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TraveI Tips to 25 European

Countries:
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Contents:
lbania
ustria
elgium
ulgaria
Cyprus
Czechoslovakia
Finland
France
ermany
reece
Holland
Hungary
Iceland
Ireland
Italy
Luemborg
Notway
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
United Kingdom
Ukraine
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AIbania
Albania is a mountainous country and the one of the smallest countries of Europe. The
residents supposedly descended from ancient llyrians.
Culture
The culture of Albania is majorly influenced by that of the mainland Greeks especially in the
urban locality; nodding one's head means 'no' where as shaking the head means 'yes'. To
greet someone handshaking is preferred though Shoku Comrade) was used before which
has been long forgotten now. People dress informally here. Swim suits are meant for the
beaches otherwise women are epected not to dress in a revealing outfit. When addressing
someone prefi otiMr) or onjaMrs) before the name and always remember to carry some
gifts when visiting someone although flowers aren't much acceptable. The guests are served
with coffee raki or sweets. Smokers don't have to worry much but they should avoid it where
they see a sign of Ndalohet uhani or Ndalohet pirja e duhanit.
Travelling within the country
Buses with relatively cheap fares operate in the main cities of the country or tais are another
choice which provided service for some main hotels.
Visit ajti Mountain and eperience ajti Ekspres Cable car for an unforgettable 15 minute
ride passing through ajt Oark to reach Tirana. The route is about 4.2 km long and the ride
costs C6.5.Alpha Yachting provides crewed yacht which is a luury in itself. Tirana Bank is the
best place for withdrawing money as it allows access to Visa cards.
Eating Out
Restaurants are not always sufficiently heated so always wear warm clothes if out in the
night during winters. Foreigners are charged more than the locals. Both the entry fees as well
as any merchandise will be on a higher scale so it's better not to reveal the fact that you are
a foreigner when out on the streets.
Site Seeing
f you enjoy canoeing this is the right place to be. There are places right outside Tirana which
is an amazing site for not just canoeing but also rock climbing hiking and camping.
Accommodation
f you want a 5-Star ambience try The Sheraton Tirana Hotel and Towers which is situated in
the middle of a shopping and entertainment center. There are about 151 rooms and 56 suites.
So along with the comfort one can shop at once convenience here. Another hotel which
provides all modern facilities is Hotel Mondial. t is located 1000 m away from the city and is
also a good eample of traditional architecture.
Getting There
One of the best and the easiest means is to go by air. Albanian Airlines is the national airline
which works in collaboration with Tyrolean Airways and provides service to almost all the big
European cities. The airport Mother Teresa is 16 miles or 26 km away from the capital. A
tourist bus is available every 3 hrs to get to the city center and takes about 30 minutes to get
there. Tais are available round the clock. While waiting for any transport service tourists can
check out the duty free shops bank eateries and car hire at the airport. A departure ta of
$10 S is imposed on all foreign nationals. Check out www.flyalbanian .com for flight times
and offers.
f trying to get there by sea try the ferry services which are provided by Adriatic ine and
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Agoudimos. The main ports are urres has ferry connection to taly Bari Brindisi Trieste
and Ancona) Vlora has ferry connection to Bari and Brindisi) Saranda has connection to
Corfu) Shen Gjini has ferry connection to Bari). Check out www.adriatica.it and
www.aoudimos-lines.com for more information.
Bus is another option. Buses start from stanbul Athens and Sofia. nternal passengers have
lots of options with bus services provided. f traveling by road in a private car there is road
network to the osovo region but they are too dangerous to use because of the political
tensions within the region. Crossings at Hani Hotit Bllata Oafa e Thaes Tushemisht
Gorica apshtica and kakavija can be taken. f tired one can take halts at hotels or other
designated areas. There is a network of 1000 km out of which only 450 km are main
roads for local travelers. About 213km stretch of these roads is in poor condition and has
pot holes and utmost safety precautions should be taken when driving on such roads. Speed
limit should be strictly followed on highways as well as within towns. riving at night should be
better avoided because of the absence of street lights on the road ecept for urban areas.
Traffic should drive on the right-hand. There is a shortage of gas stations in the countryside
so filling the gas tank completely when passing through urban area is recommended and
since there is lack of national recovery system; travelers should be prepared for an
emergency or breakdown before hand. One should carry necessary documents like
nternational riving Permit and national driving license.
uty Free tems
Following are the items that can be carried without customs duty being levied on them
1. 1liter of spirits or 2liter of wine
2. 250ml of eau de toilette
3. 200 cigarettes or 50 cigars or 250g of tobacco
4. 50ml of perfume.
Prohibited tems
Things that are prohibited to carry are firearms narcotics and ammunitions. Special eport
permission should be taken for precious metals books antiues work of art or material of
national or historic value.

Austria
About the Country
ocated in central Europe Austria celebrates world's best music festivals like the Salzburg
Festival Haydn Festival in Vienna and the nternational Chamber Music Festival. Vienna is
the capital of Austria as well as the musical capital of Europe. Music and art are in full flare
here after centuries of hardship and innovation. That eplains Vienna being the birthplace of
Mozart. Horse dances are also part of these festivals. Since it snows in winter the snow
covered Alps is a must be visited place during the winter. Austria eperiences a moderate
summer. Rains can be epected year round. n case of emergency call 120 or 123.
Site seeing
The romantic castles simply leave you astounded. The Schloss urnstein provides a
magnificent view besides the River anube. A 10 tip should be paid to the tai drivers
which is customary here.
Culture
German Hungarian Slovene and Croatian are the languages spoken by the locals. To greet
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the locals a handshake will do. When meeting someone for the first time its better to refer
them by their last name but once better known they can be addressed by the first name.
When out in the public say Guten Tag or Gruss Gott to greet people and while leaving say
Auf Wiedersehen. Carry along flowers when going over to someone's house. The locals here
have a passion for horse riding. The world's best art of horsemanship can be found here
which is as old as 400 years and to watch the horses perform at these schools; tickets must
be booked in advance. Although service charge is levied on restaurant bills an etra 5
should be paid as tip.
Getting there
Three national airlines operate in Austria Austrian Arrows Austrian Airlines and ausda Air
which work in collaboration with the Austrian Airlines Group. The Vienna airport is 1 km
away from the city. Airport buses transport passengers to the South Train and West Train
Station. Railway chauffeur-driven car and tai service is also provided at the airport. uty
free shops post office bank eateries left luggage tourism information conference hall
nursery car hiring and car parking facilities are provided to the passengers at the airport.
Salzburg airport is 4 km away from the city and buses trains tais and hotel coach shuttle
passengers to and from the airport. Facilities such as duty free shops post office currency
echange left luggage conference hall restaurants and car hire eist at the airport. Check
out the other airports such as lagenfurt airport Graz airport and inz airport for more details.
All the airports charge a fied rate for porter service.
nternational tourists can get to Austria by Austrian Federal railways if planning to travel by
train. t has a large network which connects the major cities within Austria and also outside
Austria. Travelers can find connections tofrom Germany Russia Greece Romania Turkey
Brussels Paris and taly. nternational rail passes or Eurail pass can be bought to travel
around Austria as they provide unlimited travel and other offers too.
A good network of roads here provides an interesting journey. Take Eurotunnel when
crossing the Channel Tunnel while traveling by car. Bookings should be made in advance.
The cars can be hired at the airports and railway stations and if driving own car carry
documentations like driving license or national driving license and car registration papers.
Toll booths are installed on the motorways and 'S' roads so if change is carried in advance it
will ensure no delays in the journey. Registration documents should be carried along all the
time while driving. The lights should be turned on while driving in the city or outside all the
time. There are strict laws for seat belts and drinking while driving. f using the motorbike high
visibility jacket and helmet must be worn it's a compulsion for both the passenger and the
driver. Many federal private companies and local authorities provide bus service. Coaches
are provided for moving around within the cities.
Wurm and ock provide cruise passenger service. Along with the cruise trip packages
include stay at a hotel. Check out before hand for offer. There are many Ferry service
providers too.
uty Free tems
1. 200 cigarettes or 100 cigarillos or 50 cigars or 250g tobacco or a proportional mi of these
products
2. 1l of spirits over 22 per cent or 2l of fortified wine or spirits up to 22 per cent or 2l of
sparkling wine or liueur and 2l of still wine
3. 500g of coffee or 200g of etracts essences or concentrates of coffee and 100g of tea or
40g of tea etracts
4. medicinal products sufficient for the journey
5. 50g of perfume or eau de toilette
6. All the above mentioned goods should be carried by a person over 1 years of age.
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BeIgium
About the Country
Belgium is situated in the west of Europe. The land here mostly comprises of flat coastal
plains in the northeast and southeast is occupied by the Ardennes Forest. utch Flemish
French and German are the official languages of Belgium with utch being the widely spoken
followed by French. The weather here is pretty predictable. Months from April to September
are the warmest. Otherwise the weather is pretty humid and skies are gray that eplains why
umbrellas and raincoats are a part of the dressing. So if the visit is planned for holidays
during the rainy season one must not forget to carry sufficient cover for maimum protection
as this is a coastal region. n case of emergency call 100 or 112.
Culture
Belgians are English-friendly and will make every attempt to speak in English with a foreigner.
Always remember to carry a small gift or at least flowers especially when invited over dinner.
The dress to wear will be mentioned in the invitation when invited for a party. Smoking in
public is acceptable.
Shopping
Brussels Antwerp Bruges Ostend Namur Mons ige Ghent and Mechelen are the main
shopping centers. Belgium is famous for ceramics and hand-beaten copperware from inant
laces from Bruges crystals from Val Saint ambert woodcarvings from Spa and Belgium's
finest chocolates. n jewelry diamonds from Antwerp are on high demand.
Eating Out
The specialty of most of the restaurants is horse and rabbit meat dishes. Although visitors can
find a wide range of ethnic foods but the most famous are frites and mayonnaise and
mitraillette; mitraillette is a large bun filled with fries donair meat and garlic sauce the
vegetarians can ask for a veg. substitute for the donair meat. While eating at a restaurant
tipping is considered customary along with the value-added ta. At the cinemas leave a
C0.50 tip for the attendant and C0.25 after using the public toilets.
Electricity
Voltage is 230 V and freuency is 50 Hz.
Travel
elta Air Transport has inaugurated its new European airline SN Brussels Airlines recently. t
flies to more than 5 destinations in Europe and as well as worldwide. The Brussels
ayentem airport is twelve km from the city and it takes 35 minutes to reach the city from the
airport. The airport has facilities like duty free shops car parking tai booking car hiring
banks post office restaurants and medical help. nternet and fa services are provided for
the passengers. The Airport City Epress train transports passengers to three main railway
stations - Brussels North Central and South. One can avail a bus which runs regularly from
the airport tais can also be hired which wait outside the arrival hall. Tipping the tai drivers is
considered customary. Train runs every 15 minutes.
