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Synthesized Converter System Operation and Maintenance Manual

Synthesized Converter System Operation and Maintenance Manual

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Synthesized Converter System Operation and Maintenance Manual


Supports Logic Firmware Version 1.2x and Ethernet Firmware Version 1.2x Drawing Number 17466, Revision C, Oct. 29, 2007 ECR 8455 SMH This manual applies to various models of VertexRSI Synthesized Up- and Downconverters.

EXPORT CONTROL WARNING - The disclosure of this document or its contents to non-U.S. persons, or the transmission of its contents outside the United States must be in compliance with U.S. Export Laws and Regulations. The bearer of this document is under obligation to know the applicable restrictions for the dissemination of its contents that relate to U.S. Export Laws and Regulations or any other U.S. government approvals.

Proprietary Notice
Information contained in this manual is provided in order to enable users to install, operate and maintain their equipment. All such information, including but not limited to design concepts, block diagrams, schematics, parts lists, assembly drawings, wire lists, theory of operation, and other explanations is the exclusive property of General Dynamics SATCOM Technologies except for the rights expressly granted by contract. The contents of this manual, and any subsequent volumes which may become a part thereof may not be copied, reproduced or duplicated by any means, whether photographically, manually or by optical scanning, without express written permission of General Dynamics SATCOM Technologies. Copyright 2007 by General Dynamics SATCOM Technologies, Inc. All rights reserved.

2120 Old Gatesburg Road State College, PA 16803 USA Phone: (814) 238-2700 FAX: (814) 238-6589 www.gdsatcom.com

DMAN-17466 Rev. C

Synthesized Converter

List of Effective Pages


The pages in this document are effective at the revision levels listed below. Pages in your document that are marked with a revision level earlier than that listed are obsolete. In future printings of this manual, pages may be marked with the latest applicable revision level of the document as a whole.

Page Title Page/List of Effective Pages .............. Table of Contents (i through iv) ................ 1-1 through 1-4 ....................................... 2-1 through 2-14 ..................................... 3-1 through 3-26 ..................................... 3-27/3-28................................................ 3-29 through 3-36 ................................... 3-37/3-38................................................ 3-39 through 3-84 ................................... 4-1 through 4-4 ....................................... 5-1 through 5-6 ....................................... 6-1/6-2.................................................... 7-1/7-2.................................................... 8-1/8-2.................................................... A-1 through A-8....................................... B-1/B-2................................................... C-1/C-2................................................... Notes .......................................................

Rev. C C A A C B C C

DMAN-17466 Rev. C

Synthesized Converter

Table of Contents
Section 1 General Information .................................................................. 1-1 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 How to Use This Manual ............................................................................ 1-1 Safety Information...................................................................................... 1-1 General Introduction .................................................................................. 1-2 Purpose of Equipment ................................................................................ 1-2 Equipment and Accessories Supplied ......................................................... 1-2 Specifications............................................................................................. 1-2 Compliances .............................................................................................. 1-3

Section 2 Installation................................................................................ 2-1 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 General Introduction .................................................................................. 2-1 Inspection .................................................................................................. 2-1 Mechanical Installation .............................................................................. 2-1 Power Requirements................................................................................... 2-2 Electrical Interface ..................................................................................... 2-2 2.5.1 J1 Line Input ................................................................................ 2-2 2.5.2 J2 Network Interface ..................................................................... 2-2 2.5.3 J4 STARswitch Interface................................................................ 2-3 2.5.4 J3 Serial I/O ................................................................................. 2-3 2.5.5 J5 and J6 IF/RF Inputs/Outputs ................................................ 2-13 2.5.6 J7 Reference Input ...................................................................... 2-13

Section 3 Operation .................................................................................. 3-1 3.1 General Introduction .................................................................................. 3-1 3.2 RF Operation.............................................................................................. 3-1 3.3 Front Panel ................................................................................................ 3-1 3.3.1 Indicators ........................................................................................ 3-2 3.3.2 Action Buttons................................................................................. 3-3 3.3.3 Display Window and Menu Interface ................................................ 3-3 3.3.4 Menu Listing.................................................................................... 3-6 3.3.5 Status Screen .................................................................................. 3-9 3.3.6 Main Menu .................................................................................... 3-11 3.3.7 Error/Notification Messages........................................................... 3-12 3.4 Using Serial I/O ....................................................................................... 3-12 3.4.1 Interface ........................................................................................ 3-13 3.4.2 Protocol ......................................................................................... 3-13 3.4.3 Messages ....................................................................................... 3-20 3.4.4 Message Table................................................................................ 3-27
Table of Contents i

DMAN-17466 Rev. C

Synthesized Converter

3.4.5 Accessing Fault Information Using Serial I/O .................................3-35 3.4.6 List of Specific Fault and Warning Codes ........................................3-36 3.5 Network Interface......................................................................................3-39 3.6 Function Reference ...................................................................................3-42 3.6.1 Faults and Warnings ......................................................................3-42 3.6.2 Operational Controls ......................................................................3-47 3.6.3 Service Information.........................................................................3-58 3.6.4 Setup Faults/Warnings Menu.........................................................3-66 3.6.5 Setup Network ................................................................................3-68 3.6.6 Setup Serial I/O .............................................................................3-71 3.6.7 External Reference Frequency.........................................................3-73 3.6.8 IF Frequency Band .........................................................................3-73 3.6.9 Reference Output............................................................................3-74 3.6.10 Remote Disables Local..................................................................3-74 3.6.11 Power-Up State ............................................................................3-75 3.6.12 Screen Password ..........................................................................3-76 3.6.13 Unlock .........................................................................................3-77 3.6.14 Local Lockout ...............................................................................3-78 3.6.15 Factory Settings ...........................................................................3-80 3.7 Program Loading and Firmware Upgrades .................................................3-83 Section 4 Theory of Operation ...................................................................4-1 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 4.7 4.8 General Introduction...................................................................................4-1 Reference Module........................................................................................4-1 Synthesizer .................................................................................................4-1 Converter Module .......................................................................................4-1 Logic Board.................................................................................................4-1 Front Panel .................................................................................................4-2 Power Supply ..............................................................................................4-2 Fan Power Supply .......................................................................................4-3

Section 5 Maintenance ..............................................................................5-1 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 General Introduction...................................................................................5-1 Recommended Equipment ..........................................................................5-1 Preventive Maintenance ..............................................................................5-2 Adjustments ...............................................................................................5-2 5.4.1 Reference Oscillator Adjustment .......................................................5-2 5.4.2 Power Supply Adjustment .................................................................5-2 5.5 Performance Verification .............................................................................5-3 5.6 Troubleshooting ..........................................................................................5-5

ii Table of Contents

DMAN-17466 Rev. C

Synthesized Converter

Section 6 Drawings.................................................................................... 6-1 6.1 General Introduction .................................................................................. 6-1 6.2 Drawing Index............................................................................................ 6-1 Section 7 Warranty ................................................................................... 7-1 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.4 General Introduction .................................................................................. 7-1 Technical Support ...................................................................................... 7-1 Warranty.................................................................................................... 7-1 Return Procedures ..................................................................................... 7-2

Section 8 System Configuration ................................................................ 8-1 8.1 General Introduction .................................................................................. 8-1

Appendix A Legacy SIO Protocol............................................................... A-1

Appendix B Legacy Network Interface....................................................... B-1

Appendix C Glossary ................................................................................ C-1

Table of Contents iii

DMAN-17466 Rev. C

Synthesized Converter

List of Illustrations Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure Figure 1-1. 2-1. 2-2. 2-3. 2-4. 2-5. 3-1. 3-2. 3-3. 5-1. A-1. Synthesized Converter System........................................................1-3 A Typical RS-485 4-wire Bus ..........................................................2-6 Failsafe Biasing on an RS-485 4-Wire Network ...............................2-8 A Typical RS-485 2-wire Bus ..........................................................2-9 Failsafe Biasing on an RS-485 2-Wire Network .............................2-10 A Typical RS-422 Bus...................................................................2-11 Front Panel ....................................................................................3-2 Serial I/O Framing Protocol..........................................................3-14 Message Data Framing Protocol....................................................3-20 Location of Adjustments.................................................................5-3 Serial Port Multipin Connectors on Logic Board............................. A-1

List of Tables Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table 1-1 2-1 2-2 2-3 3-1 3-2 3-3 3-4 3-5 5-1 6-1 6-2 A-1 A-2 B-1 List of Equipment and Accessories Normally Supplied ....................1-3 Fuse Ratings ..................................................................................2-2 STARswitch Interface, J4................................................................2-3 Standard Serial I/O Interface, J3 ...................................................2-5 Menu Listing ..................................................................................3-7 Instruction Codes.........................................................................3-26 Standard Protocol Serial I/O Messages .........................................3-27 Fault and Warning Codes .............................................................3-36 SCR MIB Structure ......................................................................3-39 Recommended Test Equipment.......................................................5-1 Drawing Types ...............................................................................6-1 Drawing Index................................................................................6-2 Legacy Serial I/O Interface, J3 ...................................................... A-2 Legacy Protocol Serial I/O Messages.............................................. A-5 Legacy Version 1.00 Ethernet Message Table .................................. B-1

iv Table of Contents

DMAN-17466 Rev. C

Synthesized Converter

Section 1
1.1 How to Use This Manual

General Information

This manual contains information on how to install, operate, and maintain the VertexRSI SCR series Synthesized Converter. Information is organized according to section, with numbered index tabs for convenience. Within each section, the pages, Figures, and Tables are numbered by section and by order of appearance within the section. To locate information quickly, refer to the table of contents. To locate a figure or table, refer to the lists of figures and tables, which immediately follow the table of contents. To find a definition of an unfamiliar word or acronym, refer to the glossary of acronyms and terms at the end of the manual. Section 7 contains warranty information and return procedures to be followed in the event that factory repair is required. Please refer to this section for information on how to contact the factory for service. Safety information is summarized in the following section. Warnings, cautions or notes appear prior to dangerous procedures throughout the manual. 1.2 Safety Information This equipment has been designed to minimize exposure of personnel to hazards, and is a safety class I device (provided with a protective earth terminal). An uninterruptable safety earth ground must be provided from the main power source to the input wiring terminals through the power cord set. WARNING Failure to ground the equipment as described will cause a potential shock hazard that could result in personal injury. Servicing instructions are for use by service-trained personnel only. To avoid dangerous electric shock, do not perform any servicing unless qualified to do so. Do not replace components with the power cable connected to the

General Information 1-1

DMAN-17466 Rev. C

Synthesized Converter equipment. Capacitors within the equipment may still be charged even if the power cable has been disconnected. Discharge before touching.

WARNING

Some adjustments described in this manual are performed with power applied while protective covers are removed. Always be careful not to come into contact with dangerous voltages while performing these procedures, and never work alone. Do not operate this equipment in the presence of flammable gasses or fumes. Operation of any electrical equipment in such an environment is dangerous, and can cause explosions and/or fires.

1.3

General Introduction This technical manual provides operation and service instructions for the VertexRSI Synthesized Converter. The Synthesized Converter consists of an up- or downconverter module, a reference module, a frequency synthesizer, a logic board assembly, a front panel assembly, a power supply, and a cooling fan, all housed in a 1U rack chassis.

1.4

Purpose of Equipment The Synthesized Converter is a fully synthesized up- or downconverter featuring a modular architecture and a dualconversion, non-inverting frequency plan. It incorporates extensive monitor and control functions that are accessible from the front panel as well as through a serial I/O interface.

1.5

Equipment and Accessories Supplied The VertexRSI Synthesized Converter, illustrated in Figure 1-1, includes the items listed in Table 1-1.

1.6

Specifications The electrical specifications of the Synthesized Converter are given in the test data sheet included in Section 8, System Configuration.

1-2 General Information

DMAN-17466 Rev. C

Synthesized Converter

Line Cord

IF

RF ON

PREV

WARNING FAULT
FAULT RESET

GAIN
RF

MODIFY

MENU
SEL

SCR-XXXXXX-XX

MUTE

SCR series Synthesized Converter


Figure 1-1. Synthesized Converter System Table 1-1 Quantity 1 1 1 1.7 Compliances This equipment complies with the following directives and is CE marked accordingly: The EMC directive 89/336/EEC The Low Voltage Directive 73/23/EEC The equipment is designed for use in a Class A industrial environment. Additionally, the equipment has been certified to meet the requirements of MIL-STD-461E for naval shipboard installation, below decks. List of Equipment and Accessories Normally Supplied Description Synthesized Converter AC Line Power Cord Operation and Maintenance Manual

General Information 1-3

DMAN-17466 Rev. C

Synthesized Converter

1-4 General Information

DMAN-17466 Rev. C

Synthesized Converter

Section 2
2.1 General Introduction

Installation

To install the VertexRSI Synthesized Converter, use the information contained in this section. Inspect the equipment before installation. See Inspection, Section 2.2. For instructions on installing the equipment in a rack, see Mechanical Installation procedures in Section 2.3. Power Requirements are described in Section 2.4. To connect external equipment, see Electrical Interface, Section 2.4.

2.2

Inspection Inspect the shipping container for damage. If it or its cushioning material are damaged, keep them until the contents of the shipment have been checked for completeness and the system has been checked electrically and mechanically. Carefully unpack the shipping container. Check that all items in the list of Equipment and Accessories, Table 1-1, were received with the shipment. Also check the packing list in the shipping container for a list of additional items that may have been ordered. If the system has been damaged in shipment, file a claim with the carrier. Keep all packaging materials for the carrier's inspection. If the contents are incomplete or there is evidence of improper packaging, notify VertexRSI immediately.

2.3

Mechanical Installation The Synthesized Converter chassis is designed to be mounted in a 19" (482.6 mm) rack. See the system outline drawing in Section 6, Drawings. The equipment should be mounted on either chassis slides or brackets and securely fastened to the rack.

Installation 2-1

DMAN-17466 Rev. C CAUTION

Synthesized Converter Do not try to support the unit by its front panel. Always use rack slides or support rails. The front panel is not designed to support the weight of the unit.

2.4

Power Requirements Before plugging this unit into the AC line, verify that the correct fuses have been selected. The Synthesized Converter operates from a single-phase, 90264 Vac, 47-63 Hz source. Connect the supplied power cord to the IEC-320 line input (J1). The power supplies are universal input, auto-ranging units. Fuses should be selected to match the voltage in use according to Table 2-1.

CAUTION

Table 2-1 Line Voltage 100/120 Vac 208/220 Vac 2.5 Electrical Interface Rating 2.0 A 1.0 A Size 5 mm x 20 mm 5 mm x 20 mm

Fuse Ratings Type GMA GMA

Interfaces to the Synthesized Converter consist of an ac prime power input (J1), a network interface (J2), a serial I/O port (J3), a STARswitch interface (J4), RF/IF inputs and outputs (J5 and J6), and an external reference input (J7). 2.5.1 J1 Line Input The Synthesized Converter operates from a 90264 Vac, 4763 Hz source. Connect the supplied power cord to the IEC-320 line input. 2.5.2 J2 Network Interface The Ethernet network interface (RJ-45) allows control of a subset of firmware functions and features. The SNMP interface uses standard protocol serial I/O instruction and sub-instruction codes as an MIB address and supports DHCP or Static IP address assignment.

2-2 Installation

DMAN-17466 Rev. C 2.5.3 J4 STARswitch Interface

Synthesized Converter

The STARswitch interface (J4, 15-position sub-D, female) supports the legacy STARswitch controller and the newer STARswitch II. Logic firmware in the converter automatically detects the presence and type of the STARswitch controller when the connection is made. The STARswitch Redundancy Switch receives power from and is controlled by the alarms of the converters; status of the switches is also reported via the converters. There are no operator controls on the STARswitch itself. More detailed information is available in the STARswitch Redundancy Switchs manual. The pinout is given below. Table 2-2 Pin 1 2 4 5 6 7 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 Function +15 Vdc (power to STARswitch) Ground Switch Alarm (input) TXD/Rx RXD/Tx + Ground MS (MEM-SET) M0 (MEM-0) M1 (MEM-1) M2 (MEM-2) Status (Standby) MV (MEM-IS-SET) Converter Alarm (output) STARswitch Interface, J4

Note: Pins 3 and 8 are not used. The Alarm output (pin 15) signals the converter alarm status to the STARswitch. The Switch Alarm input (pin 4) signals the STARswitch alarm status to the converter if it is used as a backup converter.

2.5.4

J3 Serial I/O The Synthesized Converter is equipped with a serial port that allows remote monitoring of system functions.

NOTE

The unit is normally configured at the factory to use the standard interface, as described in the following subsections. However, the unit can be configured to use a legacy interface, allowing compatibility with older, existing installations. The legacy interface is described in Appendix A.

Installation 2-3

DMAN-17466 Rev. C

Synthesized Converter In the standard serial I/O (SIO) interface, connections exist for RS-232, RS-422, and RS-485 (4-wire or 2-wire) circuits. Only one of these interfaces may be enabled at any time. To connect to the serial port, you need to know which interface type your system uses. The various interface selections share some lines, so it is important to make sure the appropriate interface is selected. Selection of an interface is done using both the connector wiring and choices you make in the systems SIO setup menus. (See Section 3.6.6.) For RS-422 and 485 interfaces, an AC termination is used that reduces the amount of current drawn when nothing is being transmitted or received. Table 2-3 describes the available signals on the standard protocol serial I/O interface. J3 is a 9-position D female connector, and requires a 9-position D male mating connector. A solder-cup style connector and metal backshell are supplied with the Synthesized Converter for use in connecting to the serial I/O port, if desired. Any pins not used in the desired interface should be left unconnected. No hardware or software handshaking is used for serial I/O. The Synthesized Converter will only transmit data if it is polled with an appropriate message. All serial communications use 8 data bits, 1 start bit, 1 stop bit, and no parity. The baud rate can be set for 300, 1200, 2400, 4800, 9600, 14400, 19200, or 28800 baud.

2.5.4.1

RS-232 RS-232 is a specification that defines both the pin-out and electrical specifications for communicating serial data. VertexRSI equipment does conform to all RS-232 electrical specifications. The pin-out conforms to the DCE end of that specified in EIA/TIA-574, which is used on IBM PC-style computer 9-pin COM ports. Since the Synthesized Converter appears as the DCE end, it may be connected to an IBM PCstyle computer via either a straight through 9-pin cable, or to a 25-pin COM port using a 9-pin-to-25-pin adapter (although only 3 lines are actually needed).

2-4 Installation

DMAN-17466 Rev. C Table 2-3


9-pin D (F)
5 4 3 2 1

Synthesized Converter Standard Serial I/O Interface, J3

Pin Number 5 3 2 4 3 1 2 5 9

Function Signal Ground Data In Data Out + + Data In Data Out

Notes Connect to DTE signal SG. Connect to DTE signal TD. Connect to DTE signal RD.

RS-232 (EIA/TIA-574) (Full duplex, one unit on a bus)

RS-485 4-wire (Full duplex, multiple units on a bus)

High impedance when not transmitting data, to allow multiple units on a bus. Connect to pin 4 to terminate receiver. Terminate units on ends of bus. Connect indicated pins together for RS-485 interface. Connect to pin 4 to terminate RS-485 bus. Terminate units on ends of bus

Ground Termination

RS-485 2-wire (Half duplex, bi-directional bus, multiple units on a bus) 4&1 3&2 5 9 + Data I/O

Ground Termination

RS-422 (Full duplex, one unit on a bus) 4 3 1 2 5 9 Service Request 6 7 8 CLOSED on Alarm Common OPEN on Alarm Form C contacts, rated for 65 Vdc, 0.15 A (resistive load). Relay shown in relaxed (Alarm/SvcReq) state. + + Data In Data Out Transmit driver on continuously.

Ground Termination Connect to pin 4 to terminate receiver. Terminate units on ends of bus.

Installation 2-5

DMAN-17466 Rev. C

Synthesized Converter The RS-232 electrical specification allows for full-duplex communication over a maximum of 50 feet of cable. One line is used for transmit data, the other for receive. Using lower baud rates or low capacitance cable can extend this distance. Only one driver is allowed on either the transmit data line or the receive data line, so communication is possible between only two devices (i.e., the host computer and the Synthesized Converter) on an RS-232 bus. Only three of the RS-232 lines are used: Signal Ground, Transmit Data, and Receive Data. No hardware handshaking lines are used.

2.5.4.2

RS-485 (4 wire) The RS-485 specification is an electrical specification only. It allows for full duplex communications over two differential pairs of wires (one pair for transmit data, the other for receive) or for half duplex communications over a single pair of wires. The full duplex mode of operation is referred to as RS-485 4-wire. In RS-485, the transmit drivers may be switched on and off, allowing more than one driver on a bus. See Figure 2-1.
Host Computer
V+ V4 3 9 V1 2 5 V+

Unit 1

Unit 2
4 3 9 1 2 5 4 3 9 1 2 5

Last Unit

Figure 2-1. A Typical RS-485 4-wire Bus There is a common mode voltage specification for RS-485, so you must be sure that all equipment on the bus shares a

2-6 Installation

DMAN-17466 Rev. C

Synthesized Converter common ground through some path. Sometimes it is necessary to run a common ground line to all devices on the bus. The Synthesized Converter uses an RS-485 pin-out compatible with that on some popular PC plug-in interface cards, and it can connect to them using a straight-through cable. Cable lengths up to 4000 feet are allowed.

2.5.4.2.1

Terminations In Figure 2-1, note the terminations on the receivers for the host computer (first unit) and the last unit on the bus. No other unit (in this example Unit 1 or Unit 2) should be terminated. The Synthesized Converter uses an AC style termination, consisting of a 120 resistor and a 0.01 F capacitor in series. The termination is enabled by connecting the TERMINATION pin (pin 9) to the RX+ input (pin 4). For short cable runs, terminations may not be necessary.

2.5.4.2.2

Fail-safe Biasing Since the RS-485 transmitter is turned off when no data is being sent (to support multiple units on the bus), the bus is left floating (i.e., un-driven, in a high impedance state) between messages. During these times, the line is particularly sensitive to electromagnetic interference and may register as either a 1 or a 0. In other words, receiving UARTs on the line may see either random data or errors between legitimate messages. This can cause problems with certain equipment or software, so fail-safe biasing may be necessary. A fail-safe biasing network is basically just a pull-up resistor on the + line and a pull-down resistor on the line. This forces the bus into a 1 (or MARK) state when nothing else is driving it. Typical fail-safe biasing circuits are shown in Figure 2-1, enclosed in dashed lines. See also Figure 2-2, below.

Installation 2-7

DMAN-17466 Rev. C

Synthesized Converter

Power Supply Vs + R Host Computer RS-485:4 Interface R Tx + Tx Rx + Rx GND

Figure 2-2. Failsafe Biasing on an RS-485 4-Wire Network A voltage source (power supply) is needed to provide the pullup voltage for the + line. As a general rule, the supply should be a dc supply of 5 to 12 volts, and the value of each resistor (in ohms) should be approximately R = 2.5 x VS x RZ where R = The resistance of the pull-up and pull-down resistors VS = The voltage of the power supply RZ = The resistance of the terminations (60 ohms for 2-wire, 120 ohms for 4-wire) In an RS-485 (4-wire) system, it is usually not necessary for the transmit driver in the host computer to switch on and off, since it is the only driver on that pair of wires. In this case, no fail-safe biasing is necessary on the transmit output from the host computer. The Synthesized Converter has an internal biasing network on its receiver inputs that guarantees a MARK state when the input is not connected. 2.5.4.3 RS-485 (2-wire) With an RS-485 interface, you can connect the transmit and receive pairs together, and communicate in half duplex over

2-8 Installation

DMAN-17466 Rev. C

Synthesized Converter only one pair of wires. This mode of operation is called RS485 (2-wire). See Figure 2-3. There is a common mode voltage specification for RS-485, so you must be sure that all equipment on the bus shares a common ground through some path. Sometimes it is necessary to run a common ground line to all devices on the bus. The Host Computer must switch its driver on to talk, and off to listen for a response. Timing for turning the transmitter on and off depends on the protocol you are using. The transmitter must be turned off before the earliest time the unit may generate a response.

Host Computer

V+

Unit 1
V4 3 9 1 2 5

Unit 2
4 3 9 1 2 5 4 3 9 1 2 5

Last Unit

Figure 2-3. A Typical RS-485 2-wire Bus To use RS-485 with this connector pin-out, one must connect pins 1 and 4 together to form the positive (+) side of the bus, and pins 2 and 3 to form the negative (-) side of the bus. Cable lengths up to 4000 feet are allowed. 2.5.4.3.1 Terminations In Figure 2-3, note the terminations on the receivers for the host computer (first unit) and the last unit on the bus. No other unit should be terminated. The Synthesized Converter uses an AC style termination, consisting of a 120 resistor and a 0.01 F capacitor in

Installation 2-9

DMAN-17466 Rev. C

Synthesized Converter series. The termination is enabled by connecting the TERMINATION pin (pin 9) to the RX+ input (pin 4). For short cable runs, terminations may not be necessary.

2.5.4.3.2

Fail-safe Biasing Since nothing is driving the bus between messages, the bus is left floating in an un-driven, high impedance state, and may register as either a 1 or a 0 to any unit on the bus. This ambiguity may cause problems with equipment or software, so fail-safe biasing may be necessary. A fail-safe biasing network is basically just a pull-up resistor on the + line and a pull-down resistor on the line. This forces the bus into a 1 (or MARK) state when nothing else is driving it. Typical fail-safe biasing circuits are shown in Figure 2-3, enclosed in dashed lines. See also Figure 2-4, below.

