Piping Coordination Systems - Reference points Reference Points | Plot Plan & EQ Arragements | Piping Arrangement | Piping & Instr Diagram

| Piping Isometrics

FOREWORD - LOCATION IS RELATIVE -

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An object's location is always given relative to another reference object. For example, the location of a Heat Exchanger may be described as five blocks from the General Service Building. To be more specific, the Heat Exchanger is four blocks east and three blocks south of the General Service Building. With this illustration, a direction and a distance from the General Service Building has been established. Several things are assumed to be known, the place to begin (General Service Building), and understanding of east and south (reference directions), and the length of a block (unit of displacement). Without consensus on these things, communication of the location of a Process Plant becomes unclear.

REFERENCE POINT

Before beginning with making drawings for a new process plant or building, there must be determine where the new building in the area will take his place. A coordination system, which refers to an officially recognized point therefore is necessary. In the Netherlands, for example, are thousands of official reference points, distributed across the country ...search on the Internet on geographic coordinate conversion, triangulation stations, benchmarks, geography or topography. You'll find a lot of information about how reference points are measured and identified.

HORIZONTAL REFERENCE
Defining a starting point of the site related to the North / South direction, is one of the first steps in setting up a coordination system. In principle, with a simple reliable compass the direction of the magnetic north can to be determined. In the image below the true north is at 18°. As a draftsman would work with the true north coordinates, he will immediately find out that each line from west to east and from north to south at an angle of 18° must be drawn. To avoid this, a Plant North will be determined. In the example below, the true north, 18° is reversed, draftsmen and construction contractors will be grateful for it. General there will be tried, to approach the true north-south coordinates as close as possible. A rule is, that the angle between true north and Plant North can not exceed 45°. At 50°, for example, the Plant North would be on the right side, so on the Eastern side of the image.

1 = Official reference point 2 = South West angle of new plant X = East West distance from new plant to reference point Y = North South distance from new plant to reference point

VERTICAL REFERENCE
Before starting with any building, the site is leveled (graded), what means that the ground is made as flat as practically possible. After leveling we talking about "finished grade", where the highest graded point is termed "high point of finished grade". This highest point of finished grade refers to an official reference point on which all vertical measurements are related. In the Netherlands, for example, many vertical measurement are in relation to the "Normaal Amsterdams Peil" (NAP). If the field compared to the NAP is 1 meter higher, usually the reference point will not become a zero start of 1000 mm, but in this case a zero start at zero(0). On a isometric view of a pipe line elevations are indicated by EL.109665 or EL.99450 etc.. What is meant by this vertical dimensions ?   The first EL.109665 you can read as: centerline of pipe is 9665 mm above zero point The second EL.99450 you can read as: centerline of pipe is 550 mm below zero point

Well, the vertical zero point in this case is 100 meters (100000 mm), and this has the advantage that no negative (minus) values on drawings need to be applied.

The image here on the left shows the official elevation symbol.

Tip for AutoCad users: use the CDT font, lower case Q.

Piping Coordination Systems - Plot plan & Equipment arrangement Reference points | Plot Plan & EQ Arragements | Piping Arrangement | Piping & Inst Diagram | Piping Isometrics

usually can not be given on a readable drawing. Therefore. Over the years.3 Process Piping. Pharmaceutical. Textile. tank farms.FOREWORD  For clarity. then it refers to a Process plant such as a Chemical plant. All these companies show a certain standard in their plans. will be given on a Plot Plan. buildings. as on this website the word Plant is used. It also listed the true north and Plant north. Paper. OVERALL PLOT PLAN A Overall Plot Plan. a distinction is made between a Overall Plot Plan and a Detailed Plot Plan. port address. For this reason there is no general rule. sometimes prevailing winds. Petrochemical. All roads. Important buildings. Al these plants fall under the scope of ASME B31. You will understand that a whole process plant. but not the house numbers or . I've seen a lot of plot plans of several engineering companies. but the layout and dimensioning is often quite different. but they have been drawn according to a functional Plot Plan of a Process Plant. for a "final" Plot Plan. reference point(s). parks and street names are given. you can compare with a city road map.   Drawings. are fictitious. Gas Processing plant. Petroleum refinery. which are shown on this page. units. employee entrance etc. PLOT PLAN A Plot Plan is a scale drawing that gives an overview (top view) of the entire plant.. sometimes this plan called a Site Plan or a Site Master Plan. horizontal references etc. Also sometimes customers or authorities wants to have additional information on a Plot Plan. Semiconductor & Cryogenic plants and related processing plants and terminals.

a large pipeline and some smaller.100000) of the process plant. pipelines. .000. the east coordinates refer often to another reference object. North starting with N .000. The top-view is similar to a detailed plot plan.. What you also cannot see on a plot plan. That however only applies to the horizontal dimensions. are the elevations of the equipment. These elevation are related to the upper part. and only some equipment parts are visible from above.for this reason. Watch out. or heights of buildings. (see Reference points) There are no pipe-bridges. as an example. the process building is largely equipped with a roof. tanks and so on. you should find a certain process tank farm and a specific tank. floor or unit. or a new piece of equipment in a certain area. A major advantage of a proper detailed plot plan is that you can determine from your office. or a device on the 4th floor or may be already on the third floor begins. which show the top and side-view of a part of a process plant. Both related to an officially recognized reference point. floor or unit. THIS DRAWING. Equipment Arrangements have been considered. can be placed. With the drawing in your hands. Generally it shows a part of a certain area. WHAT IS A EQUIPMENT ARRANGEMENT Equipment Arrangements are drawings.. but the plan gives a good impression of a overall process plant. DETAILED PLOT PLAN In contrast with a Overall Plot Plan. Top of Concrete (T.000. as an example. but not a pump or a plate cooler.400. shows what is present on the fourth floor. because you cannot see possibly obstructions in the vertical level. a staircase and the columns of the steel structure of the building. Right on the top under "Notes" you can see the plant north coordinates and (important !) starting reference elevation of this plant is EL. and indicates a elevation of 29200 millimeters from the starting point (EL. a Detailed Plot Plan gives a overview (top view) of a part of a process plant. and do not start with the coordinates E . Furthermore. That kind of equipment and dimensions are not shown on a Overall Plot Plan. a imaginary Overall Plot Plan will be shown. That means that you do not know. but in practice. As you can see on the overall plot plan. under the roof of the FM- AREA of the process building.000 coordinate. Right down on the drawing you can see the starting point of this imaginary Overall Plot Plan. On THIS DRAWING.C. The plan shows the whole 4th floor on a elevation of EL.the number of rooms in a building. that all East and North dimensions.100000. it shows some equipment.) of the 4th floor of the FM-AREA.129200.000 coordinate and East with E . starting at the center lines of the columns.O. pumps or other equipment shown on that drawing. except that only equipment is shown.

They are the main documents used in assessing fire protection and if necessary. With a drawing of a site-view you can see the elevations of a certain device. shows a side-view of the equipment on and under the fourth floor of the FM-Area. shows a top-view of the equipment on the fourth floor of the FM- Area. as an example.Piping arrangement Reference points | Plot Plan & EQ Arragements | Piping Arrangement | Piping & Instr Diagram | Piping Isometrics . or more floors. and if the device is going through one. related to the plant north. such as training and emergency access. Both help the development of support facilities and are used to determine the most cost-effective construction sequence and methods. THIS DRAWING. THIS DRAWING. Plot plans and equipment arrangements are dynamic documents and evolve further during the construction phase and the lifetime of a process plant. to obtain government permits. Piping Coordination Systems . SUMMARY Plot plans and equipment arrangements are resources to help determine relative and specific positioning of equipment on a process plant. as an example. and sometimes a few details around a specific device. and are essential for obtaining permits and determining environmental and personnel safety. that on the drawings must be shown..Both equipment arrangements shows the equipment in a particular area. They are also used for operational needs.

VIEWS IN PIPING DRAWINGS
There are two types of views in hand-drawn piping drawings:   Orthographic - Plans and Elevations Pictorial - Isometric Views

Orthographic drawings are views (front, side, top etc.) of an piping system, and in Piping they are called "Piping Arrangements". An orthographic view shows only one side, and therefore multiple drawings (views) are necessary to show a complete Piping Arrangement. In complex systems, where orthographic views do not illustrate the details of the design, pictorial view in isometric presentation is made for clarity.

PRIORITIES ON A PIPING ARRANGEMENT
Process equipment and piping have priority on the Piping Arrangement. The major primary beams and secondary beams are also shown, even as Utility stations so that the most

efficient route for utilities can be determined. Order of importance of pipe lines in a Piping Arrangement:       Alloy steel and other special materials Large bore piping High temperature/high pressure piping Lined piping Carbon Steel Process Piping Utility piping

Further (if possible) all equipment, instrument connections, with the tag numbers will be shown on a Piping Arrangement. Important details are often in a larger scale in the same drawing shown. Even as a Plot Plan, a whole process plant usually can not be given on a readable drawing. Therefore the Piping Arrangement show parts of a process plant.

TYPES OF PIPING ARRANGEMENT DRAWINGS
Pipelines on a Piping Arrangement are shown by single lines and double lines. In single line representation only the center line of the pipeline is drawn using a solid line. In double line representation the actual size to scale is drawn with center line marked in chain-dotted lines. Single lines representation     Flanges are shown as thick lines drawn to the scaled outsite diameter of the flange. For flanged joints a small gap between dimension lines will be shown to indicate a gasket. Valves are shown with identification number and a handwheel is drawn with stem fully extended. If a valve is lever operated, then the movement of handle position is given. Dimensions for flanged valves are given to the flange faces, while non flanged valves are dimensioned to the center lines of their stems.

