rke Storg

of the

Scottish Kite





Bronx, New York


Macoy PUbIj~~j~g & Masonic SV~~I Co., Inc 3Oii Dumbatton Road Richmond, Virginj3 23228



V. B.

Printed in the United States of America

PREFACE This STORY OF THE SCOTTISH RITE purports to be exactly what the title indicates. Excepting a few points, the material has been printed in various books, pamphlets and papers over a period of a hundred years. However, practically all of these works are out of print and some not easily available. Known errors have been corrected and in controversial avenues what has been said has been examined for my resulting analysis: This work is in no way official and is entirely a product of the author. Some of the reference books used are: HISTORY OF THE SUPREME COUNCIL, 33~—2 vol. 1938 by Samuel H. Baynard, Jr. THE ANCIENT AND ACCEPTED RrrE 1881 by Robert B. Folger THE SUPREME COUNCIL, 330 1931 by Charles S. Lobingier THE ANCIENT AND ACCEPTED ScOrnsH RITE 1932 by Charles S. Lobingier THE BooK OF THE ANCIENT AND ACCEPTED SCOTTISH RITE 1914 by Charles T. McClenachan CoIL’s MASONIC ENCYCLOPEDIA 1961 by Henry W. Coil
— — — — —


by Julius F. Sachse

18 ~

by James Foulhouze


by R. S. Lindsay


by Roscoe Pound


By Harold V. B. Voorhis


Voorhis MASONIC RITES AND DEGREES — by Ray V. 330 — i8oi-i86i by R. B. C. ikraa~hki’ . Baker Harris ~. 4 . Denslow OFFICIAL BULLETINS OF SOUTHERN JtmIsDIcrION OF Sco~rnsH Rim by Albert Pike A HISTORICAL INQUIRY 1786 19~8 edition by Albert Pike — IN REGARD TO THE GRAND CoNsrrruTIONs oi ELEVEN GENTLEMEN OF CHARLESTON — 19~9 by R.F~4# Seal ot the Sublime Scotch Lodge ot Charleston. S. Baker Harris HISTORY OF THE SUPREME COUNCIL.PREFACE FACrS FOR FREEMASONS — 1951 1955 by Harold V.

Southern Jurisdiction 46 Sovereign Grand Commanders. Northern Jurisdiction 47 Active Members.. . S. Voorhis 6 Foreword—The Setting 7 Part I— Ecossais Masonry 10 The Inspectors 13 St.CONTENTS The First Meeting Place of the Scottish Rite Frontispiece Preface 3 Contents 5 Books by Harold V. Active Members.. the Army of State of the United States 61 62 11—Masonic Presidents 63 5 . Vice Presidents E—Foreign Supreme Councils F—Generals of G—Secretaries . 57 6o . Northern Jurisdiction APPENDIX A—Inspectors and Deputy Inspectors General. Rite of Perfection B—Notes on the Thirty-third Degree C—The Rose Croix Degree D—U.. Southern Jurisdiction 48 . Laurent 15 De Grasse Delahogue 17 Part liThe Constitutions 21 Part III— The Mother Supreme Council 28 The Cemeau Rite (so-called) 31 The Northern Jurisdiction 34 The Union of 1867 36 Part IV— The Degrees of the Scottish Rite 39 Part V— Sovereign Grand Commanders. Presidents and the Thirty-Second Degree and Notes on 11 5. B.


For the sake of reference. which was formed in i865 by William Went- 7 . let us look at some of the major claims of other Rites and Orders of the Craft: SYMBOLIC—Sixteenth century stone masons—aitho there are other wild claims back to the time of Prince Edwin of York. for the true histoiy only begins where records are extant. the Scottish Rite never claimed an antiquity beyond that of Mann’s Patent. CRYPTIC—No Rite Grades. Freemasonry is not unique in the respect to its beginning. As we go back to the first actual recordings of the Craft. when a certain Stephen Morin was granted a Patent to confer some Ecossais or Scottish grades of Freemasoniy in the West Indies.FOREWORD THE SETTING It has been said that one of the reasons for the popularity of Freemasonry is the mystely of its beginning. These legends are interesting but they are not historical. CAPITULAR—Those having the Royal Arch are claimed to be the only Masters of the Craft. It purports to be a story of the formation and continuation of that system of Freemasonry known in the United States and some other countries as The Scottish Rite— and in others as the Ancient and Accepted Rite. and that they existed as such many years before the Grand Lodge at London was formed in 1717. If religions were stripped of legend. RED CROSS OF CONSTANTINE—There is not a shred of evidence to show that the Order. Until the middle of this century practically nothing was known of any of the steps leading up to the formation in i8oi of the first Supreme Council before 1761. This work is not concerned with appeals. we come to a point where legend is paramount. their mysterious appeal would suffer likewise. Nothing tangible had been brought to light before that date and. There are even some claims going back to Adam. this one seems to have associated fanciful stories about other than that they are neglected portions of the Symbolic CHIVALRIC—Here we find fantastic claims going back to the time of the Crusades—not a single one of which has been proved. unlike almost all other systems of Freemasonry. England.

000 723. without legends of any kind.000 954.000 157. Rite Masons. ROSICRUCIAN—The above mentioned William Wentworth Little also claimed that the Masonic Rosicrucian Order was of ancient origin but without sustaining evidence.000 659. Rite claims to have been formed in Charleston.000 425. which are purported to have been re-written by Robert Burns. The purpose of the above rehearsal of claims is to show that. in England. Needless to say no historical evidence has been SCOTTISH RITE—This forthcoming to prove them. not only holds interest among Freemasons but is actually growing faster than those which have legends. 027 2.000 336.000 200. ridiculous and foolish. RITES OF MEMPHIS AND MISRAIM—The claims about these rites are extravagant. A few statistics will tell the Story: Year 1170 1390 1910 1910 1950 1960 Royal Arch 114. Claims that it came from Arabia and/or the East are fanciful.6 19. dating its ancestry back to 1762 —and that it was a self-constituted body—a Supreme Councll of the Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite.THE STORY OF THE SCOTTISH RITE worth Little. U. South Carolina. and 23% Scottish Royal Arch Masons. although all other rites of Masonry have no historical proof of their pronounciamentos.S.000 342. The Amaranth.A.8 16. ROYAL ORDER OF SCOTLAND—The claims made by this group may have some basis but no records have been exhibited to prove the ancient vintage shown in the rituals.8 21. This can and has been proved to be substantially so. for example. SHRINE—This earliest of the so-called “fun degrees” started after the middle of the last century.000 % of MM.000 373.000 396. in i8oi.6 7. ANDROGYNOUS GROUPS—None of the claims for these groups going back beyond the last century are of any value.000 Scottig1~ Rite 3.000 84. claims a formation in Sweden many years before Masonry even existed in that country.000 540.000 109. the Scottish RIte.000 701.000 Knight Templar 30.400 17. has anything to do with groups of similar names antedating it.1 In ~o% 1960. 17% of the Master Masons were were Knlghts Templar. 8 .

330 In some lnstanceS my conclusions may be optional. as at least the first two are found in other rites of Freemasonry.Jilliam L. in the light of results of inquiry into its history during the last few years. including James Fairbairn Smith. Dr. It is for the “Layman” of the Scottish Rite. There are three or four out-of-print. This picture is shown only because it proves that fanciful theories of origin do not constitute a sound basis for popularity. All these rites have something to sell more than mere claims of origin or they would have died out completely. where the degrees came from and why it flourishes as an hierarchy in a democratic country. V. but they are what I consider the most probable with the information at hand. to say the very least. etc. True. All that I can say is that my data are from works of reliable Masonic historians and the results of researches by the handful of Masonic scholars working on the subject. the late Ray Baker Harris. 330. and the late Charles Henry Copestake. as did many other rites in the past. long and intricate histories for the student. 330. I hope this effort on my part will give a general picture of the formation of the Scottish Rite and will fill the void which I think exists in the literature of the Rite. These matters are not germane here. Cummings. In this presentation I am conscious of the fact that I will mention few references or sources of my information. 330. Much of this material is replete with inaccuracies. 9 . The purpose here is to give what may be termed the “Story of the Scottish Rite of Freemasonry” as I see it. There is a dearth of material available for the Scottish Rite Mason to learn about his organization. This is not a work for scholars. there are some rather mysterious matters connected with the Scottish Rite such as its name. plus some short articles on various phases of its history.THE STORY OF THE SCOTTISH RITE There are many reasons why Scottish Rite Masonry is growing as other Rites are declining but they will not be discussed here.

THE STORY OF THE SCOTTISH RITE PART I ECOSSAIS MASONRY “Ecossais” means Scotch or Scottish. nowhere has it ever been explained why the rite which came out of France during the Pretender’s residence there. Murray Lyon [another reputable Scottish Masonic historian] there is no evidence from any Scottish source that he was. without any foundation of fact. said to have been authorized ftom Kill— winning in Scotland—a sort of “glorified” Kilwinning Scottish tradition. HUGHAN: “All statements respecting P~~c Charles Edward [Stuart] and his relations with the Order Fo~ Feeonasonry] WILLIAM are apocryphal and some of them most absurd. 10 . It is a subject which is not worthy of serious consideration here. The Jacobite cabinet of forgery was in France.” J. D. summarize their results as follows: GEORGE W. As the name of the Rite of Freemasonry herein treated is terrued “Scottish Rite.” Those not versed in British history should know that Jacobite is a term loosely applied to followers of James II of England. his grandson.” a few obser- vations are apropos in advance of setting down the historical facts. referred to above. who was also James VII of Scotland. and nowhere else.” Our reference here precludes even a digest of the material covering the French inventions. I am referring to what has been labelled “Jacoblte Freernasonxy. ultimately was called “Scottish. Charles Edward Stuart. and according to Mr.” It is. Following thorough but independent investigations of the subject the three historians. and the Pretender. but it is noted because. as at least three reputable Masonic historians have “put down” all claims made by proponents of the alleged Stuart interventions and dreams shaped in support of such claims. SPETH: “Put no trust whatever in accoua~s connecting the Stuarts with Freemasonry.” ARTHUR EDWARD WAITE: “Toward the end of his life Prince Charles Edward [Stuart] denied that he had ever been made a Mason. Let us first clear out of the picture a certain so-called theory which is advanced as fact by secular as well as many Masonic writers of the past.

363 (Modern) came into being in Bordeaux. by this time established. On May 2nd a Nicholas Stainton became Master. at the outset. In six days he “raised” four candidates one of whom became the third Master of the Lodge only nine days later. by Charles Edward Stuart. some of the steps leading up to the formal existence of a Supreme Council of the Rite will be recited. to the. two candidates became Master Masons. It must be held. Let it be especially noted that one Stephen Morn presided over Loge Parfait Harmonie in 1744. At least it antedates all other Ecossais bodies now known or referred to in a mass of contemporary documents extant. Parfaite Harmonie (Perfect Harmony) sometime between 1740 and 1744. if not in other years. first in France and then in Germany. The lodge established daughter lodges in Paris (the earliest known was ~. more properly called additions. that it was rather soon after Operative Masonry had given way (for all intents and purpose) to a Speculative Craft early in the 18th century. France with an Irishman. It existed four years before similar bodies were formed in Toulouse and seven years previous to those formed in Marseille. legendary or forged document claiming to have established Arras Chapter of Rose Croix on February i 1747. However. It should also be noted that this Lodge was active at least two years before the date of the spurious. previously mentioned. 1732. that innovations. became Master. and to a lesser extent in other countries. with the evidence at hand. on May 6th. This Lodge acted as a “Mother Lodge” for many years—a custom prevalent in those days—one of its offspring being Loge La Francoise. As we will part from this Lodge quite quickly. Then. which in turn gave rise to another Lodge. and probably was the first lodge founded for that purpose. In the four days which followed.THE STORY OF THE SCOTTISH RITE It is not to be expected that this treatment will give a positive answer to exactly when our Rite started. let us say here that it still exists—232 years of age (1964)— and that its minutes for the first eleven years are written in English. Loge L’Anglaise. Hiramic Legend were propagated in Lodges. No. Captain Martin Kelly as Master. It appears that the latter Lodge was formed for the purpose of devoting itself to conferring Ecossais Degrees. On April 27. James Bradshaw one of the candidates made during the first six days the Lodge existed. —11 .

It is obvious that hundreds were written. Some of the brethren were members of both groups and it seems certain that they imposed their influence upon the Grand Lodge of France. These two groups either worked together or were actually one. we know little more today than we knew when the search started. Actually we are certain that a few years prior to the 1767 ban against Freemasonry by the government in France. actually founded in i75~.” How some of them came to what is now known as the Rite of Perfection of twenty-five degrees is a problem not likely to be solved. in spite of searches by Masonic historians for more than a hundred years. was established in Paris and two years later a sort of rival group. that this organization controlled Ecossais degrees not controlled or recognized by the Grand Lodge of France having headquarters in Paris. also. Furthermore. Princes and Sovereigns of Masonry.. Pengueux. Louisiana. The lineage of the Ecossais Degrees is non-existant and. In 1756. It seems clear that some one or some group of men selected such degrees as they desired and formed them into a rather loose degree system—at first fourteen and later twenty-five. Schisms developed between the two groups. It appears.THE STORY OF THE SCOTTISH RITE in 1747). there was formed some sort of an organization in Bordeaux. that most of these degrees were “uncontrolled” and thus more or less avail- able. those used today in our Rite— is unknown.I. There are a number of large ritual collections in Masonic libraries and in private hands. Some were published but many exist only in manuscript form. and their influence waned. This is a situation which exists in most of the Rites of Freemasonry. in 1767. In a number of instances we know of names of degrees but no rituals of them are extant. W. San Domingo. Not many have come down to us as “working degrees. a body called Knights of the East. was revived. At the same time another such group had been formed in Paris which was not recognized by the Grand Lodge. founded by one Chevalier de Bonneville. and New Orleans. Who compiled any of the degrees—that is. France. They issued documents from “B 12 . Then. the government put a stop to the bickering—it ordered a ban on all Freemasonry in France. The latter was the Chap- ter of Clermont. in the Colonies (1763).

THE INSPECTORS Until 1950 our knowledge of the gestation of the Scottish Rite started with copies of a Patent issued by this Council of Sublime Princes to a certain Stephen Morin on August 27. 1761.” These three and Masse de Roussillon. explained the trouble and the Sovereign Grand Councii gave him the patent as “GRAND INSPECTOR. There are ten signers of the patent but the signers are not identified as belonging to the Grand Lodge of France. are the only ones actually appointed by the body in France. The dates run from 1750 to 1810. as such.” The document. Now we have come upon many original documents which show that there were at least two others before him—Lamoliere de Feuillard was appointed a Deputy Inspector in France July 24. and he appointed. among other things. seems to have decided to clear this matter up.” For years it was taken for granted that Morin was the first to bear the title of Inspector. It appears that the efforts of Morin and de Fenillard conflicted in the West Indies and Morn. one Bertrand Barthomieu. 1752. was no longer an entity. who must have been a Deputy about the same time. even during the early years. He reappeared in Bordeaux in 176i. for they were not members of the Grand Lodge but in lodges of the “Sovereign Grand Council. Altogether I have found 8o Inspectors of various titles. a Deputy for the West Indies in 1753. evidently. (See Appendix). who was appointed a Deputy Inspector in New Orleans. Of these it is known who appointed 62 of them. when the Rite of Perfection. Louisiana. nor are their Lodges found in the Grand Lodge list. Research has failed to turn up a single authentic reference to any body of Masonry in Germany which could have or did issue such documents. It was simply a Sublime Council of Prince Masons with headquarters in Bordeaux and Paris. These Inspectors had the right to appoint Deputy Inspec- tors and their appointees had the same privilege. There are some writers who have tried to negate Morn’s authority by declaring that the Grand Lodge of France annulled Morn’s Patent 13 . commissioned Stephen Morn as “our Grand Inspector. The reason we now know.THE STORY OF THE SCOTTISH RITE which. were referred to as having been issued at Berlin when it was really Bordeaux.