Power Supply Vs + R Host Computer RS-485:2 Interface R Data + Data GND

Figure 2-4. Failsafe Biasing on an RS-485 2-Wire Network A voltage source (power supply) is needed to provide the pullup voltage for the + line. As a general rule, the supply should be a dc supply of 5 to 12 volts, and the value of each resistor (in ohms) should be approximately R = 2.5 x VS x RZ

2-10 Installation

DMAN-17466 Rev. C

Synthesized Converter where R = The resistance of the pull-up and pull-down resistors VS = The voltage of the power supply RZ = The resistance of the terminations (60 ohms for 2-wire, 120 ohms for 4-wire) The Synthesized Converter has an internal biasing network on its receiver inputs that guarantees a MARK state when the input is not connected.

2.5.4.4

RS-422 The RS-422 specification is an electrical specification only. It is very similar to RS-485 (4-wire) in that it allows for full duplex communication over two differential pairs of wires; one pair for transmit data, the other for receive. See Figure 2-5. Unlike RS-485, however, RS-422 drivers are on all the time, so only one of them is allowed on either pair of lines. This avoids the problems of fail-safe biasing involved with RS-485, but limits communication to only one device and the host computer.
Host Computer
4 3 9 1 2 5

Unit

Figure 2-5. A Typical RS-422 Bus There is a common mode voltage specification for RS-422, so you must be sure that all equipment on the bus shares a common ground through some path. Sometimes it is necessary to run a common ground line to both devices on the bus. The Synthesized Converter uses an RS-422 pin-out compatible with that on some popular PC plug-in RS-422 interface cards, and it can connect to them using a straightthrough cable. Cable lengths up to 4000 feet are allowed when using an RS-422 interface.

Installation 2-11

DMAN-17466 Rev. C 2.5.4.4.1 Terminations

Synthesized Converter

In Figure 2-5, note the terminations on the receivers for the Host Computer and the Unit (Synthesized Converter). The Synthesized Converter uses an AC style termination, consisting of a 120 resistor and a 0.01 F capacitor in series. The termination is enabled by connecting the TERMINATION pin (pin 9) to the RX+ input (pin 4). For short cable runs, terminations may not be necessary. 2.5.4.5 Service Request The Standard protocol serial I/O interface includes a programmable Form C relay output that can be utilized as a Service Request interrupt, to alert the host status monitoring system that a fault or warning condition exists. When a fault or warning condition occurs, the Service Request is switched to its fault state. It remains there until either all fault and warning conditions have been cleared via serial I/O, or a serial I/O Acknowledge Service Request command is issued. The status monitoring system can poll the unit to determine what the condition is and can reset the Service Request relay contact until another condition occurs. The pinout for the Service Request is identified in Table 2-3. When the serial protocol is set for Legacy, the Form C relay on the serial I/O connector (and the open-collector output on the legacy serial connector) will act as a Summary Fault indicator instead. Refer to Appendix A for more information on using the legacy SIO protocol. 2.5.4.6 Making the Connection Follow the steps below to connect the Synthesized Converter serial I/O connector to your remote host system. Note To maintain CE compliance, use shielded cables on all data lines. For D sub type connectors, attach the cable shield to a metal backshell. 1. Determine which pins on the serial I/O port you will use. Figure out the required connections between the Synthesized Converter and remote host system.

2-12 Installation

DMAN-17466 Rev. C

Synthesized Converter 2. Use the supplied 9-position D male connector, or a compatible one, to fabricate an interface cable to connect between the Synthesized Converter serial I/O port and the host system. For best EMC performance, use shielded cable, and terminate the shield on the metal backshells of the connectors. 3. Connect the Synthesized Converter end of the cable to J3. Mechanically secure the connector flange to J3 with appropriate hardware. 4. Select your desired interface using the systems SIO setup menus; i.e., from the Main Menu, select Set (Setup) then Ser (serial I/O). See Section 3.6.6.

2.5.5

J5 and J6 IF/RF Inputs/Outputs J5 is the 70 MHz or 140 MHz IF output (downconverter models) or IF input (upconverter models). J5 is a Type BNC female connector on all models. J6 is the L-, C-, or Ku-band RF input (downconverter models) or RF output (upconverter models). J6 is either a Type N female (L-, C-band) or Type SMA female (Ku-band).

2.5.6

J7 Reference Input Connect an external 5 MHz or 10 MHz reference to the Reference Input, J7 (Type BNC female). When connected, and external reference operating mode is selected, the internal 10 MHz reference oscillator is phase-locked to the external 5 MHz or 10 MHz signal. This connector may be left open if operation from only the internal free-running reference is desired.

Installation 2-13

DMAN-17466 Rev. C

Synthesized Converter

2-14 Installation

DMAN-17466 Rev. C

Synthesized Converter

Section 3
3.1 General Introduction

Operation

This section describes basic operation of the VertexRSI Synthesized Converter. To obtain information about the RF operation of the system, refer to RF Operation in Section 3.2. To use front panel controls, refer to Front Panel Controls in Section 3.3. To use serial I/O to control and monitor the system, refer to Using Serial I/O in Section 3.4. To use the network interface to control and monitor the system, refer to Network Interface in Section 3.5. For more details on how the controls, measurements and settings affect the systems RF performance, see Function Reference, Section 3.6. If you need to load or upgrade the firmware program, refer to Program Loading and Firmware Upgrades in Section 3.7.

3.2

RF Operation Before operating the Synthesized Converter, ensure that the installation procedures in Section 2 have been completed and that all interconnecting power and RF connections are in place. The RF operation of the Synthesized Converter is straightforward and consists of connecting the system RX/TX cables to the appropriate rear panel connectors. Care should be taken to ensure that the input signals do not overdrive the converter and degrade the signal quality.

3.3

Front Panel The front panel, shown in Figure 3-1, contains indicator lights, buttons for common control actions, MODIFY data buttons, MENU navigation buttons, and a text display window.

Operation 3-1

DMAN-17466 Rev. C

Synthesized Converter

IF and RF Sample Ports

RF On, Mute Indicators and Action Buttons

Gain Adjust Buttons

Control Menu and Status Message Display Window

Modify Data (INC, DEC) Buttons

Menu Navigation Buttons

Warning, Fault Indicators and Fault Reset Button

IF

RF ON

PREV

WARNING FAULT
FAULT RESET

GAIN
RF

MODIFY

MENU
SEL

SCR-XXXXX-XX

MUTE

Figure 3-1. Front Panel 3.3.1 Indicators Four indicator lights present critical status information quickly. These indicators are described below. RF ON (Green): The RF ON indicator is lit if the system is on (i.e., generating RF output). It is unlit if the system is off for any reason (e.g., Mute or RF Inhibit). MUTE (Amber): This indicator is lit if the Mute Control is set to Mute. It is unlit if the Mute Control is set to Operate. WARNING (Amber): The WARNING indicator is lit if a warning condition is detected in the system. A warning indicates a condition that should be corrected to insure normal operation of the system. FAULT (Red): The FAULT indicator is lit if a fault condition is detected in the system. Faults are problems detected within the system that could potentially affect RF output. Faults can occur in the primary RF path and in digital circuitry monitoring the RF path. Failures of digital circuitry are reported as faults because they may hide problems in the RF path.

All lamps will be illuminated during a power-up or microprocessor reset, for as long as the splash screen is displayed. The splash screen displays the name and version of the firmware and a copyright notice. It is displayed for approximately 4 seconds after a power-up or microprocessor reset. If the microprocessor fails, hardware timeout circuitry on the front panel board will turn off all indicators, and illuminate only the FAULT indicator.

3-2 Operation

DMAN-17466 Rev. C 3.3.2 Action Buttons

Synthesized Converter

Five buttons on the front panel can cause immediate actions to occur. This eliminates the need to navigate through menus to perform these common tasks.
RF ON

If the system is currently muted, pressing this button will normally turn RF output on. However, this button will not turn on a unit that is disabled or shutdown due to a fault. Pressing this button when RF output is already on will have no effect. If the front panel is locked or the system is in Remote mode with Remote Disables Local active, pressing this button will have no effect. If RF output is currently on, pressing this button will normally immediately mute the system, turning RF output off. Pressing this button when the system is already muted will have no effect. If the front panel is locked or the system is in Remote mode with Remote Disables Local active, pressing this button will have no effect. Pressing either button once will display the gain setting screen. Additional presses normally will each increase or decrease system gain by 0.1 dB, and pressing and holding either button will cause gain to change rapidly. However, if the front panel is locked or the system is in Remote mode with Remote Disables Local active, pressing these buttons will only display the gain, but will not change it. Pressing this button normally issues a Fault Reset command. A Fault Reset command will clear Faults or Warnings, and certain other fault events, such as a Spurious Reset, or Illegal Op-code. If the front panel is locked or the system is in Remote mode with Remote Disables Local active, pressing this button will have no effect.

MUTE

GAIN

FAULT RESET

3.3.3

Display Window and Menu Interface The display window presents measurements, controls and settings of the system in several screens arranged into menus. Buttons are used to navigate through the menus and screens and to change settings on screens containing controls. The top line of every menu will show a title or important piece of information related to the content of the screen. The

Operation 3-3

DMAN-17466 Rev. C

Synthesized Converter bottom line will generally contain your choices, or data that is editable on that screen. A pair of heavy brackets [ ] appears on the bottom line if there is more than one choice. The brackets can be moved left or right with the left or right MENU buttons. Pressing the SEL button will select or activate the item chosen. If the item chosen is a number, pressing a MODIFY button ( or ) will change it. Some screens display measurements only and have no editable data. In this case, no selection brackets will appear, and the MODIFY buttons and will not function. Left or right arrowheads and appear on the bottom line of screens that have more choices or data than will fit on the line. In this case, pressing the left or right MENU buttons will scroll the screen to show the extra data. The following sections describe the use of the menus, screens and buttons in general. In some screens, the behavior of the buttons or selection brackets may vary. Read the specific section describing the screens for more information.

3.3.3.1

Menu Navigation Buttons


PREV

MENU
SEL

The front panel contains four Menu Buttons for navigating the menus. All buttons have an auto-repeat function that activates if you press and hold the button for more than about 0.6 seconds. Functions of the four Menu Buttons are described below. This button moves the selection brackets [ ] left on the menu line. If there is a left arrowhead on the left side of the screen, this button will scroll the display to show further choices or data to the left of current position. This button moves the selection brackets [ ] right on the menu line. If there is a right arrowhead on the right side of the screen, this button will scroll the display to show further choices or data to the right of the current position.

PREV

This button takes you up one level in the menu hierarchy. It will take you back to the menu you were in before you entered the current screen. From the Main Menu, for example, this will take you back to the Status Screen.

3-4 Operation

DMAN-17466 Rev. C

Synthesized Converter This button selects or activates the current menu item indicated by the selection brackets [ ]. The action taken depends upon the type of current menu item as follows: ANOTHER MENU: You will be taken to the new screen and presented with a new list of choices or data. COMMAND: The indicated command will be executed when you press SEL . Some commands are protected by another screen that reads Press SEL to . You then have the choice of pressing SEL if you really wish to execute the command, or pressing PREV to go back to the menu. DATA ITEM: Pressing SEL will have no effect when the data displayed represents measurements or status information that cannot be changed by the user. However, when the display represents numeric data that can be changed, pressing SEL will take you into numeric entry mode for the currently selected value. When numeric entry mode is begun, the displayed value will be right-padded with spaces (if necessary) so that the field is large enough to accept the most lengthy value. The current value will be displayed in the field. The selection brackets will be placed on the left-most character position. Each digit in the value can be changed by pressing the MODIFY buttons ( or ). Note that if you increment a digit beyond 9 it will wrap-around to 0, and vice-versa when decrementing; but when a leading digit is 0, it will be displayed as a blank space. If the value can accept signed values, the first character position will toggle between + and when you press the MODIFY buttons. As you finish entering each digit, you can press the left or right MENU button to move to the next adjacent position. A decimal point, if any, will be skipped. PREV will exit numeric entry mode without changing the value of the setting or control. It can be used as an escape key. SEL normally accepts the value you have entered, sets the setting or control to that value, and exits numeric entry mode. However, if the entered value is out

SEL

Operation 3-5

DMAN-17466 Rev. C

Synthesized Converter of range, it will NOT be set, and the original value will be displayed again. While digits are entered in numeric entry mode, the field will continue to display all unedited digits of the original value.

3.3.3.2

Modify Buttons Two buttons on the front panel are used to modify system settings:
MODIFY

Increments or decrements the value of numeric entry data (by one resolution step). If pressed while on a multiplechoice item, the selection will change to the next or previous choice. Pressing and holding either of these buttons will change the data rapidly. These buttons have no effect when the data displayed represents measurements or status information that cannot be changed by the user.

3.3.4

Menu Listing Table 3-1 shows the entire menu structure available from the front panel. Some screens and menu choices listed will appear only under certain conditions, such as when certain options are installed or selected, or in particular applications (e.g., STARswitch installations), as noted below: The Unlock screen (Unlk) appears only if a screen password is enabled, or if Local Lockout is in effect. The STARswitch-related menus and screens appear only when the converter is installed in a STARswitch system. The [Atten] screen to set simulated attenuators appears only if the legacy SIO protocol has been selected. The IF Band Switch and Reference Output setup menus appear only if the converter is equipped with these optional features.

3-6 Operation

DMAN-17466 Rev. C Table 3-1


Status Screen (3.3.5) Main Menu (3.3.6) Unlk (3.6.13) * Flt (3.6.1) ....... Enter Password Fault Menu Active (3.6.1.1) ... Log (3.6.1.4) Reset (3.6.1.5) Operate Menu Ref (3.6.2.1) .......

Synthesized Converter Menu Listing

Info (3.6.1.2) (if available)

Oper (3.6.2) ..

Ref: ref_mode Sw: sw_pos Ext: status Internal External In Frq: frequency range (downconverter models); or Out Frq: frequency range (upconverter models) (Adjust center frequency, within range) frequency MHz (3.6.2.5) ........... Gain gain range (3.6.2.6) gain control dB ........................ Atten ........................................ StSw Mode: STARswitch mode Aut (Auto mode) OnL (On-Line mode) Sby (Standby mode) OffLn......................................... Memory number: gain, frequency Edit ........................................... Set ............................................ Rcl ............................................ (Adjust gain, within range) (Set simulated attenuators 1 and/or 2)

Freq (3.6.2.4) .....

Gain (3.6.2.7) ......

StSw (3.6.2.8) .....

Press SEL to Force Off-Line

Mem (3.6.2.9) .....

Edit Memory number (Adjust gain and frequency values stored in memory n.) (Store the converters current gain and frequency values in memory n.) (Recall and use gain and frequency values from memory n.)

Ctl (3.6.2.10) ......

Control Mode control_mode Remote Local RF: mute_status Mute Operate

Mute (3.6.2.11) ...

Srvc (3.6.3) ...

Service Menu PS (3.6.3.1) Ref (3.6.3.2) Synth (3.6.3.3) Conv (3.6.3.4) StSw (3.6.3.8) Timer (3.6.3.9) Reset (3.6.3.10) .. Ver ...................... Press SEL to reset Processor Firmware Version SCR (3.6.3.11) ......................... Ethernet (3.6.3.12) ...................

SCRack (c) 2005 SCR logic firmware version and mask number (if any) Ethernet (c) 2005 Ethernet controller version

Set .................

Setup Menu FltWrn (3.6.4) ......

Set Faults/Warnings PwrUp (3.6.4.1) .......................

PwrUp Warn status Disable Enable LocWarn status Disable Enable Ext Ref Flt status Disable Enable Network Mode mode Static DHCP Network IP Address: IP Address (4 parts)

Loc (3.6.4.2) ............................

ExtRef (3.6.4.3) .......................

Net (3.6.5) ..........

Setup Network Mode (3.6.5.1) ..........................

IP Address (3.6.5.2) .................

* This selection appears only if a screen password is enabled, or a serial I/O Local Lockout is in effect.

Operation 3-7

DMAN-17466 Rev. C Table 3-1


Setup Network Menu (continued) NetMask (3.6.5.3)..................... Ser (3.6.6) .......... Gateway (3.6.5.4).....................

Synthesized Converter Menu Listing (Continued)


Network NetMask: IP Mask (4 parts) Network Gateway: Gateway IP Address (4 parts)

Setup Serial IO Prot (3.6.6.1) ............................

SIO Protocol: protocol Std Legacy SIO Intfc RS232 RS485:4 RS485:2 RS422 SIO Baud Rate 300 1200 2400 4800 9600 14400 19200 28800 SIO Address (Set address, 0 to 255)

Intfc (3.6.6.2) ...........................

Baud (3.6.6.3) .........................

ExtRef (3.6.7) .....

Adr (3.6.6.4) ............................

ExtRef Freq 5MHZ 10MHZ IF Band: IF band center frequency (IF Band 1 Center Frequency) (IF Band 2 Center Frequency) Ref Out: Reference Output Off On Rem Disables Loc status No Yes Power-Up state Mute Oper Prev Password status Disbl Enbl Set ...........................................

IF (3.6.8) .............

RefOut (3.6.9) ....

R/L (3.6.10) ........

PwrUp (3.6.11) ...

Passw (3.6.12) ...

Set Password (Set six-digit password)

Fact (3.6.15) ......

FACTORY ONLY! Synth (3.6.15.1) ......................

Setup Synth Prot (3.6.15.1.1) ....

Synth Protocol: protocol BCD BIN Bit Lenth: number of bits 20Bit 21Bit 22Bit Synth Base Freq: (adjust frequency in MHz) Synth Step: step size 1KHz 125KHz (Set low and high limits.) (Set low and high limits.) (Set low and high limits.) (Set low limit.) Press SEL to restore Factory Limits.

Nbits (3.6.15.1.2) ..

Fbase (3.6.15.1.3) Step (3.6.15.1.4) ...

Limits (3.6.15.2) ....................

Factory Limits +15V ...................... +5V ........................ -15V ....................... Vfan ....................... Dflt .........................

3-8 Operation

DMAN-17466 Rev. C

Synthesized Converter In this manual, selection of a particular menu is generally described in the abbreviated form Menu | Submenu . For example, select Set | FltWrn | PwrUp appearing in the manual text means: Select the Setup menu, then the Fault/Warning menu, then the PowerUp menu. See the sections listed by each screen for more details.

3.3.5

Status Screen In normal operation, the Status Screen is constantly shown. This is the default screen, which is displayed after the unit is first powered up, or after a microprocessor reset. It shows general information about the operation, mode settings, and detected faults (if any). This screen normally displays the systems RF status and control mode on the top line, and operating frequency and gain on the second line. It is displayed whenever one of the following events occurs: The system is powered on. A microprocessor reset occurs (and self-tests pass). The PREV button is pressed in the Main Menu. No buttons are pressed for five minutes.

Pressing any MODIFY or MENU button while the Status Screen is showing will take you to the Main Menu. From there you can access various sub-menus. 3.3.5.1 Current Active Fault or Warning If a fault or warning occurs, either the amber WARNING indicator or the red FAULT indicator on the front panel will be lit, and the top line of the Status Screen will display a short message identifying the fault or warning. 3.3.5.2 RF Status The first line of the Status Screen normally shows the current RF status and control mode. The RF status indicator identifies whether the Synthesized Converters RF path is ON or OFF. If RF is OFF, it also indicates the reason. The following paragraphs describe the possible RF Status messages. RF ON The Synthesized Converter is on and ready to carry a signal. This is the normal operating condition.
Operation 3-9

DMAN-17466 Rev. C NOTE

Synthesized Converter On any unit in a STARswitch system, the RF Status will be replaced with the System Status, if the RF Status is RF ON. See Section 3.6.3.8 for details. If RF is OFF because the Mute Control is set to Mute, one of the following RF Status messages will appear: MUTE-LOC The Mute Control has been set to Mute from the front panel. MUTE-SER The Mute Control has been set to Mute via the serial port. MUTE-PWRUP The Mute Control has been set to Mute by the Power-Up State setting when the converter was powered on. (See Section 3.6.11.) MUTE-? The Mute Control has been set to Mute for an unknown reason. If RF is OFF, but the Mute Control has not been set to Mute, one of the following messages will be displayed for RF Status: OFF-PWRFL The RF is off due to a power failure of the converter module. OFF-DISC The RF is off because the converter module is disconnected. OFF-PWRUP The RF is off after the converter has been powered up, but before the proper Mute Control setting has been determined. INH-FREQCH The RF is inhibited (off) while the frequency is being changed. INH-UNLOCK The RF is inhibited (off) because the Converter module's PLO is unlocked. INH-SYNTH RF is inhibited (off) because a problem was detected with the synthesizer. INH-REF RF is inhibited (off) because a problem was detected with the reference. OFF-? RF is off for an unknown reason. ?RF RF status cannot be determined due to hardware failure. You can use serial I/O message 20 (Unit Status) or 16 10 (RF Status) to obtain current RF status information; see

3-10 Operation

DMAN-17466 Rev. C

Synthesized Converter Section 3.4.4 and Table 3-3. (RF Status is closely related to Mute Status; see Section 3.6.2.12.)

3.3.5.3

Control Mode The Control Mode displayed in the Status Screen indicates whether the Synthesized Converter can or cannot be controlled by serial I/O or through the network interface. It has two values: Remote or Local. Briefly, in Remote mode, the Synthesized Converter can be controlled via serial I/O or the network. In Local mode, the Synthesized Converter can be controlled only from the front panel. Serial I/O and network messages can be used to request settings, status, and measurements, but will be unable to change anything. See Section 3.6.2.10 for more information about setting and using this control.

3.3.5.4

Frequency and Gain The frequency shown on the second line of the status screen represents the center of the bandwidth of the RF output (for upconverters) or RF input (for downconverters), displayed as a floating point number in MHz, with a resolution of either 0.001 MHz (1 kHz), or 0.125 MHz (125 kHz), based on the 1/125 kHz step-size setting for the synthesizer. You can adjust this frequency with the Oper | Freq menu; see Section 3.6.2.5. The gain shown on the second line of the status screen is an absolute gain setting in dB. Note that the gain is not actually measured; the firmware will strive to achieve the gain setting as accurately as possible, but the actual gain may be different than the value shown. You can adjust this setting with the front panel GAIN or buttons, or with the Oper | Gain menu (see Section 3.6.2.7).

3.3.6

Main Menu Pressing any MODIFY or MENU button while the Status Screen is showing takes you to the Main Menu, from which you can access all settings, measurements, and controls. The top line displays the label Main Menu and the second line lists the sub-menus you can access, as follows:

Operation 3-11

DMAN-17466 Rev. C [Unlk] goes to the Unlock Screen.* [Flt] goes to the Fault Menu. [Oper] goes to the Operate Menu. [Srvc] goes to the Service Menu. [Set] goes to the Setup Menu.

Synthesized Converter

* The [Unlk] choice appears only if local controls are locked, either because Screen Password Enable is set to ENABLED (see 3.6.12), or because Local Lockout is ON (see 3.6.14).

Refer to Section 3.6, Function Reference, and more specifically to the sections identified in Table 3-1, Menu Listing, for details. 3.3.7 Error/Notification Messages An error/notification message is a special screen that briefly shows a message to the user when he attempts an action that is blocked by the current User Mode Settings, or when it is advisable to alert the operator of certain conditions. The message will be shown for about 0.7 seconds, or until another key is pressed, whichever happens first. Error/ notification messages include:
*** REMOTE *** *** PASSWORD *** User attempted a change in Remote Mode, with Remote Disables Local set to Yes. User attempted a change with Screen Passwords enabled, without entering an Unlock Password. User attempted a change after a serial Local Lockout command was issued, without entering an Unlock Password. Reminder to change the memory on the backup unit in a legacy STARswitch system, when the gain or the frequency are adjusted. Acknowledgement that a Force Offline command has been issued on a unit in a STARswitch system (without this, there is no visual indication).

** LOCAL LOCKOUT **

CHANGE *SW BACKUP UNIT MEMORY

* Switch Offline *

3.4

Using Serial I/O (Standard Protocol) The Synthesized Converter is equipped with a serial port that allows remote monitoring and control of virtually all functions of the unit. Use of the serial port requires knowledge of electrical interface standards (RS-232, RS-422, or RS-485) and of how serial communication operates.

3-12 Operation

DMAN-17466 Rev. C NOTE

Synthesized Converter The following subsections describe the standard SIO protocol interface. The legacy interface is described in Appendix A of this manual. All VertexRSI equipment uses a polled binary protocol. You must either write or obtain software that will communicate with this equipment in order to make use of the serial features. The protocol used is described below.

Note

You cannot monitor or control this equipment with HyperTerminal or any other terminal emulation program. Interface The interface supports RS-232, RS-422, or RS-485 (4-wire or 2-wire) connections. Only one of these interfaces may be enabled at any time. Pin-outs for all three interfaces are shown in Table 2-3. Further details of these interfaces are given in Section 2.5.4. The various interface selections share some lines, so it is important to make sure the appropriate interface is selected on the equipment. Selection of an interface is done using both the connector wiring and an interface selection set via the front panel of the equipment. See Sections 2.5.4 and 3.6.6. All data is transmitted and received with 8 data bits, 1 stop bit, 1 start bit, no parity, and no software handshaking. The baud rate is selected from the front panel using the Setup Menu.