EXAMPLE OF A PIPING ARRANGEMENT
On THIS DRAWING, as an example, a imaginary "single line" Piping Arrangement will be shown. The drawing shows 2 pumps, 4 valves (all Handwheel operated and flanged), a pipe line and a column. The line number CD - PL - 101 - 12 - C300 - T2 - I2 tells something about the pipe line. CD PL 101 12 C300 T2 I2 Indicator for plant or system, where the pipeline is located. Indicator for a service designation. Indicator for the serial number of the pipe line. Indicator NPS, in this case the main pipeline is NPS 12. Indicator for Pipe Line Class or "Pipe Spec". C tells that the material is Carbon Steel, and 300 indicates the Pressure Class. Indicator for Tracing type. Indicator for Insulation type.

Above description of the line number is only an example. For line numbers are no standard definitions, and therefore a customer specification can be different from what is here defined. The indication 12-314 (Typ) on the valve told that the valve is 12 inches and 314 indicates the type of valve. The same applies also to the valve near the pump, where DR indicates a Drain valve. Typ stands for Typical and means that there is another ore more valves in that drawing with the same specification. The advantage of this indicator is, that items with the same specification only once need to be defined. Furthermore, the red arrow indicates the flow direction, which perhaps is unnecessary, because the pipe line is connected to the Suction side of the pump.   Dis. = Discharge, pressure side of a pump Suc. = Suction, suction side of a pump

An important item is designation TF (Top Flat) which is shown to the eccentric reducer at the pump. That means that the flat side of the reducer is on the top of de pipe line. If it was vice versa BF Bottom flat, also the elevation to the suction side of the pump must be given. Example for the pump suction side: A eccentric reducer 12 to 8 inch has a center-line difference from 52.4 millimeters. (12" = O.D. 323.9 mm / 8" = O.D. 219.1 mm / Length = 203 mm / Center-line difference =

3-DIMENSIONAL VIEW More and more engineering companies show plot plans. This change in Pressure Class is indicated by a so-called "Spec break" (change of Piping Class Specification). Some of these . The two valves are needed to drain the pipeline. which illustrate a directional change.88 mm. but they are all very expensive. The pipeline starts with elevation EL. and generally has this way of drawing many advantages. 100600 at the pump suction site and ends at elevation EL.6 mm x 323. In this case it means. equipment and piping arrangements in a 3D view. By applying eccentric reducers (Top Flat) in the lowest part of the pipeline. The three partly open blue circles in the drawing. For single line representation there are a lot of symbols. that the vertical centerline from nozzle C1 is 15. THIS IMAGE shows a 12 x 8 inch Top Flat and Bottom Flat eccentric reducer. SYMBOLS ON A PIPING ARRAGEMENT DRAWING On the drawing can be seen that the pipe line(s) from the pumps run up to the column. indicate three Elbows which are bending down. 104966 is shown. Another important item is the elevation (given in red) of nozzle C1 from the column.9 mm) has a length of 330 mm and a centerline difference from 15. that the flange that connect to nozzle C1 also must be have a Pressure Class of 600. The two blue half-moons around the pipelines/valves indicate that the valves are at the bottom of the pipeline are located. 104950 at nozzle "C1" from the column. because the pipe line ends with an eccentric reducer Bottom Flat (BF). Better 3D software has made this possible.52. If the reducer bottom flat.4 mm). In this case it means. The elevation EL. There are many programs that can be made 3D views. 100548 must be shown. Note: The connection to the column is 600 Lbs. But without the elevations. A eccentric reducer 14 x 12 (355. the two valves make it possible to fully empty the system. In the main Menu "Documents" the most used drawing symbols can be found. and that the material probably not changed. an elevation round off upwards EL. the upward routing is also visible.88 mm above the center line of the pipeline. Large engineering companies often have developed their own software.

For clarity. and instrumentation which shows the functional relationships among the system components. The P&ID provides direct input to the field for the physical design and installation of fieldrun piping. principal instruments. it is usual practice to use the same general layout of flow paths on the P&ID as used on the system flow diagram..Piping and Instrument Diagram Reference points | Plot Plan & EQ Arragements | Piping Arrangement | Piping & Instr Diagram | Piping Isometrics PIPING AND INSTRUMENTATION DIAGRAM The piping and Instr Diagram (P&ID) provides a schematic representation of the piping. The P&ID contains a minimum amount of text in the form of notes (the system descriptions minimize the need for text on the P&ID). what is possible with that type of software. and control interlocks. instrument loops. process control.. the system flow diagram. It accomplishes this by showing all the piping. equipment. Piping Coordination Systems . The first P&ID in the set for the job should contain . Like a Plot Plan or Equipment Arrangement. and the control logic diagram. The P&ID also provides important information needed by the constructor and manufacturer to develop the other construction input documents (the isometric drawings or orthographic physical layout drawings). The P&ID ties together the system description. It is very impressive. SUMMARY A standard Piping Arrangement does not exist.programs make it possible "to walking through a whole plant" in order to find a particular item. the electric control schematic. the requirements for the drawings will be made by customer and/or engineering company. in the development phase of a new plant. Remark(s) of the author.

. engineering. engineers. THE P&ID SHOULD SHOW THE FOLLOWING:               Mechanical equipment All valves associated with the process piping Process pipes Vents and drains Special fittings Sampling lines Permanent start-up and flushing lines Instrument designations Equipment names and numbers Pipeline identification Valve identification Reducers and increasers.... Autodesk® A world leader in 2D and 3D design. Bentley Bentley is the global leader dedicated to providing architects. and blowout procedures for the piping system and by the plant operators to operate the system.. testing.. SFD. The correctness and completeness of the SD. The P&IDs are also used by the start-up organizations for preparing flushing. PROCAD PROCAD has been offering the finest process piping and electrical CAD applications. and P&ID drawings are crucial to the success of the start-up program. swages. it may be appropriate to only reference their source. if certain symbols are defined elsewhere. including: Specific information as applicable to job: All size transitions in line: . etc Direction of flow Interfaces for class changes Instruments significant to the process piping. and entertainment software.a legend defining all symbols used.

Image of a simple Piping and Instrument Diagram Click on the image to enlarge Remarks: The P&ID for a defined system should be limited to coverage of that system to the maximum practical extent. such as by "Continued at PG12". Other systems that interface with the subject system are shown in phantom if such portions are detailed elsewhere. the drawing should have the horizontal and vertical borders marked to permit reference to any small area of the drawing. This applies whether the break and continuation are on the same sheet or on different sheets of the drawing.         Seismic category Quality level Interconnection references Annunciation inputs Plant computer inputs Vendor and contractor interfaces Identification of components and subsystems by others Reference to a vendor drawing for details not shown Intended physical sequence of equipment: Including branch lines. Whenever a line is broken off as a matter of drafting convenience. . reducers. Care should be taken to ensure that these markings are within the sized field of the drawing so that they will always be reproduced with the drawing regardless of the process used. etc. Except for very simple P&ID. both the break and the continuation are labeled so that one can readily trace the line from both sides of the break.

Piping Coordination Systems .Piping Isometric - .

PROCAD PROCAD has been offering the finest process piping and electrical CAD applications.. engineering.. Autodesk® A world leader in 2D and 3D design. engineers... and entertainment software.. ..Reference points | Plot Plan & EQ Arragements | Piping Arrangement | Piping & Instr Diagram | Piping Isometrics | Bentley Bentley is the global leader dedicated to providing architects.

width and depth are shown in a single view. Vertical lengths of pipe are calculated using elevations. while horizontal lengths are caculated using north-south and east-west coordinates. piping isometrics are drawn on preprinted paper. is oriented on the grid relative to the north arrow found on plan drawings. piping isometrics allow the pipe to be drawn in a manner by which the length. Isometrics are usually drawn from information found on a plan and elevation views. Piping isometrics are generally produced from orthographic drawings and are important pieces of information to engineers. Because iso's are not drawn to scale. Usually. valves and flanges are modified to adapt to the isometric grid. The symbols that represent fittings. with lines of equilateral triangles form of 60°. . In very complex or large piping systems. IMAGE of a isometric grid The Iso. piping isometrics are essential to the design and manufacturing phases of a project.PIPING ISOMETRIC Unlike orthographics. as isometric are commonly referred. dimensions are required to specify exact lengths of piping runs. Pipe lengths are determined through calculations using coordinates and elevations.

