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This circuit offers a variety of Buck DC to DC converters. Because as circuit increase voltage of 5 volts to 12 volts.

This circuit is called Boost converter circuit. The primary circuit is shown in Figure 1. According to primary circuit, when switch (S) Closed cause a voltage drop across L, or Caused UL is an input power supply (Uin) has current at a coil, The rate of increase of the current is linearly. When (S) opened the current in the coil still flow to continue. Because there current from the input source with the current of coil. Makes current 2 supply current to a diode (D) Caused a output voltage higher than the input. Figure 1 The primary boost converter circuit While the switch opened the collapse of the electric field. Makes voltage of the inductance L to the left of a positive return is result is that the voltage between the input and the coil's voltage has the same phase as the battery series (Inphase) the end result is Makes voltage of output increases. The circuit. Structure similar to the buck converters circuit. But when you want so design the output voltage rises to the switch is connected to ground. By virtue of the Booster. This means an increase of the voltage positioning device is D1, L1, they serves as the primary the voltage converter circuit. The switch we design both transistors T1, T2, serving each other feedback. Complete circuit is shown in Figure 2.

Figure 2 the complete circuit of the boost converter 5V to 12V has effective in the range of 77% When the power supply to a transistor circuit T3 to the conduction system. Because it is the only one with a full bias current flows through R4 +5 volts to pin emitter to base. Through R3 to reach the potential removal of the input voltage. The results of the transistor T3 has bias, making it rise to Conduction provide a current from emitter out to collector sent directly to the bias of base of transistor T1 Makes T1 into conduction state to another. T1 so is the switch (S). When viewed in circuit Figure 2. Making T1 conduct while L1 is connected to ground (or potential negative light). Resulting voltage drop across L1 equal to the power supply voltage by the voltage of +5 volts L1 is connected to a positive voltage.And its bottom terminals is a negative voltage. When T1 conduct causes the linearly current with coil L1, the current flow through the coil is same as the collector current or the emitter current of T1. When current of coil will increase the voltage across R1 have value about 0.8-1.2 volts. Makes the transistor T2 conduct bias of T1

is to pull off. Makes T1 as same switch open circuits. That is, L1 is cut out of the ground, the magnetic field of the inductor L1 and the voltage collapse occurred first. L1 is connected to the terminals voltage of the input voltage is negative. Serial-in phase with occurred voltage occurred the output is equal to +5 volts. Uout = Uin+U That is, the voltage at the combined pass diode D1 to supply to the output. By has C1 value 10 microfarad power smoothing control. To make the output voltage more or less depending on the period of energy. If a long period. Voltage happens to be very valuable. Because energy is concentrated there. This does not indicate that the low frequency of this circuit is to power up.Due regard to the resonance of the system. If the frequency is below the resonance box, it will not work the switching circuit. But, however. This circuit is the regulator circuit controls the output voltage of 12 volts, thus adding to the zener diode of 1 pcs. The D2 No. ZPD12 which is the zener voltage at 12 volts with the numeric suffix on the output voltage up to level 12 mA. Makes the Zener diode current to return to the operating point of the transistor T2 T2. It changes according to the input voltage return it to eventually turn off transistor T1. T1 is the execution time of a shorter period. The solution is to give up control. This circuit provides the output current of 20 mA and maximum voltage of 12.6 volts while the input of 5 volts at current of 64 mA that is effective in the range of 77% is not so bad.