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Rainforests 1. The widespread clearance of the Amazon rainforest is called: Afforestation Deforestation Management Scientific investigation 2.

n 2. Which of the following is NOT a result of clearing tropical forests? Soil erosion Global warming Hurricanes Flooding 3. What is the name given to the sustainable method of agriculture practised in the forest? Moving cultivation Nomadic farming Shifting cultivation 4. Which of the following is an example of sustainable management of forests? Clearing land for plantations Cattle ranching Building new settlements in the forest Selective logging Deserts 1. Which sentence is true? You cannot build cities in deserts. You can build cities in deserts. 2. The Mojave Desert is used by: tourists but not the military. tourists, the military and film makers. film makers and tourists. Military use is banned. 3. To help conserve water in Las Vegas: city officials ask people not to have baths. city officials encourage recycling of waste water. city officials ban outdoor water use. 4. Desert soils are: very fertile, allowing many types of farming. not very fertile, restricting the types of farming. made from brown earth. 5. The Thar desert is in: India Kenya America 6. Salinisation is: removing salts and minerals from the sand. the increase of salts and minerals on the surface of the soil from evaporation of water. the adding of fertiliser to allow more crops to grow.

Rivers 1. The hydrological cycle is also known as: the carbon cycle. the water cycle. the bicycle. 2. How much of the world's water is stored in seas and oceans? 2% 97% 59% 3. The drainage basin is the: area of land drained by a river. the term also called a sink. the ridge of high land which surrounds a river. 4. The confluence is: a conversation you have when standing in a river. the downward movement of water in the soil. a point at which two rivers meet. 5. The mouth of a river is: where the fish get fed. the start point of any river. the end point of a river. 6. The watershed is: a building made to house water. a shed which is built on stilts above a river. the ridge of land surrounding a river separating two or more drainage basins. 7. A slice through a river from source to mouth is called what? Long profile Cross profile Cross section Steep profile 8. A typical cross profile in the upper course will be: wide and deep. narrow and shallow. narrow and deep. wide and shallow. 9. Which of the following is NOT a type of river erosion? Solution or corrosion Abrasion Percolation Hydraulic action Attrition

10. When rocks and pebbles being carried by the river knock together and are broken down to form smaller particles this is called: Corrosion Abrasion Percolation Hydraulic action Attrition 11. When the force of the water being carried by the river wears away the bed and banks this is called: solution or corrosion. abrasion. percolation. hydraulic action. attrition. 12. Which of the following statements about deposition is NOT correct? Deposition is more common at the source of the river. Deposition occurs when a river loses energy. Deposition may occur when the river is shallow. Deposition may occur when the volume of water decreases. 13. Erosion is vertical or downwards: at the source of a river. at the mouth of a river. 14. A wide river channel is formed: at the source of a river. at the mouth of a river. 15. Rivers are usually divided into how many courses? Two Three Four 16. V-shaped valleys, interlocking spurs and waterfalls are usually found in which part of a river? Starter course Upper course Lower-middle course Upper-middle course Lower course 17. Which one of these features do you associate with the lower course of a river: meander, delta, oxbow lake? Meander Delta Oxbow lake 18. What is formed where a river in its upper course winds around hard rock forming a series of tapering ridges? Interlocking spurs Waterfalls A V-shaped valley

19. When a river runs over alternating layers of hard and soft rock what is created? Oxbow lake Waterfall V-shaped valley 20. What features are created when a river erodes laterally creating large sweeping bends in the river channel? Oxbow lakes Floodplains Meanders Levees 21. When alluvium (silt) builds up on the banks of a river, what are formed? Deltas Rapids Floodplains Levees Gorges 22. Which of these is NOT a type of river delta? Arcuate Mississippi Cuspate Bird's foot 23. Flooding occurs when: glaciers melt. it rains. a river bursts its banks. 24. Which of these factors does NOT encourage flooding? A drainage basin found in an urban area A drainage basin made of permeable rock A drainage basin made of impermeable rock A lack of vegetation or woodland A river channel surrounded by steep slopes 25. Which of the following does NOT help to explain the different impacts of flooding between MEDCs and LEDCs? MEDCs have better flood warning systems. MEDCs have better access to emergency services. LEDCs have more rainfall. LEDCs don't spend as much on flood management. 26. Which of the following is NOT a hard engineering method of flood protection? Afforestation Dams and reservoirs Channel straightening 27. Flooding can be beneficial because: it can make the ground more fertile. it can teach people to swim. it can destroy homes. 28. Bangladesh is vulnerable to flooding. Which of the following is NOT a reason why?

Over half of the land is less than 6 m above sea level. It is an area which suffers from tropical storms. The houses are built on stilts.

29. The amount of water used every day is: equally spread around the world. higher in LEDCs than MEDCs per person. higher in MEDCs than LEDCs per person. 30. LEDCs tend to use a large percentage of their water for: Domestic (household) use Industrial use Agricultural (farming) use 31. One way in which water is used for agriculture is called: irrigation. infiltration. infertility. 32. The amount of water LEDCs use for industrial purposes is set to rise. This is because: more industries are locating in LEDCs. industry is becoming less efficient in LEDCs. water supply will become more available in LEDCs. 33. MEDCs demand more domestic use of water because: the lifestyle includes time-saving devices which use more water such as washing machines. people are thirstier in MEDCs. water is free in MEDCs. 34. Which of the following is NOT a way of reducing demand for water? Collecting rainwater to use on the garden rather than tap water Having a bath not a shower Recycling bath water to flush the toilets with 35. Which of the following is NOT a form of accessing fresh water in LEDCs? Wells Gravity fed schemes Collecting sea water in buckets on boats 36. What is the geographical term given to a long period of abnormally dry weather which has led to a severe water shortage? Tropical storm Heatwave Famine Drought 37. What statement below is NOT associated with the dangers of droughts to a human population? Thirst Hunger due to crop failures Spread of disease Land slides Famine

38. What is the name given to the region of north Africa prone to drought? Nile Veld Sahel Maghreb Guinea

Use the pictures or diagrams below to answer the questions. Tick the correct box.
Volcanoes The part labelled X is called: Lava flow Crater Magma Reservoir Directions If you went from town A to town B, you would be traveling: From South East to North West From North West to South East From South West to North East From North East to South West This photograph shows: An Ox-bow lake A U shaped valley A Corrie (or cirque) Look at this image of the Earth from Space. The continent marked X is: South America Asia Africa Australia Glaciation

Mass Movement The type of mass movement shown in the diagram: A landslide An avalanche Soil creep A mudslide