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EIA for Metro Depot at Central Park Kolkata for E-W Metro Corridor

RITES LTD. Urban Environmental Engineering

CHAPTER –3 ENVIRONMENTAL BASE LINE DATA 3.1 GENERAL

The objective of Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) is to ascertain the baseline environmental conditions and then assess the impacts as a result of the proposed project during various phases of the project cycle. Identification of environmental parameters, data collection and impact predictions form the core of Environmental Assessment process. A Scoping matrix has been formulated to identify the attributes likely to be affected due to proposed project and presented as Table 3.1. The environmental baseline includes inventory of physical, ecological and socio-economic parameters. The data has been compiled for: • • • • • • Land Environment (land use, geology, seismology and soils); Water Environment (water resources, water use, water quality, hydrology); Air Environment (air quality); Noise Environment (noise levels); Ecological Environment (terrestrial ecology); and Socio-Economic Environment (demography, socio-economic, public health)

Based on environmental scoping matrix and project setting, the attributes likely to be affected are identified for baseline data generation. The information presented in this chapter has been collected from various sources. Majority of data has been collected from field studies. Field studies have been carried out in July 2007 to generate primary data on water, noise, soil, air quality, ecology and socio-economics at the project site. Formal and informal discussions were held with the local people, project affected people and local government/non-government organizations. These have provided very useful information, which have been integrated while preparing this report. Information on project facilities, size, magnitude and cost of the construction activities, geology and, seismology of the project site has been taken from the Supplementary DPR (May, 2007). Photographs of field visits are placed as Annexure-3.1 Study of literature, books, maps and reports have also provided useful secondary data on the project. The methodology adopted for data collection is highlighted wherever necessary and the frequency adopted for data collection for environmental attributes is summarized in Table 3.2. TABLE 3.1 SCOPING MATRIX Likely Impacts

Aspect Of Environment A. LAND ENVIRONMENT Construction Phase • Change of land use • Pollution by construction spoils • Problems due to muck disposal from work camp B. WATER RESOURCES & WATER QUALITY Construction Phase • Increase in turbidity of nearby receiving water bodies • Degradation of water quality due to disposal of wastes from construction sites. Operation Phase
CHAPTER –3

Increase of water demand
3.1 ENVIRONMENTAL BASE LINE DATA

SOCIO-ECONOMICS Construction Phase • • • • Operation Phase E. Real estate value enhancement and increased commercial activity Impacts due to emissions generated by construction machinery and Diesel Generator sets Increase in SPM Impacts due to increased vehicular movement Less air pollution Noise due to operation of various equipment Noise due to increased vehicular movement Noise due to more human activities Impact on Noise from Depot Traffic congestion due to construction material truck movement Increased traffic Increased incidence of water related diseases Transmission of diseases by immigrant labour population Less diseases due to less pollution Aspect Of Environment Operation Phase F.2 -------- Field studies and project report Literature review Literature review ENVIRONMENTAL BASE LINE DATA . Pressure on existing infrastructure facilities such as electric line. NOISE POLLUTION Construction Phase Operation Phase G. PUBLIC HEALTH Construction Phase Operation Phase TABLE 3. Urban Environmental Engineering Likely Impacts • Impact to water quality of water body by sewage water • Oil/fuel and waste spills • Use of rain water harvesting C. Traffic Pattern Construction Phase Operation Phase H. TERRESTRIAL ECOLOGY Construction Phase • Loss of trees Operation Phase • D. No Attribute Parameter Frequency Source LAND ENVIRONMENT 1 Soil 2 Geology 3 Seismology CHAPTER –3 Soil Characteristics Geological Status Seismic Hazard 3. AIR POLLUTION Construction Phase • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Green belt development Land Acquisition Improved employment potential during project construction phase Development of allied sectors leading to greater employment.EIA for Metro Depot at Central Park Kolkata for E-W Metro Corridor RITES LTD. etc.2 ENVIRONMENTAL ATTRIBUTES AND FREQUENCY OF MONITORING S.

