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Allen County Public Library

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Custodian of Division Public Records of Pennsylvania.







Copyright 1907

The Lewis Publishing Company

present work,

itself to

"History of Dauphin


vania," will,


confidently believed,


the people

of that historic old region of Pennsylvania, and not only to them

but to various Libraries, Historical Societies, and also to many individual investigators throughout the Commonwealth and Nation. These volumes contain much valuable information which has Of special importhitherto lain inaccessible to the people at large.
lists of Taxables and Land Owners, the MilDauphin County Territory in the wars with the French and Indians, of the Revolution, the Whiskey Insurrection, the War with Great Britain in i8 12-14, the Mexican War, the War

ance are the numerous
itary Rolls of the

of the Rebellion, and the Spanish-American War; also the early Church Records of Births, Baptisms, Marriages and Deaths.* These compilations have been made with painstaking care, in large part by

Mr. Luther R.


Kelker, and in their entirety under his immediate this monumental labor, as well as to directing the

compilation of the general history, that gentleman has brought the diligent study of local history for many years, warm enthusiasm based upon reverence for the pioneers who here planted the institutions of civilization, and a laudable pride of ancestry. He was possessed of a love of historical and genealogical subhighest qualifications


During his convalescence following a serious his youth. he began a systematic study of what had been gathered in the Colonial Records and Pennsylvania Archives, and on recovering his health procured permission to examine the unpublished records in the basement and attic of the Capitol Building in Harrisburg. While he was thus engaged the American Historical Association appointed a committee to examine into the condition of published and unpublished archives in the various States of the Union. Dr. Herman V. Ames, Professor of American History in the University of Pennsylvania, represented that body for investigations in Pennsylvania, and, on reaching Harrisburg, consulted with the various
the original orthography

*The reader will understand that and punctuation have been preserved.

in all





heads of departments, by whom he was referred to Mr. Kelker on account of his familiarity with the subjects in question, and, in his report in iqoi to the American Elistorical Association, Dr. Ames gave credit to Mr. Kelker "for generous services and valuable information." About this time Mr. Kelker took up historical and genealogical research as a profession. On April 14, 1903, Governor Pennypacker approved a bill constituting a new department to be called the Division of Public Records, and on June ist following Mr. Kelker was appointed to organize it. This duty he successfully performed, and it was his distinction that this department was the first of its class in the United States, and of which he has had charge from its inception, his official designation being Custodian of DiviHe has performed dilision of Public Records of Pennsylvania. gent labor upon the twenty-two volumes of the Pennsylvania Archives, the editor of which testified to Mr. Kelker's devotion by saying that the prociuction of that series w^ould have been practically impossible without the aid of one w^hose enthusiasm was so well I\[r. Kelker's plans in the organization and conduct of sustained. his department met the warm approval of leading historical students throughout the country, and proved a great stimulus to the investigation of original documents by students for univers'ties and colleges throughout the country. In a letter to the publishers of this work, John W. Jordan, LL.D., of the Historical Society of Pennsylvania,
says of

Mr. Kelker: "He
in his


an enthusiastic delver


the historical
State, the

mine, and

knowledge of the German counties of the

As Custodian of people and their history, he Is well considered. Public Records he is efficient and energetic." As a proper accompaniment to the narrative history contained in this work, is presented a department of Genealogical Memoirs, linking the active people of to-day with their honored forbears, in
the conviction that

indeed a blessing


the virtues

Of noble races are hereditan*'. And do derive themselves from Of virtuous ancestors."


of these genealogical and personal memoirs have been prepared with all due care from such data as were accessible from the hands of family representatives and from extant records. In each case the sketch has been submitted to the immediate subject or It is beto his proper representative for correction and revision. and historical, features heved that the present work, in both its

The pages

genealogical and personal

will prove a real addition to the mass of

tained would be irretrievably and the disappearance of such records.PUBLISHERS' ANNOUNCEMENT v under consid- literature concerning the people of the historic region valuable information therein coneration. many custodians of family jnaterial. . and that without it owing to the passing away of lost. much The Publishers.

Early Settlement Captain John Smith of Virginia Comes up The French People First to Loas Far as Great Falls The Appearance of cate at Mouth of Paxtang Creek John and French Papists Harris The Quakers John Trouble With Indian Bands The Harris the Trader William Penn's Visits Persecution of the Scotch-Irish Penn's "ArtiOriginal Letter of Harris Scotch-Irish Values in Produce cles of Concession" 1740 Invasion of "Fighting Regiment Indians A of the French and Indians. — — — . Formation of the County The Origin of the Name "Dau^Courts Original TownFirst County Officials phin" ships Lebanon County Taken from Dauphin Present Townships Recorded Plots — — — — — — — 43. Chapter IV.— Table of Contents. — Susquehannas Mohawks Iroquois Algonquin Tribes The Five Nations Many Indians Burned AHve Treaty of 1683 The Shawanese Stay of a Qu.. l Chapter II. Chapter Indian Occupancy I. 15 Chapter III. the Armstrong by People" Murder of John — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — .^''<-er of a Century on the Conestoga and Pequea Creek Indian Manners and Customs Penn's Description of them Streams of the County — The — — — — — — PAGE. Dates of First Events Freemasonry Before County was formed Arrested for Sedition Indian Visitors In-\ Traveling a Century Ago ^ dians at the Grave of Harris First Ferry First Courts Council Harris Indian at Revenge Indians' Advertised Newspapers A Slave — — — — — — — — — — .

Government The Several Court Houses Early Court Cryers The County Prisons Alms Houses FiNational and State Representation Judges nances County Officials -BiograBiographers of First judges 105 phy of Alexander Graydon. John Elder 224 Conewago Church — Old — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — .— CONTENTS Dauphin Against the Amendment List of Slaves Tomatoes First Used The Last Slave in the County Maple-Sugar Making in 1864 The Centennial Anniversary —Celebrated Mill Dam Case - vu — — — — — PAGE. Religious History Built The First Church Founded First Edifice Derry Church Hanover Church Paxtang Harrisburg Derry "Memorial Church" Church Middletown Churches Lykens Churches Churches Upper Paxton Churches Steelton Churches Berrysburg HalHill Church Churches Lower Paxton Churches Hummelstown Dauphin Churches ifax Churches Church "Parson EldChurches Earliest Mennonite Biographies of Pioneer Ministers er's" Sermon Heads The Old Rev. 84 Chapter County V. William Bertram and Rev. First Prothonotary — — — — — — —— — Chapter VL Military Record surrection —The French and Indian War—Whiskey — Revolutionary War—War of 18 14 12- In- The "Buckshot Spanish-American War"— Mexican War— Civil War— War Chapter VII. 130 Fort Harris Forts of Dauphin County Fort Halifax dian Fort Hunter" — — — Manada — — Fort Hunter — "Inand 189 Fort Fort McKee Chapter VHI.

. . 444 Mifflin Swatara SwaWilliams Halifax Lower Mifflin : — — — — — — — — — — — tara 444 .— viii CONTENTS PAGE. 373 Townships: West Hanover — Conewago —East ^ Hanover — Middle Paxton 4^5 XIII. — — — Society 305 Chapter X. The Newspapers fession —The Legal Profession —The Medical Pro- 330 Chapter XI. Paxton. 419 Townships — Wiconisco Washington Susquehanna Lykens Williams ^Halifax Lower Swatara Swatara. Grant of the "Harris Ferry" Right Navigation and Railroads Proposed Sloop and Steamboat Navigation— Convicts Executed at Harrisburg Assessed Valuation of County School Statistics Political Postoffices— Population 1790 to 1900 County's Development Current 1800 Agriculture Prices in 1903 Coal Prices in Mines The Brownstone Quarries Dauphin Historical — — — — — — — — — — . Chapter Townships: Jackson South Hanover — Jefferson — Hanover (Original) — Rush —Wayne— Reed—Upper Paxton. Townships: Derry —Londonderry— Paxtang—-Lower Chapter XII. Chapter IX. Chapter XIV.

the Piscataways. the former nearly exterminated According to Captain John Smith. diers. The Iroquois refused. however. Occupancy The Susquehannas Mohawks IroAlgonquin Tribes The Five Nations Many Indians Burned Alive Treaty of 1683 The Shawanese Stay of a Quarter of a Century on the Conestoga AND Pequea Creek Indian Manners and Customs Penn's Description of them Streams of the County. whom they had obtained to instruct them. then the most eastern of the Iroquois. By the "Relations" we find that they had previously come into collision with the Mohawks. in a war that lasted for ten years. they purchased lands of the ruling tribe. friendship. the Susquehannas were then (in 1608) In 1633 they were at war still at war with the tribe referred to. in Upper Canada. in 1638. Chesapeake and its tributaries. by proclamation. declared them public enemies. the Delaware. and sent an embassy to Onondaga to urge the cantons to peace. — — — — — — — — — — Prior to 1600. they renewed arrived on when the Swedes According to Hazthe friendly intercourse begun by the former. for the Susquehannas could put into the field one thousand three hundred warriors. When the Hurons. ard. they carried the terror of their arms. with the Algonquin tribes on the Delaware. also. and were so troublesome that in 1642 Governor Calvert. by which. and Patuxents. they began a negotiation. CHAPTER Indian quois I. began to sink under the fearful blows dealt by the Five Nations. who explored the the latter. and supremacy by butchery. maintaining their They were friendly to the Dutch. and the 1 . trained to the use of fire-arms and European modes of war by three Swedish solBefore interposing. the Susquehannas Nor sent an embassy to offer them aid against the common enemy. and thus secured their Southward.— History of Dauphin County. was the offer one of little value. the Susquehanna Indians were seated upon the river of that name. and from 1634 to 1644 they waged war on the Yaomacoes. in 1647. but how long before is not known.

and seriously enfeebling the nation. took no active steps to secure the aid of the its That tribe. OnonIn the fall of 1669 the Susquehannas. They also kept the Senecas in such alarm that they no longer ventured to carry their peltries to New York. but immediately burned them all alive before the eyes of The force of the Iroquois numbered sixteen hundred the retreat of the Iroquois. Four years later. plundering their hunters on Lake Ontario. the western cantons raised an army of eight hundred men to invest and storm the fort of the Susquehannas. that friendly Susquehannas. sweeping many. intercourse with broke out in their town.) Smarting under constant defeat. passed May i. sunk apathy. offered peace. who even took a most circuitous route. 2. men to treat of peace. and on the land side with two bastions in European style. authorized the Governor of that province to aid the Susquehannas off terrible scourge of the aborigines. The enemy embarked on Lake Ontario. War had now begun in earnest with the Five Nations. however. they found it well defended on the river side. and from the Choptauk to the northeast branch north of Elk river. Seneca and Cayuga. the Five Nations solicited 1663. This fort was located about fifty miles from the mouth of the river. they in turn pressed the Cayugas so hard that some of them retreated across Lake Ontario to Canada. maintained its friendly European neighbors. their fellows. After this the war was carried on in small parties. and though the Susquehannas had some of their people killed near their town. and other sachems. daga. Sawahegeh. them with great slaughter. ceded to Maryland all the territory from the Patuxent river to Palmer's island. while that of the Susquehannas On was only one thousand. provoked a war with the Susquehannas. and in 161. They sent in a party of twenty-five ask provisions to enable them to return. however. After some trifling skirmishes the Iroquois had recoursereaching the to stratagem. after defeating the Cayugas. grown insolent by their success in almost annihilating their kindred tribes north and south of Lake Erie. French account. but the Cayugas put their . and The Susquehannas admit- ted them. aid. A law of Maryland.— 2 HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY in Hurons. French but in April. and then went overland to the Susquehanna. except in caravans escorted by six hundred men. with cannon mounted and connected by a double curtain of large trees. the Iroquois. and Susquehanna pioneers were from time to time burned at Oneida. the Susquehannas pursued warriors. 1661. in presence of a Swedish deputy. according to the {Egle's History of Pennsylvania. During that year the smallpox. On fort.

Whether by peroccupation. They originated in the South. who Although coming as deputies. At this time the great war chief of the Susquehannas was one styled Hochitagete (Barefoot). the tribe was completely overthrown. were accused of the murder of some settlers. but a band of sixty Andaste. and a famous medicine man of Oneida appeared after death to order his body to be taken up and interred on the trail leading to the Susquehannas. fifteen or sixteen of their gallant band. or Susquehanna boys. near the Piscataways. according to the Relations Inedites and Colden. At this time the Susquehannas were so reduced by war and pestilence that they could muster only three hundred warriors. these chiefs were in pursuit.HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY 3 ambassador and his nephew to death. and by holding the land of their fathers by sufferance to acknowledge themselves — subdued. forsook the river bearing their name. came the Shawanese to Pennsylvania. the oldest not over sixteen. with forty wampum belts to maintain the war. Towards the summer of 1672 a body of forty Cayugas descended the Susquehanna in canoes. and wounding with arrow. Flushed with victory. and defeated them also. The enraged Susquehannas. as the only means of saving that canton from ruin. apparently slain by the They sent five of their chiefs to the Maryland and VirSenecas. and raving women and crafty chief medicine men deluded the Iroquois with promises of his capture and execution at the stake. they pushed on to attack the Cayugas. under Colonel John Washington. The remnant. taking up a position on the western Shortly after they borders of Maryland. attacked the Senecas and routed them. ginia troops. and Major went out Thomas Truman. killing eight. These were the individuals repnot by blood. suasion we know not. Some few vagabond families of the Iroquois remained and occupied the deserted towns of their conquered and expelled enemies. cruelly put to death. all — . yet too weak to withstand the victorious Iroquois. but simply by resenting themselves as Conestogas They were Cayugas and Senecas. but unfortunately we have no details whatever as to the forces which effected it or the time or manner of their utter defeat. In 1675. and hatchet fifteen or sixteen more. losing. dwelling in their had disappeared. however. and twenty Senecas went by land to attack the enemy in their fields. killing one brave and taking another. after retaining him six months the Oneidas having taken nine Susquehannas and sent some to Cayuga. too proud to yield to those with whom they had long contended as equals. knife. ancient seat. but certainly by permission of the Iroquois. and showing the Baltimore medal and certificates of friendship. great-grandfather of General George Washington.

It was the custom with the Indian tribes who made a joint treaty with the whites to commit the preservation of the papers containing the treaty. that nation produced this treaty on parchment to the Governor of the Province. Algonquins. Here they remained a quarter of a century. band of four hundred and fifty. they branched off to the westward. In says Colden. he says. under Opessah. Susquehannas. their fiendish atrocity — — New bloody transactions of a later period. government of Pennsylvania for permission to settle on the Conestoga and Pequea creeks. INDIAN MANNERS AND CUSTOMS.. At the treaty of 1683 the Shawanese were a party to that covenant. not only of the whites. it appears sidered most to be trusted." it is of interest to note what William Penn thought of the . The latter were merely residents on the Susquehanna by suf- York. find the Shawanese as far west as the Ohio. were the most restless of all the Indian tribes. and that they connected the various sections of the Algonquin families. as we are informed that at a conference held many years after. posts of the Shawanese applied to the proprietary some In the year 1698. that as early as 1673 upwards of seventy families of that nation the Carolinas and occupied some of the deserted Others of the tribe soon followed. and to them their savage are we indebted for most all the brutality. their principal chief. with other families settled on the Swatara. probably never returned to Pennsylvania. and the Susquehanna streams on As early as 1728 we the east. and by the middle of the eighteenth century the entire tribe had settled on the branches of In the year 1732 the number of fighting braves of that that river. when. to such of the bands as were conFrom the best authority. nation in Pennsylvania amounted to seven hundred. Paxtang. one tribe of them had gone to New Spain. ferance. who located themselves on the headwaters of the Mobile River. removed from This 1745.4 HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY to the and doubtless belonged language. While more recent days have caused the English speaking people to not hold the highest regard for the once called "Noble Red Man. The Shawanese. etc. as they spoke the same the most authentic information it appears that the basin of the Cumberland river was the home of the Shawanese From before the settlement of the Europeans on the continent. and they must have been considered a very prominent band from the fact of their having preserved the treaty in their own possession or keeping. but the Five Nations of and yet they became the most perfidious.

like the Hebrezv. Payo. are the names of persons. yet narrow. and bears date of "Philadelphia. religion. they wear only a small clout round their waist till they are big. they lay them on a straight. Oricton. Issi7niis. very good. to have. wanting in their moods. particiI have made it my busiples. Of complexion. then they hunt. as on your side the sea and truly an Italian complexion hath not much more of the white. bread. to come. they go a fishing. language. It is given in his letter addressed to the Free Society of Traders in London. so frequent with the East Indians and blacks. and of singular proportion. will go. black. but by design. they will answer Matta ne hatta. and swaddle it fast upon the board to make it straight. as the GypThey grease themselves with bear's fat clarified. in writing. the i6th of the 6th month. Matta.HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY 5 Indian. till ripe for the woods. Passijoii. and the noses of several of them have as much of the Roman. The thick lip and flat nose. 1683": manFor their persons. Netcap. wherefore all Indians have The children flat heads. Secane. a little more than the length and breadth of the child. or greatness in accent and emphasis than theirs. and using no defense against sun or weather. Tamane. for instance. they tread strong and clever. Of words of sweetness. straight. and I must say that I know not a language spoken in Enrope that hath words of more sweetness. and manners there . they are generally tall. Sepassin. Having wrapt them in a clout. very young. not unlike a straightbe swarthy. if boys. which is about fifteen. interjections. else it is a shame to think of "Of their customs . well-built. . in natives I "The shall consider in their persons. eat. like short-hand. a brother. I have. are not common to them. that I might not want an interpreter on any occasion. I will begin with children so soon as they are born they wash them in water. of both. sies in England. as he first found him. Metsa. conjunctions. and have grandeur in them. by a good return of skins. ners. with my sense of their original. and in cold weather to chuse. one word serveth in the place of three. ness to understand it. looked Jew. not signification full. Hatta. but. for I have seen as comely Europe afi-l'ike faces among them. the names of places. and government. they may marry. "Their language is lofty. Usqueoret. and thus they carry them at their backs. Octocockon. and the rest are supplied by the understanding of the hearer. Menanse. Shak^ Marian. their skin must needs Their eye is little and black. Poqiiesien. imperfect in their tenses. called August. if one asks them for anything they have not. they plunge them in the rivers to harden and embolden them. no. instead of I is much to be said. Rancocas. thin board. and mostly walk with a lofty chin. Secatereiis. all which are names of places. Pane. friend. is mother. and after having gi^en some proofs of their manhood. have not. and while very young. Anna. at nine months commonly. adverbs. which to translate is.

for which. believe. for they will not ask. plant corn and carry burdens. . as their faces are hardly to be seen. but so. he made an offering to her kindred. "If an European comes to see them. is about thirteen. Goo^ be to you. they salute us with an Itah. not unpleasant They have likewise several sorts of beans and pease. for an advertisement. and they do well to use them to that young. For. about a great fire. seventeen and . and. chaste. in the fashion of an EnglisJi barn. In travel they lodge in the woods. which is as much as to say. Instance fell out since I came into the country: a king's daughter. in suffering another woman to lie down between them. for they are hardly higher than a man. went out. brought by the revenge that hath been practiced among them. rose up. they are well pleased. 2in. till delivered. it may be they speak not a word. and liberty of marriage. are great concealers of their own resentments. for a portion. as two others did to the kindred of their "They I to it. or grass. or Indian corn. else they go away sullen. and help to hoe the wife. and a few boughs stuck around them. "Their diet is maize. tragical In either of these they are not exceeded by the Italians. If you give them anything to eat. if it be with kindness. with the mantle of duffils they wear by day wrapt about them. otherwise the men are very affectionate to them. or calls for lodging at their If house. upon which she immediately died. ground. but when they please. they marry at. they lie on reeds. close to their heels. if men. or wigwam. their legs upright.d set them down. thinking herself slighted by her husband. "Their houses are mats. nor do their husbands frequent them till that time be expired. A wives that died a natural death. plucked a root out of the ground and ate it. which they call liomine. Some of the young women are said to take undue liberty before marriage. eighteen. well. but observe all passages. and during their month they touch no meat they eat but with a stick. for atonement. lest they should defile it. sometimes beaten and boiled with water. they give him the best place and first cut. When with child they know their husbands no more. The age. but say nothing. last week. "When the young women are fit for marriage. if women. divers ways prepared. and fourteen. which is mostly on the ground. they come to visit us. which they must do when they are old for the wives are the true servants of the husbands.6 a HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY The girls stay with their mothers. they wear something upon their heads. and be it little or much. that to eat. set on poles. sometimes roasted in the ashes. . they also make cakes. are good nourishment and the woods and rivers are their larder. till widowers have done so. they are rarely elder. but when married. or barks of trees. they must not marry again. but out of the power of the winds. or drink.

they should give them. There . they are also free from our pains. and if they eat any flesh. one of the most wretched spectacles in the world is liberality they excel. nothing too it good friend. the parties chiefly concerned consulted what and to whom. They are not disquieted with bills of lading and exchange. or other thing. of the graves of their dead. coat. They care for little. they say. We especially for their children. a little contents them. give them a fine gun. feast and dance perpetually. which they continue for a year. without the help of metaphysics: for. rum especially. fishing. In this they are sufficiently revenged on us. but the neighboring kings and their clans being present when the goods were brought out. or decoction of some roots in spring water. but soon spent. and to themselves last. strong affections. be any creature. because they want but little. that is their cr}'. they bury them with their apparel.! HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY "But in 7 for their pass twenty hands before it sticks: light of heart. and for it give anything. impatient to be cured. and the reason is. I mean their hunting. Some more and I zvill go to sleep. others presented me with several parcels of land the pay or presents I made them were not hoarded by the particular owners. and for it exchange the richest of their skins and furs. and fall to common use. . as a token of their love. to be sure the tradition of vet thev believe a God and immortality. whom they are extremely natural. lest they should be lost by time. to "In sickness. nor want much. they man or woman. they hardly leaving themselves an equal share with one of their subjects. and this table is spread everywhere. so sorted and folded. it must be of the female of If they die. is a proportion sent. If they are heated with liquors. morning and evening. they pick off the grass that grows upon them. and be it on such occasions as festivals. and fowling. and with that gravity that is admirable. when drunk. The most merry creatures that live. their pleasure feeds them. they are restless till they have enough to sleep. and the nearest of kin fling in something preTheir mourning is blackcious with them. "These poor people are under a dark night it: in things relating to religion. or at their common meals. but. They are choice ing of their faces. Since the Europeans came into these parts they have grown great lovers of strong liquors. the kings distribute. may : . Then that king subdivideth it in like manner among his dependants. wealth circulateth like the blood all parts partake and though none shall want what another hath yet exact observers of property. they never have much. their seats and table are the ground. Some kings have sold. and heap up the fallen earth with great care and exactness. if they are ignorant of our pleasures. nor perplexed with chancery suits and exchequer reckonings. They drink at those times a teran. To every king then. They eat twice a day. by the hands of a person for that work appointed. sweat and toil to live. for.

which they call Sachama. for no woman inThe reason they render for this way of descent. where he is all burnt. on each hand. and told me. those by succession. and yet how they move by the breath of their people. direct the chorus. then shouts. because what he should say was the King's mind. and to adjust the terms of trade. and twenty bucks. that herits. There have been two great festivals already to which all come that will. but all keep measure. in the leaves of the stem. with a mournful ditty of him that perforrneth the ceremony. have had occasion to be in council with them. whose sons (and after them the children of her daughters) will reign. sit the Flaving consulted and resolved younger frv. but great appearance of joy. be it war. two being in the middle that begin and. their money. and hath his council. they call it all parts. the old and wise. then : took me by the hand. sometimes songs. or the children of his sister. that they had not complied with me the . but always of the mother's side. in the same figure. their business. selling of land. and bake them in the ashes. but the King. perhaps is two hundred people. he stood up. ziliere they shall live again. they begin to feast one another. antick and difiering. which. but his brother by the mother. Their sacrifice is their first fruits. upon treaties for land. The other parts of their cantico. both wheat and beans. the zvhite. with It is admirable to consider how powerful the the young men too.8 HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY is a Great King that jiuuIl' tlwin ivho dzcells Ui a glorious country to the sonthii-ard of them. it may be sixpence. behind them. and that the souls of the good shall go thithtr. The order is thus: The King sits in the middle of an half moon. or traffick. that spoke. and that consists of all the old and wise men of his nation. and in the name of his King saluted rne. peace. the and fattest buck they kill goeth to the fire. with hot cakes of new corn. Nothing of moment is undertaken. which is more. their issue may not be spurious. In the fall. and that now it was not he. is. This is done with equal earnestness and labor. silver. came to me. but with such marvellous fervency and labor of body. 'He was ordered by his King to speak to me. under some shady trees. without advising with them and. Their worship consists of two and cantico. I was at one myself: their entertainment was a great seat by a spring. sometimes words. "Every King hath his Council. the King ordered one of them to speak to me. which they make up in a square form. the children of him who is now king will not succeed. I Kings are.'_ He first praved me 'to excuse them. sacrifice first . by singing and drumming on a Their postures in the dance are very board. that he will even sweat to a foam. which is made of the bone of a fish the black is with them as gold. : wampum. and For instance. or at a little distance. performed by round dances. and after that But they that go must carry a small present in they fall to dance. when the corn cometh in. "Their government is by Kings.

they should never do him or his any wrong. they pay double and the reason they render. and not the man. and the price.' at txtrv sentence of which they shouted and said Amen.' "We have agreed that. iirst to tell them what was done. or of the sex they are of. the old. six of each side shall end the matter. in their deportment. if drunk. the young. is. they atone by feasts. and that the Indians and English must live in love as long as the sun gave light.' Having thus introduced his matter. 'that she breedeth children. and you win them. They speak little. which now is little and dear. and not for good things. or Kings. might not tensions to an higher manifestation. in all differences between us. saying. 'It was the drink. that had treated them well. thev forgive it. who have propagated their vices. by a fixed obedience to their greater knowledge of the will of God. 'of kindness and good neighborhood. about a thing they understand. next. and he will deserve the name of wise that outwits them in anv treaty. reverent. that which would have bought twenty miles. 9 he feared there might be some fault in the Interpreter.' which done. HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY last time. I have never seen more natural sagacity.' It is rare that they fall out. and having now such an one. and the people under my government. and as inglorious as their own condition looks. that they are the worse — . During the time that this person spoke. another made a speech to the Indians. considering them without the help (I was going to say the spoil) of tradition. When the purchase was agreed. that abused them. it was the Indian custom to dehberate. which is proportioned to the quality of the offence. a good people graft where there is so distinct a knowledge left between good and evil? I beseech God to incline the hearts of all that come into these parts to outlive the knowledge of the natives. and particularly live in peace w^ith me. with all their preWhat good. and with elegance. he fell to the bounds of the land they had agreed to dispose of. For. and yielded But as low an ebb tradition for ill. in case they kill a woman. in the name of all the Sacliamakc rs. The worst is. that many Governors had been in the river. "The justice they have is pecuniary: In case of any wrong or evil act. I had not met with so much delay. and. Do not abuse them. or person injured. for the Christians. great promises passed between us. but fen^ently. not a man of them was observed to whisper or smile. for us to fall under the just censure them . not buying now two. in their way. but that no Governor had come himself to live and stay here before. as these people are at. to charge and command them 'to love the Christians. grave. the Christians have not outlived their sight. for It were miserable. being neither Indian nor English. be it murder itself. and presents of their zcampum. then. but let them have justice. if sober. which men cannot do. and take up much time in council before they resolve and that if the young people and owners of the land had been as ready as he. Indeed. besides..

and sometimes ornamented with paint and beads manufactured from shells. with many other things that do not now occur. and that. and perch ascended the stream. partridges and pheasants abounded. and when in this way sufliciently prepared was buried in the earth. from the eastermost parts of Asia to the westermost of America. as it is not impossible in itself. they offer their first fruits. when he seeth them. that a man would think himself in Duke's Place. some of them beasts of prey. In the next place. they agree in rites. for the following reasons: First. and thus preserved single season for the winter's subsitence. The ponds. I am ready to believe them of the Jewish race. and he that intended that extraordinary judgment upon them.. fishing were perchance the chief dependence for Thei forests were filled with animals. Hunting and food. while so far transcending. Flocks of wild turkeys roamed through the woods.' which. they were to go to a 'land not planted. in London. But this is not all. and at certain times of the year the pigeons collected in such numbers that their flight seemed to obscure the light of the sun. long and severe winter. if not Europe. The corn and beans were cultivated by women and children. I find them of the like countenance. The clothing of the natives was composed of skins cured so as to be soft and pliable. They confined themselves chiefly to the raising of beans. the tobacco alone was thought worthy of the labor and attention of the men. "For their original. or twenty bushels. or Berry Street. The corn was spread day after day in the sun. The women of an ordinary family would commonly raise in a two or three heaps of corn. they have a kind of feast of tabernacles. The river Susquehanna was and every spring great numbers of shad. nor kno-nn. both in the woods and open country. they reckon by moons. and tobacco. creeks." The Indians depended much less for their subsistence upon agriculture than upon either fishing or hunting. rocksalmon. I mean of the stock of the ten tribes. others suitable for food. to be sure. fish.lo HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY we make profession of things of the poor Indian conscience. and rivers swarmed with water-fowl. customs of women. might make the passage not uneasy to them. their mourning a year. they are said to lay their altar upon twelve stones. /Jsia and Africa were. and their children of so lively resemblance. furnishing a seasonable supply tO' the natives when their provisions were exhausted by a alive with fish. each containing twelve. corn. carefully shielded from the rain or dew. others valuable on account of their furs. fifteen. It may be stated in this connection that very little is known of the process used by the Indians to pre- .

One warrior would have it shaved on one side of the head and long on the other. The streams of Dauphin county are very numerous and beautiful. western boundary of Dauphin In its course along this : Dunembraces numerous islands. except a three inches in width running from the forehead over of the neck. the chief of which are Shelly's. which its in Indian dialect signifies "Long. o^mamented with fringe. and such fur shoes are remarkably light and easy. The recipient of all these water courses is -the Susquehanna river. Cox's. which at Harrisburg is 2. Crooked River. Halderman's. can's. "Their shoes are of deer-skin." It takes source in both Pennsylvania and its rise in New York states. and a skirt of nearly material fastened around the waist with a belt and reaching Their hair they dressed in a thick. some being very neatly made by the women. without heels. or leather articles. The north- eastern or great branch has bergs. and Hill's. Their skins are tanned with the brains of deer. which to the feet. the northern ridge of the Cats- from the Ostego lake. Another might be seen with his scalp completely bare. The following tributaries flow into this stream from different parts of Dauphin county — — . if any. heads with bands of wampum or with a small cap. as on the back of the the weardelighted prodigiously of fantastic gayety which no doubt shirt. the same under-garment. and they sometimes ornamented their fell down upon the neck. and unequalled by few. county it forms the county. which make them very soft. Pennsylvania.876 feet wide.and deer-skins for shoes and clothing. The scenery along the Susquehanna river majestic in its is grave and unsurpassed for beauty in sweeping course to the sea the entire State.825 feet in width. The men went bareheaded. pare bear. feathers overlapping each of mantles made in decked themselves presenting an appearance fowl." The buffalo robes sold by our furriers as tanned by the Indians are softer than Occasionally the women those that are tanned by civilized people. in the Union. From this city It it flows in a southern direction to the Chesaentire peake bay. Eliott's Foster's. and other. The west branch rises in Cambria county. a distance of forty-eight miles. forming a stream 1. and the two unite at Northumberland. with their hair fantastically trimmed each according to his own fancy. strip t^vo or to the nape STREAMS OF DAUPHIN COUNTY. some leave the fur upon the skin.: HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY ii Loskiel says. a Their dress consisted usually of t^vo ers. heavy plait.

Spring creek rises in Lower Paxton township. flows four miles north of Linglestown. Yellow run. Yellow Springs. The . which rises in Schuylkill county. Green Springs. erected in 1756 by Colonel Clap- ham. sixteen miles. receives several lesser streams. Near its confluence with the Susquehanna stood old Fort Halifax. and a tain. It forms a junction with the Susquehanna at Beaver Middletown. receiving in its course the waters of Cold Spring. eight miles above the city of Harrisburg. ten at the base of miles to the Susquehanna. its tributaries — Bow run. Little creek. flows southwest ten or a dozen miles through "Armstrong valley. thence southwest through Swatara township. and other smaller streams. within the lower part oi the city of Harrisburg. flows west through William and Wiconisco valleys. Armstrong creek rises in Short mountain. The Wiconisco creek also has its source in Schuylkill county." and forms juncton about one mile above Halifax. Clark's creek has and is and finally falls into the Susquehanna river at Dauphin in village. and a few smaller ones before it enters Dauphin county. It originally furnished waterpower for a half-dozen mills. Manada. Swatara creek takes its source in Schuylkill county. on the side Broad mountain. This stream affords considerable water power. Rattling creek. Powell creek rises between Short and Peter's mountains. and flows southwest two or three miles. and forms a junction with the Susquehanna opposite Duncan's island. flows along the base of the last named eminence. flows south- west twent>^-five miles and empties into the Susquehanna about thirty miles above Harrisburg. and empties in at Millersburg. and Little Wiconisco. and along its course of twenty miles in Dauphin count)' has for etc. whence into the Susque- hanna. flows south into Susquehanna township. good milling stream. Paxtang creek It rises in Lower Paxton township and flows west the Blue mountain. Its branches are the Little Swatara. Its source between Peter's and Fourth mounabout twenty-eight miles in length. creek. flows southwest between that mountain and Second mountain. Its branches are Bear creek. and empties into the Susquehanna river less than one mile below the mouth of Paxtang creek.12 HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY The Mahantango. Stony creek rises south of Fourth mountain. It is twenty-seven miles long. Quitoof pahilla creek. Fishing creek rises near Smith's gap the Blue mountain. In 1848 this stream had a dozen mills along its banks.

In the purchase of lands from the Iroquois in 1736. it is said that it was to extend westward as far as the mountains called in the Delaware language Kekkachtarin^ and in the Six Nation language. Manada creek rises north of the Blue mountain. and empties into Swatara creek. and any one is north of some place. Yellow run is a small stream. In the early days the settlers in the Cumberland Valley called that portion adjoining them the North Mountain. rising in the south part of West Hanover township and flows into the Swatara creek. . It is about thirteen miles long. Tyannuntasachta. Lancaster county and twenty- two miles long. in mills. and in a ten mile course receives the waters of a dozen smaller streams. In the and the names spelled Keckachtany and Tyamintasachta. In the deed of 1749 the mountains are again referred to. its Lebanon county. when they termed them the Endless Hills. forges and furnaces. flows southwest along the base of the Conewago is to the Susquehanna river at Falmouth. proper orthography. the word has been corrupted into Kittatinny. rises in Bow Hanover rises in West Hanover township. Indian name alone should be used. two miles west of church. all meaning the same chain. In the deed of 1754 they are already termed the Blue Mountains. and has good mill sites along its course. GEOGRAPHICAL INDIAN NAMES. and the one on So we have Kitthe other side of the valley South Mountain. its east branch branch near the Second mountain. Along mills these various streams. The name shows the Delaware. about one mile west of Smith's gap. tochtinny. a common name to this day. both of which words it is stated mean The Endless Hills. any mountain may be blue at a So we write it Kitdistance. The tochtinny. Blue. or Leni Lenape idea of our geography. and falls into Swatara creek. deed of 1754 the Iroquois term is omitted. a few miles north of Smith's gap. flows south.HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY valley of this stream as far as Quitopahllla 13 formed the channel of the old Union run canal. and about eighty saw 1846 there were forty-one grist clover mills. w^est Conewago creek rises in Londonderry township. and North. Beaver creek rises on the south side of the Blue mountain. and the Delaware word While scholars seem to regard this as the is spelled Kittochtinny. The two unite and pass through Manada gap and run south through West Hanover township. flows south six miles. county. Lebanon hills.

Dr. in Delaware is N achemim-hanne . means at the place of From this fact there are several streams emptying into the rapids. i. 14 HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY Mahantango is corrupted from Mohantanga. Probably some Indians encamped along the creek where the bank was wet and muddy. use place of dead water. Fishing creek in Delaware is Namees-hanne. In Delaware is Sinne-hanne. e. There are six or seven streams of this name in Pennsylvania. which is an English surname.. It is not correct... stony stream. or Peshtank. little heaver — We stream. Swahadowry. i. and is the Peckstank.. Egle said Paxtang is a Delaware word. William H. Beaver creek in Delaware is Sangamochke. signifying where had plenty of meat to eat. and not Paxton. raccoon . in Iroquois.. e. or lake. the term Paxtang. e. signifying where the waters stand. corrupted from Schaha-dawa. i. fish stream. Stony creek. or pool. Wiconisco is corrupted from JVikenkntskeii. ' Raccoon creek stream. or A chsin-hanne e.. signifying it island. i. Manada. Conewago or Conewaugha. i. e. where zee we fed on eels. or Monody's. Swatara is written in old deeds Esutara and Suataro. in Susquehanna. signifying a wet and muddy camp. whether in a stream.. /./ is corrupted from Menatey. and should never be employed. the Susquehanna so named.

at Conoy. little is known. high up the Forks. Peter Bezalion. of the Virginia company. At what eventful era the footsteps of the white man trod the green sward of this locahy. — . it is not certain that the founder in his frequent visits to our majestic river ever came farther north than the Swatara. Paxtang and Yellow Breeches. Although. and also the remaining French traders. in 1695-98. but until the period when the intrigues of the French. one of whom located at the mouth of Paxtang creek. he is lost sight of. and especially the encroachments of Lord Baltimore began to be feared. located at the mouths of the different tributaries of the great river. but from the description of Captain John Smith. towards the close of the seventeenth century. At this period there were Indian villages at Conestoga. after the founding of Philadelphia. he acted as principal interpreter at Indian conferences. driven from thence by the Catawbas. The first persons to spy out this goodly heritage were French traders. Finally. and after 1725-26.— CHAPTER Early Settlement UP AS FAR AS 11. the Shawanese from the Carolinas. there can be no doubt some of his hardy adventurers explored the country as far as the first range of the Kittochtinny hills. Subsequently he went to the Ohio. at the mouths of the Swatara. At that period (1608) the brave Susquehannas reigned here they yielding later to the conquering Iroquois. — Captain John Smith of Virginia Corner Great Falls — The French People First TO Locate at Mouth of Paxtang Creek — The Appearance OF John Harris — The Quakers and French Pa—John Harris the Trader —Trouble with Indian Bands — The Scotch-Irish — William Penn's Visits — Persecution of the Scotch-Irish — Original Letter of Harris — Penn's "Articles of Concession" — Produce Values in 1740 Invasion of the French and Indians — A Regiment of "Fighting People" — Murder of John pists Armstrong by the Indians. Of this person. William Penn planned the laying out of a city on the Susquehanna. who ascended the Susquehanna as far as the Great Falls (Conewago). there is no certainty.

states that the ris "amounted to only sixteen guineas. Among the first was John Harris. for a time.6 1 HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY As early as 1682-3 the counties of Philadelphia. is first to a remonAssembly against the passage of an act disallowing the franchise to all persons owning real estate less in value than fifty pounds. England. two or three years prior to William Penn's second visit to the Province. went to the Caro^ and these. where The post. it became almost necessary in the minds of the Quakers to issue license only to English traders and settlers. grounds. became the founder of Harrisburg. Sr. Upon reaching manhood's brewer. born in Yorkshire. — account of religious convictions and interest. John. a few years later. who probably entered this domain with the view of trading with the Indians. who was then Secretary of the Province. whose son. and they of the Protestant belief. and the law In 1698 his known as a contractor name is appended strance to the Provincial was repealed. Harris that he "was as honest a man as ever brake bread. Watson. who emigrated to America. so as to prevent communication with the French on the On Ohio river. first mayor of Philadelphia. This was doubtless at the suggestion of his most intimate friend Edward Shippen. of Philadelphia.. or in sympathy. of Welsh He was reared to the trade of a descent. It has been remarked of Mr." This high estimate was placed upon him by Parson Elder. From the best obtainable evidence. where. about the year 1673. Pennsylvania. Bucks and Chester were organized in the Province of Pennsylvania.. with whom the reader will become better acquainted in John Harris was the reading of this work. locating in Pennsylvania. hunting immense situated were Unas. as against the French Papists. In 1729 Lancaster was formed. the first white man to enter the domain now known as Dauphin county. that followed by his father. was an Englishman a trader named John Harris. returning with Each year. By letters of introduction to Edward Shippen. the Chiefs of the Five Nations . The memorial had its effect. that great man became his fast which favors the secured were influence his through doubt and no Dauphin locality this in pioneer a become to him induced finally — county. the friend. estate he left home and followed his trade in London. trading good a of need found peltries." entire estate of John Harfor clearing At Philadelphia he and grading the streets. Jr. the historian. he joined a company from his native district.

The first "assessment list. Following the advent of the trader. It was located on the lower bank of the river. mound or hillock about one hundred feet southeast of the graveyard denotes the spot. that many of the early Germans and Scotch-Irish left this section of the country and located in Maryland. at about what is now the foot of Paxton street. although covered over about fifty years ago. saw and knew that it was the proper location. had not been purchased from the Indians. it could only be with the permission of the Indians. for the year 17 18. Virginia and the Carolinas. Scotch-Irish settlers could locate except by the right of squatter sovereignty or as licensed traders. It is known. Were the complete assessment lists in existence from 1730 up. positive information could be obtained as to date of settlement. and that William Penn. or Blue mountains. did well tO' contemplate the building "a city on the Susquehanna. however. which was exceedingly cool and pleasant to the taste. the lands between the Conewago and the Kittochtinny. los. "For almost a century. sylvania increased . As a trader. A well dug by him still exists. As many of the names in the organization of townships and counties belonged eventually to Dauphin county. the founder of Pennsylvania. "this well supplied a large neighborhood with water. neither John Harris nor the." for what was subsequently Lancaster county is that of "Conestogoe" township. the old pump stock having become useless and the platform dangerous." Adjoining his cabin were sheds for the housing of peltries obtained by trafl'ic. At the period mentioned the number of "residents taxable" was one hundred and twenty-nine. for one htindred and fifty years. The careless manner of keeping and preserving the records of Lancaster county. i i-2d. as emigration to Pennit pressed on towards the banks of the Susquehanna." In the language of the late David Harris. Chester county. the entire list is here given. looking out over these forests and streams and beautiful plains. prevents the historian giving much concerning the early settlement." At the period referred to. Of course. and the amount of tax levied £40. which he surrounded by a stockade. which at stated periods were conveyed to Philadelphia on A pack-horses. Harris's first move was the erection of a store-house.HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY 17 keen eye of Harris. the white man.

s. Tax. jun Michael Shank. Tax. . Henry Ffunk Benjamin Wilmer Jacob Landus o 3 2 2 2 5 6 5 6 7 5 3 Hance Henry Neff Michael Miller Ffelix o 6 o 9 9 3 2 5 5 i i Landus 8 Jacob Kundrick. Philip 6 6 7 5 John Fframe Charley Christopher 3 Isaac Lefevre Richard Davis Thomas Ffalkner 6 Woolrick Howry i i o 6 5 Prenaman Jacob Hoober Stoffal 9 3 I .. Jun o O 9 9 3 John Ffiere Pfiere . d. Tax. English Inhabitants.i8 HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY CONESTOGOE RATE English Inhabitants. s. Francis Warlej^ John Cartliedge 12 6 10 5 James Hendricks James Letort James Patterson William Sherrel John Hendricks Collum Macquair Thomas Baldwin Thomas Gale Alexander Bense John AIcDaniel Richard Carter o O 6 Andrew Mason Joseph Hickman Daniel Cookson 2 7 6 6 10 3 O 9 12 5 Thomas Clark William Clark Stephen Atkinson Morgan Jones Edmund Cartledge John Harris David Preece Robert Middleton Richard Grice Nathaniel Christopher Thomas Perrin o 6 6 2 2 2 3 3 4 2 5 O o 6 3 3 I 3 3 John Linvill 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 Robert Wilkins 2 5 i John Ffarer John Grist William Hughes Peter Basillion o o 3 3 6 lo 7 i O 6 3 Samuel Birchfield William Ludford Thomas Wilkin James Davis Evan Evans John Combe Joseph Roe Thomas Jones 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 I2 12 o O O o O o o O o O o O o Dutch Inhabitants. Dutch Inhabitants. d. jun John Natts. 1718. Martin Kundig Martin Milin Christian Heer John Haer Wendall Bowman Jacob Miller Joseph Steman Daniel Harmer John Miller 12 5 6 Henry Berr Michael Bowman Hance Bugholder Hance Neicomer Melchior Prenaman George Kendrick John Natts. sen 2 3 2 i 6 10 10 3 11 o o o 6 3 O 6 6 6 4 2 I O 3 2 8 3 6 9 9 2 i O 3 John Funk 6 7 5 o 6 Henry Carpenture Henry Hayne Christopher Ffranciscus Peter Bellar Benedictus Venrick Daniel Ffiere .. s. Tax. d.. d. s.

came into practice. England. and contemplated founding a city somewhere on the river. It was also with much good sense of propriety that he desired his lands to be settled. which would further advance the price of the remainder he held. continued in his minority until 1731 his other son. within that period. In this interval the land-office was closed. and it is believed the towns on the Popple map were all inhabited about this time and later. compelled him to sell lands at a very low figure. for cash. sen Peter Yorte o 6 6 9 2 7 3 5 6 3 i o 6 3 9 3 Yorey Ebeys 6 i Hans Currick Moyer Christian Shaus Abraham Heer Melchior Arisman Christian Hearse 8 2 9 6 3 3 3 3 Hans Weaver Woolrick Hource Peter & Son.. and was Necessity then confined in Fleet Prison.HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY John Milen Hans Haure John Taylor Martin Berr Imanuel Heer Henry Kundic Jacob Moyer 6 3 2 3 19 2 o 6 6 Christian Stone Isaac Ffrederick 6 & Son 5 2 5 & Son 5 5 I i o o o 6 6 Jacob Kundrick Jacob Landus. . greater liberties were taken by the and emigrants from abroad often seated themselves on vacant lands without permission. or by the secretary of the land-office. property. His last visit was in the spring of 1701. This with his annual interest would soon free him from people. jun John Broakpather Jacob Broakpather Peter Swaor 2 3 3 7 O 9 6 3 Rudey Moj^er Hans Brand Hans Graff. jun Hans Graff. tickets signed by one of the commissioners of William Penn. the and his son Thomas . The old rule being once relaxed. 5 o 6 John Toup 2 Laman first proprietor. for these debts. is said William Penn made two visits to the Susquehanna and was up as far as the Swatara creek. the curse of debts honestly contracted. No man of his times was greater in debt than WilHam Penn. died in England in 17 18. Richard.. and finally he was obliged to mortgage his Province. and made valuable improvements. jun Martyn Boyer Hance Boyer 10 i o o 6 g 9 I i i John Boman Benedictus Brachbill Christian Shank Michael Shank. They differ from It river. so that during that time warrants and patents were not regularly granted by the commissioners of property for transferring lands To further the settlement of the then Province to applicants. . sen o 3 Hans Stiff Hanse Keague Jacob Griter Jacob Highstetter 11 5 3 6 5 3 o 9 6 John Shank 2 3 9 9 John Wilmer Andrew Koffman Isaac Koffman John Broakpather. until 1732.

and many other ways. and between seven and eight hundred acres at the mouth of Conodoguinet creek. Harris . also two hundred acres on the opposite shore. was suring: rounded by a stockade. Concerning the remarkable coolness and presence of mind of Esther. Sr. on the upper side. but which the French seldom expressed. term Oneija or Onia. his great-grandson relates that refusing to give more. The Swahadowri will be recognized as Swatara . the gun simply flashed. for example. as. Chinniotta. and. he was shore of once offered by the Penns all the land from the western the Susquehanna to Silver Spring. David Brainerd visited the Atra'kouaer of It may also^ have been the site in September of 1745.20 HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY those given in the Colonial Records. at Duncan's on were located doubt but that Indian towns history. including the present site of Harrisburg. were the island. was seated with Mr. officer. probably because the French map-makers got their names from the Iroquois." while the EngThe Onojutta-Haga. Harris and his wife at the table. He offered three thousand five hundred pounds. should be Chenie- We: have found the word spelled Chuchniada. Choniata. Hummel once the site of an Indian town. pointed it at the ofllicer. The officer was one night at the house. extending to the South mountain. including Shreiners Island. now written with a j. which the English often designated by letters such as the above. it is supposed. wife of John Harris. and Chemegaide. for security against the Indians. Ganadaguhet as Conedoguinet. left unfastened. and means the Juniata. Instantly Mrs. Of John Harris. An English when by accident the gate was clothed in his regimentals. at the island" on "pagans" "Juneauta Rev. gaide. and extending from the Cumberland valley. An Indian entered the gate of the stockade and thnist his rifle through one of the portholes of the house. situated on the river bank. Joniady. is only a breathing of some of the Iroquois dialects. At his death he owned about nine hundred acres of land. The first part. Sogneijadie. the French made the Iroquois call the Governor of Canada "Onnontio. from mountain to mountain. meaning a stofie. the people of nation. ScokoonThe root of the word is the Iroquois idy." There can be no Standing Stone. in 1654.. The night being damp. Indian epochs in different the mouth of that river. who' often gave their own names rather than that of thei residents. the great-grandson gives the follow"The mansion house. for five thousand pounds sterling. or Juniata lish mostly wrote it "Yonnondio. we think. mostly owned by the late Judge and including the old ferry-landing and General Simpson's place below Yellow Breeches creek.

Harris. I Shall Endeavor to Procure another Crock for you against next trip. Cumberland 126 Catwoba warriers & 50 or 60 other Indians & a number more Expected who Seems Hearty in our Cause. faith Pres- John following laughable incident may serve to show one of the traits of pioneer Harris character: Upon one occasion Thomas Rennox." whereupon the deacon made his appearance. attended a match at ''Bullet Playing' (a favorite pastime. ORIGINAL LETTER OF JOHN HARRIS JR. was in religious an Episcopalian. founder of Harrisburg. "I am Sir in Hase your most obed't Humble Serv't." "To Major James Burd att Fort Augusta. After he had finished and was about to depart. Storeships. * * I sent you Butter with Hambright last w'ch I hope you Received safe." said the good parson to Harris. from there. which were to sail in a lew days for North America (God send them quick and Safe Passage) there is actually arrived at Ft." John Harris. that under the pastorship of Rev. Etc. I forwarded you * * * all the Letters you Sent me by to Lancaster Immediately & Cap'n M'Kee was going to Philada. : (VERBATIM. when Rennox hid behind a large tree. a leading elder of the Paxton church. j-h^t there was laying there 200 Transports.HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY blew out the candle to prevent the Indian aiming the second and he then retreated." . 21 time. Presently the players perceived The Parson Elder coming on his way to Derry church. West wrote me this weelc that there was an English Packet arrived at An* * * tigua W'ch left Spithead the 26th of Feb'ry. Mr. When the parson came up. Harris turned around and called out. and also received a sound lecturing his from minister. I Expect they'll pay our Cruel Enemys in their own Coin this Sumer. Elder. so that there was not the Least Delay. Harris. although he contributed generously to the byterian (Paxton) church.) "Paxton April 30. in company with Mr. long since forgotten) of which they were both very fond. he perceived Mr. Mr. "Sir: * Command "John Harris. "of all men in my congregation I am most surprised to see you here. "Thomas Rennox. come out here." "Well. with 16 Sail of the Line Commanded by Admiral Knowles. who had "stood his ground. 1757. & toolc them with him." and then proceeded to give him a severe but good natured lecture on the evil he saw in such games.

place or ministry whatever. and be punished accordingly. or Deputy. but he shall incur the same penalty of the law as if he had committed it against his fellow-planter. affront or that all reasonable satisfaction be made to the said injured planter. without any interruption or reflecAnd if any person shall abuse or deride any other for his or tion. and Ruler of the world. Among the numerous "Articles of Concession. by any way or means." Again the inducements Penn offered were not confined to right of soil or voice in government. or maintain any religious worship. were as follows: "Chapter II. contrary to his or her mind. living in this Province who shall confess and acknowledge one Almighty God to be the Creator. her different persuasion and practice in matters of religion. and who professes him or herself obliged in conscience to live peaceably and quietly under the civil government. upholder. and atheism may Be it not creep in under pretense of conscience in this Province: further enacted. as well as a credit to himself. every first day of the week. who shall to the utmost of his power. irreligion. Father of Lights and Spirits. now. called the Lord's day. in word or deed." framed by him for his Province. December lo. in word or deed. That no person. wrong any Indian. or some inferior Magistrate near him. or his Lieutenant. and if any Indian shall abuse. "Be it enacted. and the author as well as object of all Divine knowledge. and for the ease of the creation. Almighty God being only Lord of conscience. or any time hereafter. Article XIII reads as follows: "That no man shall. 1682. as framed by him and passed by the first Assembly of Chester. but shall freely and fully enjoy his or her Christian liberty in that respect. be compelled to frequent practice.22 HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY William Penn's manner of dealing with his subjects and the Indians won for him a name that shall ever be a part of the history of our country. people shall abstain from their usual : . any planter of this Province. etc. but he shall make his complaint to the Governor of the Province. at any time. that he shall not be his own judge upon the Indian. In due reverence to His Sovereignty over the Souls of mankind. shall in any case be molested or prejudiced for his or her conscientious persuasion or Nor shall he or she. faith and worship. The laws of liberty. That according to the example of the primitive Christians. take care with the King of said Indians. such person shall be looked upon as a disturber of the peace. who' can only enlighten the mind and persuade and convince the understanding of people. but religious toleration was guaranteed by him. "But to this end that looseness.

and. and Tradesmen. no doubt. of Macasky." thus Pennsylvania soon became the known refuge and true of people of all creeds or religious faith. they may the better dispose themselves to read the Scriptures of truth. land. or servants. came the Scotch-Irish.HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY and common toil 23 and labor. the Right Honorable CoUonel Samuel Shute. Inhabitants of ye North of IreDoe in our own names. Commissionate and appoint our trusty and well-beloved Friend. whose names are underwritten. 17 18. of this county. that whether masters. "We. . of Massachusetts. states. So greatly were these people persecuted that more than eighteen thousand were put to death in various ways in defense of their religious convictions. had they not feared revolution. and in the names of manj^ others our Neighbours. William Boyd. Governor of New England. Hanover. but Scotch religionists who were of the rigid Presbyterian faith. and to assure His Excellency of our sincere and hearty Inclination to Transport ourselves to that ver^^ excellent and renowned Plantation. his religious adherents would have thi-ottled toleration. Ministers. and. the liberty of conscience was not questioned. At a later day. ini Illustration of the commencement of Scotch-Irish settlement in America. New England and the older settled southem. to His Excellency the Right Honorable Collonel Samuel Shute. Goverof Neiu England. The foregoing was one of the first laws of the Province. or frequent such meeting of religious worship abroad as may best suit their respective persuasions. children. The emigration began prior to 17 18. Following the English settlers came the Germans. Given under our hands this 26th day of March. and durng the lifetime of the great and wise Founder. further. from the fact that the greater number of the signers subsequently found homes In Paxton. we herewith give the "memorial to Governor Shute. and many found a home In the New World and obtained lands In Pennsylvania. and. at home. the Reverend Mr. Taxation and other oppression. however. And home "To His nour Excellency. although few In number. Anno Dom. which means not Irish blood. who were compelled to leave Scotland and settled in the north of Ireland. and Derry. were the motives which about twO' centuries ago induced the Scotch-Irish tOi leave Ireland. Gentlemen. from residents in the North of Ireland. upon our obtaining from His Excellency suitable encouragement. to act and Doe in our names as his Prudence shall direct." This article Is Important In this connection. following them several decades later. Farmers. parents.

M. M. The.M. Yeatter Fulton. James Laidlaj".A. AIcBride. NeiUe. William Leech. James Brice. M.M. Thomas Ramadge. John ^McLaughlin. Alex. Gait. Giveen. Richard ^McLaughlin. James Craig. Arch. Donaldson. James Ball. Daniel Todd.M: John Porter. Sam. Robt. V. Alexander Dunlop. Robert Miller. David Patterson. Adam Thompson. John Heslet. John Black. James Smith. James Henry. George McAlester. David Willson.D. Lawrence McLaughlin. Robert Houston. McAlben. Bonill Orr. Peter Thompson. James Thomson.D. Henry. John Moor. Alex.D.M. Geo. John Gray. James Paterson. Hugh Holmes. V.A. Pattison. Blair. Robert Barr. M. David Bigger.D. David Willson.M. Alexr. Francis Ritchie. V. B.D. Hugh Tarbel. Hen. V. Patrick Anderson. William Gait.24 HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY Robt. Robert King. Robert Hi^inbotham. Elder. McGivorn. Samuel Ceverell. Patrick Smith. William Wilson. Patrick Orr. John Thompson. [oseph Wright. John Willson. Will.M.A. George McLaughlin. George Curry. Ben in. Thomas Wilson.D. William Jameson. James Gregg. James Sharswood. Andrew Cud. Samuel Boyd. David Tarbel.M. James Nesmith. Peter Christy. William Orr. John Thompson. Douglass. Bart. Mirian Pattison. William Agnew. Willson. Campbell. V. John Orr. James Thompson. Andrew Dean. John Mitchell. McCook. Cochran. Alexr. Robert Boyd. John Robb. Samuel Wilson. John Wright. V. Robert Stiven. Thomas Dunlop. John Muar. Robert Thompson. James Petty.D. George Groge. Robert Wear.D. John Lamont. John Hurdock. Yahou Anderson. William Kerr. John Black. Gawin Irwin. Jeremiah Thompson. V. V. "James Teatte.D. V. Robt. . Thomas Cobham. Thomas Ramsey.M. Arch.

Andrew Watson. John Woodman (?). Laird. John Calwell. Mathew Storah (?). Thomas Boyd. Daniel Johnston. Thomas Elder. David Wilborn. Wm. Kennedy. James Crawford. William Boyd. William Jemison. Hugh Blair. John Craig. Richard Acton. Luke Watt. Samuel Code. Joseph Blair. William Wallace. John Murdock. James Stewart. Robert Walker. Peter Murray. John Boyd. James Thompson. Andrew Dunlap. Blair. James Brouster. Samuel Watt.HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY James Campbell. Andrew Curry. George Thomson. Benj. Andrew Agnew. John Lason. Will. John King. John Smith. Andrew Dodge. John Jameson. James Knox. David Lindsay. James Rodgers. Hugh Thomas Black. John Boyd. Thomas Crouch. William Boyd. Jacob Clark. Thomas Wilson. James Willson. Robert Hendre. William Boyle. Peter Simpson. John Ross. William Johnson. George Anton. Robert McKeen. Hugh Rogers. James Ramsey. Robert Murdock. William Blaii Samuel Anton. Robert Boyd. . Kid. Alex. John Murray. James McKeen. Samuel Ross. Abram Baberly. Randal Alexander. Andrew Fleming. 25 James Claire. Samuel Smith. John McKeen. Boyle. Lawrence McLaughlin. John Leslie. Thomas Blackwell. William Christy. James Baverlan. M. William Park. Thomas Hines. James Acton. Andrew Patrick. Orr. James Bankhead. John Galbraith. Ja. Thomas McLaughlin. Thomas Wallace. Wm. Robert Hendry. Halkins. John Gray. David Henderson. David Johnston. Stephen Murdock. Campbell. Robert Johnston. Will. James Lemey. John Ramsay. Jeremiah Claire. John Blair. Stirling. James Forsaith. James King.

Samuel Smith. John Cochran. Robert Hoog. Caldwell. Thomas Etone. James Morrison. James Johnson. William Walker. James Still. Samuel Ouston. Ed. George Anton. Samuel Hanson. James Curry. Thomas McFaden. Robert Smith. McNeal. William Wilson. John Millar. John Murry. James Morrison. Robert Lamond. Lawrence Dod. James Walker. David Hanson. Alex. Robert Knox. John Thompson. James Etone. James Trotter. Wm. Thomas Hunter. Thomas Grow. Samuel Hunter. McNeall. George Kairy. James Cochran. William Kerr. Daniel McKerrell. Freeland. Robert Roy. Cochran. Orr. Andrew Cochran. Hugh Kenedy. Alex. John Buyers. Samuel McMuir. John Smiley. James McKerralL Hugh Stockman. Adam Ditkoy. Thos. Sanders Mear. James Gillmor. Thomas Shadey. John Jackson. James Grow. James Hoge. John Stirling. Robert Craig. James Nesmith. Robert Miller. John Mordah. James Anton. Wm. Matthew Lord. Andrew Watson. Alex. Richey. Thomas Lowie. Caldwell. David Duncan. Samuel Gillmor. Paterson. Samuel Gunion. James Alexander. James Moore. John Sweney. Will. William Hendry. James Carkley. Robert Knox. Thomas Moore. James Elder. Thomas Ouston. Joseph Watson. William Boyd. Samuel Young. John Lamond. Joseph Beverlan. jr. Hugh Caldwell. John Cochran. Mr. James Hilton. Thomas McLaughlin. John Thomson. Henry Caldwell. James Black. Hugh Thompson. Alex. McKene. William Duncan. James McFee. David Craig. Adam Dean. Thos. Richard Etone. . Thomas Haseltone. McGregore.26 HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY John Knox. John Clark. Robert Walker.

The material composing his Assembly was of that stubborn. concern. There will no doubt be a surprise to our read- ers at the absence of names of individuals who it is well known . The careful reader of Pennsylvania history will comprehend the peculiar conditions surrounding the readily His government of his Province was giving him serious^ founder. the second from about 1771 to 1773. The ScotchTrish emigrants landed principally at New Castle and Philadelphia. The first from about the year 17 17 to the middle of the century. and at or above the mouth of the Swatara decided to locate a cit}^ and the following proposals were issued therefore in 1690. before any warrant came and frequently the right was transferred by one to another through purchase ere right in the soil was secured give elsewhere the record of such warfrom the land office. since which period. Many of the Scotch-Irish had settled a dozen years prior to its survey and the privilege granted them tO' take out warApplications were made at once. the flow of the latter class of immigrants has been continuous. and of these the greater portion eventually came Settling on the frontiers from Easton to Susinto Pennsylvania. All but about five hundred acres of this large manor was taken up by Germans. as an examination of deeds will evidence. and the Potomac. whom twenty-five or fifty acres are warranted were for lands adjoinrants. John Hunter. Many who ing their own lands. and he had as much as he could do in the presentation and fostering of those — had already begun."" Extensive emigrations from the northern counties of Ireland were principally made at two distinct periods of time.HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY Thomas Hanson. generally Presbyterians. as we all know. John Hanson. and few then until after the great political upheaval in 1798. but many years rolled by rants. After his first visit he seems to have been well informed concerning this locality and personally visited it. in Maine. self-willed character that little could be done. The country north of the Swatara had not been visited save by French Indians prior to the coming of William Penn. 27 William Cochran. the stream of immigration continued south to Virginia and the Carolinas. save a handful who had settled on the Kennebec. few or none of the Roman Catholic Irish came until after the war of the Revolution. enterprises he We secured the original warrants sold within a few days thereafter a portion of their land to their neighbors or relaMany of those for tives. It is easily understood why the project was never carried out. They were Protestants. quehanna. • .

but the of land warrants their historic value. Sloan. These persons sold to many of the early settlers. their bodies chopped in pieces and scattered Through about. Beatty. — Allison. and their heads stuck upon poles. Nothing seems appendix county. who loved not their lives unto hanged. but through speculators. There are some matters connected with these persecutions which From 1660 to 1688 no less than eighteen thousand Scotch Presbyterians were put to death in various ways in defense of the solemn league and covenant and Christ's headship over the Church. It would thus seem that we have Stewart. Finley. is given in the work because of and many per- sons can through this trace back to their forefathers in Dauphin "scotch-irish" and their persecution. Johnston. In looking over the list of names one is forcibly struck with the fact that among them are the very surnames of the may not be uninteresting. and thither thev — — . Hamilton. One thing. Montgomery. Forster. shot. Robinson. Rutherford. and although the latter were really the persons entitled to the original warrants. McEwen. This is due to the fact that deeds were given by the proprietaries to the "original purchasers" and others of large tracts of land. and others. Thompson. yet through either being relieved from quit-rent or perchance purchasing on more favorable terms. Scotch-Irish emigrants to this section of Pennsylvania. Hall. here the lineal descendants of those the death. however. McCord. Robertson. beheaded. their blood shed in defense of religious libert}' we enjoy many and great privileges. the date of the warrant is far from the date of actual settlement. Elder. should be said in favor of the proprietaries they never attempted to collect interest beyond the date of purchase from the Indians.28 HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY were early settlers. McCormick. Boyd. Hence. in the davs of that human monster. Kerr.and sought an asylum among their countrymen who had preceded them in the secure retreats of Ulster. their deeds to the soil came not through the land office. giving simply the names of the counties and sometimes the manors in which they were located. Gray. out with the unequal contest. Todd. a higher price was fixed for land and for quit- — rents. but were drowned. Clark. Mitchell. but of those who had already made improvements. to this as uninteresting to the average reader as a list list of names and dates. Claverhouse. these persistent and endurabandoned the land ing Presbyterians took refuge from persecution Worn of their birth. Murray.

This can in its is the race which furnished the population in the north of known as the Scotch-Irish. by describing the manners of the German farmers. and a prayer or an hymn book. tanners. a bible. The aged Germans and the ancestors of those who are young. but there were many mechanics. not very readily coalesce. for four. or one or more of their children. (From the Columbian Magazine. be useful and agreeable tO' their fellow-citizens in every part of the United States. The principal part of them were farmers. 22. but natives of every principality and dukedom in They GeiTnany are to be found in different parts of the state. familiarly origin. Hence the races are as distinct in Ireland at the present day as when the Scotch first took up their abode in They were called Scotch-Irish simply from the cirthat island. chiefly weavers. . companied them when they came in large bodies. p. constituted the whole stock of most of them. I shall begin this account of the German inhabitants of Pennsylvania. . Saxony. This body of citizens are not only industrious and frugal. who brought with them a knowledge of those arts which These mechanics were are necessary and useful in all countries. after their arrival. 1789. butchers. smiths A of all kinds. a chest filled with clothes. The Scotch were principally Saxon in blood and Presbyterian in religion the native Irish. — — . some crossing the narrow sea in open They carried their household goods with them. or seven years. tailors. Celtic in blood and Roman Catholic in religion and these were elements which could Ireland. watchmakers. to masters. papermakers. brought but little property with them. migrated chiefly from the Palatinate. Swabia. cumstance that they were the descendants of Scots who had taken up their residence in the North of Ireland. in order to clergyman always acpay for their passage across the ocean. from Alsace. Many of them bound themselves. but I shall enumerate a few of the skillful cultivators of the earth. bakers. and sugarbakers. and their religious peculiarities became more dear in their land of exile for the dangers and sorrows through which they had borne them. and Switzerland. The one did not intermarry with the other. 29 escaped as best they could. A few pieces of gold or a silver coin.) The perity and reputation State of Pennsylvania is so much indebted for her prosto the German part of her citizens. MANNERS OF THE GERMAN INHABITANTS OF PENNSYLVANIA.HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY boats. that a short account of their manners may. five. perhaps. combmakers. shoemakers. This term i\menand unknown in Ireland does not denote an admixture of the Scotch and Irish races.

omy in this practice. It generally lasts the lifetime of the first settler of a tract of land. in which they consume but a fourth or fifth part of what is commonly burnt in ordinary particulars. which is often broken two or three times a year by small stumps concealed in the ground. hogs. From an attention to the cultivation of grass. They always prefer good land. I St. The first dwelling-house upon this farm is small. and hence they have a saying that "a son should always begin his improvements where his father left off. as is the custom of their English or Irish neighbors. harrowed and reaped. especially in a country where so much of the labor of a farmer is necessary to the support of his domestic animals. 6th. or sheep. and grow rich on farms on which their predecessors of whom they purchased them have nearly starved. cattle. 5th. in clearing it. and built of logs. as it is twenty years afterwards. but they generally cut them down and burn them. they always provide large and suitable accommodations for their horses and cattle before they lay out much money in building a house for themselves. The German farmers are great economists of their wood. 2nd." that is.30 HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY which they dilkr from most of the other farmers of Pennsylvania. he seems to "feel with his lord the pleasure and the pride" of his extraordinary size or fat. 4th. in such a manner that the former perform twice the labor of those horses. They feed their horses and cows of which they keep only a small number. by building a large and convenient stone house. The advantages of this mode of clearing consists in the immediate product of the field. Hence they burn it only in stoves. by which means a field is as fit for cultivation the second year after it is cleared. they often double the value of an old farm in a few years. and contrived in such a manner as to enable them to feed their horses and cattle and to remove their dung with as little trouble as possible. 3rd. German horse is known in every part of the state. In destroying underwood and bushes they generally grub them out of the ground. The fences of a German farm are generally high and well built. is often greater than the extraordinary expense of grubbing the same field completely. In clearing new land they do not girdle trees simply. They prefer purchasing farms with some improvements to settling on a new tract of land. In settling a tract of land. and in the greater facility with which it is plowed. The barn and the stables are generally under one roof. or that land on which there is a large quantity of meadow ground. in — A . and the latter yield twice the quantity of milk There is great econof those cows that are less plentifully fed. indeed. The expense of repairing a plow. so that his fields seldom suffer from the inroads of his own or his neighbor's horses. and leaA'e them tO' perish in the ground.

. rye or Indian corn.HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY this 31 open fire places. The apparel of the German farmers is usually homespun. and seldom purchase anything without paying cash for it. spinning. and eat that which is less profitable. rendered so comfortable at all times. or shivers at a distance from it. They keep their horses and cattle as warm as possible in winter. with hands and fingers that move. that twice the business is done by every branch of the family in knitting. which is most useful for fences. by which means they save a great deal of their hay and grain for those animals. and mending family utensils. They sometimes defend it by high fences from their cattle. the chestnut. but more nourishing. grow into trees of the same size as the tree from whose roots they derive their origin. are afraid of debt. by large close stoves. beer. Besides. 7th. onions. Perhaps the Germans do not proportion the quantity of their animal food to the degrees of their labor. with light feather beds instead of blankets. — They discover economy in the preservation and increase of their wood in several ways. that is done in houses where every member of the family crowds near to a common fireplace. 9th. by which means the young forest trees are suffered to grow to replace those that are cut down for the necessary use of the farm. furniture and apparel. They . viz. The German farmers live frugally in their families. with only half their usual quickness. which frequently unfits the horses of their neighbors for the toils of the ensuing spring. in the course of five and twenty years. their common The furniture of drinks are cider. Their houses are. to the price of a farm for one of his children. When they use European articles of dress they prefer those which are of the best quality and of the highest price. hence it has been thought by some people that they decline in strength sooner than their English or Irish neighbors. Very few of them ever use distilled spirits in their families. with large quantities of vegetables. They eat sparingly of boiled animal food. they surround the stump of that tree. They cover themselves in winter their house is plain and useful. 8th. which is wheat. with respect to diet. turnips. from that immense labor in hauling wood in the middle of winter. and cabbage. wine and simple water. that is. moreover. From this stump a number of suckers shoot out in a few years. the They likewise use a large last of which they make into sauerkraut. But where this cannot be conveniently done. The German farmers have large or profitable gardens . particularly with salad. their horses are saved by the means of economy. The profit to a farmer from this single article of economy is equal in the course of a lifetime. by reason of the cold. two or three -of which. quantity of milk and cheese in their diet. They sell their most profitable grain. when cold. with a small triangular fence. eat much' more than when they are in a more comfortable situation. and they are made by themselves.

1 favorable influence of agriculture as conducted by the Germans in extending human happiness. that this useful and agreeable art was Since the settlement of a numcultivated by the English nation. except in harvest. between two or three thousand In the months of pounds weight of the produce of their farms. serv^ants. when they work in the I'he wives and daughters of the Gerpresence of their masters. the tables of all classes of citizens have been covered with a variety of vegetables. A to GeiTnan farmers. loth. for themselves. ciety! what blessings can civilization confer that can atone for the extinction of the ancient and patriarchal pleasure of raising up a numerous and healthy family of children to labor for their parents. know that the first English settlers in Pennsylvania left England It was not while horticulture was in its infancy in that country. is such that their wages are very seldom prohired over cured from their labor. depress the increasing an from Providence of distrust nor Upon the birth of a spirits of these industrious and fmgal people. to meet in one day from fifty to an hundred of these wagons on their way to Philadelphia. large and strong wagon. In this wagon. is an essential part of the furniture of a German farm. and for their country. Pennsylvania is indebted to the Germans for the principal part of There was a time when turnips and her knowledge in horticulture. covered with linen cloth.32 HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY These contahi Httle else but useful vegetables. in diet. The Germans seldom hire men to work upon their The feebleness of that authority which masters possess farms. and to the use of these vegetables. 'till the reign of William III. September and October. is manifested by the No dread of poverty joy they express upon the birth of a child. collecting and bringing home the fruits of their fields and orchards. man farmers frequently forsake for a while their dairy and spinning-wheel. ber of German gardeners in the neighborhood of Philadelphia. and upon the birth of a daughter they rejoice in the addition of another Happy state of human sospinster or milk-maid to their family. most of which belong nth. The work of the gardens is generally done by the women of the family. in every season of the year. family. son they exult in the gift of a plowman or a wagoner. cabbage were the principal vegetables that were used in diet by the This will not surprise those persons who citizens of Philadelphia. and join their husbands and brothers in the labor of cutting down. drawn by four or five large horses of a peculiar breed. they convey to market over the roughest roads. near their houses. it is no uncommon thing on the Lancaster and Reading roads. The knowledge and happiness which are annexed to existence! The erejoy of parents upon the birth of a child is the grateful echo of . may be ascribed the general exemption of the citizens of Philadelphia from diseases of the skin. and finally to partake of the 2th.

" are the first lessons they teach their children. but if the facts related by Mr. at the same time. but compact of their and pruning houses. he does not inquire whether she be rich or poor. They prefer industry to money itself. also' in sowing and reaping. 13th. or to build a commodious and durable house. The Germans take great pains to produce.^ Since their settlement in Pennsylvania many of them have_ acquired a knowledge of those mechanical arts which are more immediately necessary and useful in a new country. frugal. This useful principle in human nature prevents much folly and vice in young people. is to ask them. or whether she possess any personal or mental accomplishments. The Germans set a great value upon patrimonial property. The German farmers trees. to carr}' on the arts they imported from Germany. part of their success in agriculture must be ascribed to their being so much influenced by it. punctual and just. has been ascribed to superstition. are very influenced in planting 15th. than the idea that they will all be possessed by succession of generations who shall inherit his blood and name. in such a manner as to convert the wrath of heaven into private and public happiness. His of the character that has been drawn of the German farmer. the height of their enclosures. paid to them on entering their houses. the plain. the fertility of their fields the luxuriance of their meadows. in their children. The highest compliment that can be . "is your house They are industrious. "To fear God. Wilson in his observations upon climates are true. not only habits of labor. and a general appearance of plenty and neatness in everything that beThe German mechanic possesses some of the traits longs to them. May the mountains of Pennsylvania be forever vocal with songs of joy upon these occasions! They will be the infallible signs of innocence. in the improvement of a farm. with your own?" 3 . for what inducement can be stronger in a parent to^ plant an orchard. but whether she be industrious. first object is to become a freeholder. From the history that has been given of German agri1 6th. In this they submit to the irreversible sentence inflicted upon them. culture.HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY 33 ating goodness. and acquainted with the duties of a good housewife? 14th. heiice. and to fear work. and hence we find few of them live in rented houses. by the age and apThis attention to the state of the moon pearances of the moon. industry. to preserve forest trees. but a love of it. wealth and happiness in the state. the extent of their orchards. when a young man asks the consent of his father to marry the girl of his choice. it will hardly be necessary to add that a German farm may be distinguished from the farms of other citizens of the state by the superior size of their barns. while they continue. It moreover leads to lasting and extensive advantages.

per yd o o O o o o o o o o o o o O o o i 3 11 o 11 9 3 4 6 3 5 o 6 8 6 i o 6 6 6 4 o 8 8 i 71-2 6 7 o 2 o 41-2 For a pattern of a Check for Apron Gown 4 10 1-2 4 o 8 A Comb I yd. d. Many of them have acquired great wealth by foreign and domestic commerce. per yd Footing a pair of Stockings 2 s. i VALUE OF PRODUCE IN Barle}-. of Linsey at 2s. As merchants. of Lawn at 8<r. their fidelity to their pecuniary engagements. per One Sheep lb 30 26 06 7 6 Butter. One Handkerchiefs stick of Bobbin " . they are candid and punctual. per bus " 2 6 Wheat. especially as the prices refer tO' ladies' wear: £ For making a gown For a Bonnet Shalloon. 3d. 0</ o o o o o 6 o . for a petticoat Linen. Calico at 3^." per bus Salt. 6 8 "One Buck-skin" Beef. 10^. s. and the following may interest many of our readers. . i d. per lb Flax. 6d. The Bank of North America has witnessed from its first institution. 174O. per lb 18 o o i 3-4 o 2 The prices of wearing material at the same period give our readers some idea of the "ways of the world" in the days of our forefathers. 2 3-4 yds Cloak Dressing One pair of Shoes 21-2 yds. Sd. Bacon. per yd Making 2 For I shifts and i petticoat and 2 Aprons a ribon and sowing silk 1-2 paper of pins at 9^ taffety & 1-2 yds.34 HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY vigor and success.v. 3 yds. per lb o 6 06 5 I per bus "Stilling. of Flan'l at 2a-. Coarse Cloth at i. " Corn. But the genius of the Germans in Pennsylvania is not confined to agriculture and the mechanical arts. 5 3-4 yds. per lb Rice.

"a fighting people. Ensign Richard McDonald. Lieutenant —Thomas Ensign —-Andrew Boggs. James Galbraith. Lieutenant Thomas McDowell. Captain James Snodgrass." were strong in defense of their rights. fifteen of the eighteen companies were raised within the presThey were in truth ent hmits of Dauphin and Lebanon counties. Captain —John McEwen. the other on the west side of the Susquehanna. Ensign Henry Rennick. Lieutenant —John Crawford. Lieutenant John Alexander. and two associated regiments were formed in Lancaster county. Lieutenant ^James Gilchrist. Captain— Kohtrt Baker. Major Robert Baker. as cle says . Captain Gabriel Davis. 4. Ensign Samuel Simpson. 1748. Ensign Samuel Jemison. Ensign William Baskins. Robert Smith. Lieutenant William Rowland. Ensign —John Dougherty. Captain — David McClure. 4. Ensign —James Finney. Lieutenant—James Anderson. of Paxtang. Jr. Lieutenant ^William Mitchell. Captain Hugh Patrick. Lieutenant —William Crum. of regi- ment for West End (Cumberland Valley) County. These years were followed by a season of scarceness from 1753 to The Ephrata Chroni1755. Ensign William McMullin. Ensign Edward Davis. Lieutenant Robert Ellis. Captain —John Smith. . Captain —James Armstrong. Captain Andrew Gregg. Lieutenant William Crawford. Ensign —John Young. from Ensign Aug. Ensign John Harris. Lieutenant—Alexander Armstrong. Foster. of Derry. Captain — Thomas McKee. The officers were: ^ 0Q/-»^ ^ Lieutenant-Colonel GalJames braith. to captain Aug. and in true loyalty and patriotism were not equaled by any settlement in the colonies of America. The inhabitants mustered for their defense. 35 In 1747 there were great fears of an invasion of the frontiers of Pennsylvania by the French and their Indian aUies. Ensign Thomas Grubb. Jr. Captains James Gillespie. Captain James Graham. — — 1748. Lieutenant ^John Purrins. Ensign —Joseph C Captain —Adam Reed. and upon this came the Indian war. ant. one on the east. Of the regiment organized east of the river. to lieu- — — — — — — tenant-colonel — of Lancaster Lieutenant James Sample. Captain Samuel Crawford.: HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY AN INVASION OF THE FRENCH AND INDIANS FEARED. Ensign John Snodgrass. Lieutenant- — —— — — — — In the years 175 i and 1752 the cereal crops were very abundwe find by the following from the Chronicon Ephratensis. Captain — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — John Harris.

and the hardy pioneer was beginning to look — — for his reward from the broad acres which began to delight his eye. on the Juniata river. 1744: "The scribers deposition of the subscribers testifieth and saith. murderer was afterwards apprenhended. that the subhaving a suspicion that John Armstrong. they used to fatten hogs which afterwards they consumed in Besides. namely James Smith and Woodworth Arnold. Hanover. was murdered by an Indian of the Delaware tribe named Musemeelin. Seven white men and five Indians went in search of the bodies of The those murdered. which might have supported many poor.36 HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY "The years 175 i and 1752. it will be seen that there was a continual stream of Scotch-Irish settlers. The Governor directed or required that the property of Armstrong should be reHe also invited a deputation to attend the turned to his family. their sumptuousness. from whence they followed the tide of migration into the beautiful and fertile valleys to^ the southward. with two of his servants or men. trial The folof Musemeelin. distilleries were erected everywhere. Some time in the year 1744." Emigration to Pennsylvania was continually on the increase. was certified to before James Armstrong. and by reference to the early warrantees and such assessment-lists as have come down to us. and imprisoned at Lancaster. trader. Homes permanent homes were being built. and his execution. have been sc fruitful in wheat and other grain that men in wanton carelessness sought to waste the supply. MURDER OF JOHN ARMSTRONG BY THE INDIANS. 19th day of April. one of his majesty's justices of the peace for the county of Lancaster. and Derry. a trader among the Indians residing on the Susquehanna above Peter's mountain^ on the east side of the river. if found guilty. whence he was removed to Philadelphia. lest he should escape. like a de- mon of desolation. lowing deposition of the men who went in search of the remains of the murdered. for the precious wheat. and thus this great blessing was turned into strong drink. John Armstrong. and the dreams of years were about to be realized when. who halted a while among their friends and former neighbors in Paxtang. which gave rise to much disorder. dated at Paxtang. and delivered up by his own nation. or his trial and execution produce an unfavorable impression on his countrymen about to assemble for a conference with the whites at Lancaster. after some search found and buried them. together with two . came the atrocious border wars from 1754 to 1764.

which the deponent does suppose to be John Armstrong's. except one Indian who crossed the creek again and soon after these deponents seeing some Bald eagles and other fowls. They met at the house of Joseph Chambers. or four miles to the Narrows of Juniata. to consult with the Delaware King and Shickcalimy. one of whom handed it to the said five Indians to know what bone it was. only that the Indians had been there and cooked some victuals for themselves and had gone off. and directly handed From whence these deponents steered along a path about three it to another. came to a white-oak tree. . . which had three notches on it. suspected the corpse to be thereabouts. his nose gushed out with blood. where these deponents had intelligence the corpse had been thrown and there they met the rest of the white men and Indians. and close by said tree he found a shoulder-bone. James Smith and Woodworth Arnold. and that he himself was eating by the Indians. but saw no Indians. the other servant of said Armstrong) lying on a rock. with the five Indians that remained. and upon their arrival these deponents dispersed themselves in order to find out the corpse of the deceased. and the next morning these deponents. these deponents. one of said Armstrong's men and directly upon finding the corpse these deponents heard three shots of guns. in Paxtang. and there council what they should do concerning the affair. for the said dog had not barked all the time they down . which they had great reason to think were the Indians. for they never saw the Indians any more. their companions. for a dog these deponents had with them barked that night. were murdered by the Indians. and went down other side. . where they had appointed to meet the Indians. whereupon they made down towards the place. and there consulted to go further down the creek in quest of the corpse. they saw more Bald eagles. ''And that night. in order to consult on what measures to take in order to proceed or! a discovery. and immediately found one of the corpses. which the deponents say was the corpse of James Smith. and showed it to his companions. the deponents further say. and then went to the former sleeping-place. three of the eight Indians ran away. which was remarkable. and these deponents further say. these deponents sat down. of the white men. And about a quarter of a mile further . after passing different sentiments upon it. who had deserted from them and in order to let them know that they had found the corpse these deponents fired three guns.HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY 37 men. where they suspected the murder to have been committed. but to no purpose. and they. and they testify and say that as soon as the Indian took the bone in his hand. set out on their journey peaceably to the last supposed sleeping place of the deceased. and where the Allegheny road crosses the creek. but they all followed these deponents at a small distance. but that night they came to the said Berry's house. and intended to do them some damage. which he carried to the aforesaid sleeping-place. they had great reason to suspect that the Indians were then thereabouts. handed it to a Delaware Indian who was suspected by the deponents. "Whereupon most again. in order to go in quest of the murdered persons. where they found another corpse (being the corpse of Woodworth Arnold. and one of the deponents named James Berry^ a small distance from the aforesaid sleeping-place. the creek. they ordered the Indians to go down the creek on the the creek. who were in company. and then lost sight of the Indians. crossed the creek and crossed into an island. and there consulted to go to Shamokin. whereupon the King and Council ordered eight of their men to go with the deponents to the house of James Berry.

to wit: "That Musemeelln owing some skins to John Armstrong. Musemeelln said to the two young men who' hunted with him come — . as their melancholy condition would admit. for which he offered a neck-belt In pawn to Armstrong and demanded his horse. his wife only being at home demanded the horse of Armstrong because he was her proper goods. after Musemeelln came from hunting his wife told him that Armstrong was gone by. 'Alexander Armstrong^ "Thomas McKee. Woodworth Arnold. which occasioned these deponents to stand upon their guard behind the trees. Armstrong with his two companions In their way to Ohio. and paid said all' but twenty shillings." The first signer was a brother of the murdered man. the Armstrong seized a horse of the said Musemeelln and a rifled gun. Next morning these deponents ^vent back to the corpses. The following is what Shickcalamy declared to be the truth of the story concerning the murder of John Armstrong.ANCIS Ellis. thinking it dangerous way they went out. and James Smith from the beginning to the end.38 HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY were out till that night. which they found to be barbarously and inhumanly murdered by very gashed. the Allegheny road to John Harris'. passed by the said Musemeelin's hunting cabin.M Raskins^ "James Berry. as his usual custom was. after taking a particular view^ of the corpses. deep cuts on their hands with a tomahawk or such like weapon. with their guns cocked that night. they buried them as decently as their circumstances would allow. And these deponents. and that she had demanded the horse of him but did not get him and as Is thought pressed him to pursue and take revenge of Armstrong. and resided on the river above Armstrong's creek. ^"^JoHN Watts. but did not get him. 'TR. and James Armstrong refused It and would not deliver up the horse but enlarged the debt. The third day In the morning after James Armstrong was gone by. "John Fforster. And further these deponents say not. Vhich had sunk into their skulls and brains. "W1LLLA. and after some quarrel the Indian went away In great anger without his horse to his hunting cabin. nor ever since. Some time after this. which was supposed to be with a tomahawk. Armstrong had by this time sold or lent the horse to James Berry. Some time last winter Musemeelln met Armstrong on the river Juniata. "James Armstrong. deceased. and returned home to to return the same Paxtang. which hole these deponents do believe to be a bullet-hole. the gun was taken by James Smith. and in one of the corpses there appeared a hole in his skull near the cut. "David Denny.

let him do what he will. and one of the young men. don't you kill any of the white people. "Soon after Musemeelin came back and said. and said to him that two of the white men were killed. Musemeelin being then a good way before them in a hurr\% they soon saw John Armstrong sitting upon lin said. run away to the river side. The young men thought he joked as he used to do. and their talking with Smith hindered them from understanding what he said and they did not mind it. if you cannot kill white men? You cowards. I'll show you how you must do! and then taking up the English axe that lay there. I have laid the other two down? At this they were surprised. Then he neither of them dare venture tO' talk anything about it. They did not blacken themselves but he did. then they will be frightened and will deliver up the horse immediately. my friend. Come you along said Musemeelin. When the sun was above the trees. and when he said so he laughed. after they had gone a good way Musemeelin who was the foremost was told by the two young men that they were out of their course. of which there were plenty. and desired the two young men tO' come along accordingly they went. now they are not far off. and I will tell Jack that if he don't give me the horse I will kill him. and they accordingly followed him till they came to the path that Then Musemeelin told them he had a good leads to the Ohio. he must go now But and kill the third. 39 towards the Great Hills to hunt bears accordingly they company. but he was so terrified he could not call.HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY let us travel all . or about an hour high. and they also sat down. While they were talking they heard a gun go off not far off. and they travelled till next morning. We — We . and by and by they would all eat together. at which time Woodworth Arnold was killed as they learned afterwards. It was then almost night. then one of the young men told the other as they went along. such a barbarous thing. Smith told them to kill some turtles. will make ourselves black. he has done it himself. they all came to the fire where they found James Smith sitting. Musemee- went three in . jMusemeelin said to the other how will you do to kill Catawbas. Then he told the young Indian to call the other. and after he had gone a little distance from the fire he said something and looked back laughing. commonly called Jimmy. pressed them to go along with him he went foremost. Musemeelin asked where Jack was? Smith told him that he was gone to clear the road a little. and we would make some bread. Musemeelin then went and fetched him. he struck it three times into Smith's head before he died. Musemeelin said he wanted to speak with him. Smith never stirred. but he having a thick throat and his speech being very bad. then each of them would have killed one. why did you not kill that white man according as I bid you. mind to go and fetch his horse back from Armstrong. I have have no need to do not killed Smith. and went that way. They being hungry.

said Musemeelin. let us go to some distance from the place where Armand smoke together. Where is my an old log. do you go foremost. said Armstrong. He will come by and I want him now. and the other two were to be thrown into the that fire. horse? Armstrong made answer and said." . but they must help him to bury Jack. —which was — and us let at talk river. then told the young men that they must not offer to discover or tell a word about what had been done for their lives. Go along. Come. Musemeelin. I am coming. and went towards the fire and was immediately shot in his back by Musemeelin and fell. said Musemeelin. strong sat. By this time one of the young men had fled again that had Musemeelin gone away before. I tell you. then. but he returned in a short time. Armby. you shall have him. you shall have him. and said. strong answered him.40 HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY Musemeelin spoke to him and said. Armstrong looked then like a dead man. Give me my horse. do you go before. Musemeelin then took his hatchet and struck it into Amistrong's head.



etc. do frequently find means of making their escape. Governor of the Province of Pennsylvania. Rights.. That all and Singular the Lands within the Province. Privileges & Immunities whatsoever. 1729. the great Hardships they lie under by being at so great a Distance from the Town of Chester. running from the North said Octoraro Creek. Shall have and enjoy all and singular the jurisdiction. and how hard and difficult it is for the Sober and Quiet Inhabitants of that part of the County to secure themselves against the Thefts and Abuses almost daily committed upon them by Idle and dissolute persons. intO' a county. Conestoga. from henceforth to be called Lancaster Philadelphia "And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid. where the Courts of Justice are held. and the Publick offices Kept. the Line of marked Trees and the River Schuylkill. and recites as follows: inhabitants of the upper Parts of Chester county. etc.CHAPTER III. Powers. North-easterly to the river erected into a County. was in May. — — — — — — — Th'e beginning of county organization of the territory now embraced within Dauphin county. and to Whereas^ A great number of the Westward of Be Branch of the Schuylkill. Donegal. 1729.. May 10. lying to the Northward of Octoraro Creek. and by the authority of the Same. and the Said Octoraro Creek. aforesaid. "5^ it enacted by the Honourable Patrick Gordon. with the advise of the Freemen of the said Province. and Relief of the said Inhabitants. and the Same is hereby erected named.. County County. for the removing of which inconveniency.-. in General Assembly met. shall be the boundary Line of Division between the Said County and the Countys of Chester and into a a Line marked Trees. and by reason of the great Distance from a Court or Prison. have by their Petition humbly represented to the Governor and Assembly of the Province. Liberties. Formation of the County The Origin of the Name "Dauphin" First County Officials Courts Original Townships Lebanon County Taken From Dauphin Present Townships Recorded Plots. Esq. which any other County within the Province of Penn- . That the Said County of Lancaster. etc. "An act for the erection of the upper part of the Province of Pennsylvania lying towards Susquehanna. who resort to the remote parts of the Province." became a law.

C* i»c>/::iii?::!!^ ^//^' ROAO TO .e' \\\\' "^//^rOP? 4i .mN^^ .l^r.^^^^ £ w ^/^/i /VS CR- .. v\\\\'': \li0 .y^ yn.»Wh\»»"^. '<i'i'/V»"'! A po) '•n\^^ u# j...«'. ^-^ .!.>"& 4'" """///I"//. WW? ... ^M.'Huvt'./si£ '"^'^.t^* CAffi. ^'"""/ JIMW .\«^ -^'ffllnni. pf^^ ^^. ..^"^Kn. ^4'' -\1\N 6 '^^^^^^^^^^^ ft ^fi^J^' .

shall be made and elected at or near the said Court House. and to elect four Representatives or Delegates to serve them in Assembly. That the several Courts of General Quarter Sessions of the Peace and Gaol Delivery. may. and paid into the hands of the Treasurer of Chester County. shall be holden and kept on the first Tuesday in the : months of February. Shall annually meet at. August and Noi'ember. the Freemen and Inhabitants of the Said county. may or ought to enjoy. as any of the Representatives for the other Counties within this Province do. shall be Members of the General Assembly of Pennsylvania. who are or shall be appointed to be annually elected. it is hereby provided and enacted by the authority aforesaid. and there proceed to choose Inspectors. until the whole be collected and paid as aforesaid. in which case. Laws of the Province. which are not already paid. by any Charter of Privileges. that. That all Taxes already laid within the bounds of the said County of Lancaster. May. as by the said acts. as by the Charter of Privileges and Laws of the Province of Pennsylvania. in every year. receiving and paying the said Taxes shall have the same Power and Authority. is directed to be done in the other Counties of this Province. excepting only in the number of Representatives to Serve in the General Assembly of this Province. can. or ought to do. And it shall be lawful for the Freemen of the said County for the first year. and sit and act as such. as by the said Charter and Laws of this Province is directed which said four Representatives. are expressed and directed. the said several Courts shall then be holden at the said Court House on the Days beforementioned And the Election of Representatives to serve in General Assembly. qualified by the Laws of this Province to Elect. at the same time and in the same manner. and that all persons concerned in the Levying. in the and kept . until a convenient Court House shall be built. until Such Court House Shall be erected. for the Collecting and paying the same. and when the same is built and erected county aforesaid.: HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY or the 45 sylvania doth. at some proper place within the said County. shall be collected by the respective collectors within the bounds aforesaid. when so chosen. or at such place where the Court Shall be held. and the Courts of Common Pleas for the said County of Lancaster. as fully and freely. by which the said Taxes were assessed. "And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid. or near the Court House of the Said County. or by any other ways or means whatsoever. at the Same time the other Counties of the Province meet for Such like purposes. and be under the same penalties and Restrictions. to choose three persons for Commissioners for raising County Rates and Levies for the said County. until it shall be otherwise ordered by the Governor and Assembly of the Province. Assessors and all other officers of the said County. by an Act of General Assembly of this Province. "And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid. in the same manner.

or any three of them. "And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid. of a Piece of land. Building and Erecting the Court House and Prison aforesaid. or a Majority of them. in . to be approved by the Govern'r in Trust and for the use of the said County. and make due return before the Justices of the Court of the said County of Chester. continued to be returned to the Assembly. but. the contest being between the Scotch-Irish and the Quakers. That it and may be lawful to and for Caleb Pierce^ John Pf^right. political matters were warm. and having in a great measure the aid of the Germans. as residing within the same. and be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid. or by anything herein contained.46 HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY "And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid. a Court House and Prison. especially In 1731 the that portion who were of the Mennonite persuasion. and for several years an English Quaker. shall judge necessary for purchasing the Land and finishing the said Court House and Prison. as if this act had not been made. and that it shall and may be lawful for the Justices of Chester County to issue any Judicial Process. may be prosecuted." if the Parties had been living and The machinery of the new county was soon in operation. suf&cient to accommodate the Publick Service of the s'd County. the latter Galbraith was elected. and James Mitchell. Notwithstanding the previous sales and transfers of land . and Judgment thereupon rendered. for the Ease and conveniency of the Inshall habitants. but the same actions already commenced or depending. and thereon to erect and build. or any three of them. Current Money of the Province. or cause to be erected and built. to be directed to the Sheriff of Lancaster Countv% for carrying on and obtaining the Effect of their Suits. That no action or suit now commenced and depending in the county of Chester. had previously been the case in the old county of Chester. situate in some convenient place in the said County. the candidates being Andrew Gal- braith and John Wright. the latter determined to presence their supremacy. the former a Scotch-Irishman. Provided always. to purchase and take assurance to them and their Heirs. as political canvass was" violent. shall be stayed or discontinued by this Act. Thomas Edivards. "Provided always. who are hereby' required to Assess and Levy so much money as the Trustees. against any Person living within the Bounds of the said County of Lancaster. which Sheriff shall be obliged to yield obedience in Executing of the said writs. The sum of money so raised do not exceed Three Hundred Pounds. That for the Defraying the Charges of purchasing the Land. it shall and may be Lawful to^ and for the Commissioners and Assessors of the said County.


Towards the end of that great struggle for independence. but arms for several years stopped the agitation concerning the proposed formation of a new county. and Richard Penn. in the Province of New York. with the old treaties of friendship. 1736. the limits of the Cumberland Valley and the counties of Adams and York. KIttochtlnny Mountain. the courts were crowded with business. to extend eastward as far as the heads of the branches or springs which run into the said Susquehanna. military fines were being sued out against non-asthat trying ordeal of . or Blue Mountain. and there. constituting the northern part of Dauphin and the whole That portion In Dauphin. They accordingly appointed their sachems or chiefs with plenary powers to repair to Philadelphia. Oneida. they resolved that In the a an end should be put to all disputes connected with It. among other things. In 1749. up the same to the hills or mountains. and to extend from the mouth of the said river northward. About was being discussed the time of the beginning of the Revolutionary War a proposition toi divide Lancaster county. and as the old claims had not as yet been adjusted. successors. settle and adjust all demands and claims connected with the Susquehanna and the adjoining lands. and assigns. The deed was signed by twenty-three Indian chiefs of the Onondaga. including a larger tract of country. On their arrival at Philadelphia they renewed of October. granted the Penns "all the said river Susquehanna. north of the of Perry and Bedford. and all the lands lying on the west side of the said river to the setting of the sun. the Five Nations continued to lay claim to the greater portion of the Province east of the Susquehanna and all lands adjoining. and by the Delaware Indians the Kekachtannin hills. held summer of 1736 the sachems or chiefs of these nations great council at Onondaga.48 HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY Pennsylvania. was purchased. Thomas Penn. and Tuscarora nations. their heirs. and on the nth lands lying on both sides thereof. except that portion north of the KIttochtlnny. FORMATION OF DAUPHIN COUNTY." Thus were the claims of the Indians upon the lands of this part of Pennsylvania relinquished to the Proprietaries. Seneca. and had actually been made west of the Susquehanna prior to 1730 by both the Governor of Maryland and the Governor of The last-recited deed comprised all that lay within Pennsylvania. nevertheless surveys had been authorized to be made. called In the language of said nations Tayamentasachta. made a deed to John Penn.

is only worth preserving as a part of the history of those times: were . can justify such measures in an old established county. that as to the which points out the precise limits of a new county attaching thereto a part of Berks county. compelling 49 many the county to appear for a trial.: : HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY sociators. your petitioners concur fully in 4. "To the Honorable the Representatives of the Freemen of the Commonwealth of Pennsyhania. in General Assembly met: Petition of Divers Freeholders and 0th' Inhabitants of the County of Lancaster^ Most Humbly petitioners conceive themselves "The Remonstrance and ers. Sheweth "That your strate against the prayers of two petitions bound to remonproposed to the Legisla- ture at the last session respecting a division of the said county of Lancaster. pro and con. and beg leave to suggest to your Honorable Body the following remarks "That a frequent division of counties must naturally occasion persons who. and to derange in some sort the policy of a government. Berks county was early in the tight its people were not in favor of losing any of their territory. and that though the bringing the courts of justice near to the doors of every man may in some wnse conduce to his private interests. as it tends to repress a litigious spirit in many who might be desirous of vexing their neighbors at law at a petition petitioners beg leave further to observe. prepared by Judge Jasper Yeates. "That nothing but the most manifest public expedience arising from the welfare of the community at large. when the the Assembly the subject following petition. of a division was again agitated. having purchased landed property near a county town long established by law. north of the a portion of the county of Berks. The remonstrance. was presented. "That the creating new counties necessarily tends to increase the public expenses. with that portion of Lancaster county. yet in other instances a remoteness of the station may be in some degree advantageous. however. freijuently presented to the Assembly. seriously dis- turbed the people of both counties. suffering considerable losses — from such division. and at the session of 1782 several remonstrances along this line had the effect of narrowing the quesAt the ensuing session of tion down to Lancaster county alone. confiding in a distrust in the faith of government the acts of the Legislature. independent of individual interests. and petitions. of the citizens from remote sections of The question of formation of new county embracing Conewago. . much less "Your expense. of Lancaster.

the spot proposed is deficient in this particular. . the streams of traffic will equally find their way to the capital of the State.forced as a measure. and if the inhabitants who live beyond Peter's Mountain find themselves aggrieved by their remote situation. "And that when the division of counties is. which the claims of the public demand for objects of much greater magnitude. for though many have signed the petition. "Whereupon vour Honorable Body. orable House. and detracting therefrom a few individual interests. it is submitted to the Legislature whether it would not be more natural and easy to attach that settlement to Northumberland counIt is apprehended with due deference to the sense of your Honty. to which we humbly refer you. erected pursuant to their wishes or not. whether there be a new county town. their late petition and remonstrance. will not grant the prayers thereof or either petitioners full of them.. of course your Honorable House will have much of their time engrossed by petitions for such divisions from the interested views of private people. the prayer of that petition will be site deemed most thought utterly inadmissible. If a central situation has been ever eligible and convenient to the public at large for the of a county town. and other expenses incident to a new county. expedience or justice of the measure. we submit to the wisdom of the Legislature the propriety. "As to the erecting of a county town at Harris' Ferry. If the trade of the back country on the Susquehanna is the real object of the petitioners. "Your petitioners take the liberty of adding that the present bounds of the county of Lancaster are not found to be inconvenient or unreasonable. that measuring the petition for a county town at Harris' Ferry by the large scale of national good. upon herein first most humbly pray that your deliberation had of the two petitions before noted. "That it will be utterly impracticable the wishes of individuals in every instance by the House to gratify when they complain of being aggrieved. when the public demands occasion the levying of heavy taxes. it would be highly grievous to many that new assessments should be laid for the purpose of building court-house and jail. it may fairlv be presumed there are many others within the several districts averse to such additional impositions.50 HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY the state of facts submitted to your honorable House by the inhabitants in general of the said county of Berks in. the western boundary not exceeding one mile." That portion of the proposed new county in and around Middletown and at Lebanon were also opposed to the new county if Harris' The following memorial of the Fern^ was to be the count^^-seat. "That in the present exhausted state of the country at large.

as by far the most proper place for the county town for many clear and obvious reasons. That Whereas. accommodated with the finest. occasioned by their situation being so far distant from the county town. that it is real and well founded.— HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY inhabitants of 51 Middletown is herewith given. And ivhereas. Another great advantage to the State. The memorial reads. unquestionable that river being a fine navigable river for boats from ten to twelve tons burden coming down said river. renders the attendance upon courts and other business burdensome and expensive to your petitioners. and consequently will draw off phia. from a fine fertile coun. and the increase of the inhabitants becomes very great. Middletown will be as central as any other place that can be thought of. If j^ou should think proper to divide the county we would presume to recommend the town of Middletown. . so that the trade of that extensive river will at all events centre In that town and be carried from thence to the city of Philadelphia. Then its situation upon the river Susquehanna. in the lower end of Paxton township. The petition of the inhabitants of Lancaster County humbly sheweth. we beg to mention ours: First. when and particularly to the city of Philadelphia. is monwealth . we may venture to say. you first being made sensible that the inconvenience complained of is real and well founded. the only fine safe harbor upon the said river. . and at that period was of little account. we make no doubt but that you would permit us humbly to intimate to you our ideas of the mode of relief which we would beg leave to do. while Harrisburg contained only a handful of people. after mature consideration. To the of Honorable the Representatives of the Freemen of the Com- Pennsylvania in General Assembly. It must be acknowledged there was some grounds for the course taken. and the public utility of the said river Susquehanna to the State of Pennsjdvania and to the city of Philadelphia in particular. and if you should be of opinion. It seems to be the intention of a respectable number of the inhabitants of the county to make application to the honorable house for redress of this burdensome grievance. attended with very trifling land carriage between the heads of the two waters. the river Juniata and other streams leading into the Susquehanna some hundreds of miles. which we think would naturally occur to the honorable house. leaving the ultimate determination to your better judgment. to have the county divided into two separate counties for the ease and welfare of the said inhabitants and when any grievances or inconveniences arise to the inhabitants of the State. far distant try on all sides of the river. will naturally accrue. indeed. and that Is instead of great quantity of produce of different kind being carried from the counties of York and Cumberland to the town of Baltimore. petition to the honorable house is the mode to make them known to your honors and as by experience we are made sensible of your strong inclination to remove any inconvenience that at any time and from time to time may arise to your constituents. and of unusual business importance. as the latter place was a village of considerable size. but lest they should not. they will be carried through the channel of the town of Middletown to the city of PhiladelIt may not be Improper to observe that Middletown Is situated at the very loM^est end of the navigable water of said river Susquehanna. The said county being very extensive. and w^e must further presume that the time is not a communication will be effected from this river to the western waters and the great Lake Erie.

