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0) What Leadership Means
In Pacific Rim focus leadership is defined as “process of influencing others positive behaviors to achieve organizational goals” (Bartol, Tein, Matthews, Martin, 2005, p.400) To define leadership from just one definition is immature. “Leadership is the process by which a person exerts influence over other people and inspires, motivates, and directs goals.” (Jones and George, 2003, p.443)
Some common characteristic exists in all above leadership definitions and one can be taken as “Influencing”. Leaders do influence people through inspiration and motivation. Through this influence, individuals commit on their works effective and efficient manner and the way which is expected by the leader. The degree of experiences that people have and their perceptions toward leadership is diverse. Due to this fact different view points of leadership emerge. And also the culture that they live and the values that they accept are directly affected on to emerge different view points of leadership. My view toward leadership focuses on, influencing other people’s behavior in order direct them to achieve desired objectives and outcomes in any situation which is challengeable. In this my view point I used the word challengeable, because always leaders are risk takers in all situations which they deal with. Without influencing people leaders won’t be able to win the challenge which is very risky. Even the person who is in the managerial position who cannot influence others toward certain way is not a leader. One of my colleagues in the work place defined leadership as, “Search for the accomplishment of self actualization through leading people toward accomplishing goals and objectives. Further more he stated that leaders should be equipped with scientific approach which focuses more on task orientation and respect, humanity which more focuses on people orientation.
(2.0) Short Life History
Effective good leaders are always not born, they are made. It means they have acquired characteristics of a leader from their birth. Mr. Richard Branson is one of the good examples who have got a lot of experiences and insights in to leadership from his birth. In my life I have strongly influenced leadership qualities from one of my uncle who is an assistant manager at a well reputed company. I feel the qualities that I could influence are more towards people oriented. Some of the important characteristics that he has can be noted as followers. He has kind heart and always he is willing to help people. And also I have never seen a day that he gets angry. Even when some mistakes happen from the family member he doesn’t make conflicts with those family members. In this kind of situation he has the ability to influence and direct the person to get in to the correct track in polite way. And also I could get know that he respect that he is delivered from the work place even from the lower level employee, such like security guard, is greater than the other people who are in the same position as my uncle. This happens because of the respect and humanity that he has towards other people in the Organization. . He always displayed appropriate conduct, showed a good cooperation with others, displayed loyalty to superiors. And always my uncle tries to achieve certain goals through hard working. He is from a very poor family. As I get knew just after the A/L exam he didn’t have money to study further. Therefore he joined with a private company as a Clerk. Mainly because of the hard working and the characteristics that he shows, he could come to the position where he is now. I belong to the Sinhala Buddhist culture. Therefore the Buddhist cultural aspects directly influence my attributes, qualities and values which I deem. Mostly I could get those things from my Dham School where I went for ten years. Some of the values which I influenced were empathy, warmth, high tolerance etc... Because of those qualities, I feel that the values which I deem in the society are slightly different than the people who are in similar age. 2
(3.0) Personal Experiences
I have several situations where my leadership qualities get emerged. I got one of the experiences, at the time period where I worked as a prefect at my Dham School. In every end of the year in My Dham School we held annual Prize giving Ceremony. We had enough human resources but the main problem was we didn’t have enough financial resources in order to hold it. Therefore in our monthly meeting our teachers decided to visit all homes in the area in order to hold the Prize giving Ceremony effective and attractive way. Students who were willing to participate for it were grouped. All Prefects were made as a leader of each group and each prefect had to take the responsibility of the group which he is operating. And also the areas in the place were divided in to each group. The number of the people in the group which was given to me includes five members with me. I had the feeling of self confidence on me that I can work with the group effective manner in order to achieve maximum results. Trustworthiness is another leadership trait I displayed. I said what I had done and I did what I had said and also I trusted my group members. And also the enthisiasm that I had was spread amoung my group members. All of us in my group had a deram to do the prize giving in colourfull way. In order to do that we worked hard and tried to collect much more mony each and every day. I influenced my group members that we could collect much more money than other groups and we compete with others as well having the drive and achievement motive. Not only that but also each end of the day after collecting money I didn’t forget to tell my group members that we were winning the race. And finally we could collect much more money with hard working, than other groups. Therefore the effort that we did was finally ended with a colourful and attractive Prize giving.