the predominant soil type is alluvial. Formation belonging to the Quaternary system are principal depository of the ground water in the area. Much of the city was originally a vast wetland.3 ENVIRONMENTAL BASE LINE DATA . three soil sample were collected from the Depot Site. The demarcation of the boundary between the Pleistocene and Holocene ages in the vertical sequences has not been possible due to variety of reasons like absence of lithological contrasts. Quaternary sediments consisting of clay. the lower one at depths between 250 and 650 m and the upper one ranging between 10 and 40 m in thickness. The Sundarbans National Park separates the city from the Bay of Bengal. Urban Environmental Engineering S. Chemical and Biological parameters AIR.3m per km. The upper 300m of sediments are of Quaternary era and consists of alternations of clay. The upper layer of soil is.2 PHYSIOGRAPHY Kolkata is located in eastern India at 22°33 N. No Attribute Parameter Frequency Source WATER ENVIRONMENT 4 Water Quality Physical.NOx.5 to 9 metres. which is located about 154 km to the south. Rainfall 7 Noise Noise levels in dB (A) SCIO-ECONOMIC 8 Socio-economic Socio-economic characteristic of the aspects affected area One Season Field studies/literature review One Season Data One Season --- Field Studies/literature review India Meteorological Department/literature review Field monitoring Field Studies. colour etc. The sample were tested for physical and chemical properties. Relative humidity.3 SOILS AND GEOLOGY Like the most of the Indo-Gangetic plains. 88°20 E in the Ganges Delta at an elevation ranging between 1. Literature review. texture. It is spread linearly along the banks of the River Hooghly in a north-south direction. These sediments are sandwiched between two clay beds. Kolkata is situated mainly on densely consolidated alluvial soil of quaternary period. various grades of sand and gravel underlie the city. reclaimed over the decades to accommodate the city's burgeoning population. silt. Kolkatta Metropolitan area is located on the lower deltaic plain of the composite Ganga-Bhagirathi delta and is covered by the sediments deposited by the river system flowing through the area during quaternary era. The sub surface geology of the area is completely obscured by a blanket of Recent sediments. The slope is about 0.3 CHAPTER –3 3. SO2. SPM. however.EIA for Metro Depot at Central Park Kolkata for E-W Metro Corridor RITES LTD. HC 6 Meteorology Temperature. Although lithological characters of these formations are fairly well known from the study of the boreholes logs. The results of soil analysis is presented in Table 3. presumed to be of tertiary and Mesozoic periods. CO. silt. NOISE AND METEOROLOGY 5 Ambient Air Quality RSPM. and inadequacy of faunal and floral evidences. sand and occasional pebble beds. 3. 3.. In order to ascertain the quality and nature of soil within the vicinity of the project site.

4 HYDROLOGICAL FEATURES Kolkata Municipal Corporation area is underlain by Quaternary sediment consisting of a sequence of alternation of clay.16 0.EIA for Metro Depot at Central Park Kolkata for E-W Metro Corridor RITES LTD.1 6. The average rainfall of 140-152cm observed in the area would ensure considerable percolation to recharge the ground water aquifers. In Ballyganj Dhakuria and Kasb area shallow zone occurs under unconfined conditions at a depth of 12m below ground level.1 0. silty clay. Urban Environmental Engineering S. No.11 <0.4. brackish water aquifers occur from top to a depth of 300m below ground level. Fresh water aquifer is also observed at a depth of 60-100m in Kalighat – Garia area. Ground water occurs both shallow and deep under unconfined and confined conditions.021 0.3 Texture Sand (%) Silt (%) Clay (%) Nitrogen (%) Phosphate (%) K (%) Ca (%) Mg (%) Na (%) Organic matter (%) 72.7 8. In Dum Dum and Kasilpur areas fresh water aquifer exist from 12m to 200m below ground level.062 0.4 ENVIRONMENTAL BASE LINE DATA .030 0.077 0. sometime in 1870.8 10. 3.1 17.018 0. In Santoshpur area. sand and sand mixed with occasional gravel. Where as in the north-east sector – Barish towards Kalighat the brackish-fresh water profile reverses with a thick fresh water aquifer overlying the brakish water aquifers. a water works was set up at Palta about 30 Km North of the city to CHAPTER –3 3. The ground water potential is reported about 90-120m 3/hour.30 7.24 <0. The sediments exhibit typical deltaic deposition showing facies variation at a few places with transition from aquiclude to aquitard.21 <0. Although clay lenses often occur within the sand beds and individuals sand beds often tend to thicker and thin out depending upon sedimentary facies variation.012 0. This aquifer extends eastwards to Jadavpur – Kasba area. During the British period.01 0. In the western part of KMC area specially in Garden Barisha sector.18 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Source: Consultant study Soil results shows that the soil is slightly alkaline is nature near gate and near lake.01 0. A minor aquifer zone consisting of fine to medium sand has also been found to exist within the depth span of 20-40m.1 Surface Water Sources The river Hoogly is the only source of surface water supply.084 0.8 7.4 20.32 81.05 0.042 8. In Fort William – Ballyganj – Beliaghata sector fresh water aquifer occurs down to the depth of 120m a nd is underlain by brackish water aquifer.9 0.12 0. The principal productive aquifers generally occurs within the depth span of 60-180m. The texture results shows that the soil is mostly sandy is nature.01 0. 1 2 TABLE 3.049 8. Sand and pebble form the aquifer materials.9 0.3 PHYSIO-CHEMICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF SOILS Sample /Parameter Soil Sample Soil sample Soil Sample Near Gate backside of Near lake office building pH 7. aquifers upto 130m are brackish and those below 160m are fresh water.8 10. 3.72 70.