In 1762 a Sovereign Grand Council of the 25th Degree was set up and beside a Grand Secretary. He appears to have 14 . was appointed in Morin’s stead. We find this in the CONSTITUTIONS of 1762. He was not confined. When Morin left France for the West Indies with his newly acquired Patent. compiled by nine Coin- missiaries in Bordeaux who issued the Morin Patent. Said “Worshipful Brother Martin” has never been identified. starting with Knight of the East or Sword and ending with Knight Kadosh (Knight of the Black and ‘White Eagle) as the 24th. however. not having issued it. 1766. for we have evidence that he called upon Lord Ferrers. says Morin. nor has any record of such an appointment been located in the printed Proceedings of the Grand Lodge of France. and one for the Provinces) were provided. A certain “Worshipful Brother Martin”. May I add that.THE STORY OF THE SCOTTISH RITE on August 17. The second portion of eleven additional degrees dealt with the Second Temple of Zerubbabel plus a third Mystical Temple of Christ. Copies of a document purported to have been issued to that end do not carry a single signature found on Copies of the Morin Patent—for a good reason—the Grand Lodge of France did not issue the Patent to Morn. according to the copy of the purported document. He is believed to have been a wine merchant. recogniZing him as the only person responsible for the ~~LodgeDegrees” of the Rite of Perfection in the Western Hemisphere. We know that he was a Christian because the Lodge of which he was a member only admitted Christians and would only allow visitors who were. but without a copy of the CONSTITUTIONS which had not yet been prepared and which were to be sent to him later. These eleven were added post 1751. Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of England (Moderns) and he. It might be further mentioned that the Grand Lodge of France never had any authority over Ecossais Lodges in the first or the last place. two subordinate Secretaries (one for Paris and Bordeaux. his ship was captured by the British and he was taken to England as a civilian prisoner. they had no authority to annul it. and Prince of the Royal Secret as the 25th. indorsed his patent. Little is known of the life and movements of Stephen Morn. It seems likely that the Rite of Perfection was composed of fourteen degrees by 1751 and dealt with matters concerning Solomon’s Temple.

and other bodies came into existence through 1790. himself. The next step in the gestation of the Scottish Rite concerns a man about whom little is known and whose activities in Masonry before the second quarter of the i9th century are equally unknown. in Kingston. Jamaica. but following Monn’s arrival in 1763. The first of these was Perfect Harmony in Port-au-Prince.) However. appointed only five in addition to Francken (Desehamps in 1763—Brest. Berndoague in 1764—San Domingo. it might be well to note here that Morin. 15 . he directly appointing six (Hayes—1768. because of his appearance in New York in 1832 and his connections with a Masonic group known as the Cernean Rite.I.THE STORY OF THE SCOTTISH RITE been in Scotland for at least three months in 1762. Van Rensselaer— 1768. South Carolina in i8oi. If this were not so.I. Yates—177~ and Small—1783). I. His first act was to appoint a Senior Deputy Inspector General in the person of Henry Andrew Francken. The CONSTITUTIONS promised him before he left Bordeaux were awaiting him. San Domingo in 1763. Prevost—1774. Stringer—1768. Thus.. that. 52 Inspectors descended from Franeken. It iS difficult to account for his being left to his own designs without much supervision of any kind. Lamarque in 1764—San Domingo. W. As reference has been made to various Inspectors and will be again. he started setting up bodies. and DeBoissy in 1770— also in San Domingo. in 1764. Morin at last arrived in Jacmel. However. a naturalized customs official of Dutch nativity. W. under William Winter (Provincial Grand Master of Jamaica of the Grand Lodge of England—Moderns) a Grand Chapter of the 24th degree was set up in Kingston. Adams in 177o—Kingston. San Domingo. In 1770. France. where he took up residence with the Parish Priest. altho he was a civilian prisoner. In 1767. New York. Jamaica. from the latitude allowed him. From 1748 to 1757 Ecossais Lodges were erected through Bordeaux in the West Indies. It is he who may have presented the spark or germ which started the movement which culminated in the formation of the Supreme Council in Charleston. he was a person of considerable stature and trusted by the English authorities.. W. he is important in our picture. Franeken authorized a Lodge of Perfection (of 14 degrees) in Albany. we can surmise.

New Mexico and Texas. The Canary Islands seem to have been tossed in for good measure.” To show the extent of this territory. which had the equally impressive title of “The Supreme Council for New Spain. Spanish and Latin. LAURENT The name of this man is most impressive: Marie Antoine Nicolas Alexandre Robert de Jachin de Sante Rose de Roume de St. Colorado. Marquis de Sante Rose. Montana.THE STORY OF THE SCOTTISH RITE ST. Laurent. St. St. etc. St. Comte de St. He was a former cap- tain of a ship and Commander of a Flotilla of the Mexican Navy.” Just where this place is has not been established. the Canary Islands. then and still unknown. He appeared in New York in 1832 and suggested an amalgamation of his homeless Supreme Council with what we now term the Cerneau Rite of Perfection. supposedly destroyed all of their records. This man. to be Sovereign Grand Commander of a Supreme Council. which suspiciously occurred a few months before that Supreme Council became extinct. They accepted his proposition and the combined bodies became known as “The United Supreme Council for the Western Hemisphere. claimed. Southern America consisted of Florida and West florida to the Mississippi River. and Mexico. Oregon. French. Terra Firma covered the northern coastline of South America. Laurent offered them the only known copy of the Grand Constitutions of 1786. Nevada. was born “at Santa Lucia de Santa f~ near Bogota on the twenty-first of January. it will probably remain a mystery because of a fire. Arizona. Southern America and from the one sea to the other. in 1832. written in English. where . Utah. according to his “Golden Book” in the archives of the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania. Idaho. Laurent claims to have deposited it in the archives of the newly amalgamated Supreme Council. etc. Shortly after the amalgamation. Laurent. Terra Firma. This body was then in the process of trying to put itself on a par with the two Supreme Councils. California. Laurent went to Paris. Laurent it appears. 330 by claiming its 25th degree as equivalent to the 32nd degree of these two Supreme Councils. 1774. New Spain and Mexico included Mexico and the present states of Washington. Wyoming.” The document must have been a copy of some kind and although St. about who we know few details.

No Supreme Council up to that time having printed copies. and they did. Pennsylvania. Charleston. Naturally with so many “top men” active in propagating the Rite many things could have happened. This would account for de Grasse setting up a paper Supreme Council for the West Indies in 1796. To surmise still further. There seems little doubt that there was a copy of the “1786 Constitutions” in Charleston in i8oi at the formation of the Supreme Council because (1) there is a copy in French “translated from the English” by Delahogue at Charleston. These things took place in and about San Domingo. and had given them a copy. DE GRASSE AND DELAHOGUE We have records of fifty Inspectors of the Rite of Perfection ap8oo. a Treaty of Alliance between the Supreme Councils of France. Brazil. Be that as it may. Northern Jurisdiction. 17 . and other Grand Commanders since P7%. There are also some others whose dates of appointed before i pointment have not been established. in San Domingo. in 1832 in French and 1834 in Latin. before that latter went to Charleston. Dalcho in the archives of the Supreme Council 33~’. South Carolina and Philadelphia. so far as extant records will allow. and (2) there is a copy in English in the handwriting of Dr. now in the archives of the Grand Lodge of the Netherlands. If this statement is true. who will be discussed next. signed by an Illustrious Brother Wowelner and Illustrious Brother Bernardo de Galvez. Laurent. Jamaica. appeared in France.THE STORY OF THE SCOTTISH RITE • • in 1834. by way of St. fomer Viceroy of Mexico. then it was lost with other records in a fire in Charleston which destroyed about all of the old records of the Supreme Council. not later than 1802. the first public exhibit of these so-called Grand Constitutions of 1786. if de Grasse had a copy and used it to help form our Supreme Council in i8or. Laurent wrote the Belgium Supreme Council that he had a copy of the Grand Constitutions. it is possible that he gave a copy to de Grasse-Tilly. but it would increase the numher substantially. Belgium and The United Supreme Council for the Western Hemisphere was concluded. In June of that year St. • Ignoring several individuals who were active in one way or another in the Rite let us examine.

(born in 17~ in Paris and died there on April 13. to organize a Lodge of High Secrets of the 25th degree. 1765 and died in Paris on June 10. son of the French Admiral of similar name. South Carolina. A Grand or Sublime Council was actually organized by him on January i8 13. 1799. 1793. France on February 14. 1797. Of the known activities of these two brethren. He became acquainted with Delahogue shortly after his arrival. The first is Count Alexandre Francois Auguste de Grasse-Tilly (born at Versailles. 1822). The second is Jean Baptiste Noel Marie Delahogue. who. De Grasse was back in San Domingo in 1799 where he was captured by the slaves and. probably at Masonic functions. They stayed in the United States off and on until 1804. San Domingo about this time was being plagued by “slave uprisings” and in 1793 they became so acute that most of the whites sought refuge elsewhere. his fatherin-law. 330 in South Carolina. Isaac Long. We shall not rehearse De Grasse’s romantic experiences here beyond the fact that he married Delahogue’s daughter. some matters are still unexplained. at the insistence of the American Council was released as an American citizen. made a Deputy Inspector General a month earlier. If they were such we are at loss to explain why. appointed de Grasse and five others—also French refugees—Deputy Inspectors and empowered Delahogue. came to San Domingo in 1789 to run sugar plantations left to him by his father who died the previous year. a Deputy Inspector General of the Rite of Perfection and its titular head in Jamaica. 1845) made a Mason in Contrat Social Ecossais Lodge in Paris. for they were both active Masonically. arriving on August 14. Among them is that both had a 32nd degree before arriving at Charleston and had signed documents since 1793 as Deputy Inspectors General of the twenty-five Degree Rite of Perfection.THE STORY OF THE SCOTTISH RITE two key men involved in situation just pnor to the formation of the Charleston Council. in Charleston. whose Masonic initiation place and date is unknown. De Grasse. Yet no record has come to light as to who appointed them before 1796. with their families. went to Charleston. on December Hyman 12. . Among them were DeGras~e and Delahogue. 1796. having been naturalized in Charleston June 17.

with his father-in-law. a month before that issued to De Crasse. Spain. after his return. specializing in the principles of Fortification. 1804 and on July 29th of the same year the Supreme Council at Charleston issued him a patent to establish “bodies under its authority. On August 4. on May 27. stating that he had lived there upwards of eighteen months previously. he had been issued a Patent as Deputy Grand Inspector General of the Rite of Perfection on November 12. In the mean time he established the Supreme Councils of Italy. De Grasse helped his father-in-law run a school. Delahogue. Grand Commander of the Supreme Council of the French West Indies. ~. on May ii. 1802. he returned to France. in Madrid—October 1809. He affiliated with Loge La Charite. in Brussells. During these years Delahogue headed the Masonic bodies De Grasse had established. under the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania. 1817. he returned again to San Domingo under General Lecleric and upon capitulation he was made a prisoner and taken to Jamaica where he was allowed considerable freedom. 1799 De Grasse demitted and six days later founded Loge La Reunion at Charleston. He was Master in 1798. De Grasse. Having lost all his pc. After his release in 1814 he returned to France. To pick up Delahogue again. This ended in his being taken a prisoner in Italy from whence he was transferred to England. 1796. Artillery and Fencing.” As soon as word got to him that De Grasse had been released as a prisoner in Jamaica in the summer of 1804. During his stay in Charleston. In March.THE STORY OF THE SCOTTISH RITE • • It is also known that De Grasse issued some patents in the 33rd degree to Delahogue and others on this same November 12. 1804. Released in i 804. Previously. in Milan—March i8o~. he went immediately to Bordeaux. where he arrived on July 4th. founded Loge La Candeur at Charleston. 1796. He was naturalized in New Orleans as an American citizen on August 6. France.ssessions in San Domingo he was forced to resume a military career to support his family. composed exclusively of French Roman Catholics. When De Grasse became the Grand . On February 21. and Belgium. in 1795. On September of that year he established the Supreme Council of France. 1802 De Grasse became Grand Commander and Delahogue Lt. He was first Master of Loge La Candeur which he and De Grasse founded.

No one has been able to determine where three of the founders. as such. Frederick Dalcho. with the nine others who established. South Carolina. It is an investiture ceremony. a Danish West Indian. the latter two having signed documents with this degree four years prior to the formation of the Supreme Council. There were two Irishmen. Five were Protestaiits. in Charleston. plus these two Frenchmen—De Grasse and Delahogue. Isaac Auld. These nine were John Mitchell. has been able to prove who wrote any of the degrees or the constitutions. Regardless of who wrote them or who concocted the thirtythird degree. the first Supreme Council of the 33rd Degree of the Ancient and Accepted Rite (now known as the Scottish Rite) in the world. It must be brought to mind that the thirty-third degree was not then and is not now a “working” degree.THE STORY OF THE SCOTTISH RITE Commander of the Supreme Council of France. In the beginning it was probably nothing more than a title without any ceremony whatever. It was probably more in line with the Deputy or Grand Inspectors General of the Rite of Perfection—no ritual or any reference to one of this grade being known. DeGrasse or Delahogue came into possession of the 33rd degree. South Carolina. One thing seems clear—DeGrasse and Delahogue appear as the only ones who could have instigated the organization of the Supreme Council. Thomas B. Bowen. in 1801 and fomed a Rite of Freemasonry and stated that the Constitutions of 1762 and the Grand Constitutions of 1786 were the basis of the Rite. These eleven Masons met in Charleston. Emanuel de Ia Motta. but no one after years of investigation. Mitchell. Moses C. Levy and James Moultrie. I have seen the degree worked in two jurisdictions and copies of the degree worked here and elsewhere—they vary greatly. and two Americans. these Constitutions form the basis of our law and the degrees of our ritualistic system. South Carolina. The reason I have dwelt on these two French-Americans so long is that they have now been recognizect as participants. Abraham Alexander. 20 . we might say. in exile. and the others which make up the system. All except the last two died in or near Charleston. Israel de Lieben. a Pole. Delahogue assumed a similar office in the Supreme Council of the West Indies. two Englishmen a Czech. two Roman Catholics and four Jews.

Many excursions into the authenticity of all three of these Constitutions have been launched. I have ventured in such nebulous fields before and have been pushed to the “river’s edge” more than once. Lindsay. among others. Albert Pike. if any. Gourgas. Most of these statements are undocumented opinions and often made years ago before any real research was made on the Constitutions. Lindsay. Masonic scholars of repute. There seems little. Delahogue’s copy and Dalcho’s copy of the 1786 Constitutions and the copies made by Gourgas (1762—June 7’ 1809 and 1761—August 1813 and 1786— no date).THE STORY OF THE SCOTTISH RITE PART THE CONSTITUTIONS — II 1761. and have survived numerous jostlings without permanent scars—so one more excursion will not make or break me. a few will be mentioned. historically. Lobinger. Pike. It must be brought to mind that in i8oi. to show some of the inconsistencies and unsettled situations left to be solved. Baynard. of the Constitutions were held by the Founders. but because most of those who are so vociferous appear to have little more information than some statements made by others to back their beliefs. but as they are used as the basic law of the Scottish Rite. if not all three. I hesitate to enter into a controversy about them. have devoted many pages in their “analyses” of the subject. It is not that I fear contradiction or being used as a target by persons whose views are not like mine. have expressed views. 1762 and 1786 There are three sets of Constitutions about which Masonic his- torians have expressed contrary views ever since they became the objects of critical examination. As previously mentioned. 21 . I have no alternative. including the belief that they were compiled in Berlin by Frederick the Great. to statements branding them forgeries. However. Folger. it has been proved beyond reasonable doubt that copies of at least two. No attempt will be made here to review these treatments. Robert B. In most cases flaws in their reasoning as well as historical inaceuracies are found. Baynard. These views run from declaring them as authentic. Carson. use arguing that the Charleston ~. Daicho. and members of the History Committee (1950-1955) of the Northern Jurisdiction Supreme Council.

. The next thing which comes to mind is the mention of Frederick the Great. Much has been argued about him not being able to sign the 1786 Constitutions. of the Army of the Sovereign Princes and Knights. are the Depositaries and Preservers of the Grand Secret Constitutions. The 1 3th says “The Sns Gd Irs Gal Grand Commanders are cre~.” etc. which are the Degrees of the 33rd which exist since the World is the World. who signed them.THE STORY OF THE SCOTTISH RITE Supreme Council had NO copies of a Constitution. . which they did. We do know that nine Cornmissiaries compiled a Constitution in BORDEAUX. In that light. I am not too concerned with that. to wit: “The Assideans. This copy was the expanded Constitution of 1762. France the very day that Morn was given his Patent—August 27. The zznd makes some statements regarding the source from which the ceremonies and mysteries are derived. Constituted at Paris. The evidence is all against such an assumption. J. Gourgas—Aug. i8i~). which mentions the Constitutions of 1761. . Let us look first at the so-called GRAND SECRET CONSTITUTIONS.” The first thing that comes to mind is that no where has a single piece of paper come to light confirming the formation or existence of any such group in Paris. York or Berlin. i76i—which is the date of the 1761 Constitutions. Sovereign Commander in Chief. J. of ancient and modern Free and Royal Masonry over the two Hemispheres.” The 3ist states that the “Grand Commanders of the Holy Empire. and from our well beloved and Illustrious Brother Frederick of Prussia the 2nd.” They consist of thirty-three articles (copied by J. where they were written —the subject is academic. As to who wrote them. York. I am concerned that he didn’t sign the Constitutions of 1761. and Hebrew Sect predecessors and Fathers of the Essenians and of the Pharisians. York and Berlin. or “Regulations of the Sovereigns Grand Inspectors General of the 33rd Grand Commanders ad vitam.” etc. Grand Master. 22 . who nominates NINE Commissaries. We know this because they agreed to send Morn a copy. ated by the Sovereign Senfite. and examination of some curious things about them is exhibited. and Berlin. The 9th states that “the present Secret Constitutions emanated from the Grand East of Paris.

