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HKCEE Paper I running answer text 2000 Biology

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(a)(i) (a)(ii)

(a)(iii) (a)(iv) (a)(v)

The cells of A and the cells of the foetus are formed by mitosis of the zygote (1) female (2) A sperm carrying an X chromosome fused with an egg, which always contains an X chromosome to form a zygote with two X chromosomes, thus resulting in a female foetus. There are 3 chromosomes 21. The foetus may be expelled out of the uterus. Blood from A to the foetus has higher oxygen content and higher nutrient content, but lower carbon dioxide and urea content. Tissue A is *palisade mesophyll Tissue B is *spongy mesophyll Number of chloroplasts in region 1 is 20; while that in region 2 is 12. Ratio of chloroplast density in region 1 to that in region 2 is 5:3. This allows the leaf to carry out photosynthesis at a higher rate since tissue A has a higher density of chloroplasts and is located in the upper layer of the leaf, so its cells can receive more sunlight than the cells of tissue B. First put the stem of a leafy shoot in a dye solution for some time. Then cut cross sections of the stem and the leaf. Examine the sections under the microscope. If cell type C is responsible for the transport of water from the stem to the leaf, it would be stained by the dye. Oxygen in the tidal air first diffuses through the residual air and dissolves in the water film lining the air sac. Then it diffuses across the walls of the air sac and the capillary into the blood. (1) The volume of tidal air will increase (2) The oxygen uptake in the blood becomes faster because the distance of diffusion of oxygen from the tidal air to the water film is reduced. Or because the surface area of the air sac for diffusion of oxygen is increased. Particles deposit on the wall of the air sac thus reduces the rate of diffusion of oxygen.

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(b)(i) (b)(ii) (b)(iii)

(b)(iv)

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(c)(i)

(c)(ii)

(c)(iii)

2000-CE-BIO I-1

the size of the pupil will remain unchanged with increasing light intensity. This response helps to prevent excessive light from entering the eye. a translucent spot will remain after drying. However. This will be used in respiration to release energy. (b)(i) (b)(ii) (b)(iii) (b)(iv) 2000-CE-BIO I-2 . leading to a loss in her body weight. The solution will turn milky if fat is present. If it contains fat. 2. the size of the pupil decreases with increasing light intensity. when the light intensity is above 5 units. light-sensitive cells / photoreceptors → sensory neurone / optic nerve → association neurone in brain → motor neurone / nerve → iris muscle (Arrow signs should be included) Because all the light entering the eye is absorbed by the retina and the choroids. (a)(i) (a)(ii) (a)(iii) (a)(iv) The daily energy intake of Jane is 6620 kJ which is less than her daily energy requirement. OR Add alcohol to a piece of ham and obtain a clear solution. Add water to the clear solution. as a result no light is reflected out of the eye through the pupil. so that the light-sensitive cells of the retina would not be damaged.HKCEE Paper I running answer text 2000 Biology 2. From 1 to 5 units of light intensity. anaemia Rub a piece of ham on a filter paper. Immerse the paper in an organic solvent and the spot will disappear. Amino acids are broken down in the liver to form carbohydrate. Thus she has to consume the food reserve in her body.

(1) Green pod colour is dominant to yellow pod colour or The allele for green pod colour is dominant to the allele for yellow pod colour (2) Let G represent the allele for green pods and g represent the allele for yellow pods F1 Gamete G Gg X Gg g G g F2 GG Gg Gg gg green pod yellow pod (The labels of F1. Then use a brush to dust pollen grains of another pea flower onto the stigma of this flower.HKCEE Paper I running answer text 2000 Biology 2. (c)(i) (c)(ii) (c)(iii) Advantage: The chance of pollination / fertilization is higher ) Less wastage of pollen grains ) any one Desirable characters of the parent are more likely to be transmitted) to the offspring ) Disadvantage: Less genetic variation (accept other correct answers) First remove the anthers from the flower before they are mature. Finally cover the flower with a plastic bag to prevent further pollination. gamete and F2 should be included) 2000-CE-BIO I-3 .

