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Southern Regional

Community Fact Book

Camden County Edition

New Jersey Department of Labor
and Workforce Development

Division of Labor Market and
Demographic Research

October 2006
Preface

T he Regional Community Fact Book for Camden County provides a
snapshot of its people and its economy. Included are facts and fig-
ures on current industry trends, population, unemployment and income. The
Fact Book also provides a look into the future and provides the latest popu-
lation, labor force, industry and occupational projections.

The Regional Community Fact Book series is meant to be a reference
for use in local and regional economic development planning and for employ-
ment and training providers. Fact Books will be published annually for New
Jersey’s 21 counties, grouped into three regions (northern, central and
southern).

Acknowledgements

T his publication was prepared by Paul Bieksza and Patricia
McKendrick of the Bureau of Labor Market Information, Division
of Labor Market and Demographic Research. Layout was done by Chester S.
Chinsky.

Questions regarding information contained in this publication should be
directed to Paul Bieksza by phone at (609) 292-2742 or by e-mail:
paul.bieksza@dol.state.nj.us.

To obtain copies of this publication or other county editions, please
contact Lester Wright by phone at (609) 292-7567 or by e-mail:
lester.wright @dol.state.nj.us.
Table of Contents

County Snapshot .................................................................................... 1

Industry Trends, Camden vs. New Jersey ..................................... 2

Employment ............................................................................................ 5

Employment Gains and Losses ........................................................... 6

Wages ...................................................................................................... 7

Per Capita Personal Income ............................................................... 8

Unemployment Rates ........................................................................... 8

Characteristics of the Unemployed ................................................. 9

Population ...............................................................................................10

Population Projections ......................................................................... 11

Industry Projections ...........................................................................12

Projected Occupational Demand.......................................................13

Labor Force Projections .....................................................................14
County Snapshot
Southern Region
Population (July 1, 2005 estimate): 518,200
Change from Census 2000: +9,300 or + 1.8%
Burlington Percent of New Jersey Total: 5.9%
Camden

Gloucester Total Private Sector
Salem
Employment (2004): 172,573
Percent of New Jersey Total: 5.3%
Atlantic
Cumberland
Change from 1999: +3,028

Largest Industry (2004): Health Care &
Cape May Social Assistance
Health Care & Social Asst. Employment: 29,980
Percent of Total County Employment: 17.4%

Private Sector Wage (2004 annual average): $38,992
Percent of New Jersey Average: 81.7%
Change From 1999: +$6,149

Industry With Highest Average Annual
Wage (2004): Management of Companies and Enterprises: $95,728

Per Capita Personal Income (2004): $34,422
Percent of New Jersey Per Capita Income: 82.7%

Number of Unemployment Insurance Claimants (2005 annual average)
average): 4,939

Unemployment Rate (2005 annual average): 4.7%
5-year High (2003): 6.1%
5-year Low (2001): 4.4%
New Jersey Rate (2005): 4.4%

Building Permits (single-family residential,2005): 1,160
Rank Among New Jersey Counties: 9

Camden County Community Fact Book 1
Industry Trends, Camden vs. New Jersey
∑ Between 1999 and 2004, Camden County employers created new jobs at more than
twice the rate of statewide job growth (+1.8% vs. +0.6%). The county’s economy ben-
efited from its central location between Philadelphia and rapidly developing Gloucester
and Burlington counties.

∑ Business and professional services employers have been the prime drivers of job growth
in Camden County. Payrolls in this sector have increased by 10.6 percent, ten times
faster than the state’s gain (+0.7%). The county is home to many office parks, typically
filled with companies in this sector, ranging from engineering and data processing ser-
vices to employment agencies.

∑ Over the 1999-2004 period, trade, transportation and utilities employment declined
by 5.1 percent in the county in contrast to the state’s 0.5 percent gain. The loss was
centered in the retail and warehousing components as more stores and distribution
centers have opened in neighboring Burlington and Gloucester counties.

∑ Manufacturing job losses were less in the county (-14.3%) than in the state (-19.8%). A
combination of factors including a good transportation network, relatively modern fac-
tory buildings and access to an ample supply of well-trained workers have made the
county’s plants more competitive.

