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I. STEAM PRINTERS. 1877. M. HENRY E. . READ BEFORE THE RHODE ISLAND HISTORICAL SOCIETY FEBRUARY BY 27.GREENES OF WARWICK IX COLONIAL HISTORY.: DAVIS * PITMAN. TURNER. R. D NEWPORT.

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K. TURNER. STEAM PRINTERS. 27. NEWPOBT. D. I. READ BEFORE THE RHODE ISLAND HISTORICAL FEBRUARY BY SOCIETY. 1877. M.GREENES OF WARWICK IN COLONIAL HISTORY. HENRY E. . 1877.: DAVIS & PITMAN.

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which. in . who represents another line of descent from the same source. to pass an hour in discussing the services of his less prominent kinsfolk. than any other family can claim to be. I do not propose to set up any claim for them to remarkable brilliancy of genius. eminently respectable as they were. or for those marked characteristics which bring a limited number of names into such prominence. with propriety. And although the transcendent lustre which attaches to the name of Nathaniel Greene. In so doing. I may say. be styled the elder branch. FIRST GENERATION. and whose qualifications were of a very different kind and degree. with your permission. I PROPOSE. that the line I speak of were more disin the Colon- and prominently and continuously important and Eevolutionary administrations. cast in the shade those of his kinsmen whose sphere of action was more limited. Mr. has. and its leading influence may.Stack Annex FIRST JOHN GREENE. in a measure. it may not be a task entirely thankless and fruitless. without disparagement to other branches of the same stock. prominent association with Colonial in them. President. to present a sketch of the branch of the Greene family. as well from direct descent its its from the eldest son of John Greene. and frequently active and conspicuous in public tinctly ial affairs. as from affairs.

15. England. under Captain Cooke. 1658 his first mother of his children. under risks and at all sacrifices. wife. having taken refuge there when the Massachusetts troops. it was then called Shawomet. was named . John Greene. a widow. and was posand even probably.4 GREENES OF WARWICK fix each generation. 1643. made their raid on the defenceless and inoffensive inhabitants of Warwick. one of the victims of that monstrous ag- gression. who was taxed 2s. He died at Warwick.] Philip usual feminine name. (what I verily believe) that (I during those periods. They were distinguished rather by the that forms the framework of the everlasting qualities of the granite. died at Conanicut. His second wife was Alice Daniels. [Col. with the to magnify their personality by superfluous gilding. His third who survived him. in all cases. as to the attention of men for all time . probably designed to be Philippa. Wiltshire. all and that. surgeon. this race were found. for land held in Providence. or as sibly. the Hall. an un- . Salis. but whose is distinguishing characteristic fragility . and in which they I intend to weary you with superlatives and expletives. identified with the party which represented that prin- ciple. nor do design pass over. the persistent endurance and the persevering de- termination by which most of the conquests of civilization are at tamed. the plastic material which overlies the most artistic hills. in review. 1. wife. and ornamented with the it. Rec. and to show. such periods of Colonial history as they were intimately associated with and participated in. 6d. or by those of the glit- tering products of its seams and interstices. instead of the captivating qualities to which I have alluded. I expect to show. than by those of which may be moulded into and beautiful forms. the democratic principle mean thereby. personal liberty and equal rights) was undergoing its crucial tests. was son of Peter of Aukley bury. but to were important factors . in 1637. most delicious colors and the most ravishing designs.

his first wife. shipped at Hampton. baptized May 3. six children. except Peter. Married Elizabeth Barton of Rufus. 1637. Portsmouth. Mary. Warwick. John. it is to be presumed that . Fourth. to negotiate for Narragansett. probably was associated with Roger Williams August appears on Massachusetts Colonial Record in this wise. baptized June 5. wife and in As the name Boston and of John Greene does not appear Massachusetts Colonial Record. in the period intervening between his arrival at his settlement at Providence. baptized August 15. baptized June 21. 1698. born 1630. 1620. of 5 He had by five survived. John Greene. in 6. Portsmouth. 4. All these have very numerous descendants. where he 1st. born 1626. Third. Married James Sweet. had been of Salisbury. in James of London. 2 . April children not mentioned. Thomas. 5. . . surgeon. baptized October born 1633. and arrived at Boston. he made no settlement in Boston or elsewhere in Massachusetts we know. 1708. Fifth. of Samuel. Sixth. baptized March 10. died young. of William. aged 90 years. 1635. 1621. Deliverance Potter of Robert. born 1621. whom Nov- one dying in infancy. 27. According to Drake's researches. Warwick second. and is reputed to be the progenetrix of the well known race of bonesetters. died June 1718. Elizabeth An- thony of John. Married. According to Savage. Joan. John Greene came from Hampton. 1626. the James. First. 1635. who died childless. born 1628. 19. was at Providence to London in 1644. 1635 . born 1620. April children. Warwick. 1633. however. 1628. he first that he was at one time in Salem. died April aged 71 years. died ember aged 88 years. Joan Tattersall. 1630.IN COLONIAL HISTORY. with wife and five June went 5. in 1636. first. Peter. Mary Gorton 27. James. Married Ann Alruy Married Second.

and forbidden for speaking on pain of and imprisonment. they shall be imprisoned and punished as the court shall see cause. Rec. his fault. that John Greene was not as thoroughly impressed with their justice and magnanimity as Maivh 12. ously of magistrates. 1(>38. for have the following entry. that the said John Greene shall further censure others. in 100 marks. and brought by one of that company. first Tuesday of 7th month Col. 19. from a subsequent record. Vol. 1. and we are left to inference. 203." [Mass. place. John Greene of New Providence.. wherein the court is charged with usurping the power of Christ over the churches and men's consciences. they they thought the circumstances warranted. Rec. by him before used it is now ordered. commanded presently to depart out of this jurisdicsuch persan shall after be found in this jurisdiction. [Mass. 1. same . 224] specific charges against Greene. dated from New Providence.: Whereas. upon pain of imprisonment and and because it appears to this court that some . Col. fined fine 20. subscribed by John Greene.] " John Greene of this jurisdiction. contemptuously of magistrates. Rec. or their whether within the limits of Providence. Vol. On which the action taken is as follows : 200. Sept. p. of the not come into this jurisdiction. in such speeches.6 GREENES OF WARWICK Mr. shall Plantation of Providence shall come within tion.. bound to Quarter next. Vol. Col. " viz. p. Court. A letter was sent to this court. There is no record of as to whether the offence was committed within their bounds. p. upon which the action of the Massachusetts court was based. 1637. notwithstanding lie had formerly acknowledged ." they shall be and if [Mass. New Providence. for speaking contemptu1.] It appears. since in- conduct on several subsequent occasions proves that the . are it confident in the same corrupt judgif ment and practice is ordered that any others of the same this jurisdiction. and if they will not disclaim tha said corrupt opinion and censure. they be apprehended and brought before some of the magistrates.

and the tone of which. and their tenor shows that the in a League endorsed and conspirit which actuated them had its origin. was thoroughly vindicated by the whole policy of their government. Samuel Gorton's advent to Providence. that inspired the settlers of Rhode purpose to control the Island. Providence to prevent their obtaining any recognition. as he did on many occasions afterward . at Plymouth and then was 30. for a time. Samuel Gorton. distinct and Warwick. and which. of which no record appears. and especially in their treatment of the settlers in this Colony. Now. as a Colony from the government in England. 1638 and April On this occasion then not to be regarded as acting under the influence of Gorton. or even in concert with him. habitants of any part of what constitutes rights which they considered themselves 7 Rhode Island had no bound to respect .IN COLONIAL HISTORY.: " Usurping the power of Christ over the churches and men's consciences. However transaction insignificant in the aggregate of historical items this may appear. that all these things transpired before the arch heretic. came to Boston in 1636. but we we can hardly fail to conclude that the essential specification. 1639. and which eventuated in the grand results in whose we now exult. as much liberal spirit." as charged therein. fruition like thrice refined metal. therefore. came each time purer from the crucible. it was one of the earliest assertions of en- . the interval. and the acts of the commissioners of the United Colonies the other colonies which constituted the show that firmed their views . cannot justly estimate. viz. but as indicating that sturdy English spirit of freedom which burned in the breasts of so many of our ancestors. at Rhode Island May Greene is 20. He. in . be it observed. and The circumstance that Greene was bound for trial at a future term of the Court. and the absence of evidence that he disputed their power or forfeited his bond. proves that he was in custody. compels the inference that he submitted but the vote in the succeeding March shows that they had received a letter from him. was a resident. as to provide for mutual defense against foreign foes and Indian savages.

but an account of John Greene would be manifestly incomplete without some attention to his participation in it. cause. might have plumed themselves on their success in illustrating Talleyrand's celebrated maxim. probably. in all their obscure in our comprehension. and thanks God therefor his style become an accomplished is. Respectable they must have been. somewhat ries." John Greene was a surgeon: of his qualifications and accomplishments we have no means of judging probably they were respectable. which aided to kindle the flame which the world in to entitle its is now lighting march to universal emancipation. I do not intend to go over. in detail. but we ti are not to infer (from their close association) at they resembled those of Samuel Gorton . heretofore so ably and exhaustively examined by Judge Staples. at that period. Gorton boasts.: any authority except through the assent of the home government: and hence. may judge There are no documents extant (that I know). be. arose the differences which induced several individuals of Provi- perhaps. not as consonant with ours at this day): ernment established by the settlers could have that no gov- . correspondence with Gov- ernor Winthrop. I think. of his inferiority to his adversaries in that respect (although he scholar). possibly more. to a high place and seems to me John Greene among the apostles of free thought. by which we of his tone of thought. the controversy between the government of Massachusetts and the settlers of Warwick. certainly. The settlers at Shawomet or Warwick entertained a view dif- ferent from their friends at Providence and Rhode Island (and vis. most of his contemporapolemical disquisitions. or style of expression. is said to have afterwards . but. no man was allowed a license to any trade or calling without legal tests of his acquirements. he was probably better educated. by using "Language for the concealment of their ideas. as also in was Randall Holden.8 tire GREENES OF WARWICK ami absolute freedom of opinion in defiance of either secular or ecclesiastical authority and one of the scintillations from the profound.

At the same session it was ordered.IN COLONIAL HISTORY. Randall Holden. and further be established. March 16. All the acts of the settlers of Rhode Island. loving friends of Roger Williams. Sampson Shotten or Robert Potter. are disfranchised of the privileges and prerogbody of this State. deed of Shawomet. and seem to parties to the Jan. and there find sureties for their good behaviour. and pass laws. was an assertion of some of the highest attributes of sovereignty. but they seem to have had differences. have been. then a further due and lawful course. in the name of the State (not Colony. and theocratic . provided. 1642. by the magistrates. they make no allu- sion to Roytil or Parliamentary superiority. Sampson Shotten atives belonging to the and Robert Potter. as he himself expressed it. men were not informed by the record all it is certain. for. Richard Carder. shall stable (calling come upon the Island armed. seem to imply that they intended to establish an independent government. but to the flirect guidance of commit themselves God. Richard Waterman and John Warner were from Providence. Francis Weston. 12." Here surely. they shall be. 1642. . and that their names be cancelled out of the record.) At a General Court holden at Newport. at their session. until their accept- ance of the Parliament's charter. in the 9 settlement of dence and Rhode Island to unite with Goiton Warwick. which induced them to go beyond Williams' purchase and claim of jurisdiction from that time no dispute appears between them and the authorities of Providence and Rhode Island. that this order hinder not the course of law already begun with John Weeks. by the conhim sufficiently aside). Randall Holden. that if that course shall not regulate them or any of them. it was ordered " That Richard Carder. that they were nouii. however.' What may have been charged \ve are the offence with which these . from MiantoJohn Greene. disarmed and carried before it the magistrate. . and give perpetual grants of land. "That if John Weeks. shall be taken. not now easily elucidated. in their fundamental on principles democratic act.

and none practised more forbearance and endurance under such as are rarely paralleled. Hardly had they time to provide the rudest shelter for their families and cattle. it appears that they immediately formed the judicious resolution to withdraw from the neighborhood. either Plymouth's or ours. no community on this continent. then the most powerful on the continent. 1641. we may safely conclude. 17. the reply was. trials." some jurisdic- Williams. and as the Warwick people contradicted the imputations upon them in equally strong terms in writing. Miantonomi's deed to them. 1041. or cultivating any differences among themselves. and also discountenanced them by their subsequent wise conduct of their own affairs. the Gorton from Providence to Warwick complaint of certain residents of Providence to the Massachusetts govern- ment. 1642.IO and in GREENES OF WARWICK 1649 they became unitod with them under the charter. whereas. to which. 12. before the ingenuity of some of their former neighbors of Providence found means to bring them (in their helplessness) into conflict with the government of Massachu- setts. dated Nov. himself suffered quite as much detraction at the hands of the Mas- sachusetts people. that they were not more at fault than the others. as Governor Winthrop says. all or of any dissensions other than those incident to ciation. except they did submit themselves to tion. the letter to Massachusetts is dated Nov. is no evidence afterward of their interfering in the affairs of their neighbors. which the wilderness afforded material for. is dated Jan. However that may be. 17. The only records which throw any friends of light on the removal of the are. and acted harmoniously and successfully with their de- tractors in Colonial affairs. The eleventh grantee who was a resident of Portsmouth. human asso- on the contrary. claiming jurisdic- . and establish an independent community by themselves and there for. in disparagement of and some expressions of Roger Gorton but inasmuch as Williams . " We had no calling or warrant to interpose in their contentions. were more sedulous in courting the goodwill and confidence of the natives. . of Shawomet was William Woddell.