Frederick Schuyler. as we stand informed that this water communication was viewed some years ago by a number of gentlemen of eminence appointed by the House of Assembly for the purpose and reported very practicaAnd also that Middletown has the great advantage of being seated upon ble. near to Harris's Ferry as Highly grievous and Oppressive. John Burnharter. Nicholas Cassel. Middletown for the county and by granting the same we as duty bound shall ever pray. Thomas Edminston.' George Miller. James Forster. The Petition and Remonstrance of The Subscribers. Jacob Kraft. Jacob Shrader. That They Consider enacted for the Division of Lancaster County. which appoints The Seat of Judicature for The County of Dauphin. John Nobel. by water carriage. Swatara Rivers. Henry McKan. Impressed with this Sense. Daniel Walter. Charles Brandon. Edward Moyer. Ezra Patterson. Daniel Dorwdel. that it is not improbable that in time the trade will be carried from Middletown to the city of Philadelphia. That. Anthony Baume. March ye 2d. Emanuel Conrad. Frederick Seybold. The To the following memorials were also laid before the Assembly: of Honourable The Representatives The Freemen of the State of Pennsylvania. your Petitioners and Remonstrants beg leave. John Bowman. via the river Swatara and other waters to the river Schuylkill. Ludwig Sulwink. 1784. Daniel Weylster. etc. In General Asse?nbly met. That town in is the honorable house may appoint the earnest desire of your petitioners. That part of the Law . John McCann. Jacob Smith. Jr.52 from the HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY city a very considerable quantity of merchandise of the all kinds to the And. Inhabitants and Freeholders of the Township of Lebanon in the County of Dauphin Most Humbly Sheweth. such high ground that they need never to be apprehensive of an inundation even in the lowest part of the town by the overflowing of Susquehanna and new country upon and beyond Susquehanna River. Lennox Stawl. John Bachenstose. Sebastian Henderle. and to Redress Their Grievances when with propriety and due Deference they are laid before you. Conrad Bombach. Martin Cox. further. . James Van Hoerst. Daniel Croll. They are confident and fully persuaded it is the Disposition of your Honourable House to hearken and attend at all Times to the just complaints of The People. Jacob Hershey. Jacob Schneider. Jacob Shautz. James Moon. Lancaster County. Humbly to represent To Your Honourable House.

under which They had long laboured. to cause the seat of Judicature to be appointed at a more convenient Part of the County Which will be a means of Quieting the minds of the People and of securing Faith and Confidence in the justice of your measures. much more eligible. Lucas Schally. Ludwig Uhler. Chonrath Mensinger. That They are hereby not only subjected to unnecessary expense and Inconvenience. or the apparent Interest of a great Majority of the People of the County. so as to entail on Them and their Posterity. in any. but also. Wilhelm Long. from those Inconveniences. when situations present themselves. the burthen of attending there.wise accomplished by that appointment. ought not to interfere with the forensic Transactions. etc. and become of Public Utility and Advantage to the State at large: It is Obvious. Daniel Fietzberger. Hannes Miller. Christopher Easterlein. Daniel Henning. plore your Honourable House. The express purpose for which The County of Lancaster was Divided (which was To Relieve the Inhabitants. Michel Boj^er. being thrown at a greater Distance from the Courts of Judicature and public Offices. Your Petitioners and Remonstrants. with Your Honourable House. Jacob Kitzmiller. William Stoy. Adam William Reddick. eration some Trade. Jacob Weirick. to a Diminution of the value of their estates. Jacob Pfeiffer. Georg Keller. Johannes SchoUy. Petter Neu. That its situation being at the very verge of the county. than before The Division took place. John Stoehr. Barnhart Reinharth. Christian Greenawalt. That notwithstanding the Representations of Those who pointed out this spot as convenient and apt for The Seat of Judicature. renders it altogether improper for the first purpose. Henry Kelker. however. John Bart. Georg Gilbert. Philip Umberger. humbly conceive. And its Consequence as a place of mercantile Transactions is evidently of no great a place of moment: admitting. or as a place that would command the Trade of the interior Parts of the County. . Riess. and your Honourable House will derive the satisfaction of redressing the grievances of an Injured part of the community And your Petitioners as in Duty bound will ever Pray. Jacob Boltz. from The Seat of Judicature) is not. Peter Diirst. a majority of the Inhabitants who pay more than two Parts out of four of the Public Taxes of the County. that consid- TOWNSfUP OF LEBANON. Nicolaus Kob. and better adapted to Your Petitioners therefore most ardently imtheir ease and convenience. John Huber. Henry Gilbert. that it possibly may become all due Deference to drawn from speculative opinions of the probable Distant advantages of the place as to its Trade.— HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY 53 That. Michel Theiss. Niclaus Fesler. Gottlieb Stone. Johannes Imboden. from their being situated at so great a Distance.

Nicholaus Greenwalt. Keller. Leonard Koehler. Jacob Steinbach. Johan Aron Achenbach. Jacob Schaffner. Johan Grundum. George Joseph Thome. Peter Biel. Vallentin Keller. Heinrich Reinhart.54 HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY Chr. Hannes Frederich Henry Focht. Peter Heilman. Georg Reinohl. Christian Beck. Johannes Walther. Simon Heilman. Jacob Groff. Christian Meyer. Johannes Heilman. Johanne Schnevele. Henrich Wagner. Georg Hess. Alatias Borz. Frederick Nagel. Johannes Sloderbeck. Peter Byers. Christian Danner. Jacob Bicher. Hannes Huber. Valentine Kornmann. Peter Miller. Fuchs. Gunge. George Strous. Adam ~ Borth. -Ellenberger. Heinrich Schoffhaus. Michael Koch. Johannes Stroehr. Johannes Dubs. James Reed. Elias Weitzel. Austet Heilman. Charles Schaffner. Georg Thrion. Fetter Fisher. Adam Huber. Johannes Miller. Hannes Merck. Henrich Gingrich. Jonas Umberger. John Thome. Christian Deel. Lauth. . Vallentin Boger. Jacob Bols. Hans Gingrich. Heinrich Dubs. Baltzer Jost. George Kautterlin. Christian Gasser. Jacob Rusle. Robert Lusk. Christoph Ackerman. Johan Schnavele. Johan Dascher. Adam Stoehr. Georg Cornman. John Philip beck. Peter Miller. Christian Bomberger. Johannes Umberger. Peter Walter. John German. Jacob Embich. James Woods. Jacob Boltz. Christoph Embich. Greenwalt. Michael Ensminger. Jeger. Christor Uhler. Peter Schindel. Johannes Burckerd. Jacob Stieb. Cornelius Dewees. John Bidnor. Kucher. Conrad Meek. G. Frederick Be\ers. Adam Adam John Rice. Ludwig Hannes Schott. ^Vlichael Boltz. Heinrich Phillip John Light. Jacob Keller. Johannes Dietz. Georg ^lichael Weiss. Christian Stadel.

John Meagle. Jacob Kreischauss. Jacob Eier. Jacob Licht. Peter Spruckman. Niclaus Weiss. Michael Rieder. John Kohr. Jerg. Mathias Herter. Johannes Tauffer. Christoph Zibolt. Hermanus Arnold. Andrew Krause. Johannes Bari. Hoessler. Michael Malfer. Jacob Hauser. Abraham Ebersohl. Guntel. Christian Eigeralt. Peter Franck. John Bacher. Peter Wolf.HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY Johannes Stoehr. Rudolph Kelker. Leanord Rice. James Norris. Jacob Fuesele. John Gingrick Jr. Conrad Reinohl. Jacob Roland. David Steel. Daniel Hauser. Jonas Klein. Johannes Schutt. Jacob Sautter (imboden. George Ditrig. Sr. his Geo. Jorg. Godfried Eichelbrener. Sr. his Christian X Blauch. Peter Juengst. Johannes Arnold. Kob. Hannes Schnee. Christian Isenner. Christian Ulrich. Frederick Fensell. mark. J. junior. Lorents Siegreist. Johannes Killinger. Martin Licht. John Greenawalt. 55 Michael Umberger. Johannes Rupp. Moore. Michael Stucki. Christian Diercks. Balzer Ihlig. his David Dischong.) Johannes Schweickert. Michael Aiding. Mathias Richert. . Johannes Miller Nicklaus Neu. Hannes Wilhelm. Abraham Doebler. Michael Boltz. Nicholas Gebhardt. Hannes Zehring. Christoph Braun. John Bols. Jacob Eshelman. X Johannes X Schnock mark. Christian Eiger. Hannes Arnold. John Sonet. John Finkler. Conrad Hauser. Jacob Fernsler. iVIichael Killinger. Philip Deboy. Philip Greenawalt. Martin Funk. William McNutt. Michael Maelfer. Martin Fensel. Henry Buehler. Jorg Johannes Schnock. Heinrich Wolter. Jacob Goettle. Michael Holderbaum. Sam'l. Andrew Stewart. Jacob Millinger. Jr. mark. Deitter-Rich WoUfersperger. N. Johannes Blaugh. John Gordon. sen. Abraham Hauser.

Jacob Cuntz. Michael Leutz. Peter Wentz. Schalley. Jacob Schaack. Christian Ensminger. Solomon Siechrist. Johan Adam Stroh. John Hicks. Peter Ensminger. Montgomer}-. James Long. his Hans Myer. Johannes Geist. X mark. Jno. Peter Borgner. X Michael Ealy. Michael Mes. mark. Christian his Goldman. Daniel Miller. Jacob Rittel. Philip X Fernsler. his Andreas Huber. Daniel Liackert. Jacob Matter. Christian Zorde. Peter Ruehl. mark. Peter Gehr. Gloninger. mark. Kilian Stauft'er. George Eby. Conrad Armbell. Ignatius Kleist. . Martin Ulrich. mark. Jacob Schwob. Andreas Lay. his Alexdr. mark. Jacob Ensminger. Georg ^linnig. Michael Guengrich. ^ John McWater. Johannes Wurtz. X John Sauter. Hans GrofE. Nicolaus IVIarck. Thomas Kelly. Jacob Frei Johannes Zehring. Loherns Hautz. Jacob Schuetz.56 HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY Hannes Schalley. Jr. Jacob Schob. mark. Andreas Schaack. Frederick Williams. Peter Geist. Schally. Heinrich Eull. Hannes Kochendorfer. Abraham Blauch. Martin Thomas. Andreas Beyer. Dan'l Ensminger. his Leonard X his Sebolt. Welty Alathiass. Michael Beyer. Johannes Beyer. IMichael X Schlotterbeck. Phillip Schaack. Ludwig Dorm. John Henner. Henrich Schuerer. his Johannes Huber. Carll Schaack. Christian Ever. Peter Schautz. Rudolph Roessle. Johannes Stroh. Jacob Myer. Jacob Licht. ]\Iartin Greider. Adam Carll Jacobi. Michael Grosman. Frey Henrich Ritel. X Adam German. Christoph Zibold. Georg Strohm. Johannes Nuer. Conrath Sirer. Jacob Geib.

Jacob Becker. Jacob Kunz. Andrew Kelly. John McFaudin. Christian Schmitt. mark. Anthony Karmony. Hise. Baltzer Orth. Hannes Besshor. Johannes Zimmerman. John Smith. Clair. his Adam .ith. Elisha Ferrll. Peter Grebil. Jacob Xanders. Jungblut. John Miller. Baltzer Laber. Jacob Haderik. Nickalous Zollinger. Conrath Schweigard. Daniel Wunderlich. Heinrich Baumann. mark. . D. mark. . Michael Gingrich. Peter Gaily. Johannes Klein. his 57 Johannes Bowman. Godfred Sanders. yChristoph Herbster. Dannieht Koch. John Friet. Georg Schnevely. James Irwin. Martin Kramer. John Rynard. Johannes Albrecht.' X his Klein. Hannes Rupp. Adam Zimmerman. Michael Holtz. Abraham Jacob Lencker. Antony Karmeni. Michael Zimmerman. Christel Schweiger. INIartin. Georg Schantz. Daniel Bichler. Henry Thomas. Joseph Bamberger. Peter Fischer. Martin Getz. mark. Dammes Weil. Thomas Kniessel. Samuel St. his Johannes Stroh. Georg Glasbenner. Georg Baumann.. Georg Wieland. Martin Schmitt. X Durst Thomas. Hans Haenner. Georg Kolb. James Edison. Mar din Kremer. Daniel Sm. Wunderlich. Sr. Georg Meily.. Paul Shumacher. Heinrich Schautz. Johannes Gieseman. his Johan Adam Imboden. Mathais Grail. Dill. George Jacob Garten. Jacob Conrath. Casp. Edward Bryan. Philip Bruner. Andreas Castnitz.HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY Joseph Horst. Peter Schnevele. Adzim X Fengel. Christophl Waltz. William Roberts. Peter Glasbrenner. Johannes Johannes Doma. X Abraham Raignel. ' . Jacob Hcof. Phillip X Rioth (?) Schweitzer. Schmitt. Bastian Meister. mark. Gottlieb Orth. Jacob Shock. Johannes Wunderlich. Jonathan Clomen.

X Thomas Atkinson. mark. Jr. Jacob Schaffer. Christian Greider. Simon Lauck. Johannes Eicholtz. Jacob Danner. Christian Rauss. mark. Benjamin ]\Ioore. Adam Heilman. his Hannes Bauer. Christian Greider. his X Christian Braun. Augustin Gartner. Hannes Brechbil. Jr Christian Ingell. Philip Stoever. Philip Oberkeeich. Christian Schmitt. his Michael Meyer. Jacob mark. Anthony Kelker. David Tice. Michael Theiss. Frederick Stoever. . Hannes Schaeffer. Christian Mueller. Christian Wirth. Henr}' Thomas. Adam Weber. Michael Uhler. Wilhelm Kurtz. . Conrad Hoffman. Johann Umberger. Christian Seger. Peter Gunther. Michael Krebs. Tobias mark. Johannes Glueber. Philip Weiss. Michael Feiser. Abraham X Abrant mark. mark. Michael Miller. Isaac Schaeffer. Gundrum. Henry Licht.Andreas Huber. Tobias Stoever. Casper Miss. Hanickel Schack. Hannes Buehler. Christian Schultz. Alexander. Andreas Meintzer. Jacob Geib. George X his Greider. Sr. Jacob Greider. Henrich Myers. Frietrieg Solomon Siegrist. James Starr. Heysy. his Johannes Schmitt. George Buhler.Hannes Roessle. Hanickel Sebold.S' HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY Smith. X Martin Imhoff. Henning. Anthonj^ McCreight. his John X Stoever. Casper Loeb. Philip Sourman. Peter German. Geo. Michael Weirich. Matthias Bramewell. . Martin Uhler. Daniel Herman. Peter Harter. his Peter X Gervig. Abraham Stroh. Fi-anz Buhler. Philip Faust. mark. Abraham George Zinn. Greider.

Jacob Skittler. Abraham Neu. Michael Groff. Johannes Wingert. Phillip Kuntzelman. Christian Seltzer. Johannes Gosser. Tobias Lohman. Peter Wolf. Martin Schuey. Peter Shower. Phillip Gosser. Henrich Sausser. Peter Bronner. Adam Wentling. Georg Dollinger. Johannes Emrich. Casper Stoever. Michael Hoffman. Ulrich Felte. Henrich Schnottly. Jacob Heuer. his Georg X Myer. Nicolaus Seiber. Henrich Emrich. Daniel Stroh. Michael Stroh. Johannes Miess. Henrich Fuchs. John Stone. Nickol Conrad. Conrath Wagoner. Henry Bichel. Thomas Lewton. Jacob Epperecht. ludwig schuej^ mark. Michael Horner. Peter Lotz Jesaias ( ?) Guschwa. ?) Georg fuesser.HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY TOWNSHIP 3F BETHEL. Isaac Crole. Jacob Lehman. Jacob Conrad. Henrich Felte. Jr. Johannes. Georg Espy. Melcher Beany. Michael Leman. Abraham Sebolt. Dueder Fackman. balzer fetterhaf. Albert Kleinfelter. Jacob Leman. William Wetzell. Krehl. Johan Shehrer ( Jacob Krum. Casper Decker. Jr. Christian Leaman. ?) John Eisenhauer. Friederick Kuefer. Peter Schmitt. Hannes Becker. Jacob Blouck. Johan Doub. Henrich Hautz. Nicolaus Gebhart. Henrich Schnebele. Michael Stroehr. Hannes Lehman. Johannes Kleinfelter. John Bright. Nich. Arnold Peters. Jacob Guely ( Georg Heilman. Henrich Zehring. Johannes Spittler. Matthias Henning. Henrich Huber. Georg Roland. Abraham Winger. Albert Kleinfelter. . Hammer. 59 Jacob Gosser. Melger titzler. Johannes Loretsch. Henrich Nes. Bastian Weiss. Johannes Bichel. Henry Light. Michael Stroh. G. Abram Wickersham. Henrich. Ixlartin Gosser. Jacob Fetterhaf. Ludwig Wurtenburg. Paul bien. Peter Haens.

Michel Ehler. John Martin. Jr. Michael Seltzer. Mour. Jacob Weirich. Georg Boos. Henrich Jegle. Hume. James Pettycrew. Johannes Spittler. John McConkey. Jacob Graff. John Winter. Philip Stone. Ambrose Creain. William Clark. Johannes Schweltz. Moore. William Edrick. Johannes Bucher. Jacob Leaman. Henrich Beshor. Georg Schwartz. Johannes Rauck. Christian Schneider. Heinrich Schwartz. Henrich Ziegler. William Young. Mihel Mauerer. Peter Ginry. Henrich Hauser. (?) Henrich Henckel. * Georg Shaf?er. Peter Bernhart. David Stewart. Sr. Henry Dargas. Peter Boeshor. Mr. Valentine Shoufley. Henry Hoover. William Petegrew. Phillip Seidenstricher. Jacob Backenstoss. Adam Weber. Isaac harrison. Henrich Miller. Andrew Young. James Young. Johannes Backenstoss. John Carvery. Peter Fieser. . John Tibben. George Tittle. Benjamin Clark. Michel Conrad. Daniel Stone. TOWNSHIP OF EAST HANOVER. Stewart. Johannes Simon. Henrich Stein. Jno. Anthon Fuchs. James Young. John DoUingor. Christian Schaufler. Jacob Dubbs. Christoph John Capp. John Ruke].6o HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY Georg DoUinger. Reichart. James Bowen. Christian Burcke. Jacob Kremmer. Thos. Christopher Winter. Abraham Wingert. John Petegrew. Alexander Slone. Rudolf Marck. Phillip Zehring. Homan. Michel Wolf. Saml. Daniel Moser. Nicklos bar. Peter Brightbill. Friederick John Kitzmiller. Mikel Bright. Peter Fox. Jr. John Young. John Harper. George Schafler. Daniel Huffnagle. John Heyl. Jacob ^leily. Casper Grafen. Jacob Jung. Martin Meily. Jno. Phillip Hauts. George Tittle. Hans Dupps. Christian Winger.

Winters. Hannes Miller. John X Reigart. ^'' Jacob Mark. John Ramige. Campbell. Henry Winter. John Beatty. David Strain. William Andrew. Adam Mark. James Petticrew. Adam Mark. Georg Hean. James Brown. Wm. Henrich Lohmiller. Georg Muench. Abraham Simmon Minnick. Conrad Roth. Jacob Wentling. mark. Georg fulton. Jacob Backenstoss. Curath Helm. Peter Ranck. Johannes Hetrich. Jacob Miller. . James McCreight. William Robartson. John Moor. Peter keiber. Willm Pettycrew. Schmelsser. James Robertson. William Thom. Mates Neitig. Hamstein. Abraham Latcha. TOWNSHIP OF WEST HANOVER. Henrich Miller. Alexander Sloan. Vallentien Hufnagle. Creain. Peter Bucher. Samuel Grose. Jr. Henry Harper. Gilbert Samuel. George Unger. . James Todd. Michael Moyer. George Syders. David Todd. Wilson. 6i Atam James Galesky. Philip Bumgerner. John Graham. Robert Thome. John McCown. Abr. John Petticrew. Robt. Nickloss Schneider. Jacob Lechew. William Young. John Armstrong. James Caldwell. Lass. Simon Kline. Thomas Harper. Richard Finlay. Wm. John Young. Fliman. Georg Cunss. Kirkwood.HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY Thomas Davis. Young. Gideon ^lark. Johann Zimmerman. John McCiney. Christr. James Young. Mitchell. Jacob Youngman. Andw. John Sloan. John Armstrong. Alexander Strain. Samuel Miller. Syder. Wm. Jon. Jas. John Shup. James Johnson. Geo. John Robison. Georg Ranck. Bourke. Zacharias Uri. William Cunningham. John Ensworth. Robert Boak. John Andrews. his Andrew Michall.

Abner Wickersham. Henry McCann. Patterson. George lauman. Moore. Christian Spath. John burnheatter. Phillip Weyrich. George Schneegans. Christoph Reifwein. Geo. Wm. Phillip Ettele. David McClure. John Cook. C. Daniel Walter.62 HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY John Thompson. mark. Conrad Meier. Joseph Creain. John Crawford. Christian King. David Caldwell. Robert Chambers. Friederich Windnagel. James Harris. Conrad Ettele. Phillip Abraham Doer. Jacob Eberle. Matthew Atkinson. H. Joseph Allen. Mary Schneider. John Parke. Martin Hemberle. Georg Gross. Adam Witter. Albert Skeen. John Mclntire. . Thos. Peter Rieger. Georg Schockln. Johannes Becker. Gorg. Johannes Metzgar. Edw. •«Ritchard Crawford. George Toot. Robert' McNeel. Stubbs. Frederick Hubley. Frederick Oberlander. X Isrlow. Peter Miller. Martin Windnagel. Heinrich Eberley. James Montgomery. John Snider. Henry Moore. James Clockey. Henrich Miller. Wallmer. Roan McClure. Emanuel Conrod. Mates Becker. John Beard. Ludwig Fischborn. George Ward. Jacob Strickler. Christopher Hagner. Thos. John Catheart. Johannes Kiesinger. Samuel Brown. Jacob Strickler. Michael Rothenberger. ^ John Scharb. Ludwig Franky. Johannes Serger. Daniel Dawdel. John Hinds. his Immanuel Due. William John Laning. Michael Hemperlay. Johannes Klein. Thomas Ward. George Coaser. Brandon. Crum. Conrad Wolflev. Henrich Willenbruch. John Coffman. John Metzger. Ludwig Hemberlee. Robinson. William Whitner. George Fisher. TOWNSHIP OF LOWER PAXTON. Davis. Hinrich Scharb. Friederich Zeberwick. John David Franck. Moore. Sam'l.

William Wallace. John McKinnie. Wm. Johann Palm. William Elliot. Nicolaus Mosser. Johannes Bender. Andr. John Reesor. Peter Weisner. . William Crabb. Georg Schuetz. Ulrich Weltmer. Jacob Palm. Patrick Kelly. Jacob Mesencop. John Ray. Ludwig Huber. hannes Meier. Philip Parkthemor. 63 Gorg Frey. George Jordan. Jr. Abraham^ Speitee. Peter Leineweber. Joseph Sawyer. Dan'l. James Kelly. Anthony Fischborn. Hannes Seibert. Jacob Matter. Ludwig Fischborn. James Smith Poak. Andrew Hemberli. Adam Miller. Christoph Siebach. Friederick Wortzer. Thos. Friederich Beier. John Sawyer. Peter Schuster. Jacob Schantz. Robert McCallen. Casper Betz. George Blaer. Thomas Logan. James Morison. Jacob Bauman. Andrew Foster. TOWNSHIP OF LONDONDERRY. Robert McCleary. mark. Moore. Wm. Christian Doughterman. his James Camay. Christoph Hebigt. Palm. James Kelly. John McClintick. David Mitchel. Peter Ober. Stofel Schenck. George Killinger. Benjamin Hersha. Samuel Fuchs. Samuel Nevvcomb. Mitchel. Peter Becker. John X Early. Michael Palm. John Wolfersberger. Jacob Huber. Wilh. Patrick Dougharty. John Carnahan. David Ettele. Wm. Jr. Henrich pruner. Michael Deininger. Andrew Gregg. Harburn. John Murphey. Henery Aliman. Joseph Bauman.HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY Jacob Wolfley. Thomas Mullen. Hay. Betder Sweickger. Peter Weey. Phillip Wolfersberger. Michael Ihli. . Matthias Schuetz. Wilton Atkinson. John McKiney. Johannes Schneider. Nicolaus Palm. Johannes Palm. Andreas Beier. McDonald. Christian Plough. Phillip Fishborn. Jacob King. Conrid Wishon.

John John Singer. _ Abraham William Laird. Jacob Singer. Abraham Meier. William Grab. Sr. Henrich Witherolt. Thomas Long. Hammacher. John Landis. John Baum. Jacob Speitel. Moses Campble. Adam Hammacher. young and James Alison. Jacob Gingrich.64 HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY John Forney. Benss Hersha. Jacob Strickler. Johannes Sauer. Samuel Hammacher. __. Peter Berst. William Jamison. David Martin. Sr. Samuel Johnson. Adam Ruecker. Thomas Hannes Kerr. Cor. Friederich Boll. David Brand. Phillip Hoover. John Sharer. Phillip Fischborn. Dines Stahl. Benjamin Caruth. . Jr. Snider. Hannes Balesbach.rad Doere. Lourane Dimsey. James McClister. Hannes Keifer. Kunrath Buck. Calhoon. Wendel Minch. Jacob Landis. TOWNSHIP OF DERRY. Abraham Gingrich. Abram Brand. John Graham. Alexander Fleck. Morrats Maister. James Laird. Jno. Thomas Eavens. Johannes Bucke. Henrich Stafer. Johannes Berst. Matt W. Christian Stover. Henrich Schnock. Wendel Fordene. old. Peter Rieser. John Campble. Daniel Baum. Stefen Felix. James Gold. Michael Bahm. Georg Kass. Jacob Shaffner. Thomas Ogle. Abraham Landis. Johannes Schefer. Adam Martin Brand. Joseph Rife. Blesig. Abraham Weltmer. Henry Phillip Etter. Abraham Rinebach. Adam Rinebach. Andrew Kurorc Bautz. Martin Speitel. Christian Hammacher. Strickler. Felix Landis. Jacob Hersha. Peter Landis. - Hannes Gingrich. James Laird. John Kean. John Fox. Aphram Little. Friederich Stahl. Sam'l. David Jonston. Reser. Curry. James Wilson. Martin Ram. Laird. John McFarland. Georg Balesbach. Martin Rhouse.

Friederich Kreitzer. James Paton. Andrew Shredly. Nicolaus Dinges. his W. That your Petitioners and many other Inhabitants of lately remonstrate and petition to the Honorable House To His Supreme Executive Inhabitants the said of of the last session. his mark. Johannes Shally. Roth. Carle Brenner. Christian X Grimm. Auggust Gerst. John Long. . David Tice. Georg. . George Reem. George Alison. Excellency the President and the Honorable the Council of the Comnionivealth of Pennsylvania. Mali X Grow. Joseph Voltz. Johannes Haack. Laird. Paine. that in the present Recess of the Assembly. Peter Guenther. Gorg. application to may be made your honorable Body. to the present Seat of Judicature near Harris's Ferry and praying that the Seat of Justice be appointed at a more convenient part of the county To which Remonstrance and Petition. Christof Zibolt. Carll. accusing the County Commissioners for neglecting their Duty in not assessing the sum or sums of money judged necessary by the Trustees mentioned in said act of Assembly for the Purposes aforesaid. Wilhelm Min. Mathias Premir. 5 mark. The Petition of the Subscribers. mark. as the commissioners and Assessors are well acquainted of the General Dissatisfaction of the Inhabitants of the said County to pay any such assessments. Miller. and the Hardships in and Inconveniences under which they labour resorting to the very verge of the County. and to the Act entitled 'An Act Your Petitioners humbly refer your Excellency and honorable Body. and therefore in case of any such application to your honorable Body your Petitioners humbly pray that your Excellency and Council will be pleased to suspend the Infliction of any Fines or Penalties on the Commissioners of Dauphin County for having declined to comply with the Requisitions of the said Trustees until the i?sue and event of the Remonstrance and Petition aforesaid be determined by the Legislature: and your Petitioners ^^ ill pray. Heinrich Brill. 65 Jacob Hasseter. James Kile. setting forth the grievances of County did Assembly at the the Inhabitants. his Schaack. Freeholders and County of Dauphin Humbly Sheweth. Phillip Shot. Frantz Stahlschmidt.HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY Josias Candour. That your Petitioners are apsess prehensive. George Lentz. Peter X Miller. That the Commissioners and Township Assessors of the said coimty have declined to asfor erecting Part of Lancaster County into a separate county. Daniel Diehl. &c. Michael Wolfart. Philip Sourman. Wm." and levy anj^ monies on the Inhabitants for the Purpose of building a Court House and Prison at a Place so inconvenient. Matthias Groh. Christian Abbrecht.

Michael Bachman. Reinoehl. Kuchen. Martin Zensel. Tobs Stoever. Philip Schaack. Peter Dorft. Lang. Dill. Rutolph Reitzle. Christian Kramer. his Adam Rice. Dorst Toma. Hans Noll. Christian Buehler. John Thome. . Xander. Abraham (illegible). Hans Eshelman. James Wood. Cristof Zibold. Henrich George (illegible). Simon Lauck. Michael Ihli. Anthony Doebler. Leonard (illegible). Nicklaus Dessler. Miller. Franss Zerman. Peter Arnolt. Heinrich Reinoehl. Christian Buhn. Johannes Arnolt. Henrich Dubs. mark. Peter Spruckman. Philip Erb. Conrad Reinoehl. Christofel Waldorn. ^lichael Krebs. X Abraham Heinrich Georg. Jr. Michael X Barnhart. Mardin Meires. NIcklaus Zollinger. Nickolaus his Gebhart. Peter Harter. Michael Kopp. (illegible). mark. Johannes Schwartz. John Greenawalt. Christian Dill. Samuel Meyli. John Huber. G. Johannes Glasbenner. Frederick Nagel. Josef Chn. Peter Thomas. Andreas Schaack. Mardin Greitter. mark. his Adam Orth. Georg. Conrad Merck. Bame. mark. Bauman. Jacob Bicher. Thomas ( illegible ) Jorg. Leonhart Batdorff. 66 HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY Johannes Gasser. George Biihler. Daniel Henning. his Jacob Schaack. Ulrich Burckholter. Johannes Schloderbeck. Andres Kapp. Miller. John Stone. Bomberger. Jorg. Adam John Stoever. Johannes Saltzer. Harmon Lang. his X Stoever. Adam Zimmerman. John Sonnet. Leonard Yung. Nicolaus Gast. X Anthony Schulz. Michael Lack. George Megundel.. Licht. Frederick Stoever. Jacob Sauetter. David Krause. Philip Mathues. ^Martin X Michael German. Spengler. Hannes Duedwiler. Jacob mark. Georg.

George Gloninger. Georg. Jacob Embich. . Jacob Fullmer. Conrad Stiimbt.^ his Johannes Mor. Abraham Wulf. his Georg. Christian Noacker. Jr. Hannes Lene. Johannes Heilman. Martin Ulrich. Peter Miller. Benjamin Moore. Hubley. Jacob Roessle. Henry Buehler. John Krause. Jr. Jacob Weirick. Philip Weiss. Jacob Lang. Peter Schmidt. Jacob mark. Gloninger. fallendin Urich. Johan X Jaeger. Jno. Frantz Boltz. Philip Fernsler. Heinrich Kring. Adam Bartt. Henry Kelker. John Keller. his Henry Gilbert. Michael Stock. John Finkle. Jacob Unbehend. Switzer. Martinus Spengler. Nicklaus Schwager. John Umberger. Jacob Pfeiffer. Nicolaus Greenawalt. Jacob Shue. Johannes Dubs. his Leonhart Immel. Abraham Kaufman. Hannes (illegible). Philip F. Casper Loeb. X Thomas Koppenhoefer. John Stoehr (Miller). mark. his Peter Miller (farmer). Peter Fisher. Christoph Embich. Andras Kopp. Alexr. Charles Schaffner. Martin Muyrs. Philip Dibo. Hugh McCullouch. his Anthy McCreight. Mellinger. ^lichael Zimmerman. Michael Meess. Johannes Becker. Drum. 67 Cornelius Dewees. mark. Simon Bassler. Rudolph Kelker. Stoehr. Jacob Lehn.HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY Philip Gruenawalt. Philip Eakerd. Christian Greenawalt. Johannes Zimmerman. Jacob Wise. John X Martin. his David (illegible). mark. Philip Breitenbach. X Abraham Doebler. mark. ' Daniel Fetzberger. mark. Wierich. Joerg. X Michael Kindler. Cunrath Fassnacht. Philip Greenawalt. mark. Michal Miller. Joseph Horsh. Jr. Simon Bassler. Gotfried Eichelberger. Benjamin Spycker. X Conrath X Mentzinger. Hannes Buchman. Simmon. Jr.

Mohr. Johannes Wunderlich. Schack. Edward Brynes. Benj. Hoofnagle. Thommas Atkinson. Martin Meily. Philip Haffelfinger. David Steel. Balzer Fetterhof. Daniel X . Robert Lusk. mark. Gorg. Johannes Heffelfinner. Johannes Groff. Jacob Nieb. Philip Stone. Conrad Hackendorn. Peter Welling. mark. Hannes Scheneble. John Stone. Jacob Wild. Philib his X Heinrich Beck. mark. Imboden. John Aindsworh. Michael Breidenbach. his Abraham X Miller. Jacob Frey. Robert Bell. Michael Ihli. Lorentz Siegrist. Balzer Stein. Michael Spengler. . Jr.68 his HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY X Holler. mark. Jr. Georg. Heinrich Yingst. George Kellner. Gundrum. Friedrich Zimmerman. Michael Miller. Peter Burckhard. Friederich Fernsler Jr. Hannes Kitzmiller. Michael Lotz. Balzer FetterhafE. William Wetzel. Johannes Miller. Vallindin Boger. Adam Heilman. Vallindin Kob. Bernat Embich. Jacob Fersler. Acheback. Philip Eisenhauer. Koemmerling. John Bell. Merck. Michael Ulrich. Andrew Weber. X Wm. Adam Wertz. Conrath Meyer. Hans Ulrich Schnevely. mark. Jacob Fetterhof. Heinrich Gilbert. Jacob Bolz. his Johann Harper. Christian Ley. Friederich Beyer. John McCinney. Nickalaus mark. John Hume. Ludwig Huber. Montgomery. Peter Beyer. John And. Graheme. Johannes Schweickert. mark. Adam Spengler. Johannes Killinger. Christian X Lang Sr. his X Christofel Winder. John John Philip Beck. his Hurver. Nickglaus Sander. Alexdr. Jacob Meily. John McClintock. Stroh. Johannes Leonard Rice. Peter Brenner. Jacob Dups. Jonathan Clowes. his Michael !Mo5'er. Valedin Hoofnagle. Adam Wieber.

James Young. Abraham Latcha. Henrich Scherb. Martin (illegible). (illegible). Kirkwood. James Stewart. Johannes Karmeine. Ambros Crean. Allexander Sloan. John Stewart. Robt. Gotlieb Orth. Robt Young. Henry Wender. Gottfriet Xander. Fredrick Byer. Johannes Klein. Archbald Sloan. Johannes Walter. Wentling. Christin Hershperker. Ward. Daniel Buchter. Peters. • Martin Wuest. Jacob Keller. Michael Maulfer. . James Young. mark. Jacob Leman. James Caldwell. George Maddern. X Georg. Wm. Jorg. John Bartt. Adam Merck. Daniel Ensminger. Paul Sieg. Isaac Harrison. HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY Adam Stoehr. Peter Schanz. John Batty. John Bitner. Cunningham. Rudolph Miller. Peter Miller (at poor house). Peter Walter. Ulrich. Andrew Stewart. John Stewart. Anthony Fuch. Robt Boal. Henry Graham. his George Shambach. Johannes Petry. fredrick Williams. mark. George Espy. Heinrich Wagner. Heinrich Reinoehl. James Long. Georg. Wm. Daniel Stauffer. Wm. John Minnich. McCreel. Conrath Stoht. Philip Ulrich. David Meier. his George X hotz. McNutt. Patrick Cunningham. Nicolaus Schneider. Jacob Goldman. his Georg Kob. Tobias Greider. Dewald James Brown. Justus Vogell. John Bickle. Robt. John Pettycreu. • 69 Peter Dorst. mark. Cunningham. his Jacob Menser. John Carman. Andw. Michal Leideg. mark. Hugh Andrew. Johannes Imboden. Johannes Meier. Adam Straw. X Wm. Lenhart Zimmerman. John Matter. Henry Swarth.. Campble. David Ramsey. George Smith. Jacob Bahm. Michael Zimmerman. James Pettycreu. Jacob Merck. John X Eversol.

X - Michael Jving. That all that part of Lancaster county lying within the Bounds and limthat its hereafter described shall be erected into a separate County'. and have prayed that they may be relieved from the said inconveniences by erecting them into a separate County. The inhabetance of the upper part of Lancaster County have by Petition set forth to the General Assembly of this State that they have long labored under many inconveniences from their being situated at so great a distance from the seat of Judicature in the said County. and from thence by a direct Line to the South East Corner — . Johannes Frank. thence up the middle of said Creek to Moors Hill. is to say. Jacob Wirick. and from thence to the head of said creek. John Miller. Christ Dochman. William Robinson. "An Act for erecting part of the County of Lancaster into a separate County. Peter Ensminger. George Merke. opposite the mouth of Conawago Creek. Friderich WoUfesberger. the text of the legislative act of March 4. Wilem Lang. Jacob X Stiman. Meily. Christopher Frank. Hans Stroefer. Lenhart Koehler. Michal brown. Georg. beginning on the west side of the River Susquehanna. his Hannes Ludwig Hetrich. and by the Authoiity of the same. Felix Jung. John Moser. Jacob Sigrist. Baltzer Orth. Christof Ulrich. George Rank. "PFhereas. Peter Hinrich. Jacob Motter. Allexander Martin. his George X Greider. however. Johann Adam. Christian Boucher. Johannes Miller. Peter Heilman. and as it appears but just and reasonable that they should be relieved in the premises "Be it therefore enacted and it is hereby enacted by the Representatives of the Frtemen of the Commonivealth of Pennsylvania in General Assembly met. erecting the county of Dauphin and fixing the county-seat at Harris' Ferry The memorials were of no avail. William Stoy. Imboden. mark. Johannes mark.: 70 HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY his Heinrich Worst. Meickel Minnick. The following is 1785. Nickalous Kob. mark Jacob Greider. Sieger. Zearing. David Strain.

H > n o a o > en > ?3 > u I— o o .

for the township of Lower Paxtang on the South side of Peter's Mountain. James Cunningham. it Thomas . or any three of them shall be Commissioners to run and mark the County Line. thence north west by the Line of Berks County to Mahantango Creek. further enacted by the authority aforesaid. a Councillor Representative to serve them in General Assembly. and for the Townships of Lebanon. That the district elections for the said County of Dauphin shall be held for the Townships ol Derry and Londonderry at Hummels Town in the township of Derry aforesaid. John Glendellor. for the township of upper Paxtang on the north side of Peter's Mountain at Peter Hoffman's in said township. and Bethel at the Town of Lebanon in the said Township of Lebanon. or ought to do. thence down the Susquehanna on the West Side thereof by the line of Cumberland County. which said Officers when duly elected and qualified shall have and enjoy all and singular such powers. in trust and for the use of the inhabitants of the said County of Dauphin and thereon to erect a Court House and prison sufficient to accommodate the public service of the said county. can. Andrew Stewart. Bartram Galbraith. James Cowdan and Wm. Heidelberg. by the Line of Northumberland County and Crossing the River Susquehanna to the Line of Cumberland County. Coroners. Joshua Elder. may. to be henceforth known and called by the name of Dauphin County: "And he it furthtr enacted by the authority aforesaid. which line when so ran and marked shall be the boundary between the Counties aforesaid. East Hanover. authorities. of Heidelberg Township. and West Hanover at the Court House of the said County. Censors. "And be it further enacted.72 HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY . on the west side of the river Susquehanna. That Clark. thence along the same. or any three of them to take assurances to them and their heirs for such lot or peas of ground as shall be laid out and approved of by the said Commissioners or any three of them for the erecting a Court House and Gaol thereon. where it strikes the Berks County line. and privileges with respect to their said County as such officers elected in and for any other And the said Election shall County. That it shall and may be lawful to and for Jacob Awl. and Commissioners. Sheriff. and that the "And be Joshua Elder. or at John Harris' until such Court House shall be erected. where they shall elect at the times and under the Regulations stipulated and directed by the Constitution and Laws of this State. be Conducted in the same manner and from and Agreeable to the same rules and regulations as now are or hereafter may be in force in the other Counties of this State. and that part of the Line of York County to the place of beginning. Brown of Paxtang. in the same manner as is before in the second section of this act.

Heidelberg (or Shafferstown) containing about 70 houses and 2 GeiTnan Churches one of which is a Handsome Stone Building. Lebanon. "I am Sir. that country at this period. who desired a detailed account of the newly formed county. N. B. Londonderry. "Alex. then a village of about one hundred houses. in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and Eighty five. Bethel and Heidelberg and ten Towns. each. "John Bayard.: Paxton (or the original Indian name). so in Heidelberg. Lebanon. Alexander Graydon. 1785. Upper Paxtang. in a letter in response to one from Mr. Jedediah Morse. containing about 180 houses and two German Churches built of wood. Mid- Hanover." The name of Dauphin was derived from the eldest son of the king of France. Your very h'ble Servt. viz Louisburg or (Harrisburg) containing about 130 dwelling houses.a Law at Philadelphia on Friday. dle Paxtang. it generally belongs to both societies and Is used by them alternately. A. "Signed by order of the House. Newmantown containing about 25 Houses. to be paid half by the County of Lancaster. which the said Commissioners are hereby authorized and directed to grant. "Enacted into. where there is but one. the Geographer. wrote in part as follows "The county comprehends Paxtang which is ten townships. and no more. The seat of justice was fixed at Harris' Ferry. The name was suggested by the prime movers for the formation of the new county." . a gaol being a plain stone building and a German church a log building. D. and half by the County of Dauphin by draughts from the Commissioners of the respective Counties on the Treasurer of the same. Williamsburg (or Jonestown) containing about 40 Houses and one German Church of Wood. the fourth Day of March. Annville (or Millerstown) 35 houses. Jedediah Morse. "Inrolled 4th June." ^'To Mr. Deri^. but in the other towns. viz. West Hanover. Speaker. Middletown containing 90 odd houses and one German Church of Wood. being uppermost in the affections of the people. although the towns of Lebanon and Middletown were then more important places within the new county.: HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY 73 said Commissioners shall receive for their Services at the rate of twenty-two shillings and sixpence per day. In Lebanon one of the Churches belongs to the Lutheran and the other to the Calvinists. Graydon. Hummelstown containing about 35 houses and one German Church of Wood. The enthusiasm was unbounded. in consequence of its efficient aid to the colonies. East — : .

" It is said these justices were not "learned in law. inwere occupied in the construction of the first court-house. the new county was not estab- opposition was so great that the commissioners of the county refused to assess and levy a tax for the purposelished without friction. "before Timothy Green." clusive. Justices of the same in court. . Register and Recorder. and also in a loghouse. John Elder. near Dewberry alley." on the 3rd Tuesday of May." which was the requirement under the Constitution of 1790. Joseph Hubley. on the east side of Market street. John Thome. William Smith. John Joseph Henry." and the Sheriff. Commissioners. George Ross and John Reily. The . which stood until about 1880. Jacob Hubley. 1785. Deputy Surveyor. Joseph Montgomery.: 74 HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY The ground work now having been laid for a county govern- ment ments. . Alexander Graydon Treasurer. located at one time at No. on file in the Commissioners' office. it only remained following to is elect a list officers for first the various The of the officials departof Dauphin county Anthony Kelker (under Constitution of 1776) Deputy Rudolph Kelker. Coroner. James sheriff The Dauphin County. Timothy Green. John Andre Hanna. John Clark. Dr. Peter Miller. Andrew Forest. on the northwest side of Strawberry alley. From 1792 tO' the year 1799. most of whom rose to occupy high places in the bar of the State. President Judge. the following attorneys: Stephen Chambers. a short distance northeast of Raspberry alley. Christian Uhler. stood near the "lower ferry. Riddle. Collinson Reed. record of the first court reads as follows: "At a Court of Quarter Sessions holden near Harris' Ferry. John Wilkes Kittora. The first courts in Dauphin County were held in a log house which. etc. Esqr's. The old jail was built about 1790. Prothonotary. The courts were afterwards held in the old log jail. in the year of our Lord. Sheriff. Peter Huffnagle. until about 1840.. and for the County of Dauphin. of Lancaster County exercised the same office in There were admitted that first day of the first court. as well as in the legislative halls. from bills of expenditures covering that period. 311. as appears As has been heretofore related. Samuel Jones and Jonathan McClure. possibly a few years earlier. as appears from bills paying for "erecting a stone wall around the Gaol. Collector of Excise.

your petitioners humbly refer your honorable body.: HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COLNTY of erecting the court-house and prison." : . application may be made to your honorable body accusing the County Commissioners for neglecting their duty in not assessing the sum. "That the Commissioners and Tovv^nship Assessors of the said county have declined to assess and levy monies on the inhabitants for the purpose of building a court house and prison at a place so convenient. the trustees accused the commissioners and assessors of dereliction of duty. Humbly sheweth That Your Petitioners and many other inhabitants of the said county did remonstrate and petition the Honorable House of Assembly at the last Session setting forth the grievances of the inhabitants and hardships and inconveniences under which they labor in resorting to the very verge of the county. your petitioners humbly pray your excellency and council will be pleased to suspend the infliction of any fines or penalties on the Commissioners of Dauphin County for having declined to comply with the requirements of the said trustees until the issue and events of the remonstrance and petition aforesaid be deteiTnined by the Legislature. and the act entitled 'An Act for erecting part of Lancaster County into a separate conuty. as the Commissioners and Assessors are well acquainted of the general dissatisfaction of the inhabitants of the said county to pay such assessments. or sums of money judged necessary by the trustees mentioned in the said Act of Assembly for the purpose aforesaid. etc. 1 o which remonstrance and petition. and praying that the seat of justice be appointed in a more convenient part of the county. As a result. sent forward to the executive authorities "To His Excellency the Pr/ sident and the Honorable the Supreme Executive Council of the Commcnwealth cf Pennsylvania. to the present seat of Judicature near Harris' Ferry. "The Petition of the Subscribers Freeholders and Inhabitants of the County of Dauphin. all At was this juncture the following memorial. that in the present recess of the Assembly. and the power of the beHeving that a Supreme Executive Council was called to the aid of the trustees. Lebanon and Bethel. and by many elsewhere. and until this question was permanently settled the people should not be put to any expense for the erection of the county buildings. signed by the inhabi- tants in Heidelberg. on the tees. and therefore in case of any such application to your honorable body. 75 of the trus- demand change of the location of the county-seat would eventually be accomplished. "That your petitioners are appreciative.

deceased. formerly occupied by George Wyman. Determined opposition confronted them at first. where Berks County line." the first section of which recites "that all those parts of Dauphin and Lancaster counties lying and being within the limits following to wit: Dauphin County. . set off The names FORMATION OF LEBANON COUNTY. at the crossroads leading from Harrlsburg to Reading. at the southeast corner of it intercepts the . on the great road leading from Schaefferstown to Elizabeth Furnace: thence to a house formerly occupied bv one Shroyer. Lower Paxton. Finally. another move was set on foot to secure a division." in honor of Alexander Hamilton. and the measure passed in that ably political. ORIGINAL TOWNSHIPS. and whom it was thought fit to honor by his admirers in Pennsylvania. and Including the same. a small portion of Berks and Lancaster. "Paxtang" (Paxton). But at once. On February i6. the proposed name being "Hamilton. the name of the town was given to that of the new county. Governor Simon Snyder approved an "Act erecting parts of Dauphin and Lancaster counties into a separate county to be called Lebanon. and including the same. excluding the same. thence northerly to the house of one Henry. this form. and further proceedings In opposition thereto ceased. with the town of Lebanon as the county seat. the approval of the chief opposition was secured. Middle Paxton. on the great road leading from Lebanon to Manheim thence to Snyder's mill on Conewago creek. adding. if possible. the same also comprising all the territory now within what Is known as Dauphin and Lebanon counties. as from Lancaster county. Heidelberg. but when the legislature decided to locate the State Capital at Harrlsburg. but for some cause. West Hanover. petitions and remonstrances for the erection of a new county were presented. Lebanon. It having been derived from the original township. 1813. were these: Derry. of the original townships of Dauphin count}^. about four miles from Newmanstown thence through Lancaster County to a sand stone house. Londonderry. Bethel. At each session of the General Assembly for about twenty years. including the same: thence to "Beginning . East Hanover. probprincipal was objectionable.76 HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY Finding that the law was Imperative. the proper ojfficers attended to the performance of their duty. who fell In a duel with Aaron Burr.


according to said lines. Susquehanna. Rush. . Lower Paxton. including the same. Annville. and the same are hereby. . three commissioners to run and mark the boundary lines between the counties of Lebanon and Lancaster. shall be and compose a part of the Bethel. Upper Paxton. date present the at county Dauphin of townships the ing comprise March. thence along the said line to the place of beginning. thence along the same north 64 degrees. South Hanover. 1821." These divisions took from the county of Dauphin the entire townships of Heidelberg. That part which relates to the line between Dauphin and Lebanon act By an were appointed counties is as follows. Their report is on file in the Quarter Sessions of Dauphin county. as Lebanon. another Act of Assembly was — townships of East much "That so of the Hanover and •county of lies north of the Blue or Kittatinny mountain. 1907: Conewago. Derry. on the Blue or Kittatinny mountain thence along the mountain. to the source of Raccoon creek. thence north 15 1-4 degrees. thence on the same course 32 perches to the summit of the first or Blue mountain. in the county of Dauphin. 18 14. west eight miles and 239 perches.— 78 Raccoon HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY . Jefferson. declared to be erected into a county henceforth to be called Lebanon. providing. by formation of new townships to suit the The followadvancing stages of the development of the county. on the top thereof. west seven miles and 132 perches. Swartara. From time to time. March. shall be. east 13 miles and three-fourths of a mile to the Berks county line. . Reed. Lebanon. changes in the subdivision of Dauphin county have taken place. East Hanover. to Andrew Henry's. to the Berks county line. Londonderry. Halifax. Jackson. to wit: "Starting from Snyder's mill on the Conewago creek. and a small strip of West Hanover west of Raccoon creek. and Lebanon and Dauphin. East Hanover. Mifflin. and a large portion of Londonderry.said creek. Bethel." approved 21st February. Lykens. Lower Swartara. thence north 14 3-4 degrees." On the 29th of -approved. Middle Paxton.

in Middle Paxton township. First named Port Lyon. James Cowden and William Brown as follows "Whereas the representatives of the freemen of the said commonwealth In General Assemblv met. for the Dauphin and Schuylkill Coal Company. by Simon Gratz. ETC. was platted about 18 17. 79 Wayne. in honor to John Bender's wife Elizabeth. who was a son-inMr. July 6. and for many years known as "Benderstoettle. In and by a certain bill before them now depending have resolved to erect part of the county of virtue of * "By .: HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY Washington.) RECORDED PLATS. It was incorporated in April. drew up the following conveyances from John Harris to the Comting. 1785. Williams. located in Washington township. The following gives some account of the original plats of the various boroughs and cities of Dauphin county name. date of plat- — and where located: Dauphin. which said several grants. situated in Lykens townsihp. West Hanover. Joshua Elder. later Greenburg. 1852. by : whom missioners : "July * * 6. Maclay made a draft of the town and law of Mr. Gratz. articles. 1785. conditioned for the faithful performance of all and singular the agreements. promises. and whereas in and by a certain bond of obligation duly executed by the said John Harris to the State of Pennsylvania for the sum of five thousand pounds lawful monies of the same state bearing date the 4th day of ^Iarch in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and eighty-five. by Innis Green. by William Maclay. Harris was laid out in the spring of 1785. engagements. When it became a post town the name Dauphin obtained. matters and things which he had therein undertaken to do and perform. (Total number twenty-three. It was Incorporated 1845. by John Bender.. under the following circumstances The town proposed by Mr. among other things did covenant to and with Jacob Awl. platted in 1805. Andrew Stewart. the seat of justice and now the State Capital." finally named Elizabethville. Wiconisco. platted in 1826. Elizabethville. was originally platted by John Harris. Harrisburg. devices and conveyances the title of the land on which the town of Harrisburg in the county of Dauphin is situated is legally vested in the said John Harris his heirs and assigns. Harris. Jr.

Andrew Stewart. which streets shall be confirmed for public use forever. and that the seat of justice in the said county of Dauphin shall be fixed at or near the place of said John Harris' residence. Barbara. Joshlia Elder. he will. Andrew Stewart. And Whereas the said John Harris in consideration of the premises and other good causes hath also promised. Blackberry and Cherry alleys. or any three of them shall be commissioners for certain purposes. sell. are as follows Front. all the streets. upon request. enfeoff and confirm unto the said Jacob Awl. executors. the butts. and thereof and every thereof do acquit release the said Jacob Awl. Walnut. And Whereas. Second. Pine. or any three of them and their heirs a good and sufficient lot of ground for erecting a court house and gaol thereon in trust for the use of the inhabitants of the said county of Dauphin. Paxton. Andrew Stewart. in. covenanted and agreed to and with the said commissioners or a majority of them shall direct. William Brown and James Cowden. enfeoffed and confirmed and by these presents do grant. convey to the said commissioners. James Cowden and William Brown their and each of their heirs. and for the town of Harrisburg aforesaid. River. the : . * * * "Now this indenture witnesseth that in consideration of the sum of five shillings lawful money of Pennsylvania to them. i\ndrew Stewart. Joshua Elder. administrators and assigns. the said John Harris in order to promote the good intentions of the said General Assembly in fixing the seat of justice at the said place. and that he will also lay out a large street along the river for public landing places. covenanted and agreed to and with the said commissioners that in case the said bill shall be passed into a law. Strawberry. Cranberry. alien. boundaries. Joshua Elder. Joshua Elder. and that Joshua Elder.8o HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY Lancaster into separate county to be known and called by the name of the count}' of Dauphin. their heirs and assigns. Market. Raspberry. in the county of Dauphin. And in consideration of the further sum of five shilhngs lawful money aforesaid to them the said John Harris and Mary his wife. release. in the said bill mentioned. thei said John Harris and Mary his lawful wife. James Cowden and William Brown at and before the ensealing and delivery of these presents the receipt of which sum of five shilhngs they the said John Harris and Mary his wife do hereby acknowledge. lanes or highways as laid out by the commissioners of. courses. in hand well and truly paid by the said Jacob Awl. Third. James Cowden and William Brown. bargained. Locust. length and breadth thereof. released. and every of them have granted. in hand paid by the said Jacob Awl. Chestnut and Mulberry streets. and to promote the more speedy settlement thereof by a liberal encouragement to purchasers. distances. James Cowden and William Brown. Jacob Awl. Andrew Stewart. sold. has promised. to enable the said commissioners to regulate the laying out of a county town there to public advantage. bargain.

" Halifax. do grant. alliened. Cowden and Brown. was platted thirty about years prior to Harrisburg. Rudolph tablished F. bargain. four certain lots of ground in the aforesaid town of Harrisburg. 1807. and seven before Hummelstown — 1755. release. Middletown. Later. in Halifax township. alien. thence along the line of Market street to the line that divides lots Nos. Mr. enfeoffed and confirmed. in Lower Swatara township. by Daniel Miller. was platted in 1869. released. a borough August 26. by George Sheafter and Peter by John Downey for the 29. enfeoff and confirm unto them the said Awl. Cowden and Brown. Stewart. 121. but annulled April 8. 1866. township. 1867. this and surrounding villages were corporated as Steelton. Williamstown. thence on the same division line crossing Strawberry alley tO' Walnut street. The original survey It was executed proprietors. by George Fisher. sold.Raspberry alley. thence on the line of Walnut street to. located in Hummelstown township. their and each of their heirs are fully acquitted and forever discharged. Highspire. was first incorporated But as a borough in February. of beginning. by es- first called Baldwin." 1880 name was in- changed to Steelton. 1850. Elder. "Steel-works. Lykens. was platted about 1832. have granted. was incorporated May 1875. was platted July Rise. Kelker in 1 and Henry A. and by these presents." by Frederick Hummell. called A In post office was its 87 1. bargained. 141 and 142. Heilinder and Henry Workman. was platted in April. by a coal company made up of Martin Blum. was platted in 1864. It was incorporated April 8. was platted 1762. . 1871. their heirs and assigns. in Lower Swatara township. 1874. was platted July. in Wiconisco township. 142. sell. as "Frederickstown. 18. situated and bounded as follows: Beginning at a corner where Raspberi*y alley intersects Market street. in Williams township. thence down the line of said alley to the place.HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY 8i receipt thereof is hereby acknowledged and thereof and every part thereof the said Awl. and in incorporated Steelton. 120. Hummelstown. but subsequent It was incorporated as to his death was changed to Hummelstown. 143. Elder. Stewart. in Upper Paxton township. Pennsylvania. 1784. Kelker. in Mifflin Uniontown. marked on the general plan of said town Nos. of Philadelphia. Millersburg. 1868.

time it was probably the second town laid out in Dauphin county. . is a mere hamlet. named located in that vicinity. was platted by Thomas Lingle. In point of Jr. in Jackson township. and called.: 82 HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY again. Matilda Cox in 1834. in Derry township. at first. in South Hanover township. Lyter. See history elsewhere. in Jefferson township. 1765. John Cox. St. is near the Indian village of Shawanese. Derr}' Post Office. was settled Joseph P. seeing the advantage of a borough government. by Adam in Fisher. and near it Hershey was platted in in Susquehanna township. was platted in 1854. office Jacksonville was platted about 1825. It dates from October 1905Estherton. who at a much earlier date. Hoernerstown. but Rockville. Shellsville (sometime for a hotel called Earlyville). during the French and Indian war by Dr. was named and there opened Major John Shell. later styled Coxestown. in 1774. At first it bore the name of Brushy Rock. it was incorporated a borough in 1904. five miles The longest stone-arch bridge for present name. from Harrisburg. railway purposes in America spans the Susquehanna at this point. in Susquehanna townwas first settled by a Mr. of Philadelphia. It was noted at an early date for the interest its citizens took ship. Progress is a small hamlet in the southeastern portion of SusIt is chiefly a quehanna township. at the base of First mountain. by George Enders and post It was named for Ex-President Jackson. Thomas. and named for his wife Esther. who Carsonville. 1757Fisherville. and added to by a platting made in 1838.. for the early family of Bachmans. in Conewago township. are Bachmansville. where Old Derry Church stood. 1830. Roberts. not named above. two miles east of Harrisburg." Lower Paxton. Middletown only preceding it two years. platted by Mrs. A was established Linglestown. called "Enders post office. later took the residential settlement. in East Hanover it township. in at this point in 1854. in free-school matters. laid out was 2. platted in 1821. by Miss McAllister. Other hamlets and villages in this county.

is on the line of the Philadelphia & Reading Railway. Hershey. Penbrook is a modern suburb of Harrisburg. and was platted in 1904-5. It is being rapidly built up by the interests of the great Hershey Chocolate Works which were moved from Lancaster in the spring of 1905. was platted since the War.HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY Grantvllle. . in East Civil 83 Hanover township. in Derry township. about one-quarter of a mile from Derry Post Office.

newspaper printed in the county was the Oracle of in Dauphin and Harrisburg Advertiser.. by these "mile-stones. The The regular pastor to settle church erected was "Old Derry. 1785. borough incorporated was Harrisburg. I'jgi. While many of these "first events" will necessarily find place in the various chapters of this work. first town platted was Middletown. The The first first in 1791. in 1791." in 1720. Wil- liam Bertram. January first first 1822. first regular court house was erected in 1799." so is that the whole journey of progress easily traced out." 1785. tory under consideration. or It is first events transpiring in the territo speak. there will many be given by themselves in this connection. about 1719. present court house (except addition) was erected in i860. The first post oflice was established at Harrisburg. not being befitting for any one chapter. first State House was completed at Harrisburg. first permanent white settler in the county was John Harfirst Sr. Also other events of a special nature. county prison was erected in 1790. court was held "The third Tuesday in May. in the county was Rev. was organized March 4. — — — — — — — — — — — — — — To fixing in the reader of local history there is ever much interest in mind the beginnings. of the Derry church. The and the following is a list of important events in Dauphin county city of Harrisburg: Count}' The The The The ris. in 1732. Dates of First Events Freemasonry before County was FORMED Arrested for Sedition Indian Visitors Indians AT THE Grave of Harris Traveling a Century AGO Indian Council at Harris Ferry First Courts First Newspaper A Slave Advertised Indians' Revenge Dauphin against the Amendment List of Slaves Tomatoes first used The Last Slave in the County Maple-sugar making in 1864 The Centennial Anniversary Celebrated Mill Dam Case. about 1755. or sub-division of the work. . first The The The 2.—— — CHAPTER IV.

was formed under a dispensation by the first Grand Lodge of some years previous — America. even by members of the fraternity "Perseverance Lodge No. sons. 1827." of Free and Accepted Mahere. was chartered by act of the Grand Lodge. heads of departments. Lodge (No. Pa." completed in 18 17." at the foot of Walnut The In first There was a Masonic Harrisburg. that the lodges said grand convention did then and there under the jurisdiction of the Grand Lodge . Governor Carroll. in corner-stone that was laid in the locks of the Pennsylvania canal. electric lights in the The 1880. the address. illuminating gas was street cars in 1836.— HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY The was first 85 bridge spanning the Susquehanna in Dauphin county was on the the old "Camel's back. "That it is Improper the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania should remain any longer under the authority of any foreign Grand Lodge. was laid in "Lock No. Ritner. followed by the burgesses and citizens. 1787. The resolve. borough members of the legislature. will not But before passing to the early history of this lodge. water works system was at Harrisburg in September. begins a bit of information county organization perhaps not generally known. but September 25. March 15. it be without Interest to the reader to know something con- cerning the organization of the first Grand Lodge In this country. Governor and procession. March 14. at The The The 1841. as a was Tennessee. 1786 The Harrisburg just after the close of the Revolutionary^ War. 21). first county were at Harrisburg. 1850.*' and the Grand Lodge did thereupon close sine die. MASONRY BEFORE ORGANIZATION OF COUNTY. the Masons after "mature and serious deliberations" unani- mously resolve. The first train of steam railway cars in the county Harrisburg & Lancaster Railway. at Philadelphia.. delivered a befitting The Speaker of the House. present. 21. as above referred to. Prior to the war for Independence. which body declared itself free and Independent of the Grand Lodge of England. Masoni-y had worked In this country under the Grand Lodge of England. in 1736. of Philadelphia Harrisburg to from made The first highway was street. "And ivhereas. 6. 1786. first first made Harrisburg. The history of ^ Free-Masonry to the in this part of the State. first were operated at Harrisburg in 1865-6. September 25. the guest of town. Mr.

speaks of Harrisburg having an Encampment of Knights Templar in 1797. was at that time very hostile toward secret societies. Daniel Scott. were appointed to hold a free and accepted lodge of Masons at Lozver Paxton township. which in this part of the state. Matthew Smith. After Harrisburg was laid out as a town. at Philadelphia. 18 18. the Worshipful Col. number 21. remaining among the archives of the grand lodge aforesaid. with the lawful assistants. and the real strength and value of the this Under afterwards institution. Senior Warden. Boyd. then president judge. "Webb's Masonic Monitor. Grand Master William Ball and his co-workers. Master. and somewhat built. In December. McCullough. some three miles from where Harrisburg now stands. Jr. as by the records and proceedings of the said convention. where they have continued to ever since." published in 1 8 16. where many of the more intelligent and respectable of the inhabitants of the then sparsely settled country joined.787. form themselves into a grand lodge to be called the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania. when its labors were suspended in deference to public opinion. Warden. and in the dwelling house of one of the officers. except from 1828 to 1841. 18 1 8. with William Green as high priest. State of Pennsylvania. of which Hon. Mark Master's Lodge was opened here. the lodge began to meet here. Wm. "Grand Secretary. Lancaster county. . then Grand Master of Christian Chivalric Knighthood in the United States. to be held in the city of Philadelphia. aforesaid. but the earliest record found speaks of an Encampment having been formed in 1827. a Royal Arch Chapter was opened. should." warrant the lodge was held in a school house. that "the opposition of that time but tested the integrity of its members.86 HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY of Pennsylvania. "Atherton Humphreys. this fifteenth day of March A. D. Wm. may more fully appear. under the authority of De Witt Clinton. * * * * "Given in open grand lodge. It is related by masons. and the seal of our Grand Lodge. lately held as a Provincial Grand Lodge under the authority of the Grand Lodge of England." Then comes lk>dge in the action concerning the formation of the first what later came to be known as Dauphin county. and met as brethren of the mystic tie. and of Masonry 5. and they then did. 1787. under the hands of our Right Worshipful Grand Officers. and Masonic Jurisdiction thereto belonging. was the master." In July.

" We ber 26. In 1858 Perseverance Lodge of Harrisburg ranked third among — the sylvania then working lodges of Pennsylvania. perhaps. sixtythree Indians and seven Squaws. 1799: "On Saturday morning last. Pennhad about fifteen thousand masons the Harrisburg lodge enjoying a membership of about two hundred. (pineknot splinters and the st. 1798. of August 28.' bail for their appearance at the District Court of the United States held at the city of Philadelphia. Since then masonry in Harrisburg and vicinity has been highly prosperous. October 11. William Nichols. who live near the banks of the river. this town. and they made their entry into town up Front street.000. the Lodge and Chapter were both resumed and re-constituted Benjamin Parke being elected Master and High Priest. 'scandalous and malicious libel against They have given the laws and government of the United States. June 6. and four securities in $1. The Marshal who made the arrest was accompanied by a troop of horsemen. Marshal of Pennsylvania. above Vine. Harris. ams The only arrest made under the "AdArrested For Sedition. (charged with having murdered one of their chiefs).000 each. since the memory of man. for publishing a false. —When George W. Esq. a dozen Indians at They came from . told that during last week several hundred per day crossed the Susquehanna from Cumberland into this county.ike) It is said they are the principal Indians agreeable to treaty. were there known to be a greater quantity of squirare rels than has been in this neighborhood since some days. on Front street. Oracle. themselves in $2. was a boy. the ensuing winter will be very severe. Sr. Sedition law." "Last Friday crossed the Susquehanna near Indian Fisitors. — "According to modern prediction. on their way to the President of the United States. having in their custody a white man prisoner.. then numbering 312. in order to sacrifice according to their custom. — VARIOUS EVENTS. arrested Benjamin Moyer and Conrad Fahnestock." is chronicled in the columns of the Oracle of — Dauphin.— — HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY 87 After public opinion had somewhat changed and in 1842. Septemabled to salt barrels of them for their winter use. have been enOracle." Squirrels — and who By the Barrel. he remembered seeing his father's house. Indians At The Grave of John Harris. it is said. 1796. printers and proprietors of the 'Dutch Aurora' of Harrisburg borough. Clair's defeat. whom they mean to demand of the President. fought at St. for never. Some of the inhabitants.

Tuesday and Saturday morning at six o'clock. formerly lived in this locality. "Rose that wild and deep lamenting Of the downcast forest dwellers Like forsaken children wailing. A stage line was operated by Messrs. the same horse. The fare on this route was." Market street. rode once on urgency to Philadelphia.. two dollars. by petition of sundry inhabitants of said counties. Philadelphia. Sigourney. . Captain Andrew Lee. with John. The way first regular road from Harrisburg to Philadelphia. on the river bank. and from the house of Samuel Elder. (later known as the "WashingHouse" now the "Commonwealth"). in the Slough's "stage coaches" set out from the house of year 1797. Gear's in line of stages set out from the house of William Feree. or his father. from his earliest infancy. from Harrisburg to Lancaster. Jr. canoe" Century Ago. from Lancaster to Shippensburg. and was greatly grieved to learn of their death. which started the same evening. With the hourly day and night. and possibly He came this route on purpose to see John Harris. Matthias Slough and William Gear (each proprietors of an independent line) running between Lancaster. Sr. proceeding to the westward. in Harrisburg. arriving at Shippensburg This line connected with stages. Carlisle and Shippensburg. Robert Harris invited them in to breakfast. every Lancaster. and had been well acquainted with John Harris. fast flying trains of these opening years of the Twentieth Century. an old chieftain. on the West Branch of the Susquehanna. in Harrisburg.— 88 — HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY State. after which they repaired to the grave of the elder Harris. four dolton lars." Mrs. where the old chieftain sobbed audibly as he pressed the soil the remains of one whom. Hopeless o'er a buried father. was procured 1736. which covered he had been taught to regard as the Redman's friend. every Wednesday morning. New York One and were on their way to the seat of Government. from "White Horse Tavern. from Lancaster to Carlisle. three dollars. Harrisburg. it may be of interest to more thoroughly acquaint ourselves with the modes of travel in the days of our fathers and more Traveling Acccmmodations J — remote generations. on every . hearing of her husband's illness. the first settler. of the number. The wife of John Harris. by in of Lancaster and Chester counties. she came down in a day and night in a bark JJ^itson s Annals. in one day! At one time when at Big Island.

a council with the Indians was held at the house of John Harris. I come at the time appointed. sons of the vear In proportion to days' length. Lewistown. could proceed thence on Mondays. "I sent Mr. You see that agreeable to my message. Bellefonite. called "the Belt of — hawk. from the public house of George Zeigler. Alexandria. Governor. two Indians of the Six Nations. Richard Peters. M. by Clark's Ferry. in Paxton. "I thank you for staying here. in Harrisburg. when so much mischief is done on every side of the Province.HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY 89 Monday and Friday." The Governor addressed the two Indians as follows: a Mo- I am glad to see you and your families in good ever been esteemed our hearty friends. Northumberland and Sunbury to Harrisburg. Huntingdon. Wampums. running to York. Thompsontown. and arrived at Philadelphia by way of Reading. every Wednesday at noon. and that I expected you would stay here till I come. Mifflinburg. every other Monday at 6 o'clock A." William Coleman was the owner of a line that started every Monday at four o'clock. and afford me your assistance in council. Nicholas Schwoyer ran a *'light stage. Joseph Fox." twice each week from Harrisburg to the Canal. but I find no other Indians "Brethren: You have . Aaronsburg. 1756. once in two weeks. This stage left the "Fountain Inn" at Harrisburg every Tuesday and Thursday mornings. and had invited the Indians on the Susquehanna to meet me at the beginning of this moon. M. The mail to leave Harrisburg from October i^ to April i^. other sea. and returned every Saturday. but were then counted a decided improvement over the old "Post-Horse" system previously employed. health. Robert Hunter Morris. These several modes of conve\ ance would not meet the requirements of this progressive steam and electric age. Millerstown. returning the next Mondav bv 7 P. and you show you are really so by residing among us at this time. Jr. The same proprietor also ran a stage from Harrisburg every Wednesday. In 1798. composed of Hon. In 18 13. Weiser to acquaint you that I had kindled a council fire here.. and Conrad Weiser. and the "Broken Thigh." Council with Indians At Harris' Ferry. interpreter. Secretary. Januai*)^ 8.. James Hamilton. Mifflinton. on the following routes: "From Harrisburg. where it was met by a line established by Jesse Shaefter. Postmaster General Joseph Habersham issued proposals for carrying the mails. at York Haven.." a Seneca. Lewisburg. Mr. "So the passengers from Sunbury destined for Lancaster and Philadelphia. Mails were equally slow. which arrived at Sunbury every Thursday.

John Wilson. which began in their neighborhood at the time they were preparing to set out on their journey." The sheriff of Lancaster county exercised the same office in Dauphin county.. as I beheve my messengers were prevented going to Wyonsink by the ravages of the Indians. and "Mr. If you incline to take any of your families with you. Barefoot Brunson. Rogers." before "Timothy Green. and the earliest of such records reads: "At a Court of Quarter Sessions holden near Harris' Ferry. that you may think and see clearly when you come to council." on the "third Tuesday of May. in the year of our Lord 1785. Let me therefore. and provide a carriage for them and for you. Samuel Stewart. I shall readily agree to it. Alexander Berryhill. Rowen McClure." (Gave a string). Justices of the Peace in same court. — : . The mischief done to you I consider as done to the Six Nations.90 HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY here than you two. What you have said is verv agreeable. (foreman) Robert Montgomery. John Gilchrist. which is now more necessary than ever. James. but be not disheartened. Weiser was asked if it might not be better to hold it at Carlisle. John Clark. First Court at Harris' Ferry. and heartily condole with you upon it. Richard Dixon. by this string. "Brethren: The sky is dark all around us. As the public business is committed to you. in and for the county of Dauphin. Archibald McAllister. "I he pubhc business requires my presence at Carlisle. James Crouch. Jacob Awl. as well as for the Governor and his company as for the Indians. and proper entertainment provided. William Crane. The names of the jurymen were James Cowden. I accept your invitation and shall follow you to Carlisle." They then went to Carlisle. Samuel Jones and Jonathan McClure Esqrs. At the time this council was held there appears to have been but a single house and few conveniences at Harris' Ferry. Andrew Stewart." am now To this "The Belt" replied: "Brethren: I thank you for sending to us for council and for your kind speech. John Pattimore. and I am sorry for what has happened. William Brown. where I going. and indeed I expect no more. etc. nothing should be suffered to lie in your minds that might in any way impair your judgment. John Carson. and I invite you to go along with me. The first courts in Dauphin county were held by Justices of the Peace. should they prove numerous. where all the business of that county could be done at the same time. intreat you to put away all grief from vour heart. John Cooper. and dr\' up vour tears.

pieces of the support of the olid Philadelphia Liberty Bell and also pieces from its platform. Philadelphia. when a small affair was provided. which was used at the opening ceremonies of that great World's Fair. who were sentenced to receive eighteen lashes and pay fifteen shillings sterling. and any kind of house and kitchen work. brought to Harrisburg by a resident. washing. 1795 had the following advertisement. a very unique and elegant table made from wood of historic character. The center piece of the top was of olive wood from the sacred Mount of Olives. and understands feeding cattle. flag. to make and finish the article. between the hours of four and six Several records occur in which punisho'clock in the afternoon. there was placed on exhibition from Harrisburg. on the 1 8th of August. the president of the Woman's Department O'f the Ex- Two came from position. Potter Palmer. in February. The ladies' society engaged Albert Hughes. 1893. ment was inflicted by lashes and "standing in the pillory. 1785. R. pieces from the old house at Valley Forge." excellent for cooking. was much prized by Mrs. Oracle. the local cabinet-maker. around this was panels made from parts of the famous old mulberry tree to which John Harris. Haldeman. president of the auxiliary from Dauphin county." The greater number of punishments in this first term of county court. also strips from the window sill of the old Ross house on Arch street. were for horse stealing. pieces of dark walnut from Old Derry Church. apply to the Printer. and it serves to show the advancement made in the matter of liberty since that period: "A She is healthy. was once tied to be burned by the Indians but were prevented from it. and any work necessary on a farm. the line-of-battle ship "Constitution. its The issue. During the Columbian Exposition at through the eftorts of Mrs. strips of mahogany from the old State house solid doors. For terms. in An — Chicago. J.. The first public market-house in the county was at Harrisburg. .HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COLNTY The flicted 91 earliest record of a punishment is the account of one inon William Courtenay and James Lackey. stout negro wench. in 1785. where Betsey Ross made the first American Historical Table. about thirty-three years of age. of the panels forming the top were ivory buttons which This table. Washington was quartered that memorable w^inter." replete with history and artistic beauty. published at Harrisburg. in 1807. where Gen. Sr.

He came alone. Harris remonstrated with them. As he advanced a dog barked. since not Seeing a few at the end of the season. The town was aroused and the warriors gave chase. Harris saved from distress by his liberal kindness.92 HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY An Indian s Revenge. to them The County Against the State Constitution of 1873. and is due a great debt of gratitude from their descendants. and then raising the war whoop. and an aged squaw came to the opening of her wigwam to learn the cause of the disturbance. in — Descendants in of the Harris family give the following concerning the famous preacher — the same being published 1858. no pioneer. but though closely pursued. bearing away in triumph the bloody trophy. barity. — In . and repeatedly preached to the peoSo great was the ple. he drew his knife and scalped her.. their destitute condition. was passing through Pennsylvania about the year 1740. Harris. The early as a rule was a man of broad. "Annals of Har- "When the celebrated preacher. and gave directions that meal should be furnished to any of his poor neighbors who might apply for it. and eventually reached the bas. and their lields were left unsown. authority for this incident: off "A party of Indians from the Susquehanna at one time went on a war. in South Carolina. descendant of the founder of Harrisburg. and watching an opportunity Having observed the ford below the islof glutting his revenge. he remained sometime in and about Harris Ferry." Indeed."' Rev. the evidence of his courage and bar. or predatory excursion against the Southern Indians. found themselves in want. but ineffectually. of the benevolent sprit of the present time. and (owned later by General Forster) he one night crossed the river and cautiously approached the Indian town a short distance below. In the course of his expedition a hostile Indian was killed. He there secreted himself to observe the fording place. and one He was from the Catawof his relatives determined on revenge. he ran to the river bank. The Indian leaped forward and sinking the hatchet into her brain. Mr. George Whiteiield. he made good his escape. leaped into a canoe and started for the other shore. and the consequences of their improvidence were likely to prove serious. Thus were the families of those who had not listened to the prudent counsels of Mr. noble-minded impulses. bank of the river opposite the site of Harrisburg. Whitefield risburg:" George Jfliitefieid Hereabouts. with all community can boast of the equal of the above. Harris sent a considerable quantity of grain to the nearest mill. fascination of his eloquence. that many of the people neglected the John cultivation of their farms. who flocked from all quarters to hear him. — George is W.

John Harris. May 5. especially among the was stricken by yellow fever at the new foreign settlers. Independence. took decisive measures to abate the nuisance.032 "Against" adoption. the following agreement was signed May 7. the founder of ITarrisburg.500 pounds in thirty days and 500 pounds May i. It was generally conceded was the mill dam owned by two men named Landis. with interest.119 "For" and 4." States Constitution. Philadelphia same time and great fears were its introduction in Harrisburg. Landis to treat for the purchase of this mill property. Many Irish immigrants died and some of the regular citizens. John and Abraham Landis. the subscribers. To enable the committee to comply with the proposition for the purchase of the mill property.500 pounds. John this A. a meeting was held at the house of George Reitzel and a committee was there appointed to wait on the Messrs. Liberty. The citizens of the bormill-pond the cause of the sickness then so fearful in its extent. About sickly. 1790. Hanna and erected their mill thereon. Committees were appointed. 1794: ough believing "We. A patrol was stationed lower end of town to prevent infected persons from entering the borough. with the privileges of a mill-dam and raceway. while most families of the place were to some extent entertained of at the afflicted. comprising three acres of land. The following day the committee met and agreed to pay Landis 2. This dam spread the waters over an area of about nine The origin of this dam was as follows: April 16. 1795. A the year 1793. a sluggish stream. a mill-seat. on its east- The Supposed Cause. CELEBRATED MILL DAM CASE. Subsequently the Lanfamily purchased an additional tract of land from Gen. Harrisburg borough was exceedingly fever of a violent character. 1794. which was hardly in keeping with the motto of the Commonwealth ^'Virtue. similar to the yellow fever. situated in what is now the First dis Ward of the city. to enable the Burgesses to complete the said pur- . funds were raised and tendered the owners of the dam which had been erected the year previous on the Paxtang. acres. within six hundred yards of the middle of the borough. The citizens oi the place met in massmeetings to take steps for its removal. on Paxtang Creek. A Mill Dam: that the cause of this terrible scourge ern side. including the 14th and 15th Amendments to the United Dauphin county voted 3. and 1796. prevailed. as follows: 1.— HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY 93 the vote for and against the adoption of the State Convention of 1873. sold to Peter.

WIlHam Maclay and John A. to be paid to the said Burgesses and their sucone cessors in the manner and at the time hereinafter specified to wit: moiety or half part in two equal annual payments from the first day of June Provided. Robert Harris. purchase should not be completed by or on behalf of the said Borough within •one month from the date of these presents. 1795.-94 HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY chase and for the said considerations." and which was to be In addition to the fund thus to be taxed to the names on the list. nevertheless. d. Isett 618 6 6 Thomas Gregg Maj. Thomas Bennett John McChesney John Wyeth 4 o 8 2 3 Thomas More John Boyd o 214 o o O o o Graydon Samuel Grimes Dentzel Tobias Seyboth 9 9 O o Wm. David Harris.600. otherwise to be and to remain in full force and effect. with divine favor. Landis refused to sell their property for the sum proAt a meeting of the inhabitants posed by the citizens' committee. as the Messrs. s. that if the said with lawful interest for the same. our heirs. s. paid $1. in order. to restore the borough to its former state of health and prosperity. but not jointly. George Fisher James Duncan Adam Boyd George Peffer Jacob Wain Michael Fuslciner 20 o 20 14 23 o 9 3 o o o 3 Abraham Mooney Jacob Frush 116 2 o David Owen Irwin Glass Benjamin Fenton George Allen John Ritz 015 416 612 416 I 10 o O o o o o o o o O o o o i Lawrence Bennett John Bucher Jacob Ebright Alexander Graydon Galbraith Patterson Thomas Elder Henry Fulton £. of the borough of Harrlsburg on the i6th day of January. In witness whereof we have severally hereunto set our hands and affixed oui seals this seventh day of May in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and ninety-four: £. o o Kean Forrest 22 lO 25 5 6 18 4 16 11 5 Andrew William Martin 312 3 3 W. Hanna. bind ourselves. do severally. accomplish anything. it was unanimously agreed "that two thousand and six hundred pounds . which amounted In all to more than the property had cost its owner. raised. Messrs. Swiney Joshua Elder J. 614 6 14 18 o 20 O 4 10 16 16 H. to our names. that then the above obligation to be void and of no effect. 4 lO d. J. These proceedings did not. Crabb 4 16 o O O o o o o o o O o o O o O O O o citizen of Following this "an estimate was made of the portion of each Harrlsburg to purchase the mill belonging to the Landis family. the heirs of John Harris. executors and administrators unto the said Burgesses for the time being and their successors in such sum or sums of money as may be annexed by us. however.

Jacob Bucher. Landis and tendered them for their property the price demanded the previous year. he may see his way clear this season in levying a contribu- pounds upon the inhabitants of the borough. in offering to pay the man's price. Moses Gilmor. near the borough aforesaid. that then we unanimously agree to prostrate the dam erected on the waters of Paxtang Creek. and pay our proportionable parts of all legal expenses and damages that may accrue on any suit or suits. hending that the owners of the mill property intended to take advantage of the situation to extort an unreasonable price (£4112 los. "Fellow citizens. among other things said: "Upon by the present occasion Mr. lars for their water-right alone. that the remaining one thousand pounds be secured to be paid. in two equal annual installments. and although he took his work from a man last year. for the purpose of conveying water to said mill. for not subscribing his share of 2. done more than the people of Carlisle. with interest. and Abraham Landis and negotiate for the purchase of the mill property. exceedingly anxious. The committee called upon the Messrs. and Alexander Berryhill was appointed to wait upon Peter. which The owners now asked two thousand dolthey indignantly refused.112 — .) from the people.HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY 95 be immediately assessed on the property of the citizens of the said borough. indictment or indictments that may be brought or prosecuted in consequence of such act or acts. and that the whole (to wit. consisting of Stacy Potts. you have acted justly and you have acted with patience. for the said mill. befoTe you came to You have the resolution of destroying this reservoir of contagion. with the appurtenances thereto belonging. who have removed nuisances of this kind without asking who owned them and without dreaming of any compensation. Galbraith Patterson. and other places. John Dentzell. Wm. John Kean. that one thousand and six hundred pounds of the said sum be collected on or before the 6th day of March next. the sixteen hundred pounds in cash and the residue in bonds) be tendered to Peter and Abraham Landis. a noted lawyer of his day." A committee. In an undertaking which is founded in such justice make up the 2.600 pounds. and a much greater sum for their Appreentire property than the committee felt inclined to give. Go' on gentlemen. John.600 tion of 4. with the appurtenances. or either of them. Landis sees the people pressed their calamities. the Oracle of Dauphin of March 23d. proprietors of the mill and other water-works. as a full compensation in the same and that in case they property for their said sum as a full compensation the accept refused to . Graydon.

at of persons wishing to borrow money. live in a continual state of anxiety about their families. and put the land in cultivation and be the means under God's blessing. 1795: "At Brindle's: present.512 pounds for seven months No. 13th. The committee met and proceeded with a "Saturday. W. ana are in business. Monday at six o'clock. by caprice and sordid principles. John and Abraham Landis and they agreed to take $2. Committee hired four perinhabitants to the dam. i^et us therefore remove the mill-dam. — which the committee positively refused. i8th." Saturday. "Ordered. however. evening. the committee met with Peter. "John Rean was appointed secretary and treasurer. Kean. and the persons employed were paid six dollars. vve can't desert our property and interests. which was done. at 1. retained in the treasury a few days longer. after making up their minds to sacriiice to the amount of this man s demands. "Saturday. Landis sold to . and for your solemn resolutions. During the same month. Bucher.96 HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY pounds and tender it according to the man's terms. — Ihe committee met and viewed the dam. Berryhill's." DOWN THE ..and for the further removing the nuisance in Paxtang Creek. and the inhabitants assemble and demolish the remainder of the dam. the Messrs. and adjourned till "Monday. April 8.000 for the waterright.. and if he does not receive it. at six o'clock. following proceedings of the "Committee of Seven" are of interest in this connection: The "At a meeting of the Committee of Seven. April 25. will they let him assess their happiness. which was raised by voluntary contribution on the spot. for your famihes. Berryhill. appointed to superintend and direct the appropriation of the moneys raised for the demolition of the milldam. that on Saturday next at one o'clock the bell be rung. have respect for yourselves. Graydon. Gillmor. "Adjourned to Saturday evening next. Potts. Dentzell. and the members mentioned the names iith. will be followed by prosperity to the rich and poor. at Mr. clean out the creek. who are industrious. 1795. Agreed. Beri7hiirs. to give health to the place. TEAR MILL DAM! Will you be played upon this way ? Will men who have invested their all here. that the treasurer take up the bonds due to Adam Boyd and to George Allen. gentlemen. which I have no doubt. number of the sons to open the bed of the creek twelve feet wide. "Agreed. — Met. that the money be.f^ .

"Daniel Hiester. record-book is the following: : Be it remembered that on the i8th day "Dauphin Co. SS. the General Assembly of Pennsylvania in session in Philadelphia. It may be remarked that some of the citizens who' refused to contribute to the subscription.— : HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY Stacy Potts. 1790." The payments This sum was raised by taxing the citizens. enters and returns upon oath. William Graydon. 97 Moses Gilmore. agreeably to the act of Assembly. and six pence "to hold and to have the said two pieces of land. 1825. This mill was erected about as low down as the old "White House. Berks county. for 2.. "of Reading. late of the county of Dauphin." between the "old mill road" and the canal. executor of the testament and last will of Curtis Grubb. Sir: Please to register on records according to law. deceased. 1780. were made in three annual payments. as no one would give them employment." . in the court Thus ended one of the most perplexing cases ever experihouse. to August. passed an act for the gradual abolition of In order to prevent any slave-owner from evading the law. named Sarah. The mother owned by me. Please 7 Esq. John Wilkes Kittera. "To Alexander Graydon.633 pounds. 1780. etc. from found in this old Among other items to be 1779. John Kean. born in the county of Dauphin at the house of John Maye. mills. aged about seven months. John Dentzell and Alexander Berryhill (a committee chosen public meeting held in court room in Harrisburg) the at a mill. March i. aged about six months. Esq'r.. were obliged to leave town. born on or about the 8th day of January last. and one other female negro child. The property was put up at public auction and sold Nov. A LIST OF SLAVES. the mother's name is Grace (Father Unknown). May 7. etc. county. D. 1797. 18. A. iron-master. prothonotary's office in Dauphin county is a record of slaves in the slaves in this State. a heavy penalty was prescribed for thbse who refused In the to register all slave children born after March i. enced in Harrisburg. 1791. of May. houses. a male negro child named Henry." — Following this appeared this item "Harrisburg. mill machinery. file this paper. one female negro child named Fanny. four shillings. Jacob Bucher.

Susan. East Hartover. Leah. James Byers. township then part of Dauphin county. Judy and Mary. David Ritchey. Cox. Andrew Peter. Dinah. Paxton. Hanna. Robert Boal. Harrisburg. with Sampson. for Jacob Cook. Lower Paxton. Ned. Dinah. Cornelius Dinah. Jonathan McCIure.. Samuel and Francis. Ephraim. with Lucy and Jacob Cook. Joseph Work. Paxton. Arthur Chambers. James Cowden. Tom. Rachel. Then came the following in regular order. George. Daphne. Paxton. estate. Peg and Isaac. his place of residence and the name of the slave being given in the book istered. Paxton. Polly. David Ritchey. Dinah. Paxton. Flora. of Londonderry. D. West Hanover. The following is the list: James Scott of Derry township leads the list with a female negro child. Paxton township. Jenny and Abe. Paxton. William Wood. Peter. Harrisburg. John Carson. Paxton. Rachel. Michael Kapp. Lebanon. An- David Ritchey. Frank and Phebe. Violet.: 98 After HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY a neatly arranged index. Kate. East Hanover. James McKee. Thomas-Peter. Bethel. and a female named Dinah. John Young. East Hanover. Cornelius William Crabb. for Curtis Grubb. the last slaves. Paxton. Joshua Elder. the name of the owner. Archibald McAllister. Keefer. Joshua Elder. regfor Jacob Grubb. Middletown. Lower Paxton. East Hanover. Samuel isters Sinclair. Paxton. Margaret Campbell. William Campbell. James Burd. William Wood. Mordecai McKinney. Cox. George Cream. Judge John Carson. Then comes Daniel Bradley. East Hanover. James Crouch. Dick. East Hanover. Tom. M. Rose and Francis. the younger. John A. Hugh Andrews. Gris and James Cowden. James Cowden. Paxton. Paxton. East Hanover. These were the first four slaves registered. Sal. Cato. Daniel Bradley. West Hanover. Benjamin Hunt. Justice of the Peace. mulatto. John Ainsworth. Andrew and Margaret. Hager. Harrisburg. Paxton. Paxton. Rachel. for as they attained the age of 28 years they were emancipated.. M. D. Paxton. Jacob and Rachel. comes the names of slaves regit may be said. with a male slave named Peter. Mary. John Gelchrist. Lucy. that were ever owned in Dauphin county. Isaac. Louisburg. John W. Lower Paxton. Lower Paxton. Harrisburg. Jack and Madge. Peter. Jacob Awl. Katy. Paxton. Saul. Phil- William Crabb. named Lucy. Bess. drew. East Hanover. East Hanover. Guff. John. Bethel. Kittara. George. Lower Paxton. Hugh Andrews. . Jacob Awl. Dinah and Isaac Czar. lis. Sarah. Stephen Stephenson. Paxton.

Mira. York. Joseph. Margaret Carson. Robert Hayes. Abby and Charles. Harbinson. Joseph Allen. Harrisburg. Tyra. J. Stewart. Rose. Frederick. Archibald McAllister. John A. Hannah. Nancy Awl. Isabella. Lebanon. Jane. James. Daniel. Lancaster. West Hanover. Derry. Londonderry. Harrisburg. Pat Hays. Lebanon. Londonderry. Thomas West Hanover. Coleman. Carter. Reading. Paxton. Solomon. Isaac. John Elder. Bob. James George. West Hanover. John. Jr. Paxton. Charles. William Kerr. Kittera. Emilia. Elijah and Dinah. McAllister. Archibald McAllister. Hamilton. Ferguson. Paxton. Louisburg. Sam. Samuel Sturgeon. Sr. Peter. Paxton. Rachel. Nedd. Harrisburg. John Martin. Paxton. West Hanover. Lower Paxton. Paxton. M. agent for Robert. Lower Paxton. Peter. W. Pat Hays. John Kelso. Hanna. David Grim. Londonderry. W^illiam. Eve. Annville. James Wilson. Venus. Nell. Jacob Cook. Patrick Hayes. John Young. Elizabeth. Patrick Haves. Derry. John Carson. Waugh. Phillis and Nan. Peter. Benjamin Wallace. Londonderry. East Hanover. Lower Cowden. Nel. of Lancaster county. John Kelso. Paxton. Nathaniel Simpson. Paxton. James Caldwell. Archibald McAllister. Lower Paxton. William White. Cornelius Cox. An- Hannah. Nell. Venus and Joseph. Samuel West Hanover. Harriett. Fanny and Sarah. Dinah Lemons. born in Dauphin county. Cornelius Cox. Henry. David Will. Charles Butler. West Hanover. An- David Patton. John Carson. McAllister. Thomas Martin. West Hanover. Charles. Jr. Martha Crean. J. 99 Paxton. Elizabeth Hunt. Adam. Elizabeth Patton. James Burd. Sam. John Carson. Elizabeth Burd. Sam.HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY Richard Dearmond. Hannah and Dinah. Paxton.. William Frazier. Londonderry. Paxton. Esther and Archibald drew. Lower Paxton. Cato. Paxton. West Hanover. Londonderry. West Hanover. John. Mary Adam Job. for Curtis Grubb. Lower David Rachel. drew. Maria and Frank. Daniel Hiester. Paxton township. Hannah. Patton. Lydia. Harrisburg. E. Dinah. Hetty Gray. Lower Paxton. Jeremiah Sturgeon. Alex. Lower Paxton. Harrisburg. Andrew Lee. Tob. Cornelius Cox. Londonderry. for Curtis Grubb. David Detweiler. Patrick Hayes. deceased. ton. Cornelius Cox. Londonderry. Londonderry. Robert Boals. Lower Paxton. Paxton. Lower Paxton. Lower Paxton. Rudolph Kelker... David Elder. Elder. Cato. Lower Paxton. Paxton. George. Kelker. Lower Pax- West Hanover. Henry. Arch. Charles. West Hanover. R. George Brenizer. Archibald McAllister. Londonderry. David Montgomery. Paxton. Cornelius Cox. Lower Paxton. . Paxton.

The thirty-seven years. John Capp. George Whitehill. Archibald McAllister. Londonderry. Harrisburg. Alexander M. Harrisburg. Harriet. John B. Harrisburg. Maria Murry. Michael Boyer. Harrisburg. Harrisburg. Hanover. Molly. Jacob Boas. Henry. . Carson. Hannah. West Hanover. Halifax. Jacob. Elder. Andrew John Lee.lOO HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY Frazer. Harrisburg. Lower Paxton. Cox. Lower Paxton. Jack Jenkins. John Neidig. Archibald McAllister. Harrisburg. Patrick Hays. Archibald McAllister. Londonderry. Archibald ^IcAUister. Char- lotte. Eve. ton. Hannah. Lower Paxton. Lower Paxton. Amelia. John Machesney and Obed Fahriestock. Cox. Harrisburg. Jane and Richard. Dorrance. Laura. and the last August 29. Among the clerks of the court v^^ho registered the slaves were Alexander W. Benjamin Wallace. Mary and Eve. Lucy. Irvine. Lower PaxHarrisburg. Weidman. Pa- Hannah. Lower Pax- David ton. This slave is buried on this land. the: tomb was to be seen near the rail- way a few years since. East Hall. East Hanover. Hoofnagle. widow of Alex. M. living on the land occupied by Fort Hunter. West Hanover. Esther Cox. Isabella McKee. John Noble. Swatara. Archibald McAllister. Adam. William M. Frances. Harrisburg. Lower Paxton. John Kean. Joshua Elder. Dinah. Harrisburg. West Hanover. Robert Harris. Hanover. Joseph Burd. West Hanover. Robert Rodgers. first This closes the record. Becky. John Capp. James Craig. Geo. John B. Thomas Elizabeth Tilly. Ellis. George. Adam Bender. Simon Goodman.. Mark. Hallie Jenkins. Clarey. Archibald McAllister. Harr)^ Andrew Lee. Luce. John Lucy Craig. Josh- — entry was made October 30. Archibald McAllister. Peter. late of Lancaster. Lower Paxton. John Carson. Susquehanna. Robt. Lower Paxton. David Montgomery. Maria. Henry. Elmer George. Tom. Henrj^ B. Lucas. Swatara. James. Upper Paxton. 1825 It is said that at the present time there are descendants of some of the very slaves above registered in Harrisburg. Derry. Lower Paxton. Harrisburg. John B. Cumberland county. Scott. Lower Paxton. Wm. Derry. Ande Harriet. Cox. Pat Robert Martin. Boal. Hays. Esther. former resident of Harrisburg. Vandanna. Si- Jackson. Ferguson. Susquehanna. John Stewart. Harrisburg. D. Lower Paxton. Joe. Sarah Wilson. Waugh. Eliza Creag. Lower Paxton. Charlotte. The last slave in Dauphin county was the property of Archibald McAllister. Graydon. Harriet and mon Robert Boal. tience. merchant. Catherine. Margaret Sturgeon. Harrisburg. Mary Hanover. Wiggins. Londonderry. Joshua Elder. Samuel Stoner. ua Elder. Lower Paxton. Harrisburg. James Brisben. Gibe. 1788.

