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Maharashtra

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Coordinates: 18.96°N 72.82°E

Maharashtra (Marathi: महारा ,/mɑːhəˈrɑːʃtrə/ [məharaːʂʈrə] ( listen)), is a state in the western region of India. It is the second most populous state after Uttar Pradesh and third largest state by area in India. Maharashtra is the wealthiest state in India, contributing 15% of the country's industrial output and 13.3% of its GDP (2006–2007 figures).[5] Maharashtra is bordered by the Arabian Sea to the west, Gujarat and the Union territory of Dadra and Nagar Haveli to the northwest, Madhya Pradesh to the north and northeast, Chhattisgarh to the east, Karnataka to the south, Andhra Pradesh to the southeast and Goa to the southwest. The state covers an area of 307,731 km2 (118,816 sq mi) or 9.84% of the total geographical area of India. Mumbai, the capital city of the state, is India's largest city and the financial capital of the nation. Nagpur is the second (Winter) capital of the state. Marathi is the state's official language. Maharashtra is the world's second most populous first-level administrative country sub-division. Were it a nation in its own right, Maharashtra would be the world's tenth most populous country ahead of Mexico. In the 17th century, the Marathas rose under the leadership of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj against the Mughals, who ruled a large part of India. By 1760, Maratha power had reached its zenith with a territory of over 250 million acres (1 million km²) or one-third of the Indian sub-continent. After the Third Anglo-Maratha War, the empire ended and most of Maharashtra became part of Bombay State under a British Raj. After Indian independence, Samyukta Maharashtra Samiti demanded unification of all Marathi-speaking regions under one state. At that time, Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar was of the opinion that linguistic reorganization of states should be done on a "One state – One language" principle and not on a "One language – One state" principle. He submitted a memorandum to the reorganization commission stating that a "single government can not administer such a huge state as United Maharashtra".[6] The first state reorganization committee created the current Maharashtra state on 1 May 1960 (known as Maharashtra Day). The Marathi-speaking areas of Bombay State, Deccan states and Vidarbha (which was part of Central Provinces and Berar) united, under the agreement known as Nagpur Pact, to form the current state.

Maharashtra
— State —

From top-left in clockwise direction: the Gateway of India in Mumbai, the Ajanta Caves in Aurangabad, the Statue of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj, and a statue of Lord Ganesha

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Contents
1 Etymology 2 History 3 Geography 4 Protected areas 5 Economy 6 Government 6.1 Revenues of government

7 Judiciary 8 Education and social development 9 Demographics 10 Religions 10.1 Hinduism 10.2 Islam 10.3 Buddhism 10.4 Jains 10.5 Christians 10.6 Sikhism 10.7 Zoroastrians 10.8 Judaism 11 Festivals 11.1 Saints (Sant) 12 Languages 13 Divisions and regions 13.1 Divisions 13.2 Regions 14 Border Dispute 15 Principal Urban Agglomerations 16 Transport 16.1 Roads 16.2 Railways 16.3 Civil Aviation 16.4 Sea Ports 17 Culture 18 See also 19 References 20 External links

Location of Maharashtra in India

Map of Maharashtra

Coordinates (Mumbai): 18.96°N 72.82°E Country Established Capital Largest city Districts Government • Body • Governor • Chief Minister India 1 May 1960 (Maharashtra Day) Mumbai Mumbai 35 total Government of Maharashtra K. Sankaranarayanan Prithviraj Chavan (INC)

Etymology
The etymology of the word "Maharashtra" is uncertain. The various theories include: Maha (Sanskrit for "great") + rashtra, derived from the name of a clan known as rashtrika (rāṣṭrika) mentioned in some of Ashoka's inscriptions. Rashtrika alludes to a people of the Deccan who were progenitors of the Marathispeaking people; that the later "Maharashtri Prakrit" is associated with these people

Western Satraps.[7][8] The name Maharashtra also appeared in a 7th century inscription and in the account of a Chinese traveler. in 1518. Gaekwad of Baroda. and temporarily Website maharashtra. After the breakup of the Bahamani sultanate. Rashtrakuta Dynasty. Maharashtra split into State symbols of Maharashtra and was ruled by five Deccan Sultanates: namely Nizamshah of Ahmednagar. supposedly a corruption of Rashtrakuta (the name of a dynasty that held sway over the Deccan from the 8th to 10th centuries). who had ambitions of seating her Sport Kabaddi son-in-law on the throne. Holkar of Indore.972 • Rank 2nd • Density 370/km2 (950/sq mi) Time zone ISO 3166 code HDI HDI rank Literacy Sex Ratio Official languages IST (UTC+05:30) IN-MH 0. The Marathas defeated . the capital of his kingdom. Population (2011)[1] • Total 112. Muhammad bin Tughluq conquered parts of the Deccan. Later. Language Marathi Adilshah of Bijapur. "dominion") Maha ("great") + Rathi or Ratha (charioteer). the local (http://maharashtra. derived from ratta. was overthrown by the Delhi Sultanate ruler Ala-ud-din Khalji. Vakataka.000 villages. Chalukya Empire. Maha ("great") and rāṣhṭra ("nation". United. sixth century By the early 17th century. and Maharashtraka is recorded in a Chalukyan inscription of 580 CE as including three provinces and 99. and Western Chalukya before Yadava rule. His son Shivaji succeeded in establishing Maratha Empire which was further expanded by Bhonsle of Nagpur. governing the region for the next 150 years. Painting from the Ajanta Caves in Aurangabad. Hiuen-Tsang.in) Bahmani Sultanate of Gulbarga took over. During this period he increased the strength and power of Murtaza Nizam Flower Lagerstroemia Shah and raised a large army. Gupta Empire.372. Nur Jahan. Qutubshah of Golkonda. It was also ruled by Kharavela.[7] In 90 AD Vedishri. made Junnar. they decisively Song Jai Jai Maharashtra Majha defeated the Vijayanagara Empire of the south in 1565. wielder of the unchecked wheel of Sovereignty". Also present area of Mumbai Dance Lavani was ruled by Sultanate of Gujarat before capturing by Portugal in 1535 and Faruqi Animal Indian Giant Squirrel dynasty ruled Khandesh region between 1382 and 1601 before Mughal annexation. Maharashtra. Kadambas. Scindia of Gwalior and Peshwas (prime ministers).689 (medium) 12th (2005) 82.9% (6th) 922 (2001)[2] Marathi[3][4] In the early 14th century the Yadava dynasty.in shifted his capital from Delhi to Daulatabad in Maharashtra.[9] son of the Satavahana king Satakarni. These kingdoms often fought amongst each other.713 km2 (118.gov.809 sq mi) 3rd History Main article: History of Maharashtra The Nashik Gazetteer states that in 246 BC Maharashtra is mentioned as one of the places to which Mauryan emperor Asoka sent an embassy. attempted to establish his independent rule. After the collapse of the Tughlaqs in 1347. The word marathi is a corrupt pronunciation of the word "maharathi" who were an prolific warriors during times of Mahabharata. an ambitious local general in the service of the Mughals and Adil Shah of Bijapur. the "Lord of Dakshinapatha.gov. atimaharathis. there were AtiRathis. Malik Ambar is said to be the one of proponent of Tree Mango guerilla warfare in the Deccan region. Malik Ambar was the regent of the Nizamshahi dynasty of Ahmednagar from 1607 Bird Yellow-footed Green Pigeon to 1626.mahamaharathis.Maha ("great") + rashtra. Along with maharathis. thirty miles north of Pune. Shahaji Bhosale. Gurjara-Pratihara. which ruled most of present-day Maharashtra. Malik Ambar assisted Shah Jahan wrestle power in Delhi from his stepmother. • Legislature • High Court Area • Total Area rank Bicameral (288 + 78 seats) Bombay High Court 307. Bidarshah of Bidar and Imadshah of Berar.