we have sent to you to come to our court. both English and Indians. Richard Carder. " Whereas. that it was their mission to establish the kingdom of God on earth. Nicholas Power. they should have been little embittered against this they regarded it. groping in darkness. in answer to their it. Randall Holden. tion over a vast I I and comparatively undefined territory. istered according to their understanding of at. community.sincerity and zeal. expressed in as representing God's anything but respectful language. John Warner. and there make answer to the particulars charged to upon you. in relation to Indian titles and claims of Connecticut and Massachusetts in King's Province. as commissioners. John Wicks. that these same gentlemen were conspicuous as partizans in the future contests. John Greene. . they received an answer disclaiming their right of interference.IN COLONIAL HISTORY. Sampson Shotten. is George Cooke. kingdom on earth. and now. as occupying an insignificant space twenty miles long this great continent. and admin- by men who represented the sternest form of Puritanism. that if we would send to yourselves. Edward Johnson and Humphrey Atherton and it worthy of remark. upon occasion of divers injuries offered by you to us and the people under our jurisdiction. for that purpose : In answer to which proposition they sent. that the course might be examined and heard amongst . at the last. which you have returned us no other but contemptuous and disdainful answers. that when. and impugning their claims. and William Waddle. and who religiously believed. and four wide on to Although the Shawomet settlers refused to subject themselves Massachusetts on the frivolous pretence of claim set up by them. Robert Potter. Francis Weston. It is not to be wondered summons (issued at the instiga- tion of four men of Providence) to the settlers of Shawomet. with a burning. title to they very modestly proposed to show their sioners as Massachusetts such commis- might send to them. This is the notification of their appointment " : * To Samuel Gorton. Richard Water- man. and safe conduct to that end.

our people shall return and leave you in peace. for their . two Indians living at Shawomet and claiming ownership of it. to lay open the charges against you and to hear your reasons and allegations. justice and law. in the jurisdiction of Provi- dence. In consequence of these applications the purchasers them to appear before the Court in Massachusetts to answer the complaint of William Arnold.12 GREENES OF WARWICK your own neighbors. received a letter requiring To which they made answer in a long epistle. We give you also to understand that we shall send a sufficient guard with our commissioners. Dated 19th. Secretary. We have therefore. offer of doing us right. safety against any violence or injury for seeing you will not trust yourselves with us upon our safe conduct. and thereupon to receive such satisfaction from you as shall appear. that ever disfigured the pages of history. and denying Miantonomi's right to sell it. and anSacononocho. [Mass. 7th month. other from Pnmham and and submitting themselves thereto. in justice. to be due. dated Nov." if rest assured of. that you will make good your own Per. The action of this extraordinary drama commences with the application of four men of Pawtuxet. that our moderation and justice may appear to all men. and therefor intend shortly to send commissioners into your parts. Cur. Robert Cole and William Carpenter. INCREASE NOWELL. otherwise we must right ourselves and our people by force of arms. Rec. agreed to condescend herein to your own desire. . and holding land in right of Roger Williams' purchase of Canonicus and Miantonomi. 1643. although Pumham's name is attached to the deed. we have no reason to trust ours with you upon your bare courtesy but this you may . Benedict Arnold. as a witness. we should have justice and satisfaction. Col. asking to be taken into the jurisdiction of Massachusetts.] An analysis of this paper will show it to be one of the most grievous travesties of right. 20.

being interested parties and as a matter of course. as well as the Court. Vol. we only know. or the Narragansetts or any of them. the interpreters. no adverse party being present except Miantonomi. 19. were parties. which applied to Indians. and were writ unto. or claimed to be so. Col. 1643. Mr. 2. siibmitted themselves to Massachusetts. in its assumptions of moderation and justice. that these Indians were exempted by special act from the prohibition of the use of powder. not at lusions." June 2. p. 41. These Indians. 1642. or the commissioners of the United Colonies. this submission cost. Pumham and Sacononocho. 1643. [From Mass. whereupon. Humphrey Atherton and Mr. that was not decided adversely to them. Edward go. and abounding in obscure Scriptural but essentially denying their authority. three commissioners were resolved to be sent. to require and see 4 . of whom Pumham had signed Miantonomi's deed as witness. To prove the sincerity of the letter of Sept. Rec.IN COLONIAL HISTORY.. I append the proceedings of the Massachusetts General Court. who were petty chiefs under Miantonomi. How much rum. to which they returned no other but contemptuous and disdainful answers. all 13 al- respectful. to come to our Court to the particulars. is was determined that the trial .] "Samu: Gorton and company had a safe conduct offered them. claimed the ownership of Shawomet. in the period immediately preceding the irruption into Warwick. "Waterman and the rest. tobacco and powder. and a mock was had at Boston. 1643. about divers injuries offered by them to us (and the people under his and there make answer our jurisdiction. the record does not inform us. William Arnold. Greene. and that the Gorton- nor can I find any case before a Massachusetts Court. Tomlins were appointed by the Massachusetts General Court to and hold a personal interview with Messrs. both English and Indians). in which should be ousted Miantonomi or any of his adherents. "May 10. land belonged to ists Pumham and : Sacononocho. by all the record. with Mr.

1643. or to bring their persons.. which may require the authority of this Court. before the next session of this Court. shall have power (as a committee). should be paid by go Mr. should have warrant to deliver to Captain Cooke. to commend this undertaking to God." Sept. with a guard of forty able to attend them. by them which go desire. that the magistrates of the Bay. p. about the Narragansett or Mohegan sachems and their people. reference to their instructions. 44. " The three commissioners are Captain George Cooke. to take 01 ier (according to the best discretions) in all the exigents and occasions. Roxbury. Glover and the rest of the committee about the children. 2. which have authority and order to bring men Samu rey Gorton and his company." Sept. Col. and is " It to be repaid again when it cometh in. foot against may fall out. Charlestown. and the deputies of Boston. either concerning Sam Gorton and the rest of : the expedition now on that company. which. to declare our intent. 7. or the greater part of them.. " It is ordered that the deputies shall acquaint the elders. with Captain Cooke. Stoughton and John Johnson. with security. with 7. " letter A was ordered to be sent to Samu Gorton and : his company. Cambridge.14 satisfaction GREENES OF WARWICK made. [Mass. Lieutenant Atherton and Edward Johnson. to Providence. mand in chief. 1643. that the charge of the soldiers. or the greater part of them.] "It was agreed that we should send three commissioners. &c. and not knowing what may fall out the meanwhile. what they desire as needful for themselves or their company. ordered. " The Court to till the eighteenth of the purposing adjourn seventh month. Vol. HumphAtherton and Edward Johnson and Captain Cooke to com. if they do not give them satisfaction. in a special before. and Humphrey Atherton to be his lieutenant of the military force. to manner. it is therefore ordered. or con- cerning any advice from the commissioners of the United Colonies. " It is ordered that Mr. for the present. Rec. Dorchester. or any of them. so . the surveyor.

" It is ordered." Oct. previously to inditing the letter in which those expressions appear. and to receive such satisfaction as shall appear. in justice. 15 they are not to enter upon any war with the Indians (other than Sept. Stoughton pay 17. 2. to appear when she shall be called for. 47. and particularly in this jurisdiction." and which induces them " to condescend" to send commissioners to hear the cause (already prejudged)." [Mass. appearing and professing that she doth abhor and renounce Gorton's opinions. and confessing her fault in blotting out some things in the book which she bought. and professing she was sorry for it. Lucy Pease. than composed the whole settlement). " The charge of the prisoners. 17." Oct. lent them. 17. "To bring Samuel Gorton and company to Boston. with- out the least pretence of investigation. Col. 7.. each of them. of all civil authority among the people of God. 1643. 1643. 17." Oct. before this Court be again assembled. p. when. " Upon much examination and serious consideration of your writings. directing their commissioners. of the stock in his hand. . Samu : Gorton and his com- pany. wife of Pease. by the aid of forty soldiers (a greater number. 20 to the soldiers.] " It was ordered that Mr. we do charge you to be a blasphemous enemy of the true religion of our Lord Jesus Cbrist and His holy ordinances.IN COLONIAL HISTORY. What shall we say of the moderation and justice which they wish " to appear to all men. they had passed a vote. probably. and Benedict Arnold hath liberty to supply them powder and shot as he seeth occasion. " It is ordered that Pumham and Sacononocho should have. she was dismissed for the present. Eec. with your answers about them. 1643. to be due . Vol. which they were directed to take with them for that purpose ? The commission of these men does not appear (or whether ." if they do not give satisfaction which duty they performed. defensive). 1643." Oct. 1643. a fowling piece. and showing the same before she had delivered it. as. and also.

and afterwards with the poor Indians. sure of them. not knowing. . ordered their troops to subsist upon the enemy. and directed be brought. however. without firing a shot. they appeared in Warwick. in dealing with their fellow exiles from England. would receive the seal of the German empire.1 6 GREENES OF WARWICK the victims to they were more explicit than the vote. but to convicted felons and it was only by two votes alty of death. that they escaped the pen- What was their condition of mind. They. Having marched through Providence. probably anticipating the policy of the great Napoleon. that is (as says). and of their Col. without any provision. in a rig orous New England Winter. 53. nothing to the tender mercy of their persecutors. house in which they had taken refuge. dead or alive). Vol. (as Samuel Gorton says). Rec. Subsequent acts of the General Court direct. on parole. and where they finally capitulated. we may judge. as well as by their no less unfriendly neighbors of their own race. p. 28.1643. for the trial payment of the expenses of the campaign. 2. . Only the they owed kindness of their friends at Providence and Ehode Island saved their wives and children from utter extermination . : not to prisoners of war. and all their treatment afterward was such as is accorded by civilized nations. in their settlement with the French. that is. their stock driven off by their persecutors or stolen by unfriendly Indians. Samuel Gorton in a (as far as ap- pears) of the right of neutrality. in the nineteenth century. defended themselves. and where they. and their farmsteads ransacked and laid waste by Indians. that their cattle shall be seized and sent to Boston to be sold.] and imprisonment. on condition of going to Boston as In violation of this friends and neighbors. passively. but we are warranted in supposing that cenall their acts were justified by it especially as there was no . agreement. and as the acts of the Court afterward exceeded theirs in enormity. Sept. when we re- flect that their families were scattered about the country. regardless and besieged the men remaining.. [See Mass. they marched them to Boston in chains . that their illustrious example.

as there might be a church of Christ plant- ed . was the author of that remarkable tract entitled. that Edward Johnson. certain English inhabiting those parts. to whom they had take their lands from . [Johnson's narrative. not only of those who resist. and with the help of him.IN COLONIAL HISTORY. Upon . to them but the poor sachems..] It is styled) commissioners. enforced their Pumham and Sacononocho to set hands to a writing. 102 et seq. as Dover formerly had done. who encouraged Miantonomi to this war. those persons that we spoke of.] For not long before. to whom this government con- descended. who had thus encroached and began to build on the these complaints. couched in terms almost amounting blasphemy and fierce denunciations. as the Gortonists very worthy of notice. when they saw were thus they gulled of their land. came time also to complain of certain wrongs done them by these Gortonists. Staples' Simplicity's Defence. in hope they might increase to such a competent num- ber of godly Christians. but hitherto hath been forbade hindered by these Gortonists and one of Plymouth. subjected themselves and their lands : as also at this time. 17 see [For Samuel Gorton's account of these transactions. the governor and the hon- Indians' land. at this These persons.desired to have the benefit of the Massachusetts government. who our people to plant there. but of all who presume to disapprove any of their arbitrary and An extract from it. the place being capable to entertain for them in a comfortable it measure outward accommodations . but complained to the Massachusetts government. work which breathes nothing but government to glorification of the hierarchical of Massachusetts. " The Wonder Working Providence of Zion's Saviour in New Engiand a (in which this affair may be studied. p. thus submitting. giving an account of this very tyrannical acts transaction. is a pretty to good commentary on the " judicial fairness be looked for from that board. which these Gortonists had framed. from their point of view) . one of these (so properly denomi' nated them. with the Indians' good leave and liking. would take no pay for it.

any giving account to man no not to the chiefest in authority. affirming that the . his the number of disciples being increased. these poor souls with. keep them in civility or humanity. upbraiding that use them: in the meantime magnifying his own glorious sonally Christ. back most insolent. God. for assuredly . scoffing himself. scornful. and in a word. but returned After this. the government to persuade of the Massachusetts' sent two messengers on purpose their cause heard. his paper was thrust full of such filthi- ness that no Christian ear could hear them without indignation against them. and was done by him all in a very scornful and de- riding manner. and calling them necromancers that administer them at all . without any means pear. all the ordinances of the Gospel. assuring them to come and have with any other. that soon after the departure of the meshe lays aside all civil justice. scurrilous speeches. and without any civil govwhich made them to of their actions.!3 GREENES OF WARWICK ored Mr. the which he had newly ensnared them like justice. another while. beside ly stuff. was so full gorged with ton. one while. being the ringleader dreadful and damnable errors. very deceitful for when he had but a few with him. in after an opprobrious manner deriding at the elements Christ was pleased to institute them in. Dudley issue forth their warrant to summon them to apabout five or six persons. then he cried out against all such as would rule over their own species. did. etc. But Samuel Gorof the rout. most proudly and disdainfully.. This light. the Sacraments of Baptism and the Lord's Supper. Isaac. that all could see himself to be per- and so others that would believe as he thir- paper he got to be subscribed with about twelve or teen hands. abominable idolatry he called and likened them to Moloch and the star of the idol Bemphan all . could be saved by Jesus born of the Virgin Mary. and instead of returning senger answer to the matter in hand he vomits up a whole paper of beastand deriding the ignorance of all. man had a very glossing tongue. God-man. that thinks Christ. they being then of instructing them in the ways of ernment to cast off. but yet. in their cause. who was at mocking Abraham.

