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Law of Conservation of Mass Calculations

The Law of Conservation of Mass is defined and explained using examples of reacting mass calculations using the law are fully explained with worked out examples using the balanced symbol equation. The method involves reacting masses deduced from the balanced symbol equation. On-line Quantitative Chemistry Calculations Online practice exam chemistry CALCULATIONS and solved problems for KS4 Science GCSE/IGCSE CHEMISTRY and basic starter chemical calculations for A level AS/A2/IB courses * EMAIL query?comment or request for type of GCSE calculation?

3. Law of Conservation of mass calculations   When elements and compounds react to form new products, mass cannot be lost or gained. "The Law of Conservation of Mass" definition states that mass cannot be created or destroyed, but changed into different forms.

how much iron is left unreacted? (assuming all the sulphur reacted) From the atomic masses. This means 59 . 56g of Fe combines with 32g of S to give 88g FeS. By using this law. the total mass of reactants must equal the total mass of products. which shows how to use this law to get to a compound's formula NOTE: (1) the symbol equation must be correctly balanced to get the right answer! (2) There are good reasons why. o CaCO3 ==> CaO + CO2 (relative atomic masses: Ca = 40. when doing a real chemical preparation-reaction to make a substance you will not get 100% of what you theoretically calculate. kg or tonne (1 tonne = 1000 kg) Example 3. together with atomic and formula masses.56 = 3g Fe unreacted. Example 3. it undergoes thermal decomposition to form lime (calcium oxide) and carbon dioxide gas. so the mass changes in the reaction are: (2 x 24) + (2 x 16) = 2 x (24 + 16) 48 + 32 = 2 x 40 and so 80 mass units of reactants = or produces 80 mass units of products (you can work with any mass units such as g.3: When limestone (calcium carbonate) is strongly heated. C = 12 and O = 16) . in a chemical change. you can calculate the quantities of reactants and products involved in a reaction and the simplest formula of a compound o See also Section 5.2: iron + sulphur ==> iron sulphide (see the diagram at the top of the page!) o o o o  Fe + S ==> FeS (atomic masses: Fe = 56. See discussion in section 14.2  Example 3.1: Magnesium + Oxygen ==> Magnesium oxide o o o o  2Mg + O2 ==> 2MgO (atomic masses required: Mg=24 and O=16) think of the ==> as an = sign. S = 32) If 59g of iron is heated with 32g of sulphur to form iron sulphide.  So.

50 ==> 28 + 22 so decomposing 50 tonnes of limestone produces 28 tonnes of lime and 22 tonnes of carbon dioxide gas. Example 3.o o o o  Calculate the mass of calcium oxide and the mass of carbon dioxide formed by decomposing 50 tonnes of calcium carbonate. (40 + 12 + 3x16) ==> (40 + 16) + (12 + 2x16) 100 ==> 56 + 44. scaling down by a factor of two.4: .