the Mughals. Pherozeshah Mehta and Dadabhai Nowrojee. At the beginning of the 20th century. The largest princely states in the territory of present-day Maharashtra were Nagpur. which spanned an area from Karachi in Pakistan to northern Deccan. Chhattisgarh to the east. Also. the Deccan States. Dange.000 mi²). . and conquered large territories in Northern and Central parts of the Indian subcontinent.000 km² (119. After the defeat at the Third Battle of Panipat in 1761. Karnataka to the south. including Kolhapur were integrated into Bombay State. See also: Chronology of statehood of Maharashtra Geography See also: Geography of Maharashtra Maharashtra encompasses an area of 308. Andhra Pradesh to the southeast. retaining autonomy in return for acknowledging British suzerainty. In 1942. Gopal Krishna Gokhale. called Marathwada. Satara was annexed to Bombay Presidency in 1848. Satara and Kolhapur. Mahagujarat Movement was also started for separate Gujarat state. the States Reorganisation Act reorganized the Indian states along linguistic lines. The ultimatum to the British to "Quit India" was given in Mumbai. and is the third largest state in India. From 1954–1955 the people of Maharashtra strongly protested against bilingual Bombay state and Samayukta Maharashtra Samiti was formed. The British rule was marked by social reforms and an improvement in infrastructure as well as revolts due to their discriminatory policies. The demand of the local people of merging some of the Marathi speaking areas of Karnataka namely Belgaum. The Arabian Sea makes up Maharashtra's west coast. and Bombay Presidency State was enlarged by the addition of the predominantly Marathi-speaking regions of Marathwada (Aurangabad Maharashtra. P. remained part of the Nizam's Hyderabad State throughout the British period. with the Union territory of Dadra and Nagar Haveli sandwiched in between. The Third Anglo-Maratha war (1817–1818) led to the end of the Maratha Empire and East India Company ruled the country in 1819. A number of the Maratha states persisted as princely states. The British governed the region as part of the Bombay Presidency. a large part of present-day Maharashtra. as part of the Bombay Division) from erstwhile Hyderabad state and Vidarbha region from the Central Provinces and Berar. However. After India's independence. In 1956. In the case of Hyderabad this was done in 1948 using military force. After India's independence in 1947. was occupied by the British in 1853 and annexed to the Central Provinces in 1903. the Maratha restored their supremacy and ruled central and north India including New Delhi till the end of the eighteenth century. later part of the Central Provinces. following mass protests and sacrifice of 105 human lives the separate Marathi-speaking state was formed by dividing earlier Bombay state into new states of Maharashtra and Gujarat. It is bordered by the states of Madhya Pradesh to the north. and culminated in the transfer of power and the independence of India in 1947. On 1 May 1960.K. southernmost part of Presidency in 1909 Bombay State was ceded to Mysore one.M. which was created from the former Bombay Presidency in 1950.A. in Operation Polo. Joshi. the Quit India Movement was called by Gandhi which was marked by a non-violent civil disobedience movement and strikes in the region. which had been part of the Nizam of Hyderabad's kingdom. S. Atre and other leaders fought for a separate state of Maharashtra with Mumbai as its capital. S. the princely states were integrated into the Union of India. BG Kher was the first Chief Minister of the tri-lingual Bombay Presidency. Karwar and Nipani is still pending. Berar. and Nagpur was annexed in 1853 to become Nagpur Province. The state of Gujarat lies to the northwest. and Goa to the southwest. the struggle for independence took shape led by extremists like Bal Gangadhar Tilak and Vinayak Damodar Savarkar and the moderates like Justice Mahadev Govind Ranade.

also known as Melghat Tiger Reserve is located in Amravati district. Nagzira wildlife sanctuary lies in Tirora Range of Bhandara Forest Division. listed here. The Prachitgad Fort and Chandoli dam and scenic water falls can be found around the park. are a hilly range running parallel to the coast. Apart from these. There are four forest ranges in the sanctuary-Tansa.The Western Ghats better known as Sahyadri. located in Sangli district has a variety of flora and fauna. Raigad and Pune district of Maharashtra. bears and leopards. Navegaon National Park. from which many South Indian rivers originate. with the aim of conserving the rich bio-diversity of the region. Ancient temples of Lord Shiva and Jain Temple of Parshwanath located in Sagareshwar are an attraction. It has now been upgraded into a Tiger project. To the east of the Ghats lies the flat Deccan Plateau. a man made wildlife sanctuary situated 30 km from Sangli. in Nagpur district. Sahyadri and Pench. Pune is located at the confluence of the Mula and Mutha rivers. The wildlife division head quarters is at Thane. The fauna include Leopard. Matheran. a Hill station near Mumbai has been declared an eco-sensitive zone (protected area) by the Government of India. 50–80 kilometres in width. Pench National Park. The Western Ghats form one of the three watersheds of India. which flow eastward into the Bay of Bengal. This is situated in the western Ghats and is famous for the Malabar Giant squirrel. located near Gondia in the eastern region of Vidarbha is home to birds. national parks and Project Tiger reserves have been created in Maharashtra. situated in Thane district and along the Tansa and Vaitarna river. barking deer. Khardi and Parli. Tansa wildlife Sanctuary.000 ft). near Pune. at an average elevation of 1. Chandoli National Park. India has 92 national parks. . The sanctuary Rajgad. near Nashik City is the highest elevated point in Maharashtra. A large percentage of Maharashtra's forests and wildlife lie along the western Ghats or western Maharashtra and eastern Vidarbha. situated in Solapur district. Vaitarna. Maharashtra has 35 wildlife sanctuaries spread all over the state. Maldhok Sanctuary. Hyena. Melghat. and the Koyna Wildlife Sanctuary are the important ones. Bhimashankar wildlife Sanctuary. a peak in the Sahyadris. As of May 2004. Some of its part is in Ahmednagar district.There are 4 project tiger areas in Maharashtra. Flying squirrel and Wild boar. The sanctuary is for the Great Indian Bustard. Gugamal National Park. It is 80 km away from Amravati. in Gondia district of Vidarbha region. It is 40 km away from Chandrapur. also known as Borivali National Park is located in Mumbai and is the world's largest national park within city limits. deer. Apart from the above. Kalsubai. consists of a range of hills with small lakes within its boundary. of which six are located in Maharashtra.200 metres (4. To the west of these hills lie the Konkan coastal plains. Protected areas The Arabian Sea in Mahad Several wildlife sanctuaries. extends into Madhya Pradesh as well. Tadoba Andhari Tiger Project. a prominent tiger reserve near Chandrapur in Vidarbha. These lakes guarantee a source of water to wildlife throughout the year. The major water supplying dams Tansa. viz Tadoba-Andhari. Sagareshwar Wildlife Sanctuary. notable among them being Godavari River. and Krishna River. The sanctuary is located in Thane. Modaksagar and lower vaitarna are located in the Sanctuary. and heighten the beauty of the landscape. Sanjay Gandhi National Park.[10] Phansad Wildlife Sanctuary. forming one of the greatest river basins in India.