Scriptures term such to be gods of the world. they would never have waited so long upon their worships as they did. did apprehend him with the rest of his company. the and his blessed ordinances in such esteem. banished . resolved to send forty persons.into the depth of his deceit. but. the Beast himself in blasphemy . and persons suffered. they can help And whereas under blame some have favored them. yet would they willingly have covered towns for a few months. but after return from England." . phemous bull of his. and such as seek the utter subversion of Antichrist. to be sure. for apprehending of him who. he getting into favor again with those who had formerly whipped him out of their company. accordingly.IN COLONIAL HISTORY. having received some encouragement from such as could not look. with some waiting. such detest- able doctrines should be upheld. although he gave out very big words. and had to that they had written. seeing this blasself. that exceed and this to be done by those that would be counted reformers. and prevent them from coming under the like blame with Ahab and yet they remain in their old way. the good God be favorable to them. that. with weapons of war. . threatening them . to be sure. The greatest punishment they had to certain after- was to be confined wards. there be they in New England that have Christ Jesus that. with blood and death so soon as they set foot on the ground and yet this brazen faced deceiver published in print the great fear among them day by whereas. but being apprehended. and it with some shifts. when all look for the fall of Antichrist. they came not been that they intended peaceably to take them. and standing their women were put unto by day. Lord assisting. well appointed . turns devil himThe godly Governors of the Massachusetts. except two or three which ran away. the soldiers it . in these days. they had rather lose if their lives than suffer it. or devils his 19 . without any hurt to any person. and endeavored to bring such as have been zealous against their abominable doctrines. and there is somewhat to be considered in it. being done at so large a distance. if they could. them to be thus blasphemed.

CHAD BROWN. 109. who returned with an unfavorable answer. et seq. p.] This hit at Rhode Island seems to have been an entirely gra- . senders to they received a characteristically arrogant reply. et seq. its and . so far as I know. on the state- ment of Gorton. Nov. p. was selected by that government. This we have. 2. see Staples' Simp.. that the Gortonists : to have the complaints against them tried by Massachusetts. Field and Wickendon had signed the etc.. but have just cause to fear. and signed." Jo. his representations of facts have never been impeached. and. Def. [For this letter. WINTHROP. WILLIAM FIELD. when the author of the foregoing chapter.' were they justified Previous to the commencement of the leaguer. and to those of Ehode Island. and your now mediation for them. does great credit to the hearts and intelligence of this. the most : noticeable clause in which I quote " To yourselves. 1641. THOMAS OLNEY. Of these.20 GREENES OF WARWICK Judge Staples comments on this. 1643. it is amply confirmed by a letter from four men of Providence addressed to Governor Winthrop. as a Massaproper person to commend the moderation and justice of it?" in not refusing chusetts. 17. whom we know not. whom we know too well to refer any matters unto. dated Oct. letter to Massa- chusetts complaining of Gorton. Def. as a commissioner to examine into them? ' If he was chosen. 105. Gorton and his friends offered to submit the dispute to the King's government commissioners to say. as follows " Can one be refused surprised. [See Staples' Simp. divers of Signed. WILLIAM WICKENDON. that they suspended operations until a messenger could go to and return from Boston for directions. in respect of your vicinity unto them.. nnd had they been.] is This letter couched in perfectly respectful language.

" Observe the cunning of this. is the first in- timation of their having any pretence of claim to Providence. after fourteen days after such enlargement. March 7. but it is 21 of great value. which she did it . died at this time : if tion has 6 she must have been indebted to the hospitality of the . so far as I am informed. that if they. but was it. shall. going and returning. the captives of Captain Cooke's . she was at Conanicut. prisoners. and sent their officials. with baggage and plunder.IN COLONIAL HISTORY. as tradi- Greene. for a of the Massachusetts Court in the vote moment. which recognized the title to be in Plymouth. They are to be enlarged. and their prop- erty sequestered in the same terms. to an expression on the enlargement of the " Provided. or elsewhere in our jurisdiction. I propose to examine more at large hereafter. and the springs of her action in dealing with our fathers. as then ap- peared (although she afterwards withdrew from that position). I had dwelt un- necessarily on this subject but I regard the three men who escaped capture as equally sufferers with the others. 1644. and taken the cattle through also. as well as its arrogance. come within any part of our jurisdiction. if fire. of which they had robbed the poor settlers of Shawomet. she willing. this. was at Conanicut or Newport ministering to his wife. I wish to call your attention. Although they had marched their army through Providence. tuitous ebullition of spleen. It may seem that. who it. probably." This time and space allow. or in or near Providence or any of the lands of Pumham or Sacononocho. to allow Massachusetts " to pull the chestnuts out of the question. as being one of those faint rays which aid in elucidating the feeling of Massachusetts. Their claim to jurisdiction in Warwick was founded on a vote of the Commissioners of the United Colonies. or any of them. and authorized Massachusetts to accept the guardianship of considered her it in case title Plymouth refused problematical. either in the Massachusetts. inasmuch as they were put under the ban of outlawry by name. John Greene's name not appearing among bow and spear.

" It is ordered. in joying. It is a singular coincidence.22 GREENES OF WARWICK was sold to William Coddington. also vol. 1658. I. occurred in the same year. Warwick he was a prominent figure. May 12. which little composed of refugees for conhad only had an existence of all more than a year. 1658. science sake like themselves. and their release from it. In all the transactions in sachusetts. presents a vivid picture of their sufferings and struggles. and the white malcontents on the other. vol.] [See E. that the withdrawal of the Pawtuxet people from their feigned subjection to Massachusetts. Pres- which is corroborative of the representations of the Warwick people. that the deputies shall acquaint the elders to desire." from any point within our compass).: road upon the Shawomet settlement). and justified by her in every sort of irregularity it is unnecessary for me to weary you with all . Bene- Indians. and the death of John Greene. both encouraged by Massachusetts. in 1656.. 322. thirteen years later. which already had the evils of wild lands and savage neighbors and distant sources of supply to encounter. . the Massachusetts GenCourt voted as follows (after making preparations for the inviz. 1. 1643. 341. signed Roger Williams. the evidence of this. fully. feeble and helpless settlement. but the letter from Providence Plantations to Massachusetts. 1. that these sing of the men were sincere in thus asking the bles- Most High on an enterprise conceived in sin. asking redress. enhis fellow citizens. of date ident. In the interval between 1643 and 1658 the inhabitants of Warwick enjoyed no repose from the depredations of Pumham and his satellites on the one hand. to commend this undertaking to God. and suffering. p- eral On the seventh of September. from the machinations of their enemies in MasArnold et al. Col. Kec. since Conanicut dict by Caganaquant. in a special It is almost impossible to believe (looking manner. and to be prosecuted by carrying the sword and torch into the midst of a poor. p. the confidence of common with them.

New Haven and Connecticut. can be attributed to no higher impulses than ambition and greed. chiefly. Ostensibly the object of this association was the common defence. that the colonies of Massachusetts. the owed whether their aggressive Indian policy would meet with cordial support from the settlers of Rhode Island. 23 in and whose recent escape from the persecutions of the Mother land. because they re. to strike across its centre. common with themselves. and to which for her parties from Rhode Island repeatedly asked admission and were. The Plymouth was always milder. in this most unrighteous enterprise. those hotbeds of pestilent heretics Rhode Island and Providence. she whipped no Baptists. garded Rhode Island as their common enemy she had obtained same government of Great Britain. repulsed. Their real motives. the Narragansett Plantations. in her Puritanism. to plant their feet on each side of Narragansett Bay. established the congress the Commissioners of the United Colonies. . no witches. 1643. first session of this body was in May. at which was not represented in October of the same year Plymouth Plymouth was present. as often.IN COLONIAL HISTORY. The history efforts. They may also have had some doubt allegiance to. dividing surnames. and could rightly have no enemies and no allies but such as were equally theirs. called this year. settled Connecticut was the nursling of Massachusetts. would seem to have insured their sympathy and aid. was by her capital. It was in Plymouth. than Massachusetts she hung no Quakers. and to secure control of those dangerous people who propagated the heretical and damnable doctrine of independent belief and thought. Was it necessary to whip Plymouth in ? . to retard and discourage. 1643. and if possible to suppress. Why then were the inhabitants of ? Rhode Island denied recognition from. she strangled . and its advantages Manifestly. and her government was conducted. by men drawn from her leading families and rejoicing in identical Was it not a promising scheme. of the United Colonies is a history of perpetual on the part of that organization.

I say. they had profanely invoked. if you please). as the fundamental basis of every enlightened government. associates. as we Rhode Island were the pioneers in the pathway to freedom of the soul. with the iron penetrating their souls at every point. in any measure. and to it my gratitude and admiration as my kind. with the rope imminent about their necks. whom . and if the establishment of that principle. and the noble young Miantonomi. were the firm and fast friends of the . the settlers of Rhode Island. had ordained otherwise. a constant system of spoliation of the Narragansett tribe.24 GREENES OF WARWICK and then eventually absorb them ? as they must have done. it more perhaps. to the denizens of such locality. and absolutely dependent on the charity of a needy community. with plundered garners. as others. either directly or through their Indian allies. if they founded the first commonwealth which recognized that great principle. resisted the aggressions of Massa- appreciate the sturdy will (dogged. than may appear I ought. of Samuel Gorton and his who* with chains about their limbs. refused to abjure their manhood. if they have read them at all. I have dwelt on the affairs of Shawomet. as they undoubtedly did. that we cannot too warmly cherish memory of those men who chusetts we cannot too highly . defenceless. students of history. of local but a they present nothing history. whose grand old Sachem Canonicus. deeper and a wider and a loftier appeal a citizen of a friend of . I have presented no facts not already familiar. In pursuance of their hostility to the Narragansett Plantations the authorities of Massachusetts prosecuted. I regard also as a key to the whole policy fondly flat- of the other colonies toward ter ourselves. be due to our success the : then. To you. with desolated firesides. If. crushed as between the upper and nether millstone but the Lord. of interest. with households wandering. because I believe this episode in our histo- ry does not receive the consideration its importance warrants. possibly starving. may. in fine. an appeal to my pride as Ehode Island. chiefscrap To me it prep en ts a ly. but to the mass of readers.

as prisoner. who were their subjects. for which they are entitled to some credit." Extract from letter of R. them Mohegans on various frivolous pretences they received Miantonomi (who had been taken by the Mohegans). This subject is admirably disposed of in Staples' Annals of Providence. Mr. they transferred him to Uncas for execution. to speak with you. if the you and to Lord prevent it not but I hope. there were not wanting those in Rhode Island who sympathised with Massachusetts in the persecution of their afflicted fellow citizens. 25 whom they had sold their lands. and it is a Governor Coddington that he should have come down to us as their mouthpiece in a letter to Governor severe stigma on the of name Winthrop. : CODDINGTON. in alliance with the . but not from remaining ever. with . a sense of shame. this May 25.IN COLONIAL HISTORY. and therefore shall. shortly. are in disgrace with the people of Providence. and condemned him to death but. as follows : bearer Mr. they made war on in 1643. the Having dissolved the supremacy of the Narragansetts over Wampanoags. jun. Tours cease from writing. dated " Sir. and others of this Island. Narragansett Bay settlers. Codding- . (1648 probably). The pretexts upon which they found Miantonomi worthy of death were puerile in the extreme. Ballston. their last meeting (at which I have not been) have 7 fallen into factions. for the present. his real crime was his friendship for the settlers of Rhode Island. Williams to John Winthrop. and Gorton's adherents on the Island. and do much fear that Gorton : will be a thorn in their and our see sides. 1648. circumstances of their Notwithstanding the evident designs of Massachusetts and the own banishment from it. to which were honestly paid for. Warwick. for that at all in their quarrels with the we will not interpose or meddle Massachusetts and the rest of the colonies . WM. from Cawcumsqussick " Our poor country is in civil dissension.

