The Interpretation of Dreams by Freud was a ground-breaking book and has had far-reaching influence.

However, there are many people who are curious aboutFreud dream interpretations but don’t want to read Freud’s rather dense prose. If that describes you, then here you will find a Freud Interpretation of Dreams summary. Freud Interpretations of Dreams: Dreams are the Guardians of Our Sleep Everyone has dreams when they sleep. Some people don’t remember their dreams, and some of us remember many of them vividly, but we all have them. Throughout history, we’ve asked the question, “Why do we dream?” and even more so, what do our dreams mean? Sigmund Freud, considered to be the father of psychoanalysis, maintained that we dream as a way to keep us sleeping – according to him, dreams are the guardians of our sleep. When we head off to bed for a night’s rest, we close out as much external stimuli as possible. Freud Interpretations of Dreams: Why We Dream We turn the lights off and close the shades. We try to suppress outside noises. We do all of this so that our bodies can go about the business of getting rest without interruption. It’s a way to disconnect from our daily reality. During sleep, the mind manufactures dreams as a way to protect us from being disturbed by other stimuli, such as noise, but also things like temperature fluctuations, pain, and the worries, fears, desires and mental and emotional distractions of the day. Freud’s work was mostly with internal stimuli – worries, negative emotions, thoughts and desires that are forbidden and other thoughts that must be censored in some way. If the brain is busy with these at night, they may cause us to wake and not get the rest we need. So dreams are the mind’s safe way of keeping the person asleep, while allowing the mind to digest and work on all of the internal stimuli that we have rattling around in our heads every day – negative, positive or forbidden. Freud Dream Interpretations Sigmund Freud believed that the dream was made up of two distinct parts – the manifest and the latent content. The manifest content is what the dreamer remembers when they wake, and according to Freud has no meaning because it’s a disguised representation of what’s underlying the dream – the latent content. Latent content is the true meaning of the dream. It’s the forbidden or negative thoughts and the unconscious desires. These are disguised in the manifest content. Dreams, according to Freud, often have a sexual tone to them and use the symbols in manifest content to signify the underlying sexual meaning of our dreams. In order to discover the underlying meaning of a dream, Sigmund Freud used the free association method. The dream would be described in the most accurate terms possible. Then the dreamer would focus on a specific piece or symbol in the dream and form as many associations to it as possible. This allowed the dreamer’s mind to wander and discover the possible underlying meaning, the latent content, of the dream. Freud said that dreams are way of fulfilling suppressed wishes. Freudian Slip or Pajamas? Instead of being wakened every night by our unfulfilled wishes and desires, which are usually forbidden, the mind weaves dreams about them to allow us to fulfill them in sleep, allowing us a restful night. The Interpretation of Dreams (German: Die Traumdeutung) is a book by psychoanalystSigmund Freud. The book introduces Freud's theory of the unconscious with respect todream interpretation, and also first discusses what would later become the theory of theOedipus complex. Freud revised the book at least eight times and, in the third edition, added an extensive section which treated dream symbolism very literally, following the influence of Wilhelm Stekel. Freud said of this work, "Insight such as this falls to one's lot but once in a lifetime."[1] The initial print run of the book was very low — it took many years to sell out the first 600 copies. Freud was paid $209. However, the work gained popularity as Freud did, and seven more editions were printed in his lifetime.[2] The text was translated from German into English by A. A. Brill, an American Freudian psychoanalyst, and later in an authorized translation by James Strachey, who was British. Because the book is very long and complex, Freud wrote an abridged version called On Dreams. Background Memorial plate in commemoration of the place where Freud began The Interpretation of Dreams, near Grinzing, Austria