Another airport Brussels South Charleroi is 5 km away from Charleroi and 46 km from
Brussels. Ryan air serves as the local airline here and has cheap deals for several European
destinations to and from Charleroi. The facilities provided here are bus and train services
caf car hire and duty free shops.
Ostend airport is 5 km away from the city and car parking car hire duty free shops and
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restaurants are provided here.
Antwerp airport is just 2 km away from the city. Buses run to the Brussels Central Station
every few minutes.
iege is situated at a distance of 5 km away from the city. Buses run at regular interval here.
The departure ta at Brussels ayentem is C20.3 Brussels South Charleroi is C3.4 Ostend
and Antwerp is C10 and at iege is C.
There is a network of high-speed trains which are operated by Thalys from Belgium to
France connecting Brussels with other destinations like Bordeau Chambry Cannes
Marseille yon Nice Valence Perpignan and Rennes. Booking should be made in advance
for these trains. The national railway operates through out the day providing service every few
minutes to destinations such as Andorra Austria France Czech Germany taly Poland
uembourg Switzerland the and the Netherlands. nsiders can avail the nter-Rail pass
which allows visitors to travel almost 2 European Countries. This service is valid for
residents who have been settled there for more than 6 months.
uty Free tems
Visitors can carry alcohol tobacco cigarettes coffee and tea without getting customs duty
levied on them but only the goods should be limited. Check out for the limits before carrying
such goods. Food items that are not preserved are better avoided.
BuIgaria
About the county
Officially known as the Republic of Bulgaria or Bulgarian Republic Bulgaria is a beautiful
mountainous country lying in Balkan Peninsula in Southern Europe bordering the Black Sea
to the east Serbia and the Republic of Macedonia to the west Romania to the north Greece
and Turkey to the south. Bulgaria also borders Turkey Romania kraine Russia and
Georgia along the sea. The largest and the capital city is Sofia. The country may be very
small in area but it is rich in ancient culture picturesue locales down to earth and friendly
people who provide the warmth and hospitality of old days. Bulgaria is known as and of
Roses due to the largest production of roses here. Although Bulgaria is known mostly for its
sea resorts much of the actual country can be eplored in great mountain regions with many
ski resorts a perfect destination for skiers. With uniue customs spectacular crafts colorful
festivals folklore and so on Bulgaria has it all to take the imagination of visitors by surprise
and ecitement.
Population anguages
The population of Bulgaria is roughly .4 million and the official language being spoken is
Bulgarian. Turkish and Roma are also spoken by considerable percentage of the population.
Electricity
The voltage is 230 V and the freuency is 50 Hz. The types of plugs used are Round pin
attachment plug and Schuko plug and receptacle with side grounding contacts.
Geographic ocation
t lies in Balkan Peninsula in Southern Europe bordering the Black Sea to the east Serbia
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and the Republic of Macedonia to the west Romania to the north Greece and Turkey to the
south. Bulgaria also borders Turkey Romania kraine Russia and Georgia along the sea.
Bulgaria is strategically located near Turkish Straits making it the control point of key land
routes connecting Europe to Middle East and Asia.
Climate
The climate of Bulgaria can be termed as temperate with hot and dry summers and cold and
damp winters. Summer temperatures average around 5F 24C) and winter temperatures
average about 32F 0C). The ideal time to visit Bulgaria is summer.
ocal Customs
ike any other country Bulgaria has its own customs too and normal courtesies should be
followed. Handshaking is customary. ress should be conservative but can be casual.
Souvenirs from home country are appreciated if invited to home. Here is Bulgaria a nod of
the head means 'no' and a shake of the head means 'yes'. Tipping up to 10 to 12 percent is
customary for all services including restaurants bars clubs tais etc.
Attractions
Sofia
St. Sofia Church
St. George Rotunda
Aleander Nevsky Cathedral
National Ethnographic Museum
Mountains
Village of Momchilovtsi
Pirin National Park
Rila Monastery
Travel
By Air The national airline of Bulgaria is Bulgaria Air. Other international airlines operating
from Bulgaria include Bulgaria include Aeroflot Air France Alitalia Austrian Airlines British
Airways El Al srael Airlines M OT Polish Airlines ufthansa MAEV Hungarian
Airlines Olympic Airlines and Swiss Air. Sofia nternational Airport EA SOF) is the biggest
airport which is like si miles east of Sofia. Other international airport is Varna nternational
Airport VAR) located in the western outskirts of the city about five miles from Varna.
Sea - The important international ports are Bourgas and Varna along the Black Sea.
River Ferries can cross into Romania from Vidin to Calafat.
By Rail Sofia is connected to Budapest Belgrade Bucharest Thessaloniki Paris Vienna
Munich and Berlin through freuent services of trains.
uty Free tems
1. 200 cigarettes or 50 cigars or 250g of tobacco
2. 1 liter of spirits and 2 liter of wine; 50g of perfume and 100g of eau de toilette
3. Gifts and personal use items.
Prohibited tems
n-canned goods meat or dairy products Narcotics pornography firearms ammunition
weapons eggs plants endangered species fireworks and alcoholic beverages that contain
more than sity per cent alcohol.
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Cyprus
About the Country
Cyprus is an island located in the Mediterranean Sea. t is inhabited with mountains on the
north and south and the south coast is covered with plains. The temperatures are really hot
indicating Mediterranean climate. Winters are cooler. Nicosia is the capital city of Cyprus. The
currency used here is Cypriot Pound.
Culture
Greek English and Turkish are the languages spoken here. There is a mied culture of Greek
and Middle East. The locals are very friendly and welcome outsiders with an open heart and
make them feel at home by offering them with something to drink. To greet someone a
handshake will do. t is customary to offer the guest a small gift when invited for dinner. One
can dress casually but the swimsuits must be confined to the beaches only. Social functions
call for formal dressing.
Site Seeing
The country is full of vineyards 12th century buildings orchards and monasteries. Be careful
when photographing outside. t is forbidden in military areas and special permission must be
taken for taking pictures in places like museums and art galleries. Most of them do not allow
flash photography. Tais can be hired to move around the big towns in Cyprus which charge
according the government regulated meters. Tipping the drivers is customary.
Electricity
240 V 50 Hz
Getting There
Port of Famagusta at Ammochostos and Port of yrenia and airport of Ercan have been
declared as illegal 'ports of entry' so check it out while planning to get there.
The national airline is Cyprus Airways. t connects most of the major cities of Europe. Other
forty airlines too serve at the airport of arnaca which are 5 km away from arnaka and
50km away from Nicosia. Tais can be hired to reach any destination from there as there is
lack of buses and trains services at the airport. The other services that are offered at this
airport is duty-free shops bank tourism and hotels information restaurants car hire post
office and reservation office. The other airport Pafos is 15km away from the city and it takes
about 35 minutes to reach the city from the airport. t provides the same facilities like the
arnaca airport.
The major ports of Cyprus are the imassol port and arnaca port which connect other ports
of Middle East and Greek. Not only ferry services are provided here even cruise services are
provided here.
Cyprus sland is not connected by roads to other countries but roads run across Cyprus
connecting all the cities and villages. Buses run on roads ecept on Sunday but they run late
in the mid-night during summers. Tourists can get on to rural buses to surf through the remote
villages but they are very slow. f planning to hire car advanced booking is recommended
especially in summer as the booking is full most of the times. o remember to carry a
National driving license or nternational driving permit.
uty Free tems
1. 200 cigarettes or 50 cigars or 250g of tobacco
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2. 1l of spirits over 22 per cent volume) or 2l of fortified wine or sparkling wine
3. 2l of still wine; 50g of perfume and 250ml of eau de toilette
4. 00 cigarettes or 200 cigars or 1kg of tobacco
5. 10l of spirits 20l of fortified wine 0l wine 110l beer
Most of the food items and items relating to agriculture are prohibited. Eplosives and fire
arms are a strict no-no.
Czech RepubIic
About the county
Czech Republic is located in Central Europe bordering Poland to the north Germany to the
northwest and west Austria to the south and Slovakia to the east. The capital of Czech
Republic is Prague which is also the biggest city of Czech Republic and a popular tourist
destination. Czech Republic became a member of European nion in May 2004. Czech
Republic was earlier a part of Czechoslovakia which was dissolved in anuary 13 and was
split into what is now called Czech and Slovak Republics. Brno Ostrava PlzeH Olomouc
esk Bud jovice ln Hradec rlov st nad abem Pardubice and arlovy Vary are the
other important cities of Czech Republic. Czech Republic is divided into two parts based on
geographical and cultural classification. They are Bohemia and Moravia. Bohemian cities and
towns are popular for their spas and wine vineyards. t is also home to many castles which
are open for visitors. One of the other tourism attractions is the availability of hundreds of
miles of marked trails for hiking cycling and skiing.
Population anguages
The population of Czech Republic is roughly 10.2 million and the official language being
spoken is Czech.
Electricity
The voltage is 230 V and the freuency is 50 Hz. The type of plug used is Round pin plug and
receptacle with male grounding pin
Geographic ocation
t is located in Central Europe bordering Poland to the north Germany to the northwest and
west Austria to the south and Slovakia to the east. t is basically a landlocked country
strategically located on some of the most important land routes in Europe.
Climate
The climate of Czech Republic can be termed as Temperate with hot summers and cold
overcast winters. t also gets snow. Most of the rain comes down in summer. ue to different
altitudes the variation of temperatures is diverse. The temperatures are relatively low at high
altitudes and more precipitation. The temperatures average only -0.4C at high altitude areas
whereas the temperatures can average as high as 10C in low altitude areas.
ocal Customs
ressing should be conservative and casual ecept at formal dinners or good hotels or
restaurants. Tipping is usually 5 to 10 percent in restaurant hotels and tais.
Attractions
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The Castle istrict Hradany) t has some of the best churches and museums. t also has
some beautiful gardens fortifications and state apartments also.
St Vitus Cathedral t is located in the Castle istrict the prominent feature of this cathedral is
the spires which soar high in the sky. t is also country s largest church with great
architecture.
Charles Bridge arluv Most) This is one of the most popular tourist spots of the city and
should not be missed.
Old Town Suare Starom stsk Nmest) t is the most vibrant suare of Prague with many
historical structures. t also hosts various markets every year like yearly Christmas market.
