. Nicholls SURFACE LEVEL: 649.0 1 1.3.9 m EASTING: NORTHING: DIP/AZIMUTH: 90°/-Graphic Log Sampling & In Situ Testing Water Sample Depth Type Results & Comments Dynamic Penetrometer Test (blows per mm) 5 10 15 20 PIT No: 8 PROJECT No: 50315 DATE: 10 Dec 08 SHEET 1 OF 1 Description Depth (m) RL of Strata TOPSOIL .2 Pit discontinued at 1.4 CLAYEY SILTY SAND .1 SANDY SILT .) Water sample Core drilling pp PID S PL V Pocket penetrometer (kPa) Photo ionisation detector Standard penetration test Point load strength Is(50) MPa Shear Vane (kPa) Water seep Water level 646 LOGGED: JRB Sand Penetrometer AS1289.

6. orange yellow brown mottled medium to high plasticity sandy clay B 0. brown yellow fine to medium grained dacite 647 2 2 2.TEST PIT LOG CLIENT: SMEC Australia Pty Ltd PROJECT: Proposed Road Extension LOCATION: Clarrie Hermes Drive.1 SANDY SILT .6.yellow brown from 0. dry.1 Pit discontinued at 2.) Water sample Core drilling pp PID S PL V Pocket penetrometer (kPa) Photo ionisation detector Standard penetration test Point load strength Is(50) MPa Shear Vane (kPa) Water seep Water level LOGGED: JRB Sand Penetrometer AS1289. dry.2 CHECKED Initials: Date: . light brown low plasticity sandy silt 0.450mm bucket WATER OBSERVATIONS: No free groundwater observed REMARKS: SAMPLING & IN SITU TESTING LEGEND A D B Ux W C Auger sample Disturbed sample Bulk sample Tube sample (x mm dia.35 SANDY CLAY .3.dense. dry.hard.3 1. Nicholls SURFACE LEVEL: 649.5 DACITE . yellow brown fine to coarse grained clayey sand with some rock structure B 1.dark brown sandy silt with rootlets 649 0.1 CLAYEY SAND .0 m EASTING: NORTHING: DIP/AZIMUTH: 90°/-Graphic Log Sampling & In Situ Testing Water Sample Depth Type Results & Comments Dynamic Penetrometer Test (blows per mm) 5 10 15 20 PIT No: 9 PROJECT No: 50315 DATE: 10 Dec 08 SHEET 1 OF 1 Description Depth (m) RL of Strata TOPSOIL .hard.3 Cone Penetrometer AS1289. extremely to highly weathered.8m 648 1 1 1.3.1m (near refusal) 646 3 3 RIG: Case Extendahoe .very low to low strength.6 .

dry. Nicholls SURFACE LEVEL: 651. yellow brown fine to coarse grained clayey sand with some rock structure DACITE . light brown low plasticity sandy silt 0.9 650 1 CLAYEY SAND .TEST PIT LOG CLIENT: SMEC Australia Pty Ltd PROJECT: Proposed Road Extension LOCATION: Clarrie Hermes Drive.dark brown sandy silt with rootlets 651 0. dry.3.8 Pit discontinued at 1.3. extremely to highly weathered.hard.0 m EASTING: NORTHING: DIP/AZIMUTH: 90°/-Graphic Log Sampling & In Situ Testing Water Sample Depth Type Results & Comments Dynamic Penetrometer Test (blows per mm) 5 10 15 20 PIT No: 10 PROJECT No: 50315 DATE: 10 Dec 08 SHEET 1 OF 1 Description Depth (m) RL of Strata TOPSOIL . dry.2 CHECKED Initials: Date: .450mm bucket WATER OBSERVATIONS: No free groundwater observed REMARKS: SAMPLING & IN SITU TESTING LEGEND A D B Ux W C Auger sample Disturbed sample Bulk sample Tube sample (x mm dia.6.8m (near refusal) 2 649 648 2 3 3 RIG: Case Extendahoe .6.1 SANDY SILT .5 0.hard.45 SANDY CLAY .2 1.very low to low strength.3 Cone Penetrometer AS1289.) Water sample Core drilling pp PID S PL V Pocket penetrometer (kPa) Photo ionisation detector Standard penetration test Point load strength Is(50) MPa Shear Vane (kPa) Water seep Water level LOGGED: JRB Sand Penetrometer AS1289. brown yellow fine to medium grained dacite 1 1.1 B 1.dense. orange yellow brown mottled medium to high plasticity sandy clay D 0.