the situation becomes increasingly difficult to maintain adequate water supply in the city. In the area lying between Beleaghata and Park Street chloride concentration in ground water is between 250mg/l and 500 mg/l.EIA for Metro Depot at Central Park Kolkata for E-W Metro Corridor RITES LTD. the Cis – Damodar belt similarly has extensive near surface sand beds of considerable thickness. Shyambazar. water is taken down to Tala reservoirs along the Barrackpore road from where the treated water is distributed to different parts of the city through four zonal mains and a vast network of smaller water lines. 3. The direction of ground water flow indicate that the recharge area for Kolkata region lies in the north and western part of the Greater Kolkata region. in Garden Reach and adjacent area the chloride concentration in ground water is above 500mg/l. Urban Environmental Engineering harness river water. In Park Street –Camac Street. In the extreme northern part of KMC area iso-conductance value is above 2000 micro siemen/cm at 25OC. But with construction of Farakka Barrage and diversion of sweet water to the river Hoogli there has been marked reduction in the salinity of river water.D. The magnitude of the depression is 6-8 metres. increase in salinity in the Hoogly River. In the extreme northern part (North of Shyambazar area) chloride concentration in ground water is above 5000mg/l. In the west. Bag and Dhapa areas iso-conductance value is between 1500-2000 micro siemen/cm at 25OC. excessive leakage through old pipe network and loss of pressure head due to long conveyance.4. As a result. the Pala – Tala system with a capacity 727 mld was the source of surface water for water supply to the city. In Sealdhah – Beleghata –Narkeldanga area and Garia – Putiari – CHAPTER –3 3. Subsequently two intermediate reservoirs and booster pumping stations were set up at Raja Subodh Mallik Square and Auckland Square.e. These sand beds form favourable zones of intense recharge. From Palta. 3. developmental works for improvement of surface to KMC and other towns in the Kolkatta Municipal area have been undertaken. The central part of Kolkata Municipal Corporation area is drawing water from all directions resulting in its radial flow.2 Ground water Due to large-scale withdrawal of groundwater from the confined aquifers.4. B. In seventies the water works at Palta was modernized. After the establishment of the KMDA. In 1982 a new water works was set up at Garden Reach to supply water to new KMC area like Behala. Since long. Due to rapid growth of population. a depression of piezometric surface in Central and South Central Kolkata has developed.3 WATER QUALITY Water availability and its quality will play a significant role in the project. and has developed over a period of about 40 years (1958-98) in the core sector covering Narkeldanga. Garden Reach. In Garia –Jadavpur sector chloride concentration in ground water is within 250 mg/l. The major aquifer of the northern part of Greater Kolkata are interconnected with the near surface ground water sand beds at Kalyani-Ranaghat and Shantipur area in Nadia district. Similarly in the western part of Alipur i.B.Park Circus – Bhowanipur. These have proved very effective in improving water supply to South Kolkatta.Nalikul –Mogra to Pandua and adjoining region. Extensive sand is acquired from these along the belt from Tarakeswar . the general southerly flow in the confined aquifers has become radial in a much larger area surrounding the cone of depression.5 ENVIRONMENTAL BASE LINE DATA . The predominance of impervious clay in the near surface strata of Kolkata area and its immediate neighborhood inhibits local recharge to deeper aquifers in Kolkata area. Tollygunj and Jadavpur.