3.4.1

3.4.2

Protocol The serial I/O framing protocol, illustrated in Figure 3-2, is used for communications between a host and a unit. This is a polling protocol, meaning that units answer ONLY when they receive a correctly formatted message from the host. Since the units do not transmit until polled, you must interrogate the units to determine if there are any faults. Or, you may use the provided summary alarm contacts to alert your system, then poll for status.

Operation 3-13

DMAN-17466 Rev. C

Synthesized Converter The same framing protocol is used for all messages to and from a unit. A message from a unit in response to one from the host is referred to as a reply.

Byte 1 STX 02

Byte 2 COUNT nn

Byte 3 ADDRESS aa
A 01 C K

Byte 4 6 bits ...

Byte nn-2 End Body 2A


3

Byte nn-1 CHKSUM cc

Byte nn ETX 03

1444444444244444444314444244443 14444444244444443 MESSAGE DATA2 FRAMING HEADER FRAMING FOOTER

1 2

The most significant bit of Byte 4 is reserved, and should always be 0. The message data can be of any length from 1 byte (6 bits of Byte 4) to 250 bytes (249 if End Body byte is used). Bytes having the values 02 and 03 may not appear in the message data. End Body byte (2A) is optional, and is included for compatibility with version 1 of this protocol.

Figure 3-2. Serial I/O Framing Protocol 3.4.2.1 STX/ETX All message frames start with the framing byte STX (02) and end with the framing byte ETX (03). No byte in the message data can have a value of 02 or 03, or message framing will be reset! 3.4.2.2 Count The second byte of the message frame is the count of all bytes in the entire message, including the STX and ETX bytes. The protocols framing determines that the smallest message possible is 6 bytes. 3.4.2.3 Address The third byte of the message frame is the address. Any unit whose address setting matches this byte will accept the message. An address of 00 is used to send a command or control message to all units on the bus. A reply, if any, will contain the units set address.

3-14 Operation

DMAN-17466 Rev. C 3.4.2.4 ACK Response Flag

Synthesized Converter

Bit 6 (with bit 0 being the least significant bit, and bit 7 the most significant bit) of the fourth byte in a message frame is used to request an ACK (acknowledge) response. This bit will never be set in a reply. If a unit returns an ACK response, it will be sent quickly following receipt of the last byte of the host message, if possible. See Section 3.4.2.8.3 for specifications. An ACK response will be returned ONLY if both of the following conditions are true: 1. The address of the host message matches that of the unit. (In other words, a unit will send an ACK response to a message addressed to 0 only if its own address is set to 0.) 2. The message is not REJECTED for any of the reasons described under Section 3.4.2.7.1. An ACK response is a correctly framed message, with the least significant 6 bits of Byte 4 equal to the value 3F. Example, ACK response from unit address 1: 02 06 01 3F 40 03 3.4.2.5 Message Data The actual content of the message starts with the least significant 6 bits of Byte 4, and can be of any length up to 250 bytes (including Byte 4). An optional End Body byte may be placed in the message footer (at the end of the Message Data), in which case the maximum length of the message data itself is 249 bytes. The optional End Body byte is used for compatibility with version 1 of this protocol, in which the End Body byte was required if the message data contained more bytes than Byte 4. Units determine whether or not to send this byte as follows: A setting in the unit will determine whether replies should contain an End Body byte. Units will be shipped from the factory defaulting to use the End Body byte. If the unit receives a message with more bytes in the message data than Byte 4, but not containing an End Body byte, the setting will be changed to NOT use the End Body byte in replies.
Operation 3-15

DMAN-17466 Rev. C

Synthesized Converter If the unit receives a message WITH an End Body byte, the setting will be changed to use the End Body byte in replies.

Messages will always be accepted by units, with or without the End Body byte. The least significant 6 bits of Byte 4 are not allowed to be equal to 02, 03, or 3F and no value in the message data can be equal to 02 or 03. The least significant 6 bits of Byte 4 are normally an instruction code. 3.4.2.6 Checksum The checksum is the arithmetic sum of all the bytes starting with the address, and ending with the byte preceding the checksum. The sum is truncated to the least significant byte. The checksum is the second to last byte of a message frame. 3.4.2.7 3.4.2.7.1 Message Handling Rejected Messages Messages will be rejected if any of the following are true: The message does not start with an STX (02). A communications (framing) error occurs on any byte. The message COUNT (nn) is less than 6. The last byte of the message, as determined by the COUNT is not an ETX (03). The message ADDRESS does not match the units address, and is not 00. The fourth byte of the message contains a 1 in the most significant bit. The low six bits of the fourth byte are equal to 3F. A byte equal to 02 or 03 is received anywhere in the MESSAGE DATA. The message checksum (CHKSUM) is not equal to the low byte of the arithmetic sum of bytes 3 (ADDRESS) through nn-2 (where nn is the COUNT).

3-16 Operation

DMAN-17466 Rev. C

Synthesized Converter The receive buffer has become full, causing the unit to miss bytes of the message.

If a message is rejected because of any of these conditions, no ACK response will be returned, if requested in Byte 4 of the message. (As mentioned previously, an ACK response will also not be sent if the global address (00) is used, and the unit address is set to something other than 00.) The unit will immediately begin watching the data stream for the next STX (02) byte AS SOON AS one of the listed problems is detected. A message may also be rejected at a higher level if something is wrong with the MESSAGE DATA itself (e.g., illegal instruction code), but in this case an ACK response will still be sent. Refer to the specific messages in Section 3.4.4 for details of the message format. 3.4.2.7.2 Framing Synchronization A unit not currently receiving a message watches the message stream for an STX (02) byte. Upon receiving that byte, the unit begins looking for the rest of the message. If a byte value of 02 or 03 is received for the message count, or anywhere in the message data, the unit assumes that it is the start of a new message (if 02 is received), or the end of the message (if 03 is received), and rejects the original message. The STX byte value (02) can legally appear as either an address (Byte 3) or a checksum (next-to-last byte) in a message. This has the potential for causing mis-synchronization if a unit starts up in the middle of a message. But this is not likely, for the following reasons: Should a unit detect a valid address of 02 as being the STX byte, it will interpret the following byte (Byte 4) as being the message count, and attempt to receive the address, message data, checksum and ETX from the bytes that follow. In this case, the ETX (03) from the actual message will terminate this false message, and the interpreted byte count, unit address, message data or checksum will most likely be invalid and will be rejected. Should a unit detect a valid checksum of 02 as being the STX byte, it will interpret the immediately following ETX byte (03) as the byte count of the message. Because a byte

Operation 3-17

DMAN-17466 Rev. C

Synthesized Converter count of 3 is not valid (all messages must have at least 6 bytes), the unit will abort receiving the message, and start looking for the STX again. If you wish to guarantee that all listening units are synchronized, send a string of 3 ETX (03) bytes. This will terminate all units receive sequences, after which they will start looking for the STX (02) byte again.

3.4.2.7.3

Address A means is provided on every unit to set its address. In any interface bus in which messages are received by more than one unit, each unit should be assigned a unique address that is not equal to 00.

3.4.2.8 3.4.2.8.1

Timing Issues Inter-character spacing There is no maximum specification on inter-character spacing in messages in either direction. Bytes in messages to units may be spaced as far apart as you wish. However, be aware that if you are using a half-duplex interface and a unit is ready to send an ACK response or reply, it will be watching the receive data stream for an idle period to send its message. Generally, there will be no spacing between characters in replies generated by units, but this is not guaranteed.

3.4.2.8.2

Inter-message spacing There is no requirement to provide any space between messages. However the following points should be considered if message spacing becomes too short. The receive data buffer of the unit may become full if too many messages are received at once. If this happens, subsequent messages will be rejected until the receive buffer has room. The receive buffer size may vary with software version, so there is no definite size specification available. When using a half duplex interface (such as RS-485), ACK responses or replies will be held until the line is idle for a specified time (see next section). Therefore, an idle time

3-18 Operation

DMAN-17466 Rev. C

Synthesized Converter should be provided for any message that expects an ACK response or a reply. If an ACK response is requested on every message, the host will know if a message was rejected (for ANY reason) because it will not receive the quick ACK response.

3.4.2.8.3

ACK Responses If requested, an ACK response will be generated as quickly as possible following receipt of the original message. With a full duplex interface, if the unit is already transmitting when it becomes time to send an ACK response, it will send the ACK as soon as it finishes transmitting the existing message. When using a half-duplex interface, a delay of 1 byte time is introduced to allow time for the host to switch from transmitting to receiving. The line must be idle during this time. Another delay of 1 byte time is always introduced when the transmitter is turned on. The timing of the ACK response (after the end of the host message) is as follows: FULL DUPLEX interface: MINIMUM: 1 BYTE TIME MAXIMUM: (1 BYTE TIME + 1 millisecond), or as soon as the transmitter is done sending a message HALF DUPLEX interface: MINIMUM: 2 BYTE TIMES with idle line MAXIMUM: (2 BYTE TIMES + 1 millisecond) with idle line NOTE: If the half duplex line is not idle, the unit simply waits for the line to be idle for 1 BYTE TIME, then generates the ACK response.

3.4.2.8.4

Replies If a message generates a reply, that reply should start no more than 100 ms after the original host message. With a full duplex interface, if the unit is already transmitting when it becomes time to send a reply, it will send it as soon as the transmitter is finished. If a message generates a reply and an ACK response, the ACK response will always be first (according to ACK Response specifications), followed by the reply, within its specified time frame.
Operation 3-19

DMAN-17466 Rev. C

Synthesized Converter The MINIMUM time for a reply (with no ACK response) is the same as the MINIMUM specification for an ACK response above, depending on the interface.

3.4.3

Messages Serial I/O messages are normally sent using the serial I/O Message Framing Protocol. This protocol imposes the following restrictions on the message content. The message data must contain at least 1 byte, and at most 249 bytes. The first byte is limited to a six-bit value ranging from 00 to 3E, excluding the values 02 and 03. No byte in the message body can be 02 or 03.

In this protocol, illustrated in Figure 3-3, the first byte of the message data is referred to as the instruction code, which ranges in value from 00 to 20. Normally if there is a reply, it will contain the same instruction code as the host message. If further data is included, it follows the instruction code and is referred to as the message body. Some instruction codes require a sub-instruction. If required, the sub-instruction is sent as the first byte of the message body. If there is a reply, the reply will contain the same subinstruction.

MESSAGE DATA 64444447444444 ... 1444442444443 FRAMING HEADER


Instruction Code (6 bits) Message body (optional) End Body 2A

...

1444444442444444443 FRAMING FOOTER

Sub-Instruction (optional)

Data Value(s) (optional)

Figure 3-3. Message Data Framing Protocol

3-20 Operation

DMAN-17466 Rev. C

Synthesized Converter Data values, if required, are sent in the message body following the instruction code or the sub-instruction (if it is present).

3.4.3.1

Message Types The message type is determined by the instruction code. The message type determines: Whether or not a reply will be sent. Whether or not the reply (if any) contains data.

There are three general types of message: Status, Control/Configuration, and Command. 3.4.3.1.1 Status Messages Status messages request data without affecting any controls or settings. A response message containing the requested data in the message body will be generated by the unit. Normally status messages may be used regardless of the operational mode of the unit. 3.4.3.1.2 Control/Configuration Messages Control messages set the value of an operational control on the unit, whose value can be either set or queried. Controls usually correspond to some important feature, such as the gain of an amplifier. To set the value of a control, a message is sent containing the desired value. To determine if the control was actually set to the desired value, another message should be set to query the value of the control. To query the value of the control, a message is sent without any setting value (although some messages do require other data values, which should be sent). A reply will be generated containing the current value of the control. Configuration messages are identical to control messages in their behavior, but the data in them corresponds to some setting, that is usually only used once when the system is set up. Units in Local Mode will not obey control or configuration messages to set values. There may be other conditions under

Operation 3-21

DMAN-17466 Rev. C

Synthesized Converter which certain messages will not be obeyed. Refer to specific messages in Section 3.4.4 for details. Normally the value of any control or setting may be queried regardless of the operational mode of the unit.

3.4.3.1.3

Command Messages Command messages cause the device to perform some action or function that cant necessarily be evaluated. Commands may (but do not have to) contain data in the message body. Command messages are also used for controls that may take a significant amount of time to change. There will be another status message that can be used to determine the value of such controls. Units in Local Mode will not obey command messages. There may be other conditions under which certain messages will not be obeyed. Refer to specific messages in Section 3.4.4 for details.

3.4.3.2

Data Values Data values are used in the message body to transfer measurements, settings, and other information. Data values are normally represented as ASCII characters, to conform to the limitations imposed by the framing protocol. Where more than one data value is sent, they are usually separated by some delimiter such as a comma (, ASCII code 2C). The following are descriptions of the most commonly used types of data:

3.4.3.2.1

Analog Value An analog value represents a numeric measurement, control, or setting such as currents, voltages, gain, etc. Analog values are formatted as an ASCII string containing the numeric value. Analog data can be a floating-point value (e.g. 3.12), or an integer value (e.g. 14). The data can be signed (preceded by a + or -) or unsigned (no sign character preceding). The ASCII characters recognized are digits 0 9, the decimal point (.), and a sign (+ or -). Only one decimal point may appear, and the sign, if any, must appear at the

3-22 Operation

DMAN-17466 Rev. C

Synthesized Converter beginning of the string. Exponential notation (X.XXXE+YY) is not used. Any other character will terminate the number. Over-range and under-range values are preceded by a > or < symbol, respectively. If the measurement is unavailable for some reason, a question mark (?, ASCII code 3F) will be returned. If more than one data value is included, values will be separated from the analog data value by commas (,, ASCII code 2C). The following symbols will be used to represent analog data being sent in the message body: Nlabel Nlabel Ilabel Ilabel where
label

an unsigned floating point value a signed floating point value an unsigned integer value a signed integer value is text representing the function of the value.

3.4.3.2.2

Enumerated Value An Enumerated Value can be represented as one of two or more states. For example, an amplifier may be ON or OFF. Enumerated values are represented by a single byte. Each possible state is represented by a different value. Usually the ASCII code for 0 (30) is used to represent NO, OFF, FALSE, etc. and the ASCII code for 1 (31) is used to represent YES, ON, TRUE, etc. Other codes may represent other conditions, such as ? (3F) for unknown. In cases where more than one enumerated value is sent, each value is represented by a single byte with no delimiter between them. However, enumerated values will be separated from other data values by a comma (,, ASCII code 2C). The following symbol is used to represent enumerated values in the message body: Blabel where
label

a single enumerated value is text representing the function of the value.

A brief description of the meanings of the values for each byte will follow.

Operation 3-23

DMAN-17466 Rev. C 3.4.3.2.3 Bit Flag Value

Synthesized Converter

Groups of flags representing simple YES/NO or TRUE/FALSE data are represented as bits in a single byte. Bit flag values are transferred in the least significant six bits of a byte, with the most significant two bits being 0 and 1 (bit 7 is 0). In cases where more than 6 bit flag values are needed, more bytes are sent, with no delimiters between them. However, bit flag values will be separated from other data values by a comma (,, ASCII code 2C). The following symbols are used to represent a byte of bit data in the message body: 01blb50blb3blb2blb1blb0 where
lbx

is a label that identifies the function of each bit;

0 represents bits that are not used, and will always be set to 0; 1 represents bits that are not used, and will always be set to 1. The list will be followed by brief descriptions of each bits meaning. 3.4.3.2.4 String Value Text data, such as the version and mask number, is represented simply as a string of ASCII characters. In cases where more than one string value is needed, the text values will be delimited. Refer to specific messages in Section 3.4.4 for details on which messages use which delimiters. The following symbol will be used to represent string data in the message body: label where
label

is text identifying the function of the string value.

Note that the quotation marks are shown above to identify a string value, and are NOT actually present in the message body.

3-24 Operation

DMAN-17466 Rev. C 3.4.3.2.5 Protocol Symbols

Synthesized Converter

Certain symbols are used in protocol documents to represent different types of data values. In addition, other notations have other meanings: [ ] Brackets enclose segments of the message body that may or may not be present. The brackets may be nested. ... Ellipses represent that more than one of the same value may be present in the message body. 3.4.3.3 Programming Compatibility The contents of any message are subject to change as features and improvements are made to the product line. Therefore, changes to the protocol may be necessary. Wherever possible, the changes will be made in such a way as to maintain compatibility with existing systems, provided the following rules are followed: Make no assumptions as to the range or step size of any analog value. EXAMPLE: If a gain setting can currently be controlled from 0 to 20 dB in 0.1 dB steps, the range may be extended to 30 dB in the future, or the step size may be changed to 0.05 dB. Allow for extra data values to be returned at the end of any message or at the end of a group of enumerated or bit values delimited from other values. It is not necessary to predict the meanings of such values, but their presence must be tolerated. The original values will be left in the same positions and order in the message body, new ones will be added to the end. EXAMPLE: If a message currently returns 3 Analog Values, a fourth may be added to support a new feature in the future. Allow for extra codes (not currently documented) in enumerated values. Again, it is not necessary to predict the possible meanings of such codes, but code values other than those listed should be tolerated. The meanings of existing codes will be left unchanged.

Operation 3-25

DMAN-17466 Rev. C

Synthesized Converter EXAMPLE: An enumerated control currently has settings for OFF (30) and ON (31). In the future, a third choice may be added, called STANDBY (32). OFF and ON will retain their same values (30) and (31), and STANDBY will use a new code value (32). Make no assumptions about the presence of hardware or options in a particular model. There are messages that can be used to determine the number of power supplies, current stages, etc., and the presence or absence of various pieces of hardware. Use these messages, if necessary, to prevent problems with your software should something be added or removed in a future product release. EXAMPLE: A message returns three voltage measurements for a module (under the existing firmware release). At some point in the future, other internal voltage measurements may be added that will also be reported in that message.

3.4.3.4

Instruction Codes All VertexRSI equipment uses a common set of instruction codes, listed in Table 3-2 below. Some equipment types do not use all messages. Refer to Section 3.4.4 for a list of messages used in this product.

Table 3-2
Instr Code 04 07 08 09 0A 0B 0E 16 17 18 19 20 SubInstr NO NO NO NO NO NO NO YES YES YES YES NO Status Status Command Command Command Control Status Configuration Control Command Status Type Command Reset Unit

Instruction Codes
Description Get Unit Type (Identification) Get Fault Status (Active Fault List) Clear Service Request Fault Reset Self Test Local Lockout Get Measured Data Set/Read Configurations Set/Read Controls Unit Commands Get Unit Status Summary

3-26 Operation

DMAN-17466 Rev. C

Synthesized Converter Some instruction codes require a sub-instruction that depends on the type of equipment. Unless otherwise indicated, the instruction code(s) sent with the message are returned in the reply.

3.4.4

Message Table Table 3-3 summarizes the messages used to control and monitor the system via serial I/O (standard protocol). The first column shows the message instruction code, which is described above. The second column shows the subinstruction, if one is needed. The third column shows the name of the function performed by the message, and which section you should read in the Function Reference for more information. The last column briefly describes the data values sent to or received from the system in that message. Data values in the last column are preceded with a for messages being sent to the Synthesized Converter, and a for messages being returned by the Synthesized Converter.

Table 3-3
Instr 04 07 08 SubInstr Name/Description (ref. Section) Reset (3.6.3.10) Unit Type (3.6.3.13) Active Fault List (3.6.1.1)

Standard Protocol Serial I/O Messages


Sent To Converter System Returned by Converter System
None Forces a reset of the microprocessor. None 3E for Synthesized Converter Rack None 01 0 bREF_MOD bFRNT_PNL bPWR_SUP bEXT_REF bCALTEMP 01 0 bDHCP_FAIL bCONV bETHERNET bSTARSWITCH bLOGIC_BD 01 0 bTMP_HI bTMP_LOW bPWR_UP bLOC_MODE bNEW_FLT 01 0 bINVALID_FREQ bSYNTH bFAN 0 0 [ , BNEW_FAULT_BYTE_1 BNEW_FAULT_BYTE_2 ] New fault bytes are returned only if the bNEW_FLT warning bit is set. Faults reported by this message are latched until the fault is inactive; and (a) an 08 message is received and the reply sent, or (b) a 16 17 message is received and the reply sent, or (c) an 0A command message is received. Data Values

09 0A

Clear Service Request (3.6.1.6) Fault Reset (3.6.1.5)

None Clears the service request Form C contact set. None This command also clears inactive fault flags and codes reported by 08 and 16 17 messages (see descriptions of those messages for more information).

Operation 3-27

DMAN-17466 Rev. C Table 3-3


Instr 0E SubInstr Name/Description (ref. Section) Local Lockout (3.6.14)

Synthesized Converter Standard Protocol Serial I/O Messages


Sent To Converter System Returned by Converter System
[BLOCAL_LOCKOUT_ON] [BLOCAL_LOCKOUT_ON] = 30 for Local Lockout OFF = 31 for Local Lockout ON Data Values

16

10

RF Status (3.3.5.2)

None BRF_STATUS = = = = = = = = = = = = = = 30 for RF ON 31 for OFF-? 32 for INH-UNLOCK 33 for INH-SYNTH 34 for INH-FREQ CHANGE 35 for INH-REF 36 for OFF-PWRUP 37 for MUTE-? 38 for MUTE-PWRUP 39 for MUTE-SERIAL 3A for MUTE-LOCAL 3B for OFF-DISCONNECT 3C for OFF-POWER FAIL 3F for Unknown (?RF)

16

11

Converter Temperature (3.6.3.6) Reference Status, External Reference Input, Reference Switch Position (3.6.2.1, 3.6.2.2, 3.6.3.2)

None NTEMPERATURE Can return 3F if temperature is unreadable None BREF_STATUS BEXT_REF_INPUT BREF_SW BREF_STATUS = 31 for EXTERNAL = 32 for INTERNAL = 33 for INT (NO EXT) = 34 for INT (EXT FAIL) = 35 for FAULT, NO LOCK = 37 for FAULT, DISCONNECT = 3C for FAULT, +15V = 3F for unknown BEXT_REF_INPUT = 30 for No External Ref signal detected = 31 for External Ref signal is detected = 3F for Cannot Determine External Ref Input BREF_SW = 30 for INTERNAL = 31 for EXTERNAL = 3F for Cannot Determine Reference Switch Position

16

12

16

15

Converter Status (3.6.3.4)

None BCONV_STATUS = = = = 30 31 32 33 for for for for OK OFF, MUTE OFF, UNLOCK OFF, REF INH

3-28 Operation

DMAN-17466 Rev. C Table 3-3


Instr SubInstr Name/Description (ref. Section) = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = 16 16 Converter Current (3.6.3.5)

Synthesized Converter Standard Protocol Serial I/O Messages


Sent To Converter System Returned by Converter System
34 for FAULT, CURRENT 35 for FAULT, POWER 36 for FAULT, DISCONNECT 38 for FAULT, CAL 39 for FAULT, TSENSE 3B for OFF, ? 3C for OFF, SYN INH 3D for OFF, FREQ CHANGE 3E for OFF, POWER-UP 40 for OFF, DISCONNECT 41 for OFF, PWR FAIL 42 for OFF, UNDER OPERATING TEMP 43 for OFF, OVER OPERATING TEMP 44 for OFF, UNDER CAL TEMP 45 for OFF, OVER CAL TEMP 46 for OFF, FAULT, UNLOCK 3F for unknown Data Values

None NCONV_CURRENT A single 3F will be returned if the current is not measurable. None [30 30] [ BFLT1_BYTE1 BFLT1_BYTE2 [ 7F ] ] If there are no active faults, the code 30 30 is returned. If there are more faults than will fit in the buffer, the list will be terminated with the code 7F. Faults reported by this message are latched until the fault is inactive and (a) a 16 17 message is received and replied to, or (b) a serial 0A command is received.

16

17

Fault Info (3.6.1.2)

16

18

Event Log (3.6.1.4)

[ ISEQUENCE_NUMBER ] [ ILATEST_SEQUENCE_NUMBER , INUM_ENTRIES ] or [ ISEQUENCE_NUMBER , [ 3F ] [ IDAYS , IHOURS , IMINUTES , ISECONDS , BEVENT_TYPE [ , BFAULT_CODE_BYTE_1 BFAULT_CODE_BYTE_2 ] ] ] Each entry in the log is assigned a unique and consecutive sequence number. The most recent event has the highest sequence number. Note that the sequence number does not correspond to the number on the event log screen. You first send an Event Log message containing no Data Values. A message will be returned containing the latest sequence number, and the number of entries in the log. You then send a series of messages containing a sequence number. The first sequence number requested should be the one returned from the first message. Each subsequent request should contain a sequence number obtained by decrementing by 1 from the number sent last, but skipping the sequence number 0. (Sequence numbers can be negative).

