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A Community centre or community centres are public locations where members of a community tend to gather for group activities, social support, public information, and other purposes. They may sometimes be open for the whole community or for a specialised group within the greater community. Community centre in simple terms, is a built space consisting of social, recreational and some educational facilities which cater to the needs of a particular community. However the prerequisite of an interesting community centre is the existence of a well defined community compartmentalised with a powerful territorial locus. The extent of a community centre would depend on the population it is going to cater, its accessibility. The scope of community centre could be viewed on the ground of facilities to be provided to cater a certain population or community needs. The economic status is also an important factor, since more of the commercial activities are going to be provided. Some of the important factor affecting the extent could be as listed below: Population to be served. Social, cultural and economic status of community. Location and its accessibility. Types of facilities being provided, their quantity and quality. Quality and quantity of spaces and environment.
The requirement of a community centre draws special attention of the planner since the amenities to be provided would wholly depend on the likes and dislikes, habit of a community. The financial structure of a community and the money spending capacity shall also be considered as a effective factor. A planner has to show his skill to figure out every detail of the requirement on logical basis.
nature and behaviour could be grouped together in one zone. semi-open and open spaces. 3) The various facilities should be made accessible from all possible directions so that people do not have to walk a long distance to reach the concerned facility. The landscape will decide the quality of these spaces. 4) The vehicular movement should not be mixed with the pedestrian movement as it could be hazardous. It also provides a feeling of closeness to nature and refreshes. These shall be a well defined segregation between these two movements. 2) Different types of activities could be separated by zoning but the activities of similar character. Moreover the four wheeler within the centre should be avoided to the fullest extent to avoid the confusion and conflict of movement. These spaces should not be over crowded with future increase population. These spaces also provide a visual continuity and can also guide the pedestrian movement by creating the points of interest at desired intervals.GUIDING PRINCIPLES FOR DESIGNING A COMMUNITY CENTER:1) In the designing of the community centre zoning needs prime consideration since it will have built spaces. 5) Landscape should be such as that the built spaces get merged with the surroundings. and it will be interesting to see how they are organised. . 6) Open spaces and semi-open spaces should be such that they integrate the built form and articulate the space. Landscaped open spaces are essential to promote the community interaction.
Multi-purpose E.g. concert hall 3. Music practice room.Auditorium: For design of a auditorium four key factors will need to be established in the initial stages of planning namely:Size of the hall Its plan shape Whether floor to be made level or ranked to give a step incline Stage house to be installed Type of auditorium:Auditoria can be classified as follow: 1.g. lecture theatre. school assembly hall Acoustic for speech INTELLIGIBILITY=POWER+CLARITY Power is affected by Distance from speaker Directional relationship to speaker Audience absorption of direct sound Reinforcement by reflectors Reinforcement by loudspeakers Sound shadows Clarity is affected by . for speech E. for music E. Town hall.g. Conference hall. law court 2.
It must satisfy Acoustic requirement. Possible glare from luminaires.heat and smoke detectors.air ducts and diffusers. Lighting requirement.Strong contrast must be avoided whilst allowing consideration over long periods.control required. It also must be capable of being dimmed. In addition the view becomes obstructed. adjustable diffusers for even sound distribution.When the audience is seated at one level the sound is strongly absorbed at low grazing angle around the head of the audience. .Design criteria for ceiling is largely governed by functional needs. BALCONY RATIO. CEILING PROFILE.A good design of balcony requires a shallow depth and high opening. Fire. windows must be avoided.reflector panels. Delayed reflection: echoes Near echoes Reverberation Duplication of sound source by loudspeakers Ambient noise Intrusive sound SIGHT LINE. LIGHTING:. For practical requirement the planner must plan illumination horizontally at desk level and vertically on chalk boards must be at appropriate level.spot and stage lighting slots in ceiling construction.conditioning required. Air. To some extent it can be improved by raising the stage by inclining the floor.
0 second.8-1.It depends on the volumes of the spaces and the amount of sound absorption within it. Sound reinforcement by early reflection provided the interval between impulses of direct and reflected signals are not delayed more. The reverberation within the space. but it must never fall below the background noise level. The external noise (from road traffic. Generally the audience and seats provides maximum absorption. The following steps are to be followed approximately in chronological order for good acoustic design The selection of site in the quietest surroundings consistent with other requirements. Auditorium Acoustic Design:To achieve best acoustic condition in the auditorium space. .4-4. Mechanical noise from ventilation system plants vibration should be absorbed by suitable mounting and structural mass.REVERBERATION TIME:.2 cubic meters per person should have optimum condition for reverberation time of 0. It should have sound locks using the set of doors and sound absorbent material in between. air crafts) should be controlled by the massing of the building/roof. A volume of 2. The elimination of the echoes. The sound level of the speaker voice will decrease with distance. A sound survey to determine how much sound insulation should be incorporated. it is necessary to control: The level of background noise.