The ewish Museum t is the largest ewish Museum in Central Europe with a vast collection
of udaic art works.
Vya ehrad s a great hill fort built on a rock above the river.
Travel
By Air The national airline of Czech Republic is Czech Airlines. There are many other small
and popular international airlines operating from Czech Republic. The major airport is Prague
Ruzyne nternational Airport PRG). The airport is located approimately 10 miles north west
of Prague.
By Rail The country is part of the etensive network of trains connecting the European cities.
f you are coming from Western Europe the most convenient connections are via Berlin
Frankfurt Munich Vienna and urich to Prague.
uty Free tems
1. 00 cigarettes or 400 cigarillos or 200 cigars or 1kg tobacco for E countries.
2. 200 cigarettes or 100 cigarillos or 50 cigars or 250g tobacco for Non-E countries.
3. 10 liter of spirits with alcohol content over 22 or 20 liter of alcoholic beverages with
alcohol volume less than 22 or 0 liter of wine or 60 liter of sparkling wine or 110 liter of
beer for E countries.
4. 1 liter spirits or 2 liter wine for Non-E countries.
5. 50g perfume or 250ml eau de toilette
6. Food fruits medications and flowers for personal use
. Gifts up to 15
Prohibited tems
n-canned goods meat or dairy products Narcotics firearms ammunition weapons eggs
plants endangered species fireworks and alcoholic beverages that contain more than sity
per cent alcohol.
About the Country
Finland is a country of islands lakes and forests. The modern capital city of Finland is
Helsinki and is filled with museums and galleries. n summers sun never sets here and vice
versa in the winters.
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Culture
While in Finland greet the locals by a handshake. The people here are uite reserved and
don't open up easily. eave shoes outside the house when going over to someone's house. t
is customary to wait till the toast is being raised at the dinner table. Host raises the toast by
saying 'kippis' or 'skol'. People dress casually most of the times.
Travel
Finnair is the national airline of Finland. Other airlines that fly to Finland are Air France Air
Canada Cathay Pacific American Airline British Airways M Swiss airline ufthansa and
nited airlines. The major airport of Finland is Helsinki airport. t is 1km away from the city
and it takes about 25 minutes to get to the city from the airport. Finnair provides buses for the
passengers. Tais and hotel coaches are also available. The facilities provided at the airport
are duty free shops car hire bank hotel reservation service conference room restaurant
and a multimedia center. Other than Helsinki airport there are about 22 other airports and
Blue 1 is the domestic airline which operates within Finland. Times to time cheap offers are
being announced by the airlines. Prior checking of such offers will prove to be of great help.
f deciding to go by the sea ferry services are provided and the major ports are Naantali
Vaasa and Turku. These ferries connect to Rostock apellskr Grisslehamn and
Travemnde. Some of the cruises offer small cabins along with the provision of meals if
staying aboard overnight.
Trains from St Petersburg and Moscow can also be boarded. All the trains are clean and very
comfortable. Car-carrier trains also operate in Finland. Traveling by rail proves to be
inepensive and efficient and also great options for enjoying sight seeing. Avail the unlimited
train travel offer of nter-Rail pass or Eurailpass. There are offers for elderly people and
children check them out.
When traveling by road there are chances of running into an elk or reindeer. n such cases
police should be reported immediately. Blowing horn for small reasons should be avoided.
eep your car to the right. Gas stations accept credit cards. aws about seat belt and drinking
while driving should be strictly followed. Etra precautions must been taken if taking caravan
along. National driving license or nternational riving Permit and car insurance must be there
with you at all times. Coach Service is also available and connects to even the remote places.
Tais can be hired at the airport and railway stations and tipping is considered offensive here.
Check out agents in Helsinki who run a rent-a-car business for hiring cars.
uty Free tems
1. 200 cigarettes or 50 cigars or 250g of tobacco or 100 cigarillos
2. 50g of perfume and 250ml of eau de toilette
3. 2litre of alcoholic beverages of less than 22 per cent by volume or 1litre of alcoholic
beverages of more than 22 per cent by volume 2litre of sparkling wine and 16litre of beer
4. 100g of tea or 40g of tea etract and essence and 500g of coffee or 200g of coffee etract
or essence
Tobacco and alcohol can be carried by people over 1 years of age. Agricultural and food
items should be avoided. Certain medicines reuire a doctor's prescription for verification.
Firearms and sharp objects are strictly prohibited.
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France
About the city
The crowd is attracted to sparkling ski slopes of the Alps sunlit vineyards and sun-baked
beaches of this beautiful country. France is a country which draws more tourists than any
other country. t is easy to see why this is the case given France's great reputation for fine
wines good food high fashion and relaed lifestyle. But while France is undoubtedly a place
to eat and drink till your heart is content there's much more to this fascinating country than
only cutting-edge cuisines. Spring is the best time to be here and those interested in winter
sports can drop at the Alps and Pyrenees with some polar gear. The summers are very hot
and winters are moderate. An all-weather coat and pair of comfortable shoes are a must.
Women especially should carry cocktail dresses as some of the restaurants ask for it. When
visiting any religious site refrain from wearing sleeveless shirt and shorts as they are disliked
at such places.
Culture
English is widely spoken here although French is the official language. Handshaking is
customary greeting and women should be kissed on both cheeks and should be addressed
as Monsieur or Madame. French people are popularly known for their like for stylish
sportswear
and of course perfumes. Nudism is allowed on some beaches only. Social functions fine
restaurants and clubs call for more formal dressing. When at a formal dinner wait till the host
gestures to start the dinner. Smoking is banned in public places.
Site Seeing
Paris the city of love is a massive city with many attractions in reachable distance thanks to
the
highly efficient public transport system. t boasts of more than 0 museums and 200 arts
galleries. A trip to isney land and the magnificent Eiffel tower will make the trip worthwhile.
The attractive tourists spots are the Arc de triomphe which spans over the tomb of an
unknown soldier the forbidding gothic architecture of the Notre ame cathedral the
picturesue
Sacre Coeur to eonardo da Vinci's Mona isa the Moulin Rouge and boat tours along the
Seine. Get the Carte Musees-Monuments pass which gives access to 0 monuments and
museums.
Shopping
Although service ta is included in the bill a humble tip won't cost much. An etra dollar can
be given as tip to the waiter. A tip of $2 can be left for the bus drivers.
Electricity
220-volt 50-cycle AC current.
Getting There
The national airline that operates here is Air France. Many low-cost airlines too provide
services from . Paris-Charles de Gaulle also known as Roissy-Charles de Gaulle is the
major airport of France which is 23km away from the city. Coaches tais limousines
services are provided at the airport. The railway facility provided by the airport claims to
reach all the terminals within eight minutes. These trains run 24 hours. The other airports that
offer flight services are Paris-Orly Marseille Bordeau Nice yon and Toulouse.
Ferry and cruise trips can be made from ports such as Atlantic North Sea Mediterranean
and Havre.
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uty Free tems
1. 200 cigarettes or 50 cigars or 100 cigarillos or 250g of tobacco
2. 1liter of spirits over 22 per cent or 2liter of alcoholic beverage up to 22 per cent
3. 2liter of wine
4. 50g of perfume and 250ml of eau de toilette
5. 500g of coffee or 200g of coffee etract
6. 100g of tea or 40g of tea etract
Food and agricultural products should be avoided.
Germany
About the country
The Federal republic of Germany is the most influential country of Europe. t has witnessed
the most controversial facts of history like Nazism Holy Roman Empire and the building and
demolition of the Berlin wall. With many magnificent castles it has wealth of art and culture.
German is the widely spoken language in German but outsiders can find many English
speaking locals especially in the common tourist destinations.
Weather
The weather here is very unpredictable as there is a possibility of rain almost all months so
carry clothes accordingly. April and May are the months of spring which brings in full bloom of
fruits and flowers. Months from May to September have very fine weather with sunny skies
and offers the best time for traveling and site-seeing. People who have a passion for sports
like swimming hiking and cycling can have the best time here during these months. Winter
sports can be enjoyed at the resorts in the months from November to early March. The
temperatures are below freezing and the days are too short comprise of only si to eight
months) in winter.
ocal Customs
ocals greet each other by handshaking and saying Guten Tag. To say goodbye people use
Auf Wiedersehen. Guests are epected to bring uncovered and odd number of flowers
especially roses when visiting someone's home. The guests are welcomed with either food or
refreshments. At the table hosts say 'Guten Appetit' to which the guests should reply with
'Ebenfalls'. Smoking should be better avoided in public areas. ocals dress informally but
certain occasions like opera theatre certain restaurants and social functions call for formal
wear.
Electricity
220 V 50 Hz
Moving Around
The best way to get around is to buy the Welcome cards or the city passes which allows the
customer to access unlimited bus facility in many cities of Germany. t also gives special offer
on certain tourist attractions. For fleibility one can rent-a-car or go for chauffer driven cars.
Along with the rent VAT of 16 is payable. Car insurance should be available before hand in
case of any accident. The speed limit within the cities is mostly 50kph and 100kph on the
15
highways.
Nine stars
The nine stars of Southwest Germany comprise of Baden-Baden Freiburg Heidelberg
arlsruhe Heilbronn Mannheim Pforzheim Stuttgart and lm. They are considered to be
some of the beautiful cities of Europe. Each of the cities play a vital role in the culture of
Germany. Baden-Baden has few of the finest resorts and also has Europe's second largest
opera and concert hall. Freiburg is known as the historic city center and is famous for
cobblestone mosiacs open streams and ancient alleys. Heidelberg has world famous castles
and Germany's oldest university. arlsruhe has the famous museum Center for Art and
Media. ook out for various amusements along the Nectar river of Heilbronn. Pforzheim is the
capital for watches and jewelry. Stuttgart is famous for theatres and opera. lm is the birth
place of Albert Einstein and is also house to the world's tallest hurch spire.
Travel
The national airline that serves Germany is ufthansa. Bwelin-Tegel airport is situated at km
away from the city and it takes about 20 minutes to reach there. There is a provision of duty
free shops banks post office eateries conference hall and car hire and tourism information
for the passengers.
Another busy airport is the Frankfurt airport which is located at 13km away from the city.
Buses take about 20 minutes to get there. Tais are available at any time. The ntercity
railway network at the airport also provides international services to Hungary Switzerland and
Austria. The facilities provided here are duty free shops left luggage restaurants banks
conference halls post office car hire and tourism information. No departure ta is levied on
the passengers.
Those wishing to travel by sea can avail the ferry connections to Finland ithuania The
Netherlands atvia and Norway.
