GCSE

Edexcel GCE Core Mathematics C4 (6666)

Summer 2005
Mark Scheme (Results)

Core Mathematics C4 (6666)

Edexcel GCE

Final Version June 2005 6666 Core C4 Mark Scheme
Question Number
1

Scheme

Marks

1.

( 4 − 9x)

1 2

⎛ 9x ⎞2 = 2 ⎜1 − ⎟ 4 ⎠ ⎝ ⎛ 1 ⎛ 9 x ⎞ 1 ( − 1 ) ⎛ 9 x ⎞2 = 2 ⎜1 + 2 ⎜ − ⎟ + 2 2 ⎜ − ⎟ + ⎜ 1⎝ 4 ⎠ 1.2 ⎝ 4 ⎠ ⎝ 81 2 729 3 ⎛ 9 ⎞ = 2 ⎜1 − x − x − x + ... ⎟ 128 1024 ⎝ 8 ⎠ 9 81 729 3 = 2 − x, − x 2 , − x + ... 4 64 512

B1
1 2 3 (− 1 )(− 2 ) ⎛ 2 3 ⎞ 9x ⎞ ⎜ − ⎟ + ... ⎟ ⎟ ⎝ 4 ⎠ ⎠

1.2.3

M1

A1, A1, A1
[5]

Note The M1 is gained for Special Case

1 2

(− 1 ) 2
1.2

( ... )

2

or

1 2

(− 1 )(− 3 ) 2 2
1.2.3

( ... )

3

81 2 729 3 ⎛ 9 ⎞ x − x + ... ⎟ and goes no further If the candidate reaches = 2 ⎜1 − x − 128 1024 ⎝ 8 ⎠ allow A1 A0 A0

Question Number

Scheme

Marks

2.

⎛ dy ⎞ dy =0 2x + ⎜ 2x + 2 y ⎟ − 6 y dx ⎝ dx ⎠ dy =0 ⇒ x+ y =0 dx

M1 (A1) A1 or equivalent M1 M1 A1 A1
[7]

Eliminating either variable and solving for at least one value of x or y. y 2 − 2 y 2 − 3 y 2 + 16 = 0 or the same equation in x y = ±2 or x = ± 2 ( 2, − 2 ) , ( −2, 2 ) dy x + y = Note: dx 3 y − x Alternative

3 y 2 − 2 xy − ( x 2 + 16 ) = 0 y=

2 x ± √ (16 x 2 + 192 )

6 dy 1 1 8x = ± . dx 3 3 √ (16 x 2 + 192 )

M1 A1± A1

dy =0 ⇒ dx

8x =±1 2 √ (16 x + 192 )

M1

64 x 2 = 16 x 2 + 192 x=± 2 ( 2, − 2 ) , ( −2, 2 )

M1 A1 A1
[7]

Question Number

Scheme

Marks

3.

(a)

5x + 3 A B = + ( 2 x − 3)( x + 2 ) 2 x − 3 x + 2 5 x + 3 = A ( x + 2 ) + B ( 2 x − 3)

Substituting x = −2 or x = 3 and obtaining A or B; or equating coefficients and 2 solving a pair of simultaneous equations to obtain A or B. A = 3, B = 1 If the cover-up rule is used, give M1 A1 for the first of A or B found, A1 for the second. (b)

M1 A1, A1
(3)

5x + 3 3 dx = ln ( 2 x − 3) + ln ( x + 2 ) 2 ( 2 x − 3)( x + 2 )
6 ⎡ ... ⎤ = 3 ln 9 + ln 2 ⎣ ⎦2 2 = ln 54

M1 A1ft

M1 A1 cao A1
(5) [8]

Question Number

Scheme

Marks

4.

∫(

1
1 2

1 − x2 )

dx =

∫(

π
6

1
3 2

1 − sin 2 θ )

cos θ dθ

Use of x = sin θ and

dx = cos θ dθ

M1 M1 A1 M1 A1 M1

=

1 dθ cos 2 θ = ∫ sec2 θ dθ = tan θ

Using the limits 0 and

to evaluate integral
π
6

[ tan θ ] 0
Alternative for final M1 A1

=

1 ⎛ √3⎞ ⎜= ⎟ √3 ⎝ 3 ⎠

cao

A1
[7]

Returning to the variable x and using the limits 0 and
⎡ ⎤2 1 ⎛ √3⎞ x ⎢ ⎥ = ⎜= ⎟ 2 ⎢ √ (1 − x ) ⎥ 0 √ 3 ⎝ 3 ⎠ ⎣ ⎦
1

1 2

to evaluate integral

M1

cao

A1

Question Number

Scheme

Marks

5.