(Example: "Steep inclines. June 12th.The Interpretation of Dreams. translated by James Strachey. etc. 1953 . the solution of which must be attempted through other material. Much of Freud's sources for analysis are in literature. the idea that one simple symbol or image presented in a person's dream may have multiple meanings. Freud tried to focus on details during psychoanalysis and asked his patients about things they could even think trivial (i. Freud repeatedly argued that he never claimed anything of the sort and felt compelled to address this simplistic interpretation of his work in the fifth edition of the book (1919): "The assertion that all dreams require a sexual interpretation. which operate whether in combination or opposition. I shall demonstrate that there exists a psychological technique by which dreams may be interpreted and that upon the application of this method every dream will show itself to be a senseful psychological structure which may be introduced into an assignable place in the psychic activity of the waking state. and need deeper interpretation if they are to inform on the structures of the unconscious. because the information in the unconscious is in an unruly and often disturbing form. in Freud's view. the unconscious must distort and warp the meaning of its information to make it through the censorship." . fifth edition. As Freud was focusing upon the biologic drives of the individual (a fact that alienated him from several colleagues of his like Breuer. to produce the dream. ladders and stairs. are symbolic representations of the sexual act. Freud'? At the moment I see little prospect of it.Freud in a letter to Wilhelm Fliess. the secret of dreams was revealed to Dr. which he finds interesting but not adequate. 1895. Freud could ask him/her: "was there any sign upon the walls? What was it?"). and going up or down them.[4] He then makes his argument by describing a number of dreams which he claims illustrate his theory. 1900 In 1963. but today a memorial plate with just that inscription has been erected at the site by the Austrian Sigmund Freud Society. Belle Vue manor was demolished."[3] Freud begins his book in the first chapter titled The Scientific Literature on the Problems of the Dream by reviewing different scientific views on dream interpretation. Many of his most important dreams are his own — his method is inaugurated with an analysis of his dream "Irma's injection" — but many also come from patient case studies. and to discover through them the psychic forces. However. Freud used to mention the dreams as "The Royal Road to the Unconscious". Due to these statements. images in dreams are often not what they appear to be. the preconscious is more lax in this duty than in waking hours. inscribed with these words: 'In this house on July 24th. this is a symbol of a womb."[citation needed]) However. are all forms of "wish fulfillment" — attempts by the unconscious to resolve a conflict of some sort.e. he wrote in commemoration of the place: "Do you suppose that some day a marble tablet will be placed on the house. He proposed the 'phenomenon of condensation'. but is still attentive: as such.Freud spent the summer of 1895 at manor Belle Vue near Grinzing in Austria. 1919. like a box or a cave. against which critics rage so incessantly. I shall furthermore endeavor to explain the processes which give rise to the strangeness and obscurity of the dream. as he was alleged to have overemphasised the role of instinct."[citation needed] [edit]Contents The first edition begins: "In the following pages. penises. This accomplished by investigation will terminate as it will reach the point where the problem of the dream meets broader problems. Freud would discuss dreams which do not appear to be wish-fulfillment). as though he believed people were "wild beasts"." . Chapter VI. For this very reason. Jung and Adler). according to Freud. where he began the inception of The Interpretation of Dreams. he stated that when we observe a hollow object in our dreams. as it encouraged the notion that dream interpretation was a straightforward hunt for symbols of sex. During dreams. Sigm. while a patient was describing an experience in their dream. Section E. As such. In a 1900 letter to Wilhelm Fliess. whether something recent or something from the recesses of the past (later in Beyond the Pleasure Principle. [edit]Criticism Some later psychoanalysts have expressed frustration with this section. [edit]Overview Dreams. a "censor" in the preconscious will not allow it to pass unaltered into the conscious. It is not to be found in any of the numerous editions of this book and is in obvious contradiction to other views expressed in it. occurs nowhere in my Interpretation of Dreams. Freud attracted much criticism from those who believed him a "sexist" or "misanthrope". Nevertheless. he sometimes admitted "Even a cigar may be just a cigar. while an elongated object is a symbol for penis.