Nagpur and Nashik.330 1995 1.150 2011 12.[13] [12] Year Gross domestic product (millions of ) 1980 166. with a total revenue of 136. Cash crops include groundnut.[16] Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust in Navi Mumbai is the busiest port in India.578. rice.e. and pulses. Companies operating shipyards in the state include Bharati Shipyard at Ratnagiri and the Rajapur Shipyards at Rajapur.3 billion) and accounts for more than 30 per cent of the country's software exports. petroleum and allied products. India's largest stock exchange Bombay Stock Exchange. leading airlines in India. jowar. sugarcane. Hindi filmmaking industry.Bollywood.180 2000 2.[18] . Aurangabad. cotton.200 software units based in the state.000 crore In 2012 Maharashtra reported a revenue surplus of 152.12 billion. Maharashtra's gross state domestic product for 2011 is at $224. (US$38 billion). insurance companies. with over 1. Maharashtra has set up software parks in Pune. Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport in Mumbai is the busiest airport in South Asia as per passenger volume. The net irrigated area totals 33. jewellery. a prime financial district in Maharashtra Mumbai. Maharashtra is India's leading industrial state contributing 15% of national industrial output and over 40% of India's national revenue. textiles.732[11] The state's debt is estimated to be about 209. the oldest in Asia.076.386.[14] Maharashtra is the most urbanised state with urban population of 42% of whole population.[15] 64. Mumbai. i. Other important industries include metal products.310 1985 296.14% of the people are employed in agriculture and allied activities. Pune and Nagpur being the other two than the financial capital. The headquarters to the Financial Planning Standards Board India is in Maharashtra. turmeric. Food crops include mangoes.711.559.[17] Pune is another city in Maharashtra which is considered among the top 10 cities in India. Now Maharashtra is the second largest exporter of software products with annual exports of 18. wine.Favourable economic policies in the 1970s led to Maharashtra becoming India's leading industrial state in the last quarter of 20th century.21 crore (US$25 billion). Over 41% of the S&P CNX 500 conglomerates have corporate offices in Maharashtra. apart from the state owned Mazagon Dock Limited at Mumbai. Almost 46% of the GSDP is contributed by industry. financial institutions.49 crore (US$28 million). Mumbai is home for the world's largest film industry. bajra. wheat.Economy Main article: Economy of Maharashtra See also: List of conglomerates in Maharashtra Maharashtra has three of fifteen most important cities of India. Pune is also called as 'Oxford of the east' for the quality of education provided by the University of Pune. machine tools.70 crore (US$25 billion) and a spending of 136. engineering goods.500 square kilometres.160 1990 664. is also located in the city. electrical and non-electrical machinery. bananas. Mumbai. steel and iron castings and plastic wares. oranges.000 crore (US$3.759. pharmaceuticals. The coast of Maharashtra has been a shipbuilding center for many centuries. Maharashtra is also introducing Jatropha cultivation and has started a project for the identification of suitable sites for Jatropha plantations. the capital of Maharashtra and the financial capital of India. A view of Nariman Point. about 17 percent of GDP. Major industries in Maharashtra include chemical and allied products. Navi Mumbai. houses the headquarters of all major banks.720 2005 6. It is the education and IT hub of India. Maharashtra ranks first nationwide in coal-based thermal electricity as well as nuclear electricity generation with national market shares of over 13% and 17% respectively. grapes. and tobacco.

Tech Mahindra. This will be the biggest development project in India so far. J. General Motors India. Chavan. The Vidhan Sabha (Legislative Assembly) is the lower house consisting of directly elected members. eroding much of the Shiv Sena's base.[25] . Maharashtra state assembly elections. Fiat.000 crore (US$1. which was designated as the state's auxiliary capital. Maharashtra is allocated nineteen seats in the Rajya Sabha and forty-eight in the Lok Sabha.[19] An international cargo hub (Multi-modal International Cargo Hub and Airport at Nagpur. MIHAN) is being developed at Nagpur. The 2004 elections saw the NCP gaining the largest number of seats to become the state's largest party.[23] Indian and foreign automobile makers in the area include Audi. Pune has become an IT hub with the presence of almost all IT leading companies including TCS. 2004. the administrative offices of the government. After a split in the Congress party. and Local government in Maharashtra Revenues of government This is a chart of trend of own tax revenues (excluding the shares from Union tax pool) of the Government of Maharashtra assessed by the Finance Commissions from time to time with figures in millions of Indian Rupees ( ).B. appointed by the Union Government. Skoda Auto. Infosys. The party enjoyed near unchallenged dominance of the political landscape until 1995 when the right wing Shiv Sena and Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) secured an overwhelming majority in the state to form a coalition. Honeywell. but formed a coalition with the Congress to keep out the BJP-SS combine. Maharashtra's legislature is bicameral. Government Like all states in India. Maharashtra state assembly elections. The Governor's post is largely ceremonial. The Chief Minister is the head of government and is vested with most of the executive powers. The Vidhan Parishad (Legislative Council) is the upper house. Mercedes-Benz. The Chief Minister is chosen by the members of the Vidhan Sabha. Tata Motors and Volkswagen. Bamford. Project will also include 10. Maharashtra Vidhan Sabha election results since Maharashtra became a bastion of the Congress party producing stalwarts such as Y. India's national parliament. Now new parties emerging in Maharashtra's politics specially Maharashtra Navnirman Sena (Marathi: महारा नव नमाण सेना) based regional political party operating on the motto of "Sons of the Soil"[24] founded on 9 March 2006 in Mumbai by Raj Thackeray after he left the Shiv Sena . See also: Government of Maharashtra .[20][21] MIHAN will be used for handling heavy cargo coming from South-East Asia and Middle-East Asia. Mahindra & Mahindra. Cognizant and Microsoft. After India's independence. and the winter session in Nagpur. C. the nominal head of state is the governor. one of the few states in India to have a bicameral type. The legislature convenes its budget and monsoon sessions in Mumbai.8 billion) Special Economic Zone (SEZ)[22] for information technology (IT) companies. 2009. Wipro. most of Maharashtra's political history was dominated by the Indian National Congress.Ralegan Siddhi is a village in Ahmednagar District that is considered a model of environmental conservation. whose members are indirectly voted through an electoral college. The capital city Mumbai is home to the Vidhan Sabha – the state assembly and Mantralaya. IBM. one of its most prominent 1990 Chief Ministers. former chief minister Sharad Pawar formed the Nationalist Congress Party (NCP).

Sardar Patel College of Engineering. Government College of Engineering Amravati.Year Own tax revenues 2000 198.000 technocrats every year. Army Institute of Technology Pune (AIT). University Department of Chemical Technology. The tenure of the entire Council is five years.821 2005 532. The Bar Council of Maharashtra and Goa enrolled approximately 90.[27] It is home to institutions like Centre for Development of Advanced Computing (C-DAC) which developed India's supercomputer. Indian Institute of Technology. Fergusson College. the Advocate General of each state is an ex-officio member of the Council.536 Judiciary Main article: Bombay High Court Mumbai is home to the Bombay High Court which has jurisdiction over the states of Maharashtra. Goa. Visvesvaraya National Institute of Technology (VNIT). Shri Guru Gobind Singhji Institute of Engineering and Technology Nanded (SGGSIE&T). (Mumbai) Prithviraj Chavan is the current Chief Minister of Maharashtra The Bombay High Court.S Dental College of Aurangabad Government College of Engineering Karad. Ravindra M.[25] Year Own non-tax revenues 2000 26. Mumbai. C. with the benches being at Nagpur and Aurangabad in Maharashtra and Panaji. Goa. Pune ).030 2005 40.M. Pune. Government College of Engineering Aurangabad. College of Engineering Pune (COEP). Vishwakarma Institute of Technology ( VIT. Sangli (WCES). Khambatta is the Additional Solicitor General.S. Kadam was the Advocate General of Maharashtra till recently.000 advocates on its roll (2009 data). Darius J. and the Union Territories of Daman and Diu and Dadra and Nagar Haveli. Mumbai Education and social development Maharashtra has good human resource development infrastructure in terms of educational institutions—301 engineering/diploma colleges.S. Harish Salve has served as the Solicitor General of India. Walchand College of Engineering. Veermata Jijabai Technological Institute (VJTI). 616 industrial training institutes and more than 24 universities[26] with a turnout of 160. This Bar Council elects one representative to the Bar Council of India as its member and also elects a chairman for the council. .476 This is a chart of trend of own non-tax revenues (excluding the shares from Union tax pool) of the Government of Maharashtra assessed by the Finance Commissions from time to time with figures in millions of Indian Rupees ( ). The Bar Council is represented by 25 elected members from the above territory.