Frederick stated he knew that one of the trusted members of the Lodge had violated his Masonic oath and that of a State official.”) General Wallrave. After three appeals without any Brother coming forward. It took place in Korn’s Hotel in Brunswick when Frederick was the Crown-Prince. who immediately called a meeting of the Lodge. that “The Crown-Prince prosecuted his Masonry at Reinsberg or elsewhere 23 . we find that six Brethren of the Hamburg Lodge (four of whom are named) made Frederick.” After the meet- ing. at Vienna.—April 1848 and translated from a German “Work of authority entitled ‘Erwinia’. a learned engineer. 7. captioned as sent to the magazine by “Y” from Schenectady. One of his letters to Prince de Kaunitz was intercepted and taken to Frederick. surnamed the Great. Carlyle states in Volume II. a Mason on Tuesday. as the Brethren were retiring. The trouble about this story is that it does not exactly conform with historical recordings In a HIS- TORY OF FREDERICK ThE SECOND. Vol. Y. pages 237-241. (See Moore’s Freemasons’ Magazine. and member of Frederick’s Lodge. In 1746 a happening in this Lodge resulted in his withdrawing any further “working” interest in Masonry. He transmitted information about the plans of fortification and mine fields to Prince de Kaunitz. was intrusted with rebuilding the fortress of Neisle. During the first year of his reign he founded a private Lodge. CALLED FREDERICK THE GREAT. was born January iz. along with a Captain Wartensleben. N. August 14-15.THE STORY OF THE SCOTTISH RITE 1712. one window cell. He offered to forget the matter if the guilty Brother would confess. 1738 (starting just before midnight on the i4th). made up of twenty-seven of his close associates and was its Worshipful Master. He created the Lodge of the Three Globes and proclaimed it to be a Grand Lodge. by Thomas Carlyle. General Wallrave was arrested and conducted to Magdebourg where he was confined for seven years in a single. considered the most reliable and trustworthy of all books written about him (seven volumes i866). page 498. according to a story variously printed in numerous periodicals. Frederick II. for a price. He remained in this prison until his death in 1776. He was then removed to a more comfortable prison where he had more light and could exercise a bit. 1738. At his own request he was initiated into Masonry at a special Lodge held for that express purpose at Brunswick on August 14 and 15. he closed the Lodge “for the last time.

Paris or Berlin. IV.1. This event so affected Frederick that he never again was active in Masonry. as they are mentioned in the 1762 Constitutions. This double-dealing with the Austrian Chancellor. and that they had nothing whatever to do with Frederick the Great. France. his name being used for “status” Furthermore. with beastly immoral habits.” They are dated October 25.I. can only be surmised Our conclusion is not that the Secret Constitutions were forged. and where he remained until he died on January i6. and very soon after his Accession left it altogether. and did so at least thirty-four years after their original compilation. the wife of one of his quartermasters.0. Vol. France—altho they state “at the Grand East of Berlin. He delighted in showing off his silver and gold plate which was engraved with a flying raven (wallraven). I-low his name came into a Masonic document fifteen years after he ceased any activity in Masonry.” This precludes Frederick from being Master of the Lodge and the story looks fictional. and D. where not once is 33rd mentioned. his wife and his mistress. The mistress was his downfall for it was she who divulged the information that the General was leaking secrets of the fortifications at Neisle in Silicia. pages 150-151). of which the new King consented to be Patron. 1762. 1773 (according to Militair-Lexikon. Wenzel Anton KaunitzRielburg (1711-1794) caused his arrest at Potsdam on February 12.G. strong-headed and strongbuilt.. General Wallrave was a Dutch Officer. 1748. but was never ardent at it. and only his Portrait presided over the mysteries at that Establishment.G. but that the place of their compilation was Bordeaux. For this suggestion. A Royal Lodge was established at Berlin.THE STORY OF THE SCOTTISH RITE occasionally for a year or two. but he never once entered the place. and never in York. four days AFTER the 24 . or of the Christian Aera 1762”) while Frederick the Great was on the battlefield of Freiburg (the battle being won on October 29. Now we come to the 1762 Constitutions made by the Nine Cornmisaries in Bordeaux. 1762 (“6th day of the 3rd week of the 7th moon of the Hebrew Aera 5562. which came into being in France. I suggest that whoever made the copies which have come to light added the title “33rd” in the various places it is used after 0. I offer the copies of the 1762 Constitutions as evidence. His bedroom contained three beds for himself.

It is even questionable if the 1761 Constitutions were ever really issued. Article eleven provides for the “Nine Commissaries.THE STORY OF THE SCOTTISH RITE date of the Constitutions). They made copies and sent one to Morn. is that the Secret Constitutions of were made in Bordeaux. he was confined to his quarters for the last year of his life. They consist of thirty-five articles. with a foreword which says “that besides the ancient and Secret Constitutions of the August order on the Sublime Princes. 1786. They worked on it and came up with only two more articles than the year before. in the year A 25 • . it has been shown that Frederick ceased any activity in Masonry in 1746. but if so. are THE Constitutions. after suffering from the gout among other ailments. shall Sublime Princes of the Royal Secret. They. 1761 Our opinion. These so-called Constitutions of 1786 present an enigma.” Article two lists the degrees—25 of them. on May i. In the first place. We are not inclined to go very far into the controversy about these 1786 Constitutions for several reasons.~. to my mind. are purported to have been compiled at Berlin with Frederick the Great present. which will for ever be entirely observed. too. France On the same day that Morn was • • given his Patent in a draft form and that they promised Morn to send him a copy when it was gone over and put in good order. up to this point. These 1762 Constitutions. Frederick died August 17. The First article stated that “The Constitutions and Regulations made by the Nine Commissaries by the Grand Consistory of 0 Lucis 5762. according to some of his biographers. then someone tampered with them later. Next we find that the Constitutions are “for the Government of the Supreme Council of Inspectors General of the 33rd.” As above stated no mention is made of any degree beyond the 25th—Prince of the Royal Secret-~-in these Constitutions. There were eighteen articles—just a skeleton of the 1762 ones. He was an aged man—74 years old—and in such bad health that. Those who have done so previously wind up attacking those who have expressed opinions. Degree. in San Domingo. 1786 a hun- dred and eight days after the date of the Constitutions.” What Supreme Council? No one has ever heard of any body with such a name in 1786 or some ten years later. The 1786 ones will be taken up next.

1777. that some of their contents are incongruous. but by whom no one suggests. possibly by way of St. New Hampshire. Many have said that they were fabricated at Charleston. While the Colonies declared their indedependence on January i8. or anywhere else in 1786—nor of a Patent or other document showing that a 330 was conferred on any individual at the time of the supposed date of the 1786 Constitutions.” The double limitation in “The United States of America” in a document in 1786 is fantastic. it does seem amazing that it was necessary to provide. Laurent was the culprit as it was he who made them known in 1832. that would explain why we find no signatures on the extant copies. 1787. they did not become “The United States of America” until September 17. that no such body for which these Constitutions regulate was in existence in 1786. no record has come to light of the existence of a Supreme Council in Berlin.THE STORY OF THE SCOTTISH RITE be strictly adhered to & executed. To further mention a matter. Possibly St. and that no such thing as a 33rd degree was known then 26 . Laurent. Actually “The United States of America” came into being on June 21. when the ninth Colony (by then called a State). among many others. which is inconsistent if not downright at variance with known facts. One in the British West Indies. ratified the Constitution. While John Mitchell’s acknowledgment of the “UNITED STATES OF AMERICA” is dated May 26. In any event my conclusion is that the so-called 1786 Constitutions were NOT compiled in Berlin. Paris.” The Fifth article says “Each Supreme Council is to be composed of Nine Inspectors General There shall be but one Council of this degree in each Nation or Kingdom of Europe. when a Convention of delegates from twelve of the thirteen Colonies finished their work. It seems plausible that Delahogue and/or De Grasse could have very well have had a copy of the 1762 Constitutions. and one in the French West India Islands. 1778. 1788. for two Supreme Councils in a sparsely populated area overseas. Not only that but there are no signatures on any copies of the 1786 Constitutions. to say the very least about the designation. in France. They could very well have produced the so-called Grand Constitutions. as will be shown subsequently. T~\VO in the United States of America as remote from each other as possible. If so.

Have not religious groups done likewise (the laws of Moses. no hint. Seal Showing the Camp — 1832 27 . with minor changes. There is nothing unusual about taking existing constitutions of a similar body or group and using them to base the laws of a newly organized body upon. based on names of the culprits. The newly-created Charleston Supreme Council. as of today. for instance). Further.THE STORY OF THE SCOTTISH RITE and that Frederick the Great was NOT present at the alleged meeting and did not sign them. Of course. that there is no record of any of the individuals who are supposed to have compiled them—as no signatures are attached and that no Masonic archives have come to light mentioning anyone who did. to reiterate: These unanswered queries have nothing to do with the Scottish Rite. these Constitutions and all succeeding recognized Supreme Councils have done likewise. Now. which is primarily based on the 1762-1786 Constitutions. no signatures and no originals. if they were fabricated. taking them from a book (the Bible) which has no proof of authorship. this is to be expected if they were fabricated. Likewise. 330 simply adopted. has come to light.

Alexander. 1803 an accompanying “Circular” signed by John Mitchell was issued—so that the two circulars were sent together to various presiding Grand Officers and others in this and probably other countries. Isaac Auld. 28 . agreeably to the Grand Constitutions. i8oi (a Sunday. Secretary General. and in the course of the present year. Dalcho. Sovereign Grand Inspectors General.” On January i. It was signed by the members of the Committee—Fredenck 330 Lt. Thus. is that at least four of those who had the degree formed a Supreme Council—the first body of its kind in the world. of the “G. ~8oi (i8oi). headed “Circular throughout the two Hemispheres. all that can be said. The second circular was a plea for union of Masonic interests.” drafted by a Committee of Sov- ereign Grand Inspectors appointed at a meeting held on October io. but not in a single instance have we discovered the source of their elevation. 1802 a “Manifesto” was issued. 330. 330 Sovereign Grand Inspector General. Empire. Grand Commander. Grand Commander and Abraham i8oz. the Supreme Council of the 33d degree for the United States of America was opened with the high honors of Masonry. The December ~j. Emmanuel de la Motta. preferably under a single head. and attested by John Mitchell 330.THE STORY OF THE SCOTTISH RITE PART III THE MOThER SUPREME COUNCIL On December 4. the whole number of Grand Inspectors General was cornpleated. incidently) when the first (mother) Supreme Council of the Thirty-third Degree of the Scottish Rite was established. It is definitely known that several individuals had a Thirty-third Degree prior to the establishment of this Supreme Council. by Brothers John Mitchell and Frederick Dalcho. Among many other statements in the document we find that “On the 3ist of May. as a summary of the situation. 1802 circular (an original copy being extant) definitely establishes the date May 3’. 330 Treasurer-General.” Grand and Supreme Council.

. On February 2. In the Northern. de la Motta. In 1813 a Grand Consistory was formed in Louisiana. Albany. in 1859 fourteen were added. S. 2—Grand Council. 1797.” The whole number consisted of Mitchell.. Y. To go into the manifold operations of the Mother Supreme Council. 1783-1796. Princes of the Royal Secret.. Levy and Moultrie. 5C.. four in i8zz. 6—Lodge of Perfection. The Scottish Rite showed little progress during its early years. whose powers were transferred in 1839 to a newly formed Supreme Council in New Orleans. Auld. We do not know how many bodies of the Rite were set up prior to i8oi but these we do know something about: i—Lodge of Perfection. 1767-1774. now known as the Southern Jurisdiction. 1788.. N. Charleston.. ~ and No. However in neither Jurisdiction has the allotted number been filled at any time. Princes of Jerusalem. Martha’s Vineyard. Pa. As members died others were admitted. Charleston. the number was set at fifty-six at the “Union” in 1867 and then raised to sixty-six in 1883. 1852.. 1792-1795. or until Albert Pike took over and began to place the organization on a stable basis. by the end of 18o~2. Bowen. by our 29 . One was added in 1807. C. would prolong this treatment beyond the limits of the picture we are endeavoring to paint. It was in 1859 that the number of Active Members was increased to thirty-three. Actually Delahogue and De Grasse appear to have aided in the formation and were what we might call “supernumeraries. 4—Lodge of Perfection. 8 were dormant at the time of the formation of the Supreme Council. after it was organized. Mass. Albany. 1791-1797. even up to 1859. Philadelphia. All. making a total of 50 up to this time. N. S. 1782-1789. Y. two in 1823 and eighteen in the years 1824-1858. de Lieben. 7—Lodge of Perfection Baltimore. 1767-1774.THE STORY OF THE SCOTTISH RITE As indicated in the Circular. a Consistory was established. Md. Dalcho. Then. except No. s—Council of Princes of Jerusalem. the “whole number” was completed—nine..C. 3—Lodge of Perfection. 8—Sublime Grand Council. Consequently only a few observations will be made to show how things went in the early years. Alexander. Charleston.

How many bodies were chartered in the Southern Jurisdiction is not known. Councils of Princes of Jerusalem (150 160). the next being in 1852 (Kentucky). in the Northern Jurisdiction there is at least one (Charles Gilman) who was elected a S. and Consistories (i~ ~32o). However.200. 15.G. Then followed Arkansas i8~8. i86o—Active July 4—John Sheville—Sept.THE STORY OF THE SCOTTISH RITE Supreme Council in Louisiana. Councils of Kadosh (19o~ 300). Mississippi and District of Columbia i86o. However. and Japan ~886. Chapters of Rose Croix (17o~ 180). the number of its mem30 . In the Northern Jurisdiction they are: Lodges of Perfection (40 140). Pike says none were made prior to 1857 in the Southern Jurisdiction. Records up to about i8~8 have been lost. i86i—Active June 6. Whether this coiistituted an Honorary 33rd for one day one cannot say. destroyed or never made. - When the admitting of Honorary 330 members was started is not ~lefinitely known. i8~6—Active Oct. i866. At that time the Southern Jurisdiction had about 200 Princes of the Royal Secret and the Northern Jurisdiction about 3. and Consistories (31o~ 320).I. 1862 12. From then on the membership figures are known and will be found in a table. In i86o. The first four actual records of Honorary Members were: 6. only those of Louisiana and Kentucky survive as Grand Con- sistories. herewith. on May 3. Maryland i86i. Carson—May 20. “Until the session of this Supreme Council in 1859. 30. the New Orleans body signed a Concordat to become part of the regular Supreme Council.G. Then. i86i. California 1870. 1854 and then received into Active Membership the following day. Pike stated. i86o—Active May z—Enoch Atwood—April T. i85~. Iowa i868. The degrees are separated in four bodies in the Southern Jurisdiction as follows: Lodges of Perfection (40 140). McClenachan—Dec. on February 17. This was the first of a number of Grand Consistories. The Rite was almost dormant in the South until Albert Pike became its leader in 1859. Chapters of - Rose Croix (150~ 180). There are no records in either Supreme Council to show the membership previous to 1870. 1864. We know that five were created at the i86o Session. 20. 3—Charles T. in his allocution. and was continued as a Grand Consistory. i—Henry i i8.

and with difficulty induced to do even what routine required. and five in states other than South Carolina. when a majority never met. Four of these resided in Charleston. anything more being beyond all hope or expectation. again. which was thus. but they had no control over the Deputy Inspectors General of the Rite of Perfection. Much less. Very few used their 31 . and as far as its action was concerned. as prescribed by the Grand Constitutions of 1786. All of them could exercise their powers legally. its recommendations go forth with more weight. THE CERNEAU RITE (So-called) It must be pointed out that when the Scottish Rite was formed in i8oi there were several Deputy Inspectors General of the Rite of Perfection of twenty-five degrees in the United States. It was evident that a body composed of so limited a number of persons. The Scottish Rite had chosen to put these degrees in its system to. and its proceedings be looked to with far more interest. it was reasonable to expect that its meetings would gain greatly in dignity and importance. Albert Pike established the building on the tottering foundation he found when he entered it. it was necessary that those states should be represented in it. and after the consequent accession of intellect and learning. it is not known when one had been present at a meeting of the Council. in a jurisdiction composed of nineteen states. until his passing. however eminent and learned they might be. With its membership thus enlarged. when the Rite had but nine members in its Supreme Council for the Southern Jurisdiction. could this be so. living in one place.” From the time Albert Pike became its head in 1859. Of those residing out of that state. To give this body the weight and importance which alone could make its efficiency and usefulness worthy of its high rank. nothing but an upward movement is found.THE STORY OF THE SCOTTISH RITE bers was limited to nine. could the Council really speak for the members of the Rite everywhere in its Jurisdiction and its words possess the gravity and weight of authority. thirty-two years later. could not possess the influence nor command the respect desirable in the Supreme Governing Body of the Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite. reduced to four members. In no other way. practically. until the following year when the number was increased to thirty-three. and the Council virtually consisted of four persons only.

