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ENGI 8673 Subsea Pipeline Engineering

Lecture 10: Mechanical Design – Local Buckling (External Overpressure): Part 1

Shawn Kenny, Ph.D., P.Eng. Assistant Professor Faculty of Engineering and Applied Science Memorial University of Newfoundland spkenny@engr.mun.ca

Course Update
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Mid-Term
Monday March 3 ¾ 0100-0200PM ¾ EN4035
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© 2008 S. Kenny, Ph.D., P.Eng.

ENGI 8673 Subsea Pipeline Engineering – Lecture 10

Kenny. P.D.Eng.. Ph.Lecture 10 Objective „ to examine local buckling (system collapse) mechanical behaviour of pipelines subject to external overpressure 3 © 2008 S. ENGI 8673 Subsea Pipeline Engineering – Lecture 10 .

ENGI 8673 Subsea Pipeline Engineering – Lecture 10 . P. Ph.External Overpressure „ „ Characteristics ¾ Pe Pe > Pi Pi Pressure ¾ 1MPa (10bar) per 100m (328ft) water depth 4 © 2008 S..Eng.D. Kenny.

D.External Overpressure (cont.) „ Effects Ref: Rigzone (2008) 5 © 2008 S. ENGI 8673 Subsea Pipeline Engineering – Lecture 10 . Ph..Eng. Kenny. P.

Ph.. Kenny. ENGI 8673 Subsea Pipeline Engineering – Lecture 10 .Gulf of Mexico 6 © 2008 S.D. P.Eng.

Gulf of Mexico (cont.D.Eng. Kenny. P.) Ref: MMS (2008) 7 © 2008 S.. ENGI 8673 Subsea Pipeline Engineering – Lecture 10 . Ph.

P.) 8 © 2008 S..Gulf of Mexico (cont. Kenny. ENGI 8673 Subsea Pipeline Engineering – Lecture 10 .D. Ph.Eng.

Ph. ENGI 8673 Subsea Pipeline Engineering – Lecture 10 .D.Worldwide Deepwater Basins „ Off Continental Shelf Norwegian Sea North Sea Grand Banks Scotian Shelf Gulf of Mexico Asia West Africa Brazil Australia 9 © 2008 S. P.Eng.. Kenny.

P.. ENGI 8673 Subsea Pipeline Engineering – Lecture 10 .D. Ph. Kenny.Local Deepwater Basins „ „ „ Orphan Basin ¾ 2200m 1100m 1500m Flemish Pass ¾ Salar Basin ¾ 10 © 2008 S.Eng.

P.Effects of External Overpressure Ref: Rigzone (2008) 11 © 2008 S. Kenny.. Ph.D.Eng. ENGI 8673 Subsea Pipeline Engineering – Lecture 10 .

D. ENGI 8673 Subsea Pipeline Engineering – Lecture 10 . Ph..C-FER Test Facility Ref: DeGeer et al. (2007) Ref: DeGeer et al. (2004) 12 © 2008 S. P. Kenny.Eng.

C-FER Test Facility (cont.) Ref: DeGeer et al. (2004) 13 © 2008 S. P.D.Eng. Ph.. ENGI 8673 Subsea Pipeline Engineering – Lecture 10 . Kenny.

D.Bending of Thin Circular Ring „ Strain Energy ¾ Inextensional deformation • Centerline neglected • Bending strain only d 2w Mr 2 Pr 3 +w = − − (1 − cosθ ) 2 dθ EI 2EI 2π U= ∫ 0 M r 2r 2 2 dθ = M dθ 2E I EI ∫ 0 2 π Pr 3 ⎛ 4⎞ + − w= cos sin θ θ θ ⎟ 4EI ⎜ π ⎝ ⎠ 14 © 2008 S.. P. Kenny.Eng. Ref: Timoshenko and Geer (1961) ENGI 8673 Subsea Pipeline Engineering – Lecture 10 . Ph.

Kenny. P.) „ „ Consider Hydrostatic Pressure ¾ Point force P = π r 2γ Ring Section Behaviour Perfect circular cross-section ¾ Compressive force <<< critical n Pr 3 ∞ ( −1) cos ( nθ ) w= ¾ π EI n =2 3 ∞ ∑ (n n 2 −1 ) 2 v= Pr ∑ π EI n =2 n n 2 − 1 2 ( −1) sin ( nθ ) ( ) Ref: Timoshenko and Geer (1961) 15 © 2008 S. Ph.Eng.. ENGI 8673 Subsea Pipeline Engineering – Lecture 10 .D.Bending of Thin Circular Ring (cont.

Uniform Pressure on Circular Ring „ Thin Ring Solution ¾ Consider Forces • Compressive • Tensile 2Pr w= π EI 3 ∑ n =2 ∞ ( −1) n 2 cos ( nθ ) ( ⎡ ⎤ Sr 2 ⎥ n − 1 ⎢1 − 2 n − 1 EI ⎥ ⎢ ⎣ ⎦ 2 ) 2 ( ) Ref: Timoshenko and Geer (1961) 16 © 2008 S. P.. Ph. Kenny. ENGI 8673 Subsea Pipeline Engineering – Lecture 10 .Eng.D.