Permissible limit as per IS:10500/91 (Max. In Garden Reach area iso-conductance value is more than the 1000 micro siemen/cm at 25OC. In order to collect baseline data on the existing water quality.2 6 26 4 117 2. CHAPTER –3 3. Ber. around 90 tree will be cut. An inventory of trees is presented in Table 3. No.6 7.) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 No Relaxation 2000 Max 1 Max 100 200 400 600 No Relaxation 1. Neem. It is presumed that only 40% of the total trees i.2 71 19 20 58 2 <1 4 1 229 15 ND 0.4 1.) water Water tank Sample Sample backside of office pH Value 7. Mango. The results of the physio-chemical analysis are summarized in the Table 3. It is observed that most of the trees are along the boundary wall which needs not to be cut.5.3 91 30 16 67 2 1. About 220 trees exist on the depot site. There is no forest at the site earmarked for Depot.6 ENVIRONMENTAL BASE LINE DATA .3 250 75 200 200 45 1 - S.1 11 4 Absent 500 0. Jam. Royal. Eucalyptus. Imli. The main species are Peepal.4 The results of the samples shows that all the parameters tested are with in the desisable lime as per IS: 10500/91 TABLE 3.e. Most of the trees contain average girth size of about 30cm.5 - VEGETATION/FORESTRY The project area is the urban area.5 245 21 ND 0.7 8. Urban Environmental Engineering Behala area iso-conductance value is between 1000-1500 micro siemen/cm at 25OC.1 7 2 Absent 288 14 ND 0. one ground water and two surface water sample were collected in the project study area and analyzed as per the procedure specified in standard methods for examination of water and wastewater published by American Public Health Association and the Bureau of Indian Standards (APHA/BIS).4 7.4 CHEMICAL ANALYSIS OF WATER SAMPLES Parameter Location Desirable limit As Surface per IS: Water 10500/91 Ground Lake Sample of (Max.EIA for Metro Depot at Central Park Kolkata for E-W Metro Corridor RITES LTD. Ground water occurring in the alluvial sediments show much variation in their chemical character. Trees do exist. Jamun.5 TDS (mg/l) TSS (mg/l) Iron as Fe (mg/l) Phosphates as PO4 (mg/l) Chloride as Cl (mg/I) Calcium as CaCO3 (mg/l) Sulphates as SO4 (mg/l) Total Alkalinit as HCO3 (mg/l) Nitrates as NO 3 (mg/l) Fluorides as F (mg/l) COD (mg/l) BOD3 (mg/l) Faecal Coliform/100ml ND-Not Detectable 3. No rare or endangered species of trees were noticed during field studies. Tree survey was carried to count the exact number of trees in the depot area.

The annual mean temperature is 26.No 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 TABLE 3. Neem. humidity. with seasonal lows dipping to 12 °C – 14 °C (54 °F – 57 °F) between December and January.8 °C (80 °F).528 hours of sunshine per annum. Table 3. Imli. Often during early summer. with the maximum sunlight occurring in March.5 TREES AT THE DEPOT SITE Tree Species Inside the campus Inside the campus along the boundary wall Peepal.6 METEOROLOGY AND AIR QUALITY Meteorology is an important parameter in environmental impact assessment exercise. Urban Environmental Engineering S. Kolkata monitors meteorological parameters for Kolkata. rainfall. Eucalyptus Mangos Total 13 7 13 7 20 7 2 10 89 Grand Total 16 20 18 4 25 2 12 9 131 220 Source: Consultant Field Study 3.9 °C (113 °F) and the lowest is 5 °C (41 °F). The main parameters are: temperature. Winter tends to last for only about two and a half months. 3. mean total rainfall and mean number of rainy day of Kolkata. The city receives 2. Regional Meteorology Department. dusty squalls followed by spells of thunderstorm and heavy rains lash the city. mean minimum. The highest rainfall occurs during the monsoon in August (306 mm).1 Meteorology Kolkata has a tropical climate. Rains brought by the Bay of Bengal branch of South-West monsoon lash the city between June and September and supplies the city with most of its annual rainfall of 1. Monthly mean temperatures range from 19 °C to 30 °C (67 °F to 86 °F). dispersed or concentrated by meteorological and topographical conditions. and is locally known as Kal baisakhi (Nor'westers).7 ENVIRONMENTAL BASE LINE DATA . The highest recorded temperature is 43. 10 25 Jam.582 mm. Summers are hot and humid and maximum temperatures often exceed 40 °C (104 °F) during May and June. Jamun. bringing relief from the humid heat. Ber.EIA for Metro Depot at Central Park Kolkata for E-W Metro Corridor RITES LTD.6. The meteorology and air environment of the area are discussed in subsequent sections. These thunderstorms are convective in nature.6 shows the mean maximum. CHAPTER –3 3. winds and cloud cover. All air pollutants emitted by point and non-point sources are transported. Royal.