Harris. Harrisburg. stated that when a small girl she did not dare touch a tomato stalk. Hundreds of farmers who never paid any attention to their "Sugar camp. Voorhees had a comb factory at the corner of River Alley and Chestnut street. the following appeared: "The present weather is favorable for sugar-making and those of our farmers who have a "sugar camp" are now busily engaged in collecting and boiling the sweet juice of the maple and converting it into home-made sugar and molasses. who was reared in the family of Mr. It was inferior then to the fine varieties of the Twentieth century. as they were considered poisonous. he purchased seed from her and was instructed how to prepare the tomatoes. Harris himself stated that he never knew them toi be eaten until Colonel John Roberts returned from York in 1 8 1 2. W. He said when at York with the Pennsylvania troops he dined at one of the best taverns in that town." further than to provide enough for home supply. George W. In 1 The former. The first grown in Harrisburg was in the garden of William Maclay. Maple sugar is delicious and we can't have too much of it. 82 1. This business was formerly considered a country amusement. The next year the seeds were planted." and as such it was known to the people of Dauphin county up to about 1840. and Mr. He found them excellent. on Front and South streets. and the Colonel had the pleasure of eating the first tomatoes raised in Har- — risburg or its vicinity. Maclay. with the Cunninghams. The English name for it was "Love Apple. as well as amusement in sugar-making. but since the Civil war has doubled the price of sugar there is profit." — . later got control of ihe factory and continued the business for several years. Mrs. a Mr. Boyer were apprentices to the comb business. is a native of South America. and there saw stewed tomatoes on the table.HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY loi First Use of Tomatoes: This vegetable which has come to be almost indispensable to the American table. At that time John Shaffner and W. Every farmer in Dauphin county who owns sugar-trees on their plantations should turn them to account and thereby confer a benefit upon themselves. are now manufacturing for the market and will obtain a ready market at high prices for all they can make. as well as the rest of mankind. It was cultivated in gardens as an ornament. her grandfather. In the March 23 issue of the Harrisburg Patriot and Union. He then enquired of the landlord where he procured them and was informed that the seed were secured from a West India negro woman. Maple Sugar Making In 1864. Hunting the latter up.

commencing at the hour of eleven o'clock on the said day. 1885. 1885. factorv and all other bells throughout the county of Dauphin be nang for the space of fifteen minutes and that all the schools.30 o'clock. the Dauphin County Historical Society considered the proposition of a proper celebration of the one hundredth anniversary of the formation of Dauphin county. 1883. the civic and social orders. be fixed for Monday. September 16. the artizan. which would occur in 1885. September 13. was fixed upon as the time for the proposed anniversary. the citizens from every part of the county. at 10 o'clock in the forenoon of said day. September 14. As the founder of the town John Harris gave liberally of his land to the State. at the hour of eleven o'clock in the forenoon. The celebration of the One Hundredth Anniversary of ( 1 ) the erection of the county of Dauphin and the founding of the city of Harrisburg. there shall be an industrial display and procession. church. The following program was published and carried out to a letter 9. be requested to participate. organize a display and procession. a parade of the Grand Army. 1885. at 10 o'clock in the forenoon. (7) That on Thursday. remarks by old citizens. — .: I02 HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY CENTENNIAL ANNIVERSARY OF CITY AND COUNTY. the Firemen of this and adjoining cities of the State. fire engine. (5) military. September 14. at the hours of nine o'clock in the morning of said day. 1885. both public and private. etc. As early as November. The next February a committee was appointed from the Society to whom was intrusted the important duty. shall take place in Harrisburg. March 1884. tion to the Council of the city. it was deemed appropriate that all should be invited tO' join the people in giving eclat to the occasion. That every department of industry the farmer. September 17. 1885. 1885. it is recommended that the court house. by all concerned. an Historical address. at 7. 1885. That on Tuesday. September 10. sent a communicaAfter due consideration. (2) That the clergy of all the congregations and churches in the county of Dauphin be requested tO' deliver Commemoration Sermons or discourses on Sunday. as well as the foundling of the city of Harrisburg. county and city. — — Mayor Wilson. His Honor. the dates from the 13th to the 17th of September. (6) That on Wednesday. (3) That Monday. And that on the evening of the same day. or other assemblies at that time gathered together. the concluding exercises shall consist of a Centenary Poem. sing "God Bless Our Native Land." (4) That the inaugural ceremonies be held at the court house and in other parts of the county to be hereafter designated. public school.

1885. or under his direction. special aids blue. representing on one side the log cabin of pioneer Harris. 1885. furniture. it was a celebration America at least it is so claimed by men who are best capable of judging. all had prospered as a people. pro Solitiidine Miiltitiido. at a reasonable advance on its cost. all in all. many attending Divine worship In the city as upon this auspicious oc- — — augured well for the week-day ceremonies to follow. in the annals of . also relics of all descriptions. a scene representing the three leading industries of Dauphin county. and to be closed Thursday. "E. Arches spanned many of the streets. At six o'clock In the morning. On the obverse side." meaning "Out of barbarism Civilization. clothing. mining. the proceeds to be turned into the funds of the treasurer.000 toward defraying the large expenses. books. china. and other aids white. That a committee of forty ladies and ten gentlemen be appointed to carry out this project. September 9." Five hundred and sixty-nine dollars worth of these unique medals were sold. The Sabbath before the real opening day. 1 hat a room be provided for the collection and display of ancient farm implements. 1885. was Never were there so an ideal autumn day September 13. with the motto. bedding. The Centennial medals above referred to. Dauphin County Centennial. thirteen guns were fired. Feritate Ciiltns. and to be of three values gold." It is said. The pastors of the many churches preached commemorative sermons while Interesting services suitable to the occasion were also held in the various Sabbath Schools. agriculture. That all articles will be properly insured and returned to their respective owners. The antiquarian display will be open at Harrisburg on Wednesday. That a moderate fee be charged for admission. It Every one felt that — . That the said medal be sold by the treasurer. (9) That an antiquarian display be held on the week of the anniversary celebration. On the outer border "i 785-1 885. Such Chief Marshal's designation to be a crimson sash. etc. (11) That a Commemorative Medal.HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY 103 (8) That a marshal shall be chosen each day with power to designate special and other aids. The City Council of Harrisburg donated $1. but created by indicasion. under the kind protection of Providence. — unequaled under kind Providence. (10) That a cordial invitation be extended to the citizens of the county of Lebanon. were produced in white metal. beds. paintings.. portraits. not only the work of committees. The decorations w^ere indeed elaborate. bronze and silver. each day of the celebration. for Solitude a Multitude. with a suitable device and inscription be prepared. which for twenty-eight years formed a part <^f the original county of Dauphin. September 17. manufacturing. silver and bronze.

The Philadelphia Times said fully one people witnessed the parade on Industrial Day. The citizens of the Fifth. In front of every engine-house. some being very elaborate. D..embers of the throng. closing with the Lord's Prayer. of Washington. Harris. spared no pains or bunting by which to make things look bright and they literally painted their locations "red. Sixth. or since seen in Harrisburg. D. Seventh and Eighth wards. At the opening of exercises at the Court House. HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY who grasped the Idea of celebrating in proper spirit. the firemen had erected pretty arches. C.I04 viduals. Five thousand school children were in parade and in their march halted by the soldiers' monument at the corner of Second and State streets and sang "My Country. said in concert by the vast gathering line of present." Private houses were in many cases literally covered with flags of the "Old Glory" type. The engine-house arches were perfectly beautiful and the whole decoration eclipsed anything ever before. D. hundred thousand . William A. the Rev." with wonderful effect upon the older m. a fervently worded prayer was offered by a grandson of pioneer John Harris. 'Tis of Thee.

served as a place for the first court to meet at Harris Ferry. A is log house standing until about 1843. which gives the following items connected with the building £ James Mitchell. the officials appointed and selected to fill the various positions. at least the expenditiu*es for the erection thereof cover that period as is to be seen from the "Order Boak" in the commissioners' office. ^^ the corner of what now Washington avenue and Front street. was near by. County Governiment The several Court Houses Early Court Cryers The County Prisons Alms Houses Finances National and State RepresentationJudges Biographers of First Judges County Officials Biography of Alexander Graydon.: CHAPTER V. now known as the in Aldinger Ho- From 1792 to 1799 inclusive were occupied the construction of the first court house. Harris . John Kean new Court-House " " 103 John Kean & R. entered upon the duty of looking well to the interests of tax-payers and the development of a good and safe county government. The courts were afterwards held in the old log jail which formerly stood on the northwest side of Strawberry alley. and in a log house which formerly stood on the lot later occupied by the "Farmer's Hotel. Mitchell & Kapp. First Pro- — — — — — — — — — thonotary. The pillory. or punishing place. a short distance northeast of Raspberrv alley." (opposite the present court house) tel. As soon as Dauphin county was set off from Lancaster and had the proper buildings provided.

172 15 115 6 William Wray. Kunkel. the above shows this court house to have cost about $6. John S. Bricker & Bennett. " " " . and Jacob Behm. Charles Rowen. for $57. 2176 0126 2 14 14 7 3 76 2 Benjamin Trego. Eckert. to be com- Reduced pleted November. Robert Harris " new Coiirt-House ' o 75 18 10 37 10 75 528 3 7 o o o o o 6>4 I 4 12 17 • 12 7 8 3 30 85 Trustees. John Balsley.1 io6 HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY £ s.012. Jail and H. " " " " " 269 2578 i 15 12 3 o 2 8 500 300 2 6 189 4 3 3 11 " " " " . Benjamin Kurtz. L. 1861. Jacob Wain. H. The new building was erected under Commissioners Jacob Buffington. Connelly & Rowan. Court-House Bell Residue of Bell 217 10 15 1 i>4 6 8 " " 660 18 5 16 9 131 2 10 26 13 10 112 10 to Henry Brunner Neiu Bell o O United States money. O. James Ingraham. \Vilt. 1894.997.. Weav- An er. annex was found necessary to the new court house and accordingly a contract was awarded August 15. This building served until i860. C. Ford. Semmers. d. to W.000. of Harrisburg. at the contract price of $10.. Frederick Cleckner. when the original part of the present court house was erected. Musser. _" John Cumins. . on the site occupied by the old building. " " " " " " 4 15 5 5 7/^ 10 i 9 1 6 16 Henry Bruner. The contract was let to Samuel Holman and Daniel E.

etc. in the persons of William Courtney and James Lachey. ance. with wings and a semi-rotunda in front. In "Morgan's Annals of Harrisburg. give your attendance & you shall be heard. served well its purpose and held many a hardened criminal first The upon their crime and removed them. which was added to the building by the State of Pennsylvania. While here. each of whom reThere were other punishments at this ceived "eighteen lashes." The pillory. It is two stories high and surmounted with an Beoctagonal tower. or otherwise.. was built about 1790. 1785. two stories high." whipping post. at the junction of Front and Paxtang streets. God save the Commonwealth & the Hon'ble Court. or Walnut street is constructed of fine Montgomery county. or — Prison erected for the safety of the county. while a rude sioners. the Capp and Com- missioners of the county erected the brick buildings at the corner of Walnut street and Raspberry alley. stood about sixty yards below the grave of John Harris. January 2. an instrument of judicial torture and legal vengeance. when the town was originally laid out." published in 1858. originally intended to contain an alarm-bell. or just above the old ferryhouse.HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY The 107 old court house was an antique affair of brick. it moved into the then par- owned at the time by Mr. affair. is found the foluntil the sentence of the court passed lowing description of this prison : "The light granite fice building fronting on from Chester. imprisonment. tially finished brick building. to the commisThis. Its earliest victims were on August 18. while it was occupied by the Commonwealth as a capital building from the time the capital of Pennsylvania was removed from Lancaster in 18 12. When the court vacated the court house for the State.. . 1822. Jr. into which the court moved and remained in until the Legislature vacated the court house. later known as the "White Hall" tavern. in the Gothic style of architecture. by execution. Among old books and papers found in Joshua Elder's effects (son of Rev. All manner of persons who stand bound by Recogniz- have anything to do before the Judges of this Court of General Quarter Sessions of the peace here holden this day of the county of Dauphin draw near. John Elder) cryer. and is devoted entirely to the residence and of- of the keeper. In 1839-40 this building was removed to make place for one of more modern design. but it was not long before such means of punishment was abandoned for more humane means fines. Sr. until the completion of the old State House. on lots conveyed by John Harris. "O yes! times. three is gleaned the early manner of the court {To Open Court) Cryer makes proclamation.

which connect with massive limestone walls twenty-three feet high. Within this enclosure. cells is Iiad charge of the construction of this re-built prison. to a thoroughly modern prison. ten fronting each side of The twenty cells on the second floor have a similar the corridor. J. Iron Dorn Van Contractors— tect— F. the number of criminals necessarily increased. by which the County Prison was greatly enlarged and improved. if not the highest. appropriations were made by the commissioners. The cost of this Prison. Commissioners— John W. and this Prison many was found too small to properly handle so For years this prison was anything but a wholesome and sanitary place and the keepers had their skill taxed to its utmost convicts. clerk. was completed in 1901 and stands as a monument to the good sense and business management of the charge. They are heated by hot water." on lights dor is was $40. which was erected at an early date in the hismasonry. and properly ventilated by apertures through the outside wall. to securelv keep the various classes of offenders but in the latter part of the eighties. The floor of the corri- covered with brick. and connected with the front building by a corridor ten feet wide. arrangement. land. Osterling. sanitary conditions. of any in Pennsylvania. ArchiHawkins. Charles H. Its entire length is eighty feet. It is surrounded by the same old stoneup-to-date genious. Smith. The following persons elsewhere tory of Harrisburg. wall of solid spoken of. Ohio. and are attained by a stairway in the center of the Each corridor. method. leading to a gallery.io8 HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY Ing built at some distance from the line of the street. enclosing the two sides and rear of the lots. The floors are covered with asphaltum. finished in 1841. enclosed with neat cast-iron railing. . a handsome garden-plot fronts the structure. David Brohoff. and it is lighted and ventilated by skythe roof. architect. CleveWorks. Meehan. of the ceils contain a bed and water-closet. with which they communicate.000. It is a plain limestone building two stories high. Dr. Deibler. Wing-walls of granite flank the building on either side. As the population increased. county at the date of its construction were: John Hummel and Henry Peffer. each fifteen feet in length and seven and one-half wide. John Ex-Commissioner— Patrick H. . It officials who had in the same in ranks high. is the prison proper. D. It was effected l3y adding two stories to This work the old building and re-arranging the whole interior. It was Commissioners of the The erected by John Haviland. twenty of which are on the first story. containing forty cells. point of safety and The number of steel- barred under the present arrangement is one hundred and sixtysteam-heated by "city heat" and ventilated by an inIt four.

as cost of rebuilding The about one hundred and alleviated the condition of the unfortunate inmates. additions made since November 11. the buildings were accepted by the com- mittee of inspectors for the county.000 and it was first occupied in 1869. S. B. W. From 1866 to 1872. though spacious enough for the times in which they were erected. that authorized the maintenance of the county's poor in this manner. sixty-five and furnishing the present prison was thousand dollars. The towering size and ornamental cornice presented an imposing front vicAv. Underkeeper— David F. on a larger George Grove of Hummelstown. UlMiller. with some and better plan than before. Archie Knisley. W. The main building was completed in 1868. an architect of some considerable note. The original almshouse was provided after the passage of the Act In 1 804. Henry Cordes. that date." . Day-Watchman —James McCann. F. John H. Inspector^ S. to those legally entitled to find home in The inscription upon the base-stone at the front of the institu- tion. Mcllhenny. of which but greatly — $23.: HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY The Prison officers are : 109 —Lane Hart. The commissioners at once set about re-building. Kelker. Kelker was one of the directors of the poor. \V. was secured to superintend the construction of the ncAV buildings. Mcllhenny.000. at the suggestion of Rudolph F. The loss was about $140. Its cost was $75. new additional buildings erected and such improvements made in the general management of the almshouse. H. Night-Watchmen — Samuel B. Warden — — Catharine A. The Dauphin County Almshouse is located three miles from Harrisburg. but they had outlived their usefulness many years before others were provided. and through his instrumentality proper legislation was secured. 1883. 1884. Physician— Dr. which are the present. Nissley. rich. On the afternoon of July 2. Cassel and James Meehan. Small buildings were provided.500 was covered by insurance. Matron S. Meetch. A laundry and school room were included in the new building. reads as follows "In the name of Christ the Gift of Dauphin Cdiintv To Her Poor and Destitute— Built 1S6S— Re-Built 1883. this institution was almost the laundry and school room only being totally destroyed by fire saved from the flames. Coover. Rudolph F. which gentlemen pronounced the workmanship first class in every particular and soon thereafter the institution a was opened for occupancy such a place.

D.68 phin County.00 Amount of cancelled orders.. 1905. Ringland.10 $ 6. hides. account with the Directors of the Poor and House of Employment of said County during the year A. i to No. etc 2. have hereunto set our hands and office in the City of Harrisburg. 1904. D. Treasurer of Dau218. 1905 56. Dockey. A. A. 1906.50 $45. 1905.95 amount of outstanding orders of A. Elmer W. To balance due Directors as per last settlement of A. 1906 $49. $2. Isaac Lyter. Eighteen Dollars and Sixty-eight cents. Agent of the Board for maintenance of patients at Almshouse.879. A. And after careful examination of the accounts find due the Directors of the Poor and House of Employment by Isaac Lyter. 1905 Amount of outstanding orders of A.50 56. D. 1905 96.879 50 in . D. D. $ 79. 1 905 $48. Elmer W. Auditors of Dauphin County. Pennsylvania. D. W. D. after being duly sworn according ($218.25 of Pennsyldo certify that we did audit and settle the accounts of the Directors of the Poor and House of Employment of said County for the year A. seal at in the our year George L. Reigel. the sum of Two Hundred and the undersigned Auditors of We.363.62 balance due Directors by Isaac Lyter.58 .935. Attest: F.111. January ist. 1904.462. vania.111. 1905.00 1905 $ 2. Deduct money paid to County Treasurer by J. D. Ringland. Groceries Beef Flour $2. this 14th day of April. Agent of the Board as per statement above Cancelled orders of A. D. D. Treasurer of Dauphin County. sale of wheat. State of Pennsylvania.25 By By By Directors orders from No. Docket. issued during the year A.68). Esq. Esq. 2108 inclusive. 1905 43 . D.. In witness whereof. Pennsylvania.913..32 46.848. A.190. D. 1905 Actual expense during the year A.000.54 2.43 To cash received from J.45 HOUSEHOLD EXPENDITURES.24 1. we. Treasurer of Dauphin County. Penna. Secy. D. A. Hoover.. paid in A. of our Lord. Dauphin County. Esq.909. $49. State Lunatic HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY REPORT OF THE BOARD OF DIRECTORS OF THE POOR FOR THE YEAR A. State to law.00 Requisition from County Commissioners.

Justice and other fees 4. permanent. Baker.163. one four (4) horse wagon with ladders. Gardner.38 1 1 Penna Steward's account for sundries bought and paid for as per his bills Freight on goods for Almshouse and telephone toll Telephone charges for telephones for office and almshouse Cleaning office during the year Tobacco furnished for inmates Conveying and shipping paupers Other counties for maintenance of paupers chargeable to Dauphin CountA^ Groceries.167.159.607. one (i) stock bull. Maintenance of Children in Homes for Children at Harrisburg. seven (7) sets new harness.020. printing. glass. ( 1904) Stationery.25 127.73 4j775-39 1. seed potatoes. Pastor. Dayton wagon.41 948. 1905 iii WAGES AND FEES.12 6.462. Night Watchman. 1905. temporar}% provisions.05 $ 6.05 SUMMARY OF EXPENDITURES FOR THE YEAR A. and chop feed 4. Engineer. .07 . lumber. 00 . Cash $ Out-Door. Fireman. 2. . blacksmithing.20 wood furnished to small-pox cases 2.387. wages and fees Medicine and Medical attention Almshouse and for Out-DoorPoor ••.Poor.00 151-14 30.HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY SALARIES.00 600. Agent of the Board and A.432. chargeable to the Directors of the Poor Publishing Annual Report. fertilizer. paint and painting. rent of Cameron field. Maintenance of Children at Home for Feeble-minded at Polk.00 400.53 3. D.056. Clothing. $ 2.50 Out-Door-Poor.82 637.58 2.44 24. such as one new Fairbanks wagon scales.00 422. timothy and clover seed. coal and shoes Household expenditures Light and fuel Salaries.00 Directors salaries for the year Steward's salary Matron's salary Salaries of Asst. Two (2) Nurses in Sick wards. postage for office and Almshouse.34 6.66 ( I ) Euildings and repairs. two (2) milch cows.27 3. Butcher.64 395. threshing wheat and oats.018. 362. hardware. Cook. Dry Goods. Clerk to Board.607. Four (4) Attendants in Insane wards. carpenters wages and all general repairing Maintenance of Insane at State Lunatic Hospitals. D. . books. Farmer.) Burial of paupers and coffins Farm expenditures. Bedding and Furniture for the Almshouse (All wooden beds were replaced with iron beds. Matron.05 6. 1. permanent.407. Shoes.895. respouting buildings. Groceries Out-Door-Poor.00 1.•••. one (i) two horse wagon. coal and 1. garden seeds.

100 41 1)936 375 80 12 8 31. Derry. (net) Number of pounds of pork killed. Number of bushels of corn grown on farm Number of bushels of potatoes Number of bushels of wheat Number of bushels of oats Number of bushels of turnips Number of bushels of Tomatoes Number of bushels of beans Number of bushels of peas Number of bushels of onions Number of bushels of beets Number of bushels of pears Number of bushels of spinach Number of heads of cabbage Number of heads of lettuce Number of bunches of radishes Number of bunches of rhubarb Number of quarts of lima beans Number of dozen of sweet corn Number of stalks of celery' Number of tons of hay Number of pounds of butter made Number of pounds of hard soap made Number of barrels of soft soap made Number of barrels of saurkraut Number of barrels of sweet corn dried Number of pounds of beef killed.000 2.95 Other counties County for maintenance of paupers chargeable to Dauphin 167. 48.500 2. disinfectants.94 STEWARD'S ANNUAL REPORT. attention. Paxton. horse hire and all other expenses for small-pox During the year this office cared for one hundred and fifty-two (152) cases of small-pox in fifty different families in the different townships of the County.750 i)450 638 690 325 125 lOO 20 - 77 25 15 25 6.Officers.330 1. namely.1 112 HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY 1. East Hanover and . Swatara. Sanitan.34. Jefferson Lower Lower Swatara. (net) Number of pounds of veal killed (net) (in the ears) 2. Susquehanna. 1905- DECEMBER Ill 58 1 8 Children Adults and children 3 191 2.025 400 425 2.119.242 NUMBER OF INMATES White males White females Colored males Colored females IN COUNTY ALMSHOUSE 31. Physicians for special examinations.468 1 1.

Then the county of Dauphin con- tained but 48.000. D. the date of the last published statement of the county officials..00 78.466. 1905 is an index of the (and which will not be materially changed by the forthcoming report for the year 1906) and is as follows Auditors' report for the year tO' The county's financial standing up that date. in the matter of valuations and fiis a marked — — nances of the county in general. Agent of the Board.958.090.466 in 1905. 1903.. as against 114. 1906: J. L. Row.. Early.00 Value of Almshouse and fixtures Outstanding taxes.000.000.640 people.00 50. W.765 D. 1904 and 1905 26. the assessed valiuation of all personal and real estate property subject to taxation.425. Clerk. .69 Balance in Amount in sinking • $925. cent.000. maturing 1931 3 3 per cent. series 1890 issued series 1891 issued series issued series per —4 per 4 — 1901 — per 1902 — 1903 — 3^^ per maturing 1910 maturing 191 1 cent.47 LIABILITIES.66 Value of jail and fixtures 3 10. A.12 fund 74.000.47 Assets in excess of liabilities $925. Helt. of lodgings furnished tramps of meals furnished tramps 5.$ 75. hands of the Treasurer of the various county funds. 1905 Of Number Number this number twenty-eight (28) were insane patients.00 300.698 Officers for the year .066.00 300. there contrast between the commencement of the Civil War 1861 period and the present..000.971..00 Value of Court House and furniture 140. According tc the records of the State and county officials. D. maturing 1932 cent.815 as against $57. ASSETS.47 8 . maturing 191 8 cent.958.958.000. J. D. RixGLAND^ President.443 in 1900.000. 113 189 2. In 1860-61.: HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY Average number of inmates daily during the year A. A. Bonds Bonds Bonds Bonds Bonds issued series issued. $ 64. Attest: G.00 125. FINANCIAL. A.00 308. was $11.

55 NATIONAL AND STATE REPRESENTATION.18 20.454.416.538.25 6.805.00 22. John Bingham P.91 2. Logan i i Samuel Maclay Andrew Gregg Michael Leib • i i i i i i Abner Leacock Jonathan Roberts Walter Lowrie Wm. Geo. blanks and stationer}Bridges.366.84 32. loans and interest 2.06 $308.394.78 900.86 17. Wm. Mifflin Dallas Wm.64 2.39 99.168. postage. Wilkins Samuel ?iIcKean i .761. either In the National or State Legislative bodies. Wm.411.: 114 HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY : The Commissioners' statement shows the subjoined items of county expense for the year.920. light. Isaac Findley Marks i i i i D. etc Miscellaneous Sinking fund. Muhlenberg. G. thus representing Dauphin MEMBERS OF UNITED STATES SENATE FROM PENNSYLVANIA.79 2. justices'.276. Alaclay i i i i 789- Robert Morris Albert Gallatin James Ross Wm. Barnhard Geo. i . The county following have served In the various capacities.85 98.407. mayors' and constables' fees County officers and court house employes $ County auditors' salaries Courts and jurors Heat. 1905 Advertising and printing Appropriations beneficent and reformatory institutions Assessments and elections Books. bridge and road views Aldermen's.

1893-1895 . 1838.1847 1847. Joseph Hiester. —Dauphin and Lebanon. F. vice J. John Andrew Gloninger. Henry Orth. Christian Lauer. Packer John W. Pittman Thos. J. 1796.. Middlesworth John C. 1836. Bibighaus Franklin Bound Franklin Bound John W. Jovice Hanna. Miller John B. John Forster. John Killinger. 1826. 1840. 1820. Christian Lauer. Killinger Sam.. George Seltzer. 115 Haldeman . John Kean. John B.1 843 1843. M. Ramsey Geo. —Dauphin. N. Kunkel John W. Miller Geo. Levi Kline.. Eckert Chas. Fifth District. An- drew Shulze.1895-1897 1 1 1 Wm. 1796. John Kean.. F. H. 1842. 1798. 1834. Miller Geo.190 1901-1903 1903.1871-1873 Haldeman .1849 1849-185 1851-1853 1 853-1 855 1855-1859 1 859-1 863 1863. 18 14-16. Woomer Martin Olmsted Martin Olmsted Martin Olmsted Martin Olmsted 897-1 899 899. John Andrew Shulze. 1792. Sixth District. 1828. Seventh District. Dauphin and Lebanon. Packer Ephriam M. resigned. Gabriel Hiester. Adam Ritscher. Killinger John W. —Berks and Dauphin. John Killinger. Rife N.. Killinger Wm. Jacob Stoever. Melchior Rahm. F. —Dauphin and Lebanon. 1790-91.. John Harrison. resigned. 1794. 1791-92. Woomer Ephriam M. Christian Lauer. Simonton Alex. Barr Sam. 1800.1 1 HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY John Phillips Robert Harris Innis Green John C.1873-1875 1875-1877 877-1 879 1879-1881 1881-1883 1883-1885 1885-1887 1887-1889 1889-1891 1891-1893 . re- 1802-4. Rife John W. 1822. . F. vice seph Hiester. Clark Luther Reily Wm. John Sawyer. 1830.. 1824. Kean. resigned. 181 8.. Bucher 1821-1823 1 823-1 827 1827-1831 1831-1833 1833-1837 1837-1839 1 839. John Kean. George Seltzer.1905 MEMBERS OF STATE SENATE. Jacob Stoever. signed. vice 1 801. Barr . 1806-12. W. Eighth Distinct. John Harper. John Kean. Gabriel Hiester. 1832. Henry Orth. John Harper. Christian Lauer.1865 1865-1867 1867-1869 1 869-1 871 Richard Richard J. John Gloninger.

Jacob Meiley. 893. Valentine Shouffler. —Dauphin and Lebanon. 1864. . 1 Stacy Potts. Jacob Meiley. 1885-92. 800. Samuel J. Christian Ley. 1797-98. Stacy Potts. 1794-95. 1 James Wilson. —Dauphin 1 1 and Lebanon. 1875-84. John Carson. Amos R. Sixteenth District. Jacob Weirick. McCarrell 901 -1 904. David Krause. Boughter. 1 861.]. 1792-93. M. William Maclay.ii6 HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY Fifteenth District. 1 80 -2. David Mumma.1. Robert Clark. 1859. Samuel Ainsworth. Daniel Bradley. Thomas Forster. James Wilson. James Wilson. John Carson. 1791-92. Stacy Potts. 1787-88. Heilman. 1789-90. John Carson. Jacob Meiley. Herr. Adam Orth. G. Fox. Robert Clark. Rutherford. Andrew Forrest. John E. John E. 1798-99. John A. J. Jacob Weirick. David Krause. 1904. Jacob Weirick. 1786-87. Stacy Potts. Dawson Coleman. 1787-88. —Dauphin 1 and Lebanon. 1793-94. Jacob Meiley. Under the Constitution of 1790-91. Valentine Shouffter. William Maclay. Fox. Adam Orth.Christian King. Under the Constitution of [Those in italics prior to 1776. Hanna. Tacob G. A. 799.Christian King. 1 David Krause. Jacob Meiley. 1873. 1788-89. John B. Christian Ley. Jacob Meiley. 1795-96. James McCreight. James McCreight. Jacob Meiley. Twelfth District. Stacy Potts. John Carson. Samuel Ainsworth. 1814 were from what is now Lebanon County. Robert Clark. MEMBERS OF THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. A. William Brown.1 800. Christian Ley.1 900. MEMBERS OF THE ASSEMBLY. 1785-86. F. Anthony Kelker. 1790. 1796-97. John Carson. William Maclay. David Fleming. James Wilson. Thompson 870.

Edward Crouch. 1844. 1804 -5. Jacob Weirick. Simon Sallade. John Rutherford. Jacob Hofiman. David Ferguson. 1805 Jacob Weirick. Jacob Goodhart. . Isaac Smith. John Downey. . . 1 820-21. 1837-38. Martin Kendig. 1836-37. . Isaac Smith. 1 827-28. Reily. 1829-30. William Ayres. Solomon Shindle. Jacob Bucher. Jacob Bucher. I814 Jacob Bucher. Valentine Hummel. John C. . Jacob Weirick. . 1833-34. 1834-35. John Fox. David Krause. Jacob Bucher. David Ferguson. William McClure. ^Matthew B. William Rutherford. Reily. Irvine. Jacob Hoffman. 1824-25. Christian Spayd. James Wallace. Harper. 1825-26. Valentine Shouffler. . . Kunkel. 1809 10 James Wallace. . Benjamin Kurtz. 1826-27. 1830-31. William Cochran. Hamilton Alricks. Valentine Hummel OF 1 838 Bell. Benjamin Kurtz. 1840. Jacob Bucher. John Roberts. Christian Ehrman. Peter Shindel. Benjamin Jordan. 1821-22. Peter Shindel. 1816 Jacob Bucher. 1808 9. John Fox. 117 James Wilson. William Rutherford.HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY 1802 Stacy Potts. William Lauman. I0II-I2 David Ferguson. 1835-36. ^lartin Kendig. 1831-32. Hummel. William N. John Andreiv Shulze. 1818-19. Jacob Bucher. Christian Ehrman. Peter Shindel. ' UXDER THE CONSTITUTIOX 1838-39. James R. Thomas Smith. Clark. Isaac Smith. 1828-29. Benjamin ^lusser. John Andrew Shulze. Valentine 1823-24. Moses Maclean. 1813-I4 Amos Ellmaker. 1 841. 1842 1843 William Henry Balsbaugh. Jacob Gilbert.William Maclay. 1822-23. John Funk. Jacob Bucher. • William Cochran. John Andrew Shulze. Edward Crouch. John C. 1832-33. Dorrancc. 1815 James R. William Lauman. Christian Spayd. Samuel H. William Ayres. John Roberts. 1807 James Wallace. I5IO-II James Wallace. Valentine Hummel. William Lauman. 1803 -4. Henry B. Simon Sallade. 18 19-20. Valentine Shouffler. 1812-I3 Amos Ellmaker. 1806 James Wallace. William Rutherford. 1817-18. Jacob Bucher. . Simon Sallade. William Rutherford. Cowden. Benjamin Kurtz. Jacob Weirick. William Cochran.


Kunkel. 1852 Nath'l B. 1893 1903. A. 1882 Jan. 18 1 8).) 13. Additional Laic Judj^es. T.April 7. Dickinson. Feb. Simonton. McPherson 1892 John W.L. Walter Franklin . 1849 Pearson John J. . Weiss.) Feb. 1889 1892.. H. PRESIDEN T JUDGES. 1793 John Jos. Kunkle. Henry.. June 20. 1882. 1871 Robert M. Frank Ober. Robert M. Geo. McPherson. Kunkle 1904 George Kunkle 1906 (for ten years). H. Parsons (res. Ulrich. John M. Scott ( 21. 3. M. Simonton John W. . 1818 1830 1839 1840 14. ADDITIONAL LAW JUDGES. 1891 1893. 119 W. W. Valentine Lenker. 1891 1894. 1816) July res. Calvin Blvthe (res.. 1902 John H. (elected 10 for Nov. 1843 John J. Porter (res. Clay Keen. Bradford . Henderson was appointed additional law judge for Twelfth Judicial District. Simonton July 1830) Calvin Blythe ( res. D. 1815 David Samuel (res. and resigned in 1882. District Court.. Laudenslager. (elected 10 for March 6. ThG\ H.Jan. 3. (elected for 10 Nov. years) 7. 1894-1898.) July . [Under Constitution of 1776.. 1889. 12.. i. 13. and commissioned president judge Jan. Barnes. John W. Ebenezer G. ^I. H. 1895-1898. expired by limitation.' Eldred. J.. 1816 Commission. Simonton (dec'd) . James M. 18. Saml. 1881. 1891 1892. Frank Ober. . Dec. and for ten years Dec. July 29. 1839) .March 30. and commissioned president judge Feb. Straup. B. Boyer. Straup. David A.] Augustus William Aug. 181 Amos (res. 8. Michael E. John B.. W. Feb.1 HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY 1887 1890.] 2. Wickersham. 5. Ellmaker Dec. 8. 8. Heagy. F. 1904-1907. 1899-1902. Ba'Tard. Henderson (res. John H. David S. (A Charles Smith. 1851 years) Pearson John J.April [Under Constitution of 1790. Dec. Geo. John 29. Weiss (dec'd) 1904 Geo. 1901-1904.Hershey. 1861 Pearson John J. Atlee 17. Rutherford. 1882.) July Anson V. Herr. E. David C. 16. Wm. Frank W. 1882. 21. 8. Burnite. Ba^^ard E. Franks Jan.Feb. Commission. years) 20.. B. 1874. 1785 Timothy Green . 1791 16. 1882 1892 John B. Capp.) Isarc D. Dec.. 13. Dec. Pearson. 1903-1904. 1882.

was born about 1733. where he was born.. Captain Green became an ardent advocate of independence and the celebrated Hanover resolution of June 4. in Hanover township. the Hrst Presiding Justice. He was one of the Committee of Safety of the Province. He was the next oldest. Colonel Green being the oldest Justice of the Peace in point of commission and under the constitution of 1776. shows that he was intensely patriotic. passed unanimously by the meeting of which he was chairman. he was made service was well performed. Associate Judge. laid out Jonestown. Samuel Jones. He was in active service during the struggle for independence and November.1785. 1774. he commanded a company of Provincial troops. 1774. Lebanon. a JusAugust 15. and is buried in the old graveyard. 177 1. for the half-clad army at Valley Forge.120 HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY Timothy Green. Jonathan McClure. was appointed by the Supreme Executive Council one of the committee to collect clothThis ing. Judge Green settled on his quiet farm at the mouth of Stony Creek. but he was surrounded by as brilliant a bar as has since illumined our count)' courts. 18 12. which required the presiding judge "to be learned in the Law. He died February 27. Timothy Green assisted in organizing a company and for seven years was chiefly engaged in active service in protecting the settlers from the fury of the bloodthirsty Indians. was of Scotch ancestry. in commission. In the Bouquet expedition of At the i763-'64. and hence said little and acted wisely. (now Dauphin) county. became president of the He continued therein until under the constitution of 1790. which met November 22. sey campaign of 1776. in During the Revolution. 1777. Robert Green. His legal knowledge was not of the highest order. back of Dauphin. etc. the son falling heir to most of his large estate. tice of the Peace for Lancaster counr\% and Judge of the Court of Common Pleas on January 3. 1750. courts. on son. talion of Lancaster Associates and was in active service in the JerBefore the erection of Dauphin county. where he had erected a mill and made other improvements. he commanded the Tenth BatLancaster. William Jones. the other Associate Judge. outset of the Revolution. 1784. when the county of Dauphin was formed. is Monada Creek. when the frontier settlers were threatened with extermination by the marauding savages. was from Bethel township. His father. came from the North of Ireland in 1725. was the son of . Pennsylvania. dying November. His father. Lebanon county. The first record we have of his subsequent to Braddock's defeat. blankets." when Judge Atlee of Lancaster was appointed. locating near the Kittochtinny mountains. After his retirement.

[From 1785 to 1809 the prothonotary performed the duties office. the spring following...: HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY 121 Richard McClure. 1821 Clerks of the Orphans^ Court. Under the Constitution of 1838 the office was merged into the recorder and clerk of the Orphans' Court. He was one of Judge Hutchinson's pupils... aged fifty-four years. to the election and other official records.. Dr. He was commissioned by the Supreme Executive Council as a Justice of the Peace on September 8. Of the three persons who illumined the judicial bench a hundred and twenty years ago. 1785 Clerk of the Quarter Sessions. Should the spelling of any name herein be incorrect. one of the Judges of the Court of Common Pleas. Daniel Stine April. When the Revolutionary war needed his services. 1824 1835 . also in front of Philadelphia. in Paxtang township. the sub- complete list of the principal officials who have served Dauphin county since its organization. and did good service during the New Jersey campaign of 1776. bom 1745. 1784. COUNTY According joined is OFFICIALS. Towards the close of the conflict he commanded a company of militia raised in Paxtang for the defense of the frontier. George Taylor Dec. 1785 James Clunle Oct. James Alricks 1818 Mar. it must be by error in the record-book from which the list was carefully taken a Collector of Excise. Oyer and Terminer. Oct.] of this (Commissioned. following..) Jacob Boas John Machesney Feb. 1821 Christian Seiler Jan.Sept. 1809 1815 Obed Fahnestock John Roberts Jan. . and November 17. Andrew Forrest.. Jan... He died at Middletown December 11. . . he became a lieutenant in Captain John Rutherford's company. When the county of Dauphin was organized. 1824 1830 James Alricks Mar. received a good English education and was brought up to mercantile pursuits. he came to be one of the first Judges of the courts here. 1799. Judge McClure was the most intelligent.

Henry Orth Samuel Elder Oct. Mcllhaney J. Koppenheffer Valentine Hummel. Oct. B. 1815 1819 1821 Nov. Nov. Nov. Nov. (Commissioned. Samuel Singer Abraham Freeman Daniel S. Z.. 1878 1 881 Philip C. 1785 1791 Henry Wolf Peter Wenrick Christian Gleim Oct.. Henry Wolf John Kelker Oct. Oct.) Joseph Montgomery Andrew Forrest Robert Harris Henry Beader Daniel Stine 1785 1794 1800 1809 18 16 Christian Seiler John Cameron Samuel Pool Robert 1821 1824 183C 1835 M.. Santo John H. Henry Geo. Stine H. 1890 1893 1896 1899 1902 1904 Henry Stroup Henry Stroup Bayard Dickinson Bayard Dickinson B... M. Gross 1890 1893 il il H..) John Hoffman Christian B... Swab 1884 1887 Harry L.. Hershey Harry L. 1794 1797 1800 1803 1806 1809 1812 Thomas Walker Henr\' Chritzman Oct. Anthony Kelker Jacob Weirick John Elder Oct... R. Oct. Oct...) S. Abbott John J. Shoemaker 1839 1845 1848 1852 1855 1858 1858 1864 1870 1876 1879 Wm. Mark Simon Duey Samuel R. Nov. Oct. Wm.. (Commissioned.122 HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY Registers and Recorders.. Oct. Z. Long Charles Carson Samuel Marquart Geo. Gross Ed. Meetch Meetch 1879 1882 1885 1887 Martin M. Jacob Seiler John Fox William Cochran John Fox Oct. Stine 1902 1904 Sheriffs.. M. (By Commission and John Houser Jacob Shell Robert F.. M.. Election.Oct. Dickinson John J. S. Mcllhaney John H. 1824 1827 183a 1833 1836 1839 . Oct. Hargest 1906 Recorders and Clerks of the Orphans' Court. Jan. B. Hershey Ed. Kuhn John Fox 1839 1839 1842 1848 1848 1854 1857 i860 1866 1872 John John Philip Lynch Lynch Dec. Swab C. Oct. Oct... J.. Nov.. Wm. Melchoir Rahm Oct.. Black Jan.. Jr Geo. Fred Wolf ersberger . Dec. T.. Thompson Register of Wilis.... Nov. Kepner Peter Hummel John Ringland Nov...

1879 1885 1888 1891 1894 1897 1900 1903 1906 County Treasurers. Nov.. Augustus Reel Wm. Sellers John Chas. Snyder Christian W. Hoffman Jacob M. Sheaf er Oct. Fox E. Sheesley Sam.. Nov.. John Thome Adam Boyd 1 1 Henry Beader George Weidman George Shoch Daniel Stine 785 792 1806 1809 LaRue Metzgar Benjamin Buck Alex. Dec.. W. Diffenderfer John K. Isaac Sheasley Dec. Nov.. Ulrich John P.. Dock G... Nov. Boas Stephen Miller Jacob Shope 1830 1835 1838 1839 1845 1849 1855 H.. Watson 18 12 John Carr John L. Graydon Alex. Nov. Evster Jacob D.. Melick John P. D. Keller Nov. Grove 1884 1887 1 890 1893 1896 1899 1902 1905 . Longnecker Erastus J. Shellenberger. Nov. Samuel Dunkel 1884 1887 1890 1893 1896 1899 1902 1906 Prothonotaries. W. Jennings . Ulrich H.. Nov.. Graydon Wm.. Jones 1854 1856 1858 i860 1862 1864 1866 1868 1870 1872 1874 1881 Geo.. Lynch Abram Etter Archibald G. B. Clyde Christian Caslow 1824 1827 1829 1832 1835 1838 1844 1 845 1846 1848 1 850 1852 Benjamin G.Nov. i860 1863 1866 1869 1872 Henn' H." W. S. Savage Alfred Hummel John Kelker Richard T. Mitchell 1855 1861 1867 1873 John Machesney Thomas Walker Obed Fahnestock J. H. ( Commissioned. Isaac Lyter John L. Weir W. Chas. Young Joshua Elder Jacob Boas Joseph H. Leech Andrew Murray Aaron Bombaugh Andrew Graydon Christian Caslow John Hicks George Kaylor John J.Nov. Hoffman Christian Heikel Henr}^ J. Nov. Mish John A. Williams Jacob D. Wm. W. Dec. Nisley Thomas G.. Melick Jonah G. xNov. Royal James Warden Wm. F. Speed Isaac Hershley 181 Samuel Pool David Hummel Peter Brua Frederick Heisley 1818 1821 Edward G. Nov... Oct. C. 1785 1 79i 1800 1809 1815 1821 Alex. Boas Wm. Nov. Peters John Till John Early John S. Jennings Jacob D. Grove Henry W.. Reiff Sellers W. Mitchell Josiah C. ]\Iumma Wm. Diffenderfer Jonah G. Knisely S.. 1842 1845 1848 1851 1854 1857 Wm. 123 1875 1878 1881 Oct. Nov.5 ) HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY Samuel Faunce James Martin Jacob Shell Ed...

. Terree Samuel W. Wm.. Thomas Strohm H. W. Cooper John F. 1845 Oct.. Jan. Ziegler Nov. Cooper Samuel W.. 804 804 8og 815 821 Oct. Geo. Thomas Walker John ]\IcKee Thomas Smith James Maginis John Davis John Paul. Geo. 1881 Ed. M. Nov. Oct. Oct. J.. Krause C.... Renseling Christian H. Allison Dec. Nov. N.. Knupp ... 785 791 791 Thomas Clark 800 801 Daniel Hoffman Samuel Hoffer Daniel Hoffman Preston Miller Sept. Daniel Stine Fred Hyneman Michael Krehl Cochi Philip Shell 816 818 818 821 Geo. Knupp 1887 1887 1890 . Hoy C. F. 824 830 833 833 835 836 836 836 839 1870 1874 1880 1883 1885 1889 1892 1895 1898 1901 1904 May. April. 834 836 Francis H... Hoffer Christian H. Wm. June. Jan. Geo.. Geo.124 HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY County Surveyors. Jan.Oct.. Nov. Aug. Jr Joseph Gray Israel Carpenter John Davies Hiram H. Cooper Samuel W....... Jan..Dec. . May. Krause 1894 1897 1900 1903 1906 County Auditors. F. Aug. Crabb Thomas Strohm Preston Miller Mich'l R.. . June. Benjamin Kurtz Obed Fahnestock Jacob Wain Geo. Clemson I. (Commissioned/ John Elder Bertram Galbraith John Weidman May. Coroners. Fox 1884 1884 Isaac N.. 824 827 Jacob Hise D. McConaughy Geo. Bonawitz Ed. . July. Oct. W... May. Nov. Geo. April. Ulrich Thomas Strohm Uriah D. Nov. Aug. Krause C. Holingsworth. (Commissioned. .. Dec. Dec. Shindler F. McCormick W W 809 811 815 Hunnell James Porter Jesse B.. Feb.) Peter Miller Oct. Jan. Geo.. Finney April. Hetzel Joseph Miller Samuel Hoffer Joseph Gray Oct.. April. Nov. Bonawitz Geo. Hoffer May... John Nov. Alleman 1850 1856 1859 1862 1865 1868 Levi G.... Geo.Nov.. Nov. Shindler F. N. Nov. Leonard W. Jan. Oct. Shindler Shindler 1839 1843 1843 1849 1854 1856 i860 1862 1867 1879 1882 1885 1888 1891 Fetterhoff Oct.. Krause George C..Oct. June... Oct.. . Nov. 785 787 788 794 796 Conrad Peck Charles Gleim Henry Fox Abner Mash Jehu Chandler Washington Barr J. Michael Kapp Michael Rahm Anthony Seyfert Jacob Bucher Dec. Krause C. Nov. June.. Mar. Terree Uriah D. 800 802 805 Oct.. Oct...

(Under Constitution 1785. Elmer Dockey L. Valentine Hummel. . James Wilson. Shirk Geo. John Philip S.Christian Uhler.) . Grissinger Daniel H. Hershey Henry L. . . F. Reigel Elmer Docke}^ William H. (Under Constitution 1791. . Reigel . Christian Uhler. R. . . Gross H. 1790. Reigel 1902 1902 1904 Charles Mattis George F. Christian Uler. Smith. . James Wilson. Michael Ley. . Schwaub Henry L. Z. 1789. James Wilson. W. Valentine Hummel. M. Grissinger 125 1904 1904 1905 1905 1905 1906 1906 1906 Wm.HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY Daniel H. of 1790. Gross Ed. Hoover . Christian King. 1896 1899 1902 1905 County Commissioners.) Wm. Christian Uhler. 1786. 1788. Stine Stine . . M. F. Eisley H. . Z. 1787. C. Schwaub Philip C. Ettle George F. . H. Reigel Elmer Dockey . Erb 1890 1893 1893 i! li _ Ed. Lynch 1881 C. Recorder of Deeds^ Etc. Hershey 1884 1887 1890 1893 Ed. of 1776. Elmer Dockey George F.

1808. Peter Shindel. Jacob Hise. Daniel Stine. 1835. 18 1 2. Joseph Moody. Daniel Stine. Isaac Smith. Peter Lineaweaver. Jr. John Shoch. 1807. 1 81 5. John Harrison. John Zinn.126 HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY 1822. Jacob Hise. Benjamin Jordan. Martin Hocker. 1828. Jr. 1 8 16. Isaac Smith. John Buffington. Abraham Bombaugh. 180b. John Bischoff. 1825. ^Michael Whitlev. John Harrison. Jacob Hummel. Christian Bowman. Joseph Miller. John Imshofstall. Archibald Orme. Daniel Houser. John Imshofstall. Daniel Stine. 1820. 81 8. John Berryhill. William Cochran. 18 14. 1832. 181 7. John Baddorf. 1 83 1. William King. Nicholas Bo^'^er. Frederick Rathvon. 1826. Daniel Joseph 1836. Jacob Hummel. Peter Shindel. . George Weinman. 1824. John Eager. Joseph Moody. Jacob Tice. Archibald Orme. John Sawyer. David Doebler. 1837. John Harrison. William Cochran. John Zinn. J 809. John Shoch. Isaac Smith. Christian Bowman. Jr. 1821. Jacob Tice. Abraham Bombaugh. William Allen. William Cochran. Martin Hocker. John Shoch. Benjamin Jordan. Jacob Hise. 1827. William Allen. 1823. 1830. Archibald Orme. Elijah Ferree. 1833. Abraham Bombaugh. Miller. Daniel Houser. 1 8 10. Miller. 181 1. Frederick Rathvon. Nicholas Boyer. 1838. John Zinn. John Imshofstall. John Sawyer. 1 1829. John Berryhill. Daniel Houser. 1834. John Sawyer. 18 19. George Weinman. 1 81 3. Christian Bowman. ' William King. Peter Brua. John Buffington. Peter Brua. Kendig. Peter Brua. Elijah Ferree. Frederick Rathvon. Jacob Hummel. Daniel Kendig. Daniel Joseph Kendig. Benjamin Jordan. John Eager. Peter Lineaweaver. Joseph Moody. David Doebler. Elijah Ferree. George Weinman. Peter Lineaweaver. ^Michael Whitley. John Eager. John Berryhill. ^Martin Hocker. Christian Walborn. John Buffington. David Doebler. Nicholas Boyer. Peter Shindel. William King. 1805.


I2S HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY 1875. Gan-er. 1874. .Jonathan Tobias. Samuel Mcllhenny. Garver. of 1874. Garver. John L. Samuel Mcllhenny. John L. John L. (Under Constitution 187(3-79. 1873. Samuel Mcllhenny.) Samuel Mcllhenny. Eli Swab. Eli Swab.

In his youth. He now married. and he did not afterwards resume his station in the army." They were. when he was removed on account of his political opinions. His reading must have been He wrote political es- says in Freneau's Gazette. aged uted to the Port Folio. nor violated by laxity in sentiment. and at different periods contribdied in 18 18. his youth remarkably active He has been thus dewhich became animated in convetrsation. and in He . and in 1785 was appointed Prothonotary of Dauphin county.HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY 129 It was not until the early part of 1778 that he was exchanged. . of Philadelphia. however. extensive. published in 1846 by Mr. scribed: "He was one of the few survivors of that old school of accomplished gentlemen which flourished before our Revolution. was admitted to the bar. and he retained that advantage in an uncommon degree until his latest hour. which office he held until the election of Governor McKean. about sixty-five. in Philadelphia. Littell. but died before he had made much progress. He had projected a revised and enlarged edition of his memoirs. Mr. possessing an intelligent countenance. at a period when the courtesy of society was not disturbed by insubordination in systems. In stature he was beneath the common size. in 1797. Graydon was remarkably elegant in his person.

Could the long since decaved block-houses and forts. both on account of Indians. at all times we come to know that the citizens of Dauphin county have ever been of that true and patriotic type which gives up life for great principles. and from the payrolls and muster sheets of the various wars in which the sons of Dauphin have taken part. common the territory would British tell be the object of this chapter to bring forth from the and American governmental archives. as they tilled the soil for a livelihood. many historic events which have for long years rested beneath the dust of library shelves." similar declarations were formulated and put in the form of ringing resolutions in protest against tyranny. The people who have constituted the population here have ever borne well their part in defense of their heaven-born rights. It will . Whether we read of the brave-hearted first settlers. — — In — — — — — — with other counties in the Commonwealth of Pennembraced within Dauphin county has been the scene of cruelty. Civil and Spanish-American wars. in order to shield their families from the arrow and scalping-knife of the Indian. the Mexican. Even prior to the "Declaration of Independence. whether we think of later pioneers. if need be. that future generations may be informed concerning the conflicts encountered by their forefathers.! CHAPTER VI. containing these army records shall have been forever lost from the eye of man. and in the settlement of difficulties between those of our own civilized people. what a tale of self-sacrifice. bloodshed and wars. and heroism they sylvania. right here within Dauphin county. Military Record The French and Indian War Whiskey Insurrection Revolutionary War War of 1812-14 The "Buckshot War'' Mexican War Civil War Spanish-American War. together with the tomb-stones (the inscriptions of which time has almost effaced) but speak. in both public and Before the last scrap of parchment and paper private buildings. asserting their rights as against the heel of Kingly oppression in Revolutionary times and in the War of 18 12-14. the historian of to-day Is In duty bound to gather up the fragments and compile In consecutive and readable form the military history of this county. who were compelled to carry their rifles with them.

John Hume. with ammunition. William McMullen. James Reed. John Crawford. John McClure. William Armstrong. will ever pray. therefore humbly pray that your Honor would take our distressed condition into consideration and make such provision for us as mav prevent ourselves and families from being destroyed and ruined by such a cruel enemy. James Armstrong. On July 22.HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY THE FRENCH AND INDIAN WAR. William Bell. James Peterson. James Atkins. Pennsyl- became restless. was at and knew full well the influence exerted by the French people over the savages. and your petitioners. but on account of the vania. John Rodgers. Jeremiah Sturgeon. Derry. the inhabitants Prior to 1755 there were but few Indian outrages in Dauphin many murders on the Potomac river in Virginia. as it is in their power several times in the year to transport themselves. and Hanover. John Daugherty. great number are warm and active in these parts for the defense of themselves and country were they enabled so to do (although not such a number as would be able to withstand the enemy). Thomas King. as in duty bound. Lancaster County. Robert Smith. James Armstrong. Thomas Steene. Adam Reed. apprehend themselves in great danger from the French and French Indians. A Thomas Thomas Forster. John Harris. John Craig. Thomas Hume. Andrew Cochran. and along the frontier of Cumberland county. John Coit. John Carson. artillery. David Shields. as we are as near and convenient as the provinces already attacked. Thomas Crawford. Samuel Simpson. humbly showeth that your petitioners. and are less capable of defending ourselves. being settled on and near the river Susquehanna. and felt that danger hand. Thomas McClure. We. as we are unprovided with arms and ammunition and unable to purchase them. 1754. the following petition was laid before the : Governor of the Province The humble petition of the inhabitants of the townships of Pextang. They had long since lost faith in the Indians. down the said river. and their conduct of late to the neighboring provinces increases our dread of a speedy visit from them. and every necessary. . 131 county. John Young. Simpson. WiUiam McClure. your petitioners.

000 for the defence of the Province. Black. Thomas Black. Henry Renicks. bearing placards as and Assembly. Robert Boyd. WilHam Steel. and on April 9. depredations beyond description. Thomas Mays. the Ciovernor was authorized to offer rewards for scalps. even at however. James Chambers. and in July. Peter Fleming. Sankey. McClure. 1756. the entire the Indians committed men. $130. There were hundreds of people women and innocent children killed in Dauphin and surrounding counties. $130. Matthew Taylor. For the scalp of every female Indian. Dead bodies were placed in The members. Thomas Dugan. John Forster. But in moved. and rehef demanded. For the scalp of every male Indian. $150. 1755. Samuel Hunter. or male prisoner under twelve. one-half of the said bounties. still further complicated the situation. western frontier was left defenceless. For every male Indian aged over twelve delivered fort or jail. the doorway of the Assembly. The Quakers held a majority vote in the Pennsylvania Assembly. John Campbell. After the defeat of General Braddock. Mennonites and other religious sects. goaded on by popular sentiment. For every English subject rescued from the IndianS. raised £135. McCarter. and on the 14th of the same month the following bounties were offered: etaries at a govern$150.— 132 HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY Thomas Rutherford. James Toalen. James Campbel. which were some of the martyrs of the Quaker policy or non-resistance. Mitchell Graham. and refused aid to the helpless white settlers of this part of the Commonwealth. and the principles of the Quakers. this. and a vast amount of valuable property destroyed. $50. For the purpose of creating a senti- ment at Philadelphia. — The Proprietaries refused to allow their lands to be taxed to raise money for the common protection. were not 1756-57 the Propricity several carried through the streets. James Galbreath. Dunkards. Hugh Thomas Sturgeon. John Johnson. the leaders of the frontier sections sent to that of the terribly mangled bodies of the victims. Robert Armstrong. ment . Ez. James Coler. To every officer or soldier who shall rescue any English captives or take Indian prisoners or scalps. and delivered at Philadelphia to the Governor. Rich. T. For every female prisoner.

Manady. rose simultaneously all along the frontier. their skulls fractured and ye brains scattered on the ground. numbers of ye Back Settlers were murdered. and involved in one common ruin. from the riv^er Delaware to the Maryland line." Letters written in 1763 contained the following extracts: terian Church. some having their ribs divided from ye chin with the tomahawk. horses were in readiness. and the border was then Paxton. under the leadership of old Pontiac." an extract from an address of the "Paxton 1764. if they were all killed." Another "Did we not bra\'e the summer's heat. Rifles were kept loaded. John Elder. at an expense of £85. Rev. and the savage tomahawk? Were we to look on tamely and see our brethren and families murdered and our fairest property blasted? The blood of a thousand of our fellow creatures called for vengeance what remains.000. "to the candid and impartial world:" is "The Indians set fire to houses. and sympathized with the Indians. The Quakers still held to their do-nothing policy. Rev. The heart even revolts Murder followed murder. The Indians. scalped and butchered bodies inhumanly in the most shocking manner. with their legs and arms broken. John Elder. "They are a parcel of Scotch-Irish. and roasted. and their dead mangled. goaded on to desperation. one of their number even remarking in a letter. could well enough be spared. Many children were either spitted alive. the "Paxton Boys" became widely known." The Scotch-Irish. for west of the Susquehanna there were but few whites living. McKee. pastor of the Paxtang and Derry Presbyfamous "Rangers. and the settlers were at an attempt. Henry and Swatara. so that ye whole country seemed to Great be in one general blaze.guns. to lead them. were foremost to enlist. in short to everything that was combustible. who. organized his "Imagination cannot conceive the perils with which the settleTo portray at Paxton was surrounded from 1754 to 1765. He was then 57 years of age. Of these the principal ones in Dauphin county were Forts Halifax. others left expiring in ye most exquisite tortures. Hunter. who were members of this church. During the Pontiac War of 1763. corn.HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY To block-houses 133 guard against Indian devastations a chain of forts and were erected. each scene of horror would be impossible. along the Kitochtiny hills. and winter's writer said: cold. hay. or covered under the ashes of a large fire before their ." ment — The subjoined in Volunteers. is to leave our cause with God and on?. The "Rangers" called upon their pastor. barns.

came down "Whereas. In the latter part of October. urgent appeal. Officers were chosen just before the scouts went out. issued from the present site of the city of Harrisburg: "Paxtang. Not to the interior. turns in defense two-thirds of them remained at home to protect their families and property. Belt of Wampum. but those residing far were kept in constant alarm. None but those who have been spectators or eye-witnesses of these shocking scenes can possibly have an adequate idea of our sufferings." — — — — These "Rangers" scouted the country from one fort to another. refused to pav them for made matters worse by constantly negotiating with and making gifts They took — to the Indians. "To all His Majesty's subjects elsewhere in the Province of Pennsylvania. m. the enemy again appeared in the neighborhood of Shamokin. were skinned. and daily tortured to death in every method of cruelty which Indian barbarity can suggest. The husband butchered in the presence of his helpless wife while ye children are clinging around his knees. 1755. two Mothis day from Shamokin. Hundreds of miserable refugees flying to ye nearest frontier town with a part of their families leaving the remainder of them in the hands of ye enemy. "From John Harris. while one-third were out. 1755. with great cruelty. rather. Ye widowed mother reserved to be a spectator of ye inhuman massacre of her tender family. to a state of beggary and despair. Ye hearts of some taken out and eaten reeking while they were yet beating between their teeth. or wandering till they perish in ye woods. ye 31st October. at 12 p. while others cannot even obtain this. where time and opportunity would admit of it. taking shelter in the hovels and stables to secure their helpless families from ye inclemency of ye night or ye season. Andrew Montour. Hundreds reduced from plentiful and independent circumstances. Hundreds carried into ye most miserable captivity.: — 134 HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY helpless parents eyes. They used the Indian tactics in warfare. hot. as will be seen by the following address. and were more dreaded by the savages The Assembly. only the settlers on the immediate frontier. but are obliged to make fires in ye woods and live even worse than the savages themselves. to the inhabitants of the Province. and also Quakers. or hawks. boiled and eaten. who . and in November of the same year they committed several murders upon the whites. and other Indians. being largely than were the regular soldiers. or. Those that are with child ripped open and mangled in ye most indecent manner. their time and outlay. and others. before she receives ye friendly hatchet that closes her eyes on ye shocking scene.

nor. James Pollock^ James Anderson. on the west side of the river). agent for North America.: HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY 135 say the whole body of Indians. and a French fort to be begun at Shamokin in ten days hence. incited. extended their incursions into the interior of the Province. The following are the minutes of the proceeding held at this point "At a meeting of the Six Nations and their allies and George Croghan." in this work. William Work. They positively affirm that the above named Indians discovered a party of the enemy at Thomas McKee's upper place on the 30th of October last. we the subscribers. and to be prepared in the best manner possible for the worst events. his Majesty's sole agent and superintendent of affairs of . Colonel George Croghan. "James Galbreatii.. Baronet. or the greatest part of them in the French interest. "John Allison. "Barney Hughes. and other Indians here. "James Galbreath. deputy Indian On January 8. Weiser's coming immediately to John Harris' with his men. The Belt. S. — "Before me. Deputy agent to the Hon. "Robert Wallace. "P. Esq. and in fails to instances led middle of the next year that the by French officers. was instrumental in gathering at Harris' Ferry a large representation of the Six Nation Indians of the DelaInformation was at once sent to the Goverwares and Shawanese. and other townships of Lancaster county (now parts of counties). Governor Morris held a conference with the Indians at the house of John Harris. and to council with the Indians. to intercept their passage into our country. is actually encamped on this side of George Gabriel's (about thirty miles north of Harris' Ferry. do give it as our advice to repair immediately to the frontiers with all our forces. . hence will be omitted in this chapter. "John Harris. Tho' this be the Indian report. Patrick Hayes. "Witness our hands. and we may expect an attack within three days at farthest. it was not until the Indians. and imagination conceive Hanover Dauphin and Lebanon the peril and distress of the settlers of Paxtang. 17^6. Sir William Johnson. insist upon Mr. near Susquehanna. "Mona-ca-too-tha." However. In the spring of 1757. and as the minutes of this conference will be found in the chapter on "Special Events.

in condoling with us and mixing your grief with ours. women. Orranoquare. wrap up the bones of our brethren that died (Gave a or were killed by the evil spirit. "Delawares: Samuel. and children. Thomas McKee. small bundle of skins. Connadagaughia. "Nanticokes : Robert White. Jenkasarone. that the sun may always shine upon us in friendship we heal your heart and free your mind from troubles. Sogeohanna. Ogarawtawrea. wipe the tears from (Gav^e a belt of vour eyes.) "Brother: We. and many of our brethren have been killed by the evil spirit. and children. we wipe the blood oft your council-seats and put them a belt. and children. with twenty men. chips on it. "Connestogoes: Sahays. 1757. Joshua. "Onondagoes: eighteen others. wampum. "Senecas: George. Peter.) in order with this belt of wampum. Scarroyady. men. ¥/ith twenty-six others. And as we make no doubt but that some of your wise connections are dead since we were here. with men. wom. Mr. and children. bv this belt of wampum. Jonathan. clouds. women. with those few skins. disperse the dark . with this belt of wampum. Thomas King. and by his special order. and desire you may mourn no more. women. women. with eight more. the following were at Harris' Ferry: "Brother: You and our brother Onas wisely considered the ancient custom of our forefathers. with fourteen more. William Prentup. Joseph Peepy. men. MrHugh Crawford. James Armstrong. Capt.) clear we throw a few^ . Present: The Rev. Mr. The greater part of the proceedings were at Lancaster. women and children. Thomas Evans. John Harris. and cover their graves. Interpreter. (Gave "Brother: After wiping the blood off your council-seats. we. Ossaratonqiia and his two brothers. with thirty-one others. their alhes and dependents. and children." and that the council-fire may burn (Gave a belt. the first day of April.en.136 HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY the Six Nations.) "Brother: We. Captain John. men." "Cayugas: twenty others. : and children. with women and children. at John Harris'. men. "Tuscaroras Reet King. Tihansorea. men. with women. that we may meet each other in council and brighten the chain of friendship made by our forefathers. women and children. men. John Elder. Tawnaquanagis. with twenty-nine men. "Mohawks: 'Oneidas: thirty others.

the rest were afraid of sickness. says: "Honored Sir: "There is nothing here. but he could not prevail on any of them to go there. James Galbraith. They burned several houses and carried off Samuel Ainsworth. there were two of the Province soldiers killed and one wounded. their barbarity is so cruel where they are masters. and on the 7th of April arrived at Lancaster from John Harris'.^' Sometime in October that year. by all appearance. "Pardon my freedom in this wherein I have done amiss. About five miles above me at Manada Gap. On May 16. the marauding savages stole through the mountain fastnesses and committed their atrocities. and by that the back parts. your most humble servant. with the Senecas. He gave a belt to remove the council-fire to Lancaster. and Shawanese. a lad but fourteen years of age. and the extraordinary measures taken to defend the frontiers. eleven persons were killed at Paxtang by Indians. "James Galbraith. but murder by the Indians in some parts or other. Notwithstanding the ranging of the troops along the mountains. almost every day. Sankey's congregation.HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY 137 The same evening Colonel Croghan had a meeting of the sachems. writing from Derry township under date of lOth of AugList to the Governor. returning from the treaty. Delawares. The name. 1757. When he found they were not to be prevailed on to go there. and proposed going to Philadelphia to hold the treaty. for. or sight of an Indian. the Indians again visited Hanover township. with those who are gone and going. On October 22 they killed John Craig and his wife. but the result proved the perfidy of the Indian. the devil communicates. he called a council. "Sir. to which place they agreed to go and wait the arrival of Teedyuscung. murdered the unsuspecting settlers. and August 19th following fourteen people were killed and taken from M. where a treaty of amity was concluded. more especially Cumberland County. scalping both of them. There were but three Indians. to the satisfaction of all concerned it would seem. and with a belt of wampum removed all the council-fire to Lancaster. and the French pay. God permits. where they murdered several families in a most brutal manner. by all appearance. will be laid waste by flight. except the Mohawks. The next day a German was scalped. makes almost all in these parts tremble. and they came in among ten of our men and committed the murder and went off safe. among whom was one Andrew Berryhill. who accepted the white man's presents and. and one man killed near Harris Ferrv- .

houses burned and cattle destroyed daily. when the barBut the barities of the Susquehanna Indians somewhat abated. most Our accounts in general from the frontiers agree that some of the inhabitants are killed or carried oft. in 1757. and a great many more in smaller parties. one of in The . Thomas Robeson and a son of Thomas Bell were killed and scalped by the Indians in that township. Elizabeth Dickey and her child. but the Indians im.mediately went off after committing other letter A murders. Ohio. giving the statement as it came from Samuel Barnett. * * all are dismal. Hanover township suffered much in the French and Indian war^ and many an interesting incident connected therewith comes down to us. that on the same day were taken prisoners a son of James Mackey. and on that day and the day before several persons were killed by the savages in Hanover. a son of Joseph Barnett. house Barnetts and their immediate neighbors erected a blockproximity to Colonel Green's mill. * that it was feared the settlements would be entirely forsaken. and William and Joseph Barnett were wounded." that the from Hanover township. on the Manada.138 HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY About this date peace negotioatlons were begun with the powerof the Delaware and Shawanese tribes. and at the same time they are So that in many places afflicted with severe sickness and die fast. and that ninety-four men. they are neither able to defend themselves when attacked nor to run away. 1757. August one Beatty was killed in Pextan. and the wife of Samuel Young and her child. French and Western Indians still roamed in small bands over the lul chieftains conntr\% committing many depredations. women and children were seen flying from their So places in one body. that were taken away by of August * * Since nothing but murderthat on the 17th of the next day James Mackey was murdered in Hanover. says neighborhood is almost without inhabitants. we glean the follow- "We hear from Lancaster that six persons the Indians from Lancaster County on the 17th our last we learn from Lancaster that there was ing and capturing among them by the Indians. From ing: the Pennsylvania Gazette. On the 25th of November. one or two standing as sentinels. Barnett a small group. dated October i. for the better safety of their wives and children. In the "Barnetts of Hanover" reference is made to Joseph Barnett and his son William. In the year 1757 there was at work on the farm of Mr. of Springfield. while they cultivated their farms in groups. and should here be mentioned as being worthy of preser\^ation.

but was pursued by the Indians. whom the Indians had taken prisoner. horses. Barnett with all possible hasts to the scene of horror. and one secured his scalp. sensitive companion. Barnett's father. a buckwheat-field. after hesitating for some rifle Surgical aid was time for fear of the Indians. and broke his right arm. and galloped off. then eight or nine years of age. revived. exposed to cold and hunger. Mr. came to his relief. but becoming weak and faint from the loss of blood. at A party of Mr. Barnett lay languishing on a sick-bed. an Indian snatched it up and shot Mr. "My father's pretty hair. this heartrending. spirited horse. and for a time Mackey's son carried his father's scalp. captives was a son of Mackey whom and perform they had just killed. through the blessing of God. carried him swiftly out of the enemy's reach. was obliged to in sight The Indians escaped with the two boys westward. he fell to the ground and lay for a considAt length by a great effort he crept to erable time. which he would often stroke with his little hand and say. their beloved child traversing the wilderness. taking a near way to the block-house. his case doubtful for a length of time. the rifle in hand. losing about four inches of a bone near the elbow of his right arm. compelled of the mangled body of his him to stretch his father's scalp. and narrowly escaped In the mean time Mr. Barnett. a prisoner with a savage people. but having a strong constitution he at last. dropped. who. and not until the next day did he hear that they were safe. was getting ready his horse. and his broken arm was bound up. and then raising a signal he was soon perceived by a neighbor. but the anxiety of his mind respecting his family was a heavy burden which agonized his soul. soul-sickening otKce he father.HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY whom was 139 an estimable man named Mackey. turned back. unable to rise. He fell dead at their feet." Mr. together with a son of Mackey's The savages on learning that one of their about the same age. procured. who was in the rear of his company. Mackey through the heart. Preparation was made immediately to repair While Mr. and subject to . with the exception of his eldest son. News came with flying speed that their wives and children were all murdered at the blockhouse by the Indians. But who can the tell mind and absorbed the intense feeling of bitterness which filled the thoughts of him and his tender. where he concealed himself until the Indians had retired from the immediate vicinity. who was Indians lying in ambush rose and fired His foremost. he requested Mackey to examine his rifle Everything right they all mounted their to see that it was in order. which the Indians greatly wished to possess. Barnett's noble and highwith his life.

Colonel Croghan made strict inquiry concerning the fate of the little captives. believing his father had been killed by the Indians. and the looking towards the spring he saw the smoke of the same. and to add to their despondency a scouting party returned with the distressing news that the expected provisions which were on the way to their relief was taken by the Indians. They almost despaired. and his body was deposited on the bank of the Allegheny. After much fruitless search. When they arrived at their place of destination. — . on the evening of the third. Barnett left his family behind and set off The with Colonel Croghan and a body of five hundred "regulars" destined to Fort Pitt for that purpose. Barnett wished a drink of water from Grant's Spring (this spring is near Grant street. bore away his scalp. and he. Accordingly. who were continually prowling around the fori. weai-y months and years? their fervent prayers. provisions arrived. at length brought a prospect of a treaty with the Indians. The treaty was concluded and ratified by the parties. and was much attached to his Indian mother. when he suddenly thought the adventure might cost him his life and turned back. despairing countenance gathered brightness. many died. they made their way over the mountains with the greatest difficulty.140 HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY their wanton cruelty? who can tell of their sleepless nights. One day Mr. prolonged through long. had become reconciled to his fate. pale. with the return of gleam of joy to the stricken hearts of these parents. known to most of the older inhabitants) he took his "camp-kettle" and proceeded a few steps. They became reduced to one milch cow each day for five days killed and divided among the five hundred. Fears began to be entertained at Port Pitt of starvation. Mr. and enfeebled health? prisoners. their bitter tears. there seemed little prospect of relief. Surrounded by multitudes of savages. which the officers could not prevent. While the treaty was pending many were killed by the Indians. but owing to its imprudent use. in the city of Pittsburgh. Their baggage and provisions conveyed on packhorses. every sunken. he was informed that a squaw who had lost a son had adopted the son of Mr. Barnett and was very unwilling to part with him. five hundred men in a picket fort on the wild banks of the Allegheny river without provisions! The thought was dreadful. neverthe- who were — . Barnett remained with the troops for some time without obtaining or even seeing his son. immediately he heard the report of a rifle. The three lolloMnng days thev had nothing! To their great joy. the anxious days. They unerring aim of an Indian had deprived a soldier of life. Mr.

look at me On hearing his voice and seeing his face he sprang from the bed. Mr. and without knowing took lodgings at the same public-house where his son was. having business at thai place. awakened and told that his father stood by his bed. Barnett was most unhappy. and hid himself among the bushes. But the vacancy occasioned by the absence of one of its members still remained. and after a toilsome journey reached home and embraced once more his family. w^ho were joyful at his return. the father wept like a still alive!" child. and expressed a prayerful hope that through the interposition of a kind Providence he would eventually be restored to them. "My father! All the spectators shed tears. so great was his inclination to return to savage life. Soon after the conclusion of the treaty a guard with the pack-horses started to cross the mountains. The landlord entreated him to let the boy rest until morning. "If a son of yours had been absent for three years could you rest under the same roof without seeing him?" The hardy host felt the The sleeping boy was appeal and led the way to the chamber. soothed their grief. I am your father. as he was much To this the father could not assent. At length. As soon as he was aware of the fact he asked eagerly to see him. my son. his son. while from his lips flowed thankful expressions of gratitude many of their foes. On one occasion he sprang down the bank of the Allegheny rncr. "No my father. His father. replying. After several hours' pursuit he was retaken and brought back to the fort. and shouted. and he gladly embraced the opportunity of a safe return. "William. and w^ho had been some time in bed." At this moment his father spoke. and for want of an opportunity to send him to his father was retained under strict guard. but reached the opposite shore. He replied in broken English. He told them that William was alive. if possible. an opportunity^ offering. Soon after. arrived after dark Oin the same day.HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY less 141 great caution was necessary on the part of the whites. and was midway in the stream before he was observed. jumped into a canoe. he was sent to Carlisle. After injunctions laid upon Colonel Croghan to purchase. knowing the treachery of child His hopes concerning his and he had been absent from his family already too long. raised the Indian whoop. He was quickly pursued. wiped away the tears from the cheeks of his wife. had not been realized. he bade him and his associates in hardships farewell. He was brought to Fort Pitt. Faithful to his promise. wearied by traveling. : . through the instrumentality of traders. My father is clasped him in his arms. Colonel Croghan used every endeavor to obtain him." saying. he was successful.

my son." He called her boy. he presented a strange appearance. He procured a furlough from his officers and sought out his widowed mother. which his feeble system could not endure without Injury. joy. while tears of joy flowed." indeed!" Half frantic with son and she instantly exclaimed. mother and all the children came forth. Dressed in Indian costume composed of a breech-cloth around the waist. said she. thanks to his name ! Through long years I have mourned that sor- . of her son. which he greatly preferred. the partner of her sorrows. They frequently broke holes In the ice on rivers and creeks and dipped him In order to make him hardy." said she. and passed into the hands of the English. in whom her he was her son. and known only who have been in similar circumstances. Early the next day the father and son were on the road homewards. now trembled and was almost overcome as she beheld him led by his father and presented to her. after the lapse of so many years. She could not recognize him He stood before her a robust. "My she threw her arms around his neck. and became reconciled to his native home. But the rude treatment which he received from the Indians Impaired his constitution. She. Thanks. he was given by the Indians to the French. his hair about three inches long and standing erect. once more beneath the parental roof. The happy family. and was taken to England. and who had long mourned him as dead. "I thought you were dead. who was still living. The children scrutinized him with curiosity and amazement. came as a soldier in the British army to America at the time of the Revolutionary war. By degrees to those all he laid aside the dress of the wilderness." are my she did not believe.142 to the HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY Almighty disposer of all events that his long-lost child was again restored. but God has preserved you and given me this happiness. Respecting the son of Mackey. and was clasped In those "Oh. which told and "mother. forgot the Indian language. knelt down and united in thanksgiving to Almighty God for all His mercies to them in protecting and restoring to their arms a beloved and long-absent child. the ing. She caught him to her bosom and held him long in His brothers and sisters her embrace. "you have a mark son. clustered eagerly around and welcomed him with a kiss of affection. "If you knee was exposed to her view. see no familiar traces of her lost could she fine looking man. where they arrived on the second day in the dusk of the evenThe ratthng of the wheels announced their approach. whose frequent prayers had heretofore been addressed to the Throne of Divine Grace for the safetv and return of her son. It was a scene of deep feeling not to be described. with moccasins and leggins. His upon your knee that I will know.

see Appendix. or seeking out rich lands yet unpurchased from the Indians. till my heart grew sick I have and my poor brain almost crazed by the remembrance. the Paxton men were under the necessity of protecting themselves and were governed by usages peculiar to themselves. I have wept in secret till grief has nearly consumed me. heaven became more attractive as earth became dark and desolate.: HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY 143 rowful day which bereft me of my husband and child. Franks. watching the movements of the Indians. — later moved to New York in City. Many of their lation in An own families had suffered by the tomahawk. removed to Allegheny county. and wife and daughter. There was another interesting meeting — that of Mackey with Mr.) THE ''PAXTON The H. Barnett. as traders. which was rather incompatable with the quiet habits of agricultural life. the elder. always praying for the sanctified use of his His dust reposes in the little church yard trials. Barnett. and it was suspected by them that hostile Indians were harbored. They recapitulated the scenes of hardship through which they passed while together with the Indians. and he died In November. but remained with his mother and contributed her support the son of her declining years. ing a great sorrow the loss in Mifflin township. they have had their subduing and purifying effect. which were indelibly impressed upon their memory. The former sank into an early grave. Being beyond the reach of laws of the province. and in time of war or frontier disturbances. if not really encouraged . but I have endeavored afflictions have not been to 'kiss the rod' which chastized me." He never returned to to the British army. spending his remaining days with a widowed daughter. a pale delicate man. as well as beyond the protection of the lower counties. My But I now feel that I shall yet see earthly happiness. Allegheny county. Nothing in this world. Pennsylvania. Even in time of peace they roamed through the mountains. aged 82 years. after experienc- of his wife. leaving a The daughter married a Mr. They presented a Barnett. and great contrast in appearance Mackey the reverse. cutting off occasional parties. shall separate us but death. sent in vain. 1808. which were many. become old more through sorrow than years. (For French and Indian war rolls. His eventful. and breaking up their haunts. checkered life was one of faith. William adventurous spirit seized the younger members of the popuPaxton township In the days of Indian warfare. Egle BOYS. my in son. they ranged the border.'' following facts are quoted from the pen of Dr.

144 HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY by the friendly Indians at Conestoga. into the stone work-house at Lancaster. were removed to Pro- . for the purpose. who had come to Philadelphia for protection. Franklin's narrativ^e says there were only three men. December 27. could assemble. On this subject there has been a vast amount written from time to time. Some defense was doubtless made by the few male Indians present (Dr. then riding suddenly into town in a gallop. two women and a young boy) but they were overpowered. that one or two of the hostile Indians were still among the Indians protected by the civil Concealing themselves at night. the band seized upon the keeper of the work-house and overpowered him. . under bolts and bars. Few of the Indians were at home. In consequence of this affair the Moravian Indians at Wyalusing and Nain. but the substance of this unfortunate affair seems to be couched in the following from "Day's Historical Recollections :" "On the night of December 14. they could not doubt but the Indians would be safe until they could be tection. conveyed to Philadelphia for more secure pro- "But the Paxton men were satisfied with nothing less than extermination of the tribe. concerted an attack on the Indians at Conestoga. who remained. 1763. Lancaster county. The number of Paxton men is variously estimated from twenty to upwards of fifty. the "boys" were beyond their reach. and the strict supervision of the keeper. with commendable humanity. most of them belonging to the company of frontier rangers of those townships. The buildings were burned to the ground. were left weltering in gore. both pro and con. the tomahawk and the knife of the frontiersmen. and who were supposed to have recently murdered several families of whites. The poor Indians. when the whole community was engaged in the solemnities of the sanctuary. where. of securing one or more hostile Indians who were harbored there. while the Paxton men left town in the same haste with which they entered The alarm was raised through the town. A deadly animosity was thus raised among the Paxton men against all of Indian blood. a number of armed and mounted men from the townships of Paxton and Donegal. "The citizens and magistrates of Lancaster. shocked at the horrible outrage. In the dead of night the white men fell upon the village. women and children. they waited until the next day. but before the citizens it. alleging. men. and it was during the heighth of this feeling that the bloody and perhaps unjustifiable massacre was perpetrated at Conestoga. the men probably being absent either in hunting or trading their baskets at Lancaster. and rushing into prison. the work of death was speedily accomplished. however. about fourteen in number. near authority at Lancaster. as they alleged. gathered the scattered individuals of the tribe. fell victims to the rifle. and the whole. Lancaster. and among the Moravians.

he says the so long gathering has at length "The storm which had been exploded. I hurried off with a written message to that party. that a number of persons were assembling on purpose to go and cut oft the Conestoga Indians. city. dated Paxton. a daring partisan. entreating them to desist from such an action. horse and artillery were formed to repel the expected attack. but life and reason were set at defiance. not cruel. Forster. Mr. I expostulated. Esq. shall be considered as one of the youthful ebullitions of wrath caused by the momentary excitement to which human infirmity is subjected. but mild and merciful. assembled great numbers early in January. December 16. returned home. the neighboring magistrate." There is no doubt that this massacre was committed by the younger and more hotheaded members of Rev. Elder describes Paxton boys) as humane. John Elder. by residents of Derry and Donegal townships who were led by one Lazarus Stewart. in concert with Mr. and a man of considerable influence and standing in the Paxton settlement. joined as they proceeded on their way to the fated village. time will come when each palliating circumstance will be calmly weighed. What could I do with men heated to madness? All that I could do was done." in Rev. in a letter to Governor John Penn. that it was cruel and unchristian in its nature. says: "On receiving intelligence. and threatened to march to PhilaThe people of delphia in a body. of Lancaster. and would be fatal in its consequences to themselves and families. this painful catastrophe might have been avoided. the 13th instant.. and several companies of foot. Pennsylvania: ." In another letter to Governor Penn. Colonel Elder's corps of Rangers. 1763. which had frequently been urged without success.: HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY vince Island near that rison. elated by their recent success. And yet the men in private life are The virtuous and respectable. the city were prodigiously alarmed. Mr. This deed magnified into the blackest of crimes. liberal and reIn a subsequent letter to the Governor. The Paxton men who had approached the Schuylkill on their march. Rev. government removed the Indians from Conestoga. finding such a force prepared to receive them. Stewart (one of ligions. Had The written by 10 following are extracts from a series of historical papers Redmond Conyngham. and destroy the Indians there. residing at and about Harris Ferry. 145 and placed under the charge of the gar- "The Paxton men.

for they were a liberty loving people. and offering a reward for the arrest of the perpetrators. 'As your pastor.' It was in vain. years. THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. but He implored them to return he to deter them from the attempt. their fatal errand. which fact drove them to seek a land of refuge midst the wild forests of America. they called on their pastor to lead them. He was then in the fifty-seventh year of his age. . by more than two The discussion which ensued upon the "Paxton Boys" affair.' To save his horse. were in readiness.' 'Give way then. . we have waited long enough on Government. horses murderers were traced to Conestoga. and they must not escape. They mounted. and in a letter of Governor John Penn to his brother In England. I command you to relinquish your design. but such was the state of public opinion in the Interior counties that no one dared to bring the offenders to justice. murder followed murder. 'the blood of the murdered cries aloud for vengeance. the murderers are within our reach. the heart shrinks from the attempt. Elder reminded them Innocent! that 'the guilty and innocent cannot be distinguished. As In all the great wars in which this country has been engaged. expressing the strongest indignation at the outrages at Conestoga and Lancaster. pause. urged them to reflect." And no wonder. tached. in fact sowed the seeds of the great Revolution. 'or your horse dies.' Col. him aside. 'Pause.' said one Smith. Had you seen him then you would have beheld a superior being. to which he was much atpresenting his rifle. v/rltten at this time. To portray each scene of horror would be impossible. although they mingled openly A among their fellow citizens.' Mr. Dauphin county had her share in the great struggle for indeIn fact her "Hanover Resolutions" antedated the pendence. The settlers were goaded on to desperation. Elder rode can they be called innocent who foster murder? up in front and said. where they believed they might be permitted to worship God according to the dictates of their own personal conscience. scouts brought in intelligence that the Rifles were loaded. and the Rangers were ofi^ on drew Elder Mr. 1776. before you proceed. He had mounted. oppressed by the tyranny of Europe. "Declaration of Independence" of July 4.146 HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY "Imagination cannot conceive of the perils with which the settlement of Paxton was surrounded from 1754 to 1765." proclamation was issued by the Governor. not to lead them on to the destruction of Conestoga. he thus alludes to the Inhabitants of Paxtang: "Their next move will be to subvert the government and establish one of their own.

The first was that of a meeting of the people of Hanover township. a perpetual record. "4th. . "ist. which read as follows : "ist. Thomas James Stewart. and which served as the text of those passed at the meeting of Lancaster." Following in the footsteps of these brave men. the resolves of only two of which have been preserved in record form for the historians of latter days. the Scotch-Irish districts. a similar meeting was held at MIddletown. James Caruthers. firm and dignified. That a committee of nine be appointed who shall act for us and in our behalf as emergencies may require. chairman. That of the liberties The committee consisted of Timothy Green. June 10. unjust and oppressive. are unconstitutional. demanded justice and boldly denounced British tyranny and wrong. "5th. That the tain is iniquitous In a closer union of the colonies lies the safeguard of the people. "2nd. Colonel James Burd. at which these stirring resolves were concurred in.HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY 147 As early as the spring of 1774 meetings were held in the various townships of Dauphin county. and assuming such power to themselves. held Saturday. Joseph Barnett and John Rogers. William Clark. That it is the bounden duty of the people to oppose every measure which tends to deprive them of their just prerogatives. Lancaster county. showing that the same ScotchIrish liberty-loving people were the "head and front of the American Revolution of 1776. The resolutions referred to are worthy of to sever the connection between Great colonies. for they sounded the sharp. on Friday following. That it Is an indlspenslble duty we owe to ourselves and posterity to oppose with decency and firmness every measure tending to deprive us of our just rights and privileges. Robert Dixon. That in the event of Great Britain attempting to force unjust laws upon us by the strength of arms. Josiah Espy. Koppenheffer. subsequently. at which assembly it was unanimously resolved: recent action of the Parliament of Great Briand oppressive. That the acts of Parliament of Great Britain In divesting us of the right to give and grant our money. Colonel Timothy Green serving as chairman. Let it be further recorded here that these Hanover "resolves" preceded those of the famous Mecklenburg Convention. June 4. our cause we leave to heaven and our rifles. certain key-note which Britain and the was eventually American While the people at Philadelphia and the lower counties were deliberating and doubting the expediency of independence. 1774." "3rd. "2nd.

William Londonderry. at which Captain Frederick Hummel was chairman. 148 HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY "3rd. June 11. That a committee be appointed to confer with similar "5th. — John McCune. Inside forty-eight hours of the receipt of the news of the opening battle at Lexington. Oppression. Robert McKee. In Sherer. resolving to stand by the other townships of the county in all their actions. Dauphin and (then called Frederickstown) 1774. John Paxtang. Taylor. James Burd. Robert Upper Paxtang. William Brown. That we will sincerely and heartily agree to and abide "4th. James Cooper. (Massachusetts) the men able to bear arms in this region were organized for the defense of their long looked for personal liberty. Clark. War was no new thing to these people. following territory of Dauphin county was represented by the was in the gentlemen Patton. Laird. taxation without representation. and the perfidy of the Shawanese tribes. James Murray. for it should be remembered that they had been cradled midst the clash of arms the all along the frontiers made desolate by the savage Indians Delawares. by the measures which shall be adopted by the members of the general Congress of the Colonies. 1775 appeared from: William Brown. political evils created It an ill feeling to the mother country. —Adam Werts. in any sense. Castle Byers. — (Above Kittochtinny Mountain). John Rogers. Londonderry. that a general committee of Lancaster county was formed. 1774. That a close union of the Colonies and their faithful adhering to such measures as a general Congress shall judge proper. and a host of other consequently met at Hummelstown on Saturday. — Upper Paxtang. —John Campbell. Hanover." The German county were but inhabitants In the eastern portion of little behind in action for asserting their rights. month of December. and settle the rights of the Colonies on a permanent basis. with no mercy. consisting of delegates from At the first meeting of that committee the present all the townships. Samuel Paxtang. are the most likely means to procure redress of American grievances.: . When the battle drum first — . William Derry. committees relative to the present exigency of affairs. Joseph John Backenstose. — —Timothy Green. Cathcart. sounded in that long fought wan Dauphin county was ready for the engagement. —William Hayes. Sherer. William Jacob Cook. Harris. — Joseph Hanover.

and Powder-Horn. "3rd. Shilling. and as such continued by the convention of July 15. That each Person of the Company shall (if not already done) as soon as possible. "4th That each of the said Company shall attend weekly on Saturday. in the Town of Lancaster. with a Cartouch-Box or ShotBag. That none of Pounds of Lead. have associated. "In order to make ourselves perfect in the art of Military. Its commanding officer. as well. under the Penalty of paying a sum not exceeding Twenty Shillings for every disobedience. or in the county of Lancaster. to are worthy a sacred place in ^'The Association of the Liberty Company in Lancaster Comity. at the same time being a provincial magistrate. or in actual Service. to be mflicted and judged of by a Majority of the Officers. M Mustering. the subscribers. and severally Agree. Sickness of the person or Business out of the . William Hay the first "ist. &c. viz That Jacob Cook be the Captain. under the Penalty of forfeiting and paying the sum of One absence. were subsequently connected with the Flying Camp and it is quite Of this first Loncertain were at Fort Washington at its capture. First Lieutenant William Hay rose to be a lieutenant colonel in the Flying Camp in 1776-77. or in actual Service. in good order and repair. to have the Command of said Company whilst under iVrms. It consisted almost en- men from Londonderry township. several served through the war from Quebec to Yorktown. and David Lieutenant. and that the said Officers shall remain till altered by a Majority of the Officers and two-thirds of the the Subscribers or Company shall disobey the Orders of either of the said Officers whilst under Arms or Mustering. The McQueens. which said Officers.: HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY The tirely of 149 of. Robert M'Queen the Ensign of the Company in London Derry called the Liberty Company. subjoined document gives the names ol the first company now in record form. donderry company. 1776. provide himself with a good Gun or Musket. Captain Jacob Cook. Promise. and on such other Times as the Officers of a majority of them shall appoint. was prominent in organizing troops throughout the war. and a half Pound of Powder and two Company. the Associators. and Resolve as follows. 'Queen the second Lieutenant. We. The articles of association to which each and every one of these men subscribed their the annals of names Dauphin county. "2nd. at such places as the said officers shall for every deem necessary. while many of them fell on the bloody altar for the sake of liberty. according to their respective stations.. Robert and David. doing great service in the Jerseys and at Brandywine and Germantown.

"loth. "14th That the officers are to be fined for offences equal with geants. That the said Company shall be increased to any number. That the said Company shall not be obliged to march out of this Province. That should any of the Soldiers. every Person is to appear at such iVIeeting with his Arms and Ammunition as aforesaid under the Penalty of forfeiting the said Sum of One Shilling. a Majority of the Officers are also to judge of these offences. or the Association dissolved by twothirds of the Subscribers. unless the time be enlarged by a Majority of the subscribers. are to be paid to the Captain for the time being. Government or Support of this Company. by their conduct render themselves unworthy of being a Member of said Company. without the Direction of a Majority of the officers. we do hereby impower the Officers aforesaid. That this Company and every member thereof shall comply with any other Resolutions that shall be entered into by a majority of the officers and a majority of the Company for the Regulation. also "i2th. and Drum for the Company. for every Default. not exceeding One Hundred Men. with the consent of a Majority of the soldiers. unless a Majority of the Officers shall remit such Fine. or the Person appointed by him for that purpose. to join with the other officers of the County. All fines to be paid or exacted in consequence of the Resolutions or Regulations of this Company. That this Association to continue for the space of Eight Months next following. 1775. and for the third offence to be expelled the Company. .ISO HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY or Townships. or the Fine to be absolute. or curse or swear whilst under Arms Mustering. That a majority of the officers shall appoint the SerCorporals. to excuse. a Majority of the Officers and Company may expel him. "6th. but in case of absence at judged of by a maany Meeting. and are to be laid out for the use of the said Company. and in such case the Party expelled shall yet be obliged to pay off all arrearages of Fines. That in case it be thought expedient the Companies of this County should form themselves into Battalions or Regiments. under the Penalty of paying Three Shillings for the first offence. the seventeenth day of May. Town This is to be jority of the Officers. the Party so absenting to show Cause to the Officers against the next succeeding Meeting. Five Shillings for the second offence. "13th. ye privates. "5th. "8th. That no Person of the said Company shall appear drunk. "nth. "In testimony whereof we have hereunto set our Hands. or in actual service. in choosing Field Officers to command such Battalion or Regiment. "7th. "9th.