His operations in South Carolina and Georgia however (and later in New York) were recognized by Emanuel De La Motta. known as Lachelle’s Scottish Sovereign Chapter of Rose Croix de H-R-D-M of Kilwinning. Jacobs caused trouble by conferring the grade in various States without any idea of forming a local body of the degree. 1790. Joseph Cernean. At the same time there were a few brethren who had only obtained the grade of Knight of the Sun (230) and had Patent6 of that degree. in New York. as he had no right or power within any part of the United States of America. For this he received $46 from each brother. This man was Antoine Bideaud. on his way to Bordeaux. Jamaica. Now we come to another situation where the individual involved did not have the authority to do what he did where he did it. born in 32 3 3 . He was a Frenchman. His actions caused confusion in the Scottish Rite. established by the Supreme Council in Charleston. 1768. because some of those on whom he conferred degrees were also “healed” by De La Motta. He was in New York City. who was an Active Member of De Grasse’s Supreme Council in the French West India Islands. or a total of $230. we come to a third individual who began Masonic activity in New York which caused no end of trouble in not only the Scottish Rite but in Symbolic Masonry as well. Bideaud’s next act was to establish a “Sublime Grand Consistory 300. and Abraham Jacobs.THE STORY OF THE SCOTTISH RITE powers and most of those who obtained these degrees from Rite of Per- fection Deputies later affiliated with Scottish Rite bodies. Two examples are Jeremiah Van Rensselaer. Hence. who helped these brethren become members of Scottish Rite bodies. as will be seen. All these acts were irregular and unconstitutional. In the mean time Jacobs was active in New York conferring the 23rd degree but De La Motta healed the operations of Bideaud and Jacobs later. and 32~” in New York City. Next. France. 310. South Carolina on February 21. who had received his Patent from Henry Andrew Francken on June i. and finally. in a few years no further conferring of degrees by Rite of Perfection Deputies prevailed. by Moses Cohen in Kingston. Some of this is with us even today. 1802. in 1806 where he conferred the 32nd degree on five members of a body 330. who was elevated to that degree on November g.

Cerneau was ordered to quit the Island. The powers granted by this Patent are far more limited than any other Patent known of the Rite of Perfection. where in 1804. when he withdrew to return to France. who had a similar Patent dated 1798 from Pierre LaBarbier Duplessis in Pennsylvania. who had been officers of a Lodge.” Cerneau began the establishment of a Most Puissant Grand Consistory of Sublime Princes of the Royal Secret. he applied to the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania for a Lodge in Havana. Supreme Chiefs of Exalted Masonry according to the Ancient Constitutional Scottish Rite of Heredom. these men were far better 33 . and with additional power to confer the z5th degree on one Knight Prince Mason a Year. who in turn had been made a Deputy Inspector General on August i~. while still in Cuba he was appointed a Deputy Inspector General of the Rite of Perfection by Antoine Mathiei de Potet. where it is believed he died about twenty years later. 103. with his family. which was completed exactly a year later. No. He went to New York City in November i8o6. While well known in Masonic circles. The Patent issued to Cerneau gave him power for the Northern part of Cuba to initiate Master Masons from the 4th to the z4th degrees. The first Tableau of Officers published in 1809. and established his business at 121 William Street. Calwallader D. i8o6. In i8oz he. 1807. He went to Cuba. Martin Hoffman. with Cerneau named as Master. On July i~.THE STORY OF THE SCOTTISH RITE Villeblevin in 1763 and was a jeweler by trade. was compelled to flee on account of the insurrection of the negroes. where he became Secretary of Lodge Reunion des Coeurs at Port Republican. Colden and several other officers and members of the Grand Lodge of New York. 1799 by Germain Haquet. He affiliated with Washington Lodge No. The petition was granted and the name of the Lodge was Le Temple des Vertus Theologalis. contained the names of DeWitt Clinton. He had established himself in San Domingo. i8z6. zi in January iSia and continued a member until December zo. but. under the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania. as Baynard points out. Deputations and individual powers. on October z8. with many others. with other Brethren. West Indies. it “has been the basis of more trouble in the Fraternity in all its branches than all other Patents. Due to some difficulties with the civil authorities in Cuba about the Lodge.

arrived in New York City. forthwith. as the Rite of Perfection did not have these degrees. he had no 33rd degree. He then announced the formation of a Supreme Council of Grand Inspectors General of the Thirty-third Degree. in whose territory these goings-on were hap. Fifth. Cerneau had no powers to confer ANY degrees outside of Northern Cuba. and in addition the z5th degree on one brother per year. They wasted no time in using the Cerneau body politically. In this body we find Daniel D. That is the situation just before one of the officers of the Supreme Council in Charleston. Hoffman and Colden. for the same reason. Tompkins. I quote from Samuel Baynard’s “History of Scottish Rite Free Masonry: 34 . also members of the Grand Lodge of New York and political opponents of Clinton. and to some extent in Philadelphia and elsewhere. Fourth. However. the Bideaud Sublime Grand Consistory was then operating in New York.pening. what was wrong with all this (aside from the injection of politics into the situation)? First. Third. Actually they did not use the name “Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite” until after 1827. Therefore all his acts in conferring degrees beyond the z5th degree were clandestine as were most of those on whom he conferred the z5th degree. he had the power in that territory to confer ONLY the z4th degree. Now. his powers were for the Rite of Perfection of twenty-five degrees only. when Cerneau had returned to France. Sampson Simson and Ricker Biker.THE STORY OF THE 5COTTI5H RITE known in New York politics. he never had the z6th to the 3znd degree conferred upon him. Second. and last. had his powers been valid in New York. grew out of unauthorized operations of those conferring so-called Higher Degrees in and about New York. claiming jurisdiction over thirtytwo degrees. This officer was given some of the details of the Masonic situation of the “Higher Degrees” and proceeded to act for the Supreme Council in Charleston. THE NORTHERN JURISDICTIOIN This activity in what is now the Northern Jurisdiction. The latter convinced Cerneau that their body should be on par with their opponent’s group and he changed the name of the organization in 1813 to a Sovereign Grand Consistory.

” After a thorough investigation of all those involved in the five groups. Emanuel de Ia Motta. directing him to proceed at once to rectify the situation. s—The Cemeau Supreme Council of Sovereign Grand Inspectors General of the Thirty-Third Degree. As the representative of the Supreme Council at Charleston he undertook an inquiry into the organization and nature of each of the five bodies: 1—The Bideaud Sublime Consistory of Sublime Princes of the Royal Secret. who had been inveigled into its web. “Before proceeding too deeply into his investigation. 330. as irregular as its sponsor’s acts and the Sovereign Grand Consistory. 3—The Jacobs Council of Princes of Jerusalem.THE STORY OF THE scoTTisH RITE “The Cerneau Supreme Council of Grand Inspectors General. yet all of which were operating in the territory over which that Supreme Council had exclusive jurisdiction in the Scottish Rite. 1813. drifted into the vortex of this Masonic whirlpool. z—The Cerneau Sovereign Grand Consistory of Sublime Princes of the Royal Secret of the Ancient Constitutional Scottish Rite of Heredom. 1813. on September zi. 330 for the Northern Jurisdiction of the United States. and another which claimed to be a Supreme Council of the 33rd degree. 1813. Concordia Crescimus. he communicated with his superior officers of the Supreme Council at Charleston and received prompt replies from both Sovereign Grand Commander John Mitchell and Lieutenant Grand Commander Frederick Dalcho. formed The Supreme Council. and each of them enclosed a certificate to he used by him in case of need. neither on business nor on pleasure bent but in search of health. no one of which had been sponsored by the Supreme Council at Charleston. He found five bodies. 3ist and 3znd degrees. Illustrious Treasurer General of the Supreme Council at Charleston. was merely a nominal body. de Ia Motta. supreme in name only. which was 35 . at whose behest and direction it probably conferred its spurious Thirtythird Degree upon some of the foremost Masons in the land. healed the Bideaud and Jacobs bodies and then on August 5. “In the early summer of 1813. 4—The Jacobs Aurora Grata Lodge of Perfection. 3oth. four of which were conferring the higher degrees of Freemasonry.

36 . in our Supreme Council. In the mean time Killian H. Robinson i865. The twenty-two Active Members of the Union Council then held a meeting on December 13. and secure fraternal relations with the Southern Supreme Council and all other regular Councils. who we shall see again in 1881—14 years later. THE UNION OF 1867 A full treatment of what took place from i86o to 1867 would consume many pages. Sovereign Grand Commander of our Supreme Council. Hays resigned and Simon W. The Cerneau group had the following Sovereign Grand Commanders: Joseph Cemeau 1807.THE STORY OF THE SCOTTISH RITE confirmed on December 24. induced the Brethren to dissolve the Union Council.86o and Simon W. Atwood 1846. . DeWitt Clinton 1823. Robinson and the illegally-made Lawson. Roberts and William H. This operation was illegal in every sense because Lawson had never been elected by the Supreme Council. Van Rensselaer had become Sovereign Grand Commander. which has been done by unanimous consent of every member. Then. Elias Hicks 1832. Jeremy L. Robinson was made Sovereign Grand Commander. following Raymond’s desertion.~6o. on December 13. Raymond established a rival Supreme Council. In digest. Edward A. In December i866. Grand Commander Robinson stated to twelve other Active Members of the Hays-Robinson Council that “To place ourselves within the pale of legitimacy. 1813 by the Mother Supreme Council at Charleston. Atwood i8~z. Less than three years later (February 1863) the Robinson body combined with the Hays (Ccrneau) group. among them being Hopkins Thompson. John W. with Simon W. Henry C. Mulligan 1821. i86~. Robert E. 1866 and announced that they had revived the Raymond Council. these are the events: On June z~. They changed the name of the organization several times and injected many illegal operations by re-organizing and revivals. Edmond B. On December 13. Henry C. ~. Cross 1850. Hays . Jarvis. Raymond. but at the time of the UNION in 1867. i86o. deserted the body and elevated Peter Lawson of Massachusetts to the 33rd degree. Cemeauism became “officially” dead.” Nine other Active Members were not present.

Van Rensselaer resigned as head of our body and Josiah H. Only one serious matter regarding membership has come up since the Union in 1867. four of them had attended our Supreme Council the following number of times: Thompson—7. i866 to September 27. 1867 they held simultaneous Sessions in Boston. and its membership was welcomed into the UNION. The Raymond body closed sine die. and Folger—i. Harris. Gorman their Sovereign Grand 37 . Atwood—7. Roberts—2. nor to re-erect the Hays body which had been dead for approximately fifteen years. this body becoming the present Supreme Council of the Northern Jurisdiction—the proceedings or transactions of which have been published every year since from 1867 to date. Massachusetts.THE STORY OF THE 5COTTISH RITE The two Supreme Councils appointed committees to look into the possibility of effecting a union of the two bodies and on May i~. This was later increased to sixty-six 1883. all of New York. The fact is—they were deserters and rebels. which in short. was as follows: The Hays Council (Cemeau) was disbanded and dead and nothing more was heard of it from December 31. This seems strange when one considers that it was fourteen years before that the Union was consummated and that six of those involved in this undertaking had signed Oaths of Fealty to the Union Supreme Council—Thompson. since two bodies had combined. It was provided that. Lewis was elected Grand Commander. of the six. No announcement was made why they thought the Union was illegal. Atwood of Connecticut and Thomson of Illinois. Actually none of them were Active Members of the regular Supreme Council and they lacked authority to set up a Supreme Council of the Scottish Rite anywhere. Furthermore. For the purposes of the amalgamation our Council also disbanded and the Union was completed. Robinson resigned as head of the Raymond body and John L. Drummond was elected Grand Commander. Folger. Roberts. on which date ten 33rd degree brethren from the old Hays Coun— cil decided that the UNION Supreme Council of 1867 was illegally erected. This body carried on with considerable success for a number of years and eventually elected John J. that fifty-six Active Members would form the Supreme Council. This ended the so-called Cerneau Rite —voluntarily disbanded.

beyond all of this. 1895. On May zi. by casts of large numbers. ‘What we see today in our subordinate bodies of the Scottish Rite and at the sessions of the Supreme Council is a far cry from what took place in these bodies less than a hundred years ago. The degrees are conferred in regalia then unheard of.oooFreemasons in the country. Gorman died and from that time on the body declined to a point that after 1925 it was dlfficult to find out who headed the body or find remnants of it anywhere. It might be said to be a combination of old world hierarchy and new world democracy. And. in up-to-date stage settings with lighting effects to accompany the degree portrayals for the proper effects. customed in theatrical style by make-up specialists. Signature of John James Joseph Gourgas 38 . constituting but seven-tenths of one percent of the ~oo. Even the Temples and Auditoriums in which we meet could hardly be envisioned in the i86o’s. but its subordinate bodies are democratic.THE STORY OF THE SCOTTISH RITE Commander. The Scottish Rite of Freemasonry has lifted itself into prominence in our fratemity by its own boot-straps. Twenty-four percent are Scottish Rite Masons—the result of the effort of the organization since 1870 when the nte could boast of but 3. and worthy of praise of the highest order. The situation is unique but works well in our case. The Scottish Rite is now firmly established in the United States. as well as provision for affairs in which our ladies and some times the non-Masonic public are invited as our guests.400 members. our charitable contributions are commensurate with our size. We have over four million Freemasons in the United States of America. both in the North and the South. The organization of the Supreme Councils is hierarchical in nature. and it appears before us as a stable and respected Rite of Freemasonry. To this might well be added the present accommodations for dining.

THE STORY OF THE SCOTTISH RITE PART TV THE DEGREES OF THE SCOTTISH RITE The whole basis of the selection of existing degrees in various rites at the time of the formation of the Supreme Council in i8oi was to bring order out of chaos (ordo ab chao). 33 — 26 27 28 29 10 31 32 22 24 25 26 — — — — 23 24 — 27 — — 24 26 — — 31 — 25 4oSECRET MASTER This pertains to King Solomon’s Temple and the appointment of seven of the most worthy and expert Master Masons as special 39 . and the Twenty-eighth by combining the 230 of the Rite of Perfection with the 240 of the Primitive Scottish Rite. R.R. — S. — — — — 19 21 16 — — — — — — 88 — — (*) While the 180 is included as coming from the Rite of Pei~fectlon. most of which are also found in one or more of the other rites of Masonry then or previously having existed. this is the only degree we are not sure of it. derivation. of P. the Twenty-first by combining the zo~ of the Rite of Perfection with the 160 of the Primitive Scottish Rite. & R.A. To these were added five degrees from the French Philosophical Rite. A brief description of the teachings of the degrees follows the derivation table. To begin with they selected all twenty-five degrees of the Rite of Perfection. The first nineteen were placed in the same order as in the Rite of Perfection. DERiVATION TABLE OF SCOTTISH RITE DEGREES (excluding Symbolic Degrees) A. one from the Primitive Scottish Rite and two from what Doszwdarski called the Ancient and Modem Rite—total thirty-three. There were so many variations of ritual in the various rites in which it was used that we cannot arrive at a definite conciusion. The Twentieth was made by combining the 190 and 230 of the Primitive Scottish Rite. 4~10* 20 22 A. 4-19 20 21 22 24 23 23 — — — R. R. — — — — Prim. & M.S. Phil.

The degree teaches the exercise and propagation of Charity and Benevolence. and that “a soft answer turneth away wrath. and Fidelity are taught in of the sacred furniture.” 0—PROVOST AND JUDGE In accordance with the legend of this degree. and that justice should be administered with mercy.THE STORY OF THE SCOTTISH RITE guardians of the Sanctum Sanctorum and Secrecy. The purpose of the degree is to inculcate and illustrate the lesson that we should be careful in not allowing ourselves to be led astray by an excess of zeal. 7 80~INTENDANT OF THE BUILDING The construction of the Temple having been stayed due to the death of the Chief Architect. King Solomon appointed five Superintendents—one for each of the Five Departments of Architecture. even in a good cause. 0—PERFECT MASTER 5 Commemorates the death of GMHA and teaches that we should learn to pay due respect to the memory of a deceased worthy brother. Equity. 0—MASTER ELECT OF NINE 9 Solomon elects nine to investigate a matter so that the offenders may be brought to justice. io0—MASTER ELECT OF FIFTEEN A continuation in the series of degrees which recounts in detail the mode of arrest and punishment of the remaining assassins. The degree teaches Justice. It reminds us that the unerring eye of Justice will discover the guilty and 40 . educating the orphan. faithfulness. or eavesdropper. King Solomon found it necessary to appoint several Judges upon the death of the slain Grand Master in order that justice might be administered among the workmen of the Temple. nor to take matters in our own hands to inflict punishment even justly due. 60—INTIMATE SECRETARY King Solomon saves the life of a supposed spy. and Impartiality. Under their supervision the building progresses. for the violation of human or divine laws. this degree. and that we should ever be careful not to offend a brother by prying into his secrets. The degree teaches zealousness. comforting the sick and distressed. Silence.