Piping isometrics are often used by designers prior to a stress analysis and are also used by draftsmen to produce shop fabrication spool drawings.    The A size is measured from the front to the center line of the elbow / pipe. measured from the front to the center line of the elbow / pipe. This single line is the centerline of the pipe. The B size is measured from centerline to centerline. the dimensions measured. HOW TO READ A PIPING ISOMETRIC A pipe into a isometric view. The C size is like the A size. B. Isometrics are the most important drawings for installation contractors during the field portion of the project. Orthographic view (double line presentation) Isometric view . and from that line. C). not from the outside of a pipe or fitting. The image below shows a orthographic view of a butt welded pipe with three sizes (A. So. is always drawn by a single line.

ensure better visualization of the pipeline routing. but I think for orthographic views maybe 50 drawings are needed to show the same as the isos. etc. but when a pipe in two or three planes to be drawn. The simplicity with which a pipe isometric can be drawn is one reason to made iso's. is the number of drawings that for orthographic views should be made. the black dots are the butt welds and A. In a orthographic view it is not a problem if the pipe runs in one plane. orthographic views really not an option. B & C are the dimensions of front to center line and center line to center line. 15 isometrics must be drawn. As you can see.). I've never tried. . a orthographic view can be unclear. A second reason to made isometrics.The image on the left shows a isometric view of the same pipe as above. The red lines show the pipe. The auxiliary lines in the shape of a cube. For example: for a complex pipeline system. then down and then to the west. Another reason why isos are preferred. ISOMETRIC VIEWS IN MORE THAN ONE PLANE Below are some examples of isometric drawings. this drawing is very simple and quick to implement. if a pipe should be drawn in several planes (north to south.

The drawing on the left shows a pipeline which runs through three planes. Routing starting point X • pipe runs to the east • pipe runs up • pipe runs to the north • pipe runs to the west • pipe runs down . The pipe line begins and ends with a flange.

Because this pipe in isometric view. runs behind the other pipe. Routing starting point X • pipe runs to the south • pipe runs up • pipe runs to the west • pipe runs to the north • pipe runs down . A different perspective is shown. this must be indicated by a break in the line. and the pipe that comes from above is longer.The drawing on the left is almost identical to the drawing above.

The drawing on the left shows a pipe that runs through three planes and in two planes it make a bow. Routing starting point X • pipe runs to the south • pipe runs up • pipe runs up and to the west • pipe runs up • pipe runs to the west • pipe runs to the north-west • pipe runs to the north .

from one plane to a opposite plane.The drawing on the left shows a pipe that runs through three planes. to indicate that a pipe runs at a certain angle and in which direction the pipe runs. but for example suddenly to the north. the routing of a pipe is no longer the east. small changes in the hatch. Routing starting point X • pipe runs to the south • pipe runs up • pipe runs up and to the north-west • pipe runs to the north HATCHES ON A ISOMETRIC DRAWING Hatches on isometric drawings being applied. . Sometimes.

where the hatch indicates that the middle leg runs to the east. Routing starting point X • pipe runs up • pipe runs up and to the east • pipe runs up .The drawing on the left shows a pipe.

The drawing on the left shows a pipe. a pipeline receives a different direction. where the hatch indicates that the middle leg runs to the north. . Routing starting point X • pipe runs up • pipe runs up and to the north • pipe runs up The two drawings above show. Hatches are particularly important in isometric views. that changing from only the hatch.

technical documents in engineering and related technical fields. . It is usually a formal document that establishes uniform engineering or technical criteria. specifications are extremely important .often essential . methods. Standards: a technical standard is an established norm or requirement.What are Engineering standards ? Standards and Codes Standards. Routing starting point X • pipe runs up • pipe runs up and to the north-west • pipe runs to the north What is the elevation at point X Reference points | Plot Plan & EQ Arragements | Piping Arrangement | Piping & Instr Diagram | Piping Isometrics | Foreword .The drawing on the left shows a pipe. codes. processes and practices. where the hatches indicates that the middle leg runs up and to the north-west.

products and processes. Codes can be approved by local. fabrication. The main purpose of codes is to protect the public by setting up the minimum acceptable level of safety for buildings. Pipe Fabrication Institute . Codes: a code is a set of rules and specifications or systematic procedures for design. installation and inspection methods prepared in such a manner that it can be adopted by legal jurisdiction.The documents prepared by a professional group or committee which are believed to be good and proper engineering practices and which contain mandatory requirement. state or federal governments and can carry the force of law.

The PFI standards contain minimum requirements.Permanent Marking on Piping Materials ES22 . and Plugs for Radiographic Inspection of Pipe Welds ES26 .Internal Abrasive Blast Cleaning of Ferritic Piping Materials ES31 .Standard for Loading and Shipping of Piping Assemblies ES3 .The Pipe Fabrication Institute (PFI) publishes advisory Engineering Standards (ES) and Technical Bulletins (TB) intended to serve the needs of the pipe-fabricating industry at the design level and in actual shop operations.Recommended Practice for Color Coding of Piping Materials ES32 . Process and Material Requirements ES35 .Tool Calibration ES39 . the designer or fabricator may consider specifying additional requirements beyond the scope of PFI publications.Access Holes.Drafting Practices Standard ES1 .Standard for Protection of Ends of Fabricated Piping Assemblies ES34 .Standard for Material Control and Traceability of Piping Components ES43 .Branch Reinforcement Work Sheets ES40 .Pipe Bending Methods.Recommended Practice for Local Post-Weld Heat Treatment ES47 . Bosses.Fabricating Tolerances ES11 .Internal Machining and Solid Machined Backing Rings For Circumferential Butt Welds ES21 .Method of Dimensioning Grooved Piping Assemblies ES44 . A listing of PFI publications follows: Engineering and Fabrication                           ES2 .Temporary Painting/Coating of Fabricated Piping ES37 .Welding of Internally Clad Piping ES49 .Standard for Protection of Austenitic Stainless Steel and Nickel Alloy Materials Welding and Fabrication Cleaning.Fabricating Tolerances for Grooved Piping Systems ES41 .Method of Dimensioning Piping Assemblies ES7 .Guidelines for Installation of Integrally Reinforced Branch Connection Outlet Fitting ES5 .Internal Machining and Fit-up of GTAW Root Pass Circumferential Butt Welds ES24 .Nonsymmetrical Bevels and Joint Configurations for Butt Welds ES45 . however. Tolerances.Cleaning of Fabricated Piping ES29 . and Shipping Quality Control Examination and Testing . Painting.Welded Load Bearing Attachments to Pressure Retaining Piping Materials ES36 . The use of PFI standards or bulletins is voluntary.Minimum Length and Spacing for Welded Nozzles ES16 .

.... ..........: Doc...Wall Thickness Measurement by Ultrasonic Examination ES27 .... ..     ES4 .......3 4. 2011Approvals:SponsorManager........ STANDARDS AND REFERENCES GENERAL REQUIREMENTS Design Considerations Line Class Notes Item Descriptions SPECIFIC REQUIREMENTS Pipe . StalloneSignature:on org fileon org fileon org fileDate:2011-11-122011-11-122011-11-12 TABLE OF CONTENTS Page SCOPE 1..... No.............C..Random Examination Example of Engineering Standard On the right of this page you will find a link (ES) that opens a small menu.... Through this menu you can open several pages that give you an example...Hydrostatic Testing of Fabricated Piping ES20 ....2 3.......0 3....................0 4..........."Visual Examination" The Purpose.......... Page : 1 of 15 Issue Date : December.. how an Engineering Standard might look like.......1 SCOPE CODES. 2 2 3 3 3 3 3 3 ............ the shown ES only is an example ! ENGINEERING STANDARD Title: PIPING MATERIAL SPECIFICATIONStandard No..Standard for Positive Material Identification of Piping Components using Portable X-Ray Emission Type Equipment ES48 ........ Meaning and Limitation of the Term ES42 .... ... .. Stationary EquipmentDirector.... Remember...........0 3..... ...... Specialty EngineeringName:M........... DonaldA.....1 3....... LincolnS..0 2. ... .

..............Utility Station Special Fabricated Larger Diameter Reducers Four Weld 90° LR Miter Elbow Four Weld 45° LR Miter Elbow Perforated Temporary Conical Strainers T-Type Strainers Drip Rings Product Sampler Cooler Tolerances for Pipe Fabrication Marking of Line Blinds & Spectacle Blinds .... 5................................................0 5................ ....8 Fig. ......2 4....... 4 5 ATTACHMENTS FIGURES Fig............. 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 1....................... . ..7 Fig..........2......3 4... .....4 Fig............................0 SCOPE 1........... ... .5 Fig............1 Abbreviations for Piping Specifications Valve Tag Numbering .2 Fig. .....1 Fig....... 5...8 4...... ...2.. 5........ .... ..................2.. 5...2............5 4.7 4.... ..2. 5..... 5.................6 4.... .2................6 Fig.1 This Standard contains the basic information for piping material and valve specifications.........2....3 Fig.9 Fittings Flanges Branch Connections Gaskets Valves Assembly Details Testing and Examination Pressure/Temperature Limits ....... 5.. .........9 Standard Installation Detail ....... The actual specifications are contained in Piping Material and Valve Specifications Manuals............. 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 ATTACHMENTS 5.... 5..................4 4..2. 5........................2 Fig.......2.... ... .. ...................4...... 5.......... ........