it floats with one-seventh of its bulk above water. or bathing. Freud's physician and friend. yet they also have access to early childhood memories. Furthermore. the id wants food. often a wish going back to earliest childhood. He believed that getting in touch with these hidden desires was the key to a healthy and fulfilling life.Some authors. . Eysenck argues inDecline and Fall of the Freudian Empire that Freud's examples actually disprove his dream theory. Dream Analysis Part I: Dreams as Wish-Fulfillment (Sigmund Freud) Sigmund Freud placed tremendous emphasis in the psychoanalytic value of dreams. has provided evidence that the first dream that Freud analyzed. he felt. such as Hans Eysenck. Freud believed that the id is based on our pleasure principle. The Interpretation of Dreams. only its own satisfaction. Equally. or just wants attention. the id cries. about the needs of anyone else. nothing else is important. have argued that the dreams Freud cites do not really support his theories. too hot. Dreams can have multiple layers of meaning. his so-called "Irma dream" was not very disguised. eating dinner. Nearly all dreams are 'wish-fulfilments'. it is helpful to have some background knowledge of his overall theories. In other words. According to Freud. Freud was so fascinated by dreams that he kept a dream diary even as a young child and used these dreams as the source for many of the ideas outlined in his first and most well-known publication. and the superego. it allows us to get our basic needs met. Freud believed that the mind was subdivided into three parts: the id. relaxing. that is. and therefore the child cries. with no consideration for the reality of the situation. but remembers the trivial or unnoticed. Dreams act as keys to unlocking these hidden secrets. too cold. in fact dreams have a unifying motive that easily pulls disparate people. thus making them invaluable to mental health. The id is an important part of our personality because as newborns. the ego. babies are not very considerate of their parents' wishes. When a child is hungry. events and sensations into one 'story'. If you think about it. When the id wants something. they reveal a deep motivation or desire which wants to be fulfilled. Despite their reputation as being random or absurd. the id wants whatever feels good at the time.[5] Among his conclusions were: Dreams have a preference for using impressions from days just past. but actually portrayed rather closely a medical disaster of Emma Eckstein. Dreams are always about the self. “The mind is like an iceberg. ideas could be 'displaced' (a familiar person could become someone else.). When the child is uncomfortable. in pain. Max Schur. When the child needs to be changed. The method of memory-selection in dreams is different to the waking mind: the unconscious mind generally does not focus on major events. They have no care for time. The id doesn't care about reality. we are born with our Id. He believed that dreams provide rare insight into one’s unconscious mind. In order to better understand Freud’s ideas about dream interpretation. Freud Basics Freud is often quoted as saying. the id speaks up until his or her needs are met. whether their parents are sleeping. and a number of ideas can be 'condensed' into a single image.” He was stating his belief that our unconscious wishes and desires can have a great deal of influence over our outward behavior. a house takes on a different purpose etc. one of Freud's patients.

But this point drew criticism from other dream experts. just make some up. the ego is the strongest so that it can satisfy the needs of the id. the Superego develops. fears. By the age of five. and 3) dreams reflect the wishes of the id. The activation synthesis hypothesis would explain why we do not experience taste or smell in dreams as these neurons are not triggered. Freud called this part the Ego. which are primal and often repulsive. Since you can’t ask Lisa her specific associations. would be judgmental and unbending in his or her interactions with the world. the id must disguise its wishes in symbolism. (from Wikipedia) Answer the questions to part II of the dream interpretation handout. the brain is faced with a paradox. (Allpsych online) What are dreams? According to Freud. and 2) dreams often bring to light details that seemed trivial to us at the time. according to Freud. The manifest content is often confusing and misleading unless one knows how to properly interpret his or her dreams. . Now complete a Freudian analysis of the dream on your worksheet. and still take into consideration the reality of every situation. The symbols are not universal but reflect one’s personal associations. impulses and self gratification take over the person's life. To put it simply. Dream Analysis Part II: Activation-Synthesis Activation Synthesis Theory is a neurobiological theory of dreams. while taking into consideration the reality of the situation. It’s the ego's job to meet the needs of the id. Hobson published a revised theory acknowledging that dreams do reflect past memories. This