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i) 711: Tariq Bin Zaid conquered Spain

ii) 712: Muhammad Bin Qasim defeated Raja Dahir and conquered Sindh iii) iv) 997: Muhammad Ghaznavi succeeded his father. 1526: The Mughal Empire came into being.

• The first Battle of Panipat (1526) was fought between the Mughal Emperor Zahir-ud-Din Muhammad Babur and the Delhi Sultan Ibrahim Lodhi. v) 1556: The second Battle of Panipat was fought between the Mughal Akbar the Great and Samrat Hem. vi) vii) viii) 1564: Hazrat Mujaddid Alf Sani was born. 1600: The East India Company was granted charter. 1703: Shah Waliullah was born at the time of Mughal’s downfall.

• Shah Waliullah translated the Holy Quran into Persian language and wrote “Hujjut-Ullah-al-Baligha”, “Khilafat-al-Khulfa” etc. • Shah Waliullah’s sons-Shah Rafi-ud-Din and Shah Abdul Qadir--translated the Holy Quran into Urdu. ix) 1757: Lord Clive defeated Siraj-ud-Daula in the battle of Plassey.

x) 1761: The third Battle of Panipat was fought between the Afghans and the Marathas. xi) 1772-85: Lord Hastings was the first governor general of Bengal.

xii) 1781: Haji Shariat Ullah was born in Faridpur District. He started Farazi Movement in Bengal. xiii) 1817: Sir Syed Ahmed Khan was born at Delhi.

xiv) 9 Dec. 1837: Nawab Mohsin-ul-Mulk was born at Etawah fondly known as Sayed Mehdi Ali. xv) 24 Mar. 1841: Nawab Viqar-ul-Mulk was born, who was named Mushtaq Hussain.

xxx) 1881: Lord Ripon passed a resolution to promote local Self Government in India. Allama Muhammad Iqbal was born at Sialkot. • Government of India Act 1858 was promulgated. xxiv) 1871: George Campbell. xxii) 1867: Urdu-Hindi controversy began in Banaras. xix) 1859: Sir Syed set up a school at Muradabad and in 1863 at Ghazipur. xxvii) 25 Dec. • Dr. • The British queen took over the administration of British possessions of India. . xx) 1862: Indian Councils Act passed. xxv) 1874: M. • Sir Syed set up Muslim Educational Conference and British India Association. the LT. xvii) 10 May. 1876: Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah was born. • Deoband Movement along with Aligarh Movement was also started by Haji Muhammad Abid and Maulana Muhammad Yaqub. xxvi) 1875: Arya Samajj was founded. xxiii) 1870: Anjuman-i-Taraqi-i-Muslanmana-i-Hind was set up by Sir Syed. xxi) 1866: The Scientific Society published a journal known as ‘Aligarh Institute Gazette’. xxix) 1880-84: Lord Ripon ruled India as a second Viceroy. ordered Urdu should be scrapped from syllabus.O High School was established at Aligarh. 1857: War of Independence started in Bengal by Indian soldiers against British.xvi) 1857: War of Independence was fought in the administration of Lord Canning. xxviii) 1877: Aligarh School was upgraded to the status of a college and was inaugurated by Lord Lytton.A. Governor of Bengal. Sir Syed Ahmed Khan started Aligarh Movement. xviii) 1858: Soon after War of Independence.

1906: Simla Deputation met Viceroy Lord Minto comprising 35 Muslim Leaders. bringing an end to the expansion of British Raj. xxxiii) 1891: Hunza. xxxii) 1885: Indian National Congress was established by Allan Octavian Hume. remote kingdom bordering China fell into hands of British. 1905: Bengal was partitioned into two divisions—Assam and Bengal. xli) 16 Oct. xlviii) 1913: Quaid-e-Azam joined Muslim League.• First Census of Sub-Continent was conducted. 1906: All India Muslim League was established at the annual meeting of Muhammadan Educational Conference at Decca under the chairmanship of Nawab Viqar-ul-Milk. xxxix) 1905-10: Lord Minto II ruled from 1905-1910. xlvii) 1911: Partition of Bengal was annulled. xliv) 1907: The first regular session of the Muslim League was held at Karachi. xxxiv) 1892: Indian Councils Act was given to the Indian people. 1899-1905: Lord Curzon reigned from 1899-1905. . • Swadeshi Movement was organized by Hindus in order to protest against the partition of Bengal by boycotting foreign goods. 1884: The foundation of Anjuman Himayat-i-Islam was laid down by Maulana Qazi Hamid-ud-Din. xxxvii) xxxviii) 27 Mar. xliii) 30 Dec. xxxv) 1893: Durand Line was demarcated. 1898: Sir Syed Ahmed Khan passed away. xlii) 1 Oct. xxxi) Mar. xlv) 1909: Minto-Morley Reforms were introduced (also known as Indian Councils Act). xxxvi) 1894: Nadva-tul-Ulema started in Lucknow. xlvi) 1910-16: Lord Harding ruled India from 1910-16.