Eurostar provides railway service to and from Belgium France and the . Booking can be
made by telephone. The nter-Rail offers unlimited second class train travel within 2
European countries. The Eurailpass offers unlimited first class train travel within 1 European
countries.
EuroCity and nterCity trains have a restaurant on board providing food and drinks. nterCity
Epress target the business class and provides services such as fully euipped office
conference compartments etc. Tourist over 1 years of age can carry alcohol and tobacco
with them within permissible limits.
About the county
Being one of the earliest civilizations known to human kind Greece is a country with rich
history heritage and culture. t is the place where Byzantine Empire once ruled and also great
Ottoman Empire. t is also considered to be as the birth place of emocracy. Athens is the
capital city of Greece. The Olympic games originated in Greece. Not only that it was the
world center for western philosophy political science astronomy mathematics major
scientific studies and what not. t is also known as a Mediterranean country as it has
Mediterranean Sea in the south. t is a popular destination for world tourists in that region
known for its beautiful beaches reach history and charming villages. The Greek islands are
one of the most wonderful places to be eplored by Cruise or Yacht. The trip of Greece will
definitely be one of the most memorable to remember in one's life.
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Population anguages
The population of Greece is around 11 million and the official language being spoken is
Greek. The other popular languages are English and French.
Electricity
The voltage is 220 V and the freuency is 50 Hz. The types of plug used are round pin with
attachment round pin with ground Round pin plug and receptacle with male grounding pin
and Schuko plug and receptacle with side grounding contacts.
Geographic ocation
t is located in Southern Europe bordering the Aegean Sea onian Sea and the
Mediterranean Sea between Albania and Turkey. t is situated in the southern side of Balkan
Peninsula. t is also bordered by Bulgaria and Macedonia in the southeast.
Climate
t has three distinct climates namely Alpine Mediterranean and temperate climate with mild
and wet winters and also hot and dry summers due to Mediterranean affect. Alpine system is
seen in mountainous regions. The temperate climate is seen near border along Macedonia.
Athens has both temperate and Mediterranean weather.
ocal Customs
The Greece is a place with strong historic and cultural background. There are different
traditions and customs in different parts of the Greece. The throwing back of a hand is
considered to be a negative gesture here in Greece. Casual dress can be worn most of the
times. Smoking is prohibited in public transport services and public buildings. Tipping 12 to 1
percent is customary in restaurants hotels and tais.
Attractions
The Olympic Games in Athens the spot of the historic 2004 Olympic Games)
Mardi Grass Celebrations in February
The Parthenon in Athens
Skiing in Arahova Mountains between October and March
Easter Celebrations
Thessaloniki's White Tower and country's rich Byzantine culture
The south of Corinth
The beaches in esvos
The wine vineyards in the countryside
The islands near the Aegean Sea
The wildlife preserve in Alonissos Sporades Marine Park)
The famous Moni Panagia Chozoviotissa a Byzantine monastery in Amorgos
Travel
By Air The national airline of Greece is Olympic Airlines. Many popular airlines like British
Airways and elta Airlines operate daily flight from Athens. The biggest airport is newly
constructed Athens nternational Airport which is located like 1 miles northeast of the city.
The other international airports of Greece are Heraklion Crete) Thessaloniki Macedonia)
and Corfu erkira).
By Sea The popular Greek ports include Corfu Heraklion goumenitsa Patras Piraeus
Athens) Rhodes Thessaloniki and Volos. Shipping vessels and ferryboat lines link these
ports with taly Croatia Cyprus Russia and Turkey. Some of the popular cruises operating in
Greece are Celebrity Cruises Costa Cruises Crystal Cruises Festival Cruises Holland
America ine Princess Cruises Silversea and Swan Hellenic.
17
By Rail f one is coming from the best way is to take Eurostar train to Brussels or Paris
and from there take connecting train to Greece.
uty Free tems
1. p to 200 cigarettes or 250 gm tobacco
2. 100 cigarillos or 50 cigars
3. 1 liter spirit over 22 or 2 liter wine
4. Perfumes 50 gm or 250 ml
5. Gifts up to C15
Prohibited tems
Narcotics firearms ammunition weapons most meat and dairy products eggs plants
endangered species fireworks and alcoholic beverages that contain more than sity per cent
alcohol.
HoIIand
About the Country
The summers are cool here but the winters are severe with some chances of snowfall.
Rainfall can be epected in any month of the year. utch is the official language here.
English French and German are the other languages that are spoken out of which English is
widely spoken. n case of emergency call 112.
Culture
Handshake is the commonly practiced form of greeting. Although tipping is not mandatory but
it's better to pay rounds figure in restaurants and tais. A humble gift should be taken to the
host's house always when invited for a meal. nformal clothes are worn on a daily basis but
people are epected to turn up in formals at social functions and smart restaurants.
Shopping
Pottery of elft Makkum and Workum is a must buy. Silverware from Schoonhoven crystals
from eerdam and diamonds from Amsterdam are highly recommended.
Site Seeing
Apenheul Primate Park is a place to visit which is a home to more than thirty species of
mammals. t remains closed during the winter. e Hoge Veluwe is the oldest and largest park
of Holland. Bicycles can be used to eplore the 5500 hectares of the park. Paleis Het oo is
a magnificent Palace surrounded by gardens and remains open year round ecept on public
holidays.
Electricity
230 V and 50 Hz
Travel
The national airline that operates in Holland is M-Royal utch Airlines. t connects to
almost all the major cities of Europe North America and Asia. Amsterdam Airport is the hub
for many international and local flights. t is located at 15 km away from the city and it takes
20 minutes to reach there by train. The Airline M provides bus service every 15-30
minutes which takes passengers to some of the famous hotels of the city. Public buses can
18
be availed too to reach destination. Trains connect to Amsterdam's Central Station and uid
Station. Tais take tourists to almost any location. The Airport features duty free shops
banks showers business center baby rooms and car hire.
Rotterdam airport and Eindhoven airport are km away from the city. Trains and buses
operate every 15 minutes to transport passengers to their hotels. Facilities such as duty free
shops eateries car rental and internet can be availed at these airports. No departure ta is
implemented on passengers at any of these airports.
The main sea ports are Hook of Holland Vlissingen and Rotteradm. Stena ine PO ferries
and FS seaways provide ferry service to get to Holland.
f traveling by railway Eurostar provides the best service and connects to all the major cities
of Europe. t provides high grade services. Good offers are provided on regular basis and to
utilize them they should be monitored from time to time. nused tickets are easily refunded.
The nter-Rail pass can be bought to avail the unlimited second class train travel within 2
European countries.
Top class road network connects Holland to majority of cities in Europe. They are well
maintained and signs are posted every where for safe driving. 120kph is the speed limit while
driving on highways. Many car dealing agents eist if opting for car-rental. Some of them are
Avis Europcar and Budget.
Cycling is also a major means of transportation in Holland and is part and parcel of daily life.
Tourists can hire cycles from the airport or other service providers with some money-deposit.
uty Free tems
1. 200 cigarettes or 50 cigars or 100 cigarillos or 250g of tobacco
2. 50g of perfume and 250ml of eau de toilette
3. 1liter of liuor or 2liter of sparkling wine or liuor wines and 2liter of non-sparkling wine
4. 100g of tea or 40g of tea etract
5. 500g of coffee or 200g of coffee etract
Hungary
About the county
Also known as the Republic of Hungary or Hungarian Republic Hungary is a landlocked
country located in Central Europe and bordering Austria Slovakia kraine Romania Serbia
Croatia and Slovenia. Budapest is the largest city and also the Capital of Hungary. One of
the key reasons why Hungary is popular is its hospitality to tourists. Also one can find an ideal
mi of history and modern day in Hungary. While Hungarians proudly stick to their old Magyar
Tradition they also keep them abreast with current fashions across the world. Most visitors
flock to see Budapest a truly world class city situated on River anube which enchants
everyone with love and music. The city is a blend of culture and outstanding beauty making it
the right place for tourists. The city has been a paradise for writers musicians and artists who
were greatly influenced by this graceful city. f you travel west in Hungary ake Balaton is
popular with tourists. ocal cuisines include halszl fish soup) with pasta and goulash
gulys) soup.
Population anguages
The population of Hungary is Roughly 10 million and the official language being spoken is
Hungarian.
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Electricity
The voltage is 230 V and the freuency is 50 Hz. The types of plugs used are Round pin
attachment plug and Schuko plug and receptacle with side grounding contacts.
Geographic ocation
Hungary is a landlocked country located in Central Europe and bordering Austria Slovakia
kraine Romania Serbia Croatia and Slovenia. River anube and River Tisza divide the
country into three large regions. The country is strategically located astride main land routes
between Western Europe and Balkan Peninsula as well as between kraine and
Mediterranean basin
Climate
The climate of Hungary can be termed as Temperate with hot summers and cold winters. The
average annual temperature of Hungary is around .6 C. The maimum temperature in
summer can be 43 C and as low as -30 C. The summer average is 26 to 36 C and winter
average is 0 to -16 C.
ocal Customs
ike any other country Hungary has its own customs too. t is customary to handshake. t is
customary to make the toast and return. t is customary for guests to offer gifts to the host of a
meal. Smoking is prohibited in most public areas. But travelers can smoke in long distance
trains. Casual dress is acceptable in most places and formal for special occasions. Tipping up
to 10 to 15 percent is customary for all services including restaurants bars clubs tais etc.
Attractions
Budapest
Castle Royal Palace
Fisherman's Bastion
Matthias Church
Gellrt Hill
Chain Bridge
The Great Synagogue and ewish Museum
Parliament Buildings
Statue Park
Eger
Eger Castle
Szpasszony Valley Valley of the Pretty Woman)
ake Balaton
Hvz
eszthely
The anube Bend
Esztergom
Szentendre
Visegrad
Travel
By Air The national airline of Hungary is Malv which operates flights from more than forty
cities across the world. Other international airlines operating from Hungary include Aeroflot
Air France British Airways easyet M ufthansa Sky Europe Swiss nited Airlines and
Wizz Air. Ferihegy Budapest nternational Airport B) is the biggest airport which is like ten
20
miles southeast of Budapest.
By River - There is a daily hydrofoil service run by MAHART connecting Vienna Bratislava
and Budapest in the months of April to October.
By Rail The country is part of the etensive network of trains connecting the European
cities. Hungary is connected to 16 European cities and there are 4 international trains daily
to Budapest by direct rail link.
uty Free tems
1. 00 cigarettes or 400 cigarillos or 200 cigars or1kg smoking tobacco for E countries.
2. 200 cigarettes or 100 cigarillos or 50 cigars or 250g of smoking tobacco for Non-E
countries.