.. Flanges.available in the "Client" Intranet system.0 CODES.S. Substitutes for Asbestos Based Gasketing Doc.1 These specifications are intended to supplement the full technical requirements defined in accordance with the "Client" Standards referenced below. and in accordance with "Client" Procedure SEP 107B. Piping Doc. No. 1.. Conventional System of Measurement.. No... No.. No..4 All measurements are expressed in U.. No. unless specifically indicated as an exception. 2.. 1. No..2 Where approvals are indicated in this Standard.. shall be submitted by the Contractor/Manufacturer/Supplier to "Client" for a written ruling. Temperature Instrumentation Doc. followed by. No. Welding of Pressure Vessels. Piping and Tankage Doc... 1. Piping Layout Arrangement and Accessibility Doc. hereinafter referred to as "Client".1 "Client" Engineering Standards and Guidelines               Doc. Coatings for Buried Steel Pipe Doc. No. No.3 Any discrepancy between this Standard and other contract or procurement documents or specification.. the equivalent SI units (metric)... No. Piping Systems for Gaseous Oxygen Service Doc. It is the responsibility of the individual(s) who request deviation to submit a request form in a timely manner. 1... 2. 1.1.5 Any proposed deviations from this Standard shall be submitted in writing to "Client" for review and approval... Valves Doc.. in parenthesis. Bolting and Gaskets Doc. The Piping Material and Valve Specifications are considered a part of this Standard and shall be used in conjunction with this Standard. Galvanizing Doc... Materials of Construction for Low Temperature Service . this refers to "Client" or its designated representative. Piping Stress Analysis and Pipe Supports Doc. All SI units are for reference only and shall not be interpreted as a precise conversion.. No... STANDARDS AND REFERENCES The latest editions of the following Codes and Standards in effect on the date of contract award shall be used. Preparation of Addenda to and Deviations from "Client" Engineering Standards. Valve Procurement Doc. Flange Bolt-Up Doc. No.. No. No.

Materials of Construction (MOC) for General Services API 594 Wafer Check Valves API 600 Steel Gate Valves.9 Wrought Steel Buttweld Fittings ASME B16. Division 1 2...Ring-Joint.5 Steel Pipe Flanges and Pipe Fittings ASME B16. No.1 Power Piping ASME B31.2 American Petroleum Institute (API) 2.25 Buttwelding Ends ASME B16.Flanged and Buttwelding Ends ASME B16.0 GENERAL REQUIREMENTS .1 Pipe Threads.3 Chemical Plant and Petroleum Refinery Piping ASME B36.11 Forged Steel Fittings Socketwelding and Threaded ASME B16.3 American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) 2.48 Steel Line Blanks ASME B31.21 Nonmetallic Flat Gaskets for Pipe Flanges ASME B16.10 Face-to-Face and End-to-End Dimensions Ferrous Valves ASME B16.47 Large Diameter Steel Flanges ASME B16.10M Welded and Seamless Wrought Steel Pipe ASME B36.                        Doc. General Purpose (inch) ASME B16. Flanges and Unions MSS SP-45 Bypass and Drain Connection Standard 2.36 Orifice Flanges ASME B16.20 Metallic Gaskets for Pipe Flanges .5 Process Industry Practice (PIP) PIP PNSM0001 Piping Line Class Designator System 3. Spiral Wound and Jacketed ASME B16. Flanged or Buttwelding Ends API 602 Compact Carbon Steel Gate Valves API 607 Fire Test for Soft-Seated Quarter Turn Valves API 608 Metal Ball Valves API 609 Butterfly Valves.19M Stainless Steel Pipe Boiler and Pressure Vessel Codes: Section I Power Boilers Section II Material Specifications Section VIII Pressure Vessels.4 Manufacturer Standard Society Practice (MSS)   MSS SP-25 MSS Standard Marking System for Valves.34 Steel Valves .20. Fittings. Lug Type and Wafer Type ASME B1.

or loads or forces from other sources.1 The item descriptions on the individual line class are abbreviated.1 Pipe 4. sizes and materials..1 Unless otherwise noted in the specifications.4 Carbon steel seamless pipe. NPS and above. The information contained in these notes shall be read and adhered to ensure compliance with the line class specification. 3. 4. and may be used for purchasing the item with the exception of valves.3 Item Descriptions 3.1 Design Considerations 3.1. and seamless pipe in all sizes.2 Line class notes are provided in page 4 of this Standard.3 Stainless steel.1..1.. 3. ASTM A 106B. Piping component wall thickness does not include additional thickness that may be required to compensate for design considerations such as thermal loads due to restraints. 4.2. the wall thickness shall be calculated in accordance with the applicable ASME B31 Code.2. electric fusion welded (EFW) pipe (ASTM A 358) may be substituted for ASTM A 312 EFW pipe for sizes 14 in.1. piping components are specified to be adequate for the full flange rating of the pressure class. 3.2 Where "CALC" is specified for piping material wall thickness.1 Each pipe specification contains specific numbered notes (in parenthesis) that pertain to one individual component or to a group of components. .2 Piping component wall thicknesses are based on pressure design thickness. and shall be followed to ensure compliance with the pipe specifications.1 Welded pipe shall not be substituted for seamless pipe. 4. 4. Design Conditions shall be as defined in Doc. live loads. all pressures and temperatures referred to shall be considered Design Conditions.1.1. 3. loads on underground pipe. No.2. 3. Abbreviations are contained in page 4 of this Standard. hydraulic shock. 3. Type S.3. Additional loads will need to be considered in the design of piping systems.1.2 The complete purchase description for valves is contained in the valve specifications.3 Unless otherwise indicated in the specifications. as well as a list of additional requirements that pertain to the entire specification. taking into account the specified corrosion allowance and any permitted manufacturer under tolerance. Seamless pipe may be substituted for welded pipe in all services.3.2 Line Class Notes 3. may be substituted for ASTM A 53B.0 SPECIFIC REQUIREMENTS 4.

2. 4. EFW pipe with a single butt joint having a joint factor of 0. 4.3 Buttweld fittings shall have a wall thickness to match the wall thickness of the adjoining pipe. (1. Use of pipe with joint factors in excess of these values is acceptable. However.2. 4.1 Welded fittings shall not be substituted for seamless fittings. there is limited experience within "Client" on the overall long term performance for these fittings. If pipe manufactured with a higher joint factor than listed on the specification is used. (Note: ASME B31 proof testing requirements have been satisfied.2 Fittings 4.2. so the potential for long term reliability and maintenance issues must be considered.2. Seamless fittings may be substituted for welded fittings in all services.5 Where joint factors are specified for pipe. the minimum joint factor listed on the specification shall be used when calculating wall thicknesses of the pipe. Must be approved for the intended service by the local jurisdiction or governing body for pressure equipment. Fittings of commercially available wall thickness shall be used even though the fitting may have a slightly larger wall thickness than the adjoining pipe.1. Short radius elbows shall only be used with "Client" approval. 4. such as inspection limitations and the potential for crevice corrosion.) .6 Double Submerged Arc Welded (DSAW) pipe shall be used for all EFW stainless steel pipes.4 Long radius elbows are required for all buttweld elbows. water freeze damage and stress corrosion cracking due to the inherent crevice between components and the high sealing stresses.5 Use of Lokring® Fittings LOKRING® fittings are generally recognized in the industry as a robust pressure containing device that can be easily and quickly installed without a hot work permit. these factors shall be taken as minimum values. sizes and materials. 4.4. For these reasons LOKRING fittings are considered an acceptable alternative for use in pipe specifications provided all the limitations described below have been met: 1. The ends of the fitting shall be taper bored if the thickness of the fittings exceeds that of the pipe by more than 1/16 in.1. Taper boring shall not result in an infringement on the minimum wall thickness.2 Dimensions of all fittings shall be in accordance with the industry standard referenced on the individual specification.80 shall be used for 8 in. These features can be highly attractive when considering the installation cost. If DSAW pipe is not available. 4. NPS and smaller.6 mm).2.

The fittings are used in Category D (as defined in Doc. 7.. Orifice flanges shall be ordered in pairs and shall have Socketweld taps. Consult LOKRING® for guidance: www. 11. 8. Nitrogen (Outdoor Service Only) and Low pressure steam and condensate service with a maximum design pressure of 200 PSIG. NPS. may use threaded orifice taps. perform 100% visual inspection to verify the NOGO gage markings are indicating proper installation (marking partially covered). No. No installation in any piping systems that require post weld heat treatment. 4. 6. Taper boring shall not result in an infringement on the minimum wall thickness. After installation. 12. 4.6 mm).. the fitting body protrudes from underneath the swage ring.3... Flanges of commercially available wall thickness shall be used even though the flange may have a slightly larger wall thickness than the adjoining pipe.) or utility services as follows: Air. ..3. 4. No.lokring. Sizes up to and including 3 in. The end of the flange shall be tapering bored if the thickness of the flange exceeds that of the pipe by more than 1/16 in.1 Dimensions and surface finishes of all flanges shall be in accordance with the industry standard referenced on the individual specification..2.. Class 150 utility services.3. 3.. 4. and remaining gaps are acceptable per the LOKRING® installation procedure. Water. and PLC. Manufacturer trained and certified personnel must perform the installation utilizing manufacturer approved tool kits and installation procedures.. Installation shall be only for Carbon Steel piping systems up to 500°F (260°C) and Stainless Steel piping systems up to 120°F (49°C). 9. Fittings operating below 300°F (149°C) shall be sealed with a temperature resistant silicone caulking to prevent the ingress of water.2 Buttweld flanges shall have a wall thickness to match the wall thickness of the adjoining pipe.3 Orifice flanges shall be Class 300 minimum. These fittings shall not be installed in piping systems which historically have shown susceptibility to crevice corrosion. (1.com. Fittings shall be grit blasted and painted in accordance to Doc.. The applicable pipe specification allows the use of socket weld construction for the services described in item 2 above. specifications PLC. 10. 5. No installations shall be made in service applications with high pulsation or vibration forces.3 Flanges 4.