(4.0) Leadership Quiz Analysis
Quiz 1 – How Do You Influence Others? My leadership styles how I influence others coming under more towards collaboration/consultation. Collaboration/consultation refers to Building the other person's enthusiasm by appealing to his or her values, ideals, and/or aspirations. Seeking the other person's participation in planning a strategy or being willing to modify a proposal to respond to the other person's concerns. This is because, personally I believe as a leader, concerning about human element is more important rather than only concerning on task compliance. So I have more honor, respect and humanity toward my group members. Quiz 2 – What Is Your Leadership Potential? Hear I scoured 95 out of 150, So results indicate that I have some capabilities of natural leader and also I have internal capabilities of motivating and inspiring others. Whether I have some characteristics of an inborn effective leader, results indicate that I have to improve more on few of my leadership qualities, such as delegating, empowering, or organizational skills. Therefore I feel that I am more towards people oriented rather than task oriented. (Refer Appendix A)
Quiz 3 – What’s your leadership style? When concerning about the leadership style I am more towards Participative leader. It means I encourage my group member’s participant when taking important decisions and solving problems, rather than taking decisions by lonely. Group members tend to be encouraged and motivated by this style of leadership. This style of leadership often leads to more effective and accurate decisions, since no leader can be an expert in all areas. (Refer Appendix A)
Quiz 4 – How You Are Rated as a Leader? Comparing the results, which I got from others ratings and my self evaluation, the results, can be noted as followers. I have the ability to communicate effectively with others and considerable degree of discerning and insightful as well. Not only that I have good ratings on acts believable, inspire confidence, talks freely, gets along well with others and shows kindness and warmth. But I have got low ratings for secure with self, free of doubts. (Refer Appendix A)
(5.0) 360° Evaluation
In order to get an idea how I effective on leadership characteristics, the evaluation was conducted among a colleague, an assistant manager in the work place and a family member. The key elements which were considered in the analysis were; being articulate, perceptivity, being self confident, being self assured, persistency, trustworthiness, dependability and being friendly and outgoing. When comparing others ratings and personal ratings the differences between those two are very low rather than one aspect. There is a considerable differentiation between ratings regarding being self assured. This differentiation has been occurred because I believe that I am not secure with myself and I have some unsolved problems with me in my mind. Therefore results indicate that aspects of being self assured must be improved in order to enhance overall leadership skills. (Refer Appendix B)
The success or failure of a group task depends on better leadership. Leadership is applicable to all facets of life. People interpret leadership in different way according to experiences and values that they have. I could acquire some specific leadership attributes from one of my uncle including, trustworthiness, enthusiasm, self confidence, achievement motive, courage, hard working etc… Not only that but also Sinhala Buddhist cultural aspects which I learned from family and from my Dham school greately influence the way I behave in the society. Some of charactarictics which I acquired from Sinhala Buddhist culture were empathy, warmth, high tolerance etc... When I was working as a prefect at My Dham School I could identify that I have some valuable characteristics which can be influenced others toward achieving certain goals. The way I behaved with my group members when we were collecting money for Prize giving Ceremony is one of the good experiences which my leadership qualities get emerged. When concerning about results of 360° evaluation and Quiz analysis, my leadership attributes more towards people oriented rather than task oriented. This happens because the results indicate that already I have equipped with enthusiasm, self confidence, achievement motive, courage, trustworthiness, empathy, humanity etc…Therefore I must improve task related characteristics of delegating, empowering, and organizational skills in order to be a good leader who can influence his team toward achieving certain goals in effective manner.