TEST PIT LOG CLIENT: SMEC Australia Pty Ltd PROJECT: Proposed Road Extension LOCATION: Clarrie Hermes Drive. light brown low plasticity sandy silt 0.7 DACITE .6 Pit discontinued at 1. brown yellow fine to medium grained dacite 654 1 1 D 1.2 CHECKED Initials: Date: . extremely to highly weathered.very low to low strength.35 SANDY CLAY .6m (near refusal) 653 2 2 652 3 3 RIG: Case Extendahoe .3.dark brown sandy silt with rootlets 655 0. orange yellow brown mottled medium to high plasticity sandy clay D 0.2 1.) Water sample Core drilling pp PID S PL V Pocket penetrometer (kPa) Photo ionisation detector Standard penetration test Point load strength Is(50) MPa Shear Vane (kPa) Water seep Water level LOGGED: JRB Sand Penetrometer AS1289.hard.hard.5 0.3 Cone Penetrometer AS1289.1 SANDY SILT .6. dry.450mm bucket WATER OBSERVATIONS: No free groundwater observed REMARKS: SAMPLING & IN SITU TESTING LEGEND A D B Ux W C Auger sample Disturbed sample Bulk sample Tube sample (x mm dia.3.6. dry. Nicholls SURFACE LEVEL: 655.0 m EASTING: NORTHING: DIP/AZIMUTH: 90°/-Graphic Log Sampling & In Situ Testing Water Sample Depth Type Results & Comments Dynamic Penetrometer Test (blows per mm) 5 10 15 20 PIT No: 11 PROJECT No: 50315 DATE: 10 Dec 08 SHEET 1 OF 1 Description Depth (m) RL of Strata TOPSOIL .

0 1 649 2 D 2.TEST PIT LOG CLIENT: SMEC Australia Pty Ltd PROJECT: Proposed Road Extension LOCATION: Clarrie Hermes Drive.0 3 647 3.2 CHECKED Initials: Date: . dry.6m (limit of investigation) RIG: Case Extendahoe .3.450mm bucket WATER OBSERVATIONS: No free groundwater observed REMARKS: SAMPLING & IN SITU TESTING LEGEND A D B Ux W C Auger sample Disturbed sample Bulk sample Tube sample (x mm dia.hard.7 SILTY CLAYEY SAND .dark brown sandy silt with rootlets 0.6.3.) Water sample Core drilling pp PID S PL V Pocket penetrometer (kPa) Photo ionisation detector Standard penetration test Point load strength Is(50) MPa Shear Vane (kPa) Water seep Water level LOGGED: JRB Sand Penetrometer AS1289. Nicholls SURFACE LEVEL: 650.15 650 SANDY SILT .0 2 648 2.3 Cone Penetrometer AS1289.dense.dense. dry.6 Pit discontinued at 3.6 SILTY SAND . dry.3 m EASTING: NORTHING: DIP/AZIMUTH: 90°/-Graphic Log Sampling & In Situ Testing Water Sample Depth Type Results & Comments Dynamic Penetrometer Test (blows per mm) 5 10 15 20 PIT No: 12 PROJECT No: 50315 DATE: 10 Dec 08 SHEET 1 OF 1 Description Depth (m) RL of Strata TOPSOIL . brown fine to coarse grained silty clayey sand with silty clay pockets 3 D 3.6. light brown low plasticity sandy silt 0. brown fine to coarse grained silty sand 1 D 1.