. "Client" shall approve dimensions of reinforcing pads. No.6.6 Flanges installed in acid/caustic service (as defined in Doc.3 Full area replacement shall be used for branch connections above NPS 8.. a carbon steel flat-face flange with a full-face gasket shall be used. The material of the reinforcing pad shall match the material of the header.3 Inner rings are required on all spiral wounds PTFE filled gaskets.3.. and the reinforcing pad width shall equal 1/2 the outside diameter of the branch.9 welding tees shall be used when branch connections are size on size.4 Reserved 4.2 Except where indicated on the individual line classes.. No. The gasket shall be of a type and material that meets the requirements of the piping specification.4 Inner rings are required on all spiral wound graphite filled gaskets..4.. The reinforcing pad thickness shall equal the header thickness.1 ASME B16. 4. shall be met to ensure compliance with the line class specification.3. . 4. The individual valve specification sheet for the tag number and the requirements defined in Doc. Full-face gasket material shall be compatible with process stream and shall be in accordance with Doc.) or other hazardous material shall be protected with a flange safety shield when a potential for exposure to personnel and/or equipment exists.5 When mating to cast steel flat-face flanges is required.2 Reserved 4.5 Gaskets 4. No.1 or ASME B31.5.4.. 4.3.5. Reducing tees shall be used when the branch run is one nominal size less than the header run.4 Branch Connections 4.4.4.4 When mating to cast iron flat-face flanges is required. 4. requirements. 4. 4. No.6 Valves 4..1 Valve tag numbers are listed on the individual piping material specification. In this case. the dimensions of the reinforcing pad may be calculated in accordance with ASME B31. a raised-face flange shall be used.4.5. 4.1 Gasket types shall be as indicated on the individual piping specification and shall conform to the additional requirements of Doc.. integrally reinforced branch connections shall be used for branch runs NPS 8 and smaller.5 If an economic incentive exists. 4. 4. 4.4.5.3 as applicable.

7 Assembly Details 4. 4.5 Bonnet gaskets shall be as specified on the valve specification sheets.34 valves.10M ASME B36. Branch connections and block valves for take-offs shall be specified in the specification.1 Assembly details on individual specifications are for reference only. The following requirements apply to the assembly details on the specifications. 4.19M 4. 4. the following criteria shall apply:   In carbon steel and low alloy services. 4.3 The following Industry Codes/Standards apply to the specific design aspects of valves: Pressure/Temperature Rating End-to-End Dimensions End Flange Dimensions and Surface Finish Socketweld/Threaded Ends Buttweld Ends Buttweld Ends Bore Size ASME B16.4.11 ASME B16.47 (NPS 24 and above) ASME B16.7. The gasket shall meet the requirements defined in API 600.6. The trim number defines the minimum requirements for valve trim. the gasket shall be fully confined on both the inner and outer diameter.34 (Excluding API Class 800)API 602 ASME B16.6. When PTFE based gaskets are used.7 Full port ball valves shall only be used with prior "Client" approval. the spring loaded lift check valve is the preferred type.10 ASME B16.8 When both a lift check valve and a swing check valve are specified. Valves designed in accordance with API 600 may be substituted for ASME B16.6. and shall be of metallurgy compatible with the intended fluid service. Spring-loaded lift check valves shall be used as an alternate.2 The basic valve design shall be in accordance with the referenced standard on the valve specification sheet.6.5 (NPS 2 thru 24) ASME B16.6 Class 150 gate valves with oval bonnet design that cannot fully contain a PTFE based gasket shall use the manufacturer's standard metal bonnet gasket. In stainless steel and higher alloy services. 4.6. . the swing check valve is the preferred type.25 ASME B36.6. Swing type check valves shall be used as an alternate.6.4 API trim numbers specified on non-API valves are for reference only. 4.

9. No. 4. 316/316L) may be used at the pressure/temperature rating and the allowable stress of the straight grade stainless steel through 800°F (427°C).. the valves shall be welded to the pipe nipple. .2 Radiography..7.. gasket materials or valve internals.5 Actual pressure or temperature limits for specifications may be reduced due to limitations on individual components such as pipe wall thickness. No.7.8 Testing and Examination 4. a line class flange shall be used on the pipe nipple for mating.1 Pressure/temperature limits are based on ASME B16.9. 4.1 Unless otherwise specified on the individual line class specification. A line class threaded plug shall be used for plugging threaded and threaded socket weld vent and drain valves.7 Flange bolt up shall be per Doc. 4.6 All underground piping shall be coated and wrapped in accordance with Doc.2 Pipe nipples shall be fabricated from line class pipe.8..8.9..3 When a threaded x socket weld valve is specified for assembly details.. 304/304L. 4. 4. Length of pipe nipple shall be adequate to clear insulation.. No. Use of this material specification is limited to 800°F (427°C).9.9.4.5 Valved vent shall be provided at every high point..3 and Doc. A line class blind flange and gasket shall be used for plugging flanged end vent and drain valves.7. 4. Maximum and minimum temperatures shall be in accordance with Doc. shall be in accordance with ASME B31. 4.9 Pressure/Temperature Limits 4. 4.5.. 4.e.. all non-destructive examination shall be in accordance with Doc.7.4 When a flanged valve is specified for assembly details.2 Stainless steel specified as Dual Marked/Dual Certified (i. No.7. 4. as required for special service piping and non-ferrous materials. the use of the higher pressure/temperature rating and allowable stress for dual marked stainless steel is not permitted...3 For piping systems not designed and installed per these specifications. Individual specification shall be consulted to determine any limiting components for a specification.4 The use of stainless steel marked and certified to only one grade of stainless steel is permitted at the pressure/temperature rating and allowable stress of the grade marked on the piping components.. No...7. 4.. 4..

.: laterolet ) Material BHN BLD BW Brinnel Hardness Number MATL MFG MI Blind Manufacturer Butt Weld Malleable Iron .g. the pressure/temperature rating shall be based on the component with the lower pressure/temperature rating. Abbreviations for Piping Specifications API ASME ASTM BE American Petroleum Institute JF LJ LR LGTH Joint Factor American Society of Mechanical Engineers Lap Joint American Society for Testing & Materials Long Radius Beveled Ends Length Integrally Reinforced BGO Beveled Gear Operator Lateral Branch LOL Connection ( e. 4.10. page 11 for strainers and page 15 for spectacle blinds. As a minimum.1 See page 5 for steam trap detail installation.10.2 Flexible components such as metallic hoses shall only be used in accordance with plant specific requirements and procedures. Written engineering approval is required for plant sites without applicable procedures.10 Miscellaneous Components 4.6 For specifications where the valve's material is not the same as the flange material.4.9. the temperature rating and pressure class of the metallic hose shall meet the applicable pipe specification pressure and temperature rating.

CI CL CPLG CPVC CR CS CONC CONN DEG DI DIA DIM DSA W Cast Iron MIN MO MSS NIPP NPS PE PIP PROJ PTFE R RF RTJ Minimum Class Molybdenum Manufacturer Coupling Standardization Society Nipple Chlorinated Polyvinyl Chloride Chrome Nominal Pipe Size Carbon Steel Plain Ends Concentric Process Industry Practice Connection Projection Degree PolyTertaFluorEthylene Ductile Iron Radius Diameter Raised Face Dimension Ring Type Joint Double Submerged Arc Welded SW Socket Weld .

g.g.: elbolet ) Electric Resistance Welded SR SS STD Stainless Steel Standard Flat Face Figure T&C TFE THK THRD TOL Threaded & Coupled Flange TetraFluorEthylene Flanged Thickness Fiberglass Reinforced Pipe Threaded Integrally Reinforced Forged Steel Threaded Branch Connection .DWG EA ECC Drawing SCH SCRD SMLS Schedule Each Screwed Eccentric Seamless Integrally Reinforced EFW Electric Fusion Welded Socketweld Branch SOL Connection ( e.: sockolet ) Short Radius ELL OL ERW FF FIG FLG FLGD FRP FS Elbow Integrally Reinforced Elbow Branch Connection ( e.

Flanged. Raised Face 3 .Flanged.Socketweld 2 .Carbon Steel D . Ring Type Joint . Flat Face 4 .316 Stainless Steel 0 .Ductile B .Class 1500 1 .Hastelloy B C .Threaded 1 .GALV GJ GR GO HAST HEX HORI Z INSU L Galvanized Threaded x Socket TSW TYP VA VERT WLD WN Weld Ground Joint Typical Grade Valve Gear Operated Vertical Hastelloy Weleded Hexagonal Weld Neck Horizontal Integrally Reinforced WOL Buttweld Branch Insulation WT Wall Thickness Valve Tag Numbering A .Class 300 40 .Chrome Moly E .Flanged.Class 2500 3 .Class 150 2 .

Globe 2 .FRP YZ- 56 .Plug 5 .Wafer Check 4 .Hastelloy C OPQRS .PTFE Lined M .PVC KL . .Integral Male Socketweld x Female Threaded 8 .Gate 1 .Cast Iron H .Threaded x Socketweld 7 .Class 6000 Valve Types 0 .304L Stainless Steel J .Alloy 20 X .Ball 6 .Knife Gate 9 .API Class 800 9 .Swing Check 3 .Class 2000 30 .Lift Check (Ball or Piston) 8 .Monel N .Class 3000 40 .F .316L Stainless Steel G .Class 4000 60 .Diaphragm 5 .Grayloc 9 . Bore to Match Pipe 6 .321 Stainless Steel TUVW .304 Stainless Steel I .Hub Connector .Class 900 20 .Butterfly 7 .Class 600 78 .Buttweld.Buttweld x Hub end Tag Number shall be: V-Material Code / Pressure Class / Type / Ends / Two Digit Sequence Example: V-C80100       (V) Valve (C) Carbon Steel (8) Class 800 (0) Gate Valve (1) Socket Weld (00) and the first of this type in sequence.