Rajabai Clock Tower at the University of Mumbai Mumbai is home to two prominent research institutions: the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR) and the Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC). one of the largest universities in the world in terms of the number of graduates.[27] University of Mumbai. Nagpur. formerly known as Visvesvaraya Regional College of Engineering (VRCE).[33] Government Law College and Sydenham College. and SNDT Women's University are the other autonomous universities in Mumbai. Established medical schools such as the Armed Forces Medical College and Byramjee Jeejeebhoy Medical College train students from all over Maharashtra and India and are amongst the top medical colleges in India. one of the oldest universities in India. Nagpur is the home for Visvesvaraya National Institute of Technology (VNIT) (also referred to as NIT. Nagpur is also the home for National Fire Institution. a 40 MW nuclear research reactor at their facility in Trombay.[39] The University of Nagpur. established in 1854 is the third oldest college in Asia.[32] Mumbai is home to Narsee Monjee Institute of Management Studies (NMIMS). S P Jain Institute of Management and Research. Rashtrabhasha Prachar Samiti (promotion of and for spreading the national language.[28] The Indian Institute of Technology (Mumbai).[27] 50. has 50% India's Internet users and 45% of PC penetration in the country. Military Nursing College (affiliated to the AFMC) ranks among the top nursing colleges in the world.[29] Veermata Jijabai Technological Institute (VJTI). the National Defence Academy. 43 science colleges and many colleges in the Arts and Commerce faculties. Nagpur) is one of the first six Regional Engineering Colleges established under the scheme sponsored by Government of India and the Maharashtra State Government and is one of the Institutes of National Importance.9%. Nagpur is the headquarter for Hindu nationalist organisation Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS) and an important location for the Dalit Buddhist movement.Laxminarayan Institute of Technology (LIT). National Institute of Industrial Engineering (NITIE). The geographical center of India lies at Nagpur. Film and Television Institute of India. Aurangabad.[16][40] See also: List of institutions of higher education in Maharashtra and Category:Universities and colleges in Maharashtra . respectively the oldest law and commerce colleges in India. Maharashtra in total. School of Art is Mumbai's oldest art institution.Nagpur is also called as orange city of India as it have largest productions of oranges.000 youth trained to take up self-employment ventures every year by the Maharashtra Centre for Entrepreneurship Development (MCED). The literacy rate is well above the national average at 82. National Film Archives.[36] College of Engineering Pune. K J Somaiya Institute of Management Studies and Research IIT Mumbai main building (SIMSR) and several other management schools. Hindi) and National Thermal Power Corporation (NTPCWestern zone). Topiwala National Medical College & BYL Nair Charitable Hospital and top management institutions. known as Zero Mile Stone. Armed Forces Medical College and National Chemical Laboratory were established in Pune after the independence of India. established in 1923. ILS Law College. J.[38] The University of Pune.[31] which are India's premier engineering and technology schools. Jamnalal Bajaj Institute of Management Studies (JBIMS). established by the Indian Law Society is one of the top ten law schools in India.[34][35] The Sir J. are based in Mumbai.[37] The BARC operates CIRUS. manages more than 24 engineering colleges.[30] and University Institute of Chemical Technology (UICT).

4 million. The Economic Survey of Maharashtra 2008–09 says the percentage of the state’s population that names Marathi as its mother tongue has declined to 68.41. while in Vidarbha.2% of total population and Hinduism plays an important role in Maharashtrian people in their day-to-day life. apart from the native Marathi and English.481. a dialect known as Varhadi is spoken by most of the people. Gormati). Its growth rate between 1991–2001 was pegged at 22.5 crore) adherents comprising 12 per cent of the population. Ganesh is the most popular deity amongst Marathi Hindus.09. The public Ganesh festival started by Lokmanya Tilak in the late 19th century is very popular. Eid-ul-Fitr (Ramzan Eid) and Eid-ul-Azha (Bakra Eid) are the two important Muslim festivals in the state.[44][45] Population growth Census Pop.5 million people. Significant Muslim population can be found in [[3] .7% 96. others −2.000 16. The Muslim population in the state is highly urbanised and is spread across different regions. Sikh – 1.6% 112.23. Sunnis represent an overwhelming majority. and third ever after the Russian SFSR of the former Soviet Union.14.412. a dialect known as Malvani is spoken by most of the people. Marathi Hindus also revere Bhakti saints of all castes. Vaishya) and Chokhamela (Mahar) and Banjara (Laman. %± 1961 1971 1981 1991 2001 2011 39.org/wiki/Muslim) ]Muslims. Maharashtra has a population of 96.7% of children are underweight.784.Rashtrasant Tukdoji Maharaj(Sant as well as Philosopher).937.8% from 76.5% 78. Males constitute 50. 36.000 22.0% of the population is undernourished and 4.41. Christians – 1.4%.09.Demographics As per the 2001 census.25. The number of people citing Hindi as their mother tongue rose to 11% from 5% in the same period[42] The total fertility rate in 2001 was 2.5% over the past three decades.000 24.1% Source:Census of India[41] Religions Hinduism Hindus form 83.5 inhabitants per square kilometre. Its density is 322.2% males and 67. In the northwest portion of Maharashtra. Namdev (Shimpi-Artsian.7% of children who die under the age of 5 die from hunger. Muslims – 4. and the second most populous country subdivision in existence. Tukaram (Moray Maratahi-Kunbi). Savata Mali (Mali). The Marathi-speaking population of Maharashtra numbers 72. broken into 86.681 according to the 2011 census. Jains – 1. Outlining migratory trends in the state. Only eleven countries of the world have a population greater than Maharashtra. such as Dnyaneshwar (Deshastha Brahmin).Sant Gadge Maharaj(Sant as well as Philosopher).wikipedia. a dialect called Deshi is spoken[citation needed].000 25. Jama Masjid in Nagpur Islam Islam is the second largest religion in the state with 15 million or (1.000 — 50. In south Konkan. They also worship the Shiva Family deities such as Shankar and Parvati. Hindus – 2.752. The Warkari tradition holds strong grip on local Hindus of Maharastra. In the Desh (inland) region of the Deccan. Gujarati is also spoken.[43] In this state.373.752.24. the survey highlights the sharp rise in the Hindi-speaking population in the same period. 46.000 27.57% Marathi is the official state language. Buddhist – 2.57. 77. Its sex ratio is 922 females to 1000 males. as per estimates.5% females. Within [[2] (http://en. 27. Maharashtra's urban population stands at 42. Tribals – 3. followed by Krishna in the form of Vithal.247 inhabitants making it the second most populous state in India. a dialect Ahirani is spoken by 2.3 million and females.27% of its population is literate.554. In Mumbai and suburban areas.5% 62.

Muslims also form a majority in towns like Malegaon and Bhiwandi.wikipedia.[47] Mount Mary Church.org/wiki/Marathwada) ]Marathwada. [[4] (http://en. however the Sikh community has a sizeable presence in Maharashtra. Hazūr Sāhib ("presence of the master").5 per cent Muslims. it is where the 10th guru. Keralite and Tamilian Christians in the urban pockets of Mumbai and Pune. Cultural roots on Maharashtra for Jainism explain this numbers. has 18.058.843. Vidarbha. Jain community census for 2001 in Maharashtra area was 1.337. Ambedkar who called for the conversion of Dalits to Buddhism to escape a caste-based society that considered them to be the lowest in the hierarchy.[46] Buddhism accounts for nearly 6% in Maharastra's total population. Located on the banks of the River Godavari. beginning with the birth of its founder Guru Nanak Dev ji. Buddhism Buddhism is the third largest religion in the state. Most Marathi Buddhists are followers of the Dalit Buddhist movement. B. and Mumbai-Thane belt.wikipedia. Deekshabhoomi is a major center of the Buddhist movement In Maharashtra Jains Main article: Jainism in Maharashtra Jainists are a major group in Maharashtra. Similarly. St Bartholomew preached to the natives of this region in the 1st century AD.org/wiki/Khandesh) ]Khandesh.313 of Maharashtra's population. There are two ethnic Christian communities in Maharashtra: East Indians – Majority Catholics. Very famous for Annual Feast Nanded. Protestantism was brought to these areas by American and Anglican missionaries during the 18th century. Sikh community census for 2001 in Maharashtra was 215. "Realm of Truth". The urban character of the community in Maharashtra can be seen from the fact that Mumbai. At a . concentrated in Mumbai and in the neighbouring districts of Thane and Raigad. Marathi Christians have largely retained their pre-Christian cultural practices. The Gurudwara within the complex is known Sach-Khand. Jain temple at Ellora Sikhism Sikhism is India's fourth-largest religion and has existed for over 500 years. Most of the Christians are Catholics and Protestants. is an important holy place for the Sikh faith and is famous for the Hazur Sahib Gurudwara. Mangalorean. the capital city of Maharashtra. a 19th and 20th-century Buddhist revival movement in India that received its most substantial impetus from Dr. Guru Gobind Singh Ji left human flesh. also spelled Hazoor Sahib. as this more than 2. Christians Christians account for 1. R. the second largest city in the Marathwada region (after Aurangabad) of Maharashtra. In Aurangabad. The Sikhs are predominantly located in Punjab.(http://en. Nagpur the second capital of Maharashtra has 11 per cent Muslim population. There are also Goan. is one of the five takhts (seats of temporal authority) in Sikhism. Muslims form 39 per cent of the population. Marathi Christians – Majority Protestants found specially in Ahmednagar and Solapur. Western Maharashtra and Konkan region also hold sizeable Muslim population.301.500-year old religion has some ancient temples in Maharashtra.