1651. 278. but I resolve (if the Lord : with great hopes of please) not to engage unless peacemaking the peacemakers are the sons of God. WILLIAMS. Mr. ceive letters from both. p. Mr. Coddington had his peace with them. that objections were made . chosen John Coggeshall was President. which might seem prejudicial to himself or others.. 1647. probably with the understanding that tho reversion of the office should be in his family. Jeremy Clarke elected to serve until the President should be cleared or another elected. the . it. Mr.. 1648. his government. vol. had retiirned with a commission constituting him Governor for life over the Island. Signed. this Court not thinking it fit to meddle with should be cut out from our Book (which was done). in the case. May 1648. Mr.. it being much considered. in as the records give us nothing more. showing that Mr. Coddington left for England in January 1649. Resolved " to cut out of the in the time of Record Book certain transactions which were Mr." and. to him on account of differences still pending. At the same session. and Mr. but he was not reinstated and In it his future record shows that he never recovered the confidence of his fellow citizens in the degree he had formerly en- joyed port. nine elected was days after. under the Providence charter. Coddington. and Capt. &c. made At the same session they refuse to return to him a fine " about the record. and before Nov.] [Winthrop papers. the charges against Coddington were we do not know. and then delivered to Mr. Mr. and stood in our Book of Record. Coddington was suspended for charges.26 GREENES OF WARWICK ton and Capt. Partridge. at the next. . he was elected Commissioner from New- and appears from the action of the Assembly at that time. What his office. Mass. May 16. Hist. John Clarke (then in England)." Col.. May 1656. Easton. it. the heads of one. inviting rne. &c. the letter to Governor Coddington At the first election. in England and the Assembly sent a letter to Mr. ordered. that it . &c. Clarke heads of the other faction I re(Jeremiah). R. 9. Coddington. Winthrop was written.

perhaps equally. as the signature is jun. 1678. probably the son. undoubtedly. from 1652 to 1658. 1. Gorton's. they in Rhode Island and although. in this case (to use a hackneyed expression) " Twas worse than a crime. was plainly subserved by any dissensions at a less trying period. inasmuch as we can draw no inference but one unfavorable to him. Holden being. of the two From died the Colonial Record. 1678 ." '75. Coddington died Nov. the experiment was fatal to his prestige. Coddington was Assistant in 1666.IN COLONIAL HISTORY. is a crime. Greene and . . who was. sometimes John Greene and sometimes John Greene. it appears that he was Commis- sioner (equivalent to Representative). when he also in 1651 in the Assembly of Providence and Warwick. on the part not only of the As- sembly but of Mr. In all the acts of and relating to Warwick. mag- nanimously forgave him. and Governor in 1674 and and was elected Governor to complete the term of Benedict Arnold. who died Aug. All which 27 was a great mistake. that Coddington pro- cured his commission without authority from his fellow citizens nnd contrary to their wishes. . Coddington. the name of John Greene rarely fails to occur. whose interest . From and 1651 to 1653 either he or his son acted as General Recorder Clerk. either to gratify his own ambition or from undue influence on the part of their arch enemy Massachusetts. the master and generally second to spirit. It is impossible to avoid the conclusion. during his life. 'twas a blunder. 28. his chosen confidantes latter Greene was much the elder. In all cases the destruction of a record.

married Phebe Sayles. born. married Mary Sayles. of John. : Deborah born August 10. 1652. . aged 88 years. 1658. Caleb Carr. married William TorreySecond. born August 27. William . 1656. Philip . 2d. junior. Anne. 1662-3. married Ellen Eighth. of Stephen. Sixth. 1649. Eichard Sayles. Dickerson. 8. Their children were First. John Greene. . . 27. Jamestown. born October 7. Fifth. 1651. of John. she died. 1620. daughter of "William Almy of Portsmouth. aged 88 years. died Nov. 1709. more familiarly known as ernor John Greene. SECOND GENERATION. born February 7. born February 1660. born December 6. 1708. no issue. Fourth. Job . May 17. Seventh. John born June 6. Third. 1654-5. Deputy GovHe was His wife was Anne. married Elizabeth Arnold. .SECOND JOHN GREENE. married 1st. married Thomas Greene. son of Thomas. bora March 19. Peter .

probably. were in those years when he was absent 1651-2. physician. when the charter was suspended by King James II. 1665. at that time. 1669-70. until 1686. to vindicate the .) Governor Benedict Arnold decline the with John Clarke. of Benjamin. and longer than any man was Governor. married Dr. lapses in his service as Assistant. to go to England.IN COLONIAL HISTORY. then. born August 15. Ninth. and in 1657-8-9 and 61. At the session of the Assembly. was father of Governor William Greene. born December 26. but when the purchase of His name does not appear in the does in some of the acts of Massa- chusetts General Court. he was Attorney . a period of 10 years. Eoger Williams. John Spencer. Catharine 29 married Charles . associated with his father's. and also in division of lands in Providence in 1638. In 1654 he was associated with Ezekiel Holliman as a committee to revise the laws. and was annually reelected. He had arrived. except Samuel Cranswho was Governor 30 years. as was then the practice. Teth. Audrey . until 1659. 1664. 1667. In 1651 he was elected Commissioner from Warwick. it Shawomet was made deed. and in Oct. he was again on a com- mission for the same purpose with John Clarke. or rather semi-annually. when he was elected Assistant. which office he held to be every year. The in England on business of the colony in was Recorder. June ed "(in case the 29. Holden. John San ford and Joseph Torrey. he was appointservice. and in 1690 as Deputy Governor. 1670. Eleventh. and continued so two exceptions. at man's estate. from 1698 to 1727 inclusive. a longer time than any other per- son occupied that position in the colonial government continuously ton. he must have been a little short of his majority. born January 30. in 1642. He was again elected Assistant in 1689. although. except as witness. married Mary first Gorton. Samuel . he General. with until 1700.

for which he was allowed. 1671. p. that the Governor (B. due from the colony for services done in England as twenty-five years later. subsequently. Bee. John Clarke. with sixteen other prominent attend the session of the Assembly. in B I. he was again commissioned. to settle the 1671. In October 1664 he was joined in a commission with John Clarke and Joseph Torrey. Kandall Holden and John Greene. John Cranston and Joseph Torrey. and in October 1705 an amount of for a debt this is 30 is allowed to Major John Greene. 1678-9. Col. he is invited. and were consulted on that business as one familiar to tion to Mount Hope. 1670. also on a commission to the same purpose in Col. before GREENES OF WARWICK the King. Card and Mr. 3. I. B^c. dated Feb. ordered. Mr. 1664. March 30. Mr. " March 1. Greene appear to have accepted A letter 3. Sanford be desired to draw up their thoughts concerning a Preface or Prologue to the proceedings of " the present Court (the first held under the charter). p. 309 to 328." Neither Governor Arnold or John this service. Arnold). a 10. vol. .. assessed to raise In July of the same year a rate was 60 for their expenses to and in England. He was boundary. 1676.. from which it appears they were in London at that time on colonial business. Greene. " to advise in these troublesome times and straites. mass of records relating to which may be found in B. In this his associates were Joseph Torrey and Bichard Bailey. in signed. equivalent to our Major General. From 1683 to the time of Andros he was Major of the Main. I shall hereafter refer to an important result of the commis- sion then entrusted to them. 2. with Deputy Governor Benedict Arnold. to meet commissioners from Connecticut. vol. no doubt he had been in England ." citizens. addressed to the Lords of Trade and Plantations. to settle differences with Connecticut. rela- 37. them . to June 7.30 charter. March 13. appears.

"principal persons applying for September 4. R. tion. Governor Winslow of Plymouth had advised Mr. Williams says in his letter to the Massachusetts General Court. Winthrop . I. and the Commissioners of the United Colonies asserted their claim it. and notwith- standing that. as it. John Greene and Joseph Torrey were appointed commissioners. June 1671. are appointed to letters to Captain John Greene and Mr. William Baulston. which rec- John Greene was held by and the The ords during his public service of years teem with them. John draw up an address to His Majesty and the Lord Chancellor and Colonel Cartwright. to remove across the river. In May 1664. at the time he had taken refuge at Seekonk. by advice of Mr. and are very strong presumptive evidence that the severe animadversions of Lord Bellamont and Governor Cranfield are expressions rather of partizan feeling than of judicial conviction. " to make a treaty with Massachusetts. their friends in Massachusetts might take offence " ." Their commission may be seen. according to their proposals. the. to jurisdiction over which she claimed. vol. p. lest. Plymouth Rhode Island was within the limits of her patent. also he had begun that PlantaOctober 5. 3! one of those His name is also " mentioned in the charter. 1654. the Commissioners of the United Colonies laid claim to every part of the territory that now constitutes Rhode Island. But I need not cite more evidences his associates fifty of the esteem in public. at least in the and Massachusetts exercised those rights terms of banishment of Gorton also frequently asserted that and his friends. Col. Notwithstanding that. 1666. he was on a committee to draw up an answer to the government of Plymouth. Governor (William Brenton). 50. 7." Massachusetts repeatedly. Clarke. Williams.. Rec. Seekonk being in their jurisdiction. In pursuance of their usual grasping policy. A few words now in relation to the logic of Massachusetts' . 2. as Mr.IN COLONIAL HISTORY. William Harris.

who bad. who had no existence recognized by the parent government. which explicitly defined her limits and gave no power to extend them. But suppose that Plymouth had grounds for such a claim. any sioners for Plymouth repudiated and denied. presume to exercise any authority whatever in this matter ? The hiatus in the records of Rhode Island. and afterward. The cussion : direct claim of Massachusetts is too flimsy to deserve dis- or the southernmost point of line. from 1650 to 1653. as they very well knew. on the plea limits of her of conquest.32 claim to Warwick. her patent gives her three miles south of Charles river. which assent the Commisdirect claim. The grant to Plymouth in again. setts. of . and no status except what was voluntarily accorded them by the colonies. supposing she had that power. how could Massachu- whose existence depended on her patent. pretend as in the case of Wai-wick. in point of fact. by what rule of law could she divest herself of any territory pertaining to her patent. . was the assent of Plymouth. on that it. as to exercise sovereign f in Narragansett. her plea. September 16. how could the Commissioners of the United Colonies. could no way be forced so as to give them any rights of territory anywhere west of the east shore of Narragansett Bay. no legal existence at all. excepting by the surrender of it to the sovereign authority from which she derived it? Again. which are conclusively contradicted by her bounds as described in her patent. power outside the patent Again. and westward indefinitely is which the present north line of Connecticut and it Rhode Island. nor did they ever attempt to enforce any such claim. and also the authority of the Commissioners of the United Colonies. on the plea of voluntary subjection and release by Plymouth. on the part 1651 persons having authority from that colony. GREENES OF WARWICK a Although there are occasional intimations of on the part of Massachusetts. at all times. and by no possible construction could be tortured to mean anything south of it.

which prediction was justified. and tion. after seven or eight months trial of his government. and probably in the other Narragansett settlements in a minor degree. We can easily imagine that they were not. . vol. and Coddington had to [See Francis Brinley's chronological account. during that interval. with which they had united the previous year under the charter of 1643. p. claiming to represent the major part of the inhabitants of Rhode Island. that this occurred four months after the suspension of dington... 1st Ser. a thorn Governor Coddington hints in his letter to Governor Winthrop. Providence and Warwick. 33 makes it is it more difficult than usual to elucidate the divisions which evident existed in Newport and Portsmouth. the key to the popular dissatisfac1.IN COLONIAL HISTORY. with all the other colonies. ple of the Island revolted. is. the peoflee for safety. 210. The answer gratified. vol. and never resumed them. that the friends of Gorton will be in that of his party. serve. which was exactly what they intended and desired. in full sympathy with those who desired . Col. to this application was.] At the meeting of the Commissioners of the United Colonies. was suspended from his functions as President in May 1648.] Mr. ignoring. 5. as you recollect. and ObCod- only the opposition of the popular party prevented. Mass. We have seen that some of the settlers of Providence submitted themselves to Massachusetts in 1643. [Bee Acts Commiss. &c. that their desire might be by their submitting themselves to Massachusetts or Plymouth. and was what the whole policy of the United Colonies had contemplated. the . probably.. Col. as later. without doubt. Hist. September 1648. and requesting that the Island might be received into a league of friendship and amity. Uni.. the independence of Rhode Island they were. as you observe. p. Coddington. a petition was received from William Coddington and Captain Partridge. when three years in the side of the other party. and were never divested of a nominal al- legiance to her until 1658.

that they struggled throughout that century against the encroach- ments of prerogative. and therefore was in diametrical opposition to him. Easton. the party or faction represented (as Williams indicates) by Captain Clarke and Mr. The Pequots. as well as against the machinations of the surrounding colonies. most occupied the attention of that generation was the jurisdiction and ownership of King's Province or Narragansett Country. To this party the Greenes and Holdens of Warwick were as a stay of steel. were finally as- . and that they finally and triumphantly accomplished the liberation of Khode Island. lying chiefly in the valley of the Thames. Easton were the numerically stronger. Coddington.. now Washington county which . and. as GREENES OF WARWICK we have you remember. in 1653. Mr. In the contentions in relation to it John Greene is always a prominent figure. their lands. their last junior. &c. to name with that of another John Greene.. that the major part of the inhabitants of the Island. says. the heads of one. Connecticut and Rhode Island. that on the other hand. About this time Mr. which was claimed by Massachusetts. who was a resident of Narragansett and a partizan of Connecticut. The bone of contention. ridge.34 records. were not his partizans. preserved her territorial limits. Captain Partand Mr. avoid confusing his but in looking into this subject great care is necessary. Captain Clarke the heads of the other faction. after a long dispute between Massachusetts and Connecticut. " Our poor colony is in civil dissension. &c. were afterward expurgated. by an alliance with the Narragansetts and Mohegans." It is evident from this that there were severe squabbles. having been conquered and their tribal power extinguished. and only collateral evidence for about four years. Williams in his letter to John Winthrop. meetings have fallen into factions. through infinite discouragements. and after events show that it was this party which sustained popular rights at all times. and their again uniting with Providence and Warwick. and from the short period of Governor Coddington's supremacy under his perpetual commission.