Operation 3-29

DMAN-17466 Rev. C Table 3-3


Instr SubInstr Name/Description (ref. Section)

Synthesized Converter Standard Protocol Serial I/O Messages


Sent To Converter System Returned by Converter System
The reply to each message will contain an event log entry containing the sequence number, the Operation Time counter from when the event occurred, and an Event Type Code. If the event is a Fault, the two-byte serial I/O fault code will also be returned. If you send a message requesting sequence number 0, or the message contains a sequence number that doesnt exist in the log, the reply will contain the requested invalid sequence number, followed by a 3F. IDAYS , IHOURS , IMINUTES , ISECONDS represent the Operation Time Counter from when the event occurred. Note that the event log screen shows the time elapsed since the event occurred, whereas this message shows the absolute time count at which the event occurred. BEVENT_TYPE: = 31 for Fault = 32 for Log Initialization = 33 for Logic Board power-up = 34 for Logic Board microprocessor reset Data Values

16

19

Power Supply Voltage (3.6.3.1)

None NPOWER_SUPPLY_VOLTAGE(+15V) , NPOWER_SUPPLY_VOLTAGE(+5V) , NPOWER_SUPPLY_VOLTAGE(-15V) , NFAN _VOLTAGE Can return 3F if a hardware failure prevents reading of voltage None NGAIN_RANGE_dB_L , NGAIN_RANGE_dB_H A single 3F will be returned if the gain range is unknown. None NFREQ_IN_L , NFREQ_IN_H , NFREQ_OUT_L , NFREQ_OUT_H Frequencies are represented in MHz. A single 3F will be returned if the frequency ranges are unknown.

16

1A

Gain Range (3.6.2.6)

16

1B

Frequency Range (3.6.2.4)

16 16

1C 1E

Operation Time (3.6.3.9) Firmware Version (3.6.3.11)

None IDAYS , IHOURS , IMINUTES , ISECONDS None mask_number version_number The mask and version numbers are returned as two text strings, separated by a space. If there is no mask number (i.e., this is not a customized version of firmware) then the space before the version number is still returned.

16

1F

Fault Code Text (3.6.1.3)

BFAULT_CODE_BYTE_1 [ BFAULT_CODE_BYTE_2 ] [ BFAULT_CODE_BYTE_1 [ BFAULT_CODE_BYTE_2 ] , Fault text ] or [ 3F ] A 3F will be returned in place of Fault text if the fault code byte or bytes do not represent a valid fault or fault group code reported by this unit. A single 3F will be returned if the message is received with no fault code bytes at all.

3-30 Operation

DMAN-17466 Rev. C Table 3-3


Instr 16 SubInstr 20 Name/Description (ref. Section) Converter Module Serial Number (3.6.3.7)

Synthesized Converter Standard Protocol Serial I/O Messages


Sent To Converter System Returned by Converter System
None Conv Serial Number A single 3F will be returned if the serial number is not known (i.e., the calibration table is not present). None BCNV_TYPE = 31 for Downconverter = 32 for Upconverter = 3F for Unknown None BSYNTH_STATUS = = = = = = = = 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 3F for for for for for for for for OK FAULT, UNLOCK FAULT, 5V FAULT, 15V UNLOCKED, REF FREQ CHANGE INVALID FREQUENCY Unknown Data Values

16

21

Synthesized Converter Type (3.6.3.14)

16

22

Synthesizer Status (3.6.3.3)

16

23

System Status (STARswitch) (3.6.3.8)

None BSTARSWITCH_STATUS BSTARSWITCH_MODE [ , IPOSITION_NUMBER ] BSTARSWITCH_STATUS = 30 for ON-LINE = 31 for OFF-LINE, FAULT = 32 for ON-LINE, FAULT = 33 for OFF-LINE = 34 for BACKUP = 35 for ON-LINE # = 36 for ON-LINE, FAULT # = 37 for BACKUP OFF-LINE, FAULT = 38 for FAULT, FUSE = 39 for FAULT, SWITCH = 3A for FAULT, DISCONNECT = 3F if status cannot be determined, or if unit is not in a STARswitch system. The # in the above list indicates which channel the backup unit is switched to. (1-8). It can be ? if the channel number is not known. BSTARSWITCH_MODE = 30 for AUTO = 31 for ON-LINE = 32 for STANDBY IPOSITION_NUMBER is returned for the backup unit in the STARswitch system only, and indicates the position number the unit is switched to (1-8). It will be 0 if the backup unit is not on-line (status is BACKUP). It will be 3F if the position cannot be determined.

Operation 3-31

DMAN-17466 Rev. C Table 3-3


Instr 16 SubInstr 24 Name/Description (ref. Section) STARswitch Controller Type (3.6.3.8)

Synthesized Converter Standard Protocol Serial I/O Messages


Sent To Converter System Returned by Converter System
None BSTSW_TYPE = 30 for Legacy = 31 for STARswitch II = 3F if the type cannot be determined for some reason, or if the unit is not in connected to a STARswitch system. None BREF_OUTPUT_CAPABLE BIF_BAND_SW_CAPABLE = 30 for No = 31 for Yes None NIF_BAND_1_FREQUENCY , NIF_BAND_2_FREQUENCY or 3F if no band switch Frequencies are in MHz. None ISYNTH_STEP_SIZE ISYNTH_STEP_SIZE is an integer value in kHz, equal to either 1 or 125. None ethernet_version_number [ BLOC_WARN_ENABLE ] [ BLOC_WARN_ENABLE ] = 30 to disable warning = 31 to enable warning [ BPWRUP_WARN_ENABLE ] [ BPWRUP_WARN_ENABLE ] = 30 to disable warning = 31 to enable warning [ BREMOTE_DISABLES_LOCAL ] [ BREMOTE_DISABLES_LOCAL ] = 30 for NO (Remote does not disable Local) = 31 for YES (Remote disables Local) [ BPOWER_UP_STATE ] [ BPOWER_UP_STATE ] = 30 for MUTE = 31 for OPERATE = 32 for PREVIOUS Data Values

16

25

Reference Output Capable, IF Band Switch Capable (3.6.9) Band 1, 2 Frequency (3.6.8)

16

26

16

27

Synthesizer Step Size (3.6.15.1.4)

16

28

Ethernet Controller Version (3.6.3.12) Local Mode Warning Enable (3.6.4.2)

17

14

17

15

Power-Up Warning Enable (3.6.4.1)

17

17

Remote Disables Local (3.6.10)

17

18

Power-Up State (3.6.11)

17

19

External Reference Fault Enable (3.6.4.3)

[ BEXTERNAL_REF_FAULT_EN ] [ BEXTERNAL_REF_FAULT_EN ] = 30 for DISABLE = 31 for ENABLE|

3-32 Operation

DMAN-17466 Rev. C Table 3-3


Instr 17 SubInstr 1A Name/Description (ref. Section) External Reference Frequency (3.6.7)

Synthesized Converter Standard Protocol Serial I/O Messages


Sent To Converter System Returned by Converter System
[ BEXTERNAL_REF_FREQUENCY ] [ BEXTERNAL_REF_FREQUENCY ] = 30 for 5 MHz = 31 for 10 MHz [ BREFERENCE_OUTPUT ] [ BREFERENCE_OUTPUT ] = 30 for OFF = 31 for ON Data Values

17

1B

Reference Output (3.6.9)

17

1C

IF Frequency Band (3.6.8)

[ BIF_BAND ] [ BIF_BAND ] = 31 for BAND 1 = 32 for BAND 2

17

1D

Network Mode (3.6.5.1)

[ BNETWORK_MODE ] [ BNETWORK_MODE ] = 30 for DHCP = 31 for STATIC

17

1E

Network IP Address (3.6.5.2)

[ IIP_ADDR_1 . IIP_ADDR_2 . IIP_ADDR_3 . IIP_ADDR_4 ] [ IIP_ADDR_1 . IIP_ADDR_2 . IIP_ADDR_3 . IIP_ADDR_4 ] Note that the separator between parts of the IP address must be a period (2E).

17

1F

Network IP Mask (3.6.5.3)

[ IIP_MASK_1 . IIP_MASK_2 . IIP_MASK_3 . IIP_MASK_4 ] [ IIP_MASK_1 . IIP_MASK_2 . IIP_MASK_3 . IIP_MASK_4 ] Note that the separator between parts of the IP mask address must be a period (2E).

17

20

Network Gateway (3.6.5.4)

[ IGATEWAY_IP_1 . IGATEWAY_IP_2 . IGATEWAY_IP_3 . IGATEWAY_IP_4 ] [ IGATEWAY_IP_1 . IGATEWAY_IP_2 . IGATEWAY_IP_3 . IGATEWAY_IP_4 ] Note that the separator between parts of the gateway IP address must be a period (2E).

18

10

Gain Control (3.6.2.7)

[ NGAIN ] [ NGAIN ] Values outside the Gain Range will be ignored. [ BMUTE_CONTROL ] [ BMUTE_CONTROL ] = 30 for MUTE = 31 for OPERATE

18

11

Mute Control (3.6.2.11)

18

12

Reference Mode (3.6.2.1)

[ BREFERENCE_MODE ] [ BREFERENCE_MODE ] = 30 for INTERNAL = 31 for EXTERNAL

Operation 3-33

DMAN-17466 Rev. C Table 3-3


Instr 18 SubInstr 13 Name/Description (ref. Section) Frequency (3.6.2.5)

Synthesized Converter Standard Protocol Serial I/O Messages


Sent To Converter System Returned by Converter System
[ NFREQUENCY ] [ NFREQUENCY ] Frequencies outside the input range (for downconverters) or output range (for upconverters) will be ignored. Data Values

18

14

Memory Frequency and Gain (3.6.2.9)

IMEMORY_NUMBER [ , [ NMEM_REQUENCY ] [ , NMEM_GAIN ] ] [ IMEMORY_NUMBER [ , NMEM_REQUENCY , NMEM_GAIN ] ] If no memory number is present in the received message, the reply will contain a single 3F after the sub-instruction. If the memory number is a value <=0 or >100, and no other parameters are received (as if the contents of a memory are being queried), the reply will contain a single 3F after the subinstruction. If the memory number is a value <=0 or >100, and other parameters are present (as if the contents of a memory are being set), no memory will be changed, and no reply will be returned. It is possible to change only the memory's frequency, or its gain, by leaving either field blank. If leaving the frequency field blank (to change only the gain) the comma preceding the frequency field must still be sent.

18

15

STARswitch Mode (3.6.2.8)

[ BSTARSWITCH_MODE ] [ BSTARSWITCH_MODE ] = 30 for AUTO = 31 for ON-LINE = 32 for STANDBY

19

11

Retry External Reference (3.6.2.3) Set Memory from Current Settings (3.6.2.9)

None This command is included for backward compatibility with earlier products. IMEMORY_NUMBER None Stores the converters current operating gain and frequency values in memory. If the memory number is a value <=0 or >100, or is not present, this command will be ignored. IMEMORY_NUMBER None Recalls the gain and frequency values from memory and sets the converter to them. If the memory number is a value <=0 or >100, or is not present, this command will be ignored. None Causes this unit to temporarily report a fault to the STARswitch controller, to force this unit off-line (if in AUTO or ON-LINE mode).

19

12

19

13

Recall Settings from Memory (3.6.2.9)

19

19

Force Off-Line (3.6.2.8)

3-34 Operation

DMAN-17466 Rev. C Table 3-3


Instr 20 SubInstr Name/Description (ref. Section) Unit Status

Synthesized Converter Standard Protocol Serial I/O Messages


Sent To Converter System Returned by Converter System
None 01 0 bCTL_MODE_REMOTE bFAULT bWARNING bRF_ON bMUTE 01 0 0 bEXT_REF_IN bREF_SW_EXT 0 bREF_MD_EXT 01 0 bST_SW_MD_SBY bST_SW_MD_ONLINE bST_SW_VALID bBACKUP_UNIT bON_LINE bCTL_MODE_REMOTE is set if Control Mode is Remote. bFAULT is set if there is an Active Fault. bWARNING is set if there is an Active Warning. bRF_ON is set if the RF Status shows that RF is ON. bMUTE is set if the Mute Control is set for Mute. bEXT_REF_IN is set if an External Reference signal is currently detected. bREF_SW_EXT is set if the Reference Switch Position is EXTERNAL. bREF_MD_EXT is set if the Reference Mode is EXTERNAL. bST_SW_MD_SBY is set if the STARswitch mode is STANDBY.* bST_SW_MD_ONLINE is set if the STARswitch mode is ONLINE.* bST_SW_VALID is set if the unit is connected to a STARswitch system, and the other flags in this byte are valid. bBACKUP_UNIT is set if this is the backup unit in a STARswitch system. bON_LINE is set if this unit is connected on line. * If the STARswitch mode is AUTO, neither STARswitch mode bit will be set. The fault and warning flags in this message are set as long as the corresponding flags are set in the 08 message. See the descriptions of the message 08, 16 17, and 0A for more information on how faults and warnings are reported in serial I/O. The third byte was not present in firmware versions prior to 1.10, and is not present in MASK 100. Data Values

Remember that Control or Configuration messages can either receive a value (if the host computer wishes to change the control or setting) or return a value (if the host computer is just checking to see what the current setting is). In the first case, no response will be returned (other than an ACK, if requested). In this table, the two forms of these messages are represented by showing the Data Values as being optional in both directions. 3.4.5 Accessing Fault Information Using Serial I/O All fault and warning information for the system may be obtained using serial I/O messages. A brief summary of faults and warnings is reported by the Active Fault List message, 08. This short message should be used when repeatedly polling for system faults.

Operation 3-35

DMAN-17466 Rev. C

Synthesized Converter When a fault is detected using the Active Fault List message, detailed fault or warning information can be obtained using serial I/O message 16 17. That message returns a list of two-byte fault codes, which are described in Table 3-4 (see Section 3.4.6). The system can also supply an additional text string describing a particular fault code, by using serial I/O message 16 1F.

3.4.6

List of Specific Fault and Warning Codes Table 3-4 lists all fault conditions that can be detected by the firmware, arranged by fault group. The table shows the two-byte code that represents the fault in serial I/O messages, the text which will be displayed in the Active Fault List menu screen, and the text which will be displayed in the Fault Info screen. The two-byte fault codes use the following scheme. The first byte represents the general fault that is reported when that particular condition occurs. If there is only one condition that defines the fault, the second byte will be 30. For those faults where more than one condition can cause the fault, the second byte represents the specific condition. In the table, an ellipsis ... indicates that a byte will come before (ellipsis in left column) or after (ellipsis in right column) the byte listed.

Table 3-4
SIO Fault Code Byte 1 Byte 2 10 11 20 31 32 30 31 32 34

Fault and Warning Codes


Name; Description and Debugging Cal Temp Temperature is out of calibrated range; gain cannot be compensated properly. CtempLow Temperature is too low to properly temperature compensate gain. CTempHigh Temperature is too high to properly temperature compensate gain. NoExtRef No external reference is present, but one is expected (Reference Mode External). This fault can be enabled or disabled. PwrSupply The power supply voltage is out of range. +15VLow The +15V power supply voltage is too low (below the low limit). +15VHigh The +15V power supply voltage is too high (above the high limit). +5VLow The +5V power supply voltage is too low (below the low limit).

3-36 Operation

DMAN-17466 Rev. C Table 3-4


SIO Fault Code Byte 1 Byte 2 35 21 22 24 25 35 36 37 31 32 33 31 32 33 31 32 35 36 37 38 39 3A 40 31 31 32

Synthesized Converter Fault and Warning Codes

Name; Description and Debugging +5VHigh The +5V power supply voltage is too high (above the high limit). 15VLow The 15V power supply voltage is too low (below the low limit). 15VHigh The 15V power supply voltage is too high (above the high limit). FrontPanel Something is wrong with the front panel board. FntPnlFuse The front panel board over-current protection has tripped. FP Disc The front panel has become disconnected from the logic board. FP Load The FPGA on the front panel could not be loaded. RefModule Something is wrong with the reference module. RefMd+15V The reference modules +15V over-current protection has tripped. RefMdDisc The reference module has been disconnected from the logic board. RefMdLock The reference module is unable to lock to a detected External Reference signal. Logic Board A failure has been detected on the logic board. CPU:ROM The program memory for the logic board failed test (the firmware program may be corrupt). CPU:RAM The RAM on the logic board failed test. CPU:InvInt An interrupt for which no handler was written has occurred. CPU:IllglOp The CPU on the logic board executed an illegal instruction. CPU:SpurRst The CPU on the logic board was unexpectedly reset. CPU:StkOvfl The stack memory in the CPU has filled up with too many function calls, or interrupts. AD Conv The A/D converter on the main logic board, which is used to make many of the fault measurements, has failed. NVRAM Fail The non-volatile memory has failed or is inaccessible. NVRAM Data The non-volatile memory is either blank, or has become corrupted. Fan Something is wrong with the fan. FanVoltage The fans power supply has failed, or the over-current protection has tripped. Synth Something is wrong with the synthesizer. Synth5VFuse The synthesizers +5V fuse has tripped. Synth15VFuse The synthesizers +15V fuse has tripped.

Operation 3-37

DMAN-17466 Rev. C Table 3-4


SIO Fault Code Byte 1 Byte 2 33 41 45 46 47 50 31 32 33 35 38 3A 30 31 32 33 31 30

Synthesized Converter Fault and Warning Codes

52

30

53

30

54

30

55 56

30 30

57

30

Name; Description and Debugging SynthUnlock The synthesizer is reporting an UNLOCKED condition. Conv A problem has been detected with the converter module. Cnv+15V The converter modules +15V over-current protection has tripped. CnvDisc The converter module has been disconnected from the logic board. CnvCurr The converter modules current is too low. CnvCal Something is wrong with the converter modules calibration data. CnvTSense Something is wrong with the temperature sensor in the converter module. CnvUnlk The PLO in the converter module has unlocked. InvFreq An attempt was made to set the synthesizer for an invalid frequency. StarSw Something is wrong with the STARswitch controller or interface. StSwFuse The fuse that supplies power to the STARswitch circuitry has tripped StSwDisc The unit has become disconnected from the STARswitch system. StSwSwitch The STARswitch controller has reported a failure (reported on Backup unit only). Eth Comm The main logic board is unable to communicate with the Ethernet controller. New Fault (warning) This warning is generated every time a new fault condition is detected, and is latched. It will become inactive when a Fault Reset command is issued. The latest fault is stored and reported along with this warning. Local Mode (warning) This warning is active for as long as the Synthesized Converter is in Local Mode. The user can disable it. Power Up (warning) This warning is issued whenever the Synthesized Converter is powered from a nonpowered state. It is not issued if the microprocessor is reset. It is latched until a Fault Reset command is issued. The user can disable this warning. Temp Low (warning) The measured temperature has dropped below the Low Operating Temperature Fault Limit. Temp High (warning) The measured temperature has risen above the High Operating Temperature Fault Limit. ETH Comm Failed (warning) This warning was reported only by version 1.15 of the firmware, and is no longer used. It indicated that the main logic board was unable to communicate with the Ethernet controller. This is now reported as a fault condition (47 31). DHCP Failed (warning) This warning is generated if the Ethernet interface is unable to obtain network settings from the DHCP server. This warning can be cleared by issuing a fault reset.

3-38 Operation

DMAN-17466 Rev. C 3.5 Network Interface

Synthesized Converter

The Synthesized Converter is equipped with an Ethernet network interface which uses the industry-standard SNMP protocol to control and monitor the converter. Only a selected sub-set of controls and measurements are available through the network interface. The SNMP Management Information Block (MIB) defines the address of each of the settings, controls, or commands. The MIB address for the Synthesized Converter Rack is prefixed with the following:
.iso.org.dod.internet.private.enterprises.vertexrsi.vertexrsiProducts.synthConvRack (1.3.6.1.4.1.1414.2.1)

Table 3-5 lists the settings, controls, and commands that can be accessed through the network interface, using the new style agent/MIB (version 1.01), which now includes STARswitch functionality. Customers who wish to use the old style agent/MIB (version 1.00) can refer to Appendix B of this manual. Table 3-5
O.I.D. Suffix .100.0 .101 .101.0 .101.1 .101.2 .101.3 .101.4 .101.5 .101.6 .101.7 .101.8 .101.9 .101.10 .101.11 .101.12 .101.13 .101.14 .101.15 .101.16 .101.17 .102.0 .103 .103.0 .103.1 .103.2 Access Mode write-only read-only read-only read-only read-only read-only read-only read-only read-only read-only read-only read-only read-only read-only read-only read-only read-only read-only read-only write-only read-only read-only read-only Data Type integer integer integer integer integer integer integer integer integer integer integer integer integer integer integer integer integer integer integer integer integer integer integer Reset Unit Fault Flags Reference Module Fault Front Panel Fault Power Supply Fault External Reference Fault Temperature Calibration Fault Ethernet DHCP Fault Converter Fault Ethernet Communications Fault STARswitch Fault Logic Board Fault Temperature High Fault Temperature Low Fault Power-Up Warning Local Mode Warning New Fault Invalid Frequency Fault Synthesizer Fault Fan Fault Fault Reset Unit Status Remote Control Mode Active Fault Active Warning Name

SCR MIB Structure


Description Setting this to a value other than 0 will reset the main processor. Active/Latched fault flags.*

Setting this to a value other than 0 will reset any inactive fault flags. Unit status flags.*

Operation 3-39

DMAN-17466 Rev. C Table 3-5


O.I.D. Suffix .103.3 .103.4 .103.5 .103.6 .103.7 .103.8 .103.9 .103.10 .103.11 .103.12 .104 .104.0 .104.1 .104.2 .104.3 .104.4 .104.5 .104.6 .104.7 .104.8 .104.9 .104.10 .104.11 .104.12 .104.13 .105.0 .106 .106.0 .106.1 .106.2 .106.3 .106.4 .106.5 .106.6 .106.7 .106.8 .106.9 .106.10 .106.11 .106.12 .106.13 .107 .107.0 .107.1 .107.2 .107.3 .107.4 .107.5 .107.6 .107.7 .107.8 .107.9 .107.10 .107.11 Access Mode read-only read-only read-only read-only read-only read-only read-only read-only read-only read-only read-only read-only read-only read-only read-only read-only read-only read-only read-only read-only read-only read-only read-only read-only read-only read-only read-only read-only read-only read-only read-only read-only read-only read-only read-only read-only read-only read-only read-only read-only read-only read-only read-only read-only read-only read-only read-only read-only read-only read-only read-only Data Type integer integer integer integer integer integer integer integer integer integer integer integer integer integer integer integer integer integer integer integer integer integer integer integer integer integer integer integer integer integer integer integer integer integer integer integer integer integer integer integer integer integer integer integer integer integer integer integer integer integer integer Name RF On RF Muted External Reference Detected Reference Position External Reference Mode External STARswitch Mode Standby STARswitch Online STARswitch Detected Backup Unit in STARswitch Online Unit in STARswitch RF Status RF On Off-Unknown Inhibited - Unlocked Inhibited - Synthesizer Inhibited - Freq Change Inhibited - Reference Off - Power-Up Mute - Unknown Mute - Power-Up Mute - Serial I/O Mute - Local Off - Disconnected Off - Power Failure Unknown Converter Temperature Reference Status External Mode Internal Mode Internal Mode (No External) Internal Mode (External Failed) Fault - No Lock Fault - Disconnected Fault - +15V PS Unknown Status No Ext Reference Detected Ext Reference Detected Can't Determine Ext Ref Input Internal Position External Position Can't Determine Reference Pos Converter Status OK Off - Muted Off - Unlocked Off - Reference Inhibit Fault - Current Fault - Power Fault - Disconnected Fault - Calibration Fault - Temperature Off - Unknown Off - Synthesizer Inhibit Off - Frequency Change

Synthesized Converter SCR MIB Structure


Description

RF status flags.*

Converter temperature in degrees C x 100.** Reference module status flags.*

Converter module status flags.*

3-40 Operation

DMAN-17466 Rev. C Table 3-5


O.I.D. Suffix .107.12 .107.13 .107.14 .107.15 .107.16 .107.17 .107.18 .107.19 .107.20 .108 .108.0 .108.1 .108.2 .108.3 .109 .109.0 .109.1 .109.2 .109.3 .110 .110.0 .110.1 .111.0 .112.0 .113.0 .114.0 .115.0 .116.0 .117.0 .118 .118.0 .118.1 .118.2 .118.3 .118.4 .118.5 .118.6 .118.7 .118.8 .118.9 .118.10 .118.11 Access Mode read-only read-only read-only read-only read-only read-only read-only read-only read-only read-only read-only read-only read-only read-only read-only read-only read-only read-only read-only read-only read-only read-write read-write read-write read-only write-only Data Type integer integer integer integer integer integer integer integer integer integer integer integer integer integer integer integer integer integer integer integer integer integer integer integer integer integer Name Off - Power-Up Off - Disconnected Off - Power Failure Under Operating Temperature Over Operating Temperature Under Calibration Temperature Over Calibration Temperature Fault - Unlocked Unknown Power Supply Voltages +15V PS +5V PS -15V PS Fan PS Operation Time Days Hours Minutes Seconds MLB Firmware Information Firmware Version Firmware Mask Module Serial Number Ethernet Firmware Version Gain Control Mute Control Frequency Control Product Type STARswitch Force Offline STARswitch Status Online Offline, Fault Online, Fault Offline Backup Backup Online Backup Online, Fault Backup, Offline, Fault Fault, Fuse Fault, Switch Fault, Disconnect STARswitch not in use or can not determine status STARswitch Controller Type

Synthesized Converter SCR MIB Structure


Description

Power supply readings in volts x 100.**

Total operation time of the SCR logic board.