Matthew. Falkner. two in . John Keyner. Joseph Farmer. John Campble. James Hay. Fureman. Charles Stauffer. John Shank. Robert Roan. Thomas Boyd. Jonas McQueen. in raising six companies of expert riflemen 1775. Robert Cook. Daniel Grimm. John Dixon. James Fulton. William Kelley. John Hay. John Bratton. John Bishop. Robert McClintock. Dewalt Hall. Peter Brown. John Donaldson. John Walker. William Johnson. Duncan McQueen. Michael Logan. Alexander Notemurr. Foster. David Foster. John Wolf. "A mittee. Clk. William Moore. John Thompson. provided for Pennsvlvania." A Congressional resolution of June 14. Archibald Weir. Patrick McCleary. James Dougherty. David McQueen. Samuel Bream. Michael Shier. Adam Lawser. James Null. McDougal. Adam Hoover. Alexander McClintock. William Henry. William Flack. Certified by Jacob Cook. James Kelley. Alexander Pooreman. William Carnahan. Chairman of Comand James Sullivan. Robert Moore. Stophle Black. John Farmer. James Hunter. Kenady. John Elliott. Hay. Robert Buck. John Johnson. William Jacob Hamilton. Robert Chambers. John Jacob Dennis Stevick. James Davis. Peter Rheas. 151 Allimen. George Archibald. Michael Stauffer. Stophel Sheeley. Jacob Creed. Joseph Thomas Campble. James Andrew Foster. John Lynch. Steel. James Buck. Robert Hunter.HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY Privates. true Copy. Hugh Duncan. Christian Hay. Christopher Null. John Hostater. James Morrison. Patrick Kelley. Edward Morrison.

at Boston. Army when completed. dressed and painted in the Indian fashion. the same. three lieutenants. June 22. They are now . unless sooner discharged. being part of a body of two hundred volunteers who are on their way to General Washington's army at Cambridge. a corporal. and when the orders of Congress came it was ready." Thacher. : The pay of the officers and privates was as follows Captain. One of the first companies raised in the colonies was that of Captain Matthew Smith." Each company was to consist of one captain. which with the six were to battalion. a drummer or trumpeter.152 HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY In Maryland and two join the Continental Virginia. fired their balls into objects of seven inches diameter at the distance of two hundred and fifty yards. which. were to Massachusetts. At the same time a company had been raised in and around the town of Lancaster. six and twothirds. a drummer or . 1775. under date of August. both were accepted into the Continental service. striking a mark with great certainty at two hundred yards distance. From a letter dated at Hartford the latter part of July it is stated "Yesterday came to town a number of Paxtang boys. trumpeter. seven and one-third. The form of enlistment was it : day voluntarily enlisted myself as a soldier in the American Continental Army for one year. eight dollars. describes this battalion: "They exceeding rifle six are remarkably stout and hardy men. Within ten days after the receipt of the news of the battle of Lexington this company was armed and equipped for service. twenty dollars per month a lieutenant thirteen and one-third dollars. and do bind myself to conform in all instances to such rules and this "/ have regidations as are or shall be established for the government of the said army. The patriotism of Pennsylvania was evinced in the haste with which the companies of the First Pennsylvania (Thompson's) Battalion were filled to overflowing. which information reaching the Congress. and the promptitude with which they took up their march for Boston. to find their own arms and clothes. four sergeants. At a review a company of them while on a quick advance. directed to raise a was ordered that "The Colony of Pennsylvania" be tsvo more companies. four corporals. shirts and round These men are remarkable for the accuracy of their aim. and sixty-eight privates. Several of them we hear are young gentlemen : of fortune. of Paxtang. the same form year. in his military journal of the Revolution. They are dressed in white frocks or hats. many of them feet in height. privates. sergeant.

the city of Savannah. and their shot have frequently proved fatal to British officers and soldiers who expose themselves to view. that "the commissary in this county (York) had exerted himself very much in procuring provisions for the troops on the Susquehanna. mountains. On the 20th of March." These fighting. in what was termed the "Expedition Westward. even at more than double the distance of common musket shot. Graydon's Memoirs says "A duty being laid upon whiskey. etc." or the Whiskey Insurrection. swivels. as being a supply depot for the army. and Charleston. returning to Philadelphia in July. THE WHISKEY INSURRECTION. Captain William Hendrick The command. after desperate were forced to surrender. The survivors were paroled August 7. 1779. and from thence to Philadelphia. Georgia. on December 14." a depot for army supplies Colonel Hartley wrote to President Reed. may be brought down the river in boats He also said to Middletown. informing that body that "a large quantity of may be made up the Susquehanna." "there are some good four-pounder cannons at Sunbury. and after being exchanged followed the fortunes of the Pennsylvania soldiers who went with General Wayne to Georgia and resisted the fearful night attack on Wayne's camp near Sharon. it was found a potent theme for the purpose of sedition. spreading from West to East in . 1783. is also noted in the Colonial Records. this county. July 11.. but unfortunately no wagons can be provided in the ordinary course to transport the flour to Harris Ferry. and it was accordingly preached upon with so much uncIt began beyond rhe tion that an insurrection was the consequence. It would seem that Harris Ferry was during the Revolution. John Harris wrote to the Committee of Safety.: HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY 153 stationed in our lines. The country. May II. to the whiskey made at farm opposition to the excise law. where the boats are to receive the same. etc. 1776. entering in triumph with him. May 24. Juniata. 1776." Middletown. that general favorite beverage Pennsylvania. 1782. The expedition on the waters must greatly depend upon the supplies from hence. where fell. or the collection of a duty on stills and the larger distilleries of the culminated in 1794. which wanted for public use. in the summer of 1794. soldiers participated in the attack on Quebec. cannon pitch and tar if balls.

all In complete uniform. Capt. commanded by Captain George Fisher. commanded by Captain Lyman. Dec." the states to the east. three companies of horse. laws. passed through Harrisburg to join General Wayne's army in the Ohio countr\\ On the 25th of the same month a battalion of New Jersey volunteer dragoons. McPherson's company of Blues. Governor of the state. 1794. though less perhaps from a sense of their error than from our assurance that a body of troops were on their march to the seat of the insurrection. 1794: On Tuesday last." "Harrisburg. belonging to Phlladel- — .154 HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY with wonderful rapidity. From a Harrisburg newspaper the "Oracle of Dauphin" it learned that on Friday. Pa. Harrisburg was quickly infected. ''Richard Howell. The following Tuesday some eighty regular recruits from Massachusetts. In order to receive them. including in with other parts of the state of Pennsylvania and New England. may be signified In a proper manner. and that if they persisted in their undertaking. these inconsiderate men were induced to desist. of a few of us. 1794. After the usual ceremonies." self "The commander to bound Another quotation from the "Oracle" says: "Harrisburg. "Commandant Jersey Detachment. I. The next morning they crossed the Susquehanna on their way to Carlisle. the dragoons dismounted to refresh themselves and on Monday rnorning they proceeded to Carlisle. They were all equipped and completely mounted and numbered 370 men. of Harrisburg. after expressing their satisfaction In the following manner: the of the Jersey militia detachment feels himacknowledge the politeness of the citizens of Flarrlsburg to his company. September 19. The company of light dragoons. however. arrived in town from the Westward. they would involve themselves in the guilt of a forcible opposition to the. and most surely have cause to repent of their temerity. Sept 25. with the most distinguished officers of county. reached Harrisburg. arrived from Philadelphia. and a meeting had been called for the purpose of passing some inflammatory^ resolutions. the corps of light Infantry. were prepared In parade. By the persuasion. who were untouched by the contagion.. and requests that their gra4:Itude and his own joined with the highest respect. the whole under the command of Captain John is — — Dunlap. containing in all one hundred and thirty. troops were enrolled Dauphin county for this expedition to the seat of war in the Ohio In common valley. commanded by Captain John Irwin. under command of General Richard Howell.

will also arrive to-day or to-morrow. taken from an advertisement ot The above list of companies in the "Oracle of Dauphin'* published the paymaster of the troops were It is believed that the companies named January. On June 18. ordered into service by President Washington. Captain Devins' company. commanded by Captain George Fisher. (For muster rolls A of companies. Sergeant-Major Philip Stoher. 1795. Congress declared war against England. Captain Ainsworth's company. two sergeants. two corporals thirty-two privates. father of J.) 8 12- THE WAR OF The I 1 4. — cap- and one — and one lieutenant. Adams Fisher. one ensign. company of volunteers from Harrisburg. who. Infantry tain. and against which the United States had at various times bitterly protested. that of 1812-14 cause which led to the second war with Great Britain grew out of the mother country. Brigadier General Proctor's brigade also arrived. — Major Frederick Hummel. with one hun- dred prisoners. one corporal nineteen privates. and chiefly from the vicinity of Harrisburg. one ensign. only mustered into the service of the United march to the scene of the rebellion. Paymaster John Brown. Carlisle Captain Fisher was selected major of the battalion of troops^ from Dauphin and adjoining counties. served one month and twenty days.. Esq." The companies composing the Second Pennsylvania Regiment. composed of Riflemen captain. composed of one one lieutenant. and authorized a roll . still usurped her would-be authority over this country by insisting upon — searching American vessels.— : HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY phia. see appendix. not did but States. served one month and twenty days. during this insurrection. 155 and the next morning proceeded homeward. four sergeants. were as follows Regimental Officers: Lieutenant-Colonel Thomas Forster. we hear. gade. actually At marched as far as Carlisle on their way to the seat of war. four sergeants. one ensign. and this morning Colonel Chamber's briearly marched for their respective homes.. Saturday last. Captain Wallace's company. composed of one captain. voted five million dollars for war purposes. one lieutenant. is four corporals and thirty- privates . even after having been vanquished in the long war of the Revolution. served one month and twenty days. 1812.

buttons. Maryland. nor more than nine inches high in the rear. but certain ones were held in readiness for emergency. "General with buff. buckles. among the other counties of Pennsylvania. December 24. (For muster roll see appendix. some of these commands city of Baltimore. nor more than seventeen inches from point to point. sword mounting. the old-time patriotism was rekindled. three times the Governor's services as more men offered their in were required. Being thus disappointed not being accorded a place in the ranks. —Their coats to be blue. or pantaloons.) February the treaty approved by the Senate 1 was of the United States 5. the following in General Orders is here given quickly into line. "The coat of the infantry and artillery shall be blue. (This was prior to fast steamships and nearly a half century before the ocean cable was in existence. 81 and thus ended the second war with England. bound round the edge with black binding half an inch wide. length to reach to the bend of the knee. edged the with red. Vests. called for volunteers "to rally 'round the constituted authori- of the Union. and trimmings to be gold or gilt. Buff vests. faced and lined the button-holes on the collar. "The General Staff and Field Officers. in response to of one hundred thousand troops. of Pennsylthat. and have ten buttons. The wearing of feathers The company officers may. It shall be single breasted. 1815. of the same color of the coat." call Such was the enthusiasm for troops. ties vania. men offered money freely to be who had been accepted by the Dauphin. with the consent of Is dispensed with. fell In 1812 and 18 13 none of the companies were called. the field officers of the regiment to which they belong.: i^S6 HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY Governor Snyder. spurs. the bottom of the breast and two hip buttons to range. The standing collar to rise to the tip of the ear. . After the battle of Bladensburg and the capture of Washington City. breeches. February 11. The cuffs shall be plain. 18 14. As to the uniform worn by the soldiery of 181 2-14. and in response to the call certain companies were mustered into active service and hastened to the front to render support and speedy relief at the However. many permitted to enlist instead of those state. and not less than three nor more than three and a half inches "wide. a treaty of peace was signed between this The news did not reach this country until country and England. nor less than fifteen. 15.) :never marched further than York. Officers. wear any They may embroider — other uniform hat than the chapeau. To wear chapeaux of the following form: The fan not less than six and a half. Their epaulettes.

and four votes. Harrisburg. single breasted. silver. Secretary of the Commonwealth and chairman of the Anti-Masonic State Committee.HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY 157 Blue pantaloons may be worn in breeches and pantaloons white. . Whig candidates for the Legislature in different parts of the state contested the seats of their successful Democratic competitors upon the slightest pretext. after a hotly contested political canvass. the Democratic candidate. who was the standard bearer for the Whigs and Masons. committed at the polls. . spurs. December 4. of Huntingdon county. It should be remembered that the election took place October the Legislature met December 4. Philadelphia. with pocket flaps. was chosen Gover- The causes which led to this nor." strife were the result of the general election held in October." proceedings of the Pensylvania Legislature which. there were large numbers of excited people. on the 15th of October. and of the remaining members forty-eight were Democrats and forty-four Whigs and Anti-Masons." calling upon them to demand an investigation of the alleged frauds. Burrowes. were marked with unusual scenes of confusion and disorder and resulted in what is first The convened at commonly termed the "Buckshot War. buckles and trimmings of the Artillery. Upon the result of the election being made known. when David R. over Governor Joseph Anti- Ritner. whose seats were contested. clerk read the names of those members The delegates present. or plated. Of these eight were from the city of one hundred members. The sword to be of the sabre form. and the defeated Anti-Masonic and the majority for Porter being five thousand five hundred. The majority of the Senate belonged to the latter party and consequently promptly organized by the election of Charles The House met with all the contesting B. sword mounting. and the new Governor was 1838 9. As trouble was looked for upon the assembling of the Legislature. not to be inaugurated until January 15. 1838. and also advising them to "treat the election This held on the 9th of October as if it had not taken place. "Epaulettes. buttons." circular had the desired effect. Thomas H. gold or gilt." THE "buckshot WAR.. Vest. issued a private circular "To the Friends of Governor Ritner. 1838. Porter. Penrose as speaker. 1839. who flocked to Harrisburg to witness the result of the Then the Flouse of Representatives consisted of an even struggle. that being the first inauguration under the new Constitution. those of the Infantry. the winter. especially from districts where contests were pending.

he requested Mr. and after their Speaker had called them 'to order. who produced and had read the true returns. (now the Lochiel It after^vard met in Matthew Wilson's hotel. Cunningham. and it immediately adjourned in great confusion. however. and he obeyed. •ones signed Two members escorted Mr. jmoved that the body proceed to the election of a Speaker. ordered Cunningham. large less boisterous. in a peremptory manner. duly certified by the Prothonotar}' of Philadelphia. in members did not wait until the appointed time. In the afternoon they again met in the hall. they went up to the platform and carried pro tew. State House. and appointing a committee to wait upon the Governor. of Bedford county. of Philadelphia. It is related that Thomas B. Some Phlladelphians being in the lobby of the hall as mere spectators. during which Thaddeus Stevens. Speaker Speckman off and set him down in the aisle. The Cunningham party. to surrender the Speaker's chair to Hopkins. Thus the Pennsylvania House of Representatives enjoyed (?) a double-headed organization. The reading of these returns and the seating of the two sets of delegates from Philadelphia county caused the greatest excitement in the House. 158 HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY which had been handed to him by the Secretar}' of the Commonweakh. to act as Speaker pro tern. House) During these exciting scenes inside the capitol. The members of the House of each party were then sworn as Speaker. taking another that stood near by on the platform. then a member of the Legislature from Adams county. crowds of people gathered outside the more or . The Clerk then called the roll of Whig and Anti-Masonic members and declared Thomas S. by their respective officers. This interference from outsiders the Cunningham House had not the power to resent. one of Hopkins' escorts. and one to wait upon the Senate to inform them that the House was ready to proceed to business. elected Speaker. He was conducted to the Speaker's chair and took his seat. This had been anticipated and provided against by the Democrats. Upon reaching the returns of Philadelphia county. of Beaver county. where Cunningham had been already seated. and feeling very indignant at the proceedings of the Cunningham faction. of Washington county. The Democrats paid very little attention to the movements of the opposition and elected William Hopkins. After qualifying all their and electing officers. Hopkins to the Speaker's platform.. McElwee. Speckman. both parties adjourned their respective bodies to meet next day at ten o'clock. it was discovered that the legal returns had been withheld and fraudulent by only six of the seventeen return judges substituted.

Threats were made. of Adams county. awaiting the events of the day with that firmness which freemen in a free country have resolved upon. Burrowes. and overawing the Legislature of this Commonwealth. Adams and other places have assembled at the seat of government. •of fifteen persons was also appointed. finally. Burrows and Penrose. and. over which Thomas Craig Miller. J. with the avowed object of disturbing. and threatening violence and death to some of the members of that body and other officers of the government. who have the same feelings and interest with us. with The meeting was addressed by Colonel a number of vice-presidents. "Whereas. infuriated. defiance hurled back and forth. will intimidate people resolved upon having their rights. A lawless. by rushing within the bar of the Senate Chamber. and George W. ing of the meeting. "In the name and by the authority of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania." committee was also appointed by the meeting to wait on Secretary of the Commonwealth. Penniman. A Thomas H. That we recommend to the citizens generally to pursue a prudent and a calm course.: : HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY 159 Both determined and desperate men were there from both sides. committee on resolutions was appointed. and to the timid the aspect of affairs appeared alarming. and request him forthwith to furnish the clerks of the Senate and House the A committee of safety consisting full legal returns of the election. ss. The said . acting under the advice of his Messrs. ^''Resolved. issued the following proclamation "Pennsylvania. Stevens. and in an outrageous and violent manner. or citizen soldiers. who endeavor to perpetuate their reign through unlawful and fraudulent returns. by clamoring. of Lancaster. Lancaster. J. A who reported the following. advisers. Governor of the said Commonwealth : ''a proclamation. presided. ''''And zvhereas. A. McCahan. Barton. which were adopted ^^Resolved. political About the time of the assemblGovernor Ritner. and of preventing its proper organization. and the peaceable and mob have already. Interrupting. On the night of the first day of the session a large public meeting was held in the court house. In defiance the Senate free dlscharg*e of its duties. entered Chamber. by Joseph Ritner. That neither those in power. on this day. shouting. armed mob from the counties of Philadelphia. of Philadelphia. E.

no ordnance. Burrowes. encouraged by a person who is an officer of the General Government from Philadelphia. "Given under my hand and the Great Seal of the State. or any other might forces that any from the arsenal for the purpose of arming : . filled the citizens of Harrisburg and the people who had assembled here with intense alarm. ""And ivhereas. They still remain here in force. This is to call upon the civil authorities to exert themselves to restore order to the utmost of their power. to participate in the im- The interest of pending struggle. be authority order of the Governor. determined to prevent the arms and ammunition there stored from being seized by the Governor and his party. and a large number of people flocked to the city. in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and thirty-eight." was taken possession of by a force in the Governor Ritner. but the situation now begun to assume a grave aspect. for the purpose of subduing them. this fourth day of December. and call for troops and the seizure of the arsenal. at Harrisburg. and of the Commonwealth the sixty-third. and upon the militia force of the Commonwealth to hold themselves in instant readiness to repair to the seat of government. "By (L.: i6o HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY of every effort to restrain them. The excitement increased and a large body of people flocked to the old arsenal. There had been no actual outbreak. as lowing pledge for themselves and those who sent them should. of Lancaster. by any ammunition men of honor. a committee appointed by the st^te authority. had not appeared before the committee of safety and made the fol"That. and other ammunition taken there. Ritner's proclamation cartridges. nor any disturbupon riotous proceedings ance which rendered necessary his interposition as a civil officer to presers^e the peace. As an offset to the Governor's proclamation. arms or taken whatever. S. "Secretary of the state arsenal Commonwealth. and large quantities of powder.) the Governor "Thomas H. and Joseph Henderson. These excited people would probably have captured the arsenal if Major George Ford. the county deemed it his duty to issue a counter Dauphin sheriff of he stated that at no time had there been any which in proclamation. attracted by curiosity. and rendering it unsafe for the Legislative bodies to assemble in the Capitol. the part of the people. and are setting the law at open defiance. "Therefore. compelled the Senate to suspend business. and upon all good citizens to aid in curbing this lawless mob. and in reinstating the supremacy of the law.

and urge them to quietly disperse. who immediately retired which they did manfully. and that the people did disperse.t of governm. Kidder.ade. and for the purpose of acting in good faith on the part of the committee. and before leaving Philadelphia. 100 pistol flints. if possible. on Locust street. to prevent their adversaries from making use of them. 1838. tion shown by the report these gentlemen m. On the 5th of December the Governor made a special requision Major-General Robert Patterson. fixed. on motion of L. Kidder. "Capt. By this time the excitement had become tremendous. 7. making known the pledge of Messrs. 400 priming tubes. having been attracted thither by the word that a quantity of ammunition had been taken there. it was "Resolved. "George D. Coryell were appointed the said committee. 132 6-pounder cannon balls. not to employ the public arms themselves. and if any use of them should so be made. of which the following is an official inventory "Twelve thousand four hundred and eighty musket-ball and buckshot cartridges. they would hold themselves personally responsible for the consequences. regulation ammunition for the infantry then was buckshot which consisted of t\velve buckshot. Dec. of Ord. 600 pistol cartridges. and that their adversaries had stationed in the building a body of armed men as a rendezvous to subdue the people. A report was circulated upon the streets that a number of men at this hotel were n . "Frankford Arsenal.: HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY collect i6i in obedience to the proclamation of the Governor. 200 musket-flints." Whereupon L. who believed that the only object of the people in making a demonstration upon the arsenal was. to discharge their duty. By this time a great multitude had assembled about the arsenal. General Adam Diller and Lewis S. quell the "insurrection." for a force of troops sufficient to and march them immediately to the ser<." The bullet. Upon receiving orders. Ford and Henderson. That a committee of three be appointed to go and address the people.ent. 68 6-pounder strapped shot. cartridges." This pledge was satisfactory to the committee of safety. each as good as a The headquarters of the Whig party during these troubles was the Shakespeare Hotel. Ramsey. General Patterson obtained from the United States Arsenal at Frankford a supplv of ammunition. commanding the First is Division Pennsylvania Militia. 20 pounds slow-match. but.

and requested the President to take such measures as would In this communication the Govprotect the state against violence. Sumner. after marching through several of the streets. and sworn to by the Speaker and other members of the Senate. Muench. and halted until communication could be had with the state authorities. A. m. together with a copy of Sumner's reply. Charles F. S. proceeded to the public ground in front of the state arsenal. December 7th. numbering about eight hunored. who severally obtained quarters in the arsenal. U." From these incidents the name "Buckshot War" is derived. and. and obtained quarters in the court house. and at four o'clock p. laying before him a full account of the affair. A. signed by a majority of the Senators. when the troops entered the town. He also deemed it proper to state to the President that the most active leaders of the "mob" were J. where they were divided oft into detachments. a he had proclamation the of copy the facts connected with the riot in the Senate chamber. and some are yet preserved as mementoes of the "Buckshot War. The Governor did not stop with the ordering of General Patterson's command to the seat of government. the court house. inclosing a copy of his formal He also Inclosed a request." A watch was set to prevent these cartridges from being taken to the arsenal and this watch intercepted a negro who had been employed to He was compelled to surrender the cartridges. published statement of and issued. and one for the protection of the state authorities. on Second. the next diy the main body. The said to be an officer of the custom house of Philadelphia. ernor stated that he had the day before made a formal application to Captain E. Penrose. then in command of Carlisle Barracks. and E. V. Sumner for aid. below Chestnut street. About one hundred of the troops arrived on Saturday night (December 8th) following. inade to him by Charles B. which appeared to him to proceed from political difOn Friday. to President Van Buren. . a deputy marshal of the Middle district of Pennsylvania. V. arrived below town. J.1 62 HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY engaged in making buckshot cartridges to be used on the "mob. under command of Maior-General Patterson and staff. requesting him to march his troops to Harrisburg To this appeal. which deliver them.. McCahan of the Philadelphia postoffice. which was eftected in about an hour. were distributed among those present. the Lancasterian school house on Walnut street. with a small body of United States dragoons. the Exchange. Governor Ritner wrote ferences alone. and the Presbyterian church. Pennlman. but on the 5th of December addressed a letter to Captain E. Captain Sumner replied that he did not deem it proper to interfere in the troubles then existing at Harrisburg.

William Cross. Carlisle Light Artillery: captain. disputed. second lieutenant. George L. Robert McCartney. E. by a "Rump House. There were at this time three volunteer companies at Carlisle. Washington Artillery: captain. declining to interpose until it appeared certani that convening the Legislature was impracticable. Finally. first lieutenant. There was no actual need of any troops any time during the dead-lock in the Legislature. Lyne. orderly sergeant. second lieutenant. they disembarked and marched across the wagon bridge. a majority of the Senate. three legally Whig members. of Luzerne county. Ramsey. made a requisition on Samuel Alexander. Alfred Creigh. Murray. Biddle. only added to the excitement. however. to march to Harrisburg." . which gave it a legal quorum over and above the and fifty eight the Democrat members from Philadelphia." When the Carlisle troops arrived the contest was approaching an end and the soldiers regarded their trip a frolic and enjoyed themselves. December 17. and would obey only such orders as he regarded proper after the orders had been given him by the Governor. upon the streets and close to the halls of legislation. first lieutenant. Noble. a citizen of Carlisle. of Union. captain. Thompson. The battalion was in command of Colonel Willis Foullc. mustering in all about ninet}^ men. Messrs. on December 25. orderly sergeant. who was ignored by General Alexander. and Montelius. On reaching the western side of the Susque- hanna river. They marched into the city market and thence to the arsenal. M. The troops received orders December 15. whose right to seats as it was contemptuously called. where they were quartered for a week. and on the following day embarked for the seat of war. and an ultra Whig in politics. finding that it was impossible to accomplish the design of the revolutionists. Secretary of War. The Carlisle infantry was officered as follows: William S. an ardent Democrat. The appearance of armed troops. breaking step to keep from jarring the structure. but only sixty-seven participated in the Buckshot war. finding that General Patterson refused them in power. first lieutenant.HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY 163 President replied to this communication through Joel R. Thomas B. General Patterson and his delphia command had already left Phila- when the troops from Carlisle reached Harrisburg. Butler and Sturdevant. Alexander S. William Porter. Robert A. The Governor's to install party. major-general of the Eleventh Division of the State militia. abandoned their associates and were sworn in as members of the Hopkins house. Poinsett. It was estimated at that there were in the thirty borough of Harrisburg at that date "between thousand strangers.

Burrowes. composed of excited and enraged citizens. Butler. which ended the difficulty. who had gone In the lobbies at the rear of the there with the minority returns. and after the speaker had abandoned When the his post. Messrs. contests for seats from several districts. of Cum- berland county. Thomas H. unable to stem the current any longer. the Federal Speaker of the Senate. either by the form prescribed by law or by intimidation. that day stated that "Mr. of Northampton. the leader of the Stevens "Rump House. personal in character. Accordingly. as before mentioned. At last Speaker Penrose. Michler. some of whom were there out of idle curiosity and others with determination of preventing the seating of Hanna and Wagner. This gave the latter body a quorum of fifty-one members whose seats were not disputed. including Thaddeus Stevens. in the Senate. and under shelter of the Harrisburg paper of night from the State House enclosure. chamber was a dense crowd of spectators. Penrose." and the Secretary of the Commonwealth. Upon the floor were members of the House. of Lancaster. and aroused the lookers-on to such an extent that threats of violence. There were In the Senate the trouble was not yet ended. abandoned his post. and Burrowes exerting themselves to exclude senators legally entitled to their seats. when. were indulged in." In the midst of the excitement it was impossible for the Senate to proceed with its business. jumped out of a window twelve feet high. so that no legal obstacle could longer prevent the Senate from recognizing it as the legitimate House. through three thorn bushes and over a seven-foot picket fence. and with Stevens and Burrowes escaped from a window in the rear of the Senate chamber. Sturdevant and Montelius left the Cunningham or Ritner branch of the House and were sworn in as members of the Democratic House. Senate spectators were noisy at the very sight of Stevens. were finally adopted by a vote of seventeen yeas to sixteen nays .: 1 64 HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY vote of seventeen to sixteen agreed that a committee should be appointed to inform the Hopkins house that the Senate was organized and ready to co-operate with it. submitted the following preamble and resolution. of Adams. December 27. which after several fruitless attempts to amend. that body adjourned to meet the next day. hour arrived no quorum was present the Whig members being and of course the Senate was adjourned until absent by agreement A — — the following day and so on. Mr. in effecting his retreat from the Senate chamber on the first day of the session. Penrose. the illegally returned senators from PhiladelThe phia. until December 17th. under Speaker Hopkins. day after day.

General Patterson's command evacuated the borough on Sunday. Cunningham. which never recognized the Independence of Texas and had repudiated the treaty made by General Santa Anna. and two bodies have for some time been in existence. but was immediately re-elected. House "Resolved." The committee and the a joint so appointed immediately waited on the House. Mr. each claiming to be the regularly constituted House of Representatives of Pennsylvania. committee was appointed by both branches to inform Governor that the Legislature was organized. with some twenty of the members of his division. ^^ anticipation of a difficulty with Mexico. 1845. Louisiana. more important matters not befitting to take space greatly needed to dwell at great length on matters connection it pertaining to general national history. then stationed at Fort Jessup.HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY "Whereas^ House of 165 Difficulties have arisen in the organization of the Representatives. and neither has yet been fully recognized by the Senate. WAR WITH In a local history for it is MEXICO. December i6th. and thus ended the bloodless "Buckshot War. providing for the annexing of that part of our domain now known this great state dates as "Texas. At the meeting of the House on the morning of December 27. hence in this will be deemed necessary to be brief in stating the causes leading this country into a war with Mexico. the President of that country claiming the country as her own. Mr. Hopkins. That a committee be appointed to inform said that the Senate is now organized and ready to proceed to business./^ JJliereas. . then resigned. Hopkins as Speaker is now composed of a constitutional quorum of regularly returned members and being thus brought within the pale of the Constitution. the Speaker." one of the most exciting political events In the annals of Pennsylvania history. a joint resolution was pased in the United States Congress which the President approved. were present and duly qualified. therefore. General Zachaiw Tavlor. but neither having had a constitutional quorum of members whose seats were regularly returned. The House organized by the election of Mr. the Senate ought no longer to refuse to recognize the said House as the proper constituted House of Representatives of Pennsylvania. During the last days of President Tyler's administration. and the battalion from Cumberland county on the 23rd following." although the formal admission of from December 24. "yi.

C. which was claimed by Mexico to be the western boundary of Texas. then in session. General Purviance. with one hundred and seventeen men. for Pittsburg. the boundary claimed by Texas and also bv the United States. he advanced with about four thousand men to Corpus Christi. enlist "during the objected to companies had been offered. Williams. who insisted that the capital city of Pennsylvania should be represented. and the battles of Palo i\lto and Resaca de la Palma resulted. that Mexico had "invaded our territory It was then and shed the blood of our citizens on our own soil. General Taylor was directed to move his act. all eager to offer their services in the away southland. At the capital there were several well trained companies of militia. This measure brought on the conflict. Colonel Henry Petrikin. in which the American arms proved victorious. Secretary of State. James K. So intense was the patriotism of the American people that more than three hundred thousand men offered their services. at the earnest solicitation of Colonel James Ross Snowden. From the last named point they marched the entire distance. The Cameron Guards left Harrisburg on December 26. the mountains." that Congress declared war with Mexico. who was then President. at once informed Congress. of the Dauphin Guards. and appropriated ten million dollars to carry on the war. and strict orders had been given the commander not "to commit any overt In January.1 66 HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY was ordered to form ''an Army of Occupation. but finally. via Chambersburg." Old organized his company many of his men were raw recruits. Jesse Miller. 1846. Hon. at the mouth of the river Neuces. 1845. fully equipped. really ere the call was issued. When Captain Williams tendered styled the "Cameron Guards. The one encountering en route fifteen inches of snow people along the line treated the soldiers royally. traveling hundred and in fifty miles. Polk. arriving at Pittsburg the fourth day." At first Governor Shunk Captain Williams. the Governor yielded." In August. . authorized the President to accept fifty thousand volunteers. To Pennsylvania two regiments were alloted. and others. This was recruited a company which he offered to the Governor." forces to the Rio Grande. the number of companies tendering their services exceeded by ten times those required by the far official requisition. 1846. but some accept company of refused to the war. This precautionary measure was not designed by our government as a hostile demonstration. At this time Captain E. and upon Governor Shunk's call for troops.

when the company. when some scouts came halted. including the Cameron Guards. days in passage. On reaching tain Williams' company were ordered in the advance. obeying previous orders. and soon thereafter embarked on a steamboat for New Orleans. No resistance was made until the Am. Captain Williarr. in the Gulf of Mexico. the Cameron Guards on the right. S. They were then directed to make their way They had reached their to the front and repor*: to General Childs. Moving along together. Pennsylvania." the disease was modified and all save Captain Williams took it in a mild form. the company was mustered into the United States serv^ice. advanced in that direction. Jackson defeated the British. Reaching the road. at a hospital from taken made its appearance. The troops were then encamped on the old historic battlefield where the American army under Gen. encountered with his army strongly entrenched. the same year.ericans reached the village of Piano del Rio. Here the Pennsylvania troops. He deployed his company as skirmishers to the left. with two mountain howitzers. and ing north-east storms one after shipboard small pox While on gone down to the bottom of the sea. of the Voltigeurs. the former occupied the hills on the left. the command left for Vera Cruz. the American army under General Winfield Scott advanced toward the City of Mexico. encountered over two hundred Mexicans and fired upon them. 18 15. and the following day the American forces entered Jalapa. through two men surgeon Grimshaw. having place in line. La Haya. 1846. encounterforty-one was sailed "Cameron Guards" it was supposed all had another. A.s was ordered one-fovirth mile to the front on the main road. where they remained until the entire enemv passed that point. which city they reached in five days. Under the skill of Dr. when they moved forward Captain Winder's company of First Artillery and Capto Pueblo.. the troops the pass at riding up at full speed and reported to General Childs. On April 8.HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY 167 On January 2. 1847. From here the soldiers were transported by sailing vessel to the The vessel on which the island of Lobos. at Pittsburg. Captain Walker. Here Santa Anna was near the mountain pass of Cerro Gordo. they soon came upon Captain Walker and . March 29. U. halted until the arrival of General Cadwalader. The Mexicans were routed. James of the "Guards. right was heard. As soon as the disease had died out and the boat had been thoroughly disinfected. January* 8.s met Lieutenant Cochran. by Lieutenant Field. killing a number and recapturing a number of horses belonging to the celeShortly after firing to the brated Texas Ranger. reaching there on the evening of the capture and surrender of the fortress. a New Orleans. upon which Captain William.

The New York and South Carolina regiments took Pennsvb'ania volunteers crossed the to the ditches. the Second Pennsylvania being in the rear.1 68 HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY men. where the inhabitants. Soon the descent was made Thenceforward the route to Ayotla. reached Pueblo. they were again ordered into the ditch to protect Drum's battejy. with further instructions that New when the Second Pennsylvania. and South Carolina regiments would come down the road. castle. didn't we show the mustangs how to fight guerrilla?" From this time this term (guerrillas) was applied to the enemy. "Captain. where the beautiful valley of Mexico burst upon conflict set fire. The firing was field terrific. with Winder. a village which in the Expecting to be placed under arrest for the were much relieved when. the capital. The route was a toilsome one over steep ascents to the crest of the Cordilleras. to take their place in line to join the storming party on Chapultepec." when his the Mexicans began to retreat in disorder. At the commencement. all the American companies pursuing them as far as Las Vegas. these commands appeared on the road bevond Captain Williams and Captain Hire's companies took their place. tions." In August. containing water. the officers their view. on the approach of General Childs. York. which was taken. "The American leaders are gray-headed men. On May 15th the Cameron Guards. with two companies. while the Second and ditches by flank and . who. was on latter accident. were grievously disappointed by the plain blue which contrasted so greatly with the gaudy Mexican uniform. The Cameron Guards "went in with a yell. where they remained a day and a night. having been relieved in the evening. They only accounted for defeat by saying. he rode up to Captain Williams and said. were in conflict with four or five times as man)^ Mexicans. was thrown into a ditch. that nearest the wall of the as As soon Drum's battery. the Second Pennsylvania in advance. On the morning thereafter. At that juncture orders came that Colonel Duncan had discovered a road which flanked Penan. dismounted. General Scott resumed his march with ten thousand men. flocking to see the troops. The regiments charged in that position. only one. fifteen miles from bristled with good fortifica- The command under Winder was ordered to move forward via Penan fortified castle. Nothing of importance transpired relating to the part taken bv the Cameron Guards in the siege of Mexico until the bombardment of the citadel of Chapultepec. Between the road and the citadel there were numerous ditches. the Cameron Guards in front of it as they came in full view of the stronghold. Captain Williams.

and the city of Mexico zumas surrendered to the gallant Quitman. under command of Major Brindle. The only other flag there besides those mentioned was one held by a captain of the Voltigeur regiment.00 p. on the approach of early dawn. arches of the aqueduct being filled with large stones up to the first Mexican battery. General Scott. This was a labor of great difficulty. Captain Samuel Montgomery and Captain E. forward movement was soon made. m. in the head. rode up be here stated that the Mexican flag was hauled down by a color-sergeant of the Fifth or Sixth United States Infantry. Shields and Quitman were to hold the enemy -in check and not to The first attack the Garreta. The general immediately ordered Lieutenant-Colonel Geary to A — — take command of the citadel with his regiment. capturing arch after arch until the gates of the Mexican capital were reached. On reaching there . that was soon captured. colors a small blue In this gallant charge the in killed Cameron Guards lost eighteen men and wounded. It may the castle. and thus the Americans approached the city. Colonel Geary being wounded. At 4. Williams raised the first American flag on the citadel of Chapultepec. and the flag.HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY 169 reached the wall in good order. as it was deemed almost impregnable. the Second PennsylThe vania were inside the city. of Philadelphia. General Pillow's command had just pre- ceded the Second Pennsylvania. who was wounded and that at the first ditch previously referred to. and kept it flying there until the commander-in-chief. the regulars advancing on Casa Mata causeway. of implements necessaiy and the hardness of the soil. the shadows upon firing ceased as the darkness cast its the Pennsylvanians filled sand-bags for temporary breastworks for protection. and Captain Williams received a slight wound in the shoulder. C. a Mexican officer with a flag of the halls of the Montetruce appeared. Captain Fairchild and two or three of his men were all the troops which had reached there when the Second Pennsylvania passed through the breach in the wall made by Drum's battery. and the latter were over the ditch and in the castle almost the same moment. and he was holding the regimental flag at the flagstaff when Captains Williams and Montgomery reached the top of the causeway to the citadel. He was Captain Bernard. owing to the scarcity However. with the mounted rifles on foot. It advanced up the hill in the face of a galling fire by right of companies. while Drum's battery and Quitman's and Shields' brigades were to protect them from being attacked on the San x^ntonio causeway by the Mexicans from the Garreta de Belina. when scene.

and others to the effect that the first flag raised in the city was by a company in the Second Pennsylvania Regiment. where the brave men who had been fortunate enough to return were publicly in welcomed by Edward A. the firing of cannon. the people turned out en masse to welcome the gallant survivors. In 1858 "Morgan's Annals" gave the number of survivors at fifteen. A bountiful repast was then served. Esq. etc." thus ended the Mexican war — of Mexico completed the work. they reached during the month of July. The treaty Orleans until At Harrisburg. which had been raised at Chapultepec. not including three privates subsequently connected with the company. amid the ringing of bells. "honor to and raised the "Captain Williams — whom Old City was signed Februan^ 2. rank and file. returned with thirty-two men. .lyo HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY flag had the honor of being made officer of the day. repaired to the public grounds in the rear of the State Capitol. but it failed from the fact that a statement was presented by General Quitman. and the boundary between this country and Mexico fixed at the Rio Grande del Norte.. for subsequently in the Senate of the United States a resolution was offered to present a sword to Captain Brooks. the troops saluted and cheered this flag as they passed by. which reached Harrisburg it received a continuous ovation. an eloquent speech. and assume the debts due American citizens by the Mexican government to the amount of three million five hundred dollars. Hence the muster-roll shows the names of but ninety-four men. This war cost this country about twenty-five thousand men (most of whom died from disease) and one hundred and sixteen million dollars in money.. In return the United States agreed to pay fifteen millions of dollars. Why Colonel Geary should have said "a company of his regiment. but at Pittsburg it was found to be more than required and the surplus was transferred to other commands. Lesley. and when Generals Quitman and Shields marched with the remainder of their brigades to the Grand Plaza. From the time the company left New the capture of the And honor's due. for raising the first American flag in the city of Mexico. who after at the foot of escorting it street by the citizens through the principal streets of Market the borough. The above named company left Harrisburg with one hundred and seventeen men. it The company was met and military. out of one hundred and seventeen. 1848. 1848. on behalf of the citizens. We make mention of these facts. The Cameron Guards. Colonel Geary. New Mexico and Upper California were ceded to the United States. of the regular army." when he saw Captain Williams raise the colors of the Union. is unaccountable.

Alas! the Southern Confederacy was in the moral wrong. in either blood or money. C. Fire was at once opened on the helpless garrison. but was bravely refused by gallant Major Anderson. All felt like repeating the words of America's soldier-statesman: "5v the Eternals. reached the rank of brigadier-general. the surrender of Fort Sumter was demanded by the troops of the then already seceded States. Hambright was promoted to the Regular army during the Civil war. beneath the feet of those who miscounted the cost of such an overt act. and overhead Floats the dear banner of your dead. the Union must and shall be preserved!'^ . The last words of this proclamation had scarcely been taken from the telegraphic wires before the call was more than filled. it at once became the scene of much interest and enthusiasm. when the news of the firing upon Fort Sumter reached Harrisburg. see Appendix). Long resistance was but foolhardy. and that was to suppress the rebellion.. even though urged to by General Scott. ment In 1869 the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania erected a monuto the memory of those who served and fell in the War with It Mexico. 1 86 1. — War — the RebeUion On April 12. Harrisburg being the capital of the State. "Draw God forth your million blades as one. as against sixty-three United States regulars. cost what such an effort might. Captain E. On the causes which led up to the Civil of the Southern States this chapter will not dwell. there was but one feeling actuating all citizens (worthy the name). President Lincoln issued a general proclamation calling for troops to the number of seventy-five thousand. and was retired on account of wounds received in battle. hence doom was written on their cause. 1861. HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY 171 (For muster rolls." On April 15. First Sergeant Henry A. now stands in the Southern portion of the Capitol THE CIVIL WAR. whom President Buchanan and his Secretary of War had declined to reinforce. by rebel forces numbering thousands. Everywhere north of "Mason and Dixon's Line" the voice of Providence was heard: . Williams rose to the rank of brigadier-general in the Civil War. grounds. battle Complete the fights now begun with you. and soon the Stars and Stripes were trailed in dust. Suffice it to say that.

War burst with almost the suddenness of was. Georgia. and therefore be it ^''Resolved. pledge our lives. our fortunes. the people of Harrisburg and Dauphin county were called together in a great mass-meeting Never at the court house. May 4. The full story of that terrible civil conflict can never be told or written. 1862. for nine months June. 1862. Alabama. for three years October 17. and our sacred honor in defense of our national flag and the Constitution of the United States. On the afternoon of April 64. were unanimously adopted "Ulnreas. 1861. before or since was there ever gathered so many of the staid and The following. whether in the field or at home. with other resolutions. in brief.748 Total It will be the aim of this sub-chapter to show. until the full men ! The April calls were for three months for three years July. 1861.748 500. Call after call for troops as follows Lincoln.000 3. whose pent-up the final explosion.000 500. 1864. and that we will resist unitedly and firmly all acts .339. Mayor. That we the people of the capital of Pennsylvania. and. erected by the common treasure of all the American people and garrisoned by a noble but feeble band of American soldiery. for three years February 18. but such fragments as here follows should find place in the annals of Dauphin county. for three years July lOj 1864.: 172 HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY Thus the great Civil It a meteor's glare.000 300. 1863. for three years August 4. 75. ''Uliireas. for three years July 16. and against the dictates of reason and justice. the coming and going of the many thousands of men who served from this county. and Texas upon the American Union without just cause.000 300. for two and three years 15. Fort Sumter. 1863. 1861. 1864.000 300. War has been commenced by the seceded States of South Carolina.000 200. Kepnef. Mississippi. for three years July 18. Also to point to the public and private patriotism manifested by the citizens and tax-payers. however. William H. presiding. Florida. actuated by a sincere love for the institutions bequeathed us by our fathers of the Union. highlv honored citizens.000 500. has been assailed and conquered by an overwhelming force acting under authority of that self-styled Southern Confederacy.000 300. 1861. Louisiana. but like the eruption of the had for ages been gathering strength for was made by President number reached three and one-third million fires : volcano.

and thirty-five persons signed the roll. for the purpose of organizing a military company. and is a certain guarantee that the Keystone State will be found now. Governor Curtin requested Captain E. is conclusive evidence that they are not degenerate sons of sires who fought for liberty and honor in the Revolution and in the War of 18 12. itol. B. Ott be requested to serve as a committee to act for this meeting as collectors and custodians of such monies as may come to their hands as a fund for the support and sustenance of those of Dauphin county who may volunteer under call of the President during the time of their preparatory services at home. The company thus formed was called "The State Capital Guards. adjoining the northern boundary of the city. and the Constitutional Guards were organized soon after in the north committee room of the Caplars. Williams. The ." and elected Isaac S. Simmons. and to arrange for all Colonel Seneca G. outraged our honor. a United troops arriving in the city. That General E. B. as she was in the late war with Mexico. "Resolved." A. and after this the meeting was addressed by Colonel Worrell. Hamilton offered the following resolution at the same mass-meeting.: HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY 173 of aggression on the part of those who have wantonly insulted our government. Williams to take grounds of the Harrisburg Park Association. and the same was adopted ''Resolved. States army officer being present. Waterbury and Major Leander N. The Cameron Guards tendered their services about the same time." A. C. engaged in the services of their country. That the martial spirit evinced by our gallant volunteers and citizens generally in rallying at their country's call to march to its defense. Three cheers were given for the Union. Captain Isaac S. foremost in the maintenance of our national right. C. and as far as possible to comfort and sustain the families of those who shall be thus absent. Hamilton and George Bergner subscribed each fifty doland a paper pledging the subscribers as loyal citizens of Pennsylvania and the United States was then signed as speedily as the many present could gain access to the paper and table upon which to write. through whom their services were tendered Governor Curtin. About the same time a meeting of the younger men of Harrisburg had been held at Exchange Hall. and assailed our rights as citizens of a great and hitherto happy country. being the first volunteer in the war. Waterbury captain. Captain Williams was immediately possession of the mustered into service.

This camp soon became an important point for the concentration of Federal troops and was the centre of military operations for a period of four years and more. the citizens different wards marched to the capitol grounds. Maryland." of September 8th. ex-Governor Porter. after the second battle of Manassas. Third. may be divided into four special epochs First. Fourth. threatening Harrisburg. under General Robert E. Harrisburg on the night of Saturday. "Parson" Brownlow. The dispatch stated that the rebels had entered Frederick with forty thousand men. where they assembled around the steps of the rear of the main building and were addressed by Governor Curtin. of the Locust Street Methodist News of the invasion of Maryland reached Episcopal Church. the Confederate army crossed the Potomac river and advanced north through Maryland. among other important points. Francis Moore. so far as Dauphin county was concerned. "This of course. Lee.174 HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY order was to organize the fair grounds as a camp and to name it "Camp Union. the call to arms and establishment of Camip Curtin and the marching of soldiery to the hitherto fair SouthlandSecond. "aroused our citizens considerably." In accordance with this recommenda- Commonwealth of Flarrisburg met in their respective wards on the afternoon of the 5th. After an informal organization the companies from tion. but not in nearly so large numbers as was then supposed. the time when the sound of victory was suddenly changed and chilled to that of great mourning over the assassination of the beloved Lincoln. It was : believed that the entire ipating the a Philadelphia and Harrisburg were doomed." said the "Telegraph. The Civil War period. on September 4 issued proclamation calling "the immediate formation throughout the of militia companies and regiments. The places of business were generally closed to enable the employes to participate in the movement. army was moving upon the State and that Governor Curtin. September 6th. An invasion of Pennsylvania seemed imminent and great excitement prevailed. and Rev. anticadvance of the enemy northward. 1862. and were marching on Hagerstown. the Rebel army threatened Pennsylvania. September 5. when the second invasion of the enemy brought the conflict to the very doors of Dauphin county. believing that the enemy might march undisturbed down the . in conformity with the militia act of [858." but upon being taken possession of it was named Camp Curtin. for the purpose of organizing companies to aid in repelling the advance of the enemy. While the main army of the Confederacy remained at Frederick. the cavalry portion entered Pennsylvania. by which it was Icnown by volunteers and citizen-soldiers.

" In the same issue it was noted that "the train from Chambersburg brought a considerable number of passengers from beyond that town. "In view of the danger of invasion now threatening our State by the enemies of the government. the "Telegraph" A announced that who had it had direct information from several gentlemen Frederick on the previous day that a portion of the Confederate army had reached that place. On the 9th of September the appointment assistant adjutant-general of the A. in view of the threatened danger from the rebel advance. and that a large number of Union men had left the former town for places of safety in Pennsylvania. In the mean time. . where he was assigned the service of arranging such defenses in the State as the emergency demanded. On Monday afternoon. McClure. was announced of United States. On the loth." Organizations called into the field under this order were to be held for service for such time only as the pressing exigency for State defense continued. to proceed to such point of rendezvous as the Governor may direct. to Chambersburg. The ranks of the Reserve Brigade and Home Guard soon filled up. K. with the rank of major. in which he stated that. Further reports by tele- left graph added that all the government stores had been removed from Hagerstown. recruiting proceeded rapidly. and detailed for special duty in Pennsylvania. 35. Maryland. Dispatches from all the adjoining counties were received last night at headquarters. On the following day (September i ith) the "Telegraph" said." On the afternoon of the same day Governor Curtin issued the following proclamation: . it is deemed necessary to call upon all the able-bodied men of Pennsylvania to organize immediately for the defense of the State and be ready for marching orders upon one hour's notice. Governor Curtin issued General Order No.HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY 175 through the Cumberland Valley. "We have the gratifying intelligence that the people are turning out en masse to defend the free soil of Pennsylvania. A number of competent engineers are here to complete the fortifications. General Wool takes command to-day. and new companies were raised in nearly every ward in the city. and the people of Harrisburg were kept in a state of suspense throughout that day and pnrt of Monday. ." from whom it was learned that "the excitement and panic in that direction are intense and fearful. offering any number of troops for the defense of the capital of the State. however." dispatch contradicting this report was received on Sunday morning." On the same train came "a large number of contrabands.

" September 12. G. ^''General Order No. "Harrisburg. Colonel Charles Campbell was appointed. under the General Order of September loth should continue to be made as rapidly as possible. On the 13th it was announced that over two hundred companies had reported themselves to the Governor for service. "By authority of the President of the United States. diiierent work on the other side of the river. to the command of a force from the camps at Harrisburg. Adjutant-General. September ii.176 HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY "Headquarters Pennsylvania Militia. All the rolling stock of the railroads in the State will be taken possession of for the An engineer corps is at purpose of conveying troops to this city. march at a to ready Curtin. ^6. 1862. and other points in the valley. "By order of "A. loyal men of Pennsylvania are enrolled and ready for service. surveying ground in all directions. Russell." Meanwhile the troops raised for the defense of the Cumberland Valley and Harrisburg were concentrating at Chambersburg under the command of General John F. until all the able-bodied. Reynolds. to repel the now imminent danger from invasion by the enemies of the country. Pennsylvania. as all were expected to be needed in defense of the city. as authorized by General Order No. CURTIN. so that orders may be issued from these headquarters for transportation to Harrisburg for such companies as may be ordered to move. 35. "Further calls will be made for additional forces as the exiThe formation of companies gencies of the service may require. By this evening thousand men will be in fift>^ motion. fifty thousand of the freemen of Pennsylvania are hereby called for immediate service. of the Regular army. dated September loth. "Governor and Commander-in-Chief. with the rank of brigadier-general. "A. L. At this date it was noted in the local press that the most active measures were being put in force to assemble a large army to resist invasion. "Officers in command of company organizations. 1862. will at once report by telegraph the place of their headquarters. "and if possible save the capital and State from devastation and outrage from the enemies of the government. and arranging the plans for the erection of works. which was ordered to proceed up the Cumberland Valley. reserve was maintained at Camp A . Mayor Kepner issued a proclamation forbidding any able-bodied men from leaving the city of Harrisburg. and that Governor Curtin had left Harrisburg on the previous day to visit the forces in strong field at Chambersburg.

Byers. under command of Colonel Henry McCormick. Camp Curtin was overflowing and the Capitol grounds literally covered with tents. pressed fonvard to the Potomac. The Senate and House chambers were used as barracks. left the city for Chambersburg on September 13 and went into camp at Camp McClure. and the medical department had a large hospital tent immediatelv in front of the Arsenal. From the night of the 13th of September and all day Sunday. it was announced that there were volunteers in the city from every county in the State. not only entered Maryland. with Lieutenants Boyd. as fast as one train of cars on the Pennsylvania railroad. Upon the receipt of this news from the seat of war. composed chiefly of residents of Harrisburg. Rown. was commanded by Colonel Henry McCormick. The First Regiment Pennsylvania Militia." The brigade which held the position at Williamsport. until troops in the L^nited States service arrived and relieved them. to 21 . whose necessities made even military strategy subordinate to plunder. commanded by Captain E. homeward Curtin said to Reynolds issued an order that they should return and by the 23d of September they were movin^r various parts of the State. the Lebanon Valley and Northern Central lines could discharge its cargo. and the First Regiment (from Harrisburg) was stationed on the extreme left in the position of honor and danger. Peters and Murray. 1862. but held Hagerstown against an advancing foe. the vacant rooms in the court house were appropriated to the soldiers. and dissipated all apprehension of the Confederates advancing upon Harrisburg at that time. acting brigadier. Tents were erected on the Capitol grounds for the accommodation of the fresh levies. The battle of Antietam. as orderly. Captain James Gowan also recruited a company of soldiers in Dauphin county at that time. another steamed into the city filled with volunteers. our brave men. where the recruits were supplied with medicine. fought September 16 and 17. on the i6th. referred by Gov^ernor Curtin. On the 24th Governor proclamation in his "Although not required by the terms of the call to pass the borders of the State. General to their border. resulted in the retreat of General Lee's army across the Potomac.: HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY 177 moment's notice. and Charles C. and the Dauphin County Cavalry. Troops continued to pour into Harrisburg until. Their timely and heroic action has saved the State from the tread of an invading enemy. unused to the rigors of war and untrained in military movements. and resisted the threatened movement of the rebels upon Williamsport.

Captain George A. J. and Captain Cyrus Strouse.178 HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY At the battle of Antietam. Knipe's brigade was sent to support General O. 1863. at Chancellorsville. Williams. carrying the woods to the right of. General Banks' Corps command was in the of General Mansfield. General Lee determined if possible to transfer the scene of hostilities north of the Potomac. the loss was fourteen killed and thirty-four wounded. May 2 and 3. Knipe's brigade became the Second of the First Division of the Twelfth Corps. and beyond the cornfield. 1863. Pine Knob. Brooks. wherein Knipe's brigade was engaged. Crawford's brigade was sent to the support of Ricketts' diviand advanced. S. the Division being commanded by General A. Kenesaw Mountain and Marietta. which was then lying with the division at Fairfax. of Harrisburg. Major Matthews to colonel of the 128th Pennsylvania Regiment. Soon after the battle of Antietam. On May i. across Antietam creek. although suffering from the effects of wounds. of Company K. and early one morning a sharp conflict ensued. to major. losing many in killed and wounded and Here fell the gallant Major Strouse. which was made upon the accession of General Joseph Hooker to the chief command. was among the killed. Phillips Lieutenant were among and the killed. Skirmishes continued a day or two. which was assigned to Knipe's brigade. 1 . Chesbro W. Howard. the Forty-sixth. when attempting to escape when called on to surrender. Captain D. on the 2th of June. and maintained' its position until relieved bv Sedgwick's division of Sumner's Corps. one in Eastern Pennsylvania. his body riddled with bullets. but did not arrive upon the field in time to be engaged. was ordered forward. After defeating the Union army under General Hooker. in all of which the Forty-sixth participated. Colonel Knipe was promoted to brigadier-general. and assigned to the command of the brigade. to lieutenant-colonel. issued a proclamation announcing that the President had erected two new departments. Governor Curtin. and the Corps by General Slocum. His design having become apparent at the North. Lieutenant-Colonel Selfridge was promoted to colonel. The loss was six killed and three severely wounded. and some men were lost. a large number of prisoners. Upon the inauguration of the Fredericksburg campaign. The Forty-sixth Pennsylvania Regi- ment was his led by Colonel Knipe. Captain William L. Foulke. of Company B. battling with a heavy force of the enemy on the extreme right of the line. In the various engagements at Dallas. In the reorganization of the army. sion. and early in the day of September 17th was led to the support of General Hooker. H. O.

"All loyal men who desire to enter the service with the undersigned will form companies at once and report at my residence. In accordance with this suggestion. A committee to wait on Major Romford was also appointed. Couch. 179 commanded by Major-General D. Mr. On the same day Lieutenant-Colonel Romford. George Bergner. motion it was resolved that one hundred scouts be sent up the valley. William Bostick. the An engineer force began on the 15th the erection of earthworks and other defenses on Cumberland side of the Susquehanna river. as follows ouslv signed. That we individually and collectively pledge the last dollar and last man in defense of the State in its present emergency. and spoke in Colonel Kunkel offered a roll which he had prea similar strain. A. C. Snyder had prepared a roll calling upon the young men to organize. appointed assistant provost-general for the State of Pennsylvania. and urging rais- upon the people of Pennsylvania the importance of immediately ing a sufficient force for the defense of the State. Sheriff Boas. immediately opposite Harrisburg. who explained the state of affairs and urged all to prepare at once for self-defense. consisting of ColoOn nel T. in this city. On motion.: HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY ern Pennsylvania. to the uttermost. A meeting of citizens of Harrisburg was also held at the court house on the 15th to devise measures for the protection of the city. D. General Simon Cameron was called to the chair. K. from the committee. To these the name of Fort Washington was given. Unger and Weidman Forster. J. MacDowell. John C. and Governor Curtin issued a proclamation caUing for fifty thousand troops to repel the threatened invasion of Pennsylvania. and Judge McKinney were appointed the committee to wait upon the Governor. After explaining the object of the meeting and urging immediate action. Bergner. General Cameron suggested that committees be appointed to wait upon the Governor and General Couch and ask them to be present and explain what they desired the citizens to do and how to assist in the defense of the city. 43 North Second Street. and the other in Westcommanded by Major-General Brooks. Kunkel to wait on General Couch. Other works were erected at other points. immediately. headed bv General Simon Cameron. N. which was unanimously adopted: "Resolved. No. which was also numerA call was immediately issued. . arrived at Harrisburg and entered upon the discharge of his duties. the signers of which pledged themselves to defend the city The roll was at once signed by a large number. both along the river and on the different railroads. and Hon. pared. General Couch was then introduced. introduced the Governor. and Colonel F." Mr. Patterson. Dr. Boas offered the following.

" it was added. bringing their horses. and are pushing for this city. July ist news came that the Southern troops had retreated from the vicinity of Harrlsburg. after which Harrlsburg was no longer in danger from General Lee's army. under the quotations from the ''Harrlsburg Telegraph" in the chapter on Harrlsburg city history. we presume our non-fighting population will again be on the move. came that the rebels were in the vicinity of Shippensburg. virtually ended with the surrender of General Robert E. as the rebels are now at Hagerstown.00 a. unless vou wish to see the capital of the State and your own firesides laid In waste by the Invading rebels. and everything movable across the the 24th of June news river. forty-five miles from Harrlsburg. 1863. This rebel movement found Its culmination awful battle of Gettysburg. In this work. July i. in April. the follow- Mayor's Office. . which first was known On the 30th it was as Camp Brisbin. later as Camp Couch and camp east of the Boyd Hamilton. and that General Ewell with six brigades was about to march on the latter "The farmers In Cumberland Valley. 2 and Captain Brisbin established a cavalry city. ing proclamation was issued: On 19. cattle." On On the 2i. L. unless matters change within the next twelve hours. S. June of peace and good order 18.00 p. Grant. "are city. Lee to General U. 1865. until 5. For Military Rolls. Roumfort.i8o HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY "Remember there Is no time to lose. 1863. the next morning. Tet there be no delay. New Jersey and New York June also sent men to Harrlsburg to join the home forces. at the residence of A." and cordial observance of this order. Hence the freely shed blood of Dauphin county soldiers was spilled The war of four long years' duration outside her own borders. m. The Mayor expects from every god citizen a faithful A. It In the city is enjoined on all keepers of retail liquor establishments and lager beer shops to close their bars precisely at 5. 1863. m. and were rapidly concentrating between Carlisle and Gettysburg. see Appendix. "For the preserv^atlon "Harrisburg. In the The reader will find many thrilling historic Incidents connected with the part Dauphin county took in the Civil War." Troops flocked In again from all over the State. at Appomattox Court House. and. reported that skirmishing was going on five miles from Harrlsburg. ready to do battle against Invaders.

John D. (Corp. Bell. located at Harrisburg. (Sergt. for the purpose of volunteering as a part of the quota of volunteers to be furnished by the Commonwealth in the war with on Spain. Button. Parsons. command: Jack. 28.) Barker. Riley. Franklin O. Shank. Hugh L. Robert M. H. Bass. ernor's Troop.') Thomas. Oscar R. E. John A. Linger. (Blacksmith.— HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY SPANISH-AMERICAN WAR. Francis W. H. Chas. Schreck.. T. the Fourth and Eighth The Governor's Troop was a cavalry organization of the In comNational Guard of Pennsylvania. John D.) Awl. making the strength three officers and one hundred enlisted men. Frey. with a total strength of three officers and sixt}' enlisted men. A. (Saddler). Reist. (Corp. Hynicka. Werrick. Reuben F. George (Farrier). Burg. John A. Wm. Chas. Herman. Frank A. May The following is a list. Jonas K. than the The Dauphin county. Samuel H. J. H. S. (Sergt.. war from this county Pennsylvania National from the Guard. Augustus Foster.) C. Fry. Henry M. Frederick Steele. No sooner had President William McKinley called upon the States for troops. Vogel. Albert L. Dauphin county has kept good her military record. even i8i down through the last conflict the United States has been engaged in the War with Spain. Yingst. George W. (Corp. (Teamster).) Dean. including greater part of the men serving in that : pliance with the Governor's orders they proceeded to Mount Gretna. over the Cuba difficulty. Greene. as soldiers in this from Dauphin county Anthony. forty recruits were added. L. (Corp. Cameron L. and were were volunteers three following commands The Govmembers of either one of the Pennsylvania Regiments.) (Sergt. Ed. W^m. 13. The Fourth Regiment —On April 1898. LeRoy B. (First Lieut. James L. John McHenry Bruker. LeVan. 1898. They were mustered into the United States service 1898. X. H. Chas. F. W. Neiffer. (Wagoner. Wilbur S. Delaney. Jr.) Palmer.) Burk. Zoll. Solomon H. Jo. pursuant to Gen- . Chas. On June 13. John T.) Marshbank. Lyter. John A.) Slaybaugh. Bricker. Addison M. J. W^arren O. George C. Chas. Shumberger John Gemperling. Heron (Corp. the same year. Grossman. O. Haas. Mai or. Ed. Wm. Wm. as published in the State records. John M. (Corp. Albert S. Caveny. David E. Weaver. April 28. W. Wm. Baer. Wm. State of Pennsylvania.. John L. Commings.) Williams. freely responded. Mark (Sergt. Chas. Kline. Robert H.) :Moffitt.) Good. Smith.) Sparrow. McLaughlin. Egenrieder. (Corp. Albert Frasell. John W. Gerdes. Fulton Ross A. Henry H. Wert. Benj.

Bailey. participated In the Peace Jubilee at Philadelphia. and remained there until relieved to join the regiment to proceed home for muster-out. J. and from there to Arroyo. Captain This company went with the regiment to South Carolina. Collier. first Company Calder's. Buckaloo. G. 1898. G. Herr. A.) Edwards. Nelson O.) Davis. Kammerer. Wm. Frank Calder. Bell. Charles T. John H. Laufle. Jeffries. and was finally mustered out of service November 16. Lehman. (First Lieut. Frymire. L. and there to take transports to Key West.) Kaercher. reported at Mount Gretna. Harm. Theodore Gamble. Louis. Robert W. Longenecker. fifty miles to the east. Burns. Samuel Baker. S. Pedro Krohl. Henry C.. the Fourth Regiment Infantry. Wm. Hoover. Frank J. Later the Third Battalion was determined upon. First Army Corps. Eugene V. Sergt. They weighed anchor about five miles off shore and sailed for Ponce. John Black. for the purpose of volunteering In the United States service In the War with Spain.: l82 eral HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY Order No. Louis Longenecker. arriving there May i6th. and nearly list of men from Dauphin were members of Company I count}^ Beach. Fisher. October 27. Christian. Linard. and on the evening of the 14th of May they were ordered to Chlckamauga Park. arriving there August 2. Howard (Captain) Carpenter. (Sergt. Chas. (Q. F. John G. B. Captain Calder's. Arthur Warren BilHg. B. Leedy. Ramsey S. Wm. being the to arrive. 1898. O. John B. A. It was near midnight before all the regiment was landed. DeMoss. 1898. was detached for provost duty at Arroyo. P. B. Albert (Sergt. Wm. with fifty rounds of ammunition. Company I. Hartman. First Division. Robert (First Sergt. F. Frank H. M. Florida. Porto Rico. E. Adam A. J. Wm. and comI.) . Forney. Georgia. Goodyear. M. Paul W. in this The W. Wm. and were assigned to the Second Brigade. On the evening of the 12th this order was countermanded. Gruber. Lee. Gilbert. Promoted to Corporal July 20. the regiment. May nth they had orders to prepare for movement to New York City. (George A. Shield B. G. following is the all regiment. Bahlen. starting July 4. 1898. (Corporal) Wm. It panies for began to arrive." "Cincinnati" and "Gloucester" were shelling the hills back of the town. Lebanon county. A. Crown. 18 and to Sergeant July 20. over one thousand strong. of Harrlsburg. They finally embarked on the "City of Washington" and "Seneca" for Porto Rico. National Guard of Pennsylvania.) Gastrock. Earl Bitner. Dunn. Pennsylvania. Raymond C. (Corporal) Engle. EHwood E. Albert G. where their disembarkation was effected while the "St. Wm. Morris M. Ellsworth E. 7. Jones B.



Wm. Wm. Charles A. Chas. Wm. Frank W. Harry M. Pye. John A. Middletown. arriving there early August 31st. Scott. in accordance with orders from the War Department. Pennsylvania. C. C. Weaver. M. Otto. Wilson.) Nebinger. Robert W. A. with ten days' rations. O. Elmer Snow. The minimum per company was fixed at eighty men. in the War with Spain.. Company G having been mustered in the day prior. Frank Wilson. The strength of the regiment was forty-three officers and 586 enlisted men. (Sergt. Morgan. Spicer. Wissler. B. Virginia. Wilson. (Second Lieut. Steever. May 13 the regiment had orders to proceed to Chickamauga. Orner. Stine. Gretna April reported at Mt.) Shock. Harry A. John Peters. Pennsylvania National Guard. at six o'clock p. Henry M. countermanded on May 15. Napier. and all but Company G were mustered into the United States service. D. with ten days rations. Regiment. John L. 7. 1898. Wm. William G. Taylor. George W. G. Chas. Swartz. Miller. On the morning of the 1 8th of May. H. O. teering in the United States erecting regiment from prevented the severely inclement weather camp until Friday. Harper L. E. Frank W. May 12.HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY Lynch. 639. Theodore Hoffman was commissioned as colonel of the Eighth Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry. A. Ed. Robert Stauffer. for the purpose of volunThe service. Theurer. Miller. on 28. A. total. McFarlan. Henry A. Camp They were assigned to the Second Army Corps. and Majors Hutchinson and Holmes were detailed as recruiting officers. (Corporal) Morton. Wm. Samuel H. Miller. and on the i6th the regiment was ordered to proceed to Washington.. Whitcomb. Edgar (Cook) Oliver. however. (Corporal) Minnich. Henry B. August 30th the regiment proceeded to Camp Meade. 1898. Perkley. 1898. Earl C. (Corporal) Moyer. This order. McGonigal. H. Georgia. I. m. 183 May. April 29. Pursuant to General Orders No. Newman. Rudolph K. Price. J. (Corporal) Stairs. . was. Ralph S. Snyder. Christian (Corporal) Henry Wolf. the regiment broke camp at Mount Gretna and arrived at Dunn Loring Station. John M. David B. Pennsylvania. Frank P. the companies were ordered to be recruited to one hundred and six men each. K. Frank C. July 20th the regiment was presented with a beautiful silk United States flag by the ladies of Shippensburg. The Eighth Regiment the Eighth — This was the first regiment to locate at what came to be known as June 16. Chas. On October 26th the regiment left Camp Meade and proceeded via the Pennsylvania Railroad to participate in the Peace Jubilee in PhilAlger. James (Wagoner) McAHcher.


Spicer. arriving there early August 31st. H. April 29.. ing of the 1 8th of May. June 16. Weaver. Stairs. This order. Miller. Wilson. C. O. however. Whitcomb. the regiment broke camp at On the morn- Mount Gretna and arrived at Dunn Loring Station. and on the i6th the regiment was ordered to The minimum proceed to Washington. John A. Harry A. m. Henry A.. Chas. Christian (Corporal) Perkley. Frank Wilson. Robert W. the companies were ordered to be recruited to one hundred and six men each. Earl Snyder. Orner. 639. with ten days' rations. Scott. Miller. Wm. Harper L. M. Wm. (Sergt. Pennsylvania National Guard. B. in accordance with orders from the War Department. They were assigned to the Second Army Corps. for the purpose of volunThe teering in the United States service. A. ("Corporal) Moyer. was forty-three officers and 586 enlisted men. The strength of the regiment total. (Corporal) Minnich. J. Pennsylvania. with ten days rations. 7. Stine. H. The Eighth Regiment Pursuant to General Orders No. George W. Harry M. erecting regiment from prevented the inclement weather severely — camp until Friday. Swartz.) Shock. William G.. Frank W. Rudolph K. 1898. Elmer Snow. Frank C. Chas. Middletown. Charles A. Wm. 1898. A. Henry M. Steever. E. David B. John M. per company was fixed at eighty men. James (Wagoner) McAlicher. and all but Company G were mustered into the United States service. July 20th the regiment was presented with a beautiful silk United States flag by the ladies of Shippensburg. C. McGonigal. Miller. Pennsylvania. the Eighth Regiment. was. Ralph S. Chas. John Peters. Wilson. 183 May. Gretna on April 28. C. Theodore Hoffman was commissioned as colonel of the Eighth Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry. I. Otto. (Corporal) Robert Stauffer. Virginia. On October 26th the regiment left Camp Meade and proceeded via the Pennsylvania Railroad to participate in the Peace Jubilee in Phil- . Newman. A. Taylor. Edgar (Cook) Oliver. in the War with Spain. reported at Mt. Henry Wolf. Theurer. G. D. Henry B. K. Wissler. McFarlan. May 12. (Second Lieut. Samuel H. Wm. Frank P.HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY Lynch. This was the first regiment to locate at what came to be known as Camp Alger.) Nebinger. (Corporal) Morton. O. Georgia. John L. Company G having been mustered in the day prior. and Majors Hutchinson and Holmes were detailed as recruiting officers. Ed. Frank W. at six o'clock p. Wm. Morgan. countermanded on May 15. 1898. Napier. Pye. May 13 the regiment had orders to proceed to Chickamauga. August 30th the regiment proceeded to Camp Meade. Price.

Wm. S. Oliver C. March 7. V. Ed. (Musician). (First Lieut. (Sergt. Wm. R.) Buehler. 1899. Jesse D. and returned the same day. Ed.) Manahan. James S. Wm. Daughertv. (Signal Corps).-Major). Burnham.) Schmiedel. Markley. Jo. Gilbert. four miles from Augusta. to Corporal). and went into camp at Camp JNIacKenzie. (Corp. and arrived at Augusta on November 15. George E. Gumming. Harry E..: 1 84 HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY a. (Corporal). (Corporal). David Fisher. John A. Sam. Preston V. orders the regiment broke camp at five Under War Department m. J.) L. Edwin R. (First Sergt. Albert Jr.) Boden. John W. Herald. Harry Hippie. E. Luerssen. F. J. Leroy G. C. S. (Major). Stuart H. Clarence S. Chas. Prowell. Fifth United States Infantry.) Reeser. Chas. Etter. Saml. Chas. McCarmant. Raleigh.) Jenkins. Mikle. Wilson. McCallum. 1898. Hoffman. The regiment was finally mustered out of the United States service at Camp MacKenzie. Colestock. Malcom M. and Sergt. Wm. H. and embarked for Augusta. Burd. James M. Hale. Martin. Schoener. Froehlich. B. Fager. (Corp. Arter. Hopple..) Feig. (Corp. Herman. Llewellyn. Jauss. McFarlan. Sam H. Kautz. John W. The following served from Dauphin county in this regiment. Ed. Rice. Hautzman. M.) David F. . the regiment participated with the brigade in a practice march of fifteen miles. Christian. Hartman. Richmond. (Second Lieutenant). Cunkle. Harry A. Harry J. H. (Sergt. Brownewell. On January 27. George W. L Laurie. Clarence A.) Anderson. M. G.) Hartranft. R. Wm. H. (Maj. R.) Bergengren. Crawford. Sergt. (First Lieut. Laubenstein.) Humer. (Corporal). Bernheisel. Blessing. Alexander Poist. E. Frank H. November 13. (Promoted June 21. Gordon. Lautsbough. (Corp. Ellinger.) Miller. (Sergt. Goss. through Virginia and the Carolinas. (Sergt. Badorf. (Musician). Don D. Marzolf. Bumbaugh. Chas. Marshbank. (Hospital Corps). (Chief Musician). George W. Goodyear. Chas.) McEvoy. Edgar (Musician). Chas. Beck. Chas. Carpenter. James G. Harry S. Milliken. Fred. Lewis (Capt. Don F. Coble.) Bradshaw. Duey. Hoffman. Frank H. Hutchinson. John B. Earp. Robert D. Lowe. (Cook). Frank A. Georgia. F. (Q. Harrv (Wagoner. Sam C. Charles J. P. (Wagoner).. John H. Bergstresser. and mostly as members of Company D Heist. Bailets. Chas. Ernst W. Keeper. 1898.) Schell. Chas. Edwin C. proceeding via Washington City. W. Eberly. 1899.) Harry L (Promoted to Corporal July 2. Howard Norris. D. Meals. James L. Challerton. George O. S. Z. M. F. by Captain W. adelphia. John R. (Corporal). John G. Keller. John Hippie. John (Second Lieut. F. Charles E. Jo. 1898. Frasch. Laubenstein. (Corp. Jerry J. Morris. (Corp. Chas. Baker. Clyde C. Ezekias (Captain). Herman C. Wm. Solomon Helper. Frantz B. E. John W. Harry M.

) Wilson. Clarence Smith. Dimmick. I. Oscar L. and Governor Hastings. the Eighth Regiment Drum Corps. and to them. Dr. Sheetz.) SulHvan. offered prayer. Scenes of 1861 were re-enacted in multiplied ratio proportionate to the growth of the city since those eventful Civil War days. J. L. thirty-five in number. Wm. Ed. (Musician). Ed. Governor Hastings made a patriotic speech to the "City Grays" and "Governor's Troop. (Sergt. Chas. Jacob F. H. next the Harrisburg band of twenty pieces. Wilbar. (Corp. John K. (Corp. J. M. about two hundred strong. Taylor. bearing the inscrip- . were unfurled. Nathan Wert. Zook. who filled the sideFrom every window and many a housetop flags walks and streets. bade his friends adieu. and with many a "God-speed. assembled at the armory. to take up their way through a solid his burden as a soldier. Rev. David F." and the "Star Spangled Banner. Chas. Searfauss. (Corp. Winters. Spangler. each volunteer had settled up his business matters. of the Grace Methodist Church. They forced Mount mass of well-wishers. Edgar Z. It was such an outburst of enthusiasm as Harrisburg had seldom seen. With cheers from the lips of thousands. M.) April 28. and laid aside the duties of civil life. Sliker. John.. Stephenson. and halted by the Civil War Monument. and hundreds of school children with pretty flags were present to do honor At the station the crush of people was tremendous.) Wert. a score of uniformed letter carriers. W. As the procession rounded Front and Market streets. at when the militia companies left Harrisburg to Gretna. preparatory to joining the United go into camp States army for service in the Spanish-American war. Gomer L..HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY Schoener." First came the bluecoats. In a few hours after the call for troops by President McKinley.) Stephenson. Wm. the band played "America. George S. (Corp. to The engine which pulled the train of tents and camp equipage Mount Gretna (camp) bore a huge placard. 1898. Wm. 185 Wm. Snell. Samuel A. (Corp. the Epworth Guards. Y. made it almost impossible for the men to reach the train." two of the best commands of the PennA procession sylvania National Guard. Stackpole. was formed. wearing small flags and badges. State officials. (Corp. while the City Grays brought up the rear." the boys marched to the Union Station. 116 and 520. 58. the old Veterans of Grand Army Posts Nos. all members of the cit>^ council. John D.) Wert.) Wollerton. Thos. a great farewell demonstration was given them by the loyal citizens of Harrisburg. W. Zimmerman. Zieders.

00 a. was indeed startling. The same demonstration of noise was repeated at 9. etc. . when the train left din that raised at seven o'clock in the fire The was whistles and bells of industrial plants. for fifteen minutes. the station.1 86 HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY ''Remember the Maine. When the Tenth Pennsylvania Regiment left for the Pacific coast. another great demonstration was held at HarrisStates army. m. railroad shops.. en-route to the Philippines. jMany of these Guards subsequently enlisted in the United and found their way to Cuba and the Philippines.. morning by the engine houses. burg." Careful estimates placed the throng tion at between seven and eight thousand people.



" After Braddock's defeat. he writes to the Governor detailing the massacre at Penn's creek. 6ss). beside French. protect the settlers. Esq.. upon the site of what was known for three-quarters of a century as His son. said of him that "he also engaged extensively in agriculture. p. he became the founder of Harrisburg. was the first person to introduce a plow on the Susquehanna. Rec. that there was about forty Indians out many days.CHAPTER VIL Forts of Dauphin County Fort Harris Fort Hunter "Indian Fort Hunter'' Fort Halifax Manada Fort — — — — — AND Fort McKee. John Harris. and Is determined to hold out to the last extremity If I can get some men to stand by me. Sr.. and the inhabitants is abandoning their plantations. On October 28. Harris was among the naturally felt along the Susquehanna. The Indians is cutting us off every day and had a certain account of about fifteen hundred Indians. he writes to Edward Shippen. and intended to bum my house and destroy myself and family. John Jr. I have this day cut holes In my house. but later became "Fort Harris. was born in this house in 1726. p. "Harris Ferry. VI. Rec. built his log house on the bank This building of the Susquehanna where now stands Harrisburg. . whether he had gone to (Col." It is. the earliest onset of the savages was Mr.. few of which I yet can at present. Besides providing port-holes for musketry. Harris erected home. being on their march against us and Virginia. He was more especially a trader." . on the West branch of the Susquehanna. of Lancaster. being greatly discouraged at the approach of such a number of cruel savages and no signs of assistance. a substantial stockade around his Mr. 1755. as follows: "We expect the enemy upon us every day. in which he became a leader. . every one being in fear of their ow^n families being cut off every hour (such is our situation) * * * * (Col. On October 29. first to take up arms and otherwise arrange for defense. their scouts scalping our families on our frontiers daily. was a most energetic and influential man. about 1705. and now close to our borders. Andrew Montour and others at Shamokin desired me to take care. VI. together with the attack on the party which he led whilst returning from the neighborhood. 654). and otherwise made an . 1755.

. Be pleased to inform his honor. but this stockade of Harris' ought by all means to be supported. Arch. how they are to be disposed of. p. III. TI. * * * to Governor Morris. 635) Mr. found Lieut'ns Broodhead & Patterson & Commissary Galbraith here. Our Governor. even were no provisions to be stored there at all though there is no room for any scarce in Captain McKee's fort * * * *_ j ^peak with submission. and ." * * * (Penn. was the Fort Harris. III. the enemy can come over the hills at five miles distant from McKee's Fort. p. the consequence would be that most of ye inhabitants within twenty miles of his house would immediately leave their plantations. Arch. at Harris Ferr}'. p. "i8th Saturday. pleased to continue some men here during the Calamitous times on our Frontiers. took Capt. they have been this long time confined. in 1758. m. fo Hunter's Fort. as the large stores . under date of November 5. 33). if the Government would order six more men there to strengthen it." * * * * Penn. Arch. 663). near Harrisburg. that Direction may be given. it would in my opinion be a great use to the cause. arrived at Harris. Peters. 352) And on June 11. I hope that his Honor will he. for if for want of this small addition of men above mentioned. "This morning sett out from Lancaster to visitt the Troops from Susquehanna to Delaware. 1756. i6th February. II. Harris writes to R. The following extract from the Journal of James Burd. p. at 2 p. he having as much good cellar he has but six or seven men to guard it. 1758. I sett off this morning at 9 a. Col. (Penn." (Penn. shows the presence of troops here at that time: room. m. Flambright along with * * * * me. Edward Shippen.. says: "John Harris has built an excellent stockade round his house which is ye only place of security that way for the provisions of ye army. "Thursday. erected about 1705 by John Harris. Arch. There then remains no doubt that the log house. I90 HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY actual fort of it... 1756: "Here is at my Fort Two Prisoners y't come from Shamokin abt one month agoe. the Indians should destroy it. Clapham writes that he has detached Sergeant McCurdy with twelve men to remain in Garrison at Harris's and receive and stow carefully whatever provisions and which may arrive. in his letter of April 19. "Obliged to leave Captain Hambright here (sick at Barney Hughes's). 1756. and 20 men. Sr.. as this place and the Conveniences here may be of * * * Servis if Defended. and later occupied by his son. John Jr.

with its huge It stood chimneys. surrounded by beautiful scenery." — A . The foundation walls of this house have been seen by some of the oldest Penn. yet its very important situation "Where the Blue Hills cross the Susquehanna" gave it command of the passage around the same into the settled districts. which. the remaining defenses planned by the government. house. and where did it stand? Fortunately we have a representation of the building taken from the original in the possession of General Simon Cameron's effects shown in the "History of Dauphin and Lebanon counties" by Dr. Harris on Front street below Mulwas not built until 1766-69. It was about two and one-half miles below the present romantic village of Dauphin.: HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY stone house constructed by berry. and about one-half mile above Rockit The exact location of Fort Harris admits of no doubt. stood Fort Hunter. from which the following description is reproduced "It was the typical log cabin of the early settler. about thirty years ago ( 1850) but its site is easily distinguished by a In connection with his mansionsmall circular mound of earth. would seem a ville. when so many other forts were dismantled. What then was its appearance. although somewhat more pretentious in size. William H. Hist. obtained by him in traffic with the Indians. page 293. Exactly when built and by whom is not on record. Collections citizens (about 1820 the cellar was visible well dug by Mr. Egle. that the defenses were originated by the settlers . about one hundred and fifty or two hundred feet below the spot where now repose his remains. Six miles to the north of Fort Harris. and made it an admirable place of rendezvous for the batteaux which carried It was this supplies up the river to Shamokin and Fort Augusta. the next in the chain of defenses. or Harrisburg. who brought them from the western country. and insured its continuance. It ever did. — if indeed matter of prime importance that its position and history should be perpetuated by a monument. p. he erected a large range of sheds. It was covered over about one hundred feet east of his grave. on several occasions prevented its proposed abandonment. which were sometimes literally filled with skins and furs. or stored there by Indian traders. however. 191 Mr. Whilst its distance from Fort Harris was but six miles. 283). at the junction of Fishing creek and the Susquehanna river. on the lower bank of the river. It is very probable. Harris still exists Sherman Day. not more than half as far as they were from each other.

Being later on joined by his brothers. from time to time. from your own house to Hunter's Mill. we find that in 1735-6 the brothers Chambers. January 10. 1756. that you may be enabled to make up your muster roll upon (Penn. and you are to give orders to the Commander of such detachment to keep his men in order and fit for duty. 1756. or Oflficer next under youror in case there be none such appointed by the government.. under the command of your lieutenant. himself a man of remarkable determination." self. by Governor Morris to Adam Read. in 1720. are to complete 30 for that service. Esq. its name is somewhat interesting and has a romance about it. "Carlisle. "The Commissioners thinking that the Company of fifty men under your command are sufiicient to guard the frontier along the Kitte-Ktiny Hills. or Fort The derivation of slight touch of Hunter. and from henceforth it went by his name. to range the woods on or near the mountains towards Hunter's Mill. II. and to make the detachment to Hunter's Mill of twenty more men. 1755. and were afterwards completed by the government troops when taking made charge of them in January. A son-in-law of Thomas subsequently fell heir to the mill. p. and to cause a party of them. removed to the Cumberland Valley. oath. have refused for the present to take any other man in that quarter into the pay of the Government. The first person to avail himself of this beautiful location was Benjamin Chambers. 1756. and requested me to Order. orders on record relating to Fort Hunter were issued Januar}' 10. and keep an account of the time when these ten enter themselves. from time to time. and you are in like manner to keep the men with you in good order. 545). of Hanover township. which with those ten men. and you and they are to continue upon this servis till further order. to range the woods along and near the mountain toward your House. and thus the Fort at Hunter's Mill. 1756. upon Susquehanna. and were as follows The first ^'Orders to Adam Read. . then under the command of such person as you shall appoint for that service. and I do hereby accordingly Order you to detach twenty-five of the men now at your House to the Fort at Hunter's Mills.: 192 HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY about October or November. Arch. sturdy Presbyterians from the north of Ireland. the senior of four brothers. save Thomas. and to cause a party of them. Lancaster county. You are to add ten men to your company out of the township of Paxton. at the time when the Indians their first raid and committed the murders at Penn's creek.

^-.i\ ^. -t III H mifi. CE.i CANAL ^£NN. AND ''' '' 5CI #'fe '/T "" * susq.f* 3'"%\*'^*/^*'^"^ ^ %-* H-'^ '!^-^w. CtNT.»* ..V^ %F I NORTH.M i .

as he may have In his hands belonging to the Province. when you are to give orders for their being dismissed^ and you are to give directions to the officer commanding that detachment to deliver to Capt.) Governor speaks of finishing the of course. p. Accoutrements. p. with thirty men. and of January 10.. "I have also Instructed Captain McKee to advise with you whether to finish the fort already begun at Hunter's Mill. "T. from Reading. 1756. II. amongst them those just quoted. Read and Capt. Frederick Smith for a further supply out of what he will receive from Capt. and to take McKee's receipt fo them. such Arms. 553). dollar for the use of their blanket. and Stores. 1756. but If that be not sufficient you are to apply to Capt. or In anything else that the King's service and the In connection with these Instructions to Captains a letter Kee was safety of the Inhabitants may require. accourtrim'ts. McKee: "You are to receive from the officer now commanding the detachment of Cap't Reads Company at Hunters Mill.: 194 HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY Hardly had this detachment entered upon Its duties when further were sent Mr. these matters. to James Galbralth." Read and Mcfrom the Governor. 551). But as the Province Is at present in want of arms and Blankets. Hederlcks. If any of the men you shall enlist. At tain the same time the following Instructions were sent to Cap- McKee "Reading. Its incompleteness. and half a (Penn. Blankets. Blankets. under the same date. Arch. II. containing the following: Instructions "I have also appointed Thomas McKee to take post at or near Hunter's Mills. Jan. with which you are to furnish your Company.. or to build a new one.'* (Penn. dated January 26. Arch. 1756. and who you are to relieve. and as to the place where it would be best I therefore desire you will assist him In to erect such new one. they shall receive half a dollar for the use of their gun. yet the order of Captain Read. January 26. 554. Arch. 1756. will find themselves with these articles. 26." The manner in which the "fort already begun" indicates. II. a Provincial Commissioner. Tools. McKee such Provincial arms. rects him to "detach twenty-five (Penn. Read by Governor Morris. to which he adds. Esq. you are to continue that part of your company stationed there upon that service till they are relieved by him. to . p. which rehearses sundry orders given. which you are to transmit to me. tools and stores as he may at any time have received. distinctly diof the men now at your house.

have nothing of We record to indicate the fact that the government made any systematic arrangement for defense in that locality before January i. April 5. the Delawares are moving all from thence to Ohio. but they Decline Goeing with them that course. including Fort Hunter. This is further borne out by the fact that in the report made by Edward Shippen to Governor Morris. is Come here ye day before yesterday. and wants to persuade ye Shanoes along with them. Arch. the Shanowes are Goeing up to a Town called Teoga. 1755. some women and some Children along with him. too often met with success. and as they still incline to join with us." so that a defense of some kind undoubtedly existed there prior to that date. and 25 lb." (Penn. powder. April 5. Their intrigues. 1755. 1755. and I am Loath to Leave my post. and that they intend to Remain. at Hunter's Fort. from Lancaster. Indian. of ammunition distributed. Esq. and immediately after given a command himself. in their cause. as the date of the erection of Fort Hunter. and Thomas McKee. as is shown by the following letter from Captain McKee to Edward Shippen: first Provincial soldiers to occupy Fort Hunter. aided by the natural disposition of the savage. and sayeth that he intends to live and Die with us. in November. and insists upon my conducting him down to where his sister and children is. about 4 o'clock in ye after noon & Gives me an account that there is a Great Confusion amongst ye Indians of ye North Branch of Susquehanna. No stone was left unturned by the French in their efforts to enlist the Indians of the Province. feel therefore that we are justified in naming the time about November. II.HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY 195 the fort at Hunter's Mill. 1756. and can easily understand how the soldiers would naturally strengthen and complete what had already been started. and can reasonably presume that Captain Read's detachment were the It can therefore granted that the settlers themselves began some sort of stockade or defense which with equal reason we can presume was about the time when the first real danger threatened them. fairly be taken for We 'ToART AT Hunter's Mill. as his Honor was offended at ye last time "Sir: I . p. at Conistoga. He was temporarily relieved in January by the detachment of Provincial soldiers from Captain Read's house.. where there is a body of ye Six Nations. ii^A lb. he specifies "December 9. Desire to let you No that John Secalemy. 614) at which time McKee was probably occupying the position with the neighboring settlers. and placed in charge of that district. He has brought two more men. the Delawares. by Thomas Forster. 1756. swan shot. 1756.

called Hunters Mills. 11. and set . both on land and no great distance from the source of these supplies. son "Thomas McKee. 1756. and on water by batteaux. p. and apply to them for the things necessary to carry them into execution. "You will order proper guards upon the magazine. Arch. Patterson. Governor Morris wrote as follows to Colonel William Clapham. they could readily be forwarded and distributed. upon the river Susquehanna. Fort Hunter was at once named for that purpose. 616). the enemy may in ye night. command "Sir: of that territory: "Philad'a. under date of April 19. p. In view of the alarming condition of affairs. The missioners giving next day Governor Morris himself writes to the comthem a synopsis of the above orders. your Hum'l Ser't. "This with Due Respect from "Sir. realizing how well Fort Harris was adapted for storage purposes. and for other purposes. you will give directions that the officers and men keep themselves in good order. HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY but cant help killed at v. to march immediately to the said Rendezvous. Arch. II. 6i6). amongst other things: "Hunter's house would indeed answer such a purpose. to order that you appoint the said place. or some convenient place near it. and ready to go upon dutv at an hours warning. were It stockaded. and upon the boats and canoes which shall be collected there pursuant to my orders. From its admirable location. but as it is quite naked and stands surprise it five or six hundred feet from the fort. and that you order all the men already enlisted. it was determined and storage and forwarding supplies. not employed upon some other service. 1756. 1756. I think it necessary for the protection thereof. for the General Rendezvous of your regiment now raising. "As a Magazine of Provisions and other Warlike Stores will very soon be formed at or near Hunters Mill. One of them. and kill the people. and all your recruiting parties to send their recruits thither from time to time. and even doubts the advantage of making a storehouse at Hunter's Mill. He writes from Lancaster." (Penn. "You will inform the Commissioner of these my orders. does not approve of erecting a multiplicity of stockades all over the country. and on April 7. Edward Shippen. Apr. in to select a place for the rendezvous of troops.-cLS it.196 I did. (Penn. he Desires to acquaint you that his sister's Penns Creek in ye scrimmage with Capt.

" In the same letter he mentions the fact that Captain II. with orders to defend the post and the neighborhood. On June 11. McKee's plantation is twenty-five miles above Fort Hunter. a Sergeant. Er^vin. men — Nov. Master Waggon a detachment from Capt. Clapham's. at some convenient Place for Transportation.. Arch. p. Mears under command of escort of Fifteen men. (Penn. 3. Jamison's Company. it might be diffi(Penn. 635). is "Whither Mr. or Mr.. however. "The commanding officer at Hunters Fort is to take Great Care of the Battoes. 1756. 1756. cult for them to quench it without buckets or pails. of 23 Nov. 52). officer at Hunter's Fort are recorded ordered to furnish an conduct the there join Halifax. Colonel Clapham notifies the Governor from his camp at Armstrong. till further Orders. and needed for other purposes besides that of mere storage. Col. Mens Times. III. July i. About this . and to escort any provisions that should come to him. time Robert Erwin. Fort Mr." (Penn. The following orders to the commanding Arch.. Halifax. 663). and not suffer them to be used unless by my particular Orders. Arch. —The Sergeants. and if the centrys should discern the fire as soon as it begins to blaze. II. of Orders to the "Fort Augusta. 1756 17). twenty-four at McKee's store. 686) 1756. III. private 4 34 two one thousand weight flower Provisions der. to the is Inclosed Commanding Officer at Fort Hunter. PowAmmunition J/ men. Johnson. (Penn." L^p Time 2 Men's thousand of Beef. "I shall leave a sergeant's party at Harris' consisting of twelve men. 13. each under the command of an ensign and Captain Miles with thirty men at Fort Hahfax. on his way from Philadelphia to Fort Augusta with a draft of horses for the use of that garrison. of Lead. He is like wise to weigh the two cannon which now lie in the water and place them on the bank. Orders p. Anderson. Commander at Hunter's Fort. to General. 2 Number of State of the Garrison was: lbs.. (Penn. up to McKee's store. — — — — Arch. p. II. to be commanded by Lieut. twenty-four at Hunter's Fort. 28 lbs.: . p. under the command of Mr. Arch. and march to Fort i\ugusta. HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY 197 ye roof on fire in three or four places at once. to "A Copy Indorsed. that he has stationed a party of twentyfour men. Nov. a very important place. Hunter's Mill was. and Colonel He writes from Fort Clapham's orders are not countermanded. Johnson. p. at Hunter's Fort.

p. and yet escort..198 applied to HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY Mr. among other things it was decided that four hundred men should be kept at Fort Augusta and the work there completed. Mr. and nobody living near it. "A Petition from the Inhabitants of the Township of Paxtang. 1757. as fol- where he remained two weeks. that it is no station for battle parties. 64). only fifty men being retained there temporarily. The long frontier of the Blue Range between the Susquehanna and Delaware was to be defended by Colonel Weiser's battalion. being built beyond the ranges of hills. for how could the Governor give him command of that fort." at Upon learning that there was the greatest want of the horses ceed without escort. and informed the Governor and Council that "Fort Halifax was built by Colonel Chapham without the order of Governor Morris. Mr. but was refused it.. run . reduced to three in number. with Governor Denny. until the removal of the magazine. the commandant at Fort Hunter. Erwin felt obliged to pro(Penn. which was to take place as soon as possible. p. that Fort Halifax is not necessary to secure the Communication with Fort Augusta. III. This at once caused consternation among the settlers in its neighborhood. and praying the Governor would please to fix a sufficient number of men at Hunters under the command of an active range the Frontier Daily. for an were the instructions of Colonel Clapham. and is besides covered with a large island between the channel and fort. having no command of the channel. and is not so proper a Station for the Battoe Parties as Fort Hunter. setting forth that the evacuating Fort Hunter is a Great Discouragement to the Township. As a result of the conference on the defense of the province." oflUcer with strict orders to Commissary Young attended. and the forts (Penn. III. Mears informing him "that he should not pay any regard to these orders of Colonel Clapham or the Governor. Thursday. none could be protected by it. 1757. Arch. 119). so that numbers of the enemy may even in day time. August 25. mention of which is made in the minutes of the council held at Philadelphia. claiming that such command it himself. On March 14. and brought forth from them an earnest appeal to the government. was read. Mears. and that Fort Hunter should be demolished. Lord Loudoun arrived in consultation at Philadelphia. lows. that one hundred men should constitute the garrison of Fort Halifax. Arch. at which Colonel Clapham and Lieutenant Colonels Weiser and Armstrong were present. which runs close on the western shore. Fort Augusta. that it is a very bad situation.

or as biass'd by Selfish Views. they looking on us. 1758. a garrison of forty men. it will render the carriage of provisions and Ammunition for the use of Augusta more easy and less expensive. Fearing this appeal might fail for lack of a little influence. Esq. John Elder. 341). at one company of fifty-four men." 199 He farther said that "though the fort or block house at Hunter's was not tenable. will prevent the weakening of the frontier Settlements. "(John Elder. III." (Col. (Penn. Arch. know that this letter met with the success it Fort Hunter was not demolished. however I'm satisfied that you Sir. without being seen by that garrison. thus: "Sir: As we of this township have petitioned the Governor for a removal of the Garrison from Halifax to Hunters. Arch. and that. I beg the favor of you to use your interest with his Hon'r on our behalf. "Sir. you'll readily agree with us and your best offices with the Governor to prevail with him to grant it. Vol. we have a return of Adjutant Kern which gives. II. of Paxton. III.8. and not finished. James Burd.HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY down the river. . 251). reports the force on duty at that point in the pay of the Province. "19 Sunday. strengthened. pounds of lead. which you'll please enlarge on in conversation with the Governor and urge in such a manner as you think proper. Secretary of the Council. 340) whilst on February 9. have more favorable conception of us. of Philadelphia. p. with fifteen pounds of powder and twenty (Penn. p. Saturday. under the command of an active officer will be of great Service. James Young. III. but. in his journal says. p. February 18. having forty-four provincial and three private muskets. 724). we have only hinted at these things in the Petition. The defense of Halifax is of no advantage... Y'r most obed't and hu'l Ser't. but a Garrison at Hunters. adds a personal entreaty in a letter to Richard Peters. from the knowledge you have of the Situation of the Places mentioned in our Petition. . and you'll very much oblige. as well as for the protection of the Frontiers. and on February 5.) (Penn. commissioner of the musters. Arch. and by encouraging the inhabitants to continue their places. dated July 3. yet the situation was the best upon the river for every service. I7i. under Captain Patterson and Lieutenant Allen. on the contrary. either as uncapable of forming just notions of things. the Rev. p. 1757. being hastily erected. Records. 1758: It is gratifying to so well deserved. It's well known that Representation from the back Inhabitants have but little weight with the Gentlemen in Power.

Capt. whose word is the same with that of the Justice. m. ordered Mr. 352). and received Orders from Gen. "19 Sunday. Ordered a review of the Garrison to-morrow morning at 9 a. who found necessary to Stockade it. got from Hunters. tion.200 HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY "Set off for Hunters Fort (from Fort Harris) arrived at dark. 3 men a. here I stay all night. Patterson's company and found them compleat. Arch. as apparent necessity. that they act in conjunction in such affairs. found the Capt's Patterson & Davis here with 80 men.00 to Crawforts. divided ^ pint of poudder and lead in proportion a man. 14 miles hard. and accordingly apply'd to the several Justices of the Peace for the Townships of Paxton and Donegal. no powder. found in this Fort 4 months provisions for "Had a the garrison. Ordered him sick here. borrowed of Thomas Gallaher 40 lbs. fo which purpose I was to get the Country People. Patterson cant Scout at present for want of officers. Sundry of the Battoes are leeky. "Please your honour: 1758. III. p. I was left in the Garrison of Fort Hunter. it rained (Penn. "Whereas. the Capt's inform me that they have not above 3 loads of ammunition a man. Forbes to repair it. also that I am relieved. Barney Hughes (Commissary of Supplies) to send up here a barrel of Powder and lead answerable in the meantime. to apply to the country to Assist him to Stockade the Fort agreeable to their promise to his Hon'r the Governor. therefore thought propper to acquaint you of this. that till harvest be over the Country People can do nothing. I have the honour to bear a Commission in your Regiment. m. Davis with his party of 55 men was out of Ammunidivided 5^ pint of poudder and lead in proportion to them. of Poudder & 100 pounds of lead. the work of completing we notice by the follow- ing letter to Governor Denny: "Fort Hunter. "Capt. ye 22 July. 44 Province arms and 44 Cartouch boxes. that they cant swim and must be left behind. which latter I never had any answer from. Davis has gott 12 thousand weight of flour for the Battoes. 53 men. and that should the work of the fort be . day at 11. " This "Capt. as a duty incumbent. marched for Fort Swettarrow. and sent an engineer to inspect into the condition." Notwithstanding its the stockade seems to have gone slowly. but was informed by Parson Elder. nor lead. Review this morning of Capt. of Paxton.

with as many soldiers and Battowe-men as I could get. Who Were sitting Before the Dore of Mister Hunter. The Townships of Paxton and Derrv^ have Agreed to Keep Guard for some Time in the frunteer Houses. and w^e Rainged till it Grew Quite Dark. as is shown by the following extract from a letter from Mr. the continual Rain that Has Been Sins. was in This is confirmed by the following report of Captain Chris- tian Busse to Governor Denny "May it Please "Hunter's Fort. and they say. S. I could Not Be Long from the Garrison.: HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY pospon'd begin. the 3D Oct. I ordered all the men to Run into the Woods. Has Hindered my following them. . that all Was Don in Less than four minutes that same night. 60 together. p. from . I Heard that the Day Before. & "P. But in a Short Time we Heard a Gun fire off. who went into the Woods To pick up chestnuts where the Indians were lying in Ambush. that there is Great Numbers of the Enemy Indians on this River. we thought this place on Captain Bussee's being stationed here we have had a man killed and scalped this evening. but night coming on so soon we could make no pursuit. as it was Leat and not knowing their Further Strength. Bertram Galbraith. found the Dead Boddy of one William Martin. almost within the shadow of the fort. Arch. 1757. and it seems yet probable To me. We have advice from Fort Henry by express to Captain Bussee that the Indians are seen large Bodies. 1757 : "Notwithstanding the happy Situation. and in the morning. I thought to go at Day Break next morning. your Honours most obedt cut. Twelve Indians were seen not fare off from hear. 277). We all turned out. Price/^ In spite of the constant vigilance of the soldiers. The Stockades are most hum'le Ser't. But my men being few in number by Reason of their Being fourteen of them sick.. G. I Raigned on this side the mountain the Nixt day. within twenty rods of Hunters barn. there was a Number of the Inhabitants Came here to assist in following them but the weather prevented. 'twill be yett three weeks before they "I am. till 201 harvest be over." (Penn. depredations were committed by the savages. Your Honour: "In my coming back from Ranging along the Fruntears on Saturday the first Instant. dated October. There were only 3 Indians only Seen by some people. at Hunter's Fort. III. I warned the Inhabitants to be upon their Guards. and running Directly To The Spot.

where they met Capt. But I still kept up the Creek till I gott up about twenty-five miles from the mouth of said creek. "I took with 19 men and ranged from this Fort as far as Robinson's Fort. the following interesting extracts from his journal. with 14 men. where I lost the tracks..) Captain James Patterson. and Expects that your Honour will be pleased to Reinforce this Detachment. to date: "Fort Hunter. Lieut. with eighteen men & one Serjeant ranged along the mountain about fourteen miles from this fort. where I lodged. on the 28th of December. "If these Townships should Break up. where The Indians I found were round me all the I encamped that night. on January 10. and when I came about nine miles down I espied about 20 Indians on the opposite side of the Creek to where I was. They seemed to get themselves in order to fire upon the men that were I immediately ordered them all out but two men that let In canoes." (Penn. the Communications Between Fort Augusta and the Inhabitants would Be Greatly Endaingered. "Your Honours. the canoes float close under the shore. and kept the Land in readiness . Goverernour and Commander-in-Chief of the Province of Pennsylvania. The sixth day I marched towards Hunters Fort. On the 12th day Lieut. The fifteenth. Arch. Keeping a guard of six men & one Corporal on Gentry that night. Lieut. 1758. "I am. "Most Obedient Humble Servant. ranging along the mountain foot very diligently till I came to the Fort that evening. Weiser with his part}^ and returned back towards this Fort the next day and came to it that night. to Governor Denny.202 HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY Monaday to Susquehanna. Jan'ry ye ioth. night for my Dogg made several attacks towards the woods as if he saw the Enemy and still run back to the Gentry. went to Range for three days. Hearing of Indians harbouring about Juniatta. and about 14 miles from the mouth of it I found fresh tracks of Indians on both sides of the Creek & followed the tracks about four miles up the said Creek. p. sent. 1758. with Greatest Respect. "Christian Burse. "'Directed: To the Honorable William Deney. 270. 1757. who was later in command at Fort Hunter. Lieut. I took 15 men with me up the Creek. Allen with 18 men kept along the Frontier till the 25th & came to this Fort that night. III. of duties performed at that place from December 5. On the 3d of January I returned down the creek in some canoes that I found on said creek. Allen. Esq. Allen. my men being so afflicted with sickness I could not send out till the eighth day.

) . "Y'r Honour's Most Obed. there In person. consequent discomfiture of ihe French. but they happening to see the party run off. Colonel Armstrong. Arch. On the sixth day I sent a Serjeant & Corporal with 15 men along the Frontier of Paxton and Maunadys. collecting of batteaux. p. . nor his nights upon However. 1 1 1 ) to be sent up the river to Fort Augusta. till he gott some Bushes between the party and the Indians and then gott round the place where the Indians were seen. were given to guard against surprise. p. It was of brief duration. though the strife was of bloody character. to the frontier. Arch. . III. parties at a cost of £5 los. when our party came to the place they saw the tracks of the Indians plain where they run off. 113). Arch. p. It Is not In my power to send y'r Hon'r a Roll of my Company. they were accompanied by small detachments of soldiers as guards. Truly the days of the provincial soldier of the French and Indian Wars were not passed In luxury and ease. and in June. IV. the scene of action shifted during 17^:8. Is sundry A list of ten canoes hired from (Penn. Arch.. 112). The danger was imminent. and the garrison of Fort Hunter had a rest until 1763. HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY 203 to fire upon the enemy as soon as they moved out of the place where they lay In Ambush. and at Its close the Angel of Peace took the place Fort Hunter remained such of warlike man and merciless savage. the soldiers gave the serjeant notice and the Serjeant kept on his course... giving attention to the recruiting of soldiers. we find Joseph Shippen. went forvi ard to Fort Augusta.." (Penn. "James Patterson. and my recruits are not all qualified as yet. when Pontiac and his followers burst like a storm upon our western borders. about fourteen miles from this Fort. with the success of the British arms and beds of roses. and again deluged its fair fields with blood. I thought it fit- ting to send y'r Hon'r this Journal & remain. 332. Jr. IV. As the stores (Penn. to whom full and explicit orders (Penn. Arch. and on the seventh On this march one of the day they returned back to said Fort. p.' humble Servant. and given.. Hunter's Mill was once more selected as a place of rendezvous for men and stores. Governor Hamilton's secretary. but As I am expect in a few days to be in the capacity of doing It. 114). 1763. it was determined to recruit seven hundred men for the defense of Full instructions to that effect are given July 11. as if he had not known anything of the Indians. but I could see no more of them. As I am recruiting to fill up my Comp'y again. IV. soldiers espied two Indians Just by one of the Frontier plantations. and gathering stores (Penn. On the 5th day of January I came to this Fort. p. IV. Insensible there are Enemy Indians upon the Coast. Fortunately.