Honest. receive his just reward and teaches us to be Earnest. The degree instructs that the true and faithful brother will. lt instructs us that ambition and fanaticism are overthrown and dispelled by the sword of Justice and Freedom. and Sin0 cere. The rules of architecture and the connection of the liberal arts and sciences are amplified. that reward is achieved on the “completion of the Temple. ELECT. it is the keystone of the arch and discovers that which is revealed in the succeeding degree of Perfection. Jt teaches that when one has properly consecrated his life (mind and heart) for final preparation. MASTER ELECTED The degree emblematlcally illustrates the reward conferred by King Solomon upon twelve of the Masters Elect of Fifteen who were instrumental in bringing to justice the assassins of the Master Builder. and to reward those eminent in science and skill. J 0—GRAND. and on this is placed the Holy four-letter Name. iz0—GRAND MASTER ARCHITECT This degree is alleged to have been established as a school of instruction for the workmen of the Temple. PERFECT AND SUBLIME MASON 4 The Lodge represents the Secret Vault under the Sanctum Sanctorum in which is the Pillar of Beauty. i 0—MASTER OF THE NINTH ARCH 3 This degree forms the climax of the Ineffable Degrees. sooner or later. the release and retum of the captives to Jerusalem and the rebuilding of the Second Temple under authority given by King Cyrus.” i 0—KNIGHT OF THE EAST OR SWORD 5 Relates to the Babylonian captivity. Morally. i60—PRINCE OF JERUSALEM A continuation of the preceding degree representing the trials of the workers in the re-building of the Temple and of their final suc41 . constituting them Govemors over the twelve tribes of Israel. This degree reveals and explains the Tetragrammaton. The degree teaches that Virtue is as necessary as Talent. Its lesson teaches Fidelity to conviction. to assure uniformity in work.THE STORY OF THE SCOTTISH RITE mete out just punishment.

aided by King Darius. The swom Knight of Justice. zi0—NOACHITE. Zerubbabel ordered that the men should work with the sword in one hand and the trowel in the other. while rendering justice. Hope and Charity. whatever be their vocation. he learns the three virtues which are to guide him: Faith. is to be built and dedicated to the God of Truth. the Third Temple or Spiritual Temple in the heart of man. i70—KNIGHT OF THE EAST AND WEST The Word is again lost and. Justice and Truth. i 0—GRAND PONTIFF 9 The eleven degrees of the Areopagus which follow unfold the errors and frailties of human nature. The requisites are Toleration. The theme of this degree is the majesty of Truth. to hold all guiltless until convicted. 42 . This degree portrays the conflict between good and evil. powers and privileges of a Master. All workmen. He is taught the meaning of the New Law. figuratively. but by intelligence attained through patient labor and the study of Masonic doctrines. rank and nobility are not excepted. zz0—PRINCE OF LIBANUS or KNIGHT OF THE ROYAL AXE The story tells of those who cut cedars on Mount Libanus for the building of the Ark of Noah. That the right to govern is not only through selection of the brethren.THE STORY OF THE SCOTTISH RITE cess. This degree teaches men that labor is honorable and that we should strive to improve the condition of the toiling millions. This degree is an introduction to the degree which follows. zo0—MASTER AD VITAM The duties. OR PRUSSIAN KNIGHT The story of the Crusaders who sought to shield and protect the innocent and. Truth and Tolerance is admonished to be patient and work. in his joumeys through the years. i80—KNIGHT OF THE ROSE CROIX The novice is still in search of the Truth and the lost Word and.

z 0—KNIGHT COMMANDER OF THE TEMPLE 7 Dedicated to the Teutonic Knights of the House of St. shows that Masonry is of no one age. The Order originated at the siege of St. and certain revelation of God. while depicting the mysteries as practised by the first Christians. the honor of his country. in the day time. They guarded the city of Jerusalem against the Saracens to protect Christendom. Generosity and Honor. and nursed the sick by night. Reason. The Knights fought the infidel Saladin. Unholy sacrilege and presumptuous interference with sacred ceremonies are forbidden. is of no one religion. Chastity. Temperance. and Faith. and finds its great truths in all. and the happinesss of his brethren. in the fortieth year of the wandering of the children of Israel in the wildemess. z 0—PRINCE OF THE TABERNACLE 4 The special duties of a Pnnce of the Tabernacle are to labor incessantly for the glory of God.THE STORY OF THE SCOTTISH RITE z30—CHIEF OF THE TABERNACLE Relates to the Tabernacle and its ancient ceremonies. and to offer up thanks and prayers in lieu of sacrifices of flesh and blood. z80—KNIGHT OF THE SUN This is the last of the philosophical degrees and its doctrine is derived from the Kabala. belongs to all time. 43 . Jean d’Acre. Nature being the primary consistent. z60—PRINCE OF MERCY When Domitian was emperor of Rome and when danger and death hung on their footsteps. It treats of Science. The duties of a Knight of the Brazen Serpent are to purify the soul of its alloy of earthliness and to restore faith in God. Mary of Jerusalem. when tents for the sick and wounded were made from the sails of ships. z 0—KNIGHT OF THE BRAZEN SERPENT 5 Relates to the time when the camp of the Israelites was pitched at Punon after the death of Aaron. Their five excellent qualities were Humility. the Christian Masons met in the Catacombs to celebrate the Mysteries. This degree. and only those with hearts divested of all impurity are commended in the performance of holy rites.

for a long time. 0—SOVEREIGN GRAND INSPECTOR GENERAL This is really not a degree at all but an investiture ceremony in degree form. but ever remembering the frailty and imperfection of human nature. which is 33 14 3z . ANDREW The degree intends to Inculcate Equality. 0—KNIGHT KADOSH 3o This and the following two degrees form the Templar degrees of the Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite. Toleration is exemplified in this. A Knight Kadosh proves himself practically a true defender of the Temple of the Most High God and. It is a fitting climax to the theory of Universal Religion. It teaches that Masons should be diligent in their war against the ancient enemies of the human race—that they should be lovers of Wisdom and apostles of Liberty. and Fraternity. 0—GRAND INSPECTOR INQUISITOR COMMANDER 3i The practical test of the neophyte in the preceding degree is.THE STORY OF THE SCOTTISH RITE z90—KNIGHT OF ST. Equality. and to pardon and forgive while there yet remains hope and reformation. the last of the instructive degrees of the Historical and Philosophical series. Wise sayings of the sages and law-givers are quoted for instruction. It is conferred only by the Supreme Council. It teaches the administration of impartial justice with firmness. changed to a thorough examination under charges against Masonic law and duty before the Order of the Five Brethren. and represents the Knight as an exponent of Truth. Its object was. he is inwardly armed with Faith and Love—Faith to God and Love for his fellow-man. while armed with steel outwardly. 0—PRINCE OF THE ROYAL SECRET The degree was originally a Christian degree of Knighthood. in this one. The virtues of the Order are rehearsed and the reward for a due reverence of the obligations and observance of the vows and tenets of the Institution are exemplified. to reconquer the Holy Land and plant the Banner of the Cross once more on the ruined walls of Jerusalem.

He was a newspaper man in San Antonio. It may not be petitioned for as it is awarded only for merit and conferred as an honorarium. Frank Davis.THE STORY OF THE SCOTTISH RITE the executive body of the Scottish Rite. It was written by J. Texas. Note—In the Northern Jurisdiction there is a substitute conferred for the Twentieth Degree known as the GEORGE WASHINGTON DEGREE. author of the play The Ladder.t Signature of Jean Baptiste Marie Delahogue ‘Ax Signature of John Mitchell . 0 Signature of Stephen A4orrn 1763 Signature of Count Alexandre Francois Auguste de Grasse 4~~z.

C.C. 1900 James Daniel Richardson (Tenn.) John Henry Cowles (Ky.) January 2.) December iz. 7. 12. i6. 1894 Nov. 9. 3. 1858 Albert Pike (Ark. 13. 1 Jacob De La Motta (S. 1846 Charles Manning Furman (S.) August i.) Frederick Daicho (S. 5.) (Acting) August 13.C. 1 8o 1 John Mitchell (S.C. 15. 1859 April 21.) (Acting) December i. 8. 2.C. 1826 Moses Holbrook (S. 6o There is no record of total number of Honorary in Southern Jurisdiction. 14.C. 1845 Alexander McDonald (S.C. May 31. Deputies & G.) October 6. 1914 George Fleming Moore (Ala.) October 27. i8i6 February 9. 1921 Thomas Joshua Harkins (N.) January 23. 13. 1893 Thomas Hubbard Caswell (Cal.) October i8. 10. 46 Masons made . 1952 Luther Andrew Smith (Miss.) January i.) July 28. 1822 Isaac Auld (S. 1891 James Cunningham Batchelor (La.C.) July 9.) July 24.) Philip Crosby Tucker (Tex.C.THE STORY •O~ THE SCOTTISH RITE PART V SOVEREIGN GRAND COMMANDERS SOUTHERN JURISDICTION 1. 11.C. 4.) John Henry Honour (S. 6. 17. 19 ~6 There have been 223 Active Members Honorary Living 2902 Active 6o Total 2962 330 — 1963 Active.

Y. Josiah Hayden Drummond (Me.Y.) Sept.Y. Samuel Crocker Lawrence (Mass. Killian Henry Van Rensselaer (N. 4. Giles Fonda Yates (N. April 20. 17. Melvin Maynard Johnson (Mass. September 28.) George Edward Bushnell (Mich.) August 25. August 24.THE STORY OF THE SCOTTISH RITE SOVEREIGN GRAND COMMANDERS NORTHERN JURISDICTION 1 2 3 4 ~ 6 7 8 9 io 11 12 13 14 Daniel Decius Tompkins (N.) Edward Asa Raymond (Mass.) Henry Lynde Palmer (Wisc. ~. Leon Martin Abbott (Mass. John James Joseph Gourgas (N.) June ii.) September 22. March 7.Y.) (Acting) October io. Frederic Beckwith Stevens (Mich.) Sept.) August Sampson Simson (N.) January i.) May 17.Y.) Barton Smith (Ohio) September 22. 1813 1825 1832 i85i i85i 1 86o 1867 1879 1909 1910 1921 1932 1933 1954 i963—SOVEREIGN GRAND INSPECTORS GENERAL NORTHERN JURISDIcTION Honorary 2880 Active 50 247 Living Deceased Total Active 4839 7719 297 297 Grand Total 8oi6 47 .







2 3 4 I 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 48 44 45 46 47 48

State B.C.
S.C. S.C. S C. S C. S.C. S.C. S.C. S.C. S C. S.C. S.C. S.C. S.C. S.C. S.C. S.C. Coun. 4May Active 31, 1851 *May 31.1851 “May 31, 1851 “May 31, 1851 CJuly 5, 1851 *July 5, 1851 ~July 5, 1851 “Jan. 15, 1802 “Feb. 21, 1852 “May 9. 1852

Name John Mitchell Frederick Daleho Alex Fran. Aug DeGrasse Filly Jean Baptiste Marie Delahogue Thomas Barthoiomew Bowen Abraham Alexander Emanuei de Ia Motta Isaac Anid Israel De Lichen Moss Clava Levy James Moultrse Joseph Dickinson Moses Holbrook Horatio Gates Street Alexander McDonald Joseph McCosh Jacob de la Motta John Barker Jeremy L. Gross Giles Fonda Yates John Roche Joseph Eveleth Cornelius C. Siebring James Hyland Albert Gailarin Mackey Albert Case John Henry (Honour Charles Manning Furman James C. Norris James C. Burges William Spencer Rockwell John Robin McDaniel John Anthony Quitman Achille Le Prince Claude Pierre Samory Albert Pike Chas Joseph Jean Laffon de Ladebat James Cunningham Batchelor William Pepperill Mellen Charles Scott James Penn Benjamin Rush Campbell Frederick Webber Azar,ah Theodore Crane Pirson Giles Muniford Hillyer Anthony O’Sullivan Theodore Sudan Parvin Hugh Parks Watson

Jan 25. Nov. 24, June 15, Apr. 13. July 12, Feb. 21, May 17, Oct 17, Jan. 28, Apr. 2, Nov. 25, Mar. 15. Dec. 1, Nov. 1, Feb. Mar. Jan. Dec. 12, 3, 26, 13, 1816 1836 1845 1822 1855 1816 1821 1826 1857 1839 1836 1858 1844 1849 1845 1833 1865 1859 1851 1835 1881 1877 1885 1872 1854 1851 1575 1878 1858 1865 1889 1891 1882 1383 1864 1861 1575 1874 1957 1889 1871 1866 1951 1866 1886 1875 1875 1868 1868 1864 1887 1863


*A.,ig 3, 1852

*Nov “Nov. *Nov “Nov “May “June ~Oct. “Mar, *Mar “Oct. *Apr
* *


S.C S.C. S.C S.C. S.C. S.C. S.C. S.C. S.C. S.C.

1857 15, 1822 15, 1822 17. 1822 11. 1822 1823 11, 1823 24, 1824 24, 1824 35. 1825 35, 1825 29, 1826 4, 1835 1844 1844 1845 1845 1845 1847 1847 1848 1848 1856 1888 1859 1859 1859 1859 1859 1859 1859

* * * * * *

Sept. 22. June 25, Dec. 29, Nov. 26, July 2, Oct May 14, July 7, before July 35, Apr. 2, Dec. 22, July 28. Nov 7, June 5. July 21, Nov. 4. Nov. 26,


Miss. S.C.

La. La.

Ark. La. Miss. Teun. Tenn S.C.

5Nuv. *Mar tMar. “1Vl,sr. • •

18. 20. 28, 28,



Mar 28, Mar. 28. Mar. 28,

Minn. Miss.

Mar. 28, 1859
1859 1859 Mar. 28, 1859 1859 Mar. 28, 1859

Apr. 22,
Aug 11, June 28, June Aug. May Dec Oct 13, 12, 17 25, 9,

Mo. Iowa Ark. D.C.
ICy. Ala

50 51

Luke Edgar Barber
Benjamin Brown French John Cabell Breckinridge

Dec 12, 1859
Mar. Mar. “Mar. •Apr 28, 28, 31, 1. 1860 1865 1860 1861

33 34 35 56 57 68 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66

Edward Hall Gill
Howell Cobb James Stirratt Henry Buist David Ranisay Milton Latham Henry Whartenherg Schroder George Benjamin Waterhouse Ebenezer Hamilton Shaw John Jennings Worsham Philip Crosby Tucker Samuel Manning Todd Thomas Augustus Cunningham Edward Rutledge Ives Martin Collins

Ta. Ga Md.

Apr. 4, 1861



Cal. S C. N C. Cal.

Ten. Tea. La. Md.


Apr. 4. 1861 tNov 17, 1865 ‘Nov. 17. 1865 “Nov. 17, 1865 Nov. 15, 1865 Apr. 17, 1866 Sept 19, 1868 May 6, 1868 May 6, 1868 May 6, 1868 May 6. 1868

June 9, Aug. 4,

Feb. 2, July 31, July 9, Feb. 1. Apr. 26, Jan. 15, May 25,

1816 1871 1894 1905 1898 1875 1908






SCOTTISH Feb. 5, 1870 Sept. 18, 1868 *Oct 19. 1868 May 2, 1870 May 8, 1870 May 3, 1870 *MaY 3, 1S70 May 3. 1870 Nov. 4, 1870 May 5. 1874 May 5, 1S74 May 5. 1874 May 5, 1874 May 5, 1874 May 5, 1874 May 5, 1874 Sept. 1875 May 31. 1876 *MAy 80, 1876 May 30, 1876

Jan. 9, 1899 May 12, 1915 1894 1893 Nov 13, 1900 Dec. 30, 1S93 July 18S2 Oct 31. 1882 Nov. 28, 1897 Dcc. 16. 1885 Feb. 15, 1915 May 6, 1899 Sept. 22, 1S74 1883 Apr. 30. 1891, May 23, 1879 Apr 29, 1879 Jan. 31, 1886 Apr 27. 1918 May 15. 1882 Dec. 26, 1897 May 19, 1882 Nov 7, 1893 Apr 15, 1889 Oct 5, 1892 Oct 12, 1899 Jan. 15, 1895 Feb 23, 1914 Dec. 7. 1894 June 23, 1921 June 6, 1899 1895 Dee. 24, 1892 Nov. 14, 1902 May 11, 1892 Nov. 11, 1904 May 15, 1886 July 27. Dec. 4, July 24, Mar. 29. Mar. 20, Aug. 3J.. May 29, Jan. 5, June 29, Nov. 13, Apr. 4. July 11, Apr. 25, Oct. 8, May 29, Aug. 22, May 9. Oct 18, Mar. 10, Mar. 4, Oct 2, Feb. 28. May 21, Oct. 29, tMar 17, Feb. 26. Oct. 28, Jan. 19, June 11, Set~t. 23, June 18, 1902 1930 1914 1912 1902 1921 1919 1899 1910 191.4 1920 1908 1899 1910 1911 189S 1914 1215 1911 1917 1911 1930 1910 1914 1920 1906 1920 1918 1224 1913 1954

67 68

Robert Cane! Jordan
Erasmus Theodore Carr

70 71 ~2 73 74 75 ‘16 77

Joseph McBell

Neb. Kan. Nev.