Lord Shiva's devotion is celebrated by taking part in Maha Shivaratri (Great Night of Shiva) festival. the Elephanta island in Mumbai. have descended from a group of Iranian Zoroastrians who immigrated to Western India during 10th century AD. the Dari dialect of the Zoroastrians of those provinces may also be heard amongst the Iranis. Lalbaugcha Raja. in particular to the Zoroastrians of Yazd and Kerman. Lord's Shiva island in local mythology. mainly found in Mumbai. and represent the smaller of the two Indian-Zoroastrian communities. Festivals See also: Cultural activities of Maharashtra Aashadi Ekadashi is one of most important festivals celebrated across Maharashtra.000. Parsis. Lord Krishna's devotions are celebrated in the state-wide Gokul Ashtami (or Krishna Janmashtami. Krishna's birthday) whereby many devotees fast on the entire day until midnight. The Dahi-Handi is also observed on this day at many places. are comparatively recent arrivals. Zoroastrians There are two Zoroastrian communities in Maharahtra. due to persecution by Muslims in Iran. Krishna and Ganesha. Iranis. The native language of the Bene Israel is Marathi and Hebrew.stone-throw distance from the Hazoor Sahib Gurudwara. It is also referred to as 'Wari' and people from all over Maharashtra. Interior view of Gurdwara Sach-Khand Hazūr Sāhib Judaism The Bene Israel ("Sons of Israel") are a strong community of Marathi Jews originally from villages in the Konkan region who migrated in the late 17th century to the nearby cities. there lies the Langar Sahib Gurudwara which is very famous for its grand Langar. the Bene Israel formed the largest sector of the subcontinent's Jewish population. Consequently. Canada and other Commonwealth countries. In modern times. Shri Siddhivinayak Temple. Their descendants culturally and linguistically closer to the Zoroastrians of Iran. Most Bene Israel have now emigrated to Israel.[48] Town of Pen in Raigad district is famous for Ganesh Idols made of special Shadu Clay. Before the great migration after Indian Independence this community numbered at least 80.[49] Lord Krishna's devotion are also celebrated Entrance of the Maneckji Seth Agiary (Fire Temple) in Mumbai Ohel David Synagogue . Dagdusheth Halwai Ganpati. originated the Elephant Festival. but also to Pune. and Ahmedabad. Shri Ashtavinayaka's are the major holy places for Maharashtrians. Lord Ganesha's devotion is celebrated by Ganesh Chaturthi in August–September of every year. Prior to these waves of emigrations and to this day. In all teh city boasts of 13 major Gurudwaras with historic significance. primarily Mumbai. Popular forms of God are Shiva. Karnataka and other parts of India walk to Pandharpur from their respective villages.

Eknath. kings used to cross the frontier of their kingdom to fight against their rivals or neighbor kingdoms. Savta Mali. Other languages that are the native language of more than one percent of the population are:[54] Language Marathi Hindi Urdu Gujarati Telugu Kannada Percentage in state 68.3 Hindu Goddess Mahalakhsmi in Mahalakshmi temple Kolhapur Other languages 4. it is the native language of 68. Swami Samarth Maharaj. Some of the very revered examples of Bhakti saints are Dnyaneshwar. Gajanan Maharaj of shegaon.50 7. Sant Damaji panth. Navaratri. The other festivals celebrated on a large scale are Vijayadashami or Dasara (Marathi: दसरा). whose tomb-shrine in Meherabad has become a place of world pilgrimage. Holi. In ancient times.13 2.6 . Sant Bhagu. Simollanghan is crossing the border or frontier of a village or a place. They used to perform Ayudha Puja on Dasara and begin the war season. Simollanghan is a ritual performed on Dasara or Viajaya Dashami day in Maharashtra. Sant Satyakam Jabali.[52][53] a close second after the Lord Tirupati temples at Tirumala.[50] People worship Shami tree and its leaves (शमीची पाने) on this day. Tukaram. Ganesha during Ganesh Chaturthi. a popular festival in the state Languages See also: Languages of India Marathi is the official language of Maharashtra.89% of the population. Samarth Ramdas and Chokhamela. Sant Kanhopatra.89 11. Namdev Mahar and his wife Bhagubai from Kharagpur[51] are both devotees of Shirdi Sai Baba. Sant Nirmala.at Kaartik Aamawasya (or Diwali) and at Narak Chaturdashi as the killing of the demon Narakasura. It has also been the birthplace and home of world-reputed saints like Sai Baba of Shirdi. Diwali. Sant Karmamelam.and Sant Soyarabai. and Meher Baba.39 1. Maharashtra is also equally famous for ardent devotees (or Bhaktas). in Pune Saints (Sant) Maharashtra has produced or been closely associated with many saints throughout its history. people cross the borders of their places (Seemollanghan) and collect the leaves of Apta tree (आप याची पाने) and exchange among their friends and relatives as gold (सोने हणून आप याची पाने दे तात). The Sai Baba template in Shirdi is the second richest one in the country. .45 1. Eid (Ramzan Eid). On Dasara. For example. Andhra Pradesh. Namdev. These have risen from all across the several castes. Sant Sakhubai. Sant Sadna. There have also been several other Harijan saints such as Sant Banka Mahar. Gora Kumbhar. Swami Shukadas Maharaj. According to the 2001 census.

Nanded. Osmanabad. Jalna. and Sindhudurg Pune (Western Maharashtra) Nashik (Khandesh) Aurangabad (Marathwada) Amravati (Vidarbha) Nagpur (Vidarbha) Pune.Divisions and regions Main article: List of districts of Maharashtra Maharashtra is divided into six revenue divisions. Aurangabad Division. Ratnagiri. Wardha. Buldhana and Yavatmal Nagpur. historically and according to political sentiments. Jalgaon. Bhandara. Solapur. Chandrapur.[55] These thirty-five districts are further divided into 109 sub-divisions of the districts and 357 Talukas in Maharashtra. Thane. Konkan Division. Parbhani. Gondia. Divisions The six administrative divisions in Maharashtra state are Amravati Division. Satara. and Pune Division. Akola.[56] Gopuram of a Pandharpur temple near Vithoba's central temple. which are further divided into thirty-five districts. and Gadchiroli Regions Geographically. and Nandurbar Aurangabad. and Beed Amravati. and Kolhapur Nashik. Hingoli. Raigad. Mumbai Suburban (Mumbai Mumbai (Konkan) Upanagar). Division Districts Mumbai. Sangli. Washim. Nashik Division. Maharashtra has five main regions: Vidarbha – (Nagpur and Amravati divisions) – (Central Provinces and Old Berar Region) Marathwada – (Aurangabad division) Khandesh – (Nashik Division) Desh – (Pune division) and . Dhule. Ahmednagar. Nagpur Division. Latur/Lattalur.