3. 10 liter of spirits with more than 22 and ethyl alcohol or 20 liter of beverages less than
22 alcohol content or 0 liter of wine or 60 liter of sparkling wine or 110 liter of beer for E
countries.
4. 1 liter of spirits and 2 liter of wine for Non-E countries.
5. 50g perfume or 250 ml eau de toilette
6. Gifts Food fruits medications and flowers for personal use of value up to C15
Prohibited tems
n-canned goods meat or dairy products Narcotics firearms ammunition weapons eggs
plants endangered species fireworks and alcoholic beverages that contain more than sity
per cent alcohol.
ceIand
About the county
Officially known as the Republic of celand is located in northwestern Europe. t comprises of
the island of celand and its outlying small islands in the northern Atlantic Ocean between
Greenland Norway Scotland reland and the Faroe slands. celand's glassy glaciers hot
thermal springs spectacular geysers active volcanoes lava fields stunning waterfalls and
snow-capped mountains indeed makes it the original 'land of fire and ice'.
celand is a very large island with a uniue landscape which is rugged and colorful with black
lava red sulfur hot blue geysers rivers waterfalls bays fjords and green valley. The capital
of celand is Reykjavk which is also the largest city of celand. Nearly half of celand's
population lives around Reykjavk. The popular tourist attractions are centered also centered
on this city. The most famous attraction is Gullfoss double-tiered waterfall which is set off with
an outstanding rainbow and hot springs of Geysir.
People might wonder what one can do in celand. f you hear the list you will be amazed that
there are so many things to do and see here. From watching whales to chic fine dining
hiking seeing Europe's largest glacier Vatnajokull fishing in rivers horse riding rafting
eploring the landscape on a snow scooter shopping designing wear Summer Solstice
Festival visit island of Grimsey to cross the Arctic Circle visit medieval farm at Stong and
what not the list is endless.
Population anguages
The population of celand is only 23 and the official language being spoken is
celandish. English Nordic languages German are also widely spoken.
21
Electricity
The voltage is 220 V and the freuency is 50 Hz. The types of plugs used are Round pin
attachment plug and Schuko plug and receptacle with side grounding contacts.
Geographic ocation
t is located in northwestern Europe. t comprises of the island of celand and its outlying small
islands in the northern Atlantic Ocean between Greenland Norway Scotland reland and the
Faroe slands. t is strategically located between Greenland and Europe
Climate
The climate of celand can be termed as temperate with damp and cool summers and mild
and windy winters. The highest temperature recorded was 30.5C 6.F) on 22 une 13
at Teigarhorn. The lowest temperature ever recorded was -3C -36.4F) on 22 anuary
11 at Grmsstair and Mrudalur.
ocal Customs
ike any other country celand has its own customs too and normal courtesies should be
followed. Handshaking is customary. Visitors are invited to homes when on a business trip
and normal courtesies should be observed. The people pay careful attention to their
appearance and as for most Western countries casual wear is widely acceptable. Service
charges are included in the bills most of the time and tips are not epected.
Attractions
Reykjavik Attractions Hallgrimskirkja Church National Museum of celand Botanical
Gardens and the Einar nsson Museum
Travel
By Air The national airline of celand is celandair which operates to many internationsl
destinations such as Amsterdam Baltimore Boston Copenhagen Frankfurt Glasgow
Halifa ondon Minneapolis Orlando Oslo Paris Stockholm and Washington plus other
destinations in the summertime only. Other international airlines operating from celand
include Air Greenland website www.airgreenland.gl) and celand Epress website
www.icelandepress.com).
Other predominantly Scandinavian carriers also operate services. Some airlines like Condor
and Corsai operate flights during the summertime. Flights also operate to the Faroe slands
and Greenland during the summer months. Major airport is eflavik nternational Airport
EF) located at 31 miles south of Reykjavik.
uty Free tems
1. 200 cigarettes or 250g of other tobacco products
2. 1 liter spirits and 1 liter wine or 1 liter spirits and 6 liter beer; or 1 liter wine and 6 liter beer;
or 2.25 liter wine
3. Food items up to 3kg not eceeding kr13000
4. Permits from Post Telecom Authorities are reuired for cordless phones remote controls
or radio transmitters. t is not reuired for a GSM mobile phone
Prohibited tems
n-canned goods meat or dairy products Narcotics pornography firearms ammunition
weapons eggs plants endangered species fireworks and alcoholic beverages that contain
more than sity per cent alcohol.
22
taIy
About the county
taly the birthplace of pasta and pizza provides a wide range of choices for artwork lovers to
eperience. A temperate climate eists here with very hot summers and not so cold winters.
The weather is the best in spring and autumn with pleasant temperatures and scenic views.
At that time of the year the place isn't crowded much and things can be enjoyed in leisure. n
case of emergency call 112. For fire call 115 and for ambulance call 11.
Culture
talian is widely spoken and is the official language. English isn't very familiar to the locals.
Family ties are of utmost importance here and hence social courtesies mean a lot to the
locals. There is a great impact of the Roman Catholic Church on the culture here. There is a
high content of chlorine in tap waters so bottled water is recommended for staying fit during
the trip. Since talian is spoken on a wide scale it is highly recommended to learn few
common talian phrases which can be of great use. Social gatherings call for formal wear but
one can dress in casuals otherwise. At some religious places sleeveless shirt and shorts are
frowned upon. So they are better avoided. Purses and wallets should be well guarded and in
case of any theft police should be informed about the incident.
Site Seeing
The first thing to check out is the leaning tower of Pisa where Olympics originated. At places
like museums and art galleries photography especially flash photography is restricted.
Check out the ticket counter for more information. taly should be majorly discovered on foot
for a thorough viewing of all the beautiful buildings and monuments. Coaches and trains are a
good option to get to a tourist spot.
Shopping
Shops here are open from am to pm closed for lunch. uality of goods is great although
the prices are very less. tems like crystals lacework leather good and jewelry can be
bought at the stores. Remember to hold on to the receipt. Tipping of 10 is customary along
with the service ta levied on the bill. taly is famous for top designers of the world so do buy
clothes and accessories to update your wardrobe. Cruises have formal gatherings in the
evening so ensure to buy a cocktail dress or some formal wear though casuals can be worn
at other times.
Electricity
The voltage used is 220 volts and 50 Hz freuency.
Getting there
Alitalia is the national airline of taly. Many other flights connect to taly from SA Canada
and Australia and there is big competition to attract passengers giving a wide range of offers
to travelers. Rome airport is located 26 km away from the city and it takes 45 minutes to get
there from the airport. Trains connect directly to Termini Station from where one can take tai
to get to their destination. uty free shops bank car hire and restaurants are the other
services provided at this airport. Milan has another famous airport here which is at a distance
of 45km away from the city.
Brindisi Ancona Naples and Venice are the major seaports of taly. talian State Railways
connects many European cities. But Eurostar provides the fastest train service.
f choosing to drive don't forget to carry international driving license and international
23
insurance certificate. Roads connect taly to France Austria and Switzerland. Many coach
services are provided from the neighboring countries.
uty Free tems
1. 200 cigarettes or 50 cigars or 100 cigarillos or 250g of tobacco
2. 2liter of wine and 1liter of spirits over 22 per cent) or 2liter of fortified or sparkling wine
3. 50g of perfume and 250ml of eau de toilette; 500g of coffee or 200g of coffee etract if
over 15 years of age)
4. 100g of tea or 40g of tea etract
5. Gifts not eceeding C.6 if entering from an E country) C15 if entering from a non-
E country).
Luembourg
About the country
One of the Europe's smallest sovereign states is The Grand uchy of uembourg. The north
part of the country is blessed with greenery and hills. The Ardennes provides great scenic
view. The country is small and all the tourist attractions are within reachable limits. t snows
during the winters in uembourg but isn't as cold as its neighboring countries and the
summer is warm which comes in May and lasts till September. n case of emergency dial 112
or 113.
Culture
Generally handshake is used to greet people. Although majority of the locals speak English
etzeburgesch is the national language of uembourg. French and German is also spoken
by many uembourgers. When appearing as a guest at someone's house it is a good
practice to bring along gift or flowers. People are epected to dress in smart casuals but it
would be best to turn up in formals when attending social functions or clubs. t's not advised
to smoke in public places.
Shopping
Crystals and porcelains of Villeroy and Boch are very famous and the earthenware pottery
from Nospelt is a shopper's must have item from uembourg. VAT of 15 is applied to all
items purchased other than that from campground hotel and restaurant which charge 3.
Tipping is eempted.
Site Seeing
The capital uembourg is a place to be. Stay for a day or tea to eplore the city. Village of
Viaden has a cliff top castle which is a famous landmark.
Tais can be hired to move around the city. They charge 10 etra from 10 pm to 6 am and if
hired on Sunday an etra 25 etra will be charged if hired for the whole day.
Accommodations
uembourg has many luurious hotels most of which are located in u City. Other options
are guesthouses which are beautifully decorated with flower and plants.
Travel
The national airline which operates here is uair. There are flights from ondon to
24
uembourg every hour. The uembourg airport is at a distance of 5km from the city and it
takes about 20 minutes to reach there. There are provisions such as duty free shops bank
tourism information and car hire for the passengers.
Eurostar provides a fast railway service from ondon Paris Belgium France or Brussels to
uembourg. Bookings can be made via telephone and 5 fee is charged for telephonic
booking. Check out for offers which are provided on some of the routes. To travel within the
country nter-Rail pass can be bought which gives the offer of unlimited train travel for 2
countries of Europe.
When driving on road it is recommended to take the train or ferry service when passing the
channel between over and Calais. Check out for vacancy before hand especially during the
rush hours. While driving drivers should stay on the right side and there are strict rules for
drinking while driving and seat belt.
uty Free tems
1. 200 cigarettes or 100 cigarillos or 50 cigars or 250g of tobacco
2. 1liter of spirits or 2liter of sparkling wine or 2liter of liueur wine and 2liter of non-sparkling
wine
3. 50g of perfume and 250ml of eau de toilette
4. 500g of coffee and 200g of coffee etract
5. 100g of tea and 40g of tea etract
6. Tobacco and Alcohol can be carried by visitors over 1 years of age only.
Norway
About the county
Norway a Nordic country lying on the western portion of the Scandinavian Peninsula is
located in Northern Europe. t also borders Sweden Finland and Russia. Norway is an
outstandingly beautiful country with a long coastline snowy mountains and breathtaking
fjords. Oslo is the capital of Norway and also the largest city. Norway is bestowed with lots of
natural beauty encompassing wild forests historic towns and beautiful fishing villages. The
country is very hospitable to the tourists and people are very friendly too. Many tourists are
attracted by the famous midnight sun of the Arctic. All three big cities of Norway offer different
eperiences to visitors. Norway is a place to be for nature lovers and for cultural enthusiasts.