"During the Revolutionary War and the early periods of our history. in sub"McAllister owns about three hundred acres stance: about one hundred and twenty cultivated. I have frequently visited. as upon its ancient foundations there is a very large store house. Collections. McAllister. Indians in check. or the friction of the water) jut out of the water. The situation of this house is very commanding. There are no remains of this Fort." At this point tradition tells us that the Indians had some sort of an erection from which they would occasionally emerge. at its junction with Fishing Creek. he stopped at three settlements only. and the surrounding scenery is of the most romantic character. passed up the Susquehanna in 1796. He says. "In distinction from the "English Fort Hunter" there was another fort about one mile below this. at this point at the very base of the Kittantlny Mountains. entirely commanding the Susquehanna river. fifty dollars for cleared. immediately below the romantic village of Dauphin. occupied the site upon which now stands my father's large stone residence. Archibald McAllister. except the inn. the river is called Hunter's Falls. p. McAllister. R. or fort. "English Fort Hunter. and after committing great depredations they would again retire to their To keep these stronghold. a block-house. erected many years ago. (Penn. It had then passed into the hands of Mr. wrote a number of years ago the following interesting account in way of a "statement" cincts of : "The site of Fort Hunter is situated exactly six miles above Harrisburg. The houses all of the alone When Due de — wood. which was the terror of the country. on the summit of the Second mountain. on the Susquehanna river.204 in HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY until its last name only exists. I have always understood that the English Fort was built. of Harrisburg. a very high peak. about eighty leet above the Susquehanna. and now owned by my father. where immense rocks (not yet worn away by the hand of time. Hunter. McAllister. and where the river is narrow. a French traveler. 281). deep and swift. stands on the Susquehanna and in the preFort Hunter. Tradition still delights to recount many fierce conflicts occurOf the Indian Fort ing between the inhabitants of these forts. which as a boy. where the forced its way through a mountain pass." river has evidently This fort was called the About a mile above this point. logs had disappeared. and called the "Indian Fort Hunter. there were yet There is still to be seen a circular excavadistinct remains (1856). and now la its memory Rochefoucauld-Liancourt. Price of lands near to him is eight dollars for woodland. Sherman Day. overlooking Harrisburg. built by my grandfather. . in 18 14. the first of which was Fort Hunter. Hist. Mr. Captain John C.

where it empties into the Susquehanna river. of a small size. where probably the women were John W. on which for a number of years was displayed a flag marking the position of the so-called "Indian Fort Hunter. McAllister writes. built on the site of the fort." (Penn. all close together. McAllister speaks. but as at every place. where the river is about seven-eighths of a mile wide. In can be found heads of Indians' arrows and other evidences of former use.HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY tion of about four feet in depth this its 205 and thirty feet in diameter. XII. 378). but have ascertained that there are still to be seen places in the rocks which have been hollowed out. house and barn occupy the site of Hunter's house and barn. Northern Central and Schuylkill and Susquehanna railroads. were formerly erected barracks for the better accommodation of the soldiers forming the garrison and recruits gathered from other points. about forty feet high. Arch. This property. p. at the mouth of Fishing Creek. least of all did they do so near Fort Hunter. This will explain the unprotected nature of Hunter's mill. which constitutes the grounds of the present substantial stone house built on the site of the fort. Hunter's mill proper was located where now stands the mill owned by Abraham Ream. now standing on the oppostie side of the pike from the fort. It is to be regretted that this misleading term came into general use. distant about six hundred yards. In the rear of the barn. little over one mile in a southerly direction from the fort is the base of a prominent peak in the Blue Mountains. when it was suggested that it should be used for a storehouse. they consisted of small parties. pass by. The Pennsylvania canal." of which Mr. have seen from the records that the marauding parties of the enemy were not of that immediate neighborhood. and occupied by All evidence and concurrent testimony locate the fort on a narrow elevation of gravel and bowlders. from greater or less distances. It was contraiy to the custom and very nature of the Indians to erect any defense which might properly be called a "fort. It is also on the Harrisburg and Dauphin turnpike road. the estate of Daniel Boos. so far as they relate to this vicinity. circular excavation of which Mr. bent solely have learned nothing concerning the on murder and plunder. is very beautiful. the savages never attempted to gather together at any one place as headquarters and fortify the same. distant about five hundred yards west of the fort. which is built on its site." Especially in the French and Indian wars. A A We We . is now owned by Reily. and the space of about one hundred and fifty feet between the pike and the river. to the west. about half a mile north of the railroad bridge (stone arch) at Rockville.

he had two a fort at this point. perhaps. was one called Fort Halifax. it shall leave an officer and thirty men with orders to finish hence. which he drew to the place in order that it could be built quickly as possible. by the Provincial government. he therefore concluded to erect According to plans furnished. in size or appearance as some of its neighbors. This spot evidently marks the site of an Indian village. at it.") it is true. Nothing is now left to mark the spot save a slight elevation of ground and a well known to have been used by the garrison. tier "Fort Hunter. all these things. hundred logs squared. "The progress already made in this fort renders it impracticable for me to comply with the Commissioners' desire to contract it. or made by the aborigines could have been used for many different purposes. on account of its good natural situation above the Juniata falls. in my opinion. Under guard of an oflicer and thirty men. as I expected every day orders to I enlarge being yet. which it I was surprised. After he had done in order that the troops would not be delayed. Among the fortifications erected at different periods between 1752 and 1763. for a magazine. This fort was erected in 1756 by Colonel William Clapham. between Harrisburg and Shamokin. which were about thirty feet long. In addition to this there was plenty of good pine timber on the ground. between the Delaware and Susquehanna rivers. not so pretentious. It would certainly be a source of regret were its location not to be perpetuated by a monument of some sort. Governor Morris states to Colonel Clapham." (as has been well said by the author of "FronForts of Pennsylvania. who selected it as one of the most convenient places along the river. he proceeded on the march with these troops up the river in batteaux to McKee's store." In a postscript the Colonel adds: when I march from "The fort at this place . In a letter dated June 20. about a half mile above the present borough of Halifax.2o6 HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY accustomed to grind their corn. if The large excavation mentioned may have been a natural hollow. and on account of this and the nearness of this place to Shamokin. he undertook to finish it in two weeks. being satisfied with the progress that was made at the fort. which was built at the mouth of the creek known as Armstrong's. but after reviewing its history. existing prior to the French and Indian Wars. too small. was merely a block house surrounded by a stockade. we can hardly fail to realize its great importance and the prominent part it played in the history of the times.


which you are to finish with all possible expedition." July I. the Governor. as I have removed all the stores from Harris' Ferry and McKee's to this place. each In command of an ensign. observing not to suffer your party to straggle in small numbers into the woods or to go at any great distance from the fort. you are to immediately to dispatch notice thereof to his honor. From Phila- delphia." It appears from the fragments of record matter now to be . June 25.2o8 HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY this without a name till your honor is pleased to confer one. twenty-four at McKee's Store. not having any instructions as to whether his marching into the countrv may or may not be deemed an act of hostility. with the endorsed Instructions." Immediately on receiving instructions. and previous to embarking for that post he wrote Governor Morris under date of July ist. if the boards purchased for that purpose are not sufficient to finish the banquette and execute the other designs herein recommended. stores." He also complained "that the fort at this place is not in a condition to be left. Governor Morris writes: "The fort at Armstrong's. he claimed he was at a great loss to know how to proceed." Up to time the place was known as Camp Armstrong. your men are to be employed You In sawing more out of the pine logs now lying near the fort. 1756.. I would have it called Fort Halifax. etc. You are to build barracks within the Fort for your men and also a store house thirty feet by twelve. as the waters of the river are daily falling and the opportunity of carriage by water to Shamokin might fail him. And in order to justify this action. or in case of special orders for that purpose. belonging to the province. ordinary occurs. and in case of attack to retreat If anything extrato the fort and defend it to the last extremity. consisting of twelve men. in which you are carefully to lodge all provisions." Colonel Clapham was further ordered to proceed to Shamokin (now Sunbury). and which proclamation was carried out by him. 1756. unless detached as an escort. twenty-four at Hunter's Fort. If any relief or Instructions may be necessary. to have continually one sentry in each bastion. 1756. and Captain Miles with thirty men at Fort Flalifax. Colonel Clapham proceeded to erect the fort. as follows: "I shall leave a sergeant's party at Harris. Colonel Clapham writes from Fort Halifax: "You are to command a party of thirty men at Fort Halifax. as appears from the following: "After receiving a proclamation enjoining a cessation of hostilities for a period of thirty days. and to signify the same to me. was compelled to leave it to the opinion of a Council of War. are to keep a constant guard and relieve regularly.

in a petition of Paxtang set forth "that the evacuation of Fort Hunter is of great disadvantage to them. and nobody living near it. but a garrison at Hunter's under the command of an active officer. July 30. I beg the favor of you to use your interest with his Honor in our behalf. will prevent the weakening of the frontier settlements. sentatives from the back inhabitants have but little weight with the gentlemen in power. have only hinted at these things in the petition. As we of this township have petitioned the Governor for the removal of the garrison from Halifax to Hunters. and is besides. have more favorable conception of us. with strict orders to ravage the frontier daily. These petitions for assistance from the neighborhood of Fort Hunter were inspired by the fact that the Indians made several inmissary 14 . ComYoung was called before that body. and you will very much oblige." We Pending the consideration of this question in Council. under the command of an active officer. or as biased with selfish views. the 209 found. you will readily agree with us and use your best offices with the Governor to prevail with him to grant it. looking on us. and urge in 'Tis well known that represuch a manner as you think proper. The defense at Halifax is of no advantage. and that from the Knowledge you have of the situation of the places mentioned in our petition. However. will be of great service. either as incapable of forming just notions of things. John Elder to the inhabitants "Paxton. which you will please to enlarge on. it will render the carriage of provisions and ammunition for the use of Augusta more easy and less expensive. that it is no station for batteaux parties. that Fort Halifax is not necessar}^ to secure communication with Fort Augusta. Provincial Council. being built between two ranges of hills. and is not so proper a situation for the batteaux parties as Fort Hunter. Sir. 1757. as though Fort Hunter was subsequently abandoned and the In August. among which was the following from Rev. pray the Governor would be pleased to fix a sufficient number of men at Hunter's.: HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY garrison removed to Fort Halifax. in the conversation with the Governor. and by encouraging the inhabitants to continue in their places. which runs close to the western shore. I am satisfied that you. having no command of the channel. Sir. covered with a large island between the channel and fort. He stated that Fort Halifax is a very bad situation. your most obedient and humble ser\^ant. John Elder. 1757. none could be protected by it." This petition was backed up by personal letters to the officers of the Council. so that numbers of the enemy may even in day time run down the river without being seen by that garrison.

of Harrisburg. the site was indeed ill-chosen. including Armstrong's and William B. in but few then lived there. While the Provincial Council was not convinced of the advisability of abandoning Fort Halifax at that time. Forts McKee and Augusta. the garrison consisted of Captains Patterson and Levis and eighty men. while the other is now but a ledge of barren rock. Kelker. Just when reinforcements were ordered there does not appear. fact. with four bastions. Such protection was really necessary at the time. the captain testifying that there were not on hand three rounds to a man. of an armed enemy. After he was driven out of Shearman's creek settlement he removed with his family near where the borough of Halifax is situated. which would have effectually hidden the passage up the river. Esq. and was an earthwork about ten feet high. and between it and the fort were two islands some would lead us which then carried stores. either by day or by night. the outlaw. . but when Colonel Burd visited the fort in 1758. the same being located within the circular position. Possibly a few families. the protection of the batteaux provisions and passengers to because as claimed in the petition to the Council for its abandonment. The fort was quadrangular. lived Simon Girty. subsequently removing westward. it was satisfied of the inadequacy of the force at Fort Hunter. an Indian trader. could also be benefitted thereby. as to believe. father of him of the same name. however. The land on which It was located has more recently been owned by Henry A. Fort Halifax was dismantled and abandoned in 1763. and nothing now remains to mark its location but a slight elevation of earth and the old well before mentioned. Meetch's. (Sunbury now) the teamsters with government supplies might stop for the night. One of these islands is that recently owned by John Clemson. They were. It is more than likely that the fort was at erected with the view of affording a safe and convenient place which on their two days' journey from Fort Hunter to Augusta. as.2IO HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY vasions there in 1757. At or near this place. because the large island later owned by Albert Clemson was the home of a considerable number of Indians who would have exterminated the trains had there not been some safe place for them to pass the night. and one man was killed within twenty rods of Hunter's barn. surrounded by a ditch of equal depth.. so poorly provided with powder and lead as to be practically useless. the channel was on the opposite side of the Susquehanna. There was little use for the fort as a protection for the settlers in that locality. If the purpose of its construction was.

were the orders sent to Captain Smith. to Adam Read." there would no longer be any necessity for him to guard that frontier. in turn. under date of January 10. the remainder of his command. . more or less confusion Fortunately. which was posted at his house.. at Swehatara. and with the remainder of your company you are to proceed to the Gap. viz. II. and the necessity for guarding such a prominent gateway to the populous district below. was likewise to range the mountains toward Fort Hunter.: HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY The 211 passage through the Blue mountains. in order that they We might range the mountains between that place and his residence. of a chapter in "Frontier Forts of Pennsylvania") we have been To understand it more thoroughly. a part of your Company sufficient to maintain that post under one of your officers. called Manada Gap. viz "Having appointed you Cap'n of a Company of foot "Sir: supplied. With 550. January 26th. Arch. which you are to make your headquarters. leaving twenty men under the command of a Commissioned Officer at the Fort at Monaday. and relieving them from time to time in part or in whole as you shall think : ***** proper. In connection with these instructions to Mr. These instructions were soon followed by the notification. during the fall of 1755. they began to threaten accordingly find the instructions issued settlements further east. the government occupied said locality as In its next station. You are to leave tion of the trust reposed in you. 545). p. to Mr.. Read. and then you are to return to the fort at Swehatara. where the river Monaday passes the mountains and either take possession. in accordance with its general plan of defense. and of the same date. to detach twenty-five men from the company at his house and send them to Hunter's Mill. will be well to glance at such records of the place as exist. Immediately after the outbreak of the savages along the Susquehanna. Read. it able to solve the problem. strengthen the stockade already erected there. or erect a new one as you shall judge best. p. I think it necessary to give you the followand be paid to for your better government in the execuing establishment. 1756. and that accordingly he was relieved from guard duty. by extensive personal research (says the author exists. II. that "Captain Frederick Smith having been appointed to take post with an independent company at the Gap where Swehatara passes the mountains and to station a detachment of his company at Manada. of which mention has already been made. (Penn. Arch. Because of this fact is distant from Fort Hunter about twelve miles. he. (Penn. the few descriptions given of this position.

to take post at the Gap at Swehatara. the commanding officer. and if you judge it necessary you may give them coppys for their better government. Amongst the comparatively few papers which give an account . 554-).: 212 HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY "You are to communicate these instructions to your officers that are stationed at the fort at Monaday.) to raise a Thomas McKee and to scour the country In conjunction with these orders to Captain Smith. Esq. occupied by the soldiers. "As you are unacquainted with the situation of the country. 1756. with a company from Chester county. and having ordered Capt. you are upon his application to suppy him with such of the s'd arms. accouterments. the commissary "I have ordered Captain Smith. accepted the already completed work of the settlers. II. if deemed advisable. to furnish you with all the information in his Power. and inform me of what you supply him with. Whilst the instructions of the Governor give These records commenced prior probable that it was built by erected or 1756. or to erect such others as he may judge best. but as to any other matters that may relate to the service you are upon and you will apply to him for such assistance from time to time as you stand in need of it." (Penn. Arch.. yet It is most likely Captain Smith. Blankets and stores as you can spare from your own company. tools. in January. the Governor wrote as follows to James Galbraith. but in anything else that the service may require. in case it should be resolved to erect new ones. and later. placed according to their good judgment. license to erect a new fort. on the northern frontier of Lancaster county (now Lebanon) where you are to take post. and to station a detachment of his men at Monaday. I must desire you will assist him with your advice." (Penn. but as he is a stranger in that part of the country. clearly indicate that a stockade to had already been Like Fort Hunter... Arch. I have directed James Galbraith. and to take part between Susquehanna and Manaday. blankets and stores. company of thirty men. taking his receipt for the same. as belong to the Province of which you are to return an exact account to me and take care of such as shall remain in your hands. p. and let me know from time to time what is done in that quarter. it is the settlers during the latter part of 1755. for mutual protection. not only as to the most advantageous situations for the forts. accourtriments. p 552-53. either in the Stockades already built there. II. You are to receive of Captain Read and Captain Hedericks such arms. not only in the choice of the ground proper to erect the forts upon. and to afford you his advice and assistance.

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more down the field.6. a Indian Run thorou Betwixt them. 1756. prevel'ed Gap was wounded. 3 Indians crept to ye fence just at their back & all 3 at one penal of ye fence fired upon them. On Morris a July II. and looked liker ye devel than an Indian. a little after they left ye field they fired one gun and gave a hollo. this interesting and unfortunate event Read. 696). the Indian fled and In going off. and before long some of their own numbers were to fall victims to the unfailing vigilance of the savage. killed their Corporal dead and another that was standing with his gun In one hand and a Bottle in ye other just within the his place. yet the Indians were not to be thwarted in their murderous work. Shippen. It must be admitted. The Shoulders fled to their Arms & as 3 of them stood behind ye tree with their Arms ye Indian that came in wanting his gun came within a few yards of them & took up the wounded Solders guns & would have killed another had not one that persued him fired at him. having some wheat growing at with his officer for some of ye men to help him to cut a Little of ye same. yet he went off Cleer.214 HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY at Fort Manada there is nothing stated to the contrary. they both fired at him. II. 2 Soldiers stood about a Rod apart. as follows: I7'.. the field being about 15 or them that Reaped had their arms about half way soon as Indians found they did not load middle of them & one of them left his gun behind him without ye fence. accordingly ten of them went. p. Is to related Adam "Sir: —Yesterday Jacob EUes. 2^ a soldier of Capt. Smith's. ye Indians making a tarable Holo. when they were over ye fence a Soldier fired at one of them upon which he stood a little and so went all 3 off. at miles over ye first Mountains. but leaped over ye fence into the . arm is Broke in 2 places so that his gun fell. to a temporary relaxation of their their fort before night. In a letter of August 11. and the faithful scouting doubtless done by the soldiers. went home at a large tree as down Ye their guns again. Notwithstanding these apparently active preparations. they all run thorou one another & thorou one other. the Solder hid the one that was killed. so that he dropped ye gun. Colonel Conrad Weiser gives Governor statement of his disposition of the troops. set guards Round & fell to work. they had Reap'd down & went to ye head to begin again before they had all weel begon. and personal investigation tends to prove the same fact. he being a his left little 16 Poll length. a Liver before Brown's fortts. at S'd fortts. about 10 of ye clock. and six men to range westward towards Susquehanna." Edward by own watchfulness. owing. Each party so farr that they may reach (Penn. Arch. wherein "nine men are to stay constantly In 'Manity Fort' and six men to range eastward from Manity towards Swatara.

about five miles above me. but in October. HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY to the fortts." Arch. the name or sight of the Indians maks allmost all mankind in these parts to trimble. On follows the same subject. and the French pays and by this the Back parts by all appearance." (Penn. with what is (Penn. and he was killed with the last shot about 20 polls from the field of Battle. the Soulders that found him told me that they tracked the 3 guns & they found one of the Indians from Browns Corps brock to pieces as she had been good for little. last Tuesday : .. about the same time. an Indians barbarity is so Cruel where they are masters for by all appearances the Devall Commitans. There is nothing heare allmost Every day but Murder Committed by the Indians in some part or other. the "Friends And Fellow Subjects malconcholly condition of the frontiers of this county. they showed me where the Indians fired thorou ye fence & it was full Eleven yards to where the man lay dead. is not stated. 1756. we have almost lost Hopes of anything but to move off and loose our cropes we have Reap'd with so much Indians to the Second Mountain a little defickulty. Commissary Gal- braith wrote. Arch. at Monaday Gap. Adam Read sends another letter to Mr. which was fast laying waste frontier settlements. The Lieutenant went out with more men and Brought in the dead man but still Brown was missing. ye rising ground above ye field was clear of standing timber & the grubes low. Smith had sent up more men from the other fort. went out next morning & against I got thare word had come in from them they had found James Brown Killed and Scalped. so that they kept a Bad lookout. God permits. cial which was duly its Council and appears on laid before the Provinminutes as follows: I send you in a few lines. I went up next morning with some hands Capt. pleading for assistance. gon and agoing. 740) Mow many more as unfortunates in this neighborhood fell vic- tims to the merciless tomahawk. II. I went over with them to bring him home. there wase but three Indians. there was two of the provance solders Kild. all the Mr. from Derry. more especially Cumberland County. as "Honored Sir. 215 found James Brown that hves In ye fortts one of their Soldiers a missing.: . August 10. will be laid west by flight. II. Galbraith said. I heard shooting that night. p. to Governor Hamilton. p. and wounded. his gun his Showes & Jacket carried off. Shippen & Co.. and they came in amongst ten of our men and committed the murder and went off safe. 738). The above account ye may depend upon me.

but dare not. plundered his House. in Bethel township. was fired upon by two Indians and wounded. such as Cloathes. if Possible. but that the Indians what more is done was continuing is not come to my Hand The their murder. at Swatawro Gap and a little better from my House. the Eldest boy nine years old. but Frontiers is employed in nothing but carrying off their Effects. for I am now a Frontier. if they understand our Grievances. "Adam Read. I have just received information that there is Seven Killed and Five Children Scalped a Live. five lying dead in One place and one man at a little as yet. We "Before sending this away. carrying a Green Bush before him. in the said Township. Guns &c. at Fort. as Frederick Henley and Peter Stample was carrying away their Goods in waggons was met by a parcel of Indians and all Killed. I hope you will communicate our Grievences to the lower parts of our County. it being but two short miles from Captain Smith's Fort. and I fear that the Morrow Night I will be left some miles.. the Indian perceiving that he was observed fled." reading these accounts. said Roberson's son being on the corner of the Fort watching others that was dressing flesh by to redeem our waist Land. and a little after. and yesterday morning. able if you be willing (that is including the lower parts of the County) to give us such assistance as will enable . and be not long about it and let not the World say that we died as fools dyed. two miles from Swatawro.2i6 HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY the 12 of this Instant. Butter. and carried away everything that suited their purpose. Last Saturday evening an Indian came to the House of Philip Robeson. this being three-quarters of a mile from Mandy Smith's Fort. "I am Gentleman. is in such danger. the Governor was advised to lay intelligence before the Assembly. ten Indians came on Noa Frederick plowing in his field. Gentlemen consider what you will do. you are is now waist. but let us exert ourselves and do something for the Honour of our Country and the preservation of our Fellow Subjects. I would have gone down myself. as Jacob Fornwall was going from the house of Jacob Meyler to his own.'' distance. Bread. Your Very humble Servant. Our hands is not tied. you may depend on it that without assistance we in a few days will be on the wrong side of you. and carried away three of his children that was with him. but escaped with his life. a Saddle and good Riffle. so that some miles are willing but not able to without help. and in the strongest terms to press them again for a militia law as the only On them and the other . killed and scalped him. the watchman fired but missed him. but not the Account of their names. for surely they will send us some help. my family I expect an Answer by the Bearer.

Swattarow and Hunter. Arch. and the terrible work still went on. Had number of applications from the country for protection." which gave the people content. This was immediately done by the Governor. inspected the fort and the stores. whilst on his tour of inspection to the various forts. been given under the head of Fort Hunter. near 352-353)After reading these various records we observe that four places are mentioned where soldiers were stationed. and ver}' fine plantations. m. February 19. and the journal has already these cruel savages. formed between it and the Second mountain. has forced its way through on its journey towards its larger sister. the country people came in according to appointment. the Swatara creek. Brown's Fort. Robeson's ( or Robertson's) Mill. but action on the part of the Quaker Assembly was very slow. Here practically ends the narative of recorded events in and about Manada Gap. At this point there is back of the First mountains or Blue range. appointed to meet them to hear their complaints and proposals on Tuesday at 10:00 a. which is dated December. p. 303). Manada Gap. proper. except the interesting journal of Captain James Patterson. after hearing their statement. Fourth. he promised to station an officer and twenty-five men at Robertson's mill. Manada. and Squire Read's house. "got to Crawford's." Upon his arrival at Fort Swatara he reviewed the garrison. at Fort Swetarrow. (Penn. a series of other ranges. In addition to this journal is a diary of James Burd. Third. The misunderstanding with regard to Manada F'ort has been caused by confounding these names in the effort to produce one or two places only out of what are really four separate and distinct stations. Manada Gap is the narrow passage in the First mountain. stationed at Fort Hunter. where the Manada creek. m. it rained hard. and gave orders for a sergeant and twelve men to be always out on the scout toward Crawford's. On Tuesday. the country is thick settled this march along the blue mountains. III. when. on Sunday. He says. known as the Second. as the writer saw fit to spell the name. and which were used for defense: Robinson's. here I stay all night. 1758. that place (Manada) and Swatara Gaps. Rec. Right at P- . etc. At 1 1 a.HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY means that 217 would enable the country to exert their strength against (Col. otherwise they would be immediately obliged to fly from their settlements. His duties kept him ranging along the mountains between 1757. "situate in the Center between the Forts. he left Fort Hunter on his way to Fort Swatara. VII. and Peters mountains. Februar}^ 21. 14 miles from Hunter's.


of ing. The author of "Frontier Forts of Pennsylvania" continues: "Diligent search on my part finally resulted in ascertaining the exact and authentic location of the latter fort. he was engaged in cutting wood on the very spot where the fort stood. in speaking of the above incident of the lad discover- ing the Indian. in its turn. it was too mountain to be conveniently located as a place of refuge and protection for the settlers. larger inside than outside. and who fled when discovered and fired upon. who still remains It so in possession of all his mental faculties and physical powers. on the site of the old Robinson's mill. from Mr. Hampton was a young man. John N. was built a short distance below the mill. in accordance with their own judgment. to John and James Pettigrew. whose dwellings were usually more distant from the Gap proper. noticed the approach of an Indian who was endeavoring to conceal himself behind a green bush. which corresponds principal information was obtained precisely with the record. The fact acquired in this unusual way^ also stated the same thing. Old Mr. The real Manada Fort. More recently I became Indelibly impressed upon his memory. some miles distant. he enquired of the young Thome the reason. the Noticing an unusual quantity property then of William Thome. on part of which the mill now stands. distinctly says that "Robeson's Fort" was three-quarters of a mile from Manada Fort. for over three hundred and fifty acres of Timothy Green. and Mr. of dead timber. 1893. residing near Grantville. and was informed that this was the place where stood the Indian fort. Early showed the author of "Frontier Forts of Pennsylvania" on his visit there. whilst watching some of the men dressing meat. was so used. as already stated." that a lad standing at a corner window. rested on the foundation of the original mill. However. This latter was a stone building. Mr. who died eighty years ago (181 5) an aged man. happened that when Mr. 1784. and undoubtedly intended for musketry. probably by the settlers themselves. called "Robeson's Fort. as we have seen. ( 1841 ) which. Justice Adam Read. It was from this buildland. an old deed of property dated November 23. November 22. therefore. whilst close to the excellent in itself as a place of defense.. He then explained that his present mill was built in 1891. Hampton an old gentleman ninety-four years of age. It was admirably adapted for defense and. Early was told by the old residents that it had loop holes in it. My . in his appeal to the Provincial Council (the mill) for assistance. Thome. taking the place of a frame structure erected about fifty-five years ago. HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY this entrance stands 219 today the grist mill of Jacob Early.

which originates in a spring near Mr. About one-half mile to the southeast Is the Methodist meeting house. beside the Manada creek. elderly gentleman. Being a Justice of the Peace. residing near Harper's. The ground Is level and somewhat elevated. The first position was necessary as it commanded the passage through the mountains. Lebanon county. It is well to remember that the most populous part of the district was not close to the mountains. the author employed by the State to write "Frontier Forts of Pennsylvania. It might be well here to explain that he was a very influential and patriotic gentleman. To aid further explanations. one of the most prominent in the neighborhood. nor any knowledge of its appearance. and later of a body of Provincial troops stationed likewise. In addition to his house. beyond it to the west. Read to Edward Shippen. about three hundred and fifty yards from the same. "Before taking this matter up fully. and. although from the fact that it was not one of the larger forts or stations. falling away from the fort to a run of water. immediately below. and about three hundred yards distant from Manada creek. Accordingly.220 have had HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY this location corroborated by Mr. holding a commission under the Provincial government. in the early history of savage depredations. we are justified in presuming that it consisted merely of one block-house. and probably an equal distance to the southwest the Manada furnace. but down towards the region of the Swatara creek. owing chiefly to the letter written by Mr. the other was equally necessary for protection to the inhabitants and as a place of refuge for them. As will be seen. we also read of Brown's fort. and also (or Robinson's) mill and fort stood right in the mountain gap. Rhoade's house and flows west into Manada creek. at his home. No trace of the fort remains. I attach a map. who It in his youth." remembers hearing old people mention others. Ziegler. Threequarters of a mile below was Manada fort. Robeson's Continuing. he is frequently called Squire Read. It stood at what is now the west end of the field on which William Rhoade's house Is built. we read of the farmers organizing into cotnpanles which made the house of Adam Read their rallying point." says: "I have before said that some confusion exists with regard to stations and location of forts in this vicinity. an intelligent. showing the entire district. "It will be noticed that the Swatara creek. surrounded by a stockade. as shown. detailing the fight which the soldiers had with the Indians In the gap and the death of James Brown. and under his command. which takes a southwesterly course after leaving Swatara Gap. where stood Manada fort and Robeson's mill. suddenly tends to the the number of . we hear of him sometimes as Captain Read.


strictly speakIt is very probable that it ing. who lived the greater part of his life on Read's creek. which agrees precisely with its position marked. On a road running off from the main road to Jonestown. stood Adam Read's house. Mr. Zehring. on property now owned by Samuel Reigel. and one-fourth mile above where the latter crosses Read's creek by a bridge. and (See barbarous act survived this — five A — Rupp. there instructions to Fort McKee. we supto the time of the erection of is . when at the village. Nebo. Indians.222 northwest HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY until once more near the mountains. With regard its precise locality. by Mr. Not half a mile distant from this place. his home was exactly four miles from Fort Swatara. In other words. This location is fixed by Mr. in 1756 the Indians killed woman a sister of Major or six white persons. an old gentleman residing at Jonestown. His location was the most western in the county at the time. The place is still known as "Harper's Tavern. Baumgardner. as places of refuge from the Indians." and stood as try. and. It is corroborated by his brother John. who in speaking of the murder of Noah Frederick. and further proven by Mr. on the Swatara creek. scalped by the Leidig was lived for years afterwards. at Harper's. are still found caves which local tradition unites in saying were used by I was shown the settlers. p. but merely a place of refuge. 353. p. Read himself. D. now called Harpers." "About two miles The sketch given will indicate its position. about 1850. Indian the massacre mentioned was connected in some way with Of above. 1756. He was surrounded by Indians who had a string of wigwams hard by He kept the first public house in all that region of counhis home." (Col. a fort. A. dated January 26. shown. and now no positive proof. it makes a sharp turn around and then pursues its regular southwesterly course to the Susquehanna. Here at the bend of the Swatara. C. called Read's creek. states that it took place between his home and Fort Swatara. Adam Harper settled himself at an early period. 'but two short miles' from the latter and 'a little better than two' from the former. He remembers very distinctly hearing the old people talk of this fort when he was a boy. 303). the site of what he called an Indian fort. empties into the Swatara. About one and one-fourth miles from Harpers a creek. J. now 79 years old. distant from Harpers and one and one-half miles south of the village of Mt. who has made frequent surveys thereabouts and obtained the information from old deeds and papers in his possession. incredible as it may seem. Records.) course the so-called "Fort Harper" was not. But as we find Thomas McKee. VIL.

accoutrements. It was probably a stockade. it is but 25 miles from Hunter's mill. "you are to build it of the form and dimensions herewith given to you. you are to apply to Captain Frederick Smith for a further supply out of what he will receive from Captain Reed and Captain Hendricks. but if that should not be sufficient. He is directed to "receive from the officer commanding the detachment of Captain Reed's company at Hunter's mill. when he says: Captain McKee's fort. with which you are to furnish your company. his name. which still bears It was situated on the East branch of the Susquehanna. " I shall have 24 men at McKee's store. April at — have been — — — . and who you are to relieve. where I have been. where I found several Indians several w^omen very sick in bed. besides himself and lieutenants." He is later appointed under a commission. dated Lancaster. they are to march to a place called Hunter's mill. Edward Shippen. on the Susquehanna river. such arms. between Fort Halifax and Augusta. They have very little ammunition at McKee's.HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY pose 223 it to have been built in that year. May 17. as I have removed all the stores from Harris and McKee's to this place (Halifax). Esq. John Shekellamy was there but did not like his situation" "there is no room scarce at Captain McKee's fort for provisions" "the enemy can come over the hills at ^ve miles from Fort McKee" "there are several bad passes as far as McKee's plantation. Clapham says to Governor Morris. and in case it should be thought necessary' to erect a new fort. or build another at such convenient place as James Galbraith shall advise. and either complete the fort already begun there. It was named from Thomas McKee. blanlcets. He is ordered to proceed immediately to raise the company. they are to be mustered before James Galbraith. near the falls. and after being mustered. under the command of an Ensign.. captain of a company to consist of twenty-eight men and two sergeants." The next notice of it is in a letter from "I 19. the Indian trader. who had a plantation on the Susquehanna. nothing more." Col. tools and stores as he may have in his hands belonging to the Province. when complete.

Paxtang and Hanover all dating from years prior to 1730. The building in which this people worshiped was erected about 1720. William Bertram. lie count)' of — buried in the old ivy-grown graveyard by its side. has brought about the present prosperity and moral intellectual standing of the county. —The First Church Founded— First — Old Derry Church — Hanover Church — Paxtang Church — Derry "Memorial Church" — Harrisburg Churches — Middletown Churches — Lykens Churches — Upper Paxton Churches — Steelton Churches — Berrysburg Churches — Lower Paxton Churches — Hill Church — Halifax Churches — Dauphin Churches — HumimelsTOWN Churches — Earliest Mennonite Church — "Parson Elder's" Sermon Heads — Biographies of Pioneer Ministers — Rev. It was constructed of oak logs two feet thick. The . settled this county to were The three churches first organize in the Dauphin were the Presbyterian churches of Derry. The first settled pastor of the united churches of Derry and Paxtang was Rev. or in remote parts of the world. The first pastor to be settled at Harrisburg was Rev. The congregation of many generations which worshiped on that sacred spot. who began his labors in 1732.'of the Reformed Church. John Elder — The Old Conewago Church. in The religious element from the earliest day. together with the interest taken in schools and general educational matters. second church formed in the county was the Reformed.CHAPTER Religious History Edifice Built VIII. located at Derry in 1768. He sensed from 1790 to 1797. and covered with hemlock boards on the outside. has predominated Dauphin County. It so first happened that the race of people who Calvinistic. Prior to 1786 the early settlers of Harrisburg held worship in a one-story log school house on the north corner of Third and Walnut streets. Anthony Hautz. and the development of Christian principles. Old Derry Church had the honor of being the pioneer church in the county. William Bertram and Rev.

Thomas and William Clark. in Dauphin county. Stephen's. as they It is quite certain that what is known as the : 15 . ing powers at Philadelphia.HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY at 225 The third church formed within Hummelstown. James Galbraith. Derry Presbvterian church. William McCord. The Baptist people were organized into church relations. and clapboards. These were all persons engaged in erecting for themselves homes on thfe frontier. Every obstruction was thrown in their way to prevent permanent loHowever. first The true various churches of this county have kept pace with in- crease of population. 1724. It was addressed by Rev. Robert Moody. Malcom Karr (Kerr). John and Benjamin Boyd. Alexander Hutchison. 80 1 the Methodist Episcopal people had become numerous organize a church. John Mitchell. but took what land they needed. in Harrisburg. James MacFarlane. and without exception was of the Its canopy was the primeval forest. "Over Cony" and along the Susquehanna. George the then green. Some names of those Gillespie. Thomas and Hugh Black. Morgan Jones. but was not organized until 1826. The is any account of were held in the latter part of April. known as enough to St. OLD DERRY CHURCH. small congregation must have been gathered from all the frontier within a radius O'f ten miles. glad solitude. they were not to be frowned down by the governcation. Patrick and Robert Campbell. James Quigley. James Harris. David McClure. about 1753. Millersburg and Lykens. in that portion of Chester county from which Lancaster was taken and subsequently Dauphm. James Hamilton. The several denominations have ever been and loyal to the principles of good government and liberty. David Evans and Robert Cross. Classes were formed at Halifax. of logs. William McBey. tAventy-three by was erected. Rowland Champresent have been preserved and are here given bers. held its first services near the head of a confluence of Spring creek. and in 1826 organized a church at Harrisburg. about one and one-half miles from the site upon which its first church building This building was nearly square. The first sen^ices there twenty-five feet. in Scotch-Irish immigration. This was in 1830. John McCosh and sister. In 1 the county was the Lutheran. William Hay. The Roman Catholic Church began its work as early as 18 10. The Protestant Episcopalians worshiped at Estherton as early as 1766.

then . interesting particulars: westward of Octoraro and Donegal. it is certain that a congregation was formally gathered in 1730. Bertram served which occurred on the 2nd of May. most likeily have been carried "West" in the luggage of the ver}' great migrations that have so frequently almost deknow. is known. and complied with the Provincial laws in an uneasy antagonistic fashion on the "barrens of Derry. over Conoy." in 1723. was erected. John Elder. and became pastor there in 1726. when it was thoroughly repaired at a cost of five hundred dollars. Rev. and cloth. William Bertram was called in 1732 present Derry. John Sloan. who died in 1735. now an historically prominent feature in early frontier occupation. John Wilson. the following populated this early settlement. were removed from the abandoned burial place at Wingert's to the present cemetery. in 1732. James Quigley. Be all this as it may. sought religious consolation from ministers of the Presbyterian faith. The congregation paid him sixty pounds a year in hemp." the The Rev. It stood without further repair until May. So rapidly did the settlement increase that the first hoiuse was It underwent some enlargein a few years found to be too small. James Anderson preached in Donegal in 1724. yarn. the use of a farm. ment. until one was erected on the present One thing site. in the place where the first service was held and the original church built. 1883. The confused relics of a building supposed to have been the church were there over eighty years ago. when it came to be." None now living can speak unquestionably as to the exact location." upon the solicitation O'f Rowland Chambers. corn. and gave him public road now occupies a part of the first We Mr. that the remains of Patrick Campbell. and a new one of stone is at present in course of construction of nearly the same dimensions. and soon afterwards worshiped at the present Derry. A graveyard used by the early settlers. thirty-eight by thirty-nine It was used by the congregation up to 1831. 1746. It is therefore possible that a small church was there. on a commanding elevation. The Rev. by tradition. when in 1769 a new church of logs. linen. on a farm once owned for many years by Samuel Wingert. Boyd "preached to the Adam The Rev. giving one-fifth of his time "over Conewago. and. feet. Hugh Black. Robert Campbell. It was taken down so much decayed that it was thought dangerous. "to Derry. and their descendants have held divine service there ever since. the same year the land office was opened. William Wilson. The early records of the congregation seem to be lost. erected a church. in In 1742 the exact record is missing. and is the oldest date found there. however. Deri-y until his death. William McCord.226 HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY felt settled.

Snodgrass for a funeral sermon at Mr.10. J. he 1792. Sharon. was installed pastor. being a donation granted by the congregation to Mrs. perhaps the largest in the Presbytery. Paxton. fifteen voted for Rev. He. his extensive charges. preacher of the Gospel.0. 1806. and Harrisburg. and laymen were chosen. until April 7. but was not increasing. it had been the custom to elect the pastor president of the corporation. James Snodgrass.HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY 227 charge of the Paxtang congregation. 1798. After Joshua Williams' pastorate this ceased. preaching occasionally from September 20. 1802. 1793. Elder died in July. Mr. however. The congregation was then a large one. after some debate about salary and "the time" to be given to Derry. Williams was called in August. Sharon. this entry: "By cash paid Mrs. inscription in the graveyard has the following : An John Hutchinson was called twent)'-one for and nineteen against. and twenty-six for others. R. In September another meeting was held. Rev. when he was succeeded in the latter year by Colonel Robert Clark. a donation from Derry congregation for the purpose of erecting a tombstone over the remains of the Rev. at a salary of one hundred Up to this time and eighty pounds in cash. consisting of thirteen trustees. Elder was a most shepherd of and held this pastorate with the presidency of the board of trustees from 1742 to 1791. aged 32 years. Shar- — . resigning in 1795. Rev. Adair came to Derry as a "supply" during the vacancy in the pastorate. Adair. May 31. Nathaniel R. Mr. 1843. the following is recorded: "By cash paid Mrs. 1805. Rev. James Adair's Burial. Soon after the peace of 1763 it began to diminish. £1. No' choice was made. 1844." June. Sharon. 1803." Then.10. preached seven Sundays as a supply." He does not appear to have accepted this call. : "In memory of James Adair. James R. and its effect upon the church was efficient especially disastrous. Sharon. who had previously been selected at Paxtang. Hutchinson declined the call. our late pastor. when this appears "By cash paid to Mr. was pastor of Derry. £1. He died in 1850. Mr. 1803. Snowden was called March. He continued pastor of both churches until released by death in 1843. April 2." Mr. the congregation came together to call a pastor. September. the tendency to go West was not to be resisted among these sons of the frontier. all the members of the congregation united in a call to Rev. when this appears on the books of the congregation: "Paid Reverend James Snodgrass for moderating a call for Mr. who departed this life September 20. $100.

As J. 1843. four years. Snowden. thirty-seven years. twenty-five years. Andrew D. on the line of Dr. The minutes are missing from 1857 to 1883. treasurer. In 1842 the graveyard was carefully and substantially inclosed. 1787. William Simonton. Mr.. Thus this congregation has had in one hundred and fifty-four years the following pastors: Mr. the congregation agreeing to pay him two hundred dollars a year for one-fourth of his time. Dauphin county. Mr. Boggs was 1847. Simonton and John Berst." called March 9. Mr.228 on. John Rodgers. with Rev. Bertram. 1849. two years. memorials of sorrow or affection tO' departed friends "set up and cleaned. Under the charter of March 28. Rev. an organization took place." caused so much feeling that Dr. HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY which Rev. Mitchell. Mr. Robert Clark. Mitchell was chosen pastor by a unanimous vote August II. John B. Moorhead and Dr. Mitchell died in 1882. 1845. The cost to the congregation was six hundred and seventy-eight dollars. and It cost four hundred and twenty-five dollars and twenty-nine cents. $100.. John Rodgers. 1849. Elder. Williams. church dispute arose between Derry and her daughter "over Swatara on lands of Dr. vacancies. secretary. There is no earlier record than this.. Mr. Mr. fifty years. M. facing the road from Swatara to Corbett's Mill. Boggs. James Wilson." who appears to have been the security for the treasurer of the previous organization. 1844. August I. Sharon. The wall and yard are to-day in excellent order. The chapel was soon finished." iron gates provided. Mr. Sr. John Elder as president. when a . Boggs is to give one-sixth of his time" after the building is ready. and Robert Clark. 1874. "Capt. five years. the date of his last receipt for salary. Robert McCallen. Boggs was refused compensation and Presbytery dissolved his relation to Derry. He served as pastor until August 19. trustees. four years. has was sold about i860 for three hundred and ten dollars. and every mark of respect paid to the remains of the fathers and mothers of a noted race. and Thomas McCallen were appointed to settle accounts of former trustees. except a note "that William Laird." to be weatherboarded and plastered. at Middletown. will appear by reference to the minutes as entered April 24. Jr. William Laird. Thomas Laird. and Mr. and James Wilson. William Simonton. until April i. a very liberal expenditure for a congregation whose income was not five hundred dollars a year. June 12. seventeen years. William Simonton are to superintend. Jr. 't was agreed that a chapel "for the members beyond the Swatara Creek" should be erected on "land of Dr.

were delegated the honor of putting the stone in position. it is also true that the origin of this place as a place of worship antiquity. one of the oldest landmarks in Dauphin county. John Elder. on the ridge which forms the northern boundary of Paxtang valley. While it is true that nothing in the New World can be called old. the trustees of the Derry Presbyterian church com- Old Derrv Church. The ceremonies were conducted under a call by A. Thursday. In September. ized. stands the Paxton Presbyterian church.HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY been stated. and their . Since that time the glebe has dwindled to less than a dozen of acres. 1884." the birthplace of in this section Presbvterianism of Pennsylvania. William Egle. Judge Simonton an appropriate address. October 2.000. most of which were never marked. ter this 229 "daugh- of Derry" of the was the cause many disputes before the of rechurch quired it tO' be disposed of. made persons w^ere present from distant points. when the Presbytery of Donegal was organwas standing on the spot a log house of worship with of the marks of age upon it. Dr. This neat church is still used. Mrs. The corner-stone was laid with imposing ceremonies. there is lost in some In 1732. Church was erected. M. at 10:30 o'clock A. 1884. after which a splendid historical discourse was delivered by Dr. of Lebanon. the rebuilt in church on this spot was erected in first 1724. Three miles east of Harrisburg. 1760. and it befittingly perpetuates the sacred Many memories of the "Old Derry Church. It was not until about necessity mother 1800 that the exact di- mensions of the Penn gift of 1 74 1 were determined. a direct descendant of Rev. Charles L. Guilford. THE OLD PAXTON CHURCH. in and in removed the Memorial 1884 1883. Boyd Hamilton. menced the erection of a memorial church to cost $5. and near by were the green graves exist- of the pioneers. As has been observed. Baily and Mrs.

Hugh Blacky Robert Campbell. made over to him and his heirs their "right and title to the plantation commonly called 'The Indian Town. and gave rise to various disputes and misunderstandings about finan6. The first item of business brought before the new Presbytery of Donegal was in relation to Paxton and Derry. 'Mr. for the Derry side of the creek. and Mr. Presbytery ordered that they be again published. James Anderson and others preached here as supplies. to assist Mr. ministers present. in addition thereto. a formal session. Paxton and Derry were considered simply as two branches of the same congregation this arrangement was unwieldy. . James Quigley. and John Sloan. at Swatara. said objection be given in due time. 1732. and Rowland Chambers. and was installed November 15. Boyd. John Wilson. under the care of the Presbytery of New Castle. Dr. September 1733. Concerning Egle says this old religious land-mark. These churches having united in a call to the Rev. George Renick. upon which was chiseled in rude letters an inscription which stated that the inhabitant below had departed this spade into the life in 17 16. and Bertram. prior to 1732.' purchased from the Indians. and we are naturally led to the conclusion was also then in existence. . Mr. Anderson. Thomson was elected moderator. which Webster says was the original name of Derry church. Bertram in congregational affairs until the erection of had been placed in his Castle Presbytery. William Bertram. and Thomas Mayes were appointed for the Paxton side. which Bertram hands at the last meeting of the old New George Renick and others of Paxton and Derry appeared and required an answer thereto. William Cunningham. Thomson. Bertram accepted. clerk. but the congregation. Thomas Forster. This establishes the fact of the existence of the burying ground at that date. On the nth of October of that that the log church year the Presbytery of Donegal was constituted out of a portion of the Presbytery of New Castle. Rev. William McCord." Hitherto. The meeting was held at the Donegal church. Sixty years ago there was at the head of one of these graves a rough limestone. William Wilson. Orr. Messrs. and intimation given that if any objection be made against any of them. Mr. William Henry "At the meeting of Presbytery at Upper Octoraro. Bertram's salary does not appear. and until 1736. Bertram presented a list of men nominated by the congregations of Paxton and Deri*y to be set apart for ruling elders.: 230 ence to-day his HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY is only discovered by the grave-digger soil to when he strikes add one more tO' the already populous city of the dead.' "The amount of the subscriptions to Mr.

Bertram's house. "On December 22." sity . larger one. "Mr. a graduate of the Univerof Edinburgh. "A committee was appointed and reported to Presbytery November 20. flax Derry promised him fifty-five and linen cloth at market price. Bertram and his elder united in asking Presbytery to appoint a committee "to go into and reason with the people of said congregation and . but finally engaged with the Derry side and Paxtang was "supplied. in order that Mr. Alexander. were ordered no less than five times at as many different meetings of Presbytery to pay up difficulty was experienced in getting all parts of the congregation to contribute their just dues towards the repairs of Mr. and that their bounds might be fixed. October 9. it was several years in course of construction and used many years without floor or pews. 1736.HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY 231 They had fallen into arrears with Mr. except the family of the pastor. support of sixty pounds." He was an He was also a civil able man in both Church and State matters. who occupied a settee. were a source of annoyance to both societies as well as to Mr. 1735. 1738. being eased of part of his burden. may be able to go on with more comfort in the discharge of his duty to whichever part of said people he shall be determined to continue with. 1738. Soon after his coming the old log church was found too small and steps were taken to build a better. Sankey. Bertram." until December 22. and cial matters." and held a commission under the Proprietary government. postponed from one session to another and finally. who were anxious Paxton agreed to pay him yearly to retain his services as pastor. Bertram was popular with both parties. by Messrs. Craven and Elder. It stands twenty feet back from the old one and was begun about 1740. Bertram. Scotland. seats made of logs hewed on one side were used by all the people. as to their ability to be separated intwo distinct congregations and support themselves. 1735. to inquire into their circumstances. was ordained and duly Installed pastor of "Paxtang" at a salary of "sixty pounds in money. "one-half money and one-half in hay. so much so that at Nottingham. At the same time Lazarus Stewart prosecuted a supplication from Manada creek (Hanover) for a new erecThe subject of separation between Paxton and Derry was tion. Anderson. magistrate and captain of the famous body known as the "Paxton Rangers." pounds. Accompanying their report they presented a suppHcation from the session asking for a separation. in like manner of payments. was agreed upon. but owing to poverty and not believing in going in debt. September 21. and to defray the expenses of a lawsuit These and other troubles of a like nature about certain boards. Mr. John Elder. which after the good man's death fell to his son Thomas. He became perplexed.

: 232 HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY Old Paxton Church. remained in possession of the property. being also lost or inaccessible. 1750. "This movement seriously crippled the congregation. Elder's salary was also greatly reduced. Mr. Elder's private papers. and immediately erected thereon a rival church. 7 he stone used in its walls are rough limestone. 1745. which resulted in the division of the congregation. Roan was at the same time pastor of the New Side Churches of Derrv and Mount Joy. Dr. and so irregular in size and shape that a modern stonemason would not think of using them. and yet no firmer or better walls can be found anywhere. by This old church is an unpretending stone structure. Elder and a portion of the people adopting Old Side views. and continued his labors among them until his death in 1775. to June. The New Side people secured two acres of land about two miles farther east. John Roan became their pastor. and from October 9. it is somewhat difficult . Mr. and in 1745. and has stood without change in outward appearance for more than one hundred and sixty-five years. but was supplemented by the Old Side people of Derry. many of them. Rev. pvlr. thirty-six without an ornament of any character. and the storms of more than a century and a half have had sO' little effect that the trowel marks are almost as plain as when made by the mason in those long ago decades. 1747. "Ground had scarcely been broken for the new house when the dissensions between Old and New Sideism arose in the church. Mr. 1759. Their strength seems to be in the quahty of mortar employed. The minutes of Donegal Presbytery from September 28. Continuing. to June 5. anci was the main cause for the delay in finishing and furnishing the building. Egle says sixty-six feet. who at this time united with Paxton under his ministrations. having been lost.

was still rampant in the Presbyteries. Mr. They finished their church and furnished it. high above the heads of the congregation and directly opposite the southern entrance. 1754. notwithstanding the union. Their rifles were carried with them to their work in the field and to the sanctuary. 1764." retired On June 22. A partial list of those who pledged him . left the settlement by way of Indiantown Gap. After the death of Rev. of Philadelphia. An aisle ran through from east to west. 1775. and the pulpit was built against the north wall. at a salarv' of fifty pounds per annum. Elder placed his trusty piece beside him in the pulpit. The trouble arose out of the old party feeling of what was termed the Old and acted upon until 19. when they were joined to the Second Presbytery of Philadelphia. but their spies having counted the rifles. and after waiting several days. gave their deed for twenty acres strict measure. closing his pastorate on April 13. also the "Nevv Side" branch at Paxtang. Elder. murdering a number of persons on the Swatara and carrying oft several prisoners. 1768. Elder's charge. Sides which. finding they were discovered. they came for the purpose of attacking the worshipers in church. Paxton was joined to that. "The congregation seems to have acquired no legal title to their property until 1754. under the charge of Rev. not very neatly. Elder faithfully served more than fifty eventful years.' On another occasion in the same year. and another north and south from the southern door to the pulpit. and added to Mr. probably the most trying one in its existence. 1787. Death often overtook his flock as they returned to their scattered plantations. so that for a period of four years Paxton had no representation in the church courts. Snowden. but very substantially. Upon the formation of a "Carlisle Presbytery" 1786. Nathaniel R. at the Presbytery held at the church at Derry. as we find that on the 8th of June. when Rev. consideration ten pounds. Roan in October. was called. 1791. In 1756 the meeting-house was surrounded while he was preaching. Elder and four other ministers declared their intention This was not to cease from active membership in the judicatory. Elder and his congregation prospered. The French war was in progress and the Indians very troublesome. "Notwithstanding all these difticulties. Mr. the Indians from their ambuscade without making an attack. but by mistake they arrived on Monday instead of Sunday. May New in. Rev. The building had three doors of entrance.HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY 233 to trace the history of Paxton during this period. Paxton and Derry were again united. The Harrisburg congregation was formed April 12. his wife. 'Many a family mourned for some of their number shot by the secret foe or carried away captive. Henrys Forster and Ann.

Jr o 10 o O 6 8 James Cowden Josiah Epsy Thomas ^IcArthur Barbara Walker i i 10 10 2 7 Andrew Stephen James Johnston o 17 016 o 8 o 10 i o i Adam Alex. Mr. 1799. and as a study by the pastor during the interval betvveen the morning and afternoon service. d. in the same kind of ink. D. ending on the 30th of June. s. but the names and figures by each subscriber. o 5 o o o o o 5 o o 9 Thomas Brown William Wanless Daniel Brunson Alex. 1807. and on week-days as a school house.234 HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY their support is as follows the instrument being in the handwriting of James Caldwell. 1 80 1. 1793 : — £. Wilson 018 o 10 o 6 017 i 5 7 o 6 o o o o o o 6 Mary Peacock o i i 15 15 James Cochran John Wilson. James R. 1805. The "retiring-house" was a small log building near the church. James Caldwell John Means John Wilson William Calhoun Richard Carson Joshua Elder Jacob Awl John Rutherford William Smith i 2 5 6 William McRoberts Richard Fulton o 15 i 015 I o 15 015 2 2 i I . Mr. May 29. This pastorate only lasted one year and eight months. Williams seems to have had trouble collecting his salary. dated March. William Boyd Barbe John Gilchrist Alex." This did not have much effect. s. Derry to receive two-thirds of his time and pay one hundred and twenty pounds. both congregations agreeing to pay the same salary as that promised to Mr. for we find them still unpaid in September. Snowden having failed of health) and was ordained and installed October 2. The moderator was directed to write to these churches and say "that if these arrearages are not discharged before the next meeting of Presbytery. o 8 o 4 6 Mahargue 015 i McCay Forster o William Kerr 15 4 o o o Thomas 117 Rev. £. A. Sharon was installed. that body would be under the disagreeable necessity of withholding from that attention and regard which they pay tO' churches under their care. Williams. d. Joshua Williams next accepted a call. In 1808 the "meeting-house" and "retiring-house" was put in repair. (Rev. and Paxton one-third and pay sixty pounds. used for meetings of session. The "repairs" at this time consisted partly in the running up of . for we find him complaining to Presbytery in 1803 about his salary arrears.

as each had been built by the family occupying it. a graduate of Princeton Theological Seminary. but the same men who composed the congregation were the patrons of the school. which was placed The pews were left standing in the western in position within the position at this time. ^^^y. the Rev. The following November Rev. call was placed in the hands of Rev. William W. The field was now vacant for a period of two years of more. During these His pastorate covered and ended only with years the gospel of peace reigned. in order that he might attend the Theological Seminary at Princeton during the winter. man of eminent piety. in 235 with the audience-room the centre:.HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY two board as partitions. There was little uniformity in the Paxton pews of that day. vestibule. Boggs. The partitions were in of yellow pine. and by their own architect. during which time new pews of modern style were built in uniform manner. Mr. and made its escape as best it could through a small hole a in the comb of the roof. 1850. having previously accepted a call. thereby creating a vestibule at each end. and was greatly behis life. Williamson. John M. a licentiate Mr. and continued until February 12.Andrew D. Albert B. . and the building was the property of the congregation. Downey accepted a call and became pastor in April. was ordained pastor. 1875. Two huge ten-plate stoves were placed in the long aisle. His request was granted. and was dissolved October 6^ 1847. Immediately connected with the Paxton church was the school. and little is left for the historian but to record the fact. and he was ordained April ^^d installed soon after as pastor of Paxton and Derry. 1844." He began his labors April. Sharon was loved by his people. a period of almost thirtyApril 18. It may therefore be considered as an appendage of the church. after which time it was on the about a decade. The pastorate was dissolved in 1878. 1843. the Presbytery of Carlisle met at Paxtang. and the old school-masters list "supply" June 16. 9. Mitchell was secured "at $300 per year. but asked of the Presbytery of Donegal. A His pastorate was uneventful. which flourished from early times down to the establishment of free schools in Dauphin countv. 1845. It was never under the control of the church as an ecclesiastical body. 1887. the smoke from which ascended through pipes to the loft. September 28. 1849. was also the ceiling. October i. that his ordination be postponed until the spring meeting. Boggs accepted. and were still memory of many of the present congregation. six years. 1874.

Cummings and others celebrated in their day and generation as educators and from whose instructions went forth many young men afterwards distinguished in every walk of life. contractor. Rev. grounds. Joseph Allen. which in 1791-92 was enclosed by a stone wall." written in 1890. burying-ground. was extended ninety feet and the whole covered with wood. its width. square of between and eight acres. Philadelphia Synod of Boyd. Originally the Paxton congregation owned a tract of twenty acres in the shape of a parallelogram. The original members of it were in 1732. doubtless trees among which are several giant oaks that were when Columbus landed on American shores. The church building is the oldest house of Presbyterian worIt has seen the revolution ship in the entire state of Pennsylvania. HANOVER CHURCH. . William Bertram. Chester county. In 18 19 a new roof was placed on In 1852 the buryingthis wall by Mathias Humes. McAlarney's "Sesqui-Centennial History of Paxtang Church. going facts have been quoted from the late Mathias W. It so remained until the summer of 1882. James Couples. yet the doors hang upon solid posts in unison with the stone walls. and while the storms of a century and a half or more haveMany of the foreleft their marks. than eleven miles from Harrisburg on Bow creek. John Adam Anderson. The only Presbytery of the Presbyterian church in America It held a west of Philadelphia in 1735 was the one at Donegal. This Presbytery had been created by order of the Pennsylvania. covered largely with forest trees. Here flourished such men as Francis Kerr. their habitations and theif churches. give no sign of speedy decay. leaving About a lifty whose length was three times years agO' a portion of this land was disposed six of. which had become literally filled to the very borders with graves. and the parsonage occupies Between the former and the latter is the old the south-east corner. of years. session in September of that year at Nottingham. All the benches and the desk speak of modern origin. Benjamin White. James September Orr. most of which remains to-day. located. carrying away the generations of men.236 stood next HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY in rank and dignity to the clergymen. and it became one of the almost sacred landmarks in the history of the Scotch-Irish people in Pennlittle less A old Hanover church was sylvania. Messrs. Robert Thompson and 1735. Near the center of this tract stands the church. when the wall was again repaired and a new roof placed over the same. a supplication 3. Francis D.

Presbytery ordered James Gelston and Richard Sankey to supply Pequea and Manada by monthly turns alternately until the next meeting of Presbytery. November 20th. The matter was deferred until the next meeting of the Presbyter}'. On the loth TS^ovember. Richard Sankey. the Rev. and moved for a new "erection or congregation." At a session of the Presbytery held at Middle Octoraro. The boundaries of congregations and the location of meeting-houses were determined by the Presbytery with tion. was presented from "A People of the borders of Suetara Congregacontinuance of Presbytery in building a new meetorder to have supplies.HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY 237 Hanover Church. Lazarus Stewart appeared to prosecute a supplication of Manada creek for a new erection. At a session of the Presbytei-y held at the same place October 7. On ." which being read. and the people early began to feel the inconvenience of going so far as Derry At to church. reported that his people desired him to signifv to the Presbytery that they desire them to defer granting such supplication until they be heard. the Presbytery ordered that he endea\'or to acquaint himself with the brethren before our next meeting. and were connected with the Presbyterian Church. the affair of the people of Manada creek was again deferred. 1736. "Mr. The region along Manada creek to the mountains was settled rapidly. Lancaster county. William Bertram. having produced his certificate at last meeting before the members of Presbytery^ and been taken under its care." that early day they were all Scotch-Irish. 1735. and also endeavor to prepare some preliminary extempore trials against our next meeting. a theological student from Ireland. the pastor of the Swatara congregation. desiring the ing house in considerable authority.

He lived to a good old age. 1737. but it was doubtless caused by the dissensions in After his withdrawal the church continued in a dishis church. a call wa»« made for the Rev. in pursuance of a supplication from the people of Manada.. He was appointed to supply Paxtang and Hanover alternately. The main reason for going was to escape the incursions of the savages. 1762. Mr. the Presbytery of Donegal met for the first time at Hanover. Sankey having received 1759. joined the Hanover Presbytery of Virginia in 1760. Sankey was presented to Presbyter}' by John Cunningham and Robert Grier. He removed to Virginia. Robert McMordie. it was evidently an acceptable one to the people. as flax. and was appointed to preside at the opening of the Synod of Virginia in 1785. Said call was recommended to Mr. and to open the next meeting of Presbytery with a sermon from Rom. During the year 1765 or 1766 the church at Hanover became vacant. On the 21st of May ministr}'. and desiring to remove there. by which said commissioners are empowered to promise toward Mr. He settled at Buffalo. about 1760. a supplication and a call to Mr. hemp. Mr. i. which he accepted. one-half in cloth and the other in particular commodities. 1738. and was installed as the jirst pastor of the a call to a congre6. yarn. Messrs. No record of Mr. years. McMordie's resignation exists. together with several gratuities mentiooed in said supplication. and cloth. Sankey's consideration till the next meeting of Presbytery. John Steel and John Elder. Sankey served the Hanover church for twenty-one and though no further record is known of his ministry. William Thorn tracted and enfeebled state. applied for and received credentials from the Presbytery. and to convene the people on some day of the following week in order to moderate a call to Mr. vi. gation in Virginia. Mr. was appointed one of the supplies at Hanover. Sankey. e. Richard Sankey was ordained and received as a member of the Presbytery of Donegal.238 HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY the 6th of April following. accompanied by many of the Hanover congregation. His relation to the Han- June Hanover church. 21. 1772. On the 30th August. Sankey's support among the people of Hanover as their orderly pastor the annual payment of sixty pounds. during the year 1759 the church was supplied occasionally by Rev. respected by his people and his brethren in the Mr. linen. and many of whom accompanied him when he left the place. over church seems to have already been dissolved. commissioners from the congregation of Hanover (Manada). who kept him so long. On the 22nd June. Bertram was ordered to supply that people on the last Sabbath of April. In November. In April. After his dismissal. .

covering part of the period of the Revolutionary war. the Presbytery of Carlisle met at Hanover. Upon the next day. The cause of these peculiar calls in grain was the greatly depreciated value of the continental currency. 1784. xv. as parts of his trial for ordination. 178 1. Woods was brief. For the next seven years. but he seems to have become weary of it. The record shows that Rev. a call from Hanover to Rev. The call was put into his hands. In 1787 Hanover was allowed to prosecute a call to a probainstalled over the rate of phia. Mr. On the 20th of June. A list remains of the heads of families about the year 1788. and the lists of those who paid stipends are continued — down to the date of his death. elder. Woods accepted the call. The building fell into decay. and admissions to the church. During the first eight or ten years of his pastorate Mr. 22. John Linn preached the sermon. Robert Cooper. hundred bushels of wheat. in which they promised to pay him six souls.. James Snodgrass was ordained and installed as pastor of the Hanover congregation. and never had another pastor. Snodgrass' receipts for his salary and the records of the board of trustees are also in existence. . tioner for the ministr^^ under the care of the Presbytery of PhiladelOn the 1 6th of October. and also a gratuity of six hundred bushels. On the 13th of May. 1-7. 1782. and Samuel Waugh. John Craighead presided and gave the charge. James Snodgrass was received under the care of the Presbytery from the Philadelphia Presoytery.HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY 239 a call for Mr. baptisms. and the Rev. and on October 15. and Alexandria. There is no record of removals from the church by letter or by death. Thorn received other calls from Big Spring. The pastoMr. Thorn was presented in Presbytery. His remains were buried in the Hanover burying-ground. Matthew Woods died September 13. and was ordained and Hanover congregation June 19. 1788. Rev. the Hanover church depended on occasional supplies. viii. and having accepted a call from the Hanover congregation. Mr. with James Johnston. John Craighead. and a Presbyterial exercise on i Cor. Matthew Woods was made out. 1772. and was at length . The times tried men's Men were called away tO' war the people were poor. near the church. May 14th. and tO' have utterly abandoned it before the year 1800. Va. Snodgrass kept in a blank-book of the trustees of the church a record of the marriages. he was appointed to prepare a lecture on Rom. with a copy of a subscription paper of over one hundred pounds. accepted the latter. or a sum of hard money equivalent thereto. A tombstone was erected to his memory by subscription in 1789. The church was very weak at the time of his death. Mr. Sherman's Valley. In the meantime Mr.

George Phihp Shaage. Harnell. 1764. In DeedBook M. They would stack mill. then lieutenant-governor of the Province. by Edward Shippen. in presence of Revs. all of Lower Paxtang (now Swatara) township. Peter's Lutheran Church is the oldest numbered 135 upon which the old (the first) Middletown then driven from their homes by the hostile Indians. George Frey. cemeter}^ grounds The care of the glebe funds and the the hands of trustees. Lancaster (now Dauphin) county. John Metzgar. It is written on parchment. and also for the privilege of collecting funds for the same purpose. forests The . The church edifice was built In 1767. their arms inside the church. The purchase money was seven shillings and sixpence. contained but a few houses. MIDDLETOWN CHURCHES. and the church wardens and elders. that the members were then very poor. Province of Pennsylvania. page 395. dated September 28. his wife. to Christian Roth and David Ettley to raise by subscription twelve hundred pounds In the ^pace of three years. and is countersigned by Joseph Shippen. or even the church. N. was purchased from George Fisher. his secretary. and attested by Joseph Greenwood and Henry Renick. 1764. It appears from the terms of the license. Roth. recorder. with additional rent of one grain of wheat every year. Conrad Bucher. Theophllus Engeland. and the settlers could not go outside their with any degree of safety. they armed themselves. John Christ. to Peter Woltz. and a great part of Dauphin and Lancaster counties was then a wilderness. Indians. granting the above privilege. borough. to be delivered annually on the ist day of May.. The church edifice stands. and Hannah. It bears the old Provincial seal of Lancaster county. praying for the privilege of erecting a church. and is yet in a good state of preservation. 1764. and Deterick Schob.. including the graveyard in the rear. The cornerstone was laid by Justice Colonel James Burd. were peopled by homes unarmed' Whenever the people went to the store. and that many were in the lot St. The deed was acknowledged before Justice John Allison.240 in HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY was placed in 1875 or 1876 taken down. Ettley walked to Philadelphia on his collecting tour. as appears from a deed bearing date September 18. Whereupon privilege was granted by license dated September 28. The document bears the autograph of John Penn. There are no papers showing how much money was raised. It is recorded in Lancaster county. In the same year a petition was sent to John Penn. and station one person at the door as sentinel to warn the others of approaching danger. Mr.

On March 10. three wafers. and in 1861 an addition was made to accommodate the increasing number of Sunday-school scholars. who were Ludwick Wolfley. George Lauman. at State. and Jacob King. For this purpose twelve hundred and eleven dollars and thirty-five cents was subscribed by one hundred and ninety-three different held in its sacred walls. John Blattenberger. This old stone church is now used only at stated times. Governor Thomas McKean authorized Timothy Alatlack. Jacob Snyder. . by a deed bearing date October 7. Jacob Wolttey. and Marks Snyder. Dr. Christian Laurentz. The building was remodeled while Rev. mostly at funerals of aged persons who wish the funeral services to. and about midway between the floor and the ceiling. Frederick Zeppernick. Christian Esenhauer. John Smuller.: John Metzgar. George Schuler. and some money in Pennsylvania currency. which on the remodeling of the edifice was closed. and in 1850 its interior was remodeled. one on the south side. 1807. September 4. In 1835 the lecture room was built. 1867. In 18 13 the steeple was built. an elegant new church edifice having been completed on another lot. viz. Jr. the church celebrated its centennial anwhich were present many distinguished clergymen of the Lutheran and other denominations and persons prominent in the niversary. and Conrad Wolfley. Matthias Wolf. a halfpint bottle of wine. In 1855 ^^^ 1856 the parsonage was built. In 1844 the second roof was put on the church.. I here was placed in the corner-stone a German Bible. The lot upon which the lecture room stood was transferred by the executors of George Frey and Jacob King. — . which consisted of George Frey. together with the building committee. tO' the trustees of the church. master of the rolls. 16 On At this centennial anniversary^ George Smuller sent one hun- . and in 1830 the present floor was laid. There were two entrances. Valentine Weyrick. whose names are all on record. printed in Philadelphia in 1764. John Blattenberger. and dedicated in 1879. and the work was done by Major Rehrer. David Ettele. to issue the charter prayed for by the petitioners. printed at Halle in 1763 the shorter Catechism of Martin Luther. The first floor of the church was of brick. Christian Spayd. application was made by the congregation for a charter of incorporation. Baum had charge of the congregation. Nicholas Shuler. George Shalkey. Martin Hemperley. and was reached by a narrow flight of steps. Frederick George Schneegaus.HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY Gottlieb 241 David Ettley. On the 21st of the same month. and among whom are the ancestors of many of the prominent families of the town. John Croll. Philip Ettele. between the two large windows. 1807. John Heppich. At this time the pulpit was erected on the north side. James Metzgar.

242 HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY dred grains of choice selected wheat to Hon. No. and reached bv a narrow stairway. By mistake the deed was made to Frey and King individually. It was built of red sandstone. In August. When the house was finally warmed. and of whom the church lot was purchased. William Crabb trustees and executors Cassel for Frey's estate. whole inside wood-work pews. with quite small panes of glass. When the brick floor was replaced by one. 133 to the congregation. In the remodeling of 1850. straight backs. pipe-organ at one time occupied Over it was a sounding board. 134. south. which were formerly in two tiers. and had a gallery on the east. gallery. into which the pastor could retire and leave It had steps on either his wrappings before entering the sanctuary. as full satisfaction of one clause in the original deed requiring a rental of one grain of wheat to be paid annually. The windows were small. beneath which was an alcove or recess. were made into one. and a semicircular railing hung with velvet inclosed it. The windows. The bricks in the floor were nine inches square. There was a second entrance fronting on High street. who made a conveyance thereof to George Frey and Jacob King for the consideration of three pounds in hand and a yearly rent of one grain of wheat to be paid annually on May ist. and 135. it was done by two large stoves capable of taking in a vast amount of fuel. The pews were narrow. The old church lot is two hundred by fifty feet. so that the old church and cemetery now comprises three lots wooden a 133. and west sides. When "St. gation secured the adjoining lot. A — — Jane Hannegan (Flannagan) sold lot No. The pulpit was small and supported by a post eight or ten feet high. and all was removed. but when they died their John Landis. Robert J. and a new pulpit was erected. Fisher. the straight-back pews gave way to others of a more comfortable character. In 1826. the superintended by Jacob Heppich. The wheat was contained in a silk bag worked by Miss Carrie Smuller. of York. the oldest of the legal heirs and representatives of George Fisher. in 1830. Nos. were The alterations reading-desk was also covered with velvet. was two stories in height. the congrea portion of one side of thd gallery. Charles Fisher. and Jacob Snyder and Daniel Erisand John man for King's conveyed it to the trustees of the church. 1793. The side. of Jacob Gross and wife. consisting of ordinary cordwood four feet in length. which was reached through the yard in front and staircase leading from each door to the meeting at the southeast corner. 134. gallery. Peter's Kirche" (as it was denominated by a lettered stone still in its front over the door) was dedicated in 1767 the members con- New sisted of sixty-six old and sixty-three young persons. the pulpit occupying the north side. with high. — — — . who laid out the town.

Rev. Rev. Rev. D. Micholas. some of them the resorts of horsethieves and desperadoes. or the worst forms of cutaneous disease. 1844-47. In some sections the Indian prowled with wolf-like ferocity. in 1855. imd 1879. was at this point. A parsonage was erected on High street. Finckle. on which its second and beautiful edifice was built. . Rev. from which inclosed stairways led to the gallery and shut off the cold from the auditorium. In 1872 the congregation purchased the lots on Union street. 1830-34. D. near the old church. J. W. 1865-72. Rev. METHODIST EPISCOPAL CHURCH. but often with dirty hands. Benjamin Saddler. an old settler. 1847-48. if without a compass. hopelessly adrift in the snow. The Methodist Episcopal Church is a very old organization Middletown. and prior to that at Halifax. George Lochman.18 83. Shcaft. D. 1803-12. Ehrehart. Saline. Rev. sometimes for C. Baum. P. 1904 and is in dedicated The the present pastor. Roads were indicated by "blazing" trees and burning brush. Rev. D. T. The first Methodist preaching in this count}'. Rev. 1856-1865. Rev. Nliller.. and in winter.. D. The rude hospitality of the settler was given with a warm heart. Rev. H. C. C. Rev. There were no bridges. S. early ministers encountered great difficulties both physical and moral. Rev. J. Voghbaugh. and the local historian at Middletown. Often he was hungry'. Rev. following have served as pastors of this church: Rev. M. and the galleries extended around the other three sides. J. Staley. 1 888-1904. from 1767-73. 1788-93. A. F. H. Finkbinder. says: "In spring the circuit-rider was often knee-deep In mud. The rough blanket which was laid over the itinerant sleeper. Illing. 1853-56. D. Malaria brought siclcness. by twenty-one years.^Rev. H. i8i5. 1795-1803. 1793-95. 1834-37.. Theophilus Engeland. Lochman. Hutchinson. P. F. Rev. F. 18 12-15. itinerants visiting the place one hundred and twenty-five years ago. Gerhart. Rev. L. . 18 73. D. W. Pentz. sometimes asking a blessing upon a crust of bread. Rev. at The travel. and high waters frequent. 1773-88. H. Rev. Rev. Peter Ruby. Van Hoff. T. The pulpit was erected at the west end. The cabins where they could lodge were few some of them with the latchstring pulled in. was often biting with vermin. 1848-53. J. Holloway. Rev. 1884-88. and bad roads obstructed even on horseback.HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY 243 and the doorway facing High street was converted into a window. 183744. S. Kurtz. T. John W. A vestibule was made.

and the larger part of the members residing in that vicinity. March 12. a satisfactory arrangement was made with the contractor. but when roads and "no preventing Providence" occurred the circuit was supplied once in four weeks. they were all supposed to be tories. Johns. containing seven hundred and thirty square yards. Early in the Nineteenth century Middletown became a part of Dauphin Circuit. These itinerants sometimes did not come oftener than three months. George R. trustees of the Methodist Episcopal congregation of Middletown. purchased of Philip Ettla a lot of ground at the northern extremity of Union street. and was part of a tract of sixty acres deeded to Zeppernlck March 5th. He found an unfinished church. but after the canal and railroad were constructed. an early Methodist of the town. In which he was supported by a small congregation.) A small frame church was erected on this lot shortly afterwards. George Rodfong." As early as 1780 there was a preaching place of "York Circuit" days without as dollars a year. 1793. Curry preached the sermon at the re-opening. Andrew Alexander. then extending over a large scope of country. preacher In charge of Dauphin Circuit. Circuit also was sub-divided In 1856 and Middletown was other points. 18 14. Services were held at the dwelling house of Dr. 1767. that part of Middletown. began to grow. including parts of several counties. . June 22nd. But the moral difficulties which confronted them were greater than the physical. Wesley pronounced disloyalty a sin. for sixty dollars. John Funk. Romer then occupied by Eli Rigg. At that time this location was not far from the centre of the town. Rakestraw was made pastor. This was the second church edifice erected in Middletown. heavily encumbered and with about twenty members but by dint of earnest effort. which was then called Portsmouth. In 1839 the building was remodeled and improved. Mr. Here the Methodists worshipped for about forty years. and the Methodist preachers here were held responsible for his opinions. Rev. above Catherine.1 244 HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY much as that. by Frederick Zeppernick for £3. Asbury's meage pittance of sixty-four was a fair sample of a preacher's pay. the preachers crossing the river a few miles below Middletown. The building was fini. by Rev. (This lot had been sold to Ettla. in 185 the corner-stone of a new church edifice was laid on Ann street. Their position from 1770 to 1784 was one of peculiar peril. Eli Rigg. and was dedicated in the year 18 16. Arnold S. John Goforth. Dauphin taken from a it. and were known to be opposed to slavery. which formed Hummelstown and new circuit. and William Foulk. by George Fisher and wife. Rev.

. George W. LL. 1863-65. 1854. S. PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. In it were placed a Bible. H. ble. S. It is 50x85 feet. B. a larger. Year book. T. 1890. Rakestraw. Brown. During this year an act of incorporation was procured from the Dauphin county court. Wheeler. history of the three church buildings. Allen Johns. Crawford. L. 1902-05. 1861- Lame. J. 1879-82. at the Baumbach. H. Its interior finish is exquisite. M. built of brick. 1869. H. 1870-72. 1900. W. the name being the Middletown Methodist Episcopal Church. 1891. Peters. Miller. 1884. made a George G. 105 North Union street. was no attempt to establish a church there for many years. Pickop. Benj. Seymour Raymond. i860. D. in the base- ment give an even temperature The architect was Wil- liam Miller. there While the first settlers were among the people at Middletown. B. T. Evans. L. August 3rd. W. 1877-79. S. J. S. John Fratts. who purchased lot southeast corner of Ann and Catherine streets. 1872-74. Middletown Press. A. of Harrisburg. D. David McKee. Swindells. under trustees Thomas Fairman. W. Wm. The society owns a 1906. George E. M. of Adam No.500. is two stories high and roofed with a superior grade of slate. T. Automatic ventilators at all times. The church was dedicated by Bishop Bowman. Rev. 245 officiat- May loth. John — Atkinson and A. a Methodist Episcopal hymn book. April 27. 1865-67. names of the members of the church and Sunday schools. William B. Fries. with Masonic ceremonies. J. Yeager. Montgomery. ter one In 1883. Bartine In 1857 Middletowni was taken from the Circuit and station with Rev. and discipline. and the builder. 1907. It is a fine structure. Wm. J. William Stari*y. T. 1858-60. Kem1867-69. G. Grove. Rakestraw as its first pastor. R. L. 1882-85. the church building becoming too small. D. J. a copy of the Christian Advocate. The .. B. S. for $2. Gregg. Ettele. on Sunday. 1886. Rink. Our Church Monthly. 63. E. Matherson. Ridgway. and a programme of the exercises. handsome mellow-toned pipe organ is A among the costly furnishings. trimmed with Gettysburg gray granite.HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY ished and dedicated ing. J. H. Hughes. 1874-77. 1898. 1895. Middletown Journal. Gray. 1883. Graves. 1885-86. good parsonage at No. 298. W. S. Kurtz. The pastors of the church have been: 1856-58. betwas planned. W. Amthor. S. D. the corner-stone was laid in the presence of a very large concourse of people.

street in 1852. which had been built in 1838. Thus was formed the first regular Church since the pioneer society had expired nearly years before. N. The builder was killed by falling from the roof. B. but long since became a prosperous station. For many years it was only The first pasa circuit. church. John McCammon and Edward Crouch. Rev. John Cross solicted funds for the building of a He was called. John Winebrenner. and was buried in 1745. and died suddenly. in the graveyard attached. Snoddy. as "trustees of the English Presbyterian Congregation of Middletown. 7. R. four miles distant. while raising funds. Hanover." to be used as a burying ground. Church of God (Bethel) In 1824 or 1825 Rev. Revs. OTHER CHURCHES. fifty Rev. James Russell and wife conveyed lot No. The Church above named was a neat brick building. As time passed by and the church grew in strength. Matilda E. The congregation was incorporated August 28. the' Conewago Presbyterian Church was built at Gainsburg. April 10 of that year the Presbytery at Carlisle arranged for establishing a church here. C. Daniel Kendig and Edward Burgett. Wiestling. Sarah Kendig. with a basement. installed pastor. O. for the records show that June Lebanon 1802. Derry and Paxton churches seemed to supply their needs. Mary E. The church has steadily increased. the Presbytery met at Middletown when a petition signed by Daniel Kendig. Robert F. The elders then elected were Dr. entertained and preached views on experimena It : United Brethren Church: In 1852 frame building in which to worship. Wilt and Davis Thompson was presented asking for the organization of a church. O. 1858. 94 in Middleto William Crabb. There seems to have been no move toward a re-organization until 1850.246 HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY A^alley. Wiestling. Phillips. Dr. J. 1850. In 1892 a fine brick edifice was built which still accommodates the large congregation. this denomination erected . About 1880 they purchased Christ Church. There was an early organization that went down. Snowden and James R. tor was H. and is now among the strongest of the city. Wiestling. August The building was erected on Union 1851. Later. a new edifice was demanded and in 1889 a beautiful brown-stone edifice was erected and still serves the congregation. Sharon frequently preached in the Lutheran Church at Middletown. town October 29. was on Duck (below Water) street. Edward Burgett. but who had withdrawn therefrom. a minister of the German Reformed church. McClean being pastor from that year to 1854.

but Mrs. and vicinity met at Linglestown and organized a new church or sect. on the resided at Harrisburg. on being asked whether he would walk with Mr. The first elders (1827) were Joshua Heppich and John McFarland. and styled themselves the "Church of God. howevxr. Winebrenner residing in Harrisburg." disapproved of this term. lathed and plastered on the outside. who had been at one time a member of his congregation. King. and who had died on the farm of the late George Fisher. At the request of the friends of a Mrs. Black. tween the doors at the end of the building toward the street. There were tvvo entrances at the The pulpit was placed befront. closed against him. Joshua Heppich. Jacob Benner. and all his followers are now known as members of the "Church of God. were Susanna Smuller. George Etter. adopting the doctrines taught by iVlr. Mr. George Baker. east side of Main cross street (now L'^nion). The funeral services were held in the Lutheran church. Jacob Rife. was enlarged and the whole cased with brick and a vestibule and gallerv' provided. Eliza Longhead. Flannagan. and At one time a day school was those entering faced the audience. Elizabeth gregation. The first church edifice of this new denomination ever built was erected in Middletown in 1832. and under He continued preachhis ministrations a great revival commenced. It was a frame structure. In 1852 this building taught by Samuel Dennis in the basement. on lot No. cheerfully consented. however." but for many years they were Mr. Winebrenner. Winebrenner always generally known as "Winebrennarians. in 1827. and Eve Crist. John Benner. on the ground that he was not a minister in good standing in any church. John McCammon. some friends of Mr. Winebrenner came to Middletown to preach the funeral sermon. The feeling against him was so strong that some of the older citizens refused to have anything to do with him. Conrad Seabauch. opened that building to him. Middletown. But the remodeling did not prove to be successStreet . Winebrenner on the occasion. who had charge of the Ebenezer Methodist meeting-house.HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY tal religion 247 which differed somewhat from those held by the church. John McFarland." The first members of this conBare. when his friends deemed it advisable to have an edifice of their own. George Smuller. however. about midway betAveen Water and Centre Square. reached by high stairs or steps. The doors of the Lutheran church were. ing alternately with the Methodist circuit preachers for several years until about 1832. and they were afterwards warm friends. Winebrenner that they invited him to preach. Henry Siple. In the meantime. 23. Joseph Ross. and some of the young men of the town were so favorably impressed with Mr.

1873. The walls are frescoed. George Sigler. Getz. J. W.248 ful HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY and was hardly looked upon as safe. and stained glass make beautiful the windows. and meetings were nightly held in the lecture-room. Lock1885. Thomas. 1891J. 1870-72. Kyle.0. A. 1896. J. called Christ Church. Mackey. Croll. L. and continued to worship there for many years. 1893. McCartney. and finally those remaining connected themselves with other churches.000 had been subscribed. until was no longer able to support a pastor. F. under its In 1835 a schism occurred in St. C. W. L. Carvell. The earliest Catholics in the Middletown. J. 1877-79. Sigler. J. 1883. In November. and B. The roof is of slate. Among its pastors have been Elders John Winebrenner. 1894. ious revival — theran church. Haifleigh. The lot selected is the northeast corner of Spring and Water streets and cost $1. 1874. In 1846-47 there were but three Catholic families in town. great relig- A was in progress in the town. after 1795. 1880-83. John McGuigan and their families. They erected their church edifice in 1838. William Miller. Since 1867 the pastors have been: 1867. They were occasionally visited. J. and the cornerstone laid July 8. Behney. Swartz. William Mullineux. Patrick Boyle. by priests from Elizabethtown and Conewago. Bernard Mooney. I. 1903. In June. Schaner. Peter's Lupastor. Winbigler. tee Stamm. Many members of the church made a profession of a change of heart. Rev. with a steeple being one hundred and sixty feet high. L. A. It is a brick structure. were: Henrietta Brandon. W. The church edifice was sold to the LInited Brethren denomination.200. D. Christ Church. John McCristal. 1879P. W. D. Betts. that we have any record of. 1888. Finally the opposition to the meetings became so great that many of the members left the church and started a new congregation. W. wood. The membership gradually declined owing to deaths and removals. A. G. — . at the corner of Duck and Water streets. Laverty. as originally made. H. Beck. Snyder. Jacob Flake. William Mooney. Keller. ground was broken June 9. J. Esterline. Peter Sahm. 1875-77. the present pastor. ^ commitexamined its condition and reported favorable to building a new church. Smitmer. and some of the more conservative members looked upon the movement as heretical. $8. M. Edward H. Edward West. C. Joseph Adams. it vicinity of Mary's Catholic Church. 1872-75. In the winter of 1875-76 the main audience room was thrown open for a great union meeting then in progress. 1867-70. Shoop. George 80. St. John Luck. Jones. H. This was an innovation. 1873. which was always well filled.Miller.

20. R. bishop of the diocese of Philadelphia. Sweenys. Edward Hodnett built it for nine thousand dollars. would walk to Elizabethtown or Harrisburg to church. time). Young. : 249 Those of Patrick O'Donnel. some of whom had been settled here for many years. It was opened for divine service in the spring of 1859. James M. Hugh McGorian. Clement Burger. J. although in the neighborhood were the Doughertys. FebHis successors. and afterwards at the old school house on the southwest corner of Ann and Wood streets. J. of gothic style. J. McIn 1861 Father McCosker was appointed Cosker officiating. and several other priests. Dr. Rev. Thos. cane in hand. Cannons. who. in answer to a request of the Governor for a statedisease. Richard McGranigan and Luke Norton. J. McCanns. James A. drive. The corner stone of "St. Mcllvaine (again). J. P.. serving in 1907. Foin. Rev. Campbell. he died. came to America. M. Father Farmer counted those in Lancaster county (then embracing . Youtzs. Bradleys. Pennsylvania volunteers. by Rt. and H. It is located on high ground. then at the brick school house on Furnace Hill. John McCosker. 1861. journe}^ he was presented with a handsome sword and until. His successors were: P. and Patrick McSwiggan. Mcllvaine came next. In the absence of any priest these families would ride. or the male members. Ann street. which was assigned to. Pennsylvania). 1864. Barr. C. G. (afterwards Bishop of Scranton. Sept. he returned to Philadelphia ment of the number of Catholics in the province of Pennsylvania. 1857. Charles McMonigle. assisted by Doctor O'Hara. In 1857 a lot was secured. In November. chaplain of the Fifty-fifth regiment. McMillans. (each surviving a short ruary 19. Schaeffers. Huber. &c. S. Flynns. AUwineis. Kenny. Herzog. Mary of the Seven Dolors" was laid Sunday. O'Hara. who had been on the missions in Australia and Van Dieman's Land. Walsh Rev. Rev. Rev. and also at the consecration of the church. Eugene Sullivan. He served faithfully belt by James overcome by hardship and and soon afterward died. C. Services were first held at private houses (notably at Luke Norton's). Before starting on his above Lawrence is a brick structure. J. with an organ gallery. V. were: Revs. McGarveys. Gross. John.HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY viz. Hollands. John Newman. Stein. Costigan.duty in South Carolina. In 1757. and Father John McCosker began to collect means to build upon it. Numan. J. O'Connor. B. Witmans. preached the sermon of this occasion. at the western end of . and was appointed pastor of Middletown and Elizabethtown.

Christ's Protestant Episcopal Church was organized in 1861. prior toi that the old brick school house was used. This first The — — . and the first named donated the lot and guaranteed $200 collection. J. 1853. occasional Catholic services hereabouts. it was dedicated. WILLIAMSTOWN CHURCHES. is a town of good and numerous schools and churches. This was the first church edifice of the 1852. Irish. Mary's Roman Catholic Church. 70. 94. was instrumental in building this church. The Evangelical Lutheran. by circulating a subscription paper. sermon preached in the place was on the occasion of the funeral of an English miner. came rector in October. in 1833. Before 1852 there were St. V. 1871. A new and better church took its place. The Evangelical Association erected the first church in 1869The Methodist Episcopal followed the above in 1871. in 1853. Kloss. Dauphin). of Harrisburg. and was afterward converted into dwelling house purposes. 1874. Evengelical Lutheran. in LYKENS CHURCHES. erected a house of worship The Primitive Methodist church was built in 1875-6. Thomas Sovern. and held occasional services. women. held by Father Maher. In January. men. The church building engaged the minds of the Catholic people in 1852. Hon. Religious services were kept up until 1848. Blum. In 1859. Sell came. A. the first merchant of the town. Rev. Thus was laid the foundation for good religious work in this locality. 27. D. Heister and Richard Nolan took measures to erect a Methodist church building. women. when Father Egle formed a society and completed a house in which to worship. and later still was the armory. O. but finally. The church was finally completed and consecrated in 1881. men.2 50 HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY Germans. 22. when Edward Gratz. io8. Hummel Berghaus beand re-organized in May. -^ ^^w years later the United Brethren erected a neat edifice. of the Methodist Episcopal denomination of Halifax. under D. and the society has ever prospered. building was completed. Zion's Church of this sect first began to worship here just prior to 1850. The building was slow in completion. in November. place. The Roman Catholic Church was erected in 1875. It was preached from the porch of Michael Sheaffer's house. M. and it was delivered by Rev. a church until Rev. 1871.

A half dozen or more devout ministers preached for a short time to these people.000 pipe organ was also added. E. Femsler. L. Chubb and H. The Evangelical Association was organized in 1840. One-half of its price was fine $2. interest in Union Church building to the Reformed Society for $1. It was remodeled in 1905. in the German language. About 1830 Rev. Rupley. Hemping A are: Revs. Ephraim Kieffer became the first pastor. donated the same proportion to one at Lock Haven. D. Rupley. B. Rev. A. St. but changed two years later. 1857. through the same pastor.400. P. D. The orlocated at Berryburg. R. good brick building was provided in i860. Thev still hold the church prop- . which united with the Reformed Dr. its M. Rev. 1876. Among early pastors were these: William Hain. schoolhouse. Paul's Evangelical Lutheran Church. in the old J. B. F. and Rev. who also. on Middle street. J. This society withdrew from the union and sold the new church. C. Fishburn. Isaac Gerhart preached occasionally for them. Keutz. A. and It was dedicated in 1878-80. E. B. G. The German Reformed church was built in 1874 but their finally became the property o'f the Miners' Deposit Bank. A. and a frame edifice completed in 1874. OverThis Society at holt. it was burned. Sell was the first pastor in church in 1856 and built a church. Lautz. Sayler. Lenker was the first pastor and had other charges constituting a large territory in all. Since 1865 the pastors who have served this church Pennsylvania. given by Andrew Carnegie. but not until 1854. The first house of worship was a log building weatherboarded. and three years later another was erected. A first ganization disbanded in 1903-4.HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY 251 St. and proceeded to erect one of their own. members of the Reformed church purchased a frame building and used it for services. in February. The United Brethren in Christ remodeled 1874. F. In 1856. and the present pastor. Rew M. which they did. Lehr. though it was never dedicated.M. church in MILLERSBURG CHURCHES. Neitz. S. the Lutheran and Reformed congregations jointly erected a brick church The first consistory was elected April 25. S. Snyder. Concerning Millersburg churches it may be stated that about 1833. — preached occassionally for the Lutherans. John's Evangelical Lutheran Church was organized in 1873. was a society formed. erty. J. Henry.

Rev. Shultz. They have a membership of one hundred. 1864. D. Snavely. Kautner. and was a two-story log . : The Rev. Smith. Samuel Dubenborn was the pastor. 1887. Feger. pastors have been UPPER PAXTON CHURCHES. The Killinger Church is united with this. H. A. Rev. The United Brethren Church was organized April 15. It stood at the lower end of the cemeterv. Rev. H. F. S. D. Lewis Snyder. S. The Reformed Church built jointly with the Lutheran in 1856. Rev. J. 1904. E. Rev. P. Chubb. 1 899-1901. B. Rev. S. Rev. A. F. Rev. A. Medlar. Rev. 1893-96. The present pastor is C. S. Chubb. in the country in Upper Paxton township. H. Neitz. Rev. when a modern brick building. J. S. in i860 — a large well-constructed brick building still in use. 1871-72. edifice was provided a beautiful pressed In 1905 the church was supplied. A two-story brick church was erected in 1872 by the Salem Evangelical Lutheran Church. A. 1775. 1797. The church is prosperous. Rev. 1897-98. Long. A. Saylor. C. 1873-75. Boughter. Rev. Rev. 1890-92. as baptisms are found recorded as early as June 8 of that year. 1865-66. 1905. S. H. The organizer was Rev. and finally took the property. Hoover. Rev.252 HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY The Methodist cut off and Berrysburg cir1866. 1804. lar pastor. tract was made with some one to finish it for 108 pounds sterling. 1869-70. E. having no regu- — as a mission. Joseph M. 1902-04. Rev. and in 1902 erected a fine cream colored pressed brick building of modern plan. an old society. Neitz. 1867-68. cuit — Millersburg A was from Halifax in 1902. W. 1879-80. Chubb. The LInited Evangelical Church. This congregation was formed prior to 1774. 1881-82. built a church son. Rev. large brick edifice was erected in 1858. and labored from 1779 to 1789. The Society contemplated the erection of a neat edifice the present (1907) seaAt present they worship in the old Evangelical Association building. In the old church was built. built in 1866. Overholt. the Lutheran and Reformed Churches had one hundred and sixty acres of land surveyed and jointly called "Good Intent. W. 1888-9. J." and received a deed therefor September 22. William Heim. A. Rev. 1876-78. March 7. and on February a con1794 27. Saylor. D.William Wieand. Rev. and it served well its purpose until Episcopal. A. Near to the above church stands the David's Reformed Church. 188385. Lehr. The latter named is three miles to the east.

W. J- W. Jacob Roop. Farrall. P. 1856. Miller. 1873. Samuel Roop. Evers. J. Simon Dreisbach. 1852. Richard A. Abraham Noll. Joseph Young. H. in 1865. Hiram Neaffer. the Revolutionary a war. C. Daugherty. Israel Carpenter. J.000. and during a revival service among the converts was and preached at 1842 the organiIt was supplied by the circuit zation was perfected at Highspire. a good two-story brick Pennsylvania depot. 1858. ^'id in 1896 house was dedicated. Kieffer. H. Fleisher. D. The basement was dedi- HIGHSPIRE CHURCHES. and the corner stone 1866. P. G. Fisher. Kerschner. E. weather boarded sides. Simon Dreisbach. A. 1868. 181. 1866. 1867. C. Jacob Kessler. 1868-75. who preached in the old school house. and had galleries on two and was surmounted by During sounding-board. 1849. B. J. J. Bowman. 1869-71. Samuel Zimmerman. 1862-65. and during his time the parsonage was built opposite the church (where now Rev. Rev. 1842. J. i860. 875-1 884. Isaac Gerhart was pastor from 18 19 stands a farm house). The pulpit w^as ascended by stairs. Rev. q. Smith. P. J. Phillips. W. 1872. Clair. B. Ellis. P. A. F. O.HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY building. L. L. J. James Reily was pastor from 18 12 to 18 19. has a history dating back to 1794. 253 and plastered. 1874. when Father John Neidig preached in his own house. Among his successors have been: 1844-56. 187072. 1 The of a cated old edifice was torn down new one laid September December 8. 1875. W. William Hendel came. This was remodeled in 1879. Samuel Siders. 1865-68. Cromer. to 1844. The pastors who have served this people are as follows: 1846. Hoffman. In . Phillips. J. B. when Rev. and during the services guards stood with guns in hand near the church. B. later called to the ministry who was private houses and at the old school house. 1847-49. one year and then made a station to be supplied by Jacob S. Brewer. Hiram NeafJacob Roop. Daniel Funkhouser. Mower. W. 1855-57. Daugherty. Hoffman. W. he was escorted bv members of the congregation with muskets to^ protect him and themselves from the prowling Indians. The United Brethren Church at Hiarhspire borough. the present beautiful edifice was erected at a cost of about $10. Hendel had a catechism class of eightv-five. near where now stands the December. 7. Moore. Samuel Siders. 1861. H. Isaiah Baltzell. David O. 1868. John G. George Miller. Bowman. Lescher. 1850. 1865. Smith. G. many of whom came ten and fifteen miles to attend class services. 185 1. Hackman. Kessler. 1857-6^. 1853-55. Isaiah Baltzell.

Reever 1883. C. Kaufman. 1869. with the year of their appointment Jesse Haifligh. Johnson. Smith. by Rev. 1889-90. fer. Abraham Snyder. Lockwood. L. 1891-93. M. L. Shannon. J. H. L. L. S. Haifligh. Naill. 1898. 1885-87. A. its cost was $3. Brady. Jacob Keller. Grove. Hughes. 1903-7. 1876-79. Charles F. L. R. 1904 and present Dastor. Westwood. O. by a few devout followers of this faith.W. 1863-64. erect a new church edifice. The only pastor who has regularly served this congregation is Rev. Ault. J. Abraham H. Reitzel. It stood opposite the blast Originally furnaces at first. Grissinger. 1896. and religious worship . Wolfe. C. when they built a handsorne brick edifice at the cost of $4. 1889. Deshong. Baer.Howard. Church of God: Several years prior to 1843 this denomination had preaching services by missionaries in the old school house. G. H. Shoop. 1901-03. Spayd. B. Sayer. Brady and S. C. Smith. S. and during that year a frame church was built at a cost of $708. E. Whittaker. Wesley C. McGuire.254 HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY Rigor. Shroyer. D. 1880. A. Meredith.000. J. M. 1878-79. Deitzler. M. 1881-82. and is still pastor. Jeremiah C. J. 188991. 1895. In 1886 the present building was erected and dedicated. E. J. Jones. 1898-1901. S. Thomas Garland. 1853. 1893-98. Houston. J. : Jesse Haifligh. St. I. 1851. H. who came in 1899 . 1887-88.Francis Smith. Jackson. STEELTON CHURCHES. Fleegal. W. 1873-75 J. i860. John A. 1887-89. B. 1859. Daugherty. 1856-57. They worshiped in a hall until 1901. E. G. H. A. W. The present membership of the church is about sixty-five. Boyer. Grimm. Z. L. Urban. 1894. but was removed and rebuilt in 1877. W. J. T. K. E. Peter's Evangelical Lutheran Church at Highspire was organized in 1893.000. 1865-66. : The Methodist Episcopal Church was organized first edifice John H. 1879. J. Cooper. F. A. W. W. J. Thomas Strohm. L. The following shows the pastors who have served. 1885-86. Elder Fleegal. W. F. 1858. 1867. but steps are now being taken to The present pastor is Rev. Price. 1854-55. John W. Arnold. S. 1880-82. its being provided the next year. E. 1882-85. S. The wooden structure erected in 1877 is still in use. Weidler. A. 1873. in 1868. it was a mission of Grace Methodist Episcopal Church of Harrisburg. 1868. Thomas M. B. W. I. The United Brethren (Centenary) Congregation was organized in 1867. Wood. 1902. Among the early pastors were John Stringer. as shown by the church records. W.

The African Baptist people have two churches at Steelton. Gosweiler. rector. A. The Church of God has two church organizations in Steelton. . C. Mumma. C. Smith. Jacob Miller. Mack. This congregation worships in a frame building at present. L. Farrell. edifice in which they now worship. John's Evangelical Lutheran congregation was organized in 1875. It is a was erected in wooden building on the corner of Second and Linedifice coln streets. modern The Reformed congregation erected a good brick build- ing in 1890. which later they purchased for two hundred dollars and remodeled it. J. The African Methodist Episcopal church first owned a frame building which in the summer of 1905 was torn away and a good brick edifice erected. but in 1874 was made a station by itself. Mark's Evangelical Lutheran church 1895. Evers. J. This ser\^ed well the purpose for which it was erected until a good brick house of worship was built in 1893. including that of the Greek. with Rev. style The edifice. Trinity Protestant Episcopal Mission. St. on the West side. This church was formed First Presbyterians of Steelton in 1896 erected a in 1881. J. Mark's. In 1868 it became connected with the Highspire appointment. known as Main Street Church. Smith. known as St. H. Philips. St. The United Evangelical congregation worships in a frame structure erected several years ago. The larger of the two erected a good brick edifice in 1902. was established in 1882. V. Another Lutheran Society was formed. W. O. S. F. A. Among the pastors serving were: J. whose building is a frame structure. James Catholic Church was erected in 1878. St. and a building provided the same vear. Hutchinson. Light. B. G. The Catholic denomination is strong at Steelton. There are several smaller Catholic churches. R. E. built of wood.HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY 255 was held in the old school house. and in 1873 with Churchville. In South Steelton is located the German Lutheran church. and each a house of worship of their own. D. In 1905 the Hebrews of the place began to build a Synagogue in which to worship. They also have one in lower Steelton. H. Peters. in 1899. The present frame edifice was completed in 1900. The erected a good brick Central Baptist congregation of the West Side.