To provide the sound in motion-picture theatres 5. etc. chimes carillon.000hz) 2. To provide a multitude of electro acoustical facilities in theatres and opera houses. 4. To minimize room reverberation. It should properly transmit a wide range of frequencies(from about 30hz to 12. It should be free from disturbing echoes or feedback. It should provide a wide dynamic range. To operate electronic organs. 2. . Control of noise within the building solid borne as well as air borne noise. 6. To reduce the masking effect of an excessive background-noise level in an auditorium or in open air theatre. A sound system is expected to meet the following criteria: 1. 5. Sound amplification systems are used for the following purpose: 1. It should remain undetected. 9. To provide artificial reverberation in rooms which are too dead for satisfactory listening? 7. 4. It should create a sufficiently low room reverberation. 3. To reinforce the sound level in an auditorium or in outdoor location when the sound source is too weak to be heard. To provide amplified sound for overflow audiences. To increase the sound level on the stage of an auditorium for the benefit of performers or listeners seated on the stage. 8. 3.
4. Curvilinear -normally associated with a dome roof of excessive height -unless treated acoustically.Different floor shapes:1.rings of boxes on top of each other . all of which can contribute to an excessively long reverberation time should be avoided. long-delayed reflections. 5. . producing a relatively short reverberation time suitable for the rapid operation but short for orchestral performances. Irregular -can bring the audience unusually close to the sound source -can secure acoustical intimacy and definition since surfaces used to produce short-delayed reflections can be early integrated into the overall architectural design. contribute efficiently to sound absorption. Fen-shaped -bring the audience close to the sound source -permit the construction of balconies -make good sight lines -the curved rear wall and the curved balcony front. 2. curvilinear enclosure may create echoes. and sound concentrations. Rectangular -floor shape cross reflectors between parallel walls contribute to increase finesse of tones. when acoustically treated or rendered diffusive. are likely to create echo or sound concentrations 3. Horseshoe-shape -traditional layout of opera house .
Fundamentally the old world auditorium is a “what you see is what you get” type of building. They provide for early reflections. if not somewhat contrived. possibly too technical. sporting their marching arrays of flying sound panels seem a little strained. these halls. Although efficient to build and outfit. church and music hall design is one of acoustic clouds. to the traditionalist. The hall is full of big. concrete block or tilt-up concrete walls are used to outline the space and roofs are made out of corrugated metal supported by exposed metal trusses. lots of acoustic clouds hanging in midair. The sheer volume of the hall helps to avoid generating late reflections and the multifaceted ceiling and upper wall surfaces further act to diffuse the late reflections. sheetrock and sometimes even glass panels. These new spaces are large concrete boxes that have been decked out with sculpted wooden. below a completely blacked out high bay ceiling. and metal. The reflecting surfaces of the hall provides for some early reflections but not much.-free relationship between audience area and platform. Today’s auditorium is generally quite different than those built early in the last century. diffuse and weaken the late reflections and regulate the reverb level and decay rate. The acoustic clouds however are intended to adjust the signal to noise ratio in a direct and effective way. The audience provides . curved panels that are suspended off the walls and again high overhead. plastic. The new look and sound in auditorium. The seating. The shell of today’s auditorium is built not much different from an industrial space. Architects are flocking to the new design trend in auditorium design and it’s very different from the classical auditorium. The audience provides the acoustic materials that act to control the reverb time. The interior surfaces of the building are what manage the sound. the height and the interior architecture all work in unison to produce the required intelligible acoustic condition for reasonable listening.
Stage ventilation:- means should be provided for ventilating smoke and hot gases resulting from fire on the stage. In between these two styles we find built in the recent past. small stage and set Stage proportion:- are developed from the lines of vision from the auditorium. furniture. Storage rooms are used for stage items and scenery.some acoustic absorption and the rest is located way up out of sight. Distributed sound systems have to be installed in the acoustic ceiling in an effort to help inject life back into the space. rehearsal rooms. In addition to store. Its design seems directly opposite to that of the classic concrete and marble auditorium. An additional fresh air inlet may also be provided. There are three stage forms: Full stage. behind the acoustic clouds. topped off with the largest expanse of an acoustic tile ceiling one could ever imagine. This type of hall is also a large concrete box but its interior surface has been built out to create a very dead hall. directors and administration. Built on the supposition that if reverberation is bad for speech. Stage:areas. There are no early reflections designed into the space. large sweeping rooms with padded seats and carpet.sets. The only heard sound in the hall is the direct sound from the loudspeakers. The stage area is the playing area plus walkways (around the back of the stage) and working areas. cloak room and technical utility room are also required for continuous operation. These spaces are so big and so dead that the audience suffers from sensory deprivation. Exhibition Halls:The Halls must be designed to meet the requirements of any type . back-drop. then an acoustically dead space must be good for speech. certainly no late reflections and as well. personnel rooms for artists. prop store. no reverberation. stores for costume. They can be sub divided into.