Norway is truly one of the greatest tourist destinations of Europe.
Population anguages
The population of Norway is only 4.6 million and the official languages being spoken are
Bokmal Norwegian and Nynorsk Norwegian. Other languages that are also spoken in Norway
include Smi and Finnish.
Electricity
The voltage is 230 V and the freuency is 50 Hz. The types of plugs used are Round pin
attachment plug and Schuko plug and receptacle with side grounding contacts.
Geographic ocation
t is a Nordic country lying on the western portion of the Scandinavian Peninsula and located
in Northern Europe. t also borders Sweden Finland and Russia. About two-third area of the
Norway is mountains has around fifty thousand small islands along its coast. t also has one
of the longest coastlines in the world.
25
Climate
The climate of Norway can be termed as Temperate with hot summers and cold overcast
winters. The highlands of interior Norway have an arctic like climate with snow severe wind
chill and frost. Most of the rain is along the coastal areas and comes down in winter uite
heavily and freuently. Winters are mild too along the coastal areas.
ocal Customs
ike any other country Norway has its own customs too. t is customary not to drink until the
host makes a toast. t is customary for guests to offer gifts to the host of a meal. Smoking is
prohibited in most public areas. Casual dress is acceptable for everyday wear. Tipping the
tai drivers is not customary. Tipping up to five percent is customary for service in
restaurants. Porters at railway stations and airports charge per piece while porters at hotels
generally charge around NO5-10 depending on the number of pieces of luggage.
Attractions
Bergen Numerous museums galleries auarium medieval age buildings cable car to the
top of Bergen's hills and boat trips to fjords.
Oslo Old medieval buildings churches modern architecture museums like Edvard Munch
Museum and the Norwegian Folk Museum art galleries Vigeland Park and Akershus
Fortress
Fjordland Geirangerfjorden known for tiny S-shaped fjord
Sognefjord the longest and the deepest fjord beautiful villages such as Balestrand and
Flam old stave churches Nryfjord Narrowest branch of the Sognefjord and Palteau of
ostedalsbreen glacier
Troms Arctic cathedral Polaria and Troms Museum
Travel
By Air Many airlines operate to Norway like Braathens SAFE B) and SAS Scandinavian
Airlines S) a Scandinavian airline Air France British Airways Finnair celandair M
ufthansa Northwest Airlines Norwegian Air Shuttle Ryanair and Swiss Airlines. Oslo
nternational Airport OS) Gardermoen) website www.osl.no) is the biggest airport of
Norway which is located 30 mile north of Oslo.
Sea - The important passenger ports are Bergen ristiansand arvik Oslo and Stavanger.
The main sea routes from the operated by Fjord ine and FS Seaways respectively
are from Newcastle to Bergen and to ristiansand.
By Rail The country is part of the etensive network of trains connecting the European
cities. f you are coming from the connections are from ondon via overOstend via
enmark Germany The Netherlands and Sweden) or HarwichHook of Holland or from
Newcastle to Bergen via Stavanger. t is also connected to Sweden throught two routes with
daytime and overnight trains from Copenhagen Malm and Stockholm.
uty Free tems
1. 200 cigarettes or 250g of tobacco products and 200 leaves of cigarette paper for E
countries.
2. 400 cigarettes or 500g of tobacco products and 200 leaves of cigarette paper for Non-E
countries.
3. 1liter of spirits and 1liter of wine or 2liter of wine and 2liter of beer for E countries.
4. 1liter of spirits and 1liter of wine or 2liter of wine and 2liter of beer for Non-E countries.
5. 50g perfume or 500 ml eau de toilette
6. Gifts Food fruits medications and flowers for personal use of value up to 3500 kr
26
Prohibited tems
n-canned goods meat or dairy products Narcotics firearms ammunition weapons eggs
plants endangered species fireworks and alcoholic beverages that contain more than sity
per cent alcohol.
oIand
About the county
Poland is one of the ancient nations that was formed around 10th century. t is Central
Europe east of Europe and most of the area being a flat plane and mountains along the
south border. Warsaw is the capital of Poland which was completely destroyed in World War
and was rebuilt from scratch again. Royal Castle of Warsaw which was reconstructed after
the world war is a must see attraction. The azienky Palace should also be not missed which
has an open air theatre and Chopin's monument. rakow is the second biggest city of Poland
stands as a witness to its medieval era. Poland has a strong liking to music and theatre and
thus home to many theatres and opera houses. Popular Polish Cuisines include razy
awijane mushroom-stuffed beefsteak rolls in sour cream) served with boiled kasza
buckwheat) and pigs' knuckles.
Population anguages
The population of Poland is roughly 3.5 million and the official language being spoken is
Polish.
Electricity
The voltage is 230 V and the freuency is 50 Hz. The types of plug used are round pin with
attachment and Round pin plug and receptacle with male grounding pin.
Geographic ocation
t is located in Central Europe east of Germany bordering the Baltic Sea the Russian
Federation Belarus kraine ithuania the Czech Republic the Slovak Republic and the
Federal Republic of Germany.
Climate
The climate of Poland can be termed as Temperate. Winters are severe inland with average
temperatures in Warsaw being 23F -5C). Summers are hot inland with average
temperatures in uly around 66F 1C). The precipitation occurs round the year.
ocal Customs
Handshaking is the common custom. t is customary to bring flowers if you are going to
someone's house. ressing is fairly conservative and casual and formal for entertainment in
the evening or in a good restaurant. Smoking is prohibited in some public buildings. Tipping is
10 to 15 percent in restaurant hotels and tais.
Attractions
Warsaw The city was completely destroyed in World War and was completely rebuilt after
the war. The popular sights include Historic Museum of Warsaw the azienki Palace with its
open air theatre and Chopin's monuments and Palace of Culture and Sciences.
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Cracow St. Mary's Church Royal Castle and Royal Cathedral on top of Wawel Hill
Travel
By Air The national airline of Romania is OT Polish Airlines O). Many popular airlines
that fly to Poland include Aeroflot Air France Austrian Airlines British Airways Easyjet El Al
ufthansa Ryanair SAS and Swiss Air. The biggest airport is Warsaw Frederic Chopin
Airport which is located like 6 miles southwest of the city.
By Sea Pol Ferries operates connect Poland to Sweden enmark and Finland
By Rail Polish State Railways PP) website www.pkp.pl) operates Eurocity trains from
Poland various major European cities. But all services from Western Europe to Poland pass
through the Czech Republic Germany or the Slovak Republic. The main routes link Warsaw
with Berlin and Cologne Budapest Prague and Vienna. There is also a car-sleeper service
from the border of Holland to Poznan Warsaw.
uty Free tems
1. p to 250 cigarettes or 250 gm tobacco or 50 cigars for Non-European union countries.
2. 00 cigarettes or 200 cigars or 1kg smoking tobacco for E Countries.
3. 1 liter wine and 1 liter spirits for Non-E Countries.
4. 10 liter spirits 0 liter wine and 110 liter beer for E Countries
5. Perfumes medicines and cosmetics for personal use
6. Gifts up to C15
Prohibited tems
Birds and poultry arriving from countries infected with Avian influenza n-canned goods
meat or dairy products Narcotics firearms ammunition weapons eggs plants endangered
species fireworks and alcoholic beverages that contain more than sity per cent alcohol.
ortugaI
About the county
Portugal was a world power in 15th and 16th century but was reduced to rubbles during an
earthuake in 155 Napoleon's nvasion and Brazil's ndependence. Sharing the berian
Peninsula with Spain and bordering Atlantic Ocean by both west and south coast it is popular
for its long and varied coastline sunny climate and the charming towns makes it a traveler's
paradise. isbon is the capital of Portugal.
The best thing about Portugal is that despite being a part of modern Europe one can still find
the rural dwellings which has stood by time and has preserved its traditions. While modern
architectural marvels like high-rise resorts dot the coast in the Southern province of the
Algarve isbon on the west coast on the other hand is a crowded city home to many fine
tourist resorts. f you want to go back in time you have to just travel few miles north or east
where you will see scenic countryside still resemble medieval villages and towns of earlier
centuries.
Population anguages
The population of Portugal is roughly 10.6 million and the official language being spoken is
Portuguese. Mirandese is also second officially language spoken in some parts of Portugal.
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Electricity
The voltage is 230 V and the freuency is 50 Hz. The types of plug used are round pin with
attachment and Schuko plug and receptacle with side grounding contacts.
Geographic ocation
t is located in Southwestern Europe on the berian Peninsula. t shares the berian Peninsula
with Spain in north and east and borders Atlantic Ocean by both west and south coast.
Climate
The climate of Portugal can be classified into two. t is oceanic in the north and Mediterranean
in the south. t is also one of the warmest countries of Europe. The average temperatures in
the mainland are 13C 55F) in the north and 1C 64F) in the south. Summers are hot and
dry. Winters are cold and wet. Spring and autumn are the best seasons to visit Portugal.
ocal Customs
Casual dressing is acceptable. But keep in mind not to wear beachwear in towns. Smoking is
allowed after meals in Restaurants. Smoking is prohibited in theatres cinemas and buses.
Tipping is 10 to 15 percent in restaurant and hotels and 10 percent to tais.
Attractions
Castelo de Sao orge Castle of St. George
Alfama - The oldest part of isbon
S Cathedral) - first church in isbon
Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation Museum
The Bairro Alto - The Bairro Alto district an historic enclave dating back to 1513
Monument to the iscoveries - One of the popular attractions in isbon is the monument
situated on the riverbank in the Avenida de Brasilia in the district of Belem which was
designed to commemorate the Portuguese Age of iscovery
Tower of Belem - This is a NESCO World Heritage Site
Parue das Nacoes
Fatima
Museu Nacional de Soares dos Reis - dedicated to Soares dos Reis the famous sculptor
born and bred in Porto
greja de Sao Francisco
Solar Vinho do Porto
Vila Nova de Gaia
Frederico de Freitas Museum
Sao Vicente Caves
Cable Car
Cathedral
Whale Museum
Porto Santo
Setubal
Coimbra
Coimbra niversity
Guimaraes
Guimaraes church and palace
Braganca
Travel
By Air The national airline of Portugal is TAP Air Portugal TP). The airlines operates direct
flights to many destinations like Faro isbon and Porto from a number of countries including
Canada France Spain the and SA. Portugalia Airlines N) operates flights from
Europe. Many popular airlines that fly to Poland from are British Airways GB Airways and
Monarch Airlines Easyjet bmibaby et 2 MyTravelite Flybe Flyglobespan and SATA.The
29
biggest airport is isbon nternational Airport which is located like 4.5 miles north of the city.