Utility Station . Standard Installation Detail .All valve sequence numbers shall start at 00 and number ascending through 99.

D. 40 x 32 40 x 30 A 24 24 24 24 24 B 4 5 6 1 2 Reducer O.. 66 x 60 66 x 54 66 x 48 66 x 42 68 x 64 A 36 36 36 36 36 B 3 6 9 12 2 * 40 x 28 42 x 40 42 x 38 . Service designation tags required for each line 5. 6. 2. 26 x 24 26 x 22 26 x 20 26 x 18 26 x 16 A 24 24 24 24 24 B 1 2 3 4 5 Reducer O. 7. 52 x 46 54 x 52 54 x 50 54 x 48 54 x 46 A 30 30 30 30 30 B 8 1 2 3 4 Reducer O.D... Pipe. No..D. All branch connections are from top of header Special Fabricated Larger Diameter Reducers Reducer O. No. Use close nipples where 3" nipples cause excessive dimensions 3... Surface preparation shall be per Doc. Hose racks are required for all utility stations 4. 1. Insulation shall be per Doc. valves.D.Coupling legend Steam: Type GB-8-3/4" Female NPT end or approved equal Water: Type AM-8-3/4" Female NPT end or approved equal Air: Type AM-8-3/4" Female NPT end or approved equal Nitrogen: Type GJ-50-3/4" Male NPT end or approved equal Type A B C D Notes 1. flanges and fittings ro conform with piping spec..

28 x 26 28 x 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 6 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 42 x 36 42 x 34 42 x 32 42 x 30 44 x 42 44 x 40 44 x 38 44 x 36 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 28 28 28 28 24 24 28 28 28 28 24 24 24 3 4 5 6 1 2 3 4 5 6 1 2 3 4 5 6 1 2 3 4 5 6 1 54 x 44 54 x 42 54 x 38 54 x 36 54 x 34 54 x 32 54 x 30 56 x 54 56 x 52 56 x 50 56 x 48 56 x 46 56 x 44 56 x 42 58 x 56 58 x 54 58 x 52 58 x 48 58 x 44 58 x 42 60 x 56 60 x 54 60 x 52 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 5 6 8 9 10 11 12 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 2 3 5 7 8 2 3 4 68 x 60 68 x 54 68 x 48 68 x 42 70 x 66 70 x 60 70 x 54 70 x 48 70 x 42 72 x 66 72 x 60 72 x 54 72 x 48 72 x 42 78 x 72 78 x 66 78 x 60 78 x 54 78 x 48 84 x 78 84 x 72 84 x 66 84 x 60 36 36 36 36 42 42 42 42 42 42 42 42 42 42 48 48 48 48 48 48 48 48 48 4 7 10 13 2 5 8 11 14 3 6 9 12 15 3 6 9 12 15 3 6 9 12 * 28 x 22 28 x 20 28 x 18 30 x 28 30 x 26 30 x 24 * 30 x 22 30 x 20 32 x 30 32 x 28 32 x 26 32 x 24 * 44 x 34 * 44 x 32 46 x 44 46 x 42 46 x 40 46 x 38 * 32 x 22 * 32 x 20 34 x 32 34 x 30 * 46 x 36 * 46 x 34 48 x 46 48 x 44 48 x 42 48 x 40 * 34 x 28 34 x 26 34 x 24 36 x 34 36 x 32 * 48 x 38 * 48 x 36 50 x 48 .

Four Weld 90° Long Radius Miter Elbow . Material shall be as specified in the job piping materials specification class.9.s over 1/8" thk. and carbon steel materials 3/16" thk. 5. 4. 2. Alloy material. All dimensions are given in Inches. 6.25 standard. and over shall have ends beveled for welding in accordance with ASME B16. Welding shall be in accordance with the job specifications. Reducers marked with asterisk ( * ) and 50" and higher are not ASME B16. These reducers are to be used only when authorized by the piping spec's for the job.36 x 30 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 24 Notes: 3 4 5 6 1 2 3 4 5 6 1 2 3 50 x 46 50 x 44 50 x 42 50 x 40 50 x 38 50 x 36 52 x 44 52 x 42 52 x 40 52 x 38 52 x 36 52 x 50 52 x 48 24 24 24 24 24 24 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 60 x 48 60 x 42 62 x 58 62 x 54 62 x 52 62 x 48 62 x 44 64 x 60 64 x 56 64 x 54 64 x 52 64 x 48 64 x 42 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 36 36 36 36 36 36 6 9 2 4 5 7 9 2 4 5 6 8 11 84 x 54 84 x 48 90 x 84 90 x 78 90 x 72 90 x 66 90 x 60 96 x 90 96 x 84 96 x 78 96 x 72 96 x 66 48 48 48 48 48 48 48 48 48 48 48 48 15 18 3 6 9 12 15 3 6 9 12 15 * 36 x 28 36 x 26 36 x 24 38 x 36 38 x 34 38 x 32 38 x 30 38 x 28 38 x 26 40 x 38 40 x 36 40 x 34 1. 3.

42w" 44s" 47r" 49f" 52i" 55w" 57s" 60r" 62f" 65i" 68w" 70s" 73r" 75f" R Radius 45" 48" 51" 54" 57" 60" 63" 66" 69" 72" 75" 78" 81" 84" S Inches 17p" 18s" 19f" 21w" 22r" 23i" 24p" 25s" 27" 28i" 29r" 30i" 31p" 32f" M 8r" 9p" 10f" . DIA 30 32 34 36 38 40 42 44 46 48 50 52 54 56 A Min.NOM.

3. All dimensions are given in Inches. 2. 48" and 42". Welding shall be in accordance with the job specifications. Perforated Temporary Conical Strainers . "M" dimension does not include taper bore length. 7. 6. These Miter elbows are to be used when authorized by the piping spec's. The "M" dimension must be calculated for Miter elbows other than 78".58 60 62 64 66 68 70 72 78 84 86 Notes: 78i" 81w" 83s" 86y" 88f" 91i" 94w" 96s" 104i" 112y" 115" 87" 90" 93" 96" 99" 102" 105" 108" 117" 126" 129" 34" 35w" 36y" 37i" 38p" 39f" 41" 42r" 45s" 49i" 50y" 15r" 1. Use "A" dimension only where necessary to meet close clearance requirements or when connecting to flange or fitting. Material shall be as specified in the job piping materials specification class. 5. 54". 4.

T-Type Strainers .

.

Drip Rings NPS A 1 1/8 1 5/8 2 1/8 2 1/2 3 1/8 4 1/8 6 1/8 8 10 1/8 12 B 150# 300# 2 3/4 3 5/8 4 1/4 5 5 3/4 7 9 3/4 12 14 1/8 16 1/2 600# 2 3/4 3 5/8 4 1/4 5 5 3/4 7 1/2 10 3/8 12 1/2 15 5/8 17 3/4 900# 3 3 3/4 5 1/2 6 3/8 6 1/2 8 11 1/4 14 17 19 3/8 1500# 3 3 3/4 5 1/2 6 3/8 6 3/4 8 1/8 11 13 3/4 17 20 1/4 1 1 1/2 2 2 1/2 3 4 6 8 10 12 2 1/2 3 1/4 4 4 3/4 5 1/4 6 3/4 8 5/8 10 1/4 13 1/4 16 .

Drip ring material in accordance with pipe specification 2. (600%1500% / 100-250 AARH) Product Sampler Cooler .NOTES 1. Finish of gasket surface shall be machined. (150%-300% / 250-500 AARH).

L = 2 3/4" 3/4" H. Elbow to coil pipe connection to be seal welded 2. COUPLING 3000 NPT COIL 1/4" PIPE SCH 80S BOTTOM PLATE 10" x 3/8" BASE PLATE 3" PIPE SCH 40 MATERIAL (NOTE 2) A53-B A285-C A182 F316L A285-C A105 A312 TP316L A285-C A285-C A53-B 1.ITEM 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 NOTES QTY 1 1 2 1 3 1 1 1 1 UNIT EA EA EA EA EA EA EA EA EA DESCRIPTION 10" PIPE SCH 30 STRIP 2" x 3/8" .L = 1 3/16" 1/4" ELBOW 90DEG 3000 NPT STRIP 2" x 3/8" . other materials as per applicable pipe specification Tolerances for Pipe Fabrication .

NPS 24 .Line Blinds NPS 1/2 .