Design features of the Halls must allow to hold a number of exhibitions to be organized simultaneously in full harmony. These exhibition halls must have adequate administrative support facilities and electromechanical services required. staff contact. maps. is a physical location that provides tourist information to the visitors who tour the place or area locally. are to be provided. Independent facilities. the visitor centre is often the place where these are coordinated. The elements of exhibition halls and all parts of the buildings must be designed to allow natural interior light inside through the main entrances. such as. The exhibition hall floors must be designed to take maximum of load tolerance and meet the International Standards for Floor Loading. tourist information centre. . etc. and other items relevant to tourism. restrooms. security services…etc. loading and unloading areas are to be provided for exhibitors. It may be: A visitor centre at a specific attraction or place of interest. reception / registration. about natural or cultural history). and about camp sites. lodgings. providing visitors to a location with information on the area's attractions. national park. national forest providing information (such as trail maps. The hall ceiling height should allow a comfortable working height for exhibitors and fairs. temporary storing area. Often a film or other media display is used. Tourist information area:- A visitor information centre. Often a visitor centre is called simply an information centre.) and in-depth educational exhibits and artefact displays (for example. A tourist information centre. and skylights. such as a landmark.of exhibition. Warehouses. If the site has permit requirements or guided tours.
comfort room.Cafeteria:. W. either in a line or allowing arbitrary walking paths. washroom. by customers of other services. They are typically found in railway stations. restaurants.A cafeteria is a type of food service location in which there is little or no waiting staff table service. whether a restaurant or within an institution. Instead of table service.. bars. . particularly the smaller or single occupancy types. there are food-serving counters/stalls.A public toilet (also called a bathroom. powder room. Public toilets are commonly separated by gender into male and female facilities. or in a broader meaning of "public". Customers take the food they require as they walk along. restroom. convenience) is a room or small building containing one or more toilets and possibly also urinals which is available for use by the general public. public toilets incorporate accessible toilets and features to cater for people with disabilities. nightclubs or filling stations as well s on longer distance public transport vehicles. latrine. Public Toilets:. although some can be unisex. public lavatory. placing it on a tray. water closet. Increasingly. toilet room. schools.C.
outline representation of such objects as must be set on the stage for use by the actors. or circle theatre. Seating maximum audience in the minimum enclosure. This restricts scenic elements to paint or other coverings on the stage floor. and special effects are difficult to manage because so little can be hidden from the audience. devices suspended above the acting area. In these theatres. They do. Arena theatres also complicate the management of the movement pattern for actors (the “blocking”). however. because scenery more than a few feet tall will block the views the audience members have of the action taking place onstage. the arrangement of acting area in the centre of a surrounding ring of audience. theatre-in-round. Economy is also achieved by the effective limitation of scenery. under or through.Men's public restroom symbol Women's public restroom symbol OAT Arena Type:Variously called arena. scene-changing equipment must be limited primarily to that which can be put under the stage. very low platforms. It is therefore attractive to the performer and also to the spectator who attaches value to proximity to the stage.there can be no scenery or properties that the audience cannot see over. this arrangement seats the largest audience within the shortest distance from the acting area. as they must perform to all sides of . put major restrictions on the amount and kind of visual spectacle that can be provided for a performance. Arena stages are thought to create a strong sense of community among the audience members and an easy flow of energy between the audience and the actors.
Surfaced with gravel or asphalt and provided with good drainage under all conditions. and it becomes impossible for director and actors to compose the performance so as to produce a uniform effect. So arranged as to permit the quick departure of any car in case of an emergency during the performance. Parking Lot (or Lots) should be- Large enough to handle one car for every three spectators. Furthermore. Well lighted for ease and security in parking and walking. Parking:. Convenient to the box office and the entrance to the theatre. it is unavoidable that viewpoints will be maximally different.It plays a vital role in giving character and life to a building. it is necessary to prevent this by increasing the pitch of the seating area. Landscaping: .the stage without having their backs to any one side for too long a time and without preventing one part of the audience from seeing other actors. with good access from traffic routes. The building must not be designed as an isolated mass . Because the audience is seated all around the acting area. because the conditions of one actor blocking audience vision of another actor are also maximized. Well marked with signs. Designed to permit convenient and speedy exit following the performance. Located where the noises and lights of late-arriving cars will not disturb the performance.
smoke curtains.) and all security systems (panic intercoms. On the other hand natural landscape should be brought inside the building to make the building as an integral part of the nature. Exhibits and stand fittings shall be loaded by the goods elevators or loading platform.completely separated from nature surrounding it. All fire protection systems (fire alarms. closed-circuit television cameras. fire hydrants. sprinkler system valves. The main entrance shall not be used for parking or loading/unloading during the move-in and move-out period.). together with their control switches shall be kept clear and accessible at all times. Loading/unloading activities shall only be carried out in the Loading/Unloading Area at the rear and the left and right side of the Centre . Clear access shall be maintained at all times to the Public Circulation area. extinguishers. Escalators and passenger elevators shall be dedicated for the use of passengers and shall not be blocked or be used to transport freight or equipment or materials of any nature. fire shutters. There should not be any distinction between natural surrounding and the space defined by building. drenches. fire hoses. The covered space of the building should mingle with the open air for giving life naturalness to the building. etc. etc.
LITERATURE STUDY District community centre .