Achifle Regulus Morel Thomas Hubbard Caswell John Cominingers Ainsworth William Tracy Gould William Leteher Mitchell John Quincy Adams Fellows Robert Toombs John McCraken


Cal. Ore.

Ga. Ga. La. Ga. Ore.

William Roberts Bowen

79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 25 96 9q 98 99 100 101 102 108 W4 105 106 107 ~OS 1MB 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 Ill 122 123 124 125 126 12~ 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135

Alfred Elisha Ames John Edmund Reardon Abraham Frankland Isaac Christian Bateman John Burton Britton Maude Wilmot Gibbes De Saussure Oils William Merrill ~orace Halsey Hubbard Odefl Squier Long Ubbert Farmer Bower James Smyth Lawson Michel EIOi Girard De Witt Clinton Dawkins Gilmor Meredith Stephen Fowler Chadwick Henry Moore Teller John Mills Browns John Lonadalo Roper Robert Strachan limes Charles Frederick Brown William Morton Ireland James Rudolph Hayden Rockey Preston Earhart Buren Robirtson Sherman John Lawson Lewis Charles Leonard Wilson Eugene Unssom George Fleming Moore James Daniel Richardson Samuel Emery Adams Rufus Eberle Fleming Adolphus Leigh Fitzgerald John Frederick Mayer Nathaniel Levin Richard Joseph Nunn Frank Millis Foote Harry Retzer Comly Irving Washington Pratt James Austin Henry William Frank Fierce Austin Beverly Chamberlin William Allen McLean James Wakefield Cortland Edward Team Taubman Harper Samuel Cunningham John William Moms Gustave Anderson Charles Edward Rosenbaum Thomas Wentworth Harrison Robert Henry Hall Ernest Bertrand Hussey George Fairburn Henry Clark Alverson Charles Francis Buck Horatio Clark Flumley william Bushy John Henry Cowles

Tenn. Nev.


Ark. Mo.

S.C. Miun. Cal. W.Va. Iowa Wash.

May 30, 1876
May 80, 1876 May 30. 1876 June 12, 1879 Aug 21, 1877 May 9. 1878 *May 10, 1878



Md. Ore. Col. D.C.
Va. Minn.

Oct. 18 1882
Oct. 20, 1880

Wash. Ore. Iowa
La. Ga. N.C.



Oct. 20, 1880 Oct 18. 1882


Tenn. Minn. N.D


Va. S.C. Ga. Wy. Mont.


Ark. Cal.

Fla. NC.

Oki. W.Va. Neb. Ark. Kan. A&N Wash.

Iowa Iowa



Oct. 18, 1882 Oct 18, 1882 July S. 1883 July 1883 Jan. 18, 1883 *Oct 22. 1884 Oct. 23, 1884 Oct. 24, 1S84 Oct. 16, 1888 Feb. 18, 1885 Oct. ~9, 1886 Oct 19, 1886 Dec 30, 1886 Oct. 16. 1888 Oct 16. 1888 Oct. 16, 1888 Oct. 21, 1890 Oct 21, 1890 Oct 21, 1892 Oct. 21, 1892 Oct. 19. 1893 Oct. 19, 1893 Oct. 19, 1893 Oct. 25. 1895 Oct. 20, 1899 Oct. 20, 1899 Oct. 20. 1899 Dee, 1, 1900 Oct. 26, 1901 Oct. 25. 1901 Jan. 2, 1902 Oct. 24, 1903 Oct. 20, 1905 Oct. 26, 1907 Oct. 28. 1907 Oct. 26, 1907 Oct. 23. 1909 Oct. 23, 1909


136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 143 146 147 148 149 130 131 132 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 iGe 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 179 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205



Miss. Mo. Tea. Md. Ore Cal. Cal. Ga. MAnn. OkI. Mont Wyo. Teon. Mo. Utah VIa. Idaho Neb. Ran. Col. Md. Va. N C Col. Wyo. Md. OkI. Wash. Iowa Ala. Oki. Minn. N D. Ore. Mo. Iowa S.D La S.C. Ark Tea. Miss. Mont. Iowa S C. Ran. Old. Gel Idaho Mo. Ga. Tenn. W.Va Cal. Md. Ark. N.D. Ore. Mion Tea. Tenn Utah Va. Ga. OkIa. Neb. Tea. IA. of C. Wyo. Nev.

Oct. 23, 1909 Oct 23. 1911 Oct. 21, 1911 Oct. 21, 1911 Oct. 21. 1911 Oct. 21. 1911 Oct 21, 1911 Oct 21, 1911 Oct 25, 1913 Oct. 29. 1911 Oct. 21, 1915 Feb. 10. 1916 Oct. 23. 1919 Oct 17. 1917 Oct. 17. 1917 Oct. 17, 1917 Oct 17, 1917 Oct. 20, 1917 Oct. 20. 1917 Nov. 6, 1917 Oct. 25, 1919 Oct. 12, 1921 Oct 22, 1921 Oct. 20, 1923 Nov. 10. 1921 Oct 20, 1921 Oct 20, 1921 Oct 20, 1923 Oct. 20, 1923 Oct. 22, 1927 Oct 22, 1927 Oct. 22, 1127 Oct. 22. 192’~ Oct 26, 1929 Oct. 26, 1929 Oct. 26, 1929 Oct. 21, 1911 Oct. 23. 1911 Oct 25, 1915 Oct. 25. 1939 Oct 22, 1937 Oct. 22. 1937 Oct 22, 1917 Oct. 22. 1937 Oct. 20. 1919 Oct 20, 1939 Oct 20. 1939 Oct 24, 1941 Oct 24, 1941 Oct 24, 1941 Oct. 24, 1941 Oct 24, 1941 Oct 22, 1941 Oct 22. 1943 Oct 22. 1943 Oct. 22, 1943 Oct. 22, 1943 Oct 22, 1943 Oct. 19, 1945 Dec. 3, 1945 Oct 21. 1949 Nov. 7, 1949 Oct 19. 1951 Oct. 15, 1951 Oct 18, 1951 Oct. 19, 1951 Oct. 6, 1952 Oct. 6, 1992 Oct. 6. 1952 Oct. 20. 1953

lOec. 21. 1932 Apr. 22, 1916 Feb 11, 1936 Feb. 9, 1918 Feb. 1. 1929 Nov. 22. 1942 Aug. 16. 1932 Oct. 1, 1936 Feb. 27. 1923 Oct. 3. 1919 June 7 1936 Mar. 4. 1923 Mar. 22. 1940 May 1, 1928 Aug. 26, 1935 Dec. 17, 1921 Aug 9. 1911 Mar 24, 1950 Mar. 12. 1938 Nov. 1, 1922 Mar. 9. 1922 Oct. 31, 1949 A Dec. 18. 1939 Sept. 19, 1931 Sept. 3. 1939 July 14, 1926 May 8, 1946 June 17, 1929 Jan 16, 1950 Mar. 30. 1936 May 11, 1944 Jan. 16, 1940 Dec. 4. 1q43 June 17. 1936 June 3. 1915 Mar 21, 1951 Nov. 29, 1952 Jan. 2, 1939 Sept. 1. 1942 Dec 9, 1941 A Aug. 6. 1951 A May 14, 1955 A Mar. 21, 1950 Oct 4, 1957 Jan. 17. 1951 A Dec. 15, 1951 July 26, 1946 June 21. 1957 Feb. 1. 1953 A A Dec. 1, 1947 A May 8, 1957 Apr. 1, 1951 A Aug. 14, 1954 Feb. 24, 1959 May 4, 1962 Jan. 5. 1999 A A Jan. 21. 1962 A A

Melville Rosyn Grant Aiphonso Chase Stewart Samuel Poyntz Cochran Thomas Jacob Shryock Philip Schoyler Malcolm William Parker Filmer Perry Winslow Weidner Hyman Wallace Witeover Trevanion William Hugo Daniel Morris Hailey Edward Cason Day John Alden Riner Garrett Noel Morgan Alexander Gilmore Cochran Fred Clement Schrssnm Olvin Seymour Wright Marshall William Wood Frank Cargill Patton Thomas Geyer Fitch Alva Adams Charles Christopher Homer Robert Shields Crump Thomas Joshua Harkins Stanley Clark Warner Francis Stocker King William Booth Price James Frank Graig William Stone McCrea Edwin Thomas Meredith Charles Alexander Moffett Abraham Ulysses Thomas Albert Fenderson Pray Walter Russell Reed Louis Gaylord Clarke Joseph Shelby Mcintyre Louis Block Sanford Grant Donaldson Charles Francis Buck, Jr. Samuel Can’ Beckwith Francis Vinson Hider Walter Calvin Temple Luther Andrew Smith Llewellyn Link Callaway William Koch Charles Pelot Summerall Claud Franklin Young Rufus Oakley Renfrew Haslett Platt Burke William Nemiab Northrop William Benton Massey Charles Augustus MeAlister Charles Nelson Delbert Thomas Robinson William Rhodes Hervey Edgar Cordell Powers Joshua Kemp Shepherd Mark Isaac Forkner Leslie McChesney Scott William Burchard Roberta William Stephenson Cooke Thomas Graham Hall James William Collins Robert South Barrett Thomas Cassels Law William Shaffer Key Joseph Winger Sescrest Robert Lee Lockwood William Eugene Schooley Marshall Stark Reynolds Silas Earl Ross

26. Sept. Oct. Frank Howard Thompson Oct. 13. Oct.I. Oct. July 8. 20.C. N. 1863 May 20. 3. 1963 John Irving Smith S. Dec. N. Jan. Mass. 5. Aug.Y. 1963 Virgil Greig Francis Wash. 18. Mich. 25. N. 1844 Apr. Aug.Y. 1861 Mar. Feb.Y. 1849 May 15. ACTIVE MEMBERS Name 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 0rles Wiutlock Moore John Christie Killian Henry Van Rensselaer Edmund Burke Bayes Daniel Sickles John William Sinsons John Wilson Tiosson John Innes Athansozus Colo-. 9. 1861 May 16. 1959 Weldon Bailey White Tenn. Feb. Oct 23. Oct 22. 1865 May 19. Oct 17. 1851 Sept. Oct. Oct. Oct. Aug. 25. 1849 May 15. 1861 May 16. 25. Oct. Feb. Me. 1961 These dates are when elected—-no record of crowning in Supreme July A Council A A A A A A A A A A records. Jones Ky.J. 2. 1873 1890 1881 1874 1902 1888 1879 1888 ±906 1868 1674 1877 1867 1869 1896 1891 1888 1891 1897 1271 1895 1875 1891 1696 1896 1911 1906 1897 1902 1889 1901 1899 1888 1890 1879 1902 1901 1888 1909 1874 1893 1906 1894 1888 1892 N. 23. 1863 May 20. 14. 1963 Frederick William Clarke Ala. Clausen Cal.H. N. Oct. 1884 Oct. 1864 Oct 20. 1864 Oct. Apr. Jan. May 23.) Charles Robert Starkweather William Field Lucius Robinson Paige William Parkman William Seivall Gardner Hoemer Allen Johnson Anthony Eugene Stocker Abner Bourne Thompson Nathan Hammett Gould Winslow Lewis George Waite Deering Charles Thomson McClenachan Eenry Chapman Banks William Pitt Preble David Burnham Tracy Benjamin Dean Josiah Hayden Drummond. Feb. 1865 Died Dec. 21. 13. 3. John Livy Lewis Wuliam Riley Higby Enoch Terry Carson Joseph Davis Evans Joseph Howell Hough Thomas Johnson Corson Clinton Freeman Paige George Whitelteld Bentley Aaron King ‘Henry Lyside Palmer Nathaniel Bradatreet Shurtleff Robert Harris Foss Francis Asbury Blades Heman Ely John Hatch George Homer Stanley Goodwin Ch — NORTHERN JURISDICTION State Mass. Ohio Active Nov. 1845 June 17. 1957 Edward Grs. Mass. Mass. Oct 22. 1861 May 16. Coon. 1955 Harry Henry Margolin &D. 1961 May 16. 26. 1861 May 18 1861 May 16. June 5. 1849 May t. 25. 1864 Oct. 3. ill. 16. 20. 4. 1864 May 17. Ill. 3. Sept 4. 1862 Apr. Oct.Y. 1865 May 17. Nov.Y. R. Pa.s. N. Dec. 1957 Des A. 1960 A A A A • • Fla. 12. 1985 Henry C. 29. Me. 1039 Clarence Wheeler Barnes Col. 25. MAch. 1851 Sep May 15. 1937 Lincoln Grant Kelly Utah Oct. May 7.I. Mass. Mass. Ohio N.Y.Y. 1865 May 18. 19. 1957 Nelson Charles Bledsoe Aria. Dec. Dec. Mar. Me. 1061 May 22. Mar. 1961 Charles John Weher Ky.J. Apr. 16. Dec. 25. 22. 1861 May 16. Ohio N. Dec.THE £06 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 (C) STORY OF THE SCOTTISH RITE A A 18. Oct. 1861 July 12. Me. N H. 21. 19. 20. 29. 1861 May 16. 15. Strickland La. 1865 May 19.Y. Sept. 4. N. 7. 1862 May 22. 23. Feb. 1845 May 15. 1865 May 19. 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 28 26 27 28 29 30 Ii 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 41 Mass. Oct. N. 23. 25. Apr. 1862 May 21. 1863 May 19. N. 22. Wssc. 20. Dec.lfeloni Simon Wiggin Robinson Ammi Burnham Young Albert Case (aff. May 10. 21. 9. 24. N. Oct. 27. 1957 Frank Howard Davison Idaho Oct. 13. 21. 1862 May 23. 1849 1851 Aug. 1959 Charles Paul Rosenberger Okia. 27. Oct. 1959 Charles Edward Webber Va. Coon. 1545 Sept. 20. 18. May 4. 22. Mass. 1861 Nov.fton Mont. Oct 23. June 12. 1863 Apr. N. 1857 . 23. 1. 6. 16. Pa. May 27. Mass. 1955 stephen S. July 28. 22. Oct. 9. 111. Oct. Mass. 4. 1864 Oct. 11. 1849 May 15. 15.H.Y. 6. 2.Jan. Apr. 22.Y. R. Aug.Y. 51 . Oct. Jan. 1957 John Benjamin Tombave MAnn. N. N.