By Sea The main ports for international passengers are isbon eies Oporto) Funchal
Madeira) and Portimo Algarve) served by Cunard talia inea C Olympia PO and
nion Cas
By Rail f coming from the fastest way is to get on Eurostar train to Paris and from Paris
to Portugal by Sud-Epress.
Road Spain is the only country sharing border with Portugal. The major border posts are
open most of the time now.
uty Free tems
1. p to 200 cigarettes or 100 cigarillos or 50 cigars or 250g smoking tobacco for Non-
European union countries.
2. 1 liter spirits with alcohol greater than 22 or 2 liter spirits or aperitifs made of wine less
than 22 or sparkling wines or liueurs or a proportionate mi of these and 2 liters of wine
3. perfume up to 50g and 250ml eau de toilette
4. Gifts up to C15
5. 500g coffee or 100g tea or 40g of tea etract
6. Medicines for personal use
Prohibited tems
Birds and poultry arriving from countries infected with Avian influenza n-canned goods
meat or dairy products Narcotics firearms ammunition weapons eggs plants endangered
species fireworks and alcoholic beverages that contain more than sity per cent alcohol.
Romania
About the county
ying in the Southeastern Europe Romania is slowly emerging from the shackles of its dark
history. Modern Romania was formed by merging two Principalities i.e. Moldavia and
Wallachia in 15 which were ruled by Ottoman Empire for centuries before. Romania is
bordered by Moldova kraine the Black Sea Bulgaria Serbia Montenegro and Hungary.
Bucharest is the capital of Romania. Transylvania and Moldavia constitute the northern half of
the country. Romania's main attractions include Black Sea Coast the Carpathian Mountains
and Transylvania. The Black Sea Coast is popular for its white sandy beaches and offers a
perfect eperience for families. The Carpathian Mountains are beautiful and covered by
dense forests which offer skiing opportunities. There are many health resorts also in
Romania. Transylvania is popular for Romanian Spas which have been known for its many
healing powers. ocal food specialty includes cuisines like ciorba de perisoare soup with
meatballs) ciorba tanancasca meat with vegetables) lamb bors giblet soup and a variety of
fish soups.
Population anguages
The population of Romania is around 22.5 million and the official language being spoken is
Romanian. The other popular languages are Hungarian and German.
Electricity
The voltage is 230 V and the freuency is 50 Hz. The types of plug used are round pin with
attachment and Schuko plug and receptacle with side grounding contacts.
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Geographic ocation
t is located in Southeastern Europe bordering the Black Sea between Bulgaria and kraine.
t is bordered by Hungary and Serbia to the west kraine and Moldova to the northeast and
Bulgaria to the south. Carpathian Mountains pass through the center of Romania.
Climate
The climate of Romania can be termed as Temperate and it has four seasons. While spring
and autumn are cool and pleasant. Summers are very short and hot occurring in uly and
August. The winters can be harsh and cold with snowfall between ecember and March. The
best months to visit Romania are May and une and September and October.
ocal Customs
Handshaking is the common custom. t is also customary to kiss when being introduced to a
woman. Mostly all normal European customs apply to Romania also. ressing is conservative
and casual. Smoking is prohibited on public transportation vehicles and theaters. Romanians
like smoking themselves and thus like if you gift them cigarettes. Tipping is 5 to 10 percent in
restaurant hotels and tais.
Attractions
Bucharest Once used to be known as Paris of the East the city of Bucharest is a city of lights
bustling with cafes night clubs and restaurants. t also has Romanian Opera House and a
huge National Museum. The historic sites include the Palace of Parliament Old Court Church
and Athenee Palace Hotel.
Brasov Not to be missed places are Castles in Transylvania which include Bran Castle
Rasnov Castle and also do miss to see Sighisoara about 0 miles from Brasov the birth
place of Vlad tepes.
Romanian Riviera This is along the coast of Black Sea which is huge tourist attraction. t is
also home to several resorts and Romanian spas famous for their healing powers.
Travel
By Air The national airline of Romania is Tarom. Many popular airlines that fly to Bucharest
include Air France Alitalia Austrian Airlines British Airways M ufthansa and Swiss. The
biggest airport is Bucharest Otopeni Airport which is located like 10 miles north of the city.
By Sea Constanta is the major port on the Black Sea. Currently no ferries are being
operated. But there are many cruises available which stop at various points of tourist interest
like Vienna Bratislava Budapest Bazias Giurgiu Calafat and Bucharest.
By Rail There is an international service to Bucharest from Western Europe which runs only
in summer months i.e. from une to September the name of the train service is Wiener
Waltzer.
uty Free tems
1. p to 200 cigarettes or 200 gm tobacco
2. 200g cocoa and 200g coffee
3. Perfumes medicines and souvenirs
4. Two cameras One small movie camera Twenty Four cassettes One portable radio One
TV set One tape recorder One pair of binoculars and One typewriter.
5. Gifts up to C15
Prohibited tems
n-canned goods meat or dairy products Narcotics firearms ammunition weapons eggs
plants endangered species fireworks and alcoholic beverages that contain more than sity
per cent alcohol.
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Spain
About The Country
Spain is famous world wide for its flamenco dancers and bullfights. The architecture reflects
the Moroccan style. Cave paintings renaissance cathedrals Moorish palaces prove the
diversity of the country. Spring fall and early summer are very pleasant here though
summers are hot.
Culture
Spanish is the regional language of Spain. English is also widely spoken here. Over the
period of time Spanish people have become modern in order to gel with the changing times
and are no longer conservative. But that hasn't changed the values traditions manners and
customs of the locals. People here have two surnames; the first surname can be used to refer
to the person. To greet someone a handshake will do the job. Take a small gift along when
visiting someone's house. Save the flowers for special occasions. inner is generally taken
very late in the night. People wear casuals most of the time. Men are epected to wear
jackets at some restaurants. Swimsuits should be confined to the pools and beaches.
Recently a ban has been applied on smoking in public places.
Shopping
Shops open uite early in the morning and stay open late in the evening. n the afternoon
they are closed for lunch or siesta. Porcelain and leather goods are famous and they will be
good gifts for friends and family members back home. Bills are to be paid along with the
service charges so tipping is a matter of gratitude.
Electricity
Voltage is 220 volts and freuency is 50 Hz
Getting There
BERA is the national airline of Spain. Many other low-cost airlines offer services in the
country. There are nearly thirty international airports in Spain out of which Madrid Barcelona
Valencia Alicante and Malaga are famous.
Madrid located at 13km away from the city has a good bus service every fifteen minutes.
nderground service also works to transport passengers to their destinations. Other facilities
offered at this airport are duty free shops bank restaurant tourism information and hotel
reservations.
Barcelona is very close to the city situated at a distance of 3 km only. Buses are available
every 15 minutes and trains are available every 20 minutes. Tais are available throughout
the day. uty free shops restaurants bank car hire and tourism information are available
here.
There is a good network of roads connecting Spain north to south. Toll booths are installed in
some parts of the country. Carrying few Euros will help smooth sailing at the toll booths. f
driving one's private car it would be better if the travel insurance covers medical costs too.
Carrying a medical kit can prove to be of some help.
uty Free tems
1. 200 cigarettes or 100 cigarillos 50 cigars or 250g tobacco 300 cigarettes 150 cigarillos 0
32
cigars and 400g of tobacco for E nationals)
2. 1litre of spirits if eceeding 22 per cent volume or 2 litres of alcoholic beverage not
eceeding 22 per cent volume and 2 litres of wine 1.5 litre eceeding 22 per cent and 3 litres
of up to 22 per cent and 5 litres of wine for E nationals)
3. 250ml eau de toilette and 50g of perfume
4. 500g of coffee or 200g of coffee etract 1000g of coffee and 4000g of coffee etract for E
nationals)
5. 100g of tea or 40g of tea etract
6. Gifts up to the value of approimately C3.26.
Sweden
About the county
Beautiful and clean the peaceful Sweden is a land of cultural diversity with a mi of anish
and Wild Arctic North influences. One can also get the feel of urban living in its beautiful and
sophisticated cities and at the same time one can feel the tranuility in the countryside.
Sweden is full of charm with scenic medical villages islands lakes and forests dotting its
landscape.
Most of Sweden's area is covered by forests and not to forget thousands of lakes. One of the
beauties of Sweden is its islands and one cannot go without seeing these islands. They offer
the most scenic and beautiful eperience to any visitors. Stockholm is the capital of Sweden
a city with 14 islands dotted with great restaurants nightclubs pubs and artistic grandeur.
Wherever you go most people speak English. f visitors want to have a taste of seafood the
west coast is the place to be. Also it is popular for ancient city ppsala. o no miss a trip to
the ce Hotel which is sculpted from ice each winter in apland. Sweden is an eciting country
with great roads and state of the art high speed train system.
Population anguages
Sweden has a population of around million and the official language is Swedish. app is
spoken by Sami people in the north. Most people speak English fluently and also many speak
German and French.
Electricity
Voltage - 230 volts Freuency - 50Hz. Standard European 2-pin plugs are used.
Geographic ocation
Sweden is a Nordic country lying in the Scandinavian Peninsula and is the fifth largest country
in Europe. ts west neighbor is Norway; Finland in the northeast the southwest border is
surrounded by Skagerrak and attegat straits and the west coast is surrounded by Baltic Sea
and the Gulf of Bothnia. Majority of the area is forest and there are thousands of lakes mostly
in the Southern part of Sweden.
ocal Customs
ike any other country Sweden has its own customs too. t is customary not to drink until the
host makes a toast. Smoking is prohibited in most public areas. t is also customary to say
Tack fr maten to the host after having a meal which means thanks for the food. Casual dress
is acceptable for everyday wear and formal wear for social gatherings. Also tipping up to ten
percent is customary for service in restaurants and around same percent for tais also.
Places to see
33
Stockholm The biggest city and capital of Sweden and is one of the most beautiful cities of
the world. The old town is a treat for your eyes and a walk around city's waterways and parks
is an eperience to cherish. Most visitors prefer walking around on foot and visit the medieval
part of Gamla Stan. The city is basically constituted by archipelagos which are outstandingly
scenic and can be eplored by cruises.
Gothenburg it is the second biggest city of Sweden. Not to be missed attraction in this city is
iseberg a world class amusement park. t is home to popular museums like Ostindiska
huset onstmuseet and Sjfartshistoriska museet.