hire for The next step necessary was to find or create a pretext for the treatment of the other tribes and the Narragansetts having committed the indiscretion (to use a mild phrase) of giving harbor like . accordingly. the larger part to the Mohenumber to the Narragansetts and their tributa- they paying to the English United Colonies a fixed sum in wampum. as they constantly took occasion to Any person who will examine the records of the Commissioners of the United Colonies impartially will endorse the promulgate. as chief sachem of the Mohegans (though there believe that only their patronage reason to under which they they encouraged him to perpetrate annoyances and encroachments on the Narragansetts. made him to their traditional plaint methods of redress was made to them by either and whenever any comUncas or Miantonomi or any . as a tribute for each Pequot. adherent of either. services. they being the allies and friends of Uncas. accuracy of this statement . signed to 35 Connecticut as conquered territory.IN COLONIAL HISTORY. adverse to the Narragansett. who knew all the parties and appreciated the truthful . the Narra- by the English and prohibited from any retribution on the Mohegans for wrongs suffered from them. The United Colonies accordingly. invariably. The United Colonies. were selected as the victims of the series. denied justice cording to their traditional customs. their decision was. in other words. denying them. toward the Mohegans as made them amenable to English ideas of and afforded the pretexts which the English sought. at the same time. to the God-defying refugees from the just displeasure of offended first Massachusetts. The fruits of this policy were very soon apparent. entered into a league with is Uncas. were provoked into such acts justice. acgansetts. the instances are too numerous for quotation or even for special reference. the smaller ries. despite the remonstrances of Roger Williams. the tribe were distributed as slaves. and the remnant of gans. and he was enjoined to good behaviour on pain of punishment and the displeasure of the United Colonies. any resort so).

probably. had never heard that phrase. and John Ticknor of Nashaway (no doubt out of their great generosity toward the poor natives) formed themselves into what we should call a Credit Mobilier. united with the Mohegans in a war on the Narragan setts. so to express it. who might. scourge to the Pequots. advanced the sum required and re- " ceived therefor deeds of the tracts of land known ever after as the Atherton purchases. on the pretext. which culminated in the prostration of the Narragansett power and the capture of Miantonomi. they are wiped Thirdly. of course never Nothing can better illustrate the typical thrift of the Yankee character than the settlement of these conquests. they whip the Narragansetts and impose a fine which involves the forfeiture of their lands. the principal men of the conquering p. Ambrose Dickenson of Boston. This levy was founded (as I have said before) if it please you. whom and the Mohegans whistle for their share in the division. and the Narragansett tribe was fined 2000 fathoms of peague. After the mockery of a trial by the English. to wit. Richard Smith. Secondly. Governor of Connecticut. the . Firstly. Lieutenant William Hudson of Boston. and probably would. of mak- ing the conquered pay the expenses of all parties. our pious friends of the appropriate their lands and then tax their the remnant having used the Narragansetts and Mohegans as a United Colonies allies for the services of they have given them as slaves. Miantonomi was given up to Uncas for execution.irty. One of these was a mortgage. an amount utterly beyond their ability to pay.36 GREENES OF WARWICK and manly character of the Narragansett chief and the wily and treacherous disposition of Uncas." though they. junior. principle. To enable the Indians to pay this excessive mulct. with the help of the Mohegans. at Hartford. Mohegans having been made instrumental in destroying the other tribes. have made common cause with them. redeemed. Major Humphrey Atherton. after their resources had been drained by the war. Kichard Smith. at a future time. John Winthrop.

William Harris. over them. and of the various Royal Commissioners. 3. and as to their personal knowledge of the submission of the sachem and chiefs to the King's government. that the pretended purchase by Major Atherton and others of the Massachusetts Bay had been declared void. when their possessions are available than their services. Greene. answer in Holden and John Greene (then in an order of the London) to the Lords of Trade and Plantations relative made by Randall some questions by to Mount Hope. and is King in council. [R. Viall John Winthrop. the John Greene perpetually appears as the undeviating champion of the rights of Rhode Island colony. of date 12th are mentioned as our well beloved subjects R. and in consequence of their representations of the facts in the case. and the authorities of Rhode Island to exercise jurisdiction Taking the premises into consideration.IN COLONIAL HISTORY. 1644. Rec. same month. and of of name Rhode Island proprietorship. I'll "You take the buzzard and take the tur- take the turkey and you take the buzzard. and the purchasers had been ordered to vacate the lands.. 37 more out at the pleasure of their patrons. on the petition of Richard Smith. April 19. or is reminded of the old story. in which the white hunter I'll says to the Indian. conflicting and confusing as they are to the last de- gree. and also the claim of jurisdiction on the part of Connecticut. and directs that a copy be sent to Massachusetts. the Kingu orders that matters remain as they now are until further orders. John and . I. Col. and of the Commissioners of the United Colonies. Volumes might be filled with the correspondence and acts of the colonies. Plymouth and Connecticut. and in all these. 1678. One key. Josiah Winslow.] On 10 the third of July." titles In this transaction originated those which occasioned so much dispute during the remainder of the seventeenth century. vol. and of other commissions. and that sioners : their submission had been accepted by the Royal Commis- the order then reiterates. On the third of February. p. they Holden and J. 40-1. 1678-9.

held at Richard Smith's house in Narragansett. ship. no doubt. As seven of the nine commissioners. The same . 1683. it is not to be wondered at that they chose any course rather than plead before such a tribunal. As was expected. Samuel and Nathaniel Shrimpton. Joseph Dudley. 35th year of reign. on the part of the inhabitants of Warwick and the citizens of Rhode Island. 1683. which the government of Rhode Island declined to recognize. Governor Cranfield's commission made a re- port recommending the vesting the government in Connecticut. John Fitz Winthrop. 13749. 3.] Edward Cranfield. is July 29. The decision of this was confirmatory of the other. Edward Palmer. p. Lieutenant Governor of New Hampshire.38 others. that he knew no Governor in King's Province. in fact all but one of those who formed cut. replied to by Randall Holden and John Greene. 21. vol. were citizens of Massachusetts or Connectito land. 1683. Rec. L Col. August by Captain James Greene and William Allin. [R. William Stoughton. an appeal is made by Randall Holden and John Greene. by Governor Cran field and Edward Randolph. by Governor Cranfield. and confirming Major Atherton and his associates in the proprietorThis is dated October 20. on the occasion of Governor Cranfield's Court. Edward Randolph. The request of the Assembly sitting at Warwick to see the commission under which they acted. 1678. both violent partizans and palpably inimical to Rhode Island. on the ground that they refused to show their commission. Next day answer was returned. 1679. December 13. John Pyncheon Saltonstall. and several of them claimants under the Atherton purchases. September 17. were the commissioners appointed by Charles H. the GREENES OF WARWICK King of in council orders that the matter be referred to the Board Trade and Plantations. selected. through the same messengers. was presented to the commissioners sitting at Richard Smith's house at Narragansett. another petition. the Court. 1683. of similar import..

. in His Majesty's name. " " GEORGE LAWTON. and not be abettors to the said pretended Court. BENJAMIN BARTON. through your unneighborly deportment in this government. 1683. withhold from us the sight of your commission. &c. and we do also hereby require. Deputy Governor. WILLIAM CODDINGTON. every person or persons within the verge of this colony and King's Province. to provide for the peace and safety of His Majesty's subjects here. direct the Governor and Council to prohibit the Court. that we are heartily sorry that you should." " cil depart peaceably. Assistant.. the Assembly. on pain of contempt of the King's This prohibition recites that the Governor and Coun- being bound. 24. " " letter August field. by virtue of His Majesty's commission. under the Great Seal. JOHN EASTON. they say 'f Whereunto we answer. Governor WALTER CLARKE.IN COLONIAL HISTORY. JOHN GREENE. do. (the younger). . " " " RICHARD ARNOLD. peaceably to depart. And for your slighting His Majesty's aufurthority here." on pain of contempt of His Maj- Signed. all "and to require persons t j authority. day. ARTHUR FENNER. JOHN ALBRO. esty's authority. 39 now sitting at Captain John Fones' house (" to be near the Court of Commissioners"). in answer to a from Governor Cran- saying that by their neglect and contempt of His Majesty's : commission he was necessitated to adjourn to Boston. in His Majesty's name. prohibit the said Edward Cranfield and his associates for keeping Court in any part of this jurisdiction. in view of the facts. JOSEPH JENCKES. have extorted from us a prohibition against your ther proceeds notwithstanding we had used all our endeavors. so to contemn His from being serviceable to Majesty's authority here as to hinder us His Majesty therein.

and have to Majesty show His Majesty's gracious I. JOHN POTTER. to Board of Trade and Plantations. with a letter from them.] letters in approbation thereof. Rec. Tour neighbors and friends. 135-8. of the consonancy of their they set forth that the occasion of their troubles befel them because who are well known to be far judgments to the Church of England. all " As to the purchase they made of the Indian kings. 3. but two living now that now that can be called his friends. In a letter dated Sept.] In Gov. which. all our proceedings. adjourning and time four here Court upwards. " They . Rec. and intimate their claim to an appeal from any adverse decision. Col.40 GREENES OF WARWICK and continuby transporting our records and holding. in a petition to His Majesty. where. the Assembly send their version of this transaction. By order of the Court." [B. 1683. reiterating their statement made in 1678-9. were Captains Holdeu and Greene. vol. 15. who. at that time. procured a decision favorable to their claims. 3. Cran field's account of proceedings. p. 17. The agents that they formerly employed. from it. Col. and sent one Captain Greene.. On Sept. are a people utterly incapable of managing a govern- ment these inclosed will sufficiently evidence their injustice and maladministration. 1683. days ing His Majesty's General in hopes and expectation of your compliance. see R. for the land of Rhode Island and Providence and thereabouts. I. he says : appeared except the Rhode Islanders. p. that we might have served His herein. to prohibit "Accordingly. did assemble their General Court. Randall Holden and John Greene present an address to the King. was only during the life of William Coddington and his friends there being . as formerly we have done. the same day of our convention. Clerk. the purchase being not made in the name of the government and their . 128-32. [For these two. vol.

IN

COLONIAL HISTORY.
with
3, p.

4!

successors must devolve upon His Majesty." disparaging remarks. [R. I Col. Kec., vol.

many other

very

146.]

Governor Coddington. also writes a
King.

letter of explanation to the

[R

I.

Col. Rec., vol. 3, p. 147-9.]

An

address from the Justices of the Peace of the Narragan-

sett country to the King, dated 1686, probably

Randolph and President Dudley, preceding the
Andros, contains the following passages
"
:

arrival of

under Secretary Governor

Most humbly sheweth,

that the plantation and settlement of

your Majesty's said province, having been long interrupted and
discouraged by the pretensions and power of the government of

Rhode Island, and more
by the
ill

especially, as

your petitioners are informed,

designs and practices of Major John Greene of "Warwick,
spirit,

a person of a restless and turbulent
plices, in the colony of

and others

his accom-

Island, who, by misrepresentations to His late Majesty's commissioners and false suggestions to His late Majesty in council, and by the exhibition of false deeds and

Rhode

informations on several occasions, have not only greatly disquieted

your Majesty's subjects

in said province,

and hindered, what

in

them

lies,

the further settlement of the same, but also oppressed

their neighbors of Pawtuxet in the said colony of Rhode Island. " And your petitioners, being informed by good evidence that

your Royal government here, and by the President and council (i. e., after the suspension of the charter), the said Major Greene, with James Greene his brother, and others of the town of Warwick, in great

upon the

late establishment of

the publication thereof

contempt of your Majesty's gracious authority and government, tore down, from a public place in this your province, and carried away the proclamation of your Majesty's gracious pleasure and care

government of your subjects here, and hath since refused the mediation of your Majesty's President and Governor of Rhode
for the

Island,

and

all

ment

of boundaries of said

other just and regular ways and means for settletown of Warwick, and quieting the con-

tentions and disputes which said Greene, by false deeds and other

42
ill

GREENES OF WARWICK
mean*, hath stirred up and maintained against your Majesty's

further insubjects here, and we, your Majesty's petitioners, being

formed that the said Major Greene with others, intend contriving to retard the regulations your Majesty hath thought so greatly
needful for that colony of
tions,

Rhode Island and Providence Planta-

and

hath, in a secret

sundry

of

and progress of this plantation, manner and upon many misrepresentations, drawn the inhabitants of Rhode Island to subscribe such papers
to disturb the peace
;

as he, to that end, hath prepared

and

to contribute

money

to

maintain and carry on his causeless complaints at your Royal Court, to which he is now gone, having no lawful power from the Gover-

nor and company of Rhode Island so to do.

Your petitioners most humbly pray, that as your Majesty has most graciously manifested your care for the peace and prosperity of this poor plantation, in annexing the same to the government of
of Massachusetts

"

just
of

so that your Majesty would still continue your and tender regard thereto, and give check to the ill designs the said Major Greene and others, pretending power from Rhode
;

Island and Providence Plantations, and that you would graciously
refer the
eral
all

same to the examination and determination of your genGovernor and council here, or other competent judges, where your Majesty's subjects concerned may have opportunity to be

heard.