11. 1896 July 31. 1881 Sept 24. 19. 27. Pa. 1926 Sept. 13. 10. Woe. In’] RI. 1890 Sept 24. Pa. 1892 Sept. 1882 Aug. 1907 Oct. 1911 Feb 8. 1895 Sept. Pa. 1920 Aug. 1865 Dec. 1893 Sept. 22. 1875 Aug. 1903 June 26. 11. Me. 1904 Sept. 14. 1881 Sept 22. 1908 May 4. 1898 Sept. 1898 Sept 22. 1808 Sept. 1908 Feb 10 1916 June 18. 13. 1889 Mar 21. md. 1884 July 24. N. 1806 Sept 16. NJ N H. 1884 Mar 21. 1881 Sept. Ill Vt N H. 1883 Sept. 1884 Sept. Mess. 1896 Sept 16.Y. Pa. 27. 1885 June 11. 1917 Dec 9. 1881 Sept 19. 1882 Sept. 1866 Dee 14. 1866 June 6. Ill. 1896 Sept. 1866 Dec. N. Ind. Mich. 1875 June 9. 1881 Sept. 1935 Nov 24.H. NY Pa. 1906 Mar 9. 1918 Nov. 1882 Sept 20. 1881 Sept. 1882 Sept. Mass. 1884 Sept. 19. 1915 Apr 12. 11. 1867 May 16. Pa. 1882 Oct 11. 1882 Dec 5. 1882 July 1.Y. 1866 Dec. 14. 21. 15. 1892 Sent 21. 1924 Jan. 1910 July 24. 1897 Sept. 1903 Sept 28. Ill. 1890 Sept. 13. 1926 May 7. 1865 May 19. Wise RI Pa. Ohio Ohio Ohio Pa. 1921 52 . 15. N. 1891 Sept. 1882 Sept 27. Me. Wise. 1868 May 19. 16. 24. 1899 July 24. 1896 June 19. NY. 1882 Sept. 1881 Sept. 28. 1867 May 16. 18. 1883 Sept. 1916 Oct 1. 12. N. 18’12 Aug. 1878 Aug 13. 19. 1899 Oct 21. 30. 1866 Apr. 1902 Dec 11. R.J. 1901 May 9. 1888 Dec. 8. 1919 Nov. 1881 Sept 22. 1867 May 16. NY. Mich. 22. 1891 Sept 23 1811 Sept 23. 1896 Apr. 1897 Sept 21. 1898 May 12. 1929 Jan. 1916 Oct 28. Ill. Mass. 21. 16. 1890 Aug 4.Y. 1993 Sept 18. 1905 May 31. Mass. 1866 Dec.Y. 17. Ill. 1889 July 14. 1883 Sept. 1894 Sept 20. Mass. 30. 26. 29. 1896 Aug 7. 21. 1893 Sept. Ind. 13. 19. 19. 1867 May 16.THE 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 85 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 76 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 50 STORY OF THE SCOTTISH RITE 81 82 81 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 95 94 95 96 07 98 99 100 191 102 103 104 jr’s 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 () Charles William Carter Jeremy Clarke Hagey William Barrett Rufus Wharton Landon John Caven John Sheville Richard Manning Barker Thomas Arthur Doyle Robert MeCoskey Graham Samuel Croeker Lawrence Walter Augustus Stevens Abraham Tolls Metcalf Elbrldge Gerry Hamilton Ornn Welch Alvin Blodget Alden Charles Levi Woodbisry Albert Gallatin Goodall Thomas Ralph Austin Vincent Lombard Ifurlbut Christian Frederick Knapp William Sutton George Otis Tyler Charles Brown Brenton Daniel Babcock John Longworth Stettinius Charles Eugene Meyer Samuel Harper Robert Emmett Patterson Albert Von Hailer Carpenter Geter Crosby Shidle Thomas Evans Daldine Newton Darling Arnold Augustus Rattaux Hall John Woolverton Frank Albert MeKean Edward Payson Burohain John Coreon Smith Andrew Blair Frazee Hugh MeCurdy Nicholas Randle Ruckle Frank Haven Bascom Charles Mahlon Coltrill Marquis Fayette King Phineas George Cannine Hunt George Moulton Carpenter John Hodge George Washington Currier James Isaac Buchanan Albert P Moriarty Gilbert Wordsworth Barnard Marsh Olin Perkins Andrew Ilunton Samoa1 Wells James Andrew Hawley James Hodge Codding Barton Smith David Nathaniel Kinsman George Wilkins Guthrie Charles Elliott Ide Robert Archibald Sisirrefa William Homan Joseph William Smith Charles Carroll Hutchinson Amos Pettibone George Henry Kenyon John Henry Hobart Ward Frank Marion Hiebley Henry Brewer Quinby Charles Chase Dame Daniel Warren Lawrence Membership Terminated Cosin. 1882 Sept.H. Vt. 1893 May 16. 1911 Nov 6. 1911 Apr. N. 16. 1898 June 13. Ind. 1898 Feb 19. Pa. Mass. 1910 Mar. 16. 1886 Dec. 1981 May 1. 9. 1895 May 10.J. 1886 Mar. 19. 1887 Feb 5. 12. N.J. 22. Ohio Ohio Pa. 13. 1875 Sept. 16. 1906 Mar 19.Y. N. 1886 Sept. May 19. 1900 Nov. 1868 Sept 18. 1888 Sept. 1894 Jan. 1866 Dec. 30. 1865 Dec 14. 1867 June 26. 1867 May 16. 1901 Apr. Mass Mass. 15. 1904 Apr 24. Mich. 1866 Dec. 1903 Dec. 1882 Sept. 14. 1897 Oct 8. N.I. 1904 July 16. N. Vt. 20. 1901 Apr 18. 1894 Sept 17. NT! Pa. 14. 2. Ind. 22. 17. 1885 Sept. N. 1895 Sept 17. 16. 1889 Sept. 22. 15. 19. 22. 1891 Sept 14. 1882 Sept. RI. 1891 Sept. 27. 19. Wise. Ill. 1895 Sept. 1910 Mar 28. 1888 Sent 19. 21.

20. 24. 1899 Sept 19.H. 1912 Oct 4. 17. Mar. 35~~ Pa. 1911 Sept 21. June 22. Del. Nov. 1918 Sept. Jr. Oct 12. Nov. 1925 Sept. Apr. 1917 Sept 20. 28. 1910 Sept.H. 1903 Sept.THE 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 186 137 138 139 140 141 STORY OF THE Ohio Wiac. Ohio Ill. 22. md. 1919 Sept. Apr. Mar. 23. 17. 1901 Sept. 1916 Sept.H. 5. 1906 Sept 20. Dec. Mass. Aug. Mar 17. 21. 1905 Sept. 1902 Sept. June 1. Ind.Y. md. 21. 16. Conn. 18. 15. June 6. 19. Mass. 21.J. 1914 Sept.I. Pa.Y. Feb. N. 24. 1919 Sept. 17. Dec. 20. 10. Jan. i2. Jan 22. Wiac. Jan.J. 17. May 13. Dec. 1911 sept. Mar. N. Nov. 1920 Sept. Me. Oct 22. 26. N. 20. 20. 18. 1915 Sept. 18. 25. N. N. 1909 Sept 23. Sept 13. 19. Apr. 8. 1925 Sept. Nov. 1909 Sept. 3. 17. Mar. Me. 1900 Sept. 26. 23. 1923 Sept. Mich. 1903 Sept. 17. 21. R. Ind. 1902 Sept. Jan. 20. 16. Ohio Coun. Apr. Mar. 1. 28. Vt. May 6. 19. Nov 13. Mich. 1911 Sept. Feb. Oct. Wisc. Ill Ind.J. 16. 1905 Sept. 1910 Sept. 29. 18. 1911 Sept. N. 17. 21. 1905 Sept. 1916 Sept. Oct. 16. Oct 30. NH. 1919 Sept. Sept. 4. 2. 53 . 19. 1899 Sept. 18. July 3. 1912 Sept. Dee. Ill. N. 1914 Sept. Ill. 18. Conn. 3. 18. 3. 6. 1907 Sept. 7.Y. 20. July 25. 1905 Sept. 1919 Sept 18. 1902 Sept. Wisc. Mich. 10. Mar. 1908 1925 1940 1911 1927 1903 1922 1910 1906 1914 1918 1910 1919 1914 1910 1918 1914 1916 1922 1921 1916 1931 1925 1909 1914 1914 1911 1929 1932 1934 1936 1938 1940 1918 1915 1925 1918 1945 1940 1934 1910 1923 1926 1945 1925 1912 1933 1924 1919 1940 1928 1925 1949 1928 1928 1932 1949 1986 1951 1957 1932 1928 1959 1932 1953 1936 1937 1926 1943 Henry Clay Urner George Henry Benzenberg Sylvester Omer Spring Abel Gay Cook William Geake Charles William Cushman William Castein Mason Samuel Burke Sweet Joseph Warren Fellows Millard Fillmore Hicks Charles Learned Hubbard Henry Ogden Canfield Charles Theodore Gallagher George William Millar Henry Clay Adams Robert Cyrus Titus Arthur MacArthur Stephen Smith William Peiffer Weiser Albro Elmore Chess George Washington Kendrick. N. 16. 1909 Sept 23. Vt RI. Aug. Nov 23. 20. Frank Sheldon Harmon Horace Arthur Irvin William Cotter Maybury John Jay Carton James Burton McFatricli 142 John McLane 143 William Watson Perry 144 Loon Martin Abbott 145 Frederic Beckwith Stevens 146 Leroy Albert Goddard 147 Thomas Kite 148 Charles Melville Gerdenier 149 Charles Carney Mumford 180 Roscoe Orlando Hawkins 151 Thomas Riley Marshall 182 John Prouty McCune 153 Delmar Duane Darrab 184 Frederick William Hamilton 153 Harry Jones Gutbrie 156 Arthur Gayton Pollard 157 James Barber Krause 158 Frederick Charles Thayer 189 Henry Lincoln Ballou 160 John Lloyd Thomas iGi Jerome Lucius Cheney 161 Henry Herbert Ross 163 George Henry Holmes 164 Joseph Ashton. Sept 6.I. 27. 17. 27. 1911 Oct 4.J. Me. Apr. 14. 1917 Sept 20. 1903 Sept. md. 17. Jan. 22. Sr.I. 19. 11. N. 20. R. 1925 Sept. Me. Aug 11~ Sept. May 31. N. 1908 Sept 21. Aug. 181 Lou Barney Winsor 182 Harry Morrison Cheney j’13 William Stormont Hackett 114 George Bourne Wheeler N. 23. Me. 1922 Sept. 20. 8. 23. Sept. 1917 Sept. 1911 Sept. 19. 21. 1924 Sept 17. 21. 18. SCOTTISH Sept. Me. 26. Pa. 17. Jr. 1903 Sept. 1902 Sept. 19. 1918 Sept. 26. Dec. Nov. Mass. 23. 8. Feb 6. 1906 Sept. Nov. R. June 4. N. Ohio Ohio Mich. 1. Mass Pa. 23. 1909 Sept 22. 1920 Sept. 165 Charles Hadley Spilman 166 Winfield Taylor Durbin 167 Walter Greenland Africa 168 John Scotleld Wallace 169 Edgar Fahs Smith 170 William Mayne Donaldson 171 Harry Clay Walker 172 WIlliam Luther Sweet 173 Albert Seymour Comatock 174 Andrew Davison Agnew 171 Melvin Maynard Johnson 176 Harry Rust Virgin 177 George Kelley Staples 178 Frank Crosley Sayrs 179 Frederic Winslow Adams 180 Morris Greenleaf Abbott. 1905 Sept 20. 1911 Sept.Y. 1. 1925 RITE Apr. Feb 4. N.Y. 1915 Sept. 27. N.Y. Mar. Aug. Aug. 1911 Sept. 1906 Sept. 1899 Sept. May 1. Apr. June 11.Y. N.Y. Oct 18. 1900 Sept.Y. 28. 4. 18. Cosin. 16. 14. 17. NY. 1907 Sept. 1910 Sept. Oct. Ill. 18. 1905 Sept 20. Oct. Mass. 1919 Sept. 21. 21. Sept. N. May 22. 22. 1921 Sept 22.

1940 Sept. 12. 28. Ill. 26.Y. Wiac. 28. 1941 Sept. Vt N. 28. 1938 Sept 29. 22. 28. 23. 1927 Sept. Aug. 1929 Sept 18. Sept. 29. 1947 Sept. 1041 Sept. 20. Mich. Sept. 1947 Sept. 29. 20.THE 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 184 195 196 197 198 199 STORY OF THE N. 20. 4. May Si.Y. Coun. SCOTTISH Sept. Dec. Dec. Oct iS. Feb. 30. May 10.Y. 18. Oct 21. 1940 Sept. Ind. 6. 18. 1944 Sept. Pt Ohio Mass. 9. 1943 Sept. 1926 Sept. A Sept. md. 23. 1948 Sept. 1943 Sept 30. 22. In. 1945 Sept. 13. md. 1930 Sept. 1941 Sept 24. 24. 1951 1960 1956 1963 A A A 54 . Jan. 1926 Sept. 1946 Sept. June 12. 18. 1045 Sept 26. 4. 26. Ohio md. 1949 Nov. 1945 Sept. Mar. 1947 Sept. 28. 4. 1940 26. N. Wisc. Mich. 1947 A Nov. 24. 1948 N. 23. Del.Y. 25. 1943 1955 1931 1947 1936 1943 1953 1928 lOsi 1941 1931 1948 1041 1955 1950 1955 1934 1945 1955 1938 1941 1951 1947 1948 1938 1942 1943 1957 1053 1949 1951 1947 1953 1951 1960 1961 1961 1955 1960 1956 1945 200 201 202 203 204 200 206 207 208 209 210 2i1 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 230 240 241 242 241 244 245 246 247 248 249 280 251 252 253 William Daniel Wolfakeil John Boyd Mullan Charles Devon Heald Frank Colman Allen Samuel Harrison Baynard. N. May 12. 1930 Sept. 16. Feb. Prey Charles Edwin Cooke Chauncey Houston Clemenis Benjamin Franklin Price Ivins James Harold Stacey Clyde Alvin Fulton Ernest Liewellyn Pearce Henry Cushman Turner George Adelbert Newbury Richard Arminius Kern John George Malmberg Frank Chester Zajeck Dillon Crist Willard Gilbert Cutler Oscar Arthur Richter Rutherford Endicott Smith George Edmonds Vandegrift N. 1028 Sept 19. 50. 1932 Sept 22. A A A A 5. 1. Dec. Del. 1939 Sept. A Sept Oct July Dec. 1947 Sept. 28. 1930 Sept. 21. 28. Ind.H. Jr Gaylard Millard Leslie Allan Melbourne Wilson James Argyll Smith Iouis George Buddenbauns Louis Lincoln Emmerson Emory Andrew Walling Herbert Norman tat un Andrew Singer Patterson James Henry Brice Arthur Dow Prince Will Richard Atkinson Eugene Emile Vatet Frank Arthur Smyrhe Edward Warren Wheeler John Clyde Arnold Dietrick Lainade WillIam Smith RIal Elmer Raymond Am Allen Towner Treadway Guy Wesley Shoemaker Altred Morton Glosabrenner William Henry Harrison Chamberlin Louis Henry Fead George Edward Bushnell John Wallace Woodiord Florance Eugene Cottrell Arthur Morton Brown Frederic Elwin Everett William Doran Cushman Louis Alexis Cornelius Samuel Dillon Jackson Frank Elmer Rasehig Mellyar Hamilton Liebliter At Claude LeRoy Allen lesac Cherry Carl Aunts Miller Cary B. 5. 1950 1958 1962 1965 Jan. Large Mass. 1928 Sept. 22. 29. 22. Ohio Pa. 16. Ohio A sept Aug. 1932 Sept. 30. Ind. Coun. Ohio Coon. 8. 18. Mar. 13. July May Jan. Apr. 25. 1959 Jan. 1045 Sept. 27. 1948 RITE July 15. Mich. 1914 Sept. 1931 Sept. 19. 1936 Jan. 1927 Sept 22. N. 14. 1028 Nov. 16. 16.Y. Apr. 25. 1953 Sept. Jr. 1933 Sept 23. 19. 25. Ohio Me. 1948 Sept. 25. 1932 Sept 22. 1947 Sept. Pa. 2. 25. N. Apr 12. 1927 Sept. A Oct. 1910 Sept. 8.Y. Pa. 28. 20. Jan. 1942 Sept 24. 1940 Sept 20. 25. 1939 Sept 28. Sept. 1926 Sept.J. N. Jan. 1933 Sept 27. Nov. 29. 26. 1948 Sept 50. 14. 17. N. Ill. 1938 Sept. 1947 Sept. 1034 Sept 27. 27. 1940 Sept. 20. 1936 Sept 24. 16. 1942 Sept. 30. 27. 1927 Sept. 18. 15.Y.H. Pa. June 3. William Marshall Mask. 26. Ill. May N. 1928 Sept. 1112 Sept. Vt. Del. 30. Nov. md. 25. Nov. 1928 Sept. Oct.J. N. 22. 1932 Sept 22. July 7. 16. N. Wiec. 24. Pa. Wiac. Sept. 1959 Sept 26. Feb. 26. Mass. Ohio Me. 20. 27. Del. Hell Charles Oliver DeMoure Robert John Arnett Scott Smith Lesby Carleton Hickox Stevens Aaron Hinman Grout Charles Henry Johnson John William Bricker Howard Rupert Cruse Aubrey Prosser Noah J. 22. 1938 Sept. Mar. 30. 1934 Sept. Feb. Dec. Mass. 28. 9. Pa. Emer. Ind. A July 1. 1944 Sept. 4.Y. Micls. Me. Feb. Pa. 1943 A Oct.Y. Mich. Mass. N. 1942 Sept.J. 7. 23. Jan. 1937 Sept 20. 7. Ill. 1928 Nov.