SCR main firmware information. Version number (n.nn) x 100.** Converter module's serial number. Ethernet firmware version (n.nn) x 100.** RF gain setting in dB x 100.** RF mute setting.* RF frequency setting in MHz x 1000.** The product type code for SCR is 62. Setting this to a value other than 0 causes this unit to temporarily report a fault to the STARswitch controller, to force this unit off-line (if in AUTO or ON-LINE mode). STARswitch status flags.*

read-only read-only read-only read-only read-only read-only read-only read-only read-only read-only read-only read-only

integer integer integer integer integer integer integer integer integer integer integer integer

.119.0

read-only

integer

-1 = Unavailable, 0 = Legacy, 1 = STARswitch II, 2 = Not a STARswitch system

Operation 3-41

DMAN-17466 Rev. C Table 3-5


O.I.D. Suffix .120.0 Access Mode read-write Data Type integer Name STARswitch Mode

Synthesized Converter SCR MIB Structure


Description -1 = Unavailable, 0 = Auto, 1 = Online, 2 = Standby This data is returned for the backup unit in the STARswitch system only, and indicates the position number the unit is switched to (1-8). It will be 0 if the backup unit is not online (status is BACKUP). It will be -1 if the position cannot be determined or this is not the backup unit. Converter current draw in amps x 100.**

.121.0

read-only

integer

STARswitch position number

.122.0

read-only

integer

Converter Current

Table Notes: * Fault and Status Flag Indicators: -1 = Unavailable or unknown, 0 = Inactive or Off, 1 = Active or On. ** Measurements made to hundredths (n.nn) or thousandths (n.nnn) of a unit are multiplied by 100 or 1000 to report them as integer values.

3.6 3.6.1

Function Reference Faults and Warnings A variety of fault conditions can be detected by the firmware in the Synthesized Converter. Some faults are based on a measured parameter or condition indicating a failure. Other faults are generated when some event occurs. For measured faults, the fault is considered active for as long as the measured value is outside acceptable limits or the condition indicates a failure. For event-based faults, the fault is considered active from the time the event occurs until the fault is reset. For as long as a fault is active, the red FAULT indicator on the front panel will be lit. Warnings are conditions that are reported similar to faults. However, warnings are not recorded in the Event Log. A warning condition also lights the amber WARNING indicator on the front panel. Faults are not latched, meaning that faults are displayed for as long as the fault is active. However, all faults produce a New Fault warning, which is active until faults are reset. When a New Fault warning occurs, the fault condition that caused it is recorded, and reported along with the New Fault warning.

3-42 Operation

DMAN-17466 Rev. C

Synthesized Converter Also, all faults are recorded in the Event Log, so there is always a record of a transient failure. Serial I/O fault handling was designed so that you will not miss a reported fault due to polling rate. Fault conditions are latched via serial I/O until they are reported. So, if a fault condition occurs and becomes inactive between polls, the fault will still be reported in the serial I/O fault-related messages until the information has been transmitted by serial I/O. If a fault occurs, and is still active, it will continue to be reported in serial I/O fault-related messages. Faults are categorized into fault groups. Faults related to failures of internal components are grouped by component. Faults that cannot be traced to a particular component are grouped by themselves. The Active Fault List indicates each group that has a fault active. For specific information about each fault, you refer to the Fault Info.

3.6.1.1

Active Fault List The Active Fault List shows all active faults and warnings. An active fault is one where a measured condition indicates that a failure exists, or an event type failure has happened. In the case of an event type fault, the fault is considered active until faults are reset. The fault list identifies the cause of the failure down to a component level. If, for example, the fault list shows Conv Fault it indicates that something is wrong with the converter module. Some problems, such as a Temperature High fault, cant be traced to a particular component, so they are listed separately. Most component-level faults have further details (Info) that can better define what is wrong with that component. The special New Fault warning also reports the latest (i.e., most recent) fault to be detected. To view the Active Fault List from the front panel select Flt | Active. The screen displays the active fault(s) or warning(s) currently detected by the firmware, beginning with the most recent one. If there are more than one, a right arrowhead () will appear on the right of the bottom line, indicating that

Operation 3-43

DMAN-17466 Rev. C

Synthesized Converter more information is accessible by pressing the right button. MENU

Since this screen only lists active faults, the display could be changing if a fault condition clears while you are viewing it, or if there is an intermittent fault that is repeatedly becoming active and inactive. To deal with this, the faults and warnings are latched only for purposes of being displayed while you are in this screen. If a fault or warning in the list is in fact still active, it will be preceded by a check mark ( ). When there is no check mark, the fault or warning condition has cleared during the time you have been viewing the list. The [Info] menu item appears if there is more than one condition that could contribute to the displayed fault group being reported. If you press SEL, you will be taken to a screen that displays the specific fault condition (or possibly more than one condition) that caused the group fault to be reported. See Section 3.6.1.2 below. See Section 3.4.6 and Table 3-4 for more details on possible failure conditions. You can use serial I/O message 08 to obtain the Active Fault List. 3.6.1.2 Active Fault List Info Most component level faults can report further details about what was found wrong. This information is often useful for factory technical support personnel in helping to troubleshoot a problem. The Active Fault List Info screen is displayed if you press SEL on an Active Fault screen that shows the [Info] choice. It displays all of the active fault conditions that contribute to the group fault, reported in the Active Fault List. The top line displays the fault or warning name, from the Active Fault List, on which you pressed SEL. The second line displays the name of the specific condition that is active (see Section 3.4.6 and Table 3-4). As in the Active Fault List, if the fault or warning is still active, it will be preceded by a check mark (). If there is more information than will fit on one screen, a right arrowhead () will appear on the right of the bottom

3-44 Operation

DMAN-17466 Rev. C line. Press the right information.

Synthesized Converter MENU button to view the rest of the

The serial I/O equivalent of the Active Fault List Info is the list of fault codes obtained with message 16 17. (See Section 3.4.6 and Table 3-4.) 3.6.1.3 Fault Code Text You can determine the fault code text for any one- or twobyte fault code using serial I/O message 16 1F. (See Section 3.4.6 and Table 3-4.) If you send message 16 1F with only the first fault code byte, the text of the fault group (which would appear in the Active Fault List) is returned. If you send both fault code bytes, you get the specific fault text. This function is not available via the menus. 3.6.1.4 Event Log All detected fault conditions, and some other events, are recorded in the Event Log. The following is a list of events recorded in the log: Any fault (but not warnings) The log memory being cleared The logic board being powered-on The logic board being reset

These events are recorded, along with the relative operation time at which they occurred. The events relative operation time shows how long ago (in days, hours, and minutes) the event occurred, in operation time, not real time. The operation time counter stops whenever power is turned off, so you can only be certain of the actual time an event occurs if it occurred after the last Power-Up event (Power-Up events are stored in the log). If a fault occurs which is the same as one already logged within the past 15 minutes, it will not be logged again. This behavior is to prevent an intermittently recurring fault from rapidly filling the log. You can only view the contents of the log; you cannot clear or alter them. This is because the log contains information

Operation 3-45

DMAN-17466 Rev. C

Synthesized Converter that might be useful to the factory, should it become necessary to return the Synthesized Converter for repair. To view the Event Log from the front panel, select Flt | Log. The top line lists the event number and the relative operation time of that entry. The second line contains text describing the event. It can be one of: Fault: (followed by the Specific Fault Screen Name) Log Initialized LogBd Power-Up LogBd Reset

The Specific Fault Screen Name is the screen name of the specific fault condition that occurred (see Section 3.4.6 and Table 3-4). If there is more information than will fit on one screen, a right arrowhead () will appear on the right of the bottom line. Press the right MENU button to view the rest of the information. The Event Log screen sorts events in the order they occurred, with the most recent entry being displayed first (event #1) when you enter the screen. Once the log memory is full, the oldest event is dropped whenever a new one occurs. You can use serial I/O message 16 18 to obtain the Event Log. 3.6.1.5 Fault Reset Faults that are based on measured parameters or conditions are not latched. Faults based on discrete events, such as a Spurious Reset, are latched; that is, they continue to be reported until reset by the operator. Also, the New Fault Warning and the Power-Up Warning are latched. Fault Reset can be used to stop reporting of latched faults and warnings, or reset any fault conditions that cannot be cleared by any other mechanism. Note that most faults that are still active will not be cleared with this command. The Fault Reset command forces a re-test of any hardware that is reporting a fault at the time, where the fault can be detected by a test. If that test passes, the fault will be

3-46 Operation

DMAN-17466 Rev. C

Synthesized Converter cleared. Some of these tests take significant processor time, so avoid repeatedly issuing a Fault Reset command if there is a fault condition that will not clear. For more information, see Section 3.4.6 and Table 3-4. This command is available by serial I/O or from the front panel. To issue a Fault Reset, press the FAULT RESET button or use Flt | Reset in the menu structure, or use serial I/O message 0A. If no faults are being reported after a serial I/O Fault Reset command is executed, the Service Request will also be cleared. See Section 3.6.1.6 below for more information about the Service Request feature.

3.6.1.6

Clear Service Request Command The Service Request is a Form C relay on the serial I/O connector (Standard protocol). Its purpose is to alert the M&C system that a fault or warning condition exists, which can be polled. The monitoring system should send message 08 to find out what is wrong, and then acknowledge the service request by issuing a Clear Service Request command, message 09. This command can only be issued via Standard protocol serial I/O. This command will be obeyed regardless of the setting of the Control Mode. The Service Request will be cleared even if there are still active faults. If any new faults are detected after it has been cleared, the Service Request will occur again.

3.6.2 3.6.2.1

Operational Controls Reference Mode This control can be used to switch the reference module between Internal (INT) and External (EXT). modes. This setting is stored in non-volatile memory, and will be set to Internal at the factory. Use the Oper | Ref menu to access this screen. The top line shows Ref: followed by the current reference mode, Sw: followed by the current reference switch position (see Section 3.6.2.2 below), and Ext followed by a check mark () if the external signal is present, an X if the signal is not present, or

Operation 3-47

DMAN-17466 Rev. C

Synthesized Converter a question mark (?) if the state cannot be determined. The bottom line shows the choices Int and Ext. If this control is set for Internal (INT), the reference module will be forced to use an internal fixed voltage for its oscillator tuning voltage. Any external reference signal will be ignored (but will be monitored). If this control is set for External (EXT), the reference module will wait for an external reference signal to be detected. When one is detected, the reference module will attempt to lock to it. If the reference module cannot lock to the external signal within the maximum lock time, it will switch back to the internal fixed voltage source, and a Reference Lock fault will be reported (except during power-up, see below). If no external reference signal is detected, and the External Reference Fault is enabled, the No External Reference fault will be reported; see 3.6.4.3. In EXTERNAL mode, when the reference module has automatically changed to internal, due to lock failure, it will NOT change to external again, until a Retry External Reference command (3.6.2.3) is issued. Whenever a command is issued to change the Reference Mode to EXTERNAL, a Retry External Reference command is automatically issued. The external reference signal is considered present if it has been consistently detected for at least 500 ms. This test will help eliminate problems caused by the signal being near the detection threshold. On higher frequency converters when the reference mode is changed to EXTERNAL, the output of the reference module moves off frequency temporarily. This shift in the reference frequency may cause the synthesizer to unlock, and also may cause a temporary loss of the RF path. However, the synthesizer unlock fault that results from this event will NOT be reported by the firmware. On power-up, the reference module may be unable to lock to an external signal until the reference oscillator has warmed up. During the warm-up time, the firmware will attempt to lock to a detected external reference signal periodically until it succeeds, or the warm-up time passes. Warm-up is considered done once the reference is successfully locked. A

3-48 Operation

DMAN-17466 Rev. C

Synthesized Converter fault will not be reported during warm-up when the reference module fails to lock. A separate setting determines whether the external reference frequency should be 5 or 10 MHz; see Section 3.6.7. You can use serial I/O message 18 12 to set the Reference Mode. Use message 16 12 or message 20 to obtain the current Reference Mode status and Reference Switch Position. Use message 17 19 to control the External Reference Fault Enable setting.

3.6.2.2

Reference Switch Position The reference module can be set to phase-lock to an External reference or to use an Internal fixed voltage to generate the 10 MHz reference signal for the synthesizer. When the Synthesized Converter is operating in Internal reference mode, the switch will be set for Internal (INT). In the External reference mode, the switch will ordinarily be set for External (EXT). However, the switch might still be in the Internal position, if there is no external reference signal detected, or if the reference module is unable to lock on a detected external reference signal. This information is shown separately on the Oper | Ref screen, so you can see whether issuing a Retry External Reference command (see 3.6.2.3 below) has any effect. Logic board firmware will switch the Reference Switch position from External to Internal if any of the following conditions occur: 1. The reference module is unlocked, and enough time has passed since the switch was set to External that the reference module should have locked. 2. A valid external reference is not detected. 3. The user switches the Reference Mode to Internal. You can use serial I/O message 20 or message 16 12 to obtain the Reference Switch Position along with the Reference Mode status.

Operation 3-49

DMAN-17466 Rev. C 3.6.2.3 Retry External Reference Command

Synthesized Converter

This command causes the reference module to attempt to use an external reference signal again, if it has switched to internal mode after failing to lock to an external signal. This command will be ignored if there is not an external reference signal detected, if the reference module is already running on an external reference signal, or if the Reference Mode is set to Internal. This command is provided for backward compatibility with the serial protocol used by older versions of this product. From the menu screen, this command is issued simply by selecting EXTERNAL mode (Oper | Ref | [Ext]). To issue this command with serial I/O, use message 19 11. 3.6.2.4 Frequency Range The Frequency Range is a set of four numbers, representing the low and high end of the input frequency range, and the low and high end of the output frequency range. The numbers are represented as floating-point values in MHz, with no decimal point. The values are fixed, and represent the entire usable frequency range, not just the band selected by the current frequency setting. Note that if the unit is equipped with an IF Frequency Band Switch, the IF Frequency (input frequency for upconverters, or output frequency for downconverters) will depend on the IF Frequency Band setting (3.6.8). The input and output frequency ranges are stored in nonvolatile memory in the converter module. They are available via serial I/O message 16 1B, to help identify which model converter you are communicating with. For the Synthesized Converters, the input frequency range (for downconverters) or the output frequency range (for upconverters) determines the minimum and maximum allowable settings for the Frequency Control, below. The frequency range is displayed on the top line of the Frequency Control screen (Oper | Freq). 3.6.2.5 Frequency Control The frequency setting represents the center of the bandwidth of the Synthesized Converters RF input (downconverter
3-50 Operation

DMAN-17466 Rev. C

Synthesized Converter models) or RF output (upconverter models). It is a floatingpoint number in MHz, with a resolution of either 0.001 MHz (1 kHz) or 0.125 MHz (125 kHz), based on the 1/125 kHz step-size setting for the synthesizer (see 3.6.15.1.4). It is displayed on the second line of the frequency control screen (Oper | Freq). (Frequency is also shown on the second line of the default Status Screen; see Section 3.3.5.4). The frequency can also be controlled via serial I/O using the 18 13 message. When the step size is 125 kHz, frequency values received serially or entered numerically on the front panel will be rounded to the nearest 125 kHz step. The frequency will also be rounded to the nearest 125 kHz on power-up, or when a memory is recalled (see 3.6.2.9). Frequency settings outside the input RF range (for downconverters) or output RF range (for upconverters) will be ignored. The range of this setting will vary, depending on the installed converter module, and on whether this is an up or down converter. See the Frequency Range (3.6.2.4) for more information. This setting is stored in non-volatile memory, and will be set to the center of the converters adjustable frequency range at the factory. If the frequency is changed on the front panel when the unit is connected to a legacy STARswitch system, a message will be flashed to remind the user to set the frequency in the corresponding memory on the backup unit.

3.6.2.6

Gain Range The firmware controls the overall gain of the Synthesized Converter through gain control circuits located in the converter module. Different Synthesized Converters may have different gain control ranges, which depend upon the model of the converter, and upon the gain characteristics collected during calibration. The gain range, representing the low and high end of the adjustment range in dB, determines the minimum and maximum settings for the Gain Control, below. The Gain Range is displayed on the top line of the gain control screen (Oper | Gain), and is available through serial I/O message 16 1A.
Operation 3-51

DMAN-17466 Rev. C 3.6.2.7 Gain Control

Synthesized Converter

The gain control screen shows the converters gain range (in parentheses) on the top line and the current gain setting on the second line. (Gain is also shown on the second line of the default Status Screen; see Section 3.3.5.4). The Gain Control setting is presented as an absolute gain setting in dB, which represents the middle value of gain collected during calibration. This setting is stored in non-volatile memory, and will be set to the maximum gain setting at the factory. The range of this setting may vary from unit to unit; see Gain Range (above) for more information. The gain is controlled over the specified range in 0.1 dB increments. It is important to note that the gain is not actually measuredthe gain displayed is a setting, and the firmware will strive to achieve that setting as accurately as possible, using stored calibration data tables. But the actual gain may be off, especially during times of rapid temperature changes. Gain can be controlled most conveniently from the front panel using the GAIN or buttons. Pressing either of these buttons once will take you immediately to the gain control screen. If local controls are enabled, further presses of these buttons will either increment or decrement the gain within the allowable gain range. If you press any other button, or wait about 5 seconds, you will be returned to the screen you were in before pressing the GAIN button. The gain control screen is also accessible from the menus, by selecting Oper | Gain. When viewing this screen, pressing either the MODIFY or or GAIN or buttons will adjust the gain (if local controls are enabled). If the gain is changed from the front panel while the unit is connected to a legacy STARswitch system, a message will be flashed to remind the user to change the corresponding memory in the backup unit. The reminder will be flashed one second after the last press of the INC or DEC key (or GAIN UP or GAIN DOWN key), or immediately if the gain is numerically entered. Via serial I/O, gain can be controlled using the 18 10 message.

3-52 Operation

DMAN-17466 Rev. C

Synthesized Converter The [Atten] menu item appears only if the serial I/O protocol is set to Legacy, and then only if the Gain Control screen is accessed through the menu (Oper | Gain), not when the GAIN or buttons are pressed. If this menu choice appears and you press SEL, you will enter the simulated attenuator settings screen. In legacy converter products, gain was controlled through an attenuator setting, and in up-converters, there were two attenuators, labeled IF and L-Band. This product has a single gain setting. But, since this unit can operate in a mode where the serial protocol is compatible with the legacy protocol, the legacy attenuator settings must be simulated. To do so, Attenuation is defined as the current gain setting, subtracted from the maximum gain setting. In downconverters, all attenuation will be simulated using Simulated Attenuator 1, which is equivalent to the IF attenuator in legacy products. In upconverters, attenuation is the sum of the settings Attenuator 1 and Attenuator 2. Adjusting either will cause the gain to change, provided the sum remains within the range represented by the unit's gain control. The 100 memories hold only a gain setting. Thus, (in upconverters) the individual settings of the two attenuators cannot by synthesized from the memories. So, if the memory contents are viewed using the legacy protocol, all attenuation will be assigned to Attenuator 1 (the IF attenuator). If a memory is recalled, which results in a change in attenuation, the change will be applied to Attenuator 1 first. If attenuator 1 is reduced to 0, the remainder of the attenuation change will be applied to Attenuator 2. As with the Gain control, if the Attenuation is changed while the unit is connected to a legacy STARswitch system, a message will be flashed to remind the user to change the corresponding memory in the backup unit. Note that these controls dont actually represent physical attenuators. These controls are just provided in an effort to remain backward compatible with existing systems. These values are stored in non-volatile memory.

Operation 3-53

DMAN-17466 Rev. C 3.6.2.8 STARswitch Mode

Synthesized Converter

This setting is equivalent to the mode setting on the legacy converter products, and determines how the unit reports faults to the controller in a STARswitch system. It can be set for AUTO, ON-LINE, or STANDBY, and is available only if the converter is installed in a STARswitch system. In AUTO mode (the default), any fault detected by this unit will cause a fault to be reported to the STARswitch controller, which will cause this unit to be switched offline (and the backup unit switched on-line)if there are no other units reporting faults in the system, and if the backup unit isn't already assigned to another channel. In ON-LINE mode, the unit NEVER reports a fault, so it will never be switched off-line by the controller. In STANDBY mode, the unit ALWAYS reports a fault (whether or not one is actually present), so it will be switched off-line if there are no other units reporting faults in the system and if the backup unit isn't already assigned to another channel. This setting defaults to AUTO, and is stored in non-volatile memory. The STARswitch mode screen is accessible from the menus by selecting Oper | StSw. The top line displays StSw Mode: followed by the currently selected mode, and the second line allows the choices Aut OnL Sby, and OffLn. The [OffLn] menu item makes available the opportunity to force this unit off-line and replace it with the backup in a STARswitch system. If you select this item you will be presented with a confirmation message telling you to Press SEL to Force Off-Line. Press SEL if you really wish to execute the command, or press PREV to go back to the STARswitch Mode menu. The STARswitch mode can be controlled with serial I/O message 18 15. Use serial I/O message 19 19 to issue the Force Offline command. The current status can be obtained with message 20.

3-54 Operation

DMAN-17466 Rev. C 3.6.2.9

Synthesized Converter

Memory 1100 (Stored Gain, Frequency Settings) 100 memories are available, each containing frequency and gain settings that may be quickly accessed. The memories will, by default, be set for the center of the frequency control range, and for maximum gain. The memory screen (Oper | Mem) displays the Memory Number and the current gain and frequency stored in that memory address for each of the 100 memories, one memory at a time. Pressing the right arrow key on [Rcl], or the left arrow key on [Edit] moves back and forth through the list of memories. The Memory Number is a three digit value, displayed with leading zeros, that shows which memory address you are viewing. On the Backup Converter in a STARswitch system, the memory number for memories 1 through 8 will be shown as *S1 through *S8, to indicate that those memories are reserved for use by the STARswitch system. On STARswitch II systems, the choices [Edit] and [Sel] will not be available for memory numbers *S1 through *S8. Use Oper | Mem | Set or serial I/O message 19 12 to store the converters operating gain and frequency values in the currently displayed memory number. Use Oper | Mem | Rcl or serial I/O message 19 13 to recall the settings from a specific memory number and use them. This command will recall the frequency and gain setting from the currently displayed memory number, and set the converters gain and frequency to them. When the frequency step size is 125 kHz, the frequency will be rounded to the nearest 125 kHz step after being recalled from memory. That value should be changed in both the memory location, and in the actual frequency setting. When connected to a legacy STARswitch system, if [Rcl] is selected and the current operating gain or frequency settings are changed as a result, a message will be flashed to remind the user to change the corresponding memory on the backup unit. With some exceptions, the contents of any of the memories can be set or changed (edited) directly from the Oper | Mem | Edit menu, or loaded via serial I/O message 18 14.

Operation 3-55

DMAN-17466 Rev. C

Synthesized Converter When this screen is first entered the memory number will be that of the Memory screen from which you entered. However, you will be able to navigate through the memories using the left and right arrow keys. Note, however, that on a Backup Converter in a STARswitch II system, you will not be able to move to memory *S8 (or lower) using this technique.

3.6.2.10

Control Mode The Control Mode determines whether the Synthesized Converter can or cannot be controlled by serial I/O or the network. It has two settings: Remote and Local. Use the Oper | Ctl menu to set the Control Mode. This setting is stored in non-volatile memory, and will be set to REMOTE at the factory. In Remote mode, the Synthesized Converter can be controlled via serial I/O or via the network. Local controls (front panel menus and buttons) depend on the Remote Disables Local setting (3.6.10) to determine whether they are active or not. If Remote Disables Local is OFF (set to No), then you can also change settings from the front panel. However, if Remote Disables Local is ON (set to Yes), then you can view things from the front panel (and navigate through the menus), but will be unable to change anything (except you can change the Control Mode from Remote to Local, and then make other changes). In Local mode, the Synthesized Converter can be controlled only from the front panel. Serial I/O or the network can be used to request settings, status, and measurements, but will be unable to change anything. You can enable a Local Mode Warning if you wish to remind yourself to restore the Synthesized Converter to Remote mode prior to leaving the site. See Section 3.6.4.2. The control mode can be changed from the front panel, regardless of the Remote Disables Local setting or the current control mode setting. You can obtain the current Control Mode setting with serial I/O message 20. However, the Control Mode intentionally cannot be set or changed through serial I/O or via the network.

3-56 Operation

DMAN-17466 Rev. C 3.6.2.11 Mute Control

Synthesized Converter

The Mute Control can be set for one of two settings, Mute or Operate. While this control is set for Mute, the RF will be off. When set for Operate, the RF may be on, but still may be off for other reasons. The Mute Control can be controlled from the front panel RF ON or MUTE buttons. Whenever the current screen does not accept numeric entry, pressing MUTE will set the control to Mute. Pressing RF ON will set the control to Operate. The current screen shown in the display is not changed in response to presses of these buttons. To access the Mute Control setting screen on the display, use Oper | Mute. The top line displays RF: followed by the current Mute Status (see below), and the second line allows the choices Mute and Operate. Mute Control can also be set with serial I/O message 18 11. The current RF Status and Mute Status can be obtained with message 16 10 or message 20. The Mute Control is set on power-up according to the PowerUp State setting (see Section 3.6.11). 3.6.2.12 Mute Status The Mute Status is displayed on the top line of the Mute Control menu (see above). Mute Status is similar to RF Status, described in Section 3.3.5.2, but when RF is OFF, priority is given to the Mute settings (i.e., the Mute conditions are displayed before the other conditions). Mute status is not directly available via serial I/O, but can easily be determined from the RF Status. Mute Status can be one of the following: MUTE-LOC The Mute Control has been set to Mute from the front panel. MUTE-SER The Mute Control has been set to Mute via the serial port. MUTE-PWRUP The Mute Control has been set to Mute by the Power-Up State setting. (See Section 3.6.11.) MUTE-? The Mute Control has been set to Mute for an unknown reason.