Parvati Temple. and the Indian Air Force base at Lohegaon too. with a variety of food. Saras baug. the proportion of the urban population (42. therefore. Shaniwarwada.Kokan – (Konkan Division) – (including. Solapur. Sinhgad are the most visited places by tourists in Pune. CME. Aga Khan Palace. the Armed Forces Medical College. Border Dispute Main article: Belgaum border dispute Maharashtra has a border dispute with the neighbouring state of Karnataka over the district of Belgaum. Karwar and Nipani. Mumbai City and Mumbai Suburban Area). the Government of Maharashtra wants the Central government to declare Belgaum and adjoining 865 villages as a Union Territory. Mumbai. is the state's cultural and heritage capital with a population of 4. Pune. Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport (CSIA) in Mumbai is the biggest and the second busiest airport in India. Khadakwasla Dam. the state of the art Navi Mumbai International Airport coming up at Panvel. Nashik.4 per cent) contrasts starkly with the national average of developing metros and many large towns. It is also home to the Indian Navy's Western Command (INS). Mumbai is India's flagship port destination. the second largest city in Maharashtra and the seventh largest in India. The new airport. Thane. the National Defence Academy. Aurangabad. entertainment and nightlife. Pune also has very important military cantonments as well as the HQ of the Southern Command. Under the reign of the Peshwas. Pune is a major information technology hub of India as well as a foremost destination for automobile manufacturing and the component industry. is also the financial capital city of India.[61] Mumbai is the state capital with a population of approximately 15. The city is India's link to the world of telecommunications and the Internet. It has the largest proportion of taxpayers in India and its share markets transact almost 70 per cent of the country’s stocks. It offers a lifestyle that is rich. Kolhapur. insisting that Marathis in Karnataka were safe and lived in harmony. Navi Mumbai will have all modern facilities. Nagpur. Mumbai: Mumbai (including Thane and Navi Mumbai in its metropolitan area) is the financial and commercial capital of India and is the Administrative Capital of Maharashtra. the Administrative Capital of Maharashtra. While the case is awaiting a verdict in the Supreme Court of India. The other large cities are Navi Mumbai. a festival of Lord Ganesh is celebrated in Pune with lot of enthusiasm and worship. Belgaum was incorporated into the newly formed Mysore state (now Karnataka) with the passage of the States Reorganisation Act (1956). cosmopolitan and diverse. which reorganised India's states along linguistic lines despite having about threefourths of the total population[57] speaking Marathi.[59] Principal Urban Agglomerations Maharashtra has one of the highest level of urbanization of all Indian states.[58] Karnataka has rejected the move. Maharashtra has continued to claim the district. About 170 km from Mumbai by road.2 million people. Since then. VSNL (Now Tata Communications Limited) is the terminal point in India for all telephone and internet traffic. 'Ganeshotsav'. "Zero Mile Stone" located at Nagpur Pune is connected to Mumbai by the Mumbai-Pune Expressway.5 million people. The film industry of India Bollywood is associated in Mumbai. Amravati. Pune. Pune was the bastion of the Maratha empire. Pune blossomed into a centre of art and learning. Sangli and Nanded. Pune: Pune.[60] The mountainous topography and soil are not as suitable for intensive agriculture as the plains of North India. .

Nashik is the wine capital of India with many vineyards thriving owing to the favorable climate for grapes. as well as Bibi Ka Maqbara. cuisines mainly the non-vegetarian variety. The city is a tourist hub. Rankala lake. is a city in Aurangabad district. Shalini Palace. Fazal Ali commission for reorganisation of states. in 1861 it was made the capital of Central Province. which are UNESCO World Heritage Sites. as the "Heart of India"[citation needed]. Aurangabad is said to be a 'City of Gates'. About 3 million tourists visit kolhapur every year. Nagpur was described by the first Prime Minister of India Mr. Nashik hosts the Kumbhmela once every twelve years. kolhapuri masala (spices). In 1950 Nagpur became the capital of Madhya Pradesh. Ramtek Temple.Nagpur is increasing as a sport center in Vidarbha. Government of India Act. Ambazari Lake. New Palace. surrounded with historical monuments. India.It is a princely state Sri Sidhheshwar Temple. Maharashtra. including the Ajanta Caves and Ellora Caves."kolhapuri pheta"(turban). Nashik lies on the banks of the sacred river Godavari and has a population of about 1. An international cargo airport. spent a major part of his exile here. Sitabardi Fort. It is believed that Lord Rama.org/paithan. Aurangabad: The city means "built by the throne". It is the second administrative capital of Maharashtra.The coastal line (western) is only 75 km away from Kolhapur & hence is known as 'Door of Konkan'. The famous tourist attractions are the Mahalaxmi temple. It is fourth most industrialized city in Maharashtra. After Independence of India. passed by British Parliament. It is also famous as "city of palaces & wrestlers". in 1903 it was made capital of CP & Berar. Nagpur was recommended as capital of Vidarbha state by Hon. Another field that Kolhapur prides itself of is films. the Ramayana. "kolhapuri chappals" (footwear).1 million as per census 2001). Jyotiba Temple. Pench National Park are some of the tourist attractions in and around Nagpur. Panhala fort and much more. The administrative headquarters of the Aurangabad Division or Marathwada region.html Kolhapur It is the 6th most industrialised city in maharashtra. in 1935 it was made capital of a provincial assembly with same name Central Provinces and Berar providing for an election by. hero of the great Indian epic."kolhapuri saaj"(an ornament worn in traditional maharashtrian wedding). the “CP & Berar” was kept a separate entity with Nagpur as capital.[citation needed] The erstwhile capital of the Nagpur Province since 1853 in British India. Nagpur is the nerve centre of Vidarbha (eastern Maharashtra). The "Zero Mile Stone" or the geographical center of India is located in Nagpur.Nagpur is the third largest city in Maharashtra and 13th largest in India. with a population of about 2. Aurangabad is a tourist destination.8 million people. Khindsi Lake. jaggery. Jawaharlal Nehru.[62] http://santeknath. silver jewellery. Deekshabhoomi. Solapur and one of the main cities during the prince Shivaji rule. "wrestling". Nashik: is the fourth largest and third most industrialized city in the Maharashtra. The Maintenance Command of Indian Air Force is located in Nagpur. as one can not miss the strong presence of these while driving through the city. Nashik Nagpur is home of many industries. The city is situated on the banks of river Panchganga and is known as 'Dakshin(south) Kashi'. Nagpur and the Marathi-speaking southern region Vidarbha was ceded to Bombay state. Nagpur – the Orange City as it is known – is located in the centre of the country and is a geographical center of India. Seminary Hills. named after Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb. . Nashik is dubbed the Napa Valley of India. In 1956.4 million people (2. Kolhapur is well known for its " sugar production ". once capital of India. It is the "historical capital " of maharashtra . MIHAN is being builton the outskirts of the Nagpur city which will house number of service industries in its SEZ. Aurangabad is also one of the fastest growing cities in the world. One of the holy cities of the Hindu tradition. ranging from food products and chemicals to electrical and transports equipment.Football and cricket are the games prominently played in Nagpur.

[64] The length of National Highways in Maharashtra is 3688 kilometers. These buses. It has been credited as the place where Raja Harishchandra. privately run luxury buses also ply between major towns. It also hosts "textile mega cluster " which is the largest in maharashtra & one of the largest in India . The popular tourist destination in city are Ambadevi temple. The Central Railway and the Western Railway zones of the Indian Railways that are headquartered in Mumbai. The New Palace. 97.In certain circles. popularly called ST (State Transport). It is not only famous as a tourist destination but also it is one of the most important places for "foundry businesses" in India.[66] Civil Aviation .Amravati district also holds prominent tourist destination like Chikhaldara and Bairam. chemicals and dairy & milk industries in the region. Amravati Transport Roads Maharashtra has the largest road network in India at 267. A Central Railway Train near Pune The Mumbai Pune Expressway Maharashtra also has suburban railway networks that carry around 6. a subsidiary of the Indian Railways based in CBD Belapur. the first access controlled toll road project in India was made fully operational in April 2002. linking most of the towns and villages in and around the state with a large network of operation.5 per cent of the villages in the state were connected by all-weather roads as of March 2010. Kolhapur The Maharashtra State Road Transport Corporation (MSRTC) has been providing passenger road transport service in the public sector since 1948. Railways The state is well-connected to other parts of the country with a railway network spanning 5.4 million passengers every day. are the preferred mode of transport for much of the populace. automobile and ancillaries. such as a seven-seater tempo have gained popularity in semi-urban areas. textiles. Other modes of public transport. at Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus and Churchgate respectively. Hanuman vyayam prasarak mandal. engineering and manufacturing.452 kilometers.[65] Maharashtra has a large state highway network. Kolhapur was and is still considered the capital of the Marathi film industry. Amba Devi. The Nanded division of the South Central Railway that caters to the Marathwada region of Maharashtra and The Konkan Railway.[63] 17 National Highways connect Maharashtra to six neighbouring states.It has progressed to the status of a very important industrial city being the centre for sugar production. In addition to the government run buses. The Yeshwantrao Chavan Mumbai-Pune Expressway.983 km between four Railways. the first feature film ever produced in India was conceptualised. Amravati is a center for sporting activities in Maharashtra. Navi Mumbai that serves the Konkan coastal region south of Mumbai and continues down the west coast of India.Chatri lake and Wadali lake.

