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15 August Bridge Kickstarter Course

Recap

Recap
1: 1: 1: 1:

3+ clubs, 12-21 pts 3+ dimes, 12-21 pts 5+ hearts, 12-21 pts 5+ spades, 12-21 pts Balanced, 15-17 pts

2: 2: 2: 2:

Any 22+ pts 6 good dimes, 6-9 pts 6+ good hearts, 6-9 pts 6+ good spades, 6-9 pts Balanced, 20-21 pts

1NT:

2NT:

Aim

Achieve Optimal Contract

Aim

8 card trumps

Fit

Points
25 HCP

System 2-over-1 Game Force Standard American Yellow Card

A conversation 1 2 3 4

I have 5 hearts and values Do you have enough points?

I have hearts support Lets go!

Terminologies
Support Invite Sign-off Game Force Sufcient cards to establish a t Inquiring if partner has enough values to bid game Placing the nal contract Sufcient values to bid game

Table of Ranges (Opener)


Points 12-15 16-17 18-21 22+ Name Minimal Invitational Game Force Open 2C

Table of Ranges (Responder)


Points 0-5 6-9 10-11 12+ Name Weak Constructive Invitational Game Force

The Standard Model Support Introduce Sign-off

A conversation 1
Introduce
I have 5 hearts and values Do you have enough points?

4
Support

I have hearts support Lets go!

Sign-off

The Standard Model


Introduce New Suit Length Deny above Support Show support Indicate Range Sign-off Invite if needed Place nal contract

The Bidding
Opening Bid First Response

Openers Rebid

Responders Rebid

Your Thought Process


1. Can I support my partner? (Major) 2. Can I introduce something? 3. Can I make a limit bid? 4. Place the nal contract.

Your Thought Process


1. Can I support my partner? (Major)

Indicate an 8 card t Support at level 2: Minimum Support at level 3: Invite Support at level 4: Game Force

Your Thought Process


2. Can I introduce new suit?

Minimum 4 cards in suit At level 1: 6+ points At level 2: 10+ points Prefer major, cheaper suit

Your Thought Process


3. Can I limit my hand?

1NT: 6-9/10 points 2NT: 10-11/12 points 3NT: 12-16 points

Your Thought Process


4. If not, I will try to sign-off

If partners bid is best contract, pass If no 8 card ts are located, choose a best 7 card t (preference)

Your Thought Process

BONUS: Can I introduce extra length?

6 cards for rebidding a suit 5 cards for rebidding opening minor at level 2 Non-jump: Minimum Jump: Invitational

Case Studies

Case 1: Immediate Support Good news!


You have support for partners opening bid!

1 - ?
Points 0-5 6-9 10-11 12+ Name Weak Constructive Invitational Game Force Bid PASS 2 3 4

Note: This is how people bid in the 1950s...

Case 1: Immediate Support Good news!


You have support for partners opening bid!

1 - 2 - ?
Points 6-9 Name Constructive Bid 2

Bid 3 to invite! (with 16-17 points) Partner bids game with 8-9 points

Case 2: Introduce - Support


Partner bids

1
K x x x x xx K x x Q J T

Ans: 1
Hints: Minimum 4 cards in suit - At level 1: 6+ points - At level 2: 10+ points - Prefer major, cheaper suit

Case 2: Introduce - Support


Partner bids

1
K xx x x x x x Q J T x x

Ans: 1
Hints: Minimum 4 cards in suit - At level 1: 6+ points - At level 2: 10+ points - Prefer major, cheaper suit

Case 2: Introduce - Support


Partner bids

1
K xx x xxx x x Q J T x

Ans: 1
Hints: Minimum 4 cards in suit - At level 1: 6+ points - At level 2: 10+ points - Prefer major, cheaper suit

Case 2: Introduce - Support


Partner bids

1
x x x xxx x xx Q J T x

Ans: Pass
Hints: Minimum 4 cards in suit - At level 1: 6+ points - At level 2: 10+ points - Prefer major, cheaper suit

Case 2: Introduce - Support


Partner bids

1
x A K Q x x x A K Q J T x

Ans: 1
Hints: Minimum 4 cards in suit - At level 1: 6+ points - At level 2: 10+ points - Prefer major, cheaper suit

Case 2: Introduce - Support


Partner bids

1
K x x x x xx x K x Q J T

Ans: 1
Hints: Minimum 4 cards in suit - At level 1: 6+ points - At level 2: 10+ points - Prefer major, cheaper suit

Case 2: Introduce - Support


Partner bids

1
K xx x x x xxx x x Q J

Ans: 1
Hints: Minimum 4 cards in suit - At level 1: 6+ points - At level 2: 10+ points - Prefer major, cheaper suit