(a)

∫ xe

2x

dx = x e −
2x

1 2

1 e 2 x dx Attempting parts in the right direction 2

M1 A1 A1

= x e2 x − e2 x
1 1 2 ⎡ 1 2x 1 2x ⎤ ⎢2 xe − 4 e ⎥ = 4 + 4 e ⎣ ⎦0
1

1 2

1 4

M1 A1
(5)

(b)

x = 0.4 ⇒ y ≈ 0.890 22 x = 0.8 ⇒ y ≈ 3.962 43 .

Both are required to 5 d.p

B1
(1)

(c)

I ≈ × 0.2 × [ ...
1 2

]

B1 M1 A1ft

≈ ... × ⎡ 0+7.389 06+2 ( 0.29836+.890 22+1.992 07+3.962 43) ⎤ ⎣ ⎦ ft their answers to (b) ≈ 0.1× 21.675 22 ≈ 2.168 cao

A1

(4) [10]

Note

1 1 2 + e ≈ 2.097 … 4 4

Question Number

Scheme

Marks

6.

(a)

dx dy = −2 cosec 2 t , = 4sin t cos t dt dt d y −2sin t cos t = ( = −2sin 3 t cos t ) dx cosec 2 t At t = π , x = 2, y = 1 4 Substitutes t = π into an attempt at 4

both

M1 A1 M1 A1
(4)

(b)

both x and y

B1 M1 M1 A1
(4)

dy ⎛ 1⎞ to obtain gradient ⎜ − ⎟ dx ⎝ 2⎠
1 ( x − 2) 2

Equation of tangent is y − 1 = −

Accept x + 2 y = 4 or any correct equivalent (c) Uses 1 + cot 2 t = cosec2 t , or equivalent, to eliminate t 2 ⎛ x⎞ 1+ ⎜ ⎟ = y ⎝2⎠
2

M1 A1 A1 B1
(4) [12]

correctly eliminates t cao

y=

8 4 + x2

The domain is x …0

An alternative in (c) x x ⎛ y ⎞2 ⎛ y ⎞2 sin t = ⎜ ⎟ ; cos t = sin t = ⎜ ⎟ 2 2⎝ 2⎠ ⎝2⎠ y x2 y sin 2 t + cos 2 t = 1 ⇒ + × =1 2 4 2 8 Leading to y = 4 + x2
1 1

M1 A1 A1

Question Number

Scheme

Marks

7.

(a) k component

2 + 4λ = −2 ⇒ λ = −1

Note µ = 2 Substituting their λ (or µ ) into equation of line and obtaining B B: ( 2, 2, − 2 )
⎛1⎞ ⎜ ⎟ ⎜ −1⎟ = √ 18; ⎜4⎟ ⎝ ⎠ ⎛1⎞ ⎜ ⎟ ⎜ −1⎟ = √ 2 ⎜0⎟ ⎝ ⎠
Accept vector forms

M1 A1 M1 A1
(4)

(b)

both

B1

⎛1⎞ ⎛1⎞ ⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟ ⎜ −1⎟ ⋅ ⎜ −1⎟ = 1 + 1 + 0 ( = 2 ) ⎜4⎟ ⎜0⎟ ⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠ 2 1 cos θ = = √ 18 √ 2 3

B1

cao

M1 A1
(4)

(c)

uuu r uuu 2 r uuu r AB = −i + j − 4k ⇒ AB = 18 or AB = √ 18 uuu r uuu 2 r uuu r BC = 3i − 3 j ⇒ BC = 18 or BC = √ 18 uuu r uuu r Hence AB = BC

ignore direction of vector ignore direction of vector

M1 M1 A1
B1 B1 (2) [13]
(3)

(d)

uuur OD = 6i − 2 j + 2k

Allow first B1 for any two correct Accept column form or coordinates

Question Number

Scheme

Marks

8.

(a)

dV is the rate of increase of volume (with respect to time) dt − kV : k is constant of proportionality and the negative shows decrease (or loss) dV = 20 − kV giving These Bs are to be awarded independently dt

B1

B1 (2)

(b)

1 dV = ∫ 1dt 20 − kV

separating variables

M1 M1 A1 M1

1 − ln ( 20 − kV ) = t ( +C ) k Using V = 0, t = 0 to evaluate the constant of integration 1 c = − ln 20 k 1 ⎛ 20 ⎞ t = ln ⎜ ⎟ k ⎝ 20 − kV ⎠ Obtaining answer in the form V = A + B e − kt 20 20 − kt 20 V= − e Accept (1 − e− kt ) k k k (c) dV = 20 e − kt dt dV = 10, t = 5 ⇒ 10 = 20 e − kt dt 75 At t = 10, V = ln 2 Alternative to (b) Using printed answer and differentiating Substituting into differential equation − kB e − kt = 20 − kA − kB e − kt 20 A= k Using V = 0, t = 0 in printed answer to obtain A + B = 0 20 B=− k dV = − kB e − kt dt Can be implied 1 ⇒ k = ln 2 ≈ 0.139 5 awrt 108

M1 A1 (6)

M1 M1 A1 M1 A1 (5) [13]

M1 M1 M1 A1 M1 A1 (6)