biconcave RBC Labels (L) : any three of the following labels and title (1) (2) A section along line BC (a)(iv) (small intestine) → hepatic portal vein → liver → hepatic vein → vena cava → heart → pulmonary artery → (lung) (Arrow signs should be included) Diabetes is caused by the absence of certain substance(s) which can be found in the pancreas. In the diabetic person. Thus the liver cannot convert excess glucose in the blood into glycogen. The kidney tubules cannot reabsorb all the glucose from the filtrate. thus glucose is excreted in the urine. This is because protease in the alimentary canal will digest the active substance which is protein in nature. the pancreas cannot produce enough insulin. Consequently. Symptoms of diabetes would remain. (b)(i) (b)(ii) (b)(iii) (b)(iv) 2000-CE-BIO I-4 . This pressure difference forces the plasma except plasma proteins out of A. 3. double line for capillary wall. leading to a high level of glucose in the glomerular filtrate. To determine whether the substance in the pancreas extract effective in treating diabetes is a protein or a fat. (a)(i) (a)(ii) (a)(iii) Blood capillary Its wall is one-cell thick / the diameter of the lumen is slightly greater than or similar to that of a red blood cell The pressure of blood in A is higher than the pressure of the fluid surrounding the muscle cells. Drawing (D): clear and accurate diagram.HKCEE Paper I running answer text 2000 Biology 3. his blood glucose concentration remains high.

HKCEE Paper I running answer text 2000 Biology 3. Hence water moves out of the cell by osmosis. Turn the adjustment knob until the cell is in focus. (1) Adjust the position of the slide until cell A is at the centre of the field of vision. As a result. 2000-CE-BIO I-5 . The water potential of the cell sap of cell B may be the same or lower than that of the surrounding solution. (c)(i) (c)(ii) (c)(iii) The water potential of the cell sap of cell A is greater than that of the sucrose solution. the vacuole shrinks in size and so pulls the cytoplasm away from the cell wall. (2) Adjust the diaphragm / condenser to increase the illumination of the slide.

the higher the bacterial population. the amylase activity decreases. Water in the water film evaporates into the air of the air sac and is lost during exhalation. Incubate the mixture at a given temperature for a fixed period of time and then perform the Benedict’s test. When the person is performing exercise. and hence less urine was produced. (c)(i) (c)(ii) (c)(iii) 2000-CE-BIO I-6 . leading to a lowering of the water potential of the blood. leading to an increased rate of water loss through exhalation. (b)(i) (b)(ii) (b)(iii) 4.HKCEE Paper I running answer text 2000 Biology 4. The amylase is inactive but not denatured at such temperature. Keep the mixture at very low temperature (below 10oC). (1) 4. (1) The lining of the air sacs or respiratory tract is covered with a water film. (2) This is because the rate and depth of breathing was increased. This was because large amount of heat was generated by the body during exercise. (2) Site D (1) The greater the amount of organic pollutants in water. a large amount of water in the body was lost in the form of sweat. The optimum temperature for the activity of barley amylase is 70oC. Thus the rate of photosynthesis of the producers decreases and this leads to a drop in the population of the producers. the amylase activity increases. (2) Site C (3) Slow water current in the harbour ) There is sewage outfall at this site ) any one Large human population ) To protect endangered species (Accept other correct answers) When performing heavy exercise. When the temperature increases from 70-90oC. rate of sweat production was faster. Measure the amount of red precipitate formed. because the organic pollutants provide food for the growth of bacteria. Thus a greater proportion of water was reabsorbed from the glomerular filtrate. so greater amount of air was exhaled from the lungs per unit time. (a)(i) (a)(ii) (a)(iii) (a)(iv) (a)(v) The amylase converts starch into maltose To ensure that sufficient amount of maltose is produced When the temperature increases from 0-70oC. The body temperature started to increase and this stimulated the increase in sweat production. High concentration of suspended solids reduces the light intensity in water.