178 1. of Philepna. This old twostory frame edifice.. Their first place of worship was a house of logs. w^as made a part of the Millersburg and Berrysburg Circuit in 1866. Oakdale and Cross-Roads. Union Salem Church (Lutheran and Refomied). a church same year. 1802. ren. The Methodist Episcopal Church here. "Shoop's Church. with its antique and venerable steeple. when the present building. A Methodist Episcopal Society was formed about 1870. David Harman. on June 5. John's. but not being fully paid for. and the third.256 HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY BERRYSBURG CHURCHES. Philip Bechand Reuben Wise. Near the Upper Paxton line. the Lutherans of is the pride of finest churches. and is one of the aside from Harrisburg. On January 19. but in 1870 changed and coupled with Berrysburg. on land the congregation : new church tel. daughter of Henry Umholtz. was in built 1844. in which preaching was then had. and Washington townships were 1780. are the United BrethChurch of God. in Dauphin county. organized in 1826-7. who. organized a church congregation called St. St. daughter of Christian Schnug. 1797. The Lutheran and Reformed churches erected a building in conjunction. 1780. Sr." Lutheran and Reformed. built the LOWER PAXTON CHURCHES. An Evangelical Association was organized 1846. The first baptism was December 3. May 8. In this year the deacons were Christian Schnug and John Matter. It stands on a high ridge one mile from Berrysburg and three from Elizabethville. in the north part of this township. stood until 1876. It was built in 1798. John's Evangelical Lutheran Church edifice Lykens Valley. was early in this Among . the second. the United Brethren organized a large congregation and have ever been a power for spiritual good in the community. a briclc structure ninety by fifty-five feet. erected. of Catharine. has in owned since 1780. May 13. and rebuilt in 1873. was not dedicated until October 24. was erected. of Hannah. 1 78 1. Michael Enterline. and the churches of this township. when a school-house was first The settlers in Mifflin Gemians. Services were held in the private dwellings of the members until 1791. The first pastor was Rev. the following building committee were appointed to erect a edifice John Matter. daughter of Nicholas Schnug. the latter abandoned in 1877. erected about 1766.

who were then the main farmers of this region. to William Cochran. one of the early and prominent settlers in that section. Knower. and built a log meeting house in which both worshiped. In 1783 the Lutherans and the Reformed Church organized two congregations. Geiger. H. and from 1826 to 1838 about one-half of the time was used for school purposes. there were sufficient Germans here the first invite the attention of traveling missionaries. . and James Green as said trustees. Mower and S. This conveyance was made November 6. Yeager. A. and baptized June 5. 1784. pastors may be named: Rev. J. same year.HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY section. with a good fence. D. — HALIFAX CHURCHES. William Forster. and w^hile The religious element still predominates in this township. son of Christopher and Rosina Shoop. "Hill Church. By 1838. E. Hughes. 257 to As early as 1771. both dated May 4. many have been the modern-day changes in church build- ing and ministers. The expenses of its erection were principally met by the Scotch-Irish settlers. 1796. W. A. Among bap- tisms the is recorded that of Johannes Schupp (Shoop). upon which it stood. an agreement was entered into whereby Mr. 17 S. It was first called "Beckstein." in honor of Johannes Shoop." On October 11. F. born May 5. List. Rev." About 1770 a log house was erected for a meeting-house on the land owned by Robert McCord on the site of the "Hill Church Cemetery. the membership had so decreased that the organization was abandoned and the building sold The to Anthony Loomis. W. Riddle. William D. Hunkle. P." but soon changed to "Schupps Kirche. Among the early marriages there recorded are those of Philip Frederick Shoop to Elizabeth Nass. V. the same Gospel was expounded and faithfully lived by the early pioneers. and Carl Welker to Catherine Nass. and this old log structure (weatherboarded) held two hundred persons. 1771. L. money received for it was used to pay the expense of enclosing the grave yard lot. McCord stipulated to convey by deed said lot to the trustees of the Middle Paxtang Presbyterian congregation. John W. who moved it to the village proper. The congregation at one time was very large. The United Brethren Church In Christ formed their society in Among the earlier 1840. Gosweiler. V. 18 13. ' ' The Lutheran Church was at first a one-story log structure. erected in 18 14. and a neat church was provided in 1868. Joseph Young.




latter coming In 1881. This denomination still maingood soiciety at this point, and worship in a good building. About 1799 and 1800 several Methodist families settled In around and the village of Halifax. Three members of them, James Ferguson, Robert Bowes, and Thomas Burrell, who had emigrated from Ireland, located in the town. Soon after, Philip Shephard established himself three miles above town, and George Lemon four miles below town, both families coming from the lower end of the state. About the same time five or six more families of the Methodist Episcopal church settled in Lykens Valley, and John and Daniel Miller settled near the mouth of Wiconisco creek, where they laid

Funk, the

tains a

out Mlllersburg. Two or three miles farther up the valley settled Daniel Stever, an old soldier of the Revolutionary war, and the first Methodist exhorter in the county. About this time John Motter, Philip Verner, John Deltrich, and Samuel Wells located ten miles farther up the valley. Just a few miles from the Dauphin county
line. In

Schuylkill county, lived

Henry Kunzelman, who afterwards

became an

itinerant preacher of the

preaching in

German language.

In the

summer of 1801

the Philadelphia

Conference sent out Rev. William Rose, an Irishman, as a missionwho, after making several excursions through the upper end of Dauphin county with the view of establishing permanent appointments for preaching, organized several classes and preaching appointments, one in Halifax, one near where Mlllersburg is, and one near where Berrysburg is. Next year he was followed by the eccentric Rev. Jacob Gruber, who preached In both German and English. The Dauphin Circuit, was then fully explored and organized, embracing Dauphin, Lebanon, and parts of Schuylkill county, making a six weeks' tour, day or night appointments, besides the Sunday labors. This territory now embraces twenty circuits and stations (or, as old Father Gruber called them, tobacco patches), supporting from one to two ministers each, with at least two preaching appointments each Sabbath. In 1834, Harrlsburg

and in 1837 the circuit was divided, making mountain the line, the upper end forming Halifax Circuit. Afterwards Lykens and Wiconisco were made into a circuit, and Williamstown into a station, with other sub-divisions hereafter to be noted under the heads of the various towns. The old log meeting-house in Halifax was probably the first Methodist edifice in the county, and was built in 1806. The Methodist Society is one of the two church organizations of the place today. They have a good building.


cut off as a station,






Presbyterian congregation was formed April 6, 1850, when members entered into solemn articles of covenant and

Prior to this Rev. Dr. DeWitt, of Harrisburg, preached here in the school-house and at the old "Hill Church." Rev. George R. Moore came June 21, 1848, to officiate; he was orThe church dained the following October and formed the Society.

was dedicated






Patton, of Philadelphia,

donated a fine bell, and Miss Monroe and others of Wilmington, The pastors came as folDelaware, donated a communion set. lows: George R. Moore, 1848; Rev. Davis, Rev. D. C. Meeker, 1876; Rev. R. F. McClain, 1885; Rev. F. M. Baker, 1889; Rev. Present Robert F. McClaIn, 1900; Rev. P. H. Hershey, 1903.
pastor, Robt. F. Sterling.

Episcopal Church was taken from Halifax in This was frame church was erected in 1837. good 1838. burned January 12, 1888, and a new modern-styled brown-stone edifice was erected the same year, valued at $7,000. Zion's Lutheran Church first worshiped at "Hill Church," but in September, 1849, decided to build in town, and that year commenced work on a lot of Mrs. Gross. It was a joint affair between the Lutheran and Reformed Churches. The comer stone was set August 10, 1850, and the dedication took place February

The Methodist


The Evangelical Alliance built in 1872. The pastors 2, 1851. Zion's Lutheran Church since the year 1882, have been: Revs. B. Fishfer, D. W. Bickler, J. M. Shoop, D. F. Kostenbader, H. S. N. Disslnger, R. F. Andrew, L. Kriedler, G. A. K




Wiest, and M. L. Heister. In Middle Paxton township, outside of Dauphin, the United Evangelical church built a neat frame house in 1898, known as The same denomination (Trinity) or "Fishing Creek" church. built a church at Uniontown (Pillow postoffice) about 1898, and also one at Williamstown and one in Lower Paxton.

The United Brethren began

have preaching



as early as 1840, services being held at private houses of those

In 1842 a congregation was formed, Conrad Smith of this faith. In 1843 ^ ^^^^ stone being a leading spirit In the movement. chapel was erected and on the same site another was built in 1857 of brick. Among the early pastors were: Revs. Miller, Kephart, Farrell, Carpenter, Stehrwalt, Smith, Meily, Loose, Light, Garland,



Killian, Z.

A. Wiedler, 1886; Rev. Bowman, 1888; J. B. 1888-91; J. M. Mumma, 1891-93; L. R. Kramer, 1893-96; J. A. Lytler, 1896-99; E. O. Burtner, 1899, and A. A. Long, who was pastor in 1907. The brick edifice built in 1857 still serves. It has been remodeled in its interior, however, and fully meets the present day requirements. Methodist Episcopal: In 1857 out of the Dauphin circuit was formed Hummelstown station. Among the pastors who have served at this point are: Revs. Gregg, 1857; C. L. Stineman, 1858; Gideon J. Barr, 1859; John C. Gregg, i860; Jacob Slichter^ 1861-63; J. O. Sypherd, 1863; M. Barnhill, 1864-66; F. M. Brady, 1866-69; L. Hubbs, 1869-72; E. Potts, 1872; J. M. Gable, 1873-76; Richard Kaines, 1876-79; J. T. Gray, 1879; Jonathan Dungan, 1880-82; George Alcorn, J. M. Wheeler, Thomas Maclary, Walter L. Shaw, Willmer Coffman, Edward Cline:, E. F. Hawn, E. R. Williams, F. C. Spencer, E. W. Rushton, F. J. AnThe last-named came in 1906 drus, H. F. Hamer, G. C. Gray.



serving in 1907. In 1852 a church was organized as the Dauphin and Hummelstown Mission. The church was erected in 1852-53, a neat frame structure. The congregation is small, but a very devout

and was


At present they

are supplied with preaching by different

students from college towns.

The (Bethel) was formed in 1874. In 1876, were held in the Engine Hall. on South Railroad street, was erected a brick church. The first The Church




years' services

Owing to changes this society finally pastor was S. P. Stoneseifer. abandoned the field and a few years ago sold their church property. The Dunkards have a society here and a neat frame chapel,
near the town. Zion's Evangelical Lutheran congregation was organized in 1765, and the first church edifice, a log structure, was completed May 16, 1766. The church receipts for building the meetinghouse and all other pui-poses from 176;; to 1768 were £140 iSs. The original building stood 6d., and the expenditures £127 is. 4^.

from the present edifice, and was deDavid Eckstein was the paroDecember, 18 17. chial schoolmaster from 1792 to 1805, and kept school in the old The present stone church was erected in 18 15 and log church. 1 8 16 and remodeled in 1855, making it now one of the most atAll that can be learned from tractive church edifices in the county. the few fragments left of its early history is that Maj. Frederick Hummel was the chief member of the building committee, and that

some twenty or
stroyed by

thirty feet

fire in

and during


Rev. Michael Enterline served the church as pastor until 1780, his administration baptized seventy-one children, confirmed eighteen catechumens, and administered the communion to one hundred and forty-eight persons. Among the early pastors were: 1771-81, Michael Enterline; 1781-95, William Kurtz; April 15, 1804, to April 5, 1807, John Frederick Ernst; April 5, 1807, to June 23, 181 1, John Paul Ferdinand Kramer; June 23, 18 11, to June, 1 8 19, John Henry Vanhof; June, 18 19, to October 6, 1822, Charles Rudolph Denime; October 6, 1822, to December 5, 1830, Peter Scheurer; December 5, 1830, to October 27, 1854, Henry G. Stecher; October 27, 1854, to November i, 1856, George Haines; November i, 1856, to February i, 1857, John F. Probst; 1857-61, A. S. Link; 1861-67, Eli Huber; 1867-73, P- Rizer; July

1873, to 1877, P.



B. Crist; 1890-1900,

Mack; 1877-85, J. H. Leeser; 1885-90, H. S. Snyder; 1900-5, L. C. Manger. D.

Burt Smith was
ings in

pastor in 1907.



the society completed one of the Hnest church builda large

Dauphin county.
of dollars.


edifice costing

many thousand

Reformed Church: When Frederick Hummel laid out the in 1762, he set apart a lot to the Reformed congregation for church purposes. The first building was a log house, built jointly by the Lutheran and Reformed .congregations. It was burned December, 18 17. They built a church of their own in 1855, which is
still in


Rev. Philip Gloninger, of Harrisburg, sensed the con-

gregation from 1808 to 1824. were Peter Heffelfinger, Sr., and

and Samuel Brightbill. who married here Miss Elizabeth Earnest, and after several years' faithful ministry removed to^ Bloomsburg, Columbia county. He was followed by Rev. Samuel Seibert, who continued some years, and resigned in favor of Rev. Daniel Bossier, who preached for some seventeen years every four weeks in German. He was succeeded in 1853 by Rev. D. G. Heisler, who continued until 1856. The religious services up to 1853 were conducted in the German language only, but after that, under Rev. Mr. Heisler, were alternately in English and German. Up to 18^5 the congregation worshiped in the Lutheran Church, first in the log edifice burned in 1 8 17, and afterwards in the stone building erected in In 18 15-16. the Lutherans edifice, having decided to remodel their church 1855, the Reformed congregation was compelled to vacate, and removed temporarily to what was then known as the Middle school-house.

Under his pastoral care the elders Henry Seig: Deacons, Jacob Duey, His successor was Rev. Joseph La


the 8th of January, 1855,


resolved to erect a church




laid in the following

the corner-stone of which


by Rev.

Mr. Leinbach, Rev. Messrs. Gans, Kremer, and Huster participating in the ceremonies. The dedication occurred December 23, 24,
This church cost $5,221. Rev. D. G. Heisler con25, 1855. tinued until 1857. The next pastor, Rev. M. A. Smith, came in December, 1857, and continued until 1866. At this time the charge

known as Shoop's, Wenrich's, Union Deand Hummelstown, with preaching here every two weeks. The next pastor. Rev. Samuel Kuhn, came in the spring of 1867, and continued until 1877, when he resigned. No pastor for some time, preaching being supplied by the students of Franklin College. During this year the church was made a separate charge, and in May, 1877, Rev. A. R. Bartholomew was installed pastor, who remained until the fall of 1878, when he accepted a call to Jonestown, after which came the following pastors: Revs. A. R. Thompson, A. S. Stauffer, J. F. Moyer, R. W. Miller, J. Grant Walter, G. Gerhard, Louis C. Hornish, Rev. John P. Dieffenderconsisted of congregations




About one mile

east of


The ground upon which it stands adjoins farm, known as "Walnut Bottom," and

an old Mennonite church. the old Crouch-Jordan it was taken from the

Freshford farm, which was patented December 4, 1804, to John Mumma, Sr., and contained two hundred and twelve acres. January 15, 181 1, he sold one hundred and twenty-one acres to his son May 9, 18 16, John Jr. and wife sold thirty-seven John, Jr. square perches to John Nissly, Sr., Martin Nissly, Christian Mum-

ma and Henry Gaymon, members

of the old Mennonite Society,

for "as long as they and their heirs and successors possess and confess to the old Mennonite Creed, or Society," and conditioned that

"there shall be a house built on said lot, with money of the several members of the Society, whose names are hereto annexed, with the amount of money by each subscriber, viz. John Nissly, $30, owned the Rutherford farm; Christian Roop, $20, brother of the U. B. preacher; Martin Nissly, $40, father of Judge Felix; Jacob Nissly, $40; John Mumma, $20, grandfather of Isaac; Christian Mumma, $30, Isaac's father; Martin Nissly, $35, big Mart's father; John Wilhelm, $15; Rudolph Martin, $20, owned farm below H. S. Wilson; John Nissly, $20; Henry Strickler, $20, of Derry township; Ulrich Strickler, $20, of Derry township; Henry Horst, $20,

below Middletown, Londonderry;

Jacob Oberholtzer, $5;




Roop, $20, (Rev. Jacob) John Nissly, $10; Jacob Heicher, $5, grandfather of M. U. H.; Isaac Long, $15, owned I. Mumma farm; John Landis, $8; Henry Herr, $10. To be occupied as a Dated December 10, 18 15." church and school house. In size, the church was about twenty by thirty feet, with a low story and coned roof and erected of logs, but afterward weatherIt stood for fifty-seven years, when it boarded and painted red.

was torn down, and




^^^^ one-story brick building




occasional services are held.



minister out of the congregation

the ancestor of that family

was John Mumma, Dauphin county. Afterward

of the ministers for this congregation; he resided and farmed north of Middletown on land now owned In 1856 Nathaniel by the estate of the late Colonel James Young. Shope, a native of Paxtang, was by lot selected as one of the minisHe resided ters, and in 1863 was ordained bishop in the church. Gaymon farm, loand died on his farm, known now as the Henry Mr. Gaymon cated about one mile northeast of "White House." was Mr. Shope's father-in-law. The last minister to be drawn from this congregation was Henry, a son of Bishop Shope.

Andrew Miller became one




Reformed and Evangelical Lutheran Churches belongs

the honor of organizing and erecting the

church building


The frame building on opposite side is the first church erected in the borough of Harrisburg, used jointh' b}'
Zion Lutheran Church and Salem Reformed Church.

Harrisburg. This was effected in 1787, and the log church stood on lot No. 187, the corner of Chestnut and Third streets, and was donated by John Harris, founder of the city. The first records



of the Reformed Church bear date October i8, 1788. Many of them are produced in the appendix to this work, as translated from The spelling in the English records is copied from the German.
the original records. From this pioneer but truly devout beginning has grown up the high type of religious sentiment which one finds prevailing in Harrisburg, which city now supports about eighty church organizations.

Quite early

the eighteenth century large

grants from the Palatinate


a settlement in

numbers of emiPennsylvania. By

no means did
their Bible,

the big seas, but

beyond came as true worshipers, and brought with them hymn-book and church catechism, and when a sufficient

these God-fearing people leave their religion

number had arrived

congregations were organMinisters were then invited to come and dwell with them, or visit them, as the case demanded. By these good men of God the early settlers were permitted to have their children baptized according to their own peculocality,

any one

different sections of the Province.

liar faith

and mode.

mother church for a paswas sent to the Province, arriving in Philadelphia on September 6, 1747, and On the 23rd of the same month he at once entered upon his labors. came to Lancaster, Pennsylvania. He continued his gracious labors as preacher and organizer in that and adjoining counties, extending his visits as far as Frederick City, Maryland. Wherever he went he preached the Word of Life, baptized, and held communion services, uniting the various societies, and more closely connecting them with the mother church of the Fatherland. At this time no church building had been erected at Harrisburg, but all denominations worshiped together, when a minister
In 1746 application
to the

was made

and Rev. Michael

Schlatter, of St. Gall, Switzerland,

came, in the one-story log school-house then standing at the foot of Capital Hill, on the north corner of Third and Walnut streets. When the tovv-n was laid out the pioneer settlers took measures for the erection of a church building, and John Harris, the town's founder, granted lot No. 187 on the town plot, situated at the corner of Chestnut and Third streets, for that purpose. The subjoined is a

copy of the English and also the German subscription erection of the "first church in Flarrisburg."


for the



We, the subscribers, do each of us promise to pay, or cause to be paid, unto John Norton, Christian Gunclcel, George Redig, and Henry Brunner, or their order, on demand, the sums annexed to each of our names respectively, to be held and appropriated by the said
John Norton,
Christian Gunckel, George Redig, and Henry Brunner in purchasing materials for and in building a church and schoolhouse in some convenient part of the town of Harrisburg for the use In witness whereof we have hereunto set our of the subscribers. hands, with the sums annexed, this 12th day of March, A. D. 1787.

£. 2





Christian Gunckel


Montgomery Moses Gilmor John Hamilton John Brooks John A. Hanna John Kean Michael Capp John Joseph Henry John Titsworth

o 15 o 10


o 10 O 15 o 15 o 15
2 12

o o o o o o o o

Dec. 21, 1787,

Mr. Henry


part his subthree dollars



Zimmerman Thomas Hartley, upon
flection, in addition







Samuel Bern-hill Henry Fulton Robert Stevenson Alexander Power George Dieffebach
Stephen Stevenson George Fackler F. O'Ferral (run off) ...

o 15 o 7 O lO O 7


Stephen Chambers Peter Hoofnagle Jonathan McClure, Esq. Henrich Eilman

o o o

015 015

o o

6 6

017 015
O lO

o 10 o 7
o 7 o 7 o 7 o 15

o o o o
6 6 6 6

Benjamin Bomberger ... Michael Ansbach George Rabsom William Gleht


7 7 7

6 6

o o o o

6 6 6 6



Jacob Henning

Samuel Grimes Richard R. King (his

James Duncan Andrew Armstrong (hart


5 5

mark) Adam Boyd John Hoge Samuel Boyd John Ebert Michael Bohl Christian Schwink Henrich Bohl James McNamee Alexander Graydon Alexander Barr James Sa\^'yers Robert Barr George Frier
Jeremiah Rees


George Hartman Hanes Flickinger

o o




o o


Charles Bauermeister

o o o o

5 7

o o

O 5 O 7 o 5 O 5 o 10 o 2 o 7


o o o
6 6

John Boyd Richard Dixon McClelland & Reynolds Adam Natcher Martin Bundlagel William Crabb J. Hubley John McChesney
Joseph Smith Johannes Herse Charles Stewart Peter Hershey

o o O

o o o

5 7 7

o o o o
6 6


6 6 6

O o

6 6 6

7 7


Due in cash Thomas Hartley

o 10 o 7





David ]\Iontgomery .... John Wilkes Kittera .... Jasper Yeates, Esq Haben wir Emfangen von der Kord (court) vor
Kirch in Harrisburg John Spajd Frederick Kleckner Johans Koeller

o 7 o 15 o 15

George Benedick William Kelso

o o







Pfarrer Schweitzer



Tag Holz
4 10 o 7

geschleft ...



o o


emfangen vor den ueberrest von Stein und Kalck vor die Kirch zu bauen




George Hojer





Henrich Brunner Jacob Zollinger George Fritley Vallentein Horter Karl Henrich Henninger John Phul Johannes Dentzel
. . . . . . . .




o 15

076 o

10 10 10 10

o o o o

Frantz Leru Michael Wolf



Cornelius Cox Forster George Schuetz

Michel Kab

o o 7 O 5 o 7 o 15

Georg Schoederin
Frederick Clackner Jacob Silsel (run off) ....

o o o o o
15 15 15 15


o o o

Conrad Bombaugli
Peter Bollinger (run off)

o O o 5 o 5 o 15
o 12
. .

John Hocker Michael Filbi Johannes Huessner George Leru

Jacob Welschans Henrich Boeder Jacob Weber Jacob Weber darauf bezahlt

Michael Kab emfangen





sum having been

secured, a log church



depth of thirtyfive feet on Cherry alley. The lot had a front of about fifty-two feet on Chestnut street, and was two hundred and ten feet on Cherry alley. As the church was to be used by all denominations, the subscription list very properly recited that the edifice was "for the use of the subscribers," and for many years clergymen of different denominations officiated in it. A majority of the persons who affixed their names to the list, however, were those who professed the doctrines of Martin Luther and Ulric Zwingle the building was owned, occupied and usually worshiped in by the German Reformed and Evangelical congregations. In fact, this church union continued until 18 14, when the Lutherans built their church between
a front of thirty-five feet a

on Third


They sold their instreets, on Fourth street. church of logs and the lot on which it stood, in In 1791 the same two denomina1 8 16, for one thousand dollars. tions erected a school house on the same lot.
Market and Chestnut
terest In the old

After the death of John Harris


his heirs released for live shil-

lings all their interest in the church lot to the trustees of the Re-

formed and Lutheran churches. The first pastor of the Reformed Church was Rev. A. Hauntz, and of the Lutheran, Rev. F. D.

The first records of this church bear date October 18, In March, 18 12, Rev. Philip Gloninger, George Hoyer^ 1788. Frederick Kelker, Nicholas Ott and Frederick Boas purchased of Joseph Allen lot 186, adjoining the old church property, for $1,400, April i, for the exclusive use of the German Reformed Church. 18 16, the German Reformed congregation purchased for $1,000

the interest held by the Lutherans


the old church lot

and build-

July 3, 181 8, the German Reformed Salem Church of Harrisburg was incorporated by the following persons Trustees Christian Schaeffer, John Zinn Elders, George Wetherholt, John Kelk:


Deacons John Horter, John S. Wiestling, George Kunkle, Jacob Hise Members M. Rahm, A. Dorsheimer, George Hoyer, Henry George, Jacob Miesch, Jacob Cunkle, Jacob Hoyer, Jacob Bucher, George Snyder, Frederick Beisel, Joseph Doll, John Hener;




Henry Weltshover, Jacob



David S. Forney, Jacob Steinman, Jacob Greenawalt, Peter Bachman, Jacob Kunkle, Samuel C. Wiestling, Jr., Samuel Swartz, Conrad Knepley, Michael Derstein, Nicholas Ott, John Horn, David Beissel, Peter Snider, Daniel Snider, John A. Stehley. January 15, 182 1, at a meeting held in the old church, at which Frederick Kelker presided and John S. Wiestling acted as secretary,, it was resolved to erect a new church, fronting on Chestnut street, and the following persons were selected to act as a committee en subscriptions John Bucher, John Kelker, John Zinn, John S. Wiestling, Rev. John Winebrenner, John Horter, Frederick Kelker, Conrad Knepley. Three weeks later they reported six thousand dollars in cash and subscriptions, and the vestry were instructed to contract for a building. March 8, 1821, a contract was let to Samuel Pool and Henry V.Wilson for the erection of a brick church sixty by seventy-five feet, WMth a tower one hundred and ten feet to the top of the wood work. The building was to be completed by July i, 1822, and $8,000 was the price. In order to bring about this end the old log school house and the brick building had to be torn down. The corner-stone of the new structure was laid with imposing ceremonies on June II, 1 82 1. A bell procured in London, weighing 677 pounds and costing $346.56, was hung in the tower, June 21, 1822. It bore this inscription: "T. Mears, of London, Fecit, 1822;" "May all

may summon to the grave the blessing receive." The church was dedicated August 4,




well-spent life

1822, to Jehovah.

268 HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY total cost of this church. has been carefully preserved. Isaac Moyer. April 20. Seibert. Eli Hollinger. Philip Hoke. was $8. and in January.537. 1 86 1. Jacob Derand Christian Ehrman. Salem chapel was added in 1880. which was the gift of five members of the congregaThe confirmation table. Rudolph F. Improvements were made in 1827 and again in 1841. Henry united: Fuehrer. twenty-seven others united with this congregation. Kelker and Miss Elizabeth Reily donated to the trustees of the First Reformed Church of Harrisburg a certain lot of ground fronting on Reily street one hundred and twelve feet and on East Fifth and Sixth streets one hundred feet. 1856. Seibert. Solomon Wirtz. a splendid organ added. whenever such stein . which stood before the pulpit in the tion. at the dwelling house of William H. to be in connection with the Eastern Svnod of the Reformed Church of the United States. the same year. and was used The whole building was remodeled in 1876. for the use of any persons who might thereafter unite in forming a Second Reformed Church. The following William H. The Second Reformed Cnurch was organized January 31. exclusive of the bell. In 1855 its interior was beautifully frescoed.54. Daniel Eckert. and in a later chapel. The German Reformed Church. in trust. April 24. first church since 1787. 1864.

1899. 1863. The architect was A. He was succeeded by Rev. George Kurzman. This school began with an enrollment of nine scholars. April. magnificent brick edifice on the site of their old church on Broad The pipe organ cost $2. Ranch Stein. $6. Its cost was $46. October 8. the congregation bought a large frame church which had been erected by the Second Day Adventists on Broad and Two-and-one-half streets for which they paid $6. and Rev. 1907. March 13. Richer. in August.900. preached the first sermon April 26. and Daniel Kinsley was the contractor. pastor of the Reformed Church at Middletown. September 15. a neat chapel was dedicated. The Fourth Reformed Church is situated on Market street. Rev. 1876.000. free of all debt. 1866. Fox preached his farewell sermon and departed for the mission fields of the Pacific coast.000. In 1900 the membership was but fourteen. Gring. when it was thought best to use that as a place of worship until such times as a larger fund could be raised The basement which cost for the erection of the superstructure. has served ever since the organization of the church in 1899. St. J. Through his untiring efforts the church was organized and the present edifice built. He was instructor in Greek and Latin at Mt. at the same time mortgaging their property on Reily street. Gretna Chautauqua in 1892 and professor of German and History at Mercersburg Academy. situated on the corner of Fourth and Maclay streets. Seibert was the superintendent.000. The pastor. Frederick Fox entered upon his duties as a missionary. Its massive towers and art windows make it among the most beautiful of all the splendid church edifices in the city. Rev. A. This was dedicated Sunday. William A. when a Sunday school was formed. was organized at a meeting held in Salem church.HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY 269 church might be formed. the stained windows $2. preaching both in English and German. as the outgrowth of a Sunday School organized in 1893.000 was used until the completion of the beautiful structure reared above it and which cost $20. From this beginning came the final organization above mentioned. of which William H. H. 1901. No action was taken until 1863. February 17.000. who continued until August. John's Reformed Church. a lot was purchased for five thousand dollars on Maclay street and ground was broken for a church building and the basement completed. and later sold the property on Reily street In 1905 the congregation erected a to W. but to-day numbers 275.500 and street. Numerous . 1865. The design is Gothic. and in November of the same year Rev. During the summer of 1874 the chapel was enlarged. Seibert for $6. 1868.

Schaeffer and Valentine Hummel. Martin Krieger. The above a steeple building served well as thus its was added. George Jauss. The building committee consisted of Christian Kunkle." Rev. George Emerich. An immense assemblage of people were present. in 1795 signed Saylor. After many earnest appeals to sister churches. The following are the founders of this church. Peter Brua. 270 HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY auxiliary societies malce this one of the strong church organizations of the city. Bernhard Geiger. George Hartman. who the articles of church government: Benjamin Kurtz. preached statedly until 1795. Balthazer Sees. C. and in 1822 erected a large two-story brick ler. between Market and Chestnut streets. Peter Bricker. Heni*y Moeller became first stationed pastor. George Seidel. George Ziegler. Rev. F. and the cornerstone was laid June 22. 18 14. which was now placed in position in the new church. this building was dedicated October i. D. George Youse. from near Carlisle. Frederick Youse. built by Mr. In 18 16 the congregation sold all their interest in the old church property on Third street to the Reformed Church for one thousand dollars. In the language of the original record. "to the complete surprise of everybody every pew was taken the first day. F. Johannes Ebert. about a year before. The contract was awarded to Stephen Hills. During that year the Lutherans purchased a lot on Fourth street. Schaeffer. when it served the congregation . Casper Shmidt. 18 15. Stephen Horning.. John Mytinger. Bachman. John Shock. Pews were rented in October the same year. George ZiegJohn Shock and Christian Stahl. when Rev. who desired the German preaching exclusively. and changed purpose until 1829. school-house adjoining their church. George Buks. Up to 1 8 14 the Lutheran congregation in Harrisburg worshiped with the German Reformed brethren in a jointly owned property. Matthias Hutman. The edifice is among the most attractive in the city and does credit to erection. elsewhere described. had gone to Lititz and purchased an organ. Peter Walter. its designers and the devoted society which caused its Zwingle Reformed Church was organized in 1870 by members of the Second Reformed Church. They purchased the property on the corner of North street and Church 1 alley. Christoff Sess. upon which they ereicted a neait brick build- ing in 87 1 LUTHERAN CHURCHES. Henry George Pfeiffer. George Scheile. John Fager. and erected thereon a handsome brick church.

and the cupola had two The edifice was remodeled and enlarged in 1866-67. which now — Zion Ltitheran Church. German Lutheran St. vigorously prosecuted. school-house (erected in 1822) were entirely destroyed by fire. painted white. i First i guages existing led. It was sixty-four feet front by eighty-four deep. The vestry and other members assembled at the ruins and determined to rebuild. to a separation betsveen English and German members. is a chime of eleven bells. The German portion organized the German . It was built of brick. and had a large lecture-room and several Sabbath-school rooms in the basement. an amicable separation was effected in 1843. Michael's Church. In is one hundred and seventy-five feet high. when the German portion organized the German Lutheran St. In the fall of 1842 difficulties in relation to services in the English and German lanthe tower. Michael's Church. 1839. in the Evangelical Lutheran Zion's (First) its Church as heretofore stated. Up to 1843 the pastors preached in both German and English with the exception of the first two. and the completed church was dedicated on the loth of November. The work was one hundred and four feet deep and sixty-four feet front. In consequence of the increase of both the German and English branches of the church. covered with composition.HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY until 271 October 21 of that year the edifice and adjoining 1838. who officiated in the German language alone. ^^^ is bells.

and on its site the Free Baptist congregation finally erected its church. July 8. prior to 1790. below Meadow Lane. were united After the a short distance from the town. i860. and chose Rev. In 1889 they built their present large and thoroughly modern edifice on Forster and Sixth streets. E. wrote through the American Consul to the Emperor of Germany. 1867. Its total cost was $18. Mr. PRESBYTERIAN CHURCHES. G. near Market street. The Society was regularly organized September 13. Calvary Evangelical Lutheran Church is on Thirteenth street. At first services 1843. A house was rented on East State street. J. Presbyterians of Harrisburg. 1858. G. The present (1907) pastor is Rev. In the same was inscribed a passage of Scripture and the name of the royal donor. Prior to its completion. Lutheran iMichael's Church.000. Christ Evangelical Lutheran Church is on Thirteenth street. 1844. in 1905. This building was dedicated September 15. Bethlehem Lutheran church is on Cumberland street. 1906. The old building was sold with the land on which it stood. Johnston. were held in the court house. Augesburg Lutheran church is on Muench street.272 HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY St. and in response received an elegant German Bible for the pulpit. and of the pipe organ $2. Martz their pastor. The Memorial Evangelical Lutheran Church is situated on the corner of Lutheran Fifteenth and Walnut streets. Leisman. a neat chapel was built in 1858. The first pastor was Rev. The cost of this edifice was $20.500 a lot on Forster near Elder street. S. the articles providing that services should be in the German language only. . On a leased lot at the corner of State and Fourth streets. by the Sunday School Association of Zion's Lutheran Church.000. Pfuhl. The Second Lutheran Church was the outgrowth of the Mission Sabbath School founded January 11. soliciting some befitting token for this house o-f worship. The chapel referred to was removed to Williams street. Finally the congregation purchased of Thomas Elder a lot on Second street. where they dedicated a new building July 14. to the Pennsylvania railroad company and a new structure built on west State street. Zion's Lutheran Church is located on South Fourth. and built thereon. in the old Methodist Church and in the lecture room of the Reformed Church. at the timely suggestion of William Parkhill. one of the members. The with the Paxtang church. The Luth- erans then bought for $1.500. J. During the same year the congregation was incorporated. Trinity Evangelical Church is situated on South Ninth street. and was dedicated July 20 to 22. The Evangelical Lutheran Church of the Redeemer is situated on Kensington street.

Elder. and that in order to promote peace and harmony between them and the Paxtang congregation some proposals had been made and considered. John Elder. to officiate in relation with him. At a subsequent meeting of the Presbytery. president of Dickinson Coland Rev. a copy Mr. which may have a tendency to preserve peace and unity in that part of the church "I. Dr. is taken from the records of the following account lisle. were appointed to attend at the church in Tower Paxtang. may apply and obtain supplies as assistant to the labors of Mr. Elder. the population increased and the tO' residents invited traveling preachers officiate for them on several Carlisle In October. but in Presbytery met at Carquests at 1787. promised by the congregation of Paxtang. Dicklege. and to have supplies appointed was taken upon these reApril. and to have supplies appointed to them by the Presbytery. and in which he is to preach one-third of his time.: HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY laying out of Harrisburg occasions. 'TIL That the congregation thus united." Rev. on the last Tuesday of May. Paxtang tants of "A and Harrisburg. Elder also gave of which also was laid before Presbytery. John Waugh. Revs. and be allowed to have a place of worship in the town. re- questing that they be erected into a congregation. That Mr. Davidson. shall be continued and paid by the congregation in common who adhere to these two places of worship. . 1787. in 273 1785. the that time. "II. to be paid by the congregation in common. upon consideration of the case. of Carlisle. viz. That Harrisburg shall be considered as the seat of a Presbyterian Church. 'TV. a representation of the case as concerning these people and the Paxtang congregation. forth that these people desire to^ be considered as a Presbyterian congregation. That when the congregation may judge it proper. No action meeting: representation and a petition of a number of the inhabiHarrisburg and others in the township of Paxtang was The said representation sets laid before the Presbytery and read. and the them for the pulpit services. tO' moderate and assist in the matter. held June. and a part of the charge of Rev. 1786. The Presbytery.. though not accepted by that congregation. pastor of Silvers Springs Church. agreed to propose the following articles to the consideration and acceptance of these people. they shall have a right to choose and call a minister as a colleague with Mr. 1787. Elder's salarv. a petition was presented to the Presbytery of from residents in Harrisburg and the parts adjacent.

when It was used. Elder. which when obtained." may agree. In 1793. Elder now officiates. and should such supplies be applied for when Mr. Elder is to be in Paxtang." which to-day would be neither (size of card really moral. the expense shall be defrayed by those who do not belong to Mr. The ticket in this "gift enterprise. until his death in July. III. Elder's congregation and such as may think proper to join them. Elder continued to be sole pastor of the two congregations of Derry and Paxtang. Christian or legal. That the congregation when able. the — Harrisburg. then the supplies shall officiate in town. held in the loft of the old jail until the erection of the court-house. after which he served at Harrisburg only. year later the Harrisburg Church was regularly organ- A with Moses Gillmor. John Elder shall continue to have and receive during his life of incumbency. or a majority of them may choose. then he and the person to supply shall preach in rotation. and can obtain. 1792. In April. the latter including Harrisburg. his congregation and Harrisburg ment "I. public worship That the congregation shall have two stated places of the one where Rev. IV. Adam Boyd and Samuel Weir as ruling elders. one by three inches). an application was made to the legislature for permission to raise by lottery a sum not exceeding five thousand dollars to buy a lot and erect a church thereon. the one in the country and the other in town. Rev. or when they think proper. That the Rev. apply to the Presbytery for supplies. all the salary or stipends that he now enjoys. Worship was but later was permitted to preach at Middletown. Mr. read as follows: ized. Elder. to be paid by his present subscribers. . may invite and settle any regular Presbyterian minister they. and continue That Notwithstanding the permission granted by these articles. As it was customary in those early days to raise money for benevolent purposes by lotteries. Mr. Paxtang and Harrisburg. as co-pastor with Mr. as he and they other in his labors in Derry as usual. II. who shall officiate as to preaching in the manner specified in the third proposal. Elder be in Derry. but should Mr. Snowden was ordained and installed pastor over the congregations of Derry. Snowden's pastoral relations had ceased with Derry and Paxtang. Mr. the congregation may for the present.: 274 inson and HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY at Waugh reported that they had fulfilled their appointPaxtang and that the following had been agreed to by Mr. Nathaniel R. 1796.

1808. which was completed. the took place from June ist to 7th. Church Lottery This ticket will entitle the possessor to such prize as may be drawn to its number. February 3. Christian Kunkle. Adam Boyd.HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY Harrisburg \ 275 No. George Brenizer. and the drawing March First Presbyterian Church erected in Harrisburg. George Whitehill. opened for worship February 12th and 13th. James Buchanan was installed pastor. Archibald McAllister and Samuel Elder commissioners for the above purpose. 1798. 1803. if demanded within twelve months after drawing.912 8. commissioners bought a lot on the corner of Second street and Cherry alley for "four hundred pounds Sterling. William Glass was the builder. William Graydon. a law was passed appointing Robert Harris. Snowden having retired June . 1804. Rev. Jacob Bucher. Subject to a deduction of twenty per centum.912 By I \ Authority. The governor approved the scheme. Adam Boyd. 16. when Rev." on which the It was edifice was erected. On June 7. 1802. 3.

The corner stone of the latter was laid October 26. i860. This building was of brick and in size was forty-five In 18 16 an addition to the front was built and used for Sunday School purposes. received in December. a call. flagration a portion of the congregation withdrew and formed the Pine The Presbyterian Church. when he was succeeded by Rev. 18 18. 1858. In 1855 he was installed pastor. 1899. The Presbytery of Harrisburg was formed in connection with the New School General Assembly and this church became a part of that Presbytery. cement. In front it was 'adorned with a portico. 1854. serving until September. 1900. 18 18. D. before the Harrisburg church had another pastor.. and covered with white 1842. Ritchie Smith. of the New York Presbytery. George B. It broke out in a small stable in the rear of the church. HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY 1805. Buchanan's time was divided between Harrisburg and Middle Paxtang congregations. was called as a colleague of Rev. Rev. J. Robinson. D. Rev. the last mentioned church edifice w^as totally destroyed by fire. D. Rev. Thomas H. the work of an incendiary. In size it was sixty-three by eighty-four feet. This was also a brick structure. D. William by sixty feet. In 1838 came a division in the general church. Street Market Square Presbyterian Church original membership worshiped in ian order.276 25. removing The congregation obtained its charter in 18 18. and soon deAfter this constroyed the church. D. Dr. supported by pillars of the Corinthan exact copy of a monument at old Athens. DeWitt. Stewart. D. burned several small frame houses. 1858. 1885.. pulpit was of Brant's City Hall. and the edifice was dedicated March 18. It was built on the corner . continuing until 1884. Rev. here DeWitt. but in October. March 31. He remained until 18 15. when the present pastor. beginning January i. January. The fine Italian marble. In July. Market street. Three years elapsed. D. until its new edifice was finished. D.. was called. In the spring of 1841 the old church was torn down and on the same lot was built a church which was dedicated February 13.

Rev. D. Pollock. Mary Cameron. six feet. including the German Reformed Church. H. E. D. and Covenant Church. and dedicated in February. and is still one of the fine church properties of the city. the church was legally incorporated by an act of The original (seven) trustees were: James Mcthe legislature. The building committee conlaid May first edifice was 12. the Senate and The corner-stone of their House chambers of the Capitol. A. Donald Cameron. Rev. The latest organization of this denomination at Harrisburg is Other organizations of this Street. A Sunday School room was built and donated to the society by J. hundred and thirty-three feet. A. Its size is sixty-six by one Hoxie. James McCormick and Henry McCormick. Pollock. D. upwards of thirty thousand dollars. B. of Baltimore. A. William C. 1875. D. M. Warford. The church was re1874. on Derry street. was settled as pastor March i860. . of Philadelphia. D. Murray Graydon and James McCormick. Church up to the time their edifice original ruling elders of the newly the architect. Simons was mick. Two years and two months after the organization of Rev. Also Olivet and is among the handsomest churches in the city. organized in 1868. Warford. under the direction of J. Henry McCorsisted of Messrs. Luther M. E. The formed church were Messrs. in the evening. Various places of holding meetings were provided. Rawn. Francis Wyeth. and 31. Cattell. N. 1859.. John Haldeman and C.. on Fifth street. Boyd Hamilton. which congregation erected a Reily and Two-and-a-half streets. Its spire is one hundred and ninetyThe audience room is fifty-eight by seventythree feet in height. C. formed in $12. Rawn. when a congregation of fifty charter members was organized. Cormick. D. D. Donald Cameron.. and the 1873. Jr. The same cost It was commenced April 15. Presbyterian Church of Harrisburg. of Washington. C. 1859. modeled about this time. B. C. D. Gurley. February i. Pennsylvania. when their present magnificent edifice was erected of brown-stone. P. Eliza McCormick and Mrs. etc. Joseph Casey and J. Burt. this church they dedicated their edifice.000 edifice on the corner of which served them until 1892. Mrs. preached the sermon in the forenopn. Church. denomination are the Seventh Westminster Church.HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY 277 of Second street and Market Square. M. C. Charles C. The legal title of the Pine Street Presbyterian Church is "The It was founded May 22. many of whom had been connected with the old Market Street was destroyed by fire." 1858. the Baptist Church.

Dyer A. Joseph C. Gardner to become their pastor. to the necessity of forming an additional Presbyterian Church In Harrlsburg. Thomas Corbitt. Clifton S. who experienced a lively Interest in the matter and promised all possible aid. February for the Baptist Griffith E. The church is in a flourishing condition. A church was formed April 2. Meetings were held in private houses. Clifton S. Eugene A. BAPTIST CHURCHES.278 HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY the Calvary Presbyterian Church. W. Hiram Baker. William White. Johnson. deacons. trustees. Elizabeth Taylor. Roberts. Ann Wilkinwho then . Jere- miah Kelley and Hiram Baker were ordained as ruling elders. Gardner. The following persons were the charter members Jeremiah Hanna Kelley. C. 1830. Milton Hefflehlnger and Harry W. Denny. Nichols came to Harrlsburg Board of Missions and proceeded to establish regular services. 1906. 19. Its officers are: G. Kelley. plain but substantial. William Wenrlch and Harry F. providing a suitable place could be had in which to worship. organized out of a former branch of Market Square Church. G. under the able pastorate of Rev. W. elders. son. . BrlstUl. Curry Taylor. The Capital Street Presbyterian Church (Colored) was formed In 1858. Sarah Kelley. of Philadelphia. Young. Green. Dyer N. Matilda : Greenly. About September 10. of Harrlsburg. Gardner visited the place September 20 and conferred with Revs. David Dougherty. but was rebuilt. at which time several Sheesley. A Sunday School was also organized. Hannah Humphreys. was erected on the corner of Elder (now Capital) and Forster streets. which was destroyed by fire In 1880. The great panic of 1857 hindered the plans. Gough. Daniel Crutchley. clerk of session Harry W. Gough. Rev. but in the spring of 1858. Rev. Young. by the following: Rev. who during the present year held the fiftieth anniversary of their Sabbath school. 1857. Robert W. the proposed church rented a large room at Walnut and River alley. Urban and Harry Kirk. treasurer. and Is still occupied by the colored people. Julia Thompson and Fanny Phillips. Denny. and preached his first sermon the following street members of Sabbath. Sarah Hawkins. McKInney. The new society invited Rev. In 1866-7 a stone edifice. at the instance of M. W. G. 1858. 1830. called the attention of Rev. Nichols. which was fitted up as a meeting-house. Abigail Rittenhouse. and he arrived at Harrisburg April 9. John W. Mary Berry. ZlUah Gallaway. DeWItt and Robinson. In October. C. of the First Church. Nancy Christy.

By September 19th following their number had increased to twenty-one. The new edifice was dedicated August 18. on Hummel street. W. on Forster street.) Church. Farrell was pastor.HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY constituted themselves the "First Baptist Mission 279 Church of Harris- baptism took place July 4. Keys appointed pastor.D. which was finished in August. and the organization ceased to exist." first The by the Hebrew people. It was a brick structure. Several efforts were made by the denomination to plant the society in Harrisburg. In the fall the congregation began the erection of a church on Front street. In 1864 another effort was made to establish a church. Three years later. and the cost of the lot and erection of building was six thousand seven hundred dollars. on which they subsequently erected a church building at a cost of about fifteen thousand dollars. on Cameron street. Roberts. and the records show that as far back as 1850 the United Brethren occupied a small church on Front street. it was resolved to renew the effort. In a few months thereafter the organization secured a lot of ground on the corner of Fourth and East State streets. ^^y. which was regularly supplied by ministers from the Conference within whose bounds it was situated. The organization of the seceding members was effected July 10. The church property was finally sold. S. and commenced the erection of a large brick edifice at the east corner of Second and Pine streets. at a session of the East Pennsylvania Conference. — . Tabernacle. It is now used It was dedicated February 5. 1862. About 1854 the congregation vacated the church building on Front street. Nichols. A mission was formed. St. a large portion of which was contributed by a member of the church. : UNITED BRETHREN IN CHRIST. Other Baptist churches of the city are The German Baptist. 1865. but it was soon relinquished. between Walnut and Locust streets. and Zion's Baptist. called the Harrisburg Mission Station. and Rev. and Jeremiah Reese. Griffith E. H. Dyer A. but not completed until 1865. burg. 1831. Memorial (U. on Marion. 1830. with a school-room in the basement. Second Baptist. Tate and Linn Banks were baptized. B.O. The original founders were William Griffith. From 1850 to 1853. 1831. held in Columbia. on Herr street. Rev. below Calder street. forty by fifty feet. when Levi L. The First Free Baptist Church had its origin in a division in the congregation of the "Church of God" worshiping on Fourth street. This was put under roof in 1858. Paul's Baptist.

This grew out of Salem Church. G. Other temples of the same denomination are the Chisuk Emuna. The church edifice was built under the auspices of Rev. Stetzell. and the Kesher Israel. Mr. They purchased the first building erected by the Methodist Episcopal people. and for some years worshiped in the lowTr story of the Sons of Temperance Hall. Bernhard as rabbi. with fifty-six members. HEBREW CHURCHES. among were Rev. The same denomination has a commodious church on Derry street. including the pipe organ. The congregation was organized about 1853.2 8o Little HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY was done during the first year. Salem Church. J. street near Elder. Park Street United Evangelical Church is on Park and Six- teenth streets. erected in 1862. having become diswith the advance movements of the church. corner of Second and South streets. at a cost of about thirteen thousand dollars. is valued at twenty-four thousand dollars. Early in 1879 a number of the members. but at the next session of Con- ference the Rev. whose services were conducted in German. withdrew and were organized by the East German Conference of the United Brethren in Christ. located on North story brick structure. Ohaf Shalem (Never Ending Peace) Congregation was formed prior to 1858. Otterbein United Brethren Church is on the corner of Reily and Fourth streets. on State street. . while the Trinity Church services were in English. Mr. on Filbert street. and still occupy the same. on Second street. This church property. complete in all its departments. Trinity Church was formed in 1874. with L. Guhl and Rev. is a one- Before its construction the whom Evangelical Association had services by v^arious preachers. and the organization of the present society was effected. Erb was appointed to the work. EVANGELICAL CHURCHES. By their united and untiring efforts they completed a large two-story brick church. In 1880 the congregation of Memorial Church determined to build a more commodious house of worship for the satisfied accommodation of the rapidly-increasing congregation. Marquart.

Alexander Bufflngton. B. 281 The 1 8 10. Jacob M. John Bond. vs. and altered and arranged a two-story brick house erected thereon for use as a meeting-house. Joseph Mitchell. assignee of Samuel Gehrman. and James . John Bur: kett. prior to that time. Joseph Finley. and agreed to convey to Mitchell lot No. first Methodist society in this vicinity was organized in but there had been stated services here by circuit riders from 1802. at a cost of fifteen hundred dollars. Methodist Society of Harrisburg. After vacating this building the congregation worshiped in a small one-story log house. George Linketter. Barret. for the sum of two thousand dollars. Amelia Henry. for the Joseph Mitchell. bounded by Third street. Mulberry and Cherry alleys. entered into agreement with Joseph Mitchell for the purchase of a lot on Pine street marked 90 and 91 in the borough plan. 18 18. Mary McMichael. the following quently owned by Jacob Miley. John Hosier. Jane Mitchell. 207. on the southeast side of Locust street. Harriet Henry. The first effort of Methodists to own a church building was January 19. 18 19. In 1820 the society erected the brick building on the eastern corner of South and Second streets. John Bond. Wood. This lot is part of that now occupied by the Pine Street Presbyterian Church building. E. when Richard McAllister. x\wl. bought for the use of the Methodas trustees of the articles of ist society. and afterwards in the schoolhouse of Mr. Jacob Allen and William Musgrave. William Musgrave. and the deed made to them February 3. between Second street and River alley. persons composed the church John Funk. John Rigg. which they had. a one-story frame building which formerly stood in Raspberry alley. sum of seven hundred and two dollars. Alexander Glasgow. 18 18. as part of the consideration for the Pine street lot. The Methodist society entered upon this lot under their article of agreement. and running back a depth of one hundred and five feet. on the lot subseIn October. to George Pearson and Jacob M. Maginnis. Ludwig Kelly. Aurora Callender. thirty-eight feet front on Pine street. 18 16. and encumbered it before it was sold to It was sold in December term. ceedings in the law was finally sold by the sheriff to satisfy a claim of Frederick Kelker. William Burton. Jane Wood. Rebecca Bond. Louisa Power. Haldeman. The trustees were then John Funk. These trustees paid in cash the sum of four hundred and fifty dollars and seventy-five cents. and there held their stated and This lot after various prodevotional services for several years.HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY METHODIST EPISCOPAL CHURCHES. east of Chestnut street. who had owned the ground.

and the structure one hundred and five thousand dollars. and the explosion that resulted shattered the pulpit. Alexander Buffington and Jacob Ettla. The property consisted of the church building and the burying ground on North street. seventy-five by seventy-eight feet nine inches. When the State House was burned in On . bored holes in the of the church. It had erected thereon a church building. the preachers on the circuit being Rev. Henry Antes. but also to pay a large debt on the church edifice itself. G. J. and the corner-stone laid in 1871. who.282 Gallagher. The congregation then numbered one hundred and seventy-five. the society was incorporated by the supreme court under the corporate name of the Methodist Episcopal Church of Harrisburg. which was afterward taken by the borough authorities and is now built upon.600. The society then numbered 209 members. 1836. corner of Myrtle avenue. 1878. The trustees at this time were Jacob Awl. These they filled with powder. HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY It was dedicated in December. John Davies. Joseph Black. 1839. Luther Reily. Ground was secured on West State street. In 1837 they purchased a lot on Uocust street from Dr. 1873. James Canning. while the main building was consecrated on the loth of March. 1820. It continued to be a circuit church until 1834. Gruber and Rev. Maclaysburg and vicinity. for the sum of $1. The governor of the state and the town council each offered a reward of one hundred dollars. June 16. subsequently passing into the possession of the Jewish congregation. when it became a station. The lot on which the church was erected cost nineteen thousand six hundred dollars. The old church on Second street was sold to the United Brethren. and the present Grace Church building commenced. ^^e chapel was dedicated by Bishop Simpson. John A. The edifice becoming tDO small.512. Locust Street Church was remodeled in 1852. which they ignited by slow matches. Francis Hodgson as pastor. to the erection of this building A few years subsequent some unknown persons entered it sills at night and. H. Bigler. but the perpetrators of the deed were never discovered. with Rev. King. after occupying it several years conveyed it to the Sons of Temperance. it was decided to erect a more spacious one. originally owned and built by the Unitarians. It was dedicated August.16. On this lot a church building was erected at a cost of $8. who greatly enlarged and improved It. This edifice is still in use. On the 28th of December. with an auger. The outrage excited such sympathy that by means of the liberal donations of money which flowed in the congregation was not only enabled to construct a new pulpit.

Richard Allen and his associates In Philadelphia^ when what Is known as "Bethel" connection was first formed. African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church was the title chosen in 1 8 16. membership. 40. Thirteenth Street Church. when the Philadelphia conference met. Pleasant Church. had been elected superintendent. from 1798. To-day there are seven Methodist Episcopal societies. betAveen Court Avenue and Third Street. Swatara. 1897. 382 borough. the Attlechurches represented were Philadelphia. which erected a $40. 72. 27. York. formed in i860. including Ridge Avenue. Paul's. From Its the this time ev^ery year the African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church held two annual conferences In New York and Philadelphia.HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY 283 February.000 edifice in 1905. Shippensburg. Fifth Street Church. St. and in . Cumberland street. so In 1830. born in North Carolina. Chambersburg. Methodist Church on Locust Street. organized in 1871 St. . Reed's Gap. Mt. this church was occupied by the State Legishiture during one session. formed in 1869. In the meantime Rev. or MIddletown. Lewis: . 9. by Rev. but a resident of New York City. at the corner of Thirteenth and Vernon streets. order to make the proper distinction and to avoid controversy word "Zion" was subsequently made a part of the title. 15. 40. Uuke's. formed in 1861. Christopher Rush. New^ Market. The aboA^e was the beginning of Methodism in Harrisburg. and the connection In Pennsylvania had grown to extensive proportions. 17.

Rev. Richardson's home was York. were Jacob D. Jersey Shore. one of the sanitary school. The organization took place in a log building at the corner of Third and Mulberry streets. and others whose names we have not been able to secure. At this conference in 1830. officers of the city. of Harrisburg. 14. Richardson. David Stevens. Richardson. 17. they informed the teacher that "in future the colored children under his tuition shall be taught in the Lancasterian school (Walnut. and Abraham Bombaugh. an honored representative of the good man who so long and so faithfully served the church. This was evidently subsequent to the time when the Wesley Union Church had been made a "station" or This congregation inentitled to the services of a resident pastor. but in November.2 84 HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY . town. In the meantime the old log church was enlarged. 1829. Jacob D. 115. by Elder Jacob D. 27. as the law directs. Crosby. Thomas Jones. was that year admitted only as a preacher on trial. The ministers in charge of Wesley Union Church. and Harrisburg. Swatara or Middletown. more readily to meet the convenience of the membership. Messrs. David Stevens. 1832. making in Pennsylvania 841 members. but he removed to Harrisburg." It is an interesting fact that the colored chidren were removed to the Lancasterian One of "the boys. and that thte commissioners will hereafter allow him no compensation for teaching said children. containing then one-seventh of the whole state membership. Popel. was organized on the 20th of August. under the immediate direction of Rev. Deacon Samuel Johnson. The Wesley Union Church. Deacon David Stevens. Jacob D. John Imshoffstall. creased in members. Pennsylvania. Archibald Orme. After considerable delay a lot was purchased . His widow is still living in Harrisburg. was ordained an elder and appointed to the charge of what was then styled the Harrisburg Circuit. though he afterwards became superintendent of the connection. Under Elder Stevens were Deacon David H. Shippensburg. composed of New Market. 31 and (for the first time) Harrisburg. who. the compensation for which was paid by the commissioners of Dauphin county. being lengthened sixteen feet. opposite Short street). David Stevens in the log building. York. and a brother named Dorsey. Richardson opened in the old log church (Third street) a dayschool. and Preacher George Galbraith. who lately deceased. following Rev. George Galbraith. Chambersburg. Huntingdon. 25' Bellefonte. In order to eke out his salary and at the same time afford opportunity to the colored children to secure the blessings of education. Rev. is yet living. Rev. Williamsport. Richardson and Rev. and realized that they must remove their church property further up in the city." Joseph B.

" but always against his wishes. the first ana last in the old church and the first in the new. on the alley. The war of the Rebellion breaking out in 1 86 1. Edward Johnson. but on South street. the congregation worshiped in the hall. with varying success. erected a church edifice of brick at the corner of Fourth street and Strawberry alley. and there were present old log church. This latter was determined upon in view of the fact that the church lot was capacious enough for any needed church improvement. and others. The lot on which the first edifice stood was later occupied by the South Ward public school. with a basement story. the first in the new edifice. facing not as formerly. This building is still in use. Rev. The pastor in charge at this time was Rev. plain brick edifice was erected at the junction of Tanner's alley and South street. The needs of the increasing population and their better circumstances forced upon them at this time the propriety of enlarging the house of worship or of entirely rebuilding. Richardson. In 1886. so later it was and is universally styled "Church of God. but in 1862 the present brick edifice was completed. It is a modern brick structure. 1839. The building was forty by fifty-five feet." (See Middletown Church history for its origin). by Rev. Tanner's alley. a new church was built on the same ground. formerly pastor In 1827. and remained In 1854 the congregation standing until the summer of 1858.HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY from the Forster estate and including Tanner's at the corner of alley. of Philadelphia. November 24. . Jacob D. Bethel) at Harrisburg. Rev. Into the new building removed on Sunday. Abram Cole. This building was a great improvement upon the its day. THE CHURCH OF GOD. having formed a congregation. Short and South and a small. David Stevens. David Stevens. Rev. between Front and Second streets. when the present edifice was erected. Rev. which had outlived the congregation to take part in the interesting dedicatory services the first elder set apart in Pennsylvania and one of the founders of the African Methodist Episcopal Zion connection in this State. which served until 1895. The first pastor in "the little church around the corner" w^as Rev. facing oa Tanner's alley. it was impossible then to carry out the idea. John Winebrenner. this congregation worshiped until i860. burg. The Church of God (Union tablished in 1826-7. 285 streets. The first pastor of this church. erected a neat brick edifice on Mulberry street. Here. was esJohn Winebrenner. In the interval of building. was the founder of the sect known at first as "Winebrennarians. his followers in Harrisof the First Reformed Church.

to June. England. was an outgrowth of Union Bethel and All Workers' Church. Stephen's Episcopal is made Thomas Church is a pioneer in Harrisburg. but there must have been at one time established services there. officiated here once each month in the old log church sit- . 1824. D. and Estherton was included on his circuit. F. in this he says "Mr.. corner of Calder. lying northwest of Lancaster.286 HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY All Workers' Bethel: In 1869 a mission and Sunday-school were established by the Union Bethel at the corner of Broad and Second streets. Barton's report was November 10. at the house of B. it was opened in 187 1. St. John Cox. James. In the spring of 1871 George Yousling secured ground and erected the church edifice on Two-and-a-half street. the latter place took the lead. The headquarters of this society was London. towards building a church upon said lot. The first Episcopal service enjoyed by the people of Harrisburg was rendered by the Rev. and his lady engages to furnish it with a good bell. 1823." There is no record of any such church having been erected. but the above society appointed a missionary to travel about from one vacant church to another. as it is stated that Bishop White preached there on sevciety for the eral occasions. 1875. The earliest reference to the phin county caster. Demming was superintendent of the school. who was sent to this section by the So- work Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts. D. Henry C. It had its origin in the Sunday-school held by Henry C. Rev. by a deed granted to the Society. A lot forty by sixty feet was secured on which the church building was erected. who are at too great a distance from any stated mission to attend divine services This gentleman has also promised to give twenty pounds himself. Nagle Street Bethel. on Hanna. and to collect one hundred pounds more among his friends in Philadelphia. gave a lot for church purposes in Estherton. Other buildings for worship by the denomination are the church edifices on Walnut. thirty-four by fifty-seven feet. PROTESTANT EPISCOPAL CHURCHES. on the Susquehanna. a merchant of Philadelphia. who from December. Bear. It was dedicated February 7. about forty miles. Although Estherton was older than Harris' Ferry. near Race street. The date of Mr. at Lancaster. Demming. North and Cumberland streets. Muhlenberg. then rector of St. William A. 1766. where there are several families belonging to the church. of the Episcopal Church in Dauin the report of the church missionary at LanBarton.

John's Day. Cox. Forster. 1827. The corner-stone of their brick edifice was laid with imposing Masonic rites on St. John Depui. and one beholding it would scarce believe it more than a quarter of old. St. June 24. and twenty-five persons were confirmed at the opening day in 1827. and admitted to the convention at Reading In 1826. The vestry was composed of John B. Fifty pews were rented.HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY 287 uated on the corner of Third street and Cherry alley. but it is now about four-score years Paul's Episcopal Church. It was consecrated May 9. This building stands on Front street. John E. William Mileham. and Joseph Curzen. James Woodman. James Peacock. Samuel Bryan. 1826.7. i8i. Fisher. Alexander C. an outgrowth of St. Wilson. George WilHam Putnam. Harrisbura:. Episcopal Church. Stephen's. dates from The building was erected in 1858. . The vestry was organized in 1825. and is still used by this congregation. James Buchanan. below Pine. With additions and improvements this old building still answers the requirements. which was given by the Reformed Church. At that date but six families could be found here avowing themselves Episcopalians. a century old.

thence by the same 170 feet." The property whereon the parochial residence now : . containing one-fourth of an acre. baptisms and marriages are recorded for 1827. where he had been a short time previously ordained. at a cost estimated at six thousand five hundred dollars. a brother-in-law of Archbishop Hughes. One year later the Rev. Shanahan. according to a sketch of the parish written in 1897. The first Catholic cemetery was located on Allison's Hill. Rev. Michael Curran arrived from Mt. Patrick's Church begin with Several deaths. his wife. as the Jesuit Fathers from Conewago visited here at stated intervals and held services. Harris. Harris. Henry Conwell. In 1824 Father Levy. was built under the direction of the architect. and side by side with. thence by the same 53 feet and nine inches. County of Dauphin. thence by the same 53 feet and nine inches to the beginning. St. lot 21. now "Sylvan Heights. 1824. first Bishop of Harrisburg. to corner of lot 22. attended to the spiritual wants of the Catholics of Harrisburg. As early as 1 8 10 "Sylvan Heights" was church property. Mary's Seminar>% Emmitsburg. 1824. Mr. Also one other lot beginning at a post on corner of lot last described. same dimensions as. Catholic Bishop of Philadelphia. Maryland. being the same lots which William Maclay Hall. who. Patrick's pro-cathedral parish. J. The original church. which later was transformed into the pro-cathedral. F. and was subsequently appointed pastor. was located within the present limits of the city of Harrisburg. William Rodrigue. surviving executor of Hester Hall. Rev." At a later date this property must have been sold. to State street. that year. "granted and conveyed unto Rt. The first Catholic congregation organized in Dauphin County. deceased. The earliest ofiicial records of St. all those two certain lots of ground situate in Maclaysburg. took the first steps towards erecting a church by soliciting contributions from the men employed on the Pennsylvania canal. marked and known on general plan of said town with the number 21. as well as Father Diven from Carlisle. to assist Father Levy. The land upon which the church now stands was bought from George W. for the consideration of four hundred dollars. by his indenture dated October 18. who by deed dated November 17. thence by said alley 170 feet to Liberty alley. Apparently a chapel must have been in existence then. bounded and described as follows One lot beginning at a post on the corner of State street and Appletree (now Church) alley.288 HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY ST. Harris and Mary E. but was purchased a second time by the Rt. granted to George W. pastor at Lewistown.

the church at Harrisburg was dedicated under the in- An vocation of St. Maryland. Emmitsburg. Father Hurley. are one hundred seventy feet St. who during the solemn mass celebrated by the Rev. assisted by Very Rev. Pastor Curran. Apostle of Ireland. "granted and conveyed by Michael Bourke and Mary. 1827. pastor of said congregaThere were also present four priests and three clerics from tion. on the first general register. and Rev. Patrick's Church.. D." by twenty-six feet three inches. admirably rendered several choice specimens of musical composition. Patrick. sub-deacon and servers. 19 . Francis Patrick Kendrick (sic) Roman Catholic The dimensions of the lot thus donated Bishop of Philadelphia. G.. his wife. D. interesting historical note by Father Currah. assisted by deacon. informs us that "on the 21st day of Octhe page of tober. 1840. Rev. Michael Curran. After the Gospel the Very Rev. Vicar General delivered a most eloquent and powerful sermon on the text. Henry Conwell. Rev. V. and of the total of church property on State street one hundred seventy feet by one hundred thirty-three feet nine inches. for the consideration of one dollar. to Rt. Bishop of Philadelphia. by Rt. 'Because seeing they see not.HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY 289 stands was by deed dated April 27.

Patrick Duffy. 1828. Most of the entries for 1828 and 1829 are signed by That Father Curran was in charge of the parRev. 1836. other year does it reappear. was succeeded by Father Foley had charge of the congregaFather Pierce Maher. nor perhaps for a long time to come shall it witness. This was done in acknowledgment of the compliment paid his family In However. money thus given was never From 1827 pastor occurs at intervals in the to 1836. or his eldest son. with the title of In no "Sacerdos. 5. the congregation quadrupled. deed in the parish tion from February.' Before there was a Catholic church building in this county. therefore. anything xiii:3) 'To God Alone Be Honor and Glory. was temporarily increased so as to require the opened services of an The name of Rev. Pierce Maher." probably meaning presbyter or priest. 1837. donated a considerable sum of money with which to build a church for the pioneer Catholics. In thirty years. who. A possible explanation of Father so magnificent." utilized for this purpose. Pierce Maher assumed charge of the parish June 1848. Father Curran's name as Register. ists. Long Island. with the title "Pr. archives dated July i. D. 1848. after a few months. The city of Harrisburg has never witand to the Real Presence. the congregation Twentyappears to have grown at a rate far In excess of normal. neither do they understand' (Matthew against the errors of ancient philosophers and modern sophThe conclusion contained a pathetic allusion to the dedication. where he still lived in The Rev. for some reason. Michael Curran. 1837. in which he signs himself pastor. and one hundred and eight In 1868. Not- . "Reverendus Piercius Maher. A congregatioris assumpsit die quinto Jitnii. to Rev. ciiram hujus baptisms as follows: assistant. the King of France. 1828. nessed. of the city and state of New York. ish even during these years appears certain from an entry of June 23. " Duffy's presence during those years olics may be that the number of Cathcanal. in employed on the construction of the Pennsylvania 183 I. Father Curran presumably resigned his charge about the beginning of the year 1836. to March. This fact is noted in the second register of marriages and 1837. or from about five hundred Increased to over two thousand souls. states that the "Rev. six baptisms are recorded In 1838. from 1837 ^o 1868. at Astoria. the naming this county "Dauphin." conveyed a portion of the property on which the parochial school now stands.790 HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY ^nd hearing they hear not." During the long period of his pastorate." appears three times among the entries of 1828. Following Father Curran's death. while Father Duffy's name appears on the register for June 27. Patrick Leary. and retired to New York.. came Father John Foley. A.

It is ninety-five feet by one hundred and seventy-five feet. and the architect .. when he was succeeded by Rev. Father Maher was succeeded by Rev. him in 1854 was about all the improvement he made. J. and about the beginning of 1873 the Rev.HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY 291 withstanding the growth of the parish. Father Hassett. 1870. 1868. In 1882 the parochial school was built on land purchased from the Rev. Its site. the risburg. St. McBride was appointed pastor of what had now become the cathedral parish of the Diocese of HarThis diocese was erected in 1868. McShane. the original church built by Father Curran remained unchanged until the resignation of Father The pastoral residenc£ built by Maher. The first Catholic Harrisburg dates to the early days of St. Shanahan. J. F. however.000. From documents in the church archives it appears improvements were contemplated by Bishop Shanahan soon after his installment. 1899. Father McBride had charge of the parish up to the year 1891. and dedicated May 14. R. well served the pui"pose for which structure^ the old church sylvania State it was constructed. The builder was William J. Rev. J. during Father Curran's administration. and the entrance formerly facing Liberty street changed to State street. 1907. and stands in the form of a cross. D. Not before the appointment of Father McBride were extensive changes undertaken. and its first Bishop. 1893. he performed the duties of that office. M. Barry about September. Father Bastible died in 1872 at Sylvan Heights. F. during the brief administration of Fathers Barry and Bastible. the present school in pastor. More room was needed and Father McBride extended the seating capacity to seven hundred people. D. Patrick's Church became the pro-cathedral of the new diocese. Sisters of Charity from Emmitsburg opened a school in a small house situated on part of the property now used for the same purpose. Patrick's parish. John Shanahan. The material used in its construction isi the celebrated North Carolina granite. He was succeeded by Rev. A large sanctuary for diocesan functions was also provided. and the cathedral of to-day was built This magnificent — second only to the new Penn- House in architectural beauty —was begun March 1904. and from that date to April 26. Rt. was removed. in the latter part of 1868. Having on 17. Rev. Germanus Kohl was appointed pastor by Bishop McGovorn. and the latter by the Rev. Pierce Maher and May Agatha Heifer. Bastible in October. Its total cost was about $250. was consecrated July 12 of the same year. and completed March i. In May. 1907. Little was accomplished.

Kaul. Koch. J. adds greatly to its beauty of design. The Harrisburg cathedral is located on State street. The interior walls are wainscoated to a height of nine feet with Oriental marble. forty-four In all. F. O'Reilly. J. J.292 HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY was George The building committee was Right Rev. which extends from the choir to the transept. V. Shanahan. Patrick. Lovatt. Hollern. In 1874 a spa- . the dome of which is crowned with the cross. ancient type of Christian churches. Two marble statues of adoring Angels. the gift of the Most Rev. They worshiped in a hall until i860. chairman. In the apse rises the majestic main altar and on the right and left in smaller apses the altars of St. Peters in Montorio. A. The original was modeled after a well known rotund temple in the cloister of a St. Pennsylvania. J. Peter's. The nave Is separated from the spacious aisles by two rows of majestic granite columns. as well as the capitals and cornice they support. between Walnut and Locust. of York. G. Rome. where It Is lost in the dizzy height of the dome. The main altar. Joseph and the Blessed Virgin. A dome two hundred feet In height rises above the transept.. with a verd antique base and crown of Conemara green. The style of this edifice is what is known as Renaissance. Hassett. F. Right Rev. tur}'. which in its esential features closely resembles the most W. Rev. In Its cruciform shape its imposing facade is surmounted by two small towers. St. Lawrence (German) Catholic Church of Harrisburg was founded by Father Dr}'er. will occupy the pedestals at the sides and thus form the required balance for the ciborlum. Looking toward the rear of the Cathedral from this point the beautiful stained glass windows. J. in April. circular In form. M. and only in a less degree the Stations of the Cross. J. Its most striking features is the central clborium. M. will soon be placed. Finally the golden outlines of the great organ are seen rising up from the choir in perfect harmony with the whole interior. Welsh became members of this committee. Christ. the widest street in the city. almost unique of Its kind In the United States. The interior presents an imposing appearance. The pavinazzo columns encircling the drums are particularly deserving of attention. between which a statue of St. attract attention at every point. a hundred feet from the floor is the graceful vault of the celling. I. when an old church on Front street was purchased. is a reproduction in marble of Bernini's famous altar in the chapel of the Blessed Sacrament of St. Later on Manager Benton and Rev. 1859. J. and M. A. now being made in Genoa. Archbishop of Philadelphia. the basilicas of the Fourth cenIts characteristic features are the substitution of the orna- mental features of classic architecture for those peculiarly gothic.

Sacred Heart Catholic Church is situated on Cameron street. ton. or relic A . as we know. would have been forever lost.HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY clous edifice 293 was commenced on Walnut street near Fifth street. Elizabethtown and Lancaster turnpike about midway between Elizabethtown and Middletown. erected a place of worship. A. which were written in 1878. except a very few in immediate vicinity to a couple of deserted burial places. Boyd Hamilperhaps the historic description of the "Conewago congregation of the Presbyterians in Londonderry township. mostly into the broad and well-watered valley of the Conewago creek. To him the reader is indebted for the facts herein narrated. Besides the foregoing churches in Day Adventists. These emigrants were from the province of Ulster. As early as July. as is supposed. Francis Catholic Church is on Market street. Ireland. St." In 1877. in Chester county. are the Seventh streets. In 1741 they subscribed a sufsum and were furnished a permanent pastor. 1878. ruinous burial place is all that is left of what was once an active congregation of Presbyterians "amid a land of gushing springs. from Newcastle and Donegal. From 1720 to 1725 many of the restless spirits of it migrated further westward. existing as a society from 1730 to 1796. This building was dedicated in September. 17 18. knew enough about It to "point the spot where active men and women rested from all earthly toil an hundred years ago. and having. now the line between Dauphin and Lancaster counties. not a dozen persons In all this county of Dauphin. 3S will be observed by the papers here embodied. (now Lancaster county) on the east bank of the Susquehanna river. there was a considerable population above the mouth of Conoy creek. CONEWAGO CHURCH Had it not been for the thoughtfulness of Mr. Genevieve Catholic Church is located on Fifth and Maclay streets. they were furnished with suppastor. and the Uni- tarian." Thus it has happened that at the period when researches relative to this extinct congregation were made. at Third and Cumberland Harrisburg. iVs long ago as 1796 all trace of the position of the church No tradition building was obliterated from the face of the earth. plies ficient remains of it. These emigrants settled mainly along the road which in after days came to be the Harrisburg." this county. They were all of the — Presbyterian faith. St. began early in 1835 to agitate the question of a settled From that time.

F. These parties had a son Hugh Hall. was a grandson. Rockwell writes: Cool Spring. There was a church at Conewago near there. and had a large assembly. C. W. organized earlier then his. "James Hall and wife Prudence (Roddy) Hall. January 24. Rev. Robt. pastor of the Westminister congregation at Harrisburg. 1877.. who died last November. have found twenty-four or twenty-five ministers of the Gospel among the descendants of James Hall and P. Mordah. To enable him to frame a reply many inquiries were instituted. 175 1-2. is certified this 20th day of August 175 i by the Session at ConawagOL " 'Thomas Bowman. Hall. & may be received into any cristian Society wherever God in his Providence shall order their lott. Ohio. S. had our Centennial celebration in August^ 1875. J. They had a certificate: 'That James Hall and his wife Prudence (Roddy) Hall heath lived in this congrigation ever Since it was erected. " 'John McQueen. N. but he replies that there are no such names on their records or tomb-stones. It is the purpose of this sketch to present a brief narrative of the steps taken to obtain information respecting an historical fact of which we were so ignorant. E. Craighead.. Gettysburg. D. near Bethany church. " 'Robert Mordah. G. The Rev. James Hall. "Last October I was in Philadelphia. at Oxford.' " are desirous to know where and whether there is any record like this any names yet remaining there like these? The first four are names of Scotch-Irish settlers here from Pennsylvania about that time. We — We We . received a letter from a clerical friend in North Carolina. who went to general assembly sixteen times and was wedded iii 1803. " 'Hugh Hall. D. It is one of some historical interesi. I saw Rev. you may see on Colton's Atlas. William A. and suggests that I write to you for information. I preach one-half of the time at Bethany Church. Hall. came here and settled on Fifth creek. the parents of Rev. that you will excuse me for troubling you with the matter. I hope. which is the name of a post office near by. and about twenty-eight females have married preachers.294 HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY Rev. West. D. Dr. He advised me to write to Rev. Van Cleave. " 'Jas. They have spread out all over the country. generally without success. says there is or was a church of that name in Dauphin county. D. & heave been partakers of sealing ordinances amonghst us. therefore. Iredell Co. & heave behaved themselves cristianly & Soberly without aeny public Scandall Known to us.

Presbytery Carlisle." in a subsequent issue of the Journal. He "7 he says piece of grounci belonging to the church was a portion of warrant bearing date the first day of August. Hall. Pennsylvania. Black never preached at 1738. etc. I derson. Joseph HenWhether the same I am enquiring for or not. J. Lancaster county. Esq. Davidson. fixing the locality of the church near Mt. from Pennsylv^ania. granted to Samuel Clark by the land office. James Hall was from Carlisle. and presided at the installation of Rev. The Church of Centre in lower end this Iredell county till 1753.: HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY 295 "In 1750 the people emigrated here." — The minutes consulted and a letter It of the original Presbytery of Donegal were those desired first number of was addressed to the Journal at It brought a reappeared in that journal in February. 'Anson till 1788. and was called 'Spear's Choice'. and letters reach me either at S. J. 1785. John Elder at Derry and Paxtang churches in Upon inquiry it was found that Mr. in which he truly fixed the site of the church. now Great names were found. preached at Carlisle in 1736-37.' states that Dr. one in Adams county. I see in minutes of General Assembly. or its graveyard. Pennsylvania. Conewago.. The land was afterwards patented to Robert Spear. Then a Middlbtown. Joy. of Middletown) shows conclusively the ownership of the spot belonging to this extinct organiza- — — tion. as he He was probably neigh- had preached in the borhood. Rowan too had a set of Next names. The call of Rev.. Templeton. sponse from Samuel Evans. Allison. have no means of knowing. Great The question of locality was set to rest by a communication signed "J. to this congregation previously. Alwine. Foster. or if not that one. in Londonderry township. John Roan. of Columbia. in 1742. Bethany is a I am located ten miles from Statesville branch of Fourth Creek. 1877. (Dr. Rev. exact location is upon the farm of Mr. Mordah. Great Conewago. Sinorth. Samuel Black was in 1741. etc. Conewago. in 'Sketches of North Carolina. Ringland. about threenot "Gainsfourths of a mile in an eastern direction from Geinburg The burg. Fourth Creek (now Statesvnlle) had different names monton.'' as on the maps formerly the village of Franklin. pastor. William H. R. 1743. R. or here. apparently in colonies. at Cool Springs. McPherson. "Since the above was written I notice that Dr. erected for Rev. Stevenson. by patent deed November 8. Givens. and called for a larger tract a which was taken on .

November 3. The patent was enrolled in Rolls Office in patent book No. as the burying ground con- more than two A number of stones. The foundation walls of the building still remain. personal examination of the burying ground was made in May. Ringland supposes to A church foundation. A warrant was granted 1742. enclosing the some important families. as the founonly twelve by sixteen feet. 1877. red sandstone.. in 1743. John Blair Linn. A great named company examined . excluding a have been burial place of — these two acres. of Bellefonte. Signed. Egle. Hon. of Middletown. William H. The stones are all undressed. This reservation was as early as 1737. are still standing. A notation in the land office book says 'the above square piece of nineteen by twenty perches is a Presbyterian meeting-house and burying grounds. by whom or to whom the title for this place was made. before either of these members of the church had any legal claim to the land. The stones are of the red sandstone of the neighboring hills many of them buried in the earth or taken from the quarry. for John Lukens. The enclosure which Dr. Tradition has it that the carpenter who built thte church fell from the roof and was killed. and Dr. It is about ten by twelve feet. There is nothing on our county records to show when. Joseph H. 1785. portion of the ground was last summer planted to corn. Esq. The church must have been is dation A and was the first person buried on the ground. and the gift was a good one. placed to mark the graves of those buried there.' The returns w^as made to the land office. though in somewhat dilapidated condition. free from all evidence of manual adornment weather-beaten as well as rough. The small space set off for the congregation was part of the lands of Clark & McKee. without date or other inscription. 'Black-haw' and other trees are growing within the area of the church wall. but there was no adverse title. but many have been carried away and put to other uses. part of this plot was prepared for corn when the above it. G. What is very remarkable there is not a tombstone or part of one with any inscription in the mass of fragments of such memorials which surround the family enclosure spoken of. S. page 99. "Edward Lynch. Nisley. In 1785 it was again sun^eyed. a very small building.— 296 HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY 202 5-8 acres and usual allowance. is a dilapidated wall. There is no inscriptive stone to tell what it really was. of Harrisburg. Clearly there is no mark of a church at this spot." The tained piece of ground designated acres. in company of Hon. 4. and a survey returned.

The foregoing list of names shows a population of about two hundred in 1740. McKee. Crouch. Robert. Walker. as well as its neighbor. Edward. Malcom. The farms are kept in very handsome condition. Gray. John. Doakes. Hall. the only pastor we have been enabled from Ulster. Chambers. Davidson. Cornelius. John. Robert. Thomas. Hugh. Peter. and names of other nationalities take their places Bence. of the Conewago place of burial are charm- iVlmost under the shadow of the frowning "Round Top" on the north and west. John. Wm. and was licensed to preach . Breese. The surroundings ing and romantic. Spear. Hugh." This spot. McNair. John. There are not a half dozen families of Scotchto name. John. George. a generous soil is carefully cultivated. Hall. descent. James. Neil. James. Mitchell. John. and at present inhabited almost entirely by persons of German Mr. Robert. Black. ]Murdoch. Another family burying place is about half a mile west of the one belonging to the Conewago congregation. John. Murdoch. Kar. Combe. McAllister. John. James. Rowland. (Widow). is in a disgraceful state of neglect. Hugh. Clark. Bridgot. James. White. Murdoch. McQueen. Thomas. Jabel.: HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY 297 After searching all the assessments of that portion of Dauphin county from 1725 to 1790. Rutherford. Joseph. McKee. Rea. John. the improvements and enclosures substantial. Shaw. Wm. Archibald. Murdoch. Wm. Bowman. Wallace. Robert. Hall. Hall. Karr. the Cornwall Hills on the east. Thos. Bowman. from 1745 to 1755. and in the more distant south the South Mountain shows its broken front. McQueen. was by the Newcastle Presby- Irish descent in the neighborhood. Chambers. Hall. many for twenty years previously. Kerr. Alexander. The inscription on the stones scattered about are in German and all bear the name of *'Gein. Clarke. Thomas. Archibald. James. Thomas. Corby. Adam. McQueen. Thomas. Richard. the heads of families of this congregation. George. Thomas. Rea. Walker. Grice. After the Revolution they disappear year by year. if not all. McQueen. Thomas. Queen. Lenox. Wm. Elliott. Hall. we are inclined to think the following list comprises most. All the names are on the tax list from 1750 to 1766. Thomas. Black. Candor. Rea [or Wray]. McAllister. John. Joseph. Thomas. Clark. James. Peter. Work. Thos. Abraham. James.

and so with all the rest. who was an ensign In . "an aged minister.Colonel (afterward General) Hugh Mercer's "third battalion of sixteen companies." Hugh Hall's wife was a daughter of James Roddy. In 1743 he appears to have gone "Missionary to South Mountain. by his second marriage. at Paxtang.298 HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY tery in 1735. In October. David McNaIr has descendants yet In Dauphin county." Opposite his name on the roll is written "of a reputable and good family In Lancaster county." If Kerr was assessed he was enrolled Carr. John Elder. and the lieutenant was John Simpson. Just as the assessor talked he wrote. Jane Murdock. In 1732. of Donegal. he came to Conawago. of Donegal. Thte orthography of the list of taxables about 1750 is something wonderful. Hugh Hall. have mostly become McCunes. daughter of John McQueen. who married a granddaughter of the Rev. father of General Michael Simpson. 1741. John McNaIr. Hugh Hall had a son." . wine. the daughter of John and sister of James. stated that "his people originally settled on the Susquehanna. the father-in-law of John Harris. and whose name appears on the assessment of Donegal in 1723. Hon. sO' numerous in this congregation. Representatives of the family In almost all Its branches still reside in Dauphin county an Instance of stability and content to be noted In the restless race from which It the Rev. All these officers were citizens of the territory of what thirty years afterward became Dauphin county The McQueens." Their captain was Adam Read. The Murdocks then lived "above Conoy. and some of A descendants yet reside In the county. The came Kerrs came to Conewago In 1730. Rosanna. who was on the Hrst grand jury in Lancaster county. — sprang. The Clarks are found in all parts of Pennsylvania and the west. 1758." when he was chosen pastor of the "Forks at BrandyIn 1738 he presided at the installation of Rev. He died there In 1770. even to dropping the national "Mac" from the McQueens." in Virginia." The family of Work removed to the west early after the Revolution. One of the family be- William Kerr. formerly member of Congress from the Montgomery district. reducing the name to Queen. John Elder. May 4. If a man paid his taxes he was marked "pate. married Captain Jamleson. married Thomas Rutherford. in A son of one of them was an officer of rank his the Revolution. in some Instances M'GuInne and M'Quoin.

He was an officer under Burd at Forts Augusta and Hunter. James Anter. years this was the only society of its character within Dauphin county. F. C. James and his descendants remained on the land he warranted in 1737. The family of Chambers permanently established themselves below Harris' Ferry. 1867. PeRobert Sloan. For many cause: Lochman. Joseph M'Gimsey. president. and his singular orthography figures in long pages of letters printed in the Pennsylvania Archives. John Whitehill. B. about thirty miles from Harris' Ferry. family of W^ray were numerous in Hanover at a later date. Roberts. The Candor and Lenox HARRISBURG BIBLE SOCIETY. Andrew Graydon. . Ranhausen. William Murray. Rev. Joha Stoner. John Wyeth. possibly descendants of the one belongin ing to this congregation. He was a colonel. when the family name is lost. August 5." where he built a fort. Schaeffer. George Mytinger. Perry C. John C. Rev. One of the name died in Harrisburg forty years ago. N. F. about 1753. Richard G. James W. Henry WhiteGeorge Peacock. R. ter Keller. Hugh Black's family has no descendants in the male line. The famous Belle of it was an only heir. hill. Si- of this society were: William Gray- don. John Bryan. This membership was made up from the most prominent citizens of the place. great force along the Swatara The Wallace creek in Derry and family. Martin Luther and Mrs. until 1830. Agnew. James Wright. Boileau. Soon after its organization the following named enlisted in the w^orthy Dr. Nutz. was uncle to the venerable Both McKees were Indian traders. It is not known to what part of the country they emigrated.HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY Adam Thomas owned a 299 farm just north of the graveyard. Dr. George Trimble. at the great age of ninetyThomas was a Welshman. Dr. who died in Harrisburg. Hanna. Valentine Egle. Nabb. treasurer. William Allison. Heisley. five years. secretary. Rev. DeWitt. marThomas. James Wright. and Mrs. M. George K. Capp. James Crouch became a prominent man in Revolutionary times. William Findlay. Leech. moved "to his upper farm. 1 8 14. of Harrlsburg. reried and removed to a distant county. settled Hanover townships. The Harrisburg Bible The original members Society was founded in February. are names not often found in Dauphin county at present. mon Snyder.

the first minister of the Gospel to settle In Daup'hiin county. C. treasurer. if possible. while the upper congregation was styled Paxtang. A. and received his education at the university of his native place. He died May 2. and their children were John and Elizabeth. 1746. Rev. He was installed November 17. 1674. Fahnestock. O. hoping. Bertram complained of the "intolerable burden" he was under with two congregations. and his remains are at rest in Derry Church graveyard. on the north side of Swatara. and the parents. terial but failed to find the lost son. aged seventy-two years. At the same time George Renick presented him an Invitation to settle at Paxtang and Derry. The compiler of this work is indebted to the Daily Patriot and Union for the foregoing facts. he was released from the care of Paxtang. they failed to come into still sowing seeds which are Pennsylvania. in the city of Edinburgh. Scotland. thinking he had come to America. of which the following were the officers in 1858: Hon. In 1735 Rev. but through being unable to prove descent. The whole were finally combined under the head of the society known as the Dauphin County Bible Society." situated in Hanover township. During the political excitement common in those days in the British Isles the son disappeared. secretary. . and September 13. bearing fruit in the commonwealth of marriage to Miss Gillespie his descendants became the rightful heirs to a handsome fortune in Edinburgh. which he acceepted." About 1706 he married Elizabeth Gillespie. In 1851 auxilliary societies were formed to the number of twelve in the county. H. Hiester. was of the Presbyterian faith. He was born February 2. He was a faithful minister. K. they came. On his a World was settlement the congregation in Swatara took the name of Derry. They finally concluded the New good place in which to live and labor. president. Rev. Hay. A. The congregation executed to him the right and title to the "Indiantown tract. William Bertram. studied for the ministry and was licensed to preach by the Presbytery of Bangor. 1736. with the scriptures. his good wife dying prior to his death. containing three hundred and fifty acres. minisqualifications and regular Christian conversation. who gave him "ample testimonials of his ordination. at the same time malcing Hberal donations annually to the parent society. to learn of his whereabouts. and the following year he was called by the Donegal Presbytery to become one of its members. Ireland. Through his possession. There were at that date one hundred and fifty members. at the meeting-house on the Swatara. They came to Pennsylvania about 1730. too. 1732.300 It HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY sought out and provided the destitute throughout the entire county.

in the city of Edinburgh." At least during all of two summers. every man who attended Paxtang Church carried his rifle with him. 1706. graduating from the University of his native city. His father removed to the Lough Neagh." as it was termed. Elder were prompt to embody themselves. Ireland. His support being reduced he took charge of the "Old Side" portion of the Derry congregaAssociations were tion. He signed the protests. preparatory for acters. Their minister became their leader their real captain and they were trained as rangers. none shone more brilWhile liantly than did "Parson Elder. Later on in the conflict he was promoted — — . and his mounted rangers became widely known as the "Paxtang Boys. Mr. vania. and the following November was ordained and installed pastor. "but the separation was ease. left Paxtang vacant. and the congregations of Mr. and for this he w^as accused That body to the Presbytery of propagating "false doctrine. years later his son followed him to this country. Then came the French and Indian war. in December. He reborn January 26. mous call April 12. intelligent and beloved charboth in religious and patriotic circles. the early-day stalwart. into He came as a the New Castle having brought credentials to that body. ceived a fine classical education. afterward Paxtang congregation Donegal Presbytery. it remains both a pleasure as well as duty to record in these pages something concerning this truly able and good man. He subsequently studied theology. Bertram He accepted the unaniadhering to the latter. Scotland. 301 JOHN ELDER. 1740. is rapidly crumbling." as he was usually called. the and tombstone mingled with the dust. and later he emigrated to the Province of Pennsylin then Paxtang township." cleared him. for the made. The early years of this devout man's ministry were not full of second year the great Whitefield excitement spread over the Presbyterian church. and Rev. Lancaster county. Among the ministry. Antrim About five county. and their minister took his. however. Elder was the second son of Robert and Eleanor Elder. or the "great revival. regular licensed minister and as such was received by Presbytery. having separated from that of Derry in 1735. October 5. formed throughout the Province of Pennsylvania for the defense of the frontiers.HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY REV. since his ashes have long erected to his memory in the old Paxtang burying-ground. 1737." and the conjunct Presbyters answered the supplications sent to them the next summer by sending Campbell and Rowland to those who forsook him. He preached against this religious furor. He superintended the discipline of his men. 1738.

" Assembly became heat of the a member of the Carlisle Presbytery. dians' lives. culminating in the destruction of the Indians on Conestoga Manor and at Lancaster. The fever "New Lie:hts" soon abated. At the time the British army overran New Jersey. and such were the members of Parson Elder's congregations. Elder went on Sunday as usual to Paxtang church. Too old to take up the sword. and without any previous arrangement. He had command of 1763. he began a short and . Upon the death of Rev. extending from Easton to the Susquehanna. they being at first in a minority. but soon settled the troubles with the "New Side" element. one after another of these re- ligious fanatics returned. however. instead of a sermon. but in the church. The union of the synods brought the Rev. During the latter part of the summer of 1763 many murders were committed in Paxtang. Robert Smith and George Duffield. the minister of Paxtang and Derry assisted in raising the quota of troops allotted to Dauphin county. boldly proclaimed this theory The Quaker authorities seemed determined on extreme measures and denounced the frontiersmen as "riotous and murderHe took sides with the border inhabitants and sought to condone the deed. the mission While ious it is true the it derous savages. his comdating from July ii. Peace. by leave of the Synod. not only in civil affairs. In 1775 he delivered a powerful sermon on behalf of independence. when. "Letters from a Gentleman in one of the Back Counties to a Friend in Philadelphia. During the controversy which ensued he was the author of a pamphlet. naked and half-starved troops.302 to HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY rank of colonel by the provincial authorities. Mr. Elder had prevloss of the In- knowledge of the plot which brought about the The Quakers. was restored. the Rev. Rev. to be true. and pointed out the duty of his congregation in the impending crisis. John Roan. Elder. and on the formation of the General ous Irish-Presbyterians. Foremost in opposition to the rule of tyranny by Great Britain were the descendants of those who had fled their own country for the sake of liberty. their churches rotted down. Paxtang company did exterminate the murhas never been proven that Rev." The Governor of the Province relieved him from his command. however. joined the Philadelphia Presbytery on May 19. and Major Clayton took his place. Roan all dissensions were healed and Paxtang and Derry were once more united. John Elder into the same presbytery with Messrs. Parson Elder was on the committee of safety. the block-houses and stockades on the frontiers. 1768. and now they memory. driving before them the fragments of our discouraged. The hour arrived for only live in church service.

A. he laid by the armor of this earthly life. Until his death. While other in the class. etc. 1779. of England. the parson's eldest son. and they had four sons." of the Presbyterian Church. Colonel Robert minutes a company of volunteers was formed. at Donegal. —Action Sermon. or any yet in view of the fact that times have materially changed it details of the manner of sermonizing within the last century. 1792. PARSON elder's SERMON-HEADS. 31.: HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY . This was at a time when two hour sermons were the rule. His death was deeply lamented far putting on that of immortality. By this union eleven children were born. is not the province of this work to go far into the manners and customs of early day ministers. by the hand of "Parson Elder. . 303 hasty prayer to the throne of grace then called upon the patriotism of all effective men present. It is three by six inches square. preached in 1778. next day. PsalmxS xxxvi:8. passing the age not generally allotted to man — that of fourscore and six years. field Not one of all those who had welcomed him to his early of labor survived him. D. and exhorted them to aid in the support In less than thirty of liberty's cause and the defense of the country. was chosen captain. —June 1778. Rev. John Elder's powerful ser- mons. but sent a substitute. and the sister of General Michael Simpson. On the 17th of July.and these sermons were usually divided into many sections and sub-sections. and then subdivided by ist. at sixteen years. of Lan- whose father was armorer under George II. secondly. ." "Secondly. of Paxtang. Elder was twice married — first to Mary Baker. of Revolutionary memory. 1784. Paxtang. His son Joshua. 2. The sermon head here given is in the possession of the Dauphin County Historical Society. 31. he married Mary Simpson. daughter of Thomas Simpson. caster. and is upon a scrap of paper dim with age and written in fine penmanship. he continued the faithful minister of the congregations over which he had been placed in the prime of his youchful vigor. 1779 and 1784. Oct. They marched lilder. and wide. for the period of fifty-six years. and again at Donegal. sub-lieutenant of Lancaster county. could not quit the service he was employed in. and a highly prized souvenir Donegal Paxtang Donegal —Action Sermon. Oct. it is not amiss to give the "headings" of one of Rev. his son John. 2nd.. prefaced by "Firstly. though in winter. was among the first." Etc.

xix:2 5 and 2nd Tim. I shall show: First. •. ii. is evident. that Christ in the ordinances provides richly for his people. Fourth Here servants are to attend you. 2d from his faithfulness. Psalms xxxvi:5. viii:33-34. Plead for the drawing of His spirit then come with the following dispositions With pure hearts and clean hands. (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) — — — Here everything is provided. In speaking of this. First Here is a laver for you to wash in Zach. Third Here is the master of the feast to bid you welcome. Doctrine God provides in His Church the most —Action — Sermon. on Psalms lxv:4 Why And cext then apply it." — — i — — — — — — — — Application. ( 1 ) (2) With an holy fear and jealousy. iv:6-7. Peace and Friendship with God Rom. ist from his promise as in the Isaiah xxv:6." Psalms xxxii:28. Second Here is music tO' delight you Luke xv :24. Peace of Conscience John xiv:27. Adoption into the family of Heaven Gal. Thirdly. . Fifth Sixth Here is a delightful company. Secondly. (5) With strong desire for Christ.^. Here is a blessing by the Master. ) ( 7 (8) Full assurance of faith Job. xiii:i. Plentiful Supplies tO' our weak graces. (3) With broken and bleeding hearts. (6) — —and Admonition and praise. (4) With lively faith. Secondly I am to show that the Lord's Supper is one feast a rich and satisfying feast where the most delicate provision is made. ix:2 and 2nd Samuel. xii:i3. For here is ist a portion of sin sealed to the believers As to the first this in and — — — Alatt. he provided such a feast. "They shall be abundantly satisfied. That the Lord's Supper is a principal feast he prepares for his people. Christ's Gracious presence. i:i2. 1789.: — 304 HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY Donegal rich and satisfying delicacies for his people. Oct. The Comforts of the Spirit 2nd Cor.

carts. horses and cattle traveling or passing that way. Esquires. and it being made known to us that the plantation and tract of land belonging to John Harris of the County of Lancaster. Yeoman. To all whom these presents shall come. at the proper places for carrying over said River all travelers and other persons whose business and affairs may call them into these parts of our said Province. greeting: Whereas. and the said John Harris having requested our license for erecting and maintaining a ferry over the said river at the place aforesaid. of the right to operate a ferry over the Susquehanna river: "Thomas Penn and Richard Penn. grant and confirm unto the said John Harris.. it hath been represented to us that the frequent passing and repassing of people over the river Susquehanna hath made it necessary that ferries should be erected and established. that in consideration of the charge and expense that must arise on providing of necessary flats and boats and constant have granted and confirmed and attendance requisite thereunto. — ries The Jr. wagons. subjoined is a copy of the original grant to John Harris. true and absolute proprietaries and governors in chief of the Province of Pennsylvania and Counties of New Castle. herebv strictly forbidding and prohibiting all other persons on either side of the River from carrying We 20 . Kent and Sussex upon Delaware.— —— CHAPTER IX Grant of the "Harris Ferry" Right Navigation and Railroads Proposed Sloop and Steamboat Navigation — — Convicts Executed at Harrisburg—Assessed Valuation OF County — School Statistics — Political — Postoffices — Population 1790 to 1900 County^s Development — Current Prices in 1800 Agriculture — Coal Mines — The Brownstone QuarPrices in 1903 — Dauphin Historical Society. and that we would be pleased to grant him Now the same for a certain term of years therein expressed. his executors administrators and assigns the sole privilege of keeping and occupying the said ferry over the said river at the place aforesaid where a ferry has always been kept for the carrying over of all persons. by these presents for us and our heirs. in the township of Paxtang and county aforesaid by means of the convenient situations thereof is a proper place for erecting and keeping a ferry for that part of our Province. lying on the East side of the said river Susquehanna. Know Ye. do give.

wagons. James Hamilton.3o6 over tb . dISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY >ie within the distances of one mile and a quarter above and bel</W the ferry hereby settled and established. any persons or trav^elers. Esquire. hath hereunto set his hand and caused the great seal of the said Province to be hereunto aflixed at Philadelphia this fifth day of February in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and fiftythree. our heirs and successors. "Witness James Hamilton. carts. the twenty-sixth year of the reign of King George. otherwise this present grant and every other matter and thing contained therein shall cease. or Scows in good sufficient repair with good and sufficient persons or hands to give attend: ance for the transportation. Lieutenant Governor of the said Province who by virtue of certain powers and authority to him for the purpose inter alia granted by the said Proprietaries. To have and hold the said ferry privileges and profits hereby granted unto the said John Harris. ij S3-' Internal improvements early agitated the public sylvania. wagons. carts horses or cattle as aforesaid: And we do further give and grant unto the said John Harris. wagons. boat or canoe. horses and cattle all such reasonable toll fees or reward as hath heretofore been accustomed or shall be hereafter settled for the same (Us. commu- nication with the western country was the great aim of the business . "Recorded ye iqth.sing over the said River for themselves. his executors administrators and assigns from the first day of March next unto the full end and term of seven years from thence next ensuing and fully to be complete and ended yielding and paying for the same yearly unto us our heirs and successors at the town of Lancaster in the said county at or upon the first day of March every year during the said term ten English silver shillings or the value thereof in coin current according as the exchange shall then be between our said Province and the city of London to such person or persons as shall from time to tim.e be appointed to receive the same Provided always and these presents are upon this condition and limitation that the said John Harris his executors administrators or assigns shall from time to time and at all times hereafter during the said term continue to keep or cause to be kept a Boat or Boats. ye second over Great Britain. Etc. (L. ferrying or carrying over passengers. for hire pay or rewarci in any flat. S. his executors.)" mind in Penn- One hundred and twenty years ago and more. carts. administrators and assigns durj ig the term of this grant to take and receive from all persons pa?.. and ye thirty-fifth year of ye s'd Proprietaries Government. Feb. determine and be void to all intents and purposes whatsoever. attendants and servants only excepted). horses and cattle aforesaid according to the true intent and meaning hereof. our Lieutenant Governor. Scow..

etc. the Susquehanna became an important avenue of transportation. About the same period the Conewago canal. the path was in some places worked out so deep that the packs or burdens came in constant contact with the ground and were often displaced. the attention of the Provincial Assembly was called to this subject. arrived at Harrisburg from Huntingdon. In 1790 there were over one hundred and fifty thousand bushels of wheat brought down the Susquehanna and passed through Middletown for the Philadelphia market. on the Juniata. being crooked over and around the bodies of the animals. carrying about tw^o hundred pounds each. at which time an act was passed for the improvement of the river from Northumberland to tide-water. however. John Harris at once gave notice of his intention in this direction. passed through Conewago Falls in safety. and Samuel L." Grains and other produce were the chief articles carried in those conveyances. These faithful pack-horses were generally placed in divisions of twelve. The war came on. secured. and appointing Jabez Hyde. commissioners to superintend the work." declivities or over hills. 1823. 307 remove the obstructions in In 1774. one going before as the leader. barrels or kegs were hung on each side of them. years ago it was not at all uncommon to see as many as five hundred pack horses passing the Harrisburg ferry going westward loaded with merchandise. iron. appears to Susquehanna about 1795. have taken no definite action in relation to the matter until March. Very few persons have any idea of the difficulties of transporhundred tation prior to the introduction of canals and railroads. John McMeans. at York Haven. Harris' Ferry and Middletown were noted marts for the storage of grain at that date. The pack-horses were usually first A . and managed by two men. especially the Susquehanna. but soon thereafter boats ventured on beyond Conewago Falls and thus reached tide-water. in the shape of an "ark" of small It size. i\bout 1795 the first vessel. going single file..HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY men of Philadelphia. or "broad horns. Jr. and it was proposed to lay out a town or city on this stream. causing much trade to be diverted from Harrisburg and Middletown to Columbia. before the Revolution. then keel-bottom boats. As the settlements increased in the interior of the colony. at by means of canoes. and on its completion in 1797 keel-bottom boats were passed through. Public attention was again directed to the navigation of the The legislature. and the other In the rear to see to When the bridle road passed along the safety of the "pack. salt. Wilson. and matters rested until Independence had been first They tried to the streams. was commenced. The iron was carried on horseback.

hogs.000 1 80. beeswax. "Recapitulation exclusive of horses.000 bushels of anthracite coal. "Of . a cheeses. sheep. Union county Northumberland Centre Lycoming Clearfield 150. butter. maple sugar and a variety of agricultural products: Wheat. "Four years ago.000 90. which kept ringing during the entire day's drive. the return for which is indispensible to meet their engagements at home. cattle. New iron works have been erected in Centre and Huntthink it is fair to estimate the coal. 000 Columbia Luzerne Tioga ^Barrels.000 10.000 100.000 "Clearfield county in addition furnishes 2. inpurpose of ascertaining the extent of the descending trade of the Susquehanna.000 3. that the coal mines of Luzerne county are worked much more extensively now than they were four years ago. and bar iron that descended the Susquehanna last spring as double of what descended in the year 1824. clover seed and pork and manufacturers of iron and whiskey.000 190. and then steam cars were introduced. but still greater an outcry was heard upon a line of packets. pig metal ingdon counties. morning. when the animals were permitted The bells were designed to guide them in the to feed and browse. many are their own carriers and rely upon the spring freshet for conveying the above articles to market. but were taken off at night.000 tons of bituminous coal and 100 tons of castings and pig iron. wheat. clover seed. "Luzerne furnishes 100. It is a fact well known along the river. When the wagons were first introduced the carriers considered the mode of transportation an invasion of their rights.3o8 HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY provided with bells. the producers of flour. wheat. Some idea of the extensive river trade may be obtained from the following article which appeared in the Harrisburg Chronicle in 1828: stituted inquiries for the gentleman well quahfied for the task. whiskey and We pork. There are a great number of extensive dealers. 100. and there is no doubt that this has likewise been the case with flour.