9 1 SANDY SILTY CLAY . dry.dense.2 644 CLAYEY SAND . dry.0 2 642 2.) Water sample Core drilling pp PID S PL V Pocket penetrometer (kPa) Photo ionisation detector Standard penetration test Point load strength Is(50) MPa Shear Vane (kPa) Water seep Water level 641 LOGGED: JRB Sand Penetrometer AS1289.3. dry.3 Cone Penetrometer AS1289.3 m EASTING: NORTHING: DIP/AZIMUTH: 90°/-Graphic Log Sampling & In Situ Testing Water Sample Depth Type Results & Comments Dynamic Penetrometer Test (blows per mm) 5 10 15 20 PIT No: 13 PROJECT No: 50315 DATE: 10 Dec 08 SHEET 1 OF 1 Description Depth (m) RL of Strata SANDY SILT . dry. brown yellow grey mottled fine to coarse grained silty sand 2 D 2.3 SILTY SAND .0 1 643 1.hard. brown low plasticity sandy silt 0.3m (slow progress) 3 3 RIG: Case Extendahoe .3 Pit discontinued at 2.3. brown yellow fine to coarse grained clayey sand D 0.5 0.hard. yellow brown medium plasticity sandy silty clay B 1.6.6.2 CHECKED Initials: Date: .cemented.TEST PIT LOG CLIENT: SMEC Australia Pty Ltd PROJECT: Proposed Road Extension LOCATION: Clarrie Hermes Drive.450mm bucket WATER OBSERVATIONS: No free groundwater observed REMARKS: SAMPLING & IN SITU TESTING LEGEND A D B Ux W C Auger sample Disturbed sample Bulk sample Tube sample (x mm dia. Nicholls SURFACE LEVEL: 644.

3 1. dark brown medium plasticity sandy clay 1 D 638 1.hard.3.6 SILT .2 SILTY CLAY/CLAYEY SILT . dry.450mm bucket WATER OBSERVATIONS: No free groundwater observed REMARKS: SAMPLING & IN SITU TESTING LEGEND A D B Ux W C Auger sample Disturbed sample Bulk sample Tube sample (x mm dia.6.0 SANDY CLAY .3.4 m EASTING: NORTHING: DIP/AZIMUTH: 90°/-Graphic Log Sampling & In Situ Testing Water Sample Depth Type Results & Comments Dynamic Penetrometer Test (blows per mm) 5 10 15 20 PIT No: 14 PROJECT No: 50315 DATE: 10 Dec 08 SHEET 1 OF 1 Description Depth (m) RL of Strata TOPSOIL . Nicholls SURFACE LEVEL: 639.hard.TEST PIT LOG CLIENT: SMEC Australia Pty Ltd PROJECT: Proposed Road Extension LOCATION: Clarrie Hermes Drive.7 0.5 Pit discontinued at 1. grey low plasticity silt with some sand 1 1.2 CHECKED Initials: Date: .6.5m (limit of investigation) 2 2 637 3 3 RIG: Case Extendahoe . dry. dry.) Water sample Core drilling pp PID S PL V Pocket penetrometer (kPa) Photo ionisation detector Standard penetration test Point load strength Is(50) MPa Shear Vane (kPa) Water seep Water level 636 LOGGED: JRB Sand Penetrometer AS1289.3 Cone Penetrometer AS1289.brown sandy silt with rootlets 0. yellow brown low to medium plasticity silty clay/clayey silt 639 B 0.hard.

5 m EASTING: NORTHING: DIP/AZIMUTH: 90°/-Graphic Log Sampling & In Situ Testing Sample Water Depth Type Results & Comments BORE No: 15 PROJECT No: 50315 DATE: 10 Dec 08 SHEET 1 OF 1 Well Construction Details Description Depth (m) RL of Strata ASPHALT . dry to moist.7 1 1. green grey fine to coarse grained sandy gravel (base) 642 0. yellow brown fine to coarse grained clayey sand D 0. dry to moist.2 FILLING .200mm grey asphalt 0.) Water sample Core drilling pp PID S PL V Pocket penetrometer (kPa) Photo ionisation detector Standard penetration test Point load strength Is(50) MPa Shear Vane (kPa) Water seep Water level 639 LOGGED: JRB CASING: CHECKED Initials: Date: .well compacted.0m (limit of investigation) 1 641 2 2 640 3 3 RIG: Kubota KX121-3 DRILLER: Beno Excavations TYPE OF BORING: 300mm auger WATER OBSERVATIONS: No free groundwater observed REMARKS: SAMPLING & IN SITU TESTING LEGEND A D B Ux W C Auger sample Disturbed sample Bulk sample Tube sample (x mm dia.5 CLAYEY SAND .BOREHOLE LOG SMEC Australia Pty Ltd CLIENT: PROJECT: Proposed Road Extension LOCATION: Clarrie Hermes Drive.medium dense. Nicholls SURFACE LEVEL: 642.0 Bore discontinued at 1.