7 22.4 November 18.6 MEAN TEMPERATURE. but added SO2 and NOx from 1978.9 February 16.2 1. monitoring of ambient air quality dates back to 1972. The main pollutants that come out from the exhaust of vehicular engines are: Carbon dioxide.2 September 25.8 2.3 July 26.8 17.0 32.8 ENVIRONMENTAL BASE LINE DATA .9 13.8 August 26.0 7.4 October 24. The annual mean NO X concentration indicates an increasing trend. Oxides of Nitrogen.5 March 21. SO2 and NO x at traffic intersections were reported in increasing trend with the increase in vehicles in the city.0 328.8 16. According to Central Pollution Control Board.9 June 26. under Global Environmental Monitoring System (GEMS) programme conducted by National Environmental Engineering Research Institute (NEERI). Urban Environmental Engineering TABLE 3.4 Source: http://education. Hydrocarbons 47 tons/day.3 47.1 36. Now lead was reported in the range of 0.7 3.9 29.1 259. The results of analysis of secondary data show that in the KMA area. vehicular emission load in Kolkata is 312 tons/day. CHAPTER –3 3. Carbon dioxide is 203 tons/day.7 5.6.0 101.4 36. the SPM values are fairly high in the range of 400 micrograms per cubic meter. The SPM.8 0. The main fuels used in vehicles are petrol and diesel.9 151. SO2 and NO 2 were lower in ambient air quality of KMC.com/calweather/calidx.EIA for Metro Depot at Central Park Kolkata for E-W Metro Corridor RITES LTD.9 12.9 26.3 April 25.8 17. This system continued to function till 1988. reaching around 70 microgram per cubic metre.htm 3. The annual mean SO2 concentration is comparatively less and is generally below 20 micrograms per cubic meter.9 29. Nagpur. The monitoring stations recorded only SPM level between 1972-78.2 Air Quality in KMA For the City of Kolkata. Though SPM concentration is higher than permissible limit. NOx at eight additional stations of Greater Kolkata.2 295.42 micro gram per cubic meter.3 27.3 7. The Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) began monitoring at four stations in Howra in 1978. Lead was detected at traffic intersections in past when leaded petrol was in use in vehicles.96 microgram per cubic meter to 7.vsnl. MEAN RAINFALL AND MEAN NUMBER OF RAINY DAYS IN KOLKATA Month Mean Temperature OC Mean Total Mean Number Rainfall of Rainy Days Daily Minimum Daily Maximum (mm) January 13.1 December 14.5 34. Nitrogen Oxides 53 tons/day and others 9 tons/day.1 32.0 31.4 0. SO2.8 32.2 331.7 34. The West Bengal Pollution Control Board (WBPCB) contracted Centre for Study of Man and Environment (CSME) and the All India Institute of Hygiene and Public Health (AIIHPH) in 1972 to monitor SPM. Carbon monoxides.6 16.9 1.1 32.0 May 26.