631. arks." roads. m. 1. The Gettysburg Stage leaves on Tuesdays and Fridays at 7 The o'clock. m. and arrives from Northumberland at 8 p. The Northumberland Stage leaves daily at 3 o'clock a.000 bushels of wheat at thirty-five bushels to the ton makes 6.370. making 468. m. produce to market in the spring engagements. and arrives daily from Northumberland at 10 p. "Two hundred of the arks were laden with anthracite coal. m. The Reading Stage leaves daily at 8 o'clock a. The Susquehanna Boat leaves daily at 23/ p. m. say 800. m.000 barrels.000 feet of lumber. m. The Pioneer Packet Boat leaves daily at 6 a. m. m. Canal Boats and Stages.000 tons. m.000 feet. averaging thirty-five tons each. and arrives daily from York at 6 p. "The remaining 1. and 2 p. these passed that place: It is supposed that the rafts con"Rafts: 1.857 tons.: HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY in the 309 above articles. and arrives from Pittsburg daily at 10 a. m. tained on an average 25. The Express Packet Boat leaves Harrisburg every day at 2^4 p. which would amount to 40. m. m. and arrives from Reading daily at 8 p. . m. (Colder's :" rival Line) Philadelphia cars leave Harrisburg every morning at 7>^ and at 4 o'clock p. m. m. m. The York Stage leaves daily at 8 a. "It is supposed that about 300 keel bottomed boats carrying from 800 to 900 bushels of wheat descended during the same period.170 arks were laden principally with flour and whiskey for the Baltimore market and carried on an average 400 barrels each." "ArIn the same paper appeared the following "time card:" and Departure of Cars. and arrive from Philadelphia at 6 a. who reside and is to whom a conveyance of their also indispensible to meet their on the north and west branches. p. m. and 27^2 Arrive from Chambersburg at 7 a. 1827. Chambersburg cars leave here every day at 8^ a. and 2 p. making 11. bridges One year later a committee on made a report to the State statement was made gation and inland navi- senate in which the following "From an accurate account kept by a respectable citizen of Harrisburg it appears that between the 28th of February and the 23rd of June.775. m. and arrives from Pittsburg every day at 10 p. makes 240.

this being made necessary by the completion of the Erie canal. The Union canal always made it a rival of Harrisburg. and the merchant made all of his purchases twice a year on six months credit. The latter at one time seemed destined to outstrip the former in population and wealth. etc. attempts at slack-water navigation ventured on. It became a great lumber market. In 1822. when traveling. They carried their own feed box attached to the wagon. In 1832 portions of the . As a rule families bought articles at the store just as they needed them a "quarter" of tea. awaiting their turns to ford or to be ferried over the river. HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY m. Every eight to twelve miles along the entire route were public houses large two-story frame buildings where the teamsters would stop to feed and water their horses. New York City. Some of these accounts ran six months. and when more was needed a youngster was sent off for more. and all wearing bells upon the collar. the State authorized the building of the Pennsylvania canal. but none profited more than Harrisburg and Middletown. No regular freight wagon was allowed to travel these highways unless its wheels had tires at least four inches wide. from Columbia to Pittsburg. Millions of dollars were spent on railroad and canal improvements. Such were the wagons in which merchandise was brought from Philadelphia and Baltimore to Harrisburg and further on west. But as time went on. until finally the Pennsylvania canal. What came to be known as Harris Park was constantly filled with these teams. and arrives 5 p. Sixty or seventy years ago the currency here Hpenny-bits — — — — — but placed lengthwise of the tongue at feeding time. from Gettysburg on Wednesdays and Saturdays at was eleven-pennyand shillings eight shillings made one dollar. other methods were sought out. opened up an avenue to trade and brought prosperity to all the towns on its route.3IO o'clock a. a pound of coffee. These large freight wagons held from one to six tons each. and in 1827 the authorities investigated for a railroad In 182S they were directed to locate and put under contract a railroad from Philadelphia through Lancaster to Columbia. which was taking the trade of Philadelphia to to connect sections of the canal already partially connected. bits. better roads were made. Goods were marked and sold in this manner. m.. and were brought from thence in large covered Conestoga wagons drawn by six horses sometimes drivers drove one horse before the other. the horses placed on either side. These goods were purchased at Philadelphia or Baltimore. In those early years turnpikes were made into well graded roads.

equip the new thoroughfare. In September. down the road and a trial trip made. from whence it was run to Harrisburg. one hundred and seventv^-two miles. Governor Ritner. the road was completed as far as Middletown. who disIn August. with two horses attached to it by a short tow-line. black afi^air with two driving-wheels. partly canal It and partly railroad. and prominent citizens were first treated to a ride. 1836. excursions were had to Middletown and back about every two hours with the car built by Mr. and were used for both freight and passengers. The first locomotives put the piston connected Inside of the wheel. with the crank and piston inside. The car was a plain built by Eben Miltimore. Miltimore. The next engines purchased were two built by Messrs. This line cost to the Commonwealth nearly fourteen and one-half million dollars. and during the time. a locomotive engine was brought from the State road (which had been previously constructed) from Columbia on a flat in the canal and landed at Middletown. It was a small. as the track could not be used between the rails. to As cars were greatly needed Harrisburg. occupying nine hours in traveling eightytwo miles. had a car. making an aggregate length of three hundred and ninety-four miles. liked to have their lands so badly cut up by railways. at Paxtang street. much opposition was met with among the farmers. When the Harrisburg and Lancaster road was being located in 1835. Norris . the eastern division of the canal from Columbia to Hollidaysburg. on the Harrisburg and Lancaster road were built by Matthew Baldwin. consisted of the railroad from Philadelphia to Columbia. & Co. and was one of the first placed on the State It was called the "John Bull. William Calder Sr. and were named after the three or four principal towns along the road. This locomotive was made in England. eighty-two miles.HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY 311 Columbia railroad were completed and cars running thereon. Saturday and Sunday. and the western division of the canal from the latter place to Pittsburg. a distance of one hundred and four miles. In 1834 the entire line between Philadelphia and Pittsburg. The srnall car was always crowded. They had but two driving wheels." and would be a diminutive road. in terminating 1836. similar. the Portage railroad from Hollidaysburg to Johnstown. noveltv' now. the heads of the State department. Philadelphia. to the present excursion When finished it was taken cars of the street railroad company. Horse cars were for several years run over the Columbia road. About 1836 locomotives were put to work on the road to the exclusion of horse power. thirty-six miles. was opened to commerce and travel. at his coach shop. though smaller. four-wheeled affair.

and certain other specified taxes. and on the loth of December. cars were run through from Philadelphia to Pittsburg. as they i'hey were and lower than the are now constructed. after a long discussion. 1847. for that road were brought The first locomotives from Columbia on the canal. first & Sons." Duing the years immediately following the completion of the road it was greatly improved. Edgar Thompson prosecuted of building the road from Harrisburg to Pittsburg with energy. In 1857. from thence hauled over the Market street bridge by six farm horses. the first division from Harrisburg to Lewistown. Bells were first used on the locomotives. with the piston connected to the driving wheels on the outside. During The Cumberland construction the passengers were conveyed around in stage-coaches. 1849. The section of the law releasing the company from the payment of taxes was decided by the supreme court to be unconstitutional. A year later the line was opened to the Mountain House. the tracks doubled. Several abortive attempts were made towards the construction of a through railroad from the Ohio to the Delaware. owing its work on the tunnel near Elizabethtown. the first brought here for the Cumberland Valley railroad had whistles. and more recently almost the entire line has been relaid with steel rails. On September i. and landed on the wharf at Second and Vine streets. other lines leased or bought. Mr. was opened to travel.312 HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY named Henry Clay and David R. and the Pennsylvania railroad became the purchaser of the main line. Valley railroad was completed about the year 1837. J. were heavier having but two driving wheels. the line straightened and . one mile east of Hollidaysburg. and in 1861 an act was passed "for the commutation of the tonnage tax. ^^'^ the law granting to the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad the right of way to Pittsburg was abrogated the work in August following. of Philadelphia. The Pennsylvania Company's road over the mountains was opened early in 1854. 1852. except the erection of the bridge over the river. Porter. freight. The road was not to the slow fully completed until some time in 1838. and were used for hauling freight trains. ones. a distance of sixty-one miles. connections between the eastern and western divisions being formed by the use of the Portage (State) road over the mountains. depots and extensions built. and was thereby released from the payment of tonnage. but it was not until 1846 that the project assumed tangible shape by the incorporation of the Pennsylvania Railroad Company The charter was granted on February 25. a law for the sale of the State works was passed.

That the trains are very numerous in Dauphin county. for the sum of $245. and its president. etc. to the anthracite coal regions. the Steelton branch. Cleveland. when the Pennsylvania Railroad Company purchased that portion situated between Clark's Ferry and Columbia. connecting with the State canal at Portsmouth. By 1882 Harrisburg had become a quarter of a century she For by the Pennsylvania railroad. it may be stated a recent official report says. Toledo. used Colonel Thomas A. had West. Scott. the Sunbury and Erie north and profited . This gives an average of 210 daily. Pittsburg. The railroad systems now provide the best method for the rapid. extended from .000. the Dauphin and Susque- hanna. passed through Dauphin county. Cincinnati. Besides this system of rail route Harrisburg has the Cumberland Valley connecting south with the Valley of Virginia the Northern Central to Washington City southward. CANALS AND TURNPIKES. but now it became a great trunlc line extending from the far west to New York. as a link in a system.715 trains passing the station of Rockville. Baltimore. following the Swatara creek for a distance of about twenty miles. The Union canal. The passing of the canal system was brought about finally in November. and cheap transportation of both freight and passengers. Philadelphia. then required by law. To clothe him with suffiwas made Assistant Secretary of War under Seca great railway center. sixteen miles above Harrisburg. Washington. from the state. for the transportation of troops and supplies. Indianapolis. In the transfer of this property. he army supplies. commenced about 1842. the Lebanon Valley.HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY 313 During the war the Pennsylvania railroad was largely regraded. The Wiconisco canal. The Pennsylvania canal entered along the Susquehanna from the southern extremity of Dauphin county to Duncan's Island. that during the last year there were 76. taking in the great cities of New York. on the Sus- quehanna. four miles out of Harrisburg. incorporated in 181 1. on account of the SpanishAmerican war. connecting with all the ramifications of the Philadelphia and Reading railroad. the sum of $125 had to be attached in payment of the war revenue tax stamps. where it crossed the river. etc. retary Stanton. was charged by the government with the special duty of furnishing transportation for large bodies of troops and immense quantities of cient authority. 1901. Chicago.

thence up the Juniata river. Lewis Cass. he inquired "whether a survey of the route could not be made by an engineer in In the service of the government during the present summer?" reply Lieutenant-Colonel John J. published an address to the people of the United States. which was published and circulated.. and transmitted to that body the next session. stated that "the department was fully impressed with the importance of the route described. crossing at Duncan's Island. Charles C. In various directions from Harrisburg. Strong. Henry K. Joel Bailey and Henry Buehler. G. at the a distance of twelve miles. Rawn and Mordecai McKinney.314 HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY mouth of the WIconisco creek. but at so late a period in the session that it was not acted upon. 1834. The following were the ofiicers of the meeting: Valentine Hummel.. Three led to Philadelphia . secretaries.. Abert. Ephrata and Downingtown one via Lancaster. of the Topographical Engineers."' through Carlisle. then Secretary of War. Clark's Ferry to Millersburg.. by the way of the Susquehanna river. from the select committee. reported a memorial to Congress. transmitted an able and convincing address to Hon. At this meeting resolutions were passed declaring the project national in its character and advantages. after showing the advantages of a sloop and steamboat communication between the Chesapeake bay and the lakes by the way of the Susquehanna. There were alsa two from Harrisburg to Pittsburg. there were good turn. "^ large and respectable meeting" was held at the court house in Harrisburg tO' take into consideration the propriety of opening a steamboat and sloop communication between the Chesapeake bay and the great lakes. A committee was appointed to draft an address to the people of the United States. Esq. One turnpike ran. Esq. pike roads. September 20. president.. Sr. one via Reading. Harris. one via the "South Route. 1833. and signed by a large number of citizens in various parts of the country. while another ran from York down the west side of the Susquehanna river. one via. A bill favorable to the project and making specific appropriations for a survey was reported by the internal improvement committee in the House of Representatives. Esq. July 25. W. vice-presidents. the other by the Susquehanna route. from Harrisburg to Baltimore through Middletown and York. In October of the same year Henry Buehler. to draft a memorial to Congress. At the same time. but the conditions and engage- On . and necessary for national defence. and to address the Secretary of War. in which.

or Hoar. has had in its proportion. Strong. "by the orders. but to show that the good citizenship here has ever demanded severe punishment for the crimes that have from time to time been committed by the baser element of which every community as old as Dauphin county.HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY ments of the office 31^ to attend were such that it was not in its power to the project during the present season. Howard. he was entirely under the direction of the committee and ready to execute any plan of operations which they might determine. Harrisburg. with Francis Cox. together with later punishments. Bucher. repeating a request again Strong of an engineer to survey the river. William Howard. of the death of Dr. committee: Sr. John C. Patrick Donagan. but the pioneer men of Harrisburg were full of true public zeal and looked far into the future. Valentine Hummel. This account. Jacob M. to which Colonel services for the Abert." A communication was received from Dr. with two assistants. again replied. U. The report of Dr. as by some pronounced. after the erection of Dauphin county. Engineer." few days after the receipt of this communication. Howard was referred to the executive com- A The mittee with instructions to devise a plan of operation for the survey. Haldeman. estimating the expense and making Si^veral suggestions relative to the proposed improvement. account of all the executions at Harrisburg. stating that "Dr. Mr. project was ultimately abandoned in consequence. George Mish. on behalf of the Secretary of War." in 1858. and the refusal of Congress to extend pecuniary co-operation. was compiled and published in what was styled the "Annals of Harrisburg. S. will be given in this connection. it is generally believed. These unhappy men. first persons who suffered capital punishment by hanging. were confined in the prison of Dauphin county for The ." The following gentlemen were then chosen an executive Henry K.. since the organization of Dauphin county. convicted of murder. EXECUTION OF CONVICTS AT HARRISBURG. Elizabeth Hauer and two others. and stating that. William Howard. addressed the Secretary of War. were the engineers whose services would be placed at the disposal of the parties interested in the matter. An This is not given publicity for the purpose of intimating that great crimes are any honor to a county. were Charles McManus and John Hauer. It was certainly a gigantic enterprise for men of that day to conceive of carrying forward.

from locking the door and escaping out of the window. Judge Henry sentenced the two found guilty. while the latter They had not been long retired to bed in an adjoining apartment. his wife. with which he knocked them both down but in leaving the room he received another deep wound on his posterior. after having been out about four hours. The grand jury at the June term of court. Francis Schitz. when the jury. brother-in-law to the deceased. which in some measure stopped the force of the blow. when he was convicted. opening the door. The following Friday a jury was sworn for the trial of John Hauer. The motive which led to the deed was thought several men. which did not prevent him. forming part of Lebanon county) on the night of December 28. He was. On June 13. with his brother. Francis Cox and Hugh McDonough as accessories before the to who act. and at the first stroke which one of them made his axe caught the cord of the curtain. and. m. Patrick Donagan and Francis Cox. and immediately endeavored to . armed with a pitchfork. seventeen years old. In the meantime two others proceeded to the bedroom of the brother. Patrick Donagan. he repaired immedrately to Shaefferstown and gave the alarm.. Peter Schitz. 1797. which he discharged and killed him on the spot. however. of which continued eight days. Peter Schitz. at 10 a. the next the fullest . 1798. which trial continued until Sunday evening at half past seven o'clock. and retreating to the barn. Elizabeth. 3i6 HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY (now the willful murder of Francis Schitz. The former laid himself on a bench near the stove to rest. where he placed himself in a narrow passage. very much cut on the shoulder which caused him to leap from the bed to the floor and to have the presence of mind tO' seize a chair. upon murder in the first degree. had been at a vendue and returned home in the evening greatly fatigued. with axes. have originated with John Hauer. 1798. in Heidelberg township. expected to fall heir to a considerable estate had he accomplished his wicked purpose. In tranquility kitchen. evidence. as principals. found a true bill of indictment against Charles McManus and Peter McDonoghy. and John Hauer. and by the vigilance of Peter Schitz was only the inhabitants. After waiting a considerable time and finding the murderers had gone. but of not guilty as to Donagan and Cox. however. Charles McManus was placed upon trial. the assassins were arrested. before a female of the house discovered a light in the was frightened at the appearance of awaken Francis Schitz but she had only partially effected her purpose when one of the intruders presented a pistol at his head. returned a verdict of guilty against John Hauer.

who were "McManus. 317 The following appeared 18. 1798. public jail for past. times and customs have changed. to had given : He appeared with the same manly and even cheerful resignation which he had invariably preserved during the trial and imprisonment. Last Friday night an attempt was made to burn the jail in this town. The Oracle newspaper of January 31. who finding his situation rather crit- was obliged to give the alarm. since the prison has been built. July and relates to the execution: "On Saturday the 14th inst. procured him no little degree of public sympathy and favor. ical. and particularly to the officers of the sev- and militia. in pursuance of their sentence. notwithstanding the atrocity of the crime. Whether his dumbness was real or affected. had. for their care in guarding the and for their attendance and good order on the day of the execution of the two late unhappy criminals. and sustained the concluding scene without uttering a syllable. in his last moments. at that early day. 1798. for the murder of Francis Schitz. but after the fire had penetrated through the floor. when the fire was in a short time extinguished. supposed by some of the criminals. high sheriff in- of Dauphin county. in the columns of the Oracle of Dauphin. in order to aid the escape of the perpetrators. with the march of years Cain^ —became a Yet the crime of murder does not lessen The first son born to man and woman murderer and the crime has foliowed down ! throughout the centuries. viz 'That he was not in the house or present at the murder. added to his youth.. and which. a greater number of criminals in it." Hauer and Hugh McDonough. and the coals dropping down on one confined in the dungeon below. stated: "There never was. Much praise is due to Captains Henry Connolly and Berryhill and the gentlemen belonging to their military com- . published a card returning "thanks to the eral corps of volunteers habitants of the borough. confirmed the testimony he the grand jury.' After the execution had taken place Henry Orth. were executed on the public ground (between the State Arsenal and Surveyor General's office) John Hauer and Charles McManus. The deportment of Hauer was more decent and composed than was expected from his conduct since his trial and condemnation. but that he had held a horse at the end of the lane. necessarily brought many rough characters to this part of Pennsylvania.— HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY day. many months No present court officer thinks of thanking spectators for "their at- tendance" at executions." With the passing decades. he was at least consistent. The location of Harrisburg.

with a view to catch a sight of the unhappy culprit. who voluntarily formed sufficient guard every night to prevent the prisoners from having any opportunity to escape. some of the gentlemen on duty offered him a bottle containing about half a pint. Although the day was excessively cold. December 6. that it in a great degree eradicated that compassion which many felt for him during his confinement. she went for a constable. for the murder of his wife. before that date effected his escape from durance. James McGowen and James Jamison were tried and convicted by the court of Dauphin county." MC GOWEN AND JAMISON EXECUTED. a free man of color. Here he expressed a desire to address the spectators. near the old Arsenal. he drained it to the last drop. after nearly an had entered the door. and Roberts. and begged a little liquor to exhilarate his spirits. and on his threatening her destruction. and before any interference could be made. he met her and discharged the contents of the musket into her head. Foster. his last moments. counsel for the prisoner. Jamison was subsequently arrested near Reading. and even knocked him down from the cart. As he was thinly clad and the weather intensely cold.318 HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY panics. He became enraged with the executioner. Jamison. An altercation ensued between the man and wife. and upon her return. F. for the murder of Jacob Eshleman. such was his behavior in these. 1806. and McGowen was consequently the only one who suffered the extreme penalty of the law on the appointed day. Shunk.. this he took. R. In the meantime he was seen to charge a musket. He was launched into eternity precisely at one o'clock P. tore off part of the mask the latter had put on to conceal his face. and before she . Messrs. made eloquent pleas before the jury. 18 18. The execution day was set for Monday. Through this opening he marched with much firmness. M. brought to Harrisburg. a large number of both sexes assembled at an early hour about the jail. He was displeased at the food she prepared for his Sunday dinner and threw it into the street. to the gallows on the public grounds near the Arsenal. when a lane was formed by the several militia companies which attended on the occasion. but claiming hour's absence. Irvin. About twelve o'clock the man was brought from the prison. Indeed. behind the cart which contained his coffin. and likewise publicly executed on the public grounds. however. James London. was tried and convicted before the court of oyer and terminer of Dauphin county in June. admitting murder.

at his own request. Mr. the Rev." The execution of Benjamin Stewart was the last public execution. a colored man named Benjamin Stewart for the murder of Ann Oberholzer. and asked for a second degree verdict. of the sacrament of the Lord's Supper. and the prisoner was launched into eternitv.. This was the last ter of State street. a few moments before he was executed. and the clergy. and hung on August 8 following. a shori: distance . with the clergymen of the place and other pious citizens. and 8 A. M. the sheriff (Gleim). when a prayer was offered up for him which he followed with a prayer for himself. / would not now change situations with yon. public execution in Harrisburg. administered to him the solemn ordinance of baptism. Sr. was hung at Harrisburg. 18 18. and with the concluding lines of the sixth verse. On this occasion the prisoner and the audience. claiming it could not have been "Wilful. and two short addresses delivered. he said. . and seemed fully satisfied with the justice of his doom. in the presence of a number of individuals. he soon recovered. When he first came out of the prison his mind appeared oppressed. in reply remark of a lawyer at his side.. and with this memorial of death before him. the more advanced. On February 6. but confessed that he had caused the woman's death in attempting a rape on her person. deliberate. "5ir. the trap-door on which he stood fell. and walked with firmness to the gallows there. between one and two o'clock. and in these habiliments of death he partook. and Judge Scott presided.. On Wednesday he was led to the place of execution. M. Dr. were spared the disgusting sight of a painted and disguised hangman. among them the ministers of the place. The fifty-first Psalm was then sung. He persisted to the last moment that he had no intent of murder. after two hymns had been sung. which was very numerous." according to the act of 1794. On Tuesday night the prisoner was dressed in his shroud and cap. The jury retired about 6 P. came into court and handed in a verdict of "guilty of murder in the first degree. to the and on the scaffold. 1824. the sheriff performing this duty himself.HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY he was influenced by 319 liquor. and premeditated. M. On the Monday preceding his execution his coffin was brought into his room. Lochman. between the hours of 10 and 2 o'clock. accompanied by the military. enlightened . he ascended the scaffold. in the cen- below Second. London died truly penitent. and the tears flowed freely from his eyes however. Ellmaker was the attorney general on the occasion of the trial. P. at his own request. a prayer offered up." He was sentenced July i.

A was formed and the entire body marched to the scafwhich had been erected the day previous in the yard at the rear of the building. were admitted Into the prison. having re- turned from Portsmouth late in the night. 1853. and her alleged paramour. and the unfortunate prisoner received his sentence. Wrought up to the highest pitch of rage and jealousy and somewhat under the influence of liquor. later the cell was vacated by the clergy. when the jury brought in a verdict of murder in the first degree. in the New Testament. however. a man known as Courtland Charles Johnson. Drs. one of his spiritual advisers. the physicians. face to face with his wife. in the month of Au1853. and proceeded to array him therein. was overruled by the court. and the ministers proceeded to the cell of The day few moments the prisoner and engaged in devotional exercises. Roberts and Rutherford. The warrant for his execution was issued June 8. having obtained since that in prison. Bombaugh. When the procession reached the scaffold. appointed for the execution of the prisoner was August 25. which was subsequently published and from which the following points have been extracted He was a boatman by profession. On the morning of that day he was busily engaged reading the fourteenth chapter of St. At November the murder of his wife. 1854. shot her paramour in the spine. Priscilla. a confession of his crime. the . A J. He remained quiet long enough to satisfy himself that there was criminal connection between his wife and a man who proved to be Nathaniel P. Seiler. soon appeared in the vestibule of the prison. he was arraigned and tried for and the jury returned a verdict of murder in the second degree. Colyer. and soon recognized one as that of his wife. which seemed to be his favorite study. and the sheriff entered with a white shroud. Upon this occasion. His attorneys made a motion for a new trial. There was arrested and confined gust. led by the sheriff.: 320 HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY at executions and Christianized methods date. when a procession fold. the session. he stopped beside a high board fence and heard voices. 1854. and approaching his home. The prisoner. he shot her in the breast. which. in a low tone. with members of the press and clergy. and had been told at different times of the infidelity of his wife. one Nathaniel Colyer. Mackey. he drew his revolver He then and. At the April session of 1854 he was arraigned and tried for the murder of Colyer. John. short time previous to his execution he confided to the Rev. About 12 o'clock the jury selected by the sheriff. charged with the murder of his wife.

A. little before twelve o'clock on the morning of the said day. the deputy sheriff. A fervent and impressi^/e prayer 1858. Revs. and cut down by the sheriff." which v/as sung by the congre- was then delivered by the Rev. The last sentence spoken by the prisoner was "Lord Jesus. Mackey. near Lykenstown. took fervent leave of him. with the sheriff. for time of execution. After thirty minutes he was officially pronounced dead. May 16. followed by Revs." which hung on his lips when the drop fell. when the sheriff proceeded to adjust the rope and cap over the prisoner's head and face. and Holmes. followed by his spiritual advisers. A and marched in procession to the scaffold. 321 mounted with a firm step. and descended from the scaffold. The warrant for his execution was issued by the governor on March gation. Rudy. was tried for the murder of Daniel Hendricks. After a solemn prayer by the first named clergyman. 21 . After this each of the clergy embraced the prisoner and descended from the scaffold. a coal miner. for the murder of Farmer Abraham Behn. at the November session of the Dauphin county court. In 1857. the jury. by shooting him with a gun. of the Methodist Episcopal church. after which he likewise descended from the gallows. who had his remains placed in a coffin and prepared for interment. and other persons who had been permitted to witness the execution. near the Home of the Friendless. The prisoner ascended the scaffold. and. and placed in the same position. Bartine and Martz. an appropriate hymn was sung. Lewis Rosentlne and John Moody. Aside from the above cases of execution in Dauphin county July 9. which was the same Johnson. 1874.HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY prisoner the Revs. The Rev. Marquet. accompanied by Sheriff Jacob Eyster. Frank Wilson. of the United Brethren church. Cookman. Mr. Martz and Bartine. receive my Soul. of Londonderry tOAA-nship. 1873. His spiritual adviser then took an affectionate leave of him. John B. A. gave out the hymn "Jesus. the culprit. descended and He appulled the bolt of the drop. after a few remarks. Colder and Mackey of the Bethel. William Wiliams. which effected the execution. proceeding to the rear of the same. touched as used for the execution of the spring which caused the drop to are the following: fall. for the murder of a rag-picker. Saviour of My Soul. 1887. and fixed Friday. left the prison I. peared to die without the least struggle and his pulse ceased to beat when he had only been suspended four and one-half minutes. 1876. July. May 21. November 14. Cookman. Sheriff Williams then adjusted the cap and rope.

1900. 1898. Berryburg borough Conewago township Dauphin borough Derry township Elizabethville borough Gratz borough Halifax borough Halifax township East Hanover township South Hanover township West Hanover township Harrlsburg city Highspire borough Hummelstown borough Jackson township Jefferson township Londonderry township Lykens borough Lykens township Middletown borough Mifflin township Millersburg borough Upper Paxton township Middle Paxton township Lower Paxton township Penbrook borough . a banker. near Uniontown. at Halifax. Earner. for the murder of his wife. September 19. near Hummelstown. 6 3 15 6 3 ^6 141 85 368 168 4 10 10 7 5 218 8 8 99 109 184 218 181 156 7i095 288 306 160 55 9 2 12 11 8 220 530 187 24 7 7 9 8 835 99 286 215 181 9 4 235 163 . Weston Keiper and Henry Rowe. for murdering Charles Ryan. for the shootof Daniel Troutman. 1 er-in-law. F. near Halifax. Tennis. July 23. 1899. 90 1. August 26. ing December 7. Miller. Joseph HoUinger. 1880. B. Henry and Frank Romberger. for the murder of his brothW. 1897. 1882. December 17. Average Districts.322 HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY March 24. 1893. for the murder of his wife. Schools. I905. January 28. 2 Attendance. Elmer E. 1893. January 15. for the murder of httle Agnes Cooper Wright. 1899. 1902. Isaac SCHOOLS OF THE COUNTY FROM REPORT OF JUNE 5. June 29. near Hummelstown. November 14. Albert Smith. July 1 1.

3 .

per lb. two rope-walks. with board and lodging. and thirty-seven built of wood. of Penna month. in. there were nine fulling mills and six woolen mills. $1. salt. Wadsworth. eleven weekly newspapers. 50c. value oif goods produced. making 15. February.800.750. corn. upon the whole.. Furniture was made to the value of $14. (yards where hemp rope was made by twisting by hand). $1. the wages of cussing the proposal to raise it the the common common laborer are not. Pennsylvania. 31 men employed. 76 saw mills. with board and clothing. bar iron. whiskey. and six for sumThe next year there was a debate mer.67 per bushel. rye." In 1797 a Rhode Island farmer hired a at three good farm hand dollars. per gallon.000.000 gallons of beer. 35 grist mills.700 gallons of liquor. 67c. making a total of 14.324 HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY $82. bacon. $6. and capital invested $4. six binderies..056. superior to those of soldier.000 pounds of candles.115. During 1840 there were erected in Dauphin county sixteen brick or stone houses. 1800. to A Vermont member. dis- four dollars. 20. the following were the current prices: Wheat. four breweries. or four dollars Mr. making a total of 461.50 per bushel.000. capital invested $2. and five dollars a month was paid to those who got employment for the eight busy months of the farmer's year. and product annually valued at $7. which brought out the fact that soldiers got but three dollars a month.33 per bushel. and 44 men were employed. in the House of Representatives.400 barrels of flour... working on a capital of $850. county. 9c. said that in his state men were hired for eighteen pounds a year. one man doing The total output of machinery of all kinds within the the work. there were made fifty barrels of tar. was valued at $2. there were seven distilleries. CURRENT PRICES IN As shown by 180O.200. two oil mills.67 P^"" t^"At about the same date.209 with 91 men employed.000 pounds of soap was made and 60. of small arms there were forty-seven pieces reported the value of all products from the brick and lime kilns was $21. plaster of paris. There were one paper factory. sylvania. twelve printing offices. 47c. . the Schuylkill and Suusquehanna Canal Company advertised for workmen. capital in tanneries. $106. at the earliest in 1793. said: "In the states north of Pennsylvania. . the newspapers at Middletown. There were twenty-nine flouring mills. there were four potteries. offering five dollars a month for the winter months. $1. of home manufacture.

were heavily goodly domain is chiefly derived The county has laden with the valuable products of the soil. They hired out as help for twenty- cents a month and their board. with its deep rich alluvial composite. The early-day boats. and The encounter the malaria. . Women picked the wool off the bushes and briars. yet. imagine. but far from it.HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY 325 strong boy could be had at that time. vania does not rank with that of the great prairie-land. there are but few finer Those residing in the farming sections in the Keystone State. and many greater agricultural states than Pennsylvania. by care and diligence. the broad acres of rich land had cast forth its golden wealth in prolific crops of field and garden. Long before the forge and the loom. and he earned it by workHe could ing from daylight until eight or nine o'clock at night. and spun and knit it into mittens to earn one dollar a year by this toilsome business. the Secretary hesitated. yet in the territory embraced in Lancaster. grasses. which laid them low in numbers. ever been rich in grains. in Connecticut. lest it should disarrange the relations of capital and labor throughout the country. in his together would earn twelve cents. on river and canal. the rolling mill and other vast ramifications of factories found within its borders had been established. boroughs and cities from the manufacturing and railway interests solely. By a day's hard work at the spinning-wheel a woman and Matthew Carey. where the sheep A had five left it. on the canals at from sixty to Men left the cities to find work to seventy-five cents a day. highest wages paid to women was twenty-five cents a day. dairy products. that the wealth of this many times. buy a coarse cotton shirt with the earnings of three such months. girl ment was choked with applicants. and even women who made clothes for the arsenal were paid by the government at no higher rates. letter on the Charities of Philadelphia (1829) gives a painful picEvery avenue of employture of the working classes at the time. fruits from the orchards planted out by the hand of the early pioneers and kept Notwithstanding the soil of Pennsylintact by their descendants. the many generations of the past have been enabled to produce much upon which her vast population has subsisted. AGRICULTURE. When the ladies of the city begged for an improvement of this rate. While there are many more superior farming districts in the country than Dauphin county. at one dollar a month through those months. of which Dauphin was at one time a part.

140.326 HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY In the vicinity of Middletown there are a large number of farms which for more than a quarter of a century have.124 dairy cows.500 sheep. The number of apple-bearing trees. 552 were twenty acres and under. 287. some to tobacco culture. there are good and bad farmers the one succeeds while the other fails.360 " 715.000 acres each." and they have been frequently visited by scientists.261. 3. 21. 792 were 50 and under 100 acres each.029 — bushels. gallons of wine made.000 bushels of cherries. farm was placed at $238.157.230. and to-day seem to yield forth as bountifully as they did a century ago. pounds of grapes grown.000 83. value of grapes and wines $10. by reason of their high state of cultivation. been known as "The Pride of Dauphin.529 horses. and 834 to share renters.134. one farm contained 1.560 Bushels. as well as appreciated and commented upon by foreign travelers and nobility from Euro-pean countries.796 " 6.000. Corn Wheat Oats Rye 29. acreage of strawberries. According to the State agricultural reports for 1903.372. 152.000 acres. quarts produced.000 cherry trees. The value of all orchard products was $149.056. Some are given to high-grade stock.820 . and others. by a rotation of crops.030 " 23.315. six were 500 and less than 1. value of small fruits $14. Two hundred and sixty-eight of the farms were rented to cash tenants. But here. the following agricultural showing is made. bearing 1. the average for the entire State being about 87 acres.844 farms.156 swine.672 mules. There were 9.000 bushels of apples. 1. 124 were 175 and under 260 acres each. The total value of all domestic animals was $1. are devoted to mixed farming. The land is annually enriched by manures and fertilizers.736. 50.757 926. statesmen and even presidents of the republic. nut-bearing trees. 1. averaging 82 acres each.819 Acres " 27. A dozen or more of these farms are situated In Lower Swatara and Londonderry townships. bearing 10.000.200. 13. The value of animals slaughtered on the 13. barrels of cider made. 14. yielding 14. some to cereals. 1. 8. TABLE OF PRODUCTS. as in all other parts of the world. Two hundred and fifty-one of these farms were less than ten acres each. 383. also extracts will be quoted from the 1900 L^nlted States Census reports: In 1900 Dauphin county had 2.251.

and really more interest. the Dauphin and Susquehanna Coal Company was incoriVIiddle porated under the laws of the State of Pennsylvania.020 Pounds.17 .05 . " 1. cabbage. per day and board. per head $125. hard and soft coal were successfully mined and shipped by canal . Eggs.00 . Tobacco Broom Corn Buckwheat 39. During early days explorations were made for coal and other minerals. per bushel . per pound .. per bushel Clover Hay. per bushel Buckwheat.50 15.917 etc 327 Timothy (grass).60 .08 . CURRENT Wheat. yet is a goodly factor which go to produce her wealth. was then tries manifested than at the present time. per ton PRICES IN I903. While as the mining interest of Dauphin county it is not as great in the indus- many of her sister counties.00 ..00 Timothy. per bushel Rye.660 3. wine-plant and sweet potatoes are annually produced and consumed by the residents of the county. cucumbers. $1. beans. since the vast mineral wealth of other portions of Pennsylvania has been developed to such a large extent. per bushel Corn. $17. per pound Potatoes. with board. Aside from the general farming the field crops and stock growing and feeding comes another kindred branch not especially that of truck gardening. wages for farm hands per annum. tomatoes. per bushel Apples. 35. 1826. COAL MINES OF THE COUNTY..410 Bushels. radishes. etc Horses. From 1820 to 1840 discoveries of various grades of both bituminous and anthracite coal were made. per bushel Oats. Fat Hogs. in proportion. in this section of the commonwealth. per pound Fat Steers.HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY Clover (grass) 12. per dozen Butter. Surprisingly large crops — — — of potatoes. per head (milk). onions. Paxton township was among the richest coal fields then developed. $ . especially near the larger towns and cities.00 140.50 The average price per acre for farm land in 1903 was $50.262 Tons. .000 30 5 " " • " " " 268 14. per month in summer. 58 36 Cows 60 50 12. Near Port Lyon (now Dauphin) extensive mines were operated. and i^pril 5.468 37.73 Mules. sweet corn.22 . " 43. $148. per head. Both from one to five hundred feet beneath the surface. which is noted in the above calculation carried on very extensively within many parts of Dauphin county..

328 boats. The total number of men employed was 2.000. These quarries were opened about 1867. a constitution and by-laws were adopted and signed.890. or test. also stone planers and cutters. Many of the mines were provided with large air shafts for ventilating purposes. As many as six hundred men are employed in the busy season of the year. number of days per annum worked in mines. With the building of many railroads and the opening up of more paying mines the industry did not prove as profitable as in the earlier canal-boat days. preliminary meeting to take measures to organize a historical the evening of May 10. both for domestic and manufacturing purposes. Bear Town. there were during that year mined within Dauphin county 654. and good grades of coal found in veins varying from two feet to four feet in thickness. Trial. is the Hummelstown brown-stone about three miles out from Hummelstown. and for about thirty years have been very extensively operated by a company owning a line of three or four miles of railroad. From forty to sixty freight cars of brown-stone are shipped from this place and sent to all parts of the country.437 tons of anthracite coal. At a subsequent meeting. Among the stone quarries of much value and commercial im- Dauphin county. 1869. more lasting or more easily worked and durable building stone is found in America. Big Flats and Rattling Run Gap. DAUPHIN COUNTY HISTORICAL SOCIETY.140. Dozens of steam-hoist derricks lift the stone from the quarry to workshops and cars. pits were sunk five hundred feet. Upon application to the commissioners of the county a room in the court house was secured for their use. The plant was equipped with immense stone saw mills with many gangs. No finer. 283. HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY Mines were also operated at Fort Lookout. 37. several locomotives and many freight cars. within quarries.600. number of pounds of dynamite employed. Tests by experts show the strength of the stone to be seven hundred tons per square foot. 6. The number of tons of anthracite coal mined in Dauphin county in 1905 was 713. held in the lecture-room of the Market Square Presbyterian Church. According to the 1903 Mining Reports of Pennsylvania. number of kegs of powder used in mines. Vast quantities of both hard and soft coal are annually shipped to this county from other sections of the State. society A was held on . and an election for officers held. and this plant is among the largest in Pennsylvania. portance.

President.HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY 329 subsequently fitted up. . Third Vice-President. S. Ph. Lewis Rutherford. Keller. Nead. First Vice-President. Corresponding Secretary. What is needed is a fire-proof building for its valuable col- The officers for 1907 are: John P.. Donald C. Robert Snodgrass. Librarian. Files of all the newspapers of the country are kept and properly bound. James M. D.. Hon. lection of manuscripts. S. Asistant Librarian.. Lamberton. Esq. Haldeman. Benjamin M. Second Vice-President. The society was incorporated in January. William S.. and measures have been adopted to the end that whatever may be donated to the society will be permanently preserved. Treasurer.. Fry. D. Esq. Esq. and its collection of newspapers is a special feature. Recording Secretary. and where the society has ever since held its meetings and preserved its already valuable library. Shimmell. Kline. William H. Theodore B. Esq. D. 1870..

when the place had a population of but four thousand. more than a read and talked about by thousands of people. not even which exerts over society such power land. excepting the pulpit and as does the press of the talented minister of the thirty minutes. moving and even Christianizing factor of the twentieth century. art. but if his thoughts are well chosen order. To the common people. and Dauphin county is not wanting in this direction. published eleven newspapers and one periodical. as it ever has been in the century just passed. none is sought after more than the local. The newspaper of today is a great civilizing. Every trade. and by means of type send his words. if one hopes to be well informed in regard to any given line of thought or action. The attorney at the bar makes his eloquent plea before twelve men as jurymen. he must consult the daily and weekly newspaper. that through the medium of the press may not be sun. The of a journal (their Press is an index of any people. There are but few deeds of crime or benevolence which men can enact in America to-day. who may read them thousands of miles distant.000. all men before the going down of another one desires to succeed in a business sense. and are few score of onlookers.CHAPTER Profession. profession. sentences and paragraphs broadcast to an eager world. talking and arguing its specialty to the multitude through the medium of printer's ink. — — . The Newspapers— The Legal Profession— The Medical There is no instrumentality. school. but the daily journals take the pathetic or arguments there produced. they are reproduced. The high-salaried and sometimes Gospel on the Sabbath day preaches to a bar. When the town became the capital of the State. The invested capital was $73. he must be the reader known and read of If name now being legion) edited especially for his own calling. in 1812. or county paper. X. science. unnumbered ventures were made nearly all tell the same story premature decay! In 1830. now has its own special organ. Harrisburg contained twelve printing offices. The history of newspaperdom in Harrisburg is both interesting and eventful. six book-binderies. and a sarcastic few hundred people for and of the higher thousand fold.

near the bank. 1794." was also kept. Much of the early-day history was compiled by A. but some days of anti-Masonry. 1792. and the name changed to The Harrisburg Morgenrothe tind Cumberland County Anzeiger.. who edited the Platform. in Two Letters to a Friend. Weistling became an iron-maker. they had both English and German type. 1840. a campaign paper in 1854. or genrothe. The Farmers' Instructor and Harrisburg Currant. October 20. Allen and It continued under the management of the Wyeths John Wyeth. During the "thirties" it was published by Babb & Hummel. and in 181 i was August.. Allen & Wyeth void of any false attempt at brilliancy. Roberts&:Co. later known a. to Die Harrisburger purchased by John S. published M . in 1789. It was conducted Its initial number bore date of March i. the Oracle of Dauphin and Harrisbiirg Advertiser was controlled and conducted by John W." which was then on the northwest corner of Second and Bombach's Tavern. as the territorv included that now known as Lebanon and Dauphin counIt was edited with much care. Christian Gleim was "a young man from Lebanontown.s the Oracle of DaiipJiin and Harrisbiirg Advertiser. It was finally discontinued in November. but ties up to I 8 13. had a well equipped office for those early times. The first issue was printed from a house "adjoining the Register's office. Walnut streets. Early volumes are in the State Library have been lost by fire. then by Francis) for about forty years. Boyd Hamilton. great prudence.. 1800.HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY 331 The history of the newspaper press In Dauphin county is quite lengthy and full of more or less interest. and published neatly bound "Reflections on Courtship and Marriage. up to the Partial files are still to be seen." and was subsequently sheriff of Dauphin county. where the Messrs. It was changed in by Benjamin Mayer and Conrad Fahnestock. But shortly the office was street. It appears that the first attempt to conduct a new^spaper at Har- risburg was the establishing of the HarrishiirgJ oiirnal and Advertiser. Weistling. Esq. The imposing title of the first German newspaper in Dauphin country was Die UnparthenischeHarrishiirg(Morgenrothe)Zeititng. who took as his partner Christian Gleim. near moved to "Mulberry opposite the residence of postoffice Adam Boyd. When founded the paper had a clear field." price three shillings. It was founded byT. (John. collection of papers. then to the northeast corner of Market Square and Market street. where it remained as long as it was published. and he is given for our authority on many points herein narrated. John Jr.

1820. It was under control of Mr. In 1822 Simon Cameron became a partner of its founder. from street. and was numbered among the defunct. began publication in 18 18. 1805. that portion of political opinion which had been led by this paper refused to follow. 332 HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY 2. when he was made postmaster. sold to Judge Krause. then we can learn. and continued six years. The Pennsylvania Lntelligencer. 1807. and existed ten years. Its editor was Hugh Hamilton. was issued January a quarto. John Elder. When political contains editor. Charles Mowry. on December 5. Its as some who followed him. in "next door to the Sign of the Seven Stars. It survived with little or no success for five years." was first issued September 21. Visitor was first issued May 18 13. Second Young Elder died early in 18 16. first a folio. Monroe. then was conducted by others until 1842.. The Chronicle or Harrisburg 8." In 18 15 Hugh Hamilton became a partner and its editor. 1822. when its mission ended! The Commonwealth. and in various hands it appeared until 1838. The Harrishurg Republican was issued by James Peacock in 181 1. a German weekly. as well trenchant pens. and was a trusted organ in Jacksonian days. It soon moved to Lancaster. He continued to edit the organ for almost thirty years. made its appearance in the field of local journalism. with happy fortune. Boyd Hamilton. His paper merged into the Republican in 1 8 1 1 The Times. Hamilton and his son. until 1836." commenced in June. The paper was sold to others. on Walnut street. He conducted it about ten years. and finally merged into the Intelligencer. complications arose respecting a successor to Mr. "by William Gillmor. a young lawyer. Der Unabhaengige Blobachter. The Dauphin Guardian. by Benjamin Mayer. by John McFarland and William Green. the seat of government. of Paxton. commenced by William White & Co. Then General Cameron. and. The first State Librarv of many of its interesting volumes. who carried on a stout contest with the Jacksonians until 1828. May 22. so far as 1800. with . A. ! it treated almost every other subject at large except agriculture the press of Jacob Elder. were masters of which they made warlike use. Agnew's. and one door from the postofiice. next door to Dr. The American Patriot was issued in 18 12 and 18 13. Its founder was one of the many grandsons of Rev. It commenced as the German oracle of Governor Hiester's friends. "printed by David Wright..

It also absorbed the Harrisburg Daily American. December. with Mr. Wilson. Bergner as manager. in June. was published as a semi-weeklv. 1849. and . McCIure in (founder of the Philadelphia Times) and James 1856. continued six months. was publisher from August. death. in The Pennsylvanian. editor. founded by William H. It was first styled IJie Pennsylvania Telegraph. with Mr. son of George Bergner. 1874. It has been published by the Harrisburg Publishing Company. 1883. and the weekly has since been discontinued. first issued August 12. and Mr. 1827. It is now owned by a company recently formed. 1840. 1856. McClure was retained as its editor until October. Clyde and Stephen Miller sold to Alexander K. founded in 1850 by John J. to 1882. Rea & Co. and survived but three The Pennsylvania Telegraph was founded September.. Wiestling. under the title of Pennsylvania Intel- ligencer and Farmers' and Mechanics' Journal. Ludwig. 1826. Wallace from July. appeared in January. weekly religious paper by John M. In October. . and sold to John J. 1849. founded in December. with E. It was purchased by the Harrisburg Telegraph Company. to October. Clyde. 1857.. Scheffner Sellers. The Christian Monitor. Patterson. Fenn to July. They sold to George Bergner and John J. . Stackpole as its president. i 849 by Fenn. 1856. founded in 1828 by John McCord. 1853. issued July 21. McAlarney. by Christian Gleim.^7. m December. The Telegraph was published by Fenn and James A. by George Bergner & Co.HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY Alexander Hamilton scarce. 1831. by John S. The Farmers' and Mechanics' Journal. M. The daily edition began During the Civil war in 1856 and has had a continuous publication. Wilson as editor. Egle (who . a M. W. Nutt became managing editor. changed to Daily Telegraph. 1900. during the legislative assembly. Patterson. in 1853. as manager until his death. Bergner. as its 1. J. Wilson as editor. and succeeded the Statesman Anti-Masonic Republican. by George E. 1827. Charles H. by Theophilus Fenn. to November. It began as a weekly. Fenn & Co. C. 1850. was later State Librarian) and Theodore F. and A. 1882. McAlamey bought the interests of Mr. it was issued twice each day. D. with Thomas F. 1 849 by Fenn & Rea to x^ugust. was merged in December of the same year with the Intelligencer. who consolidated it with the Whig State Journal. Klagy. and the Daily Times. January. by Fenn & Beerbower to December. Patterson. Copies of it are now very The Ladies' Souvenir. issues. to 1 843 by Mr. no file is 1824 died a natural now to be found..

1833. that ancient order. was anything but loyal." but the narrowness of the plank it stood on soon caused ruin. The R( publican and Anti-Masonic publication in Inquirer. The Log Cabin Rifle. published by John extant. The Commonzvealth. edited by Francis Wyeth (formerly of the continued into its fourth volume. by Cherrick Westbrook. by William Lewis. It present has the largest home circulation of any daily paper in southern Pennsylvania. was issued in 1840. by Henry Montgomery. Hutter and in J. Hutter and Samuel S. as Masonry. and with their new spacious brick building. standing out boldly and defiantly as against other newspapers of the city. a campaign paper. Der Stats Bothe. Cantine. The last named was a small quarto published . came out in 1839. The Pennsylvania Bulletin. by Shunk & Weidler. but later became an exponent of true Republican doctrine. The Magician. H. tion at It first. this continent to remain Iron Grey. by Mr. by Valentine Best. whose management from the first Lincoln campaign in i860 until Lee's surrender in 1865. W. During the Civil war period The Telegraph was one of the strongest. had planted itself a bright paper." The year 1841 saw the establishing of The Yeoman. partial files exist. was lived publication of which there is no file. Cox. and The Penny Advocate. a short- Bigler. In i860 it took its At first it was a Whig organ. is a token of liberal patronage and good business management. and reaches more than one hundred towns in Dauphin and adjoining counties. J. and its editorials were copied far and near. all of brief life.! 334 later to HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY the title. containing all that goes toward making a modern office. It had a good circulaIt is related that its associate editors were a "lot of young attorneys who had more made on They brains (?) than business. Rutter. commenced its Oracle). by Edwin W. The Watchman and The Signal. It was later known as the Church Advocate. the organ of the Church of God. began publication in 1835. edited by the famous Rev. in favor of "Tippecanoe and Tyler Too. most outspoken papers within the commonwealth of Pennsylvania. has files still The Ploiv Boy. in 1838. In 1843 came the Harrisburg Argus. Pcnnsyhania Daily Telegraph. and they were ever true to the Union cause. by E. appeared 1839. The Gospel Publisher. John Winebrenner. The present home of The Ti legraph is near the postoffice building. appeared in 1838. the degree of popularity which it enjoys.

The Home Journal and Citizen Soldier Is the title of the paper printed by Isaac R." and they quitted the field.HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY 335 on Wednesday and Saturday at $1. when he disposed of his interest to Barrett & Parke. O. The whole was merged in the Patriot. began in 1856. Johnson edited this paper with great vigor. embraces so much that an endeavor to It combine its history from 1827 to the present has been made." was "too cheap. The Crystal Fountain. The senior member remained until February. was the organ of the great temperance movement in the State and it survived several years. 1845. published by a company. in favor of Shunk against Muhlenberg. by William F. It has been continued by a crowd of able editors. con- con- tinuing until The Democratic by George W. afterwards governor of the State. McKinley purchased the establishment. 1836. often made a popular newspaper editor." as was always the case before 1856. a campaign paper of 1844. court house. The Champion. ^^ August. The IVhig Bugle. Stambaugh. the generation and succession of the Pennsylvania Reporter. not ability. The State Capital Gazette commenced in July. The rise and progress. was issued in 1840. was published by Augustus Sprigman. The American was founded by John J." State Journal was started March 28. was issued in a time of great political excitement. 1839. 1840. and one of great vigor. Barrett. Clyde in 1856. and in its history is the story of many other ventures. nection with his daily. About that period editors began to be impersonal. 1843. In the good old times courageous personality. "office near the south end of It had a brief. stormy voyage and consolidated with the Reporter. in The Hi raid. Diller in 1843. Ovid F. The Keystone was started in August. Barrett and Benjamin Parke. Advertising "i\ paper. It caused quite a sensation by printing in its columns a local story founded on the Parthemore . by Colin McCurdy. November.50 per annum. 1827. 1832. It was published a short time. in favor of "Tippecanoe and Tyler Too. the name was changed to The Pennsylvania Reporter and Home Journal. James Peacock and Isaac G. Packer. 1 84 1. came out in 1848. Crabb and O. Clyde. by John J. "the arduous duties appertaining to the office of canal commissioner" compelling him to relinquish It. and of necessitv without a "fighting editor. In April. in favor of General Taylor for president. by Samuel C.

The State Guard. Scroll- The 1866. A file for several years is in the JJliig State Journal. by George P. not much of a printer. but with so much ability in another direction that he came to be an able departmental surgeon in the United States army. into which this paper was merged. but gave a good resume of local events. was a campaign paper of large circuIt lation. issued in to The was sold collection of the State Library. Clyde & Co. by J. It has absorbed almost as porary. who subsequently purchased the Telegraph. the organ of Governor Bigler. was a lively sheet. by John J. 1870. at the suggestion of a the Daily Telegraph. In the course of time its opposition to the Know-Nothing organization was very decided. a daily published by Forney & Koffman. by George Bergner & Co. George. Other papers which "flashed in the pan. Clyde. the Patriot. "Posy. 1850. was issued the same year." and his list was fifteen thousand. The Daily Times. as the editor was a mere lad." 1850. George Lippard. may be remarked that many newspaper ventures its the as its Telegraph contem- and editors were of the picked men of their political party. was and Theodore F. a venture of William H. 1853. in 1854. Boyd Hamilton. M. The Platform. about 1830. by A. the Times was merged into the Herald. Crap & Louis Blanche." as one of the editors remarked. began in October. It was established as a Whig organ. It was entitled. The Mercury. was "cash in advance. except perhaps among the effects of its "responsible editor. but no complete file.. by John J. The Pennsylvania Statesman. John J. The borough not being able to support three daily papers. Egle number of promiThe Alorning Herald. Breckenridge for President. and continued several years." The Harrisbiirg Star. was not a very creditable sheet in its typography. commenced in 1852.336 HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY murder. The Daily Borough Item. or the Pilgrimage of St. of the Harrisbiirg Telegraph. by William J. The latter paper was shortly after absorbed. not very prepossessing in appearance. One or two of its issues have been preserved. or rather continued by Scheffer. The Harrisbiirg Daily American was commenced December Subsequently it became a part 26. Cooper. nent citizens. State Journal was commenced in . of i860. by that strange erratic genius. It advocated the election of John C. Sloan. The Dawn. Patterson. a small penny paper. and destroyed by fire in 1873. were The Visitor.

Three sides were in Enghsh and one in German. 1876. W. It was dis- Company. and thus continued until October. published by George F. Sieg. Work became part proprietor. The Central Engine wrs published in Middletown in 185 and H. the incorporation of the borough of Steelton the title of the newspaper was changed to The Steelton Item. H. located on Main street. The Middletozvn Press. and after being published for a year and a half was discontinued. by its present It is published every Friday and proprietor. for 337 Stars and Stripes came out in 1856 Buchanan and Breckenridge. was established July 16. The Hower 88 to edit and S. H. enjoys a large circulation with an excellent advertising and job printing patronage. Hofler as proprietor. Weaver & Co. streets. 1878. 188 i. It xvas run off on a Washington hand press. W. and later to the Middletozin Journal. Wilson. and the publication Various changes have continued under its former management. but the material was purchased. The name of the paper was changed in May. The Weekly Item. Janui 1852. The Middletown Argus was town. two creditable journals. four-page sheet of four columns each. Seal. and his wife helped to set the type. which includes much of the work for the Upon great Pennsylvania Steel in first newspaper printed 1834 by a Mr. in 1856. when Joseph A. an eight-column journal of four pages. by William Henlock. a weekly newspaper. taken place in the press at this point. Coles to print it. State printers It was printed at the corner of Pine and Main at Flarrisburg. Yetter's residence. Fisher. 1882. by It is independent in all things.HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY keeper. formerly of Henlock & Bratton. ary. Mr. B. anci enlarged to a twenty-column journal. The Middletozin Empcriitvi was established in 1850. The Reporter was founded June i. by J. J. the in the and was established continued in I 835. B. 1877. and the paper merged intO' the Swatara Gem. was It was at first a established in April. to subsequently associating with him his brother. opposite S. 1875. R. At Steelton The Token of Progress. 1875. James Work. and to-day the newspapers are the Advocate and Terdict and the Reporter. L. S. B. the latter purchased the interests of the former publishers. pioneer paper of Lykens (borough) was the Farmers' and Miners' Journal. The office was editorial work. After three months . In May. The Millershiirg Herald was established by J. by Frank McClure. Wilson ciid the It was an independent and family journal. National Progress. It was owned by a stock company who engaged Dr.

John E. and consolidated The Star and The Independent. The years. Its sworn daily circulation in April. established by Samuel Fenn in 1856. The Daily Independent. are used. presided over by Hon. cluding an 80-horse-power engine. and papers are delivered to the depot and delphia and Pittsburg. and Lykens Valley Republican paper. Sixth year. later the Lykens Register. —Harrishurg in 1883: Twenty-fourth year. w^as 11. 1876. the owner. surrendered his proved at New Market his life on the altar of the a his countr)'. Twenty-sixth ing Company.807 copies. George Wolfe Buehler became proand continued until October. ser. following "Press Memoranda" was made for Dauphin Countv^ Journals Telegraph. and has of recent years been greatly It has superior and modern telegraphic enlarged and improved. by E. Wallower. who continued its publication until by 1874. Upper Dauphin Register. — — trollev stations The by automobile. inPennsvlvania. by the Harrisburg Publishyear. 1876. too weak to get on board the transport boat. printed by power press. one of Pennsylvania's great daily papers. 1862. first number of the Lykens Record was issued July 11. The Star-Lidependt nt. Z. Gratz. Meyers purchased the property in 1891. bravery on three hard-fought fields and finally fell Cross-Roads. 1861. It survived three zens. principally business men of the Upper End. Next came Mirror. . The Harrishurg Daily. four employes into the Union army. B. 1905. aged its fifteen. Roberts. purchased by the Lykens Printing Association incorporated March The stock of this corporation was held by forty-five citi3. and is occupying a front rank in the list of up-to-date journals. Meyers. One hundred and ten persons are employed. Patriot. Noi plant is better equipped between the cities of Phila- The editorial staff. The other was Christopher C. June 26. news service. Hynicka. which caused a suspenThese four printer volunteers were Henry ReiJohn C. by Patriot Publishing Company. He is eminent in both editorial and political The Offices are maintained in New York and Chicago. Mr. built and business quarters are within the largest newspaper office outside the two greater cities in exclusivelv occupied by its owner Seventy thousand dollars worth of machinery. is complete in all departments.338 HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY prietor all Coles handled it alone a while. who was held a prisoner of war more than a vear and. F. fields. was founded in December. who died of army fever. Ettinger & Charles. when the office turned of sion of the paper.

Republican. Lykens Register. Dauphin County Journal. B. by Dr. Independent. Second year. The Itinerant. Church. . First year. John Moore. Harrisburg. local. Gazette. by J. Church Advocate. People's Friend. The Hiimmelstown Sun. by W. W. organ of the Central Pennsylvania Methodist Conference. Harrisburg. The Sunday Morning Telegram. In addition to the foregoing are the following periodicals. year. R. Seventh year. Harrisburg. year. R. by W. Hayes. Echo. Steelton. M. edited by Rev. C. L. A. Odd-Fellows' Gazette. D. by the executrix of John G. Republican. as follows: Advocate and Verdict. H. Steelton Reporter. Elizabethville. Harrisburg. organ of the Y. Sixth year. Courier. in its first year. by I. Seal. Democrat. issued monthly or semi-monthly The Conference News. Sixteenth year. Eighth year. H. Work. M. Forney. Independent. editor. organ of the local temperance movement. editor. Fenn. by A. Harrisburg. Star-Independent. D. thus far has been a successful enterprise. deceased. The Lutheran Chimes. published by Market Square Presbyterian Church. R. W. organ of the U. Seventeenth year. German Democrat. Patriot. by Samuel M. Association. Harrisburg. Hayes. B. J. Groff. Eighth year. Harrisburg Saturday Night. by W. by Dr. J. published every Sunday morning by the Telegram Company. Halifax. published by Zion Lutheran (Fourth Street) Church. Sun. Harrisburg. Fourth Pennsylvania Staats Zeitung. There were twenty-two local newspapers published within Dauphin county in 1904. Harrisburg. J. Harrisburg. 339 — The Item. by T. Ninth year. Dauphin County Journal (German). Steelton. C. H. Telegraph. Bulletin. Sieg. Frysinger. Nissley. Harrisburg. Twenty-eighth The Middletown Press.: HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY Weekly. Stofer. Strobel. O. The Middletown Journal. Hendricks. by J. Ripper. local. Morris Chester. The Millersburg Herald. by Rev. Church and Home. Republican.

340 HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY Sun. Sentinel. it representatives in of the legal profession of mind that the prosperity and wellbeing of any community depends upon the clear. Reporter. iMiddletown. Hummelstown. change is seen on every hand in the great human tide. Dauphin County Times. . the science of law must keep pace with them all. Journal. and then enforced and established to the full understanding of the The dismasses. encounter are peculiar and alone to the age in which he lives. Again. well-defined and wise interpretation of the law. Lykens Republican. Republican. and brings it acknowledged to be one of the best prosperous and happy regions of all the organization is it Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. nay. Steelton. Independent-Republican. Steelton. Republican. undeveloped domain along the Susshould be borne quehanna river. and cherish the memory of great men whose gigantic shadows walk. Republican. Herald. Independent. The lawyer should He should value its past renown love and prize his profession. which takes the wild. Times. West End Reporter. The laws of yesterday do not fully meet the requirements of to-day. the enlargement of all our industrial pursuits. Independent. and the increase and development of commerce and. Harrisburg. without precedents. Standard. Independent. Hence it follows that a record of the attorneys of Dauphin county possesses particular value in this work. Republican. iMiddletown. THE BAR. In reviewing the this county. The exigencies he must lawyer is a man purely of to-day. His capital is his ability and pure individuality. Millersburg. the invention of novel contrivances for labor-saving. New and satisfactory laws must needs be enacted. Republican. at its down great to to-day. Independent. Journal. Press (Colored). Penbrook. it must even forecast the event and frame such laws as will most adequately Hence. Republican. with us still. we say the subserve the wants of these new conditions. Millersburg. who otherwise might ignorantly violate them. coveries in the arts and sciences. when governed and most as a county. Middletown. Press. Williamstown. for it should be remembered that former relations do not now obtain.

Lancaster. Lancaster. 792 792 792 792 792 792 792 792 793 793 793 794 794 794 . Harrisburg. . John Clark. Philadelphia . 785 Peter Huffnagle. . Carlisle Robert Duncan Thomas Elder. Lancaster 785 John Reily. Harrisburg John Ross James Kelly James Campbell Jonathan Henderson Wm. Barber R. Harrisburg 785 Jasper Yates. . Lancaster. John Kidd Samuel Laird. Harrisburg Geo.. Carlisle . Carlisle 785 John Caldwell 785 Andrew Dunlap. as far as possible. York 785 David Greer 785 Thomas Duncan. Lancaster 785 Robert Magan. James Hamilton. Wallace. York . Matthew Henn' John Shippen John Montgomery. .. 785 James Riddle. Wm. . Graydon. The year given is that of admission to the bar: 785 Joseph Hubley. 788 788 788 burg Marks John John Moore John Smith Biddle. Bradford. burg Wm. . Samuel Riddle Samuel Roberts Thomas Craigh. that we have come to enact too many laws. . 789 789 789 790 790 790 790 791 791 791 791 791 791 791 791 . R. Carlisle 785 John Joseph Henry. 785 Jacob Hubley.85 Edward Burd John Spayd Galbraith Alathias Barton. who have duties calling them in another direction — to perform in another sphere. Smith .. Reading. . 785 785 786 786 786 786 786 787 787 787 788 788 Daniel Smith Joseph Burd Ralph Bowie. . Reading Wm. 785 . . . Philadelphia. . Reading 785 Collison Reed. Fisher. but also have gained national distinction. Reading 785 Geo. Lancaster. Hall. subjoined list of attorneys admitted to the Dauphin is more complete than any hitherto published. Harrisburg. . John W. Lancaster. York Chas. Harrisburg Geo. . Wm. we have great need of learned. thinking. Chambers. Lancaster 785 James Biddle.. Montgomery' AVm. Reading Daniel Levy Wm. from the incompleteness of the recless there notwithstanding the great care which has existence. Lancaster James Hopkins. . but so long as these enactments do exist. Hanna Geo. HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY bers 341 The bar of Dauphin county has enrolled among Its nummany who have been not only an honor to their profession It may be true at home. Lancaster 785 John Andre Hanna. . Carlisle . Lancaster Richard Wharton. Kittera. . Eckert. . ords now in The county bar been taken to revise and correct the list to date. reading. York . 7. Harris. Atlee. . Lancaster James Smith. . Northumberland.. Patterson. Daniel Clymer. . Ross. but doubtare some omissions. Stephen Chambers. Chas. Carlisle 785 Thomas Hartly. Harrisburg Smith. Carlisle David Watts. hard-toiling lawyers to construe these laws to our common a work people.

. . Harrisburg. Harrisburg. 1820 Henry Woodward William Ramsey. Harrisburg. 802 803 803 805 806 burg Daniel J. Harrisburg. Carlisle. Harris- Edward Goodwin Hugh Hamilton. Lancaster James Gilchrist Robert Stewart Evan Rice Evans William Augustus Patterson Charles Hartle}William Laird . Harrisburg John Roberts. Harrisburg 1816 Mordecai McKinney. 1818 1818 1818 1818 1 . Harrisburg Bushnell Carter Abiathar Hopkins. Harris1820 burg William McClure. Gettysburg. 81 1 819 806 Andrew Carothers. Stephen Carson Alexander Mahon James McCullough . Barnitz. Carlisle . Harrisburg Patton Ross William Augustus Thompson Robert Allison . 800 800 800 800 801 801 801 Thomas Graham Andrew Buchanan John Cadwalader William Soner David Hays Rahn Shunk. Amos Ellmaker. 806 George Metzgar. Irvine... 809 809 810 810 811 811 811 Thomas Montgomery Henrj' Shippen John Fisher. Carlisle 1814 1815 1816 1816 181 Edwin Atlee White Samuel Bacon Francis 1816 1816 Alexander Graydon. . Sam. 1822 Adam Henry Orth..1820 182 William 'Powell William Penrose. . 796 797 797 797 798 Henry John W. Harrisburg. . Lancas1823 ter John Johnson Andrew Berr\'hill. Harrisburg.. 807 Isaac B. James Maginnis.. Mahon. George K. Nutz. ... Harrisburg 1817 John D. Harrisburg. Strong James Hamilton. Harrisburg.. Kurtz Forster. Carlisle ...1821 1821 Charles Davis Samuel Alexander. Lebanon 1813 George Bryan Porter. .. 1820 . . Harrisburg. Carlisle. .. Abner Wickersham." Hiester Philip Frazier John Miimma David Durkee.1 82 James Findlay. 807 Walker Reed. Jr. Harrisburg.. 1813 1813 Montgomery Harrisburg Charles A... Washington Lee.' 1 8 6 7 342 HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY 794 794 794 795 795 796 . Harrisburg 807 Moses Maclean. York Frederick Smith Haller William Ross Frederick 799 799 799 Samuel G. Carlisle 806 William N.. Hugh .. Carlisle 181 George Burd 1817 Jonathan Houle. Harrisburg 807 John BannisterGibson. 1 822 1823 Edw^ard Coleman James Biddle Hubley. Jr 1818 Nicholas Bavlis Wood. Harrisburg. Harrisburg. James Buchanan 812 812 812 812 Harrisburg. 1820 1820 John Smith 1820 Frank Bugbee John Adams Fisher. Parke burg Gallagher. 1820 1820 Samuel Shoch. York Hugh Bellas David Cassatt. .. Harris. Vermont Samuel Douglass. 1820 1820 Archibald Findlay Harris. Greensburg. Washington George 1820 Harrisburg John Wveth. Carlisle . Galbraith James Crawford John iMurrav Robert Whitehill James Dobbins 1812 Jacob Barge Weidman.. S. 812 812 .

. 825 825 825 825 James F. Snodgrass 843 DeWitt Clinton Brooks. Carlisle. Ethan Baldwin Morris Wilson Richard Butler McCabe Thomas Burnside Ellis Lewis.HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY John Williamson. WilkesBarre 828 828 Isaac Fisher Calvin Blythe. Harrisburg. Coatsworth Rawn.. Berryhill. Harrisburg. Harrisburg. N. Harrisburg . Ramsey. 823 David Watts Huling 823 Jacob W. Wm. Jack'^on. Harrisburg Joseph Allison. . . Cake Fred K. Harrisburg 844 David Moore 844 Evans O. Harrisburg 837 David Pool. Cochran Chas. B. Harrisburg. Harrisburg 343 Car- Wm. Jacob Y. Y. Ebenezer land. . J. . Harrisburg. Cox 832 John Cadwallader Hezekiah Gould Rogers. Madison. Harrisburg 837 . Bradenburg Wm. Harrisburg 837 837 Joseph W. . lisle Sterrett Ramsey. Elliott 841 Joseph Cumings Wallace. 841 841 842 842 843 Jack-^on Grimshaw. Lebanon 823 823 823 Joseph Henderson. Harrisburg. Wharton Elias V. Harrisburg 843 Peter Brua McCord 843 Jame^. Jared delphia Ingersoll. Carlisle 826 Samuel H. Harrisburg. Peacock. Hickok B. T. P. Johnson Leander N. Shunk. Jones Fisher. James McCormick. Harrisburg. Harrisburg. Blackwell. Heilig. Carlisle Chas. Small James Fox. . Phila- 841 .. Jefferson Jordan. J. Ayers. Christopher Loeser Herman Alricks. Bennett. York Saml. 845 Gibson Bannister F'arrisburg . Packer David Krause. 843 Thos. Harrisburg. Adams Alex.' Crawford Sam. '. Lancaster. Y 833 James H. 828 828 John Lashell Robt. New 844 844 844 844 Chambers De Armond. W. Ashmead 834 E.. John Harrisburg. Cooper James P.. Griscom 834 CortHarrington. David Fleming. Harrisburg Rich. Geo. Ignatius Walsh 836 Charles Pleasants Levi Kline 837 John Hanna Briggs. Harrisburg 843 Edward A. Harrisburg. 829 Chas. Gettysburg 829 Walter Franklin. 837 James Cameron. F. Carlisle 834 John Joseph Clendennin. Ott Henrv C. 841 Rich. Boar. 831 831 Johne Hoge risburg Rich. Everhart 839 839 839 839 839 840 840 840 841 841 841 841 841 Lemuel G. Reed John T. Bloomfield Geo. . Har. Nesmith 827 Hamilton Alricks. 834 Sam'l Hepburn. 824 824 824 . . Harning 823 William Maclay Hall. Harrisburg Jacques W. . Cornelius P. Harrisburg Wm. Harrisburg 835 836 John Gardner 836 Thos. Hepburn.. Wm. Harrisburg 841 McAllister. burg Sam. Browne 828 Benjamin Parke. Sanderson. Lesly 844 . . Dean 834 John W. B. 828 Peter A. H.. Harris- 831 John King Findlay. T. Harrisburg . N. Oliphant 834 Geo. W.

Hamilton Hiram Conrad Alleman." burg 1858 William Henrv Eckels. John Henry Adam Penrose. Har- Thomas . John Hamilton.. IVIish Henn. Lamberton. Kerr John H.. Harrisburg. Harrisburg b. 846 Wm. . 1 344 HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY 845 845 845 Charles L. Harrisburg 1858 George Washington McElroy. Ma3nard John B. Taylor James K. Benj. John Wiggins Simonton. Lawrence. Shell. Harrisburg Samuel Sherer burg Harris- 850 Herr. A. Harrisburg 849 George A. Johnson 845 846 846 Orleans Jackson Baily. burg 1856 1856 1856 Jr. M.. Strong Samuel Alleman Francis Campbell Carson. Harrisburg 845 Lemuel Todd. Harrisburg 1852 Abraham Herr Smith. lisle Henr\f W. Carlisle John W.. Harrisburg 1 85 John Shelly Detweiler 185 John Detweiler 185 William H. Harrisburg Henry A. Shuler. Har1854 1855 risburg 849 Emerson. Harrisburg Jesse Landis William H.. Carlisle. H. ... Henr>^ Miller 846 1851 Wm.. Lamberton 1850 William Thomas Bishop. William Alexander Shannon. Lancaster . Montrose William Brua Cameron. Johnson. Har849 849 Robert Leyburn Muench. Colif\' Seller. Harrisburg . Wm.. W. Harris. . A. risburg 1853 Har1853 1853 1853 1854 1854 James R. Car- 846 846 846 846 847 847 Car- John Wolfley Brown. Davis George R.Kins. 849 Henn. Monaghan R. Lancaster Wm. _ 1852 1852 Harris- David Mumma. 848 848 848 848 848 848 William C. Jones. Lee 1850 William Y.. 846 Robt. Lamberton Jr. risburg Lafayette G. Harris- burg Charles Watkins . Kneass. Harris- 1856 John Wesley Awl. Powell York M. Harrisburg Dimock John A.. York David Barnitz. George Ferree risburg Ha849 Alexander Simpson. lisle ]\IcFunn burg . Hampton James Findlav Shunk. Hoffius James McCormick.. Elder 1851 James Bredin 1851 Benjamin Franklin Etter.Beader Wood.. . 1857 849 Cornelius M. 1858 John F. 850 Elder. Stevenson 1851 William H.. Harrisburg 1858 1858 John H. Reed Crawford Chapman. 850 John McClean 850 Montgomery Forster. risburg J. Houston 1859 1859 John P. Harrisburg 1850 James Dawson 1850 R. 1856 George Hilt 1857 Alfred Pearson. Smith Robert E. Harrisburg. Harris- Andrew Jackson burg 850 Benjamin Law Forster. Philadelphia Henr}^ Alurray Graydon. Philadelphia. Harrisburg.^ 846 John McKibbens 846 Horn R. McKune. Penny " . Harrisburg 849 John J.

Harrisburg. Charles Hunsicker. Hirst. Townsend William A. Lewistown. Williams 863 863 Wallace DeWitt 863 Robert Snodgrass 863 John C. Malay. adelphia Charles A. . Elias Hollinger. Abraham Stewart A. C. Chambersburg 864 Ovid Frazer Johnson. Harris- burg James B. Dougherty. burg 867 867 867 867 867 868 Harris- 868 868 Harris- " . 865 Charles G. 864 F. Lebanon S. Towanda. Lewistown ^ilatchin Samuel J. Philadelphia. 865 Francis G. New Haven John H. Shenk Edward S. Morgan. Harris860 burg 860 Jacob Hoffman 860 Philip F. Bigler New William A. AUeman. risburg 859 859 George Irwin Beatty. W. M. HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY Daniel W. risburg 865 865 Har866 Francis S. 861 861 861 861 861 861 861 Walters. Simpson Josiah Funck. Gritman Isaac H. Lawrence George J. John H. Indiana. Harrisburg. Phila. Harrisburg. C. Pa. Harrington 868 868 868 868 . P. B. Harrisburg. J. Barr. delphia 867 Laird. Charles Richenbach . Norristown. Wiestling John Joseph Curtin McAlarney. Pittsburg 863 Ralph L. Philadelphia. Hershey. Plumer Harrison Greensburg James Edward delphia 867 Phila- Gowen. Francis Jordan William Perrine Mesick. Congdon 860 Joshua M. Mayer 868 868 Phil- Samuel G. Bowman. Rank 859 Thomas Crawford MacDowell. Clark. Elisha AUis John M. Kimmel 864 P. 862 862 John C. Ewing 862 Myer Strouse 862 Robert E. Ketchum S. M. Fisher George B. 859 345 John Peter Shindel Gobin. . . Golden William L. Darling 862 Edward S. 862 862 A. Ferguson Silas M.. James W. Harris864 burg . 859 Eugene Snyder. Samuel Knorr Matthias Wilson McAlarney. C. Weiss Simon Sallade Bowman. burg Nelson Haas George H. Bullit. Sunburv John E. David Sterrett E. M. . W. 865 865 865 865 Levi Bull Alricks. Newlin. McCarrell William Wallace John Roberts R. Coburn. Longfellow. Cole John Wesley Young. Lebanon Samuel Perr}^ Auchmuty William Wallace Haj-s. Speese. Dimmick W. Bloomfield 860 860 James A. 862 O. Heller '. McCauley. B. Thompson David C. Wright 862 862 862 E. Samuel E. Harrisburg John W. 860 James D... 860 . Boyer Andrew Jackson Pa Henry George Rockafellow. Davis M. Kunkel Silas H. . Landis Solomon Malick. Sponsler. A 866 866 866 866 866 867 867 867 867 867 867 867 867 867 867 . Porter 860 John A. Har. Harrisburg. W. Smith 862 Joseph B. W. Harrisburg. Hilgert 860 George Fisher 860 John M.

Waddell. W... E. Wesley Mci^arney Henry L. Brockway Ehrman _^ B.1873 Lewis Wain Samuel Linn Herman :\Iartin E. Lebanon . Ott. S. K. Durbin John E. 1874 1874 1874 1874 1875 1875 1875 1875 Adams Co James I. Frank Seltzer. Arnold Mever Light A.. J.. McCoy 187 John Gibson 187 John C. Blakely H.. Wallis 187 David Wills. burg Chas. Lebanon . Cummins Hervy E. Sumner John Cessna. Rogers Grafton Fox. Carlisle. Jessup. McKev Geo. Bedford Samuel Hepburn. Allen William H. Patterson. Hummel 1870 Joseph G. Shearer 187 Robert A. Lyman DeHuiif risburs. Harrisburg. Harris- burg Samuel Linn Benj. 187 Charles E. Grunder Wm. Mervine 1876 1876 James Nolan . Metzgar Chas. Harrisburg W. Henry Shellenberger. Chamberlain Jo. Penrose Biddel. Lark John Dalzel 1873 1873 1873 1873 Louis Pfeif^er 1874 Car- Frank lisle E. H. Jr. Nicholson John B. W. phia 1870 1870 1870 Philadel- M. A. ]ililler. J. Gause Lawrie J.1872 Jeremiah Lyons 1872 187 187 187 Carlisle. West ChesJ. Redheffer Frederick 1873 1873 1873 Harris- M. Har1868 1868 1868 1868 1868 J. Arnett 1875 187 H. Carlisle Thomas B.187 Cyrus P. Vale 1870 William D. McPherson. Esminger. Heck. 1875 Chas.Brice Thos... Lebanon .. John C. Long L'Velle. McLaughlin :\I. Knox. 1870 John M. J. 1874 1874 1 874 1874 1874 Philadel- Harris- burg Silas Trainor King._ Mitchell.Ulrich M. Woodcock 1870 George H. Wm. McClure Smith James C.1876 1 876 1877 1877 1877 John Armstrong Herman . Smith Michael Norton William Penn Lloyd G. S. Crawford John A. B. B. . Beltzhoover. C. Jones. Smith George A. Pottsville. S. B. Williams Michael Jacobs.. ter Alfred W. Kaercher. Mark. Carlisle John L. Irwin. Hargest John phia S. H. M. N.. McKeehan Geo.. Waynes- 1875 1875 1875 1875 burg L. S. Bentley Louis C. W Pettit Joshua Beans Abram H. R. 1875 Nicholas P. Oram John C. Harris- burg Lewis H. Jr Harris- Joseph AI. Rathburn George L.346 HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY Gilbert. 1868 1868 1868 1868 1868 1869 1869 1869 1869 1869 1869 1869 1869 1870 Samuel T. Jr 1872 A.. Vincent Butterfield Henn' Hastings Grier . 187 1875 John Howard Gendall 1875 Geo. Pearson Montrose . Harrisburg. Maglaughlin. Davis. 1877 P. J. burg 1872 1872 1872 1873 Pottsville. .. G.. Gett\'sburg 187 Penrose G. Jacobs 187 James Starr 187 Wayne ^IcVeagh. Stanley. Seltzer 187 187 W.

burg Dan. R. . Hanna.. James Stewart. Harrisburg Wm. Harrisburg . Bergner 883 Benj. Spyker Wolfe. . C. burg Geo. . Pa O. B. E. A. Hoffman . J. D. . CofEroth 885 risburg . Henry. Howard L. J. Harrisburg. Thomas Hart E. Beckenstoe.. 878 Morton P. Darby. Fred. J. New Theodore K. burg Geo. W.HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY Alex.... Hargest. Beaver Co. . S. Kunkle 878 John Porter 878 Henrs' M. Harris- Jam. Harrisburg. Case. H. H. . Harrisburg. Fox Ed. Harrisburg E. Philadelphia. Woods D. Jenks. Rush 884 Lewis Roenwig 884 Ed. . burg Eldridge ^IcConkey James Chas. Boyle A. Lebanon. Tnon H. Carl.. . Williams Mowry Fleming. Alman. H. M. Hauch. . Wolfe Paul Charlton. A. Harrisburg Clinton Lloyd Robt. Fleitz.. . Junkin. Shelly J. Strauhan. Neiffer 882 Herman L. Carlisle N. F. Henn. Bannard Brighbell. Scranton . L. Smead. Sharpe. A. Bailey. Shoop. Olmsted 878 Casper Dull. Lebanon 884 Wm. B.. Van Meade D. Philadelphia 878 David Frank Ej^ster 878 Geo. Fisher 890 Hain. Duncan M. LewisChas. A. Harrisburg. Steelton . G. Smith. Carlisle. 882 882 Lewis M. Lamberton. Lamberton. M. 884 Marshall J. . Bigler. Chambersburg. Lynch. Edwards. burg S. Harrisburg 884 Wm. Harrisburg. Harrisburg. Bloomfield 878 Wm. L. Fox Wickersham. Case. M. HarrisOscar K.. Harrisburg. J. Marietta Geo. J..Funck. J.. Pittsburg 878 S. . Horace G. Durr. Watts 884 A. H. . 891 A. 878 John H. Gordon Haldeman. Harrisburg. Calder. B. Durbin. New Bloomfield 883 Nicholas Heblick 883 Sherman R. C. P^osser 885 885 885 885 885 885 Harris- Detweiler. W. Harrisburg.. J. W. Harrisburg. John J. Harrisburg 879 John Simon AUeman 879 Dan. . Brown.S. Jr 881 Leroy J... C.... Fleming. Philadelphia. . Harrisburg. M.... Wm. B. F. Pittsburg 878 A. burg Chas. Steelton . Brandt. Coyle Herr. Geyer. B. F. Pastorious Bruner James M. Chambers887 887 887 887 887 Benj. C. Wm. Herbert Elder. Rouch John " W.. Harrisburg 881 Casper S. Graham. 881 Henry Martin Hoyt. Nissley Chas. Steelton . F. F. Reed. Geo. . Stetson E. Scranton 878 Long. E. 877 877 877 Ed. Harrisburg. Zug 878 H. Bentlev Samuel A. 886 . . W. Lincoln C. H. Harrisburg Har877 877 877 risburg L. Champlin Har- W. Orberson. Jackson. Harrisburg Henry B. Franklin Shaffner Detvviler. 347 1885 Harris- Thompson. 888 James Ellis John J. M. Harrisburg 878 Marlin E. Williamstown.

V^an Dyke. . . .1898 Chas. R. Harrisburg . Stroh. .. A. . . P.. He came from Ireland very young. Elijah Swartz. B. held a high Tank at the bar.. 894 894 John P. Harrisburg.. . . Cunningham 1904 1905 1905 1905 1905 1 905 1905 1905 1906 1907 While no attempt will here be made to go into detail concerning a large number of the members of the early bar. . Earnest. 1898 John F. . . Harrisburg. 893 Howard C. Swartz. B. 1900 John B. Harrisburg. . Carlisle 893 . Swartz.. Sponsler. Frank P. Harn.. Harrisburg 1898 James M. Brady. Harrisburg. Harrisburg. 1904 Wm. Haldeman. New Bloomfield 1899 Chas. Elkins.. Lemer. Capp. 895 S. Lebanon 893 A. . Harrisburg. 893 Jo. J. C. land Reiff. Boyd William B. A. 1898 Michael Stroup. 893 Geo. to show the character and manners of lawyers in the long ago. a few snatches from sketches will be given in this connection.1901 . Barnett. 892 H. Harrisburg. 1786. Sunbury . Jacob H. Harrisburg. W. Harrisburg 893 Wilson G. Cumberland Co. Harrisburg. Eastman. B. Pennsylvania. long since passed from the scenes of earth. Harrisburg. Harrisburg.1898 Benj. Geo. Middletown. . Darman 892 Daniel Ermentrout 892 David S. Stamm. Hillbish. Stevens H. . Hiram Guy H. Boyd . G. Harrisburg. H.. HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY Bowman.. Wallace. Hummelstown 1 901 Herber F. Sam. H. Young Ed. H. L. Henry Jesse E. Harris- 892 John W. 1902 Frank J. burg 1898 Frank A. G. . July. 1903 S. R. Harrisburg . . Seitz. Weiss. Wickersham. Durbin. Dress Feight Harr}' C.. 1902 L.. Umberger. . 348 Simon burg B. Harrisburg.1898 John Jordan Conklin. 895 Donald C. Gray. Bretz. 896 . E. and was a man of great wit and humor. Ehrgood. Snodgrass. F. Harrisburg. Elizabethtown. Wert. L. Harrisburg. . Beidleman. yet.. Steel ton. Harrisburg. He was one of the signers of the Declaration of Independence. . .. Snyder. E. New Bloom. Harrisburg. Harrisburg. . 893 Justin W. B. mostly by members of the bar. 895 Frank E. . . Derry Church. Roth. Harrisburg.. O. H. Hollinger. Harrisburg. 893 Thos. 895 John T. Wm. 895 T. Harris.. . Harrisburg 895 Ed. .1898 . B. Roop. . . Carter. He was a member of several important State conventions. 1901 Milton N. and died in York. Leiby H. Harrisburg. Orwig 1 903 M. Shirk. New Cumber896 897 897 898 Schrock Davis. James Smith was admitted to the bar In August. . Fox Scott S. Schock 893 Robt. Zimmerman. Harrisburg. James E. Guyer.. .. Farnsworth. Patrick 1900 Robert Stucker 1 900 Wm. Hershey. C. Segelbaum Ralph E.. Homer Shoemaker. field . W. Zeigler. Harris 1901 S. Lebanon 893 .M. H. Lebanon. Harrisburg 1903 Frank M. Gilbert. Carson J. C. Harrisburg. Harrisburg 892 Carson A.1898 Ed. H . They have been written at various times. 893 W. S.1903 John R. K. !Middletown . Barnett.

He was the son of Colonel William Patterson. and in relating one evening how he had been disturbed in his office by a cow. He was well schooled in removed point near Williamsport. and of the late Dr. of Lewistown. It is said of him "He was then about thirty-six years of age. the lawyer of York. for which reason it is scarcely possible to convey a just notion of it to the reader. serving twelve years. aged ninety-three years." to his narrative ! . Graydon further remarks. removed to the village of Shippensburg. and there established himself as a lawyer and surveyor of land. aged fifty-two-. was another earlv member of the bar. a popular physician. 1800. He died in December. The most trivial incident from his mouth was stamped with originality. the founder of Harrisburg. Galbraith Patterson resided in Harrisburg. where law. a gallant officer of the Revolution and preceding Indian wars. Pennsylvania. Galbraith Patterson contributed to the improvement of Harrisburg by the erection of the brick house originally on Alarket Square." Colonel Thomas Hartley was a native of Berks county.: HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY tions. In him it much depended on the uncouthness of gesture. settled in Harrisburg about the date the county was organized. as may be said of all persons in this way. which. the second house below the "Jones House. produced a comical effect. He died soon after. he possessed an original spark of drollery. taken conjunction with his eccentric ideas. consisted more in the manner than the matter. and soon became distinguished. though on an analysis it would be difficult to decide whether the man or the saying most constituted the jest. He was a member of congress in 1788. About 1800 he to a he possessed a large tract of land. of Lancaster. and after being admitted to the bar there. he gave inconceivable zest by telling how she thrust her nose into his window and then roared like a Numidian lion John Andre Adams. Pennsylvania. "James Smith. He was a compiler of the "Book of Legal Forms. of Lancaster. a native of New Jersey. The above is from Day's RecollecIn a note of "Graydon's Memoirs" it is said he was educated at the College of Philadelphia. born He studied law and practiced in York. He was the father of the wife of Judge Hayes. Edmund B. of Harrisburg. He commanded a corps in the Wyoming and Susquehanna valleys after the descent of Butler and the Indians. 349 1806. and a drawling mode of utterance." William Graydon. had con- siderable practice. This. the opening of the Revolution he entered the army. a certain ludicrous cast in of counte- nance. At 1748. and one of the executors of the will of John Harris. He was a brother-inlaw of Robert Harris. Patterson.

Watts was annoyed by a remark of Mr. He seemed generally to be not at all reluctant to say what he thought. was a man of polished manner. Fisher and Mr. I have heard of an anecdote which some- what court. without regard to the feelings of the object of his remarks. Alexander Graydon was the first prothonotary of this county. that there were fraudulent omissions. one of the early day lawyers of Harrisburg. of sprightly agreeable manners. and. On one occasion In when Mr. Mr. careless of his dress. very polite. and was long an elder in the Presbyterian church. dress. Graydon was the author of Graydon's "Memoirs. by the supreme executive council of the state. if not precise. Watts was counsel for the defendant. Duncan. But Mr. as his book shows. Mr. The act of Assembly required the applicant to make return of his property. Thomas Duncan. neat and careful In dress. He was for many years a was an honest Christian man. It was alleged. neat.' "I was present at the trial In this place of an Indictment In which Mr. aged about ninety-two years. and by no means choice in his language. He wore a cue tied with a ribbon. Watts was of rough exterior. He was a man of medium height. occasionally attended here. It was an Indictment for perjury in qualifying to the return of property by a debtor on his application for the benefit of the insolvent laws. Elder were the prominent members of the bar residing In Harrisburg. Harris. Watts made . He was a brother of Alexander Graydon. He he having been appointed to the office in the year 1785. They were the rival practitioners at Carlisle. Mr. the latter afterward on the bench of the supreme court. "You little (using some offensive expression). 'I could put you In my pocket. Duncan. illustrates their respective characters. and powdered his hair. on the contrary." which is quite an interesting book. a ready and intelligent writer. "Mr. on the part of the commonwealth. of Carlisle. Duncan. 'you would have more law In your pocket than ever you had in your head. of very gentlemanly manner. Mr. He submitted a schedule. which he declared was a schedule of his property. is an account of his election. David Watts and Mr. lively eyes.' said Mr. He died in October. and that the deponent had thus sworn falsely. Mr. of which John Dickinson was then the president. with dark. in justice of the peace. to which he had been qualified. and of an intelligent countenance. relates the following: "When I was a boy going to school Mr. 1840. On pages 334-35 of the edition by Littell. Laird. he said. Mr. and never rude or wantonly disrespectful to others. Graydon was a gentleman of very respectable appearance.' 'Then.350 HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY once extensively in use.

requiring no religious ceremonial." your honor. To the question to the woman whether she took the man as her lawful husband.' "Mr. quoted from 'Teague O'Regan. and sometimes quite shrill when excited in pleading. 'To be sure. and this was insuffiThe case is that of Hantz vs. Not being assured of it. but still it may be very good law for all that. "Mr. To which he answered in the affirmative.' Judge Hamilton asked. He asked the man whether he took the woman to be his lawful wife. at the Carlisle bar. he is my husband good enough. or in words to that effect. Judge Franks being on the bench. Duncan was appointed a justice of the supreme court by Governor Snyder in 18 17. 'it may be nonsense. A man and woman were in his office in relation to some legal matter in which their marriage was material. that in this case the book woman referred only to a past cohabitation. "There was a case which was. There is a caricature of law in an old English play which represented an entertainment of servants in the absence of the master of the house. in the place of Judge Yeates. Watts was an impassioned. Watts was strong and rather rough. Watts was apparently a strong. Duncan. the occasion of much merriment at the expense of Mr. Sealey. They had been cohabiting together. Mr. The Supreme Court decided that though marriage is a civil contract. that it was mere nonsense. The court. and was conceded to be an able lawyer.' said Mr.' said the judge. There was a striking contrast in the appearance of Mr. she replied. Watts. 'What book is that you read from?' 'Modern Chivalry.' and he proceeded with the argument. instructed the jury to that effect. 'I wish. Mr. . and therefore that he was not guilty of perjury. that it was not common sense. that of Mr. and reported in 6th Binney Reports. and Mr. One of the party said that a position spoken of as law was not law. powerful man. 'Oh. and common law is said to be the perfection of reason or of common sense.' The reporter of the case states that Mr. Duncan was a small man. but this was not done. yet that it must be entered into in words implying a present agreement to contract it. Watts inquired whether they had been married. "Mr. Watts once. Watt. cient for the purpose. In other words. Watts and Mr.' 'It is not a proper to read from in court. he directed them to stand up. and the defendant was acquitted. at the time. deceased. It may be said this instruction was more in accordance with the dictates of humanity than of law. that of Mr.HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY 351 the point that the applicant in swearing that the exhibit was a statement of his property was not to be understood as declaring that it was a schedule of all of his property. forcible and fluent speaker. Their voices w^ere very dissimilar.' said the other. Duncan was weak. The conversation turned on law. 'that your honor could write such a book. Watts advised them to go before a magistrate and repeat the ceremony.

" Attorney Harris continues "Two gentlemen read law under the direction of Mr. in November. from which county he had come. twenty or thirty years. where that was then the common language. Forster settling at Harrisburg. Weidman was a lawyer of great industry. who was tried m April. of florid countenance. Forster was his intimate friend. a man of very gentlemanly manners and a model judge. John M. but was pertinacious in the conduct of his causes. and resided there till his death. confidence of the people of that county in his judgment and integrity Mr. Laird tovvard the close of his life I mean Mr. "Mr. as being against public policy and the best interests of the people themselves. which was of great advantage to him in Lebanon county. and Mr. Judge Duncan eventually removed to Philadelphia. Judge Pearson has wisely refused to approve of the charter of any religious society with such a prohibition. He was rather above the common size. the Lebanon at the witnesses perhaps half of this time at even county court testify in the German language. was then the chief justice. and freto a great degree. Forster and Mr. "There was another member of the Harrisburg bar who was well known in his day. 1827. Forster never had an extensive practice. "Mr. stout in body. the prosecution of McElhenny. of which Mr. and was slow to compromise. but was for a number of years the counsel of the Branch Bank of Pennsylvania at He conducted with this place. and schools exist in that county in which the English language is not taught. and seemed to enjoy excellent health. — Weidman at Lebanon. half or more of He enjoyed the the witnesses in court then testifying in German. Weidman. for the murder of Sophia German. and Judge Gibson was the other associate. and had for many years an extensive and the leading practice in Lebanon county. having He understood the German confidence in his management of them. He had a taste for the military profession. He was not a ready 1827. of genial and jovial manners. he had time for preparation. Lesley was cashier. This was William Wallace. He was an excellent penman. lawyer or speaker. ability . Each of them was a member of the bar for Jacob B. but was possessed of good legal judgment when His ability lay in another direction. I add that quently took part with him in the trial of his causes. He was not a fluent speaker. He was of medium size and was well formed.: 352 HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY Judge Tilghman. and that religious societies exist in that county in whose charters the use in their meetings of any other language than the German is expressly forbidden. language. Mr. and in that line of life might have been distinguished. an accomplishment in which many of the bar are deficient.

He had also remarkable. was spoken of as his successor. Fisher was the defendant. "Mr. Harris remembered much of of two prominent attorneys here^ says: — Messrs. Kittera. and the candle held so far forward that he seemed to look almost through it. after a while. 1792. When standing at his office door. and when the Harrisburg Bank was established under the bank act of 1 8 14 he was elected its president. perhaps either in Lancaster or Philadelphia. When Judge Franks resigned. he could be heard plainly fully fifty yards. It happened. and in his latter years quite fleshy. with a candle (we had then no gas) held in one hand and a book or paper in the other. Fisher." Mr. so far as respected the facts of his case. He seemed to be fond of the study of the law. Calvin Blythe then. This effected a revolution of opinion concerning the judge in the mind of Mr. where now stands the Presbyterian church. and perhaps for a number of years. "He seemed to have been extensively engaged in litigation in ejectment cases depending on original title. I understand that he studied law under the direction of Mr. "Mr. gentlemanly manand was very kind in his intercourse with young members of the Dauphin bar. He was remarkably industrious. which were then a fertile subject of dispute in our courts and in those of the neighboring counties. He was noted for the musical character of his voice and distinctness of utterance. Mr. where he continued to reside till 181 1. and had a considerable law^ library. Judge Blythe charged in favor of Mr. Pennsylvania. and he said that he began to think that the fellow would make a pretty good judge. w^hen he returned to this place. 23 . secretary of the commonwealth. that a suit was on trial before him in which Mr. In my time at the bar he was freners. and that Calvin Blythe had not had a sufficiency of it. He occasionally. I have seen him reading in court. Fisher. and it was one of considerable magnitude. I think. Wallace was a native of this county. quite strong. Judge Blythe was. Fisher also desired the appointment. He removed to Erie. and said that experience at the bar was necessary for that position. however. not ready for trial. George Fisher was quently. the practice and personality Fisher and Elder. He was admitted to the bar of this county in June. strong eyes. attended the Sunbury court. He was a handsome man and quite large in youth. appointed. Several years before his death he retired from practice at the bar and resided on his farm below Middletown.HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY 353 "Mr. though when he got them fully out he would often manage them well. Thomas Elder led the bar here in amount of business for perhaps twenty or more years. He possessed of mild.