Note: Use of an index facilitates comparison between two separate data elements.
Camden County and New Jersey Camden County and New Jersey
Total Private Sector Employment: 1999-2004 Construction Employment: 1999-2004
110 130

105 120

100 110

95 100

(1999=100) (1999=100)

90 90
1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004

Camden New Jersey Camden New Jersey

2 New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development
Industry Trends, Camden vs. New Jersey

Camden County and New Jersey Camden County and New Jersey
Manufacturing Employment: 1999-2004 Trade, Transportation & Utilities Employment: 1999-2004
120 115

110 110

100 105

90 100

80 95
(1999=100)
(1999=100)
70 90
1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004

Camden New Jersey Camden New Jersey

Camden County and New Jersey Camden County and New Jersey
Information Employment: 1999-2004 Financial Activities Employment: 1999-2004
120 115

110
110

105
100
100
90
95

80
90
(1999=100) (1999=100)

70 85
1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004

Camden New Jersey Camden New Jersey

Camden County Community Fact Book 3
Industry Trends, Camden vs. New Jersey
Camden County and New Jersey Camden County and New Jersey
Professional & Business Services Employment: 1999-2004 Education & Health Services Employment: 1999-2004
120 120

115 115

110 110

105 105

100 100

95 95
(1999=100) (1999=100)
90 90
1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004

Camden New Jersey Camden New Jersey

Camden County and New Jersey Camden County and New Jersey
Leisure & Hospitality Employment: 1999-2004 Other Services Employment: 1999-2004
125 120

120 115

110
115
105
110
100
105
95

100 90
(1999=100) (1999=100)
95 85
1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004

Camden New Jersey Camden New Jersey

4 New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development
Employment
Camden County
Total Private Sector Employment: 1999 — 2004
180,000

175,000

B
170,000
B B
B B
B
165,000

160,000
1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004

∑ Camden County’s total private sector employment covered by unemployment insur-
ance increased by 3,028 (1.8%) between 1999 and 2004. The county’s payrolls de-
clined in 2000, rose slightly in 2001 and 2002, then increased more rapidly in 2003
and 2004. In contrast, the state’s employment decline began later and lasted longer.
Jobholding in the state rose in 2000 and 2001, declined in 2002 and 2003, then
resumed its upward trend in 2004 when employment surpassed its 1999 level but
remained 1.7 percent below its 2001 peak.

Camden County
Private Sector Employment by Industry: 1999 & 2004

Construction

Manufacturing

Trade/Transp./Utilities

Information

Financial Activities

Prof./Business Services

Educ./Health Services

Leisure/Hospitality

Other Services

0 10,000 20,000 30,000 40,000 50,000

2004 1999

∑ In 2004, trade, transportation and utilities was the county’s largest industry em-
ployer, accounting for 25.2 percent of all private sector workers. However, in 1999
this industry employed 27.0 percent. The percentage of workers employed in this
industry has declined as stores and distribution centers have moved to Burlington
and Gloucester counties.

Camden County Community Fact Book 5
Employment Gains and Losses
Camden County
Net Job Growth by Industry: 1999 — 2004
4,000

3,000

2,000

1,000

0

-1,000

-2,000

-3,000
Construction Manufact- Trade/ Information Financial Prof./ Education/ Leisure/ Other
uring Transport./ Activities Business Health Hospitality Services
Utilities Services Services

∑ In Camden County, the sectors that added the most private sector jobs between
1999 and 2004 were professional and business services (+3,000) and education and
health care (+2,300). The county’s close proximity to Philadelphia has attracted many
businesses to its office parks. The county is also home to Cooper University Medical
Center and Our Lady of Lourdes Medical Center, both noted for providing specialty
medical care.

Camden County, Private Sector
Gains, Losses and Net Growth by Industry: 2004
14,000

12,000

10,000

8,000

6,000

4,000

2,000

0

-2,000
Construction Manufact- Trade/ Information Financial Prof./ Education/ Leisure/ Other
uring Transport./ Activities Business Health Hospitality Services
Utilities Services Services

GAINS LOSSES NET

Source: Local Employment Dynamics (LED) data from the US Census Bureau.