The concentration of these pollutants in the engine exhaust varies with the type of e ngine namely. The result of the air monitoring at Salt Lake carried out by WBPCB is presented in Table 3. Concentrations of oxides of nitrogen is more in diesel exhaust. acrolein. Table 3. NOx . and Particulate Matter. Urban Environmental Engineering - Oxides of Sulphur.1 AVERAGE VALUE OF MONITORING RESULTS FOR THE KOLKATA 140 120 100 Concentration µ ( g/m ) 3 80 60 SPM RPM SO2 NOx 40 20 10/7/2007 11/7/2007 12/7/2007 13-7-2007 14-7-2007 15-7-2007 16-7-2007 17-7-2007 18-7-2007 19-7-2007 20-7-2008 21-7-2008 22-7-2009 23-7-2009 24-7-2010 25-7-2010 26-7-2011 27-7-2011 28-7-2012 29-7-2012 Date CHAPTER –3 3. SPM. spark ignition (petrol engine) or compression ignition (diesel engine) two stroke or four stroke engines.2.EIA for Metro Depot at Central Park Kolkata for E-W Metro Corridor RITES LTD. Hydrocarbon. and NOx on daily basis. RSPM. Carbon monoxide concentrations in diesel engine exhaust is negligible to that of S I engines. Average value of monitoring results for Kolkata is presented in Table 3. Thus diesel engine exhaust contains lower concentrations of harmful pollutants like hydrocarbons. Diesel exhaust concentration of hydrocarbons is more than that of SI engine exhaust. ambient air quality monitoring (AAQM) has been carried out by setting up ambient air quality monitoring stations at the Depot site during July 2007. unburnt products like aldehydes. carbon monoxide and therefore. diesel (CI) and CNG engines.8 for the month of July 2007 and a graphical representation is shown in Figure 3. The parameters monitored are RSPM.9 and the graphical representation is given in Figure 3. In addition to above pollutants. SO2. acetaldehyde and smoke would also be emitted from petrol and diesel operated vehicles. SO2. Result of ambient air quality monitoring carried out by the consultant at Depot site is presented in Table 3.11 shows the ambient air quality standards FIGURE 3. it is less hazardous West Bengal pollution control is carrying out ambient air quality monitoring in Kolkata at different location for SPM.7 gives the emission factor of major pollutants from petrol (SI).9 ENVIRONMENTAL BASE LINE DATA 30-7-2013 1/7/2007 2/7/2007 3/7/2007 4/7/2007 5/7/2007 6/7/2007 7/7/2007 8/7/2007 9/7/2007 0 . formaldehydes. CO and H C. As a part of this study. Ambient air monitoring is also carried out by WBPCB at Salt Lake area. The ambient air quality data indicates all the parameters are less than the prescribed limits established by Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) Table 3.1.10. and also mode of engine operation.

4 1.72 0.2 0.016 0.5 1.4 2.45 12.025 6.58 0.8 1.5 5.77 0.0 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.59 0.59 0.9 0.39 1.05 2 Wheelers 4 stroke CHAPTER –3 ENVIRONMENTAL BASE LINE DATA 29-7-2007 0 .05 0.12 0.063 0.28 0.10 0.9 0.3 5.14 0.030 0.07 0.06 0.02 0.13 1.0 2.056 0.12 0.56 0.39 0.25 0.48 0.45 0.07 0.32 0.2 MONITORING RESULTS FOR THE SALT LAKE AREA 140 120 100 Concentration (µg/m ) 3 80 SPM RPM SO2 NOx 60 40 20 5/7/2007 7/7/2007 9/7/2007 13-7-2007 19-7-2007 22-7-2007 25-7-2007 Date TABLE 3.50 5.24 0.6 3.056 0.05 0.EIA for Metro Depot at Central Park Kolkata for E-W Metro Corridor RITES LTD.04 0.14 0.127 0.0 1.6 3.87 0.15 0.2 HC 0.50 3.2 1.77 0.2 2.10 Trucks Bus 2 Wheelers 2 stroke CO 2.24 0.2 0.97 0.3 PM 0.7 NOx 0.03 0.98 1.4 3.0 4.64 0.2 2.50 0.6 11. Urban Environmental Engineering FIGURE 3.39 0.7 EMISSION FACTORS FOR DIFFERENT VEHICLES TYPE PCG/MUVG Passenger Car gasoline (PGCL) Multilevel Utility Vehicle Gasoline (MUVG) PCD/MUVD Passenger Car Diesel (PCD) Multi utility Vehicle Diesel (MUVD) LCV NORMS India Stage 2000 norms (Euro-I) Bharat Stage-II (Euro-II) Bharat Stage-III (Euro-III) Bharat Stage-IV (Euro-IV) India Stage 2000 norms (Euro-I) Bharat Stage-II (Euro-II) Bharat Stage-III (Euro-III) Bharat Stage-IV (Euro-IV) India Stage 2000 norms (Euro-I) Bharat Stage-II (Euro-II) Bharat Stage-III (Euro-III) Bharat Stage-IV (Euro-IV) India Stage 2000 norms (Euro-I) Bharat Stage-II (Euro-II) Bharat Stage-III (Euro-III) Bharat Stage-IV (Euro-IV) India Stage 2000 norms (Euro-I) Bharat Stage-II (Euro-II) Bharat Stage-III (Euro-III) Bharat Stage-IV (Euro-IV) 2001-2005 norms (India Stage 2000 norms) 2005-2010 norms (Bharat Stage –II norms) 2001-2005 norms (India Stage 2000 norms) 3.87 0.4 2.0 10.05 0.28 0.07 0.06 0.22 0.5 0.025 0.39 2.1 0.87 0.13 0.25 0.8 1.126 0.