"And

your petitioners, as

in duty bound, shall ever pray." Signed by the Justices of King's Province.
I.

New
same

England, 1686.

[R.

Col. Rec., vol. 3, p. 208-9.] Col. Rec.] is an application, to the

On

the same page [R.

I.

from Nathaniel Thomas, attorney to some proprietors of Pawtuxet, viz., That the King would refer their case to the Goveffect,

ernor (Andros) and council of

New England.
this petition,

These men, subscribers to Major Atherton's partners
held under

were some of them
one or more of
all

in the purchase (which

the King's orders defines as pretended purchase) and
it
;

of

them

their expressions

shew that they belonged to the

IN COLONIAL HISTORY.

43

-w- popular

UoO-

party, particularly that which demonstrates their sat-

isfaction at being placed

under Massachusetts.

This was the

ful-

filment of their long cherished desire.

President Dudley also was

a

member

of the Cranfield commission.
in introducing
it,

But

the chief point I in-

tended to make,
testimony

is

the emphatic and conclusive

it affords to the faithfulness and energy with which John Greene, and other people of Warwick, sustained and defended the

rights

and interests

of

Rhode Island, and

his

paramount importance

in this controversy.

As Governor
the

Cranfield's

commission effected no

result,

and as

Rhode Island colony subsisted and nourished
after,

for nearly one

hundred years

and as the same community has carried on the

government, with some degree of success, to this day, we may well afford to forbear comment on his assertion, that " they are a people incapable of

managing a government."

But I

will

not hesitate

to say, that their success in this matter, considering all the powerful influences they encountered, is a

triumphant vindication of their

courage, their capacity and their executive ability. I have

made

these extracts from the very voluminous records

in relation to the Narragansett controversy, to

show the

active

and

persistent efforts

made by John Greene

in behalf of

Rhode Island

claims to a tract of territory on which, without doubt, depended

her existence, without intending to elucidate the obscurities of

it.

As regards them we may be

satisfied

with the consummation,

which was, the settlement of proprietary claims by compromise, and the assignment of the jurisdiction to Rhode Island. The partizan character of the Cranfield commission is palpable

from

its

holding

its

session at the house of Richard Smith, one of

the Atherton purchasers
ticut,

and a loud-mouthed adherent
its acts.

of Connec-

and from the whole tenor of
final

The

settlement recognized the sales under the Atherton
its validity,

purchase, not because of

but because the occupants had

purchased in good
to deprive

faith,

and

them

of their

them in its occupancy and improvements and of the homes which
to disturb

44
many

GREENES OF WARWICK
would years of labour had reclaimed from the wilderness,
of the position taken

have been unjust as well as inexpedient.

The strength
sisting of Sir
ick, in

by the commission, con-

Eobert Carr, George Cartwright and Samuel Mavertheir report dated March 29, 1664, in relation to Atherton
" that the said country having been granted to His Majtitles

purchases,
esty, all

such Indian

are void,"

is irrefragable,

and

it

appears

to

me

that the whole transaction, as between the United Colonies
tribe,

and the Narragansett

was as

unjustifiable in law as

if

one

county in England should make war on another, and confiscate their
lands to idemnify the invaders for the expenses they had incurred
in prosecuting the enterprise,
esty's peace.

and equally a violation of His Maj-

A writ of quo warranto was issued, on the application of Edward Eandolph, dated Oct. 6, 1685, and was received in Rhode Island June 22, 1686. June 29th same month, the Assembly voted
that they would not contest the suit, but would, by humble ad" To continue our dress, ask His Majesty, privileges and liberties,

according to our charter, formerly granted by his late Majesty Charles the Second, of blessed memory.

During the administration of Sir Edmond Andros the name of John Greene does not appear on the record. He appears as one
of those

named

of the council, but he, probably, never took the en-

gagement, and as the Narragansett petitioners say, sometime in 1686 he was about going to England, probably he was absent a
part of that time.

But

at the first session after Andros' downfall,

Feb. 26, 1689-90, he was present in the Assembly as assistant and acted as clerk.

He was

also one of the signers of the address to their Majesties

King William and Queen Mary, Jan. 30, 1689-90. In May 1690, John Easton was elected Governor and John
Greene Lieutenant Governor.
In Sir

Edmond

Andros' account of his administration and im-

prisonment he makes no complaint of Rhode Island people, and

to defend them from predatory Consequently. had been engaged in piracies in the Indian ocean. quietly. mercy of any maratime enemy. mouths of our harbors. when the war closed then it was charged. as now. on the headlands that commanded them. although it would not be very improbable that men sucii as usually for compose a privateer's company. like the free comof Europe. although they must have been its under a condition so foreign to their hab- and so contrary In 1G9G a controversy began. they would have been. should. panions 12 . and presume to determine the legality of if such commissions. I think. and they had commissioned vessels as privateers. and their courts had adjudicated upon prizes. no strong forts bristling with artillery were erected. As there is no evidence to the contrary. had. appears to me they were not legal they were void. therefore 45 we may conclude they submitted restive to their sentiments. during which the name of John Greene was subjected rnerired. the colonists it for had taken granted that the charter gave them admiralty powers. torn houses in case of war. but. Now there is nothing to sustain this that would. to fit out armed vessels to annoy and damage the King's enemies incursions. I conclude that captures were made and prizes condemned under them. on the high seas. at the until now.IN COLONIAL HISTORY. on the accession of peace. and nothing was said about their questionable character until 1697. to some aspersions which. that some of these vessels . There. It appears also. no trade existed of sufficient magnitude to induce the establishment of cus No royal ships were stationed at the and courts of admiralty on our thinly peopled coasts. "et idomne genus. previously to this time." and it is obvious that. were un It appears that. for a moment. the authorities were only too glad to encourage such adventurous spirits as were willing to take the risk. or assertion even. Now can't it I d >n't make any pretensions to legal knowledge. after living in that manner some years. pass as evidence. had they not so done. resort to such courses. that some of those commissions were signed by John Greene as Lieutenant Governor.

from the government. trading voyage to Madagascar. in a letter from the Board the Governor and company of Khode Island [See K. we neither know the man or ever had a sight of his ship. Kec.. ordinarily. de- stroyed him and his company. Col. by reason that upon occasion of the late of some of Avery's in crew here. was never concerned countenanced such things. of Trade to February 9. vol. vol.] "Whereunto we humbly an- wer. probability is gone into the Gulf of Persia. 3. we have seized two persons and their moneys. . with a lawful commission to fight the French. I. fitted out at Rhode Island. And we are certain that William Mayes had his clearance from the custom house here. is Want wife lives there. and his we can have is. a Want broke up there about three years ago. Furthermore. that has been to the south- ward " of the Cape of Good Hope. wheremention is made of Rhode Island as a place where pirates are. p. and that this. for none of them are yet returned. and spent his money there and in Pennsylvania. a pirate. 3. in giving you this notice to recommend so much the more particularly to your care. Thomas lives in Jones is concerned in the old bark with Captain Want. William Mayes being all the person that ever was commissionated from this government." In answer to this Governor Cranston writes. and Rhode Island. 337. that Captain Avery and men plundered him and we very much suspect that they have the best information . after quoting the : section above [R. " 322] they say. trials.46 GREENES OF WARWICK Now let us look into such evidence as we have. several informations have been transmitted to us.. p. I. it. or any news of any one particular person belonging to said Mayes. and in all Want's at Rhode Island or Carolina by this time. that things are misrepresented to His Majesty and your lord- in or His Majesty's government." : Some of the expressions in those papers are as follows " William Mews. to go on a ships. And as for Captain Want. Rec. His Majesty's enemies. We are obliged. too kindly entertained. 1696-7. after good voyage. Col.

30. sitting about that time. carried it to the Assembly. convicting. He says : The management of the government (such as it is) is in the hands of Quakers and Anabaptists.. eight pirates came from Fisher's Island (belonging to the present Governor of . dated May [B.IN COLONIAL HISTORY. 338. who. Neither judges. " Colonel Peleg Sanford. dated Sept.] Col.. re- quiring all magistrates to bring to justice. Rec. and interest. '. Clarke took his commission from him. 47 who came Munday and George upon examination. Col. which Mr. by which they were empowered and appoint the officers thereunto belonging. 4. and acquainted them that the allowing of a Court of Admiralty in this colony their charter. vol. went to Walter Clarke. Colonel Sanford (for demanded his commission refused to judge) of Walter Clarke. so that all things are managed there according to their will " Mr. 1697. R3C. which he then absolutely " give him. p. when he was Governor. one Kobert truth and bring them to trial. and all citizens to aid in I. May [R. the late Governor. into (our) authority. juries nor witnesses are under any obligation. 1698. to be erected in that colony. the Assembly issued a proclamation. judge of the said court. 3. would utterly destroy to erect a Court of Admiralty. to be sworn to the true performance of his office. &c. The present Governor has likewise refused to give the judge of the Court of Admiralty his oath." In answer to a letter from Lord Shrewsbury. " Not long before my landing at Rhode Island. 1698. any person suspected of piracy. p. I. telling me that he has no authority or directions for so doing. " Sometime after. officers Brenton delivered the commissions to the several of the Court of Admiralty. 3. Edward Randolph 33940. objected to. Clarke. do deny that they have been any further than Madagascar but we shall endeavor to search o\it the Cutler. vol. 25.] writes to the Board of Trade.

now the recorder of the place. Gresham [perhaps Latham] being their security. have countenanced pirates. and enriched themselves thereby. with a great deal of money and East India commodities. their Deputy Governor. I am this day informed that the Governor of Rhode Inland intends to appoint a court to proceed to the trial of Munday and Cutler. most notoriously. without any security given " There are a great many men in by the master. they were admitted to bail by the Gov- am informed). by which means.400 (as the George Cutler (two of them) were seized upon. to the " "Walter Red Sea. they have an opportunity given to escape. have been very great gainers by the pirates which have frequented Ehode Island. granted a commission to one of the pirates (who went from thence to the Red Sea). and his brother.48 GREENES OF WARWICK Connecticut colony). but about two days ernor's order (as I after. leaving their money to be shared by the Governor and his two uncles. but Robert Munday and 1. Upon the arrival of the Fawn six men made their escape from frigate in Khode Island har- thence to Boston. They were put in prison. to allow place. now lying in New York. which were. John Greene. one of the Governor's uncles. in this June 6. " P. 'tis not possible for the Earl of Bellomont to suppress illegal trade and piracy. and Governor tells me) is in his custody. " bor. the late Governor. with a great quantity of East India goods and money. Three or four vessels have been fitted oiii from thence. S. which they brought in their brigantine (from Madagascar).500 in silver and gold was taken from them. who would do His Majesty faithful service put under His Majesty's immediate government or annexed to the province of Massachusetts Bay. Rhode Island groaning under government. Clarke. countenanced and supported and to this day continued in Rhode Island colony. and aboiit or 1. the pirates whose money the Goveiuor Las in . who Clarke. They have offered this lawless if either 500 per annum towards the support of a person appointed by His Majesty over them. Till that's done.

as I remember. whom we have no reason to to believe to have been either a Quaker or a Baptist. and John Clarke. as much as possible. &c. apprehend the goods and effects of all persons suspected for piracy. to restrain the people in their privileges. ment and was one who. and Governor Cranston. Governor Cranston acknowl- edged to some he had received. in believing it himself. in complicity with John Greene. James Claike. Randolph. pastor of the First Baptist Church. (" God save the mark ") as in fact it was chiefly.. standing the Earl of Bellomont sent them His Majesty's circular directed to all Governors in the plantations." disciples of and Latham Clarke. their liberties. one of the earliest and most zealous George Fox. saying Mr. his hands. Still. 49 and in case piracy). through the instru- mentality of agents like Captain ners. notwith- letter. according to the mistaken views of the crown's interests then prevailing to cut off. the sons and grandson of Jeremiah Clarke the refugee. first from England. to seize and ships.IN COLONIAL HISTORY. (as Kidd and his less famous conge- Imagine Walter Clarke. belonged to the establishof the founders and earnest friends of Trinity Church. Randolph's story. Randolph may have been sincere to America to subserve the pur- poses of the crown. who refused to take an oath." Here is a picture presented of a conspiracy on the part of the officials of a government (which in the same paper is denounced as being in the hands of Quakers and Anabaptists. to acquit nobody appears (to prosecute them for them and deliver them their money. Newport imagine these. unfortunately for Mr. laying plans for robbery on the high seas. their nephew." and on the other hand their brother. of which he honestly 13 . and then from Massachusetts " for conscience sake. to prey upon rnaratime property. pastor of the Second Baptist Church. you must entertain just such a picture if you give a particle of credence to Mr. Eandolph says) that he always spoke " as in the presence of God. which. He came : Mr. and Chad Brown and Pardon Tillinghast. while Roger Williams and George Fox look on and smile approval! ? Is there anything absurd in such a picture And yet.