random firing sends signals to the body's motor systems. It is also supported by the fact we are paralysed in REM sleep. Not an easy job by any means. It synthesizes a narrative by drawing on memory systems in an attempt to make sense of what it has experienced. especially those that can not be fulfilled in waking life. However. In response. hopes. a dream has a manifest content (the actual storyline you remember from a dream) and a latent content (the underlying meaning). Thus. put forward by Allan Hobson and Robert McCarley in 1977. they often symbolize sexual or aggressive urges. The Superego is the moral part of us and develops due to the moral and ethical restraints placed on us by our caregivers. Follow the tips below: Step 1: List specific items from the manifest content and try to identify their symbolic meaning. Freud believed that the id was a powerful force and suppressing its desires could lead to neuroses in our conscious self. not upset the superego. and desires. If the superego becomes to strong. The ego is based on the reality principle. the person would be driven by rigid morals. the second part of the personality begins to develop. but because of a paralysis that occurs during REM sleep. The ego understands that other people have needs and desires and that sometimes being impulsive or selfish can hurt us in the long run. then. dreams are the id’s attempt to psychically fulfill its wishes. producing the dream. as they reveal the wishes of the primal id. Answer the questions to part I of the dream interpretation handout. What is the latent desire of Lisa’s id? Remember. In a healthy person.Within the next three years. as the child interacts more and more with the world. The original 1977 theory denied that dreams have meaning or are related to our real world environments. Step 2: Find the wish that is being fulfilled by the dream. but if the id gets too strong. it is probably something she would find repulsive or else there would be no need for her id to hide it in symbols. Because the id’s desires are often objectionable to the superego. The brain then tries to make sense of this by synthesising and interpreting this activity. Hobson and McCarley suggest that during REM sleep the cortex is highly active and activity in the brain triggers certain neurons at random (activation). which states that dreams are a random event caused by firing of neurons in the brain. Many equate the superego with the conscience as it dictates our belief of right and wrong. in 1988. Here are a few guidelines: 1) Dreams tend to reflect things from childhood. or the end of the phallic stage of development.

. This information is sorted and new neural connections are made to accommodate newly forming memories.Dream Analysis Part III: Information Processing Theory Proposed in 1993. make sense? It has been demonstrated that mental rehearsal can facilitate physical performance (imagining shooting free throws can make you a better free throw shooter). Rats that are made to spend much of the day running mazes are found to have similar brain activity patterns during REM sleep as when they were running the mazes. Answer the questions to part III of the dream interpretation handout. social scientists claim that dreams allow people to review and address problems they faced during waking life. they allow us to rehearse hypothetical situations so that we can learn from them. Thus. dreams aid in memory and problem-solving. then why are they so bizarre? One explanation is that regions of the brain that typically edit and make judgments about our thoughts are disabled during dream sleep. The mammalian class is distinct from other vertebrates in the adaptability and higher learning capacity of its species. This theory is supported by several arguments and research: In experiments. wouldn’t the storyline. REM sleep (when dreaming is most common) is limited to mammals. If dreams are simply opportunities to mentally rehearse daily experiences (either real or hypothetical). people given a memory task before sleep perform worse if awakened each time they enter REM sleep as compared to those awakened each time they enter other sleep stages. In other words. then it would make sense that newborns would need to do more. If dreaming necessary for learning. The belief is that dreaming is an opportunity to rehearse different scenarios without censoring ideas that could generate novel solutions (kind of like brainstorming). dreams allow us to rehearse experiences as we sleep so that we remember them better. mental rehearsal during sleep could be selected for evolutionarily. even the most bizarre thoughts and ideas creep into our dreams. Newborns spend a large percentage of their sleeping time in REM sleep as compared to adults. our brain processes sensory and conceptual information accumulated during the day. Plus. As such. If your brain were attempting to make sense of random neural firing. it makes sense that dreaming may be related to learning. During dreams. Dreams are usually disjointed and illogical. Thus. Thus.

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