the JNPT lying across the Mumbai harbour in Navi Mumbai. Karad. Bollywood.[67] The Maharashtra Airport Development Company Limited (MADC) that was set up by the Government in 2002 will take up development of Airports in the state that are not under the AAI or the Maharashtra Industrial Development Corporation (MIDC). Minor ports in the state will be developed by the State government with the participation of the private sector under the Maharashtra Maritime Board. Additionally. Osmanabad and Yavatmal on a 95-year lease. Maharashtrians take great pride in their language and history. there are smaller airports like those at Akola.[69] A Greenfield airport is being built by the MADC at Shirdi and another one by CIDCO at Navi Mumbai is being built for a whopping 9. Babasaheb Ambedkar International Airport.000 crore (US$1. Latur. Other city airports such as. Baramati. Baramati.[70] The New Pune International Airport is being planned near Pune[71] while plans are afoot for greenfield airports at Boramani (near Solapur) and Gadchiroli.[72] Culture See also: Maharashtrian cuisine. Christian and Buddhist minorities. are served by scheduled domestic services.[68] Maharashtra has three international airportsMumbai's Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport (among the busiest airports in India) Pune's civil enclave international airport with flights to Dubai and Frankfurt Nagpur's Dr. Seven minor ports are being developed in Phase-I. and in Ratnagiri. particularly the Maratha Empire. liberalization of international bi-lateral agreements and liberalization of civil aviation policy at the centre has resulted in an unprecedented growth in air traffic. Gondia. and there are significant Muslim.See also: List of airports in Maharashtra The booming Indian economy.7 billion). Amravati. Nanded. Aurangabad and Nanded. growing tourism industry. and Marathi cinema Further information: Tourism in Maharashtra and Cultural activities of Maharashtra Marathi is the official language of Maharashtra. linking the city to neighbouring coastal towns.[68] Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport is among the busiest airports in India Sea Ports Maharashtra has three major ports at Mumbai (operated by the Mumbai Port Trust). There are . Ferryboat services also operate at Mumbai. There are also private airstrips at Aamby Valley City and Shirpur. there are 53 minor ports. Solapur and Yavatmal that do not have any scheduled air services. Kolhapur. Nashik. which handles the export of ores mined in the Maharastra hinterland. Ratnagiri. currently operate five non – metro airports at Latur. Most of the State's airfields are operated by the Airports Authority of India (AAI) while Reliance Airport Developers (RADPL). entry of low cost airlines. Chandrapur. MADC is playing the lead role in the planning and implementation of the Multi-modal International Cargo Hub and Airport at Nagpur (MIHAN) project. Additionally. About 80% of Maharashtrians are Hindu. Dhule. Osmanabad. its founder Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj is considered a folk hero across Maharashtra. Jalgaon.

ashtakas. Bharud and Powada are popular especially in rural areas. L. has its own folk music. Pratapgad. The world famous film industry Bollywood is in Maharashtra. director. Kusumagraj. Maharashtra. the year following the death of Aurangzeb.He wrote many books such as Dasbodh. Raj Kapoor. Shakti Samanta. including the ones at Ajanta. The folk music viz. Bhimashankar which is one of the Jyotirling (12 important Shiva temples). Deshpande. Dada Kondke was the most popular name in Marathi film industry. producer & director V. which are called bhajans. Mumbai. Prahlad Keshav Atre and Vyankatesh Madgulkar. Deval. "The flow between faiths was such that for hundreds of years. The pioneer of Indian movie industry. were built under the rule and patronage of Hindu kings. panchikarana etcThe modern Marathi literature has been enriched by famous poets and authors like P. Ajanta Caves . land and sea forts. These bhajans by saints are popular and part of day to day life. This elevates the reverence of Granth to that of a living Guru. This literature has been passed on to the next generations through the medium of large numbers of books that are published every year in Marathi. In 1708. Maharashtra has a large number of hill. Buddhist and Jain cultures. Forts have played an important role in the history of Maharashtra since the time of the Peshwas. A monument has been constructed at place where he breathed his last. The early period of Marathi theatre was dominated by playwrights like Kolhatkar. Samarth Ramdas. a great patriotic saint wandered in the soil of Maharashtra. The earliest instances of Marathi literature is by Sant Jnyaneshwar with his Bhawarthadeepika (popularly known as Jnyaneshwari). shatakas.R. L. B. Mughal architecture can be seen is the tomb of the wife of Aurangzeb called Bibi Ka Maqbara located at Aurangabad. actor Laxmikant Berde. Other important religious places are the Ashtavinayaka temples of Lord Ganesha. Sant Namdev. The compositions are mostly in poetic form. It is during this era of the Marathi theatre that great singer-actors like Bal Gandharva. The other compositions are by Sant Tukaram. located in the economic capital of India. Gondhal Lavani. Majority of the forts in Maharashtra are found along the coastal region of Konkan. The temples also blend themes from Hindu. Manache shlok. Keshavrao Bhosle. The genre of music used in such plays is known as Natyasangeet. while writer. Bharat Ratna Shri Dadasaheb Phalke. manas. These temples are constructed in a fusion of architectural styles borrowed from North and South India. Deshpande. purvarambha. Guru Gobind Singh the tenth spiritual leader of the Sikhs came over to Nanded. actor Ashok Saraf. It is known as Shri Huzur Abchalnagar Sachkhand Gurudwara. Some of the important forts in Maharashtra are Raigad. Sinhagad. and Sant Gora Kumbhar. his permanent abode. form a few names of the Hindi film fraternity. sawaya. The Marathi film Elephanta Caves industry was once placed in Kolhapur but now is spread out through Mumbai too. Mahesh Kothare belong to the Marathi film industry. Sachin Pilgaonkar. A National Geographic[73] edition reads. like other states of India. Gadkari and Kirloskar who enriched the Marathi theatre for about half a century with excellent musical plays known as Sangeet Naatak. Atmaram.many temples in Maharashtra some of them being hundreds of years old." The temple of Vitthal at Pandharpur is the most important temple for the Varkari sect. He proclaimed himself the last living Guru and established the Guru Granth Sahib as the eternal Guru of the Sikhs. Sindhudurg. Maharaja Ranjit Singh's endowment saw the construction of a beautiful Gurudwara at Nanded around 1835 AD. Shantaram. Bhaurao Kolhatkar and Deenanath Mangeshkar thrived. almost all Buddhist temples. During same period of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj. while the common forms of music from the Hindi and Marathi film industry are favoured in urban areas. Chopra. actor & producer. Ajanta and Ellora caves near Aurangabad as well as Elephanta Caves near Mumbai are UNESCO World Heritage Sites and famous tourist attractions. Kailash Temple in Ellora Caves. Vijaydurg. The Gurudwara features an imposing golden dome with intricate carvings and a breathtakingly beautiful artwork. Khadilkar. and actor P. and also enriched Marathi liturature by using almost all types of Vruttas like Karunashtake. The compositions written during this period are spiritually inclined.