NPS 60 Notes 1.Notes 1. Nominal size and class shall be stamped as indicated on plate 2. Edges of test blancs shall be free from rough burn finish and burrs Line Blinds NPS 26 . Edges of test blancs shall be free from rough burn finish and burrs Spectacle Blinds NPS 1/2 .NPS 24 . Nominal size and class shall be stamped as indicated on plate 2.

each for a specific product and or process. Therefore a pipe spec is divided into so-called Piping Line Class (PLC) documents. fittings. gas. the various pressure and temperature classes. PART 1 GENERAL . Stainless Steel . chemical and other industries.ASME B16. In the oil. inspection. The PLC document explains that you need to use Carbon steel pipe with a wall thickness XS to NPS 1 1 / 2. and above with a wall thickness STD. PIPE SPECIFICATIONS AND PIPING LINE CLASSES The purpose of a pipe specification is to provide standards for pipe. the doc tells you the pressure rating of the flanges. processes and practices are described. 304 & 304L. 316L. and you want to order new material. which gasket must be placed between the flanges and which bolts must be used. Reference Table 1A in ASME B16. methods. Pipe spec's are technical standards and formal documents. suitable in conveying gas. the therm "pipe spec" is the common name. A PLC document tells you exactly which materials for a pipe system must to be used. where uniform engineering or technical criteria.. water. Common ASTM Materials of Construction: Carbon Steel . Usually this also applies to the butt weld fittings. etc. In the doc are also links to other standards. hundreds of pipe spec's are used. 316. There are spec's for the various piping materials (Carbon Steel. which tells you how a branch is to be made. A pipe specification includes many different documents. welding. flanges. etc. such as testing.5 for a list of other acceptable plate material specifications for each different material group.A515 Gr. You will also find a so-called Branch Table. In petro and chemical industries. For example: a line must be partially replaced. Furthermore.48 was used as the basis for calculating the blind thicknesses listed in this table.A240 Gr. A516 Gr. valves. 65 & 60. oil and other liquids and products. 70. painting and so on. 70. Stainless Steel and the many other exotics). 65 & 60.

Doc. Specification Doc.. API 608 Metal Ball Valves .. API 600 Steel Gate Valves.. No.. "Pipe Weld Inspection and Testing" H. "Piping. This specification covers carbon steel piping for general non-corrosive gas and liquid process service..... No. Specification Doc. "Piping. Specification Doc. No.8 14. Doc. No. General Welding" F. No. API 602 Compact Carbon Steel Gate Valves 4. B.. Specification Doc.1 SCOPE A.2 RELATED DOCUMENTS A.2 16.. Corrosion Allowance: 0.2 14. Standard Details Doc.. No. "Piping. General Notes" B. Specification Doc.. API 594 Wafer Check Valves 2... Specification Doc.42 Class 150 ductile iron valves & on wermac's temperature limit on PTFE in gaskets. General Cleaning" I.1 American Petroleum Institute (API) 1. Specification Doc..0625 inch.3 REFERENCES 1.3..... Flanged or Buttwelding Ends 3.. 1.1 -20 to +100 200 300 350 -29 to +38 93 149 177 1.... C. "Piping.... "Piping. Maximum Pressure Sizes NPS psig kPag barG °F Design Temperature °C 250 1/2 ...Doc. Specification Doc. No. No.. No. "Piping..1. No..24 235 215 205 1724 1621 1483 1414 17. "Piping. General Fabrication" C. General Testing" E.. No. General Installation" D. Design limits based on ASME B16.. API 607 Fire Test for Soft-Seated Quarter Turn Valves 5. No. Carbon Steel Welding" G...

3.3 Chemical Plant and Petroleum Refinery Piping 14. ASME B16.3.5 Steel Pipe Flanges and Pipe Fittings 4. General Purpose (inch) 3. Socket Welding and Threaded 4.2 American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) 1.4 Process Industry Practice (PIP) 1. MSS SP-79 Socket-Welding Reducer Inserts 3. ASME B31. ASME B16.20.9 Wrought Steel Buttweld Fittings 5. ASME B16.1 Pipe Threads. API 609 Butterfly Valves. PIP PNSM0001 Piping Line Class Designator System PART 2 PRODUCTS ITEM. Fittings.3 Manufacturer Standard Society Practice (MSS) 1. ASME B1. ASME B16. NPS DESCRIPTION Pipe: 1/2 . ASME B31. ASME B16. MSS SP-97 Integrally Reinforced Forged Branch Outlet Fittings . MSS SP-83 Class 3000 Steel Pipe Unions. ASME B16. ASME B31.21 Nonmetallic Flat Gaskets for Pipe Flanges 8.6.11 Forged Steel Fittings Socketwelding and Threaded 7.1 Power Piping 13. ASME B16.3.25 Buttwelding Ends 9. ASME B16.36 Orifice Flanges 11.Flanged and Buttwelding Ends 10.10 Face-to-Face and End-to-End Dimensions Ferrous Valves 6. MSS SP-95 Swage(d) Nipples and Bull Plugs 5. Flanges and Unions 2.2 2 1/2 -10 ASTM A106-B CS SMLS PE XS/80 ASTM A53-B TYPE-E CS ERW BE STD/40 02 201322 203270 NOTE CODE . Threaded and Buttwelding Ends 1. MSS SP-25 MSS Standard Marking System for Valves.34 Steel Valves . ASME B16.10M Welded and Seamless Wrought Steel Pipe 1. Lug Type and Wafer Type 1.Socket Welding.3 Process Piping 2.48 Steel Line Blanks 12. ASME B36.

24 2 1/2 .9 206799 207497 203384 203385 207091 203383 207008 203386 207007 203343 203344 203345 203346 203347 203348 203349 205300 ELBOLET ASTM A105 CS 3000 SW MSS SP-97 LATROLET ASTM A105 CS 3000 SW MSS SP-97 205512 - .2 1/2 .24 2 1/2 .9 ELL 45 ASTM A234-WPB CS BW STD ASME B16.11 COUPLING ASTM A105 CS 3000 SW ASME B16.24 2 1/2 .9 TEE ASTM A234-WPB CS BW STD ASME B16.2 1/2 .2 1/2 .9 RED ECC ASTM A234-WPB CS BW STD ASME B16.11 COUPLING RED ASTM A105 CS 3000 SW ASME B16.28 RED CONC ASTM A234-WPB CS BW STD ASME B16.12 .11 ELL 90 ASTM A105 CS 3000 SW ASME B16.24 2 1/2 .2 2 1/2 .2 ASTM A53-B TYPE-E CS ERW BE STD/0.2 1/2 .11 RED TEE ASTM A105 CS 3000 SW ASME B16.24 2 1/2 .375 203270 CAP ASTM A105 CS 3000 SW ASME B16.2 1/2 .9 ELL 90 LR ASTM A234-WPB CS BW STD ASME B16.2 1/2 .2 1/2 .11 ELL 45 ASTM A105 CS 3000 SW ASME B16.2 1/2 .24 2 1/2 .11 UNION ASTM A105 CS 3000 SW MSS SP-83 CAP ASTM A234-WPB CS BW STD ASME B16.2 1/2 .11 INSERT SW RED ASTM A105 CS 3000 MSS SP-79 TEE ASTM A105 CS 3000 SW ASME B16.9 TEE RED ASTM A234-WPB CS BW STD ASME B16.24 2 1/2 .9 ELL 90 SR ASTM A234-WPB CS BW STD ASME B16.24 Fittings: 1/2 .24 O'lets: 1/2 .

06 203370 05 05 05 203431 203422 203372 .2 1/2 .2 1/2 . 06 203367 05 203371 05.2 1/2 .2 BUSHING ASTM A105 CS NPT HEX ASME B16.1 1/2 .11 THREDOLET ASTM A105 CS 3000 NPT MSS SP-97 UNION ASTM A105 CS 3000 NPT MSS SP-83 05 05 05 05 05 203362 200147 206998 203363 203364 05.11 TEE ASTM A105 CS 2000 NPT ASME B16.3 1/2 .1/2 .2 1/2 .2 NIPPLE PIPE TBE NPT ASTM A106-B CS XS NIPPLE PIPE POE-TOE NPT ASTM A106-B CS XS SWAGE NIPPLE CONC ASTM A234 WPB CS XS BLE-PSE MSS SP-95 SWAGE NIPPLE CONC ASTM A234-WPB CS BBE XS MSS SP-95 SWAGE NIPPLE ECC ASTM A234-WPB CS BBE XS MSS SP-95 05 200151 203433 207151 203435 205515 Fittings .11 CAP ASTM A105 CS 3000 NPT ASME B16.1 1/2 .2 1/2 .11 ELL 45 ASTM A105 CS 2000 NPT ASME B16.Threaded: 1/2 . 06 05.2 1/2 .2 1/2 .4 1/2 . Threaded Items: 1/2 .2 1/2 .2 1/2 .2 1/2 .11 ELL 90 ASTM A105 CS 2000 NPT ASME B16.2 2 1/2 -6 SOCKOLET ASTM A105 CS 3000 SW MSS SP-97 WELDOLET ASTM A105 CS BW STD MSS SP-97 203425 203405 Swages.11 COUPLET (VOGT) ASTM A105 CS 6000 NPT COUPLING ASTM A105 CS 3000 NPT ASME B16.11 COUPLING RED ASTM A105 CS 3000 NPT ASME B16.2 1/2 . Nipples.11 TEE RED ASTM A105 CS 3000 NPT ASME B16. 06 203366 05.11 PLUG ASTM A105 CS 3000 NPT HEX HD ASME B16.11 CROSS ASTM A105 CS 2000 NPT ASME B16.1 1/2 .