75 1.05 0.8 AVERAGE VALUE OF MONITORING RESULTS FOR THE KOLKATA Date SPM RPM SO2 NOx 3 3 3 µ g/m µ g/m µ g/m µ g/m3 1-7-2007 77 30 4 33 2-7-2007 92 33 5 44 3-7-2007 74 33 4 31 4-7-2007 70 22 4 36 5-7-2007 84 30 5 45 6-7-2007 60 19 4 40 7-7-2007 61 22 5 41 8-7-2007 70 25 4 36 9-7-2007 103 42 5 47 10-7-2007 106 42 5 44 11-7-2007 117 45 5 48 12-7-2007 89 33 4 44 13-7-2007 103 42 5 46 14-7-2007 105 38 5 40 15-7-2007 100 35 6 45 16-7-2007 74 28 5 41 17-7-2007 63 22 5 38 18-7-2007 76 27 5 49 19-7-2007 92 32 4 49 TABLE 3.02 0.4 4. Urban Environmental Engineering TYPE 3 Wheelers 2 stroke CNG Bus 3 Wheeler 2 Stroke 3 Wheeler 4 stroke NORMS 2005-2010 norms (Bharat Stage –II norms) 2001-2005 norms (India Stage 2000 norms) 2005-2010 norms (Bharat Stage –II norms) 2001 Norms 2001 Norms 2001 Norms CO 2.11 0.75 PM 0.08 0.gov.29 HC 0.7 2.75 2.08 0.3 2.EIA for Metro Depot at Central Park Kolkata for E-W Metro Corridor RITES LTD.11 ENVIRONMENTAL BASE LINE DATA .40 NOx 0.45 2.66 0.9 MONITORING RESULTS FOR THE SALT LAKE AREA Date SPM RPM SO2 NOx 3 3 3 µ g/m µ g/m µ g/m µ g/m3 5-7-2007 100 33 5 49 7-7-2007 61 22 5 41 9-7-2007 83 29 4 49 13-7-2007 103 42 5 46 19-7-2007 62 22 4 53 Source http://wbpcb.12 9.in CHAPTER –3 3.29 0.in TABLE 3.05 ----- Source http://wbpcb.05 0.87 0.45 0.gov.3 0.

0 10.0 142.1 1 1.01 69.EIA for Metro Depot at Central Park Kolkata for E-W Metro Corridor RITES LTD.75 0.0 29. Location Source: Consultant Study Central 4 PM to 12 Park Midnight Depot 12 Midnight to 8 AM 8 AM to 4 PM TABLE 3.2 HC µ g/m3 <10 12 <10 TABLE 3.7 SEISMICITY Kolkata falls in zone – III of the seismic map of India but it is very near to zone – IV hence the region in and around Kolkata may be considered as seismically active and the tectonic elements of the area are considered capable of generating an earthquake of moderate to severe intensity Suitable seismic coefficients may be adopted in the design of structures commensurate to the Indian Standard seismic zoning of the country in IS. rural and other Pollutants Industrial area Sensitive area areas Sulphur Dioxide (SO2) Annual Average* 80 60 15 24 hrs** 120 80 30 Oxides of Nitrogen (NOX) Annual Average* 80 60 15 24 hrs** 120 80 30 Suspended Particulate Matter SPM Annual Average* 360 140 70 24 hrs** 500 200 100 Respirable Particulate Matter(RPM) (size less than 10um) Annual Average* 120 60 50 24 hrs** 150 100 75 Lead (Pb) Annual Average* 1 0.html 3. Urban Environmental Engineering S.5 24 hrs** 1.5 27.0 CO µ g/m3 1.0 90.0 <10.8 NOISE The available records indicate that since 1 989.12 ENVIRONMENTAL BASE LINE DATA .0 11.75 Carbon Monoxide (CO) Annual Average* 5000 2000 1000 24 hrs** 10000 4000 2000 Source: http://www.1893-2002 (after the occurrence of Gujarat Earthquake in January’ 2001).cpcb. a number of agencies and institutions CHAPTER –3 3.11 AMBIENT AIR QUALITY STANDARDS (µ g/m3) Residential.nic.5 1 0.in/Air/Airqualitystands. Seismic Zoning Map of India is placed as Figure 3.0 55. No.0 187. 3.10 AIR QUALITY AT PROJECT SITE SPM RSPM SO2 NOx µg/m3 µg/m3 µg/m3 121.5 21.3.

