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Deploying UMTS900 Re-use of existing GSM900 infrastructure

AfricaCom 2008
No ember 2008 November
Customer confidential 1 Nokia Siemens Networks WCDMA Refarming Site Solution / SSM RA MEA / November 2008

Synopsis
Reuse Re se of e existing isting GSM900 infrastr infrastructure ct re
Reduce the impact on CAPEX and OPEX by site sharing and
maximum reuse of hardware Eliminate site acquisition and rental costs Eliminate site civil work including masts and site infrastructure Co-locate GSM and UMTS sites as far as possible (re-use cabinets, power, back-up b k systems, t antenna t lines li and dt transmission) i i ) Re-use Network Management Reduce operational complexity

Leads to speed of deployment of the network

Customer confidential 2 Nokia Siemens Networks

WCDMA Refarming Site Solution / SSM RA MEA / November 2008

Content
Base Station Site System Cabinets Antenna Lines Other considerations Network Management (OSS) Summary

Customer confidential 3 Nokia Siemens Networks

WCDMA Refarming Site Solution / SSM RA MEA / November 2008

2G BTS site evolution to WCDMA 900 MHz


GSM 2+2+2 GSM 2+2+2 WCDMA 900 2+2+2

Inside GSM BTS cabinet

GSM 4+4+4

Inside Service cabinet


GSM 4+4+4

GSM 4+4+4 WCDMA 900 2+2+2

GSM 4+4+4 WCDMA 900 2+2+2

Next to GSM BTS cabinet

GSM 4+4+4

Outdoor, Feederless RF

GSM 4+4+4 WCDMA 900 2+2+2 LEGEND


WCDMA Refarming Site Solution / SSM RA MEA / November 2008

Flexi WCDMA module Battery string

Customer confidential 4 Nokia Siemens Networks

Solutions for Antenna System Sharing


Separate Systems Shared Antenna System Feederless Site

GSM 900 Antenna

WCDMA 900 Antenna WCDMA 900 Mast Head Amplifiers

Shared Antenna for GSM 900 and WCDMA 900 Shared Mast Head Amplifiers

Dual D l MHA f for 900 MHz,

Separate antennas for GSM 900 and for WCDMA 900 or single antenna with 2 broad band elements inside same radome

GSM 900 Mast Head Amplifiers

Feeders

Feeders

Shared feeders

AISG Compliant Separate output for antenna tilt signals

Flexi Fl i WCDMA 900 RF module

Optical fiber and DC cable Flexi Multiradio Combiner GSM 900 BTS Flexi WCDMA 900 BTS Flexi WCDMA 900 RF modules Fl i WCDMA Flexi System module

Flexi WCDMA System module

Customer confidential 5 Nokia Siemens Networks

WCDMA Refarming Site Solution / SSM RA MEA / November 2008

Shared Antenna System for GSM 900 and WCDMA 900 by Flexi Multi Radio Combiner
GSM 900 GSM 900 & WCDMA 900
Shared Antenna for GSM 900 and WCDMA 900 Shared Mast Head Amplifiers

GSM 900 Antenna

Dual MHA for 900 MHz,

GSM 900 Mast Head Amplifiers

Feeders

Shared feeders

AISG Compliant Separate output for antenna tilt signals

Flexi Multiradio Combiner GSM 900 BTS Flexi WCDMA 900 RF modules Flexi WCDMA System module

Shared antenna systems in WCDMA refarming Co-sited GSM 900 and WCDMA 900 base stations can utilize the same antenna system Flexi Multiradio Combiner (MRC) d bl shared doubles h d antenna t system t performance compared to typical combiners for antenna sharing MRC used together with Dual Masthead Amplifier compensates for sharing losses Benefits of sharing antennas: Faster site construction and WCDMA 900 rollout: existing GSM 900 antenna system can remain untouched Savings in antenna system: same antenna lines for GSM / WCDMA Visual impact: less antenna cables and antennas

Customer confidential 6 Nokia Siemens Networks

WCDMA Refarming Site Solution / SSM RA MEA / November 2008

Shared Antenna System for WCDMA and GSM Flexi Multiradio Combiner
GSM 900 & GSM 1800 & WCDMA 900 & WCDMA 2100
Shared X-pol antenna for GSM 900 and WCDMA 900 (If WCDMA 900 requires separate tilt then 2 pieces of V-pol antennas are needed Shared X-pol antenna for GSM 1800 and WCDMA 2100 with broad band element inside

Diplexer

Shared MHAs

Triplexer

Flexi Multiradio Combiner

WCDMA 2100 BTS

GSM 1800 BTS

WCDMA 900 BTS

GSM 900 BTS

Minimal change in performance Combining loss for WCDMA 2100 and GSM 1800 < 0.6 dB Combining loss for WCDMA 900 and GSM 900 UL compensated by MHA DL < 1dB S i Savings in i antenna t lines li and d construction 6 feeder lines instead of 24 6 antennas instead of 12 Simplified antenna system means lighter construction and lower installation cost Improved visual impact means easier site acquisition

Customer confidential 7 Nokia Siemens Networks

WCDMA Refarming Site Solution / SSM RA MEA / November 2008

Other considerations
Transmission
Maximise re-use of existing GSM sites
Optimally carry traffic from site to core network Common backhaul ATM aggregation over E1 leased lines (One Pipe) IP/Ethernet-based transport as an alternative

Sharing back-up power


If needed, additional rectifier capacity should be added Could result in additional batteries if backup time is to be maintained

Customer confidential 8 Nokia Siemens Networks

WCDMA Refarming Site Solution / SSM RA MEA / November 2008

Content
Base Station Site System Cabinets Antenna Lines Other considerations Network Management (OSS) Summary

Customer confidential 9 Nokia Siemens Networks

WCDMA Refarming Site Solution / SSM RA MEA / November 2008

Versatile OSS functionality for efficient WCDMA refarming g


Centralized OSS for WCDMA refarming
One system for monitoring, measuring and configuring
the network and services Seamless management of multi-technology networks High scalability meets network growth and new technology requirements Management provided with simplified roll-out utilizing NetAct tools Provides roll-out support for GSM spectrum efficiency
features, over the whole network or only in part by managing licenses and configuration management

Efficient planning and optimization of GSM/WCDMA

networks utilizing NetAct tools Optimizes frequencies of existing GSM network to enable
successful WCDMA deployment Further optimizes the WCDMA network to meet quality requirements
WCDMA Refarming Site Solution / SSM RA MEA / November 2008

Customer confidential 10 Nokia Siemens Networks

Content
Base Station Site System Cabinets Antenna Lines Other considerations Network Management (OSS) Summary

Customer confidential 11 Nokia Siemens Networks

WCDMA Refarming Site Solution / SSM RA MEA / November 2008

Summary
With WCDMA900 solution (verified from field tests) GSM900 network planning grid can be used Indoor coverage is greatly improved HSDPA data rate is increased significantly at cell edge With Nokia Siemens Networks WCDMA900 solution 4.2 MHz spectrum allocation for WCDMA is enough Inter-system and inter-frequency service continuity provided Antenna line can be shared between GSM and WCDMA NetAct N tA t O Optimizer ti i is i a powerful f l tool t l for f improving i i th the radio di network performance

Customer confidential 12 Nokia Siemens Networks

WCDMA Refarming Site Solution / SSM RA MEA / November 2008

Thank you

Trevor Watts T W tt Solution Manager Nokia Siemens Networks +27 12 678 2365
Customer confidential 13 Nokia Siemens Networks WCDMA Refarming Site Solution / SSM RA MEA / November 2008