no more and no less than his duty. or to throw themselves government. example thought secured by royal recognition. up on the decree of inexorable fate. toward the end of their career. to place themselves self or under a personal government. many "through good report and through evil report" the charter around which the affections of Rhode Islanders had so entwined themselves. We may dicate here pause. which should restrain the colonists of any trade that might compete with home merchants. He came to aid in establishing the machinery which would give the crown the largest revenue. which gave to the toil-worn colonists a hope of fruition from the struggles and sufferings of their earlier years. through him. in fine. prosperity it. it was yielded sion. and its hungry adherents the fattest pickings. that when its final struggle for existence came. although its . and become an integral part of at the feet of the royal Massachusetts. commodity that the mother country he came to initiate that system which finally drove the colonies to successful resistance. seemed to promise to their posterity security for the enjoyment of those fruits the charter which. and of whose proper enjoyment he judged them incapable. lived and comparative happiness to those who but furnished a model for a great proportion of more modern free states the charter for which Koger Williams and John procured under Clarke and Randall Holden and John Greene had striven years. and dwell somewhat on the enormity of this proposition and its possible consequences. their ancient and relentless enemy.50 GREENES OF WARWICK believed them unworthy. administered either by himsome other minion of courtly favor. to dispense with their franchises. and only on compuland not without many bitter pangs to the bereft. for nearly two hundred years. not only safety. He did nothing but what was perfectly natural. when he allied himself with the party which pro- posed. It proposes to ab: and dissolve the glorious old charter of 1663 first the charter man. which should absolutely prohibit the inauguration of any industry that might furnish the colonists with any could hope to furnish at a profit. which gave the in the history of of freedom of and which.

in its decrepitude for seventy years as a virtuous offnurses a decrepit parent. refused to recognize the commissions of Mr. that they might. Rec. but. She had a Governor of royal appointment from 1686 to 1776. though the royal franchises. had long inhered in themselves of their right. That Governor Clarke and Governor Cranston. and her collapse may have thrown the hands back on the dial of time. is very much to their credit from our point of view. Nathaniel Coddington as clerk. Randolph's are all founded on hearsay. " bask in the sunshine of royal favor. possibility of arriving If a failure to convict criminals is to be always construed as a proof of complicity on the would all modern governments find part of government. for a short time. inal design under any view. at adequate proof. own proper and indulge and sovereign And this these men proposed. where themselves ? These stories of Mr. in admiralty. for 1697-9] are of the same character. rest of the documents relating to this subject [to be found in R. regardless being of posterity and of the public good. Massachusetts having already succumbed.IN COLONIAL HISTORY. cated. which spring been nursed it represented. 51 many want of adaptation to the times was apparent. The story in relation to pii-ates. and although. for It had years. a dog on any such evidence then give any weight to in estimating men to will you whose services you much. Col. it had been only the shadow of its former self. thought not likely to be so regarded at court. How accomplishment of their design might have retarded the advancement of mankind it would be presumptuous to conjecture. and assumption of guilt on the part of all parties impli. believing it an infringement of their chartered rights. and of Mr. sustains no charge against anybody of crimthere might be good reasons for suspicion without . I." their rancor in the mortification of alike of the well far the their opponents. possibly has some groundwork. they were owe so The . You would not hang it. and whose whole lives condemn the testimony. Peleg Sanford as judge. but it is not too much to say that at this time Rhode Island was far the battleground on which the conflict of ideas was prosecuted with most earnestness.

Governor Arnold. Randolph and Lord Bellomont. . which. was preserved and nursed by the same party. difficult patriotic munificence of our late fellow-citizen. nay. one side of the case to get in the defence if the plaintiff does not prosecute In this case the plaintiffs had no such design. to have the charter abrogated to Massachusetts. though numerically small. and none of them were ever expected to see the light again. from 1643 to 1783. ly This obsequious spirit close now showing itself so distinct- at the of the seventeenth century. their intention was to affect the ear of administration. until it cul minated in the toryism of the Revolution. . which the colony whose in- steps were taken at Pawtuxet in 1643 the same party which. This division of parties became almost a birthright. This party was willing. and with whom he wres^ecT out his long life for the integrity of our own territory and for the preser- vation of King's county from Connecticut. nor woiild they but for the indomitable industry of our worthy president. of royal appointment. through Mr.52 GREENES OF WARWICK . and they only by very few on this side of the water. the lisjjs in his early youth. headed by Coddington and Partridge attempted to divorce Rhode Island from Providence and Warwick. asked that the island be taken under the guardianship of the United Colonies the same party with whom John Greene entered . never the subject of any judicial investigation only those from the Board of Trade could have been seen by any contemporaries. on opposite . however. with tion. the same party. both to be (as Randolph's letter and Rhode Island annexed under a Governor and Council. in 1648. and the same families are represented throughout the whole interval. anxious proves). is the party against its has been struggling from itial inception . as little opportunity as possible for replica- The plaintiff in this case. and the Brown. or otherwise deprived of her comparative inde- pendence. ignoring them. and for the great principle of civil liberty. John Carter it is pretty "We only get. buried as they were in the vortex of the British Colonial Office.

Cod- dington. in an unusual manner. variation appears on the part of any of the Greenes of their fealty to popular rights and Rhode Island in- In some of the papers I have referred to. sufficient to justify suspicion of complicity on the part of Governor Cranston.IN COLONIAL HISTORY.] of very corrupt or to be no principles in religion. under the public seal of the colony. the charges of Mr. Sanford. being directed. went to Madagascar and the seas of India. effect : senior. he says : [R. p. unto private men of war (otherwise pirates). were employed And to all the vessels.. nor could he tell. Rec. and otherwise full of tautologies and nonsense. most sufficient and no ways employed in any office or place in the government. who was to exercise of the . anew and continued in the place of Deputy Governor and second . by the contents of them. 27. &c. from year to year.. to the Captain. 387. a brutish man. granted several sea commissions. is notwithstanding. and commit piracy. amoiinting to proof. Nov. are neglected. "John Greene. and generally known so elected by the people. took no security of the persons to whom the same were granted. during the time of the late war. 1698. cute the same. whilst several gentlemen. I. or of any of the Clarkes. In the report of Lord Bellomont to the Board of Trade. Col. but nothing appears. 3. then in the actual ex- government and notwithstanding his forbidding the same. June 4. 53 No Warwick from terests. Bides. or of John Greene." John Easton. The said Greene is plained of for exercising divers other exorbitant of and arbitrary power. to this 14 . whereof the commanders were likewise comacts so commissionated. ex- pressly contrary to the will of the Governor. Randolph are reiterated and supported by Messrs. under color of his office. 1699. " The aforesaid Deputy Governor Greene. makes a declaration. but on the contrary maligned for their good affection to His Majesty's service. his assignee or assignees. magistrate of the colony for estate. vol.

. Rec. " And furthermore. as we do not know that his lordship ever saw him (and. Assistant. Col. I never was against giving any commission might be for the security of the King's interests in this and that there may not things be otherways resented against colony. that Attested by Nathaniel Coddington. as his duties lay in Massachusetts. Lord Bellomont repeats Mr. Thus Lord I have presented the whole case against John Greene. I have and do declare as abovesaid.. John Easton. Randolph's hint that there are several gentlemen of estate. do declare. whom the ." to any. Ran- church standard of that day dolph is governed. wherefore be got a commission from said Greene. p. living in the town of Warwick. was Deputy Governor for the colony. that I Thomas Tew. a Court of London. may pass for what it is worth it would be difficult to gainsay at this time of day. that was perhaps for the reason of his brutishness John Greene was at the several times selected to represent the col- ony ful in all these missions.54 GREENES OF WARWICK [B. in the year 1694. elected and chosen to the place of Governor of His Majesty's colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantawas. his lordship judges by the high the same standard by which Mr. 3. though I did use what means I could to prevent the same. who by the people. vol. His . in said year did give forth a commission to John Banks. 340-1. probably. with one Captain certify. I. tions. and as he was preeminently successvery low degree of refinement must be argued in relation to the Court.] " I. one who was come : into Newport." this. a privateer. in denouncing Quakers and Baptists as unworIt thy of confidence. he probably never did). Bellomont says " he is a veiy brutish man . to go out on any such designs they went upon. that Whereas John Greene. religious principles. us than they were. a privateer this may would not give any commission to said Binks nor any other. well affected to His Majesty. senior. who without my order or privity did give said Binks a commission. who would be willing to fill the places of these inferior persons. in America.

who in Rhode Island in his life. should not have it in his power. seventy-five years of age Governor Easton being. The only ex- . and the interest of pat- rons to subserve cessive years . is and their utter failure in accomplishing the ends they sought.IN COLONIAL HISTORY. people constantly prefer. who was for thirty suc- Governor of the colony. John Greene was. without proper papers or with improper ones. Royal Governor of Massachusetts. Now Governor Cranston says. any validity should imagine that he could give a commission of in fact without against the will of the Governor. that only one vessel with a commission from Rhode Island ever went to the eastward (or as he says. so dis- posed. and all whoso statements are loose and not nearer than third-hand. to the average mind. I confess. certainly. is is is the affidavit of Governor Easton. that the people understood 55 This. and preferred to entrust their interests to them. The only point remaining This. That John Greene. and he. by popular choice. is equally incomprehensible. seven or eight. entire collapse of their schemes. and who had axes to grind for himself and his friends. and his express authority. at the date of his statement. rather than to the friends of somebody else. and who lived in the port if whence a vessel sailed. to prevent her going to sea. We know the character of our ancestors too well to believe any impeachment of a man The so honored with their confidence. explicitly. or any- body else. His lordship charges that Greene granted several commissions to private men of war (otherwise pirates). seventy. all the sufficient refutation of these slanders. may be supposed to know whereof he speaks. is incomprehensible. 1694. You shall judge for yourselves whose testimony is worth the most : may or may not have been Lord Bellomont. or Governor Cranston. and the only explaI don't mean to claim that he was his dotage. although then. That a man who was Governor. nation possible that an extraordinary document. southward) of Cape Good Hope. only argues who were their friends.

has three vital defects. supposing there were any grounds for any of the stories. as evidence against John Greene. if the truth were known. and with a big disc of beeswax. emblazoned with the royal arms. and see whether tice this does not bear the marks of a little sharp prac- on the part of those gentlemen. it does not charge. This was never to be exposed. that in the abovsaid year (1694). pirates sailed out of the ports of Great Britain itself. it by John Greene mission at all. of the abuse of privateers' commissions. affixed . the commission might never be seen or heard of. does not even intimate that he was commissioned third. NATHANIEL CODDINGTON. Gov- ernor Caleb Carr and Governor Walter Clarke. does not say that he received any com- Kecollect. who were in office from 1693 to 1697. Captain Thomas Tew came him and proffered him . by him " : And to the abovesaid. much less prove. that Governor Easton. the which he wholly refused to Taken before me. and further saith not. that Nathaniel Coddington was to be clerk in admi- ralty in the proposed court of which Peleg Sanford was to be judge. that Captain Tew was a pirate : second." . all Quakers and had not signed Attached to Governor Easton's statement is this. This. John Easton. First. Assistant. or during the war." There can be no doubt that whatever was done by John Greene was done in good faith . give. ere now. there have. with a commission bearing the sign-manual of the King. perhaps. The logic of this argument is of the same order as that of the luminous individual who " did not wonder they called it Stony Stratford. the day abovesaid. it . Probably. did declare 500 to me. if he would give him a com- mission said to Tew which he answered he knew not his design.56 GREENES OF WARWICK planation of the fact that the issue of privateers' commissions was entrusted to the Deputy Governor is. were scruples about signing warlike commissions. and the replyed he should go where. it was not the first instance nor the last. 'twas so infested with fleas. never to be refuted.

name is better entitled than his to the respect and. belief that I finish with John Greene. him to encounter the able adversaries of his earlier career. only about one hundred years before. No wonder many of these became pirates. but the occasion was too opportune to be neglected royalists of the opposite party. as now. and as a matter Indeed no vessel could go to sea unless fully armed and manned. I do not imagine that John Greene had legal attainments rihe should have had to enable valling those of Sir Edward Coke . it being a general maritime war. that the inter- vening period was a very disturbed one that maritime law had that Mr. the poses. and posno sibly not as artistic as those issued from London. Peter. Therefore the sea swarmed with armed vessels. become a science : mont by no means charged Rhode Island with ularities. all the a monopoly of irreg- other colonies being equally the subjects of censure. or suffixed 57 . by the high prerogative We judged should bear in mind that these transactions are not to be in the light of our days . several times assistant. of course all owners of vessels desired. The manner which had of issuing commissions was probably identical with that been usual in Rhode Island. so as to offset contingent prize money against absolute risk. not improbably some with of those Rhode Island commissions. glish people for the successful prosecution of .IN COLONIAL HISTORY. 16 was grandfather of Colonel . and usually obtained. Freeman. whose mission was to find flaws in colonial armour. but es- pecially to have escaped the animadversions of the royal agents. appears several times as deputy from Warwick. Job. as also in the other colonies. by expressing the Islander. frequently deputy from Warwick. an offensive commission in all times of war. Randolph and Lord Bellonot. gratitude of every true Rhode Of the sons of John Greene John. Queen of England had fitted out fleets for piratical purand Drake and Hawkins had received ovations from the Enthem . the eldest. May 1681. died young.

Greene. Governor Samuel Ward and of Mrs. Richard. Governor William Christopher Greene . May 1685. Philip. General Na- thaniel Greene. Freeman. does not appear in the public record. assistant 1704 to 1711. and mother of Mrs.58 GREENES OF WARWICK his daughter Deborah was the second wife of Simon Bay.. 2d. and his brother Job was elected to the vacancy. . and grandmother of Mrs. deputy 1699 to 1704. when he died.