∑ Within each industry sector, new jobs were created, while other positions were elimi-
nated. In 2004, the sector with the most new job openings was trade, transportation
and utilities (+12,000). Many of these openings were in the highly competitive retail
trade component where new stores often draw customers away from older establish-
ments. The adversely affected stores may reduce employment or close as sales vol-
ume drops. In this industry, closings and staff reductions produced a loss of 9,500
jobs, leaving a net gain of 2,500 positions. Fewer new positions were created in the
less volatile education and health services sector (+8,700), but netted a larger job
gain (+4,100) because fewer jobs were lost (-4,600).
6 New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development
Wages
Camden County, Private Sector
Average Annual Wage: 1999 — 2004
$45,000

$40,000 $38,256 $38,922
$36,347
$35,212
$35,000 $33,872
$32,773

$30,000

$25,000

$20,000
1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004

∑ Between 1999 and 2004 the annual average private sector wage in Camden County
increased by 18.8 percent. This exceeded the state’s rate of growth for that time
(+16.7%). Despite the increase, Camden County’s annual average private sector wage
has remained lower than the state’s ($47,639).

Camden County and New Jersey, Private Sector
Average Annual Wage by Industry: 2004
Total Private Sector

Construction

Manufacturing

Trade/Transp./Utilities

Information

Financial Activities

Prof./Business Services

Education/Health Services

Leisure/Hospitality

Other Services

$0 $20,000 $40,000 $60,000 $80,000

Camden County New Jersey

∑ The sector in Camden County with the highest average annual private wage in 2004
was financial activities ($52,626). The statewide average wage for this sector was
much higher ($74,794), mainly because of differences in sector composition. In
Camden, the relatively low-paying credit intermediation and related activities compo-
nent made up a larger proportion of the financial activities payrolls (38.3%) compared
with the state (29.9%) and the relatively high paying securities, commodities, and
investments component employed a smaller percentage of the industry’s workers in
the county (5.0%) than in the state (18.5%).

Camden County Community Fact Book 7
Per Capita Personal Income
∑ Camden County’s per capita personal income Camden County and New Jersey
reached $34,400 in 2004, a gain of 21.6 Per Capita Personal Income: 1999 — 2004
$45,000
percent since 1999. The county’s per capita
personal income ranked 12th among the $40,000

state’s 21 counties. In 2004, the county’s $35,000
$
per capita personal income was 17.3 per- $ $
$30,000 $
cent below the state’s ($41,600), but 4.2 $ $
percent above the national average. $25,000

∑ When compared with the state in 2004, $20,000
1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004
Camden County residents derived nearly
the same percentage of personal income New Jersey $ Camden

from net earnings (72.0% vs. 72.5%), a
higher percentage of personal income from transfer payments (15.9 percent vs. 12.4%)
and a smaller share from dividends, interest and rent (12.1% vs. 15.2%). Like the state as
a whole, Camden County is a place of economic contrasts. The county includes the rela-
tively prosperous municipalities of Cherry Hill and Voorhees as well as Camden, one of the
poorest cities in the nation.

Unemployment Rates

Camden County and New Jersey ∑ From 1999 to 2005, Camden County’s un-
Unemployment Rate Trends: 1999 — 2005 employment rate has been slightly higher
7.0 than the state’s.
6.0 JB BJ J ∑ From 1999 to 2005, the county’s labor
5.0
JB B JB force grew by 3,400 or 1.3 percent, com-
JB
4.0 JB pared with 3.1 percent growth in the
state’s civilian labor force. The labor force
3.0
grew more slowly mainly because of the
2.0 county’s slow population growth.
1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005