5-150 RF FLANGE SW ASTM A105 CS ASME B16.2 1/2 .2 1 .5-150 RF STD 03 05 200155 205382 1/2 . ASME B16.5-300 F-PTFE 1/16 THK.24 1/2 .2 2 1/2 .24 1/2 .21 TABLE 5 FLANGE THREAD NPT ASTM A105 CS ASME B16.24 1-2 2 1/2 .24 2 .21 TABLE 4 FLAT RING ASME B16.Flanges: 1/2 . Alternates: 1/2 .36-300 RF XS FLANGE ORIFICE WN ASTM A105 CS ASME B16.24 Gaskets: FLAT RING ASME B16.24 205867 1-6 205815 Bolting: STUD ASTM A193-B7 STL NUT HEAVY HEX ASTM A194-2H STL 200021 200029 Miscellaneous: 1/2 .5-150 RF FLANGE SO ASTM A105 CS ASME B16.5-150 F-PTFE 1/16 THK. ASME B16.5-150 RF 14 18 05 205415 205516 205892 .5-150 RF FLANGE ORIFICE WN ASTM A105 CS ASME B16.5-150 RF FLANGE WN ASTM A105 CS ASME B16.12 SPACER LINE ASTM A516-70 CS 150 RF STRAINER TEMPORARY CONICAL CS 150 RF Y-STRAINER ASTM A105 CS 600 NPT SS SCREEN Y-STRAINER ASTM A216-WCB CS ASME B16.36-300 RF STD 200153 200158 206424 206425 Flanges.6 BLIND ASTM A105 CS ASME B16.

2 3 .10 1/2 .12 3-6 1-6 3 .14 31 1/2 . Grounded BUTTERFLY LUG ASTM A216-WCB CS 150 RF.2 BALL ASTM A216-WCB CS 1000 SW 316 SS BALL FULL PORT 3-PC R-PTFE SEATS 23.6 BALL ASTM A216 STL 150 RF PTFE SEATS.14 1/2 . NPS 10 & >GEAR PTFE SEATS & SEALS CHECK H-LIFT ASTM A105 CS 800 SW GRAPH CHECK SWING ASTM A216-WCB CS 150 RF CHECK WAFER ASTM A216-WCB CS 150 W/ SPRING GATE ASTM A105 CS 800 SW CR TR GRAPH GATE ASTM A216-WCB CS 150 BW STD HF NPS 14 & >GEAR GRAPH GATE ASTM A216-WCB CS 150 RF HF NPS 14 & >GEAR GRAPH GLOBE ASTM A105 CS 800 SW HF GRAPH GLOBE ASTM A216-WCB CS 150 RF HF GRAPH GLOBE ASTM A216-WCB CS 300 BW STD GRAPH GLOBE 3-PORT ASTM A216-WCB CS 150 RF GRAPH PLUG CI 150 RUBBER LINED ECCENTRIC PLUG LIMIT TO 180°F PLUG DUCTILE IRON 150 RF PTFE SLEEVE PLUG (LOW EMISSION) D-IRON PTFE SLEEVE 150 RF 24 36 33 34 35 24 34 3 .2 2 1/2 .Pipe Bending shall be used ONLY where specified on the drawings or where approved in writing by the wermac project engineer. 34 NOTES: 02 .14 1/2 . 32 34 1/2 . GRAPH PKG.8 22. NPS Valves: DESCRIPTION NOTE 1/2 .2 3 .ITEM.12 6 .14 1/2 . .6 1/2 .

and to match equipment. 32 .1 Piping.03 .Cast valves used in "critical service" or "very critical" service should be considered for radiographic inspection. No. spacers..Butterfly valves NPS 6 & smaller w/ handle. Red . .Thread sealant to be used on all thread joints except if seal welding is used. No. The class 2000 fittings are rated same as sch XS/80 (max) threaded pipe. Do not use above 177°C service.Line blinds.Intended for orifice taps only.01 thru 04.. and crosses. Class 3000 fittings found in existing lines may be replaced by class 2000. 05 . 18 . General Notes See Specification Doc. NPS 8 & larger w/ gear operator.. 31 . 25 .Doc... and at instrument take-off points. Conc. and spectacle blinds shall be per Standard Details Doc. 22 ..wermac's TED site preference.Valves with PTFE may be chosen for use in the OXO reactor loop piping.These valves have no flanges but are installed between line flanges with extra length bolts. 20 . restricting orifices. 06 . 33 . No.Threaded joints are permitted only at terminal of vent.SCH XS x SCH STD).May be used for relief valve changeover. drain.Valve Index 180 is alternate for 180K.g. 34 .Specify WN flanges adjacent to welded fittings and/or butterfly valves as alternates only..Conical Strainer to be used as temporary start-up strainer at pumps. 35 . for slurry service. tees. Refer to Specification Doc. No. 36 ..BW gate or globe is for alternate use. PART 3 EXECUTION 3.Reducing fittings that have ends of different thickness must show thickness (e. and hydrostatic test connections. 24 . class 2000 threaded FS fittings are made only in 45° and 90° elbows. 14 .. 23 ..

...24 PRESSURE CONN 1/2 SW TEE GATE COUPLET PRESSURE CONN 3/4 SW TEE GATE COUPLET PRESSURE CONN SW TEE/INS 3/4 GATE COUPLET PRESSURE CONN SOL 3/4 GATE COUPLET Temperature Connection Assemblies (Standard Details Doc...3.): .): 1/2 3/4 1-2 2 1/2 . No.2 Assembly Details Following are recommended vent/drain and instrument connections.6 8 . No. Other connections may be shown on design: HDR SIZE DESCRIPTION Vent & Drain Connection Assemblies (Standard Details Doc.6 8 ..24 UNVALVED VENT/DRAIN 1/2 SW TEE FLG UNVALVED VENT/DRAIN 3/4 SW TEE FLG UNVALVED VENT/DRAIN SW TEE/INS 3/4 FLG UNVALVED VENT/DRAIN 3/4 SOL FLG UNVALVED VENT/DRAIN 1 SOL FLG VALVED VENT/DRAIN 1/2 SW TEE 1/2 GATE VALVED VENT/DRAIN 3/4 SW TEE 3/4 GATE VALVE VALVED VENT/DRAIN SW TEE/INS 3/4 GATE VALVE VALVED VENT/DRAIN 3/4 SOL GATE VALVE VALVED VENT/DRAIN 1 SOL GATE VALVE Pressure Connection Assemblies (Standard Details Doc.): 1/2 3/4 1-2 2 1/2 . No.24 1/2 3/4 1-2 2 1/2 .

Category D Piping System: Apply Initial Service Leak Test D..... See Specification Doc." Specification Doc. No.. See Specification Doc.24 ORIFICE FLANGES 1/2 SW BALL VALVES ORIFICE VENA TAPS 1/2 SW BALL VALVES 3.. Maximum Hydrostatic Test Pressure: 413 psig (2848 kPag.. No. "Piping. Carbon Steel Welding. Vacuum Piping System: Apply Pneumatic Leak Test with internal pressure at 1. Normal Service Piping System: Apply standard Hydrostatic Leak Test. See Specification Doc... "Piping. "Piping. F.. General Testing" B..): 2-4 6 .1/2 . 29. or minimum 15 psig (103 kPag..4 INSTALLATION A.1 1 1/2 2 2 1/2 .. "Piping." 3.5 TESTING A." and Specification Doc. No.3 FABRICATION A..03 bar-g.. No. "Pipe Weld Inspection & Testing. 1.5 times the maximum operating external pressure.0 kgf/cm2) . Category M Piping System: Apply both a standard Hydrostatic Leak Test & a Sensitive Leak Test with helium tracer gas. General Fabrication...24 2 1/2 . E. 1.4 bar-g. "Piping." Specification Doc. No.. No. General Installation" 3. No.24 TEMPERATURE CONN 1-1/2 SW TEE/INSERT FLANGE TEMPERATURE CONN 1-1/2 SW TEE FLANGE TEMPERATURE CONN 2" SW TEE/INS 1-1/2 FLANGE TEMPERATURE CONN 1-1/2 SW ELBOLET FLANGE TEMPERATURE CONN 1-1/2 SOL 1-1/2 FLANGE Orifice Tap Connection Assemblies (Standard Details Doc. General Welding.. 28.06 kgf/cm2) C..

6 CLEANING A... No.. "Piping.3. General Cleaning" 90 DEGREE BRANCH TABLE 1/2 T 3/4 V T CONNECTION TYPE T H E A D E R S I Z E 1 V V 1 1/2 V V V T 2 V V V V T 3 S S S S S T 4 S S S S S D T N P S 6 S S S S S D D T 8 S S S S S U D D T 10 S S S S S U U D D T 12 S S S S S U U U D D T 14 S S S S S W W W P D D T . See Specification Doc.

equal to header thick.. STUB-IN NPS D or V may be substituted by E. Drill 1/8" (3mm) diameter hole in each pad section for venting (a weld gap is acceptable as a means of venting). thick. S or W may be substituted by P (minimum pad width = 1"). .16 S S S S S W W W P P D D T 18 S S S S S W W W P P P D D T 20 S S S S S W W W P P P P D D T 24 S S S S S W W W P P P P P D D T 1/2 3/4 1 1 1/2 2 3 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 24 Branch Sizes D = TEE & REDUCER S = SOCKOLET V = SW TEE W/ INSERT E = REDUCING TEE T = TEE W = WELDOLET P = REINFORCING PAD U = UNREINF. P = Reinforcing pad with min. and width equal to 1/2 of the branch nominal pipe size.

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