Bartd K, Tein M, Matthews G, Martin D, (2005) Management, Australia, Mc Graw Hill Australia pty Limited. Davidson, P & Griffin, R. W. (2003). Management; An Australasian Perspective, 2nd edition, Milton: John & Sons Australia ltd. George M , Jones R , Contemporary Management,(2003), Third edition, Mc grew Hill Australia pty Limited. Robbins S.P, Bergman R, Stagg I, Coulter M, (2003) Management, Australia, Pretice Hall. http://www.psychology.about.com. http://www.topresults.com.
Quiz 2 – What Is Your Leadership Potential? Your Score is: 95 out of 150 Your score indicates a high likelihood that you have some qualities of a natural leader. You may have some of the characteristics of someone who has internal capabilities of motivating and inspiring others. You may have begun your leadership behaviors at a young age, and probably were involved on and off in various leadership roles. While you certainly have some characteristics of an inborn effective leader, there are other qualities that you may wish to develop. You might benefit from improving specific team building or team leading skills. You may be inconsistent in a few of your leadership qualities, such as delegating, empowering, or organizational skills. If you build up these skills, it is likely that you will become an effective and inspirational leader. (http://www.topresults.com/Quick_Guide_to_Leadership_Trai/ What_s_Your_Leadership_Potenti/what_s_your_leadership_potenti.html) Quiz 3 – What’s your leadership style?
Participative leaders accept input from one or more group members when making decisions and solving problems, but the leader retains the final say when choices are made. Group members tend to be encouraged and motivated by this style of leadership. This style of leadership often leads to more effective and accurate decisions, since no leader can be an expert in all areas. Input from group members with specialized knowledge and expertise creates a more complete basis for decision-making There are three leadership styles.
Use an authoritative style if a group member lacks knowledge about a certain procedure. 8
Use a participative style with group members who understand the objectives and their role in the task. • Use a delegative style if the group member knows more than you do about the task. Remember, good leaders utilize all three styles depending upon the situation. (http://psychology.about.com/library/quiz/bl-leadershipquiz.htm)
Quiz 4 – How You Are Rated as a Leader? Scoring & Interpretation Adjective Articulate: communicate effectively with others Perceptive: discerning and insightful Self-Confident: Believes in one self and one’s ability Self-Assured: secure with self, free of doubts Persistent: stays fixed on the goals Determined: takes a firm stand, acts with certainty Trustworthy: Acts believable, inspires confidence Dependable: is consistent and reliable Friendly: shows kindness and warmth Outgoing: talks freely, gets along well with others Ind 1 4 3 5 4 5 3 4 4 4 4 Ind 2 4 3 4 4 4 4 4 4 5 5 Ind 3 4 4 3 3 4 4 5 3 5 5 Avg 4 3.33 4 3.66 4.33 3.66 4.33 3.66 4.66 4.66 Self 3 3 4 2 5 4 4 3 5 5 Diff 1 0.33 0 1.66 -0.67 -0.34 0.33 0.66 -0.34 -0.34
(Northhouse , 2004, Leadership Theory & Practice, , Chap 2)
Scoring & Interpretation Adjective Articulate: communicate effectively with others Perceptive: discerning and insightful Self-Confident: Believes in one self and one’s ability Self-Assured: secure with self, free of doubts Persistent: stays fixed on the goals Determined: takes a firm stand, acts with certainty Trustworthy: Acts believable, inspires confidence Dependable: is consistent and reliable Friendly: shows kindness and warmth Outgoing: talks freely, gets along well with others Ind 1 4 3 5 4 5 3 4 4 4 4 Ind 2 4 3 4 4 4 4 4 4 5 5 Ind 3 4 4 3 3 4 4 5 3 5 5 Avg 4 3.33 4 3.66 4.33 3.66 4.33 3.66 4.66 4.66 Self 3 3 4 2 5 4 4 3 5 5 Diff 1 0.33 0 1.66 -0.67 -0.34 0.33 0.66 -0.34 -0.34
(Northhouse , 2004, Leadership Theory & Practice, , Chap 2)
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