B New Jersey J Camden

8 New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development
Characteristics of the Unemployed

Camden County
Unemployment Insurance Claimants: 2004-2005
2004 2005
Annual Annual Change 2004-2005
Category Average Average Number Percent
Total Insured Unemployed 5,407 4,939 -467 -8.6
By Gender
Male 3,071 2,878 -193 -6.3
Female 2,336 2,061 -275 -11.8
By Race
White 3,055 2,759 -296 -9.7
Black 1,515 1,426 -89 -5.9
Asian 99 84 -15 -15.1
Other 738 671 -67 -9.0
By Ethnicity
Hispanic 842 728 -114 -13.6
Not Hispanic 4,340 3,968 -372 -8.6
Chose Not To Answer 225 244 19 8.3
By Age of Claimant
Under 25 552 588 36 6.6
25 through 34 1,430 1,308 -123 -8.6
35 through 44 1,409 1,268 -141 -10.0
45 through 54 1,151 1,040 -111 -9.7
55 through 64 635 538 -97 -15.3
65 and over 229 198 -31 -13.6
By Industry
Construction 674 677 2 0.3
Manufacturing 485 424 -61 -12.6
Trade, Transportation and Utilities 1,125 981 -144 -12.8
Wholesale Trade 295 280 -15 -4.9
Retail Trade 622 526 -96 -15.5
Information 93 55 -38 -40.7
Financial Activities 331 245 -86 -26.0
Professional and Business Services 916 791 -125 -13.7
Educational and Health Services 645 606 -39 -6.0
Leisure and Hospitality 411 352 -59 -14.3
Other Services 409 310 -99 -24.1

∑ As the economy improved, the number of Camden County unemployment insurance claims
dropped by 467 from 2004 to 2005. This represented an improvement of 8.6 percent.
Declines in the number of claims by females (-275 or -11.8%), whites (-296 or -9.6%)
and 35 through 44year olds (-141 or -10.0%) led the way.

∑ The largest declines in the number of unemployment insurance claims from 2004 to
2005 occurred in trade, transportation and utilities (-144 or -12.8%), professional and
business services (-123 or -13.7%) and other services (-99 or -24.1%). The sector the
recorded the largest percentage drop in claims was information (-40.7%).
Camden County Community Fact Book 9
Population
∑ From 1970 through 2005, Camden County’s Camden County
population increased at a slower rate Total Population: 1970 — 2005
550,000
(+13.6%) than the state’s (+21.6%). More
525,000
recently, from 2000 to 2005, the number
of people living in Camden County grew by 500,000

9,300 (1.8%), compared with a 3.6 percent
475,000
gain for the state.
∑ Since 2000, the county’s population gain has 450,000

been suppressed by the out-migration of 425,000

residents (-7,700). Although substantial, 400,000
immigration to the county from other na- 1970 1980 1990 2000 2005

tions (5,900) has not been enough to make
up for domestic out-migration.

Camden County ∑ Between 2000 and 2005, Camden County’s
Racial/Hispanic Origin: 2000 - 2005 white population declined by 3,700 and the
Percent Percent number of nonwhites increased by 13,000
Race in 2000 in 2005 for a net gain of 9,300. Of the nonwhite
White 75.5 73.4 increase, 83.6 percent was black, 39.6 per-
Black 19.2 20.3 cent Asian, 13.5 percent multi-racial and
Asian 3.8 4.5 2.5 percent other racial groups. In the
Multiracial 1.2 1.4 state, Asians made up the largest share of
American Indian/Alaska Native 0.3 0.3
the gain (44.5%), followed by whites
Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander 0.1 0.1
(30.5%), blacks (16.3%), multi-racial per-
Total* 100.0 100.0
sons (7.3%) and other racial groups (1.4%).
Hispanic Origin (may be of any race) 9.7 11.3
* May not add to 100% due to rounding

∑ The municipalities that added the most Camden County
residents since 2000 were Winslow Town- Ten Largest Municipalities 2005
ship (+2,900) and Gloucester Township Rank Municipality Population

(+2,200). 1 Camden city 80,010
2 Cherry Hill Township 71,821

∑ Since 1970, 14 of Camden County’s 36 mu- 3
4
Gloucester township
Winslow Township
66,539
37,507
nicipalities gained population, while the re- 5 Pennsauken Township 35,528
mainder lost residents. The municipalities 6 Voorhees Township 28,958
7 Lindenwold Borough 17,265
that added people were located mostly to
8 Haddon Township 14,575
the east of I-295, while those that lost 9 Collingswood Borough 14,083
population included the City of Camden and 10 Haddonfield Borough 11,591
the communities clustered along routes 30
and 168 in the western half of the county.