BOREHOLE LOG CLIENT: SMEC Australia Pty Ltd PROJECT: Proposed Road Extension LOCATION: Clarrie Hermes Drive. grey fine to coarse grained sandy gravel (base) 638 0.6 637 1 1.well compacted.0m (limit of investigation) 1 636 2 2 635 3 3 RIG: Kubota KX121-3 DRILLER: Beno Excavations TYPE OF BORING: 300mm auger WATER OBSERVATIONS: No free groundwater observed REMARKS: SAMPLING & IN SITU TESTING LEGEND A D B Ux W C Auger sample Disturbed sample Bulk sample Tube sample (x mm dia.0 Bore discontinued at 1.) Water sample Core drilling pp PID S PL V Pocket penetrometer (kPa) Photo ionisation detector Standard penetration test Point load strength Is(50) MPa Shear Vane (kPa) Water seep Water level LOGGED: JRB CASING: CHECKED Initials: Date: .45 FILLING .well compacted. dry to moist. dry to moist. brown medium plasticity gravelly sandy clay (select) D 0.15 0.80mm grey asphalt FILLING .0 m EASTING: NORTHING: DIP/AZIMUTH: 90°/-Graphic Log Sampling & In Situ Testing Sample Water Depth Type Results & Comments BORE No: 16 PROJECT No: 50315 DATE: 10 Dec 08 SHEET 1 OF 1 Well Construction Details Description Depth (m) RL of Strata ASPHALT .08 D 0. Nicholls SURFACE LEVEL: 638.

very low strength.medium dense.15 641 0.well compacted.130mm grey asphalt 0. yellow brown fine to coarse grained clayey sand with some gravel D 0.5 m EASTING: NORTHING: DIP/AZIMUTH: 90°/-Graphic Log Sampling & In Situ Testing Sample Water Depth Type Results & Comments BORE No: 17 PROJECT No: 50315 DATE: 10 Dec 08 SHEET 1 OF 1 Well Construction Details Description Depth (m) RL of Strata ASPHALT . extremely weathered.BOREHOLE LOG CLIENT: SMEC Australia Pty Ltd PROJECT: Proposed Road Extension LOCATION: Clarrie Hermes Drive.) Water sample Core drilling pp PID S PL V Pocket penetrometer (kPa) Photo ionisation detector Standard penetration test Point load strength Is(50) MPa Shear Vane (kPa) Water seep Water level 638 LOGGED: JRB CASING: CHECKED Initials: Date: . dry to moist. purple brown fine to coarse grained sandy gravel (base) D 0. Nicholls SURFACE LEVEL: 641.13 FILLING .9 1 1. dry to moist.0 DACITE .5 CLAYEY SAND .5 0.0m (limit of investigation) 1 640 2 2 639 3 3 RIG: Kubota KX121-3 DRILLER: Beno Excavations TYPE OF BORING: 300mm auger WATER OBSERVATIONS: No free groundwater observed REMARKS: SAMPLING & IN SITU TESTING LEGEND A D B Ux W C Auger sample Disturbed sample Bulk sample Tube sample (x mm dia. brown yellow medium grained dacite Bore discontinued at 1.

5 0.well compacted.0m (limit of investigation) D 0.BOREHOLE LOG CLIENT: SMEC Australia Pty Ltd PROJECT: Proposed Road Extension LOCATION: Clarrie Hermes Drive.) Water sample Core drilling pp PID S PL V Pocket penetrometer (kPa) Photo ionisation detector Standard penetration test Point load strength Is(50) MPa Shear Vane (kPa) Water seep Water level LOGGED: JRB CASING: CHECKED Initials: Date: .9 1 632 1 1. grey brown medium plasticity sandy clay Bore discontinued at 1. brown yellow fine to coarse grained clayey sandy gravel (select) D 0.0 631 2 2 630 3 3 RIG: Kubota KX121-3 DRILLER: Beno Excavations TYPE OF BORING: 300mm auger WATER OBSERVATIONS: No free groundwater observed REMARKS: SAMPLING & IN SITU TESTING LEGEND A D B Ux W C Auger sample Disturbed sample Bulk sample Tube sample (x mm dia. dry to moist. Nicholls SURFACE LEVEL: 633.very stiff. moist.18 FILLING .0 m EASTING: NORTHING: DIP/AZIMUTH: 90°/-Graphic Log Sampling & In Situ Testing Sample Water Depth Type Results & Comments BORE No: 18 PROJECT No: 50315 DATE: 10 Dec 08 SHEET 1 OF 1 Well Construction Details Description Depth (m) RL of Strata ASPHALT .180mm grey asphalt 633 0.8 SANDY CLAY .