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Pronombres personales I - yo ------- am you - t / usted---------are he - l ------------------is she - ella -------------is it - l /ello / ella (objeto)------is we - nosotros / nosotras --------are

you - ustedes / vosotros ---------are they - ellos / ellas-----------------are

Pronombres posesivos

mine -(el/la/lo/los/las) mo/a mos/as your - (el/la/lo/los/las) tuyo/a tuyos/as his - (el/la/lo/los/las) suyo/a suyos/as her - (el/la/lo/los/las) suyo/a suyos/as our - (el/la/lo/los/las) nuestro/a, nuestros/as your - (el/la/lo/los/las) de ustedes their - (el/la/lo/los/las) suyo/a suyos/as

pronombres objetivos I Me You You She Her He Him It It We Us They Them

NOUNS plurals Usualmente el plural de los sustantivos solo se aade una S House- houses Teacher- teachers Si el sustantivo termina en consonante +Y la terminacin es IES City- cities Party- parties Si un sustantivo termina en sh, ch, S o X la terminacin es ES Bush- bushes Match- matches Box- boxes Bus- buses Algunos sustantivos tienen plurals irregulars Man- men Woman- women Child- children Person- people


Usamos el presente simple para las cosas que pasan regularmente o para las cosas que normalmente son verdad S+VERB IN PRESENT+COMPLEMENT We watch TV after school They live in Australia She speaks French

En tercera persona a los verbos se les aade la S She plays tennis Si el verbo termina en O, SH, CH, SS o X se aade ES It goes She finishes Si el verbo termina en una consonante + Y , cambiamos Y por I y aadimos ES She estudies He carries


Usamos there is/ there are para decir que algo existe Theress a bank in south Street There are two parks in my town There is -- para singular There are--- para el plural


S+ BE IN PAST+ VERB ing + C In 1999, they are living in the USA My parents were having lunch Daniel was working in a factory

COMPARATIVE AND SUPERLATIVE ADJECTIVES Comparative: terminacion ER Superlative: terminacion EST, IEST

good, bueno bad, malo late, tarde little, poco much, mucho many, muchos old, viejo far, lejos far, lejos

better than, mejor que worse than, peor que later than o latter, posterior less than, menos que more than, ms que more than, ms que older than o elder than, mayor que farther than, ms lejos que further than, ms lejos que

the best, el mejor the worst, el peor the latest o the last, el ltimo the least, el mnimo the most, el mximo the most, el mximo the oldest o the eldest, el mayor the farthest, el ms lejano the furthest, el ms lejano


If+ S + V + C , S+ will/wont + C If we have time, we will do some shopping at the restaurant In the future, I think people will to travel on holiday

MODAL VERBS Son posibilidades: Might Might not May May not

ADVERBS Describen los verbos


S + V IN Past + C I worked in New York two years ago. I didnt work in New York 2 years ago. He studied English in Texas last week.

MUST/ MUSTNT MUST-----> si es importante hacer algo Mustnt-----> si no es importante hacer algo You must remember to feed the dog You musntt forget to post this letter

PRESENT PERFECT Normalmete usamos el presente perfecto para hablar acerca de cosas desde el inicio de nuestras vidas hasta ahora. S + AUX. HAVE- HAS + V IN PAST PARTICIPLE + COMPLEMENT You have been in Canada. Have you ever been in Canada? John has travelled to lots of different countries. WILL / WONT Usamos will/ wont para hacer predicciones hacerca del futuro I wont live in England. In the future people will travel to mars.