Operation 3-57

DMAN-17466 Rev. C

Synthesized Converter RF ON The Synthesized Converter is on and ready to carry a signal. This is the normal operating condition. OFF-PWRFL The RF is off due to a power failure of the converter module. OFF-DISC The RF is off because the converter module is disconnected. OFF-PWRUP The RF is off after the converter has been powered up, but before the proper Mute Control setting has been determined. INH-FREQCH The RF is inhibited (off) while the frequency is being changed. INH-UNLOCK The RF is inhibited (off) because the Converter module's PLO is unlocked. INH-SYNTH RF is inhibited (off) because a problem was detected with the synthesizer. INH-REF RF is inhibited (off) because a problem was detected with the reference module. OFF-? RF is off for an unknown reason. ?RF RF status cannot be determined due to hardware failure.

3.6.3 3.6.3.1

Service Information Power Supply Voltages Use the Srvc | PS menu to display the measured voltages of the power supplies in the Synthesized Converter. A fault will be reported if a voltage exceeds a high fault limit, or drops below a low fault limit. (See Section 3.6.15.2 for setting these limits.) Voltage measurements are reported for the +15 V supply, +5 V supply, -15 V supply, and the fan supply voltage. The fan supply voltage measurement shows the voltage supplied to the fan, after the fuse. A fault will be reported if this voltage drops below the factory-set limit. Although the fan voltage is derived from the power-supply's negative 15 volt output, the fan voltage is represented as a positive measurement.

3-58 Operation

DMAN-17466 Rev. C

Synthesized Converter Use serial I/O message 16 19 to obtain the power supply voltages.

3.6.3.2

Reference Mode, External Reference Input Status, and Reference Switch Position Use the Srvc | Ref menu to view the Reference Status screen. The current status of the reference module can be one of the following values, when RF is ON: INTERNAL Reference operating correctly, with the Reference Mode set for Internal. EXTERNAL Reference operating correctly, with the Reference Mode set to External. INT (NO EXT) The reference module is running in internal mode because no external reference signal was detected, with the Reference Mode in External mode. An External Reference fault will be reported, if that fault is enabled (see Section 3.6.4.3.) INT (EXT FAIL) The reference module is running in internal mode after failing to lock in external mode, when the Reference Mode is set to External after a Fault Reset command is issued. It will not switch back to external until a Retry External Reference command is issued. If RF is OFF because of a reference module related fault, one of the following Reference Status messages may be displayed: FLT, DISC The reference module has been disconnected. FLT, FUSE The reference modules poly-fuse has tripped. FAULT, NO LOCK The reference module cannot lock on a detected external reference with the Reference Mode set to External. If you command a Fault Reset with this fault present, the Reference Status will become INT (EXT FAIL). ?RefStat Reference status is unknown, due to hardware failure. The External Reference Input indicator shows whether a signal is currently being detected on the external reference input. It can be PRESENT, NOT PRESENT, or UNKNOWN. It may be abbreviated, or displayed as a symbol ( , X , or ? ) in the menu screens.

Operation 3-59

DMAN-17466 Rev. C

Synthesized Converter Use serial I/O message 16 12 to obtain the Reference Status, External Reference Input status, and Reference Switch Position.

3.6.3.3

Synthesizer Status The current state of the synthesizer can be one of the following values: FAULT, 15V The +15V supply to the synthesizer has failed, most likely because the protective poly-fuse on that supply line to the synthesizer has opened. FAULT, 5V The +5V supply to the synthesizer has failed, most likely because the protective poly-fuse on that supply line to the synthesizer has opened. FAULT, UNLOCK The synthesizer has unlocked (the converters RF path will be shut off). INV FREQ An attempt has been made to set the synthesizer for an invalid frequency. FREQ CH The synthesizer frequency is changing. UNLOCK, REF The synthesizer is unlocked due to a problem with the reference module. OK The synthesizer is operating normally. ?SynStat The synthesizer status cannot be determined due to hardware failure. Use the Srvc | Synth menu or serial I/O message 16 22 to obtain the synthesizer status.

3.6.3.4

Converter Status The current state of a converter module can be one of the following: FAULT, DISC The converter module has been disconnected. FAULT, PWR The converter's power supply has failed, most likely because the fuse has tripped. FAULT, CURR The current drawn by the converter module has dropped below the limit (and the converter's RF path has not been shut off for some other reason).

3-60 Operation

DMAN-17466 Rev. C

Synthesized Converter FAULT, CAL There is an error in the calibration information stored in the non-volatile memory of the converter module. FAULT, TSNS The temperature sensor in the converter module is faulty or has become disconnected. FAULT, UNLK - The PLO in the converter module has unlocked (and nothing is wrong with the reference or the synthesizer). >CAL TEMP - The converter module's temperature is above the range over which it can reliably compensate gain. This condition is also reported as a fault in the Synthesized Converter, but not as a problem with the converter module itself. <CAL TEMP The converter module's temperature is below the range over which it can reliably compensate gain. This condition is also reported as a fault in the Synthesized Converter, but not as a problem with the converter module itself. >OP TEMP The converter module's temperature is above the specified operating temperature range. This condition is also reported as a warning in the Synthesized Converter, but not as a problem with the converter module itself. <OP TEMP The converter module's temperature is below the specified operating temperature range. This condition is also reported as a warning in the Synthesized Converter, but not as a problem with the converter module itself. OFF, PWRF The converter module's RF path is off after the power to the converter module has been lost, and restored. OFF, DISC The converter module's RF path is off after being reconnected (after a disconnect event). OFF, MUTE The converter modules RF path is off because of the Mute Control. OFF, PWRUP The converter module's RF path is off immediately after the Synthesized Converter has been powered on, and before the final setting of the mute control has been determined. OFF, REFINH The converter modules RF path is off due to reference inhibit.

Operation 3-61

DMAN-17466 Rev. C

Synthesized Converter OFF, FREQCH The converter module's RF path is off because the frequency has changed. OFF, SYNINH The converter modules RF path is off because something is wrong with the synthesizer. OFF, UNLOCK The converter modules RF path is off, after the converter has been unlocked. OFF, ? The converter module's RF path is off, but no reason can be determined. OK The converter is operating normally. ?CnvStat The converter status cannot be determined due to hardware failure. Use the Srvc | Conv menu or serial I/O message 16 15 to obtain the converter module status.

3.6.3.5

Converter Current The current being drawn by the converter is shown on the second line of the converter status screen (Srvc | Conv). Current is measured from 0 to approximately 2 amps. If the current is out of range high, it will be displayed with a leading greater-than (>) symbol. You can also obtain this measurement using serial I/O message 16 16.

3.6.3.6

Converter Temperature The temperature inside the converter module is reported in degrees C on the second line of the converter status screen (Srvc | Conv). If the temperature is unreadable for some reason, ?TEMP is shown. You can also obtain this measurement using serial I/O message 16 11. The temperature reading can vary from -55 to +125 C, although practically these limits would never be reached.

3.6.3.7

Converter Module Serial Number Press the right MENU button in the Srvc | Conv screen to display the serial number of the converter module installed in the Synthesized Converter. (Press the left MENU button to return to the first screen.) The format of the serial number can vary, depending on where the module was manufactured. The serial number is stored in the calibration memory of the converter module.

3-62 Operation

DMAN-17466 Rev. C

Synthesized Converter If the serial number is not accessible for some reason, it will be represented as ?SN. You can use serial I/O message 16 20 to obtain this data.

3.6.3.8

STARswitch System Status and STARswitch Controller Type The STARswitch System Status indicator is valid only when the unit is in a STARswitch system. It indicates the status of the unit in the system, and can be one of: ON-LINE The unit is a main unit, and is working on-line. OFF-LINE The unit is a main unit, and has been switched off line, but is not faulted. ON-LINE, FAULT The unit is a main unit, and has a fault, but is not off-line. OFF-LINE, FAULT The unit is a main unit, and has been switched off line due to a fault. ON-LINE # This is the backup unit, and it has been switched to channel # (# can be 1-8, or ?). BACKUP This is the backup unit, and it is waiting to be used on line. ON-LINE, FAULT # This is the backup unit, and it is online on channel #, but is faulted (# can be 1-8, or ?). BACKUP, FAULT This is the backup unit, it is off-line and faulted. FAULT, FUSE The fuse tripped that supplies power to the STARswitch controller. FAULT, SWITCH The STARswitch controller has reported a Switch Fault (backup unit). FAULT, DISCONNECT The STARswitch controller is no longer connected. ?SSWST Something is wrong, and the system status cannot be determined. For the backup unit, when it is switched on-line, a number indicates which channel it is switched to. If a system is powered-up with the backup unit already physically switched onto a certain channel, the STARswitch hardware does not allow the backup unit to determine which channel it is on; in that case, it is displayed as a ?.

Operation 3-63

DMAN-17466 Rev. C

Synthesized Converter The STARswitch Controller Type identifies whether the STARswitch controller is the legacy STARswitch controller, or the newer STARswitch II, which adds several automatic features. The STARswitch status screen is accessible from the menus by selecting Srvc | StSw. The top line displays *Sw Status: followed by the current system status. The second line displays the STARswitch controller type, either Legacy or StSw II. The [OffLn] menu item makes available the opportunity to force this unit off-line and replace it with the backup in a STARswitch system. If you select this item you will be presented with a confirmation message telling you to Press SEL to Force Off-Line. Press SEL if you really wish to execute the command, or press PREV to go back to the STARswitch status screen. The STARswitch status and mode can be determined with serial I/O message 16 23. The STARswitch controller type is available from message 16 24. Use serial I/O message 19 19 to issue the Force Offline command. The current status and mode can also be determined from message 20.

3.6.3.9

Operation Time The Operation Time represents the amount of timeas a number of days, hours, minutes, and secondsthe Synthesized Converters logic board has been powered since it left the factory. Events stored in the Event Log (Section 3.6.1.4) are time stamped with the Operation Time at which the event occurred. To obtain Operation Time from the front panel, select Srvc | Timer. The display consists of four integer values representing days, hours, minutes, and seconds. For example, 67d,13:09:01 represents 67 days, 13 hours, 9 minutes, and 1 second. Note that there is no real time clock in the system. The Operation Time counter is retained in non-volatile memory on the logic board. If the logic board is replaced, the Operation Time value will change. Use serial I/O message 16 1C to retrieve the Operation Time.

3-64 Operation

DMAN-17466 Rev. C 3.6.3.10 Microprocessor Reset

Synthesized Converter

Issuing a microprocessor reset command resets the microprocessor on the logic board. This will clear any faults being reported, clear all memory, and reload all settings and calibration information from non-volatile memory. This reset command will not result in a Spurious Reset fault; and it will not disturb the RF path of the system, but there will be a brief pause in the temperature compensation process. The front panels FAULT indicator will illuminate during the reset process. To reset the processor from the front panel, select Srvc | Reset. The screen will read Press SEL to reset Processor. Press the SEL button at this point to issue the command; or press PREV if you decide not to do so. To reset the microprocessor via serial I/O, simply send the 04 message. The reset command will be issued immediately. Normally, it is not necessary to use the microprocessor reset function. If you observe unusual behavior of the systems controls, you can try this to see if the problem goes away. 3.6.3.11 SCR Logic Firmware Version If you call the factory for technical support, they may need to know both the firmware version and mask number to help you. The Firmware Version screen shows both the version number and the mask number (if any). A mask is a special release of the firmware that contains customized features. To obtain the SCR logic firmware version and mask information, select Srvc | Ver | SCR from the front panel; or, use serial I/O message 16 1E. 3.6.3.12 Ethernet Controller Version To obtain the Ethernet controller version, select Srvc | Ver | Ethernet from the front panel; or, use serial I/O message 16 28. 3.6.3.13 Unit Type The Unit Type is used to identify which type of product you are communicating with. The Unit Type is available via serial I/O message 07. A different type code is used for each

Operation 3-65

DMAN-17466 Rev. C

Synthesized Converter VertexRSI product. The type code returned for synthesized converters covered by this firmware release is 3E. This information is not available via the menus.

3.6.3.14

Converter Type The Converter Type is used to identify which type of product you are communicating with. The Converter Type is available via serial I/O message 16 21. The returned code is 31 for Downconverter, 32 for Upconverter, and 3F if the converter type is unknown. The Converter Type can also be determined via the menus. In the Oper | Freq screen, the first line will show In Frq: for Downconverters and Out Frq: for Upconverters.

3.6.4 3.6.4.1

Setup Faults/Warnings Menu Power-Up Warning Enable Every time the Synthesized Converter is powered on, an entry is made in the Event Log; at your discretion, a PowerUp Warning may also be reported. This may be useful to indicate whether power to the system has been interrupted while an operator is not present; or in debugging some problems, such as intermittent power supplies. The Power-Up Warning is generated only on a power-up, not when the microprocessor is reset for any other reason (e.g., other reasons include the reset command, loading new firmware, or a micro-processor failure that results in a reset). Although the warning is useful in reporting an unscheduled interrupt in traffic, some may not wish to see the warning every time the Synthesized Converter is powered up; thus, it is possible to enable or disable this warning. Note that a power-up entry is stored in the event log whether this warning is enabled or not. This setting is stored in non-volatile memory, and is set to ENABLED at the factory. To enable or disable the Power-Up Warning from the front panel, select Set | FltWrn | PwrUp. The top line of the screen will show the current setting, Enabled or Disabled. Select the desired setting from the choices on the bottom line.

3-66 Operation

DMAN-17466 Rev. C

Synthesized Converter This warning may be enabled or disabled using serial I/O message 17 15. This feature is not available via the network.

3.6.4.2

Local Mode Warning Enable If you are operating an Synthesized Converter installed in some remote location, you will probably use serial I/O or the network to monitor and control it. You would only visit the site, and use the front panel, on rare occasions. In this situation, it is undesirable to leave the system in Local Mode, as it will prevent remote (SIO or network) control. For this reason, you might wish to enable the Local Mode Warning, which will report a Warning, illuminate the amber WARNING indicator on the front panel, and display the words Local Warning on the first line of the status screen. This will serve as a reminder to an operator at the site to restore the system to Remote mode prior to leaving the site. If you do not remotely control your Synthesized Converter, you might leave it in Local Mode continuously. In that case, you should disable this warning. This setting is stored in non-volatile memory, and is set to DISABLED at the factory. To enable or disable the Local Mode warning from the front panel, select Set | FltWarn | Loc. The top line of the screen will show the current setting, Enabled or Disabled. Select the desired setting from the choices on the bottom line. This warning may be enabled or disabled using serial I/O message 17 14. This feature is not available via the network, however.

3.6.4.3

External Reference Fault Enable This setting allows you to determine whether or not you want the Synthesized Converter to report a No External Reference fault. The No External Reference fault is reported if the Reference Mode is set for EXTERNAL, and no external reference signal is detected by the Reference Module, and this setting is ENABLED. You should disable the fault in a situation where you routinely expect to lose the external reference signal in your system. You should enable the fault if you never expect to

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DMAN-17466 Rev. C

Synthesized Converter lose the external reference, and want the Synthesized Converter to alert you if it happens. This setting can be set for ENABLED or DISABLED. To enable or disable the External Reference Fault from the front panel, select Set | FltWrn | ExtRef. The top line of the screen will show the current setting, Enabled or Disabled. Select the desired setting from the choices on the bottom line. This fault may be enabled or disabled using serial I/O message 17 19. This feature is not available via the network. This setting is stored in non-volatile memory, and is DISABLED by default.

3.6.5

Setup Network The Ethernet interface board implements an SNMP interface, which allows control of a sub-set of firmware functions through a Management Information Block (MIB). The MIB uses the (standard protocol) serial I/O instructions and subinstruction codes as part of the MIB address. The interface supports DHCP or STATIC IP address assignment.

3.6.5.1

Network Mode This setting can be Static or DHCP. It determines how the IP address will be assigned to the network interface. This setting defaults to Static, and is stored in non-volatile memory. When the unit is powered up with the Network Mode set for DHCP, or if this setting is changed to DHCP, one attempt is made to connect to the DHCP server. If it is successful, the Network IP Address, Network IP Mask, and Network Gateway settings will automatically change to show the settings from the DHCP server. If the converter is unable to obtain information from the DHCP server, a DHCP Failed warning (57 30) will be reported, the Network Mode will switch to Static, the IP Address will be set to 169.254.0.0, and the Network IP Mask will be set to 255.255.0.0. These IP Address and Network IP Mask values ensure that the converters network settings wont conflict with the network that it is connected to.

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DMAN-17466 Rev. C

Synthesized Converter Once a DHCP attempt fails, the converter will remain in Static mode, until this setting is changed on the front panel. If your network's DHCP server is unavailable for any reason when the unit is trying to contact it, you will lose the ability to communicate with the converter via a network connection. For this reason, it is recommended that DHCP mode NOT BE USED at a remote location where you are depending on the network connection to monitor and control the unit. An Eth Comm Fault (47 31) will be reported if there is a failure of the network interface card in the converter. When the Ethernet Mode is set to Static, the operator must manually enter an IP Address, Network IP Mask, and Network Gateway setting, as described in the following subsections. From the main menu, select Set | Net | Mode. The top line of the screen will show you the current mode setting. The bottom line allows selection of the two choices. The Network Mode can be set using serial I/O message 17 1D.

3.6.5.2

Network IP Address This setting determines the IP address of the network interface, if the Network Mode is set for Static. It consists of four integers, each of which can range from 0 to 255, representing a traditional IP address. When the Network Mode is DHCP, this setting will represent the IP address assigned by the DHCP server, and cannot be changed. When the Network Mode is Static, you must manually enter the IP address. This setting defaults to 192.168.1.100, and is stored in nonvolatile memory. From the main menu, select Set | Net | IP Address. Note that, due to space limitations on the screen, the four parts of the Network IP address are not shown separated by the traditional periods. The Network IP Address can be set using serial I/O message 17 1E.

Operation 3-69

DMAN-17466 Rev. C 3.6.5.3 Network IP Mask

Synthesized Converter

This setting determines the mask for the IP address, to determine which other addresses are part of the same network. It consists of 4 integers, each of which can be 0, 128, 192, 224, 240, 248, 252, 254, or 255. Each integer after the first that is not 255 must be 0. When the Network Mode is DHCP, this setting will represent the IP Mask provided by the network DHCP server, and cannot be changed. When the Network Mode is Static, you must manually enter the mask. This setting defaults to 255.255.255.0, and is stored in nonvolatile memory. From the main menu, select Set | Net | NetMask. Note that, due to space limitations on the screen, the four parts of the Network IP mask are not shown separated by the traditional periods. The Network IP Mask can be set using serial I/O message 17 1F. 3.6.5.4 Network Gateway This setting determines which IP address network traffic should be sent to, if the IP addresses are not on the network, according to the combination of Network IP Mask, and the IP address (either Static, or set via DHCP). When the Network Mode is DHCP, this setting will represent the Network Gateway address provided by the network DHCP server, and cannot be changed. When the Network Mode is Static, you must manually enter the correct Gateway address. This setting defaults to 192.168.1.1, and is stored in nonvolatile memory. From the main menu, select Set | Net | Gateway. Note that, due to space limitations on the screen, the four parts of the Gateway address are not shown separated by the traditional periods. The Gateway address can be set using serial I/O message 17 20.

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DMAN-17466 Rev. C 3.6.6 Setup Serial I/O

Synthesized Converter

Serial I/O allows the Synthesized Converter to be remotely controlled and monitored via its serial port. The following controls must be set to match your computers serial port. These controls (Protocol, Interface, Baud Rate, and Address) cannot be set, or changed, via serial I/O or via the network. 3.6.6.1 Serial I/O Protocol The serial I/O port can be set for Standard or Legacy protocol. The legacy protocol allows backward compatibility with older, existing installations. Note that, in general, when this manual mentions serial I/O, it assumes the Standard protocol is being used. The legacy protocol is covered in more detail in Appendix A. To set the serial protocol, select Set | Ser | Prot from the front panel. The top line of the screen will show you the current serial protocol setting. The bottom line allows selection of the two choices. NOTE When this setting is changed to Legacy, the operator must set the baud rate for 9600, and must set the address for a value between 49 and 111. To use the legacy protocol, the operator must open the converter, and move the serial port ribbon cable from J13 to J12 on the logic board in order to make the pinout of the 9-pin serial connector match that of legacy converters. In the legacy protocol, the service request relay connected to the serial port and the opencollector output on the legacy serial connector will act as a Summary Fault indicator. This setting is stored in non-volatile memory, and is set to Standard by default. Changing the protocol will NOT affect the address and baud rate settings (see the following subsections for more information). See Appendix A for further details on the legacy serial I/O protocol.

Operation 3-71

DMAN-17466 Rev. C 3.6.6.2 Serial I/O Interface

Synthesized Converter

The serial I/O port can be set for RS-232, RS-422, RS-485 4-wire, or RS-485 2-wire operation (see Section 2.5.4 and Table 2-3 for further details). An interface is selected using both the connector wiring and choices you make below. (The factory default setting is RS-485 2-wire.) To set the serial port interface type, select Set | Ser | Intfc from the front panel. The top line of the screen will show you the current serial interface setting. The bottom line allows selection of the four interface types: [RS232] sets the serial I/O interface for RS-232. [RS485:4] sets the interface for RS-485 4-wire. [RS485:2] sets the interface for RS-485 2-wire. [RS422] sets the interface for RS-422.

Note that when using the legacy protocol, it is traditionally RS-422. However, any of the four modes can be selected. 3.6.6.3 Serial I/O Baud Rate The serial baud rate should be set to match the baud rate of your M&C computer. (The factory default setting is 19200 baud.) To control the baud rate, select Set | Ser | Baud. The top line of the screen will show the current baud rate setting. The bottom line allows selection from the following commonly used baud rates: 300, 1200, 2400, 4800, 9600, 14400, 19200, or 28800. Note that if you select legacy protocol, you should set the baud rate for 9600. 3.6.6.4 Serial I/O Address In a serial bus structure where more than one unit can hear messages sent by the host to other units, each unit must be assigned a unique, non-zero address. The serial I/O protocol (Standard or Legacy) contains an address in the message header that determines which unit should obey the message. The Synthesized Converter will answer any message that containing an address that matches its own SIO address setting.

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DMAN-17466 Rev. C

Synthesized Converter In the Standard protocol, address 0 is reserved for messages you wish to send to ALL units at once. Any unit will obey a command message sent to address 0, but will not reply. Address 0, therefore, should not be used on multi-unit RS485 networks. However, address 0 is safe to use where there is only one unit on the bus. To assign an address, select Set | Ser | Adr. In the Standard SIO protocol, you can set the address for any value from 0 to 255. The factory default setting is Address 1. When the serial protocol is set for Legacy, you must set the address for a value from 49 to 111.

3.6.7

External Reference Frequency This setting allows you to determine whether your external reference frequency should be 5 MHz or 10 MHz. It can be set for 5MHZ or 10MHZ. This setting is stored in non-volatile memory, and is set for 10MHZ at the factory. To set the External Reference Frequency from the front panel, select Set | ExtRef. The top line of the screen will show the current setting, 5MHZ or 10MHZ. Select the desired setting from the choices on the bottom line. This frequency may be set using serial I/O message 17 1A. This feature is not available via the network.

3.6.8

IF Frequency Band This control allows you to switch the IF band switch, in units equipped with that feature. The control can be set for BAND1 or BAND2. Changing this setting will affect the input or output frequency range, depending on whether this is an up- or downconverter. This setting is stored in non-volatile memory, and defaults to BAND1. From the Main Menu, select Set | IF. (This menu item appears only if the converter is equipped with this feature.) The top line of the screen will show you the current IF band center frequency. The two choices shown on the second line are the available IF band center frequencies.

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DMAN-17466 Rev. C

Synthesized Converter Use serial I/O message 16 25 to determine whether or not this setting is available. Use serial I/O message 16 26 to obtain the available band center frequencies. Use message 17 1C to select BAND1 or BAND2.

3.6.9

Reference Output This setting determines whether a reference signal is provided on the output of the converter, and is available only on certain models. It can be set for ON or OFF. The Reference Output setting is stored in non-volatile memory, and will default to OFF. From the Main Menu, select Set | RefOut. (This menu item appears only if the converter is equipped with this feature.) The top line of the screen will show you the current setting. The bottom line allows selection of the two choices. Use serial I/O message 16 25 to determine whether or not this setting is available. Use message 17 1B to turn it ON or OFF.

3.6.10

Remote Disables Local You can set the Synthesized Converter so that the local (front panel) controls do not function while the system is in Remote Mode. This is called Remote Disables Local. If this setting is ON (set to YES), an operator may view status and measurement information at the front panel, but can not change any command or control settings without first setting the system to Local Mode. To turn this setting on or off, select Set | R/L. The top line shows whether the setting is ON (YES) or OFF (NO). The bottom line allows the setting to be changed. This setting is stored in non-volatile memory, and will be set to NO at the factory. If you turn on Remote Disables Local from the front panel while the system is in Remote Mode, you will immediately lose the ability to change anything. You must return to the Control Mode setting in the Operate Menu, and set Local Mode, before you can do anything else (including turning Remote Disables Local off).

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DMAN-17466 Rev. C

Synthesized Converter Attempts to edit anything from the front panel (other than setting the Control Mode) while this setting is ON and the system is in Remote Mode will result in the message *** REMOTE *** being displayed for a few seconds. You can read and control the setting of Remote Disables Local using serial I/O message 17 17.