Case 2: Introduce - Support


Partner bids

1
K xx x x x Q J T x x x x

Ans: 1
Hints: Minimum 4 cards in suit - At level 1: 6+ points - At level 2: 10+ points - Prefer major, cheaper suit

Case 2: Introduce - Support


Partner bids

1
x xx x x x A K x Q J T x

Ans: 1
Hints: Minimum 4 cards in suit - At level 1: 6+ points - At level 2: 10+ points - Prefer major, cheaper suit

Case 2: Introduce - Support


Partner bids

1
A xx x x x xx Q J T x x

Ans: 1NT
Hints: Minimum 4 cards in suit - At level 1: 6+ points - At level 2: 10+ points - Prefer major, cheaper suit

Case 2: Introduce - Support


Partner bids

1
A xx K Q x xx Q J T x x

Ans: 2
Hints: Minimum 4 cards in suit - At level 1: 6+ points - At level 2: 10+ points - Prefer major, cheaper suit

Case 2: Introduce - Support Good news!


You have support for partners new suit!

1 - 1 - ?
Points 12-15 16-17 18-21 22+ Name Minimal Invitational Game Force Open 2C Bid 2 3 4 Dreaming?

Case 2: Introduce - Support Good news!


You have support for partners new suit!

1 - 1 - 2 - ?
Points 12-15 Name Minimal Bid 2

Bid 3 to invite! (with 10-11 points) Partner bids game with 14-15 points

Case 3: Introduce - No Support Bad news!


You have no support for partners new suit!

If you have If you have If you are new suit: extra length: balanced:
Introduce another suit! Rebid original suit! Bid NT (limit bid)

Case 3a: New suit 1 - 1 - ? New suit:


Points 12-17 18+ Name Minimal Game Force Bid 2 3

Case 3a: New suit 1 - 1 - ? New suit:


Points 12-17 18+ Name Minimal Game Force Bid 1 2

Case 3a: New suit 1 - 1 - ? New suit:


Points 12-15 16+ Name Minimal Invitational Bid ??? 2

Case 3b: Extra Length 1 - 1 - ? Extra Length: 6+


Points 12-15 16-17 18+ Name Minimal Invitational Game Force Bid 2 3 4

Case 3b: Extra Length 1 - 1 - ?


Points 12-15 16-17 18+ Name Minimal Invitational Game Force Bid 2 3 3NT Length 5+ 6+ 6+

Case 3c: Balanced Hand 1 - 1 - ? 1 - 1 - ?


Points 12-14 15-17 18-19 Name Minimal Invitational Game Force Bid 1NT Forgot something? 2NT

What does responder do next? Choose best partial!


If there is no game, pass or state preference

Introduce Length!
If you have more cards in your suit

Support!
If you can support partners suit

Limit Bid!
Show your point range using NT

Case 4: The Limit Bid


Partner bids

1
A xx x x x xx Q J T x x

Ans: 1NT

Case 4: The Limit Bid


Partner bids Points 6-10 11-12 13+

1
Name Minimal Invitational Game Force Bid 1NT 2NT 3NT

Case 4: The Limit Bid


Partner bids Points 6-10

1
Name Minimal Bid 1NT

Bid 2NT to invite! (with 16-17 points) Partner bids game with 8-10 points

Common Mistakes
1. Dont jump when introducing new suit! CHILL when you have many points. 2. Responders no trump bids do not promise balanced hand! 3. PASS at suitable contract when game is unattainable. 4. Prefer suited contract, it is ne to play without support. 2NT is not used to sign-off!

Special Cases

Minor Support
Only if: 1. No major suit to introduce 2. 5+ cards in the minor suit 3. Either 6- points or 10+ points, otherwise prefer 1NT Inverted minor raise: 2C: 10+ points, 3C: 6- points

Openers Reverse
Occurs when one makes a jump shift

E.g. 1C - 1D - 2H Promises: Extra values (16+ at lv 2, 18+ at lv 3) 5 cards in rst suit, 4 cards in second suit Why?

Are these reverses? 1 - 1 - 2 1 - 1 - 2 1 - 1NT - 2 1 - 1NT - 2

Case 3a: New suit 1 - 1 - ? New suit:


Points 12-15 16+ Name Minimal Invitational Bid ??? 2

What to bid with these?


Bidding goes

1 - 1
K x x A xx x K x Q J T x

Ans: 1NT

What to bid with these?


Bidding goes

1 - 1
K x A xx x K x Q J T x x

Ans: 2

Demystifying 2NT
2NT as an invitational bid 16-17 points for opener, 11-12 points for
responder

E.g. 1X-1NT-2NT 2NT as a strong bid 18-19 points when 1X-1Y-2NT