N. Jr. Pa.108 Total 3. Sept. 1955 Nov.H.208 59. 1958 25. 1960 27.THE 284 STORY OF THE R. Sept. A Vt. SCOTTISH Sept Sept. Glen Vivian Rork John Henry Schneider Carl Wier Ellenwood Orville Henry Foster. 1058 24. 21. 090. Jan. 1050 28. Mass. Me.970 1.Nortbern June.586 286. 1958 A May 19. 125 Masons 500.634 4. 1951 27. 1963 26. Sept. Sept Sept Sept. Sept Sept Sept Sept Sept Sept Sept Sept. Sept Sept Sept. 16.844 353. Wiac.570 49.6 4. 1955 29. 2nd.Y.289 191. Pa.301 168.000 550. 1955 29. Mass. 1934 29. 1055 Sept. A 1960 255 256 237 238 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 293 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 (5) Norris Greenleaf Abbott. Ill.263 3. 1954 A A ItT. William Henry Roberts Louis Ernest Hey Harold Cleveland McAllister Clarence Arthur Brown Fred Louis Wham John Clyde Arnold Herbert Carl Teckel John William Barklcy Albert Pradervand Rucrat Frederick Augustus Nicholson Donald Shackley Higgins Raymond Clark Ellis Albert Newton Hepler.2 7. 1932 25. Jr. N. 1058 25. md.Y. 1950 29. Sept Sept Sept. 1962 Sept. 1952 25. A Nov.Y. Ohio N.303. 1958 25. Sept Sept Sept.258 7.401 16. 1063 26. (t) MEMBERSHIP STATISTICS OF THE RITE IN THE UNITED STATES Year 1870 1880 1890 i900 1910 1020 1030 1040 1950 1960 Southern Juris.2 19 % S.778 2 . A N.346 480. 1949 29. Ill.H. A A 1962 Me. Sept Sept.873 199. i957 June 7. N. 1956 27. Ohio Pa.768 35. N.Y.000 648.6 18.804 851. 1960 29. Del. Sept.659 356. 1933 27. Pa. N. 1951 27.778 108. 1051 25. Sept.0 ‘7.I.278. 1954 28. 5. 200 1. 1930 27. 1963 26. Sept Sept. 1930 28.H.587 722.894 2. Clark Drummond Chapman Frank Stearns Merrill William Henry Cantwell Herbert Nelson Faulkner Frederick William Hummell F’rederick Henry Stigale. 1063 Mass.0 19.786 156. A A A Apr. 1968 A A N.658 209.7 55 .358 072. Jr. 1952 25. 1949 28. Sept.J. 1956 26.251 14. Sept.464. Ohio A A 4. 9. 1949 20. 1949 29.3 2. 1956 27. 1981 27. N. R. 1957 26. A A A are when elected—no record of crowning in Supreme Cuiencil Archives.J. Sept. 10. 1050 29. Sept Sept Sept 29.Y. Scot. 1060 20. Sept.8 14. Me. N. Ohio Mich.8 23.150 2. 1051 27. 1058 25. 1955 20. Conn.J. Jr. Mass.110 25 . Ill. A A A A A May 3. Jr.644. William Frederick Strang William Ellaworob Yeager Levi Todd McKinney John Carlisle Arnold Edward Caleb Skelton Lester Russell Hill Emil Eblein Dillenback William Henry Paughurn. md.Y. Sept Sept.600 360. Sept Sept Sept. Irving Emerson Partridge.012 482. 3.330 3. 1957 26. Ill. 1968 RITE A A June 25. 1962 26. ‘7 1. 1957 25.927 . Ohio A A A A A A A A N. 1052 24. Jr. Conn. 1053 24.658 10.457.158 6. Orrin Edwin Boyle Louis Lenway Williams Wayne Edwin Stichter Stanley William Jones John Hanford Van Gorden Byard Hale Smith Carroll Brackett French Waidron Charles Bigga Laurence Emerson Eaton Sanford Marshall Chilcote Myron Kendall Liogle These dates Resigned N. Me.743 369.244 586.

Morin. Charles It. Bertrand Berindoague. Moses Da Costa. B. Pierre Croze Marie. Stephen Myers. Jean Abraham Mitchell. T. Pierre Dupont De Roussillon. Will]am Aveile. Etienne Forst. Brand. Gernsain Hays. Delahogue. Remy Victor Placide. Michael Gourgas. Antoine Bosysson. Aug. Sir William L’Allemand. J. Etienne Long. Laurent Grochan. Moses Michael Hermand. Simon Newcombe. Samuel F. Israel Dc Lorme. Augustin Puglia. Joseph Cohen. Solomon Cerneso. Abraham Franeken. Jean Baptiste Hacouct. Peter LeBarbier Dupotet. Louis Jean Baptiste Bush. Ofysnan Isaac Magnan. Frederick Dc Boissy. John B. isaac Dalcho. Joseph B. Pierre Bradford. Masse Desehamps. Antoine Charle C. John J. Alexander Prevost. Antoine Math]eu Dnpuy. Jean Bapt]ste Barthomieu. Greniet. Devilliers Deedoity. James Philip Randall. Petit. Jean Bapt]ste Duhulquod. Marie Dc Lichen. Isaac Jahan. Gabriel Johnson. Henry Andrew Eronty. Francois Lefevre. La Molere DeGrasse-Tilly. Myers. Moses L. Samuel Nathan. Jean B.THE STORY OF THE SCOTTISH RITE PART VT APPENDIX A INSPECTORS AND DEPUTY INSPECTORS GENERAL RITE OF PERFECTION Ne 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 0 Name Adams. M. Alec Fran. Claude Fonrteau. Martin Bideaud. Bayse Peixotto. John Joseph Jastrarn. Dc Ecuillas. Lamarouc. John Moreau. P]erre Jean Duplessis. Thomas Deputy 1770 1796 1733 1764 1802 1800 1781 1806 1794 1781 1801 1770 1752 1796 1716 1789 1707 1763 1763 1808 1806 1790 1799 1806 1781 1762 1808 1706 1708 1768 1796 Place Jamaica Charleston West Indies San Domingo San Domingo San Domingo Philadelphia San Domingo Philadelphia Cuba Philadelphia Charleston Charleston San Domingo Bordeaux Charleston Charleston Charleston San Domingo New Orleans Brest New York San Domingo Philadelphia San Domingo San Domingo Philadelphia Jamaica San Domingo New York Charleston Philadelphia Jamaica Charleston San Domingo San Domingo New York San San Domingo Domingo Jamaica Charleston Charleston Charleston Charleston Bordeaux Virginia Philadelphia Philadelphia Philadelphia New York Charleston Charleston Jamaica Philadelphia Philadelphia 10 11 12 11 14 10 10 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 10 28 27 29 30 11 12 13 14 15 36 37 38 30 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 30 61 82 53 54 55 66 87 58 — 1764 1795 1706 1796 1801 1706 1761 1781 1781 1781 1810 1808 1796 1774 1790 1781 .

Jean Gabriel Toutain. There is also a Grand Cross which is very rarely awarded. if they can be present within the next few days. Alexis Claude Rochat. Dominique Ssmory. N. 57 .THE No. are notified at once and will. Election in the Southem Jurisdiction Supreme Council constitutes the recipient an Honorary Thirty-third Degree Mason. Otherwise. Pierre G. Jean B. Jeremiah Van Rensselaer. there is a decoratIon only in the Southern Jurisdiction called Knight Commander of the Court of Honor. Van Rensselaer. This rank was instituted by Albert Pike in 1870 but the statutes governing it have been revised several times.C. It. be crowncd. Rigaud. It is necessary to hold the rank of Knight Commander of the Court of Honor for at least two years before a Scottish Rite Mason of this jurisdiction is eligible to be elected to receive the Thirtythird Degree (i886 law). Mane P. they usually have the grade conferred upon them locally in Regional Conventions (since 1885). *J5~~j5 Abraham 5lrregular Groups 50 60 61 62 63 64 68 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 1796 1796 1796 1776 1783 1790 1789 1781 1768 1807 1768 1700 1806 1770 1774 1790 St. D. Augustine Jamaica Philadelphia Philadelphia Philadelphia New York Philadelphia New York Albany Domingo Germany New York ________ New York San APPENDIX B NOTES ON THE THIRTY-THIRD DEGREE There are some matters concerning the Scottish Rite which may be of interest. This is rather peculiar as there is one grade and one ceremony— Sovereign Grand Inspector General. Jean Pierre Saint Paul. Henry Yates. Pierre Robin. STORY OF THE SCOTTISH Deputy RITE Place San Domingo San Domingo Charleston Jamaica Charleston _______ Name Remoussin. when the degree is conferred. David Smith. Barend Moses Stringer. In the Southern Jurisdiction those who are elected to receive the Thirty-third Degree at the meeting of the Supreme Council (they meet every odd year) in Washington. their being but five at present (1965). Jonathan Baynard Smith. D. The first formal investiture was not until 1913. Wilmans. especially in our two United States Supreme Councils. Stephen Villadieu. Claude Nicolas Shirreff. Also. Samuel Tardy. Isaac Peter Waldron 5Auld. Charles Shoall. William Moore Spiteer.

To trace what is known of the Scottish Rite degrees would fill several volumes but little would be learned about their advents. It is not clear just which of the degrees having the name Rose Croix or Red Cross are Christian or otherwise. is one of the earliest. and most popular of all of the Hauts Grades. It is found at least in the following systems: i8—Rite of Perfection i8—Emperors of the East and West i8—Scottish Rite 7—French Rite 2—Royal Order of Scotland 12—Elect of Truth 1 2—Adonhiramite Rite 7—Philalethes 6—Baldwin Encampment ~—PhilosophicScottish Rite 6—Primitive Rite of Narbonne 46—Rite of Mizraim 53 . and Knight of the Eagle and Pelican. APPENDIX C THE ROSE CROIX DEGREE More literature has appeared regarding this grade or degree than any other. like the Royal Arch. but in a lesser extent. Knight Rose Croix. most widely disseminated.THE STORY OF THE SCOTTISH RITE In the Northern Jurisdiction. Rose Croix de Heroden or Heredom. This situation is true for many other degrees. The recipients there become Honorary Members of the Supreme Council and with a voice at the General Sessions. those elected await crowning until the following year. Still little is known about it except where it has or is worked and very little has come to light as to when or where it originated or by whom it was compiled. There is a mention of a Rose Croix Order by Andrea in 1613 but we have found no documented evidence of a Masonic Rose Croix Degree until the middle of the eighteenth century. but no vote. which meets annually in various cities (except every third year when it meets in Boston. Massachusetts). Sovereign Prince Rose Croix. also called Prince Rose Croix. It is cited here to show what faces historical researchers of Masonic degrees. excluding the Symbolic Degrees.

1920. or a. received his Fellowcraft on August 13. 1945. A short time later he became a member of a great many Masonic bodies and visited very frequently. on October 19. 1901.S. Active and Sovereign Commander same day. i8o8. On September 20. ~. 32 330—AuguSt i8i 3. 59 . some show no similarity to what is generally accepted as the. 1920 and Master Mason on August 27. PRESIDENTS AND THE THIRTY-THIRD DEGREE There has been some loose talk about Presidents of the United States being Thirty-third Degree Masons. APPENDIX D U. He was given an extension of one year but died before the degree was conferred. Actually but one President has had this honor—Harry S. 1921. S. Rose Croix liturgy. Served until death in 1825. In fact many of the rituals are extant and while some have the same theme or lesson. He was Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of Missouri in 1940 and signed the Dispensation and Charter of the Missouri Lodge of Research of which he became its Master in 1950.THE STORY OF THE SCOTTISH RITE i8—Rite of Memphis i—Templar System in U. It must be noted that although the names of these degrees are “Rose Croix” or “Red Cross”.A. Truman. it does not follow that they are the same degree or ritual. Warren Gamaliel Harding was elected to receive the 330 on September 22. He was crowned in Washington. 1922 he wrote a letter to the Sovereign Grand Commander stating that he could not be present. NOTES ON U. DC. S. VICE PRESIDENTS 6th Vice President— DANIEL0—November DECaYS TOMPKINS (1774-1825) 8. An oddity in this case is that he became an Entered Apprentice on June 28. while President. i~—Holy Royal Arch Knight Templar Priest System 4i—Early Grand Rite of Scotland 7—Grand Lodge Royal York of Friendship—Berlin i—Schroeder’s Rectified Rite ti—Dames or Ladies of Beneficence (*) Even the ladies have the degree.

32 Executive Mansion at hands of Benjamin B. Pierson. There are but nine Thirty-thirds and they constitute the Supreme Council. 16th Vice President and i (1821-1875) 7th President— ANDREW JOHNSON 0—June 20. C. 26th Vice President— CHARLES WARREN FAIRBANKS (1852-1918) 0—November 8.THE STORY OF THE SCOTTISH RITE i4th Vice President— Jom~ CABELL BRECKINEDGE 0—By Albert Pike. and none confer any in the dramatic form prevalent in our country.rd Vice President— HENRY Acxrw WALLACE (18880—November 28. i8 32 76—N. z 4th Vice President— GAxRErr AUGUSTUS HOBART 0—. First President to receive Scottish Rite Degrees. z8th Vice President— THOMAS RILEY MARSHALL (1854-1925) 0—April 19. 32 33 ~ 28.. (i 8~-i 899) Consistory. There are various other differences. i86o. the Eighteenth Degree. APPENDIX E FOREIGN SUPREME COUNCILS One of the things not generaly known is that several practices in operating the Scottish Rite in the United tSates are not universal. French and Azariah At T. 1898. i 32 9o~—Indiana Consistory. 33 Active—September 21. conferred in Rose Croix Chapters is the sole “operative” degree The Supreme Council confers (amply) those starting with the thirtieth on very limited numbers. 1 32 928—Des Moines. i888—Indiana Consistory 32 0—September 20.Janualy 31. Most of the other Supreme Councils do not confer all of the twentynine degrees. 1911. 1867. J. . Large numbers 6o . In England. for instance. Iowa.

but recognition by our United States Supreme Councils varies from time to time. The following countries have Supreme Councils. when there is more than one Supreme Council in a country. It is difficult. to determine. 1920. Honduras Argentina * Iceland Austria Belgium (National Grand Lodge) Bolivia Ireland Brazil Italy Canada Mexico Central America Netherlands (Guatemala) Nicaragua Chile * Norway Colombia (Grand Lodge) Costa Rica Panama Cuba Peru * Denmark Philippines (National Grand Lodge) Scotland Dominican Republic Spain (in exile) Ecuador *Sweden El Salvador (Grand Lodge) England Switzerland France Turkey Germany Uruguay Greece Venezuela *4th to 11 Degrees correspond to our Scottish Rite Degrees APPENDIX F GENERALS OF THE ARMY OF THE UNITED STATES Eight of the Fifteen were Freemasons Five of the Eight were Scottish Rite Masons Jom~ J. 1930 .0—April PEi~sHINc—(186o-1948) 9. in some countries. 32 330—January 6. due to “upheavals”.THE of members in STORY OF THE SCOTTISH RITE the Scottish (Ancient & Accepted) Rite are unknown. both political and Masonic. which meets our requirements for recognition.

—October 17. 75-1945) 1926 32 K. HERTER FRANK 1945 1947 1959 I Only Christian A. 32 33 0—October 1929 19. 1945 95o) APPENDIX G SECRETARIES OF STATE Twelve of the forty-two Secretaries of State were Freemasons: EDWARD LIVINGSTON Louis MOLANE JAMES BUCHANAN LEWIS CASs 1831 1833 1845 1857 1 i (P. 1939 and Grand DOUGLAS MACARTHUR (1880-1964) 0—March 28. 1937 33 Active. 1953.C. BY1~Es GEORGE C. KNOX WILLIAM 86i I 1909 J.M. Herter was a Scottish Rite Mason. 1937 Treasurer HENRY HARLEY ARNoLD—(1886-1 0—April 11.G.C. SEWARD PHILANDER C. 1947 MAw’~ CRAIG—(18 0—May 25. BRYAN 1913 1920 1925 BAINBRIDGE COLnY B. MARSHALL CHRISTIAN A.H. 1934 320—October 22. KELLOGG JAMES F.THE STORY OF THE SCOTTISH RITE CHARLES PELOT SUMMERALL—( 1867-1955) 0—November 22.) WILLIAM H.—. 1936 32 330—December 8. receiving the Thirty-third Degree on September 23.October 20. 6z .

. c~=~Q~/~ Signature of Albert Pike 63 . GEORGE WASHINGTON.TIlE STORY OF THE SCOTTISH RITE APPENDIX H MASONIC PRESIDENTS The names of James Monroe and Lyndon B. 1945 LYNDON B.G. TRUMAN.M. JOHNSON P. JAMES P. JAMES JAMES BUCHANAN 0—1867 ANDREW JOHNSON—32 JAMES A. POLE ANDREW JACKSON. Txrr C. MO’mOE P. RoosEvELT—320—192 WILLIAM WARREN 9 HARRY S. 330.M. HARDING FRANKLIN U. GMwIErs—140—1872 WILLIAM MCKINLEY THEoDORE ROOSEVELT H. Johnson who each received only the Entered Apprentice Degree are included for the record.G. K.M.