3.6.11

Power-Up State This setting determines the state of the Mute Control whenever the Synthesized Converter is powered on. It only affects operation on a power-on. This setting does not change the Mute Control if the Synthesized Converters microprocessor is reset for any other reason. On power-up, the Synthesized Converter will be muted (by hardware on the logic board) until the microprocessor on the logic board has properly set the gain and frequency, and determined the correct state to operate in from this setting. You can set the Power-Up State for Mute, Operate, or Previous: When set for Mute, the Mute Control will be left in Mute, and RF will not turn on until the Mute Control is changed. When set for Operate, the Mute Control will be set for Operate, and RF will be ON (unless it is held off for another reason). When set for Previous, the Mute Control will be set for its last known state before being powered down.

The current Mute Control setting must be stored in EEPROM when the Power-Up State is set to Previous. Since EEPROM memory can wear out if it incurs too many read/write cycles, Previous is not recommended in systems where the Synthesized Converter will frequently be turned on and off using the Mute Control. This setting is stored in non-volatile memory, and will be set to OPERATE at the factory. Use the Set | PwrUp screen or serial I/O message 17 18 to set the Power-Up State.

Operation 3-75

DMAN-17466 Rev. C 3.6.12 Screen Password

Synthesized Converter

The Set | Passw screen allows you to enable a screen password that will lock the menus, to prevent tampering at remote, un-manned sites. When Enabled, an Unlock choice appears in the Main Menu. A user must enter a six-digit password on the front panel prior to being able to control anything. Even the front panel function buttons (Mute, RF On, Gain, and Fault Reset) will not operate unless the Unlock Password is entered. However, you will still be able to view measurements and settings, but not control or change them, when a screen password is Enabled. When Disabled, no password is necessary to control anything. The screen password cannot be enabled, disabled, or changed via serial I/O. This setting cannot be set for Enabled unless a Screen Password has been entered (set) that is not 0 0 0 0 0 0; see Section 3.6.13, below. To enable or disable a password, select Set | Passw. The top line will show whether the password is Enabled or Disabled. The bottom line allows control of the setting. The bottom line also gives access to the [Set] menu, where you can choose your screen password. You may set a password that allows you to gain front panel control in two situations: The serial I/O Local Lockout command has been issued. Screen Password is Enabled

To set a screen password, select Set | Passw | Set. The current password will be shown as a six-digit number. (If all digits are 0, it represents NO PASSWORD.) Note If you enter this screen while the screens are locked (either due to Local Lockout, or the Screen Password being Enabled) the password will appear as X X X X X X, and will not be editable. In this case, you need to enter the current password in the Unlock screen (see Section 3.6.13 below) before you can disable it or change it in this screen.

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DMAN-17466 Rev. C

Synthesized Converter The or MENU buttons allow you to select any of the six digits, and the MODIFY and buttons allow you to change the selected digit. Set the six digits to your desired password, and then decide how you want to use the password: If you just wish to have a way to temporarily override Local Lockout, press PREV and make sure that the Screen Password setting is DISABLED. If you wish to have the operator enter the password any time he is going to change anything, press PREV , and make sure that the Screen Password setting is ENABLED.

Note that you have to set a screen password (to something other than 0 0 0 0 0 0), but you do not have to enable it, in order to use the password to temporarily override Local Lockout. Password 0 0 0 0 0 0 is considered to mean no password. If you attempt to Enable the screen password as 0 0 0 0 0 0, or if you later change the password to 0 0 0 0 0 0 after enabling it, the screen password setting will revert to Disabled. In this case, however, there will be no local control method to bypass Local Lockout. Once a screen password is enabled, the front panel controls will be locked, until someone enters the correct password in the Unlock screen. While locked, an operator can view any setting or measurement. However, attempts to change any control settings are blocked, and result in the message ***PASSWORD*** being shown on the screen. When the screen password is enabled, you will have to enter the correct password in the Unlock screen every time you go to use the menus to change anything. The screen password cannot be enabled, disabled, or set via serial I/O or the network. See Section 3.6.13 below for information on what to do if you lose your password. 3.6.13 Unlock The Unlock choice appears in the Main Menu for either of two different reasons: 1. Screen Passwords have been enabled; or

Operation 3-77

DMAN-17466 Rev. C

Synthesized Converter 2. A serial I/O Local Lockout command has been issued. The Unlock screen allows an operator at the front panel to regain control of the system if he knows the password. The password is a six-digit number.

Note

If you lose your password, write down the six-digit number that is shown when you first enter the Unlock screen, and contact the factory for assistance. They will be able to provide you with a password that will allow you access one time. You can then go immediately to the Set | Passw | Set screen and recover your old password. To unlock the front panel, select [Unlk] from the Main Menu. The screen will show a random six-digit number on the bottom line. The or MENU buttons allow each of the six digits to be selected separately. Pressing MODIFY or will change the value (0-9) of the selected digit. Change all six numbers to match the currently enabled screen password. Once the entire password is entered, press PREV once to get back to the Main Menu. Do not press PREV from the Main Menu, as it will cancel the password you entered, and you must start over again. If the Unlock choice is now gone from the Main Menu, then you have entered the correct password, and may navigate from the Main Menu to whatever settings you need to change. The unlock condition lasts until you exit from the Main Menu, back to the Status Screen. Once you are finished, simply press PREV enough times to get back to the Status Screen, and the front panel will be relocked. (If you do not use any front panel control for about 5 minutes, the timeout function will also return you to the Status Screen, and re-lock the menus.) The Unlock Password feature is not accessible via serial I/O or the network.

3.6.14

Local Lockout The front panel may be locked out remotely using the serial I/O Local Lockout command. The Local Lockout command may be issued only if the system is in Remote Mode. A Local Lockout command cannot be issued from the front panel. (It is also not available via the network.)

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DMAN-17466 Rev. C

Synthesized Converter When enabled, Local Lockout prevents an operator from changing anything by means of the front panel controls (except as noted below). They may still navigate through the menu screens and view settings and measurements. However, any attempt to edit or change anything with the front panel controls results in the message **LOCAL LOCKOUT** temporarily being displayed. If you have set up a screen password, the operator may be able to regain control of the system by entering the password in the Unlock screen (see 3.6.13, above) accessed from the Main Menu. However, if the screen password is 0 0 0 0 0 0, no menu screen exists that will allow local control of the system. In this case, a serial I/O message must be issued to turn off Local Lockout. Using the Unlock password only temporarily bypasses Local Lockout. As soon as you return to the Status Screen, Local Lockout will again be active. To control Local Lockout via serial I/O, use message 0E. To request the current Local Lockout setting, send the message with no parameters:
TX: 02 06 01 0E 0F 03 RX: 02 07 01 0E 30 3F 03 (30 = Local Lockout is currently OFF)

To turn ON Local Lockout, send message 0E with a 31 data byte parameter:


TX: 02 07 01 0E 31 40 03 RX: none (Local Lockout is now turned on, if in Remote Mode)

To turn OFF Local Lockout, send message 0E with a 30 data byte parameter:
TX: 02 07 01 0E 30 40 03 RX: none (Local Lockout is now turned off, if in Remote Mode)

Operation 3-79

DMAN-17466 Rev. C 3.6.15 3.6.15.1 NOTE Factory Settings Setup Synthesizer

Synthesized Converter

The following values are set at the factory, and are not intended for use by the end user. This section is included only for completeness in the manual. Do not set or change these values unless directed to do so by factory technical support. If set incorrectly, the converter will not function.

3.6.15.1.1 Synthesizer Protocol The Synthesizer Protocol can be set for BCD or BINARY, with the Set | Fact | Synth | Prot menu. This setting determines how the frequency setting for the synthesizer must be encoded and transmitted. Normally, this setting will be made at the factory. If the nonvolatile settings memory is corrupt, this setting will default to BCD for all current Synthesized Converter products. 3.6.15.1.2 Synthesizer Number of Bits If the synthesizer protocol is BINARY, the Set | Fact | Synth | Nbits setting determines the number of bits that can be sent in the bit stream. Since the current design Synthesized Converters all use BCD protocol, this setting is ignored. 3.6.15.1.3 Synthesizer Base Frequency The Synthesizer Base frequency ( Set | Fact | Synth | Fbase ) is a number represented in MHz. It is the offset that must be subtracted from the required synthesizer frequency, and converted to an integer in kHz, in order to produce the binary number used to set the frequency, if the BINARY protocol is used. Since the current Synthesized Converter products use BCD protocol, this setting is ignored.

3-80 Operation

DMAN-17466 Rev. C 3.6.15.1.4 Synthesizer Step Size

Synthesized Converter

The synthesizer step size (Set | Fact | Synth | Step) is a number in kHz. It can be set to either 1 or 125 kHz. This setting identifies the size of the increments for the synthesizer frequency, and thus the steps in which the customer may control the frequency. If set for 125 kHz, the customer will only be able to set a frequency that is a multiple of 125 kHz. Any frequencies in memories will be rounded to the nearest 125 kHz step when displayed or when recalled. If the frequency is incremented or decremented on the front panel, this setting also determines the size of those steps. This setting will default to 125 kHz, and is stored in nonvolatile memory. It will be set at the factory for the synthesizer installed in the converter, but may need to be set by an operator in the field if a logic board is replaced, or if a synthesizer is upgraded. This value can be read by serial I/O message 16 27, but cannot be set or changed by SIO. This feature is not available via the network. 3.6.15.2 Setup Factory Limits

3.6.15.2.1 +15 V Power Supply Voltage Limits These are the lower and upper limits for the +15 V power supply voltage measurement. If the measured power supply voltage goes below the lower limit, or above the upper limit, a fault will be reported. These settings can range from 0 to approximately 21 volts, and the low limit must be less than the upper limit. The settings are stored in non-volatile memory. These limits are set at the factory, and are not intended for use by the end user. Change them only if directed by factory technical support, using the Set | Fact | Limits | +15V screen. Note that you can restore the factory-set limits using the Default Limits command. The limits cannot be set by serial I/O or via the network.

Operation 3-81

DMAN-17466 Rev. C 3.6.15.2.2 +5 V Power Supply Voltage Limits

Synthesized Converter

These are the lower and upper limits for the +5 V power supply voltage measurement. If the measured power supply voltage goes below the lower limit, or above the upper limit, a fault will be reported. These settings can range from 0 to approximately 9 volts, and the low limit must be less than the upper limit. The settings are stored in non-volatile memory. These limits are set at the factory, and are not intended for use by the end user. Change them only if directed by factory technical support, using the Set | Fact | Limits | +5V screen. Note that you can restore the factory-set limits using the Default Limits command. The limits cannot be set by serial I/O or via the network. 3.6.15.2.3 15 V Power Supply Voltage Limits These are the lower and upper limits for the 15 V power supply voltage measurement. If the measured power supply voltage goes below the lower limit, or above the upper limit, a fault will be reported. These settings can range from approximately -6 to -33 volts, and the low limit must be less than the upper limit. The settings are stored in non-volatile memory. These limits are set at the factory, and are not intended for use by the end user. Change them only if directed by factory technical support, using the Set | Fact | Limits | -15V screen. Note that you can restore the factory-set limits using the Default Limits command. The limits cannot be set by serial I/O or via the network. 3.6.15.2.4 Fan Power Supply Voltage Limit This is the lower limit for the fan supply voltage measurement. If the measured fan supply voltage goes below this limit, a fault will be reported. This setting can range from approximately 6 to 33 volts, and the setting is stored in non-volatile memory. (The actual voltage supplied to the fan is derived from the main power supply's -15V output, but the fan voltage represented as a positive voltage measurement.)

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DMAN-17466 Rev. C

Synthesized Converter These limit is set at the factory, and is not intended for use by the end user. Change it only if directed by factory technical support, using the Set | Fact | Limits | Vfan screen. Note that you can restore the factory-set limit using the Default Limits command. The limit cannot be set by serial I/O or via the network.

3.6.15.2.5 Restore Factory Default Limits This command restores all Voltage Limits to those normally set at the factory. Use this command if you have accidentally changed any of these settings, and want to restore them to the factory settings. To restore factory default limits from the front panel, select Set | Fact | Limits | Deflt. The screen will read Press SEL to restore Factory Limits. Press the SEL button at this point to issue the command; or press PREV if you decide not to do so. A message will be flashed that indicates whether the command was successful or not. Failure indicates that the current limit could not be loaded from the converter module for some reason. This command is not available via serial I/O or the network. 3.6.15.2.6 Converter Module Current Limits The Converter Module current limit is determined from the converter module's calibration table, and is not adjustable. This is the minimum limit for the converter module current measurement. If the measured current of the converter module drops below this value, a fault will be reported. 3.7 Program Loading and Firmware Upgrades The Synthesized Converter uses flash memory to store program firmware, and is factory programmed prior to shipment. The program is also field installable via the serial I/O port. To load or upgrade your firmware, obtain the loader software from the factory for the new version you wish to load. For information on the latest firmware and its availability, please consult with VertexRSI or an authorized agent.

Operation 3-83

DMAN-17466 Rev. C

Synthesized Converter The loader software requires Windows 95 or higher to run, and your computer must be properly configured for serial I/O communication with the Synthesized Converter; see Section 2.5.4 for details. Connect the RS-232 serial port from your computer to the Synthesized Converters serial port, and read and follow the instructions provided with the loader in the READ.ME file to start the reload process. If the upgrade does not load properly, refer to the troubleshooting guide, Section 5.6, and retry. If the program still does not successfully load and the Synthesized Converter fails to operate, consult with VertexRSI or an authorized agent.

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DMAN-17466 Rev. C

Synthesized Converter

Section 4
4.1 General Introduction

Theory of Operation

This section gives a general description of the operation of the Synthesized Converter. The Synthesized Converter consists of a reference module, a frequency synthesizer, an up- or downconverter module, a logic board assembly, a front panel assembly, a power supply, and a cooling fan, all housed in a 1U rack chassis. Refer to the schematic diagram in Section 6, Drawings. 4.2 Reference Module The reference module (A5) contains an ovenized crystal oscillator which operates in either a free-running mode (Internal), or can be or to be phase-locked to an external 5 MHz or 10 MHz input signal (External mode). The output of the reference module is a 10 MHz reference signal that is used to phase-lock the synthesizer and the PLO in the converter module. 4.3 Synthesizer The synthesized converter is equipped with a frequency synthesizer module (A4) which provides a tunable LO signal in either 125 kHz (Opt. C) or 1 kHz (Opt. F) steps. The synthesizer output frequency is phase-locked to a 10 MHz signal from the A5 Reference Module. The synthesizer provides a lock alarm signal that indicates an out of lock fault condition. 4.4 Converter Module The converter module (A3) converts the input frequency to the output frequency using a dual mixing scheme based around a synthesized local oscillator and a fixed frequency local oscillator. Upconverters take the baseband signal and convert it to an intermediate frequency via the fixed frequency oscillator.

Theory of Operation 4-1

DMAN-17466 Rev. C

Synthesized Converter This IF frequency is then mixed with the synthesized LO and the output of this mixer is at the final output frequency. Downconverters apply the RF input signal to a high frequency mixer which uses the synthesized LO. The output of this mixer is at the IF frequency and is applied to a mixer which uses the fixed frequency oscillator. The output of this mixer is the desired baseband signal. The converter module communicates with the logic board (A1) via a SPI interface which consists of clock, data, chipselect, and two address lines. The converter module contains gain-control circuits and calibration information which is stored in non-volatile memory inside the module. The calibration information is used by the system firmware to set gain , compensate for gain changes due to temperature, and to correct the broadband frequency response of the RF circuitry as the unit is tuned to different frequencies.

4.5

Logic Board The logic board (A1) contains the main microprocessor core, non-volatile memory, serial and front panel interfaces, and the system firmware . It also contains circuitry for power distribution, fault monitoring, and system control.

4.6

Front Panel The front panel (A2) provides the primary user interface and consists of a membrane keypad and a display assembly. The front panel is controlled by the Logic PCB (A1).

4.7

Power Supply System power is provided by a universal input switching power supply (PS1). Primary power is derived from an AC source ranging from 85-265 Vac. The power supply provides +15 V, +5.2 V, and 15 V supply lines to the logic board. The +15-volt supply powers the logic circuitry and all of the RF modules. A separate -15-volt power line provides power for the cooling fan and is isolated from the power and ground traces that run to the RF modules. The +5.2-volt supply is used to power the

4-2 Theory of Operation

DMAN-17466 Rev. C

Synthesized Converter synthesizer. Each power line running to another component from the logic board is protected with a self-resetting fuse and is monitored to detect the condition in which the fuse is tripped. The logic board measures the voltage of the main logic supply, and will report a fault should the voltage measure outside the set (high/low) limits.

4.8

Fan Power Supply The logic board provides power to the cooling fan (B1). The fan power supply line is protected by a self-resetting fuse. The logic board monitors the fan supply to detect if the fuse trips, or the fan power supply fails.

Theory of Operation 4-3

DMAN-17466 Rev. C

Synthesized Converter

4-4 Theory of Operation

DMAN-17466 Rev. C

Synthesized Converter

Section 5
5.1 General Introduction

Maintenance

To maintain, repair or verify performance of the VertexRSI Synthesized Converter, use the information contained in this section. For a list of test equipment and accessories required for maintenance, see Recommended Equipment, Section 5.2. Preventive Maintenance Procedures are in Section 5.3. Follow these regularly to keep the equipment in peak operating condition. Instructions for adjusting the internal reference oscillator and the power supply voltage are in Adjustments, Section 5.4. To verify that the equipment is operating properly, see Performance Verification, Section 5.5. For information on troubleshooting or fault isolation, see Troubleshooting, Section 5.6.

5.2

Recommended Equipment Equipment recommended for use during the adjustment and performance verification procedures is listed in Table 5-1. Alternate items may be substituted if the listed item is unavailable.

Table 5-1 Model Number Agilent HP8757D Agilent HP83752A Agilent HP437B Agilent HP7470A/002 Agilent HP8564E Agilent HP83711B Agilent HP8648B Agilent HP5351B Fluke 77

Recommended Test Equipment Item Scalar Network Analyzer with appropriate detectors and bridge Sweep Oscillator (0.01-20000 MHz) Power Meter with appropriate power sensor Digital Plotter Spectrum Analyzer Signal Generator Signal Generator Frequency Counter DMM

Maintenance 5-1

DMAN-17466 Rev. C 5.3 Preventive Maintenance

Synthesized Converter

The following procedure should be performed as necessary, based on operating conditions. It is recommended that a log be kept. WARNING Disconnect the equipment power cords before working on the interior of any unit. Dangerous voltages are present around the power input connectors and the power supplies. Always use caution and never work alone. Periodic cleaning Keep the system free from dust and debris by cleaning the external surfaces with a soft brush. Keep the air intakes and exhaust vents clean. Adjust the reference oscillator as needed using the procedure in Section 5.4.1 below. Adjust the power supply voltage as needed using the procedure in Section 5.4.2 below.

5.4 5.4.1

Adjustments Reference Oscillator Adjustment The internal 10 MHz reference oscillator frequency can be adjusted by means of the OCXO frequency trim potentiometer located inside the reference oscillator assembly; see Figure 5-1. To adjust the reference oscillator: a. Connect a frequency counter to the converter output connector. b. Apply an accurately known input frequency (within 1 x 10-8) to the converter input connector. c. Adjust the FREQ TRIM potentiometer (A5R15) to place the output signal on-frequency.

5.4.2

Power Supply Adjustment The main power supply provides +5 Vdc to the converter subassemblies. The auxiliary supply provides power to the cooling fan. To adjust the power supplies: a. Locate the +5V adjustment on PS1 (see Figure 5-1). b. Connect the DMM to the logic board +5 V fuse, F3. Adjust the +5 V ADJUST for a DMM reading of +5.20 0.05 Vdc.

5-2 Maintenance

DMAN-17466 Rev. C

Synthesized Converter

A1 LOGIC PCB
CONN#1
1

DANGER
A6 NIC
W9 (A1J4) SYNTH LO IN RF SAMPLE W6

W14 (FAN)

U23

W15 (A1J9)

+5V ADJUST
J1 FRONT PANEL J4 CONVERTER/PLO MODULE J5

J1

W16 (A2P1)

W9 (A3J2)

W3 W2 TO FP IF W6 W5

J2 IF SAMPLE REF IN RF OUT J1

A4 SYNTHESIZER A3 CONVERTER

FREQ. TRIM (R15)

W5

J2

W3

J3

A5 REF. MODULE
W10 (A1J7)

W1

Figure 5-1. Location of Adjustments 5.5 Performance Verification Use the procedure in this section to verify that the system is operating within specifications. This is similar to the procedure used at the factory for outgoing inspection. The procedure should be whenever any problems are detected and the system is suspected as a source of the problems. Note These tests cannot be performed with the system on-line. Certain procedures will interrupt service to the system. Disconnect from service before doing performance verification tests.

17401

W4

W4

J4

Maintenance 5-3

W16 (A1J1)

EA

AUTHORIZED PERSONNEL ONLY

JU1 J2 FAN J3 MTA100

ELECTRICAL HAZARD

CN2

W8 (A1J3)

PS1
CN1 3 1

W8 (PS1CN2)

VertexRSI 17250 REV APCB-17251REV


J8

CONN#2

P2

J6

+5 V FUSE (F3)

AL

J12

ROCKAWAY SIO

JU2
AH

SYNTH

J7

REF/OSC

J9

RABBIT PORT

J10

STARSWITCH

J13

SERIAL I/O

W11 (A4J1)

W10 (A5J1)

W15 (A6J1)

W12 (J4 REAR PANEL)

W13 (J3 REAR PANEL)

W11 (A1J5) REF IN

DMAN-17466 Rev. C

Synthesized Converter Use a copy of the Measured Test Data form in Section 8, System Configuration, as a checklist and record of the measurement results. It is assumed that the reader is familiar with standard RF and microwave test techniques such as gain, power output and intermodulation distortion. Only minor details of these tests are given in this procedure to clarify test set-ups and operating modes. Refer to the manuals of your microwave test equipment for measurement details, if necessary. The following parameters of the Synthesized Converter are measured and recorded on the test data sheet: Phase noise Gain, gain flatness, and gain slope Gain adjustment range Power output at 1 dB compression Intermodulation distortion Spurious VSWR

a) Phase noise: Measure the phase noise using the spectrum analyzer and signal generator. Record the results on the test data sheet for both internal and external reference. b) Gain, gain flatness, gain slope: Measure the gain, gain flatness, and gain slope. Record the results on the test data sheet. Be sure to use an input level that is in the small signal region of the converter (Pin < -20 dBm). c) Gain adjustment range: Measure the gain adjustment range by incrementing gain via the front panel controls. Make certain the input level is in the small signal region over the entire gain adjustment range. d) Output power: For output power measurements, determine the output power of the unit at 1 dB compression using a power meter and appropriate attenuators. Use frequencies specified on the test data sheet. e) Intermodulation distortion: Measure third order output intermodulation distortion using the tone combinations specified on the test data sheet. Adjust input levels to

5-4 Maintenance

DMAN-17466 Rev. C

Synthesized Converter produce the level shown on the test data sheet per tone at the output. Record the results on the test data sheet. f) Spurious: Using the spectrum analyzer, measure the levels of any spurious signals in the output bandwidth. Record the level of the highest spurious signal on the test data sheet. g) VSWR: Measure return loss (VSWR) at the input and at the output. For input measurements, keep the test signal low enough to avoid saturation of the converter. Record minimum return loss for each port on the test data sheet.

5.6

Troubleshooting Servicing instructions are for use by trained personnel only. To avoid dangerous electric shock, do not perform any servicing unless qualified to do so. Use this section to help isolate faults in the system and to perform repairs. If qualified service personnel are not available, return the system to the factory for service. Refer to Section 7 for warranty repair and return procedures. Before beginning troubleshooting procedures do the following:

WARNING

Verify that the problem has been isolated to this system.


Ensure that other components connected to this system are not causing the problem.

Verify that the system is connected to the correct power


source and that any circuit breakers or fuses are installed and operational. The converter system is modular in nature and as such fault isolation can be accomplished in a straightforward manner. Refer to the system schematic diagram in Section 6 as a guide to isolating faults. After completing any repairs, use the performance verification tests in Section 5.5 to verify that the equipment is fully operational.