. except of law. not merely in words. though not His countenance was without color. Hanna. He left a large real estate. The river man In a running jump leaped nineteen feet. but in a pecuniary way. he usually was engaged. or with business in the Orphans' Court. In his young person was remarkably straight and was impressive. his time was pretty much occupied by attention to his profession and to the care of his property. When in court and not the trial of a cause. Elder were pitted against each of a case. of which he had a very large share. Elder as long as his opponent carried on the personal contest. and when he had important cases on hand looked well to the connection between parties and jurors. and was persuaded to engage In the contest. his fleshy. but I never knew of his attending court in any other county. He had also a large professional business in Lebanon county. not pleasant. but. studying law a raftsman from up the river made a banter to jump with any one in the town. Fisher clients. Elder He left the bar ten or more years leaped four Inches farther. Mr. town. but Mr. not in conversation like other members of the bar. When he But he was not without generous impulses. but in writing. Elder. He was for many years the president of the Harrisburg Bank. of which he had a large share. in the trial other . he was rather unrelenting. and it is probable that it would have been difficult for him to forgive any one who had offended him in any material matter. which fact probably contributed to the extension of his business. Elder was called on at the office of General Hanna. "Mr. took a fancy to a person he would sometimes be social and liberal. Elder was merely condition to render a continuance desirable. was about six feet in height. the founder of Middleperson. tained a dislike. and his a lawyer and man of business.354 engaged HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY in being generally in his office late at night. but Mr. it seemed to be as much a personal conflict between them as professional zeal in behalf of their respective Mr. It was not common for him to ask a continuance of a case when with reasonable vigilance he could have been ready. I have heard that when he was days he was exceedingly agile. Mr. and was usually quite familiar with the facts of his case. He was nearly always ready for the trial of his cause. He seldom indulged in recreation. He had an extensive acquaintance throughout the county. Both had superior constitutions and enjoyed excellent health "When Mr. was without malice. but heavier In He w^as the son of George Fisher. He was possessed of strong prejudices. Fisher was not so tall as Mr. stood up to the fight Mr. Parson Elder. Fie had little imagination reading. like a trained boxer. Elder was frequently personally offensive. Fisher and Mr. but when he enterHe read law wnth Gen. appeared to have been very limited. Fisher was frequently in a Mr. He w^as a son of before his death. of the Paxton and Derry churches. and was large in proportion.

a very cheerful. practice in the profession here. Harris writes reminiscences in his bar "Francis R. Shunk was very feet in height. was He did not enjoy much admitted to this bar in September. having discharged with characteristic probity the duties of the executive office. 1791. and not given to evil speaking of others. and being one of the oldest practitioners." Concerning Governor Shunk. pleasant companion. 1787. fond of and abounding in anecdote. tall. his other avocations as clerk of the House of Representatives and to the board of canal commissioners. Mr. He was a social. He — — A local writer —once : a member of the bar —spoke many years ago of Judge Krause thus . engaged in professional avocations. He was very popular He removed to Pittsburg. and as a judge very ready and decided. Fisher contributed to the improvement of Harrisburg by the erection of any substantial building. 1853. where he was somewhat in this place. He was a superior penman and etc. Charles Smith being the judge. and was residing there when elected as Governor. Fisher died in February. and Mr. but not fleshy. November. of each other. He was nearly in extremis when he resigned. Elder succeeded in obtaining verdicts. Elder nor Mr. They were born within six months 1853. an excellent reader. in all but one. Mr. Elder died in April." — "Mr.: HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY till 355 near the period of their respective deaths. and he died a few hours afterwards. 1848. Elder was admitted in August. "Neither Mr. — occupying most of his time. two or three. if not in all but one of the cases he Charles Smith was a superior tried. "Mr. lawyer. being two or three inches over six was at the head being the tallest of the military company in which he marched as a private soldier to BalHis timore in 1 8 14. aged eighty-seven. About twenty verdicts were taken in that time. 18 16. He was re-elected. Mr. He was concerned in nearly every case tried during the two weeks' court. the houses which they occupied had been built by others. kind-hearted man. and in the same Mr. and Mr. and within six miles of each other. Fisher was admitted to the bar in township in this county. Shunk. Mr. Elder put down quite a number. but resigned in July. afterwards Governor of the State. his cases were at the head of the list. aged above eighty-six. His frame was large. but his address was so frank and genial that the defects of his form were little considered by those in his company. appearance was rather ungainly. Mr. a considerable number of causes were set down for trial. Elder was a very successful lawyer. When our district court was established in this county.

S^ HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY more "Judge David Krause was a member of this bar for fifteen or years. of a bright intelligent countenance. Had he lived he might have become distinguished. that of Captain Walker. of July. of agreeable manners.. were Charles and R. and was admitted to the bar of this place. who was quite distinguished as a comic actor. afterwards purchased an interest in the Intelligencer. a highly intelHe and I started for lectual countenance. college together. and was possessed of refined literary taste. dark hair. and of kind disposition. of Philadelphia. and to which belonged the celebrated comedian Blissett and the elder Jefferson. the tune to which it is now sung. 1820. He We . 1820. Krause settled for a while at Lebanon. slight in form. He was a member of one of the military companies. He had a remarkably fine person. He was a son of Governor Findlay anci a brother of Judge Findlay. "Archibald Findlay read law in the office of Mr. as there was no enemy there to combat whilst they were in the service. viz. Jefferson subsequently died in Harrisburg. and was connected therein with General Cameron. and was admitted to the bar in this county in December. He was a fluent speaker and possessed of considerable ability both as a writer and speaker. and which acquired credit without much glory in the expedition. v/here he remained till his death. and had bushy red hair. was a student in the same office at the same time. He subsequently settled at Chambersburg. and read law in the office of Judge Walker. afterwards Senator and Secretary of the Treasury. 1 87 1. aged about seventy-three. read law in the same office.i. In one of the other companies. and died not many years afterwards. but about the year 1825 came to Harrisburg to act as private secretary to Governor Shulze. Ellmaker.) C. Mr. He was a representative from this county in the House of RepresentaIn 1845 he was appointed by Governor Porter tives for one term. sang it on the stage of the Flolliday Street (See an account of it in Harper's Magazine Theatre. and was admitted in March. He was a native of Harrisburg. which marched from this place to Baltimore in 1 8 14. after written. residing in Pittsburgh. Durang had been members of a theatrical company which had on several occasions visited Harrisburg. printed at Harrisburg. the latter of whom adapted for 'The Star Spangled Banner.. He had a fine intellect. that of Captain Crane.Ellmaker. commencing practice here about 1828 or 1829. and were admitted to the bar at the same time. He subsequently sold his interest in the paper.' which had just been The two brothers. He was of medium height. Ferdinand Durang. Robert J. who was United States judge. Walker. it was sung in camp. judge in the Norristown district and removed to Norristown. "Samuel Shoch read law at the same time in the office of Mr. viz. and F. He was a native of Lebanon county. in Baltimore. and over his remains. He died about a year ago.

When secession was threatened or actually begun. His head. Walker. He dressed carefully. the South would not have been in doubt whether secession would have been met by mere protestation. very clear. Buchanan graduated at Lancaster. and from his unexcitable temperament might have been well fitted for the bench. He spoke in previous to the inauguration of General Harrison. Crittenden. absurd resolution. The same writer speaks thus of James McCormick: "James McCormick was known to most of the last generation He was a superior lawyer. earnest discussion took place. acquiescence or entreaty. and was admitted to the bar there in 18 12. He was an agreeable speaker. prohibiting offiAn cers of the general government from interfering in elections. His voice was agreeable. . and his language I also heard him in the Senate at Washington. been fitted for action in quiet times. however. should have been displayed by the head of the government. Buchanan was tall in person. the Senate being addressed by Mr. But Mr. Mangum. Mr. or from malformation in his neck. and perhaps by Mr. crisis. from some diseased condition. Clay. Calhoun. Mr. hung to one side. soon to be one of the new cabinet. his form large and well developed. and loud. his manner usually animated. Buchanan was not surpassed by any one on that occasion. and very able and impressive in debate. and his appearance was gentlemanly and impressive. Crittenden. but not unpleasantly so. but he was considered to be timid and irresolute when required to assume responsibilities on occasions of extraordinary Importance to himself or to the public interests. his enunciation was exceedingly distinct. opposition to an impracticable. "Mr. had he possessed the resolution and intrepidity which. with a ringing sound. Wright. When actively engaged in his profession he had a more extensive practice at the bar.: HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY Rogers. and I then much admired him. rather than the stormy scenes of politics or revolution. and in my estimation Mr. he was fluent in speech. just unexceptional." 357 a stone was put by the direction of Chief Justice Gibson and Judge Of James Buchanan following language the above writer expressed himself in the "I heard him frequently in our state legislature when he was a young man. Robert J. when LanIt caster embraced what is now Dauphin county. though deliberate. .Buchanan appears to have or fought to the bitter end. Mr. introduced by Mr." should here be stated that Mr. at such a.

and he became blind. This contributed to lengthen trials in which he was engaged. perhaps owing to his sedentary life. unsocial in intercourse. and perhaps excessive and incautious use of his eyes. and was enabled the more readily to get into business. but seemed to enjoy the company of his friends when in his office. and he was extensively called on for counsel after. His eyesight." wrong The writer from whom we quote thus continues "There was another member of the bar who died many years ago who was considerably distinguished for his knowledge of law and for industry in his profession. He was sedentary in his habits. when his father. he ceased He was an effective speaker. not trusting to his memory for it. incorporation of the city of Harrisburg. He was generally ready for the trial of his causes when by His usage in the trial of reasonable diligence it could be effected. aged sixty-nine. a cause was to endeavor to write down nearly all of the oral testimony delivered. which had become an object of He also drafted the act of" March. heretofore spoken of. did not seem to affect his spirits. taking He was rather but little exercise either in walking or otherwise. he bore his affliction. who had large experience in that line. but he was pertinacious. Mr. He pursued the profession for about forty years. for the special attention. He died in thus . He came to the bar in December. He was generally concerned in the few ejectment cases which depended on original title which were tried here after the older lawyers. and it was not his fault if his side of the case was not understood. and had an extensive and lucrative practice in this and Lebanon countv. 1820. These cases related to timber lands or mountain lands in the coal region. He was the most laborious lawyer I have known in the course of my practice here. opinions on matters of law were generally reliable. and of intellectual side of it. and in his office he seemed much as usual. January. became impaired. with little murmur or complaint. never enjoyed good health. Fisher. from loss of sight. It would seem that after arriving at manhood he countenance. In the preparation of his paper-books for the supreme court he was elaborate. and was often complained of by the court and the adverse counsel. When his turn came he gave the cause a thorough examination. The affection. George Fisher. 1870. i860. and to be able to try^ causes in court. Though sorely afflicted for many years.: 35 8 HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY His than any other of those who came into practice with him. had died or had retired from the bar. when he lost a cause it might generally be considered that he had the He was of medium size. however. This was John A. which extensive act is evidence of his ability and is a specimen of his industry. He died in at least publicly. was still in considerable practice.

the first day of September. and if the law of God is of no avail. case of trial and conviction for that crime under an old Provincial law. .HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY 359 July. treated blasphemy with proper severity. Among for "blasphemy. ing: 'The Grand Inquest for the body of the county of Dauphin and affirmations respectively do present. 1799: the early cases which first. and against the peace and " upon their oaths . The Court also directed that he be bound to keep the peace and be of good behavior . these false. suffer three months imprisonment in the jail of said county. .' "The prisoner being arraigned. in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and ninety-nine. one wife and several young children. 1864. and of great strength and power of endurance. Whereupon the Court gave judgment that he pay a fine of £10." the "At the Court of Oyer & Terminer. We present the account to show how our ancestors. our government and our advancement in civilization rests upon the upholding of the revealed religion of the Christ of Nazareth. to wit: 'Christ' (our blessed Saviour Jesus Christ meaning) is a If Christ is the Son of God (meaning the Almighty God) then God hath to the great dishonor and contempt of Almighty God and our Saviour to the evil example of all others in like manner offendJesus Christ ing. and the act of General Assembly of this State in such case made and provided. . that tobacconist. of remarkable vigorous constitution. the civil law should stretch out its arms and check the headlong career of all blasphemers. contrary to the laws. aged sixty-six. . at the county aforesaid. impiously and blasphemously did say.. and our Blessed Saviour Jesus Christ to blaspheme and dishonor. &c. speak. but being moved and seduced by diabolical instigation... for the use of the poor of the county of Dauphin." came before the court was one and perhaps the only. we extract from the indictment the follow.but afterwards retracted his plea and submitted to the Court. not having the fear of God in his heart. and pav the costs of prosecution. impious and blasphemous words. well understanding the English and High Dutch languages. a man who has a iith ult. and within the jurisdiction of this Court. and with a loud voice pronounce and publish in the High Dutch language. In order to give the reader a more perfect idea of the magnitude of the crime. and contriving and intending Almighty God. We copy the account from the Oracle of September 17. held in this town on the tobacconist and fiddler. plead not c-uilty. was convicted on an indictment for Blasphemy.' — dignity of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. who were just as tolerant as The foundation of we. He was a large man. falsely. in the presence and hearing of divers liege subjects of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania.

At such a time we seek out the best skill in the medical fraternity. is universal to man who seeks out the "big medicine man. We suspense between life and death. James Rogers. Andrew Stewart." who are an honor to their calling. "Doctors learned for them." as well as to all various grades of society. John Carson. or just above the ferry house. flicted The Jacob Awl. John Cooper. to all the liege citizens of the in 400 and one surety in the like sum of 400 dls. John Gilchrist. we care little for physicians and their formulas or but there is almost certain to come a time in our earthly pilgrimage. William Brown. During the last century Dauphin county has had its thousands of Galen's followers. and then we appreciate ing as w^e rest it in the race. Barefoot Brunson. and to stand in the pillory. v/hen the organs of our body will refuse to do their office." earliest record of a punishment is the account of one inon William Courtenay and James Lachey. The names of the jurymen were James Cowden (foreman). many men now living would have been been Had it not numbered among the dead. who were sentenced to receive eighteen lashes and pay fifteen shillings sterHng. John Parthemore. even to the highest do not fully prize health until stricken by cultured classes. on the 1 8th of August. of Medicine. John Wilson. Every community now has honest. the elder. illness and are confined in our sick chamber. the reader and more thoroughly acquainting him with some of the . at the junction of Front and Paxtang streets.the physician. THE MEDICAL PROFESSION. yet the world has advanced rapidly healing and surgery. Samuel Stewart. a time when life's frail thread seems almost broken. himself dls. This strange feelIn health prescriptions. applies to the red We it and send for. Roan McClure. some were unworthy the title of "Medical Doctor" and many have indeed been eminent and celebrated for As a means of reviving In the memory of their honor and skill. William Crain. Archibald McAllister.36o HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY United States for seven years. John Clark. between the hours of four and six o'clock in the afternoon. Alexander Berryhill. This instrument of judicial vengeance stood about sixty yards below the grave of John Harris. is While no profession in the art of more susceptible to deception and quackery than that of medicine. Robert Montgomery. Richard Dixon. James Crouch. want the "good doctor" to remain by our bedside. 1785.

In Lower Paxton township was Dr. 1755. At Hummelstown were Drs. and Dr. Rey- Coburn Whitehead. who in October.. C. Christian Seiler. who came there in 1853. and died 8 13. Duncan King. 1850-60. Morgredy. Weistling.HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY : 361 €arly-day physicians of the county. Roberts. John W. Elizabethville the pioneer physician was Dr." says Dr. "Fortunate. Esram. ficed their lives for their profession. J. John Fager. B. In recalling the good deeds of those old worthies. in 1808.. there were several patriotic physicians who served in the mighty struggle for . At Jaclcsonville the first to practice medi- At was Dr. C." Coming down to the period of the Revolution. B. 1826. Dr. Stroup. Egle (whose language we are quoting now) "for the founder. L. J. Jr. Hammond (born 1804). born note. W. while crossing the river. prac- In 1883 the oldest physician there was Dr. Romer practiced prior to 1770. Drs.. John B. In Harrisburg were Drs. rolled from his horse and was drowned in the Susquehanna. Dr. died Price. Smith. Christ and Bischoff. 18 14. Benjamin J. Meyrick was there from 1795 to 18 15. cine H. and at Manadaville was Dr. C. Nice. Hetzel. William Henderson. Dr. W. Thither they went. (born 18 10). and upon their return. J. N. Rupp. Simonton read medicine with him. as disclosed by various records At Middletown. Wiestling. Jr. Ed. William Simonton. Robert Auchmuty nolds. McCamman practiced there about 1800. McGuire. Verbeke (born 1785). Orth. W. was a doctor of some etc. their names and date of practice will here be given. H. James Feming. Hautz. (born 1785). the doctor was shot in the back. Rutherford. J. Edmund W. Samuel Eby. Joshua M. At Union Deposit was Dr. in 1848. or some other name might have been given to the capital city of Pennsylvania. At Linglestown was Dr. Brown. D. David Umberger (born 1796). Dr. George Dock. ticed there also. Charles Fisher. Levi Rutherford. J. unfortunately for the doctor and fortunately for the founder of Harisburg. At Halifax was Dr. who sacri(for the early physician did not live to more than forty years) the first doctor of whom we have any record (and unfortunately his name has not been handed down to us) comes through a statement of John Harris. James in 1 in 1766. W. 1814. James McCammon. Abraham McClelland. who had practiced forty years." for had the case been reversed there probably would have been no Harrisburg. James Henderson (born 1827). Keller. Dr. B. volunteered to accompany a score of settlers in affording relief to the survivors of the massacre on Penn's creek. the founder of Harrisburg. Luther Reily. the Indians having ambushed the party. James C.

Louis W. or "Granny" Knatcher." as many physicians did He was a successful pracIt was "on the bank. His remains rest beneath the pavement on Fourth for old rye. who was in the Pennsylvania line at Valley Forge. and purchased It is said the lot now occupied by the Harrisburg National Bank. Dr. Harris was born on the Swatara. and died of camp fever. of David Scarlet the sum of Two of all acct's since the year One. from what cause we know not. His ancestors of Elk. his hair in a queue. Maryland. He the three sons became physicians and have desleft four children — Henry Hall came to Harrisburg were among the early settlers at the head then. Dr. up to this day being after the celebraLongevity to Washington. cendants Dr. he somewhat resembled the great wore He carried a snuff-box. in Cecil county. He died of camp fever in Chester county. He was the titioner. familiarly called." a sporting man. grandfather of Hon. a race horse of street." and what was as rare then as now. "Rec'd. anci buckles on his shoes. July 21. The only record we have of the firm of Fenton and Hunt is the existence of a receipt which reads as follows 1795. Brice Innes was a native of Hanover. Dr. Fenton was He kept a bachelor. Martin reformer. When Harrisburg was laid out in 1785. with others who came in were Doctors Fenton and Hunt. He Luther. He kept an "Apothocary Shop. Fenton & Hunt. January. God save the tion of Independency. in 1794. . Dr. he ran him without a rider. and made frequent use of its contents. as was common in the early days in Harrisburg. and they lost their lives in and Dr. called "Buckey. Dr. Hundred Pounds in full £200. and later. the cause. Dr. Brice Innes. a man of strong personality and died young. John Luther. Dr. 1778. was a woman held in high esteem as a midwife. Hunt committed suicide. a suit of black cloth knee-breeches. We We refer to Dr. Fenton died young. when the Devil was a sucking baby. He was considered as one of the brightest surgeons in the Patriotic army. a near relative of the Harris of Harris Ferry. of Harrisburg. Robert Harris can only refer to two. with a fondness pony make. Hall. in this section now. soon after the evacuation of Philadelphia by the British.: 362 HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY independence. John Luther came to Harrisburg in 1785." Front street. Congress. Barbara Knatcher. in this county.

and declined further honor. and Benjamin J.studied under him. which proved successful. this locality first Dr. of 1779. from 1778 to His son. and began his practice at Harrisburg. in which he served as a medical officer. Charles Fisher was the son of the founder of Middletown. He was affable and sympathetic. Dr. navy of Holland. The elder came to during the Re^'oIution and practiced twenty-five years in West Hanover township. as a surgeon. Coming here. named for him. a native of Adams county. became distinguished as a practitioner of medicine. is now connected with the State Lunatic Asylum. Meyrick. Orth. where he practiced medicine and died in 1808. Edward L. in the Revolution. a native He had sensed as a surgeon to America. serving with distinction in that body. George Wolf Reily. born in 1773. where he died. and none in his profession was more popular. Dean. Alexander T. Samuel Christopher Wiestling. of Lower Saxony. came Harrisburg. Martin Luther. It is believed that he was in the General Hospital at Philadelphia. Dr. Dr. McClellen. Simonton. then moved to Western Pennsylvania. who. studied with the Dr. During his later years he associated with him his brother-in-law. He originated a plan for the distribution of kine-pox by lottery. where they were known as skillful. and located at Harrisburg about the beginning of the War of 18 12He was popular in polit14. He preferred his profession. Dr. broad-minded physicians.HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY to :^62y In 1804 Dr. Middletown. Samuel Agnew. Henry L. ical affairs. In many ways he was a remarkable man. He remained in Harrisburg for thirty years. There were two doctors named Simonton. Dr. Orth's son. The latter located at Middletown. Dr. Joshua M. in which he was eminently successful. One of his sons was Judge John W. One of the best surgeons of the early period was Dr. Reily's son. where he practiced until 181 1. The two former located at Harrisburg. who died in 1834. aged forty-two years. Joseph Kelso. devoting the remainder of his days to that calling. and was a member of the twenty-fifth congress. when he removed to Harrisburg. Simonton. Orth. He was finally elected to congress. in the — . studied with Dr. he located along the Blue Mountains. Three of his sons entered the medical profession Samuel C. 18 17. He served in the war of 1812-14. Dr. in Paxtang. He died of paralysis in 1823. Luther Reily studied medicine with Dr. of Greencastle. He had studied medicine with the celebrated Dr. and over which he threw such a bright lustre. 1783. came In October.

about 1830. Harris was probably the brightest of the three. Dr. Dr. William Henderson was another bright star in the mediHe was at Hummelstown. a greatgrandson. however. The trend of his mind. well educated. John A. located. well "in his cups. respected. had light hair. John Luther's only daughter. was too philosophical to be thoroughly pracThese three doctors were representative men of the Harris tical. Simonton's practice while he was in contype. and a suit of dark clothes. even-tempered little "Dutchman" (He was either a Switzer or a Hollander). and when he visited that town periodically. another student of Dr. rosy complexion. Two of Dr. Shuster resided at Hummelstown in the thirties he was not a "regular" and rarely met in consultation with other He was squarely built. Henderson's sons studied under the father. of Harrisburg. He was a faithful old school In the same vicinity practiced Dr. James Henderson. physicians. of whom. Umberger of Dauphin. Dr. Dr. The English doctors did not take kindly to him. Rutherford. a white cravat. studied with Dr. and mild blue eyes. He was neatly dressed. Catharine. graduated in 1833." He had no love for the Hummelstown doctors. The record of Dr. He was termed a sociable. Dr. with William Harris. Dr. Dr. who married Dr. a second Dr. is the medical profession. He was styled "a fine old Irish gentleman. Martin Luther. family. but he was a successful physician. and of the "old school" cal firmament. and died at the age of thirty in 1820." there would be no end of his . Berlin practiced in Conewagoes about three-quarters of a centurv ago. Dr. David Umberger. who practiced at Steelton. or thirty-five years. doctor. Duncan King. He attended to Dr. Henderson. men of enlarged views. revered and well Icnown. Robert Auchmuty. descendants of the founder of Dr. Shope located at Hummelstown in 1832. Another son was William B. brother of Dr. He was a native of Dauphin county. Robert. There were three Doctors Harris.— HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY 364 At Millersburg. medical profession than Dr. born in 1808. and But few stood higher in the practiced ten years. Dr. died in 1880. Veasy. one gress. until his death. a brother of the latter. son of an old Revolutionar}^ soldier. He was a fine surgeon. and were universally the citv — popular in the community. a grandson. made his appearance at Hummelstown early He was deservedly popular. wearing a high hat. Robert. Hiram Rutherford. and served with distinction as an officer in the Civil War. Shope. and for half a century successfully followed His son.

1881. Slops. Med. Thomas M. Lebanon. of Harrisburg. including date and place of practice. They were peers of their high and holy calling. Beatty.. Univ. the learned Reily. Many. Pa. Md. Beshler. Coll. Pulte Med. 1881. Med. C. Hummelstown. W." which were overlooked.. the genial Hutchison. and they were all his friends.. the gifted Bowers. Coll. A. the intellectual Dumott. W. Homeopathic Med. 1889. 1881. S. lirst president of the Dauphin County Medical Society. He stood high in the community. 1881. Wm. Jeff. Hahnemann Coll. came from Revolutionary stock. Dean. 1890. Bulick. John V. F. Coll. Harrisburg. John J. Detroit Med. Since 1 88 1 the law of Pennsylvania has required every practicing physician to register in the office of the county prothonotary. giving sundry facts. Coll. Coll.. His advice to young doctors was of the best. S. C. college graduated from. Coll. the able Reminger. The following is a list of the physicians who have thus registered in Dauphin county. winning for himself an honored name at home and abroad. Progress. of course. J. with the year of their entrance upon practice. of P. Applebaugh. Coll. 1881. M. He began the study of his profession with Dr. Harrisburg. Halifax. Bower. Jeff. 1889. Univ. . He practiced for forty years. Dr. Med. Harrisburg. Albert.: HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY 365 hatred for "Dr. Among the most brilliant surgeons of George Dock. Univ. Ohio. Md." and the "Dutch Pillmaker. affable but were required to register Arnold. 1881. Quack. 1 88 1. with whom he fomied a partnership. 1899. H. was born in 1805 and died 1873. M. A. Chicago. Alfred L.. of Pa. William Rutherford. Harrisburg. Hahnemann Coll.. of P. D. Harrisburg. of Pa. Baker. Antonev. & S. Among others w^ho practiced medicine in this county w^ere the Harrisburg was Dr... No physician hated charlatanism worse than he. He of a very delicate an excellent education. Bruce." as he termed them. T. Balti. of Pa.. F. the modest Whitman. and although constitution. Harrisburg.. Rush Med. C. C. location and college from which they graduated. Coll. Biddel. Beiver.. Whiteside. 1881. notwithstanding his occasional "sprees.. 1890." "Dr. Harrisburg. & S.. 1881. the accomplished Coover. J. Harrisburg. 1881. Harrisburg. Jeff.. T. Med. and later with Dr. the plodding Caslow. etc. Berrvsburg. the ever-to-be lamented Gorgas. He wrote his name high in the profession he so dearly loved and honored. Bowman. Harrisburg. had practiced many years before this date. Ashland Hospital. Bishop. Theo. Coll. 1881. Brandt. Alsted. G. was early sent to school and obtained DeWitt...

Brown. Cable. Jeff. Coll. Coll. Gratz. Jeff. Harrisburg. M. Med. B... Med. Harrisburg. Coll. 1886. Eclectic Med.. Cleaves.. I. Coll. Fisherville. Geo. Lvkens. A. Ky. 1902. Chas. Long Island Med. Coll. Frank. Coll. 1881. Jeff. Hahnemann Med. HarrisburL\ Jeff. Med. Harrisburg. 1881. C. of M. W. Chas. 1 88 1. of Md. Cooper Med. & S. Harrisburg.. Eli H. Coble. and S. D... Elmer. S. Coll.. 1881. Med. C.. 1893. 1881. 1881. N. 1895. Bowman. 1893. L. Clark. T. Ed. Harrisburg. Harrisburg. Millersburg.. Univ. A. Harrisburg.. Joseph N. Coll. 1904. 1881. Chas. David. Coover. Coover. Harrisburg. of Pa. Jeff. Harrisburg. J. 1881. Boger. Cadwallader.. . J. of Pa. Bachmanville. A. 1894.. Hahnemann Med. of Md. of Pa. Balentina. Coll. Ross. Med.. Harrisburg. Bowman. Derr>' Church. A. Clayton. Coll. Cook. 1896. of Pa. 1884. Jeff.' J. H. S. Halifax. Harrisburg. Univ. N.. A. R. 1895. H. Harrisburg. Harrisburg. 1 Bert. S.. 1881. Med. M. 1885. W. J. K. 1895. Univ. Henry D. Bald. G. Jeff.. Univ. Clark. 88 1.. Hummelstown. J. Carmany. Georgetown (D. Univ. L.. Coll. Coll. 1881. Clarke.. Coll. of Md. Univ. of P. W. Coll. Henrv W.. Barner.. Boughton. P. Chariton. Clark. J. Thos. Coll. H. 188 1. Blair. Dumott. M. John J. L... Am. Harrisburg. Med. Harrisburg. Harrisburg. Margaret A.. C. James N. C. J. Jeff. 1881. Jeff. Hahnemann Med. E. Barlott. C. Bancroft. Md. Chas. Harrisburg. B. Harrisburg. K. Beers.. D. of Pa. Harrisburg. Homeopathic Med. i8gi. Joseph. Harrisburg. Bowers. 1881. Millersburg. Samuel. Hahnemann Coll. S. Cooper. Blackslee. of Pa. Univ. Crankshaw. 1887. Coll. Med. Jeff. Med. Coll.. Bill.. Wiconisco. Harrisburg. Hahnemann Med. 1881. 1881. of P. S. Middletown.) Med. F. of Pa. Millersburg. Bishop. Balti. Coll. C. 1893. of Phila. 1881. 1881. Bowers. Coll.. Bomberger. Harrisburg. Harrisburg. CaW... Harrisburg. Dauphin. Pa. Christman. Cocklin. Jeff. 1900. Bowers. Backus.. Coover. & S. 1894. Baltimore Med.. Phil. Univ. 1881.. Univ. Asylum. Univ. Harrisburg. 1893. 1885. Steelton. Med. Jeff. Chicago. 1 88 1. Fisherville. Harrisburg. Univ. Ft.. State Univ. 1904. C. Jeff. Med. H. F. Coll. Med. T. B. C. Md. of Mich. E.. of Louisville. la. H. Harrisburg. Harrisburg. 1882. Coll.. Mincy. Coll. Behm.. W. 1884. 1893.. Y. Middletown. Karrisburg. Univ. 1901.. Hunter.. Coll. 1887. Univ. John Blust. Edwin. J. 1882. Univ. Y. State L. Harrisburg. Geo. W. City of N. Y. Baltimore Md. Colley.266 HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY Brown. I. Bauder. Jeff. Bashhore. Univ. I. Med. Rush Med. Univ. 1881.. Baird.. Coll.. Mar}^ 1896. Harrisburg. Coll. Coover. Coll. of Pa. Coll. 1900. Chriswell. Med. Cooser. Geo. R. W. Med. Harvard Univ. of Vt. Coll. G. 1893. 1892. Thomas S.

of Md. Med. of Pa. Funk. Jeff. 1898.. Med. of Pa. Harrisburs. Highspire. 1905. J. . H. H.... C. Harrisburg. of Pa.. Coll. of Pa. G. 1893. Univ. Harrisburg. Univ.. Williamstown. M. Fager. Graydon.. H.. R. Gaverich. Coll. 1881. Harrisburg. Jr. Hummelstov^^n. Medico. Du£E. Coll. 1886. B. Med.. Dickinson. Harrisburg. F. Harrisburg. WilliamstownT Jeff. John. of Md. Hamburg Univ. Geo. E. Phila. Gorgas. Univ. Harrisburg.. 1881. 1883. Harrisburg. 1881. H. 1882. R. 1904. IVIed. H. of P... of Chicago. Fager. J. Ohio Med. & S. Univ. Eltla. Fishburn. Geberick. Univ. 1881. Coll. Earnest. Hamburg. N. 1881. 1883.. 1881. of Pa. Egle. G. Harrisburg. Dumott. Univ. 1886. Francisco. Harrisburg... R. K. Harrisburg. B. Harrisburg. Univ. Univ. 1881. Frost. L... A. J. Harrisburg. Coll. Hahnemann Coll. Harrisburg. J.. W. Coll. Harrisburg. Coll. Greenhoe. V. Univ. Coll. Pa. Univ. of.. Balti. 1881. F. B. Union Deposit. John M. Med. S. Harrisburg.) Gerhard. Jeff.. M. Harrisburg. Harrisburg. George. H. 1881.. of Md.HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY L. 1 88 1. of P. Harrisburg. Bayard. J. David S. Univ. Harrisburg. igoo. Douglas. Ellenberger. Williamstown. C. Univ. Garver. of Pa. 1881.^ 1887. Fager. Md... 1882. B. 1887. Hahnemann Coll. U. Jerome. Green. Harrisburg. 1892. Univ. Harrisburg. Medico of Ohio. James Ed. 1882. Univ. Greene.. 189b. 1892. Gross Med. Chas. Williamstown. 1883. Fox. Med. Fetterhoff. Hamburg. 1881. 1891. Md. Devenney. Med.. 1901. Fall. Jeff. Wm. A. Davies. Dreher. Coll. John H. Fisher. Coll. & S.. Jeff. R. Steelton. Med. S. Middletown. Union Deposit. 1899. 1 88 1. of Pa.. Univ. Jeff. Univ. J.. 1900. of Pa. of Pa. Univ. Jeff. of Mich. Jeff. Univ. S. of Md. C.. Harrisburg. P. Coll. 1881.. M. Univ. Wm. A... Harrisburg. Univ. Baltimore Med. Coll. Harrisburg. Coll. 1881. Baltimore. Enders. Hamburg.. Drum. Enders. 1900. Chas. Thos. Berkshire ]\Ied.. Hamburg. Fernold. A. C. L. of Pa. Feeser. H.. Geo. Jeff.. 1881. Wm. Frantz. Gibson. Dickinson. J. Hummelstown. 1885.. Coll. Harrisburg. Saml. Y. Jeff.. Gerhard... Coll. 367 Wm. 1881. T. Med. Henry... Jeff.-i88i. of Md. Med. M. Wm. Univ. (Mass. James E. J. Med. Wm. Harrisburg. D.. 1891.. J. of Pa. Lvkens. Med. H. 1893. Fritchey. B. Eager.. C. Coll. Coll. Free. Fritchey. 1899. 1881. of Md. of Pa. Coll. Donoghue. 1881. Free. Harrisburg. 1881. Danel. Fager. Z. Univ. Steelton. of Pa. of Pa. John V. Wm. M. of Pa. Dauphin. Linglestown. Univ. Grantsville. Fager. Med. Gill. W. 1883. of Pa. Jacksonville. Steelton. 1891. H. Univ. 1891. Md.. F. Univ.. Ed. of Pa. Denver.. Univ. S. E. Henry W. of Pa. Coll. of Pa.

G. 1901. Jeff.. 1902. Coll. Johnson. Jeff. Univ. 1889. Jeff. 1886. D.. Wm. T. Kleugh. Harrisburg. Derry.. Harrisburg. P. Agnes. J. 1899. of Pa. Med. W. Steelton. 1881. Harrisburg.. of Pa. Kuhry. Hinkle. Harrisburg. Coll. Y. Lefever. Med. Harrisburg. Hahnemann Coll. Coll. D. Kurtz. H. Millersburg. Upper Paxton. Howe. Med. J. of Med. 1 88 1. Harrisburg.. H. R. Univ. 1881. Coll. Ft. W. Harrisburg. Ira Abner. of P. Hahnemann Med. D. R.. 1893. Hamilton. of Med. J. Hershev. Chas. Wiconisco. Frank D. Laverty. Austria Med. Phil. H. Coll. Middletown. Horner. Coll. W. Harrisburg. Coll. of Pa. Carl A. Harrisburg. Sam.. Steelton. Harriet L. John C. N. Coll. B. Highspire. R. Univ. 1883. Lavertv. Med. Ky. Hahnemann Coll. Woman's Med. 1890. Harrisburg. Coll. Coll. of Pa. 1900. 1 88 1. D... Jeff. Coll. Kindred. of Pa. Keller. J.. 1905. P. Harrisburg. Haj^ John W. Lykens. Uniontown... Oliver R. Jeff. 1892. K. Coll. Hartman. 189s. Fisherville. Geo. Harrisburg. 1883. Coll. Coll. 1 881. Boston Univ. Harrisburg. M. Harrisburg. D. Harrisburg. Henr}^ W. H. 1881... M. R.. Med. A. Hattenstein. W. Coll. Vincent. Hartman. Philadelphia. E.. Iowa Univ.. Hill. Pa. Henderson. Harrisburg. Harrisburg. W. Univ. Kemp. 1904. 1881. Med. Univ.. 1 88 1. Long Island Coll. Hetrich. 1881. Isaac. 1898. Union Deposit. Long. 1881.. Coll.. Med. Harrisburg. 1881. Harrisburg. Hursh. Med. H. Kunkle. E. Harrisb\irg.. H.. of Pa. Med. of Pa. Jeff. 1881. Med. Keiter. Somerset. & S. Harrisburg. 1893. C. Steelton. Hunter. Med. 1 881. J. Jeff. of Pa. Univ.. Harrisburg. Jeff. Harrisburg. Geo.. Coll. W. Jeff. B. Woman's Med.. E. Hurst. 1881. Cleveland Homeopathic Coll. L. 1891. Ha^'s.. Dauphin. W. Eclectic Coll. J. Med. Med. 1881. Benj. 1881... of Tenn. Jeff. C. Keller. 1881. DeWitt C. G.. Berrysburg. Jeff.. 1884. Univ. Hutton. C. . Coll. Theo. James. B. Lingle. Hassler. C. Coll. E. Keller. Steelton. Middletown. 1881. Union Deposit. J. Med. 1889. Kilgore. F. Coll. Holsberg... Geo. Coll. Harrisburg... Knudsen. of Pa. F. F.. Middletown. S. H. J. Coll. 1904.... 1895.. Chicago Homeopath. Harrisburg. Kreider.. Jeff. Hart. Jeff. Kautz. 1881.. 1881. 1889. 1890. of Pa. David C. Cyr\as H. 1882.. Leimbach. Haas. 1881. Heckert. Coll. Steelton. Hahnemann Jauss. Coll. Coll. Univ. Med.. Hocker. C. D. Balti. Med. M. Kovacevich. Ewington. Pa. Hahnemann Med. Bellevue Med. Harrisburg. AnnviUe. C. Univ. 1886. Univ. Med. Geo. Herr. Md. 1881. 1895... J. 1881.368 HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY Hamaker.. C. Klages. 1 901.. Coll. Leslie. Jeff. Phil. C.

Med. Med. Harrisburg.. Mease. Woman's Med. Harrisburg. 1892. Univ. Harrisburg. Pitcairn. Univ. Steelton. 1898. Ogle. McClure. E. Harrisburg. Coll. M. . Med. 1881. McSherry. 1885. Med. New Bloomfield. 1890. Hahnemann Med. Solomon B. of N. Md.. L. David A. Markley. Harrisburg. C. Coll. John. Jesse. J.. 1894.. McCov. Harrisburg.. Lykens. Med. 1900. Lvkens. 24 . Detroit.. Dept. T. 1902.. N. Laverty. 1886. of Pa. 1889.. Harrisburg. 1881. Mich.. Harrisburg. Eclectic Med. B. Highspire.. A. Julia Clara.. J. Miller. C. Med. Univ. Coll. ]efi. of Pa. Coll. H. J. Balti. M. 1891. Y. Myers. Bradford. Putt. Poffenberger. Jeff. Frank. 1884. Univ. Harrisburg. of Pa. 1893. A.. 1895. Jeff. Coll. Univ. Med. Nicodemus. Meals. Berr^^sburg. Harrisburg. Miller. Pa. Pittston. H. K. C. W. 1900. John H.. Coll. Hugh L. F.. Harrisburg. Univ. Loos. Coll. C. H.. Longshore. Baltimore Med. 1886. 1901. Miller. O.. C. Jeff. 1882. Harrisburg. R. Hummelstown. of Mich. Phila. 1887. Harrisburg..HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY Lorman. Pa. . Harrisburg. Coll. I. Coll. Kern-sburg. P. Orth. 1882. Miller.. Jeff. of N. 1881. Harrisburg. Univ. Phila.. Middletown.. D. t88i. Woman's Med. Med. Katharine B. Harrisburg. of Pa. 1893. J. 1 903. of Md. Myers. Williamstown. Harrisburg. Williamstown. Maulfair. Middletown. Coll. of Pa... ProGfress. M.. C. Hahnemann Med. Moore. of Med. Med. McUsher. Univ.. 1881. Lenker.. 1893. I. 1 88 1. JefF. W. J. Churchville. Coll. Oenslager. Henrj^ 1892.. Mish. A. L^niv. Chicago Homeopath. Harrisburg. Md. Univ. Matter. 369 1882. Daniel W. McClure.. of Md. McGowan. O'Neill. Pa. ' . 1893. Coll. W. Coll. P. Coll. Richard. Harrisburg. A. Putt.. Univ. H. Coll. Jeff. S.. 1 88 1. Coll. Philadelphia. Lehr. A. Pa. Harrisburg.. Y.. of Pa. E. Coll. Middletown. Nead. Harrisburg. and S. Citv. Park. Steelton.. of P. 1881. R. of Cincin. Lefever. Williamstown. of Pa. Univ. J. John N. Miller.. 1881. Med.- : Hugh. D.. Harrisburg.. Jeff. S. J. Myers. Mingle. 1884. Med. Jeff. Pa. of Pa. Univ. Kansas City Med.. ^ Miller. Jeff. John J.. M.. 1893. Med. 18^4. Orr. Jacksonville. Manning.. E. Williamstown. O'Connor. 1889. 1890. Leidch. I. Mason. Coll.. G. Myers. 1901. Jeff. Woman's Med. Logan. H. Coll.. 1886.. Coll. Univ. Coll. 1899.. J. Coll.. of Pa. Lykens. Univ. H. McKeehan.. Harrisburg. H. 1881. G. 1898. L. Lauk. 1895. Coll. Jeff. of Pa. F. John. W."i88i. 1881. Y. of Pa. Anna \l. Univ. G. Miller. Univ. Univ. Hahnemann Med. Med. M. Harrisburg. 1 88 1. 1881. West Pa. Jacob A. S. Coll. Cincinnati Coll. Geo. Med. U. 1885. Harrisburg. Harrisburg. Pa. Medico of Chicago...

Uniontown. Med. Boston Univ. Harrisburg. Boston Univ. \l. B. 1881. Med.. 1883. Harrisburg. Harrisburg. 1892.. Coll. Chas. B. Steelton. 1893. 1886. C. Univ. i88s.. Md. Rahter. O. P.. Smith. Smith. Coll. Hahnemann Med. Hahnemann Med. Harrisburg.. Univ.. 1883. Med. Martha. University of Pa. Sensing.. M. Coll. Geo. Steelton. Harrisburg.. of Pa. Royson.. Harrisburg. Geo. H. Coll. Harrisburg. Harrisburg. Medico. H. Univ. City. Harrisburg. D. of Pa. Millersburg.. C. Steelton. Harrisburg. 1881. Univ. 1881. 1897. Harrisburg. Med. Peters.. Coll. Z. Sam. Coll.. Harrisburg. 1890. Coll.. Jeff. Univ. Chas. Univ.. Coll. Harrisburg.. J. of Pa. Hahnemann Med... . John R. Harrisburg. Med. Harrisburg. Coll. E. Harrisburg. O. 1893. M. 1883. Univ. Univ. Williamstovvn... Univ. 1881. C. Ida E. Schoettler.. 1895. of Pa. & S. Med. O. of Pa. Sam. 1881. Med. John M. G. Harrisburg. Y. Med. J.. W. Seller. Middletown. Chas. Harrisburg. Jeff. Jeff. R.. Homeopath. Pa. Univ. John K.. Reed. Prowell. of Pa. Coll. Coll. Aliddletown. J. Coll. Speck.. of Pa. Jeff. Isaac B.. Coll. Smith.370 HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY Pease. Rhoades. Secrist.. C. Smith. Chas. Robt. Lykens. Roop. Rupp. Phila. D. H. S. Shope. Coll. Chas. Rhoades.. Med. Wm. Harrisburg. Steelton. B. Geo. Chi. M. Wm. Middletown. L. Chas. 1881.. Linglestown. 1881. 1881. B. 1885. Harrisburg. Pinckney. of Pa. Coll. J. 1898. Harrisburg. Coll. John P. 1883.. R. Stahley. 1900. of N. S. Jacob M. Y. 1896. Harrisburg. Ritchie. Harrisburg. Coll. Rambler. 1 901. Pollock. C. L. Harrisburg. Harrisburg. Jeff.. Hummelstown. Harrisburg. Wm. Harrisburg. Remick.. Medico. Sprogle. Strong. Park. Jeff. 1889. Hahnemann Coll. 1904. P.. 1 88 1. 1881. 1894. Jeff. Jeff. Med. of Pa. W. Reynolds. C. • Smith. H. Uniontown. Coll. W. 1896. R.. Jeff. N. of Med. Price. M. Smith. Rhoades. Geo.. and S. Raye. Coll. Miami Med. Coll. Med. Henry F. Jackson. 1883. Schoeffer. W.. of Pa. 1891. Snyder. F. Bellevue Med. Piper. 1896. Jeff. Jeff. 1881.. 1895. Y. N. of Pa. Peters Wm. Reilv. Harrisburg. Jeff. James P.. Seabrook. H. Univ. Jeff.. Coll.. F. 1897. Coll. of P.. 1889. Steelton. of Pa. 1900. 1890. Med. E. Baltimore. Harrisburg. Chir. Hahnemann Coll. J. Raker. 1889.. Jeff. Harrisburg. C. Coll. of Pa. Shope. Plank. Phillips. John. 1889. Spellman. Univ. 1893. Med. Coll. H. Wm. Univ. of Pa. Harrisburg. Rebuck. of Pa. H. 1899. Coll. A. Harrisburg. Harrisburg. H. Schrieber. Med. Univ.. Med. 1890. 1892. 1892. Jeff. Saunders. S. Med. Univ. 1881.. Middletown. Med. 1881. Long Island Coll. 1890.. Hahnemann Med. Reinhard. M. Harrisburg. Univ. Phillips.

1881. Thorley. Usan. of Chicago. Coll. ]\led... Hummelstown. Ellendale Forge. M. Geo. John D. 1881. A. Stroup. 1 88 1. Coll.. Univ. Med. Chas. 1886. of Pa. Coll. Stites... W. Schaeffner. Elizabethville. Williamstown. Jeff. Harrisburg. Med. John B. Harrisburg. Harrisburg. 1 88 1.. Jeff. 1882. B. Shue.. Hahnemann Coll. N.. Shellersville. John John Schloner.. Steele. Halifax. Med. Buffalo Med. Coll. Stauffer. Shaffer. W. Univ. 1 88 1. Elias L. Univ. of Pa. J. M. Coll. E. Harrisburg. Stroup. Jeff. Stokes. Robt. F. Lancaster. G. Coll. Eclectic Med. V.. Gratz. Harrisburg. P. 1881. 1881. 1903. John A. 1 88 1.. W. Enders. 1 88 1. Simon. Jeff. 1881. U. 1886. Chas.. of P. 1901. Harrisburg. Stroup. West Univ. W. Med. Coll. W. Coll. Coll.. Coll. Togart. D. Trullinger. Coll. Sexton. Univ. 1885. Med.. Steelton. of Pa. James. Killinger. of Pa. U. Smith. John.. 1882. 1884. J. of Pa. S. E. A. R. & S. Univ. W. Med.. Saul. of Pa. Coll. Jeff. L. of Pa. Seibert. Harrisburg. Med. B. Stevens. Univ. Harrisburg. Harrisburg. Md. Phila.. Baltimore. Harrisburg. Worn. Shoemaker. 1887. Lykens.. R. Coll. Jeff. Ed... 1903. Traver. E. Phil.. Jeff. Harry. Harrisburg. Fisherville. Coll. D. Med. Ross. Middletown. Univ. Torrington. 371 C. Med. Harrisburg. I. W. of Pa. Jeff. H. Harrisburg. Med. Hahnemann Med. W. Jeff. . of P. Jeff. Jeff.. Jeff. 1905. H. J. John D... 1882. Snyder. Harrisburg. H. Coll.. 1881. 1 88 1.. D. Harrisburg. Harrisburg. Shumway. D. J. Elizabethville. Simpson. Highland. H. Univ. Schaffner.. John A. C. 1881. Coll. Smith. A. John. Wiconisco. P. 1886. Med. Jeff. Coll. Shreger. Coll. J. Derry. Scofield. Med. H. 1881. Shultz. 1881. Stuckler.. Harrisburg. 1898. Ulrick. N. R. 1882. Univ. U. Derry Church. Coll. Union Deposit. Univ. Traver. Stickel. of Pa. Harrisburg. Jeff. Stees. 1885. Hahnemann Coll. of Pa. Pa. C. D. Jeff. Coll. Coll. Med. 1881. 1886. 1886. Coll. Coll. John Seitz. Williamstown. Elizabethville.. Eclectic Coll.. C.. Coll. Middletown. 1881. Med.. Baltimore. Jeff. Coll. Coll. J. Johnson. Jeff. Shaffer. Shope. Jeff. 1892. Med. Harrisburg. Harrisburg. Linglestown. G. Unberger. & S. of Pa. 1904. Med. Coll. of Pa.. Ulsh. 1904. 1 88 1. Md. of Pa. Univ. Ohio.. Schminkey. Berrysburg. Wm.. Shope. 1885. 1881. Med. Coll. Jeff. Univ. Thome. Steelton. Smith. 1881. 1881. Med. of Pa. Middletown. 1886. J. Chas. Steelton. 1890. C. Univ. W.. 1887.. Stites. W. Harrisburg.. Univ.. F. Pa. 1889. 1902. Med. 1891. of Pa. Med. Stroup. A. Harrisburg.HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY Lydia W. S.. Jeff. Med. D. Swiler. of Md. 1887. Tucker. Swartz. Steel ton. Med. M. H. 1881.

. Phil. H. James E. L.. Boston Coll. Harrisburg.. Jefferson Medical College. 1907.. College. Med. F. Harrisburg. Carter.. E. 1906. G.. P. Univ. R. Isenberg. Harrisburg. Maurice F. Weiser. Harrisburg.. Coll. 1905. Coll. 1906. State Med. Harrisburg. 1904. Jeff. Y. 1892. Hamacher. Middletown. 1904. 1891. Society. Medico-Chirurgical College.. 1905.. of Md. William P. H.. 1906. of Ind. E. Pa. 1905. Wm. Harrisburg. of Pa.. Watkins. J. Med. P. Weirick. Belcher. B. Wright. 1905. Harrisburg. Martin Landis. Harrisburg. 1905.. 1906. C. State Med. John Fox. Maryland. L. Univ. Illinois Med.. Medico-Chirurgical College. Nissley. Hahnemann Coll. 1905. 1906. 1906. Univ. Coll. Phila. Jeff.. Aaron L. Coll.ore Med. Jeff. Coll. Harrisburg. 1907. 1906. Crawford. Frank L. W. Harrisburg. Univ. Williamstown. Coll.. Geo. Weerick. Medico-Chir. Harrisburg.. Coll. 1905. Grantsville. Ziegler. & Jefferson Med. 1906. C. Harrisburg. Thompson. Harrisburg. & Surgeons. Ed.. Pa. H. Percy E. Daily. Eager. Harrisburg. Arthur B. Harrisburg. Howden.. 1892. Shenk... Joseph. Howard University. Shaffer. F.. Eisenhart. of Pa. 1906. 1891. Hahnemann Med. HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY 1890.. 1906. 1905. 1891. Coll. Henry F.372 Ulrich. Med. E. Medico-Chirurgical. 1906. D. College. J. Jefferson Med. of P. Wagenseller... Walford.. A. John Russell.. 1905. Ed.. M. Hahnemann Med. Harry A. Pa. 1906. Med. Wert. 1891. Baltimore Med. 1905. of Pa.. Harrisburg. Derry Church.. Coll. Wm. Wagner. Univ. C. Ernest C. Jeff. John Henry. Pa. S. Phila. Middletown.. Bishop. Medico-Chirurgical College... Deckard. Med. of Pa. Those admitted to the medical practice the years 1905-6-7 are as follows: in Dauphin county for Hattenstein. Widder. William Jeffers... 1906. Medico-Chirurgical College. Harrisburg. 1900. . L. Coll. Phila. Coll. 1891. Maryland. N. Fernandez. King. Coll. Hahnemann Coll. Washington. Harrisburg. Med. Watkins. Soc. George R. A. Boyle. of P. 1906. H.. L. Soc. Francis H. Baltimore Med. MofEtt. Walmer. J. M. 1906. State Med. Univ. Harrisburg. D. of Pa. Chas.. Foster. Universit}^ of Pa. Philadelphia Dental College.. W. Harrisburg. Wagenseller. & S. 1906. Hansard Univ.. Harvard Univ. Moulton.. S. H. Frank E. Coll. Baltim. 1905. K. Wohl.

The line thus marked has never been changed. except as may have been modified by the erection of Cone^wago therefore Derry Church. which said road is to fall into the east part of the said township. and down the same to place of beginning.CHAPTER XL Townships ton. of Harrisburg. has ever since the year 1825 been in Derry township." In 1768 the people demanded another change. The line agreed upon was as follows: "Along a certain road leading from Conewago creek. They claimed the bounds of the township up Susquehanna to the and the inhabitants thereof labored under and asked the court to divide and create a new township. The viewers reported in November.. at Swatara creek. The and at one date covered a larger extent of territory than record of the quarter sessions court of Lancaster county. by the Widow Hall's. thence to the mouth of the Suataaro. while the officers of the latter very^ were extensive. is the subjoined list of township officers from the year 1759 to It will be seen 1785. beginning at the mouth of the Conewago. To better show who really were the pioneers in this part of Dauphin county.. the officers were from what is now Londonderry. as viewers. and two other persons. 1825. 1729. Sr. that after the separation of Londonderry. thence south on a direct line to Conewago. 1826.. Esq. and of especial interest to their numerous descendants. . and that the said part be known as Londonderry township and the west part retain the name of Derry. : Derry among —^Londonderry— Paxtang— Lower Pax- Derry is the southern subdivisions of Dauphin county. August i. thence up Suataaro mouth of Quetopohello. when the county of Dauphin was erected. to survev and make a division hne between the said townships. in 1769. and the same was confirmed by the court. inconveniences. containing the following boundary of Derry. . (See Sessions Docket. as agreed upon by the magistrates and the interested inhabitants reads thus: "The township of Derry. April 11. January 21. page 10). thence to Felix Landis. and applied to the court for a division. as it is called. the same year. now. the court appointed John Roberts." But from time to time there were disputes as to the true line between these townships.

Stophel Shoupe. Jacob Metzgar. — — David — Hugh 1768. I774' Constable. Robert Allison. Frederick Hess. — Max Willson. — Poor. Martin Overseers of Poor. William Sterrett. Constable. Overseers of Poor. William Bredin. Christly Sny- 1763. Overseers of Roads. William Mc- — — 1769. Brand. Constable. — John Myers. Overseers Roads. Constable. James Russell. Boyd. Robert McKee. John of Campbell. John Tanner. 1773.Constable. Constable. 1760. Robert — McKee. of — — Roads. Shaw. William Overseers of Poor. David Overseers of Roads. Adam Baum. Poor. which are given under the head of Londonderry. The reference to the reformation of the two townships explains this matter John Ree. Moses of Potts. Joseph Misker. Constable. Martin Brand. Andrew Overseers of Poor. Constable. — Henry — Myers.: 374 HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY township. John Tanner. 1762.Constable. John Brandil. Overseers — Christian of — Roads. Overseers of Campbell. — Mabin. Overseers Roads. ^Matthew Laird. — William Overseers of Roads. William Shaw. Overseers of Roads. Overseers —Robert of Walker. — — — — Overseers of Snyder. Constable. Abraham Strickler. Robert McKee. John Frederick — Stophel Shoop. — William Dean. Overseers of — Roads. Moses Willson. Overseers Tanner. were from now Derry township. — Roads. Overseers of Poor. Moses Campbell. 1772. Shridley. Overseers Spidle. — — — — 1765. Constable..Constable. John Appier. Overseers —William of Deam. Peter Roads. —James — Foster. 1771. 1770. James Shaw. ^William Laird. Constable. John Poor. John Fleeman. Overseers of Roads. John of —John Roads. Constable. Chris- — — — Stopher. — — Poor. Constable. Robert McCallen. John John Long. 1759. Constable. William Sawyer. Haj's. — — der. Walker. Baum. Overseers of Snyder. — Max Spiddle. Overseers Byers. 1764. John Coffman. of 1 76 1. Overseers of Poor. Moses Willson. Overseers Roads. Johnston. Castle Poor. 1776. Overseers of Roads. Overseers of Byers. —James Poor. Poor. Joseph Candor. Meban. of Rce. — Haymaker. Adam Baum. Samuel Bell. 1766. ^William — Shaw. Constable. Overseers of Roads. — Castle — — Snider. Candor. Jacob Mitzker. William Willson. Robert Allison. Constable. Constable. Humble. John of Campbell. Overseers of Landis. Jacob Smith. Overseers Poor. Stophel Shoop. 1777. Overseers tian of — — Roads. -Adam — — James Forster. Overseers of Poor. — Henry — . John Logan. Castle Poor. Jacob Smith. William Moore. Henry Nover. Overseers of Byers. Overseers Poor. Matof thew Laird. Patrick Kelly. Robert Walker. Clinket. Michael Hoover. Overseers —Adam of Sr. 1775. William Overseers of Poor. Joseph Overseers of Roads. Moses Willson. Charles Clark. 1767. David Johnston.

James Overseers of Russell. Chrisn Bousor. Jr. William Overseers of Roads. 1783. Joseph Caufman. In the Derry return for 1780. Moses Couns. Overseers Poor. John Chambers. we find that mills were possessed by Michael Haun (2). John Branson. Martin Bradon. Overseers of Poor. Datwiller. Jno Cain. Alison. 1778. James Berine. 1 78 1. Coss. Henry of 1784. Etter. Acres.HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY Moses Campbell. Overseers Elliott. Jno . which is herewith given. —James — McFarland. Jacob 40 150 25 120 Bower. of — Russell. Barbara Sharer. Thomas Danl 200 Beaver. William Laird. 375 — — — I Overseers of Roads. Constable. John Myer. Constable. Alison. Adam Brand. Negroes were owned by Joseph Candor. Bucks. John of — — — Overseers of Blair. John Kaufman. 80 100 15 Henn' 150 Espy. Jacob Reiger. DERRY TOWNSHIP RETURN. Hess. Henry Larndy. — Roads. Alison. Jno Blessley. John Foutz. Jacob of Smith. Constable. John Kain. Frt^er. —Jacob Neesly. Constable. Casimor Byers. Geo Darr. Jacob Shofner. 1779. Jno Cough. 200 40 25 Geo ' Gamble. John Bricker. Overseers — Henrj' Etter. Nicholas Eighty. Robt Breden. Stephan Fox. Abram Cander. 1780. Adam Hamaker (2). — Mills. John Bayers. —John Poor. Geo Bucks. — Daniel Overseers John Kain. Constable. Mathias Coss. Christian Stoufer. and William White (2). Henry Borholder. Fred. —John Allison. 1780. Stills were operated by Martin Brand (2). Overseers Poor. — Daniel of Eliot. — Overseers Roads. David Overseers of Roads. Overseers of Poor. Constable. George Cass. Conrad Felix. 50 Elliot. — George Roads. Andrew Sretley. 782. Conrad Etter. Roads. — John — John of John Kauffman. Anthony Blessley. David 40 155 Geo Robt Bransor. and David Mitchell (2). Peter Wm 200 150 212 50 200 Cobough. John Ritzell. James Laird (2). Poor. Mathias Baum. Ritzell. Long. William Laird. Overseers of Sherer. Andw Jno 150 150 • 243 lOO Fifer. George Bransor. Chrisn 48 120 164 150 Danl Blair. Poor. and William Scott. Constable. Daniel Shelly. Abraham Coppagh. Acres. Geo Bucks.

Philip Hood. Philip 100 Sellers. Hamacher. Saml 350 lOO Jackson. Michl Hamacher. 150 Mitchel. . Adam Thrum. Danl. Nicholas Galowa}^ Jos Grimes. Hall. 3. Acres. David . Jno. Fredk Shire. Henry lOO lOO Roadrock. Stul. David Andw Jacob 90 Myers. Shriedly. James Shaffner. Jacob Shearer. Peter Rodes. Jacob 75 James 230 . Jos 132 Wm Abram 259 John Rham. William Kile. 221 100 25 3 Spidle. Henry 160 Shelly. Rusel. Wm. Sellars. Peter. Rouse. Hershev. Jos Patton. Martin Risser. 115 174 Scott. Chrisn Hamacher. Margaret 100 Spidle. Vandle McKee. Grape. Stephanson. Jr lOO lOO Hock. Peter Ridley.. Thomas Johnston. Adam Hamacher. Saml Jackson. Thomas. David Tetweiler. Strickler. Hector Gingre}'. Edward Jamison. Philip Andw 251 50 Smith. James flyers.. 400 i Henry McKee. Saml Hindman. Saml Mars. David Hess. Shaffner. Abram 150 Simerman. Christian Oagel. Stall. Nichl Scott. Jno Singer.376 HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY Acres. Jnr Hanna. Spidle. Spidle. James Persht. Thos Prim. Jacob Singer. Mack Mack. Henry Nupher. Adam Wm Jacob Dennis Chris Stoufer. Jacob lOO 130 Hindman. Jno Johnston. 40 Richart. 240 Nupher. Jacob loo 100 100 Humel. James 50 85 Fritz. Jno Sharer.. 100 Adam Hindman. John Laird. Jno McGinnis. Barnard Fleck. Junr lOO lOO lOO Persht. Jno Mills.. Michl Rife. Reitzel. Fredn Wm Jno Shote. Junr Mvers. 60 250 114 Rife. lott. Valenn Henry. Spalsbach. Jacob McKee. Geo Geo (James Gold) . Esther McFarland. David Johnston. Fredk Fredk Shoop. Henry Martin John 140 Grossman. Jno Nissley. Jno Gingrey. Barbara Hugh Hunsberger. Adam. . Jno Monigh. Robt 240 130 Fredk Strickler. Jacob Sharer. Geo Haun..icGee. Tetweiler. Jacob . 274 lOO . Alexr FoLitz. James Mitzger.

James M. Edward Burgess. Minet. Suseanah Wetherholt. Martin Fredley. Peter Fredley.HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY Acres. Wm. and Is bounded east by Lebanon county and south by the townships of Conewago and Londonderry. William Wm 90 150 150 400 Wm 263 2 Wickersham. Philip Blessly. George Crabner. for the full list of all township officials. Hirman John McLaughlin. Arbuckle. Fredk Whitmer. Birnard. Jacob Bricker. Jacob Shearer. John Landis. Jno White. Samuel Glark. Jacob Derrey. Long. Abner Servine. Haverling. Whigand. James Glung. Richard Hall. which was the aim of the As now constituted . Ann Ann Fredk. John Gall. James Donally. Patrick Landis. Geo. Landis. John Camble. Adam Deam. Geo Titts. Peter Spade. Geo. Wm. Henry Cooper. Peter HUMELS TOWN. Lightic. Lower. Frederick Sellars. Jacob Luhard. Jos. It Is among the most productive of In searching all the twenty-three townships In Dauphin county. Adam Cram. Glester. 50 Anthony 66 Yeates. Derry is south and east of Swatara creek. Humel.^ Jacob Axnoe. 377 Acres. Landis. Michl Wolf. Robert Henderson. Gray. Lewis Meyer. Hurst. Jacob Laird. Daniel Robinson. Michl. Wilson. Furey. FREEMEN. Henry Wagner. Jacob Quhard. Spade. Nicholas 250 100 •. Gamble. Ales. Stephan Fredk Taylor. Andw. Christoph Bower. Chris. Jno Laferty. Peter Landis. Mosses Williams. Charles Yeates. Henry Miller. John Shoop. Lodwig Emrich. James Claines. Mary Adam Heroof. Jno Taner.

Shoop. 1817 1 — Frederick Hummel. J. 818 Strickler. J. Lime. Brandt. 1830 1 —-Jacob Jonas Coble. McCleary. Mumma. 1823 — David Metzler. Rife. Wilson. David Earnest. J. Shaffner. T. 181 3—James Henrv' Goss. . Fishburn. Sherer. Baum. M. Jo. A. 1 1 Nissley. Balsbough. Nissley. Henry Booser. Bovver. 1795 — Geo Fishburn. —Christian Apple. 1792 — G. Laird.378 HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY township of list : historian. Berst. — Peter Geib. J. J. 1825— H. Earnest. Funck. Baer. Abram Yingst. Bricker. Kouffman. Henry Horst. Louer. 1822 — Beinhauer. Risser. 1796 — D. C. Brennaman. Landis. —A. Howk. J. Wolford. McCan. Baughman. Seiler. D. 1820— M. C. Abram Yingst. Nissley. C. Hoover. 1824— H. Rife. Daniel 82 —John Geo. J. — G. 1819 — H. 1808— H. C. John Detweiler. Christ Stoner. D. Ginrich. Peter 1829 — John Landis. —-Abraham F. Martin. Smith. Detweiler. 178b —A. 1826 Stoner. 1812 — Hummel. 1816— M. 1787 — 1789 — Kingrich. Jacob Heister. J. Joseph Brenser. Hoover. Berst. 1814—John 181 5 Stauffer. Henry. J. 1797 — Geo. J. 1803 — D. 1785 J. 1800— M. 1801 J. Abram Hoober. 1798—J. Hoffer. Groff. which will be given in connection with the above TOWNSHIP SUPERVISORS 1 1 785 TO 1905. Roadrock. 1805 — Beinhauer. Strickler. 1804 — C. Philip P. Hocker. John McKee. ^793—J1794 Candor. Brandt. W. John Moses. success has only been achieved in the single Derry. John Minnick. Brandt. J. Roadrock. — C. J. 1828 —John Fishburn. — A. Miller. John Hoffer. 1799 — C. Jacob Brooks. Blessing. B. — 1832 — 1833 — 83 1 Jacob Merisler. J. J. John Bear. Nissley. P. Nissley. Wagner. Landis. 1802 — C. 1806 —A. 1807 — Harshey. 181 F. 1827 — Christ Henry Landis. 1809 1 8 — 10— John Greenwolt.

Lehman. M. 1862 — H. Bishop. Hummel. Gingrich. 1844 — W. F. Abraham Yingst. 1886— . John Mumma. J. L. Rupp. Balsbaugh. Elias Smith. 1856 — Geo. Snavly. Geo. Fishburn. 1839 — John Landis. 1843 — M.. 1871 —Jacob ZoU. Nissley. 1882 —Jacob Joseph 1 — John H. M. 1855 — Hummel." . L. Coble. John Henry. Felty. Bechtel. Buckmaster. J. John Yingst. 1845 —John Christian Eby. C. S. 1869 J. 18771878 1879 1880 1 Saml. 1885 —John Henrv Brandt. Bechtel. 1874-1875 — AI. A. 1884 J. Strickler. Bechtel. D. Lehman. Reitzel. A. Strickler. Fishburn. Snavly. John Letter. Hummel. Hocker. 1853 — D. 841 —A. Jo. D. 1850—Adam Hocker. Eby. J. Goodman. J. Peter L. Christ Landis. Fausnatch. Parthimore. Nissley. D. Hoffman. Shiffler. Felty. Hoffer. 1838 — Abraham Yingst. 85 — D. 1864— Barnhard. 1861 — H. Sam 1836 — Christ Rutt. Inman. J. John 1840— A. 1 1 Berst. Balsbaugh. Kauffman. Bechtel. 1835 —Jacob Hoover. 1866— b. J. —Joseh Samuel Gingrich. John Yingst. Brady. Strickler. 1868— F. 1 —John Yingst. Nissley. 1872 — 1873 —John Snavley. 1852—John Landis. David 1849 —Adam Hocker. John Yingst. 1858 — Emerick.. Keifer. D. J. David Ginder. Hoffer. L.. Balsbaugh. A. ^Jacob J. Hummel. Hummel. S. Landis. Fishbum.HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY 379 — David John Baum. 1842 —Jacob Shenk. 1867 — Dan. Sam 1837 — Fred Shreadly. 1848 —John Yingst. Philip Siders. 88 —James L. |. — 1870— AL Hummel. Reitzel. 1834 Earnest. Hummel. Hummel. —John Henry Brandt. Christ Landis. 1883— I. 1876—Wm. John Leetz. 1854 —Adam Hummel. J. 1857 — D. Nissley.. 1863 —A. Hershey. M. 1865 — 1859 Nissley. Seder. 1846 — David 1847 —John D. John Moyer. D. Hocker. Hollinger. i860— M. Berst. Fausnatch.

p. Hawk. F. 901 P. Hallman. Geo. 1895 E. Henry Brandt. Grubb. Josiah Foreman. or Derry's Church ford is between Manadaville and Union Deposit. — Martin Keggeries. or ferry. Balsbaugh. Earnest's and Sherer's ford. Benj. Grubb. that they paid for for powder. Shenk. Hollman. was "A Book to £151. Balsbaugh. Martin Yingst. etc. Jacob H. Hamilton. 24 shillings per day for a wagon with four horses. F. Longnecker. Dauphin County Purchased the Public to Keep By Centennial in The Township of Taxes For Road Highways and an account of condition. 3. 1890— Geo.10. when dollars and cents obtain. Slessor. F. excellent and in an It was Derry. Mirich. 1900 1 — Samuel — Martin 1892 — Martin Keggerries. Hollman. 5 shillings for labor. 1888—Wm.s.380 1887 HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY — Samuel M. xMinnick. Before 18 16 the Swatara could be forded easily at the point just designated. Geo. Keifer. 1905 — Daniel David Gordon. Reiger. per pound" for collecting the tax. S.14. Wm." amounting the rare curiosities exhibited at the Among 1885. Philip — Samuel Josiah Foreman. 1902 — Phil Hook. and for laying the tax. 1899—Alfred Felty. 1897 — Levi E. Mcllhenny's) is at Manadaville. on the Reading pike. during the summer m. Longnecker. 1867. March 28. Keggeries. Albert B. F." all relating to account of within its pages were found an accurate and July. 1898—Alfred Felty. 1891 — Geo. was located for many years at the Swatara. David Gordon. 1791. M. Jacob Jacob S. one mile due west of liummelstown. Geo. Brandt.onths. fording places of the Swatara were quite noted at an Dixon's ford was in the bend of the Swatara. When the fourteen-foot dam was built across the . 1893 -Benj. Hollman. but ferry boats (flats) were employed in high water times. that these supervisors paid "i. 1906 — David Gordon. Hershey. Slessor. Gordon. David Book. Kreiger. Gordon. Jacob H. Phil. 1896 — Martin Keggerries. Hollman. P." early date. The Colonel Rogers' (now Farther down than these is Logan's ford. 1799 John Leper and John Funk "laid taxes two times. Hawk. 1889 Wm. the roads of the township between its date (1791) The accounts are stated in pounds. 1894— H. "warning the hands. near the Lebanon county line. It was styled Laudermitch's ford. 1904— Daniel David Gordon. pence and shillings until the year This book shows that in 1806. 1907 — Samuel Moyer. Keifer. 1903 — Martin Yingst.

was always a free bridge. Samuel Klopp finally held entire control of the bridge until he sold to the Commissioners of Dauphin county in 1855. is another ferry or fording place. by M. Joseph Sherer died March. where it is made. about thirteen miles distant from Harrisburg. near by Old Derry church postoflice and hamlet. between their depth. and Samuel Sherer on the west bank of the stream. the bridges were swept from their piers from that point all along the Swatara (except the one at Laudermitch's ferry) to its mouth at Middletown. Llershey is a newly platted town. was built by a stock company. and the interest held by him fell to his son Joseph. in 1838. The lovers of chocolate. who operated there until the spring of 1905. the back water necessitated the building of a bridge at Sherer's ferry. In less than a year from the time of the flood. at Hammaker's mill ferry by Dauphin county. which is still used by the farmers of Lower Paxtang and West Hanover. and is free for travelers. Hershey. is located the most extensive plant for the manufacture of chocolate tO' be found within the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. Sherer died. across this ferry. By the breaking away of the big dam above the Union water works." The waters of the Swatara at this point average about fourteen feet. in 185 1." It was an early post-town. who. and his wife disposed of her interest to Mr. S. but was also purchased by the county twenty-five years or more ago. John Earnest. upon which is located the great Hershey Chocolate Works. leading from Centre Square through Water street. in all of its various forms and uses have but little idea of the process of its manufacture. or what section of the globe the raw material comes from. the mill. productive farming section. is within Derry township. to the Hanover townships. Derry Village (postoflice). In 1821 Mr. and the same was rebuilt in 1881. Sr. at Nissley's mill. five miles north of Lebanon. Heftlefinger. in 1895. and the railroad depot. since which it has been known as the "Free Bridge. of tv^'O spans. At the new village of Hershey. 1824. The old Red bridge. named from "Old Derry Church. the bridge at Hummelstown was rebuilt by the original owners.HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY 381 Swatara. In . one-eighth of a mile north of Hummelstown. The first bridge was erected in 18 18. located in a charming. Hummelstown. and visible from the railroad depot. where the landscape is ever a feast to the eye. This plant was first established at Lancaster. lived on the east bank. The United Brethren have a church at this point. Below Landis' dam.. owning it and collecting toll jointly. The structure built about thirty years later. built the first bridge.

taste. the tery adjoins two feet high bears the following inscription in raised letters: "At Rest. in Lebanon county. dedicated August 4. quarters into their magnificent two-story stone structure. and was rebuilt in 1875. and is only a native of the tropical acres. a mere hamlet. aged 21 years. is to the east of Derry. and find a ready sale in all parts of the country\ The chocolate is a product of the cocoanut tree. Hill Church. and Is but an extension of Palmyra. twentymonument imposing an there and church. one-third being girls and women. and built by Edward cemeStover as a memorial to his only son and child. having a total floor space of six and one-half The vast ramification of producing machinery is propelled hv a twelve hundred horse-power steam engine. which are referred to in the Religious Chapter. is also situated on the line of the Philadelphia and Reading railway. died July 31. The original log church was built by pioneer worshipers 1756. climates. Here one finds a thoroughly equipped. hard by the Hershey Chocolate Company's works. and is known town. a half-mile south of Derry Station. Edward. Edward Stover. A 10 months and 5 days. Among the churches found in Derry township is the Dunkard meeting-house. but before passing. 1870. There are several other places of worship within Derry township. 1872. named which is on the limerock structures. one mile to the west of Derry village. The v/hole of the This immense factory buildings are slate roofed and fire-proof. about a fourth of a mile from the old historic Dern^ Church. first April of the last the above occupied his newly-built plant at line of the Philadelphia and Reading railway. All grades of chocolate products are here produced in great quantity. it was erected plot of land has been laid off into building lots A about 1833. Mechanicsburg. employs three hundred persons. Trust Hershey the A banking institution known as and will soon move from temporary is capitalized at $125.382 HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY named year he point." . Swatara Station. South from Hummelstown about two miles is the oldest church in the township. of the Evangelical Lutheran congregation.000. good cleanliness and bespeaks Everything about these works Company. thriving factory become a fair to which bids as Hershey. mention will be made of a Memorial United Brethren church one and one-half miles south in of Hummelstown. modern manufacturing The buildings comprise nineteen massive plant of great capacity.

322. ^Vidow Wetherhold. No time found for the fulfillment of this condition is fixed. Henry Wieser. The chief place in Derry township is Hummelstown borough. January. Widow Eurick. and are included in other portions of the Derry tax lists. That lot is described as being along "another lot taken up by Adam Hurshey." the purchaser binding himself to erect a substantial house eighteen by twenty feet "at least. the assessed valuation of all taxable real estate in 1904 was $1.514. From the here appended. who the year following sold to Frederick Hummel. by Frederick Hummel. is resided on a farm adjoining the town. 1763. Total number of district schools in 1905 is thirteen. and among the earliest to purchase was Anthony Doebler. The lots sold freely. Jacob Hammer.HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY An "be 383 extended account of the historic "Old Derry Church" will in the "Religious History" Chapter. Melchor Reigert. . Henikle Schwoontz. The absence of the name of Hummel in the list The Hummels then a striking contrast with recent returns. Andrew HearuflF. Christopher Bogner. Sebastian Creas. the population of Derry township was placed by the United States census at 2. to 1779. in will be seen that Frederickstown. which was platted in 1762." Doebler agreed to pav a yearly rent for the fee of ten shillings sterling. Fred Hummel. Adam Baum. The name of the place was not changed assessment there list to Hummelstown it until after his death. for the use of a German Lutheran Church intended to be erected. and the enrollment of pupils 464. who bought a lot on Market street.390. John Philips." on the premises. Bernard Fridley. one of the earliest settlers of that place. was no increase the inhabitants of the place. of Probably years intervening. The history of the site is as follows: In 1738 there was warranted to Valentine Gloninger one hundred and fifty acres of land on the Swatara. within one month from the time lots were offered for sale. and named Frederickstown. "one shilling sterhng of which sum was to be paid yearly forever. In 1789 It is well known that there were a large number of gunsmiths at Hummelstown making arms for the Continental army. — 1 77 1- Jacob Reigart. the absence of "single men" and "freeholders" was due to the war for independence. In 1761 this right was purchased by John Campbell. Peter Hiney. FREDERICKSTOWN LIST Peter Shot. In 1900. Jacob Myer. Hummelstown — eight from 177 1. of Lebanon.

Frederick conducted a hotel on the northwest corner of the Square. James Dairsy. John Philips and David Eckstein were school teachers about that date. Ludwik Emerick. John Ferguson. Andrew Gambel. In Spade. Peter Spade. Jacob Fridle3^ Widow HUMMELSTOWN Elizabeth Clooney Jacob Deery. Allison Piney. George Gish and Thomas Fox. Ephrata and Downington road. and at the house of Philip Leebrick a set of china was shaken from the table and broken. LIST - — 1779- Haupt.384 HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY Peter Fridley. and once stood on the Square. Lauer. Martin Fridley. In 18 14 general stores were kept by Philip Leebrick. the doors rapped as though moved by hands. Geo. and lasted about forty seconds. The partly stone and partly log house on the Square was erected prior to the platting of Harrisburg. ^Michael David Eatly. Adam Raum. November 20. about 1792. Hall. George Fox. Among the very early school masters was David Eckstein. Flack. was that owned by was of logs and weatherboarded. Wm. as early as 1792. two shocks of earthquake were sensibly felt by the Inhabitants of Hummelstown and vicinity. on wSwatara creek. Freemen. in a build- ing years afterwards owned by James Hayes. James Clunie lived and kept the pioneer store of the town in it. On Thursday morning. Joseph Ferree. Heinkle Evart. Among the early was Dr. The first cooper in the town was Peter Fishburn. At that time Drs. Jacob Earnest. John Fox was also an early Innkeeper on the Harrisburg. He had served in the Revolutionary war in the bodyguard of General Washington. Rahm & Baum physicians operated a store on Main street in 1790. The first took place about fifteen minutes before five The knockers on some of o'clock. while cabinet shops were operated by Samuel Spidel and John Shadle. The village blacksmiths were Thomas Ramsey and Daniel Seller. and was the home of Frederick. 1880. William Henderson and Nice were physicians. Hummel For many years Hummelstown was (drill) a favorite resort for militia "training" for the old-time battalions. in the Lutheran church. . Thos. son of the town's founder. Jacob Ricard. Widow Wetherhold. Grab. Greenwalt and Hill. Duncan King. The taverns then were conducted by Michael Spade. who died in 1826. in 1885 the oldest house the place It Christian Garver. Nicholas Smith. iMartin Rise. and Michael Rahm another at the same time.

729. possibly earlier. George F. it may Nissley." Niobe Fire Company No. I was formed in 18 19. . Hendricks. at the founding of the town. lasting fully half a minute. As the town has grown and new methods obtain. B. Volume I. Among the early burgesses were: John Z. Its publisher. It was incorporated in July. No. which under various owners has made a success to the present time. and again in 1872. came forth from the press July 4. and prove it by the maintainance of numerous churches. H. in brief. i. Mr. It was reorganized in 1865. when the name was changed to Citizens No. the Church of God (Bethel). The 25 first school house built the place was on Hanover street. Zion's Evangelical Lutherans was organized in 1765 the United Brethren have held services since 1842. and is now a live up-to-date journal full of all that is newsy and valuable to its many patrons. 1874. the Methodist Episcopal. . Much will be found in the chapter on "Religious History" elsewhere in this work. The first town clerk was Franklin Smith. 1870. C. the meeting-house. was launched The Sun. in an organized church. that the Reformed Church dates from 1762. and the same was still in use in the "eighties. continuing until 1882. Hummelstown Fire Company No. J. was also an engineer and surveyor. R. It did not survive through the first year. Hummelston became an incorporated borough August 26. 3 was formed in the autumn of 1881. Rupp. since 1874 good buildings in which to worship. W. A. but a bill shows that they had purchased its second engine in 1850. 1871. when John Hummel was elected president. Fire companies have been numerous as well as useful in this borough. 1874-81. tw^enty minutes later. 1879. The first newspaper established here was The IFeekly Press. In January. each having since 1857. Vigilant Fire Company No. Dr. — In 1900 the population of Hummelstown was in 1. Concerning the religious element of Hummelstown. Kersey. be said that the masses of her people are believers in Christianity. succeeded b John J. where prayers were earnestly offered up.HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY Many came were alarmed and arose from their beds. In December. Greenawalt. Bolton. Crist and Dr. B. Grove. the first named company bought an engine built in Philadelphia fully fortv years before. 18 19. 2 was organized in 1837. better appliances hav^e been secured. i. 385 The second shock In both cases a rumbling noise Many repaired to and fearful trembling of the earth occurred. It may be said. and today the fire-fiend is well mastered by able firemen. even from early days.

Rhoads. the enrollment subdivided. In 1900 the United States census gave the population as 1. LONDONDERRY TOWNSHIP. The state assessment reports show that the value of all taxable real The total numestate within her borders. Among the latter postmasters may be named in their order: D. and converted into a dwelling house. or blocks. sum of 1770. Miss Carrie Hummel. Benches were made by hewing one side of a log and supporting it on This house served until 1790. H. it is irregular in shape. when it was sold legs. form a new township to Its territor}^ went with some from Derry one known as Conewago. Brubaker. 1899-1903. part of (See Road Docket A. Lower Swatara and Derry townships bound it western borders. The Lutheran church was next used for school purposes. The district then embraced a domain of fifty square miles. 1767. in Again 1850. and Lancaster county on the south. Londonderry county. K. now was 315. until destroyed by fire in 18 19. responded to by the court. page 13). The ground was donated by Frederick Hummel. too still to be developed it was found Derry was divided. Hummelstown's schools are fully abreast with modern methods. January 21. old account book it From an John is learned that Rogers paid for a "stray horse" taken up the March 22. in answer to a petition sent in by residents of Derry townAs the county further ship. seven . March i. Wells Buser. which was then very large in scope. In 1820 a brick school house of more modern style was erected on Front street. Derry and Conewago on the east. R. one-story house was erected and a school maintained by subscription.000. The free school system came into operation in 1837. Rupp. 1826. Nissley. in A every particular. Adam Streckler. W.386 HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY about 1764. in 1904. township Londonden-y named and the lower portion being set off April.385. as is the extreme southwestern township of Dauphin Like most all others. 188791. 1907. Henry B. on the north. and so by petition large. 1903. The furniture consisted of rough log desks fastened to the walls. David C. Elwood Hummel. This township was erected by order of the court in February. Conewago creek being the separating line. and somewhat smaller in size than the average township in The waters of the ever-flowing Susquehanna wash its the county.. 1895-99. was $449. 1891-95. ber of schools in the township in 1905 was thirteen.

1 77 1. — — Mvers. of Roads. James Walker. 1781. ly Stoner. Poor. Patrick Hays. —John Overseers Campbell. Christian Sny- — — Hamilton. 1772. Overseers of Ulrey —Joseph Walk—John Overseers of Mitchell. William Overseers of Poor. 1776. — ChrisTaner. James Kelly. McCal1784. John McCallan. Overseers of Poor. Philip Overseers of Roads. —John McCallen. Roads. Fishbourn. —John James Constable. Constable. Constable. Constable. Early. — BenjaOverseers of Overseer Moore. ChristOverseers of Roads. John Chesnit. Kelly. 387 . Philip Fishbourn. Poor. Roads. George 1769. Constable. Roads. 1780. Overseer Clark. —Thomas — — — Grim. constable. George Bell. Broadley. Constable. from a certain man fined for driving his wagon on the Sabbath day. 1778. Poor. — — Morrison. David Foster. —John Poor. Overseers Roads. Samuel of Roads. 1775. 1783. Poor. Christian Tanner. Roads. Overseer Hays. Stoner. of tian of Chesnit. Constable. Robert Hays. — Robert Poor. — Christian Beam. Jacob Longenecker. Constable. Overseers of Poor. George Bell. John Overseers of —William Hunter. five shillings. Constable. — David Overseer Hays. The officers for the township from 1769 to 1785 are herewith given 7. 1772. Michael Tanner. Overseers of —John Roads. Overseers 1770. James Kelly. Constable. stray calf. Camble. Overseer of Roads. — John Grabel. of of min Boyd. mour. William Overseers of Poor. Forster. — Christian Overseers Roads. Jacob Overseers of Reichard. 1774. Francis Taylor. of McQueen. Samuel Brodly. Patten. John Overseers Roads. Albert Clark for two stray lambs. 1777. AlcCullen. — Hugh — —John — David McQueen. — Overseers of Bowman. Robert McCallan. — Robert Hay.— Rohtn len. Sawers. — of Sayers. Roads. Dewalt Grim. Thomas Overseers of Poor. Robert McCleary The Londonderry tional information returns for from that herewith given 1780 give us the following addiMills were in the : . of der. —John Campbell. Constable. — Robert Clark. Constable. David Wray. Overseer of Roads. Dewald Constable. David Hay. Overseers —JamesPoor. ]\Iark Worst. Peter Talabaugh. 1773. Overseers of Poor. George Bell. Constable. Constable. —John 1782. fifteen shillings Curtis four pounds three shillings and four pence. — Robert 1785. Constable. Walter Clark. James Overseer of — — — — — — of Sullivan. the township received one pound by Squire Green and Bell. October John Campbell for one Grubb for one stray steer.: HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY pounds .

. Dewalt Hay.. Brand. Huber. James Fox. Jacob. Joseph Boyd. Chrisn Dolabach. . John Logan (2). 200 loo 392 248 142 200 lOOloo^ Jos Bachman. Hay. James Dininger. Peter. Robt Clark. Watter 260 250 178 lOO Camble. (2). Chrisn Byers.388 HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY Moor.. Senr Hunter.. Philip Bombarger. Ludwig . Danl. Cornelius Garret... no return Criger. Henry Eliot. Jr Grim. Jno. and Deitrick Shultz.. Chrisn Brand. Anthony Hershey. David Ha}'. Chrisn. Michl. Robt Eversole. Jacob Hess. no return Bedlion. Senr Bahn. Geo. no return Bleck. 1780. Matthew Herchbarger. Saml 70 198 320 145 50> 50- 50 loa 100 100 366 200 30 100 lOO 50 lOO 100 100 20O. Ealy. Michl John 150 Ludwig Jno 50 Wm Fliger. Erdy. Jno. no return Fishburn. Ludwig. Sr. Christian Early. Jno. no return Broadly. Wm. no Boyd. and James Sullivan. Jacob Cook.. Jno Carmany. Jno. no return Farley. Foster. 223 1-4 188 Philip. James Foster. no return Hemperly. Christian Snyder (2). James Crosivo. Wm Bishop. Beal. Wm. James Cook. Junr Hay. Jr. Wm Donelson. no Bowman. Jacob Cansinger. "Negro servants" were owned by Samuel Broadley. no return Eshelman. Michl P'aulket. Jno. Senr Erdy. Junr Bahn. Bowman. Stills were operated by Jacob Cook (3). William Hays.. Acres. J^. no return Bukham. Jacob. Robt Hunter. . David prorson. Patrick Hay. no return Buck.cob Gran. Foster. Jos Cooper. Junr David Foster.... James Kelly. James Campbell. Fishburn. AVm Jno Andrew 300 150 lOO 222 229 50 Grove. Archibald McAllister (3). Wm. Saml Beam. Benjn Hetzler. Jno. Phih'p. Archibald Erdy. Balsor Hoarst. Hugh Henry. Danl Hunter. 226 Farney. Stophel 80 return. Senr Farmer. no return Clark. . Christian Bahn. possession of William LONDONDERRY TOWNSHIP RETURNS FOR Acres. 50 Brough. John. James Feltsbarger. James Hay. Adam 200 174 70 Duncan.. Fliger.. Jno Hamilton.. Chrisn John lOO 140 100 Buch. Henry.. Jno Dolabach.. and John Tanner. Benjn return . Michl Franz. Philip.

Joseph Mitchell. no return Kernaghan. Rowland. no return Null. David Rhay. 84 '80 Wm Kernagham. Wm. John McChary. Jr Mitchell. Jacob Stoner. Thomas McCallon. Robert McQueen. Robert McCallon. Jno Hay. John Riesor. Michael Paul Shaw. Peter Rist. Nafshoe. 170 116 50 195 127 127 100 Lineweaver. Joseph Nigh. 300 600 Wm McCallon. Patrick O'Neal. Peter Long. Daniel Longenecker. Alexander Logan. Robt 60 150 100 Jordan. Geo 80 Plough. Jr Shenck. Jacob Mickley. John Riesor. Dietrick Mickley. James Painter. no return Kelly. Geo Lynch. Michael Mitchell. David 141 90 156 30 200 150 100 90 90 135 Shenck. Martin Peters. Sullivan.HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY Acres. Abram Taylor. 250 200 150 Kennedy. Jacob 180 15 Nicholas Penogle. Myer. James IMorison. John McAllister. Hanlin Prats. Emanuel Kilpatnck. Fettigh. Wm. Philip Rhay. Archibald McDonald. Widow Abraham Felix Landis. Stopher. Jacob Longenecker. Chrisn Over. Dewalt Snyder. I^andis. David McClintock. Wm. Charles Johnston. John Long. Peter Pennal. no return Keatrin. Senr Shire.. John Morrel. Fetrich Shirtz. James Keni. Patrick Llnnin. Rowan. Robert Rhay. Jno Painter. Chris Shultz.. Jacob Longenecker. Jacob Nafshoe. 389 Acres. Barnet Conrad Jacob Peter 200 80 100 200 Rist. Chris Shire. JIunible.. 300 253 100 100 Siminton. 90 140 Jno Poorman. Francis . John Sawers. Jno KilHnger. Wm Wm John 64 John Sharckly. Sick. Jno Johnston.. Benj Sawers.hv. Henry Ritterbach. John Kenrigh. David Morison. 40 McQueen. Stwick. John Over. Jacob. John 177 Reamer. John Schenck. Geo Johnston.. Peter 140 100 lOO James 250 30 47 Kelly. Jacob. Robert James 210 162 144 Sawers. Sr Moor. James Heaphard. Adam Nigh. Stoppel 200 100 44 25 107 25 Thomas Moor. Nicholas Nigh. Geo. Jacob. Geo Null. Josiah McQueen. John Stickley. Martin McGlaughlin.

The spot is within a two hundred acre body of land held by warrant by Clark James Clark. Kramer. Wm. Frana. In about 181 1 or 18 12. November 8. conveyed to WilHam Braden. Christopher Keatley. Mark Wolf. Gainsburg (Franklin) was laid out by Conrad Grim. Hunter. Mich Walker. John Fulweiler and John C. the land office date being August i. Jacob Longnecker. Geo.390 HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY Acres. and was called "Speer's Choice. 1785. Samuel Black was the regular minister. Philip Turner. Henry. Fred Buck. the only houses there now have been built by present day people. included in the territory of Londonderry township. little The Conewago Presbyterian church. Acres. Robert Allen. for that year Rev. the following is quoted from the pen of the author of the "History of Pennsylvania. Conrad Wishau. Christian Tanner. Joseph Brost. Leach. aes Donnal.i. Martin Miller. Andrew Foster. Michael Keatrin. Henn. John Gibb. John Wolf. Wendle Henrv. Cleary. 1743. Wm. Conrad Wear. Ulrv lOO i8o Worst. John High. Daniel Plough." A plat nineteen by twenty perches was reserved for a Presbyterian meeting house and burying ground. Geo. Everhart Keatrin. Archibald Wittimore." was among the earliest of this Scotch-Irish neighborhood. Andrew Wallus. Gega. J.' Stafford. James Kennedy." Dr. Abraham Robt. Anthony Tera. Stickley. Hay. A log building was provided some time prior to 1741. The tract was later patented to Robert Speer. Link. Samuel White. Egle "In the days when the shad fisheries of the Susquehanna : . John Shoemaker. Ludwig Fishborn. Regarding the islands in the Susquehanna river. It was one of many town plat speculations of the early history of almost every state in the Union. 1775. Joseph Farney. John Thompson. John Smith. M. John Farmer. John 130 104 150 300 FREEMEN. Gainsburg did not materially amount to much. Teets. a to the east of this "paper village. James Hughey. John John John John John Wear}^ Hall. of Derry township.

so in Many of the tax lists prior to this connection this will not be given. in order to conform to modern records. be not to section are for this 1750 which is styled for "North End of Paxton. first In 1736-7 the division of this township occurred. for having been the place whence during the Millerite excitement of 1844. Then follows the names and bounds of a number of townships covering the territory from the Octoraro to the Kittochtinny mountains. tO' the north. the converts wended their way home. wiser than before. east of it." PAXTANG TOWNSHIP. which comprised the whole of Dauphin county south of the first range of the Kittochtinny mounr tains and a part of now Lebanon county. all of which give it — — Paxton — in this connection that the will name now work." It should be stated and commonly used word is Indian Peshtank. beginning at the mouth of Suataaro (Swatara). Other subtractions have been made until but little of the original territory now remains. that of Paxtang being described as follows: "The township of Peshtank. among these being found the name of Peshtank (Paxtang) and Derry. 1729." and reads as follows: . among the records of may be found the boundaries of the townships of Lancaster county. these rights along the river. legally be accepted in this The this form. Elliott's. the morning dawn not bringing the expected millennium. nearest the York county short. Shelly's Island. that lonely night on Hill's Island. Hanover being taken from the northeastern portion. thence eastward by the south side of said hill to the meridian of Quetopahello mouth. the beginning. expecting from thence After enduring the severe weather of to be translated heavenward. On the first Tuesday of August. meaning small stream. islands 391 fishing- were considered the choicest The chief are Shelly's. thence on a south course to. for many recent years has been devoted to tobacco culture. We prefer the name Paxton. aside from the following.the mouth of the same at Suataaro. and down Suataaro to the court of quarter sessions. Hill Island is noted nearly opposite the mouth of Swatara creek. found. date of purchase and amount of land taken.HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY were productive. thence up the river to Kehtohtoning hill above Peter Allen's. and Hill's Island. a score of firm believers assembled. The warrantees given on early land entries give many of the pioneers' names.

Carson. . John . Wm. . James . Joseph 4 3 3 . Potts. .. Sam. . . Gamble. John Deney. . . o 6 o 6 . Stuart. Richard Caldwell. John Karr.. . . . 2 3 John .. Cavit. Robt. Robt Dougherty. Alexr. Inith. . Geo..392 HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY ASSESSMENT FOR THE NORTH END OF PAXTANG 1 749- £ Armstrong.. Wm .. John . Andrew o o 6 Michael. Hugh Noll. 4 3 Poak. . John . Cochren. Harriss.. . . Francis . .. . . Noah (Smith) Chambers. Dagan. Thorn Simpson.. David Elder. . Thomas Brice. 4 4 3 McGumery. Bell Wm Brown. Geo o 6 . Widow Kah. Alexander . Cochren. . Wm. Barnett. Robert Smith.. . Wm. John James Robert Cunningham. Imanuel P'orgison. Esq Foster. 3 I Stone. James McCarter. Thomas. James Thorn. .. Wm Bell. . . . . . . Jr o o o o o o 6 Johnson. . . John . . Andrew Chambers. . John . . . 3 Paulin. Samuel Coply. Alcorn. . Jonson. . . Larmer.) Caldwell. . McHarge. Ross. Thomas Martin. James Foster. . Foster. . Curry. James Chambers. ]VIoses Davis.. . Francis Johnston. Thomas Eaken. Stephen Giliones. . 3 4 I Smith. . Thomas . . Thomas Lee... 6 6 6 Geo. . . Jeremiah Widow Edward Faride.. Arthur ... John Toland. James Armstrong. Seat. Robt. . James Alexander. John McCormick. Dickey. David Ross. Cowden.. 6 o 6 o o o Thompson.. Andrew Andrew .. Grahms. John . Samuel . Samuel .. . £ Gillespie. s. o Hugh .. . 5 3 Sturgion. John (mer. McNaught. . Widow Armstrong. Hains. Samuel McGumery. Widow Wiggins. Wm. Wm 4 Whiley. Joseph Simpson. James . d.uel . Martha Cavit. Wm. . . John Willey.. Robt. John Cochren. . 4 3 McMullen. . . Barnette.. ..

Samuel Hunter. Hugh Montgomery. John Cavit. Montgomery. Moses Wain. John Shields. John 9 9 o o Willey. Robert Smith. s. McArthur. Kennedy Kanix. Alex. Calhoun. James Thorn. James Harris. Curry. Wm. John Smith. John Dougherty. James McPCnight. Robt. •' Samuel Campbell. Wm. Oliver Wiley. David Carson. Thorn. Richard McClure. Alex. Wm. Alx. . Gillespy. d. John Daih^ Saml. John Cochran. John Davis. James Colier. Stuart. Patrick Gillespy.HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY s. Thomas Foster. James Potts. Andrew Steen. were then residents of that locality: believed Wm. Polke. John Caldwell. 393 d. James Allcorn. Alex. Andrew John Scott. James Aiken. Thomas McCormick. Steel. McCalley. James Reed. Johnson. Thomas James Simpson. Johnston. Wm. is These persons' names appear on the tax lists and It a majority. Peter Fleming. Robert Dugan. James Toland. T^obert Chambers. Ross. Joseph White. Caldwell. Robert Potter. Widow O o o ASSESSMENT FOR WEST SIDE OF PAXTON — I75O. Wm. Harris. Armstrong. Jeremiah Sturgeon. Andrew Stuart. John Carson. ASSESSMENT FOR THE SOUTH END OF PAXTON — 1 750. Andrew Cochran. Robt. Sanders. Thomas Meays. Thomas King. if not all. Robert Tyler. Samuel Price. Thorn. Samuel Martin. Gabriel. 2 6 Geo Means. John Wilson. Esq. John Neal. John Wiggins. Hugh Kirkpatrick. Thomas Sturgeon. John Harris. Jo. John Johnson. Thos. John Gray. James Armstrong. £ Ross. Thomas Larmer. Geo. Simpson. James Martin. McCay. Wm. Wm. Geo.

John McKerme. Starn. James English. Thomas Adams. Samuel Galbraith. Sharp. Seller. James Burd. James Swift. John Barnett. Wm. Boyd. Mr. Wm. Matthew Gordon. McElroy. Francis Johnson. Casper Byerly. John Morrow. John Armstrong. Bell. Shiets. Wm. James Baskins. John Montgomery. on the Swatara. James Wilson. Charles Gordon. E. Geo. is as follows PAXTON ASSESSMENT FOR Henr}. Thomas Gasten. John Cox. Thomas Dugan. \'alentine Andrew Huston. Wm. John Barnett. John Bell. Samuel Woods. Charles Williams. H. John Welsh. Bell. Moses Dickey. Benj. Foster. John Witt. John Geven. Jacob AuU. James Lusk. Wm. Carson. James Reed. John Bumberger. John Lee (trader). James Calhoun. Thomas Henry Boal. Dickey. Jean Boyd. Brown. Patrick Kinney. Clark. Robert Armstrong. Boggs. Alex. Esq. John Buzzard. Andrew Hanna. Those in the "Narrows of Paxton" subsequently fell in "Upper Paxton" township. John Means. ASSESSMENT FOR THE NARROWS OF PAXTON John Kelton. Geo. Halbert Adams. Thomas Clark. Timothy Shaw. Frederick Castle. Martin Shults. Wm. H. Jr. Geo.Antifs. Brown.: 394 HISTORY OF DAUPHIN COUNTY John Johnson. McKinney. John Mitchell. which includes Middletown. Jacob Bumberger. Joseph Brand. Wm. . James McNight. Andrew Bernt'hill. David Shields. Robert Clark. 7"homas McKee. Brown. — I75O. Alexander White. The first and only full list. Alichael Bumbarger. Murray. I77O. Timothy McNight.

Curray. . Andrew Huston. Mary Lusic. Philip Fisher. William McNight. Martin Houser. Samuel Cochran. John Carpenter. John Carver. John Kneel. Joseph Hutchinson. James Gilchrist. John Means. Alexander McHarg. Joseph Erewen. John Gillaspy. Patrick Hoagan. Jacob Miller. John Cline. Adam Fackeler. David Montgomery. Robert Clark. John Elder. Bartholomew Hannes. John Jameson. Rev. William McClure. Robert Elder. John Johnson. Alexander McKee. Mike Graham. William McClenahan. Robert Heazlet. John Gallacher. Michael Mieres. Christ Croll. Thomas George Richard Forester. James Harris. George Gross. James McCord. Walter Clark. James Carson. John Forester. John Gray. Kniedick. Frederick Foster. Thomas Finney. Jean Lamb. Andrew Caldwell. Abe. James Chambers. Edward King. James McNight. Jr. Robert Frute. John Kiesener. John Dunkan. John Fleckener. Hugh Cunningham. John Knoop. 395 John Cavet. Thomas McCorm