10 58.25 56. School of Environmental Sciences.05 58.60 58.35 54.41 52.EIA for Metro Depot at Central Park Kolkata for E-W Metro Corridor RITES LTD.10 60.20 56. tram and suburban trains (Average +.50 60. It could be concluded that the noise levels recorded at various places are higher than prescribed permissible levels of 55-dB(A) (day) and 45-dB(A) (night) for residential areas. The results of monitoring in Public Places (Movie Hall.80 68. trams.05 51.13 TABLE 3.73 52.70 53. Department of Ecological Studies. Bose Institute and All India Institute of Hygiene and Public Health.35 61.00 62.30 65.30 62. metro-rail. These are Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB).93 56.60 55.50 54.70 54. showed the highest value in Metro system (Max : 98 dBA with average of 92 dBA) followed by bus.15 62.90 dBA) at source.13 ENVIRONMENTAL BASE LINE DATA .20 59.20 62. Urban Environmental Engineering have monitored noise within Kolkata Metropolitan Area. West Bengal Pollution Control Board (WBPCB).85 CHAPTER –3 3.88 50.80 48.00 57. Finally.70 56.20 50.35 55.18 57.75 57.80 55.90 53.28 58.35 47. Market. Noise level standards are shown in Table 3.90 49. & suburban-trams). noise level during festival season always exceeded the normal value. The regulatory mechanisms are apparently ineffective to the extent that the average ambient noise level even in the declared ‘Silence Zone’ reached 79 dB (A) and 65 dB (A) during day and night respectively as against the limit of 50 dB (A) and 40 dB (A) and nearly equals to the prescribed upper limit for industrial zone Monitoring of noise level for public transport system (buses.18 51.25 53.38 56.50 Near Gate 62.09 Lmin 54. Kalyani University.05 61. The noise levels so obtained are summarised in Table 3.85 50.53 Lmax 58.50 65.12 NOISE LEVELS AT DEPOT SITE Location Time 06-08 09-11 12-14 15-17 Average 18-20 21-23 Average 06-08 09-11 12-14 15-17 Average 18-20 21-23 Average 06-08 09-11 12-14 15-17 Average 18-20 21-23 Average Leq 56.95 60.20 52.75 59.65 59.20 49.00 56.45 52. RITES has measured noise levels at Depot site in July 2007 as per standard practice.30 54.30 59.45 64. Eateries) revealed more than 80 dBA. The noise levels in the KMC area are reported high.50 52.08 56.15 52.12.40 53.00 47.50 66.60 Near Lake 55.60 65.20 57.15 51.60 55.15 49.76 51.40 56.20 58.85 60.68 Leq(day) Leq(Night) Near Gowdown 56.85 55.18 53.50 55.20 51.

the environment impacts are described in chapter 4. Educational Institutions and 3. FIGURE 3.9 EPILOGUE Based on environmental baseline data documented in this chapter and project features reported in chapter 2.14 ENVIRONMENTAL BASE LINE DATA . Urban Environmental Engineering TABLE 3.00 AM to 9.00 PM.EIA for Metro Depot at Central Park Kolkata for E-W Metro Corridor RITES LTD.13 NOISE LEVELS STANDARDS dB(A) CATEGORY OF ZONES Leq IN dB(A) Industrial Commercial Residential Silence Zone ** DAY * 75 65 55 50 NIGHT 70 55 45 40 Source: Central Pollution Control Board * Day Time is from 6.3 SEISMIC ZONING MAP OF INDIA CHAPTER –3 3. ** Silence Zone is defined as an area up to 100m around premises of Hospitals.

EIA for Metro Depot at Central Park Kolkata for E-W Metro Corridor RITES LTD.15 ENVIRONMENTAL BASE LINE DATA . Urban Environmental Engineering ANNEXURE 3.1 AIR MONITORING AT DEPOT SITE SOIL SAMPLE COLLECTION AT DEPOT SITE CHAPTER –3 3.

Urban Environmental Engineering LOCATION OF LAKE WATER SAMPLE LOCATION OF SURFACE WATER SAMPLE CHAPTER –3 3.16 ENVIRONMENTAL BASE LINE DATA .EIA for Metro Depot at Central Park Kolkata for E-W Metro Corridor RITES LTD.

Urban Environmental Engineering GODOWNS AT DEPOT SITE TREES AT DEPOT SITE CHAPTER –3 3.17 ENVIRONMENTAL BASE LINE DATA .EIA for Metro Depot at Central Park Kolkata for E-W Metro Corridor RITES LTD.