Maintenance 5-5

DMAN-17466 Rev. C

Synthesized Converter

5-6 Maintenance

DMAN-17466 Rev. C

Synthesized Converter

Section 6
6.1 General Introduction

Drawings

This section contains drawings needed to maintain and service the Synthesized Converter. Table 6-1 Drawing Type Block Diagram Description Depicts overall signal flow through a subassembly with major circuit groups shown as blocks. Sometimes annotated with signal levels. Standard electronic schematics with appropriate reference designators on components. Pictorial view of a circuit board, subassembly or unit. Components on the assembly drawing are identified by schematic designator or by item number. Item numbers refer to the bills of materials. Shows quantities, manufacturer and manufacturer's part number of each item of an assembly. Also lists reference designators that appear on schematics. All original drawings which were C size or larger have been reduced for inclusion in this manual. Revisions to drawings are identified in the revision block in the upper right corner of the drawing. The initial release of a drawing has no revision. The first revision is A, the second B, and so on. 6.2 Drawing Index Refer to Table 6-2 to locate a drawing. Drawings are inserted in the order in which they appear in the Table. Drawing types are briefly described in Table 6-1 below. Refer to the Drawing Index, Table 6-2, to locate a particular drawing. Drawing Types

Schematic Assembly Drawing

Bill of Materials

Drawings 6-1

DMAN-17466 Rev. C Table 6-2


Drawing Number 17359-1 17360-1 16826-1 16822-1 16823-1 20382-1 20381-1 20368-1 20408-1 20407-1 17361-1 17362-1 17538-1 17094-1 17092-1 17357-1 17358-1 17592-1 17591-1 17593-1 17437-1 AMAX-17437-1 Description

Synthesized Converter Drawing Index


Outline, SCR14000BU-XXX, Ku-Band Upconverter Outline, SCR12000RD-XXX, Ku-Band Downconverter Schematic, Ku-Band Synthesized Converters Assembly, SCR14000BU-XXX, Ku-Band Upconverter Assembly, SCR12000RD-XXX, Ku-Band Downconverter Outline, SCR8000AU-XXX, X-Band Upconverter Outline, SCR7000AD-XXX, X-Band Downconverter Schematic, X-Band Synthesized Converters Assembly, SCR8000AU-XXX, X-Band Upconverter Assembly, SCR7000AD-XXX, X-Band Downconverter Outline, SCR6000BU-XXX, C-Band Upconverter Outline, SCR4000BD-XXX, C-Band Downconverter Schematic, C-Band Synthesized Converters Assembly, SCR6000BU-XXX, C-Band Upconverter Assembly, SCR4000BD-XXX, C-Band Downconverter Outline, SCR1000CU-XXX, L-Band Upconverter Outline, SCR1000CD-XXX, L-Band Downconverter Schematic, L-Band Synthesized Converters Assembly, SCR1000CU-XXX, L-Band Upconverter Assembly, SCR1000CD-XXX, L-Band Downconverter Assembly, Base Assy, Synthesized Converters Bill of Materials, Base Assembly, SCR Series

NOTE

Also see Section 8, System Configuration, for information on specific options included with your system.

6-2 Drawings

DMAN-17466 Rev. C

Synthesized Converter

Section 7
7.1 General Introduction

Warranty

VertexRSI warrants all equipment to be free of defects. Specific warranty policies along with technical support, repair and return procedures are listed in this section. For help installing, maintaining or servicing the unit, see Technical Support, Section 7.2. For terms and conditions of the warranty, see Warranty, Section 7.3. Before returning any equipment for factory service, see Return Procedures, Section 7.4.

7.2

Technical Support Technical support is available by calling VertexRSI directly at (814) 238-2700 during working hours (USA Eastern time zone). Before calling, please have your technical manual in front of you and the model and serial number of the relevant equipment.

7.3

Warranty VertexRSI warrants that its products will be in accordance with the written specifications, will be the kinds and quality described in the agreement, and will be free from defects in material and workmanship, under normal use and service, when correctly installed and maintained, for a period of three (3) years from the date of shipment. VertexRSI's liability is limited solely, at VertexRSI's discretion, to replacing, repairing or issuing credit for products which become defective during the warranty period. VertexRSI must be notified by the buyer, in writing, of any discrepancy before any action may be taken. The buyer must provide VertexRSI with the opportunity to inspect and test the product(s) alleged to be defective. Under no circumstances shall VertexRSI be held liable for any defective product(s) if examination of the product(s) shows that the defect was caused by misuse, abuse, improper installation

Warranty 7-1

DMAN-17466 Rev. C

Synthesized Converter or application, improper maintenance or repair, alteration, accident or negligence in use, storage, transportation or handling.

7.4

Return Procedures Before returning any materials to VertexRSI, the buyer must complete all of the following tasks: Contact either VertexRSI directly or the appropriate VertexRSI sales representative for issuance of a Return Materials Authorization (RMA) number. If the sales representative is contacted, they will in turn contact VertexRSI for approval to return materials. Supply sufficient information regarding the reason(s) for return. Supply the date and purchase order number through which the materials in question were purchased. Supply the location to which the materials are to be returned. Include a name and phone number of an individual to contact in case of questions regarding the return materials.

Materials approved for return must be accompanied by the information requested above. All materials must have an RMA number. Note: Unauthorized returned materials will not be accepted by VertexRSI and will be shipped back to the buyer at the buyer's expense. All returned materials must arrive with postage, duties and all handling costs prepaid by the buyer. VertexRSI will evaluate the returned materials to determine responsibility and will advise the buyer of any repair or replacement charges that apply. Contact VertexRSI at Voice: (814) 238-2700 or, FAX (814) 238-6589 Shipping Address: 2120 Old Gatesburg Road State College, PA 16803 USA
7-2 Warranty

DMAN-17466 Rev. C

Synthesized Converter

Section 8
8.1 General Introduction

System Configuration

This section contains specific configuration information for your system as it was shipped from the factory.

System Configuration 8-1

DMAN-17466 Rev. C

Synthesized Converter

8-2 System Configuration

DMAN-17466 Rev. C

Synthesized Converter

Appendix A
A.1 General Introduction

Legacy SIO Protocol

When the SIO protocol is set for LEGACY (Set | Ser | Prot | [LEGACY] ), the firmware will use the same protocol used in older VertexRSI converter products. Since the set of fault conditions, measurements, and controls was different in those older products, every effort has been made to translate those settings and controls into ones appropriate for this product, with the goal that an end user should not have to re-code the M&C system software. There are two serial port multipin PCB connectors on the logic board. The cable from the rear panel 9-position sub-D connector (J3) will plug into one or the other, depending on whether the port is to support the Standard interface or the legacy interface. The factory default is the Standard interface. When the legacy protocol is being used, the operator must open the converter, and move the serial port ribbon cable from J13 to J12 on the logic board in order to make the pinout of the rear panel 9-pin serial connector match that of legacy converters. (See Figure A-1.)

A1 LOGIC PCB
CONN#1
1

W14 (FAN)

JU1 J2 FAN J3 MTA100

W8 (PS1CN2)

VertexRSI 17250 REV APCB-17251REV


J8

CONN#2

P2

J6

U23

J1

FRONT PANEL

J4 CONVERTER/PLO MODULE J5

W16 (A2P1)

W9 (A3J2)

Figure A-1. Serial Port Multipin Connectors on Logic Board

EA

LEGACY SIO (J12)


AL

J12

ROCKAWAY SIO

JU2
AH

STANDARD SIO (J13)


J7 REF/OSC J9 RABBIT PORT J10 STARSWITCH J13 SERIAL I/O

SYNTH

W11 (A4J1)

W10 (A5J1)

W15 (A6J1)

W12 (J4 REAR PANEL)

W13 (J3 REAR PANEL)

Legacy SIO Protocol A-1

DMAN-17466 Rev. C

Synthesized Converter Table A-1 describes the available signals on the serial I/O interface when the legacy protocol is used. J3 is a 9-position D female connector, and requires a 9-position D male mating connector. A solder-cup style connector and metal backshell are supplied with the Synthesized Converter for use in connecting to the serial I/O port, if desired. Any pins not used in the desired interface should be left unconnected.

Table A-1
9-pin D (F)
5 4 3 2 1

Legacy Serial I/O Interface, J3

Pin Number 5 3 4 9 3 6 4 5 9&6 3&4 5 9 3 6 4 5 Summary Alarm 8 2 1 7

Function Signal Ground Data In Data Out + + Data In Data Out

Notes Connect to DTE signal SG. Connect to DTE signal TD. Connect to DTE signal RD.

RS-232 (EIA/TIA-574) (Full duplex, one unit on a bus)

RS-485 4-wire (Full duplex, multiple units on a bus)

High impedance when not transmitting data, to allow multiple units on a bus.

Ground + Data I/O Connect indicated pins together for RS-485 interface.

RS-485 2-wire (Half duplex, bi-directional bus, multiple units on a bus)

Ground + + Data In Data Out Transmit driver on continuously.

RS-422 (Full duplex, one unit on a bus)

Ground CLOSED on Alarm Common OPEN on Alarm GND if OK Form C contacts, rated for 65 Vdc, 0.15 A (resistive load). Relay shown in relaxed (Alarm) state. Open-collector summary alarm output.

A-2 Legacy SIO Protocol

DMAN-17466 Rev. C

Synthesized Converter The legacy interface includes both the service request Form C relay contact set (connected to 3 pins that were unused on the actual legacy product), and an open-collector output, intended to signal a summary alarm. Both the open-collector transistor and the relay are driven by the same control line from the logic. Thus the contact set will act as a summary alarm, and not as a Service Request. Changing the protocol will NOT affect the address and baud rate settings; those must be set separately by the user. (See Section 3.6.6 for more information.) When legacy protocol is selected, the user must set the unit address (Set | Ser | Adr) to a decimal value between 49 and 111. The user must also set the SIO baud rate (Set | Ser | Baud) to 9600. Note that when using the legacy converter pin-out, it is traditionally RS-422 (Set | Ser | Intfc). However, any of the four modes (RS-232, RS-422, RS-485 2-wire, or RS-485 4wire) can be selected.

A.2

Framing The legacy protocol uses 8 data bits, 1 start bit, 1 stop bit, and no parity. Data is transferred at a rate of 9600 baud.

A.2.1

Messages From Host To Converter Message sent from a host M&C system to the converter should be formatted as follows. Note N is the total number of bytes in the message. BYTE BYTE BYTE BYTE BYTE BYTE 0: STX (02) 1: ADDRESS (31 through 6F) 2: COMMAND (30 through 3C) 3 to N-3: DATA (if any) N-2: ETX (03) N-1: CHECKSUM

All messages start with an STX byte, and end with an ETX and a CHECKSUM. The ADDRESS must match that set on the front panel of the equipment, and is a decimal number in the range 49 through 111 (31 through 6F, hexadecimal).

Legacy SIO Protocol A-3

DMAN-17466 Rev. C

Synthesized Converter The various command bytes and data formats are shown in the following sections. The checksum is the exclusive-OR of all bytes in the message, starting with BYTE 0, and ending with BYTE N-2, inclusive.

A.2.2

Reply Messages From Converter To Host Messages sent from a converter to the host M&C system are only sent as replies to messages originated by the host. Such replies are formatted as follows (N is the total number of bytes in the message): BYTE BYTE BYTE BYTE BYTE BYTE 0: ACK (06) or NAK (15) 1: ADDRESS (31 through 6F) 2: COMMAND (30 through 3C) 3 to N-3: DATA (if any) N-2: ETX (03) N-1: CHECKSUM

The first byte in a reply is an ACK (06) if the message format (from the host) was valid, and if the command was obeyed. The first byte is a NAK (15) if the message contained an illegal command, invalid data, or if a command or control message was not obeyed for some reason, including the converter being in LOCAL mode. The ADDRESS is the same as the address set on the front panel. The COMMAND is the same as the one in the message from the host. The CHECKSUM is the exclusive-OR of all bytes in the message, starting with BYTE 0, and ending with BYTE N-2, inclusive. A.3 Commands and Data Formats The following table contains a list of all 13 commands recognized by converters using the legacy protocol. Note The protocol symbols used in Table A-2 are the same as those used for the standard protocol described in Section 3.4 and Table 3-3 of this manual.

A-4 Legacy SIO Protocol

DMAN-17466 Rev. C Table A-2


Command 30 Description (ref. Section) Device Number (3.6.3.11) No DATA field SCR SCR_firmware_version

Synthesized Converter Legacy Protocol Serial I/O Messages


Sent To Converter System Returned by Converter System
Data Values

The SCR Firmware Version is represented as 3 ASCII digits, without the decimal point. Thus, firmware version 1.24 is returned as SCR124. The total length of the data field in this reply is always 6 bytes. 31 Status Poll No DATA field Exactly 32 bytes, containing data in fixed fields, as follows: Byte Byte Byte Byte Byte Byte Byte Byte Byte Byte 0-8: 9: 10-13: 14-17: 18: 19: 20-24: 25-29: 30: 31: Frequency, in MHz (ASCII string w/ leading spaces) Mute/Mode bit flags Attenuator 2 setting (ASCII string, w/ leading zeroes)* Attenuator 1 setting (ASCII string, w/ leading zeroes) Alarm 1 bit flags Alarm 2 bit flags Not used, reads +00.0 Not used, reads +00.0 Alarm 1 bit mask Alarm 2 bit mask

* In downconverters, Attenuator 2 is not present, and Bytes 10-13 will be 00.0. Mute/Mode bit flags, Byte 9 (MS bit first): bOFFLINE bST_SW_VALID bST_SW_MD_SBY bST_SW_MD_ONLINE 0 bLOCAL_MODE 0 bOPERATE bOFFLINE = 1 if this unit is in a STARswitch system, and is off-line. bST_SW_VALID = 1 if this unit is in a STARswitch system. bST_SW_MD_SBY = 1 if STARswitch Mode is STANDBY, or not in a STARswitch system. * bST_SW_MD_ONLINE = 1 if STARswitch mode is ONLINE, or not in a STARswitch system. * bLOCAL_MODE = 1 if the Control Mode is LOCAL. bOPERATE = 1 if the Mute Control is set to OPERATE (not MUTED). * Note both STARswitch mode bits will be '1' if the unit is not in a STARswitch system; both will be '0' if the mode is AUTO. Alarm 1 bit flags/bit mask, Byte 18 (MS bit first): 0 0 1 1 bPWR_SUPPLY bEXT_REF bCONV_FAULT bSYNTH_FAULT bPWR_SUPPLY = Any power supply voltage fault bEXT_REF = External Reference fault * bCONV_FAULT = Converter Fault (in legacy units, indicated PLO unlock) bSYNTH_FAULT = Synthesizer Fault (in legacy units, indicated synth unlock) * Note: only the External Reference fault may be disabled. Alarm 2 bit flags/bit mask, Byte 19 (MS bit first): 0 0 1 1 bREF_MOD bSTARSWITCH 0 bSUMMARY_FAULT bREF_FAULT = Reference Module Fault (in legacy units, internal ref fault) bSTARSWITCH = STARswitch fault (in legacy units, indicated switch fault) bSUMMARY_FAULT = Any fault (including ones not in this message) None of these faults may be disabled.

Legacy SIO Protocol A-5

DMAN-17466 Rev. C Table A-2


Command Description (ref. Section)

Synthesized Converter Legacy Protocol Serial I/O Messages


Sent To Converter System Returned by Converter System
NOTE: There are fault conditions detectable by this product that did not have corresponding bit flags in the legacy protocol. Therefore, it is possible for the SUMMARY FAULT flag to be set, and none of the other alarm or fault bit flags in this message to be set. Data Values

32

Set Frequency (3.6.2.5)

NFREQUENCY No DATA field To set the frequency, send this message with a data field containing an ASCII string representing the desired frequency in MHz.

33

Set Attenuator 2 (Upconverters), or Set Attenuator 1 (Downconverters) (3.6.2.7) Inc or Dec Attenuator 2 (Upconverters), or Attenuator 1 (Downconverters) (3.6.2.7)

NATTEN No DATA field To set an attenuator, send this message with a data field containing the attenuator value as an ASCII string, in dB, in 0.1 dB increments. This message sets Simulated Attenuator 2 in upconverters, or Simulated Attenuator 1 in downconverters. BINC/DEC No DATA field BINC/DEC = + to increment, or to decrement the attenuator value, in 0.1 dB steps. To step the attenuator up or down by 0.1 dB, send this message, with a one-byte data field, containing the ASCII code for '+ or '-'. This message controls Simulated Attenuator 2 in upconverters, or Simulated Attenuator 1 in downconverters. Exactly 2 bytes, containing bit flag fields as follows: 0 0 1 1 bPWR_SUPPLY bEXT_REF bCONV_FAULT bSYNTH_FAULT 0 0 1 1 bREF_FAULT bSTARSWITCH 0 bSUMMARY_FAULT No DATA field bPWR_SUPPLY = Any power supply voltage fault bEXT_REF = External Reference fault bCONV_FAULT = Converter Fault (in legacy units, indicated PLO unlock) bSYNTH_FAULT = Synthesizer Fault (in legacy units, synthesizer unlock) bREF_FAULT = Reference Module Fault (in legacy units, internal ref fault) bSTARSWITCH = STARswitch fault (in legacy units, indicated switch fault) bSUMMARY_FAULT = Any fault (including ones not in this message) NOTE: Regardless of which bits are '0' in this message, the only fault condition that may be disabled is the External Reference fault.

34

35

Set Alarm Mask (3.6.4.3)

36

Set Mute Control (3.6.2.11)

BMUTE No DATA field BMUTE = 30 to Mute the converter, or 31 to Un-Mute it. NOTE: This product does not support the Mute on Summary Alarm feature, so if the code 32 is received, the message will be ACK'ed, but the mute control will not be changed. Also, note that this product automatically inhibits its output in response to ANY unlock condition.

37

Set Attenuator 1 (3.6.2.7)

NATTEN No DATA field

A-6 Legacy SIO Protocol

DMAN-17466 Rev. C Table A-2


Command Description (ref. Section)

Synthesized Converter Legacy Protocol Serial I/O Messages


Sent To Converter System Returned by Converter System
To set the attenuator, send this message with a data field containing the attenuator value as an ASCII string, in dB, in 0.1 dB increments. This message sets Simulated Attenuator 1 in both up- and downconverters. Data Values

38

Set STARswitch Mode (3.6.2.8)

BSTARSWITCH_MODE No DATA field BSTARSWITCH_MODE = 30 for STANDBY mode, 31 for ONLINE mode, or 32 for AUTO mode. IMEMORY_NUMBER-1 No DATA field This command recalls the contents of the specified memory location, and sets the gain and frequency accordingly. In this message, the 100 locations are numbered 0 through 99; however, in the menu screens, they are displayed as 1 through 100, so you should subtract 1 from the display screen memory number. The memory number can be sent with or without a leading 0.

39

Recall Memory (3.6.2.9)

3A

Set Memory (3.6.2.9)

IMEMORY_NUMBER-1 No DATA field This command stores the converters current operating frequency and gain settings in the specified memory location. In this message, the 100 locations are numbered 0 through 99, but in the menu screens, they are displayed as 1 through 100, so you should subtract 1 from the display screen memory number. The memory number can be sent with or without a leading 0.

3B

View Memory (3.6.2.9)

IMEMORY_NUMBER-1 18 bytes (for downconverters) or 23 bytes (for upconverters), containing data in fixed fields, as follows: Downconverters (18 bytes): BYTE 0: 'M' BYTE 1-2: Memory Number 1 (2 digits, with leading 0) BYTE 3: 'F' BYTE 4-12: Frequency in MHz (ASCII string, with leading spaces) BYTE 13: 'I' BYTE 14-17: Attenuation in dB (ASCII string, with leading 0) Upconverters (23 bytes): BYTE 0: BYTE 1-2: BYTE 3: BYTE 4-12: BYTE 13: BYTE 14-17: BYTE 18: BYTE 19-22: 'M' Memory Number 1 (2 digits, with leading 0) 'F' Frequency in MHz (ASCII string, with leading spaces) 'I' Attenuation in dB (ASCII string, with leading 0) 'L' 00.0

Note: Since the memories actually hold only a frequency and a single gain setting, the total attenuation will be computed by subtracting the gain setting from the maximum possible gain setting. All attenuation will be shown in the IF attenuator field.

Legacy SIO Protocol A-7

DMAN-17466 Rev. C Table A-2


Command 3C Description (ref. Section) Program Memory (3.6.2.9)

Synthesized Converter Legacy Protocol Serial I/O Messages


Sent To Converter System Returned by Converter System
M IMEMORY_NUMBER-1 F NFREQUENCY_MHZ I NATTEN_A [ L NATTEN_B ] No DATA field The second attenuation value is included to support upconverters. Since the memory locations in this product hold only a frequency and a single gain setting, if both attenuation values are included in this message, the memory's gain will be set to a value computed by subtracting the sum of the two attenuation values in this message from the maximum gain setting. Any numeric values in this message may be sent with or without leading zeroes or spaces. Data Values

A-8 Legacy SIO Protocol

DMAN-17466 Rev. C

Synthesized Converter

Appendix B

Legacy Network Interface


Table B-1 lists the settings, controls, and commands that can be accessed through the old style agent/MIB (version 1.00). In this protocol, each setting, control, or command is addressed using a 1- or 2- part address appended to the standard SCR prefix (1.3.6.1.4.1.1414.2.1). The address corresponds to the instruction and sub-instruction for the equivalent function in the standard serial I/O protocol. Note that MIB addresses are normally represented in decimal, while the serial I/O instruction and sub-instruction codes are normally represented in hexadecimal. For the purpose of generating the legacy MIB address, the instruction and subinstruction codes are converted to decimal in the table. Only a critical sub-set of the settings and measurements are available in this legacy interface. It is important to note that version 1.00 does not fully support STARswitch functionality.

Table B-1
MIB Address (Decimal) .4 .7 .8 Access Mode R/W R R Data Type Integer Integer Octet String Name (ref Section) Reset (3.6.3.10) Unit Type (3.6.3.13) Active Fault List (3.6.1.1)

Legacy Version 1.00 Ethernet Message Table


SIO Msg (Hex) 04 07 08 Description Setting this to a value other than 0 will reset the main processor. Always reads as decimal 62 (hexadecimal 3E), for Synthesized Converter Rack. The returned value contains four or seven bytes, which correspond to the bytes returned by the serial I/O 08 message. (See Table 3-3 for more information.) Setting this to the value 1 will issue a Fault Reset command; setting it to 0 will do nothing. Setting it to any other value will have unpredictable results, and is not recommended. Returns a single byte that represents the RF status. See serial I/O message 16 10 in Table 3-3 for the list of codes. Returns an ASCII string representing the converter temperature in C. Returns three bytes, each of which is an enumerated value that represents the status of the reference module, the presence of an external reference signal, and the position of the reference switch, respectively. See SIO message 16 12 in Table 3-3 for the list of codes.

.10

R/W

Integer

Fault Reset (3.6.1.5)

0A

.22.16

Octet String Octet String Octet String

RF Status (3.3.5.2) Converter Temperature (3.6.3.6) Reference Status, External Reference Input, Reference Switch Position (3.6.2.1, 3.6.2.2)

16 10

.22.17

16 11

.22.18

16 12

Legacy Network Interface B-1

DMAN-17466 Rev. C Table B-1


MIB Address (Decimal) .22.21 Access Mode R Data Type Octet String Octet String Octet String Name (ref Section) Converter Status (3.6.3.4) Converter Current (3.6.3.5) Power Supply Voltages (3.6.3.1) Operation Time (3.6.3.9) SCR Firmware Version (3.6.3.11) Converter Module Serial Number (3.6.3.7) Ethernet Version Number (3.6.3.12) Gain (3.6.2.7) Mute Control (3.6.2.11) Frequency (3.6.2.5) Unit Status

Synthesized Converter Legacy Version 1.00 Ethernet Message Table


SIO Msg (Hex) 16 15 Description Returns a single byte that represents the status of the converter module. See message 16 15 in Table 3-3 for the list of codes. Returns an ASCII string representing the converter current in amps. Returns an ASCII string representing the voltages of the +15V, +5V, and -15V supplies, and the fan voltage, respectively (separated by commas). Returns an ASCII string representing the operation time in days, hours, minutes, and seconds (separated by commas). Returns an ASCII string representing the MASK and Version number of the main product firmware. There is a space between the MASK and the Version number. Returns an ASCII string representing the serial number of the converter module.

.22.22

16 16

.22.25

16 19

.22.28

Octet String Octet String

16 1C

.22.30

16 1E

.22.32

Octet String

16 20

.22.40

Octet String Octet String Octet String Octet String Octet String

16 28

Returns an ASCII string representing the version number of the firmware in the Ethernet controller, as an ASCII string. Allows you to set or read the gain control value in dB, as an ASCII string. Allows you to set or read the Mute Control setting: '0' is MUTE; '1' is OPERATE. Allows you to set or read the Frequency setting, as an ASCII string, in MHz. Allows you to determine a variety of top level status information about the converter, including: Control Mode, Summary Fault, Summary Warning, RF On/Off, Mute Control, External Reference Status, Reference Switch Position, Reference Mode, STARswitch Status, and STARswitch Mode. See serial I/O message 20 in Table 3-3 for more details.

.24.16 .24.17 .24.19 .32

R/W R/W R/W R

18 10 18 11 18 13 20

B-2 Legacy Network Interface

DMAN-17466 Rev. C

Synthesized Converter

Appendix C
Term A AC or ac BDC BOM BUC C dB dBc dBm DC or dc DMM EIA GHz Hz IF IC IEC I/O L-Band LCD LED mA MHz ms mV NC NO Definition Ampere Alternating current Block Downconverter Bill of Materials Block Upconverter Degrees Celsius Decibels Decibels with reference to carrier power Decibels with reference to 1 milliwatt of power Direct current Digital multimeter Electronic Industries Association Gigahertz Hertz Intermediate frequency Integrated circuit International Electrotechnical Commission Input/output Frequencies in the range of 1 to 2 GHz Liquid crystal display Light emitting diode Milliampere Megahertz Millisecond Millivolt Normally closed Normally open

Glossary

Glossary C-1

DMAN-17466 Rev. C Term ns OCXO OIP3 p-p PS RF SIO UHF V Vac Vdc VSWR W X-Band Definition Nanosecond Oven-controlled crystal oscillator Third-order output intercept point Ohms Peak-to-peak Power supply Radio frequency Serial I/O Ultra high frequency Volt Volts alternating current Volts direct current Voltage standing wave ratio Watt Frequencies in the range of 8 to 12 GHz

Synthesized Converter

C-2 Glossary

DMAN-17466 Rev. C

Synthesized Converter

Notes