cooking and travel to political satire and game shows. Kolhapuri Mutton is a dish famous for its peculiar spicy nature. Women traditionally wear a nine-yard or five-yard sari and men a dhoti or pajama with a shirt. Retrieved 2007-07-16. Retrieved 2007-07-16.worldbank.org.html/. Rangapanchami.in/pdf/VOLUME-I.gov. http://www.gov. ^ "Countries" (http://www. Zee Talkies. Gudi Padwa.maharashtra. "Shri Bhaurao Dagadu Paralkar & Others V/s State of Maharashtra" (http://www. Report of One Man Commission Justice. p.censusindia.maharashtratourism. In eastern Maharashtra.gov. consisting of a Salwar and a Kurta while men wear trousers and a shirt.maharashtra. Government of Maharashtra. Census of India. ^ "census of india" (http://www. 2. plain simple Varan Bhat (a dish cooked with plain rice and curry).html) .in/MTDC/HTML/MaharashtraTourism /Trivia. Diwali.gov. The people of the Konkan region have a chiefly rice based diet with fish being a major component. Chicken and mutton are also widely used for a variety of cuisines. Kabaddi and hockey are also played with fervor. The cuisine of Maharashtra varies according to the region of Maharashtra. Bakarwadi.pdf. Zee Chovis Taas and entertainment channels areMi Marathi. however. the diet is based more on wheat. Children’s games include Viti-Dandu (Gilli-danda in Hindi) and Pakada-pakadi (tag). ETV Marathi. Government of India. A large number of people walk hundreds of kilometers to Pandharpur for the annual pilgrimage in the month of Ashadh. Retrieved 6 April 2011.in/2011-prov-results /prov_data_products. due the close proximity to the sea. jowar and bajra. is changing with women in urban Maharashtra wearing Punjabi dresses. Zee Marathi. 4. ^ Palkar. This. ^ List of Indian states by sex ratio) 3. http://www.gov. Hindus in Maharashtra follow the Shalivahana Saka era calendar. 5.in/MTDC/HTML/MaharashtraTourism/Trivia.in/2011-prov-results/prov_data_products. The festival which continues over ten days is in honour of Ganesha.in/pdf/VOLUMEI. 41.in/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/COUNTRIES . View of Shri Hazoor Sahib Gurudwara See also Tourism in Maharashtra Maratha Empire List of Maratha dynasties and states Maratha Marathi people Marathi language India at Wikipedia books References 1.html/) .Some of the popular Marathi television news channels are IBN Lokmat. Zee Talkies. Ganeshotsav is one of the biggest festival of Maharashtra which is celebrated with much reverence and festivity throughout the state and has since some time become popular all over the country. Maharashtra Tourism. ^ "Trivia" (http://www.gov. Star Majha. the deva (like guardian angel ) of learning and knowledge under the one supreme lord .pdf) (PDF). The cricket craze can be seen throughout Maharashtra. as it is the most widely followed and played sport.censusindia. Star pravah and Saam TV which host shows ranging from soap operas. DD Sahyadri. http://www.maharashtratourism. AB (2007).html. 31 March 2011. 2011. Modak and chivada are a few dishes to name. Gokulashtami and Ganeshotsav are some of the festivals that are celebrated in Maharashtra. Puran Poli.

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Business-standard.htm#d0e6680. 26. http://www.com/money /2009/mar/31slide13-indias-top-ten-debt-ridden-states.unipune.madcindia. standard.financialexpress.com/news/maharashtra-govt-tables-r152. /SOUTHASIAEXT/INDIAEXTN /0. Retrieved 2010-07-27. Retrieved 2008-10-31.unipune.dnaindia.htm ^ a b R.htm.Ralegaon Siddhi" (http://edugreen. http://web. http://pib.archive.nic. http://edugreen. Retrieved 2012-05-07.financialexpress. 17. 17 May 2010.madcindia.org.com /maharashtradir.org. http://www. ^ "Heavy debt still weighs down Maharashtra" (http://articles.dnaindia.com. ^ An inscription at Naneghat describes Vedishri as a very brave king and the lord of Dakshinapatha (Deccan).htm) . http://www. 20.projectsmonitor.ambedkar.madcindia.asp?newsid=2076) .htm. Retrieved 2006-10-30. http://articles.gutenberg. http://www. Retrieved 2008-05-14. 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com/cidco/naviair.com/statistics/default.com/majorcities. 6 August 2009.pdf. http://www.madcindia. Retrieved 2012-03-17. VOL.org/download /Maharasthra_271211./levelofurbanisation/main.nic. Inc.com/statistics/default. Mahapwd. http://timesofindia. Railways" (http://www.in/) Retrieved from "http://en. Retrieved 31 March 2012. http://www.html) . [60] Every year on the day of Vijayadashmi i.com/cidco/naviair. Retrieved 2010-07-16.ibef.com/majorcities. the largest hollow stupa or the largest dome shape monument and an important place of dalit buddhist movement. Maharashtra Airport Development Company.org/download /Maharasthra_271211. additional terms may apply. Retrieved 19 September 2011.html) . Retrieved 31 March 2012.org/download /Maharasthra_271211.html. The 14 April. Government of Maharashtra (http://www. 65. ^ "Major Cities of Maharashtra" (http://www.pdf) . ^ "List of Aerodromes Licensed under Private Category" (http://dgca. Morth.com /news/india/11-Indian-cities-among-worlds-fastest-growing/articleshow/2481744.indiatimes.nic.html) . IBEF. IBEF. IBEF.madcindia.org/w/index. ^ "Maharashtra – Physical Infrastructure. 69.madcindia.com /news/india/11-Indian-cities-among-worlds-fastest-growing/articleshow/2481744.mahapwd. ^ January 2008. ^ "Reliance Airport gets five projects on lease" (http://articles. Maharashtraweb.maharashtratourism. http://cidcoindia. http://dgca.mahapwd.dmoz.aspx) Department of Tourism.maharashtraweb.com.gov.org/download /Maharasthra_271211. ^ "Airport near Rajgurunagar. 23 October 2007. which is birth date of Dr. Retrieved 31 March 2012.in/english/Pages/Home. #1 Deekshabhoomi.org/projects.as.indiatimes.cms. http://www. 71.html.gov.e.indiatimes. 67.in/writereaddata/sublinkimages/251.pdf.cms) . .asp.org/pune. ^ a b "MIDC projects" (http://www. Retrieved 2010-07-16.html) .pdf) .org/download /Maharasthra_271211.asp) . Timesofindia.in. 63.html. 70.nic. November 2011.com. Dasehara. Retrieved 31 March 2012. Ports" (http://www.pdf) .php?title=Maharashtra&oldid=546012986" Categories: Maharashtra States and territories established in 1960 States and territories of India This page was last modified on 21 March 2013 at 16:17.pdf. Retrieved 2010-07-16.ibef.nic. http://www. ^ "11 Indian cities among worlds fastest growing" (http://timesofindia. CIDCO. 73. http://www. http://www. 31 March 2000. http://www.htm) 61. Retrieved 23 December 2012. ^ "Statistics" (http://www.as) .org/download /Maharasthra_271211. ^ "Navi Mumbai International Airport (NMIA)" (http://cidcoindia.wikipedia. Roads" (http://www. See Terms of Use for details. 213. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. 31 March 1996.ibef. Pune" (http://www.nic. 64.html..com/2009-08-06/india-business /28178331_1_greenfield-airport-reliance-airport-developers-midc) . Deekshabhoomi External links Maharashtra travel guide from Wikivoyage Maharashtra (http://www.ibef.in/aerodrome /aero_list. November 2011. a non-profit organization.pdf.maharashtraweb.com.indiatimes.pdf) .ibef. November 2011. followers of Ambedkar visit deekshabhoomi.org/Regional/Asia/India/Maharashtra/) at the Open Directory Project Maharashtra Government Website (http://maharashtra. ^ "Maharashtra – Physical Infrastructure. 62. R.org/projects. B.in /aerodrome/aero_list. is located in Nagpur. ^ "Table No 2" (http://morth. The Times of India.ibef. Directorate General of Civil Aviation (India). Maharashtra Airport Development Company.madcindia. Retrieved 31 March 2012.in/writereaddata/sublinkimages/251. 72. Retrieved 31 March 2012. Ambedkar is celebrated. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation. http://morth.timesofindia.org/pune. ^ "Maharashtra – Physical Infrastructure. 68. 66.