1922: Institution of Khilafat was abolished under the influence of Kamal Ataturk. The hostile mob set fire to the police station where 22 policemen were burnt alive. • Home Rule League was started by an English woman. liv) 1921-26: Lord Reading ruled as Viceroy of India. • Maulana Muhammad Ali was released from jail. xlix) Dec. l) li) 1916-1920: Lord Chelmsford ruled India. • Jalianwala Bagh Incident took place. which lasted until 1924. Sarojni Naidu. Anne Besant. • After Lucknow Pact 1916. lviii) 1926-31: Lord Irwin ruled India from 1926-31. lv) 1922: Gandhi started Non Cooperation Movement in Farakhabad District with the aim to ban government taxes and revenues. • Gandhi was selected as the president of Home Rule League and Ms Anne Besant left Home Rule League. lii) 1919: Montague-Chelmsford Reforms were introduced. • Moplah Uprising: Police resorted to firing on a mob killing nearly 400 persons. • The Kanpur Mosque episode took place creating political awakening among the Indian Muslims. 1917: Nawab Viqar-ul-Mulk passed away. lvi) 1 Nov. 1916: Lucknow Pact was signed. liii) 1920: Khilafat Delegation left Bombay for England. The British Commander General Dyer opened fire at the people without warning to disperse while they were protesting against the Rowlett Act. • Maulana Muhammad Ali and Maulana Shaukat Ali launched “Khilafat Movement” after World War I. lvii) 1924: The Khalifah of Sultan Abdul Majeed was banished from Turkey.• Muslim League changed its manifesto in order to remain aloof from Indian politics. • Quaid-e-Azam resigned from membership of Congress. • The system if Diarchy was introduced at the provincial level. Quaid-e-Azam was conferred with the title of “Ambassador of Hindu-Muslim Unity” by Mrs. • Chauri Chaura Tragedy: The people of Chauri Chaura demonstrated and police tried to disperse. . 27 Jan.

lxii) 1929: Quaid-e-Azam put forth the 14 points in Delhi Muslim Conference. Gandhi did not take part and started Civil disobedience Movement. Gandhi managed to win over Dr. 1932: Third SRTC was held in London. lxix) 17 Nov. . lxvii) 21 Mar. 1933: Name of “Pakistan” was suggested by Chaudhary Rehmat Ali. Allama Muhammad Iqbal.lix) lx) 1927: Delhi Proposals were introduced. Nov. lxiv) 12 Nov. lxxi) 28 Jan. 1930: First Round Table Conference was held in London where all parties were present except congress. Quaid Azam was in England at that time.’ lxxii) 1934: Quaid-e-Azam took control of the Muslim League. to renounce the award. leader of minorities. 1927: Simon Commission arrived in the Sub-continent. lxxiii) 1935: 1935 Act was presented. 1931-36: Lord Willington ruled as a Viceroy of India. lxiii) 1930: Allahabad Address was presented by Allama Iqbal at the Muslim League annual Conference. • Maulana Muhammad Ali Jauhar died when the Second round Table Conference began. lxv) lxvi) 5 Mar. Ambedkar. • Allama Iqbal participated in the SRTC. lxi) 1928: Nehru Report was presented where two Muslims---Sir Ali Imam and Shoaib Qureshi---were the members of this committee. lxviii) 1931: Second Round Table Conference was held in London and Gandhi participated. He wrote a leaflet ‘Now or Never: Are We To Live or Perish Forever. 1931: Gandhi Irwin Pact was signed. 1931: All India Muslim Conference held at Lahore addressed by Dr. Quaid-e-Azam did not take part but Sir Agha Khan led the delegation. lxx) 1932: Communal Award was declared but was rejected by all the Indian political parties.

lxxxvii) 1946: Cabinet Mission arrived from Britain comprising of Lord Pathic Lawrence. • Governor’s rule was promulgated according to the Act of 1935. Gandhi renounced his formal membership from Congress. lxxvi) 21 Apr. Muslim League won 108 seats out of 485 total Muslim seats. lxxvii) 1939: Muslim League was established in Baluchistan. • Lord Wavell became the Viceroy of India. lxxix) 23 Mar. lxxxvi) 1945-46: Elections were held.’ lxxxiii) 1943: Muslim League established its 1st Ministry in Sindh. lxxxiv) 1944: Gandhi-Jinnah Talks failed due to the Two Nation Theory. • Mr. lxxv) 1937: Quaid-e-Azam in an article ‘time and Tide’ mentioned that Islam and Hinduism are incompatible. 1942: Cripps Proposals were put forward. lxxxv) 1945: Liaquat-Desai Pact was signed. Sir Stafford Cripps and Mr. A. 1938: Allama Muhammad Iqbal died and was buried in front of Badshahi Mosque in Lahore.lxxiv) 1937: Elections were held and Congress achieved a big victory. • Gandhi started Satyagarh Movement. lxxxviii) Mar. 1947. . 1947: Lord Mountbatten arrived as the Last Viceroy. • Muslim League celebrated Day of Victory. • Maulana Abul Kalam Azad remained President of Congress from 1939-46.V. lxxxii) 1942: the Muslim League Resolution of ‘Divide and Quit’ was against the movement of Gandhi’s ‘Quit India. 1940: 27th Annual session of Muslim League and Pakistan Resolution was presents. 1939: With the resignation of the Congress ministries the Day of Deliverance was observed by the Muslims. Alexander. lxxx) 1940: August offer was brought about. lxxviii) 22 Dec. • Lord Wavell remained Viceroy from 1943 to Mar. lxxxi) 22 Mar. Spro Committee was also established.

1947: Partition of Sub-Continent into Pakistan and India was declared. • The members of the Bengal Commission were Justice Abu Saleh Muhammad. Akram and Justice S. • Radcliffe Award: The members of the Punjab Boundary Commission were Justice Din Muhammad and Justice Muhammad Munir of Pakistan and Justice Mehr Chand Mahajan and Justice Tej Singh on behalf of India.C Biswas and Justice B.A Rahman on behalf of Pakistan and Justice C. Justice M. .lxxxix) 3 June 1947: Lord Mountbatten announced Partition Plan. xc) 14 Aug.K Mukherjee on behalf of India. Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah became the first Governor General and Liaquat Ali Khan the first Prime Minister of Pakistan.