Ph. n ( S= 2 − 1 EI r2 ) ¾ 3EI Scr = 2 r ¾ 2Pr 3 cos ( 2θ ) w =− 9π EI ⎡ Sr 2 ⎤ ⎢1 − ⎥ S cr ⎦ ⎣ Ref: Timoshenko and Geer (1961) 17 ENGI 8673 Subsea Pipeline Engineering – Lecture 10 .Uniform Pressure on Circular Ring (cont.) „ Radial Deflection ¾ Increases with S Minimum critical force (n = 2) Radial deflection expression © 2008 S.D. P.. Kenny.Eng.

Kenny.Eng. Ph.Uniform Pressure on Circular Ring (cont.0m ¾ t = 25mm ¾ E = 205GPa ¾ 18 © 2008 S.D.. ENGI 8673 Subsea Pipeline Engineering – Lecture 10 . P.) „ Radial Deflection D = 1.

Eng.. Kenny.ν2) I ⇒ h3/12 Perfect Circular Cross-Section ¾ Equation Terms ¾ ¾ ¾ ¾ ¾ ¾ Pecr ≡ elastic collapse pressure σecr ≡ elastic membrane stress E ≡ elastic modulus r ≡ mean pipeline radius t ≡ nominal wall thickness ν≡ Poisson’s ratio E ⎛ tnom ⎞ Pec = ⎜ ⎟ 4 1−ν 2 ⎝ r ⎠ 2 ( ) E ⎛ tnom ⎞ σec = ⎟ 2 ⎜ 2 r 1−ν ⎝ ⎠ 2 ( ) Ref: Timoshenko and Geer (1961) 19 © 2008 S.Critical Pressure for Elastic Stability „ „ „ Elemental Ring Unit Width ¾ E ⇒ E/(1 . P. ENGI 8673 Subsea Pipeline Engineering – Lecture 10 . Ph.D.

Eng.. P. Ph.D. Kenny.Critical Pressure for Elastic Stability E ⎛ tnom ⎞ Pec = ⎜ ⎟ 4 1−ν 2 ⎝ r ⎠ D/t <10 Plastic yield / ovalization ⇐ 3 ( ) σy = 360MPa E ⎛ tnom ⎞ σec = ⎜ ⎟ 1−ν 2 ⎝ 2r ⎠ 2 ( ) ⇒ Elastic instability: imperfection sensitivity 20 © 2008 S. ENGI 8673 Subsea Pipeline Engineering – Lecture 10 .

.D.Practical Considerations „ Tolerance Requirements Geometric imperfections ¾ Out-of-roundness ¾ „ Strength Properties Heat treatment ¾ Compressive residual stress ¾ „ Loading Installation ¾ Bauschinger effect ¾ 21 © 2008 S. Ph. Kenny. P. ENGI 8673 Subsea Pipeline Engineering – Lecture 10 .Eng.

M.D. Dronkers. Preston.T. D. Wolodko. Proc. [2007_DeGeer_Local_Buckling_Medgaz. OMAE2007-29493. A. B.and van Driel. Mecánica Computacional Vol XXV. and Crawford. 12p.. Proc.G. 4th International Conference on Pipeline Technology.. Kenny..pdf] DeGeer. H-G. (2007). (2006). Hillenbrand. Ph.pdf] Luciano. Collapse Testing of Thermally Treated Line Pipe for Ultra-Deepwater Applications. (2004). P. Local Buckling Assessments for the Medgaz Pipeline. U. (2004).. „ 22 © 2008 S. From Shallow to Deep Implications for Offshore Pipeline Design.... R. T. O.. M.Eng. Charreau. Mantovano. J.. S. Yarmuch. OMAE 2007. R. ENGI 8673 Subsea Pipeline Engineering – Lecture 10 .. pp. 11p..pdf] „ „ DeGeer.D. Marewski. D. D. Finite Element Modelling and Experimental Validation of Buckle Arrestors for Deepwater Pipelines. M. [2004_DeGeer_Collapse_Ultra_Deep. L. and MacKinnon. Assanelli. R. Timms.. D. Amenta.. P.. Journal of the Indonesian Oil and Gas Community [2004_Braskoro_Deepwater_Design..687-704. Weber. and Toscano..O. Johnson..Reading List „ Braskoro. C.

. (2004). Timms.D.rigzone. DeGeer. Yarmuch... 23 © 2008 S. and Fenster. Submarine Pipeline Systems.753-771.M. Offshore Standard. Kenny. M. 11p. DNV (2007). Studies on Collapse Testing of UOE Linepipe for Deepwater Applications.C.asp?a_id=5222 Timoshenko.Eng.. ENGI 8673 Subsea Pipeline Engineering – Lecture 10 . 4th Edition. D. Advanced Strength and Applied Elasticity. Local Buckling Assessments for the Medgaz Pipeline.mms.References „ „ „ „ „ „ „ DeGeer. Pipeline Technology. Preston. OMAE 2007. Prentice Hall. (2007). October 2007. Hillenbrand. 240p. U.gov Rigzone (2008).. J. Proc. H-G. Wolodko. Theory of Elastic Stability. D. and MacKinnon.. (1961). A. S. DNV OS-F101... Ugural. and Gere. Proc. and Crawford..K.com/news/article. P. Marewski. R. S..P. Ph. D. J. MMS (2008) http://www. C. http://www. Weber. McGraw-Hill. M. B. (2003). 544p.. p. OMAE2007-29493.