Vadstena - The Renaissance castle Vadstena slot klosterkyrkan.
Visby Port of Visby ruins of rotten St Nicolai St ars and St Carin cathedral of St Maria
and Gotlands Fornsal historic musem.
Oland Fort of Graborg Eketorp museum and ruins of Borgholm Castle.
Travel
By Air t is well connected to the rest of the world by air. Many international airlines serve
Sweden apart from its national airlines SAS. The other airlines are Air Canada Air France
Aeroflot British Airways Finn air ufthansa Ryan air etc.
By Sea The ferries connect Sweden with other destinations such as New Castle
Copenhagen and St. Petersburg etc.
By Rail Trains connect Ostend Sweden to ondon. t is also connected to enmark by
Eurostar train.
By Road Visitors from can drive to Sweden through emark or Germany
uty Free tems
1. p to 200 cigarettes or 250 gm tobacco
2. 100 cigarillos or 50 cigars
3. 1 liter spirit over 22 or 2 liter wine or 32 liter beer
4. Perfumes
5. Gifts up to SE 100.
Prohibited tems
Narcotics firearms ammunition weapons most meat and dairy products eggs plants
endangered species fireworks and alcoholic beverages that contain more than sity per cent
alcohol.
SwitzerIand
About the country
Switzerland is blessed with all the bounties of nature. t is the most preferred tourist
destination among all the countries in the world. The Alps region has a cold weather most of
the times where as the summers are warmer in the northern area. Visit Saas Fee to ski and
snowboard. ream of living in real life igloo can come true as many resorts like ermatt and
St Moritz which is a celebrity resort) had them built for their customers.
Culture
34
talian German and French are the official languages of Switzerland. Many English people
can also be found here. nwrapped flowers must be presented to the host to show
appreciation. White asters and chrysanthemums flowers are reserved for funerals so
precaution must be taken when presenting flowers to others even red roses are better
avoided. One can move around in casuals but it is important to dress in warrant jackets and
ties when attending social gatherings or when eating out at a fine restaurant. Swiss Franc is
the currency used here.
Shopping
Switzerland is famous for its eotic chocolates finest handmade clocks and luury watches.
Other specialties are embroidered linen music boes wood carvings Swiss cheese and
Swiss army knives. Many shops remain close on Monday so shopping should be avoided on
that day. Since service charge is applied on all services so tipping is an issue of free-will.
.6 VAT is charged on all purchases made in Switzerland which can be reclaimed later by
asking for a global refund check if the purchase crosses 400 CHF.
Electricity
The standard current used is 230 volts AC) and 50 Hz.
Getting There
Swiss airline is the national airline of Switzerland which connects to 1 destinations all over
the world. urich is the most popular airport located at a distance of 11km from the city.
Every 15 minutes trains shuttles passengers to their destination. Fly-Rail uggage ticket can
be bought if the passengers want to collect their luggage at the railways station rather than
the airport. While leaving Switzerland Fly-Rail Baggage service can be availed that enables
passenger to check-in their luggage at the railway station itself. Other facilities provided here
are duty free shops banks restaurants and car hire. Check out Geneva Basle and Bern
airport for offers.
Since weather conditions are worst during the winters train is an efficient and cheaper option.
They are also great if one wants to enjoy the scenic beauty of Switzerland. Swiss Pass can
be purchased to visit most of the tourist attractions in Switzerland.
High uality roads are maintained here. Roads connect to Austria Germany taly and
France. But in winters things can get worse so it is better to carry chains and snow tires. Cars
should be kept to the right.
uty Free tems
a) Visitors from European countries
200 cigarettes or 50 cigars or 250g of tobacco
2 liter of alcohol up to 15 per cent) and 1liter of alcohol over 15 per cent)
b) Visitors from non-European countries
400 cigarettes or 100 cigars or 500g of tobacco
2liter of alcohol up to 15 per cent) and 1liter of alcohol over 15 per cent)
Meat items narcotics and absinthe are strictly not permitted. Other items that come under the
prohibited items list are firearms and animals.
35
U
About the county
The nited ingdom also called as England or Great Britain is the country which once ruled
nearly the entire world a century ago. The glory might have been lost but people are still
proud of their country and heritage. t has come a long way from a colonial empire to a
member of the E. The country comprises mainly of England Scotland Wales and Northern
reland. The country is full of scenic locales and energetic cities. Also the county is home to
nearly two million heritage points. The capital city of is ondon. A city beyond comparison
representing itself as an icon of diversity with people from different races creeds and all
walks of life blended into its culture. t is also home to many architectural marvels and one of
them is the ondon Bridge. While York and urham manifests the bygone era of country
iverpool and Newcastle are modern industrial marvels. Not to forget the scenic ake istrict
and Edinburg still attract people from all over the world.
Population anguages
The population is around 61 million and the official language is English. Other regional
languages spoke are Welsh Scottish Gaelic and rish etc.
Electricity
The voltage is 230-240 V and the freuency is 50 Hz. The type of plug used is rectangular
blade.
Geographic ocation
t is located in Western Europe and consists of islands including the northern one-sith of the
reland. t is 22 miles from the France border and linked by a under sea tunnel. The terrain is
mostly rolling lowlands and low mountains.
Climate
t has a moderate climate but lots of rain with around half of the years being overcast. The
lowest temperatures never go below 15 C 5 F) and in summer the average maimum is 34
C 3.2 F). t also gets snow in winter and early spring.
ocal Customs
The handshake is customary when you are meeting somebody for the first time. When visiting
someone s house a small gift like flowers or chocolates is customary. Waiting till everyone is
served before eating is also one of the etiuettes. Tipping is usually 10-15 in hotels
restaurants and tais. Smoking and non-smoking areas are clearly designated and thus
should be taken care of.
Places to see
ondon Buckingham Palace Hampton Court Palace ensington Palace Whitehall Palace
and the Tower of ondon
Scotland - The Bannockburn Heritage Centre and Ben awers Mountains
Wales - Aberdulais Falls ing Arthur's abyrinth olaucothi Gold Mines Great Orme Mines
Portmeirion Village Rhossili Visitor Centre Taff Valley Activity Centre and Techinuest
36
Travel
By Air The domestic airlines is British Airways which also connects almost all major world
destinations. Almost all airlines connect through ondon which is hub for all international
flights between east to west and west to east. Heathrow and Gatwick are international airports
of ondon.
By Sea Since is surrounded by water from almost all sides it has many ports. There are
many ferry services operating between Europe and .
By Rail Trains connect Ferries at over Folkestone Newhaven Portsmouth and Weymouth
sailing for Belgium France Germany and Spain you need to board at Victoria Station in
ondon); and at Harwich sailing for Germany The Netherlands and Scandinavia you need
to board at iverpool Street). Eurostar train connects ondon with Brussels and Paris through
channel tunnel.
By Road The vehicles can enter through channel tunnel. Cars and motorcycles coaches
minibuses caravans campervans and other vehicles over 1.5m 6.0ft) can also use
channel tunnel. Bicycles are also provided for.
uty Free tems
1. p to 3200 cigarettes
2. 400 cigarillos or 200 cigars
3. 1 liter spirit over 22 or 2 liter wine or 32 liter beer
4. Perfumes
5. Gifts up to 145
Prohibited tems
Narcotics firearms ammunition weapons most meat and dairy products eggs plants
endangered species fireworks and alcoholic beverages that contain more than sity per cent
alcohol.
Ukraine
About the county
kraine which is located in Eastern Europe is one of the largest country in that region of
Europe bordering Russia in the northeast Belarus in the north Poland Slovakia and Hungary
in the west Romania and Moldova in the southwest and also Black Sea and Sea of Azov in
the south. t is a popular tourist destination especially for tourists from Western Europe and
North America. The main selling point is the rich historical character of the country with as
many five hundred cities dating back as early as nine hundred years. Visitors are spellbound
by the architectural beauty of kraine. iev is the capital and the largest city of kraine where
most travelers begin their journey.
Population anguages
kraine has a population of roughly 46. million and the official language is krainian. The
other languages spoken here are Russian Romanian Polish and Hungarian.
Electricity
Voltage - 220 volts Freuency - 50Hz. Standard European Round pin attachment plug
Geographic ocation
37
kraine is located in Eastern Europe bordering Russia in the northeast Belarus in the north
Poland Slovakia and Hungary in the west Romania and Moldova in the southwest and also
Black Sea and Sea of Azov in the south. The strategic location of kraine between Asia and
Europe made it a transportation hub in the region.
ocal Customs
krainians are warm hearted and welcoming people. Casual dressing is mostly worn here
though it will be a good idea to wear smartly for theatres. Small gifts are appreciated. Tipping
is not very common; service is usually included in fine restaurants and hotel bills.
Places to see
St Sophia Cathedral As old as nine centuries it is one of the architectural marvels of
kraine.
iev-Pechersk avra Caves Monastery) These caves are as old as one millennium and
dating back to 11th century.
Great Patriotic War Museum
Statue of the Motherland iev
Travel
By Air The national airline of kraine is krainian nternational Airlines. n collaboration with
Aer Fi Group and Austrian Airline it links yiv to Amsterdam Barcelona Berlin Brussels
Copenhagen Frankfurt isbon ondon Madrid Milan Paris Rome Rotterdam Vienna and
urich. There is one more airline in kraine called Air kraine which serves relatively less
number of European cities. viv is also connected to New York Warsaw and Washington. t is
connected to Turkey through Simferopol and to through vanoFrankivsk. The major airport
is Boryspil State nternational Airport BP) which is located twenty five miles from iev.
By Sea The primary ports of kraine are zmail and Odessa which are situated on the River
anube. The ferry services connect kraine with Russia and Georgia. They also connect
various cities on the Black Sea and the Mediterranean Sea. Sevastopol is the port which
connects stanbul Turkey.
By Rail kraine has approimately 14000 miles of railway tracks linking most towns and
cities. yiv and viv are the main stations which connect with Moscow on a daily basis.
kraine also has direct lines to Berlin Germany) Budapest Hungary) Warsaw Poland) and
Bucharest Romania).
By Road kraine has an etensive network of roads with approimately 10000 mile of
road network out of which nearly 1000 mile is main or national roads.
uty Free tems
1. p to 200 cigarettes or 50 cigars or 250 gm tobacco
2. 1 liter spirit over 22 or 2 liter wine or 32 liter beer
3. Goods for personal use with a combined value of C200
Prohibited tems
Narcotics firearms ammunition weapons most meat and dairy products eggs plants
endangered species fireworks and alcoholic beverages that contain more than sity per cent
alcohol.
38
39