10 New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development
Population Projections
∑ Camden County’s population is projected to Camden County
increase by 13,700 persons from 2002 to Population Projections: 2002 — 2012
550,000
2012. The county’s rate of population
growth (+2.7%) is expected to be slower 530,000

than the state’s (+8.1%) and ranks 19th
510,000
among New Jersey’s 21 counties.
490,000

470,000

450,000
2002* 2007** 2012**
*estimate **projection

Camden County ∑ By age group, the largest and fastest popu-
Projections for Select Age Groups: 2002 — 2012 lation gains are projected for 45-to-64-
175,000
year olds (+24,100 or +20.0%) and for per-
150,000
sons over 65 (+7,000 or +11.1%). Losses are
125,000
projected for the 0-14 age group (-11,600
100,000
or -10.4%) and for 25-44 year-olds
75,000
(-10,300 or -6.9%).
50,000

25,000

0
0-14 15-24 25-44 45-64 65+

2002* 2012**
*estimate **projection

∑ By 2012, Camden County is projected to Camden County
become more racially diverse as minority Projected Population Growth
by Race, 2002 - 2012
populations post rapid gains. Numerically, 60

the largest gains will be posted by blacks 50
(+11,000) and “other races” (+10,400), while 40
the white population is projected to de-
Percent

30
cline (-9,200). In this chart, the “other
20
races” category includes Asian, American
10
Indian/Alaska Native and Hawaiian/Pacific
Islander. 0

-10
White Black Other Races Multi-Racial

Camden County Community Fact Book 11
Industry Projections
Camden County, 2002 - 2012
Ten Industries with the Greatest Employment Growth
Change: 2002-2012
2002 2012 Percent
Industry Title Jobs Jobs Number Total Annual
Professional and technical services 14,200 18,100 3,900 27.5 2.4
Ambulatory health care services 9,800 13,350 3,550 36.0 3.0
Social assistance 4,800 7,250 2,450 51.0 4.0
Hospitals 12,600 14,800 2,200 17.4 1.6
Administrative and support services 13,200 15,050 1,900 14.3 1.3
Food services and drinking places 11,450 12,450 1,000 8.9 0.9
Membership associations and organizations 4,500 5,450 950 21.2 1.9
Food and beverage stores 5,650 6,300 700 12.0 1.1
Nursing and residential care facilities 4,900 5,600 700 14.6 1.4
Merchant wholesalers, durable goods 6,550 7,200 650 10.3 1.0
Note: Employment data are rounded to the nearest fifty. Percentages and percent changes are based on unrounded data.

∑ According to industry projections, Camden County’s employment is projected to in-
crease by 20,550 jobs from 2002 to 2012. This 9.7 percent increase ranks 15th among
the state’s 21 counties.

∑ The industries with the largest projected gains are professional and technical ser-
vices (3,900) and ambulatory health care services (3,550).

Camden County, 2002 - 2012
Ten Industries with the Greatest Employment Declines
Change: 2002-2012
2002 2012 Percent
Industry Title Jobs Jobs Number Total Annual
Food manufacturing 3,450 2,750 -700 -20.8 -2.4
Computer and electronic product manufacturing 2,800 2,400 -400 -14.7 -1.6
Fabricated metal product manufacturing 1,500 1,200 -300 -20.1 -2.3
Postal service 2,500 2,300 -200 -8.0 -0.8
State government hospitals 1,400 1,250 -200 -13.1 -1.4
Paper manufacturing 1,000 850 -150 -13.1 -1.4
Machinery manufacturing 800 650 -150 -17.7 -2.0
Transit and ground passenger transportation 1,350 1,200 -150 -10.9 -1.2
Publishing industries, except Internet 1,250 1,100 -150 -11.2 -1.2
Clothing and clothing accessories stores 3,050 2,950 -100 -2.7 -0.3
Note: Employment data are rounded to the nearest fifty. Percentages and percent changes are based on unrounded data.

∑ Manufacturing employment is expected to continue to decline in the county as compa-
nies consolidate production to lower-cost locations. The largest losses are projected
for food manufacturing (-700), continuing a trend that has seen production plants
relocating closer to agricultural areas as the southern part of the state has become
more urbanized.