Mary. THIRD GENERATION. 8. Samuel. born October 23. 5. He seems to have been less active in colonial affairs than some highly of his brothers. 14. married Benjamin. born April 5. He died The children of Samuel Greene were. born March aged 50 years. h'rst Samuel. 1706. 7. 1698. . 16. He was distinguished for his extraordinary stature. born August 25. was deputy in 1704. 15 and 19. died February 1758. for in 1720. Mary Angell of Anne. 1720. youngest son of John Greene.. and father of the Governor William Greene. 1702-3. born January Samuel. which the family were remarkable. May 22. died June 30. 1695. 1706. He was a very substantial kind of man and respected. William (Governor). 2d. married Catharine Greene of Benjamin (Tobacco Ben). married Thomas Fry. 1700. married Sarah Coggeshall of Joshua.SAMUEL GREENE.

. The wife of Thomas.. Gorton and Carder.. born of May 19. married Celia. who married Mary Angell of Governor Greene's children were.FIRST GOVERNOR WILLIAM GREENE. was Elizabeth Bar- ton of Kuf us. FOURTH GENERATION. was born March 16. . Benjamin. 1st. and was ancestor of Hon. by other marriages. of John. his son. 2d. who was Deputy Governor from 1727 to 1729. 1st. and died February 1758.. of Providence. William Greene.. His sister Mary was the wife of Thomas Fry. His wife was Catharine Greene. and also. of Thomof John. who also has the honor to represent Roger Williams in the direct line. also a brother Benjamin. and has numerous de- scendants well known in Providence. He had Samuel. Alfred Anthony of Providence.. esquire. and was ancestor of William Greene Williams. daughter of Benjamin. 2d. son of Samuel. Colonel William Greene neck. 1724. so that the children of this marriage unite two streams from the blood of 1st John Greene to one from Barton. 2d. 1695-6. as. 3d. 2d. of John. Governor Greene's brother Samuel married Sarah Coggeshall of Joshua. one from Holden. daughter of his Warwick brother Governor William. aged 62 years.

William. proves. married Patience Cooke. 48 to 55 and 57. and he was required to move of his is Newport and the Assembly voted 100 for the expense He served five years. Col. 20.. 563-4. died November 29. 2d Catharine. Rec. In 1728 William Greene and John Mumford were appointed surveyors of the line between Connecticut and Rhode Island. all the commerce was at Newport and the public aud whether in peace or war. 1731. p. vol. from 1727 to 1732. There removal. Daniel Abbott. to maritime affairs. Greene in the councils of the days of the undisputed preponderance of Newport. fact that a resident of Warwick was made Governor at all. 1735.] re- He was Deputy The in those Governor in 1740. 4. John Jenkins and William Greene were appointed a committee on the line with Connecticut. born December 9. no indication that the same thing was required of William Greene. except had been to Joseph Jenckes. 1718. is Metropolis offices. and ported Nov. 61 Samuel. Margaret. the bulk of colonial business. of Benjamin and was ancestor of Hon. (future Governor. born August 25. though it is well known that John Greene had declined the 16 honor with the condition. 38 and 40. Christopher. born November wife. 1741. From 1743 (86 years) no Governor. 1809. frequently referred to in the records as our all in itself. Arnold. William Greene was made a freeman. not a resident of Newelected. to had reference From Sept. Roger Williams was President of the colony. [R. and Governor in 1743.IN COLONIAL HISTORY. 44. 1727. 1727. and was deputy. at that time. born April 18. . died same year. 46. 36. 32. In October 1736. married John Greene of Boston. that time to port. I. 1739. Samuel G. 1654 May 1657. the importance of William colony. 2. eleven years. 42 and 43.) born August 16. 1733. Newport . married Rufua Spencer.

. The invasion of England. During on the one this time the long controversy between Rhode Island Cumberland. In 1745 Louisbourg and Cape Breton were taken by the English. His intermittent ocsupation of it. occurred.62 GREENES OF WARWICK Governor Greene's service was not continuous but with . and Rhode Island in full propor- by Charles Edward. and fitness is the last qualification required. may be seen in the Colonial Records they are not of a controversial character. and the magnitude of the obstacles to be overcome. between him . but : his name was not conspicuous in it. when candidates have to be suppressed instead of being sought out. as would be. English settle Nova Scotia. was concluded in 1747. 2d. In 1746. Undoubtedly Governor Greene had been active and earnest in the matter. Daring the acy on this service of Governor Greene. Peace of Aix la Chapelle. Bristol. French defeated at Belle-isle and Cape Finisterre. On his part they are indicative of sterling sense and business-like talents. for the supremcontinent. or series of contests. tion. It was a marvellous result. a grandson of John Greene. In 1747. politics had not then become such an exact science as now. In 1748. viz. between the English and French. which concluded by the conquest by the former of the French Provinces. the colonies aiding largely. over a space of fifteen years. part. fre- quent intarvals be died in the office at a not very advanced age. with ships and men. considering the character of our claim. In 1749.and various royal . A large amount of correspondence. and Plymouth and Massachusetts on the other part (Plymouth being now merged in Massachusetts). by the annexation of five towns to Rhode Island. Warren. officers. naturally. Little Compton and Tiverton. was carried on with great vigor. Battle of Culloden and defeat of Pretender. the long contest. is sufficient evidence that he showed himself worthy the confidence I presume he was selected because that first led to his selection.

much mild- The principal subject of interest during Governor Greene's ad- ministration. In 1754. large amounts of paper money were issued by the colony. and hostilities between English and French. 63 In 1752. had induced the colony. The colony became largely indebted for supplies. and was very prejudicial to the credit of the ny . to had become burdensome and alarming under the idea that such any amount. But questions of this sort are daily discusse. and every heart earnest for success. loaned on real estate securities. and this state. in Newport.l by infinitely abler pens. in the isfaction for them. under a delusion not yet quite without votaries. In 1755. and I forbear to discuss this subject further. with some degree of shame. treme tension in Rhode Island. we may acknowlits edge. was the issue of bills of credit by the colony. in 1765. In this contest the colonies gave all the aid in their power and Governor Greene's letters show that every nerve was on ex. on the boundaries of Nova Scotia. safe and wholesome ^experience proved . Small part of this claim on the British government was ever realized. all of which was expected to be reimbursed. for a long period after its close. it far otherwise. no payments were thereafter made to the coloburden was added to the heavy load which the Revolution occasioned. so that it issues.IN COLONIAL HISTORY. Washington's mission to the French.. would be . that our state treated some of Revolutionary obligations in a manner not deserving a er term than repudiation. Vhich. to pledge their credit to a very large amount. lies Governor Greene buried on the homestead which he in- herited and which was originally set off to Samuel Gorton in the . and for which expenditures. and the destruction of the Gaspee and the failure of the colony to give satothers. On the plea of the damage done Dr. Braddock's defeat. &c. Moffat and stamp act riots. aside from the prosecution of the war. In fact. New style introduced. In 1758. Abercrombie's defeat at Ticonderoga. furnished the government. as well as other colonies.

late fore. near the East Greenwich line. . William Greene. The homestead has. now occupied by his great grandson.64 GREENES OF WARWICK Coheset division of lands in Warwick. Lieutenant Governor of the stat. therenever been alienated from the blood of Gorton. Hon.

daughter of Benjamin and Susanna (Holden) Greene. 74.SECOND GOVERNOR WILLIAM GREEN FIFTH GENERATION. He was Deputy to procure gold 17 from Warwick. son of John 2d by whose wife Phebe. and died November 29.. 1773. In October 1771 he was on a committee with Thomas Aldrich' to finish the Court House in East Greenwich. His wife was Catharine Bay. and granddaughter of Job Greene. Griffin Greene and Nathaniel Greene burned. He was admitted free. daughter of Simon and Deborah (Greene) Eay of Block Island. 1731. .. May 1753. with many others. I The second Governor William Greene was son of the first Governor William and his wife Catherine. In February 1776 he was. ironworks. 1809. his descendants derive a strain from the blood of Eoger Williams. & Co. whose buildings had been 76 and 77. In August 1772 he was appointed by the Assembly as a director of a lottery for the benefit of John Greene & Co. daughter of John and Mary (Williams) Sayles. on a committee and silver coin for the expedition into Canada. his grandmother being a daughter of Randall Holden. He was born August 16.

George Sears. directed to break open the same. In February 1778 he was made Chief Justice superior court. strations shall be." A like vote was passed in relation to the papers of Daniel Coggeshall with same committee. being the second state. filled until he May 1786. In October 1777 he was again appointed of the council of war. enemy having taken possession of Rhode In May 1777 he was elected speaker of the House of Repre- sentatives. take into his custody Edward Thurston and that Messrs. Jonathan Arnold. the others were Shearjashub Bourne. and if he shall refuse to show and unlock the same that the said committee and hereby is. after accepting the Declaration and ordering it proclaimed with suitable demon- of Independence. In May 1778 he was installed Governor. Jabez Wells. he was chosen one of the council of war. be a committee to proceed. to the dwelling house of the said Edward Thurston. 1776. and such letters and papers as they shall think proper to bring with this them for the inspection of General Assembly. be ordered to of Newport. Metcalf Bowler being Chief Justice .66 GREENES OF WARWICK July 18. with the said sheriff. In August 1776 William Greene was elected 1st Associate Justice of the superior court. This who was office the incumbent at the declaration of independence. 1776. . William Greene and Cromwell Child. Jonathan Hassard. and voting." Voted " That the sheriff of the county of Newport. " That the style and title of this government The State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations. upon the disputes between the independent states of America and Great Britain. eight years. Island. The Assembly. or of a political nature. and carefully to inspect and make search for any and all letters of correspondence be. Bowen and Thomas December the 10. Esquires. Governor of the and succeeding Governor Nicholas Cooke. and there to demand of him that he open to their view all the desks or other suspected places under lock or otherwise.

The most these realities before cau hardly form any adequate picture of the distresses of the peoof necessity have constantly wrung the pie. as head of the government. it. All this characterized by unwavering patriotism and by eminent ability. Mr. in addition to these things a large part of the male population. 67 In October 1792 he was an elector of President and Vice President of the United States and was. all looked for Calm. upon the other party sea. edited by is Reuben Guild. with afford. even in that period of exceptional superiority. lent to two and a half dollars in money or any valuable commodity . cut off and support one quarter. for several years. a electoral college in which member of the first Rhode Island participated. lying within sight of that the them and provided with all all most formidable nation on earth could vivid imagination. strong. all of which must heart of him to succor. of the cultivable land in possession of the enemy by from supplies by the cruisers of the foe. .000. which could only be worthily treated in an extensive publication. Want of space precludes any thorough analysis of Governor Greene's career. A nial mass of correspondence between Governor Greene and the delegates in Congress and other parties may be found in the Colo- Records and in. Staples' book. therefore. immovable. en- gaged ia the army or in armed vessels. never re- laxed The bow. conthe appliances stantly on the watch for incursions from an enemy. and . We must imagine a population for shelter of less than 50. driven from their homes and thrown . Governor Greene's children were . that the best. and the remainder. one-third of them. Esq. period. whom. by embargoes on the part of the neighboring states with a currency so depreciated as at one time to require $100 to be equiva. and on land. vastly superior. entitled Rhode Island in the Continental Congress.IN COLONIAL HISTORY. constantly strung during that trying how trying we can hardly now conceive. he passed through that cruel ordeal with a reputation for wisdom And integrity accorded to but few men. .

of Charleston. married Mary Nightingale. Esq. Phebe. . her cousin. of Colonel Joseph. K. . married Colonel Samuel Ward. married Mary M. of Providence. Flagg. of Governor Samuel. South Carolina.68 GREENES OF WARWICK Bay. of Benjamin of War- wick Neck. I. married Colonel William Greene.- . Samuel.. of George. her cousin. Celia.

The eldest son of Governor Greene was the Hon. . Esq. and studied law in the office of General -James M. which position he retained until October 1797. SIXTH GENERATION. when he was elected to succeed Hon.. as Attorney General of Khode Island in 1794. This place he resigned in fulfilling May 1801. who graduated at Yale college. and his fail- ure of health precluded his any public duties thereafter.HONORABLE RAY GREENE. Bay Greene. William Bradford in the Senate of the United States. Varnum in East Greenwich. He succeeded William Channing.

graduated at Brown University.HONORABLE WILLIAM GREENE. William Greene of Warwick. SEVENTH GENERATION. Hon. where most of his active life was passed. to the establishment of their excellent public schools and of the sytem of roads which. During by his residence of forty years in Cincinnati he was prom- inent in the social and business circles of that city. His son. state. In 1871 and 72 he was elected Lieutenant Governor of the is He the last male descendant of the second Governor Greene. . who now occupies the ancestral estate. settled in Ohio about 1820. from which time he has been a resident of Rhode Island. his earnestness and energy. gave the original impetus to the remarkable growth of that beautiful city. and having studied law at Litchfield. He returned to his early home in 1862. before the era of railways. and contributed largely.

after " Government. 43d page. 52d page. 20th page.ERRATA. 1st line For " now popular" read "non popular". . 9th line Insert." " or to impartial arbi" trators. 21st line For "wrested" read "wrestled". and it is due to the (line omitted).

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