12 New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development
Projected Occupational Demand
Camden County
Occupations With The Most Projected Job Openings, 2002-2012
2004
Annual Average Job Openings Annual Skill
1 2
Occupation Total Growth Replacements Wage Level Outlook
Cashiers 360 60 300 $17,860 Low Good
Registered Nurses 310 180 140 56,670 High Good
Retail Salespersons 290 40 250 24,690 Low Good
Combined Food Preparation and Serving
Workers, Including Fast Food 220 60 160 15,940 Low Good
Waiters and Waitresses 160 30 130 15,420 Low Good
Child Care Workers 160 40 110 16,990 Low Good
Office Clerks, General 150 20 120 24,730 Low Good
Laborers and Freight, Stock, and
Material Movers, Hand 120 0 120 23,530 Low Good
3
Medical Assistants 110 90 30 26,160 Low Good
Counter Attendants, Cafeteria, Food
Concession, and Coffee Shop 110 10 90 14,900 Low Good
Receptionists and Information Clerks 110 60 50 23,960 Low Good
Stock Clerks and Order Fillers 110 0 110 23,070 Low Good
Secondary School Teachers, Except
Special and Vocational Education 100 20 80 55,920 High Good
Sales Representatives, Wholesale and
Manufacturing 100 30 70 56,650 Low Good
Hairdressers, Hairstylists, and
Cosmetologists 90 40 50 22,830 Moderate Good
Teacher Assistants 90 40 50 18,740 Low Good
Customer Service Representatives 80 40 40 29,870 Low Good
Secretaries, Except Legal,
Medical, and Executive 80 0 80 31,880 Low Good
Licensed Practical and Licensed
Vocational Nurses 80 30 40 45,730 Moderate Good
Nursing Aides, Orderlies, and Attendants 80 40 40 22,870 Low Good
1. "Growth" and "Replacements" may not add to "Total" due to rounding.
2. High Skills: Associate's degree or higher.
Moderate Skills: Long-term on-the-job training, work experience or post secondary/vocational/technical training.
Low Skills: Short-term or moderate-term on-the-job training, including up to 12 months of on-the-job experience and informal training.
3. Statewide wage. No wage data available on the county level for this occupation.

∑ Camden County is projected to average 7,790 job openings per year through 2012.
The county’s top 20 ranked occupations by annual job openings are anticipated to
account for 37.4 percent of all annual job openings.

∑ Between 2002 and 2012, the number of jobs in the county with high educational or
training requirements are projected to increase by 16.4 percent or almost twice as
fast as the total increase for all occupations (8.9%). Of the 2,010 positions with high
requirements expected to become available each year during this period, 480 will re-
quire an associate’s degree. Most of the jobs in the county that require an associate’s
degree are for registered nurses and technicians in the medical and engineering fields.

Camden County Community Fact Book 13
Labor Force Projections
∑ From 2002 to 2012, Camden County’s labor Camden County
force is projected to increase at a slower Projected Labor
WhiteForce Growth
rate (+7.0%) than the state (+10.5%). By by Race, 2002 - 2012
race, blacks are expected to account for
43.6 percent of the gain, followed by “other White
13.3%
races” (35.4%), whites (13.3%) and persons Other Races
of multi-racial backgrounds (7.7%). 35.4%

Black
43.6%
Note: Multi-racial refers to persons that 7.7%
are of two or more races. “Other races”
Multi-Racial
includes Asian, American Indian/Alaska
Native, and Native Hawaiian/Pacific Is-
lander.

Camden County
∑ Hispanics are projected to account for
Projected Labor Force Growth by most (+55.2%) of Camden County’s labor
Hispanic Origin, 2002 - 2012 force gain through 2012. In 2012, Hispan-
ics are expected to constitute 12.1 per-
cent of the labor force, up from 9.2 per-
cent in 2002.
Non-Hispanic
55.2%
44.8% Hispanic

∑ Males are projected to account for slightly Camden County
over half (+51.7%) of Camden County’s la- Projected Labor Force Growth by
bor force gain, close to the proportion pro- Gender, 2002 - 2012
jected for the state (+53.1%).

51.7% Female
Male 48.3%

14 New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development